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1.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 36(84): 63-69, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368284

ABSTRACT

La urgencia en la práctica odontológica incluye no solo la atención de pacientes con dolor e infección, sino también la atención de pacientes que presentan patologías con presunción diagnóstica de agresividad y/o malignidad. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la incidencia de las patologías bucomaxilares biopsiadas en el Servicio de Urgencias y Orientación de Pacientes (SUyOP), y diagnosticadas en el Laboratorio de Patología Quirúrgica de la Cátedra de Anatomía Patológica (LPQ-CAP) de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Buenos Aires (FOUBA), en un período del Aislamiento Social Preventivo y Obligatorio de la pandemia COVID-19. Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y retrospectivo de pacientes que se presentaron para la atención odontológica en el período de tiempo comprendido entre el 20 de marzo al 21 de junio de 2020. Se registraron los pacientes que presentaron lesiones bucales con indicación de biopsia. Del total de pacientes evaluados (4854), 48 presentaron patologías con presunción diagnóstica de agresividad y/o malignidad. Las patologías más frecuentes fueron las neoplasias malignas (21 casos), siendo la entidad prevalente el carcinoma de células escamosas. Para el LPQ-CAP, las muestras biópsicas remitidas por el SUyOP representaron el 44% del total de las muestras recibidas. Si bien la incidencia de patologías bucomaxilares biopsiadas y diagnosticadas fue baja (1%) es de destacar que el diagnóstico histopatológico correspondió, en la mayoría de los casos, a patologías neoplásicas. De allí la importancia de la atención de urgencia a pacientes que presentan lesiones con presunción diagnóstica de malignidad/agresividad (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Mouth Neoplasms/epidemiology , Jaw Neoplasms/epidemiology , COVID-19 , Argentina , Precancerous Conditions/diagnosis , Schools, Dental , Social Isolation , Biopsy/methods , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Statistical Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Emergencies , Age and Sex Distribution , Observational Study , Ambulatory Care
2.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(1): e1528, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248502

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Currently, persistent human papillomavirus (HPV) infection has been related in some geographic regions as a risk factor for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. It results in the immunoexpression of the p16 protein, which has been used as marker of the oncogenic lineage by this etiological agent. Aim: To correlate epidemiological aspects of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma with the prevalence of HPV infection. Methods: Fifty-eight cases were analyzed and submitted to histopathological and immunohistochemical analysis by p16. Results: Of the 58 cases evaluated, 40 were men and 18 women, with a mean age of 63.2 years. p16 immunoexpression was positive in 46.55%. Conclusion: The prevalence of HPV infection is high in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma presenting in almost half of the cases (46.55%), without gender differentiation.


RESUMO Racional: Atualmente a infecção persistente pelo papilomavírus humano (HPV) tem sido relacionada em algumas regiões geográficas como fator de risco para o carcinoma epidermoide do esôfago. Ela resulta na imunoexpressão da proteína p16, que tem sido utilizada como marcadora da linhagem oncogênica por este agente etiológico. Objetivo: Correlacionar aspectos epidemiológicos do carcinoma epidermoide do esôfago com a prevalência de infecção pelo HPV. Métodos: Foram analisados 58 casos buscando-se perfil epidemiológico dos pacientes, com suas peças submetidas à análise histopatológica e imunoistoquímica pelo p16. Resultado: Dos 58 casos avaliados, 40 eram homens e 18 mulheres, com idade média de 63,2 anos. A imunoexpressão pelo p16 foi de 46,55%. Conclusão: A prevalência de infecção pelo HPV é alta no carcinoma epidermoide de esôfago apresentando-se em quase a metade dos casos (46,55%), sem diferenciação de idade quanto aos gêneros.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Esophageal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/epidemiology , Papillomavirus Infections/complications , Papillomavirus Infections/epidemiology , Alphapapillomavirus , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma , Papillomaviridae
3.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e085, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1285720

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence, type and severity of anemia at the time of diagnosis of oral cancer, and its potential association with the degree of tumor cell differentiation. This case-control study used 366 medical records of patients treated at two referral centers for oral cancer diagnosis, specifically: cases (n=70) with a histopathological diagnosis of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) of the oral cavity, and controls (n=296) with benign oral lesions. Sociodemographic, behavioral, and clinical variables of both groups, as well as complete blood count values, were analyzed by descriptive statistics and crude/adjusted logistic regression. Anemia was detected in 15.7% of the cases and 11.8% of the controls. The presence of anemia had an OR=1.64 (odds ratio) (95%CI 0.54-5.00) for OSCC, with no significantly statistical association. Normocytic anemia was the most prevalent form of anemia when oral cancer was diagnosed (91.4% of the controls and 72.7% of the cases), and moderate to severely low hemoglobin levels were associated with OSCC diagnosis (OR 6.49; 95%CI 1.18-35.24), albeit data on hematological examinations were missing.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mouth Neoplasms/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/epidemiology , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Anemia/etiology , Anemia/epidemiology , Case-Control Studies
4.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(6): 2111-2118, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1142316

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar as principais doenças de felinos na região sul do Rio Grande do Sul. Foram revisados os protocolos de necropsia e das amostras biológicas de felinos encaminhados ao Laboratório Regional de Diagnóstico da Faculdade de Veterinária da Universidade Federal de Pelotas (LRD/UFPel), no período de 1978 a 2018. Nesse período foram recebidas 1633 amostras de felinos, sendo 363 (22%) entre os anos de 1978 e 1999 e 1270 (78%) entre os anos de 2000 e 2018. Com relação aos diagnósticos, 457 felinos (28%) apresentaram tumores benignos ou malignos, sendo os tegumentares e os mamários os mais frequentes. As doenças bacterianas, fúngicas, virais, parasitárias, sem agente definido e as intoxicações totalizaram 554 casos (33,9%), destacando-se a esporotricose, com 12,8% dos diagnósticos. Concluiu-se que, na região sul do RS, o encaminhamento de felinos para diagnóstico aumentou significativamente após o ano 2000, comprovando que a espécie passou a ter maior importância como animal de companhia. Concluiu-se, também, que as neoplasias têm papel relevante entre as doenças de felinos e que a esporotricose é uma das mais importantes zoonoses na região.(AU)


The goal of this paper was to identify the main disease affecting felines in the southern region of Rio Grande do Sul. The necropsy protocols and feline biological materials submitted to the Regional Diagnostic Laboratory of the Veterinary College of the Federal University of Pelotas (LRD / UFPel) were reviewed, from 1978 to 2018. During this period 1633 feline samples were received, 363 (22%) between 1978 and 1999 and 1270 (78%) between 2000 and 2018. 59% of felines did not present a defined breed. As for diagnoses, 457 felines (28%) presented benign or malignant tumors, the most common being the integumentary and mammary tumors. Bacterial, fungal, viral, parasitic or undefined agent infections and intoxications were observed in 554 cases (33.9%), especially sporotrichosis with 12.8 % of the diagnoses. It was concluded that in southern RS the referral of cats for diagnosis increased significantly after the year 2000, proving that they became more significant as companion animals. It was also concluded that neoplasia play a relevant role among feline diseases, and that sporotrichosis is one of the most important zoonoses in the region.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Sporotrichosis/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/epidemiology , Mammary Neoplasms, Animal/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Neoplasms/epidemiology
5.
Rev. medica electron ; 42(5): 2398-2407, sept.-oct. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144743

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Se presentó el caso de un paciente masculino de 60 años, blanco, que fue atendido en la Consulta de Oftalmología, del Hospital "Dr. Mario Muñoz", del municipio de Colón, provincia de Matanzas. Refirió que llevaba aproximadamente 20 días, con sensación de cuerpo extraño en el ojo izquierdo, enrojecimiento, secreción constante, fotofobia y una lesión que le había aumentado de tamaño durante este período; la que se tornaba dolorosa durante el parpadeo. Se decidió realizar este trabajo con el objetivo de mostrar los beneficios obtenidos al concluir el tratamiento aplicado a este tipo de tumor (AU).


ABSTRACT The authors present the case of a white male patient, aged 60 years, who assisted the Consultation of Ophthalmology of the Hospital "Dr. Mario Muñoz", of the municipality of Colon. He referred feeling a foreign body in the left eye for already 20 days, presence of redness, constant secretion, photophobia and a lesion that had grown during that period, painful when blinking. The authors decided to write this article with the objective of showing the benefits obtained with the applied treatment in this kind of tumor (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Signs and Symptoms , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/epidemiology , Ophthalmology/methods , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/complications , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/diagnosis , Eye Foreign Bodies/complications , Eye Foreign Bodies/diagnosis , Risk Factors , Cornea/abnormalities , Photophobia/complications , Photophobia/diagnosis
6.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 80(3): 286-294, set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144891

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El cáncer laríngeo es una de las neoplasias de cabeza y cuello más frecuentes, asociado al envejecimiento y a los hábitos de vida. Los análisis de supervivencia de cáncer laríngeo en Chile son escasos. Objetivo: Calcular y analizar la supervivencia y las características clínicas del cáncer laríngeo en pacientes del Servicio de Otorrinolaringología del Hospital Carlos Van Buren, Valparaíso, Chile. Material y Método: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo de cohorte, incluyendo pacientes diagnosticados con carcinoma escamoso de laringe entre 2007 y 2018. Se calculó la supervivencia con el método de Kaplan-Meier. Se aplicaron las pruebas de log rank, t de Student y exacta de Fisher. Resultados: Se incluyeron 211 pacientes, 90,52% hombres, con un promedio de edad de 68 años. El factor de riesgo más frecuente fue el tabaquismo. La ubicación tumoral más frecuente fue la glotis (59,44%) y el motivo de consulta más común la disfonía (52,66%). Un 70,48% presentó estadios avanzados. En 23,92% se realizó laringectomía total como tratamiento primario. La supervivencia global a 2 años fue de 86,6% en estadio precoz y 45,2% en estadio avanzado, mientras que a 5 años fue de 77,4% y 33%, respectivamente. Conclusión: La supervivencia estimada fue menor que en otros estudios nacionales, lo que puede asociarse al tamaño de la muestra analizada, a factores etarios y/o a mayor latencia de inicio de tratamiento. Se enfatiza el mejoramiento de los registros clínicos y la gestión sanitaria para un manejo oportuno.


Abstract Introduction: Laryngeal carcinoma is one of the most frequent head and neck neoplasms, being associated with ageing and lifestyles. In Chile, survival analyses of laryngeal carcinoma are scarce. Aim: To estimate and analyze the survival and clinical characteristics of laryngeal carcinoma in patients attended at the Otorhinolaryngology Department of the Carlos Van Buren Hospital, Valparaíso, Chile. Material and Method: We conducted a retrospective cohort study, including patients diagnosed with laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma between 2007 and 2018. Kaplan-Meier estimator was applied for survival analysis. Log rank test, Student's t-test and Fisher's exact test were applied. Results: 211 patients were included, 90,52% were men, with an average age of 68 years. The main risk factor was smoking (80%). The most frequent tumor location was in the glottis (59,44%) and the most frequent reason for consultation was dysphonia (52,66%). Most cases (70,48%) presented at advanced stages. Laryngectomy was performed as a primary treatment in 23,92%. The 2-year overall survival rate was 86,6% for early stages and 45,2% for advanced stages; the 5-year overall survival rate was 77,4% and 33%, respectively. Conclusion: The estimated survival rate was lower than those referred by other national studies, which may be associated with the analyzed sample size, age-related factors and/or period of latency until the beginning of treatment. We emphasize the necessity of an improvement in clinical records and the health management to the timely treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/mortality , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/epidemiology , Laryngeal Neoplasms/mortality , Laryngeal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Chile/epidemiology , Laryngeal Neoplasms/therapy , Survival Rate , Retrospective Studies
7.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(4): 323-328, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131616

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To determine the frequency of ocular squamous surface neoplasia associated with pterygium in an ophthalmology reference center in Central Mexico. Methods: We reviewed histopathological reports and slides of all patients who underwent pterygium surgery from 2014 to 2016 at the Instituto Mexicano de Oftalmologia in Queretaro (Mexico). Results: We studied 177 biopsy samples; 66% were from women, and the median age was 52 years. We found ocular squamous surface neoplasias in 11.29% (n=20) of the samples. One biopsy sample revealed a poorly differentiated keratinizing and infiltrating carcinoma. Conclusions: The prevalence of ocular squamous surface neoplasia in our region appears to be high. Countrywide studies are necessary to determine the true prevalence of ocular squamous surface neoplasia in Mexico and to examine related risk factors.


RESUMO Objetivo: Determinar a frequência de neoplasia escamosa da superfície ocular associada ao pterígio com apresentação clínica, em um centro de referência em Oftalmologia da região central do México. Métodos: Revisamos os laudos histopatológicos e as lâminas de biópsia de todos os pacientes que foram submetidos à cirurgia de pterígio de 2014 a 2016 no Instituto Mexicano de Oftalmologia, na cidade de Querétaro. Resultados: Estudamos 177 amostras de biópsia; 66% eram de pacientes do sexo feminino, sendo a mediana da idade de 52 anos. Encontramos neoplasia escamosa da superfície ocular em 11,29% (n=20). Uma amostra de biópsia mostrou um carcinoma queratinizante infiltrativo pouco diferenciado. Conclusões: A prevalência da neoplasia escamosa da superfície ocular nessa região parece ser maior do que a indicada por outras pesquisas. Mais estudos de âmbito nacional são necessários para determinar a verdadeira prevalência da neoplasia escamosa da superfície ocular no México e examinar os fatores de risco relacionados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Pterygium , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/epidemiology , Conjunctiva , Conjunctival Neoplasms , Conjunctival Neoplasms/epidemiology , Pterygium/etiology , Pterygium/epidemiology , Mexico/epidemiology
8.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(8): 614-620, Aug. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1135671

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: The present study aimed to describe the occurrence and epidemiological features of skin neoplasms diagnosed in dogs in the metropolitan region of Goiânia, Goiás state, Brazil. Diagnoses from dog biopsies from 2011 to 2016 provided by a private veterinary pathology laboratory were analyzed. The main diagnoses were mast cell tumor, hemangiosarcoma, squamous cell carcinoma, malignant melanoma, and hemangioma. Highest frequency of neoplasms was found in female dogs, dogs aged > 8 years, and purebred dogs, particularly the American Pit Bull Terriers and the Poodles. Most common sites affected by the neoplasms were the limb and the head. Using multiple correspondence analysis, groups of neoplasms were found to be associated with different epidemiological features and the size of the neoplasms was associated with the biological behavior. The results of this study described predispositions and verified the importance of different types of skin neoplasms in dogs in the region being studied.(AU)


O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a prevalência e as características epidemiológicas das neoplasias cutâneas em cães na região metropolitana de Goiânia, Goiás. Foram analisados os diagnósticos de um laboratório do setor privado de 2011 a 2016. Mastocitoma, hemangiossarcoma, carcinoma de células escamosas, melanoma maligno e hemangioma representaram os principais diagnósticos. A maioria dos casos ocorreram em cães de raças definidas, fêmeas e com idade >8 anos. American Pit Bull Terrier e Poodle foram as raças mais encontradas. As neoplasias acometeram principalmente regiões de membros e cabeça. Pela análise de correspondência múltipla, associou-se os grupos de neoplasias com diferentes características epidemiológicas e o tamanho da neoplasia com o comportamento biológico. A comparação dos resultados com pesquisas prévias possibilitou confirmar predisposições previamente descritas e verificar a importância dos diferentes tipos de neoplasias cutâneas em cães na região estudada.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Dogs , Skin Neoplasms/veterinary , Skin Neoplasms/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/epidemiology , Mastocytoma/epidemiology , Hemangioma/epidemiology , Hemangiosarcoma/epidemiology , Melanoma/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/veterinary , Mastocytoma/veterinary , Hemangioma/veterinary , Hemangiosarcoma/veterinary , Melanoma/veterinary
9.
Rev. inf. cient ; 99(3): 200-208, mayo.-jun. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126938

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: En Guantánamo no se ha caracterizado el cáncer de piel en los adultos mayores. Objetivo: Caracterizar a los pacientes ingresados en los hogares de ancianos "Caridad Jaca" y "San José" de la ciudad de Guantánamo con diagnóstico de cáncer de piel en el periodo 2017-2019. Método: Se realizó un estudio observacional, prospectivo y transversal con todos los ancianos (n=256) con cáncer de piel (n=15). Se estudiaron las siguientes variables: edad, sexo, lugar de nacimiento y donde vivió, antecedentes patológicos personales, fototipo cutáneo, características de la lesión, diagnóstico clínico, dermatoscópico e histopatológico. Resultados: En el 5,9 % de los ancianos se diagnosticó un cáncer de piel. Fue más común en hombres (53,4 %), con 60 a 79 años (53,4 %), nacidos o que vivieron en áreas urbanas y fototipo cutáneo III (40,0 %). El 100,0 % se expuso a la luz solar, el 86,7 % sin medios de fotoprotección. El cáncer se localizó más en la cara (66,7 %), tenían entre 3 y 4 años de evolución (60,0 %) y el carcinoma basocelular (46,6 %) fue el más frecuente. En el 80,0 % de los casos se apreció correlación diagnóstico clínico, dermatoscópico e histopatológico. Conclusiones: Es baja la frecuencia del cáncer de piel en los ancianos, sin embargo, se requiere prestar más atención al aseguramiento del diagnóstico precoz de esta enfermedad.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Skin cancer in elderly has not been characterized in Guantanamo. Objective: Characterize the patients admitted to the nursing homes "Caridad Jaca" and "San José" in the city of Guantánamo with a diagnosis of skin cancer in the period 2017-2019. Method: It was conducted an observational, prospective and cross-sectional study with all the elderly (n=256) with skin cancer (n=15). Studied variables: age, sex, place of birth and lived, personal pathological history, skin phototype, characteristics of the lesion, clinical dermatoscopic and histopathological diagnosis. Results: 5.9% of the elderly were diagnosed with skin cancer. It was more common in men (53.4%), range age from 60 to 79 (53.4%), were born or lived in urban areas and with skin phototype III (40.0%). 100.0% of the patients were exposed to sunlight, 86.7% without photo-protection means. The cancer was more localized in the face area (66.7%), had between 3 and 4 years of evolution (60.0%) and basal cell carcinoma (46.6%) was the most frequent. Clinical, dermatoscopic and histopathological diagnosis correlation was observed in 80.0 % of the cases. Conclusions: The rate of skin cancers in erderly is low, however, more attention is needed to ensure early diagnosis of this disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Skin Neoplasms/diagnosis , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Skin Neoplasms/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/epidemiology , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Observational Study , Homes for the Aged/organization & administration
10.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 24(1): 53-61, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090553

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction The increase in life expectancy is an incentive to the development of researches with the elderly population aiming at actions that may ensure healthy and active aging. Objective To analyze the profile of laryngeal microsurgery performed in patients > 60 years old. Methods A retrospective observational study, with a cross-sectional design. A retrospective analysis of the medical records of elderly patients submitted to laryngeal microsurgery was performed at a private hospital in Curitiba, state of Paraná, Brazil, between January 2004 and December 2016. Were included all of the patients > 60 years old that underwent laryngeal microsurgery during this period. Results During the studied period, 213 laryngeal microsurgeries were performed in 181 patients > 60 years old. There was a preponderance of male patients. The mean age was 67.6 years old. Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) was the most prevalent disorder (26%), followed by Reinke edema (20%), papillomatosis (14%), polyps (11%), leukoplakia (8%), minor structural alterations (8%), associated lesions (9%), and others (4%). Men presented a higher probability of SCC diagnosis, regardless of the age group, while Reinke edema was more frequently observed in women. A directly proportional relation between the frequency of laryngeal cancer and age increase was also observed. No significant differences were observed in professional voice users. Conclusion Further researches are required to properly comprehend the factors associ- ated with laryngeal lesions and determine prevention and treatment approaches.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Laryngeal Diseases/surgery , Laryngeal Diseases/epidemiology , Larynx/surgery , Microsurgery , Papilloma/surgery , Occupational Risks , Aging/physiology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/radiotherapy , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/epidemiology , Sex Factors , Laryngeal Edema/surgery , Laryngeal Edema/epidemiology , Laryngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Laryngeal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Medical Records , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Age Factors
11.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 40(3): 34-37, set.-dez. 2019. graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1102223

ABSTRACT

O carcinoma epidermoide de lábios tem suas manifestações clínicas iniciais como atrofia, ressecamento e fissuras do vermelhão do lábio inferior com margem indefinida entre o vermelhão e a pele. O diagnóstico precoce é de fundamental relevância nos casos dessa patologia. O cirurgião dentista tem um papel extremamente importante neste caso. Objetivo: Realizar uma revisão da literatura pertinente sobre o carcinoma epidermoide oral. Metodologia: Essa revisão foi realizada empregando a base de dados do SCIELO, LALICS e BBO - Odontologia, foram pesquisados artigos da literatura com língua inglesa e portuguesa publicados no período de 2013 a 2018 com auxílio dos termos: câncer oral, diagnóstico e fatores associados. Foram excluídos os artigos cujas abordagens antes de 2013, outras línguas as não citadas, teses, projetos e produções não relacionadas a temática. Resultados: Os métodos tradicionais de tratamento oncológico são: cirurgia, radioterapia e a quimioterapia. O tratamento a ser estabelecido estará na dependência da localização, grau histológico de malignidade, estadiamento do tumor e da condição de saúde do indivíduo. Conclusões: O cirurgião-dentista deve estar preparado para diagnosticar e lidar com pacientes que apresentam lesões cancerizáveis com o propósito de diminuir as taxas de incidência e mortalidade e, então, melhorar a qualidade de vida das pessoas(AU)


Cancer is a cellular modification that is related to the loss of its metabolic regulation and intercellular control in which it differs depending on its type and behaves, biologically, different from a normal cell. From this point of view, lower lip cancer is one of the most frequent manifestations of oral cancer. The most frequent risk factors are stimulated from the practice of harmful habits such as: exposure to sunlight, alcohol consumption and smoking. Squamous cell carcinoma of the lips has its initial clinical manifestations such as atrophy, dryness and fissures of vermilion of the lower lip with indefinite margin between the vermilion and the skin. Early diagnosis is of fundamental relevance in cases of this pathology. The dentist surgeon plays an extremely important role in this case. The traditional methods of cancer treatment are: surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy. The treatment to be established will depend on the location, histological grade of malignancy, tumor staging and the individual's health condition. Therefore, the dental surgeon must be prepared to diagnose and deal with patients who have cancerous lesions in order to reduce incidence and mortality rates and thus improve people's quality of life(AU)


Subject(s)
Lip Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/mortality , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/therapy , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/epidemiology
12.
Rev. salud pública ; 21(5): e208, sep.-oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1150160

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Analisar o perfil e a sobrevida de adultos jovens com carcinoma de células escamosas oral, atendidos entre 2010 a 2016 na Unidade de Alta Complexidade em Oncologia de Feira de Santana, Brasil. Métodos Coorte retrospectiva, realizada através das informações dos prontuários de todos os pacientes jovens atendidos no referido centro. Foi realizada análise descritiva das variáveis, teste exato de Fisher, curva de Kaplan-Meier e teste log rank. Resultados Um total de 35 pacientes foram registrados. A maioria era do sexo masculino, fumantes e etilistas. Os tumores estavam localizados predominantemente em língua, diagnosticados tardiamente e classificados como bem diferenciado, tendo como tratamento de escolha cirurgia associada a radioterapia e quimioterapia. O tempo mediano de sobrevida foi de 31 meses e 22,8% dos pacientes foram a óbito. As variáveis que apresentaram significância estatística em relação ao tempo de sobrevida foram a localização do tumor e o tipo de tratamento. Conclusão O perfil e o baixo tempo de sobrevida refletem a necessidade de uma maior atenção à doença nesta população.(AU)


ABSTRACT Objective To analyze the profile and survival in young adults with oral squamous cell carcinoma, attended at the High Complexity in Oncology of Feira de Santana, Brazil, between 2010 and 2016. Methods Retrospective cohort, performed through the information of the medical records of all young patients attended in the referred center. Descriptive analysis of the variables, Fisher's exact test, Kaplan-Meier curve and log-rank test were performed. Results A total of 35 patients were registered. The majority were male, smokers and former alcoholics. Tumors were predominantly localized in the tongue, diagnosed at late stages, classified as well differentiated and treated mainly with surgery associated to radiotherapy and chemotherapy. The median survival time was 31 months and 22.8% of the patients died. The variables that presented statistical significance in relation to the survival time were the tumor site and the type of treatment. Conclusion The profile and low survival time reflect the need for greater attention to the disease in this population.(AU)


RESUMEN Objetivo Analizar el perfil y la supervivencia de adultos jóvenes con carcinoma de células escamosas atendidos en el Centro de Alta Complejidad en Oncología de Feira de Santana (Brasil), durante el periodo 2010-2016. Métodos cohorte retrospectivo realizado mediante la información de registros médicos de todos los pacientes jóvenes atendidos en el centro médico mencionado. Asimismo, se hizo un análisis descriptivo de las variables, test exacto de Fisher, curva de Kaplan-Meier y una prueba de rango logarítmico. Resultados Se registró un total de 35 pacientes: la mayoría, hombres fumadores y exalcohólicos. Gran parte de los tumores fueron hallados en la lengua y diagnosticados en la última fase; asimismo, se clasificaron, se diferenciaron y se trataron con cirugía apoyada en radioterapia y quimioterapia. El tiempo promedio de supervivencia fue de 31 meses. El 22,8% de los pacientes fallecieron. Las variables que demostraron una gran significancia estadística en relación con el tiempo de supervivencia fueron la ubicación del tumor y el tipo de tratamiento. Conclusión El perfil y el escaso tiempo de supervivencia demuestran que es necesaria una mejor atención de la enfermedad que padece esta población.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Health Profile , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/diagnosis , Prognosis , Brazil/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/epidemiology , Survival Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
13.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 23(3): 299-304, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040025

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Epidemiological studies focused on prognostic factors associated with laryngeal cancer in the Brazilian population are poorly reported in the literature. Objective To evaluate the influence of certain risk factors on the survival rates of patients with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the larynx. Methods This retrospective study was conducted on adult patients who were admitted to the outpatient clinic of the head and neck department in a tertiary care hospital. Evaluation of the influence of risk factors on the survival rates of patients registered in the hospital with laryngeal SCC was performed based on age, sex, initial stage, time of evolution, habits, educational levels and relapse and death. Overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS) and clinical-demographic data were analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method, Log-rank test and Cox regression. Results A total of 107 patients with a mean age of 59.8 years (range 19-81) were included in this study. Stages III and IV were associated with decreased DFS (p = 0.02) and OS (p = 0.02). Smoking patients had a greater period of disease evolution than non-smoking patients (p = 0.003). Alcohol consumption in smokers increased the risk of death by 2.8 (p = 0.002) compared with non-drinking smokers. Male patients presented lower DFS average when compared with female patients (p = 0.04). Conclusion Our study confirms that male gender, smoking habit combined with alcohol consumption, and advanced stages were strongly associated with poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/epidemiology , Laryngeal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Prognosis , Tobacco Use Disorder , Brazil , Alcohol Drinking , Survival Analysis , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Tertiary Care Centers
14.
Rev. medica electron ; 41(2): 382-396, mar.-abr. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1004275

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: el cáncer de esófago en estadio avanzado, es uno de los más agresivos. En Cuba ocupa el décimo lugar entre las causas de muerte. Objetivo: caracterizar clínico y patológicamente a los pacientes con cáncer esofágico diagnosticados en el hospital estudiado. Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio prospectivo-descriptivo donde se efectuó una caracterización clínico-patológica a 59 pacientes con el diagnóstico endoscópico e histológico de cáncer de esófago, en el Hospital Faustino Pérez Hernández de Matanzas, de enero del 2016 a diciembre del 2017. Se estudiaron variables como: grupo etáreo, sexo, antecedentes patológicos personales y familiares, factores de riesgo, síntomas y signos predominantes en el diagnóstico, tiempo de aparición de los síntomas, tipo endoscópico, localización, tipo histológico, grado de diferenciación histológica, estadio de la enfermedad, tipo de tratamiento y tiempo de vida posterior al diagnóstico. Resultados: predominó el sexo masculino (88.1%) en pacientes mayores de 60 años (52.6%). La disfagia, la astenia y la anorexia fueron los síntomas más frecuentes; el etilismo crónico y el hábito de fumar fueron los factores de riesgo predominantes. La localización anatómica más frecuente fue el tercio medio (54.2%), el tipo endoscópico vegetante (88.1%) y el tipo histológico carcinoma epidermoide bien diferenciado (55.9%). Hubo relación entre el tiempo de inicio de los síntomas entre 3 y 6 meses antes del diagnóstico y el estadio IV de la enfermedad que predominó en 29 pacientes (49.2%). La mayoría de los pacientes recibieron tratamiento oncológico combinado con cirugía paliativa (47.5%) o ningún tratamiento (45.8%) pues el 50.8% de los pacientes fallecieron al mes del diagnóstico demostrando que el diagnóstico del cáncer esofágico se realiza casi siempre en estadios avanzados de la enfermedad cuando son posible pocas opciones terapéuticas. Conclusiones: el cáncer de esófago aún sigue diagnosticándose de forma tardía en estadios avanzados, con elevada prevalencia del carcinoma epidermoide sobre el adedocarcinoma que indica pocas acciones de salud preventivas sobre los factores de riesgo en la población estudiada, existiendo relación entre el estadio avanzado de la enfermedad y el poco tiempo de vida de estos pacientes posterior al diagnóstico.


ABSTRACT Introduction: the advanced-stage esophagus cancer is one of the most aggressive cancers. In Cuba, it is in the tenth place among the death reasons. Objective: to clinically and pathologically characterize the patients with esophageal cancer diagnosed in the mentioned hospital. Materials and methods: a prospective-descriptive study was carried out based on the clinical-histological characterization of 59 patients with the endoscopic and histological diagnosis of esophageal cancer in the Hospital "Faustino Pérez Hernández", of Matanzas, in the period from January 2016 to December 2017. The studied variables were: age group, sex, personal and familiar pathological antecedents, risk factors, symptoms and signs that were predominant in the diagnosis, time passed since the symptoms appeared, endoscopic kind, location, histological kind, level of histological differentiation, disease stage, kind of treatment, and life time after the diagnosis. Results: male sex predominated (88.1 %) in patients older than 60 years (52.6 %). Dysphagia, asthenia and anorexia were the most frequent signs. Alcoholism and smoking were the predominant risk factors. The most frequent anatomic location was the middle third (54.3 %); the endoscopic vegetating kind (88.1 %) and the histological kind well-differentiated epidermoid carcinoma (55.9 %) prevailed. The authors found a relation between the beginnings of the symptoms 3 to 6 months before the diagnosis and the disease IV stage predominating in 29 patients (49.2 %). Most of patients underwent oncologic treatment combined with palliative surgery (47.5 %) or no treatment (45.8 %), because 50.8 % of the patients died a month after the diagnosis, showing that the diagnosis of esophageal cancer is almost always achieved at advanced stages of the disease, when few therapeutic options are possible. Conclusions: esophageal cancer is still being diagnosed late, in advanced stages, with a higher prevalence of the epidermoid carcinoma over the adenocarcinoma. It indicates few health preventive actions on the risk factors among the studied population. There is a relation between the disease advanced stage and the few time patients live after the diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Esophageal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Esophageal Neoplasms/etiology , Esophageal Neoplasms/mortality , Esophageal Neoplasms/pathology , Esophageal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Esophageal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Observational Study
15.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(2): 157-163, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001134

ABSTRACT

Abstract BACKGROUND: Skin cancer is common in Brazil and is related to sun exposure, among other risk factors. There are no data on the incidence of malignant skin neoplasm in rural workers in western Paraná. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the incidence and profile of rural workers who were diagnosed with skin cancer at a reference service in Cascavel, western Paraná, in the last five years (2011-2016). METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study was carried out through a review of the anatomopathological reports of rural workers diagnosed with skin cancer at Cascavel Oncology Center (CEONC), in Cascavel. The following variables were collected: year of diagnosis, age, gender, injury location and histological subtype. RESULTS: A total of 681 cases of malignant epithelial neoplasia were identified, with a higher frequency in the 61-70 age group. Data analysis showed an increase of about 210% in the occurrence of skin cancers in the last 5 years. The cephalic region was the most affected, and the most common histological subtype was nodular basal cell carcinoma. There was no association between gender and location. STUDY LIMITATIONS: This is a retrospective study and analysis of a secondary data bank. CONCLUSION: This study is a regional estimation of the incidence of cutaneous neoplasms and provides evidence of a considerable increase in the number of diagnoses in rural workers from western Paraná, Brazil. Moreover, it is possible to conclude that the sample group studied is at risk of developing skin cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Skin Neoplasms/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/epidemiology , Melanoma/epidemiology , Rural Population/statistics & numerical data , Skin Neoplasms/etiology , Sunlight/adverse effects , Brazil/ethnology , Brazil/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/etiology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/etiology , Incidence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Age Distribution , Face , Melanoma/etiology
16.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 107(1): 5-9, ene.-mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-998523

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Describir el perfil clínico-demográfico e identificar los factores de riesgo presentes en individuos portadores de carcinoma oral de células escamosas, que asistieron a un centro de referencia del nordeste de Brasil, de 2007 a 2015. Materiales y métodos: En este estudio descriptivo y retrospectivo, los datos fueron recopilados de las historias clínicas de individuos con diagnóstico histológico de carcinoma oral de células escamosas. Resultados: De los 104 casos analizados, el 72,12% eran hombres; el 53,84%, mayores de 60 años, y el 38,9%, de tez morena. La mayoría de los individuos eran alcohólicos y/o fumadores (95%). En cuanto a las lesiones, en su mayoría eran: ulceradas (58,70%), rojas (47,42%), de superficie arrugada (92,39%), duras (78,02%), con crecimiento endofítico (56,12%) y estaban localizadas en el borde lateral de la lengua (27,62%). Conclusiones: En este estudio, el carcinoma oral de células escamosas fue diagnosticado principalmente en hombres de tez morena, mayores de 60 años. Las lesiones más frecuentes fueron úlceras en la lengua. El consumo de tabaco y alcohol fueron las características de comportamiento de mayor ocurrencia (AU)


Aim: Describe the clinical-demographic profile and identify risk factors present in individuals with oral squamous cell carcinoma, attending a reference center in Northeastern Brazil from 2007 to 2015. Materials and methods: The present descriptive and retrospective study evaluated data collected from the dental records of individuals with histological diagnosis of oral squamous cell carcinoma. Results: Of the 104 cases analyzed, 72.12% were men, 53.84% were over 60 years old and 38.9% were of brown complexion. Most of the individuals were alcoholics and/or smokers (95%). The clinical characteristics were: ulcerated (58.70%), red (47.42%), rough (92.39%), hard consistency (78.02%), endophytic growth (56.12%) and located in the lateral of the tongue (27.62%). Conclusions: In this study, the oral squamous cell carcinoma was diagnosed mainly in men, brown and over 60 years. In the majority of cases, the lesions presented as ulcers in the tongue. Tobacco and alcohol consumption were the most frequent behavioral characteristics (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Tobacco Use Disorder , Brazil , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Statistical Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Alcoholism , Age and Sex Distribution
17.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(2): 107-110, Mar.-Apr. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989395

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate the first three years of The Amazon Ocular Oncology Center, the first ocular cancer center in the North of Brazil. Methods: Here, we report patient information including patients' age, gender, diagnosis, treatment, and city of origin. Results: Two hundred and twenty-one patients were included on this study: 160 (72%) patients came from the city of Manaus, 52 (24%) from other cities in Amazonas, and 9 (4%) from other states. Of the 221 patients, 150 (68%) were afflicted with benign lesions and the remaining 71 (32%) had malignant lesions. Benign diagnosis included pterygium, chalazium, conjunctival nevus, and papilloma, cataract, and retinal detachment. Of the malignant cases, squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the conjunctiva was the most frequent with 43 cases (60%). Other diagnoses included choroidal melanoma (8 cases, 11%), retinoblastoma (7 cases, 9%), lymphomas (5 cases, 7%), basal cell carcinomas of the eyelid (4 cases, 5%), conjunctival melanoma (2 cases, 2%), and Kaposi sarcomas (1 case, 1%). Of the 43 patients with SCC, the mean age was 62 years old, and 30 (69%) were male; 29 patients (67%) were treated with an excisional biopsy, and 14 (33%) were treated with neoadjuvant topic chemotherapy, followed by surgery.


RESUMO Objetivo: Reportar sobre os primeiros três anos do Centro de Oncologia Ocular do Amazonas, primeiro centro de oncologia ocular na região Norte do Brasil. Métodos: Relatamos informações de diagnóstico, idade, sexo, tratamento e cidade de origem dos pacientes atendidos nos 3 primeiros anos. Resultados: Identificamos 221 pacientes, dos quais 160 (72%) eram da cidade de Manaus, 52 (24%) de outras cidades do Amazonas e 9 (4%) de outros estados. Dos 221 casos, 150 (68%) eram lesões benignas e 71 (32%) malignas. Lesões benignas incluíram pterígio, calázio, nevus e papiloma de conjuntiva, catarata e descolamento de retina. Das lesões malignas a mais comum foi o carcinoma escamoso de conjuntiva com 43 casos (60%). Outros diagnósticos incluíram melanoma de coróide (8 casos, 11%), retinoblastoma (7 casos, 9%), linfomas (5 casos, 7%), carcinoma da pálpebra (4 casos, 5%), melanoma da conjunctiva (2 casos, 2%) e sarcoma de Kaposi (1 caso, 1%). Dentre os CEC de conjuntiva, a idade media foi de 62 anos e 30 pacientes (69%) eram do sexo masculino. Vinte e nove casos (67%) foram tratados com biópsia excisional e 14 (33%) com quimioterapia tópica neoadjuvante seguida de cirurgia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/epidemiology , Oncology Service, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Eye Neoplasms/epidemiology , Retinoblastoma/epidemiology , Sarcoma, Kaposi/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Carcinoma/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Cities/epidemiology , Eye Diseases/epidemiology , Lymphoma/epidemiology , Melanoma/epidemiology
18.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(1): 42-46, Jan.-Feb. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-983727

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Background: Skin cancer is a highly prevalent condition with a multifactorial etiology resulting from genetic alterations, environmental and lifestyle factors. In Brazil, among all malignant tumors, skin cancers have the highest incidences. Objective: To retrospectively evaluate the incidence, prevalence and profile of basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and cutaneous melanoma in Campos dos Goytacazes and region. Methods: In total, 2,207 histopathological reports of a local reference hospital were analyzed between January 2013 and December 2015, of which 306 corresponded to the neoplasms studied. Results: Of the 306 reports evaluated, 232 basal cell carcinomas (75.9%), 55 squamous cell carcinomas (18%) and 19 cutaneous melanomas (6.5%) were identified. The face was the most involved anatomical site (58.8%) and women (51%) were the most affected gender. The temporal analysis revealed a decrease in the overall incidence of 3.4% from 2013 to 2014 and 5.4% from 2014 to 2015. There was a 10.1% increase in basal cell carcinomas and 38% in melanomas in this period; however, there was a decrease in the number of squamous cell carcinomas of 14.8% during the studied years. Study limitations: Some samples of cutaneous fragments had no identification of the anatomical site of origin. Conclusion: Research that generates statistical data on cutaneous tumors produces epidemiological tools useful in the identification of risk groups and allows the adoption of more targeted and efficient future prevention measures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Skin Neoplasms/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/epidemiology , Melanoma/epidemiology , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Brazil/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Medical Records , Incidence , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Hospitals, University/statistics & numerical data , Melanoma/pathology
19.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 53: 88, jan. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1043327

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To determine the distribution of sociodemographic, reproductive, clinical and lifestyle habits in the cohort of women diagnosed with cervical cancer, assisted at Inca between 2012 and 2014, according to the histological type. METHODS Retrospective observational study of a hospital cohort of 1,004 women diagnosed with cervical cancer. Data were obtained from the Inca hospital cancer registry, physical and electronic records. RESULTS The most frequent histological type was squamous cell carcinoma (83.9%). Approximately 70% of the women aged more than 40 years. The study includes non-white women (67.4%), with less than 8 years of education (51.9%), with onset of sexual activity up to 16 years of age (40.7%), who were pregnant before (95.5%), with more than one pregnancy (82.9%), and more than two children (52.7%); 45.8% of the women were smokers or former smokers. Cervical adenocarcinoma was positively associated with earlier staging (IA-IIA) (OR = 1.79; 95%CI 1.03-3.13), as well as women with ≥ 12 years of education (OR = 6.30; 95%CI 1.97-20,13), who had no children (OR = 3.81; 95%CI 1.20 - 12,08) or who had up to two children (OR = 1.74; 95%CI 1.05 - 2,87). CONCLUSIONS The difference between histological types is highlighted, suggesting that women with cervical adenocarcinoma may represent a distinct clinical entity of cervical neoplasia, which may require different approaches from those used in squamous cell carcinoma.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Determinar a distribuição das características sociodemográficas, reprodutivas, clínicas e de hábitos de vida na coorte de mulheres diagnosticadas com câncer cervical, atendidas no Inca entre 2012 e 2014, segundo o tipo histológico. MÉTODOS Estudo observacional retrospectivo de uma coorte hospitalar de 1.004 mulheres diagnosticadas com câncer cervical. Os dados foram obtidos pelo Registro Hospitalar de Câncer do Inca, prontuários físicos e eletrônicos. RESULTADOS O tipo histológico mais frequente foi o carcinoma de células escamosas (83,9%). Aproximadamente 70% das mulheres foram diagnosticadas com mais de 40 anos de idade. Houve a predominância de mulheres não brancas (67,4%), com menos de 8 anos de escolaridade (51,9%), com início da atividade sexual até 16 anos de idade (40,7%), que já engravidaram alguma vez na vida (95,5%), com mais de uma gestação (82,9%) e mais de dois filhos (52,7%); 45,8% das mulheres eram tabagistas ou ex-tabagistas. O adenocarcinoma cervical esteve positivamente associado ao estadiamento mais precoce (IA-IIA) (OR = 1,79; IC95% 1,03-3,13), assim como a mulheres com ≥ 12 anos de estudo (OR = 6,30; IC95% 1,97-20,13), que não tiveram filhos (OR = 3,81; IC95% 1,20-12,08) ou que tiveram até dois filhos (OR = 1,74; IC95% 1,05-2,87). CONCLUSÕES Destaca-se a diferença entre os tipos histológicos, sugerindo que as mulheres com adenocarcinoma cervical possam representar uma entidade clínica distinta de neoplasia cervical, podendo demandar abordagens diferentes das utilizadas no carcinoma de células escamosas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/epidemiology , Adenocarcinoma/epidemiology , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/epidemiology , Sexual Behavior , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Age Distribution , Life Style , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging
20.
Rev. chil. cir ; 70(4): 315-321, ago. 2018. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-959389

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El cáncer de células escamosas (CCE) es el segundo cáncer de piel más frecuente. Sin embargo, no hay publicaciones en Chile sobre el tema. Objetivo: Investigar características sociodemográficas y clínicas del CCE en la Región de Coquimbo, Chile. Material y Métodos: Serie de casos de pacientes con diagnóstico de CCE de piel tratados en el hospital de Coquimbo, entre enero de 2006 y diciembre de 2015. Criterios de inclusión: diagnóstico histológico definitivo de CCE de piel. Criterio de exclusión: 1.- seguimiento posoperatorio menor de 12 meses; 2.- operado en otro hospital; 3.- sometido a otro tratamiento previo a la cirugía; 4.- metástasis cutáneas de un CCE mucoso; 5.- CCE con metástasis a distancia. Variables independientes: edad, género, localización, tamaño, linfonodos comprometidos, residencia costera-interior. Variables dependientes: recurrencia, factores de recurrencia, letalidad. Análisis estadístico: descriptivo y analítico con el programa SSPS. Resultados: Se registraron 2.202 casos de cáncer de piel, 1.487 basocelular (67,5%), 181 melanomas (8,2%) y 534 CCE (24,2%). 236 pacientes tienen datos completos y constituyen el informe, 153 hombres (64,8%) y 83 mujeres (35,2%). Edad: 75,5 años ± 11,7 (extremos 46-94). La localización es: cabeza 158 casos (66,9%), otras áreas expuestas 47 (20%) y no expuestas 31 (14,1%). En cabeza la localización más frecuente es mejilla 40 casos (25%), frente 29 casos (12,3%). En 119 casos (50,4%) el cáncer se presenta ulcerado y en 117, no ulcerado (49,6%); diámetro del tumor 22 milímetros (rango 3-100 mm). En 10 casos hay linfonodos clínicos (4,2%). En 12 casos (5,9%) se extirpa LNC, 2 positivos. 201 casos presentan bordes histológicos libres (85,2%) y en 35 casos, borde comprometido (14,8%). Tasa de recurrencia local 8,5% (20 casos) y ganglionar 2,1% (5 casos). Recidiva del cáncer se asocia a borde histológico comprometido: P = 0,001, IC 95% 3,12-12,19 y ulceración p = 0,01, OR 4,63; IC 1,59-13,50. Seguimiento de 36 meses (rango 12-228). Letalidad 2,56%. Conclusión: El CCE de piel extirpado precozmente con confirmación histológica de erradicación tiene buen pronóstico.


Introduction: Squamous skin cancer (SSC) is the second most frequent skin cáncer, nevertheless reports about this issue are not published in Chile. Objetive: To investigate social, demographics, and clinic characteristics of SSC in semidesertic Coquimbo Region, Chile. Material and Methods: serie of patients diagnosed and treated in Coquimbo hospital between January 2006 and December 2015. Inclussion criteria: 1.- histopathological confirmation of SSC. Exclusion criteria: 1.- follow up lesser than 12 months; 2.- operated in another hospital; 3.- submitted to another treatment prior to surgery; 4.- skin metastasis of mucous squamous carcinoma; 5.- patients with distant metástasis. Independent variables: age, gender, tumor site, tumor size, clinical lymph nodes, shore or valley residency. Dependent variable: recurrency frecuence, factors of recurrency, letality. Statistical analysis: descriptive and analytical by SSPS program. Results: 2.202 skin cancer cases were registered, 1.487 basal cells carcinoma (67.5%), 181 melanoma (8.2%) and 534 squamous cells carcinoma (24.2%). 236 patients with complete data are included in this report. There were 153 men (64.8%), and 83 women (35.2%). Mean age was 75.5 years old ± 11.7 (range 46-94). Primary site was: head 158 patients (66.9%), other sun exposed areas 47 patients (20%), and non exposed areas 31 patients. Cheek and front were the most frequents head site with 40 cases (25%) and 29 cases (12.3%), respectively. In 119 cases (50.4%) SCC was ulcerated, and 117 cases was not; primary tumor diameter was 22 millimeters (range 3-100). Clinical lymph nodes were primarily positives in 10 patients, (4.2%). In 12 cases with negative lymph nodes, sentinel limph node was resected. 2 were positives. Histological borders were tumor free in 201 patients (85.2%) and, 35 cases (14.8%) had positive histological borders. Local recurrence incidence was 8.5% (20 cases). Limph nodes recurrence was 2.1% (5 cases). Cancer recurrence was associated with histological positive borders P = 0.001, IC 95% 3.12-12.19, and ulcerated tumor p = 0.01, OR 4.63; IC 1.59-13.50. Letality was 2.56%. Mean follow up was 36 months (range 12-228 months). Conclusions: SSC has a good prognosis when primary tumor is resected early, with free histological borders resection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Skin Neoplasms/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/epidemiology , Skin Neoplasms/surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Chile/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Incidence , Risk Assessment , Lymphatic Metastasis , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/epidemiology
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