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1.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 27(1): 332-358, Jan-Abr. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1414877

ABSTRACT

Fatores de risco, incluindo os de cunho materno, interferem no crescimento e desenvolvimento infantil. Nesse sentido, o conhecimento desses fatores e avaliação ade- quada desses processos são necessários para articulação de estratégias preventivas de transtornos futuros. Assim, o estudo visou investigar o crescimento e desenvolvimento de crianças atendidas em consulta de puericultura em unidades básicas de saúde de um mu- nicípio cearense, que integra uma universidade brasileira de cunho internacional, e seus fatores de risco. Trata-se de estudo observacional, analítico, transversal e de abordagem quantitativa, conduzido com crianças e suas mães no Centro de Saúde de Acarape e Posto de Saúde São Benedito (Acarape ­ CE), no período de fevereiro a julho de 2021. Após consentimento, as mães preencheram um questionário, seguido de avaliação do cresci- mento e desenvolvimento das crianças. Os dados obtidos foram analisados. Das 70 crian- ças, 50,00% (n = 17) e 51,43% (n = 18) dos meninos e meninas tinham baixa estatura para idade, respectivamente. Para o desenvolvimento psicossocial, dos 284 testes condu- zidos, 86,27% (n = 245) foram realizados em plenitude pelas crianças. Observou-se as- sociação significativa entre a gestante ter concebido o filho com, no mínimo, 9 meses de período gestacional e esse apresentar relação Peso/Idade adequada e Estatura/Idade ina- dequada. Houve associação significativa entre a criança não ingerir refresco em pó e apre- sentar relação Peso/Idade adequada. Conclui-se que as crianças tinham idade gestacional adequada e apresentavam estado nutricional apropriado, apesar da baixa estatura para idade. Manifestavam desenvolvimento psicossocial, de linguagem e físico normais. Sobre os fatores de risco, esses envolveram os de cunho materno e o consumo de alimentos cariogênicos.


Risk factors, including maternal ones, interfere with child growth and de- velopment. In this sense, knowledge of these factors and adequate evaluation of these processes are necessary to articulate preventive strategies for future disorders. Thus, the study aimed to investigate the growth and development of children seen in childcare con- sultations in primary health units in Ceará, part of a Brazilian university of international character, and their risk factors. This is an observational, analytical, cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach, conducted with children and their mothers at the Acarape Health Center and São Benedito Health Center (Acarape ­ CE), from February to July 2021. After consent, the mothers completed a questionnaire, followed by an assessment of the children's growth and development. The data obtained were analyzed. Of the 70 children, 50.00% (n = 17) and 51.43% (n = 18) of the boys and girls were short for their age, respectively. Of the 284 tests conducted for psychosocial development, 86.27% (n = 245) were entirely performed by the children. A significant association was observed between the pregnant woman having conceived her child at least nine months of gestation and having an adequate Weight/Age and Height/Age ratio. There was a significant asso- ciation between the child not ingesting powdered soft drinks and having an appropriate Weight/Age ratio. It was concluded that the children had an adequate gestational age and had an appropriate nutritional status, despite their low height for their age. They showed normal psychosocial, language, and physical development. The risk factors involved those of mother nature and the consumption of cariogenic foods.


Los factores de riesgo, incluidos los maternos, interfieren en el crecimiento y desarrollo infantil. En este sentido, el conocimiento de estos factores y la evaluación adecuada de estos procesos son necesarios para articular estrategias preventivas de futu- ros trastornos. Así, el estudio tuvo como objetivo investigar el crecimiento y desarrollo de niños atendidos en consultas de puericultura en unidades básicas de salud de un muni- cipio de Ceará, que forma parte de una universidad brasileña de carácter internacional, y sus factores de riesgo. Se trata de un estudio observacional, analítico, transversal, con enfoque cuantitativo, realizado con niños y sus madres en el Centro de Salud de Acarape y el Centro de Salud São Benedito (Acarape ­ CE), de febrero a julio de 2021. Después del consentimiento, las madres completaron un cuestionario, seguido de una evaluación del crecimiento y desarrollo de los niños. Los datos obtenidos fueron analizados. De los 70 niños, el 50,00% (n = 17) y el 51,43% (n = 18) de los niños y niñas eran bajos para su edad, respectivamente. Para el desarrollo psicosocial, de las 284 pruebas realizadas, el 86,27% (n = 245) fueron realizadas íntegramente por los niños. Se observó una asociación significativa entre la gestante haber concebido a su hijo con al menos 9 meses de gesta- ción y tener una adecuada relación Peso/Edad y Talla/Edad. Hubo asociación significativa entre el niño que no ingiere gaseosas en polvo y presentar una adecuada relación Peso/Edad. Se concluyó que los niños tenían una edad gestacional adecuada y un estado nutricional adecuado, a pesar de su baja talla para su edad. Presentaron un desarrollo psi- cosocial, lingüístico y físico normal. En cuanto a los factores de riesgo, estos involucraron los de naturaleza materna y el consumo de alimentos cariogénicos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Universities , Child Development/physiology , Risk Factors , Cariogenic Agents , Child , Nutritional Status/physiology , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Gestational Age , Maternal-Fetal Relations/physiology , Growth and Development/physiology , Eating/physiology
2.
Rev. cuba. reumatol ; 24(4)dic. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1530174

ABSTRACT

El desarrollo neurológico constituye un objetivo prioritario en Ecuador. Existen Centros de Desarrollo Infantil que persiguen lograr un adecuado desarrollo neurológico en la edad infantil. El objetivo de la presente investigación fue caracterizar el estado de los Centros de Desarrollo Infantil de la provincia Chimborazo, teniendo en cuenta la organización administrativa, situación del talento humano, infraestructura y equipamiento. Para esto se realizó una investigación básica, de campo y descriptiva consistente en la evaluación de estos elementos en cada centro visitado. Del total de 93 instituciones en la provincia, se identificaron 6 que se consideraron emblemáticos. Como principales resultados se puede señalar que las instituciones cuentan con una adecuada infraestructura, equipamiento y gestión administrativa y del talento humano para cumplir sus funciones; sin embargo, se carece de áreas específicas de fisioterapia y de profesionales de esta especialidad. Se concluye que, dentro del marco del convenio macro de cooperación interinstitucional, la Universidad Nacional de Chimborazo podrá proveer el recurso humano calificado para las actividades de fisioterapia orientadas a la estimulación del equilibrio, la coordinación y el área sensomotriz; de esta forma se estará consolidando el desarrollo neurológico de los niños que asisten a los Centros de Desarrollo Infantil(AU)


Neurological development is a priority objective in Ecuador. There are Child Development Centers that seek to achieve adequate neurological development in childhood. The objective of the present investigation was to characterize the state of the Child Development Centers of the Chimborazo province, taking into account the administrative organization, the situation of human talent, infrastructure and equipment. For this, a basic, field and descriptive investigation was carried out consisting of the evaluation of the elements previously described in each center visited. Of the total of 93 institutions in the province, 6 were identified as emblematic. As main results, it can be pointed out that the institutions have adequate infrastructure, equipment and administrative management and human talent to fulfill their functions; however, specific areas of physiotherapy and professionals in this specialty are lacking. It is concluded that, within the framework of the inter-institutional cooperation macro agreement, the National University of Chimborazo will be able to provide qualified human resources for physiotherapy activities aimed at stimulating balance, coordination and the sensorimotor area; In this way, the neurological development of the children who attend the Child Development Centers will be consolidated(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Schools, Nursery , Child Development/physiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Ecuador
3.
Psicol. Educ. (Online) ; (53): 25-34, dez. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | INDEXPSI, LILACS | ID: biblio-1426303

ABSTRACT

O presente estudo objetivou analisar as concepções de educadores de creches públicas acerca do desenvolvimento da criança na faixa etária de 24 a 35 meses de idade, considerando, a partir da perspectiva do desenvolvimento de Vygotsky, que o processo de constituição das concepções apresenta um caráter dinâmico na medida em que são influenciadas pelo contexto social, histórico e cultural do indivíduo. Foram realizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas com três educadoras de creches públicas da cidade de João Pessoa-PB. Os dados foram analisados a partir da técnica de análise de conteúdo temática. Os resultados revelaram que as concepções das educadoras sobre o desenvolvimento infantil são demonstradas a partir da caracterização que estas atribuem a esse processo, destacando que a etapa da educação infantil tem expressiva influência no desenvolvimento da criança, sobretudo nas seguintes dimensões: a educação infantil como base para etapas posteriores do desenvolvimento; a perspectiva do desenvolvimento infantil enquanto processo; e a aprendizagem da criança compreendida numa perspectiva para além do brincar e do cuidar. Tais concepções são expressas ainda pelos aspectos que estas consideram significativos no desenvolvimento da criança de 24-35 meses tais como: cognição, linguagem, interação social, motricidade e autonomia. (AU)


The present study aimed to analyze the conceptions of educators of public day-care centers about the development of the children between 24 and 35 months old, considering, from the perspective of the development of Vygotsky, that the process of constitution of the conceptions has a dynamic character as they are influenced by social, historical and cultural context of the individual. Semi structured interviews were conducted with three educators of public day-care centers in the city of João Pessoa-PB. The data were analyzed using the thematic content analysis technique. The results revealed that the educators' conceptions about child development are demonstrated from the characterization they attribute to this process, highlighting that the stage of early childhood education has a significant influence on child development, especially in the following dimensions: early childhood education as basis for later stages of development; the perspective of child development as a process; and the child's learning understood from a perspective beyond playing and caring. Such conceptions are also expressed by the aspects that they consider significant in the development of children aged 24-35 months, such as: cognition, language, social interaction, motricity and autonomy. (AU)


El presente estudio objetivó analizar las concepciones de educadores de guarderías públicas acerca del desarrollo del niño en el grupo de edad de 24 a 35 meses de edad, considerando, a partir de la perspectiva del desarrollo de Vygotsky, que el proceso de constitución de las concepciones presenta el carácter dinámico en la medida en que son influenciadas por el contexto social, histórico y cultural del individuo. Se realizaron entrevistas semiestructuradas con tres educadoras de guarderías públicas de la ciudad de João Pessoa-PB. Los datos fueron analizados a partir de la técnica de análisis de contenido temático. Los resultados revelaron que las concepciones de los educadores sobre el desarrollo infantil se evidencian a partir de la caracterización que atribuyen a este proceso, destacando que la etapa de la educación infantil tiene una influencia significativa en el desarrollo infantil, especialmente en las siguientes dimensiones: la educación infantil como base para etapas posteriores del desarrollo; la perspectiva del desarrollo infantil como proceso; y el aprendizaje del niño entendido desde una perspectiva más allá del juego y del cuidado. Dichas concepciones también se expresan en los aspectos que se consideran significativos en el desarrollo de los niños y niñas de 24 a 35 meses, entre ellos: cognición, lenguaje, interacción social, motricidad y autonomía. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Child Development/physiology , Child, Preschool/education , School Teachers , Child Day Care Centers , Child Rearing , Cognition , Social Interaction
4.
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 92(2): e210, dic. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1278303

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: la nutrición durante el embarazo impacta en la salud del recién nacido, con efectos a nivel epigenético determinando consecuencias neurológicas a largo plazo. Las necesidades de hierro durante el embarazo se estiman en 27 mg/día. El hierro hemo que se absorbe mejor se encuentra en la carne. La determinación de ferritina en sangre de cordón umbilical permite evaluar los depósitos de hierro alcanzados durante la etapa fetal. Sus niveles se asociaron con efectos a largo plazo sobre el desarrollo infantil. Objetivos: el objetivo de este estudio de carácter exploratorio es determinar la relación entre el consumo de carnes rojas durante el tercer trimestre de gestación y el nivel de ferritina en el cordón umbilical. Métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo con datos recolectados prospectivamente durante un año en el Departamento de Neonatología del Centro Hospitalario Pereira Rossell (CHPR) en Montevideo, Uruguay. Un total de 188 pacientes cumplieron los criterios de inclusión. Se extrajo sangre del cordón umbilical después de un pinzamiento estricto del cordón pasado un minuto de vida. La ferritina se midió utilizando el método de quimioinmunofluorescencia. Se aplicó una encuesta nutricional materna (cualitativo-cuantitativa) que midió la frecuencia de consumo de alimentos con fuente de hierro y las cantidades aproximadas consumidas durante el último trimestre del embarazo. Esta encuesta se centró en el consumo materno de carne vacuna como principal fuente de hierro hemínico en Uruguay. Se analizó la relación entre estas variables. Resultados: el déficit latente de hierro (ferritina en el cordón umbilical <100 ng/ml) se asoció con un menor consumo de carne vacuna durante el embarazo. Valor p de Fisher: 0,0133, OR: 3,71, IC del 95% (1,25-11,05). Conclusiones: este estudio considera adecuada la evidencia que relaciona que los niveles bajos de consumo total de hierro y de carne vacuna durante el tercer trimestre de gestación determinarán un mayor riesgo de déficit latente de hierro y de ferritina medido en el cordón umbilical. Los niveles descendidos de ferritina en cordón umbilical se asocian con un mayor riesgo de efectos adversos a largo plazo sobre la mielinización y el desarrollo neurocognitivo.


Background: nutrition during pregnancy impacts the foetus and the newborn health, it has consequences at the epigenetic level and determines long-term neurological consequences. Iron requirements during pregnancy are estimated at 27 mg/day. Iron is blood absorption from is most efficient from beef. Umbilical cord blood ferritin levels can be used to assess iron deposits reached during the foetal stage. Ferritin levels are linked to the child's long-term development. Objective: this exploratory study's objective is to determine the relationship between beef consumption during the first quarter of pregnancy and ferritin levels in the umbilical cord. Methods: we carried out a descriptive, observational study with prospectively collected data for one-year at the Neonatology Department of the Pereira Rossell Hospital Center (CHPR) in Montevideo, Uruguay. A total of 188 patients met the inclusion criteria. We extracted umbilical cord blood after a strict cord clamping after one minute of life. Ferritin was measured using the chemoimmunofluorescence method. We carried out a maternal nutritional survey using a qualitative-quantitative method and measured the frequency and approximate quantity of iron source food consumption during the last quarter of pregnancy. This survey was focused on maternal beef consumption as the major heme iron source in Uruguay. We analyzed the relationship between these variables. Results: latent iron deficiency (ferritin in the umbilical cord <100 ng / ml) was associated with lower beef consumption during pregnancy. Fisher p-value: 0.0133, OR: 3.71, 95% CI (1.25 - 11.05). Conclusions: this study agrees with the evidence that shows that low levels of total iron and beef consumption during pregnancy determine an increased risk of latent iron deficiency and lower levels of ferritin in newborns, and therefore, greater risk of long-term adverse effects on myelination and neurocognitive development.


Contexto: a nutrição durante a gravidez tem impacto sobre a saúde do recém-nascido, com efeitos no nível epigenético, determinando consequências neurológicas a longo prazo. As necessidades de ferro durante a gravidez são estimadas em 27 mg / dia. O ferro heme de melhor absorção e aquele encontrado na carne vacuna. A determinação da ferritina no sangue do cordão umbilical permite avaliar os depósitos de ferro atingidos na fase fetal. Seus níveis foram associados a efeitos de longo prazo no desenvolvimento das crianças. Objetivos: o objetivo deste estudo exploratório é determinar a relação entre o consumo de carne vermelha durante o terceiro trimestre de gestação e o nível de ferritina no cordão umbilical. Métodos: foi realizado um estudo observacional descritivo com dados coletados prospectivamente durante um ano no Departamento de Neonatologia do Centro Hospitalar Pereira Rossell (CHPR) em Montevidéu, Uruguai. Um total de 188 pacientes cumpriram os critérios de inclusão. O sangue do cordão umbilical foi coletado após clampeamento estrito do cordão após um minuto de vida da criança. A ferritina foi medida pelo método de quimioimunofluorescência. Aplicamos um inquérito nutricional materno (qualitativo-quantitativo) que mediu a frequência de consumo de alimentos com fonte de ferro e as quantidades aproximadas consumidas durante o último trimestre da gravidez. Esta pesquisa enfocou o consumo materno de carne bovina como principal fonte de ferro heme no Uruguai. A relação entre essas variáveis foi analisada. Resultados: a deficiência latente de ferro (ferritina no cordão umbilical <100 mg / ml) foi associada ao menor consumo de carne bovina durante a gestação. Valor de p de Fisher: 0,0133, OR: 3,71, IC 95% (1,25-11,05). Conclusões: este estudo concorda com as evidências que relacionam que os baixos níveis de ferro total e consumo de carne bovina durante o terceiro trimestre de gestação determinam um maior risco de déficit de ferro latente e ferritina mensurado no cordão umbilical. A redução dos níveis de ferritina no cordão umbilical está associada a um risco aumentado de efeitos adversos de longo prazo na mielinização e no desenvolvimento neurocognitivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Hemoglobins/analysis , Parenteral Nutrition , Ferritins/blood , Fetal Blood , Red Meat , Pregnancy Trimester, Third , Uruguay , /complications , Child Development/physiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive
5.
Fisioter. Bras ; 22(1): 10-24, Mar 19, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284006

ABSTRACT

A prematuridade é caracterizada pelo nascimento entre 22 e 37 semanas de gestação, podendo implicar em disfunções de diversos sistemas do organismo, dentre eles, o sistema neurológico, devido à imaturidade dos órgãos. Alterações no sistema neurológico comumente afetam o desenvolvimento motor da criança, que é determinado pela habilidade motora grossa. O objetivo deste estudo é avaliar a habilidade motora grossa em lactentes prematuros, segundo a Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS). Trata-se de um estudo descritivo-exploratório, de abordagem quantitativa, associado a um delineamento transversal, no qual aplicou-se dois instrumentos para coleta de dados de 122 lactentes que nasceram com idade gestacional entre 28 e 36 semanas, que são atendidos pelo Projeto de Extensão "Acompanhamento do desenvolvimento motor de recémnascidos de alto risco (Follow-up)", realizado no Núcleo de Estudos de Fisioterapia de uma faculdade privada. Um instrumento estruturado com perguntas sobre características sociodemográficas da mãe, história obstétrica desta e perfil do recém-nascido, e outro, a escala validada AIMS, aplicada mensalmente, por quatro meses, para avaliar o desenvolvimento motor do lactente. Os resultados mostraram aumento gradual da presença de alterações do desenvolvimento motor dos lactentes com o passar dos meses. (AU)


Prematurity is characterized by birth between 22 and 37 weeks of gestation, which may imply dysfunctions in several systems of the organism, among them, the neurological system, due to the immaturity of the organs. Changes in the neurological system commonly affect the child's motor development, which is determined by gross motor skills. The purpose of this study is to assess gross motor skills in premature infants, according to the Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS). This is a descriptive-exploratory study, with a quantitative approach, associated with a cross-sectional design, in which two instruments were applied for data collection of 122 infants born with gestational age between 28 and 36 weeks, assisted by the Project entitled "Monitoring the motor development of high-risk newborns (Follow-up)", carried out at the Physiotherapy Studies Center of a private college. A structured instrument with questions about the mother's sociodemographic characteristics, obstetric history and profile of the newborn, and another, the validated AIMS scale, applied monthly, for four months, to assess the infant's motor development. The results showed a gradual increase in the presence of changes in the motor development of infants over the months. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Infant, Premature/physiology , Child Development/physiology , Motor Activity/physiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies
6.
J. Phys. Educ. (Maringá) ; 32: e3272, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360525

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT For children with motor delays, the intervention effectiveness regarding children's routine, overall self-perceptions, and engagement in the lessons, have been understudied. Furthermore, specific sex differences still lack evidence. This study examines the effectiveness of mastery Climate (MC) motor intervention on girls' and boys' daily routine, motor performance, BMI, self-perceptions, and engagement, and the sex differences across these variables. Children with motor delays were randomly assigned to MC Group or Comparison Group. We assessed children's routine at home; perceived competence, social acceptance, and global self-worth; BMI; motor skills; and qualitative engagement in the lesson. Results show girls and boys increased the playtime, motor scores, perceptions of cognitive and motor competence, social acceptance, global self-worth, and engagement with success in the lessons; and, decreased TV time and free play, changing tasks, distraction, and conflicts in the lesson. In conclusion the MC intervention was effective in fostering girl's and boys' achievement.


RESUMO Para crianças com atrasos motores, a eficácia da intervenção motora em relação à rotina, autoconceito e engajamento tem sido pouco estudada. Diferenças específicas de sexo ainda carecem de evidências. Este estudo examina a eficácia da intervenção motora com o Clima para a Maestria (MC) na rotina diária de meninas e meninos, e no desempenho motor, IMC, autoconceito e engajamento; e, as diferenças entre sexo nessas variáveis. Crianças com atrasos motores foram alocadas aleatoriamente no Grupo MC ou Grupo de Comparação. Avaliamos a rotina em casa, competência percebida, aceitação social e autoestima global, IMC, habilidades motoras, e engajamento na aula. Os resultados mostraram que meninas e meninos aumentaram o tempo de brincar e os escores motores, as percepções de competência cognitiva e motora, a aceitação social, o autovalor global e o engajamento com sucesso; e diminuíram o tempo assistindo TV, e as brincadeiras livres, o mudar a tarefa, e as distrações e os conflitos na aula. Conclui-ise que a intervenção MC foi eficaz em promover o desempenho de meninas e meninos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Efficacy , Early Intervention, Educational , Motor Skills/physiology , Play and Playthings/psychology , Self Concept , Exercise/physiology , Body Mass Index , Child Development/physiology , Health Status , Sex Characteristics , Video Games , Failure to Thrive/diagnosis , Social Skills , Learning/physiology
7.
Rev. eletrônica enferm ; 23: 1-11, 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1146858

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se avaliar se as variáveis do ambiente e as sociodemográficas e clínicas do familiar e do lactente verticalmente exposto ao Vírus da Imunodeficiência Humana (HIV) interferem nas oportunidades no domicílio para o desenvolvimento motor infantil. Estudo transversal, no Sul do Brasil, entre dezembro de 2015 a setembro de 2017, com 83 familiares e seus respectivos lactentes verticalmente expostos ao HIV, utilizando dois instrumentos: questionário do lactente e familiar e o Affordances in the Home Environment for Motor Development - Infant Scale. Análise com correlação de Pearson e Spearman e regressão linear simples. As oportunidades foram moderadamente adequadas, com associações positivas significativas entre as variáveis idade do familiar e do lactente, escolaridade e possuir irmão exposto ao HIV e as dimensões espaço físico, variedade de estimulação, brinquedos de motricidade grossa e fina. Conclui-se que as variáveis sociodemográficas do familiar e do lactente interferiram nas oportunidades para desenvolvimento motor infantil no domicílio.


The objective of this study was to evaluate whether the environment and the sociodemographic and clinical variables of the family member and the infant vertically exposed to the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) interfere in the home opportunities for infant motor development. This is a cross-sectional study, in Southern Brazil, carried out between December 2015 and September 2017, with 83 family members and their respective infants vertically exposed to HIV, using two instruments: infant and family questionnaire and the Affordances in the Home Environment for Motor Development - Infant Scale. Analysis was performed with Pearson and Spearman correlation and simple linear regression. Opportunities (affordances) were moderately adequate, with significant positive associations between the variables of age of the family member and infant, education level, and presence of a sibling exposed to HIV and the dimensions of physical space, variety of stimulation, and toys for gross and fine motor skills. We conclude that the sociodemographic variables of the family member and the infant interfered in the opportunities for infant motor development at home.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , HIV Infections , Child Development/physiology , Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical , Environment , Motor Activity/physiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Family , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Home Nursing
8.
Trends psychiatry psychother. (Impr.) ; 42(4): 340-347, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145185

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Deficits in executive functioning, especially in inhibitory control, are present in children born very premature and/or with very low birth weight (VP/VLBW) and in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Objective To evaluate whether ADHD imposes additional inhibitory control (IC) deficits in preschoolers born VP/VLBW. Methods 79 VP/VLBW (4 to 7 years) children were assessed for ADHD using the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Aged Children - Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL). IC was measured with Conners' Kiddie Continuous Performance Test (K-CPT 2) and the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function - Preschool Version (BRIEF-P).Results: No significant differences were found between ADHD (n = 24) and non-ADHD children (n = 55) for any of the measures (p = 0.062 to p = 0.903). Both groups had deficits in most K-CPT 2 scores compared to normative samples, indicating poor IC and inconsistent reaction times. Conclusions ADHD does not aggravate IC deficits in VP/VLBW children. Either neuropsychological tasks and parent reports of executive functions (EFs) may not be sensitive enough to differentiate VP/VLBW preschoolers with and without ADHD, or these children's EFs are already so impaired that there is not much room for additional impairments imposed by ADHD.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/physiopathology , Child Behavior/physiology , Child Development/physiology , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight/physiology , Executive Function/physiology , Infant, Extremely Premature/physiology , Inhibition, Psychological , Case-Control Studies
9.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 91(5): 741-748, oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144273

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Describir el crecimiento en estatura, estimar la edad pico del estirón, la velocidad de crecimiento en dicho punto, la talla final adulta esperada y los patrones diferenciales en una muestra poblacional de ambos sexos. SUJETOS Y MÉTODO: Se realizó un estudio transversal recabando prospectivamente datos demográficos, clínicos y antropométricos en sujetos sanos de ambos sexos, entre 2015 y 2016. Se calcularon los percentiles para la estatura mediante el método LMS (sesgo, mediana y coeficiente de variabilidad) y luego se ajustaron dichos valores utilizando el modelo 1 de Preece-Baines. RESULTADOS: Se evaluaron 861 sujetos, edades 2 - 18 años, 377 varones y 484 mujeres. La edad estimada al pico del estirón (h0) fue de 13,6 años en los niños y de 11,0 años en las niñas, con una velocidad de crecimiento lineal en ese punto (V2) de 6,4 cm/año para ambos sexos. La estatura adulta media esperada (hj) se estimó en 173,7 cm en los chicos y en 160,0 cm en las chicas. CONCLUSIONES: El modelo 1 de Preece-Baines permitió estimar satisfactoriamente la edad pico del estirón, la velocidad de crecimiento en dicho punto y la talla final adulta esperada.


OBJECTIVE: Based on a sample of children and adolescents of both genders, our objective is to des cribe height growth, estimate the peak age at growth spurt, growth rate at this point, the final adult height expected, and differential patterns SUBJECTS AND METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conduc ted using demographic, clinical, and anthropometric data collected prospectively from children and adolescents of both sexes between 2015 and 2016. Height percentiles were calculated using the LMS (skewness, median, and coefficient of variation) method and then adjusted using the Preece-Baines model 1. RESULTS: We evaluated 861 participants (484 girls, 377 boys), aged between 2 and 18 years. The estimated peak age at growth spurt (he) was 13.6 years in boys and 11.0 years in girls, with a peak growth rate (V2) at this point of 6.4 cm/year for both sexes. The mean expected adult height (h1) was 173.7 cm in boys and 160.0 cm in girls. CONCLUSIONS: Preece-Baines model 1 provides satisfactory estimates for the peak age at growth spurt, peak growth rate at this point, and final expected adult height.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Body Height/physiology , Child Development/physiology , Adolescent Development/physiology , Growth Charts , Argentina , Reference Values , Sex Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Models, Statistical
10.
Trends psychiatry psychother. (Impr.) ; 42(1): 82-85, Jan.-Mar. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1099398

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Construct validity for the Motor Development Scale (MDS) has not been established. The aim of this study was to examine whether the unidimensional model of MDS would be appropriate for children aged 4 to 6 years-old and provide construct validity for the items concerning this age group in Brazil. Methods A total of 938 children participated in the study (214 4-year-olds, 643 5-year-olds, and 81 6-year-olds). Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to evaluate construct validity of the MDS using a unidimensional model. Results The CFA for the unidimensional model showed excellent adequacy indices for age 4: χ2(2) = 0.581, p = 0.748, comparative fit index (CFI) = 1.000, Tucker-Lewis index (TLI) = 1.090, root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA) = 0.000 (90% confidence interval [90%CI] = 0.000 to 0.093, close fit [Cfit] = 0.841); age 5: χ2(2) = 2.669, p = 0.263, CFI = 0.993, TLI = 0.980, RMSEA = 0.023 (90%CI = 0.000 to 0.085, Cfit = 0.682), weighted root mean square residual (WRMR) = 0.407; and age 6: χ2(9) = 8.275, p = 0.506, CFI = 1.000, TLI = 1.010, RMSEA = 0.000 (90%CI = 0.000 to 0.118, Cfit = 0.653), WRMR = 0.495. Reliability was good: ω = 0.87 (95%CI = 0.81 to 0.92). Conclusion The proposed unidimensional solution for the MDS provides a concise, parsimonious and reliable way to assess motor development in children aged 4 to 6 years.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Psychometrics/standards , Child Development/physiology , Motor Skills/physiology , Neuropsychological Tests/standards , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Reproducibility of Results
11.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 92(1): e392, ene.-mar. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093742

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los signos neurológicos blandos se han asociado con dificultades motoras, alteraciones comportamentales menores e incluso como factores de vulnerabilidad para la aparición de afecciones como, esquizofrenia, trastorno de déficit de atención e hiperactividad, trastorno disocial y episodios psicóticos. Aunque la investigación sobre los signos ha venido aumentando, no se tiene claridad sobre qué puede predisponer su aparición. Objetivo: Describir la asociación entre factores de riesgo prenatales, perinatales y neonatales y la aparición de los signos neurológicos blandos en niños con estos factores riesgo y en niños sin ellos. Métodos: Estudio de tipo descriptivo comparativo, de corte transversal, con diseño no experimental. La población en estudio se conformó por 550 niños y niñas, con edades entre seis y ocho años organizados. en cuatro grupos: los que presentaban riesgos prenatales, perinatales, neonatales, y el grupo que no presentaba ningún riesgo. Las aplicaciones se llevaron a cabo durante el primer semestre de 2017. Los datos se tomaron de las historias clínicas y los. signos neurológicos blandos se evaluaron a través del apartado de la Evaluación Neuropsicológica Infantil. Resultados: La mayoría de los signos neurológicos blandos presentaron diferencias significativas y valores altos en la comparación de los rendimientos en cada uno de los grupos con riesgo. Conclusiones: la presencia de riesgos prenatales, perinatales y neonatales producen una serie de alteraciones en el desarrollo del niño que se van acumulando y pueden estar asociados con la aparición de los signos neurológicos blandos(AU)


Introduction: The soft neurological signs have been associated with motor difficulties, lower behavioural alterations and even with vulnerability factors for the appearance of conditions such as schizophrenia, attention deficit disorder and hyperactivity, disocial disorder and psychotic episodes. Although research on the signs has been increasing, it is not clear what may predispose their appearance. Objective: To describe the association between prenatal, perinatal and neonatal risk factors and the appearance of the soft neurological signs in children with these risk factors and in children without them. Methods: Descriptive, comparative, cross-sectional non-experimental design´s study. The study´s population was formed by 550 boys and girls between the ages of six and eight years organized in four groups: with prenatal risks, with perinatal risks, with neonatal risks, and the group that did not present any risks. The tests were carried out during the first semester of 2017. The data were taken from the medical records and the soft neurological signs were evaluated through the item called Neuropsychological Assessment of Children. Results: Most of the soft neurological signs showed significant differences and high values in the performance comparison in each of the groups with risks. Conclusions: The presence of prenatal, perinatal and neonatal risks produce a series of alterations in the development of the child that are accumulated and may be associated with the appearance of the soft neurological signs(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child Development/physiology , Risk Factors , Nervous System/physiopathology , Nervous System Diseases/epidemiology , Neuropsychological Tests/standards , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
12.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 25(2): 505-518, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055804

ABSTRACT

Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi descrever e analisar o processo de elaboração de um material educativo para a promoção do desenvolvimento da criança nascida prematura. Os procedimentos incluíram: pesquisa exploratória participativa com o público destinatário, revisões integrativas de literatura sobre o tema e sistematização dos conteúdos por meio de referenciais teóricos robustos. A Educação Popular em Saúde orientou a elaboração do material educativo e a abordagem participativa, a Teoria Bioecológica do Desenvolvimento Humano balizou a análise e sistematização dos conteúdos, e o Simply Put a organização gráfica do material. O modelo teórico do desenvolvimento da criança nascida prematura e a sistematização e organização dos dados propiciou a elaboração de um material educativo interativo, uma tecnologia em formato de livro destinada à família. As múltiplas estratégias de pesquisa e os referenciais teóricos conferiram rigor metodológico, ampliando o potencial de ação do material educativo, que aproxima a experiência familiar ao conhecimento científico atualizado potencializando a promoção da saúde da criança.


Abstract This study aimed to describe and analyze the process of elaborating educational material to promote the development of preterm infants. The procedures included participative exploratory research with the target audience, integrative reviews of the literature on the subject, and systematization of contents through robust theoretical references. Popular Education in Health guided the elaboration of the educational material, and the participatory approach; the Bioecological Theory of Human Development conducted the analysis and systematization of the contents; and Simply Put guided the graphic organization of the material. The theoretical model of the development of preterm infants, and data systematization and organization, allowed the elaboration of an interactive educational material, a technology in a book format for the family. The multiple research strategies and theoretical references have provided methodological rigor, increasing the educational material's action potential, which draws family experience closer to the updated scientific knowledge, thus enhancing child health promotion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature/physiology , Family , Health Education/methods , Child Development/physiology , Health Promotion/methods , Models, Theoretical
13.
Cienc. act. fís. (Talca, En línea) ; 21(1): 1-13, ene. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1123690

ABSTRACT

El desarrollo motor es un proceso continuo y multidimensional del ciclo vital del ser humano. Para el profesor de educación física se hace esencial buscar instrumentos que permitan medir el desarrollo motor para una intervención intencionada que permita alcanzar un desarrollo apropiado a la edad de cada estudiante. El objetivo de este estudio es identificar los test de desarrollo motor aplicados en Chile entre 2014-2018. Se realizó una revisión sistemática de artículos científicos que aplicaron test de desarrollo motor, entre los años 2014-2018. La búsqueda de artículos se realizó en las bases de datos "Ebsco", "Dialnet" y "Scielo". Las palabras claves en la búsqueda fueron, desarrollo motor y test desarrollo motor, en los idiomas español, inglés y portugués. Se obtuvo un total de 9 artículos que cumplieron los criterios de inclusión. Los resultados mostraron que se han utilizado 4 test de desarrollo motor en el periodo declarado. En conclusión, el test más utilizado en Chile es el TGMD-2 el cual es ampliamente recomendado y validado en el contexto chileno; y cuyo propósito se basa en la identificación de los niveles de ejecución (bajo o superior) del desarrollo motor grueso en los niños según la edad cronológica


Motor development is a continuous and multidimensional process of the human being life cycle. For the physical education teacher it is essential to look for instruments that allow measuring the motor development for an intentional intervention that allows achieving an appropriate development at the age of each student. The objective of this study is to identify the motor development test applied in Chile between 2014-2018. A systematic review of scientific articles that applied motor development tests was carried out between 2014-2018. The search for articles was carried out in the "Ebsco", "Dialnet" and "Scielo" databases. The keywords in the search were; motor development and motor development test, in the Spanish, English and Portuguese languages. Nine articles were obtained that met the inclusion criteria. The results showed that four motor development tests have been used in the declared period. In conclusion, the most used test in Chile is TGMD-2 which is widely recommended and validated in the Chilean context; and whose purpose is based on the identification of the performance levels (lower or higher) of gross motor development in children according to chronological age


Subject(s)
Humans , Physical Education and Training , Students , Child Development/physiology , Motor Activity/physiology , Human Development/physiology
14.
Fisioter. Pesqui. (Online) ; 27(1): 41-47, jan.-mar. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090407

ABSTRACT

RESUMO As cardiopatias congênitas (CC) estão entre as principais causas de morbimortalidade na primeira infância e os lactentes com essa condição podem apresentar atrasos no desenvolvimento neuropsicomotor (DNPM). O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a influência da CC no DNPM de lactentes. Trata-se de um estudo observacional com avaliação do desenvolvimento neuropsicomotor realizada pela Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development (BSID-III). As condições maternas e clínicas dos lactentes foram verificadas no relatório de alta médica e na caderneta de saúde da criança, e a condição socioeconômica das famílias pelo Critério da Classificação Econômica Brasil. Para associar as variáveis clínicas e o DNPM foram utilizados o coeficiente de correlação de Spearman e o teste de razão de verossimilhança. Foram avaliados 18 lactentes, com predomínio do sexo feminino (72,2%). A maioria das mães (47,1%) possuía ensino médio completo ou superior incompleto, com média da idade de 27,2±5,5 anos. Houve correlação das escalas do BSID-III com as variáveis quantitativas analisadas: escala motora com o peso (p=0,02 e r=0,54) e com uso de oxigenoterapia (p=0,009 e r=−0,591); já para as variáveis qualitativas as associações foram entre: escala motora e condição socioeconômica (p=0,015), escala motora e comunicação interatrial - (CIA) (p=0,023) e escala da linguagem e CIA (p=0,038). A CC influenciou o DNPM, principalmente no aspecto motor. Além disso peso, diagnóstico de CIA, uso de oxigenoterapia e condição socioeconômica foram considerados como principais fatores de risco para o atraso no DNPM.


RESUMEN Las cardiopatías congénitas (CC) se encuentran entre las principales causas de morbimortalidad en la primera infancia, y los lactantes con esta afección pueden tener retrasos en el desarrollo neuropsicomotor (DNPM). El presente estudio tuvo el objetivo de evaluar la influencia de las CC en el DNPM de los lactantes. Este es un estudio observacional en el cual se evaluó el desarrollo neuropsicomotor utilizando la Bayley scales of infant and toddler development (BSID-III). Las condiciones maternas y clínicas de los lactantes se obtuvieron en el informe de alta médica y en la libreta de salud del niño, y el estado socioeconómico de las familias en el Criterio de Clasificación Económica de Brasil. Para asociar las variables clínicas y el DNPM, se utilizaron el coeficiente de correlación de Spearman y la prueba de razón de probabilidad. Se evaluaron a 18 lactantes, con un predominio del sexo femenino (72,2%). La mayoría de las madres (47,1%) tenían la secundaria completa o la educación superior incompleta, con una edad promedio de 27,2±5,5 años. Hubo una correlación entre las escalas BSID-III y las variables cuantitativas analizadas: escala motora con el peso (p=0,02 y r=0,54) y con el uso de oxigenoterapia (p=0,009 y r=−0,591); para las variables cualitativas, las asociaciones fueron entre: escala motora y estado socioeconómico (p=0,015), escala motora y comunicación interauricular (CIA) (p=0,023) y escala de lenguaje y CIA (p=0,038). Las CC influyeron en el DNPM, principalmente en el aspecto motor. Además, el peso, el diagnóstico de CIA, el uso de oxigenoterapia y el estado socioeconómico fueron considerados los principales factores de riesgo para el retraso en el DNPM.


ABSTRACT Congenital heart defects (CHD) are among the main causes of morbidity and mortality in infants who has this impairment may present delays in neuropsychomotor development (NPMD). This study assesses the influence of CHD on NPMD of infants. This is an observational study assessing neuropsychomotor development performed by Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development - BSID-III. The Brazilian Economic Classification Criteria was used to verify the socioeconomic status of the families and also the maternal and infants' clinical conditions were verified in the medical discharge report and in the child's health handbook. For the association between the quantitative and qualitative variables with the NPMD, the Spearman's correlation coefficient and the likelihood ratio test were used. A total of 18 infants were assessed, with a predominance of females (72.2%). Most mothers (47.1%) had complete high school or incomplete higher education, with a mean age of 27.2±5.5 years. There was a correlation between the BSID-III scales and the quantitative variables analyzed: motor scale with weight (p=0.02 and r=0.54) and oxygen therapy (p=0.009 and r=−0.591); besides that, the qualitative variables correlation were: motor scale and socioeconomic condition (p=0.015), motor scale and Interatrial Communication - IAC (p=0.023) and language with IAC scales (p=0.038). CHD influences the delay of NPMD, mainly for motor aspect. Furthermore, weight, diagnosis of IAC, use of oxygen therapy and socioeconomic status were considered the main risk factors for the delay in NPMD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Psychomotor Disorders/etiology , Motor Skills Disorders/etiology , Neurodevelopmental Disorders/etiology , Heart Defects, Congenital/complications , Oxygen Inhalation Therapy/adverse effects , Psychomotor Disorders/diagnosis , Socioeconomic Factors , Child Development/physiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cognition Disorders/diagnosis , Cognition Disorders/etiology , Motor Skills Disorders/diagnosis , Neurodevelopmental Disorders/diagnosis , Hospitalization , Language Disorders/diagnosis , Language Disorders/etiology , Length of Stay , Neuropsychological Tests
15.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 54: 48, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1101866

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To identify the Brazilian cohorts that started either in the prenatal period or at birth, to describe their characteristics and the explored variables, and to map the cohorts with potential for studies on early determinants on health and the risk of falling ill on later stages of the life cycle. METHODS A scoping review was carried out. The articles were searched in the electronic databases PubMed and Virtual Health Library (VHL). The descriptors used were [((("Child" OR "Child, Preschool" OR "Infant" OR "Infant, Newborn") AND (Cohort Studies" OR "Longitudinal Studies")) AND "Brazil")]. The inclusion criteria were Brazilian cohorts that started the baseline in the prenatal period or at birth and with at least two follow-ups with the participants. In order to meet the concept of LCE, we excluded those cohorts whose follow-ups were restricted to the first year of life, as well as those that did not address biological, behavioral and psychosocial aspects, and cohorts with data collection of a single stage of the life cycle. RESULTS The search step identified 5,010 articles. Eighteen cohorts were selected for descriptive synthesis. The median number of baseline participants was 2,000 individuals and the median age at the last follow-up was 9 years. Sample loss at the last follow-up ranged from 9.2 to 87.5%. Most cohorts monitored two phases of the life cycle (the perinatal period and childhood). The Southern region had the highest number of cohorts. The main variables collected were sociodemographic and environmental aspects of the family, morbidity aspects, nutritional practices and lifestyle. CONCLUSIONS We recommend the continuity of these cohorts, the approach to different social contexts and the performance of follow-ups with participants in different phases of the life cycle for the strengthening and expansion of life course epidemiology analyses in Brazil.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Identificar as coortes brasileiras iniciadas no período pré-natal ou no nascimento, descrever suas características e as variáveis exploradas, além de mapear as coortes com potencial para se estudar os determinantes precoces de saúde e doença e o risco de adoecer em etapas posteriores do ciclo vital. MÉTODOS Realizou-se uma revisão de escopo. A busca dos artigos foi realizada nas bases de dados PubMed e Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde em 16 de junho de 2018. Os descritores utilizados foram [((("Child" OR "Child, Preschool" OR "Infant" OR "Infant, Newborn") AND ("Cohort Studies" OR "Longitudinal Studies")) AND "Brazil")]. Os critérios de inclusão foram coortes brasileiras que iniciaram a linha de base no período pré-natal ou no nascimento e com pelo menos dois acompanhamentos com os participantes. Foram excluídas as coortes cujos acompanhamentos foram restritos ao primeiro ano de vida, as que não abordaram aspectos biológicos, comportamentais e psicossociais e também aquelas com coleta de informações em um único estágio do ciclo vital. RESULTADOS A etapa de busca identificou 5.010 artigos. Foram selecionadas 18 coortes para a síntese descritiva. A mediana do número de participantes na linha de base foi 2.000 indivíduos e a mediana de idade no último acompanhamento foi 9 anos. A perda amostral no último acompanhamento variou de 9,2 a 87,5%. A maioria das coortes realizou acompanhamentos em duas fases do ciclo vital (período perinatal e infância). A região Sul contemplou o maior número de coortes. As principais variáveis coletadas foram sociodemográficas e ambientais da família, aspectos de morbidade, práticas alimentares e estilo de vida dos participantes. CONCLUSÕES Recomenda-se a continuidade dessas coortes, a abordagem de diferentes contextos sociais e a realização de acompanhamentos com os participantes em diferentes fases do ciclo vital para o fortalecimento e ampliação das análises de epidemiologia do ciclo vital no Brasil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Child Development/physiology , Cohort Studies , Life Cycle Stages/physiology , Brazil , Epidemiologic Research Design , Age Factors
16.
Medwave ; 20(4): e7904, 2020.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1103950

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El objetivo de este estudio es describir el desarrollo psicomotor en niños y niñas de padres chilenos y haitianos de tres a 24 meses, pertenecientes a jardines infantiles. MÉTODO: El diseño del estudio fue descriptivo y transversal. Se evaluaron niños y niñas de tres a 24 meses de edad pertenecientes a jardines infantiles, mediante la Escala de Evaluación del Desarrollo Psicomotor (EEDP) y su perfil de desarrollo psicomotor para las áreas de lenguaje, social, coordinación y motor. Además, se administró un cuestionario dirigido a los padres para conocer su nivel socioeconómico, nivel educacional y aspectos de crianza. RESULTADOS: Se evaluaron un total de 24 infantes, 12 niños y niñas de padres chilenos y 12 de padres haitianos. La clasificación Escala de Evaluación del Desarrollo Psicomotor no mostró diferencias significativas entre ambos grupos (p = 0,299). En los párvulos de padres chilenos, 25% (3/12) clasificó como retraso, mientras que 75% (9/12) lo resultó normal. Por otro lado, en niños y niñas de padres haitianos, 8,3% (1/12) clasificó como riesgo, mientras que 91,7% (11/12) como normal. Existen diferencias significativas en el área de coordinación (p = 0,006), en la cual las y los menores de etnia haitiana lograron un mejor desempeño. CONCLUSIONES: Es necesario reforzar en cada una de las áreas del desarrollo psicomotor del infante y las múltiples variables socioculturales que pueden influir en este, debido a que los métodos de evaluación que se utilizan actualmente no presentan un carácter intercultural.


INTRODUCTION: This study aims to describe the psychomotor development of children, the offspring of Chilean and Haitian parents, and who attend the local kindergartens. METHODS: The design of this study was a descriptive and cross-sectional study. The study population was children 3 to 24 months-old, belonging to kindergartens, evaluated with the Psychomotor Development Assessment Scale (EEDP) regarding psychomotor development profile for the domains of language, socialization, coordination, and motor skills. A questionnaire was administered to the parents to determine the socioeconomic level, educational level, and parenting skills. RESULTS: Twenty-four infants, 12 children of Chilean parents, and 12 children of Haitian parents were evaluated. The EEDP classification (p = 0.299) did not show significant differences between both groups. In children of Chilean parents, 25% (3/12) classified as delay, while 75% (9/12) as normal. On the other hand, for children of Haitian parents, 8.3% (1/12) classified as risk, while 91.7% (11/12) as normal. There are significant differences in coordination (p = 0.006), in which Haitian children achieved better performance compared to the Chilean. CONCLUSIONS: It is necessary to emphasize every domain of infant psychomotor development and the multiple sociocultural variables that can influence this. Current evaluation methods do not presently have an intercultural character.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Parents , Psychomotor Performance/physiology , Child Development/physiology , Cross-Cultural Comparison , Chile , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Haiti/ethnology
17.
CoDAS ; 32(2): e20180107, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055900

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Investigar o desempenho lexical e a habilidade de memória de curto prazo verbal em crianças prematuras em idade pré-escolar, e comparar os resultados com seus pares nascidos a termo. Método Participaram do estudo 40 pré-escolares com idade entre 4 e 5 anos e 11 meses divididos em dois grupos, sendo 20 nascidos prematuros e 20 nascidos a termo. Os grupos não diferiram quanto à idade, renda familiar e escolaridade materna. Foram utilizados testes de vocabulário expressivo e memória de curto prazo verbal. A análise estatística inferencial foi realizada por meio dos testes de Mann-Whitney e exato de Fisher. Resultados O desempenho dos grupos não diferiu na tarefa de vocabulário, mas o grupo de prematuros apresentou desempenho inferior ao de seus pares na tarefa de repetição de não palavras. Conclusão Nesta amostra, o desempenho dos pré-escolares que nasceram prematuros foi estatisticamente inferior ao daqueles nascidos a termo apenas na tarefa de repetição de não palavras. Assim, o nascimento prematuro esteve associado a desempenho no vocabulário expressivo compatível com o esperado para a idade, porém com prejuízos na memória de curto prazo verbal.


ABSTRACT Purpose To investigate lexical performance and verbal short-term memory ability in premature infants at preschool age and compare the results with their full-term peers. Methods Forty preschool children aged between 4 and 5 years and 11 months participated on the study and were equally divided into two groups considering their gestational age: preterm and full-term. Groups did not differ on age, family income and maternal education. Participants were paired according to their chronological age and their socioeconomic status. Their performance was assessed using expressive vocabulary and verbal short-term memory tests. Inferential statistical analysis was performed using the Mann-Whitney and the Fisher exact test. Results Group performance did not differ on vocabulary, but premature children showed an inferior performance on nonword repetition tasks. Conclusion These data indicates that preschoolers born premature performed statistically lower than their peers born full-term on nonword repetition task. Thus, premature birth was associated to vocabulary development on typically developing range, but also to verbal short-term memory impairments.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Vocabulary , Memory, Short-Term/physiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Twins , Infant, Premature , Child Development/physiology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Gestational Age , Language Development , Language Tests
18.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057205

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the association between small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) and weight and height impairment in children and adolescents with gastroenterology diseases. Methods: Observational and retrospective study. All 162 patients aged less than 19 years old who underwent breath test in search of SIBO between 2011 and 2016 were studied. Breath test was collected after the intake of 10 grams of lactulose. The concentration of hydrogen and methane was measured for 180 minutes after the beginning of the test by 12i QuinTronMicroLyzer device. Results: SIBO was identified in 51 (31.5%) patients. There was no difference between the age of those with (mean=8.7y.o; 25th and 75th percentile: 4.6 and 11.3) and without (mean=7.9y.o 25th and 75th percentile: 4.8 and 12.2) SIBO (p=0.910). There was no association between gender and SIBO (male 26.3% vs. female 36.3%, p=1.00). A lower median of height-for-age Z score (mean=-1.32; 25th and 75th percentile: -2.12 and -0.08 vs. mean=-0.59; 25th and 75th percentile: -1.57 and 0.22; p=0.04) was demonstrated in children with SIBO when compared with children without it. There was no difference between the BMI-for-age Z score of patients with (mean=-0.48) and without SIBO (mean=-0.06) (p=0.106). The BMI of patients with SIBO (median=15.39) was lower than of those without it (median=16.06); however, the statistical analysis was not significant (p=0.052). The weight-for-age Z score was lower in patients with SIBO (mean=-0.96) than in those without SIBO (mean=-0.22) (p=0.02) Conclusions: Children and adolescents with SBIO associated with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract have lower weight and height values.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a existência de associação entre sobrecrescimento bacteriano no intestino delgado (SBID) e comprometimento de peso e estatura em crianças e adolescentes com doenças do aparelho digestivo. Métodos: Estudo observacional e retrospectivo em ambulatório de gastroenterologia pediátrica. Foram incluídos todos os 162 pacientes com idade inferior a 19 anos que realizaram teste respiratório para pesquisa de SBID entre 2011 e 2016. O teste respiratório foi realizado após ingestão de dez gramas de lactulose. Foram determinadas as concentrações de hidrogênio e metano em aparelho 12i QuinTron MicroLyzer até 180 minutos após o início do teste respiratório. Resultados: SBID foi caracterizado em 51 (31,5%) dos 162 pacientes. Não houve diferença na idade das crianças com (mediana=8,7 anos; percentil 25-75: 4,6-11,3) e sem (mediana=7,9 anos; percentil 25-75: 4,8-12,2) SBID (p=0,910). Não se observou associação entre SBID e sexo (masculino 27,4% e feminino 36,6%; p=0,283). O escore Z da estatura-idade nos pacientes com SBID (mediana=-1,32; percentil 25-75: -2,12—0,08) foi menor (p=0,040) do que naqueles sem SBID (mediana=-0,59; percentil 25-75: -1,57-0,22). Na comparação do escore Z de índice de massa corpórea-idade não foi observada diferença entre os grupos com (média=-0,489±1,528) e sem (média=-0,067±1,532) SBID (p=0,106). Nos pacientes com menos de 10 anos de idade, o escore Z de peso-idade foi menor nos pacientes com SBID (média=-0,968±1,359) do que nos sem SBID (média=-0,223±1,584) (p=0,026). Conclusões: Crianças e adolescentes com SBID associado a doenças do trato gastrintestinal apresentam menores valores de peso e estatura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Bacterial Infections/complications , Child Development/physiology , Gastrointestinal Diseases/microbiology , Intestine, Small/microbiology , Gastrointestinal Agents/administration & dosage , Brazil/epidemiology , Breath Tests/methods , Body Mass Index , Case-Control Studies , Retrospective Studies , Hydrogen/analysis , Lactulose/administration & dosage , Methane/analysis
19.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 91(4): e871, oct.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093728

ABSTRACT

Introducción: En la detección temprana de los problemas del desarrollo resulta importante emplear instrumentos de pesquisa. Objetivo: Describir el diseño de un instrumento para la pesquisa de los problemas del desarrollo psicomotor en niños menores de seis años. Métodos: Investigación de desarrollo realizada en La Habana, en niños sanos menores de seis años (n=1 333). El instrumento se diseñó a partir de la estimación de las edades de cumplimiento de un conjunto de pautas de desarrollo. Se estimaron los percentiles 25, 50, 75 y 90 (± IC95 por ciento) de la edad de cumplimiento de 80 pautas del desarrollo psicomotor mediante una regresión logística con transformación inversa. Se comparó el percentil 50 con el de las pautas de otras pruebas similares. El instrumento se diseñó con un método gráfico con el programa Microsoft Excel 2010. Resultados: Se estimaron todos los percentiles en 93,8 por ciento de las pautas seleccionadas; en tres de ellas no fue posible obtener el percentil 25, el 50 o ambos y en dos casos fueron cumplidas por todos los niños, por lo que su comportamiento no fue acorde a un modelo madurativo. En las comparaciones respecto a pruebas foráneas predominaron las pautas cumplidas a edades similares y adelantadas. Conclusiones: El instrumento diseñado constituye una herramienta útil para la pesquisa de los problemas del desarrollo psicomotor en la primera infancia, tanto en la práctica asistencial como en estudios epidemiológicos. Su aplicación en estos escenarios contribuye a elevar la calidad de la atención pediátrica(AU)


Introduction: In the early detection of development problems, it is important to use screening instruments. Objective: To describe the design of an instrument for the screening of psychomotor development's problems in children under six years old. Methods: Development research conducted in Havana, in healthy children under six years old (n= 1 333). The design of instrument was based on the estimation of the ages of compliance related to a set of development guidelines. The 25th, 50th, 75th and 90th percentiles (± 95 percent CI) of the compliance age of 80 psychomotor development patterns were estimated by means of a logistic regression with inverse transformation. The 50th percentile was compared with that of other similar tests. The instrument was designed with a graphical method with Microsoft Excel 2010 program. Results: All percentiles were estimated in 93.8 percent of the selected guidelines; in three of them it was not possible to obtain the 25th percentile, the 50th or both, and in two cases they were fulfilled by all the children, so their behavior was not according to a maturational model. In the comparisons with respect to foreign tests, the patterns fulfilled at similar and advanced ages prevailed. Conclusions: The instrument designed is a useful tool for the investigation of psychomotor development problems in early childhood, both in care practice and epidemiological studies, and their application in these scenarios contributes to raising the quality of pediatric care(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Psychomotor Performance/physiology , Child Development/physiology , Diagnosis/methods , Research Design
20.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 37(3): 372-381, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041343

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the scientific literature regarding the effects of external variables on KTK motor test scores and to verify which motor tests are associated with KTK. Data sources: Four databases (PubMed, Science Direct, Scientific Electronic Library Online - SciELO - and Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature - LILACS) were used to search for studies in which the descriptors Körperkoordinationstest für Kinder and KTK were presented in the title, abstract and keywords. Inclusion criteria were: articles published in English or Portuguese from January 2006 to December 2016; free access to the article in full and texts available online; presenting the descriptor terms mentioned above in the title, abstract or keywords; containing sample with children and adolescents aged 4 to 16 years old; being indexed in a journal with a rating of B2 or higher (WebQualis; Qualis 2016) for the area of physical education. The following were excluded: studies in books, chapters of books, theses and dissertations; duplicate scientific articles; conference summaries; articles published in proceedings and abstracts of congresses. Data synthesis: After the three stages of selection (identification, screening and eligibility) and the criteria proposed at the PICOS scale, 29 studies were included in this review. Conclusions: Body composition and the regular practice of physical activities were the variables that presented the greatest influence on KTK. It is important that health professionals working with the pediatric public encourage regular physical activity to improve body composition and, thus, to obtain better KTK scores. Additionally, the Movement Assessment Battery for Children (M-ABC) test had the highest positive correlation with the KTK test.


RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar a literatura científica quanto aos efeitos de variáveis externas nos escores do teste motor KTK e verificar quais testes motores se associam ao KTK. Fonte de dados: Quatro bases de dados (PubMed, Science Direct, Scientific Electronic Library Online - SciELO - e Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde - LILACS) foram utilizadas para busca de estudos em que os descritores Körperkoordinationstest für Kinder e KTK foram apresentados no título, no resumo e nas palavras-chave. Os critérios de inclusão foram: artigos publicados em língua inglesa ou portuguesa de janeiro de 2006 a dezembro de 2016; acesso livre na íntegra e textos disponíveis on-line; apresentação dos termos descritores supracitados no título, no resumo ou nas palavras-chave; conter amostra com crianças e adolescentes de quatro a 16 anos; estar indexado em uma revista com classificação igual ou superior a B2 (WebQualis; Qualis 2016) para a área de educação física. Foram excluídos: estudos em livros, capítulos de livros, teses e dissertações; artigos científicos duplicados; resumos de conferências; artigos publicados em anais; e resumos de congressos. Síntese dos dados: Após três etapas de seleção (identificação, triagem e elegibilidade) e os critérios propostos na escala PICOS, 29 estudos foram incluídos nesta revisão. Conclusões: A composição corporal e a prática regular de atividades físicas foram as variáveis que apresentaram maior influência no KTK. Parece ser importante que os profissionais da saúde que atuam com o público pediátrico incentivem a prática regular de atividades físicas para melhorias da composição corporal e, assim, para a obtenção de melhores escores no KTK. Adicionalmente, o teste Movement Assessment Battery for Children (M-ABC) apresentou a maior correlação positiva com o teste KTK.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Child Development/physiology , Motor Skills Disorders/diagnosis , Motor Skills/physiology , Physical Education and Training , Reproducibility of Results
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