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1.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 345-350, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985874

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical and genetic characteristics of pediatric patients with dual genetic diagnoses (DGD). Methods: Clinical and genetic data of pediatric patients with DGD from January 2021 to February 2022 in Peking University First Hospital were collected and analyzed retrospectively. Results: Among the 9 children, 6 were boys and 3 were girls. The age of last visit or follow-up was 5.0 (2.7,6.8) years. The main clinical manifestations included motor retardation, mental retardation, multiple malformations, and skeletal deformity. Cases 1-4 were all all boys, showed myopathic gait, poor running and jumping, and significantly increased level of serum creatine kinase. Disease-causing variations in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) gene were confirmed by genetic testing. The 4 children were diagnosed with DMD or Becker muscular dystrophy combined with a second genetic disease, including hypertrophic osteoarthropathy, spinal muscular atrophy, fragile X syndrome, and cerebral cavernous malformations type 3, respectively. Cases 5-9 were clinically and genetically diagnosed as COL9A1 gene-related multiple epiphyseal dysplasia type 6 combined with NF1 gene-related neurofibromatosis type 1, COL6A3 gene-related Bethlem myopathy with WNT1 gene-related osteogenesis imperfecta type XV, Turner syndrome (45, X0/46, XX chimera) with TH gene-related Segawa syndrome, Chromosome 22q11.2 microduplication syndrome with DYNC1H1 gene-related autosomal dominant lower extremity-predominant spinal muscular atrophy-1, and ANKRD11 gene-related KBG syndrome combined with IRF2BPL gene-related neurodevelopmental disorder with regression, abnormal movement, language loss and epilepsy. DMD was the most common, and there were 6 autosomal dominant diseases caused by de novo heterozygous pathogenic variations. Conclusions: Pediatric patients with coexistence of double genetic diagnoses show complex phenotypes. When the clinical manifestations and progression are not fully consistent with the diagnosed rare genetic disease, a second rare genetic disease should be considered, and autosomal dominant diseases caused by de novo heterozygous pathogenic variation should be paid attention to. Trio-based whole-exome sequencing combining a variety of molecular genetic tests would be helpful for precise diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Abnormalities, Multiple , Retrospective Studies , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Bone Diseases, Developmental/complications , Tooth Abnormalities/complications , Facies , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne/complications , Muscular Atrophy, Spinal/complications , Carrier Proteins , Nuclear Proteins
2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1747-1758, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981167

ABSTRACT

The gastrointestinal tract is the largest digestive organ and the largest immune organ and detoxification organ, which is vital to the health of the body. Drosophila is a classic model organism, and its gut is highly similar to mammalian gut in terms of cell composition and genetic regulation, therefore can be used as a good model for studying gut development. target of rapmaycin complex 1 (TORC1) is a key factor regulating cellular metabolism. Nprl2 inhibits TORC1 activity by reducing Rag GTPase activity. Previous studies have found that nprl2 mutated Drosophila showed aging-related phenotypes such as enlarged foregastric and reduced lifespan, which were caused by over-activation of TORC1. In order to explore the role of Rag GTPase in the developmental defects of the gut of nprl2 mutated Drosophila, we used genetic hybridization combined with immunofluorescence to study the intestinal morphology and intestinal cell composition of RagA knockdown and nprl2 mutated Drosophila. The results showed that RagA knockdown alone could induce intestinal thickening and forestomach enlargement, suggesting that RagA also plays an important role in intestinal development. Knockdown of RagA rescued the phenotype of intestinal thinning and decreased secretory cells in nprl2 mutants, suggesting that Nprl2 may regulate the differentiation and morphology of intestinal cells by acting on RagA. Knockdown of RagA did not rescue the enlarged forestomach phenotype in nprl2 mutants, suggesting that Nprl2 may regulate forestomach development and intestinal digestive function through a mechanism independent of Rag GTPase.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drosophila/genetics , Mechanistic Target of Rapamycin Complex 1/metabolism , Mammals/metabolism , Carrier Proteins , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/metabolism , Drosophila Proteins/genetics
3.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 123-136, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971616

ABSTRACT

NDFIP1 has been previously reported as a tumor suppressor in multiple solid tumors, but the function of NDFIP1 in NSCLC and the underlying mechanism are still unknown. Besides, the WW domain containing proteins can be recognized by NDFIP1, resulted in the loading of the target proteins into exosomes. However, whether WW domain-containing transcription regulator 1 (WWTR1, also known as TAZ) can be packaged into exosomes by NDFIP1 and if so, whether the release of this oncogenic protein via exosomes has an effect on tumor development has not been investigated to any extent. Here, we first found that NDFIP1 was low expressed in NSCLC samples and cell lines, which is associated with shorter OS. Then, we confirmed the interaction between TAZ and NDFIP1, and the existence of TAZ in exosomes, which requires NDFIP1. Critically, knockout of NDFIP1 led to TAZ accumulation with no change in its mRNA level and degradation rate. And the cellular TAZ level could be altered by exosome secretion. Furthermore, NDFIP1 inhibited proliferation in vitro and in vivo, and silencing TAZ eliminated the increase of proliferation caused by NDFIP1 knockout. Moreover, TAZ was negatively correlated with NDFIP1 in subcutaneous xenograft model and clinical samples, and the serum exosomal TAZ level was lower in NSCLC patients. In summary, our data uncover a new tumor suppressor, NDFIP1 in NSCLC, and a new exosome-related regulatory mechanism of TAZ.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/metabolism , Carrier Proteins/metabolism , Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Exosomes/metabolism , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Transcriptional Coactivator with PDZ-Binding Motif Proteins/metabolism
4.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 20-31, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970940

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the potential function and related mechanism of microRNA-223 (miRNA-223) in the podocyte pyroptosis of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-associated glomerulonephritis induced by HBV X protein (HBx). Methods: HBx-overexpressing lentivirus was transfected into human renal podocytes to mimic the pathogenesis of HBV-GN. Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR and Western blotting experiments were used to detect the mRNA and protein expression of pyroptosis-related proteins [nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3), apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a CARD (ASC) and caspase-1], and inflammatory factors (interleukin-1β and interleukin-18), respectively.TUNEL staining and flow cytometry were used to detect the number of pyroptosis cells. Immunofluorescence staining was used to detect the expression of podocytes biomarkers desmin and nephrin; Hoechst 33342 staining was used to observe the morphological and quantitative changes of podocyte nuclei. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to measure caspase-1 activity. The dual luciferase reporter gene assay was used to verify the downstream target of miRNA-223. Podocytes were divided into the following nine groups: control group (no special treatment), empty plasmid group (transfected with empty plasmid), HBx overexpression group (transfected with HBx overexpression lentivirus), HBx overexpression+miRNA-223 mimic group (transfected with HBx overexpression lentivirus and miRNA-223 mimic), HBx overexpression+miRNA-223 inhibitor group (transfected with HBx overexpression lentivirus and miRNA-223 inhibitor), HBx overexpression+miRNA-223 mimic+NLRP3 group (transfected with HBx overexpression lentivirus, miRNA-223 mimic and NLRP3 overexpression plasmid), HBx overexpression+miRNA-223 mimic+ NLRP3 siRNA group (transfected with HBx overexpression lentivirus, miRNA-223 mimic and NLRP3 siRNA), HBx overexpression+miRNA-223 inhibitor+NLRP3 group (transfected with HBx overexpression lentivirus, miRNA-223 inhibitor and NLRP3 overexpression plasmid), HBx overexpression+miRNA-223 inhibitor+NLRP3 siRNA group (transfected with HBx overexpression lentivirus, miRNA-223 inhibitor and NLRP3 siRNA). Results: miRNA-223 was down-regulated in HBx overexpression group compared with the control group (P < 0.05). TUNEL and immunofluorescence staining showed that NLRP3 knockdown attenuated podocyte injury and pyroptosis induced by HBx overexpression (P < 0.05). Dual luciferase reporter gene assay demonstrated that NLRP3 was one of the downstream targets of miRNA-223. Rescue experiments revealed that NLRP3 overexpression weakened the protective effect of miRNA-223 in podocyte injury (P < 0.05). The addition of miRNA-223 mimic and NLRP3 siRNA decreased the expression of NLRP3 inflammasome and cytokines, and reduced the number of pyroptosis cells induced by HBx overexpression (all P < 0.05); The addition of miRNA-223 inhibitor and NLRP3 overexpression plasmid significantly increased the expression of NLRP3 inflammasome and cytokines, caspase-1 activity, and the number of pyroptosis cells (all P < 0.05). Conclusion: HBx may promote podocyte pyroptosis of HBV-GN via downregulating miRNA-223 targeting NLRP3 inflammasome, suggesting that miRNA-223 is expected to be a potential target for the treatment of HBV-GN.


Subject(s)
Humans , Inflammasomes/metabolism , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/metabolism , Pyroptosis , Podocytes/metabolism , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Caspase 1/metabolism , Cytokines/metabolism , Carrier Proteins/metabolism , MicroRNAs/genetics , Glomerulonephritis/metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering
5.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 425-430, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981974

ABSTRACT

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most common monogenic inherited myocardial disease in children, and mutations in sarcomere genes (such as MYH7 and MYBPC3) are the most common genetic etiology of HCM, among which mutations in the MYH7 gene are the most common and account for 30%-50%. MYH7 gene mutations have the characteristics of being affected by environmental factors, coexisting with multiple genetic variations, and age-dependent penetrance, which leads to different or overlapping clinical phenotypes in children, including various cardiomyopathies and skeletal myopathies. At present, the pathogenesis, course, and prognosis of HCM caused by MYH7 gene mutations in children remain unclear. This article summarizes the possible pathogenesis, clinical phenotype, and treatment of HCM caused by MYH7 gene mutations, in order to facilitate the accurate prognostic evaluation and individualized management and treatment of the children with this disorder.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/therapy , Phenotype , Troponin T/genetics , Mutation , Carrier Proteins/genetics , Myosin Heavy Chains/genetics , Cardiac Myosins/genetics
6.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 876-880, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981840

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic etiology of two patients with developmental delay and intellectual disability.@*METHODS@#Two children who were respectively admitted to Henan Provincial People's Hospital on August 29, 2021 and August 5, 2019 were selected as the study subjects. Clinical data were collected, and array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) was carried out on the children and their parents for the detection of chromosomal microduplication/microdeletions.@*RESULTS@#Patient 1 was a 2-year-and-10-month female and patient 2 was a 3-year-old female. Both children had featured developmental delay, intellectual disability, and abnormal findings on cranial MRI. aCGH revealed that patient 1 has harbored arr[hg19] 6q14.2q15(84621837_90815662)×1, a 6.19 Mb deletion at 6q14.2q15, which encompassed ZNF292, the pathogenic gene for Autosomal dominant intellectual developmental disorder 64. Patient 2 has harbored arr[hg19] 22q13.31q13.33(46294326_51178264)×1, a 4.88 Mb deletion at 22q13.31q13.33 encompassing the SHANK3 gene, haploinsufficiency of which can lead to Phelan-McDermid syndrome. Both deletions were classified as pathogenic CNVs based on the guidelines of American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) and were not found in their parents.@*CONCLUSION@#The 6q14.2q15 deletion and 22q13-31q13.33 deletion probably underlay the developmental delay and intellectual disability in the two children, respectively. Haploinsufficiency of the ZNF292 gene may account for the key clinical features of the 6q14.2q15 deletion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Female , Child, Preschool , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Comparative Genomic Hybridization , Chromosome Disorders/genetics , Chromosome Deletion , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 22 , Developmental Disabilities/genetics , Carrier Proteins/genetics , Nerve Tissue Proteins/genetics
7.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 38-44, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935906

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of adenovirus-mediated shRNA down-regulating phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) expression on vinculin, filamin A, and cortactin in activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). Methods: Activated rats hepatic stellate cell line (HSC-T6) was cultured in vitro. Recombinant adenovirus Ad-shRNA/PTEN carrying PTEN targeted RNA interference sequence [short hairpin RNA (shRNA)] and empty control virus Ad-GFP were transfected into HSCs. The PTEN mRNA and protein expression of HSCs in each group were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR and Western blot. The expressional change of vinculin, filamin A and cortactin in HSCs of each group were detected by confocal laser scanning immunofluorescence microscope. Image-pro plus 6.0 software was used for image analysis and processing. The integrated optical density (IOD) of the fluorescence protein expression was measured. The experiment was divided into three groups: control group (DMEM instead of adenovirus solution in the adenovirus transfection step), Ad-GFP group (transfected with empty virus Ad-GFP only expressing green fluorescent protein), and Ad-shRNA/PTEN group (recombinant adenovirus Ad-shRNA/PTEN carrying shRNA targeting PTEN and expressing green fluorescent protein). One-way analysis of variance was used for comparison of mean value among the three groups, and LSD-test was used for comparison between the groups. Results: shRNA targeted PTEN was successfully transfected and the expression of PTEN mRNA and protein in HSC (P < 0.05) was significantly down-regulated. HSCs vinculin was mainly expressed in the cytoplasm. HSCs vinculin fluorescence IOD in the Ad-shRNA/PTEN group (19 758.83 ± 1 520.60) was higher than control (7 737.16 ± 279.93) and Ad-GFP group (7 725.50 ± 373.03) (P < 0.05), but there was no statistically significant difference between control group and Ad-GFP group (P > 0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the fluorescence IOD of Filamin A among the three groups (P > 0.05), but the subcellular distribution of Filamin A among the three groups were changed. Filamin A in the Ad-shrNA /PTEN HSC group was mainly distributed in the cytoplasm. Filamin A HSC was mainly located in the nucleus.The filamin A HSC in the control group and Ad-GFP group was mainly located in the nucleus. The nucleocytoplasmic ratio of Filamin A in the AD-shrNA /PTEN group (0.60 ± 0.15) was significantly lower than control group (1.20 ± 0.15) and Ad-GFP group (1.08 ± 0.23), P < 0.05. but there was no statistically significant difference in filamin A nucleocytoplasmic ratio of HSC between the control group and the Ad-GFP group (P > 0.05). Cortactin HSCs in the three groups was mainly distributed in the cytoplasm. The cortactin fluorescence IOD of HSCs in the Ad-shRNA/PTEN group was significantly higher than control group (22 959.94 ± 1 710.42) and the Ad-GFP group (22 547.11 ± 1 588.72 ) (P < 0.05), while there was no statistically significant difference in the IOD of cortactin fluorescence in HSCs between the control group and the Ad-GFP group (P > 0.05). Conclusion: The down-regulation of PTEN expression raises the expression of microfilament-binding protein vinculin and cortactin, and changes the subcellular distribution of another microfilament binding protein filamin A, that is, translocation from nucleus to the cytoplasm in activated HSC in vitro.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Adenoviridae/metabolism , Carrier Proteins , Cell Proliferation , Cortactin , Filamins/genetics , Hepatic Stellate Cells/metabolism , PTEN Phosphohydrolase/metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering/genetics , Vinculin/genetics
8.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 241-247, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935785

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the mechanism of reactive oxygen species/thioredoxin-interacting protein/nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor 3 (ROS/TXNIP/NLRP3) pathway in the skin injury of trichloroethylene (TCE) sensitized mice. Methods: In August 2020, 40 female BALB/c mice were randomly divided into control group (n=5) , solvent control group (n=5) , TCE treatment group (n=15) and TCE+(2-(2, 2, 6, 6-Tetrameyhylpiperidin-1-oxyl-4-ylamino)-2-oxoethyl) triphenylphosphonium chloride (Mito TEMPO) treatment group (n=15) . The TCE sensitization model was established. Mice in the TCE treatment group and TCE+Mito TEMPO treatment group were divided into the sensitized positive group and the sensitized negative group according to the skin erythema and edema reactions on the back of the mice 24 h after the last stimulation. The mice were sacrificed 72 h after the last stimulation, the back skin of the mice was taken, and the skin lesions were observed. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was used to detect the expression level of NLRP3, and the Western Blot was performed to detect the expression levels of NLRP3, apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a CARD (ASC) , cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase 1 (Caspase 1) , Interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and TXNIP proteins in the skin of the mice, the reactive oxygen species (ROS) kit was used to detect the level of intracellular ROS in the back skin tissue. Results: The sensitization rates of TCE treatment group and TCE+Mito TEMPO treatment group were 40.0% (6/15) and 33.3% (5/15) , respectively, and there was no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05) . The back skin of the mice in the TCE sensitized positive group was thickened and infiltrated by a large number of inflammatory cells. The number of mitochondria in the epidermis cells was significantly reduced, the mitochondrial crest disappeared and vacuolar degeneration occurred. TCE+Mito TEMPO sensitized positive group had less damage, more mitochondria and relatively normal cell structure. Compared with the solvent control group and corresponding sensitized negative groups, the expression levels of NLRP3, ASC, Caspase 1, IL-1β, TXNIP proteins and the content of ROS in the TCE sensitized positive group and TCE+Mito TEMPO sensitized positive group were significantly increased (P<0.05) . Compared with TCE sensitized positive group, the expression levels of NLRP3, ASC, Caspase 1, IL-1β, TXNIP proteins and the content of ROS in the TCE+Mito TEMPO sensitized positive group were significantly decreased (P<0.05) . Conclusion: ROS/TXNIP/NLRP3 pathway was activated and then encouraged the release of IL-1β, finally aggravated the TCE-induced skin injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Mice , Carrier Proteins , Caspase 1/metabolism , Inflammasomes/metabolism , Mice, Inbred BALB C , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/metabolism , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Solvents , Thioredoxins/metabolism , Trichloroethylene/toxicity
9.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 378-388, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939871

ABSTRACT

Macrolide and corticosteroid resistance has been reported in patients with Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) pneumonia (MPP). MP clearance is difficult to achieve through antibiotic treatment in sensitive patients with severe MPP (SMPP). SMPP in children might progress to airway remodeling and even bronchiolitis/bronchitis obliterans. Therefore, identifying serum biomarkers that indicate MPP progression and exploring new targeted drugs for SMPP treatment require urgency. In this study, serum samples were collected from patients with general MPP (GMPP) and SMPP to conduct proteomics profiling. The Fc fragment of the IgG-binding protein (FCGBP) was identified as the most promising indicator of SMPP. Biological enrichment analysis indicated uncontrolled inflammation in SMPP. ELISA results proved that the FCGBP level in patients with SMPP was substantially higher than that in patients with GMPP. Furthermore, the FCGBP levels showed a decreasing trend in patients with GMPP but the opposite trend in patients with SMPP during disease progression. Connectivity map analyses identified 25 possible targeted drugs for SMPP treatment. Among them, a mechanistic target of rapamycin kinase (mTOR) inhibitor, which is a macrolide compound and a cell proliferation inhibitor, was the most promising candidate for targeting SMPP. To our knowledge, this study was the first proteomics-based characterization of patients with SMPP and GMPP.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Biomarkers , Carrier Proteins , Immunoglobulin Fc Fragments , Immunoglobulin G , Macrolides , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma/drug therapy , Proteomics
10.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 238-242, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928542

ABSTRACT

Cilium, an organelle with a unique proteome and organization, protruding from the cell surface, generally serves as a force generator and signaling compartment. During ciliogenesis, ciliary proteins are synthesized in cytoplasm and transported into cilia by intraflagellar transport (IFT) particles, where the inner counterparts undergo reverse trafficking. The homeostasis of IFT plays a key role in cilial structure assembly and signaling transduction. Much progress has been made on the mechanisms and functions of IFT; however, recent studies have revealed the involvement of IFT particle subunits in organogenesis and spermatogenesis. In this review, we discuss new concepts concerning the molecular functions of IFT protein IFT25 and how its interactions with other IFT particle subunits are involved in mammalian development and fertility.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Biological Transport , Carrier Proteins/metabolism , Cilia/metabolism , Flagella/metabolism , Mammals/metabolism , Organogenesis , Proteins/metabolism , Signal Transduction
11.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 301-308, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927606

ABSTRACT

Nogo-B receptor (NgBR) is a specific receptor of Nogo-B, a member of reticulon 4 protein family. It is widely expressed in many tissues and mainly located in cell membrane and endoplasmic reticulum. Previous studies have revealed that NgBR is involved in a variety of physiological and pathophysiological processes, such as dolichol synthesis, lipid metabolism, cholesterol trafficking, insulin resistance, vascular remodeling and angiogenesis, tumorigenesis and nervous system diseases. Further studies on the molecular characteristics and biological function of NgBR might be of great significance to understand its role in diverse diseases and provide possible clinical strategies for the treatment of diseases.


Subject(s)
Carrier Proteins/metabolism , Endoplasmic Reticulum/metabolism , Lipid Metabolism , Nogo Proteins/metabolism , Receptors, Cell Surface/metabolism
12.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(4): 574-580, ago. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346509

ABSTRACT

Abstract The growth hormone receptor (GHR) mediates the effect of growth hormone (GH) on linear growth and metabolism. In humans, it exists as two isoforms differing by the retention or exclusion of exon 3; a full-length GHR isoform (GHRfl) and the exon 3-deleted isoform (GHRd3). The genotypic frequency of this polymorphism was analyzed in several studies and in different human populations. However scarce information in Argentinean population is available. Associations between GHRd3 and growth have been reported previously. Some studies have shown that the presence of GHRd3 polymorphism might be a potential variant that improves growth response to recombinant human GH (rhGH) therapy in patients born small for gestational age (SGA), among others. However, over the years the results have been controversial and inconclusive. Based on this, it would be proposed that variants at the genomic level are not completely reflected at the mRNA level. Our aim was to evaluate the genotypic frequencies (%) of the GHR gene polymorphism (GHRfl/GHRfl; GHRfl/GHRd3; GHRd3/GHRd3) in normal Argentinean population (n = 94) and SGA patients (n = 65), and the expression of these polymorphisms at mRNA level in the fetal side of placenta tissues was analyzed. In addition, their asso ciation with spontaneous postnatal catch-up growth in SGA patients was also evaluated. In this study, we show a significant increment of compensatory growth in small for gestational age children (SGA) associated to the presence of the GHRd3 allele polymorphism. In addition, the expression of GHR in healthy placentas revealed that no alternative splicing mechanism occurs.


Resumen El receptor de la hormona de creci miento (GHR) media la acción de la hormona de crecimiento (GH) en el crecimiento lineal y el metabolismo. En los seres humanos, existen dos isoformas que difieren en la retención (GHRfl) o exclusión del exón 3 (GHRd3). La frecuencia genotípica de este polimorfismo fue analizada en varios estudios y en diferentes poblaciones. Sin embargo, la información disponible en la población argentina es escasa. Se ha reportado anteriormente asociación entre el polimorfismo GHRd3 y el crecimiento. Varios estudios ha n demostrado que la presencia del polimorfismo GHRd3 podría mejorar, en pacientes nacidos pequeños para la edad gestacional, entre otros, la respuesta a la terapia con GH humana recombinante (rhGH). Sin embargo, a lo largo de los años los resultados han sido con trovertidos y no concluyentes. En base a esto, se propondría que las variantes a nivel genómico no se reflejan completamente a nivel del ARNm. Nuestro objetivo fue evaluar la frecuencia genotípica de los polimorfismos del gen del GHR (GHRfl/GHRfl; GHRfl/GHRd3; GHRd3/GHRd3) en la población argentina normal (n = 94) y en niños pequeños para la edad gestacional (n = 65), y se analizó la expresión de estos polimorfismos a nivel de ARNm en la porción fetal de placentas sanas. Además, se evaluó la asociación de este polimorfismo con el cre cimiento postnatal espontáneo en pacientes pequeños para la edad gestacional. En este estudio, mostramos un incremento significativo del crecimiento compensatorio en niños pequeños para la edad gestacional asociado a la presencia del polimorfismo del alelo GHRd3. Además, los ensayos de expresión de GHR en placentas sanas revelaron que no se produciría ningún mecanismo de splicing alternativo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Child , Receptors, Somatotropin/genetics , Human Growth Hormone , Polymorphism, Genetic , Carrier Proteins , Exons , Gestational Age
13.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 371-381, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887869

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the function and mechanism of related genes in the occurrence and development of liver cancer, and the possibility of key genes as potential biomarkers and prognostic indicators for the treatment of liver cancer.Methods We selected 4 datasets(GSE57957, GSE121248, GSE36376 and GSE14520)from the GEO database.With


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Carrier Proteins , Computational Biology , Cytochrome P-450 CYP2E1 , Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Gene Regulatory Networks , Glycoproteins , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Prognosis , Protein Interaction Maps
14.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2614-2622, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887827

ABSTRACT

Bacteriophages bind to the bacteria receptor through the receptor binding proteins (RBPs), a process that requires the involvement of complex atomic structures and conformational changes. In response to bacteriophage infection, bacteria have developed a variety of resistance mechanisms, while bacteriophages have also evolved multiple antagonistic mechanisms to escape host resistance. The exploration of the "adsorption-anti adsorption-escape process" between bacteriophages and bacteria helps us better understand the co-evolution process of bacteriophages and bacteria, which is important for the development of phage therapeutic technologies and phage-based biotechnologies. This review summarizes the bacteriophage adsorption related proteins, how bacteriophages escape host resistance based on the RBP alternations, and the recent progress of RBP-related biotechnologies.


Subject(s)
Bacteria , Bacteriophage Receptors , Bacteriophages/genetics , Carrier Proteins , Protein Binding
15.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3300-3309, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921426

ABSTRACT

In Gram-negative bacteria, lipopolysaccharide transport (Lpt) protein LptA and LptC form a complex to transport LPS from the inner membrane (IM) to the outer membrane (OM). Blocking the interaction between LptA and LptC will lead to the defect of OM and cell death. Therefore, Lpt protein interaction could be used as a target to screen new drugs for killing Gram-negative bacteria. Here we used biolayer interferometry (BLI) assay to detect the interaction between LptA and LptC, with the aim to develop a method for screening the LptA/LptC interaction blockers in vitro. Firstly, LptC and LptA with or without signal peptide (LptAfull or LptAno signal) were expressed in E. coli BL21(DE3). The purified proteins were then labeled with biotin and the super streptavidin (SSA) biosensor was blocked with diluent. The biotin labeled protein sample was mixed with the sensor, and then the binding of the protein with a series of diluted non biotinylated protein was detected. At the same time, non-biotinylated protein was used as a control. The binding of biotinylated protein to a small molecule IMB-881 and the blocking of interaction were also detected by the same method. In the blank control, the biosensor without biotinylated protein was used to detect the serially diluted samples. The signal response constant was calculated by using steady analysis. The results showed that biotinylated LptC had a good binding activity with LptAfull and LptAno signal with KD value 2.9e⁻⁷±7.9e⁻⁸ and 6.0e⁻⁷±2.8e⁻⁸, respectively; biotinylated LptAno signal had a good binding activity with LptC, with a KD value of 9.6e⁻⁷±7.2e⁻⁸. All binding curves showed obvious fast binding and fast dissociation morphology. The small molecule compound IMB-881 can bind to LptA to block the interaction between LptA and LptC, but has no binding activity with LptC. In summary, we developed a method for detecting the LptA/LptC interaction based on the BLI technology, and confirmed that this method can be used to evaluate the blocking activity of small molecule blockers, providing a new approach for the screening of LptA/LptC interaction blockers.


Subject(s)
Carrier Proteins , Escherichia coli/metabolism , Escherichia coli Proteins/metabolism , Interferometry , Membrane Proteins/metabolism
16.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 131-133, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879538

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a patient with intellectual disability.@*METHODS@#Whole exome sequencing and Sanger sequencing were carried out for the patient. The result was verified in her family.@*RESULTS@#DNA sequencing revealed that the patient has carried a heterozygous nonsense c.40C>T (p.Arg14X) variant of the TRIP12 gene, which was de novo in origin. The variant was unrecorded in the Human Gene Mutation Database. Based on the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics standards and guidelines, the variant was predicted to be pathogenic (PVS1+ PS2+ PP3).@*CONCLUSION@#The patient was diagnosed with autosomal dominant intellectual disability due to heterozygous c.40C>T variant of the TRIP12 gene.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Carrier Proteins/genetics , Codon, Nonsense , Heterozygote , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/genetics , Exome Sequencing
17.
Biol. Res ; 54: 34-34, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1505790

ABSTRACT

Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous is a basidiomycete yeast that naturally produces the red-orange carotenoid astaxanthin, which has remarkable antioxidant properties. The biosynthesis of carotenoids and sterols share some common elements that have been studied in X. dendrorhous. For example, their synthesis requires metabolites derived from the mevalonate pathway and in both specific pathways, cytochrome P450 enzymes are involved that share a single cytochrome P450 reductase, CrtR, which is essential for astaxanthin biosynthesis, but is replaceable for ergosterol biosynthesis. Research on the regulation of carotenoid biosynthesis is still limited in X. dendrorhous; however, it is known that the Sterol Regulatory Element-Binding Protein (SREBP) pathway, which is a conserved regulatory pathway involved in the control of lipid metabolism, also regulates carotenoid production in X. dendrorhous. This review addresses the similarities and differences that have been observed between mammal and fungal SREBP pathways and what it is known about this pathway regarding the regulation of the production of carotenoids and sterols in X. dendrorhous.


Subject(s)
Basidiomycota/metabolism , Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Proteins/metabolism , Sterols , Carrier Proteins
18.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(9): e10931, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249340

ABSTRACT

Tobacco can induce reactive oxygen species (ROS) production extensively in cells, which is a major risk factor for oral leukoplakia (OLK) development. Peroxiredoxin 1 (Prx1) is a key antioxidant protein, upregulated in a variety of malignant tumors. We previously found that nicotine, the main ingredient of tobacco, promotes oral carcinogenesis via regulating Prx1. The aim of the present study was to screen and identify the Prx1 interacting proteins and investigate the mechanisms of nicotine on the development of OLK. Through liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry combined with bioinformatics analysis, the candidate Prx1 interacting proteins of cofilin-1 (CFL1), tropomyosin alpha-3 chain (TPM3), and serine/threonine-protein phosphatase 2A 65 kDa regulatory subunit A alpha isoform (PPP2R1A) were screened in human dysplastic oral keratinocyte cells treated with nicotine. CFL1, TPM3, and PPP2R1A were highly expressed in human OLK tissues. The expression of CFL1 increased and the expression of PPP2R1A decreased in OLK of smokers compared to that in OLK of non-smokers. Nicotine upregulated CFL1 and downregulated PPP2R1A in 4-nitro-quinoline-1-oxide (4NQO)-induced OLK tissues in mice in part dependent on Prx1. Furthermore, the in-situ interaction of CFL1, TPM3, and PPP2R1A with Prx1 were validated in human OLK tissues. Our results suggested that tobacco might promote the development of OLK via regulating Prx1 and its interacting proteins CFL1 and PPP2R1A.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Leukoplakia, Oral/chemically induced , Peroxiredoxins/metabolism , Nicotine , Carrier Proteins , Homeodomain Proteins , Carcinogenesis
19.
Clin. biomed. res ; 41(1): 91-93, 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254916

ABSTRACT

Neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA) is a complex group of hereditary progressive neurodegenerative diseases characterized by deposition of iron in the basal ganglia. Twelve genetic forms of this disorder have been identified in previous studies. Though they have different inheritance mechanisms all are usually associated with abnormal brain MRI findings. One of NBIA types is an X-linked disorder known as Beta-propeller Protein Associated Neurodegeneration (BPAN). Herein we describe the case of a 4-year-old girl with 2 episodes of febrile seizures, a brain MRI showing nonspecific hyperintense signal in the dentate nucleus area, and delays in language and communication development. Her diagnosis was made based on a genetic evaluation where exome sequencing revealed a mutation in the position chrX:48.933.022 region of the WDR45 gene. The literature describes different clinical presentations for BPAN, each with a different prognosis, suggesting a wide range of possible symptoms of BPAN, including mild cognitive delay and even epileptic encephalopathy (EE). (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Neuroaxonal Dystrophies/diagnosis , Iron Metabolism Disorders/diagnosis , Seizures, Febrile , Language Development Disorders , Carrier Proteins/genetics , Neuroaxonal Dystrophies/genetics , Iron Metabolism Disorders/genetics
20.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 90(1): 59-68, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131007

ABSTRACT

Abstract Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is characterized by left ventricular hypertrophy without apparent cardiac justification. Sudden cardiac death may be the first manifestation of the disease. It occurs mainly in adulthood and can be seen in childhood and adolescence where genetic origin predominates. Primary HCM (“familial”) is inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern in the 25 subtypes informed in Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man. The proteins encoded by the mutated genes are part of the sarcomere in the cardiac cells, being the thick filament the most frequently affected, with the worst prognosis. In the present article, we describe the Mendelian inheritance of the disease and the two most associated genes with sudden death: MYBPC3 and MYH7.


Resumen La miocardiopatía hipertrófica (MCH) es el aumento de grosor de la pared ventricular izquierda no relacionada con otras alteraciones cardíacas. Es una enfermedad que puede presentar como primera manifestación clínica la muerte súbita y de ahí su relevancia clínica. Aunque se presenta sobre todo en la edad adulta, puede aparecer durante la infancia y adolescencia, en las que predominan los casos de origen hereditario. La MCH primaria, de causa genética, muestra en particular un patrón de herencia autosómico dominante en los 25 subtipos reconocidos en OMIM (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man). Las proteínas codificadas por los genes mutantes forman parte del sarcómero en células musculares cardíacas, y las variantes patogénicas de filamentos gruesos son las de mayor frecuencia y peor pronóstico. En este artículo se describen la herencia mendeliana de la enfermedad y la relación con muerte súbita de los genes más frecuentemente encontrados en ella: MYBPC3 y MYH7.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Adolescent , Adult , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/genetics , Carrier Proteins/genetics , Myosin Heavy Chains/genetics , Cardiac Myosins/genetics , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/physiopathology
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