Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 27
Int. j. morphol ; 41(2): 518-521, abr. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440302


SUMMARY: S100 proteins belong group of calcium-binding proteins and are present in physiological intracellular and extracellular regulatory activities, such as cell differentiation, and act in inflammatory and neoplastic pathological processes. Recently, its expressions in the nervous system have been extensively studied, seeking to elucidate its action at the level of the thalamus: A structure of the central nervous system that is part of important circuits, such as somatosensory, behavioral, memory and cognitive, as well as being responsible for the transmission and regulation of information to the cerebral cortex. This article is an integrative review of scientific literature, which analyzed 12 studies present in Pubmed. The analysis showed that the relationship of S100 proteins and the thalamus has been described in neoplastic processes, mental disorders, hypoxia, trauma, stress, infection, Parkinson's disease and epilepsy. In summary, it is possible to conclude that this protein family is relevant as a marker in processes of thalamic injury, requiring further studies to better understand its clinical, preclinical meanings and its prognostic value.

Las proteínas S100 pertenecen al grupo de proteínas fijadoras de calcio y están presentes en actividades reguladoras fisiológicas intracelulares y extracelulares, como la diferenciación celular, y actúan en procesos patológicos inflamatorios y neoplásicos. Recientemente, sus expresiones en el sistema nervioso han sido ampliamente estudiadas, buscando dilucidar su acción a nivel del tálamo: una estructura del sistema nervioso central que forma parte de importantes circuitos, como el somatosensorial, conductual, de memoria y cognitivo, así como además de ser responsable de la transmisión y regulación de la información a la corteza cerebral. Este artículo es una revisión integradora de la literatura científica, que analizó 12 estudios presentes en Pubmed. El análisis mostró que la relación de las proteínas S100 y el tálamo ha sido descrita en procesos neoplásicos, trastornos mentales, hipoxia, trauma, estrés, infección, enfermedad de Parkinson y epilepsia. En resumen, es posible concluir que esta familia de proteínas es relevante como marcador en procesos de lesión talámica, requiriendo más estudios para comprender mejor su significado clínico, preclínico y su valor pronóstico.

Humans , Thalamus/metabolism , S100 Proteins/metabolism , Calcium-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Biomarkers , Diencephalon/metabolism
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 585-589, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986965


OBJECTIVE@#Bo investigate the regulatory relationship between NKD1 and YWHAE and the mechanism of NKD1 for promoting tumor cell proliferation.@*METHODS@#HCT116 cells transfected with pcDNA3.0-NKD1 plasmid, SW620 cells transfected with NKD1 siRNA, HCT116 cells with stable NKD1 overexpression (HCT116-NKD1 cells), SW620 cells with nkd1knockout (SW620-nkd1-/- cells), and SW620-nkd1-/- cells transfected with pcDNA3.0-YWHAE plasmid were examined for changes in mRNA and protein expression levels of YWHAE using qRT-PCR and Western blotting. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay was used to detect the binding of NKD1 to the promoter region of YWHAE gene. The regulatory effect of NKD1 on YWHAE gene promoter activity was analyzed by dual-luciferase reporter gene assay, and the interaction between NKD1 and YWHAE was analyzed with immunofluorescence assay. The regulatory effect of NKD1 on glucose uptake was examined in the tumor cells.@*RESULTS@#In HCT116 cells, overexpression of NKD1 significantly enhanced the expression of YWHAE at both the mRNA and protein levels, while NKD1 knockout decreased its expression in SW620 cells (P < 0.001). ChIP assay showed that NKD1 protein was capable of binding to the YWHAE promoter sequence; dual luciferase reporter gene assay showed that NKD1 overexpression (or knockdown) in the colon cancer cells significantly enhanced (or reduced) the transcriptional activity of YWHAE promoter (P < 0.05). Immunofluorescence assay demonstrated the binding of NKD1 and YWHAE proteins in colon cancer cells. NKD1 knockout significantly reduced glucose uptake in colon cancer cells (P < 0.01), while YWHAE overexpression restored the glucose uptake in NKD1-knockout cells (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#NKD1 protein activates the transcriptional activity of YWHAE gene to promote glucose uptake in colon cancer cells.

Humans , Colonic Neoplasms , HCT116 Cells , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , RNA, Messenger , Glucose , Calcium-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/metabolism , 14-3-3 Proteins/metabolism
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 241-252, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970313


OBJECTIVE@#Programmed cell death 6 (PDCD6), a Ca 2+-binding protein, has been reported to be aberrantly expressed in all kinds of tumors. The aim of this study was to explore the role and mechanism of PDCD6 in hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs).@*METHODS@#The expression levels of PDCD6 in liver cancer patients and HCC cell lines were analyzed using bioinformatics and Western blotting. Cell viability and metastasis were determined by methylthiazol tetrazolium (MTT) and transwell assays, respectively. And Western blotting was used to test related biomarkers and molecular pathway factors in HCC cell lines. LY294002, a PI3K inhibitor inhibiting AKT, was used to suppress the AKT/GSK3β/β-catenin pathway to help evaluate the role of this pathway in the HCC carcinogenesis associated with PDCD6.@*RESULTS@#The analysis of The Cancer Genome Atlas Database suggested that high PDCD6 expression levels were relevant to liver cancer progression. This was consistent with our finding of higher levels of PDCD6 expression in HCC cell lines than in normal hepatocyte cell lines. The results of MTT, transwell migration, and Western blotting assays revealed that overexpression of PDCD6 positively regulated HCC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. Conversely, the upregulation of PDCD6 expression in the presence of an AKT inhibitor inhibited HCC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. In addition, PDCD6 promoted HCC cell migration and invasion by epithelial-mesenchymal transition. The mechanistic investigation proved that PDCD6 acted as a tumor promoter in HCC through the AKT/GSK3β/β-catenin pathway, increasing the expression of transcription factors and cellular proliferation and metastasis.@*CONCLUSION@#PDCD6 has a tumor stimulative role in HCC mediated by AKT/GSK3β/β-catenin signaling and might be a potential target for HCC progression.

Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , beta Catenin/metabolism , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta/metabolism , Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Cell Line, Tumor , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Calcium-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins/genetics
Int. j. morphol ; 39(2): 538-547, abr. 2021. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385353


SUMMARY: The term "circling mouse" refers to an animal model of deafness, in which the mouse exhibits circling, head tossing, and hyperactivity, with pathological features including degenerated spiral ganglion cells in the cochlea, and the loss of the organ of Corti. The cochlear nuclear (CN) complex, a part of the auditory brain circuit, is essential to process both ascending and descending auditory information. Considering calcium's (Ca2+) importance in homeostasis of numerous biological processes, hearing loss by cochlear damage, either by ablation or genetic defect, could cause changes in the Ca2+ concentration that might trigger functional and structural alterations in the auditory circuit. However, little is known about the correlation of the central nervous system (CNS) pathology in circling mice, especially of the auditory pathway circuit and Ca2+ changes. This present study investigates the distribution of Ca2+- binding proteins (CaBPs), calbindin D-28k (CB), parvalbumin (PV), and calretinin (CR) by using a free floating immunohistochemical method inthe CN of the wild-type mouse (+/+), the heterozygous mouse (+/cir), and the homozygous (cir/cir) mouse. CaBPs are well known to be an important factor that regulates Ca2+ concentrations. Compared with the dorsal and ventral cochlear nuclei of +/+ and +/ cirmice, prominent decreases of CaBPs' immunoreactivity (IR) in cir/cirmice were observed in the somas, as well as in the neuropil. The present study reportson the overall distribution and changes in the immunoreactivity of CaBPs in the CN of cir/cirmice because ofa hearing defect. This data might be helpful to morphologically elucidate CNS disorders and their relation to CaBPs immunoreactivity related to hearing defects.

RESUMEN: El término "ratón circulante" se refiere a un modelo animal con sordera, en el que el ratón exhibe hiperactividad, movimientos circulares y movimientos de la cabeza, con características patológicas que incluyen células ganglionares espirales degeneradas en la cóclea, un canal de Rosenthal vacío y la pérdida del órgano de Corti. El complejo nuclear coclear (CN), una parte del circuito cerebral auditivo, es esencial para procesar la información auditiva tanto ascendente como descendente. Considerando la importancia del calcio (Ca2+) en la homeostasis de numerosos procesos biológicos, la hipoacusia por daño coclear, por ablación o por defecto genético, podría provocar cambios en la concentración de Ca2+que pueden desencadenar alteraciones funcionales y estructurales en el circuitoauditivo. Sin embargo, existe poca información de la correlación de la patología del sistema nervioso central (SNC) en ratones circulantes, especialmente del circuito de la víaauditiva y los cambios de Ca2+. Este estudio nvestiga la distribución de proteínas de unión a Ca2+ (CaBP), calbindina D-28k (CB), parvalbúmina (PV) y calretinina (CR) mediante el uso de un método inmunohistoquímico de flotaciónlibre en el CN del ratón de tiposalvaje (+/+), el ratón heterocigoto (+/cir) y el ratón homocigoto (cir/cir). Se sabe que los CaBP son un factor importante que regula las concentraciones de Ca2+. En comparación con los núcleos cocleares dorsal y ventral de los ratones +/+ y +/ cir, se observaron disminuciones prominentes de la inmunorreactividad (IR) de CaBPs en los ratonescir/cir en los somas, asícomo en el neuropilo. El presente estudio informa sobre la distribución general y los cambios en la inmunorreactividad de CaBP en el CN de ratones cir/cir debido a un defecto auditivo. Estos datos podrían ser útiles para dilucidar morfológicamente los trastornos del SNC y su relación con la inmunorreactividad de CaBP relacionada con los defectosauditivos.

Animals , Mice , Calcium-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Cochlear Nucleus/metabolism , Parvalbumins/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Calbindins/metabolism , Mice, Inbred C57BL
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 615-620, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984062


OBJECTIVES@#To construct a cell line that can stably express human phospholamban(PLN) and initially explore its application in the study of myocardial toxicity mechanism.@*METHODS@#FastCloning method was used to insert the open reading frame sequence of target gene PLN into eukaryotic expression vector pcDNA5/FRT/TO(hereinafter referred to as pDFT) to construct the pDFT-PLN-Flag plasmid. The Flp-InTM T-RExTM 293 cells were generated by cotransfection of the constructed plasmid and pOG44 plasmid to express the target gene. Successfully recombined monoclonal cell lines were screened by hygromycin B resistance. Western blot and indirect immunofluorescence (IFA) were used to examine the expression of the target protein in recombinant cells. After the cell line was exposed to aconitine, it was verified by Western blot to detect changes in PLN protein phosphorylation.@*RESULTS@#After PCR amplification of the recombinant plasmid and DNA electrophoresis, the length of the amplified product is the same as the known PLN gene fragment, which is consistent with the open reading frame (ORF) sequence of the human PLN gene after sequencing. IFA and Western blot showed that the constructed proliferation cell line can stably express high levels of human PLN under induction and regulation. Preliminary results showed that the phosphorylation level of Thr17-PLN decreased after two hours of exposure to 1 μmol/L aconitine.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This human cell line can stably express PLN and can be used to study the mechanism of action of aconitine on the cell at molecular level.

Humans , Calcium-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Cell Line , Myocardium/metabolism , Phosphorylation
Acta odontol. latinoam ; 32(2): 103-110, Aug. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038166


Peripheral inflammation induces plastic changes in neurons and glia which are regulated by free calcium and calcium binding proteins (CaBP). One of the mechanisms associated with the regulation of intracellular calcium is linked to ERK (Extracellular Signal-Regulated Kinase) and its phosphorylated condition (pERK). ERK phosphorylation is important for intracellular signal transduction and participates in regulating neuroplasticity and inflammatory responses. The aim of this study is to analyse the expression of two CaBPs and pERK in astrocytes and neurons in rat trigeminal subnucleus caudalis (Vc) after experimental periapical inflammation on the left mandibular first molar. At seven days post-treatment, the periapical inflammatory stimulus induces an increase in pERK expression both in S100b positive astrocytes and Calbindin D28k positive neurons, in the ipsilateral Vc with respect to the contralateral side and control group. pERK was observed coexpressing with S100b in astrocytes and in fusiform Calbindin D28k neurons in lamina I. These results could indicate that neural plasticity and pain sensitization could be maintained by ERK activation in projection neurons at 7 days after the periapical inflammation.

La inflamación periférica induce cambios plásticos en las neuronas y en la glía, los cuales están regulados por el calcio libre y las proteínas fijadoras calcio (CaBP). Uno de los mecanismos asociados con la regulación del calcio intrace-lular está vinculado con la fosforilación de la pro teína quinasa ERK. Asimismo, ERK fosforilado es importante para la trans-ducción de señales intracelulares y participa en la regulación de la neuroplasticidad y las respuestas inflamatorias. El objetivo de este estudio es analizar la expresión de dos CaBPs y pERK en astrocitos y neuronas del subnúcleo caudal del trigémino (Vc) después de una inflamación periapical experimental en el primer molar inferior izquierdo en ratas. A los siete días posteriores al tratamiento, el estímulo inflamatorio periapical induce un aumento en la expresión de pERK, en el número de astrocitos positivos para la proteína marcadora astroglial S100b y en neuronas positivas para Calbindina D28k, en el Vc ipsilateral respecto del lado contralateral y el grupo de control. Además, se observó coexpresión de pERK tanto en astrocitos S100b positivos, como en neuronas fusiformes Calbindin D28k positivas, de la lámina I. Estas observaciones podrían indicar que la neuroplasticidad y la sensibilización al dolor podrían mantenerse mediante la activación de ERK en las neuronas de proyección a los 7 días de la inflamación periapical.

Animals , Rats , Trigeminal Caudal Nucleus/physiopathology , Calcium-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases/metabolism , Inflammation , Neuronal Plasticity , Trigeminal Nuclei , Astrocytes/physiology , Astrocytes/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Neurons/physiology , Neurons/metabolism
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 1902-1910, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-56482


Lumbar disc herniation is commonly encountered in clinical practice and can induce sciatica due to mechanical and/or chemical irritation and the release of proinflammatory cytokines. However, symptoms are not confined to the affected spinal cord segment. The purpose of this study was to determine whether multisegmental molecular changes exist between adjacent lumbar spinal segments using a rat model of lumbar disc herniation. Twenty-nine male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to either a sham-operated group (n=10) or a nucleus pulposus (NP)-exposed group (n=19). Rats in the NP-exposed group were further subdivided into a significant pain subgroup (n=12) and a no significant pain subgroup (n=7) using mechanical pain thresholds determined von Frey filaments. Immunohistochemical stainings of microglia (ionized calcium-binding adapter molecule 1; Iba1), astrocytes (glial fibrillary acidic protein; GFAP), calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), and transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) was performed in spinal dorsal horns and dorsal root ganglions (DRGs) at 10 days after surgery. It was found immunoreactivity for Iba1-positive microglia was higher in the L5 (P=0.004) dorsal horn and in the ipsilateral L4 (P=0.009), L6 (P=0.002), and S1 (P=0.002) dorsal horns in the NP-exposed group than in the sham-operated group. The expression of CGRP was also significantly higher in ipsilateral L3, L4, L6, and S1 segments and in L5 DRGs at 10 days after surgery in the NP-exposed group than in the sham-operated group (P<0.001). Our results indicate that lumbar disc herniation upregulates microglial activity and CGRP expression in many adjacent and ipsilateral lumbar spinal segments.

Animals , Humans , Male , Rats , Astrocytes/metabolism , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide/metabolism , Calcium-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Ganglia, Spinal/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/metabolism , Lumbar Vertebrae/metabolism , Microfilament Proteins/metabolism , Microglia/metabolism , Neuralgia/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Spinal Cord Dorsal Horn/metabolism , Up-Regulation
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 103(1): 41-50, 07/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-718100


Background: The activation of the beta-adrenergic system promotes G protein stimulation that, via cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), alters the structure of protein kinase A (PKA) and leads to phospholamban (PLB) phosphorylation. This protein participates in the system that controls intracellular calcium in muscle cells, and it is the primary regulator of sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium pump activity. In obesity, the beta-adrenergic system is activated by the influence of increased leptin, therefore, resulting in higher myocardial phospholamban phosphorylation via cAMP-PKA. Objective: To investigate the involvement of proteins which regulate the degree of PLB phosphorylation due to beta-adrenergic activation in obesity. In the present study, we hypothesized that there is an imbalance between phospholamban phosphorylation and dephosphorylation, with prevalence of protein phosphorylation. Methods: Male Wistar rats were randomly distributed into two groups: control (n = 14), fed with normocaloric diet; and obese (n = 13), fed with a cycle of four unsaturated high-fat diets. Obesity was determined by the adiposity index, and protein expressions of phosphatase 1 (PP-1), PKA, PLB, phosphorylated phospholamban at serine16 (PPLB-Ser16) were assessed by Western blot. Results: Obesity caused glucose intolerance, hyperinsulinemia, hypertriglyceridemia, hyperleptinemia and did not alter the protein expression of PKA, PP-1, PLB, PPLB-Ser16. Conclusion: Obesity does not promote an imbalance between myocardial PLB phosphorylation and dephosphorylation via beta-adrenergic system. .

Fundamento: A ativação do sistema beta-adrenérgico promove a estimulação da proteína G, que, via adenosina monofosfato cíclico (AMPc), altera a estrutura da proteina quinase A (PKA) e acarreta a fosforilação da fosfolambam (PLB). Essa proteína participa do sistema envolvido no controle de cálcio intracelular, em células musculares, sendo a principal reguladora da atividade da bomba de cálcio do retículo sarcoplasmático. Na obesidade ocorre ativação do sistema beta-adrenérgico por influência do aumento da leptina, acarretando, consequentemente, maior fosforilação da fosfolambam miocárdica, via AMPc-PKA. Objetivo: Investigar, na obesidade, o envolvimento das proteínas que regulam o grau de fosforilação do PLB decorrente da ativação beta-adrenérgica. A hipótese do estudo é que há desequilíbrio entre a fosforilação e a desfosforilação da fosfolambam, com predomínio da fosforilação da proteína. Métodos: Ratos Wistar machos foram randomizados e distribuídos em dois grupos: controle (n = 14), alimentado com dieta normocalórica, e obeso (n = 13), com um ciclo de quatro dietas hiperlipídicas insaturadas. A obesidade foi determinada pelo índice de adiposidade, e as expressões proteicas de fosfatase 1 (PP-1), PKA, PLB, fosfolambam fosforilado na serina 16 (pPLB-ser16) foram realizadas por Western Blot. Resultados: A obesidade acarretou intolerância à glicose, hiperinsulinemia, hipertrigliceridemia, hiperleptinemia e não alterou a expressão proteica de PKA, PP-1, PLB, pPLB-ser16. Conclusão: A obesidade não promove desequilíbrio entre a fosforilação e a desfosforilação, via beta-adrenérgica, do PLB miocárdico. .

Animals , Male , Blood Pressure/physiology , Calcium-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Myocardium/metabolism , Obesity/metabolism , Blood Glucose/analysis , Cholesterol/blood , Diet, High-Fat , Fatty Acids, Nonesterified/blood , Glucose Tolerance Test , Insulin/blood , Leptin/blood , Lipoproteins, HDL/blood , Phosphorylation , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Triglycerides/blood , Ventricular Remodeling/physiology
Int. braz. j. urol ; 39(2): 276-285, Mar-Apr/2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-676272


Purpose Evidence shows that adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is involved in the transmission of multiple chronic pain via P2X7 receptor. This study was to investigate the P2X7 and microglial cells in the chronic prostatitis pain. Materials and Methods Rats were divided into control group and chronic prostatitis group (n = 24 per group). A chronic prostatitis animal model was established by injecting complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) to the prostate of rats, and the thermal withdrawal latency (TWL) was detected on days 0, 4, 12 and 24 (n = 6 at each time point in each group). Animals were sacrificed and the pathological examination of the prostate, detection of mRNA expression of P2X7 and ionized calcium binding adaptor molecule 1 (IBA-1) and measurement of content of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in the dorsal horn of L5-S2 spinal cord were performed on days 0, 4, 12 and 24. In addition, the content of TNF-α and IL-1β in the dorsal horn of L5-S2 spinal cord was measured after intrathecal injection of inhibitors of microglial cells and/or P2X7 for 5 days. Results The chronic prostatitis was confirmed by pathological examination. The expression of P2X7 and IBA-1 and the content of TNF-α and IL-1β in rats with chronic prostatitis were significantly higher than those in the control group. On day 4, the expressions of pro-inflammatory cytokines became to increase, reaching a maximal level on day 12 and started to reduce on day 24, but remained higher than that in the control group. Following suppression of microglial cells and P2X7 receptor, the secretion of TNF-α and IL-1β was markedly reduced. Conclusion In chronic prostatitis pain, the microglial cells and P2X7 receptor are activated resulting in the increased expression of TNF-α and IL-1β in the L5-S2 spinal cord, which might attribute to the maintenance and intensification of pain in chronic prostatitis. .

Animals , Male , Rats , Microglia/cytology , Microglia/metabolism , Prostate/metabolism , Prostatitis/metabolism , /physiology , Adenosine Triphosphate/metabolism , Calcium-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Chronic Pain/metabolism , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism , Microfilament Proteins/metabolism , Pain Measurement , Prostate/pathology , Prostatitis/pathology , Random Allocation , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger/analysis , Spinal Cord/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 46(3): 227-234, 15/mar. 2013. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-670900


Ca2+ pumps are important players in smooth muscle contraction. Nevertheless, little information is available about these pumps in the vas deferens. We have determined which subtype of sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase isoform (SERCA) is expressed in rat vas deferens (RVD) and its modulation by calmodulin (CaM)-dependent mechanisms. The thapsigargin-sensitive Ca2+-ATPase from a membrane fraction containing the highest SERCA levels in the RVD homogenate has the same molecular mass (∼115 kDa) as that of SERCA2 from the rat cerebellum. It has a very high affinity for Ca2+ (Ca0.5 = 780 nM) and a low sensitivity to vanadate (IC50 = 41 µM). These facts indicate that SERCA2 is present in the RVD. Immunoblotting for CaM and Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) showed the expression of these two regulatory proteins. Ca2+ and CaM increased serine-phosphorylated residues of the 115-kDa protein, indicating the involvement of CaMKII in the regulatory phosphorylation of SERCA2. Phosphorylation is accompanied by an 8-fold increase of thapsigargin-sensitive Ca2+ accumulation in the lumen of vesicles derived from these membranes. These data establish that SERCA2 in the RVD is modulated by Ca2+ and CaM, possibly via CaMKII, in a process that results in stimulation of Ca2+ pumping activity.

Animals , Male , Rats , Calcium-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Calcium-Transporting ATPases/metabolism , Calmodulin/metabolism , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Vas Deferens/metabolism , Muscle Contraction , Phosphorylation , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases/metabolism
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 295-299, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-25344


Spinal cord injury (SCI) causes not only loss of sensory and motor function below the level of injury but also chronic pain, which is difficult and challenging of the treatment. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) to the motor cortex, of non-invasive therapeutic methods, has the motor and sensory consequences and modulates pain in SCI-patients. In the present study, we studied the effectiveness of rTMS and the relationship between the modulation of pain and the changes of neuroglial expression in the spinal cord using a rat SCI-induced pain model. Elevated expressions of Iba1 and GFAP, specific microglial and astrocyte markers, was respectively observed in dorsal and ventral horns at the L4 and L5 levels in SCI rats. But in SCI rats treated with 25 Hz rTMS for 8 weeks, these expressions were significantly reduced by about 30%. Our finding suggests that this attenuation of activation by rTMS is related to pain modulation after SCI. Therefore, rTMS might provide an alternative means of attenuating neuropathic pain below the level of SCI.

Animals , Male , Rats , Astrocytes/cytology , Calcium-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Immunohistochemistry , Microfilament Proteins/metabolism , Microglia/cytology , Nerve Tissue Proteins/metabolism , Neuralgia/etiology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Spinal Cord Injuries/complications , Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 45(8): 784-791, Aug. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-643651


We evaluated the expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), glutamine synthetase (GS), ionized calcium binding adaptor protein-1 (Iba-1), and ferritin in rats after single or repeated lipopolysaccharide (LPS) treatment, which is known to induce endotoxin tolerance and glial activation. Male Wistar rats (200-250 g) received ip injections of LPS (100 µg/kg) or saline for 6 days: 6 saline (N = 5), 5 saline + 1 LPS (N = 6) and 6 LPS (N = 6). After the sixth injection, the rats were perfused and the brains were collected for immunohistochemistry. After a single LPS dose, the number of GFAP-positive cells increased in the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus (ARC; 1 LPS: 35.6 ± 1.4 vs control: 23.1 ± 2.5) and hippocampus (1 LPS: 165.0 ± 3.0 vs control: 137.5 ± 2.5), and interestingly, 6 LPS injections further increased GFAP expression in these regions (ARC = 52.5 ± 4.3; hippocampus = 182.2 ± 4.1). We found a higher GS expression only in the hippocampus of the 6 LPS injections group (56.6 ± 0.8 vs 46.7 ± 1.9). Ferritin-positive cells increased similarly in the hippocampus of rats treated with a single (49.2 ± 1.7 vs 28.1 ± 1.9) or repeated (47.6 ± 1.1 vs 28.1 ± 1.9) LPS dose. Single LPS enhanced Iba-1 in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN: 92.8 ± 4.1 vs 65.2 ± 2.2) and hippocampus (99.4 ± 4.4 vs 73.8 ± 2.1), but had no effect in the retrochiasmatic nucleus (RCA) and ARC. Interestingly, 6 LPS increased the Iba-1 expression in these hypothalamic and hippocampal regions (RCA: 57.8 ± 4.6 vs 36.6 ± 2.2; ARC: 62.4 ± 6.0 vs 37.0 ± 2.2; PVN: 100.7 ± 4.4 vs 65.2 ± 2.2; hippocampus: 123.0 ± 3.8 vs 73.8 ± 2.1). The results suggest that repeated LPS treatment stimulates the expression of glial activation markers, protecting neuronal activity during prolonged inflammatory challenges.

Animals , Male , Rats , Calcium-Binding Proteins/drug effects , Ferritins/drug effects , Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein/drug effects , Glutamate-Ammonia Ligase/drug effects , Hippocampus/drug effects , Hypothalamus/drug effects , Neuroglia/metabolism , Biomarkers/metabolism , Calcium-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Ferritins/metabolism , Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein/metabolism , Glutamate-Ammonia Ligase/metabolism , Hippocampus/chemistry , Hippocampus/cytology , Hypothalamus/chemistry , Hypothalamus/cytology , Immunohistochemistry , Lipopolysaccharides , Neuroglia/drug effects , Rats, Wistar
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 98(3): 243-251, mar. 2012. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-622515


FUNDAMENTO: A Contração Pós-Repouso (CPR) do músculo cardíaco fornece informações indiretas sobre a manipulação de cálcio intracelular. OBJETIVO: Nosso objetivo foi estudar o comportamento da CPR e seus mecanismos subjacentes em camundongos com infarto do miocárdio. MÉTODOS: Seis semanas após a oclusão coronariana, a contratilidade dos Músculos Papilares (MP) obtidos a partir de camundongos submetidos à cirurgia sham (C, n = 17), com infarto moderado (MMI, n = 10) e grande infarto (LMI, n = 14), foi avaliada após intervalos de repouso de 10 a 60 segundos antes e depois da incubação com cloreto de lítio (Li+) em substituição ao cloreto de sódio ou rianodina (Ry). A expressão proteica de SR Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA2), trocador Na+/Ca2+ (NCX), fosfolambam (PLB) e fosfo-Ser (16)-PLB foi analisada por Western blotting. RESULTADOS: Os camundongos MMI apresentaram potenciação de CPR reduzida em comparação aos camundongos C. Em oposição à potenciação normal para camundongos C, foram observadas degradações de força pós-repouso nos músculos de camundongos LMI. Além disso, a Ry bloqueou a degradação ou potenciação de PRC observada em camundongos LMI e C; o Li+ inibiu o NCX e converteu a degradação em potenciação de CPR em camundongos LMI. Embora os camundongos MMI e LMI tenham apresentado diminuição no SERCA2 (72 ± 7% e 47 ± 9% de camundongos controle, respectivamente) e expressão protéica de fosfo-Ser16-PLB (75 ± 5% e 46 ± 11%, respectivamente), a superexpressão do NCX (175 ± 20%) só foi observada nos músculos de camundongos LMI. CONCLUSÃO: Nossos resultados mostraram, pela primeira vez, que a remodelação miocárdica pós-IAM em camundongos pode mudar a potenciação regular para degradação pós-repouso, afetando as proteínas de manipulação de Ca(2+) em miócitos.

BACKGROUND: Post-rest contraction (PRC) of cardiac muscle provides indirect information about the intracellular calcium handling. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to study the behavior of PRC, and its underlying mechanisms, in rats with myocardial infarction. METHODS: Six weeks after coronary occlusion, the contractility of papillary muscles (PM) obtained from sham-operated (C, n=17), moderate infarcted (MMI, n=10) and large infarcted (LMI, n=14) rats was evaluated, following rest intervals of 10 to 60 seconds before and after incubation with lithium chloride (Li+) substituting sodium chloride or ryanodine (Ry). Protein expression of SR Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA2), Na+/Ca2+ exchanger (NCX), phospholamban (PLB) and phospho-Ser(16)-PLB were analyzed by Western blotting. RESULTS: MMI exhibited reduced PRC potentiation when compared to C. Opposing the normal potentiation for C, post-rest decays of force were observed in LMI muscles. In addition, Ry blocked PRC decay or potentiation observed in LMI and C; Li+ inhibited NCX and converted PRC decay to potentiation in LMI. Although MMI and LMI presented decreased SERCA2 (72±7% and 47±9% of Control, respectively) and phospho-Ser16-PLB (75±5% and 46±11%, respectively) protein expression, overexpression of NCX (175±20%) was only observed in LMI muscles. CONCLUSION: Our results showed, for the first time ever, that myocardial remodeling after MI in rats may change the regular potentiation to post-rest decay by affecting myocyte Ca(2+) handling proteins.

FUNDAMENTO: La Contracción pos pausa (CPP) del músculo cardíaco provee informaciones indirectas sobre la manejo del calcio intracelular. OBJETIVO: Nuestro objetivo fue estudiar el comportamiento de la CPP y sus mecanismos subyacentes en Ratas con infarto de miocardio. MÉTODOS: Seis semanas después de la oclusión coronaria, la contractilidad de los Músculos Papilares (MP) obtenidos a partir de Ratas sometidos a falsa cirurgia (C, n = 17), con infarto moderado (MMI, n = 10) y gran infarto (LMI, n = 14), fue evaluada después de pausas de estímulos de 10 a 60 segundos antes y después de la incubación con cloruro de litio (Li+) en substitución del cloruro de sodio o rianodina (Ry). La expresión proteica de SR Ca(2+)-ATPasa (SERCA2), intercambiador Na+/Ca2+ (NCX), fosfolamban (PLB) y fosfo-Ser (16)-PLB fue analizada por Western blotting. RESULTADOS: Los Ratas MMI presentaron potenciación de CPP reducida en comparación a los Ratas C. En oposición a la potenciación normal para Ratas C, fueron observadas decaimientos de fuerza post-reposo en los músculos de Ratas LMI. Además de eso, la Ry bloqueó la decaimiento o potenciación de PRC observada en Ratas LMI y C; el Li+ inhibió el NCX y convirtió la decaimiento en potenciación de CPP en Ratas LMI. Aunque los Ratas MMI y LMI hayan presentado disminución en el SERCA2 (72 ± 7% y 47 ± 9% de Ratas control, respectivamente) y expresión proteica de fosfo-Ser16-PLB (75 ± 5% y 46 ± 11%, respectivamente), la superexpresión del NCX (175 ± 20%) sólo fue observada en los músculos de Ratas LMI. CONCLUSIÓN: Nuestros resultados mostraron, por primera vez, que el remodelado miocárdico post-IAM en Ratas puede cambiar la potenciación regular para decaimiento post-reposo, afectando las proteínas de manejo del Ca(2+) en miocitos.

Animals , Rats , Calcium-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Calcium/metabolism , Myocardial Contraction/drug effects , Myocardial Infarction/metabolism , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases/metabolism , Sodium-Calcium Exchanger/metabolism , Ventricular Remodeling/physiology , Disease Models, Animal , Lithium Chloride/pharmacology , Myocardial Contraction/physiology , Myocardial Infarction/classification , Myocytes, Cardiac/metabolism , Papillary Muscles/metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Ryanodine/pharmacology
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 97(1): 46-52, jul. 2011. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-597664


FUNDAMENTO: Treinamento físico (TF) aumenta a sensibilidade dos hormônios tireoidianos (HT) e a expressão gênica de estruturas moleculares envolvidas no movimento intracelular de cálcio do miocárdio, enquanto a restrição alimentar (RIA) promove efeitos contrários ao TF. OBJETIVO: Avaliar os efeitos da associação TF e RIA sobre os níveis plasmáticos dos HT e a produção de mRNA dos receptores HT e estruturas moleculares do movimento de cálcio do miocárdio de ratos. MÉTODOS: Utilizaram-se ratos Wistar Kyoto divididos em: controle (C, n = 7), RIA (R50, n = 7), exercício físico (EX, n = 7) e exercício físico + RIA (EX50, n = 7). A RIA foi de 50 por cento e o TF foi natação (1 hora/dia, cinco sessões/semana, 12 semanas consecutivas). Avaliaram-se as concentrações séricas de triiodotironina (T3), tiroxina (T4) e hormônio tireotrófico (TSH). O mRNA da bomba de cálcio do retículo sarcoplasmático (SERCA2a), fosfolamban (PLB), trocador Na+/Ca+2 (NCX), canal lento de cálcio (canal-L), rianodina (RYR), calsequestrina (CQS) e receptor de HT (TRα1 e TRβ1) do miocárdio foram avaliados por reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR) em tempo real. RESULTADOS: RIA reduziu o T4, TSH e mRNA do TRα1 e aumentou a expressão da PLB, NCX e canal-L. TF aumentou a expressão do TRβ1, canal-L e NCX. A associação TF e RIA reduziu T4 e TSH e aumentou o mRNA do TRβ1, SERCA2a, NCX, PLB e correlação do TRβ1 com a CQS e NCX. CONCLUSÃO: Associação TF e RIA aumentou o mRNA das estruturas moleculares cálcio transiente, porém o eixo HT-receptor não parece participar da transcrição gênica dessas estruturas.

BACKGROUND: Chronic exercise and food restriction (FR) have directionally opposite changes in transcription of molecular structures of calcium handling and thyroid hormone (TH) status. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the association of chronic exercise and FR on serum thyroid hormones and gene transcription of molecular structures of intracellular calcium transients and thyroid receptors in myocardium of rats. METHODS: Male Wistar Kyoto rats, divided into two groups: control (C, n = 7), FR (R50, n = 7), chronic exercise (EX, n = 7) and chronic exercise + FR (EX50, n = 7). FR was of 50 percent and exercise was swimming (1 hour/day, 5 days/week, during 12 weeks). Serum concentrations of T3, T4 and TSH were determined. The mRNA gene expression of the sarcoplasmatic reticulum calcium pump (SERCA2a), phospholamban (PLB), Na+/Ca+2 exchanger (NCX), calcium channel L-type (L-channel), ryanodine (RYR), calsequestrin (CQS) and HT receptor (TRα1 and TRβ1) of the myocardium was performed by PCR real-time. RESULTS: FR reduced serum levels of T4 and TSH and TRα1 mRNA and increased the expression of PLB, NCX and L-channel. Exercise increased the TRβ1 receptor, L-channel and NCX. The association of exercise and FR reduced plasma T4 and TSH, TRβ1 mRNA increase, SERCA2a, NCX and PLB, and there was a significant correlation of TRβ1 with CQS and NXC. CONCLUSION: Chronic exercise and food restriction increased the mRNA of transient Ca2+ proteins; however, TH-receptor axis cannot participate in the transcription of mRNA of myocardial calcium transient proteins.

FUNDAMENTO: Entrenamiento físico (EF) aumenta la sensibilidad de las hormonas tiroideas (HT) y la expresión génica de estructuras moleculares envueltas en el movimiento intracelular de calcio del miocardio, mientras que la restricción alimenticia (RA) promueve efectos contrarios al EF. OBJETIVO: Evaluar los efectos de la asociación EF y RA sobre los niveles plasmáticos de los HT y la producción de ARNm de los receptores HT y estructuras moleculares del movimiento de calcio del miocardio de ratones. MÉTODOS: Se utilizaron ratones Wistar Kyoto divididos en: control (C, n = 7), RA (R50, n = 7), ejercicio físico (EX, n = 7) y ejercicio físico + RA (EX50, n = 7). La RA fue de 50 por ciento y el EF fue natación (1 hora/día, cinco sesiones/semana, 12 semanas consecutivas). Se evaluaron las concentraciones séricas de triyodotironina (T3), tiroxina (T4) y hormona tireotrófico (TSH). El ARNm de la bomba de calcio del retículo sarcoplasmático (SERCA2a), fosfolamban (PLB), intercambiador Na+/Ca+2 (NCX), canal lento de calcio (canal-L), rianodina (RYR), calsequestrina (CQS) y receptor de HT (TRα1 y TRβ1) del miocardio fueron evaluados por reacción en cadena de la polimerasa (PCR) en tiempo real. RESULTADOS: RA redujo el T4, TSH y ARNm del TRα1 y aumentó la expresión de la PLB, NCX y canal-L. EF aumentó la expresión del TRβ1, canal-L y NCX. La asociación EF y RA redujo T4 y TSH y aumentó el ARNm del TRβ1, SERCA2a, NCX, PLB y correlación del TRβ1 con la CQS y NCX. CONCLUSIÓN: Asociación EF y RA aumentó el ARNm de las estructuras moleculares calcio transiente, sin embargo el eje HT-receptor no parece participar de la transcripción génica de esas estructuras.

Animals , Male , Rats , Caloric Restriction , Myocardium/metabolism , Physical Conditioning, Animal/physiology , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Calcium Channels, L-Type/metabolism , Calcium-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Calsequestrin/metabolism , Gene Expression , Rats, Wistar , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Receptors, Thyroid Hormone/metabolism , Ryanodine/metabolism , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases/metabolism , Sodium-Calcium Exchanger/metabolism , Time Factors , Thyroid Hormones/blood , Up-Regulation
Clinics ; 66(9): 1605-1610, 2011. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-604301


OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of antidepressants and pilocarpine on the quantity of myoepithelial cells and on the proliferation index of the epithelial cells of rat parotid glands. INTRODUCTION: Hyposalivation, xerostomia, and alterations in saliva composition are important clinical side effects related to the use of antidepressants. METHODS: Ninety male Wistar rats were allocated to nine groups. The control groups received saline for 30 (group C30) or 60 days (group C60) or pilocarpine for 60 days (group Pilo). The experimental groups were administered fluoxetine (group F30) or venlafaxine for 30 days (group V30); fluoxetine (group FS60) or venlafaxine (group VS60) with saline for 60 days; or fluoxetine (group FP60) or venlafaxine (group VP60) with pilocarpine for 60 days. Parotid gland specimens were processed, and the immunohistochemical expression of calponin and proliferating cell nuclear anti-antigen on the myoepithelial and parenchymal cells, respectively, was evaluated. Analysis of variance (ANOVA), Tukey HSD and Games-Howell tests were applied to detect differences among groups (p<0.05). RESULTS: Compared with the controls, chronic exposure to antidepressants was associated with an increase in the number of positively stained cells for calponin. In addition, venlafaxine administration for 30 days was associated with an increase in the number of positively stained cells for proliferating cell nuclear anti-antigen. Fluoxetine and pilocarpine (group FP60) induced a significant decrease in the number of positively stained cells for calponin compared with all other groups. CONCLUSIONS: The number of positively stained cells for calponin increased after chronic administration of antidepressants. The proliferation index of the epithelial cells of rat parotid glands was not altered by the use of antidepressants for 60 days.

Animals , Male , Rats , Antidepressive Agents/pharmacology , Calcium-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Epithelial Cells/drug effects , Microfilament Proteins/metabolism , Parotid Gland/drug effects , Pilocarpine/pharmacology , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen/metabolism , Analysis of Variance , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Cyclohexanols/pharmacology , Epithelial Cells/metabolism , Epithelial Cells/pathology , Fluoxetine/pharmacology , Muscarinic Agonists/pharmacology , Parotid Gland/cytology , Parotid Gland/metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Time Factors
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 42(1): 21-28, Jan. 2009. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-505423


Mammalian cells contain several proteolytic systems to carry out the degradative processes and complex regulatory mechanisms to prevent excessive protein breakdown. Among these systems, the Ca2+-activated proteolytic system involves the cysteine proteases denoted calpains, and their inhibitor, calpastatin. Despite the rapid progress in molecular research on calpains and calpastatin, the physiological role and regulatory mechanisms of these proteins remain obscure. Interest in the adrenergic effect on Ca2+-dependent proteolysis has been stimulated by the finding that the administration of β2-agonists induces muscle hypertrophy and prevents the loss of muscle mass in a variety of pathologic conditions in which calpains are activated. This review summarizes evidence indicating that the sympathetic nervous system produces anabolic, protein-sparing effects on skeletal muscle protein metabolism. Studies are reviewed, which indicate that epinephrine secreted by the adrenal medulla and norepinephrine released from adrenergic terminals have inhibitory effects on Ca2+-dependent protein degradation, mainly in oxidative muscles, by increasing calpastatin levels. Evidence is also presented that this antiproteolytic effect, which occurs under both basal conditions and in stress situations, seems to be mediated by β2- and β3-adrenoceptors and cAMP-dependent pathways. The understanding of the precise mechanisms by which catecholamines promote muscle anabolic effects may have therapeutic value for the treatment of muscle-wasting conditions and may enhance muscle growth in farm species for economic and nutritional purposes.

Humans , Calcium/metabolism , Cysteine Proteinase Inhibitors/metabolism , Muscle Proteins/metabolism , Muscle, Skeletal/metabolism , Sympathetic Nervous System/metabolism , Adrenal Medulla , Calcium-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Calcium/antagonists & inhibitors , Epinephrine , Muscle, Skeletal/chemistry , Norepinephrine
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 41(7): 615-620, July 2008. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-489520


Obesity is a complex multifactorial disorder that is often associated with cardiovascular diseases. Research on experimental models has suggested that cardiac dysfunction in obesity might be related to alterations in myocardial intracellular calcium (Ca2+) handling. However, information about the expression of Ca2+-related genes that lead to this abnormality is scarce. We evaluated the effects of obesity induced by a high-fat diet in the expression of Ca2+-related genes, focusing the L-type Ca2+ channel (Cacna1c), sarcolemmal Na+/Ca2+ exchanger (NCX), sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase (SERCA2a), ryanodine receptor (RyR2), and phospholamban (PLB) mRNA in rat myocardium. Male 30-day-old Wistar rats were fed a standard (control) or high-fat diet (obese) for 15 weeks. Obesity was defined as increased percent of body fat in carcass. The mRNA expression of Ca2+-related genes in the left ventricle was measured by RT-PCR. Compared with control rats, the obese rats had increased percent of body fat, area under the curve for glucose, and leptin and insulin plasma concentrations. Obesity also caused an increase in the levels of SERCA2a, RyR2 and PLB mRNA (P < 0.05) but did not modify the mRNA levels of Cacna1c and NCX. These findings show that obesity induced by high-fat diet causes cardiac upregulation of Ca2+ transport_related genes in the sarcoplasmic reticulum.

Animals , Male , Rats , Calcium Channels/genetics , Calcium-Binding Proteins/genetics , Calcium-Transporting ATPases/genetics , Myocardium/metabolism , Obesity/metabolism , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases/genetics , Sodium-Calcium Exchanger/genetics , Calcium Channels/metabolism , Calcium-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Calcium-Transporting ATPases/metabolism , Homeostasis , Myocardium/chemistry , Obesity/genetics , Rats, Wistar , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger , Sarcolemma/chemistry , Sarcolemma/metabolism , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases/metabolism , Sodium-Calcium Exchanger/metabolism , Up-Regulation
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 40(1): 27-31, Jan. 2007. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-439677


We have shown that myocardial dysfunction induced by food restriction is related to calcium handling. Although cardiac function is depressed in food-restricted animals, there is limited information about the molecular mechanisms that lead to this abnormality. The present study evaluated the effects of food restriction on calcium cycling, focusing on sarcoplasmic Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA2), phospholamban (PLB), and ryanodine channel (RYR2) mRNA expressions in rat myocardium. Male Wistar-Kyoto rats, 60 days old, were submitted to ad libitum feeding (control rats) or 50 percent diet restriction for 90 days. The levels of left ventricle SERCA2, PLB, and RYR2 were measured using semi-quantitative RT-PCR. Body and ventricular weights were reduced in 50 percent food-restricted animals. RYR2 mRNA was significantly decreased in the left ventricle of the food-restricted group (control = 5.92 ± 0.48 vs food-restricted group = 4.84 ± 0.33, P < 0.01). The levels of SERCA2 and PLB mRNA were similar between groups (control = 8.38 ± 0.44 vs food-restricted group = 7.96 ± 0.45, and control = 1.52 ± 0.06 vs food-restricted group = 1.53 ± 0.10, respectively). Down-regulation of RYR2 mRNA expressions suggests that chronic food restriction promotes abnormalities in sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ release.

Animals , Male , Rats , Calcium-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Down-Regulation/physiology , Food Deprivation/physiology , Ryanodine Receptor Calcium Release Channel/metabolism , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases/metabolism , Calcium-Binding Proteins/genetics , Down-Regulation/genetics , Rats, Inbred WKY , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Ryanodine Receptor Calcium Release Channel/genetics , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases/genetics
Braz. dent. j ; 18(3): 192-197, 2007. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-471439


Myoepithelial cells present a complex immunophenotype, with the expression of proteins varying according to the stage of normal or neoplastic differentiation of the cell. In order to evaluate the immunohistochemical markers expressed by these cells, a panel of antibodies composed of vimentin, calponin and HHF-35 was applied to 28 salivary gland tumors. The results demonstrated a higher percent sensitivity of vimentin and calponin compared to HHF-35. However, calponin and HHF-35 presented a focal labeling pattern in contrast with the diffuse distribution of vimentin. The cells predominantly stained by all tested antibodies included nonluminal cells in duct-like and tubular structures, such as those seen in pleomorphic adenomas and adenoid cystic carcinomas, as well as cells in the cords and nests of polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinomas and peripheral cells of sheets and nests of myoepitheliomas. In conclusion, the combination of calponin and vimentin is suggested for the identification of myoepithelial cells in salivary gland tumors.

As células mioepiteliais apresentam um imunofenótipo complexo, variando a expressão de suas proteínas na dependência do seu estágio de diferenciação normal ou neoplásico. Com o objetivo de avaliar comparativamente marcadores imuno-histoquímicos para estas células, um painel de anticorpos composto pela vimentina, calponina e HHF-35 foi aplicado em 28 tumores de glândulas salivares. Os resultados demonstraram que a vimentina e a calponina foram percentualmente mais sensíveis que o HHF-35; entretanto, a calponina e o HHF-35 apresentaram padrão de distribuição focal diferentemente da distribuição difusa da vimentina. As células predominantemente marcadas, por todos os anticorpos utilizados, foram as não luminais presentes nas estruturas ductiformes e tubulares, vistas no adenoma pleomórfico e no carcinoma adenóide cístico, bem como as células dos cordões e ninhos dos adenocarcinomas polimorfo de baixo grau e periferia de lençóis e ninhos dos mioepiteliomas. Em conclusão, sugere-se que se faça associação da calponina com vimentina para identificação de células mioepiteliais em neoplasias de glândula salivar.

Humans , Adenocarcinoma/metabolism , Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic/metabolism , Muscle Proteins/metabolism , Myoepithelioma/metabolism , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/metabolism , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Actins/metabolism , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Calcium-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Microfilament Proteins/metabolism , Myoepithelioma/pathology , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/pathology , Vimentin/metabolism
Experimental & Molecular Medicine ; : 508-513, 2007.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-174052


Failure of mitotic checkpoint machinery leads to the chromosomal missegregation and nuclear endoreduplication, thereby driving the emergence of aneuploidy and tetraploidy population. Although abnormal nuclear ploidy and the resulting impairment of mitotic checkpoint function are typical physiological event leading to human hepatocellular carcinoma, any mutational change of mitotic checkpoint regulators has not yet been discovered. Therefore, we investigated the mutation of p31(comet), a recently identified mitotic checkpoint regulator, in human hepatocellular carcinoma. Of 51 human hepatocellular carcinoma tissue and 6 cell lines tested, five samples exhibited nucleotide sequence variations dispersed on four sites within the entire coding sequence. Among these sites with sequence substitutions, three were found to be missense mutation accompanied with amino acid change but one was a silent mutation. Of these sequence substitutions, two were present in both tumor and non-tumor liver tissues, suggesting the possibility of polymorphism. The present findings indicate that p31(comet) does not have an impact on the formation of aneuploidy and tetraploidy found in human hepatocellular carcinoma.

Humans , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing , Calcium-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Carrier Proteins/genetics , Cell Cycle Proteins/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins , Polyploidy , Repressor Proteins/metabolism