Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 587
Filter
1.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(4): 791-798, Jul.-Aug. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285265

ABSTRACT

The Nelore breed is the second largest bovine breed in the world and has actively participated in the expansion of new Brazilian agricultural frontiers. In this context, the purpose of this study was to determine the hematological and biochemical reference intervals of healthy Nelore matrices raised under an extensive regime without supplementation along southwest of Piauí state. Blood samples were collected from fifty-five multiparous female of the Nelore breed. Biochemical and hematological parameters were analyzed using a parametric statistical method with 95% CI of reference limits. The average values of red blood cells, hemoglobin as well as hematimetric indices showed reference ranges similar to reference standards. The hematocrit as well as granulocytes and agranulocytes presented alterations typical of animals raised in environments with higher temperatures. Mineral, enzymatic, protein and metabolic profiles were similar to other bovine breeds but with a narrower range of values. However, lower mean values were observed for levels of ionized calcium, total protein and urea. Nelore females present slightly different biochemical and hematological profiles from other breeds, which might result from the environmental and nutritional management applied and the natural deficiency of nitrogen, phosphorus and calcium in the region's pastures.(AU)


Nelore é a segunda maior raça bovina do mundo e tem participado ativamente da expansão das novas fronteiras agrícolas brasileiras. Nesse contexto, o objetivo do presente estudo foi determinar os intervalos de referência hematológicos e bioquímicos de matrizes Nelore criadas em regime extensivo sem suplementação, ao longo do sudoeste do estado do Piauí. Amostras de sangue foram coletadas de 55 fêmeas multíparas da raça Nelore. Os parâmetros bioquímicos e hematológicos foram analisados por método estatístico paramétrico com IC 95% para os limites de referência. Os valores médios de hemácias, hemoglobina e índices hematimétricos apresentaram intervalos de referência semelhantes aos padrões de referência. Tanto o hematócrito quanto os granulócitos e os agranulócitos apresentaram alterações típicas de animais criados em ambientes com temperaturas mais elevadas. Os perfis mineral, enzimático, proteico e metabólico foram semelhantes aos de outras raças bovinas, mas com uma faixa de valores mais estreita. No entanto, valores médios mais baixos foram observados para os níveis de cálcio ionizado, proteína total e ureia. Fêmeas Nelore apresentam perfis bioquímicos e hematológicos ligeiramente diferentes de outras raças, o que pode resultar dos manejos ambiental e nutricional aplicados e da deficiência natural de nitrogênio, fósforo e cálcio nas pastagens da região.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Cattle , Blood Cell Count/veterinary , Blood Urea Nitrogen , Blood Proteins/analysis , Calcium/blood , Granulocytes , Hematocrit/veterinary , Reference Values , Brazil , Serum , Agranulocytosis/veterinary
2.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(spe2): 54-57, Apr.-June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280093

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Soft tissue injury is the most common disease in orthopedics, and it is also the most easily neglected disease in sports. Without timely and effective treatment, it is easy to develop into malignant strain and seriously affect life and sports. In view of this, the aim of this study is to analyze the effect and mechanism of traditional Chinese medicine gel in treating such injuries in the light of the characteristics of sports-related soft tissue injury. The right gastrocnemius muscle injury was simulated in 36 adult male rats. Chinese medicine gel and tincture were used to treat it. The contents of interleukin, alanine aminotransferase, blood urea nitrogen and prostaglandin E2 in the blood of rats under different courses of treatment were analyzed to explore recovery in four rats. The results showed that the levels of interleukin and prostaglandin E2 in the blood of rats treated with drugs were significantly lower than those in the control group (p<0.05), indicating that both drugs have obvious therapeutic effects on soft tissue injury. The content of interleukin in the blood of the Chinese medicine gel group was slightly lower than that of the tincture group, indicating that the Chinese medicine gel could affect the recovery of soft tissue injury by affecting leukocyte interleukin. This result is helpful in the treatment of soft tissue injury in sports and to further improve the therapeutic effect of traditional Chinese medicine gel.


RESUMO A lesão dos tecidos moles é a doença mais comum na ortopedia, e é também a doença mais facilmente negligenciada nos esportes. Sem tratamento ágil e eficaz, facilmente evolui para luxações malignas, afetando seriamente a vida e a prática de esportes. Em vista disso, o objetivo deste estudo é analisar o efeito e o mecanismo do gel da medicina tradicional chinesa no tratamento de tais lesões, com base nas características da lesão dos tecidos moles relacionada à prática esportiva. Estimulou-se lesão do músculo gastrocnêmio direito em 36 ratos adultos. O gel e a tintura chinesa foram usados para o tratamento. Foram analisados os conteúdos de interleucina, alanina aminotransferase, ureia sanguínea azoto e prostaglandina E2 no sangue dos ratos sob diferentes tratamentos, de modo a explorar a recuperação de quatro ratos. Os resultados mostraram que os níveis de interleucina e prostaglandina E2 no sangue dos ratos tratados com medicamentos eram significativamente inferiores aos do grupo controle (p<0.05), indicando que ambos os fármacos têm efeitos terapêuticos óbvios sobre lesões dos tecidos moles. O teor de interleucina no sangue do grupo gel chinês medicinal mostrou-se ligeiramente inferior ao do grupo tintura, indicando que o gel medicinal chinês pode afetar a recuperação da lesão nos tecidos moles, afetando o leucócito interleucina. Este resultado é útil para o tratamento de lesões dos tecidos moles relacionadas à prática esportiva e para melhorar ainda mais o efeito terapêutico do gel da medicina chinesa tradicional.


RESUMEN La lesión de los tejidos blandos es la enfermedad más común en la ortopedia, y es también la enfermedad más fácilmente descuidada en los deportes. Sin tratamiento ágil y eficaz, fácilmente evolucionan a luxaciones malignas, afectando seriamente la vida y la práctica de deportes. En vista de eso, el objetivo de este estudio es analizar el efecto y el mecanismo del gel de la medicina tradicional china en el tratamiento de tales lesiones, con base en las características de la lesión de los tejidos blandos relacionada a la práctica deportiva. Se estimuló lesión del músculo gastrocnemio derecho en 36 ratones adultos. El gel y la tintura china fueron usados para el tratamiento. Fueron analizados los contenidos de interleucina, alanina aminotransferasa, urea sanguínea, nitrógeno y prostaglandina E2 en la sangre de los ratones bajo diferentes tratamientos, de modo de explorar la recuperación de cuatro ratones. Los resultados mostraron que los niveles de interleucina y prostaglandina E2 en la sangre de los ratones tratados con medicamentos eran significativamente inferiores a los del grupo control (p<0.05), indicando que ambos fármacos tienen efectos terapéuticos obvios sobre lesiones de los tejidos blandos. El tenor de interleucina en la sangre del grupo gel chino medicinal se mostró ligeramente inferior al del grupo tintura, indicando que el gel medicinal chino puede afectar la recuperación de la lesión en los tejidos blandos, afectando el leucocito interleucina. Este resultado es útil para el tratamiento de lesiones de los tejidos blandos relacionadas a la práctica deportiva y para mejorar aún más el efecto terapéutico del gel de la medicina china tradicional.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Ointments/therapeutic use , Muscle, Skeletal/injuries , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Athletic Injuries/drug therapy , Blood Urea Nitrogen , Dinoprostone/blood , Interleukins/blood , Treatment Outcome , Alanine Transaminase/blood , Disease Models, Animal
3.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 20(3): 303-314, may. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343478

ABSTRACT

In this study, against streptozotocin (STZ) induced diapetic nephropathy (DN); it is aimed to investigate the use of thymoquinone (TQ) and ß-aminoisobutyric acid (BAIBA) and to compare the effects of these agents. With random selection of 35 male rats, five groups (seven rats in each group) were constituted as follows: Control, STZ, STZ + TQ, STZ + BAIBA, STZ + TQ + BAIBA. In the STZ group; body weight, glutathione (GSH) and insulin levels decreased, relative kidney weight, malondialdehyde (MDA), glucose, blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine (Cr) levels were increased. Also, in kidney tissue; histopathological changes (such as thickening of the capsular, glomerular and tubular basement membranes, increased mesangial matrix amount, increased cytoplasmic vacuolization in some of the tubular epithelial cells, increased tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) expression, and inflammatory cell infiltrations in interstitial tissue) were detected. It was observed that these changes occurring after diabetes mellitus (DM) reversed significantly in TQ, BAIBA and TQ + BAIBA groups.


En este estudio, contra la nefropatía diapética (ND) inducida por estreptozotocina (STZ); tiene como objetivo investigar el uso de timoquinona (TQ) y ácido ß-aminoisobutírico (BAIBA) y comparar los efectos de estos agentes. Con la selección aleatoria de 35 ratas macho, se constituyeron cinco grupos (siete ratas en cada grupo) como sigue: Control, STZ, STZ + TQ, STZ + BAIBA, STZ + TQ + BAIBA. En el grupo STZ; el peso corporal, los niveles de glutatión (GSH) y de insulina disminuyeron, el peso relativo de los riñones, el malondialdehído (MDA), la glucosa, el nitrógeno ureico en sangre (BUN) y los niveles de creatinina (Cr) aumentaron. Además, en tejido renal; se detectaron cambios histopatológicos (como engrosamiento de las membranas basales capsular, glomerular y tubular, aumento de la cantidad de matriz mesangial, aumento de la vacuolización citoplasmática en algunas de las células epiteliales tubulares, aumento de la expresión del factor de necrosis tumoral alfa (TNF-α) e infiltraciones de células inflamatorias en tejido intersticial). Se observó que estos cambios que ocurren después de la diabetes mellitus (DM) se revirtieron significativamente en los grupos TQ, BAIBA y TQ + BAIBA.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Benzoquinones/administration & dosage , Diabetic Nephropathies/drug therapy , Aminoisobutyric Acids/administration & dosage , Blood Urea Nitrogen , Body Weight , Immunohistochemistry , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Streptozocin , Oxidative Stress , Creatinine/analysis , Disease Models, Animal , Glucose/analysis , Glutathione/analysis , Kidney/drug effects
5.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(2): 543-549, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1248918

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o balanço de nitrogênio e a concentração de ureia no plasma em cabritos alimentados com dietas contendo farinha de pupunha em substituição ao milho (0, 10, 40, 60 e 85% MS). Trinta cabritos Boer × SRD, com 90 dias de idade e peso corporal inicial de 16,7 ± 3,5kg, foram distribuídos em um delineamento inteiramente ao acaso, com seis repetições. As dietas foram fornecidas diariamente ad libitum para permitir 10% das sobras. Três coletas foram realizadas a cada 28 dias. As dietas foram constituídas por milho, farelo de soja, farinha de pupunha, suplemento mineral e feno de Tifton-85, com a relação volumoso: concentrado de 30:70. O consumo de nitrogênio (N) diminuiu linearmente à medida que a farinha de pupunha substituiu o milho no concentrado. Com relação ao N digerido, os animais alimentados com níveis de farinha de pupunha apresentaram valores inferiores aos alimentados com o milho como única fonte de energia, com médias de 14,9 e 17,1g dia-1, respectivamente. A excreção urinária de N diminuiu à medida que a farinha de pupunha substituiu o milho no concentrado. O nível de 39% de farinha de pupunha reduziu a excreção urinária de ureia. Houve retenção máxima de N em 7,83g dia-1 para o nível de substituição de milho de 28,9% em farinha de pupunha.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Urea Nitrogen , Ruminants/metabolism , Arecaceae , Industrial Waste , Animal Feed/analysis
6.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 40(4): 734-748, oct.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142438

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción. La neumonía es la principal causa de muerte por infección en el mundo y afecta principalmente a la población de adultos mayores. Objetivo. Determinar los factores de riesgo asociados con la letalidad a 30 días en pacientes con neumonía en una unidad de atención del paciente geriátrico agudo. Materiales y métodos. Se hizo un estudio observacional y analítico de cohorte retrospectiva. Se incluyeron 114 pacientes de 60 años o más hospitalizados en una unidad de atención del paciente geriátrico agudo con diagnóstico de neumonía. El resultado primario fue la letalidad a 30 días. Se hicieron análisis de regresión log-binomial bivariado y multivariable para explorar la relación entre las variables independientes y el resultado primario. Resultados. La letalidad a 30 días fue de 26,3 % y la edad media de 84,45 ± 7,37 años. El 54,4 % de los participantes era de sexo masculino. En el análisis multivariable se encontró que una edad de 90 años o más (riesgo relativo, RR=1,62; IC95%: 1,05-2,68; p=0,04), el compromiso multilobar (RR=1,92; IC95%: 1,12-3,32; p=0,02), el nitrógeno ureico elevado (mediana≥22,5; RR=3,93; IC95%: 1,67-9,25; p<0,01), y un puntaje de cero en la escala de Lawton al ingreso (RR=3,20; IC95% 1,05-9,78; p=0,04) fueron factores predictores independientes de la letalidad a 30 días en adultos mayores con neumonía. Conclusión. En los pacientes adultos mayores hospitalizados por neumonía en una unidad de atención del paciente geriátrico agudo la edad muy avanzada, la presencia de compromiso multilobar, la dependencia en el estado funcional y los niveles de nitrógeno ureico elevados fueron los principales factores de riesgo de letalidad a corto plazo.


Abstract: Introduction: Pneumonia is the leading cause of death due to infection in the world, mainly affecting the older adult population. Objective: To determine the risk factors associated with lethality at 30 days in patients with pneumonia in an acute care for the elderly unit. Materials and methods: We conducted an observational, analytical retrospective cohort study including 114 patients aged 60 years and older hospitalized in an acute care geriatric unit with a diagnosis of pneumonia. The primary outcome was lethality at 30 days. Bivariate and multivariable log-binomial regression analyzes were performed to explore the relationship between independent variables and the primary outcome. Results: The 30-day lethality was 26.3% and the mean age was 84.45 ± 7.37 years; 54.4% of participants were men. In the multivariable analysis, age ≥90 years (Relative Risk, RR=1.62, 95% CI: 1.05-2.68, p=0.04), multilobar commitment (RR=1.92, 95% CI:1.12-3.32, p=0.02), elevated urea nitrogen (≥22.5 the median; RR=3.93, 95% CI:1.67-9.25, p<0.01), and a score of zero in the Lawton index at admission (RR=3.20, 95% CI:1.05-9.78, p=0.04) were independent predictors of 30-day lethality from pneumonia. Conclusion: In older adults hospitalized for pneumonia in an acute care geriatric unit, advanced age, the presence of multilobar commitment, dependency in functional status, and elevated ureic nitrogen levels were the main predictors of short-term lethality risk.


Subject(s)
Pneumonia , Aged , Mortality , Blood Urea Nitrogen , Radiography , Disability Evaluation
7.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 27(1): 20-28, ene.-feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1138749

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: la estimación temprana del riesgo en falla cardiaca aguda puede ayudar en la toma de decisiones clínicas. Objetivo: identificar los factores de riesgo asociados a mortalidad intrahospitalaria en pacientes con falla cardiaca aguda. Métodos: análisis de una cohorte retrospectiva de pacientes mayores de 18 años ingresados a hospitalización por falla cardiaca aguda en un hospital de tercer nivel, entre los años 2012 y 2016. Resultados: se incluyeron 247 pacientes, con edad promedio de 62,8 años; predominó el sexo masculino con un 60%. El 84% de los pacientes tenía falla cardiaca con fracción de expulsión disminuida (mediana de 25%). La mortalidad intrahospitalaria fue de 9,3% y la acumulada a 30 días y 6 meses posterior al egreso hospitalario fue de 10,9 y 14,1%, respectivamente. Los dos predictores asociados a muerte intrahospitalaria fueron el nitrógeno ureico en sangre (BUN)> 37 mg/dl (OR: 10,8; 95% IC: 4,10-28,8) y la presión arterial sistólica (PAS) ≤ 125 mm Hg (OR: 3,42; 95% IC:1,15-10,0). El modelo de árbol de regresión y clasificación (CART) identificó como el mejor predictor de mortalidad los niveles elevados de BUN (≥ 32,5 mg/dl), seguido por la presión sistólica disminuida (< 97 mm Hg) y finalmente por los niveles elevados de creatinina (≥ 1,75 mg/dl). Conclusión: el análisis mediante el CART permite clasificar en forma temprana la probabilidad de muerte por un árbol de riesgo que incluye el BUN ≥ 32,5 mg/dl, la presión sistólica < 97 mm Hg y los niveles de creatinina ≥ 1,75 mg/dl.


Abstract Introduction: The early estimation of risk in acute heart failure may help in the taking of clinical decisions. Objective: To identify the risk factors associated with in-hospital mortality in patients with acute heart failure. Methods: An analysis was performed on a retrospective cohort of patients greater than 18 years admitted to a tertiary hospital due acute heart failure between the years 2010 and 2016. Results: A total of 247 patients were included, with a mean age of 62.8 years, and of which 60% were male. The large majority (84%) of the patients had heart failure with a reduced ejection fraction (median 25%). The in-hospital mortality was 9.3%, and the accumulated rate at 30 days and 6 months after hospital discharge was 10.9% and 14.1%, respectively. The two predictors associated with in-hospital death was a blood urea nitrogen (BUN) > 37 mg/dL (OR: 10.8; 95% CI: 4.10-28.8) and a systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≤ 125 mmHg (OR: 3.42; 95% CI: 1.15-10.0). The classification and regression tree (CART) model identified elevated levels of as the best predictor of mortality, followed by a decreased systolic pressure (< 97 mmHg), and finally due to elevated creatinine levels (≥ 1,75 mg/dL). Conclusion: The analysis using the classification and regression tree (CART) model can provide an early classification of the probability of death by a risk tree that includes BUN ≥ 32.5 mg/dL, systolic pressure <97 mm Hg, and creatinine levels ≥ 1.75 mg/dL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Risk Factors , Hospital Mortality , Heart Failure , Trees , Blood Urea Nitrogen , Clinical Decision-Making
8.
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 33: e190138, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057194

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To investigate the consumption of processed and ultra-processed foods and evaluate its relationship with the nutritional and metabolic status of hemodialysis patients in a single center in Brazil. Methods This cross-sectional study enrolled 73 individuals in hemodialysis (50 men and 23 women, 21-87 years-old). Clinical and lifestyle variables were assessed by a semi-structured questionnaire and dietary data by food frequency questionnaire. Anthropometric and metabolic data are collected from medical records. Results Processed and ultra-processed foods represented 11.0% of daily caloric intake, 53.0% of trans fatty acid, and 12.5% of salt consumed in the study sample. Individuals who had high intake of this food group (≥128.4g/day, median intake) had higher serum phosphorus and pre-dialysis urea values (p=0.038; p=0.013, respectively). Also, individual with higher consumption of processed meat, sausages and ready prepared food had higher pre-dialysis serum urea (p=0.021), while serum potassium was higher among the subjects who consumed more sauces and salt-based seasonings (p=0.002). Conclusion Higher consumption of processed and ultra-processed foods was associated with important biomarkers of metabolic control for hemodialysis subjects, probably due to non-health dietary composition. Nutritional guidelines and intervention strategies must be promoted to reduce consumption of these food-group in thisspecific population.


RESUMO Objetivo Investigar o consumo de alimentos processados e ultraprocessados e avaliar sua relação com o estado nutricional e metabólico de pacientes em hemodiálise em um único centro brasileiro. Métodos Este é um estudo transversal com 73 indivíduos em hemodiálise (50 homens e 23 mulheres, 21-87 anos de idade). As variáveis clínicas e de estilo de vida foram avaliados por um questionário semi-estruturado, bem como dados dietéticos por questionário de frequência alimentar. Dados antropométricos e metabólicos foram coletados de registros médicos. Resultados Os alimentos processados e ultraprocessados representaram 11,0% das calorias diárias, 53,0% dos ácidos graxos trans e 12,5% de sódio consumido na amostra estudada. Os indivíduos que tiveram alta ingestão deste grupo alimentar (≥128,4 g/dia, ingestão mediana) apresentaram maiores valores de fósforo sérico e uréia pré-diálise (p=0,038; p=0,013, respectivamente). Também, indivíduos com maior consumo de carne processada, embutidos e refeições prontas apresentaram maior ureia sérica pré-diálise (p=0,021), enquanto o potássio sérico foi maior entre os indivíduos que consumiram mais molhos e temperos á base de sal (p=0,002). Conclusão O maior consumo de alimentos processados e ultraprocessados foi associado a importantes biomarcadores de controle metabólico para indivíduos em hemodiálise, provavelmente devido à composição dietética não saudável. Orientações nutricionais e estratégias de intervenção devem ser promovidas para reduzir o consumo desses alimentos nessa população específica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Blood Urea Nitrogen , Eating , Nutritional Status , Cross-Sectional Studies , Renal Dialysis , Trans Fatty Acids , Industrialized Foods , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Life Style
9.
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 33: e190138, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092117

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To investigate the consumption of processed and ultra-processed foods and evaluate its relationship with the nutritional and metabolic status of hemodialysis patients in a single center in Brazil. Methods This cross-sectional study enrolled 73 individuals in hemodialysis (50 men and 23 women, 21-87 years-old). Clinical and lifestyle variables were assessed by a semi-structured questionnaire and dietary data by food frequency questionnaire. Anthropometric and metabolic data are collected from medical records. Results Processed and ultra-processed foods represented 11.0% of daily caloric intake, 53.0% of trans fatty acid, and 12.5% of salt consumed in the study sample. Individuals who had high intake of this food group (≥128.4g/day, median intake) had higher serum phosphorus and pre-dialysis urea values (p=0.038; p=0.013, respectively). Also, individual with higher consumption of processed meat, sausages and ready prepared food had higher pre-dialysis serum urea (p=0.021), while serum potassium was higher among the subjects who consumed more sauces and salt-based seasonings (p=0.002). Conclusion Higher consumption of processed and ultra-processed foods was associated with important biomarkers of metabolic control for hemodialysis subjects, probably due to non-health dietary composition. Nutritional guidelines and intervention strategies must be promoted to reduce consumption of these food-group in thisspecific population.


RESUMO Objetivo Investigar o consumo de alimentos processados e ultraprocessados e avaliar sua relação com o estado nutricional e metabólico de pacientes em hemodiálise em um único centro brasileiro. Métodos Este é um estudo transversal com 73 indivíduos em hemodiálise (50 homens e 23 mulheres, 21-87 anos de idade). As variáveis clínicas e de estilo de vida foram avaliados por um questionário semi-estruturado, bem como dados dietéticos por questionário de frequência alimentar. Dados antropométricos e metabólicos foram coletados de registros médicos. Resultados Os alimentos processados e ultraprocessados representaram 11,0% das calorias diárias, 53,0% dos ácidos graxos trans e 12,5% de sódio consumido na amostra estudada. Os indivíduos que tiveram alta ingestão deste grupo alimentar (≥128,4 g/dia, ingestão mediana) apresentaram maiores valores de fósforo sérico e uréia pré-diálise (p=0,038; p=0,013, respectivamente). Também, indivíduos com maior consumo de carne processada, embutidos e refeições prontas apresentaram maior ureia sérica pré-diálise (p=0,021), enquanto o potássio sérico foi maior entre os indivíduos que consumiram mais molhos e temperos á base de sal (p=0,002). Conclusão O maior consumo de alimentos processados e ultraprocessados foi associado a importantes biomarcadores de controle metabólico para indivíduos em hemodiálise, provavelmente devido à composição dietética não saudável. Orientações nutricionais e estratégias de intervenção devem ser promovidas para reduzir o consumo desses alimentos nessa população específica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Blood Urea Nitrogen , Biomarkers , Eating , Nutritional Status , Cross-Sectional Studies , Renal Dialysis , Trans Fatty Acids , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Industrialized Foods , Life Style
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826628

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study summarizes and compares clinical and laboratory characteristics of 34 patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) for complications from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) at the First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China from Jan. 22 to Mar. 5, 2020.@*METHODS@#A total of 34 patients were divided into two groups, including those who required noninvasive ventilation (NIV) and invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) with additional extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in 11 patients. Clinical features of COVID-19 patients were described and the parameters of clinical characteristics between the two groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#The rates of the acute cardiac and kidney complications were higher in IMV cases than those in NIV cases. Most patients had lymphocytopenia on admission, with lymphocyte levels dropping progressively on the following days, and the more severe lymphopenia developed in the IMV group. In both groups, T lymphocyte counts were below typical lower limit norms compared to B lymphocytes. On admission, both groups had higher than expected amounts of plasma interleukin-6 (IL-6), which over time declined more in NIV patients. The prothrombin time was increased and the levels of platelet, hemoglobin, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), D-dimer, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and IL-6 were higher in IMV cases compared with NIV cases during hospitalization.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Data showed that the rates of complications, dynamics of lymphocytopenia, and changes in levels of platelet, hemoglobin, BUN, D-dimer, LDH and IL-6, and prothrombin time in these ICU patients were significantly different between IMV and NIV cases.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury , Virology , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Betacoronavirus , Blood Urea Nitrogen , China , Coronavirus Infections , Therapeutics , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Female , Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products , Heart Diseases , Virology , Hemoglobins , Hospitalization , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Interleukin-6 , Blood , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Blood , Lymphopenia , Virology , Male , Middle Aged , Noninvasive Ventilation , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Therapeutics , Positive-Pressure Respiration , Prothrombin Time , Retrospective Studies
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781699

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical effect and complications of continuous blood purification (CBP) in the treatment of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) in neonates.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 21 neonates with MODS who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit from November 2015 to April 2019 and were treated with CBP. Clinical indices were observed before treatment, at 6, 12, 24, and 36 hours of CBP treatment, and at the end of treatment to evaluate the clinical effect and safety of CBP treatment.@*RESULTS@#Among the 21 neonates with MODS undergoing CBP, 17 (81%) had response to treatment. The neonates with response to CBP treatment had a significant improvement in oxygenation index at 6 hours of treatment, a significant increase in urine volume at 24 hours of treatment, a stable blood pressure within the normal range at 24 hours of treatment, and significant reductions in the doses of the vasoactive agents epinephrine and dopamine at 6 hours of treatment (P<0.05), as well as a significant reduction in serum K+ level at 6 hours of treatment, a significant improvement in blood pH at 12 hours of treatment, and significant reductions in blood lactic acid, blood creatinine, and blood urea nitrogen at 12 hours of treatment (P<0.05). Among the 21 neonates during CBP treatment, 6 experienced thrombocytopenia, 1 had membrane occlusion, and 1 experienced bleeding, and no hypothermia, hypotension, or infection was observed.@*CONCLUSIONS@#CBP is a safe, feasible, and effective method for the treatment of MODS in neonates, with few complications.


Subject(s)
Blood Gas Analysis , Blood Urea Nitrogen , Hemofiltration , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Multiple Organ Failure , Retrospective Studies
13.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(6): 1249-1259, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056334

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Urinary stones with oxalate composition can cause kidney failure. Recent findings evidenced that probiotics are effective in reducing oxalate absorption in these subjects based on their high colonic absorption levels at baseline. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of the simultaneous use of oxalate-degrading bacteria, Urtica dioica and T. terrestris extract in reducing urinary oxalate. Materials and Methods: Anti-urolithiatic activity of Urtica dioica and T. terrestris extract and probiotic by using ethylene glycol induced rat model. In this study, 4 strains of Lactobacillus and 2 strains of Bifidobacterium and also 2 strains of L. paracasei (that showed high power in oxalate degrading in culture media) were used. Male Wistar rats were divided into four groups (n=6). The rats of group-I received normal diet (positive control group) and groups-II (negative control group), III, IV rats received diet containing ethylene glycol (3%) for 30 days. Groups III rats received Urtica dioica and T. terrestris extract. Groups IV rats received extracts + probiotic for 30 days. Findings: The results show that the use of herbal extracts (Urtica dioica and T. terrestris) reduced the level of urinary oxalate and other parameters of urine and serum. Also, the accumulation of calcium oxalate crystals in the kidney tissue was significantly reduced. Conclusion: Considering that the formation of calcium oxalate crystals can cause inflammation and tissue damage in the kidney, the use of herbal extracts with oxalate degrading bacteria can be a new therapeutic approach to preventing the formation of kidney stones.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Oxalates/urine , Hyperoxaluria/prevention & control , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Probiotics/pharmacology , Urtica dioica/chemistry , Tribulus/chemistry , Reference Values , Time Factors , Blood Urea Nitrogen , Kidney Calculi/urine , Kidney Calculi/prevention & control , Calcium/analysis , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Wistar , Creatinine/analysis , Kidney Tubules/chemistry
14.
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(1): 152-156, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002430

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (RPGN) is a renal disease with an extensive differential diagnosis. This paper reports the case of a 55-year-old female patient diagnosed with Hansen's disease with acute progressive renal impairment after developing lower limb pyoderma. The association between Hansen's and kidney disease has been well documented, with glomerulonephritis (GN) ranked as the most common form of renal involvement. Post-infectious glomerulonephritis (PIGN) in adults has been associated with a number of pathogens occurring in diverse sites. The patient described in this case report had RPGN and biopsy findings suggestive of PIGN with C3 and IgA detected on immunofluorescence and kidney injury secondary to recent infection by Staphylococcus, a well-documented manifestation of renal impairment in patients with Hansen's disease.


RESUMO A Glomerulonefrite Rapidamente Progressiva (GNRP) é um padrão de doença renal com amplo diagnóstico diferencial. O caso reporta uma paciente de 55 anos com deterioração aguda e progressiva da função renal após quadro de piodermite em membro inferior com diagnóstico concomitante de hanseníase. Associação da hanseníase com doença renal é bem descrita, sendo a GN a forma de acometimento renal mais comum. As glomerulonefrites pós-infecciosas (GNPIs) em adultos ocorrem devido a um grande número de patógenos, nos mais diversos sítios. A paciente do caso relatado apresentava quadro de GNRP e achados de biópsia que sugerem GNPI com marcação de C3 e IgA na imunofluorescência, sugestiva de lesão renal secundária a infecção recente por Staphylococcus, uma manifestação bem descrita de doença renal em pacientes com hanseníase.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Complement C3/metabolism , Leprosy, Multibacillary/diagnosis , Acute Kidney Injury/diagnosis , Glomerulonephritis, IGA/diagnosis , Rifampin/therapeutic use , Biopsy , Blood Urea Nitrogen , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Clofazimine/therapeutic use , Creatinine/blood , Dapsone/therapeutic use , Diagnosis, Differential , Acute Kidney Injury/drug therapy , Glomerulonephritis, IGA/drug therapy , Glucocorticoids/administration & dosage , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use
15.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(11): e8772, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039259

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the mechanism of fluorofenidone (AKF-PD) in treating renal interstitial fibrosis in rats with unilateral urinary obstruction (UUO). Thirty-two male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into sham, UUO, UUO + enalapril, and UUO + AKF-PD groups. All rats, except sham, underwent left urethral obstruction surgery to establish the animal model. Rats were sacrificed 14 days after surgery, and serum was collected for renal function examination. Kidneys were collected to observe pathological changes. Immunohistochemistry was performed to assess collagen I (Col I) protein expression, and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated nick end-labeling staining to observe the apoptosis of renal tubular epithelial cells. The expression of Fas-associated death domain (FADD), apoptotic protease activating factor-1 (Apaf-1), and C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP) proteins was evaluated by immunohistochemistry and western blot analysis. AKF-PD showed no significant effect on renal function in UUO rats. The pathological changes were alleviated significantly after enalapril or AKF-PD treatment, but with no significant differences between the two groups. Col I protein was overexpressed in the UUO group, which was inhibited by both enalapril and AKF-PD. The number of apoptotic renal tubular epithelial cells was much higher in the UUO group, and AKF-PD significantly inhibited epithelial cells apoptosis. The expression of FADD, Apaf-1, and CHOP proteins was significantly upregulated in the UUO group and downregulated by enalapril and AKF-PD. In conclusion, AKF-PD improved renal interstitial fibrosis by inhibiting apoptosis of renal tubular epithelial cells in rats with UUO.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Pyridones/pharmacology , Ureteral Obstruction/pathology , Apoptosis/drug effects , Epithelial Cells/drug effects , Kidney Diseases/pathology , Pyridones/metabolism , Blood Urea Nitrogen , Fibrosis , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/metabolism , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/pharmacology , Enalapril/metabolism , Enalapril/pharmacology , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Creatinine/blood , Collagen Type I/drug effects , Collagen Type I/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Transcription Factor CHOP/drug effects , Apoptotic Protease-Activating Factor 1/drug effects , Apoptotic Protease-Activating Factor 1/metabolism , Fas-Associated Death Domain Protein/drug effects , Fas-Associated Death Domain Protein/metabolism
16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 647-652, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774775

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) is the most common pathological type of glomerular disease. Kidney biopsy, the gold standard for IgAN diagnosis, has not been routinely applied in hospitals worldwide due to its invasion nature. Thus, we aim to establish a non-invasive diagnostic model and determine markers to evaluate disease severity by analyzing the serological parameters and pathological stages of patients with IgAN.@*METHODS@#A total of 272 biopsy-diagnosed IgAN inpatients and 518 non-IgA nephropathy inpatients from the Department of Nephrology of Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital were recruited for this study. Routine blood examination, blood coagulation testing, immunoglobulin-complement testing, and clinical biochemistry testing were conducted and pathological stages were analyzed according to Lee grading system. The serological parameters and pathological stages were analyzed. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was performed to estimate the diagnostic value of the clinical factors. Logistic regression was used to establish the diagnostic model.@*RESULTS@#There were 15 significantly different serological parameters between the IgAN and non-IgAN groups (all P < 0.05). The ROC analysis was performed to measure the diagnostic value for IgAN of these parameters and the results showed that the area under the ROC curve (AUC) of total protein (TP), total cholesterol (TC), fibrinogen (FIB), D-dimer (D2), immunoglobulin A (IgA), and immunoglobulin G (IgG) were more than 0.70. The AUC of the "TC + FIB + D2 + IgA + age" combination was 0.86, with a sensitivity of 85.98% and a specificity of 73.85%. Pathological grades of I, II, III, IV, and V accounted for 2.21%, 17.65%, 62.50%, 11.76%, and 5.88%, respectively, with grade III being the most prevalent. The levels of urea nitrogen (UN) (13.57 ± 5.95 vs. 6.06 ± 3.63, 5.92 ± 2.97, 5.41 ± 1.73, and 8.41 ± 3.72 mmol/L, respectively) and creatinine (Cr) (292.19 ± 162.21 vs. 80.42 ± 24.75, 103.79 ± 72.72, 96.41 ± 33.79, and 163.04 ± 47.51 μmol/L, respectively) were significantly higher in grade V than in the other grades, and the levels of TP (64.45 ± 7.56, 67.16 ± 6.94, 63.22 ± 8.56, and 61.41 ± 10.86 vs. 37.47 ± 5.6 mg/d, respectively), direct bilirubin (DB) (2.34 ± 1.23, 2.58 ± 1.40, 1.91 ± 0.97, and 1.81 ± 1.44 vs. 0.74 ± 0.57 μmol/L, respectively), and IgA (310.35 ± 103.78, 318.48 ± 107.54, 292.58 ± 81.85, and 323.29 ± 181.67 vs. 227.17 ± 68.12 g/L, respectively) were significantly increased in grades II-V compared with grade I (all P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The established diagnostic model that combined multiple factors (TC, FIB, D2, IgA, and age) might be used for IgAN non-invasive diagnosis. TP, DB, IgA, Cr, and UN have the potential to be used to evaluate IgAN disease severity.


Subject(s)
Adult , Biomarkers , Blood , Blood Urea Nitrogen , Cholesterol , Blood , Creatinine , Blood , Female , Fibrinogen , Metabolism , Glomerulonephritis, IGA , Blood , Diagnosis , Pathology , Humans , Immunoglobulin A , Blood , Logistic Models , Male , Middle Aged , Multivariate Analysis , ROC Curve
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777526

ABSTRACT

In this study,in-depth systematic evaluation of rat of acute kidney injury(AKI) caused by renal arteriovenous ligation was conducted to better master and apply this model for drug research. Male SD rats of 2-3 months old were employed in this study.The left kidney was removed,and the right kidney received ligation for 40 min and reperfusion for 24 h. Serum creatinine(Crea),urea nitrogen(BUN) and the renal tissue sections were assayed as the basic indicators to evaluate their renal function. The mRNA expression of inflammatory necrosis factors and apoptotic factors was used to evaluate the mechanism of molecular pathophysiological changes. The results showed that the serum Crea and BUN caused by ligation of both renal arteries and veins were significantly higher than those of rats with renal artery ligation. After renal arteriovenous ligation for 40 min and reperfusion for 24 h in rats,the serum Crea of the rats varied from less than 100 μmol·L-1 to more than 430 μmol·L-1. Among them,5 rats showed less than 100 μmol·L-1 serum Crea,20 rats with 100-200 μmol·L-1 serum Crea and 12 rats with more than 430 μmol·L-1. Rats with serum Crea between 300-430 μmol·L-1 accounted for 66.3%(122/184) of the total number of the experiment rats. After 72 h reperfusion,serum Crea in the group of Crea 370-430 μmol·L-1 continued to increase,while the serum Crea in the group of Crea 200-300 μmol·L-1 and the group of Crea 300-370 μmol·L-1 recovered quickly. No matter serum Crea was elevated or decreased,the renal tubules showed pathological changes such as vacuolar degeneration or even necrosis. The mRNA expression levels of Toll-like receptor(TLR4),tumor necrosis factor(TNF-α) and interleukin(IL-6) in renal tissueswere significantly up-regulated,and the effect was most obvious in the group of serum Crea 370-430 μmol·L-1. The study indicated that the model for AKI caused by renal arteriovenous ligation and reperfusion is easy to operate,and the serum Crea and BUN have the characteristics of continuous increase,beneficial to the observation of drug effects. This acute kidney injury is mainly related to the pathophysiological response of inflammatory necrosis.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury , Pathology , Animals , Blood Urea Nitrogen , Creatinine , Blood , Disease Models, Animal , Kidney , Pathology , Kidney Tubules , Pathology , Ligation , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Renal Artery , Reperfusion Injury
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777498

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to investigate the effect of emodin on gut microbiota in acute kidney injury rats( AKI). Rats were randomly divided into several groups: normal group,model group,low-dose of emodin group( 10 mg·kg~(-1)),medium-dose of emodin group( 25 mg·kg~(-1)),high-dose of emodin group( 50 mg·kg~(-1)) and control group( 5 mg·kg~(-1) of benazepril hydrochloride).The AKI model rats were established by intraperitoneal injection of small dose of gentamicin sulfate for 7 days. Two hours after intraperitoneal injection,except for the normal group and the model group,the other groups were given corresponding doses of drugs for 15 days. The serum levels of serum creatinine( SCr),urea nitrogen( BUN),plasma endotoxin level,24 h urinary protein and D-lactate in the plasma were determined by sarcosine oxidase,urease method,tal reagent method,bromo cresol chloroform method and double antibody sandwich enzyme-linked immunoadsorbent assay,respectively. Gut microbial communities were assayed by fluorescent quantitative PCR methods. HE staining was used to detect the pathological changes of the kidneys. Compared with the normal group,there were significant differences in body weight,urinary protein( UTP),bacterial endotoxin,urea nitrogen,creatinine,D-lactate in the plasma and four bacterial contents in the model group( P<0. 05). The urinary protein,urea nitrogen,D-lactate,creatinine and plasma bacterial endotoxin in control group and each emodin group were lower than those in model group,especially for high-dose of emodin( P<0. 01). Moreover,pathology resolution in high-dose emodin was better than other groups. Except for low-dose of emodin group,qRT-PCR data suggested that the amounts of Escherichia coli and Enterococcus in medication administration group were increased,while the amounts of Lactobacilli and Bifidobacterium were reduced compared with model group( P<0. 05),especially for high-dose of emodin( P<0. 01). There is a clear imbalance of gut microbiota in rats with AKI. Emodin could regulate the imbalance of gut microbiota,which might be one of the mechanisms of its effects on AKI rats.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury , Animals , Blood Urea Nitrogen , Emodin , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Kidney , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763262

ABSTRACT

Renal cortical necrosis (RCN) is patchy or diffuse ischemic destruction of the renal cortex caused by significantly reduced renal arterial perfusion. It is a rare cause of acute kidney injury (AKI) and is associated with high mortality. Here, we review the case of RCN in a 15-year-old boy who developed AKI. A 15-year-old boy was referred to our hospital from a local hospital due to a sharp decrease in his renal function. He presented with acute flank pain, nausea with vomiting, and oliguria for the past two days. He had taken a single dose of antihistamine for nasal congestion. At our hospital, his peak blood pressure was 148/83 mmHg and he had a high body mass index of 32.9 kg/m². The laboratory data showed a blood urea nitrogen (BUN) of 28.4 mg/dL, a creatinine of 4.26 mg/dL, and a glomerular filtration rate estimated from the serum cystatin C of 20.2 mL/min/1.73m². Proteinuria (spot urine protein to creatinine ratio 1.66) with pyuria was observed. Kidney sonography showed parenchymal swelling and increased renal echogenicity. Due to rapidly progressing nephritis, steroid pulse therapy (750 mg/IV) was done on the second day of his admission and the patient showed complete recovery with normal renal function. However, the kidney biopsy findings revealed renal cortical hemorrhagic necrosis. Multifocal, relatively well-circumscribed, hemorrhagic necrotic areas (about 25%) were detected in the tubulointerstitium. Although RCN is an unusual cause of AKI, especially in children, pediatricians should consider the possibility of RCN when evaluating patients with rapidly decreasing renal function.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury , Adolescent , Biopsy , Blood Pressure , Blood Urea Nitrogen , Body Mass Index , Child , Creatinine , Cystatin C , Estrogens, Conjugated (USP) , Flank Pain , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Humans , Kidney , Kidney Cortex Necrosis , Male , Mortality , Nausea , Necrosis , Nephritis , Obesity , Oliguria , Perfusion , Proteinuria , Pyuria , Vomiting
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765011

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Hypertension is one of the major causes of chronic diseases. The effect on high blood pressure (BP) with fetal growth restriction is now well-established. Recent studies suggest that a reduced number of nephrons programmed during the intrauterine period contribute to a subsequently elevated BP, due to a permanent nephron deficit. However, few studies have examined this in children. We investigated the effects of low birth weight (LBW) and preterm birth on the renal function markers related to a high BP in childhood. METHODS: We used data from 304 children aged 7–12 years who participated in the 2014 Ewha Birth and Growth Cohort survey in Korea. We assessed the serum uric acid, cystatin C, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine levels, and the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in childhood. Anthropometric characteristics, BP in childhood, birth weight and gestational age were collected. RESULTS: The serum uric acid was significantly higher in LBW children (4.0 mg/dL) than in normal birth weight children (3.7 mg/dL). The cystatin C levels were highest among children who were very preterm (0.89 mg/dL) compared with those who were not (preterm, 0.84 mg/dL; normal, 0.81 mg/dL), although the result was only borderline significant (P for trend = 0.06). Decreased birth weight was found to be significantly associated with an increased serum BUN level in childhood. In the analysis of the effects of renal function on BP, subjects with an eGFR lower than the median value had a significantly higher diastolic BP in childhood (difference = 2.4 mmHg; P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that LBW and preterm birth are risk factors for increased serum levels of renal function markers in childhood. Reduced eGFR levels were significantly associated with elevated diastolic BP in childhood. It is necessary to identify vulnerable individuals during their life and intervene appropriately to reduce the risk of an increased BP in the future.


Subject(s)
Birth Weight , Blood Pressure , Blood Urea Nitrogen , Child , Chronic Disease , Cohort Studies , Creatinine , Cystatin C , Fetal Development , Gestational Age , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Humans , Hypertension , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Infant, Newborn , Korea , Nephrons , Parturition , Premature Birth , Renal Insufficiency , Risk Factors , Uric Acid
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL