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1.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(4): 637-642, fev 11, 2022. tab, fig
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359524

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a Epidermólise Bolhosa hereditária (EB) é uma doença rara, caracterizada por formações de bolhas na pele e nas mucosas que sofrem mínimos traumas ou aparecem espontaneamente. As principais divisões de EB são Epidermólise Bolhosa Simples, Epidermólise Bolhosa Juncional, Epidermólise Bolhosa Distrófica e a Síndrome de Kindler. As manifestações bucais geralmente encontradas nos pacientes com EB são as bolhas no epitélio oral, microstomia, anquiloglossia, doença periondontal, hipoplasia do esmalte, cárie dentária, atrofia da maxila e prognatismo mandibular, variando para cada tipo da doença. Objetivo: relatar as manifestações bucais dos portadores de Epidermólise Bolhosa residentes no município de Barra da Estiva. Metodologia: trata-se de um estudo transversal, quantitativo e descritivo que foi desenvolvido no município de Barra da Estiva ­ BA com a população de portadores de Epidermólise Bolhosa, através da realização de anamnese e exame clínico. Estatística descritiva foi utilizada para tabular os dados coletados. Resultados: foram analisados 5 portadores de Epidermólise Bolhosa, a maioria do sexo masculino (60%), com média de idade de 5,6 anos. As manifestações bucais encontradas foram bolhas orais (100%), anquiloglossia (100%), língua despapilada (100%), hipoplasia de esmalte (80%), cárie (40%) e abertura de boca limitada em média de 28,6 mm. Conclusão: os portadores de Epidermólise Bolhosa apresentaram manifestações orais características da doença, tendo como consequências maiores dificuldades para realizar higienização bucal e tratamento odontológico, sendo necessário conhecimento prévio dos cirurgiões-dentistas para o atendimento desses pacientes.


Introduction: inherited Epidermolysis Bullosa (EB) is a rare disease, characterized by blistering of the skin and mucous membranes that suffer minimal trauma or appear spontaneously. The main divisions of EB are Simple Epidermolysis Bullosa, Junctional Epidermolysis Bullosa, Dystrophic Epidermolysis Bullosa and Kindler Syndrome. The oral manifestations usually found in patients with EB are blisters in the oral epithelium, microstomy, ankyloglossia, periodontal disease, enamel hypoplasia, dental caries, atrophy of the jaw and mandibular prognathism, varying for each type of disease. Objective: to report the oral manifestations of Epidermolysis Bullosa patients living in the municipality of Barra da Estiva. Methods: cross-sectional study, quantitative and descriptive that was developed in the municipality of Barra da Estiva-BA with the population of people with Epidermolysis Bullosa, through anamnesis and clinical examination. Descriptive statistics was used to tabulate the data collected. Results: 5 children with Epidermolysis Bullosa were analyzed, most male (60%), with an average age of 5,6 years. Oral manifestations found were oral blisters (100%), anquiloglossia (100%), loss of papillae of the tongue (100%), enamel hypoplasia (80%), tooth decay (40%) and mouth opening limited to the average of 28.6 mm. Conclusion: epidermolysis Bullosa children presented oral manifestations common to the disease, leading to difficulties in performing oral hygiene and dental treatment, requiring prior knowledge of dental surgeons for the care of these patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Oral Manifestations , Blister , Epidermolysis Bullosa , Dental Enamel Hypoplasia , Microstomia , Demography , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Evaluation Studies as Topic
2.
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 92(2): e307, dic. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1339135

ABSTRACT

Las porfirias son un grupo complejo y heterogéneo de defectos en la vía de la síntesis del hemo. La porfiria hepato eritropoyética es un subtipo muy poco frecuente y de presentación en la infancia, con compromiso cutáneo predominante. Describimos el caso clínico de una paciente de 5 años, que se presenta con lesiones cutáneas e hipertricosis, se confirma el diagnóstico por elevación de uroporfirinas en orina y secuenciación del gen UROD.


Porphyria is a complex and heterogeneous group of heme synthesis disorder. Hepato-erythropoietic porphyria is a very rare subtype that onsets in childhood, and shows predominant skin involvement. We describe the clinical case of a 5-year-old patient who showed skin lesions and hypertrichosis and whose diagnosis was confirmed due to increased uroporphyrins in urine and UROD gene sequencing


A porfiria é um grupo complexo e heterogêneo de distúrbios da síntese do grupo heme. A porfiria hepato-eritropoiética é um subtipo muito raro que se inicia na infância e mostra envolvimento predominante da pele. Descrevemos o caso clínico de uma paciente de 5 anos que apresentou lesões cutâneas e hipertricose e cujo diagnóstico foi confirmado por aumento de uroporfirinas na urina e sequenciamento do gene UROD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Blister/etiology , Porphyria, Hepatoerythropoietic/complications , Porphyria, Hepatoerythropoietic/genetics , Porphyria, Hepatoerythropoietic/urine , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/complications , Hypertrichosis/etiology , Uroporphyrinogen Decarboxylase/analysis , Uroporphyrins/urine , Blister/drug therapy , Coproporphyrins/urine , Hypertrichosis/drug therapy
3.
Diagn. tratamento ; 26(4): 140-3, out-dez. 2021. ilus, ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348608

ABSTRACT

Contexto: As reações hansênicas são episódios inflamatórios agudos imunomediados que podem ocorrer em indivíduos com hanseníase. Lesões atípicas de eritema nodoso hansênico (ENH) são raras e podem se apresentar como pústulas, bolhas, necrose, úlceras e, eventualmente, podem simular outras doenças como a síndrome de Sweet e eritema multiforme. Descrição do caso: Paciente do sexo masculino, 24 anos de idade, com diagnóstico prévio de hanseníase virchowiana e realização de tratamento adequado, com término da poliquimioterapia quatro anos antes de comparecer ao nosso serviço quando foi avaliado, apresentando pequenas vesículas translúcidas agrupadas sobre uma base eritematosa e áreas com crostas necróticas, simulando lesões herpéticas, na porção superior das costas, parte inferior do pescoço e haste do pênis. O exame histopatológico da biópsia cutânea foi sugestivo de reação tipo 2 e o tratamento com talidomida foi satisfatório. Discussão: As reações na hanseníase representam episódios de hipersensibilidade aguda a antígenos de Mycobacterium leprae e podem se desenvolver antes, durante ou após o término do tratamento. Acredita-se que o ENH, ou reações do tipo 2, ocorram devido à deposição de imunocomplexos em múltiplos órgãos em pacientes que apresentam a forma multibacilar. Conclusões: As reações hansênicas são desafios no manejo da hanseníase, especialmente pelo fato de a maioria das sequelas permanentes ser secundária a esses episódios inflamatórios agudos. O conhecimento das possíveis apresentações atípicas das reações hansênicas é fundamental para o diagnóstico precoce e o tratamento adequado, a fim de prevenir morbidade grave relacionada à hanseníase.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Leprosy, Lepromatous , Blister , Leprosy, Multibacillary , Herpes Simplex , Leprosy
5.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(1): 121-124, abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1288182

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La neoplasia papilar intracolecística con carcinoma mucinoso invasor y células en anillo de sello es una variedad de cáncer de vesícula, una patología agresiva y con mal pronóstico, la cual puede presentarse en forma similar a una colecistitis y, a pesar del tratamiento operatorio y quimioterapia posterior, la supervivencia y pronóstico son peores en relación con los otros cánceres de vesícula. Este artículo tie ne por objetivo describir un tipo histológico muy específico, de baja frecuencia, de cáncer de vesícula y el tratamiento realizado.


ABSTRACT Intracholecystic papillary neoplasm with invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma and signet ring cells is a rare, aggressive variety of gallbladder cancer, with symptoms mimicking cholecystitis. Survival and prognosis are worse that other types of gallbladder cancer despite surgery and chemotherapy. The aim of this article is to describe a case of a rare gallbladder cancer with specific histology and the treatment performed


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Gallbladder Neoplasms , Pathology , Survival , Therapeutics , Grief , Cells , Baja , Blister , Drug Therapy , Gallbladder , Histology , Neoplasms
6.
Infectio ; 25(1): 45-48, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1154401

ABSTRACT

Resumen La vasculitis leucocitoclastica es una patologìa que compromete los vasos pequeños y cuya causa predominantemente se ha descrito como idiopatica. Se presenta el caso de una mujer de 78 años hipertensa, diabética y con enfermedad renal crónica en estadio 5, que presentó lesiones limitadas a la piel posterior a la administración de oxacilina para manejo de bacteremia por SAMS. La presentación clínica se basó en purpuras palpables predominantemente en miembros inferiores y lesiones dolorosas coalescentes que formaban ampollas de contenido hemorrágico. Estas lesiones resolvieron gradualmente después del cambio de la terapia mencionada anteriormente. La biopsia fue compatible con vasculitis leucocitoclástica, con paraclínicos que descartaron causas infecciosas y autoinmunes.


Abstract Leukocytoclastic vasculitis is a pathology that involves small vessels and whose cause has been predominantly described as idiopathic. The clinical case of a 78-year-old woman with hypertension, diabetic and chronic stage 5 kidney disease, who presented limited skin lesions after administration of oxacillin for management of bacteremia by MSSA. The clinical presentation consisted on palpable purpura predominantly in the lower limbs and painful coalescent lesions that formed blisters of hemorrhagic content. Lesions gradually resolved after the change of the therapy mentioned above. The biopsy was compatible with leukocytocastic vasculitis, with paraclinics who ruled out infectious and autoimmune causes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Vasculitis, Leukocytoclastic, Cutaneous , Oxacillin , Blister , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Kidney Diseases
7.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(2): 155-162, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248738

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Epidermolysis bullosa is characterized by cutaneous fragility and blistering. Historically, diagnosis is achieved by immunofluorescence mapping or transmission electron microscopy, both involving biopsy procedures. Genetic analysis, especially through next-generation sequencing, is an important tool for the diagnosis of this disease. In Brazil, access to diagnostic methods is limited, and consequently, most patients do not have an accurate diagnosis. Diagnosis allows the indication of prognosis and genetic counselling of the patient. Objectives: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of a gene panel compared to immunofluorescence mapping and transmission electron microscopy by analyzing its benefits, limitations, and economic aspects. Methods: The gene panel included the 11 main genes associated with epidermolysis bullosa. The techniques were compared, assessing the average cost, advantages, and limitations, through a price survey and literature review. Results: Both immunofluorescence mapping and transmission electron microscopy require skin biopsy, are dependent on the investigator's expertise, and are subject to frequent inconclusive results. The gene panel is effective for the conclusive diagnosis of epidermolysis bullosa, presents high efficiency and accuracy, is economically feasible, and excludes the need for biopsy. The gene panel allows for prognosis, prenatal genetic diagnosis, and genetic counseling. Study limitations: It was not possible to find laboratories that perform transmission electron microscopy for epidermolysis bullosa diagnosis in Brazil. Conclusion: This study supports the gene panel as the first-choice method for epidermolysis bullosa diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Epidermolysis Bullosa/diagnosis , Epidermolysis Bullosa/genetics , Skin , Biopsy , Brazil , Blister
8.
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(1): 13-17, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1362062

ABSTRACT

La agenesia de la vesícula biliar (AVB) es una entidad congénita rara. La mayoría de los pacientes, permanecen asintomáticos, mientras que los que presentan síntomas informan síntomas que imitan el cólico biliar. La evaluación inicial para la sospecha de patología de la vesícula biliar, como la ecografía del cuadrante superior derecho, Puede ser engañosa o no concluyente. En consecuencia, algunos pacientes son finalmente diagnosticados intra-operatoriamente. Por lo tanto, deben mantener la AVB como un diagnóstico diferencial y deben realizarse como la colangiopancreatografía por resonancia magnética (CPRMN) cuando otras pruebas no sean concluyentes. Presentamos una mujer de 39 años que presento síntomas crónicos compatibles con cólico biliar y una ecografía equívoca informada como escleroatrófica con colelitiasis. Se le realizó laparoscopia durante la cual se constató la ausencia de vesícula biliar. La CPRM posoperatoria confirmó el diagnóstico de AG.


Gallbladder agenesis (GA) is a rare congenital entity. Most patients remain asymptomatic, while those with symptoms report symptoms that mimic bile colic. Initial evaluation for suspected gallbladder pathology, such as ultrasound of the right upper quadrant, May be misleading or inconclusive. As a result, some patients are eventually diagnosed intra-operatively. Therefore, GA should be maintained as a differential diagnosis and should be performed as magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRI) when other tests are inconclusive. We present a 39-year-old woman who has chronic symptoms compatible with biliary colic and an equivocal ultrasound reported as scleroatrofic with cholelithiasis. Laparoscopy was performed during which the absence of gallbladder was found. Postoperative CPRM confirmed the diagnosis of GA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Congenital Abnormalities/pathology , Biliary Tract/abnormalities , Blister/pathology , Laparoscopy , Cholangiopancreatography, Magnetic Resonance , Diagnosis, Differential
9.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(5): 551-569, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1130935

ABSTRACT

Abstract Inherited epidermolysis bullosa is a group of genetic diseases characterized by skin fragility and blistering on the skin and mucous membranes in response to minimal trauma. Epidermolysis bullosa is clinically and genetically very heterogeneous, being classified into four main types according to the layer of skin in which blistering occurs: epidermolysis bullosa simplex (intraepidermal), junctional epidermolysis bullosa (within the lamina lucida of the basement membrane), dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (below the basement membrane), and Kindler epidermolysis bullosa (mixed skin cleavage pattern). Furthermore, epidermolysis bullosa is stratified into several subtypes, which consider the clinical characteristics, the distribution of the blisters, and the severity of cutaneous and extracutaneous signs. Pathogenic variants in at least 16 genes that encode proteins essential for the integrity and adhesion of skin layers have already been associated with different subtypes of epidermolysis bullosa. The marked heterogeneity of the disease, which includes phenotypes with a broad spectrum of severity and many causal genes, hinders its classification and diagnosis. For this reason, dermatologists and geneticists regularly review and update the classification criteria. This review aimed to update the state of the art on inherited epidermolysis bullosa, with a special focus on the associated clinical and genetic aspects, presenting data from the most recent reclassification consensus, published in 2020.


Subject(s)
Humans , Epidermolysis Bullosa Dystrophica/genetics , Epidermolysis Bullosa, Junctional/genetics , Epidermolysis Bullosa/genetics , Skin , Blister
10.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(4): 514-517, July-Aug. 2020. graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1130912

ABSTRACT

Abstract Dissecting cellulitis is a chronic, progressive, and relapsing inflammatory disease that predominantly affects the vertex and occiput of young Afro-descendent men. It starts with papules and pustules that evolve to nodules, abscesses, and cicatricial alopecia. This article illustrates the evolutive trichoscopy of dissecting cellulitis, from its early phase, through the abscess phase, to the fibrotic cicatricial phase. Trichoscopy complements clinical-pathological classification, representing a complementary tool useful in early diagnosis and monitoring of the patient during treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Cellulitis , Dermoscopy , Recurrence , Blister , Alopecia
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785348

ABSTRACT

Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are severe cutaneous adverse reactions. Although viral reactivation is associated with DRESS syndrome, its role in TEN remains unclear. An 80-year-old woman visited our hospital because of fever and skin eruption. DRESS syndrome was diagnosed and was thought to caused by the use of the drug allopurinol. She was treated by discontinuation of the drug and administration of systemic steroids. She recovered from DRESS syndrome and was discharged from the hospital with tapering doses of steroids prescribed. One week after discharge, she visited our hospital again as the skin rash recurred and oral pain as well as oral and ocular mucosal lesions developed. In addition to the skin rash, blisters and Nikolsky's sign that were different from the skin lesions present in the previous DRESS syndrome were observed. Unlike those in DRESS syndrome, the viral serological test results were positive for anti-cytomegalovirus (CMV) IgM and CMV polymerase chain reaction. Therefore, it was thought that TEN was due to reactivation of CMV and she was treated this with ganciclovir and intravenous immunoglobulin. Here, we report a case of TEN caused by viral reactivation after DRESS syndrome developed after use of allopurinol which recovered after steroid treatment.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Allopurinol , Blister , Cytomegalovirus Infections , Cytomegalovirus , Drug Hypersensitivity Syndrome , Eosinophilia , Exanthema , Female , Fever , Ganciclovir , Humans , Immunoglobulin M , Immunoglobulins , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Serologic Tests , Skin , Steroids , Stevens-Johnson Syndrome
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828691

ABSTRACT

A girl, aged 12 years, was admitted due to fever and rash for 3 days. The child developed recurrent high fever and rash on both lower extremities 3 days before, and the rash on left lower extremity quickly merged into a patch within 24 hours, with hemorrhage and necrosis in black and purple, large vesicles, and blisters in the center. Laboratory examination showed a reduction in platelet count and significant increases in fibrinogen and D-dimer during the course of the disease. The child was diagnosed with purpura flulminans. She was given meropenem combined with linezolid for anti-infection, injection of gamma globulin for immunoregulation, and low-molecular-weight heparin for anticoagulation. The fluid in the rash blisters was drawn and the wound was treated to prevent infection. The child's temperature returned to normal, with improvement in gangrene. She was discharged after platelet count, fibrinogen, and D-dimer had returned to normal. Purpura fulminans is a rare thrombotic hemorrhagic disease with rapid progression and is commonly seen in children. Without timely treatment, it may cause severe sequelae with high disability and mortality rates. Anti-infection, correction of coagulation function, and local management of gangrene skin are of great importance during treatment.


Subject(s)
Blister , Child , Exanthema , Female , Fever , Humans , Lower Extremity , Necrosis
15.
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 13(1): 14-16, 2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1048800

ABSTRACT

IINTRODUCCIÓN: el bullosis diabeticorum forma parte del espectro de manifestaciones cutáneas de la diabetes mellitus, descrito por Kramer en 1930 y nombrado como bullosis diabeticorum por Cantwell y Martz. Es una enfermedad conocida, pero bastante rara (0.5 a 2% de la población diabética) siendo dos veces más común en hombres. Es una lesión espontánea y no está relacionada con trauma o causa fisiológica evidente, como infección, 3 que no causa dolor o se asocia a signos flogísticos. Se asocia principalmente a las extremidades, pudiendo ser una lesión única o múltiples lesiones. Puede ocurrir en la diabetes mellitus tipo 1 (DM1) y en el tipo 2. Las lesiones típicamente se curan espontáneamente de 2 a 6 semanas, pero pueden ocurrir en el mismo lugar nuevamente. El pronóstico es bueno, sin tratamiento específico necesario o seguimiento diagnóstico con biopsia. Se relata un caso de esta rara patología con documentación por resonancia magnética.


Bullosis diabeticorum is part of the spectrum of cutaneous manifestations of diabetes mellitus, described by Kramer in 1930 and named bullosis diabeticorum by Cantwell and Martz. It is a known disease, but quite rare (0.5 to 2% of the diabetic population) and is two times more common in men. Bullosis diabeticorum is a spontaneous lesion and not related to trauma or obvious physiological cause, such as infection that does not cause pain or is associated with inflammatory signs. Occurs at the limbs and may be single or multiple. It can occur in diabetes mellitus type 1 (DM1) and type 2, usually in the advanced stages. The lesions heal spontaneously typically in 2 to 6 weeks, but they may happen again on the same site. The prognosis is good with no need of special treatment or further diagnosis with biopsy. We report a case of this rare complication with magnetic resonance imaging.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Blister/diagnostic imaging , Diabetic Foot/diagnostic imaging , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Blister/etiology , Blister/pathology
16.
Autops. Case Rep ; 9(1): e2018069, Jan.-Mar. 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-987151

ABSTRACT

Skin involvement in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) occurs in more than 75% of patients with this condition. Vesicles and blisters in lupus erythematosus (LE) may be present in SLE secondary to interface vacuolar changes in the epidermis, in discoid LE also secondary to vacuolar epidermal changes, and in bullous LE secondary to antibodies anti-collagen VII deposits with neutrophilic aggregates. In addition, blisters can occur due to the association of SLE with other autoimmune blistering diseases (e.g. bullous pemphigoid). BSLE is a rare blistering disease that mainly occurs in females (30­40 years old), and less frequently in children and adolescents. The most common presentation is rapid and widespread development of tense vesicles and bullae over erythematous macules or plaques. Preferential sites are: superior trunk, proximal superior limbs, and face (lips) with symmetrical distribution. Mucosal involvement is common on perioral, pharyngeal, laryngeal, and genital areas. The involvement of sun-exposed areas is not mandatory. The lesions usually progress with no scarring, but hypo or hyperchromia may be present. We report an 18-year-old female patient with blistering lesions at admission, who was diagnosed with BSLE. She was initially treated with systemic prednisone and hydroxychloroquine. Her condition evolved with relapsing lesions, which required the introduction of Dapsone. The authors emphasize the relevance of recognizing BSLE­a rare presentation of SLE­which may evolve with marked clinical presentation


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Skin Diseases, Vesiculobullous , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/diagnosis , Blister , Rare Diseases
17.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 117(1): 59-62, feb. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-983782

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad boca-mano-pie puede presentarse con formas atípicas, con lesiones más generalizadas y morfología diferente a la forma clásica. A veces, incluso simula otras enfermedades víricas. En las formas atípicas, existe la tendencia a afectar a las zonas de traumatismo o inflamación. Se presenta el caso de un niño de 2 años con antecedente de atopia, que consultó por presentar lesiones papulosas y vesiculosas umbilicadas que afectaban a la zona perioral, los miembros superiores e inferiores, con predominio en las zonas de presión y de dermatitis atópica previa. Aunque clínicamente se diagnosticó eczema herpético, las pruebas complementarias fueron negativas para herpes virus. Sin embargo, la reacción en cadena de la polimerasa del contenido de una vesícula, del exudado faríngeo y de heces fue positiva para enterovirus.


Hand-foot-mouth disease can present atypically, including forms with more numerous lesions and/or morphologically different from the classic presentation. It may even mimic other viral diseases. We present the case of a 2-year-old child previously diagnosed with atopic dermatitis, who presented with papules and umbilicated vesicles affecting the perioral area and limbs, predominantly in pressure areas, as well as in areas with previous atopic lesions. Although he was clinically diagnosed with herpetic eczema, tests results were negative for herpes virus. However, positive entorovirus polymerase chain reaction results were obtained from the content of a vesicle, a pharyngeal exudate and a stool sample.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Blister , Enterovirus , Exanthema , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease
19.
Kosin Medical Journal ; : 138-145, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786388

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome (4S), a blistering dermatosis caused by exfoliative toxins from Staphylococcus aureus, occurs frequently in patients with atopic dermatitis (AD). However, association between 4S and AD has not rarely been reported. We investigated the characteristics of 4S according to AD status.METHODS: The study included 146 children with 4S who visited Busan St. Mary's Hospital from 2007–2018. Clinical features were analyzed from medical records and pictures, and 4S was classified as localized or generalized. We also retrospectively investigated the preceding conditions and test results related to AD.RESULTS: Among 146 patients with 4S, median age was 2.0 years, and 35 (24.0%) had AD. Since 2007, the incidence of both 4S and AD have increased, without obvious seasonal patterns. Generalized and localized disease occurred in 90 and 56 patients, respectively. Twenty-four of 35 patients with AD (68.6%) and 32 of 111 (28.8%) without AD had localized disease. Significant differences were observed between the groups (P = 0.000). Among those with AD, the most common preceding condition was skin infection or unknown (45.2%); however, respiratory disease was the most common (47.9%) among patients without AD. Eosinophil levels were higher in the AD group (P = 0.002), and there were no statistically significant differences in total immunoglobulin E (IgE), Dermatophagoides farinae (Df IgE), egg-white IgE, and culture results between the groups.CONCLUSIONS: Localized 4S frequently occurred without preceding conditions in children with AD and usually arose from skin infection compared to generalized 4S.


Subject(s)
Blister , Child , Dermatitis, Atopic , Dermatophagoides farinae , Eosinophils , Exfoliatins , Humans , Immunoglobulin E , Immunoglobulins , Incidence , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Seasons , Skin , Skin Diseases , Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome , Staphylococcus aureus
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775975

ABSTRACT

Bullous pemphigoid(BP)is an autoimmune blister disease caused by antibodies to the basement membrane zone.It usually exhibits tense bullae in skin and mucous membrane.BP patients can suffer from thrombosis due to hypercoagulation and/or hemorrhage due to the presence of anti-coagulation factors,which may be explained by the eosinophils,antibodies to the coagulation factors,and fibrinolytic system hyperactivity or inhibition.


Subject(s)
Autoantibodies , Blister , Blood Coagulation Disorders , Blood Coagulation Factors , Eosinophils , Hemorrhage , Humans , Mucous Membrane , Pathology , Pemphigoid, Bullous , Skin , Pathology , Thrombosis
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