Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 31
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932558

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) and the prognosis of esophageal cancer patients treated with radical radiotherapy and to predict the prognosis of the patients using the SII combined with clinical staging.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted for 248 patients with esophageal cancer who were admitted to the Department of Radiotherapy in the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University between 2014 and 2016. These patients included 146 males and 102 females, with a median age of 67 years. Among them, 134 patients received concurrent chemotherapy and 114 patients received radiotherapy alone. The SII before radiotherapy was defined as platelet count × neutrophil count/lymphocyte count. The patients were divided into a low-SII group and a high-SII group according to the optimal cutoff value of pretreatment SII determined by the receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve. Survival analysis was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method, and the Cox proportional hazards model was used for multivariate analysis. For these patients, the prognosis effects and the predictive value for survival of different SII levels combined with TNM staging were compared.Results:According to the ROC curves, the optimal cutoff value of SII before radiotherapy was 740.80. Based on this number, the patients were divided into a low-SII group (< 740.80, 150 cases) and a high-SII group (≥ 740.80, 98 cases). The objective response rate of the low-SII group was significantly higher than that of the high-SII group (86.0% vs 75.5%, χ2=4.39, P=0.036). The 1-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival (OS) rates of the low-SII group were 78.6%, 45.6%, and 32.3%, respectively. These rates were significantly higher than the corresponding rates of the high-SII group, which were 71.0%, 28.3%, and 16.4% ( χ2=11.22, P=0.001), respectively. Moreover, the 1-, 3- and 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) rates of the low-SII group were 67.0%, 36.9%, and 32.0%, respectively. Again, these rates were significantly higher than those of the high-SII group, which were 45.5%, 17.5%, and 12.5% ( χ2=15.38, P < 0.001), respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that TNM staging, treatment method, and SII were independent prognostic factors for OS and PFS ( HR=1.39-1.60, P<0.05). Patients with low SII and early clinical staging had a better prognosis than other subgroups ( χ2=13.68, 13.43, P=0.001). The area under curve (AUC) of SII combined with TNM staging (0.70) was higher than that of SII (0.63) and TNM staging (0.62) ( Z=2.48, 2.57, P < 0.05). Conclusions:Pretreatment SII has a high predictive value for the prognosis of esophageal cancer after radiotherapy, and higher SII indicates a worse prognosis. Thus, combining SII with TNM staging can improve the prediction accuracy of the prognosis of esophageal cancer patients.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908043

ABSTRACT

Youth mental illnesses are chronic and recurrent and present a continuous disease development and progression, which cause different functional impairments like cognitional, emotional and behavioral disorders.At pre-sent, the clinical diagnosis of youth mental illness largely relies on behavioral symptoms.The diagnosis is made by the consistency between behaviors and symptoms of patients and those described in the diagnostic criteria.Although the diagnosis is operational to a certain extent in clinical practise, its assessment is subjective and lacks effective neurobio-logical indicators, resulting in a low consistency of diagnosis and great challenges in the early diagnosis and standardized intervention of youth mental illnesses.The prodromal symptoms in youth mental illness are unspecific and there is a decrement in neurocognition including social cognition by the emergence of traditional symptom sets.Therefore, transdiagnostic clinical staging model is of great significance in clinical assessment in youth mental illness.Here, the essentials of the " transdiagnostic clinical staging in youth mental health: a first international consensus statement" published in the World Psychiatry in 2020 were interpreted, with a detailed analysis of the key updates, aiming to provide a reference for clinical diagnosis and treatment of youth mental illness.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910440

ABSTRACT

Extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTCL) is the subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma with high heterogeneity and invasiveness. Though most ENKTCL patients are present as early-stage at diagnosis, clinical prognosis significantly differs due to the limitations of clinical staging. Radiotherapy (RT) and chemotherapy (CT) are the first-line treatments for early ENKTCL patients. However, there is no consensus on the combined modalities of RT and CT, and their optimal strategy. With the continuous renewal of clinical staging and prognostic models, early-stage ENKTCL patients tend to accept risk-adapted treatment with proper stratification. In this review, the latest research progresses on clinical staging, prognostic models and treatment were retrospectively analyzed, aiming to provide references for clinical decision-making.

4.
Int J Pharm Pharm Sci ; 2020 Jul; 12(7): 10-17
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-206117

ABSTRACT

Objective: To estimate the Pulmonary Tuberculosis (PTB) prevalence among the participants/People Living With HIV/AIDS (PLWHAs) and to verify the association between WHO clinical staging and other risk factors with PTB. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted to estimate the PTB prevalence. Probable associated risk factors in PLWHAs with and without PTB were compared. The association between WHO clinical staging and other risk factors with PTB was investigated using bivariate analysis. A p-value<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: This study was conducted from January 2018 to December 2019, recruited about 584 participants with presumptive PTB and 20.72% (121) confirmed with PTB. In the bivariate analysis; participants who are on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) Stage 4 (WHO clinical staging) were significantly more likely to develop PTB (p=0.000). PTB was significantly higher among male than female (p=0.000), higher among the older (p=0.030). PTB was significantly more frequent among participants with lower cluster differentiation 4 (CD4) cell counts (p=0.042). A contact history with a Tuberculosis (TB) patient was an important risk factor (p=0.000). PTB was significantly associated with smoking history (p=0.000). Conclusion: A high PTB prevalence was observed. There was a significantly association between the severity of WHO clinical staging, sex, age, lower CD4 cell count, a contact history with a tuberculosis (TB) patient and smoking history with PTB among PLWHAs.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829866

ABSTRACT

@#Background: The COVID-19 is a disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). This study aims to describe the clinical characteristics of COVID-19 patients admitted to Hospital Tengku Ampuan Afzan (HTAA), Pahang, Malaysia and to identify the clinical and laboratory markers for severe disease, complications and virologic clearance according to clinical staging. Methods: This was a single-centre, retrospective, descriptive study. All COVID-19 patients admitted to HTAA from March 9 to April 15, 2020, were included in the study. Patients were categorised according to clinical staging. Data obtained from the medical report includes baseline characteristics of patients, comorbidities, presenting symptoms, laboratory findings, treatments, complications, and outcomes. Results: Of the total of 247 patients hospitalised, the majority consisted at clinical-stage 1 (43%) and stage 2 (39%) disease. Older patients, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, and chronic kidney disease were found more common among patients with severe disease. Fever was uncommon and the majority had normal haemoglobin levels, white cell counts, and platelet counts. C-reactive protein (CRP) was found statistically significant to predict pneumonia or hypoxia at a cut-off value of 14mg/L (sensitivity 73.8%, specificity 91.3%) and 50mg/L (sensitivity 100%, specificity 96.4%) respectively. Pneumonia was mostly diagnosed radiologically using chest radiography, especially among clinical stage 3. Acute kidney injury (AKI) was a significant complication, with 31% of clinical stage 3 and above developed AKI and 44% of them requiring haemodialysis. Median virologic clearance time was 15 days from onset of illness, and asymptomatic patients had longer clearance time. Conclusion: COVID-19 presented with a wide spectrum of clinical patterns. CRP was a valuable predictor of severe disease. In this study risk and severity of acute kidney injury were found to be higher. A longer duration of virologic clearance was observed among the asymptomatic patients.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755945

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical features and risk factors associated with intrahepatic and hilar cholangiocarcinoma after liver transplantation .Methods Retrospective analysis of clinical data was performed for 20 hospitalized patients with intrahepatic and hilar cholangiocarcinoma from June 25 ,2014 to October 31 ,2018 .Treatments and follow-up outcomes were analyzed .The survival rate was calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method and the survival curve plotted .Cox regression model was employed for analyzing the prognostic factors .Results The cumulative recurrence rate of patients with AJCC stage Ⅰ /Ⅱ was significantly lower than that in AJCC stage Ⅲ/Ⅳ .And the cumulative recurrence rate of stageⅠ/Ⅱ Patients was 0 and that of stage Ⅲ/Ⅳ 76% (P=0 .042) .Cox regression model showed that CA19-9 was the only prognostic factor .An elevated level of CA19-9 was associated with high recurrence post-transplantation (HR=1 .001;95% CI:1 .000~1 .001;P=0 .035) .Conclusions During progressive stage ,the recurrence rate is higher with a worse prognosis .And an elevation of CA19-9 is an independent poor prognostic factor after intrahepatic and hilar cholangiocarcinoma transplantation .

7.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-187659

ABSTRACT

Background: The aim of the study was to find out the correlation between pretherapeutic clinical and radiological staging of carcinoma larynx. Methods: This was a prospective cross sectional study carried out in department of ENT at Government Medical College & Dr. Susheela Tiwari government hospital, Haldwani during the period of September 2015 to 2016. 50 adult patients (mainly 4th, 5th, 6th,7th decade) having complaints of hoarseness, throat pain, neck mass etc were subjected to clinical evaluation.. Provisional clinical diagnosis of laryngeal mass was made followed by diagnostic rigid 90 degree laryngoscopy in OPD setting. It was followed by FNAC in cases of lymph node swelling. Radiological evaluation was done using CECT scan neck and MRI ( if required). Biopsy of suspected cases (malignant) was done under local or general anesthesia. Pretherapeutic clinical staging was done in patients diagnosed with carcinoma. Using information from CT and MRI pretherapeutic radiological staging was done and these patients were included in the study. Patients having benign neoplasm, lymphoma, recurrent malignant disease and those having undergone radiotherapy were excluded from the study. Comparison between pretherapeutic clinical and radiological staging of carcinoma larynx was done and its impact on treatment options was analyzed during follow up of patients. Results: It was observed in the present study that Carcinoma larynx is a male dominant disease mainly seen in elderly age group with mean age group of 65years consuming alcohol along with habit of smoking. Maximum number of cases were of supraglottic malignancy followed by involvement of glottis with no case of subglottic malignancy. In the present study we found that 32% of cases showed upstaging with CT scan, as a result of deep tumor extent undetectable at clinical examination.Conclusion:Clinical or endoscopic evaluation fails to identify invasion of the laryngeal framework and of extralaryngeal soft tissues in a high percentage of cases. An additional radiologic examination, either CT or MR imaging, is essential in most laryngeal carcinomas for the correct pretherapeutic staging and proper treatment.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702283

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the MR features of different clinical staging of scapulohumeral periarthritis and provide relevant support data for the clinical staging of scapulohumeral periarthritis, so as to guide clinical treatment. Methods 30 patients with scapulohumeral periar-thritis received in the hospital from June 2015 to February 2017 were selected to form the observation group and 8 same-sex and same-aged volunteers without such disease were selected to form the control group. MR imaging was used to observe and measure the structure of shoulder joint of the people in the two groups and statistical analysis was performed to analyze the changes in the structure of the shoulder around dif-ferent clinical stages. Results The thickness of joint capsule and coracohumeral ligament ( CHL) , the ratio of subcoracoid fat triangle re-placed were significantly greater in patients with scapulohumeral periarthritis than those in the control group, and the difference was statisti-cally significant (P<0. 05). Comparing the thickness of joint capsule in the third stage of the scapulohumeral periarthritis group compare with those in the first and second stages, the difference was statistically significant (P<0. 05). There was no statistically significant differ-ence (P>0. 05) in the thickness of the coracohumeral ligament and the ratio of subcoracoid fat triangle replaced in the scapulohumeral peri-arthritis group between the 1st, 2nd and 3rd stages. Conclusion Patients with different stages have different structures around the shoulder joints. The thickness of joint capsule can be used as an important reference for diagnosing scapulohumeral periarthritis and can guide the clin-ical staging. The thickness of coracohumeral ligament and the ratio of subcoracoid fat triangle replaced can be used as a basis for diagnosing scapulohumeral periarthritis, but it cannot be used as a guideline for clinical staging.

9.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 477-480, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712855

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a serological detection method for EA-D-IgA antibody,and to evaluate its diagnostic efficacy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma in different clinical stage.Methods EA-D-IgA antibody serological detection method was established by using the polypropylene microplate with eukaryotic expression product of BMRF1 whole gene fragment of EB virus.Fifteen early stage (stage Ⅰ and Ⅱ) and 48 advanced (stage Ⅲ and Ⅳ) patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma in Shanxi Provincial Cancer Hospital and Shanxi Dayi Hospital from April 2012 to August 2017,and serum samples from 40 patients with rhinitis who were treated at Shanxi Dayi Hospital from October 2016 to October 2017 were examined respectively by using the constructed EA-D-IgA antibody detection method.The positive detection rate of EA-D-IgA antibodies in different groups was calculated.When the patients with rhinitis were used as the differential control,the diagnostic efficacy of this index for different stages of nasopharyngeal carcinoma was evaluated.Results EA-D-IgA antibody serological method was successfully established.The positive detection rate of EA-D-IgA antibody in early nasopharyngeal carcinoma,advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma and rhinitis control was 60.0 % (10/15),68.3 % (33/48) and 5.0 % (2/40) respectively.The differences between early stage nasopharyngeal carcinoma and the rhinitis control,advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma and the rhinitis control were statistically significant (x2 =20.625,P =0.000;x2 =37.017,P =0.000).The difference between early nasopharyngeal carcinoma and advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma was not statistically significant (x2 =0.394,P =0.530).When compared with the patients with rhinitis,the diagnostic sensitivity,specificity,positive predictive value,negative predictive value was 60.0 % and 68.3 %,95.0 % and 95.0 %,81.8 % and 94.3 %,86.4 % and 71.7 % respectively in early nasopharyngeal carcinoma and advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma.Conclusion The method constructed in this study effectively improves the efficacy of EA-D-IgA antibody detection in serological diagnosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma,which can be used as an adjunct for early diagnosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma,yet not as a reference for clinical staging.

10.
CES med ; 31(1): 14-26, ene.-jun. 2017. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-889536

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo : validar y evaluar el rendimiento de la Global Deteriorarion Scale (GDS) en una población que acude a una unidad especializada de Lima. Pacientes y métodos: investigación de tipo transversal con un diseño descriptivo comparativo. El estudio incluyó 215 individuos seleccionados de forma abierta, que acudieron a la unidad de diagnóstico de deterioro cognitivo y prevención de demencia. Se estudiaron tres grupos: 60 controles, 40 con diagnóstico de deterioro cognitivo leve y 115 con demencia. Los individuos fueron sometidos a evaluaciones sucesivas: cribado, diagnóstico y estadiaje de demencia y tipo de demencia. La validez y fiabilidad de la clasificación de severidad fue demostrada mediante la concordancia entre la medición del Global Deteriorarion Scale con el Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR). El rendimiento de Global Deteriorarion Scale se valoró mediante la obtención de los valores de sensibilidad y especificidad. Resultados : los promedios de edad fueron de 69, 70, y 74 años para los controles, los pacientes con deterioro cognitivo leve y los pacientes con demencia, respectivamente. La Global Deteriorarion Scale tuvo una buena correlación con Clinical Dementia Rating (r de Spearman =0,97; P=0,0001). La sensibilidad de la escala para establecer estadio de demencia fue de 79 %, con especificidad del 100 % para cualquier categoría de demencia según los criterios diagnósticos estándares y según Clinical Dementia Rating. Conclusiones : se encontró una correlación casi perfecta entre Global Deteriorarion Scale y Clinical Dementia Rating; sin embargo, la Global Deteriorarion Scale presenta una sensibilidad moderada para establecer el estadio de demencia con respecto a Clinical Dementia Rating, mostrando además ser utilidad en el diagnóstico de deterioro cognitivo leve.


Abstract Objective: To validate and evaluate diagnostic accuracy of the Global Deteriorarion Scale (GDS) in a population of a specialized unit of Lima. Patients and Methods: This research is a comparative cross-sectional descriptive design. The study included 215 individuals selected openly, who attending in the diagnostic unit of cognitive impairment and dementia prevention. Three groups were studied: 60 controls, 40 individuals diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and 115 with dementia diagnosis. They were assessments in three phases: screening, diagnosis and staging of dementia, and type of dementia. The validity and reliability of the classification of severity was demonstrated by measuring the correlation between the GDS with the CDR (Clinical Dementia Rating). The diagnostic accuracy of GDS was evaluated by obtaining the values of sensitivity and specificity. Results: The average age was 69, 70, and 74 years for controls, patients with MCI and patients with dementia respectively. GDS had a good correlation with CDR (Spearman r = 0.97, P = 0.0001). The sensitivity of the GDS to set stage of dementia for any category of dementia was 79 % and specificity of 100 % according to standard diagnostic criteria and according to CDR. Conclusions: We demonstrated an almost perfect correlation between GDS and CDR, however GDS has a moderate sensitivity to set the stage dementia regarding CDR also proving to be useful in the diagnosis of MCI.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611711

ABSTRACT

Objective·To evaluate the clinical value of two-dimensional ultrasound combined with four-dimensional color Doppler ultrasound in the diagnosis of uterine space-occupying lesion.Methods·A total of 75 patients with uterine space-occupying lesion were enrolled in this study from March 2015 to February 2016 at Hospital of Southwest Medical University.Patients received both two-dimensional ultrasound and four-dimensional color Doppler ultrasound to determine the location,number and nature of the lesions,as well as the clinical staging of malignant lesions,then the diagnostic accuracy was evaluated.Results·Among 75 patients,there were 26 cases with endometrial carcinoma,21 cases with hysteromyoma,16 cases with metropolypus,and 12 cases with uterine adenomyosis.The diagnostic accuracy of two-dimensional ultrasound combined with four-dimensional color Doppler ultrasound for the uterine space-occupying lesion was 88.0%,which was significantly higher than that of two-dimensional ultrasound (64.0%) (P<0.05).What's more,the diagnostic accuracy of two-dimensional ultrasound combined with four-dimensional color Doppler ultrasound for the clinical staging of endometrial carcinoma was 88.5%,which was significantly higher than that of two-dimensional ultrasound (61.5%) (P<0.05).Conclusion·Two-dimensional ultrasound combined with four-dimensional color Doppler ultrasound is more effective to improve the diagnostic accuracy of uterine space occupying lesion and clinical staging of endometrial carcinoma in comparison with two-dimensional ultrasound,which will favor the clinical strategy for the treatment of uterine space-occupying lesion.

12.
Journal of Modern Laboratory Medicine ; (4): 145-147,151, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667239

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical significance of detection of plasma D-dimer in patients with cervical cancer,uterine cancer and ovarian cancer.Methods Total 35 cervical cancer patients,32 uterine cancer patients and 30 ovarian cancer patients were collected from Yunxiao Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital of Zhangzhou city and the First Hospital of Zhangzhou China Merchants Economic and Technological Development Zone from October 2013 to July 2015.The plasma D-dimer was detected and compared with cervicitis,hysteromyoma,ovarian cyst and healthy control respectively.Relativity between the level of plasma D-dimer with the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) staging was anslyzed.The diagnostic value of plasma D-dimer in cervical cancer,uterine cancer and ovarian cancer was assessed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC)curves.Results The level of plasma D-dimer in the cervical cancer group was significantly higher than that in the cervicitis group,the uterine cancer group was higher than that in the uterine leiomyoma group,and the ovarian cancer group was higher than that in the ovarian cyst group too (t=5.91 ~ 7.17,all P<0.01).It was no significantly differentia compare with cervical cancer group,uterine cancer group and ovarian cancer group (F=0.10,P>0.05).Plasma D-dimer level in cervicitis group,hysteromyoma group and ovarian cyst group was no significantly differentia (F=2.47,P>0.05) but it was significantly high in cervicitis than hysteromyoma at post test (P<0.05).Compared with healthy control group,the plasma D-dimer level was significantly rise in cervical cancer,uterine cancer,uterine cancer,cervicitis and ovarian cyst (t=2.43~7.53,P<0.01~0.05),while no significantly differentia in hysteromyoma (t=1.04,P>0.05).It was significantly differentia and increases as the FIGO staging in cervical cancer,uterine cancer and uterine cancer (F=15.06 ~ 19.02,all P<0.01,r=0.625 ~ 0.855,all P<0.01).The area under the ROC curve (AUC) of the three tumors diagnosed by D-dimer was 0.964,0.980 and 0.983,with sensitivity of 82.9 %,90.6 % and 86.7 % respectively,and specificity of all 100%,which was of high diagnostic value.Conclusion There are hyperactivity of thrombosis and fibrinolysis in cervical cancer,uterine cancer and ovarian cancer.The plasma D-dimer levels can be used as the reference index of diagnosis and staging.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665532

ABSTRACT

The TNM staging system is an essential standard for cancer treatment and evaluation, and is used to assess a patient''s prog-nosis. Therefore, every update made to the system is of great significance. According to the recently released edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) Staging Manual, several major changes to head and neck cancer staging have been made. In this pa-per, we analyze the advantages and disadvantages of these amendments and offer a direction for making future amendments. Our goal is to provide a brief introduction of recent research on head and neck cancers, which can be used as a reference by clinicians.

14.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 141-144, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510868

ABSTRACT

It has been a problem in clinical practice that recurrence and distant metastasis of patients with colorectal cancer undergoing surgery.Recently,pericolonic tumor deposits has attracted extensive attention of scholars,and they think pericolonic tumor deposits may be closely related with colorectal cancer postoperative recurrence and metastasis.This review aims to introduce concept of pericolonic tumor deposits,pathological characteristics and its important role in clinical staging and prognosis,so as to provide clinical doctors medical advice to set more reasonable treatment and achieve the purpose of reducing tumor recurrence or metastasis for patients with colorectal cancer.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607194

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the accuracy of enhanced spiral CT scans on the clinical staging of renal cell carcinoma.MethodsThe enhanced CT and clinical data of 48 patients with renal carcinoma verified by surgery and pathology in Chongqing Donghua hospital were retrospectively analyzed.Robson's classification was used to determine the clinical stages of CT data,and the staging findings based on CT data were compared with the postoperative and pathological outcomes.Results The results showed that the accuracy of preoperative CT on the staging was 91.7%.Enhanced scanning by spiral CT was useful to identify the boundaries of tumor and the filling defect of renal vein or inferior vena cava.Conclusion Enhanced scanning using the spiral CT can improve the accuracy of clinical staging for renal carcinoma,which provides guidance about the clinical therapeutic schedules for patients with renal carcinoma.

16.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 107-109, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-71422

ABSTRACT

The clinical staging model is considered a useful and practical method not only in dealing with the early stage of psychosis overcoming the debate about diagnostic boundaries but also in emerging mood disorder. However, its one limitation is that it cannot discriminate the heterogeneity of individuals at clinical high risk for psychosis, but lumps them all together. Even a healthy offspring of schizophrenia can eventually show clinical symptoms and progress to schizophrenia under the influence of genetic vulnerability and environmental stress even after the peak age of onset of schizophrenia. Therefore, individuals with genetic liability of schizophrenia may require a more intensive intervention than recommended by the staging model based on current clinical status.


Subject(s)
Age of Onset , Methods , Mood Disorders , Population Characteristics , Psychotic Disorders , Schizophrenia
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487555

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the predictive values of different systems for clinical staging of esophageal carcinoma in one group of patients and improve the criteria for T staging,and to provide a basis for accurate clinical staging. Methods A retrospective study was performed in 701 patients with esophageal carcinoma who received radical radiotherapy in our hospital. The prognosis was performed according to American Joint Committee on Cancer ( AJCC) tumor-node-metastasis staging system,Chinese 2004 staging system,the draft of Chinese 2009 staging system,and gross tumor volume of the primary tumor (GTV-T). Results In terms of T stage,patients evaluated according to the AJCC staging system were in relatively early stages;23. 1% of them were in stage T1,and the survival curves of T3 and T4 patients were close to each other;the survival curves plotted according to the Chinese 2004 staging system were well separated, but relatively few patients were in stages T1 and T4 , yielding an uneven distribution;according to the draft of Chinese 2009 staging system, the survival curve of T3 patients intersected that of T4 patients, and up to 43. 2% of patients were in stage T4.The new T staging was performed based on GTV and the extent of tumor invasion into the adjacent tissue and organ, and the results showed that there was no intersection between survival curves and a relatively balanced T stage distribution. In terms of N staging,patients were divided into stages N0 ,N1 ,and N2 . The TNM staging was performed by a combination of N staging and new T staging, resulting in significant separation between survival curves ( P=0. 000) . Conclusions The combination of T staging,which is based on GTV and the extent of tumor invasion,and N staging,which is based on metastasis of lymph nodes, can accurately predict the survival of non-surgically treated patients with esophageal carcinoma.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603865

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the correlations between quantitative parameters of dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI ( DCE-MRI) and nasopharyngeal carcinoma ( NPC) clinical stage.Methods 69 patients with NPC were selected from Oct 2013 to Oct 2015 in Shaoxing People's Hospital,39 men and 30 women,aged 39-76 years old,average 50.6 ±10.5 years old.All patients underwent clinical staging,DCE-MRI and histopathological examina-tion before treatment.Clinical stages were determined based on Chinese 2008 staging system.Value of the volume transfer constant ( Ktrans) and the extravascular extracellular space volume per unit volume of tissue ( Ve) was detec-ted by bi-compartmental pharmacokinetic model.The correlations between quantitative parameters and clinical stage were analyzed by Pearson correlation analysis.Results Mean Ktrans and Ve for NPC were (0.532 ±0.156) mL/min/100cm3 and (0.982 ±0.356),respectively.Ktrans of NPC showed negative correlation with clinical stage (r=-0.506,P=0.001),T stage (r=-0.326,P=0.014),N stage (r=-0.296,P=0.017) and M stage (r=-0.312,P=0.015),while Ve showed positive correlation with clinical stage (r=0.415,P=0.002),T stage (r=0.478,P=0.001),N stage (r=0.318,P=0.015) and M stage (r=0.346,P=0.011).Conclusion DCE-MRI quantitative parameters are significantly related to clinical stage of NPC,which has important values for clinical treat-ment and prognostic assessment.

19.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 832-835, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479862

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the safty and feasibility of transrectal ultrasound guided transperineal seminal vesicle biopsy in the evaluation of clinical staging of prostate cancer.Methods Retrospectively study 57 suspected prostate cancer patients with seminal abnormality during 2010.7-2015.1,age ranged from 50 to 78 years,average 65 ±7 years,serum total prostate specific antigen (tPSA) 3.2-131.1 μg/L, average (23.7 ± 11.3) μg/L.Twenty-two cases had palpable prostate nodules through rectal examination.All the 57 patients underwent ultrasound and template guided transperineal prostate and seminal vesicle puncture biopsies.Results Forty-four cases out of 57 found prostate cancer cells in biopsies, and 32 cases had seminal vesicle invasion (positive group) while the other 12 were negative.Twenty cases had been performed prostatectomy in the positive group and their post-operative pathological examination all showed prostate cancer with seminal vesicle invasion.Eleven cases in the negative group had been performed prostatectomy ,and 2 cases showed seminal vesicle invasion.The clinical stages of all cases in the positive group were considered as T3b both pre-operatively and post-operatively.In the negative group however, 11 cases were considered as T2 stage pre-operatively,while 2 cases were increased to T3b stage post-operatively.The sensitivity of puncturing seminal vesicle was 91% (20/22) ,specificity was 100.0% (9/9).Positive predictive value was 100.0% (20/20),while negative predictive value was 82% (9/11).All the 57 cases did not present fever after puncture biopsies, while 23 cases presented hematuria (40%) ,20 cases presented hemospermia (35%) and 1 case presented urinary retention (2%).Conclusions Transrectal ultrasound-guided transperinealseminal vesicle puncture is safe and reliable, it helps to improve the accuracy of pre-operative staging.

20.
China Medical Equipment ; (12): 79-81,82, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-602812

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application value of endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) on preoperative diagnosis and clinical staging of esophageal cancer.Methods: In accordance with the international federation of tumor cancer alliance (UICC) and the United States (AJCC) (2003) TNM staging criteria, 45 cases of esophageal cancer patients confirmed by biopsy and gastroscope examination did preoperative diagnosis and clinical staging with EUS, and the results were compared with postoperative pathological staging results.Results: Fourty-five patients had esophageal EUS imaging characteristics, EUS on 45 cases of esophageal cancer patients with preoperative diagnostic accuracy rate was 100.0%; Clinical staging based on the result of postoperative histopathologic examination, preoperative EUS for esophageal T staging overall diagnostic accuracy was 82.2%, T1, T2, T3, T4 diagnostic accuracy respectively was 85.7%, 83.3%, 82.4% and 85.7%; The overall diagnostic accuracy was 77.8% for N staging, N0 and N1 stage diagnostic accuracy respectively was 80.0%, 76.0%.Conclusion: Accuracy rate of EUS on preoperative diagnosis of esophageal cancer is higher, accuracy rate of EUS on preoperative T and N staging of esophageal cancer is also high, it can be important basis of esophageal preoperative treatment selection and prognostic evaluation, and has higher clinical value.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL