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1.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 52: 76-84, July. 2021. graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283597

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Butyrate is a histone deacetylase inhibitor that induces apoptosis and inhibits cell proliferation of colorectal cancer cells. To improve its anticancer activity, butyrate has been evaluated mixed with drugs and different molecules. Plant antimicrobial peptides are attractive anticancer alternative molecules because they show selective cytotoxic activity against different cancer cell lines. In this work, we explore if the plant defensin c-thionin (Capsicum chinense) can improve butyrate activity on Caco-2 cell line and we also determined the mechanism of death activated. RESULTS: The combined treatment of c-thionin (3.5 mM) and butyrate (50 mM) showed higher cytotoxicity on Caco-2 cells with respect to single treatments. Also, the combined treatment reduced cell proliferation and exhibited a higher rate of apoptosis than single treatments. Combined treatment induced caspases 8 and 9 activation to an extent comparable with that of butyrate while c-thionin did not activate caspases. Additionally, reactive oxygen species generation preceded the onset of apoptosis, and superoxide anion production was higher in cells treated with the combined treatment. CONCLUSIONS: The c-thionin from Habanero chili pepper improved the butyrate cytotoxicity on Caco-2 cells. This effect occurred through apoptosis induction associated with reactive oxygen species production. Therefore, the combination of butyrate with cytotoxic antimicrobial peptides could be an attractive strategy for cancer therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Butyrates , Capsicum/chemistry , Adenocarcinoma , Colonic Neoplasms , Cell Cycle , Reactive Oxygen Species , Apoptosis , Caco-2 Cells , Defensins , Thionins
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878422

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aims to construct endogenous exosomes abundantly loaded with miR-1 and investigate the role of exosome-mediated microRNA-1 (miR-1) delivery on CAL-27 cell proliferation.@*METHODS@#Exosomes secreted by miR-1-overexpressing HEK293 cells (miR1-EXO) were purified via ultracentrifugation and subjected to transmission electron microscopy, nanoparticle analysis, Western blot analysis, and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). CAL-27 cells were cocultured with exosomes secreted by HEK293 cells (CON-EXO) and miR1-EXO and equivalent phosphate buffer saline. The intracellular transport of exosomes was measured by using immunofluorescence, the expression of miR-1 and its target gene MET were investigated via qPCR, CAL-27 cell proliferation was measured through MTT assay, and cell cycle state was determined by applying flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#Electron microscopy revealed that miR1-EXO and CON-EXO were spherical or cup-shaped with an average diameter of approximately 110 nm. The well-known exosome markers CD9, Tsg101, and Alix were enriched. The expression of miR-1 in miR1-EXO was higher than that in CON-EXO (285.80±14.33 vs 1.00±0.06, @*CONCLUSIONS@#Exosomes secreted from miR1-EXO cells could load abundant miR-1. Exosomal miR-1 delivered into CAL-27 cells by using miR1-EXO suppressed the expression of MET mRNA and inhibited cell proliferation.


Subject(s)
Cell Cycle , Cell Proliferation , Exosomes , HEK293 Cells , Humans , MicroRNAs
3.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(11): e11363, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339445

ABSTRACT

Cervical cancer (CC) is the most common malignant tumor in females. Although persistent high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is a leading factor that causes CC, few women with HPV infection develop CC. Therefore, many mechanisms remain to be explored, such as aberrant expression of oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes. To identify promising prognostic factors and interpret the relevant mechanisms of CC, the RNA sequencing profile of CC was downloaded from the Cancer Genome Atlas and the Gene Expression Omnibus databases. The GSE63514 dataset was analyzed, and differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were obtained by weighted coexpression network analysis and the edgeR package in R. Fifty-three shared genes were mainly enriched in nuclear chromosome segregation and DNA replication signaling pathways. Through a protein-protein interaction network and prognosis analysis, the kinesin family member 14 (KIF14) hub gene was extracted from the set of 53 shared genes, which was overexpressed and associated with poor overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) of CC patients. Mechanistically, gene set enrichment analysis showed that KIF14 was mainly enriched in the glycolysis/gluconeogenesis signaling pathway and DNA replication signaling pathway, especially in the cell cycle signaling pathway. RT-PCR and the Human Protein Atlas database confirmed that these genes were significantly increased in CC samples. Therefore, our findings indicated the biological function of KIF14 in cervical cancer and provided new ideas for CC diagnosis and therapies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/genetics , Papillomavirus Infections , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Cell Cycle/genetics , Kinesin/genetics , Oncogene Proteins , Disease-Free Survival , Computational Biology , Protein Interaction Maps
4.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(10): e10891, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285652

ABSTRACT

Juniperus communis (JCo) is a well-known traditional Chinese medicinal plant that has been used to treat wounds, fever, swelling, and rheumatism. However, the mechanism underlying the anticancer effect of JCo extract on colorectal cancer (CRC) has not yet been elucidated. This study investigated the anticancer effects of JCo extract in vitro and in vivo as well as the precise molecular mechanisms. Cell viability was evaluated using the MTT assay. Cell cycle distribution was examined by flow cytometry analysis, and cell apoptosis was determined by the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay. Protein expression was analyzed using western blotting. The in vivo activity of the JCo extract was evaluated using a xenograft BALB/c mouse model. The tumors and organs were examined through hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and immunohistochemistry. The results showed that JCo extract exhibited higher cytotoxicity against CRC cells than against normal cells and showed synergistic effects when combined with 5-fluorouracil. JCo extract induced cell cycle arrest at the G0/G1 phase via regulation of p53/p21 and CDK4/cyclin D1 and induced cell apoptosis via the extrinsic (FasL/Fas/caspase-8) and intrinsic (Bax/Bcl-2/caspase-9) apoptotic pathways. In vivo studies revealed that JCo extract suppressed tumor growth through the inhibition of proliferation and induction of apoptosis. In addition, there was no obvious change in body weight or histological morphology of normal organs after treatment. JCo extract suppressed CRC progression by inducing cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in vitro and in vivo, suggesting the potential application of JCo extract in the treatment of CRC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Colorectal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Adenocarcinoma/drug therapy , Juniperus , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/pharmacology , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Cell Cycle , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cell Cycle Checkpoints , Mice, Inbred BALB C
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880831

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the role of NOV/CCN3 in regulating the proliferation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and its regulatory mechanism and assess the value of CCN3 as a proliferative factor in bone tissue engineering.@*METHODS@#Mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) were used as the MSC model, in which CCN3 expression was up-regulated and downregulated by transfection with the recombinant adenovirus vectors Ad-CCN3 and Ad-siCCN3, respectively. Flow cytometry was used to analyze the changes in cell cycle and apoptosis of the transfected cells. Western blotting was used to detect the expression levels of the proliferation indicators (PCNA, cyclin E, and cyclin B1) and the apoptosis indicators (Bax and Bcl-2) to assess the effect of modulation of CCN3 expression on MEF proliferation and apoptosis. CCN3 protein secretion by the cells was detected using ELISA. RT-qPCR and Western blotting were employed to analyze the changes in the expressions of Notch1, ligand DLL1, the downstream key proteins or genes (Hey1, P300, H3K9) and MAPK pathway-related proteins ERK1+2 and p-ERK1+2.@*RESULTS@#Flow cytometry showed that compared with the control cells, MEFs transfected with Ad-CCN3 exhibited significantly increased cell proliferation index (@*CONCLUSIONS@#CCN3 over-expression promotes the proliferation and inhibits apoptosis of MEFs possibly by inhibiting the classical Notch signaling pathway and activating the MAPK pathway


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Cell Cycle , Cell Proliferation , Fibroblasts , Mice , Nephroblastoma Overexpressed Protein
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880100

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect and mechanism of a novel emodin derivative YX-18 on Burkitt lymphoma (BL) cells.@*METHODS@#MTT assay was used to detect the effect of YX-18 on the proliferation of BL cell lines CA46 and Raji. Annexin V-PE/7-AAD double staining assay was used for detecting the effect of YX-18 on the apoptosis of CA46 and Raji cells. PI/RNase staining was used to test the effect of YX-18 on CA46 and Raji cell cycle. JC-1 method was used to measure the changes of mitochondrial membrane potential after YX-18 treatment, and DAPI staining was used to detect the morphology of apoptotic cells. Western blot was used to analyze the distribution changes of NF-κB pathway protein (P65, P-P65, IκB, P-IκB) in the cytoplasm and cell nucleus, and also the expression changes of cyclin-related protein P21, CDK2, P-CDK2, Cycling D1, Cycling E1, and the apoptosis-related protein Caspase-3, Caspase-8, Caspase-9 and the proliferation-related protein C-MYC, BCL-2 by YX-18. Real-time fluorescence-quantitative PCR was used to evaluate the effects of YX-18 on mRNA levels of C-MYC and Ki-67 genes in CA46 and Raji cells, and EBNA-1 and EBER genes of EBV in Raji (EBV@*RESULTS@#Novel Emodin derivative YX-18 could effectively inhibit the proliferation of BL cell lines CA46 and Raji, showing a time-dependent effect (24, 48 and 72 h: r@*CONCLUSION@#The novel emodin derivative YX-18 can significantly inhibit the proliferation of Burkitt lymphoma cells, and induce the cell apoptosis and cycle arrest. The inhibitory effect of YX-18 on the proliferation of Burkitt lymphoma cells may be related with the effect of Caspase apoptosis pathway, the proliferation and apoptosis-related molecules, such as C-MYC and Ki-67, and also to the inhibition of NF-κB pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Burkitt Lymphoma , Cell Cycle , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Emodin/pharmacology , Humans , NF-kappa B
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880034

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of tripterine on adhesion molecules and cell biological characteristics in mice with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) tumor.@*METHODS@#Eighteen SCID beige mice were caudal vein injected with NB4 cell lines (5×10@*RESULTS@#The neutrophil decrased and promyelocytes, NB4 cells, B lymphocytes and white blood cells increased in tumor-bearing group as compared with control group (P<0.05), and the expressions of serum P-selectin (P-selectin), soluble vascular adhesion molecule-1 (soluble vascular adhesion molecule-1, sVCAM-1) and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1, sICAM-1) all increased (P<0.05). The cell cycle showed that the proportion of G@*CONCLUSION@#Tripterine may not only inhibit the expression of sVCAM-1 and sICAM-1 proteins in APL tumor-bearing mice and reduce the adhesion of tumor cells, but also block tumor cells at G


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Cycle , Cell Division , Humans , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute/drug therapy , Mice , Mice, SCID , Triterpenes , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1
8.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(8): e9299, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132546

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the pathogenic role of newly identified long non-coding (lnc)-RNA LINCO1268 in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and investigate its therapeutic potential. The expression level of LINC01268 in AML was measured by quantitative PCR (qPCR). The viability, cell cycle progression, and apoptosis of AML cells were measured by CCK-8 assay and flow cytometry, respectively. The interaction between LINC01268 and miR-217 were predicted by the miRDB website, and then verified by luciferase reporter assay and RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assay. The relationship between miR-217 and SOS1 was predicted by TargetScan website, and verified by luciferase reporter assay. LINC01268 was significantly upregulated by 1.6 fold in bone marrow samples of AML patients, which was associated with poor prognosis. LINC01268 was also significantly upregulated in AML cells. LINC01268 knockdown inhibited viability and cell cycle progression but promoted apoptosis of AML cells. Furthermore, LINC01268 functioned as a ceRNA via competitively binding to miR-217, and SOS1 was identified as a target of miR-217. Moreover, LINC01268 positively regulated SOS1 expression to promote AML cell viability and cell cycle progression but inhibited apoptosis via sponging miR-217. LINC01268 promoted cell growth and inhibited cell apoptosis through modulating miR-217/SOS1 axis in AML. This study offers a novel molecular mechanism for a better understanding of the pathology of AML. LINC01268 could be considered as a potential biomarker for the therapy and diagnosis of AML.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , MicroRNAs , RNA, Long Noncoding , Cell Cycle , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786080

ABSTRACT

Cell-proliferation potency is limited, as cells cannot proceed through the cell cycle continually. Instead, they eventually show an irreversible arrest of proliferation, commonly referred to as cellular senescence. Following the initial discovery of this phenomenon by Hayflick et al., studies have indicated that cells are also destined to undergo aging. In addition to the irreversible termination of proliferation, senescent cells are characterized by a flattened and enlarged morphology. Senescent cells become pro-inflammatory and contribute to the initiation and maintenance of sustained chronic sterile inflammation. Aging is associated with the accumulation of senescent cells in the cardiovascular system, and in general these cells are considered to be pathogenic because they mediate vascular remodeling. Recently, genetic and pharmacological approaches have enabled researchers to eliminate senescent cells both in vitro and in vivo. The term “senolysis” is now used to refer to the depletion of senescent cells, and evidence indicates that senolysis contributes to the reversal of age-related pathogenic phenotypes without the risk of tumorigenesis. The concept of senolysis has opened new avenues in research on aging, and senolysis may be a promising therapeutic approach for combating age-related disorders, including arterial diseases.


Subject(s)
Aging , Carcinogenesis , Cardiovascular System , Cellular Senescence , Cell Cycle , In Vitro Techniques , Inflammation , Phenotype , Vascular Remodeling
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827968

ABSTRACT

To investigate the inhibitory effects of two xanthone compounds, 1-hydroxy-2,3,4,8-4 methoxy xanthone(here in after referred to as Fr15) and 1-hydroxy-2,3,4,6-4 methoxy xanthone(here in after referred to as Fr17), on the proliferation of hepatocellular carcinoma cells HepG2, and to further investigate their mechanism in combination with transcriptomics. Cell counting was used to detect the effects of two kinds of xanthone compounds Fr15 and Fr17(0, 0.03, 0.15, 0.3 mmoL·L~(-1)) on the proliferation of HepG2 cells; the effects of the two compounds Fr15 and Fr17 on HepG2 cell cycle were detected by flow cytometry; the changes of autophagosomes count in cells were observed under fluorescence microscope; the expression of autophagy marker proteins autophagy marker proteins SQSTM 1(p62) and microtubule associated protein 1 light chain 3 Ⅰ/Ⅱ(LC3 Ⅰ/Ⅱ) in the cells was detected by Western blot; the differentially expressed genes between the control group and the experimental group were analyzed by RNA-seq transcriptome sequencing; qRT-PCR was used to verify the differentially expressed genes in sequencing. The results showed that compounds Fr15 and Fr17 inhibited the proliferation of HepG2 cells with the increase of drug concentration and time. Flow cytometry showed that compounds Fr15 and Fr17 had little effect on HepG2 cell cycle. Fluorescence microscopy results showed that the number of autophagosomes in cells increased with the increase of drug concentration. Western blot showed that the expression of p62 protein was decreased and the expression of LC3-Ⅱ protein was significantly increased after drug addition. The results of RNA sequencing showed that 26 102 and 52 351 differentially expressed genes were obtained in Fr15 and Fr17 respectively. Analysis of KEGG showed that drug treatment had a great effect on autophagy pathway. qRT-PCR verified that 6 up-regulated genes were related to autophagy, and their trend was consis-tent with sequencing results, where all 6 genes showed an up-regulated trend. Two xanthone compounds Fr15 and Fr17 may inhibit proliferation of HepG2 cells by inducing autophagy.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Autophagy , Cell Cycle , Hep G2 Cells , Xanthones
11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1137-1143, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827150

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of CPEB4 on the migration and cycle of K562 cells and the changes of protein molecules that may be involved in the regulatory mechanism.@*METHODS@#Western blot was used to detect the expression of CPEB4 in normal leukocytes and K562 cells. The overexpression plasmid pcDNA3.1(+)-His-CPEB4, silencing plasmid pPLK+Puro-CPEB4 shRNA were transfected into K562 cells by electroporation so as to change CPEB4. The transfection efficiency was detected by Western blot. Finally, the migration and cycle of different cells were detected by Transwell chamber and flow cytometry.Western blot was used to detect the expression changes of MMP2, MMP9, CDK4, CyclinD1 and P21 proteins.@*RESULTS@#Compared with normal white blood cells, the expression of CPEB4 protein in K562 cells was significantly enhanced (P<0.01); Compared with the control group, CPEB4-silenced K562 cells showed that the cell migration ability was significantly enhanced (P<0.01); G/G phase cell ratio reduced, G/M phase cell ratio increased, and cell cycle progression accelerated(P<0.01), The expression levels of MMP2 (P<0.05), MMP9 (P<0.05), CDK4 (P<0.01), CyclinD1 (P<0.01) proteins increased significantly. The expression level of P21 protein significantly decreased (P<0.01). The migration ability of K562 cells after CPEB4 overexpression was decreased (P<0.01), the cell ratio of G/G phase in the cell cycle increased, the cell proportion of S phase decreased and the cell cycle progression was arrested at G/G phase (P<0.01). The expression of P21 protein increased, MMP2 , MMP9, CDK4, CyclinD1 protein expression decreased significantly(P<0.05-0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#CPEB4 can inhibit the migration of K562 cells and arrest cell cycle progression at G/G phase. Its mechanism may be related with regulating the exprossion of MMP2, MMP9, CDK4, CyclinD1 and P21 proteins.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Cycle , Cell Proliferation , Humans , K562 Cells , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , RNA-Binding Proteins
12.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 133-138, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827075

ABSTRACT

Lycopene is an antioxidant which has potential anti-diabetic activity, but the cellular mechanisms have not been clarified. In this study, different concentrations of lycopene were used to treat pancreatic alpha and beta cell lines, and the changes of cell growth, cell apoptosis, cell cycle, reactive oxygen species (ROS), ATP levels and expression of related cytokines were determined. The results exhibited that lycopene did not affect cell growth, cell apoptosis, cell cycle, ROS and ATP levels of alpha cells, while it promoted the growth of beta cells, increased the ratio of S phase, reduced the ROS levels and increased the ATP levels of beta cells. At the same time, lycopene treatment elevated the mRNA expression levels of tnfα, tgfβ and hif1α in beta cells. These findings suggest that lycopene plays cell-specific role and activates pancreatic beta cells, supporting its application in diabetes therapy.


Subject(s)
Adenosine Triphosphate , Metabolism , Apoptosis , Carotenoids , Pharmacology , Cell Cycle , Cells, Cultured , Cytokines , Metabolism , Glucagon-Secreting Cells , Humans , Insulin-Secreting Cells , Lycopene , Pharmacology , Reactive Oxygen Species , Metabolism
13.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 130-140, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811085

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is recognized as a common inflammatory skin disease and frequently occurred in Asian and Black individuals.OBJECTIVE: Since the limitation of dataset associated with human severe AD, this study aimed to screen potential novel biomarkers involved in mild AD.METHODS: Expression profile data (GSE75890) were obtained from the database of Gene Expression Omnibus. Using limma package, the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between samples from AD and healthy control were selected. Furthermore, function analysis was conducted. Meanwhile, the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network and transcription factor (TF)-miRNA-target regulatory network were constructed. And quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to validate the expressions patterns of key genes.RESULTS: In total, 285 DEGs including 214 upregulated and 71 downregulated genes were identified between samples from two groups. The upregulated DEGs were mainly involved in nine pathways, such as hematopoietic cell lineage, pertussis, p53 signaling pathway, staphylococcus aureus infection, and cell cycle, while tight junction was the only pathway enriched by the downregulated DEGs. Cyclin B (CCNB)1, CCNB2, cyclin A (CCNA)2, C-X-C motif chemokine ligand (CXCL)10, and CXCL9 were key nodes in PPI network. The TF-miRNA-target gene regulatory network focused on miRNAs such as miR-106b, miR-106a, and miR-17, TFs such as nuclear factor kappa B subunit 1, RELA proto-oncogene, Sp1 transcription factor, and genes such as matrix metallopeptidase 9, peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma , and serpin family E member 1. Moreover, the upregulation of these genes, including CCNB1, CCNB2, CCNA2, CXCL10, and CXCL9 were confirmed by qRT-PCR.CONCLUSION: CCNB1, CCNB2, CCNA2, and CXCL9 might be novel markers of mild AD. miR-106b and miR-17 may involve in regulation of immune response in AD patients.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Biomarkers , Cell Cycle , Cell Lineage , Computational Biology , Cyclin A , Cyclin B , Dataset , Dermatitis , Dermatitis, Atopic , Gene Expression , Gene Regulatory Networks , Humans , MicroRNAs , NF-kappa B , PPAR gamma , Proto-Oncogenes , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Skin Diseases , Sp1 Transcription Factor , Staphylococcus aureus , Tight Junctions , Transcription Factors , Up-Regulation , Whooping Cough
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880803

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of palbociclib on cell cycle progression and proliferation of human renal tubular epithelial cells.@*METHODS@#Human renal tubular epithelial cell line HK-2 was treated with 1, 5, 10, and 20 μmol/L of palbociclib, and the changes in cell proliferation and viability were examined by cell counting and CCK8 assay. EDU staining was used to assess the proliferation of HK-2 cells following palbiciclib treatment at different concentrations for 5 days. The effect of palbociclib on cell cycle distribution of HK-2 cells was evaluated using flow cytometry. SA-β-Gal staining and C12FDG senescence staining were used to detect senescence phenotypes of HK-2 cells after palbociclib treatment at different concentrations for 5 days. The relative mRNA expression levels of P16, P21, and P53 and the genes associated with senescence-related secretion phenotypes were detected by RT-PCR, and the protein expressions of P16, P21 and P53 were detected by Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Palbociclib inhibited HK-2 cell proliferation and induced cell cycle arrest in G1 phase. Compared with the control cells, HK-2 cells treated with high-dose (10 μmol/L) palbociclib exhibited significantly suppressed cell proliferation activity, and the inhibitory effect was the most obvious on day 5 (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Palbociclib induces HK-2 cell senescence by causing cell growth arrest and delaying cell cycle progression.


Subject(s)
Cell Cycle , Cell Cycle Checkpoints , Cellular Senescence , Epithelial Cells , Humans , Piperazines/pharmacology , Pyridines/pharmacology , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/genetics
15.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 35(5): 1544-1551, sept./oct. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1049050

ABSTRACT

Today, a great interest in Jatropha-based products exists worldwide, mainly for the production of biofuel.However, the oil obtained from this plant is known to be toxic due to contained curcins andphorbol esters. Bioassays, including plant cytogenetic assays based on cell cycle observation, are useful for determining the toxicity of J. curcas oil. Hence, the aim of this study was to describe the mechanism of action of J. curcas oil by cell cycle analysis using Lactuca sativa as plant testing model. A decrease in root growth was observed, closely related to the reduction in mitotic index, along with an increase in condensed nuclei. J. curcas chemicals act both as aneugenic agents, leading to the formation of lagged, sticky chromosomes and c-metaphase cells, as well as clastogenic agents, inducing the formation of chromosome bridges and fragments. The cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of phorbol esters and other chemical components of J. curcas oil was determined and discussed.


Um grande interesse mundial existe em produtos à base de pinhão manso, principalmente para a produção de biocombustíveis. No entanto, o óleo obtido a partir desta planta é conhecidamente tóxico por conter curcina e ésteres de forbol. Bioensaios, incluindo ensaios citogenéticos em plantas-modelo com base na observação do ciclo celular, são úteis para determinar a toxicidade do óleo de J. curcas. Assim, o objetivo deste estudo foi descrever o mecanismo de ação do óleo de J. curcas por análise do ciclo celular usando Lactuca sativa como modelo de teste em plantas. Foi observada uma redução no crescimento das raízes, intimamente relacionada com a redução do índice mitótico e com um aumento de núcleos condensados. Os constituintes químicos de J. curcas atuam simultaneamente como agentes aneugênicos, levando à formação de cromossomos perdidos e pegajosos e células em c-metáfase, bem como agentes clastogênicos, induzindo a formação de pontes e fragmentos cromossômicos. A citotoxicidade e genotoxicidade do éster de forbol e outros componentes químicos do óleo de J. curcas foram determinados e discutidos.


Subject(s)
Cell Cycle , Aneugens , Jatropha , Toxicity , Mitotic Index
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781260

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the regulatory role of Musashi-1 (MSI1) in the proliferation and growth of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells.@*METHODS@#We examined the expression of MSI1 in HCC and paired adjacent tissues from 24 patients using immunohistochemistry and Western blotting. A MSI1-expressing vector was constructed and stably transfected into HepG2 cells, and short hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) that targeted MSI1 mRNA were ligated into the vector and stably transfected in Huh7 cells. The effects of MSI1 overexpression and silencing on the proliferation, viability and cell cycle of HepG2 cells were investigated using flow cytometry or MTT assay. The expressions of PCNA, cyclin D1, APC and β-catenin in the HCC cells were detected with Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#MSI1 expression was significantly up-regulated in HCC tissues as compared with that in the adjacent tissues. Overexpression of MSI1 in HepG2 cells resulted in significantly enhanced cell growth ( < 0.01) and significantly reduced G0/G1 phase cells from (58.42±3.18)% to (40.67±1.22)% and increased S phase cells from (28.51± 1.93)% to (40.06±1.92)% ( < 0.01), causing also increases in the expressions of PCNA and Cyclin D1. Knockdown of MSI1 in Huh7 cells obviously inhibited the cell growth and caused cell cycle arrest at the G1/S phase ( < 0.01) with reduced protein expressions of PCNA and cyclin D1. Overexpression of MSI1 in HepG2 cells also down-regulated the expression of APC and up-regulated the expression of β-catenin protein, while MSI1 knockdown caused reverse changes in Huh7 cells.@*CONCLUSIONS@#MSI1 promotes the progression of HCC through positive modulation of cell growth and cell cycle the Wnt/β-catenin pathway.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Cell Cycle , Cell Proliferation , Hep G2 Cells , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Metabolism , RNA-Binding Proteins , Metabolism
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776716

ABSTRACT

The stem/progenitor cell has long been regarded as a central cell type in development, homeostasis, and regeneration, largely owing to its robust self-renewal and multilineage differentiation abilities. The balance between self-renewal and stem/progenitor cell differentiation requires the coordinated regulation of cell cycle progression and cell fate determination. Extensive studies have demonstrated that cell cycle states determine cell fates, because cells in different cell cycle states are characterized by distinct molecular features and functional outputs. Recent advances in high-resolution epigenome profiling, single-cell transcriptomics, and cell cycle reporter systems have provided novel insights into the cell cycle regulation of cell fate determination. Here, we review recent advances in cell cycle-dependent cell fate determination and functional heterogeneity, and the application of cell cycle manipulation for cell fate conversion. These findings will provide insight into our understanding of cell cycle regulation of cell fate determination in this field, and may facilitate its potential application in translational medicine.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Cycle , Cell Physiological Phenomena , Epigenomics , G1 Phase , G2 Phase , Humans , Translational Medical Research
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740564

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study examined the antioxidant and cancer cell growth inhibitory activities of an ethanol extract and different solvent fractions of Mesembryanthemum crystallinum L. (ice plant). METHODS: The ice plant was freeze-dried, extracted with 99.9% ethanol, and then fractionated with hexane, ethyl acetate, butanol, and water. The total polyphenol content (TPC), total carotenoid content (TCC), 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical-scavenging activity (RSA), and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) were measured. Assays using 2′,7′-dichlorofluorescin-diacetate and 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide were performed to measure the intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and cell growth, respectively. Annexin V/propidium iodide staining and cell cycle analysis were performed for the detection of apoptosis and cell cycle arrest. RESULTS: TPC, TCC, RSA, and FRAP of the ethanol extract (EE) were 3.7 mg gallic acid equivalent/g, 13.2 µg/g, 21.0% (at a concentration of 5 mg/mL), and 21.0% (at a concentration of 5 mg/mL), respectively. Among the different solvent fractions, the butanol fraction (BF) showed the highest TPC (5.4 mg gallic acid equivalent/g), TCC (86.6 µg/g), RSA (34.9% at 5 mg/mL), and FRAP (80.8% at 5 mg/mL). Treatment of HCT116 human colon cancer cells with EE and BF at concentrations of 250 and 500 µg/mL reduced the levels of intracellular ROS. Concomitantly, EE and BF resulted in the dose-dependent inhibition of cell growth (at the concentrations of 125, 250, and 500 µg/mL for 24 ~ 48 h) and the induction of apoptosis (at the concentrations of 250 and 500 µg/mL for 48 h) in HCT116 cells. An increased G2/M cell population was also found in the BF-treated cells. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that ice plant possesses antioxidant and growth inhibitory activities in colon cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Cycle , Cell Cycle Checkpoints , Colon , Colonic Neoplasms , Ethanol , Gallic Acid , HCT116 Cells , Humans , Mesembryanthemum , Reactive Oxygen Species , Water
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740186

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) is an important molecule in the early stress response of DNA damage, which is involved in DNA damage repair and cellular senescence. Olaparib, as PARP inhibitor, has an anti-tumor effect on high grade serous ovarian cancer, but its effects on cellular senescence have not been reported. This study intends to explore the role of olaparib in the regulation of senescence in ovarian cancer cells. METHODS: The effects of olaparib on the senescence of ovarian cancer cells were detected by using the senescence-associated β-galactosidase (SA-β-Gal) and senescence-associated heterochromatin aggregation (SAHF). Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to analyze the senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP). Cell cycle and apoptosis were detected by flow cytometry. The effect of olaparib on tumor growth was analyzed in a nude mouse xenograft transplantation model. RESULTS: Long-term (6 days) treatment with olaparib (5 μM) significantly inhibited the growth of ovarian cancer cells, leading to arrest the cell cycle at G0/G1 phase, significant increase the number of positive SA-β-Gal stained cells and positive SAHF cells. The expression of P16 and retinoblastoma protein (p-RB) were significantly enhanced in SKOV3 cells under olaparib treated, meanwhile, the expression of P53 and p-RB were upregulated in A2780 cells. In OVCAR-3 cells, the expression of P53 was downregulated and p-RB was upregulated. Mice with SKOV3 xenograft transplantation was given olaparib (10 mg/kg/day) via abdominal cavity administration, the tumor volume was reduced (p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Continuous low dosage administration of olaparib induced senescence under P16 or P53 dependent manner in ovarian cancer.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Cavity , Aging , Animals , Apoptosis , Cellular Senescence , Cell Cycle , DNA Damage , Flow Cytometry , Heterochromatin , Mice , Mice, Nude , Ovarian Neoplasms , Phenotype , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Retinoblastoma Protein , Transplantation, Heterologous , Tumor Burden
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739669

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a highly malignant brain tumor with a worst prognosis of less than one year despite advance treatment facilities. Among various signaling pathway genes displaying genetic modifications, aberrant expression of Notch pathway genes is frequent in GBM offering novel therapeutic targets. Herbal extracts having anticancer properties are used in adjuvant therapy that is safe and affordable as compared to chemotherapeutics. Bacopa monnieri has been used for the development of brain cells because of its neuroprotective properties. Its anticancer properties have shown to be promising in cancer treatment. METHODS: The anticancer properties of Bacoside A, an active and abundant component of Bacopa monnieri was assessed on U-87 MG cell line and its effects on expression of Notch pathway genes were studied. Cell cycle arrest and apoptosis were studied using flow cytometry. Expression of Notch pathway genes comprising of Notch receptors (notch1, notch2, notch3 and notch4), ligands (jagged1 and jagged2), a component of gamma-secretase complex (APH1A) and downstream target (HES1) were evaluated by quantitative real-time PCR. RESULTS: Bacoside A exhibited considerable cytotoxicity on U-87 MG cells inducing cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Cell cycle analysis revealed a significant arrest of 39.21% cells in sub-G0 phase at 80 µg/mL concentration, increasing to 53.21% at a higher concentration of 100 µg/mL. The fraction of early apoptotic cells in control was low (3.48%) that increased substantially to 31.36% and 41.11% after 80 µg/mL and 100 µg/mL of Bacoside A treatment respectively. Additionally, the expression of notch1 gene decreased after exposure to Bacoside A with a fold change of 0.05, whereas HES1 gene expression was increased by 25 fold. CONCLUSION: These data indicate that Bacoside A has a possible anticancer activity that could be inducing cell cycle arrest and apoptosis through Notch pathway in GBM in vitro.


Subject(s)
Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases , Apoptosis , Bacopa , Brain , Brain Neoplasms , Cell Cycle , Cell Cycle Checkpoints , Cell Line , Flow Cytometry , Gene Expression , Glioblastoma , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Ligands , Prognosis , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Receptors, Notch
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