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Rev. baiana saúde pública ; 45(Supl. Especial 2): 89-97, 2021/12/28.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352333


Alterações hematológicas, como anemia ou pancitopenia, podem ser manifestações atípicas do hipertireoidismo. Embora a maioria dos casos de pancitopenia na doença de Graves seja decorrente do uso de drogas antitireoidianas ­ tionamidas ­, ela também pode estar associada ao quadro de hipertireoidismo não tratado e, assim, se manifestar como uma complicação grave. Este estudo tem como objetivo relatar o caso de uma paciente portadora de hipertireoidismo que evoluiu durante o internamento por pancitopenia secundária à doença primária. As informações foram obtidas por meio da revisão do prontuário, entrevista com a paciente e revisão da literatura. Trata-se de uma paciente do sexo feminino, de 39 anos, internada em um hospital de Salvador por apresentar um quadro de edema em membros inferiores que evoluiu progressivamente para anasarca por 45 dias. Associados ao quadro, a paciente apresentava perda ponderal, dispneia paroxística noturna, taquicardia, sudorese e calafrios, além dos exames laboratoriais terem apresentado pancitopenia. O caso relatado demonstra uma manifestação atípica e rara do hipertireoidismo, que melhorou após o início do tratamento e do estado de eutireoidismo.

Hematological changes such as anemia or pancytopenia can occur as atypical manifestations of hyperthyroidism. Although most cases of pancytopenia in Graves' disease are due to the use of antithyroid drugs (thionamides), it can also be associated with untreated hyperthyroidism, thus manifesting as a serious complication. This study aims to report the case of a 39-year-old hyperthyroid female patient who developed pancytopenia during hospitalization. Data were collected by means of the medical record, an interview conducted with the patient, and literature review. The patient was admitted to a hospital in Salvador presenting lower extremity edema that progressively evolved to anasarca within 45 days prior to the interview. She also presented weight loss, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, tachycardia, sweating, chills, and laboratory test results for pancytopenia. The case reported here demonstrates an atypical and rare manifestation of hyperthyroidism that improved after the beginning of the treatment, reaching the euthyroid state.

Los cambios hematológicos como anemia o pancitopenia pueden ocurrir como manifestaciones atípicas de hipertiroidismo. Aunque la mayoría de los casos de pancitopenia en la enfermedad de Graves se deben al uso de fármacos antitiroideos (tionamidas), también se puede asociar a um hipertiroidismo no tratado y, por tanto, puede manifestarse como una complicación grave. Este estudio tiene como objetivo reportar el caso de una paciente con hipertiroidismo que desarrolló durante la hospitalización pancitopenia secundaria a la enfermedad primaria. La información se obtuvo revisando la historia clínica, entrevistando a la paciente y revisando la literatura. Se trata de una paciente de 39 años ingresada en un hospital de Salvador por presentar edema en miembros inferiores, evolucionando progresivamente a anasarca durante 45 días. Asociado a la afección, presentaba pérdida de peso, disnea paroxística nocturna, taquicardia, sudoración, escalofríos y análisis de laboratorio que mostraban pancitopenia. El caso aquí reportado demuestra una manifestación atípica y rara de hipertiroidismo, que evolucionó luego del inicio del tratamiento y del estado de eutiroidismo.

Humans , Female , Pancytopenia , Bone Marrow , Hyperthyroidism
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880338


Recent studies have revealed an inverse association between height and cardiovascular disease. However, the background mechanism of this association has not yet been clarified. Height has also been reported to be positively associated with cancer. Therefore, well-known cardiovascular risk factors, such as increased oxidative stress and chronic inflammation, are not the best explanations for this inverse association because these risk factors are also related to cancer. However, impaired blood flow is the main pathological problem in cardiovascular disease, while glowing feeding vessels (angiogenesis) are the main characteristic of cancer pathologies. Therefore, endothelial maintenance activity, especially for the productivity of hematopoietic stem cells such as CD34-positive cells, could be associated with the height of an individual because this cell contributes not only to the progression of atherosclerosis but also to the development of angiogenesis. In addition, recent studies have also revealed a close connection between bone marrow activity and endothelial maintenance; bone marrow-derived hematopoietic stem cells contribute towards endothelial maintenance. Since the absolute volume of bone marrow is positively associated with height, height could influence endothelial maintenance activity. Based on these hypotheses, we performed several studies. The aim of this review is not only to discuss the association between height and bone marrow activity, but also to describe the potential mechanism underlying endothelial maintenance. In addition, this review also aims to explain some of the reasons that implicate hypertension as a major risk factor for stroke among the Japanese population. The review also aims to clarify the anthropological reasons behind the high risk of atherosclerosis progression in Japanese individuals with acquired genetic characteristics.

Aged , Atherosclerosis/physiopathology , Body Height/physiology , Bone Marrow/physiology , Disease Progression , Endothelium/physiology , Humans , Hypertension/physiopathology , Japan/epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged , Risk Factors , Stroke/physiopathology
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1002-1006, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880183


Emerging data have demonstrated that bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) play important roles in the progression of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Experiments in vitro have showed that MSCs derived from MDS patients (MDS-MSC) exhibit the biological characteristics of cell senescence. Although the underlying mechanisms that regulate cell senescence need to be further elucidated, existing researches indicate that the mechanisms of MDS-MSC senescence have significant heterogeneity. Depth understanding of the underlying mechanisms involved in cell senescence of MDS-MSC are crucial to explore the potential therapeutic target of MDS. Therefore, this review summarizes research advances related with MSC senescence, such as MDS-MSC intrinsic changes in telomere shortening, DNA methylation status, oxidative stress and signal pathways regulating cell senescence in recent years.

Bone Marrow , Bone Marrow Cells , Cellular Senescence , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880155


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the quantitative expression of immunophenotype of CD34@*METHODS@#Multi-parameter flow cytometry (FCM) was used to detect the proportion and mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) of each antigen of bone marrow CD34@*RESULTS@#Bone marrow blast cell proportion (P<0.01), RBC level (P<0.01), and Hb level (P<0.05) of high-risk MDS patients were higher, while EPO level (P<0.05) was lower than those of low-risk patients. The proportion of CD34@*CONCLUSION@#The immunophenotype of CD34

Antigens, CD34 , Bone Marrow , Bone Marrow Cells , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Immunophenotyping , Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880145


OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the influence of bone marrow involvement (BMI) in patients with malignant lymphoma (ML) on laboratory indexes, and evaluate the laboratory markers that can be used to predict/diagnose BMI.@*METHODS@#The clinical characteristics and laboratory indexes of 137 ML patients were analyzed retrospectively, from which the indexes of BMI in ML patients was studied. The logistic regression analysis and receiver operating curve (ROC) were used to evaluate independent risk factors and predictors of BMI diagnosis in ML patients.@*RESULTS@#Compared with non-BMI group, the red blood cell distribution width, C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, D-dimer, lactate dehydrogenase, alkaline phosphatase, β@*CONCLUSION@#PLT and sIL2R show good diagnostic value for ML patients with BMI.

Bone Marrow , Humans , Laboratories , Lymphoma , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880113


METHODS@#To establish the acquired aplastic anemia mouse model through the X-ray irradiation in combination with lymphocytes injection. AA Group: the purified Pan T lymphocytes from the spleen of C57BL/6J mice were enriched and injected to the mice through tail vein(5×10@*RESULTS@#Compared with 4, 5 Gy irradiated mice in AA groups, the survival time of 3 Gy irradiated AA groups was significantly prolonged. 3, 4 and 5 Gy X-ray irradiation combined with Pan T lymphocyte injection could successfully induced severe reduction of red blood cells, blood neutrophils, and platelets, severe reduction of bone marrow nucleated cells, severe bone marrow hematopoietic failure, and the significant expansion of T lymphocytes ratio in the bone marrow. CD4@*CONCLUSION@#3, 4 and 5 Gy X-ray irradiation combined with 5×10

Anemia, Aplastic , Animals , Bone Marrow , Bone Marrow Cells , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Humans , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880107


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of HSP90 in bone marrow samples of multiple myeloma (MM) patients and explore its clinical significance.@*METHODS@#Maxvision immunohistochemistry technique was used to detect the protein expression level of HSP90 76 MM patients and 29 normal healthy donors. The clinical characteristics of the patients were collected, and the correlation between the HSP90 expression and the clinical characteristics was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The count of MM patients with positive HSP90 protein was significantly higher than that of normal healthy donor, and there were no significant correlation between HSP90 expression and age, sex, hemoglobin (Hb), creatinine (CREA), blood calcium, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), bone marrow plasma cell proportion and MM subtypes (P>0.05), but HSP90 expression was correlated with β@*CONCLUSION@#HSP90 protein was over-expressed in MM patients, and was correlated with β

Bone Marrow , HSP90 Heat-Shock Proteins , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Prognosis , beta 2-Microglobulin
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880092


OBJECTIVE@#To detect the level of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in bone marrow of patients with non-M3 acute leukemia (AL), and estimate its relationship with prognosis.@*METHODS@#From January 2016 to December 2019, 114 patients with AL in department of Hematology, Wuwei People's Hospital were selected as study group, and 25 healthy volunteers were enrolled as control group. The concentration of VEGF in bone marrow was detected by ELISA. The patients were divided into high and low concentration group according to the level of VEGF. The overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) were compared among different groups.@*RESULTS@#The level of VEGF in patients with AL was significantly higher than that in the control group. The median OS and EFS in the low concentration group was 34.5 and 32 months, respectively, while, in the high concentration group was 30 and 26 months, respectively. The differences between the two groups were statistically significant (P=0.010). There were significant differences in OS rate (P=0.035) and EFS rate (P=0.026) between low and high concentration group. Multivariate analysis showed that high VEGF concentration was an independent risk factor affecting OS (HR=2.619, 95%CI 1.070-6.406, P=0.035) and EFS (HR=2.221, 95%CI 1.074-4.552, P=0.031) in AL patients.@*CONCLUSION@#VEGF highly expresses in the bone marrow of patients with AL at initial diagnosis and relapse, and shows adverse effects on the prognosis.

Bone Marrow , Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Prognosis , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880077


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the regulation effect of myeloid leukemia No.1 Chinese herb medicine prescription combined with chemotherapy on Th17 cells in bone marrow fluid of AML patients, so as to provide guidance for improving AML treatment effect and patients' long-term survival.@*METHODS@#Seventy patients with AML who were hospitalized in Department of Hematology, Wuwei People's Hospital from April 2017 to August 2019 were selected and enrolled in AML group, 25 healthy volunteers were selected and enrolled in control group; then according to therapeutic regimen, AML patients were divided into 2 groups: combined therapy group (myeloid leukemia NO.1 Chinese herb medicine prescription combined with chemotherapy) and non-combined therapy group (chemotherapy alone). Flow cytometry was used to detect the ratio of CD3@*RESULTS@#The ratio of CD3@*CONCLUSION@#Th17 cells expression in bone marrow of newly diagnoses and relapsed AML patients significantly increase, and decrease significantly after treatment. Myeloid leukemia No.1 Chinese herb prescription combined with chemotherapy can significantly increase the CR rate and reduce the RL rate for AML.

Bone Marrow , China , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Medicine , Prescriptions , Th17 Cells , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880050


OBJECTIVE@#To deeply understand the clinical manifestation, laboratory examination characteristics, diagnosis and treatment of an eight p11 myeloproliferative syndrome (EMS) with rare phenotypes.@*METHODS@#The clinical and laboratory characteristics and the process of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) were summarized in 1 rare EMS case involving T/B/myeloid cells. Meanwhile, 2 similar cases in the previous literature were also discussed.@*RESULTS@#The bone marrow examination indicated that the patient with B-cell acute lymphocytic leukemia. The lymph node biopsy showed that the patient was T lymphoblastic/myeloid lymphoma. The 8p11 abnormality was found by the examination of bone marrow chromosomes. The RT-PCR examination showed that the BCR-ABL fused gene was negtive. The FGFR1 breakage was found by using the FISH with FGFR1 probe in lymph node. The Mutation of FMNL3, NBPF1 and RUNX1 genes was found by using the whole exome sequencing. The patient received allo-HSCT under CR2. By the follow-up till to September 2019, the patient survived without the above-mentioned disease.@*CONCLUSION@#EMS manifest as neoplasms involving T-lineage, B-lineage, and myeloid-lineage simultaneously is extremely rare. Although the FGFR1 gene-targeted therapy can be conducted, allo-HSCT should be actively considered.

Bone Marrow , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8 , Formins , Hematologic Neoplasms , Humans , Myeloproliferative Disorders/genetics , Phenotype , Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 1/genetics , Translocation, Genetic
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 699-707, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878065


BACKGROUND@#Autophagy of alveolar macrophages is a crucial process in ischemia/reperfusion injury-induced acute lung injury (ALI). Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) are multipotent cells with the potential for repairing injured sites and regulating autophagy. This study was to investigate the influence of BM-MSCs on autophagy of macrophages in the oxygen-glucose deprivation/restoration (OGD/R) microenvironment and to explore the potential mechanism.@*METHODS@#We established a co-culture system of macrophages (RAW264.7) with BM-MSCs under OGD/R conditions in vitro. RAW264.7 cells were transfected with recombinant adenovirus (Ad-mCherry-GFP-LC3B) and autophagic status of RAW264.7 cells was observed under a fluorescence microscope. Autophagy-related proteins light chain 3 (LC3)-I, LC3-II, and p62 in RAW264.7 cells were detected by Western blotting. We used microarray expression analysis to identify the differently expressed genes between OGD/R treated macrophages and macrophages co-culture with BM-MSCs. We investigated the gene heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), which is downstream of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt) signaling pathway.@*RESULTS@#The ratio of LC3-II/LC3-I of OGD/R treated RAW264.7 cells was increased (1.27 ± 0.20 vs. 0.44 ± 0.08, t = 6.67, P  < 0.05), while the expression of p62 was decreased (0.77 ± 0.04 vs. 0.95 ± 0.10, t = 2.90, P  < 0.05), and PI3K (0.40 ± 0.06 vs. 0.63 ± 0.10, t = 3.42, P  < 0.05) and p-Akt/Akt ratio was also decreased (0.39 ± 0.02 vs. 0.58 ± 0.03, t = 9.13, P  < 0.05). BM-MSCs reduced the LC3-II/LC3-I ratio of OGD/R treated RAW264.7 cells (0.68 ± 0.14 vs. 1.27 ± 0.20, t = 4.12, P  < 0.05), up-regulated p62 expression (1.10 ± 0.20 vs. 0.77 ± 0.04, t = 2.80, P  < 0.05), and up-regulated PI3K (0.54 ± 0.05 vs. 0.40 ± 0.06, t = 3.11, P  < 0.05) and p-Akt/Akt ratios (0.52 ± 0.05 vs. 0.39 ± 0.02, t = 9.13, P  < 0.05). A whole-genome microarray assay screened the differentially expressed gene HO-1, which is downstream of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway, and the alteration of HO-1 mRNA and protein expression was consistent with the data on PI3K/Akt pathway.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our results suggest the existence of the PI3K/Akt/HO-1 signaling pathway in RAW264.7 cells under OGD/R circumstances in vitro, revealing the mechanism underlying BM-MSC-mediated regulation of autophagy and enriching the understanding of potential therapeutic targets for the treatment of ALI.

Apoptosis , Autophagy , Bone Marrow , Glucose , Heme Oxygenase-1/metabolism , Macrophages/metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism , Oxygen , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Signal Transduction
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877658


OBJECTIVE@#To review systematically the effectiveness of acupuncture in treatment of chemotherapy-induced bone marrow suppression.@*METHODS@#From the date of database establishment to April 1, 2020, the articles on randomized controlled trials of chemotherapy-induced bone marrow suppression were retrieved by computer from the following databases, i.e. PubMed, Cochrane central register of controlled trials (CENTRAL), EMbase, cumulative index to nursing & allied health literature (CINAHL), JBI database of systematic reviews and implementation reports, CNKI, Wanfang, VIP and SinoMed. Using RevMan5.3, Meta-analysis was conducted. With GRADEpro GDT, the evidence quality was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#A total of 12 articles were included, 10 articles of which were analyzed by quantitative Meta-analysis. Compared with the control group, the improvements in the decrease of post-chemotherapy leukocyte (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture alleviates the decrease of leukocyte, platelet, neutrophile granulocyte and erythrocyte counts and improves the survival quality of patients with chemotherapy-induced bone marrow suppression.

Acupuncture Therapy , Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects , Bone Marrow , Humans , Quality of Life , Systematic Reviews as Topic
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2021274, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249018


Background Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) mainly occur in the elderly but can rarely affect younger individuals too. The correct diagnosis relies on careful morphologic evaluation, cytogenetic/molecular results, and excluding reactive conditions mimicking MDS. We present the clinical, pathologic, cytogenetic, and molecular features of a case of MDS with excess blasts-2 (MDS-EB-2) in a 30-year-old male who was found to have pancytopenia during his hospitalization for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and discuss the diagnostic challenges of MDS in patients with COVID-19. Case presentation A 30-year-old man presented to an outside hospital with fever, chills, weakness, coughing spells, dizziness and shortness of breath and was diagnosed with bilateral pneumonia due to COVID-19. At the outside hospital, he was found to be pancytopenic, and a subsequent bone marrow aspiration and biopsy raised concern for a COVID-19 induced hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis. In addition, MDS could not be ruled out. The patient was thus referred to our institute for further management. The patient's peripheral blood showed pancytopenia with occasional dysplastic neutrophils and a few teardrop cells. Given the diagnostic uncertainty, a bone marrow aspiration and a biopsy were repeated revealing a hypercellular bone marrow with erythroid hyperplasia, megakaryocytic hyperplasia, trilineage dysplasia, increased blasts (13%), many ring sideroblasts, and mild to moderate myelofibrosis, consistent with MDS-EB-2. Chromosomal analysis revealed isochromosome 14. Next generation sequencing demonstrated SF3B1 K700E mutation. Discussion and conclusion The diagnosis of MDS can be challenging, particularly in young patients. Cytopenia and myelodysplastic features have been reported in COVID-19 patients, making the diagnosis of MDS more elusive. A careful pathologic examination of the bone marrow with ancillary studies including flow cytometry, immunohistochemistry, and cytogenetic and molecular studies in combination with a thorough clinical evaluation, leads to the accurate diagnosis.

Humans , Male , Adult , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/pathology , Bone Marrow , Cytogenetics , COVID-19
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 116: e200560, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154882


BACKGROUND Anisakis simplex antigens present immunomodulatory properties by the induction of tolerogenic dendritic cells (DCs) in mice. OBJECTIVES To study the capacity of DCs stimulated with A. simplex excretory-secretory (ES) or crude extract (CE) to generate Tregs. To investigate in vitro effects of antigens on the metabolic activity of splenocytes induced by LPS or CpG. METHODS Phenotypic and functional characterization of T cells co-cultured with A. simplex-pulsed DCs was performed by flow cytometry. Lymphocyte mitochondrial respiratory activity was estimated by the Alamar Blue® Assay. FINDINGS In C57BL/6J, CD4+CD25-Foxp3+ and CD8+CD25-Foxp3+ populations increased by CE-stimulated-DCs. In BALB/c, CE-stimulated-DCs caused the expansion of CD4+CD25+Foxp3+IL-10+ and CD8+CD25+Foxp3+IL-10+. IFN-γ expression raised in BALB/c CD4+CD25+ and CD4+CD25- for CE and ES, respectively. ES-stimulated-DCs increased CD4+CD25+ Foxp3+ and CD8+CD25- Foxp3+ expression in T cells. The association of ES or CE with LPS produced the increase in splenocyte activity in C57BL/6J. The association of CE with CpG decreased the proliferation caused by CpG in C57BL/6J. MAIN CONCLUSIONS A. simplex increase the frequency of Tregs, which in turn produce IL-10 and IFN-γ. The host genetic base is essential in the development of anti-Anisakis immune responses (Th2, Th1, Treg).

Animals , Mice , Anisakis , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Antigens/metabolism , Bone Marrow , Dendritic Cells , Forkhead Transcription Factors , Interleukin-2 Receptor alpha Subunit , Larva , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred C57BL
Rev. Bras. Cancerol. (Online) ; 67(3): e-091228, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292092


Introdução: O potencial de transformação maligna de células-tronco hematopoiéticas portadoras de mutações no gene glicosilfostatidilinositolclasse A (PIG-A) para leucemias agudas, embora raro, já é bem descrito na literatura. Objetivo: Neste estudo, porém, buscou-se evidenciar pela primeira vez na literatura o surgimento ou a manutenção de clones de hemoglobinúria paroxística noturna (HPN) em pacientes diagnosticados com leucemia aguda ou ainda após o início do tratamento quimioterápico. Método: A pesquisa de clones de HPN foi realizada por citometria de fluxo em blastos, hemácias, granulócitos ou monócitos de 47 amostras de sangue periférico e medula óssea de pacientes submetidos à investigação diagnóstica ou acompanhamento terapêutico, provenientes de dois hospitais oncológicos e públicos de Belém, no período de dezembro de 2017 a dezembro de 2018. Resultados: A presença de clones de HPN foi observada em 19/47 (40,4%) amostras de pacientes, em investigação diagnóstica ou acompanhamento terapêutico, que realizaram pelo menos um estudo de acompanhamento terapêutico e ainda tiveram o surgimento ou a manutenção do clone de HPN mesmo após iniciado o tratamento quimioterápico. Conclusão: Foi possível evidenciar, de forma primária, a presença de clones de HPN em pacientes diagnosticados com leucemia aguda tanto no período de investigação diagnóstica como durante o acompanhamento terapêutico, independentemente da ontogenia celular. Sem, porém, que se possa ainda avaliar a importância da presença desses clones de HPN para a evolução da doença primária, prognóstico ou necessidade de tratamento específico.

Introduction: The potential for malignant transformation of hematopoietic stem cells carrying mutations in theglycosylphosphatidylinositol class A (PIG-A) gene for acute leukemias, although rare, is already well described in the literature. Objective: In this study, however, it was attempted to show for the first time in the literature the emergence or maintenance of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) clones in patients diagnosed with acute leukemia or even after the beginning of the chemotherapy treatment. Method: The search of PNH clones was performed by flow cytometry in blasts, erythrocytes, granulocytes or monocytes of 47 samples of peripheral blood and bone marrow from patients undergoing diagnostic investigation or therapeutic follow-up in two oncological and public hospitals in Belém, from December 2017 to December 2018. Results: The presence of PNH clones was observed in 19/47 (40.4%) patient samples, in diagnostic investigation or therapeutic follow-up, who participated of at least one therapeutic follow-up study and still experience the appearance or maintenance of the PNH clone even after the beginning of the chemotherapy treatment. Conclusion: Primarily, it was possible to demonstrate the presence of PNH clones in patients diagnosed with acute leukemia both during the diagnostic investigation period and therapeutic follow-up, regardless of cell ontogeny. However, the importance of the presence of these PNH clones for the evolution of the primary disease, prognosis or need for specific treatment was not evaluated yet.

Introducción: El potencial de transformación maligna de las células madre hematopoyéticas que portan mutaciones en el gen glicosofosfatidilinositol (GPI) clase A (PIGA) para las leucemias agudas, aunque raro, ya está bien descrito en la literatura. Objetivo: En este estudio, sin embargo, buscamos mostrar por primera vez en la literatura la aparición o mantenimiento de clones de HPN en pacientes diagnosticados de leucemia aguda o incluso después del inicio de la quimioterapia. Método: La investigación de clones de hemoglobinuria paroxística nocturna (HPN) se realizó mediante citometría de flujo en blastos, eritrocitos, granulocitos o monocitos de 47 muestras de sangre periférica y médula ósea de pacientes sometidos a investigación diagnóstica o seguimiento terapéutico de dos hospitales oncológicos y públicos de Belém, durante el período. de diciembre de 2017 a diciembre de 2018. Resultados: La presencia de clones HPN se observó en 19/47 (40,4%) muestras de pacientes, en investigación diagnóstica o seguimiento terapéutico, que realizaron al menos un estudio de seguimiento terapéutico y aún tenían la aparición o mantenimiento del clon HPN incluso después de iniciado el tratamiento de quimioterapia. Conclusión: Se pudo evidenciar, de forma primaria, la presencia de clones de HPN en pacientes diagnosticados de leucemia aguda tanto durante el período de investigación diagnóstica como durante el seguimiento terapéutico, independientemente de la ontogenia celular. Sin embargo, no podemos todavía evaluar la importancia de la presencia de estos clones de HPN para la evolución de la enfermedad primaria, el pronóstico o la necesidad de un tratamiento específico.

Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Leukemia/diagnosis , Hemoglobinuria, Paroxysmal/blood , Bone Marrow/pathology , Leukemia/drug therapy , Clone Cells , Flow Cytometry , Hemoglobinuria, Paroxysmal/diagnosis
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 13: 568-574, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1179477


Objetivo: Descrever a distribuição da produção científica dos cuidados de enfermagem ao paciente com traumatismo da medula espinhal e verificar quais as temáticas mais abordadas. Método: Análise bibliométrica através da Lei de Bradford, Lei de Zipf e estatística textual realizada com publicações em português, inglês e espanhol, no período de 1978 a 2018. Resultados: Amostra composta por 33 artigos distribuídos em 13 periódicos, sendo a maioria originais e de abordagem quantitativa. O Brasil publicou o maior número de artigos, apresentando a terceira colocação dos periódicos no núcleo de Bradford. Foi identificado um valor médio do multiplicador de Bradford (XmB) = 2,1. Os termos com maior semântica foram: lesão medular, paciente, enfermagem, enfermeiro e cuidado. Conclusão: Os indicadores bibliométricos demonstraram uma produção científica com pouca produtividade, porém com tendência a crescimento nas últimas décadas. Novos estudos acerca da temática são necessários para aprimorar o cuidado ofertado ao paciente com lesão medular

Objective: To describe the distribution of scientific production of nursing care to patients with spinal cord trauma and to verify which themes are most addressed. Method: Bibliometric analysis through the Bradford Law, Zipf Law and textual statistics made with publications in Portuguese, English and Spanish, from 1978 to 2018. Results: Sample composed of 33 articles distributed in 13 journals, most of them original and of quantitative approach. Brazil has published the largest number of articles, presenting the third position of the journals in the Bradford nucleus. An average Bradford multiplier value (XmB) = 2.1 was identified. The terms with the highest semantics were: spinal cord injury, patient, nursing, nurse and care. Conclusion: The bibliometric indicators showed a scientific production with low productivity, but with a tendency to growth in the last decades. Further studies on the subject are needed to improve the care offered to patients with spinal cord injury

Objetivo: Describir la distribución de la producción científica de cuidados de enfermería a pacientes con trauma de la médula espinal y verificar qué temas se abordan más. Método: Análisis bibliométrico a través de la Ley Bradford, la Ley Zipf y estadísticas textuales realizadas con publicaciones en portugués, inglés y español, de 1978 a 2018. Resultados: Muestra compuesta por 33 artículos distribuidos en 13 revistas, la mayoría originales y de enfoque cuantitativo. Brasil ha publicado la mayor cantidad de artículos, presentando la tercera posición de las revistas en el núcleo de Bradford. Se identificó un valor multiplicador promedio de Bradford (XmB) = 2.1. Los términos con la semántica más alta fueron: lesión de la médula espinal, paciente, enfermería, enfermera y atención. Conclusión: Los indicadores bibliométricos mostraron una producción científica con baja productividad, pero con tendencia al crecimiento en las últimas décadas. Se necesitan más estudios sobre el tema para mejorar la atención ofrecida a los pacientes con lesión de la médula espinal

Humans , Male , Female , Periodicals as Topic , Spinal Cord Injuries/nursing , Bibliometrics , Bibliometric Indicators , Nursing Care , Spinal Cord , Bone Marrow/injuries , Patient Care/methods
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879391


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate relationship between cold pain of knee joint and subchondral bone marrow edema (BME).@*METHODS@#From May 2018 to August 2019, 92 patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) associated with cold pain of knee were admitted, all patients were underwent MRI examination. The patients were divided into observation group (47 patients with BME) and control group(45 patients without BME). In observation group, there were 6 males and 41 females aged from 36 to 87 years old with an average of (63.2±12.3) years old. In control group, there were 10 males and 35 females, aged from 48 to 84 years old with an average of (62.7±8.3) years old. All patientswere treated with drugs. The degree of joint degeneration was evaluated by Kellgren-Lawrence (K-L) grading. Degree of cold pain of knee was evaluated by knee cold pain score, and degree of BME was evaluated according to WORMS. The correlation between cold pain of knee and K-L grading and BME was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Score of cold pain in observation group (15.55±7.68) was higher than that of control group (9.42± 5.50), which had significant difference (@*CONCLUSION@#The cold pain of KOA patients is not related to K-L grading, but corelate with BME grading. The Cold pain of knee was more pronounced in KOA patients with BME, and the severity of BME is often related to degree of cold pain. It seemed to be a tendency:the more serious BME, the heavier coldpain.

Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Marrow , Edema , Female , Humans , Knee Joint/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/diagnostic imaging , Pain/etiology
Rev. med. Risaralda ; 26(2): 154-156, jul.-dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1150023


Resumen Introducción: Los linfomas de células T son infrecuentes y se caracterizan por presentarse en la población de los adultos jóvenes. Además, suele acompañarse de patologías como la anemia moderada, hepatoesplenomegalia y trombocitopenia e infiltración sinusoidal por linfocitos T en células de médula ósea, bazo e hígado. Caso clínico: Se presenta un caso clínico de un adolescente que tiene los síntomas característicos de esta patología, con sospecha clínica y diagnóstico paraclínico confirmado con histoquímica de médula ósea. Conclusión: Es una entidad infrecuente de pronóstico desfavorable, hasta el momento el paciente está estable recibiendo tratamiento. Para utilizar el enfoque adecuado en el diagnóstico y brindar tratamiento, es necesario considerar todos los hallazgos clínicos.

Abstract Introduction: T-cell lymphomas are uncommon; these tend to be present in young adult patients. Additionally, this condition is characterized by the existence of pathologies like moderate anemia, hepatosplenomegaly disorder, thrombocytopenia and sinusoidal infiltration by T-Lymphocytes in bone marrow cells, spleen and liver. In this study a case of this rare lymphoma is going to be presented. Case report: A clinical case of an adolescent who presents the characteristic symptoms of this pathology is exposed. This clinical suspicion held a paraclinical diagnosis that was confirmed by histochemistry of bone marrow tests. Conclusion: It is an infrequent condition with an unfavorable prognosis. Until now the patient remains stable and is receiving treatment, the clinical findings of the disease raise awareness about the importance of carrying out the appropriate diagnosis procedures and providing treatment.

Humans , Adolescent , Splenomegaly , Thrombocytopenia , Bone Marrow Cells , T-Lymphocytes , Lymphoma, T-Cell , Hepatomegaly , Spleen , Therapeutics , Bone Marrow , Anemia , Liver
Texto & contexto enferm ; 29: e20180310, Jan.-Dec. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1101979


ABSTRACT Objective: to analyze adherence to the nursing guidelines for home care of bone marrow transplant recipients from an ecosystem perspective. Method: descriptive, exploratory study with a qualitative approach, using Content Analysis for data analysis, with theoretical and philosophical ecosystem support. The interviews, carried out in bone marrow transplant services, in Brazil and Spain, were guided by an instrument developed by the researchers which contained 25 closed and ten open questions. 40 users participated who met the inclusion criteria. Data collection was carried out from July 2016 to October 2017. Results: the Orientations category emerged from the data which then gave rise to the subcategories: Interactive relational actions; and, actions and behaviors that interfered in the success of the transplant. Some users, due to excessive information at the time of discharge, were unable to assimilate or carry out the guidelines received; others, during the hospitalization phase, apprehended them and absorbed them in order to use them in the home ecosystem space after transplantation. Conclusion: part of the users followed only the guidelines that best adapted to their daily lives and, for others, after hospital discharge, they caused doubts and insecurities regarding the care to be performed at home. It is necessary for the user to identify the constituent elements of their home ecosystem and learn, through communication and information, how they interfere in post-hospital discharge care. Therefore, it is necessary to create communication and information mechanisms that enable the dynamic process between the constituent elements of the ecosystem, biotic and abiotic, so that they have interaction and sustainability and can be practiced by the user.

RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar el cumplimiento de las directrices de la enfermera para el cuidado domiciliario de los receptores de trasplante de médula ósea en una perspectiva ecosistémica. Método: descriptivo, exploratorio, con un enfoque cualitativo, utilizando el análisis de contenido para el análisis de datos, con soporte teórico y filosófico del ecosistema. Las entrevistas, realizadas en los servicios de trasplante de médula ósea, en Brasil y España, fueron guiadas por un instrumento desarrollado por los investigadores, que contenía 25 preguntas cerradas y diez abiertas. Participaron 40 usuarios que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. La recolección de datos se realizó entre julio de 2016 y octubre de 2017. Resultados: la categoría Orientaciones surgió de los datos y originó las subcategorías: acciones relacionales interactivas, acciones y comportamientos que interfirieron en el éxito del trasplante. Algunos usuarios, debido a la información excesiva al momento del alta, no pudieron asimilar y llevar a cabo las pautas recibidas, otros, en el curso de la fase de hospitalización, los detuvieron para absorberlos para su atención en el espacio del ecosistema del hogar en el pos trasplante. Conclusión: parte de lós usuários siguió solo las pautas que mejor se adaptaron a su vida diaria y para otros, después del alta hospitalaria, causaron dudas e inseguridades com respecto a La atención que se practica em elhogar. Es necesario que el usuario identifique los elementos constitutivos del ecosistema de su hogar y aprenda, a través de la comunicación y la información, cómo interfieren en la atención hospitalaria posterior al alta. Por lo tanto, es necesario crear mecanismos de comunicación e información que permitan el proceso dinámico entre los elementos constitutivos del ecosistema, bióticos y abióticos, para que tengan interacción y sostenibilidad y puedan ser practicados por el usuario.

RESUMO Objetivo: analisar a adesão às orientações do enfermeiro para o cuidado domiciliar do transplantado de medula óssea na perspectiva ecossistêmica. Método: descritivo, exploratório, com abordagem qualitativa, utilizando-se para a análise dos dados a Análise de Conteúdo, com apoio teórico-filosófico ecossistêmico. As entrevistas, realizadas em serviços de transplante de medula óssea, no Brasil e Espanha, foram norteadas por um instrumento elaborado pelas pesquisadoras, contendo 25 questões fechadas e dez abertas. Participaram 40 usuários que cumpriram os critérios de inclusão. A coleta de dados foi realizada de julho de 2016 a outubro de 2017. Resultados: a categoria Orientações emergiu dos dados e originou as subcategorias: Ações relacionais interativas; e, ações e comportamentos que interferiram no sucesso do transplante. Alguns usuários, por excesso de informações no momento da alta, não conseguiram assimilar e desempenhar as orientações recebidas; outros, no transcorrer da fase de internação, as apreenderam absorvê-las para o cuidado no espaço ecossistêmico domiciliar no pós-transplante. Conclusão: parte dos usuários seguiu somente as orientações que melhor se adaptaram ao seu cotidiano e, para outros, no pós-alta hospitalar, ocasionaram dúvidas e inseguranças em relação ao cuidado a ser praticado no domicílio. Faz-se necessário que o usuário identifique os elementos constituintes do seu ecossistema domiciliar e conheça, por meio da comunicação e informação, como interferem no cuidado pós alta hospitalar. Portanto, é preciso criar mecanismos de comunicação e informação que possibilitem o processo dinâmico entre os elementos constituintes do ecossistema, bióticos e abióticos, para que tenham interação e sustentabilidade e possam ser praticados pelo usuário.

Humans , Adult , Young Adult , Transplantation , Bone Marrow , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Transplants , Nursing Care , Nursing , Ecosystem , Transplant Recipients , Treatment Adherence and Compliance , Housing
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(10): 798-803, Oct. 2020. tab
Article in English | ID: biblio-1143405


In forensic toxicology, the detection of toxic chemicals from human bone marrow is often used in cases with an extended post mortem interval; however, in veterinary medicine, this practice is not used. Therefore, this study was performed to investigate the suitability of bone marrow for toxicological analysis in dogs and cats. Six animals with suspected poisoning were selected; the carcasses were sent for necropsy, and the organs were collected and preserved in buffered formalin and processed routinely for histological examination. In addition, bone marrow samples from the femur, humerus, and tibia were collected for toxicological analysis by liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry detection (LC-MS). This analysis confirmed the presence of aldicarb, aldicarb sulfone, asulam, carbendazim, chlorpyrifos, dichlorvos, thifensulfuron methyl and trifloxysulfuron-sodium and associated with clinical symptoms and anatomo-histopathological alterations it was recognized the poisonings. It is expected that this study will promote the toxicological investigation of bone marrow and open avenues for the use of this tissue as an option for the detection of toxic chemicals in cases of forensic pathology.(AU)

Na toxicologia forense, a detecção de substâncias químicas tóxicas provenientes da medula óssea humana é frequentemente usada em casos com intervalo post mortem prolongado; no entanto, na medicina veterinária, essa prática não é utilizada. Portanto, este estudo foi realizado para investigar a utilização da medula óssea nas análises toxicológicas em cães e gatos. Seis animais com suspeita de intoxicação foram selecionados; as carcaças foram enviadas para necropsia e os órgãos foram coletados e preservados em formalina tamponada e processados rotineiramente para exame histológico. Amostras de medula óssea de fêmur, úmero e tíbia foram coletadas para análise toxicológica por cromatografia líquida acoplada à espectrometria de massa-massa (LC-MS). A análise por LC-MS confirmou a presença dos agrotóxicos aldicarbe, aldicarbe sulfona, asulam, carbendazim, clorpirifós, diclorvós, tifensulfuron metil e trifloxisulfuron-sódico, e em associação com sinais clínicos e achados anatomo-histopatológicos comprovou-se as intoxicações. Espera-se que este estudo promova a utilização da medula óssea como uma opção na investigação toxicológica para a detecção de produtos químicos tóxicos em casos de patologia forense.(AU)

Animals , Cats , Dogs , Pathology, Veterinary , Poisoning/diagnosis , Bone Marrow , Agrochemicals/poisoning , Toxic Substances , Organophosphate Poisoning/diagnosis , Herbicides/poisoning , Dichlorvos , Chlorpyrifos , Organophosphate Poisoning/veterinary