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1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 121(4): e202202762, ago. 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1442949

ABSTRACT

La ictericia colestásica se debe a la alteración de la secreción de bilirrubina conjugada; es una de las posibles causas la alteración del flujo biliar por obstrucción de la vía biliar extrahepática. El linfoma es la tercera neoplasia más frecuente en pediatría, mientras que los tumores pancreáticos son poco frecuentes y, en su mayoría, lesiones benignas. Las manifestaciones clínicas de los tumores de localización retroperitoneal son poco específicas y suelen ser tardías, por lo que la sospecha clínica debe ser alta. El objetivo del siguiente trabajo es presentar el caso de un niño de 7 años con síndrome colestásico en el que se halló un tumor en la cabeza del páncreas que comprimía la vía biliar extrahepática. El diagnóstico del tumor fue linfoma no Hodgkin (LNH). Se destaca la infrecuencia de este tumor en esta localización en la edad pediátrica


Cholestatic jaundice is due to an alteration in conjugated bilirubin secretion; a possible cause is an altered bile flow resulting from an obstruction of the extrahepatic bile duct. A lymphoma is the third most common neoplasm in pediatrics, while pancreatic tumors are rare and mostly benign. The clinical manifestations of retroperitoneal tumors are not very specific and are usually late, so a high level of clinical suspicion is required. The objective of this study is to describe the case of a 7-year-old boy with cholestatic syndrome with a tumor in the head of the pancreas compressing the extrahepatic bile duct. The tumor diagnosis was non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). It is worth noting that the presence of a tumor in this location in pediatric age is uncommon


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/complications , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/diagnosis , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/pathology , Cholestasis/etiology , Jaundice, Obstructive/diagnosis , Jaundice, Obstructive/etiology , Jaundice, Obstructive/pathology , Pancreas , Syndrome , Cholestasis/diagnosis
2.
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 94(1): e302, 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1420114

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de Alagille es una patología poco frecuente, de herencia autosómica dominante. Se caracteriza por la presencia de colestasis crónica progresiva ocasionada por hipoplasia de las vías biliares; anomalías vertebrales, oculares y cardíacas, y fenotipo facial particular. Entre sus diagnósticos diferenciales se incluyen las infecciones, enfermedades endocrinometabólicas, atresia biliar y causas idiopáticas. El pronóstico de este síndrome es variable y depende de la entidad de la afectación hepática y los defectos cardiovasculares. El abordaje terapéutico suele ser interdisciplinario e individualizado, enfocado en el control sintomático, prevención de la malnutrición y el déficit de vitaminas liposolubles. Se presenta el caso de un lactante de 2 meses en el que se estudiaron las causas más frecuentes de colestasis y se llegó al diagnóstico de síndrome de Alagille. Se describe su abordaje terapéutico y seguimiento.


Alagille syndrome is an inherited autosomal dominant rare disease. It is characterized by the presence of progressive chronic cholestasis caused by hypoplasia of the bile ducts; vertebral, ocular and cardiac anomalies, and particular facial phenotype. Its differential diagnoses include infections, endocrine-metabolic diseases, biliary atresia and idiopathic causes. The prognosis of this syndrome is variable and depends on the degree of liver involvement and cardiovascular defects. The therapeutic approach is usually interdisciplinary and customized, focused on symptomatic control, prevention of malnutrition and fat-soluble vitamin deficiency. We present the case of a 2-month-old infant in whom the most frequent causes of cholestasis were studied and to whom Alagille Syndrome was diagnosed. We hereby describe its therapeutic approach and follow-up.


A síndrome de Alagille é uma doença rara, hereditária, autossômica e dominante. Caracteriza-se pela presença de colestase crônica progressiva causada por hipoplasia das vias biliares; anomalias vertebrais, oculares e cardíacas e fenótipo facial particular. Seus diagnósticos diferenciais incluem infecções, doenças endócrino-metabólicas, atresia biliar e causas idiopáticas. O prognóstico desta síndrome é variável e depende do grau de envolvimento hepático e defeitos cardiovasculares. A abordagem terapêutica geralmente é interdisciplinar e personalizada, focada no controle sintomático, prevenção da desnutrição e deficiência de vitaminas lipossolúveis. Apresentamos o caso de uma criança de 2 meses de idade em que foram estudadas as causas mais frequentes de colestase e a quem foi diagnosticada Síndrome de Alagille. Descrevemos a sua abordagem terapêutica e seguimento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant , Cholestasis/diagnosis , Alagille Syndrome/diagnosis , Ursodeoxycholic Acid/therapeutic use , Fat Soluble Vitamins , Cholestasis/etiology , Cholestasis/drug therapy , Alagille Syndrome/complications , Alagille Syndrome/therapy , Diagnosis, Differential
3.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(2): 3120-3132, mar.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251930

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: las enfermedades del eje pancreático/biliar son una consecuencia en la morbimortalidad del aparato digestivo, y es la causa en ocasiones de una obstrucción biliar. La colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica es un método preciso para el diagnóstico de la obstrucción biliar, y se asocia con una elevada tasa de sensibilidad y especificidad. Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo de corte transversal, con el objetivo de valorar el comportamiento de la colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica como medio diagnóstico y terapéutico en una muestra de 90 pacientes con dictamen presuntivo de íctero obstructivo. Resultados: predominaron las féminas en el grupo de edad superior a los 50 años. La coluria, la acolia y el íctero como representativos de una enfermedad obstructiva de las vías biliares, fueron las manifestaciones más frecuentes, corroboradas por el estudio endoscópico, donde la litiasis coledociana fue la principal causa de íctero. Conclusión: la esfinterotomía endoscópica fue el proceder terapéutico de elección, y la pancreatitis aguda postintervención fue la complicación más frecuente (AU).


ABSTRACT Introduction: the diseases of the pancreatic-biliary axis are a consequence in the digestive tract morbidity-mortality, and sometimes they are the cause of a biliary obstruction. The endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography is a precise method for diagnosing the biliary obstruction, and is associated to high rates of sensitivity and specificity. Materials and methods: a cross-sectional, descriptive, observational study was carried out with the aim of assessing the behavior of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography as a therapeutic and diagnostic mean in a sample of 90 patients with presumptive report of obstructive jaundice. Results: women aged more than 50 years predominated. Choluria, acholia and jaundice, as representative of the biliary ducts obstructive disease, were the most frequent manifestations, corroborated by the endoscopic study, where choledocal lithiasis was the main cause of jaundice. Conclusions: endoscopic sphincterotomy was the elective therapeutic procedure, and post-intervention acute pancreatitis was the most frequent complication (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cholestasis/diagnosis , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde/methods , Patients , Cholestasis/therapy , Disease , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures/standards , Sphincterotomy/methods
4.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 19(3): 176-180, set 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1391950

ABSTRACT

A busca pelo corpo perfeito pode gerar graves consequências para a população que faz uso indiscriminado de substâncias visando a resultados rápidos. O caso relatado se refere a um pa- ciente de 21 anos, do sexo masculino, na cidade de São Paulo (SP), que apresentou quadro de síndrome colestática 15 dias após uso do anabolizante estanazolol para fins estéticos na ativi- dade física, evoluindo com hepatite medicamentosa grave, com aumento de transaminases, hiperrubilinemia às custas de bilirrubina direta e fatores de coagulação, sem resposta satis- fatória ao tratamento de suporte convencional, com melhora significativa após introdução de corticoterapia.


Searching for the perfect body image can cause severe conse- quences to the population using substances indiscriminately to reach results fast. The case reported refers to a male patient, 21 years old, from the city of São Paulo (SP), who developed choles- tatic syndrome 15 days after the use of the steroid Stanazol for aesthetic purposes during physical activity, progressing with se- vere drug-induced hepatitis, transaminases, bilirubin, and coagu- lation factors increase with no satisfactory response to the con- ventional support treatment, and significant improvement after the introduction of corticotherapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Young Adult , Stanozolol/toxicity , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/drug therapy , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Anabolic Agents/toxicity , Ursodeoxycholic Acid/administration & dosage , Bilirubin/blood , Biopsy , Cholagogues and Choleretics/therapeutic use , Prednisone/administration & dosage , Cholestasis/diagnosis , Cholestasis/pathology , Cholesterol/blood , Cholestyramine Resin/administration & dosage , Catastrophic Illness , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/diagnosis , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/pathology , Transaminases/blood , Hydroxyzine/administration & dosage , Liver/pathology , Anticholesteremic Agents/therapeutic use , Antipruritics/therapeutic use
5.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 148(5): 697-701, mayo 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1139355

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Hyperthyroidism can induce elevation in several liver function tests including aminotransferases, alkaline phosphatases and, less frequently, serum bilirubin. These alterations are usually mild and asymptomatic. We report a 26 year-old male presenting with palpitations, progressive jaundice, choluria and generalized itching. Laboratory tests were compatible with hyperthyroidism and a mild elevation of bilirubin, alkaline phosphatases and gamma glutamyl transpeptidase. A liver biopsy showed portal hepatitis with canalicular cholestasis. The patient was treated temporarily with glucocorticoids, cholestyramine and betablockade. Thereafter, he was treated with radioactive iodine, after which serum bilirubin decreased steadily until normalization in ten weeks.


El hipertiroidismo puede producir elevación de aminotransferasas, fosfatasas alcalinas y, menos frecuentemente, de bilirrubina sérica. Habitualmente, estas alteraciones son leves y asintomáticas. Reportamos un hombre de 26 años con hipertiroidismo secundario a enfermedad de Basedow-Graves, que debutó con un cuadro colestásico, inicialmente estudiado por sospecha de patología hepática autoinmune que incluyó biopsia hepática. Posteriormente, se diagnosticó hipertiroidismo que fue tratado con glucocorticoides, colestiramina y beta bloqueo como puente a terapia definitiva con radioyodo. La evolución mostró disminución progresiva hasta la normalización de bilirrubina sérica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Graves Disease/complications , Cholestasis/diagnosis , Cholestasis/etiology , Hyperthyroidism/complications
6.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 64(2): 179-184, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131073

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY Most papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTC) harbor excellent prognosis. Although rare, distant metastases normally occur in lungs and/or bones. Here we describe a rare case of pancreatic metastasis presenting with rapid onset cholestatic syndrome. A literature review was also performed. A 73-year-old man with a high risk PTC was submitted to total thyroidectomy (TT) followed by radioiodine therapy. After initial therapy, he persisted with progressive rising serum thyroglobulin levels but with no evidence of structural disease. Recently, the patient presented with a rapid onset and progressive cholestatic syndrome. A 4 cm lesion in pancreas was identified, with echoendoscopy fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) confirming a pancreatic metastasis from PTC. The patient was submitted to a successful pancreaticoduodenectomy. Pancreatic metastases of PTC are rare and few long-term follow-up data are available to guide management. Fourteen cases were former reported, mean age was 65.7 years-old with mean time between PTC and pancreatic metastasis diagnosis of 7.9 years. Nine of them had another distant metastasis, nine were diagnosed by FNAB and just two received sorafenib.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Pancreatic Neoplasms/complications , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Cholestasis/etiology , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/pathology , Pancreatic Neoplasms/surgery , Pancreatic Neoplasms/secondary , Syndrome , Thyroidectomy , Thyroid Neoplasms/surgery , Cholestasis/diagnosis , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/surgery
7.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(1): S12-S49, 2020-02-00. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1096510

ABSTRACT

La presencia de ictericia en la etapa neonatal puede responder a diversas causas, desde situaciones fisiológicas hasta enfermedades graves. En los neonatos de término que persisten ictéricos más allá de los 14 días de vida, debe determinarse si la hiperbilirrubinemia es no conjugada o conjugada para establecer, a la brevedad, el plan de estudios etiológicos y la terapéutica correspondiente. La hiperbilirrubinemia conjugada (colestasis) refleja una disfunción hepática en la mayoría de los casos, cuyas consecuencias son alteraciones del flujo biliar secundarias a anormalidades estructurales o moleculares del hígado y/o del tracto biliar.Durante la última década, los nuevos estudios moleculares revolucionaron el abordaje de los pacientes colestáticos, lo que permitió el diagnóstico de diversas entidades genéticas. La etiología de la hiperbilirrubinemia del primer trimestre debe determinarse con urgencia, ya que, en muchos casos, el tratamiento instituido de modo precoz puede modificar sustancialmente la evolución de la enfermedad o salvar la vida del paciente.


Neonatal jaundice may be due to different causes, ranging from physiological conditions to severe diseases. In term neonates with persistent jaundice beyond 14 days of life, it should be determined whether hyperbilirubinemia is unconjugated or conjugated, in order to study the etiology and start early treatment. In the majority of cases, conjugated hyperbilirubinemia (cholestasis) is a sign of liver dysfunction possibly associated with alterations in the bile flow secondary to structural or molecular abnormalities of the liver and/or the biliary tract. Over the past decade, new molecular studies have revolutionized the approach of cholestatic patients, leading to the identification of different genetic entities. It is important to determine the etilogy of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia since in many cases early treatment will substantially improve morbidity and mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Cholestasis/diagnosis , Cholestasis/genetics , Cholestasis/immunology , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic/genetics , Hyperbilirubinemia, Neonatal/diagnosis , Hyperbilirubinemia, Neonatal/etiology , Cholestasis/etiology , Cholestasis/drug therapy , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic/diagnosis , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic/drug therapy
9.
Rev. pediatr. electrón ; 16(1): 18-24, abr. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-998476

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El síndrome de Alagille es una enfermedad con múltiples afectaciones, es autosómica dominante, con expresividad variable. Se identifica por manifestaciones hepáticas, vertebrales, cardiacas, oculares y dismorfia facial. Objetivo: Reportar un caso de S. de Alagille con afectación hepática, que debuta con hemorragia de vías digestivas altas. Materiales y métodos: Reporte de caso clínico confrontando con artículos de revisiones de temas en búsqueda electrónica en bases de datos de RIMA, MEDLINE, PUBMED, MEDSCAPE, de 1993-2018. Resultado: Paciente de 2 años, con diagnóstico tardío de enfermedad hepática, con progresión a cirrosis y hallazgos al examen físico que confirman Síndrome de Alagille. Se confirma el diagnóstico molecular coincidiendo con el principal hallazgo genético con anomalías asociadas al gen Jagged 1 (JAG1) localizado en el cromosoma 20 y el NOTCH2 del cromosoma 1. Conclusiones: Es de gran importancia resaltar esta patología infrecuente la cual representa un reto diagnóstico, debe tenerse en cuenta la múltiple afectación orgánica por lo cual es fundamental un manejo interdisciplinario


Abstract Introduction: Alagille syndrome is a disease with multiple impairments, is autosomal dominant with variable expressivity. It is identified by manifestations of vertebral, liver, heart, eye and facial dysmorphia. Objective: Report a case of Alagille S. with hepatic involvement, debuting with hemorrhage of upper digestive tract. Materials and methods: Clinical case report confronting articles reviewing subjects in electronic search in RIMA databases, MEDLINE, PUBMED, MEDSCAPE, from 1993-2018. Result: 2 year old patient, with late diagnosis of liver disease, with progression to cirrhosis and physical exam findings that confirm Alagille Syndrome. Confirmed the diagnostic molecular coinciding with the main genetic finding which are anomalies associated with the gene Jagged 1 (JAG1) located on chromosome 20 and the NOTCH2 of chromosome 1. Conclusions: It is important to highlight this uncommon disease which poses a diagnostic challenge, multiple organic involvement must be taken into account by which an interdisciplinary management is essential.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Alagille Syndrome/complications , Alagille Syndrome/diagnosis , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/etiology , Cholestasis/diagnosis , Cholestasis/etiology , Alagille Syndrome/genetics , Alagille Syndrome/therapy , Receptor, Notch2 , Face/abnormalities , Jagged-1 Protein , Liver Cirrhosis/diagnosis , Liver Cirrhosis/etiology
11.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(2): 251-255, Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1004340

ABSTRACT

Liver involvement occurs in 0.2 to 3% of patients with syphilis. We report three patients with liver involvement in syphilis. A 52-year-old male presenting with erythema and malaise. Laboratory showed a gamma glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) of 853 u/l, alkaline phosphatases of 1,010 U/L and VDRL was positive. Treatment with penicillin resolved the skin problem and normalized liver enzymes. A HIV positive 30-year-old male in peritoneal dialysis presenting with itching, malaise and markedly elevated GGT and alkaline phosphatases. VDRL was positive. He was treated with penicillin with remission of symptoms and enzyme normalization. A 43-year-old male presenting with erythema, malaise, arthralgias and elevated GGT and alkaline phosphatases. VDRL was positive and treatment with penicillin reverted symptoms and laboratory abnormalities.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Syphilis/diagnosis , Hepatitis/diagnosis , Syphilis Serodiagnosis , Cholestasis/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Alkaline Phosphatase/blood , gamma-Glutamyltransferase/blood
12.
Bol. méd. Hosp. Infant. Méx ; 75(5): 313-318, sep.-oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001420

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: Los errores innatos en la síntesis de ácidos biliares son un grupo de defectos genéticos que representan del 1 al 2% de las enfermedades colestásicas crónicas en lactantes, niños y adolescentes. La deficiencia de 3β-Δ5-C27-hidroxiesteroide oxidoreductasa (3β-HSDH) es el defecto más comúnmente reportado. El cuadro clínico característico consiste en hepatitis neonatal, hepatomegalia, esplenomegalia, malabsorción, desnutrición y enfermedad hepática de aparición tardía. Caso clínico: Lactante masculino con antecedente de ictericia en escleras a los 4 meses que se resolvió espontáneamente; posteriormente, a los 18 meses, presentó enfermedad colestásica. Durante su abordaje se documentó gamma-glutamil transpeptidasa normal, hallazgo que es altamente sugestivo de alteración en la síntesis de ácidos biliares. El diagnóstico se realizó con espectrometría de masas en orina. Se inició tratamiento con ácido cólico oral, y presentó mejoría inmediata. Conclusiones: El resultado en los ácidos biliares urinarios es definitivo para el defecto genético y consistente con mutaciones homocigotas en el gen HSD3B7. Este padecimiento constituye un diagnóstico de exclusión en las enfermedades colestásicas de la infancia, particularmente el hallazgo de gamma-glutamil transpeptidasa normal o levemente aumentada, y responde adecuadamente al tratamiento oral, por lo que debe identificarse de forma temprana.


Abstract: Background: Inborn errors in bile acid synthesis are a group of genetic defects accounting for 1 to 2% of chronic cholestatic diseases in infants, children and adolescents. Deficiency of 3β-Δ5-C27-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3β-HSDH) is the most common defect in this disease. Clinical features consist of neonatal hepatitis, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, malabsorption, malnutrition, and late-onset liver disease. Case report: A male infant who presented jaundice in sclera at 4 months that resolved spontaneously, later presented cholestatic disease at 18 months. During his approach, normal gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase was documented, a finding that is highly suggestive of alteration in the synthesis of bile acids. The diagnosis was made using urine mass spectrometry. Oral colic acid treatment was started, presenting immediate improvement. Conclusions: The result in urinary bile acids is definitive for the genetic defect and consistent with homozygous mutations in the HSD3B7 gene. This condition is a diagnosis of exclusion in childhood cholestatic diseases, particularly in the presence of normal or mildly enlarged gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase, and responds adequately to oral treatment; it should be identified early.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Male , Bile Acids and Salts/metabolism , Cholestasis/diagnosis , 3-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenases/genetics , Metabolism, Inborn Errors/diagnosis , Cholestasis/genetics , Cholic Acid/administration & dosage , Jaundice/etiology , Metabolism, Inborn Errors/genetics
14.
Gastroenterol. latinoam ; 29(3): 147-154, 2018. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1117304

ABSTRACT

Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is a rare entity associated with high morbidity and mortality. It includes a broad spectrum of clinical patterns, from acute hepatitis to cirrhosis. Among the common associated drugs are antimicrobial like anti-TBC, antineoplastic, CNS agents and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Establishing causality between DILI and a certain drug is a challenge. Some scoring systems have been evaluated, considering RUCAM score as the gold standard. We present the case of a 35-year-old woman with a history of a high-grade glioma treated with surgery and chemotherapy with lomustine, procarbazine and vincristine. She evolved with altered liver tests, predominantly cholestatic pattern, but asymptomatic. Etiologic study negative and abdominal imaging were normal. The liver biopsy was compatible with 40% ductopenia, without inflammatory elements. We consider DILI associated with the use of lomustine, with RUCAM score suggesting. After discontinuing chemotherapy and using ursodeoxycholic acid for the treatment of cholestasis there was an improvement in liver tests. There is limited evidence in the literature regarding hepatotoxicity associated with lomustine, mainly in experimental animal models. Cases of cholestatic hepatotoxicity have been described with the use of other similar nitrosureas. In relation to procarbazine and vincristine, DILI is reported mainly reversible and predominantly with hepatocellular pattern, not consistent with our case. We find it interesting to communicate with review of the literature about it.


El daño hepático inducido por drogas (DILI) es una entidad poco frecuente, con alta morbimortalidad asociada. Incluye un amplio espectro de patrones clínicos, desde hepatitis aguda a cirrosis. Dentro de los fármacos frecuentemente asociados se encuentran antibióticos como anti-TBC, agentes antineoplásicos, de acción en el SNC y anti-inflamatorios no esteroidales. Establecer una causalidad entre DILI y una determinada droga constituye un desafío. Para ello, se han evaluado diversos sistemas de puntuación, considerándose gold estándar el RUCAM score. Se presenta el caso de una mujer de 35 años de edad con antecedentes de glioma de alto grado operado y en quimioterapia con lomustina, procarbazina y vincristina. En su evolución presenta alteración de pruebas hepáticas de predominio colestásico de manera asintomática, con estudio etiológico causal negativo e imagenológico normal. La biopsia hepática fue compatible con ductopenia de 40% sin elementos inflamatorios. Se plantea DILI asociado al uso de lomustina con un score de RUCAM sugerente, decidiéndose interrumpir sus ciclos de quimioterapia e inicia tratamiento con ácido ursodesoxicólico, presentando mejoría progresiva de pruebas hepáticas. Existe evidencia limitada en la literatura en relación a hepatotoxicidad asociada a este fármaco, principalmente en modelos experimentales, y con el uso de otras nitrosureas similares se han descrito casos de hepatotoxicidad de predominio colestásico. En relación con procarbazina y vincristina existen reportes de DILI principalmente reversible y con patrón de predominio hepatocelular, lo que no es concordante con nuestro caso, por lo cual nos parece de interés comunicarlo con revisión de la literatura al respecto.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Cholestasis/chemically induced , Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating/adverse effects , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/etiology , Lomustine/adverse effects , Cholestasis/diagnosis , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/diagnosis
15.
Medisan ; 21(7)jul. 2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-894635

ABSTRACT

Mediante una extensa revisión bibliográfica fue posible profundizar en el tema de las ictericias obstructivas o las colestasis, sobre todo en los aspectos más importantes de su definición, semiogénesis, clasificación, etiopatogenia, manifestaciones clínicas, estudios de laboratorio e imagenológicos, además del diagnóstico, la evolución, el pronóstico y tratamiento, con el objetivo de proporcionar los elementos más novedosos de cada uno de ellos, a través de un enfoque didáctico y una base científica, desde la óptica del internista, para así facilitar conocimientos prácticos acerca del síndrome


It was possible to deepen in the topic of the obstructive icterus or cholestasis by means of an extensive literature review, mainly in the most important aspects of its definition, semiogenesis, classification, etiopathogenesis, clinical manifestations, laboratory and imagenological studies, besides diagnosis, clinical course, prognosis and treatment in this respect, with the objective of providing the most original elements of each of them, through a didactic approach and a scientific base, from the internist's optics, and in this way, to facilitate practical knowledge about the syndrome


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cholestasis, Extrahepatic , Cholestasis/classification , Cholestasis/diagnosis , Cholestasis/therapy , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic , Jaundice, Obstructive , Hyperbilirubinemia
16.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 114(1): e9-e12, feb. 2016. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-838167

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de artrogriposis, disfunción tubular renal y colestasis es un trastorno fatal infrecuente que compromete múltiples aparatos y sistemas de órganos. Es un trastorno autosómico recesivo hereditario, causado por defectos en los genes VPS33B y VIPAR. Los tres signos primordiales de este síndrome son la artrogriposis, la disfunción tubular renal y la colestasis. Otros compromisos orgánicos a veces asociados con este síndrome son ictiosis, malformación del sistema nervioso central, anomalías trombocíticas, defectos cardíacos congénitos y grave retraso del crecimiento. Las manifestaciones clínicas, la biopsia de un órgano y los análisis de mutaciones pueden ayudar con el diagnóstico, pero no existe un tratamiento curativo; solamente puede instaurarse un tratamiento sintomático. Varios síntomas de esta afección usualmente se manifiestan en el período neonatal: artrogriposis, colestasis neonatal, lesiones cutáneas, entre otros. En general, la supervivencia se prolonga hasta el primer año de vida. Presentamos el caso de una recién nacida con una rápida evolución y desenlace fatal.


Arthrogryposis-renal dysfunction-cholestasis syndrome is a rare lethal disorder that involves multipl organ system. It is inherited autosomal recessive and caused by defects in the VPS33B and VIPAR genes. Three cardinal findings of this syndrome are arthrogryposis, renal tubular dysfunction and cholestasis.The other organ involvements including ichthyosis, central nervous system malformation, platelet anomalies, congenital heart defects and severe failure to thrive are sometimes associated with this syndrome. Clinical findings, organ biopsy and mutational analysis can help for diagnosing but there is no curative treatment except supportive care. Several symptoms of this condition are already usually present in the neonatal period: arthrogryposis, neonatal cholestasis, skin lesions, among others. Usually survival is until the first year of life. We present a newborn whose evolution was rapidly fatal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Arthrogryposis/complications , Arthrogryposis/diagnosis , Cholestasis/diagnosis , Cholestasis/etiology , Fatal Outcome , Renal Insufficiency/complications , Renal Insufficiency/diagnosis , Infant, Newborn, Diseases/diagnosis , Infant, Newborn, Diseases/etiology
17.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 150-152, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-172540

ABSTRACT

Enterolith is a rare complication of Billroth II gastrectomy. Most enterolith cases have been reported in association with diverticula, tuberculosis, and Crohn's disease. We report the case of a huge enterolith that developed in the duodenal stump following common bile duct obstruction and cholangitis, necessitating surgery. The enterolith was clearly visible on the abdominal computed tomography. It was removed through a duodenotomy. The surgery was successful without any significant complications.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Abdomen/diagnostic imaging , Cholestasis/diagnosis , Duodenal Diseases/diagnosis , Gallstones/complications , Gastroenterostomy , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
18.
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 172-176, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-46326

ABSTRACT

Portal biliopathy is defined as abnormalities in the extra- and intrahepatic ducts and gallbladder of patients with portal hypertension. This condition is associated with extrahepatic venous obstruction and dilatation of the venous plexus of the common bile duct, resulting in mural irregularities and compression of the biliary tree. Most patients with portal biliopathy remain asymptomatic, but approximately 10% of them advance to symptomatic abdominal pain, jaundice, and fever. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography are currently used as diagnostic tools because they are noninvasive and can be used to assess the regularity, length, and degree of bile duct narrowing. Management of portal biliopathy is aimed at biliary decompression and reducing the portal pressure. Portal biliopathy has rarely been reported in Korea. We present a symptomatic case of portal biliopathy that was complicated by cholangitis and successfully treated with biliary endoscopic procedures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Abdomen/diagnostic imaging , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Cholestasis/diagnosis , Hypertension, Portal/diagnosis , Portal Vein , Stents , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
19.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 25-38, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-222276

ABSTRACT

Sclerosing cholangitis is a spectrum of chronic progressive cholestatic liver disease characterized by inflammation, fibrosis, and stricture of the bile ducts, which can be classified as primary and secondary sclerosing cholangitis. Primary sclerosing cholangitis is a chronic progressive liver disease of unknown cause. On the other hand, secondary sclerosing cholangitis has identifiable causes that include immunoglobulin G4-related sclerosing disease, recurrent pyogenic cholangitis, ischemic cholangitis, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related cholangitis, and eosinophilic cholangitis. In this review, we suggest a systemic approach to the differential diagnosis of sclerosing cholangitis based on the clinical and laboratory findings, as well as the typical imaging features on computed tomography and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging with MR cholangiography. Familiarity with various etiologies of sclerosing cholangitis and awareness of their typical clinical and imaging findings are essential for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate management.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bile Ducts/pathology , Cholangiography/methods , Cholangitis/diagnosis , Cholangitis, Sclerosing/diagnosis , Cholestasis/diagnosis , Chronic Disease , Constriction, Pathologic/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Immunoglobulin G/immunology , Liver/pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods
20.
SQUMJ-Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal. 2015; 15 (2): 218-224
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-171464

ABSTRACT

Parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis [PNAC] is one of the most challenging complications of prolonged parenteral nutrition [PN] in neonates. There is a lack of research investigating its incidence in newborn infants in Oman and the Arab region. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the incidence of PNAC and its risk factors in Omani neonates. This retrospective study took place between January and April 2014. All neonates who received PN for >/=14 days during a four-year period [June 2009 to May 2013] at the neonatal intensive care unit [NICU] in Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman, were enrolled. A total of 1,857 neonates were admitted to the NICU over the study period and 135 neonates [7.3%] received PN for >/=14 days. Determining the incidence of PNAC was only possible in 97 neonates; of these, 38 [39%] had PNAC. The main risk factors associated with PNAC were duration of PN, duration of enteral starvation, gastrointestinal surgeries, blood transfusions and sepsis. Neonates with PNAC had a slightly higher incidence of necrotising enterocolitis in comparison to those without PNAC. This study found a PNAC incidence of 39% in Omani neonates. There were several significant risk factors for PNAC in Omani neonates; however, after logistic regression analysis, only total PN duration remained statistically significant. Preventive strategies should be implemented in NICUs so as to avoid future chronic liver disease in this population


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Cholestasis/etiology , Cholestasis/diagnosis , Parenteral Nutrition , Risk Factors
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