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1.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 238-242, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928542

ABSTRACT

Cilium, an organelle with a unique proteome and organization, protruding from the cell surface, generally serves as a force generator and signaling compartment. During ciliogenesis, ciliary proteins are synthesized in cytoplasm and transported into cilia by intraflagellar transport (IFT) particles, where the inner counterparts undergo reverse trafficking. The homeostasis of IFT plays a key role in cilial structure assembly and signaling transduction. Much progress has been made on the mechanisms and functions of IFT; however, recent studies have revealed the involvement of IFT particle subunits in organogenesis and spermatogenesis. In this review, we discuss new concepts concerning the molecular functions of IFT protein IFT25 and how its interactions with other IFT particle subunits are involved in mammalian development and fertility.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biological Transport , Carrier Proteins/metabolism , Cilia/metabolism , Flagella/metabolism , Male , Mammals/metabolism , Organogenesis , Proteins/metabolism , Signal Transduction
2.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 301-308, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927606

ABSTRACT

Nogo-B receptor (NgBR) is a specific receptor of Nogo-B, a member of reticulon 4 protein family. It is widely expressed in many tissues and mainly located in cell membrane and endoplasmic reticulum. Previous studies have revealed that NgBR is involved in a variety of physiological and pathophysiological processes, such as dolichol synthesis, lipid metabolism, cholesterol trafficking, insulin resistance, vascular remodeling and angiogenesis, tumorigenesis and nervous system diseases. Further studies on the molecular characteristics and biological function of NgBR might be of great significance to understand its role in diverse diseases and provide possible clinical strategies for the treatment of diseases.


Subject(s)
Carrier Proteins/metabolism , Endoplasmic Reticulum/metabolism , Lipid Metabolism , Nogo Proteins/metabolism , Receptors, Cell Surface/metabolism
3.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 378-388, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939871

ABSTRACT

Macrolide and corticosteroid resistance has been reported in patients with Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) pneumonia (MPP). MP clearance is difficult to achieve through antibiotic treatment in sensitive patients with severe MPP (SMPP). SMPP in children might progress to airway remodeling and even bronchiolitis/bronchitis obliterans. Therefore, identifying serum biomarkers that indicate MPP progression and exploring new targeted drugs for SMPP treatment require urgency. In this study, serum samples were collected from patients with general MPP (GMPP) and SMPP to conduct proteomics profiling. The Fc fragment of the IgG-binding protein (FCGBP) was identified as the most promising indicator of SMPP. Biological enrichment analysis indicated uncontrolled inflammation in SMPP. ELISA results proved that the FCGBP level in patients with SMPP was substantially higher than that in patients with GMPP. Furthermore, the FCGBP levels showed a decreasing trend in patients with GMPP but the opposite trend in patients with SMPP during disease progression. Connectivity map analyses identified 25 possible targeted drugs for SMPP treatment. Among them, a mechanistic target of rapamycin kinase (mTOR) inhibitor, which is a macrolide compound and a cell proliferation inhibitor, was the most promising candidate for targeting SMPP. To our knowledge, this study was the first proteomics-based characterization of patients with SMPP and GMPP.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Carrier Proteins , Child , Humans , Immunoglobulin Fc Fragments , Immunoglobulin G , Macrolides , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma/drug therapy , Proteomics
4.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 38-44, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935906

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of adenovirus-mediated shRNA down-regulating phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) expression on vinculin, filamin A, and cortactin in activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). Methods: Activated rats hepatic stellate cell line (HSC-T6) was cultured in vitro. Recombinant adenovirus Ad-shRNA/PTEN carrying PTEN targeted RNA interference sequence [short hairpin RNA (shRNA)] and empty control virus Ad-GFP were transfected into HSCs. The PTEN mRNA and protein expression of HSCs in each group were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR and Western blot. The expressional change of vinculin, filamin A and cortactin in HSCs of each group were detected by confocal laser scanning immunofluorescence microscope. Image-pro plus 6.0 software was used for image analysis and processing. The integrated optical density (IOD) of the fluorescence protein expression was measured. The experiment was divided into three groups: control group (DMEM instead of adenovirus solution in the adenovirus transfection step), Ad-GFP group (transfected with empty virus Ad-GFP only expressing green fluorescent protein), and Ad-shRNA/PTEN group (recombinant adenovirus Ad-shRNA/PTEN carrying shRNA targeting PTEN and expressing green fluorescent protein). One-way analysis of variance was used for comparison of mean value among the three groups, and LSD-test was used for comparison between the groups. Results: shRNA targeted PTEN was successfully transfected and the expression of PTEN mRNA and protein in HSC (P < 0.05) was significantly down-regulated. HSCs vinculin was mainly expressed in the cytoplasm. HSCs vinculin fluorescence IOD in the Ad-shRNA/PTEN group (19 758.83 ± 1 520.60) was higher than control (7 737.16 ± 279.93) and Ad-GFP group (7 725.50 ± 373.03) (P < 0.05), but there was no statistically significant difference between control group and Ad-GFP group (P > 0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the fluorescence IOD of Filamin A among the three groups (P > 0.05), but the subcellular distribution of Filamin A among the three groups were changed. Filamin A in the Ad-shrNA /PTEN HSC group was mainly distributed in the cytoplasm. Filamin A HSC was mainly located in the nucleus.The filamin A HSC in the control group and Ad-GFP group was mainly located in the nucleus. The nucleocytoplasmic ratio of Filamin A in the AD-shrNA /PTEN group (0.60 ± 0.15) was significantly lower than control group (1.20 ± 0.15) and Ad-GFP group (1.08 ± 0.23), P < 0.05. but there was no statistically significant difference in filamin A nucleocytoplasmic ratio of HSC between the control group and the Ad-GFP group (P > 0.05). Cortactin HSCs in the three groups was mainly distributed in the cytoplasm. The cortactin fluorescence IOD of HSCs in the Ad-shRNA/PTEN group was significantly higher than control group (22 959.94 ± 1 710.42) and the Ad-GFP group (22 547.11 ± 1 588.72 ) (P < 0.05), while there was no statistically significant difference in the IOD of cortactin fluorescence in HSCs between the control group and the Ad-GFP group (P > 0.05). Conclusion: The down-regulation of PTEN expression raises the expression of microfilament-binding protein vinculin and cortactin, and changes the subcellular distribution of another microfilament binding protein filamin A, that is, translocation from nucleus to the cytoplasm in activated HSC in vitro.


Subject(s)
Adenoviridae/metabolism , Animals , Carrier Proteins , Cell Proliferation , Cortactin , Filamins/genetics , Hepatic Stellate Cells/metabolism , PTEN Phosphohydrolase/metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering/genetics , Rats , Vinculin/genetics
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935785

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the mechanism of reactive oxygen species/thioredoxin-interacting protein/nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor 3 (ROS/TXNIP/NLRP3) pathway in the skin injury of trichloroethylene (TCE) sensitized mice. Methods: In August 2020, 40 female BALB/c mice were randomly divided into control group (n=5) , solvent control group (n=5) , TCE treatment group (n=15) and TCE+(2-(2, 2, 6, 6-Tetrameyhylpiperidin-1-oxyl-4-ylamino)-2-oxoethyl) triphenylphosphonium chloride (Mito TEMPO) treatment group (n=15) . The TCE sensitization model was established. Mice in the TCE treatment group and TCE+Mito TEMPO treatment group were divided into the sensitized positive group and the sensitized negative group according to the skin erythema and edema reactions on the back of the mice 24 h after the last stimulation. The mice were sacrificed 72 h after the last stimulation, the back skin of the mice was taken, and the skin lesions were observed. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was used to detect the expression level of NLRP3, and the Western Blot was performed to detect the expression levels of NLRP3, apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a CARD (ASC) , cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase 1 (Caspase 1) , Interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and TXNIP proteins in the skin of the mice, the reactive oxygen species (ROS) kit was used to detect the level of intracellular ROS in the back skin tissue. Results: The sensitization rates of TCE treatment group and TCE+Mito TEMPO treatment group were 40.0% (6/15) and 33.3% (5/15) , respectively, and there was no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05) . The back skin of the mice in the TCE sensitized positive group was thickened and infiltrated by a large number of inflammatory cells. The number of mitochondria in the epidermis cells was significantly reduced, the mitochondrial crest disappeared and vacuolar degeneration occurred. TCE+Mito TEMPO sensitized positive group had less damage, more mitochondria and relatively normal cell structure. Compared with the solvent control group and corresponding sensitized negative groups, the expression levels of NLRP3, ASC, Caspase 1, IL-1β, TXNIP proteins and the content of ROS in the TCE sensitized positive group and TCE+Mito TEMPO sensitized positive group were significantly increased (P<0.05) . Compared with TCE sensitized positive group, the expression levels of NLRP3, ASC, Caspase 1, IL-1β, TXNIP proteins and the content of ROS in the TCE+Mito TEMPO sensitized positive group were significantly decreased (P<0.05) . Conclusion: ROS/TXNIP/NLRP3 pathway was activated and then encouraged the release of IL-1β, finally aggravated the TCE-induced skin injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Carrier Proteins , Caspase 1/metabolism , Female , Inflammasomes/metabolism , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/metabolism , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Solvents , Thioredoxins/metabolism , Trichloroethylene/toxicity
6.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(4): 574-580, ago. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346509

ABSTRACT

Abstract The growth hormone receptor (GHR) mediates the effect of growth hormone (GH) on linear growth and metabolism. In humans, it exists as two isoforms differing by the retention or exclusion of exon 3; a full-length GHR isoform (GHRfl) and the exon 3-deleted isoform (GHRd3). The genotypic frequency of this polymorphism was analyzed in several studies and in different human populations. However scarce information in Argentinean population is available. Associations between GHRd3 and growth have been reported previously. Some studies have shown that the presence of GHRd3 polymorphism might be a potential variant that improves growth response to recombinant human GH (rhGH) therapy in patients born small for gestational age (SGA), among others. However, over the years the results have been controversial and inconclusive. Based on this, it would be proposed that variants at the genomic level are not completely reflected at the mRNA level. Our aim was to evaluate the genotypic frequencies (%) of the GHR gene polymorphism (GHRfl/GHRfl; GHRfl/GHRd3; GHRd3/GHRd3) in normal Argentinean population (n = 94) and SGA patients (n = 65), and the expression of these polymorphisms at mRNA level in the fetal side of placenta tissues was analyzed. In addition, their asso ciation with spontaneous postnatal catch-up growth in SGA patients was also evaluated. In this study, we show a significant increment of compensatory growth in small for gestational age children (SGA) associated to the presence of the GHRd3 allele polymorphism. In addition, the expression of GHR in healthy placentas revealed that no alternative splicing mechanism occurs.


Resumen El receptor de la hormona de creci miento (GHR) media la acción de la hormona de crecimiento (GH) en el crecimiento lineal y el metabolismo. En los seres humanos, existen dos isoformas que difieren en la retención (GHRfl) o exclusión del exón 3 (GHRd3). La frecuencia genotípica de este polimorfismo fue analizada en varios estudios y en diferentes poblaciones. Sin embargo, la información disponible en la población argentina es escasa. Se ha reportado anteriormente asociación entre el polimorfismo GHRd3 y el crecimiento. Varios estudios ha n demostrado que la presencia del polimorfismo GHRd3 podría mejorar, en pacientes nacidos pequeños para la edad gestacional, entre otros, la respuesta a la terapia con GH humana recombinante (rhGH). Sin embargo, a lo largo de los años los resultados han sido con trovertidos y no concluyentes. En base a esto, se propondría que las variantes a nivel genómico no se reflejan completamente a nivel del ARNm. Nuestro objetivo fue evaluar la frecuencia genotípica de los polimorfismos del gen del GHR (GHRfl/GHRfl; GHRfl/GHRd3; GHRd3/GHRd3) en la población argentina normal (n = 94) y en niños pequeños para la edad gestacional (n = 65), y se analizó la expresión de estos polimorfismos a nivel de ARNm en la porción fetal de placentas sanas. Además, se evaluó la asociación de este polimorfismo con el cre cimiento postnatal espontáneo en pacientes pequeños para la edad gestacional. En este estudio, mostramos un incremento significativo del crecimiento compensatorio en niños pequeños para la edad gestacional asociado a la presencia del polimorfismo del alelo GHRd3. Además, los ensayos de expresión de GHR en placentas sanas revelaron que no se produciría ningún mecanismo de splicing alternativo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Child , Receptors, Somatotropin/genetics , Human Growth Hormone , Polymorphism, Genetic , Carrier Proteins , Exons , Gestational Age
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879538

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a patient with intellectual disability.@*METHODS@#Whole exome sequencing and Sanger sequencing were carried out for the patient. The result was verified in her family.@*RESULTS@#DNA sequencing revealed that the patient has carried a heterozygous nonsense c.40C>T (p.Arg14X) variant of the TRIP12 gene, which was de novo in origin. The variant was unrecorded in the Human Gene Mutation Database. Based on the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics standards and guidelines, the variant was predicted to be pathogenic (PVS1+ PS2+ PP3).@*CONCLUSION@#The patient was diagnosed with autosomal dominant intellectual disability due to heterozygous c.40C>T variant of the TRIP12 gene.


Subject(s)
Carrier Proteins/genetics , Codon, Nonsense , Female , Heterozygote , Humans , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/genetics , Whole Exome Sequencing
8.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(9): e10931, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249340

ABSTRACT

Tobacco can induce reactive oxygen species (ROS) production extensively in cells, which is a major risk factor for oral leukoplakia (OLK) development. Peroxiredoxin 1 (Prx1) is a key antioxidant protein, upregulated in a variety of malignant tumors. We previously found that nicotine, the main ingredient of tobacco, promotes oral carcinogenesis via regulating Prx1. The aim of the present study was to screen and identify the Prx1 interacting proteins and investigate the mechanisms of nicotine on the development of OLK. Through liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry combined with bioinformatics analysis, the candidate Prx1 interacting proteins of cofilin-1 (CFL1), tropomyosin alpha-3 chain (TPM3), and serine/threonine-protein phosphatase 2A 65 kDa regulatory subunit A alpha isoform (PPP2R1A) were screened in human dysplastic oral keratinocyte cells treated with nicotine. CFL1, TPM3, and PPP2R1A were highly expressed in human OLK tissues. The expression of CFL1 increased and the expression of PPP2R1A decreased in OLK of smokers compared to that in OLK of non-smokers. Nicotine upregulated CFL1 and downregulated PPP2R1A in 4-nitro-quinoline-1-oxide (4NQO)-induced OLK tissues in mice in part dependent on Prx1. Furthermore, the in-situ interaction of CFL1, TPM3, and PPP2R1A with Prx1 were validated in human OLK tissues. Our results suggested that tobacco might promote the development of OLK via regulating Prx1 and its interacting proteins CFL1 and PPP2R1A.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Leukoplakia, Oral/chemically induced , Peroxiredoxins/metabolism , Nicotine , Carrier Proteins , Homeodomain Proteins , Carcinogenesis
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887869

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the function and mechanism of related genes in the occurrence and development of liver cancer, and the possibility of key genes as potential biomarkers and prognostic indicators for the treatment of liver cancer.Methods We selected 4 datasets(GSE57957, GSE121248, GSE36376 and GSE14520)from the GEO database.With


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Carrier Proteins , Computational Biology , Cytochrome P-450 CYP2E1 , Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Gene Regulatory Networks , Glycoproteins , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Prognosis , Protein Interaction Maps
10.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2614-2622, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887827

ABSTRACT

Bacteriophages bind to the bacteria receptor through the receptor binding proteins (RBPs), a process that requires the involvement of complex atomic structures and conformational changes. In response to bacteriophage infection, bacteria have developed a variety of resistance mechanisms, while bacteriophages have also evolved multiple antagonistic mechanisms to escape host resistance. The exploration of the "adsorption-anti adsorption-escape process" between bacteriophages and bacteria helps us better understand the co-evolution process of bacteriophages and bacteria, which is important for the development of phage therapeutic technologies and phage-based biotechnologies. This review summarizes the bacteriophage adsorption related proteins, how bacteriophages escape host resistance based on the RBP alternations, and the recent progress of RBP-related biotechnologies.


Subject(s)
Bacteria , Bacteriophage Receptors , Bacteriophages/genetics , Carrier Proteins , Protein Binding
11.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3300-3309, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921426

ABSTRACT

In Gram-negative bacteria, lipopolysaccharide transport (Lpt) protein LptA and LptC form a complex to transport LPS from the inner membrane (IM) to the outer membrane (OM). Blocking the interaction between LptA and LptC will lead to the defect of OM and cell death. Therefore, Lpt protein interaction could be used as a target to screen new drugs for killing Gram-negative bacteria. Here we used biolayer interferometry (BLI) assay to detect the interaction between LptA and LptC, with the aim to develop a method for screening the LptA/LptC interaction blockers in vitro. Firstly, LptC and LptA with or without signal peptide (LptAfull or LptAno signal) were expressed in E. coli BL21(DE3). The purified proteins were then labeled with biotin and the super streptavidin (SSA) biosensor was blocked with diluent. The biotin labeled protein sample was mixed with the sensor, and then the binding of the protein with a series of diluted non biotinylated protein was detected. At the same time, non-biotinylated protein was used as a control. The binding of biotinylated protein to a small molecule IMB-881 and the blocking of interaction were also detected by the same method. In the blank control, the biosensor without biotinylated protein was used to detect the serially diluted samples. The signal response constant was calculated by using steady analysis. The results showed that biotinylated LptC had a good binding activity with LptAfull and LptAno signal with KD value 2.9e⁻⁷±7.9e⁻⁸ and 6.0e⁻⁷±2.8e⁻⁸, respectively; biotinylated LptAno signal had a good binding activity with LptC, with a KD value of 9.6e⁻⁷±7.2e⁻⁸. All binding curves showed obvious fast binding and fast dissociation morphology. The small molecule compound IMB-881 can bind to LptA to block the interaction between LptA and LptC, but has no binding activity with LptC. In summary, we developed a method for detecting the LptA/LptC interaction based on the BLI technology, and confirmed that this method can be used to evaluate the blocking activity of small molecule blockers, providing a new approach for the screening of LptA/LptC interaction blockers.


Subject(s)
Carrier Proteins , Escherichia coli/metabolism , Escherichia coli Proteins/metabolism , Interferometry , Membrane Proteins/metabolism
12.
Clin. biomed. res ; 41(1): 91-93, 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254916

ABSTRACT

Neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA) is a complex group of hereditary progressive neurodegenerative diseases characterized by deposition of iron in the basal ganglia. Twelve genetic forms of this disorder have been identified in previous studies. Though they have different inheritance mechanisms all are usually associated with abnormal brain MRI findings. One of NBIA types is an X-linked disorder known as Beta-propeller Protein Associated Neurodegeneration (BPAN). Herein we describe the case of a 4-year-old girl with 2 episodes of febrile seizures, a brain MRI showing nonspecific hyperintense signal in the dentate nucleus area, and delays in language and communication development. Her diagnosis was made based on a genetic evaluation where exome sequencing revealed a mutation in the position chrX:48.933.022 region of the WDR45 gene. The literature describes different clinical presentations for BPAN, each with a different prognosis, suggesting a wide range of possible symptoms of BPAN, including mild cognitive delay and even epileptic encephalopathy (EE). (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Neuroaxonal Dystrophies/diagnosis , Iron Metabolism Disorders/diagnosis , Seizures, Febrile , Language Development Disorders , Carrier Proteins/genetics , Neuroaxonal Dystrophies/genetics , Iron Metabolism Disorders/genetics
13.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 90(1): 59-68, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131007

ABSTRACT

Abstract Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is characterized by left ventricular hypertrophy without apparent cardiac justification. Sudden cardiac death may be the first manifestation of the disease. It occurs mainly in adulthood and can be seen in childhood and adolescence where genetic origin predominates. Primary HCM (“familial”) is inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern in the 25 subtypes informed in Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man. The proteins encoded by the mutated genes are part of the sarcomere in the cardiac cells, being the thick filament the most frequently affected, with the worst prognosis. In the present article, we describe the Mendelian inheritance of the disease and the two most associated genes with sudden death: MYBPC3 and MYH7.


Resumen La miocardiopatía hipertrófica (MCH) es el aumento de grosor de la pared ventricular izquierda no relacionada con otras alteraciones cardíacas. Es una enfermedad que puede presentar como primera manifestación clínica la muerte súbita y de ahí su relevancia clínica. Aunque se presenta sobre todo en la edad adulta, puede aparecer durante la infancia y adolescencia, en las que predominan los casos de origen hereditario. La MCH primaria, de causa genética, muestra en particular un patrón de herencia autosómico dominante en los 25 subtipos reconocidos en OMIM (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man). Las proteínas codificadas por los genes mutantes forman parte del sarcómero en células musculares cardíacas, y las variantes patogénicas de filamentos gruesos son las de mayor frecuencia y peor pronóstico. En este artículo se describen la herencia mendeliana de la enfermedad y la relación con muerte súbita de los genes más frecuentemente encontrados en ella: MYBPC3 y MYH7.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Adolescent , Adult , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/genetics , Carrier Proteins/genetics , Myosin Heavy Chains/genetics , Cardiac Myosins/genetics , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/physiopathology
14.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 433-440, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827044

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of zinc transporter Zip2 (SLC39A2) on mitochondrial respiration during myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) and the underlying mechanisms. An in vivo myocardial I/R model was established in mice by ligation of left anterior descending coronary artery. Cardiac zinc concentration was measured by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometer (ICP-OES), and the mitochondrial respiratory function and oxidative phosphorylation were determined by high-resolution respirometry (Oxygraph-2K). The phosphorylation levels of STAT3 and ERK in myocardial tissue were detected by Western blot. The results showed that, compared with the sham group, cardiac zinc concentration in myocardium was decreased in wild-type mice and further reduced in Zip2 knockout mice after I/R. Mitochondrial respiratory control rate (RCR) and oxidative phosphorylation were decreased in Zip2 knockout mice and worsened by I/R. Phosphorylation levels of STAT3 (Ser) and ERK were significantly decreased in Zip2 knockout mice after I/R. In I/R myocardial tissue, STAT3 overexpression significantly improved the mitochondrial respiratory function, while STAT3 dominant negative mutant (STAT3 S727A) inhibited mitochondrial respiratory function. Moreover, the impairment of mitochondrial function by Zip2 knockout was reversed by STAT3 overexpression. These results suggest that Zip2 regulates mitochondrial respiration via phosphorylation of STAT3 during myocardial I/R, which may represent the underlying mechanism of Zip2 cardioprotection against I/R injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Carrier Proteins , Mice , Mice, Knockout , Mitochondria , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Myocardium , Myocytes, Cardiac
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811199

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: C-terminal binding protein 1 (CtBP1) is a transcriptional co-repressor that is overexpressed in many cancers. CtBP1 transcriptionally represses a broad array of tumor suppressors, which promotes cancer cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and resistance to apoptosis. Recent studies have demonstrated that CtBP1 is a potential target for cancer therapy. This study was designed to screen for compounds that potentially target CtBP1.METHODS: Using a structure-based virtual screening for CtBP1 inhibitors, we found protocatechuic aldehyde (PA), a natural compound found in the root of a traditional Chinese herb, Salvia miltiorrhiza, that directly binds to CtBP1. Microscale thermophoresis assay was performed to determine whether PA and CtBP1 directly bind to each other. Further, clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats associated Cas9 nuclease-mediated CtBP1 knockout in breast cancer cells was used to validate the CtBP1 targeting specificity of PA.RESULTS: Functional studies showed that PA repressed the proliferation and migration of breast cancer cells. Furthermore, PA elevated the expression of the downstream targets of CtBP1, p21 and E-cadherin, and decreased CtBP1 binding affinity for the promoter regions of p21 and E-cadherin in breast cancer cells. However, PA did not affect the expression of p21 and E-cadherin in the CtBP1 knockout breast cancer cells. In addition, the CtBP1 knockout breast cancer cells showed resistance to PA-induced repression of proliferation and migration.CONCLUSION: Our findings demonstrated that PA directly bound to CtBP1 and inhibited the growth and migration of breast cancer cells through CtBP1 inhibition. Structural modifications of PA are further required to enhance its binding affinity and selectivity for CtBP1.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Asians , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Cadherins , Carrier Proteins , Cell Proliferation , Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats , Humans , Mass Screening , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Repression, Psychology , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Sensitivity and Specificity
16.
Rev. argent. microbiol ; 51(3): 268-277, set. 2019. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041836

ABSTRACT

Phytophthora parasitica is an important oomycete that causes disease in a variety of plants, dimethomorph fungicides being specific for oomycetes. The aim of this study was to use RNA-seq to rapidly discover the mechanism by which dimethomorph acts in the treatment of P. parasitica. We found that the expression of 832 genes changed significantly after the dimethomorph treatment, including 365 up-regulated genes and 467 down-regulated genes. According to the Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment analysis, pathway enrichment and verification test results, the following conclusions are obtained: (i) the treatment of P. parasitica with dimethomorph causes changes in the expression levels of genes associated with the cell wall and cell wall synthesis; (ii) dimethomorph treatment results in reduced permeability of the cell membrane and changes in the expression of certain transport-related proteins; (iii) dimethomorph treatment increased reactive oxygen species and reduced the expression of genes related to the control of oxidative stress.


Phytophthora parasitica es un importante oomiceto que origina enfermedades en una variedad de plantas; el fungicida dimetomorf es específico contra oomicetos. El objetivo de este estudio fue utilizar la tecnología de RNA-seq para descubrir rápidamente el mecanismo por el que el dimetomorf actúa en el tratamiento de P. parasitica. Descubrimos que la expresión de 832 genes se modificaba significativamente tras el tratamiento con dimetomorf, incluyendo 365 genes que son sobrerregulados y 467 genes que son subrregulados. El análisis de enriquecimiento de ontología de genes (GO), análisis de enriquecimiento de las vías y pruebas de verificación permitieron extraer las conclusiones siguientes: 1) el tratamiento de P. parasitica con dimetomorf origina cambios en los niveles de expresión de los genes relacionados con la pared celular y su síntesis; 2) el tratamiento con dimetomorf origina una reducción de la permeabilidad de la membrana celular, así como cambios en la expresión de ciertas proteínas relacionadas con el transporte, y 3) el tratamiento con dimetomorf incrementó las especies reactivas del oxígeno y redujo la expresión de los genes relacionados con el control del estrés oxidativo.


Subject(s)
Phytophthora/drug effects , RNA, Messenger/biosynthesis , Morpholines/pharmacology , Fungicides, Industrial/pharmacology , RNA-Seq , Phytophthora/genetics , Plant Diseases/parasitology , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Carrier Proteins/biosynthesis , Carrier Proteins/genetics , Cell Membrane Permeability/drug effects , Cell Membrane Permeability/genetics , Cell Wall/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects , Sequence Alignment , Reactive Oxygen Species , Oxidative Stress/genetics , beta-Glucans/analysis , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Gene Ontology
17.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 40: 65-70, July. 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1053486

ABSTRACT

Background: In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Msn2, which acts as a key transcription factor downstream the MAPKHOG cascade pathway, also regulates the expression of genes related to stress responses. However, little is known about the regulation mechanisms of the transcription factor in Setosphaeria turcica. Results: In this study, a zinc finger DNA-binding protein, designated as StMSN2, was cloned from S. turcica. Sequencing results showed that StMSN2 had a 1752 bp open reading frame (ORF), which was interrupted by an intron (135 bp) and encoded a putative 538-amino acid protein. Phylogenetic analysis further revealed that StMsn2 was more closely related to Msn2 of Aspergillus parasiticus. StMSN2 was cloned into the pET-28a vector with His (Histidine) tags and induced with 1 mM IPTG (isopropyl-ß-D-thiogalactoside) at 37°C. The recombinant His-tagged StMsn2 was purified, and a band of size approximately 58.8 kDa was obtained. The high specificity of the polyclonal antibody Msn2-2 was detected with the StMsn2 protein from S. turcica and prokaryotic expression system, respectively. Conclusions: A new gene, named StMSN2, with 1617 bp ORF was cloned from S. turcica and characterized using bioinformatics methods. StMsn2 was expressed and purified in a prokaryotic system. A polyclonal antibody, named Msn2-2, against StMsn2 with high specificity was identified.


Subject(s)
Plant Diseases , Ascomycota/genetics , Ascomycota/pathogenicity , Transcription Factors/isolation & purification , Ascomycota/metabolism , Stress, Physiological , Transcription Factors/genetics , Transcription Factors/metabolism , Carrier Proteins , Gene Expression , Blotting, Western , Open Reading Frames , Zinc Fingers , Cloning, Molecular , Zea mays , Escherichia coli , Helminthosporium , Epitopes
18.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1187-1194, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762065

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Adipogenic differentiation of adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AMSCs) is critical to many disease-related disorders, such as obesity and diabetes. Studies have demonstrated that miRNA-138 (miR-138) is closely involved in adipogenesis. However, the mechanisms affected by miR-138 remain unclear. This work aimed to investigate interactions between miR-138 and lipoprotein lipase (LPL), a key lipogenic enzyme, in AMSCs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human AMSCs (hAMSCs) isolated from human abdomen tissue were subjected to adipogenic differentiation medium. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot assay were applied to measure the expressions of miR-138, LPL, and the two adipogenic transcription factors cytidine-cytidine-adenosine-adenosine-thymidine enhancer binding protein alpha (C/EBPα) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ). The relationship between miR-138 and LPL was predicted utilizing the miRTarBase database and validated by dual luciferase reporter assay. RESULTS: Showing increases in C/EBPα and PPARγ expression levels, hAMSCs were induced into adipogenic differentiation. During adipogenesis of hAMSCs, miR-138 expression was significantly downregulated. Overexpression of miR-138 by transfection inhibited hAMSCs adipogenic differentiation in vitro. Mechanically, LPL was a target of miR-138. LPL expression was upregulated during adipogenesis of hAMSCs, and this upregulation was reversed by miR-138 overexpression. Functionally, silencing of LPL by transfection exerted similar inhibition of the expressions of C/EBPα and PPARγ. Meanwhile, LPL ectopic expression was able to partly abolish the suppressive effect of miR-138 overexpression on adipogenic differentiation of hAMSCs. CONCLUSION: Upregulation of miR-138 inhibits adipogenic differentiation of hAMSCs by directly downregulating LPL.


Subject(s)
Abdomen , Adipogenesis , Blotting, Western , Carrier Proteins , Ectopic Gene Expression , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Lipoprotein Lipase , Lipoproteins , Luciferases , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Obesity , PPAR gamma , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Transcription Factors , Transfection , Up-Regulation
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741710

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) has rapidly escalated in Asia (including Korea) due to increasing westernized diet patterns subsequent to industrialization. Factors associated with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress are demonstrated to be one of the major causes of IBD. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of Lycium barbarum (L. barbarum) on ER stress. MATERIALS/METHODS: Mouse embryonic fibroblast (MEF) cell line and polarized Caco-2 human intestinal epithelial cells were treated with crude extract of the L. chinense fruit (LF). Paracellular permeability was measured to examine the effect of tight junction (TJ) integrity. The regulatory pathways of ER stress were evaluated in MEF knockout (KO) cell lines by qPCR for interleukin (IL) 6, IL8 and XBP1 spliced form (XBP1s). Immunoglobulin binding protein (BiP), XBP1s and CCAAT/enhancer-binding homologous protein (CHOP) expressions were measured by RT-PCR. Scanning Ion Conductance Microscopy (SICM) at high resolution was applied to observe morphological changes after treatments. RESULTS: Exposure to LF extract strengthened the TJ, both in the presence and absence of inflammation. In polarized Caco-2 pretreated with LF, induction in the expression of proinflammatory marker IL8 was not significant, whereas ER stress marker XBP1s expression was significantly increased. In wild type (wt) MEF cells, IL6, CHOP and XBP1 spliced form were dose-dependently induced when exposed to 12.5–50 µg/mL extract. However, absence of XBP1 or IRE1α in MEF cells abolished this effect. CONCLUSION: Results of this study show that LF treatment enhances the barrier function and reduces inflammation and ER stress in an IRE1α-XBP1-dependent manner. These results suggest the preventive effect of LF on healthy intestine, and the possibility of reducing the degree of inflammatory symptoms in IBD patients.


Subject(s)
Animals , Asia , Carrier Proteins , Cell Line , Diet , Endoplasmic Reticulum , Epithelial Cells , Fibroblasts , Fruit , Humans , Immunoglobulins , Inflammation , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Interleukin-6 , Interleukin-8 , Interleukins , Intestines , Lycium , Mice , Microscopy , Permeability , Tight Junctions
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765174

ABSTRACT

Spinal muscular atrophy with respiratory distress type 1 (SMARD1) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder caused by a defect in the immunoglobulin mu binding protein 2 (IGHMBP2) gene, leading to motor neuron degeneration. We identified an infant with SMARD1 by targeted exome sequencing from a consanguineous Syrian family having a history of recurrent infant deaths. The patient initially presented intrauterine growth retardation, poor sucking, failure to thrive, and respiratory failure at the age of two months, and an inborn error of metabolism was suspected at first. Over a period of one month, the infant showed rapid progression of distal muscular weakness with hand and foot contractures, which were suggestive of neuromuscular disease. Using targeted exome sequencing, the mutation in IGHMBP2 was confirmed, although the first report was normal. Targeted exome sequencing enabled identification of the genetic cause of recurrent mysterious deaths in the consanguineous family. Additionally, it is suggested that a detailed phenotypic description and communication between bioinformaticians and clinicians is important to reduce false negative results in exome sequencing.


Subject(s)
Carrier Proteins , Contracture , Exome , Failure to Thrive , Fetal Growth Retardation , Foot , Hand , Humans , Immunoglobulins , Infant Death , Infant , Metabolism , Motor Neurons , Muscle Weakness , Muscular Atrophy, Spinal , Neuromuscular Diseases , Respiratory Insufficiency
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