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1.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 374-381, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981248

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of human platelet-rich plasma-derived exosomes(PRP-exos)on the proliferation of Schwann cell(SC)cultured in vitro. Methods PRP-exos were extracted by polymerization-precipitation combined with ultracentrifugation.The morphology of PRP-exos was observed by transmission electron microscopy,and the concentration and particle size distribution of PRP-exos were determined by nanoparticle tracking analysis.Western blotting was employed to determine the expression of the marker proteins CD63,CD81,and CD9 on exosome surface and the platelet membrane glycoprotein CD41.The SCs of rats were isolated and cultured,and the expression of the SC marker S100β was detected by immunofluorescence staining.The fluorescently labeled PRP-exos were co-cultured with SCs in vitro for observation of their interaction.EdU assay was employed to detect the effect of PRP-exos on SC proliferation,and CCK-8 assay to detect the effects of PRP-exos at different concentrations(0,10,20,40,80,and 160 μg/ml)on SC proliferation. Results The extracted PRP-exos appeared as uniform saucer-shaped vesicles with the average particle size of(122.8±38.7)nm and the concentration of 3.5×1012 particles/ml.CD63,CD81,CD9,and CD41 were highly expressed on PRP-exos surface(P<0.001,P=0.025,P=0.004,and P=0.032).The isolated SCs expressed S100β,and PRP-exos could be taken up by SCs.PRP-exos of 40,80,and 160 μg/ml promoted the proliferation of SCs,and that of 40 μg/ml showed the best performance(all P<0.01). Conclusions High concentrations of PRP-exos can be extracted from PRP.PRP-exos can be taken up by SCs and promote the proliferation of SCs cultured in vitro.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rats , Animals , Exosomes/metabolism , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Schwann Cells , Coculture Techniques , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured
2.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 389-395, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984734

ABSTRACT

Objective: To construct a new co-cultured liver cancer research model composed of activated hepatic stellate cells (aHSC) and liver cancer cells, explore the efficacy difference between it and traditional model, so as to establish a liver cancer research model in vitro and in vivo that can reflect the real clinical efficacy. Methods: A new co-culture model of liver cancer consisting of aHSC and liver cancer cells was constructed. The differences in efficacy between the new co-culture model and the traditional single cell model were compared by cytotoxicity test, cell migration test, drug retention test and in vivo tumor inhibition test. Western blot was used to detect the drug-resistant protein P-gp and epithelial-mesenchymal transition-related proteins. Masson staining was used to observe the deposition of collagen fibers in tumor tissues of tumor-bearing mice. CD31 immunohistochemical staining was used to observe the microvessel density in tumor tissues of tumor-bearing mice. Results: The cytotoxicity of single cell model and co-culture model was dose-dependent. With the increase of curcumin (CUR) concentration, the cell viability decreased, but the cell viability of single cell model decreased faster than that of co-culture model. When the concentration of CUR was 10 μg/ml, the cell viability of the co-culture model was 62.3% and the migration rate was (28.05±3.68)%, which were higher than those of the single cell model [38.5% and (14.91±5.92)%, both P<0.05]. Western blot analysis showed that the expressions of P-gp and vimentin were up-regulated in the co-culture model, which were 1.55 and 2.04 fold changes of the single cell model, respectively. The expression of E-cadherin was down-regulated, and the expression level of E-cadherin in the single cell model was 1.17 fold changes of the co-culture model. Drug retention experiment showed that the co-culture model could promote drug efflux and reduce drug retention. In vivo tumor inhibition experiment showed that the m-HSC+ H22 co-transplantation model had faster tumor growth and larger tumor volume than those of the H22 single cell transplantation model. After CUR treatment, the tumor growths of m-HSC+ H22 co-transplantation model and H22 single cell transplantation model were inhibited. Masson staining showed that the deposition of collagen fibers in tumor tissues of m-HSC+ H22 co-transplantation model mice was more than that of H22 single cell transplantation model. CD31 immunohistochemical staining showed that the microvessel density in tumor tissue of m-HSC+ H22 co-transplantation model was higher than that of H22 single cell transplantation model. Conclusions: The aHSC+ liver cancer cell co-culture model has strong proliferation and metastasis ability and is easy to be resistant to drugs. It is a new type of liver cancer treatment research model superior to the traditional single cell model.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Tumor Microenvironment , Coculture Techniques , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Cadherins , Curcumin/pharmacology , Collagen , Cell Line, Tumor
3.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2022. 94 p. tab, graf, ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396412

ABSTRACT

Um dos maiores desafios no desenvolvimento de produtos probióticos é entender como os microrganismos interagem entre si e com o hospedeiro. Quando falamos em alimentos fermentados tradicionais, este obstáculo aumenta porque a matriz alimentar já possui um microbioma intrínseco. No entanto, também é conhecido que muitos microrganismos podem interagir e cooperar para sobreviver quando condições de estresse são encontradas. Assim, o objetivo deste trabalho foi isolar leveduras de quatro diferentes kombuchas em distintos momentos fermentativos e verificar a influência que leveduras isoladas de kombucha têm na manutenção da viabilidade da bactéria probiótica Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis HN019 em condições de aerobiose. Meyerozyma guilliermondii, Candida albicans, Rhodotorula mucilaginosa e Pichia membranifaciens foram leveduras encontradas nas kombuchas, das quais as duas últimas favoreceram a manutenção da alta viabilidade de HN019 em cocultura por 14 dias. Observou-se a viabilidade da bactéria acima de 9 log ao longo de todo o experimento, o que não foi observado em monocultura. Ademais, utilizou-se de análise de autoagregação, hidrofobicidade, atividade enzimática de proteases e fosfolipases das leveuras para analisar seu potencial patogênico. Observou-se que R. mucilaginosa demonstrou características semelhantes à Saccharomyces cerevisiae subsp. boulardii, e sua interação benéfica com HN019 reforça a possibilidade de que esta levedura seja uma chave para a inserção da bactéria em uma kombucha probiótica. Análises metabólicas foram realizadas e encontrou-se uma vasta diversidade de dipeptídeos, principalmente os compostos de prolina, durante a cocultura da bactéria com as leveduras. Tais dipeptídeos apresentam importantes mecanismos de ação no controle biológico e quorum sensing de bactérias e leveduras, e supostamente regulam a manutenção das relações mutualísticas entre ambos microrganismo


One of the biggest challenges in the development of probiotic products is to understand how microorganisms interact with each other and with the host. When we talk about traditional fermented foods, this obstacle increases because the food matrix already has an intrinsic microbiome. However, it is also known that many microorganisms can interact and cooperate to survive when stressful situations are encountered. Thus, the objective of this work was to isolate yeasts from four different kombuchas at different fermentation times and to verify the influence that yeasts isolated from kombucha have on maintaining the viability of the probiotic bacterium Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis HN019 under aerobic conditions. Meyerozyma guilliermondii, Candida albicans, Rhodotorula mucilaginosa and Pichia membranifaciens were yeasts found in kombuchas, of which the last two favored the maintenance of HN019 high viability in co-culture for 14 days. Bacteria viability above 9 log was observed throughout the experiment, which was not observed in monoculture. In addition, analysis of autoaggregation, hydrophobicity, enzyme activity of proteases and phospholipases of yeasts was used to analyze their pathogenic potential. It was observed that R. mucilaginosa demonstrated characteristics similar to Saccharomyces cerevisiae subsp. boulardii, and its beneficial interaction with HN019 reinforces the possibility that this yeast is a key to the insertion of the bacterium in a probiotic kombucha. Metabolic analysis were performed and a wide diversity of dipeptides, mainly proline-based, was found during the co-culture of the bacteria with the yeasts. Such dipeptides have important mechanisms of action in the biological control and quorum sensing of bacteria and yeast, and supposedly regulate the maintenance of mutualistic relationships between both microorganism


Subject(s)
Yeasts/classification , Kombucha Tea/analysis , Fermented Foods/analysis , Rhodotorula/classification , Coculture Techniques/methods , Probiotics , Dipeptides/agonists , Microbiota , Bifidobacterium animalis/pathogenicity
4.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1421-1431, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927790

ABSTRACT

Traditional methods of microbial synthesis usually rely on a single engineered strain to synthesize the target product through metabolic engineering. The key cofactors, precursors and energy are produced by the introduced complex synthetic pathways. This would increase the physiological burden of engineering strains, resulting in a decrease in the yield of target products. The modular co-culture engineering has become an attractive solution for effective heterologous biosynthesis, where product yield can be greatly improved. In the modular co-culture engineering, the coordination between the population of different modules is essential for increasing the production efficiency. This article summarized recent advances in the application of modular co-culture engineering and population control strategies.


Subject(s)
Coculture Techniques , Metabolic Engineering , Population Control
5.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 518-530, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927725

ABSTRACT

Intense utilization and mining of fossil fuels for energy production have resulted in environmental pollution and climate change. Compared to fossil fuels, microalgae is considered as a promising candidate for biodiesel production due to its fast growth rate, high lipid content and no occupying arable land. However, monocultural microalgae bear high cost of harvesting, and are prone to contamination, making them incompetent compared with traditional renewable energy sources. Co-culture system induces self-flocculation, which may reduce the cost of microalgae harvesting and the possibility of contamination. In addition, the productivity of lipid and high-value by-products are higher in co-culture system. Therefore, co-culture system represents an economic, energy saving, and efficient technology. This review aims to highlight the advances in the co-culture system, including the mechanisms of interactions between microalgae and other microorganisms, the factors affecting the lipid production of co-culture, and the potential applications of co-culture system. Finally, the prospects and challenges to algal co-culture systems were also discussed.


Subject(s)
Biofuels , Biomass , Coculture Techniques , Flocculation , Microalgae
6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 460-477, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927722

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the interaction mechanisms underpinning the synthetic microbial co-culture systems have gained increasing attention due to their potentials in various biotechnological applications. Exploration of the inter-species mechanisms underpinning the synthetic microbial co-culture system could contribute to a better understanding of the theoretical basis to further optimize the existing co-culture systems, and design new synthetic co-culture system for large-scale application. OMICS technologies such as genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics could analyze the biological processes in a high throughput manner. Multi-omics analysis could achieve a "global view" of various members in the microbial co-culture systems, which presents opportunities in understanding synthetic microbial consortia better. This article summarizes recent advances in understanding the mechanisms of synthetic microbial co-culture systems using omics technologies, from the aspects of metabolic network, energy metabolism, signal transduction, membrane transport, stress response, community stability and structural rationality. All these findings could provide important theoretical basis for future application of the microbial co-culture systems with the aids of emerging biotechnologies such as synthetic biology and genome editing.


Subject(s)
Coculture Techniques , Genomics , Metabolomics , Proteomics , Synthetic Biology
7.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 737-742, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940934

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the effects of exosome secreted by ovarian cancer (OC) cell on the differentiation and metastasis of normal fibroblasts (NFs). Methods: NFs were collected from patients who underwent hysteromyoma resection in the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from May to December 2019. Exosome was extracted from the culture supernatant of SKOV3 cells by using ultra-high-speed centrifugation. The NFs were co-cultured with condition medium (CM), exosome of SKOV3 (SKOV3-exo) and control medium. The expression levels of fibroblast activation protein (FAP) and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) were detected by real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and western blot. The metastatic ability of NFs was detected by Transwell array. Results: Under the transmission electron microscope, the extracellular vesicles extracted from the culture supernatant of SKOV3 were 30-100 nm in diameter with cup holder-like bilayer membrane structure, and the protein expression levels of TSG101 and HSP27 in exosomes (1.00±0.05 and 1.12±0.13) were higher than those of ovarian cancer SKOV3 cells (0.22±0.21 and 0.36±0.14, respectively, P<0.05). PKH67 fluorescently labeled exosomes could be taken up by NFs. The expression levels of α-SMA and FAP mRNA in CM group(2.91±0.15 and 3.21±0.33)and SKOV3-exo group (3.50±0.21 and 4.63±0.24, respectively) were higher than that in blank group (1.00±0.06 and 1.00±0.13, P<0.05). The protein expression levels of α-SMA and FAP in CM group and SKOV3-exo group (0.89±0.11 and 1.25±0.09, 0.81±0.09 and 1.20±0.12) were higher than those in the blank group (0.12±0.31 and 0.11±0.19, respectively, P<0.05). The migrated numbers of cells in the CM group and SKOV3-exo group [(215.01±14.80) and (389.72±19.43), respectively] were higher than that in the blank group [(113.73±4.70), P<0.05]. Conclusion: The exosome secreted by SKOV3 cells can be taken up by NFs, which makes it to differentiate into cancer associated fibroblasts (CAFs) and significantly enhances its metastatic ability, indicating that OC cells may promote the transformation of normal ovarian mesenchymal fibroblasts to CAFs through exosome pathways, and then promote the development of ovarian cancer.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial , Cell Differentiation , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Coculture Techniques , Exosomes , Fibroblasts , Ovarian Neoplasms/metabolism
8.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 185-190, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936192

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) on proliferation and hormone secretion of parathyroid cells in votro. Methods: The parathyroid cells and ADMSCs were obtained from 10 SD rats by cell separation and culture. The phenotype of P3 generation for ADMSCs was detected by flow cytometry. The co-culture of parathyroid cells and ADMSCs was conducted in the ratios of 2∶1, 1∶1, 1∶2 and 1∶5, respectively. The level of parathyroid hormone in cell supernatant was determined. The results were compared with the parathyroid hormone in the supernatant of parathyroid cells cultured separately in the corresponding number. The effects of ADMSCs on the hormone secretion of parathyroid cells were evaluated. SPSS 11.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: The primary culture of either parathyroid cells or ADMSCs and the co-culture of these cells in vitro were performed successfully, and the in vitro culture of different proportions of the two cells showed different effects on parathyroid hormone secretion. The co-culture of parathyroid cells and ADMSCs, especially in the ratio of 1∶5, facilitated the secretion of parathyroid hormone ((1.3±0.0) vs. (0.8±0.1), (1.3±0.0) vs. (0.9±0.0), (1.7±0.5) vs. (0.9±0.0), (1.7±0.0) vs. (1.2±0.2))ng/L with t value of 25.46, 64.30, 3.32, 7.16, P<0.05 on the 2nd, 4th, 6th and 8th days respectively. Secondly, when the ratio was 1∶2, the PTH level showed an upward trend. Conclusion: Parathyroid cells and ADMSCs can be co-cultured in vitro, facilitating the secretion of parathyroid hormone under the appropriate cell proportion such as the ratio of by parathyroid cells to ADMSCs at 1∶5.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Adipose Tissue , Coculture Techniques , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
9.
Rev. MVZ Córdoba ; 26(2): 4-13, mayo-ago. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347068

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo. Evaluar el crecimiento y la supervivencia de Cryphiops caementarius en cocultivo con Oreochromis niloticus a diferentes densidades. Materiales y métodos. Se utilizaron camarones machos (5.86 cm y 7.65 g) y alevines revertidos de tilapia (5.65 cm y 2.61 g). Se emplearon nueve acuarios (55 L). En cada acuario se instalaron seis recipientes donde se sembró un camarón por recipiente (32 camarones/m2) y en el agua restante se sembraron tilapias a 100, 200 y 300 alevines/m3. Se empleó alimento balanceado. La ración diaria para camarones fue del 6% y para tilapia fue del 5% de la biomasa total. El experimento duró 90 días. Resultados. En el camarón, la longitud (6.46 cm), peso (9.37 g), las ganancias porcentuales en longitud (10.01% a 10.45%) peso (19.24% a 25.41%), y la supervivencia (88.89% a 94.44%) fueron similares (p<0.05) entre tratamientos. El efecto del síndrome de muerte por muda es discutido. En tilapia, la longitud (9.25 cm), peso (12.90 g), tasa de crecimiento absoluto (0.040 cm/día; 0.114 g/día), tasa de crecimiento específica (0.55% longitud/día; 1.759% peso/día) y la ganancia porcentual (64.21%; 389.48%) fueron mayores (p<0.05) a 100 y 200 alevines/m3. La supervivencia de tilapia fue similar (86.11%) entre tratamientos. Conclusiones. El crecimiento y la supervivencia del camarón fueron afectados por el síndrome de muerte por muda, más no por la presencia de tilapia en el sistema. En cambio, mayor crecimiento de tilapia se obtuvo con 100 alevines/m3 y la supervivencia fue similar entre tratamientos.


ABSTRACT Objective. To evaluate the growth and survival of Cryphiops caementarius in coculture with Oreochromis niloticus at different densities. Materials and methods. Male prawns (5.86 cm and 7.65 g) and reverse tilapia fingerlings (5.65 cm and 2.61 g) were used. Nine aquariums (55 L) were used. Six containers were installed in each aquarium, where one prawn was stocked per container (32 prawn/m2), and in the remaining water, tilapia was stocked at densities of 100, 200 and 300 fish/m3. Balanced feed was used. The daily ration for prawns was 6% and for tilapia, it was 5% of the total biomass. The experiment lasted 90 days. Results. In prawns, the length (6.46 cm), weight (9.37 g), percentage gains in length (10.01% at 10.45%) weight (19.24% a 25.41%), and survival (88.89% to 94.44%) were similar (p<0.05) between treatments. The effect of molting death syndrome is discussed. In tilapia, the length (9.25 cm), weight (12.90 g), absolute growth rate (0.040 cm/day; 0.114 g/day), specific growth rate (0.55% length/day; 1.759% weight/day) and percentage gain (64.21%; 389.48%) were greater (p<0.05) at 100 and 200 fish/m3. Tilapia survival was similar (86.11%) between treatments. Conclusions. Prawn growth and survival were affected by molt death syndrome but not by the presence of tilapia in the system. In contrast, greater growth of tilapia was obtained with 100 fish/m3, although survival was similar between treatments.


Subject(s)
Animals , Tilapia , Biomass , Coculture Techniques , Cichlids
10.
Electron J Biotechnol ; 49: 5-13, Jan. 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291618

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Opsonization, is the molecular mechanism by which target molecules promote interactions with phagocyte cell surface receptors to remove unwanted cells by induced phagocytosis. We designed an in vitro system to demonstrate that this procedure could be driven to eliminate adipocytes, using peptides mimicking regions of the complement protein C3b to promote opsonization and enhance phagocytosis. Two cell lines were used: (1) THP-1 monocytes differentiated to macrophages, expressing the C3b opsonin receptor CR1 in charge of the removal of unwanted coated complexes; (2) 3T3-L1 fibroblasts differentiated to adipocytes, expressing AQP7, to evaluate the potential of peptides to stimulate opsonization. (3) A co-culture of the two cell lines to demonstrate that phagocytosis could be driven to cell withdrawal with high efficiency and specificity. RESULTS: An array of peptides were designed and chemically synthesized p3691 and p3931 joined bound to the CR1 receptor activating phagocytosis (p < 0.033) while p3727 joined the AQP7 protein (p < 0.001) suggesting that opsonization of adipocytes could occur. In the co-culture system p3980 and p3981 increased lipid uptake to 91.2% and 89.0%, respectively, as an indicator of potential adipocyte phagocytosis. CONCLUSIONS: This in vitro model could help understand the receptor­ligand interaction in the withdrawal of unwanted macromolecules in vivo. The adipocyte-phagocytosis discussed may help to control obesity, since peptides of C3b stimulated the CR1 receptor, promoting opsonisation and phagocytosis of lipidcontaining structures, and recognition of AQP7 in the differentiated adipocytes, favored the phagocytic activity of macrophages, robustly supported by the co-culture strategy.


Subject(s)
Phagocytosis , Complement System Proteins , Adipocytes , In Vitro Techniques , Opsonin Proteins , Coculture Techniques , Foam Cells , Macrophages , Microscopy, Fluorescence
11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1812-1818, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922340

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of gap junction intercellular communication (GJIC) combined by connexin43 (Cx43) and its signal to the biobehavior of multiple myeloma (MM) cells, and its possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#The mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) cells were isolated and cultured from patients with MM and normal donors. The expression of connexin43 (Cx43) in MSC cells from different sources was detected by RT-PCR and Western blot. The side population (SP) cells were sorted by flow cytometry (FCM). The effect of MSC cells from different sources to the cell cycle, Cx43 expression, colony formation in vitro, stem cell related genes expression, cytokines secretion and chemoresistance in MM SP cells as well as with or without Cx43 inhibitor 18α-glycyrrhetinic acid (18α-GA) was observed.@*RESULTS@#There was no significantly difference between the MSC isolated from normal donor and MM patients. Western blot showed that Cx43 expression in SP cells was up-regulated when the cells were incubated with MSC, and medium containing 18α-GA could partially inhibit it, moreover, it was more significant in MSC cells of MM patients. The ability of colony formation of SP cells in vitro was higher than those of MM cells and MM-MSC could promote the colony formation in a co-culture manner. The effect of MM-MSC to SP cells was down-regulated after 18α-GA was added. RT-PCR showed that there was several important stem cell-related genes including c-myc, Oct-4 Klf-4, and Sox-2 were found in RPMI 8226 cells, but those cells were up-regulated in SP cells (P0.05). Cytometry bead array assays showed that MM-MSCs could secrete high level of IL-6, but the levels of IL-6, IL-10 and TGF-β increased significantly when the MM-MSCs were co-cultured with SP cells (P<0.05), especially the levels of IL-6 and IL-10 were significantly higher than cultured alone. There was no significant change in the levels of bFGF and IL-17 before and after co-cultured. The levels of IL-6, IL-10 and TGF-β in supernatant decreased significantly after GJ inhibitor 18α-GA was added. PI/Annexin V assay showed that MM cells were sensitive to bortezomib (BTZ)-induced apoptosis, but the sensitivity for SP cells was weaker. The ratio of cell apoptosis was 75.2%±0.77% and 8.12%±0.86% (P<0.001), respectively. MM-MSC could down-regulate the cell apoptosis induced by BTZ, while the sensitivity of MM cells to BTZ could be partially recovered after GJ inhibitor was added.@*CONCLUSION@#MSC derived from MM patients can enhance GJIC to maintain its "hematopoiesis" by up-regulating the expression of Cx43 in MM cells, and at the same time promote cell proliferation and drug recistance by secreting multiple cytokines, which finally contributes to the relapse of MM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Communication , Coculture Techniques , Connexin 43 , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Multiple Myeloma
12.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 978-984, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921928

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effects of siRNA hsa-circ-0000885 modified bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) on osteogenic differentiation, cell proliferation and apoptosis in order to provide new ideas and methods for the clinical treatment of osteoporosis (OP).@*METHODS@#From September 2018 to February 2020, 13 patients with osteoporosis admitted to our hospital were selected as the research objects, including 11 females and 2 males, with an age of (65.45±10.77) years old. After obtaining the informed consent of patients, peripheral blood tissues were extracted. Then the expression level of cir-cRNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cells(PBMC) was detected by circ RNA chip. The expression of circ RNA was silenced by siRNA technology. The BMSCs were transfected with lentivirus. According to the siRNA interference plasmid hsa-circ-0000885, the cells were divided into the blank group, the empty vector group and the siRNA interference group. After 72 hours of treatment, the cell cycle was detected by flow cytometry, the apoptosis level was detected by AV-PI kit, and the osteogenic differentiation ability of BMSCs was detected by ALP staining.@*RESULTS@#The expression of hsa-circ-0000885 in PBMC of patients with osteoporosis was significantly higher than that of healthy controls (@*CONCLUSION@#The lentivirus mediated siRNA hsa-circ-0000885 plasmid transfected into BMSCs and osteoclast co culture system can promote cell proliferation, inhibit apoptosis and promote osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs, which can be used as a potential therapeutic target for OP patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Apoptosis/genetics , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Cells, Cultured , Coculture Techniques , Lentivirus , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Osteoclasts , Osteogenesis/genetics , RNA, Small Interfering/genetics , Transfection
13.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 44: 33-40, Mar. 2020. graf, tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087694

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The preparation of broad bean koji is a key process in the production of Pixian broad bean paste (PBP). Protease is essential for the degradation of proteins during PBP fermentation. To obtain broad bean koji with high protease activity using the cocultivated strains of Aspergillus oryzae QM-6 (A. oryzae QM-6) and Aspergillus niger QH-3 (A. niger QH-3), the optimization of acid and neutral protease activities was carried out using Box­Behnken design with response surface methodology (RSM). RESULTS: The optimum conditions were found to be as follows: inoculation proportion (X1), 3:1 (A. oryzae QM-6: A. niger QH-3, w/w); culture temperature (X2), 33°C; inoculum size (X3), 0.5% (w/w); incubation time (X4), 5 d. The acid and neutral protease activities were 605.2 ± 12.4 U/g and 1582.9 ± 23.7 U/g, respectively, which were in good agreement with the predicted values. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis profiles revealed that the broad bean koji extracellular proteins in the case of cocultivation were richer compared to those in the case of A. oryzae QM-6 or A. niger QH-3 strain only. In addition, the free amino acids (FAAs) in the fermentation product were 55% higher in the cocultivation process than in that involving only A. oryzae QM-6, further confirming the diversity of proteases in the fermentation products. CONCLUSIONS: The optimal conditions of koji-making in PBP were obtained using RSM. The cocultivation of A. oryzae and A. niger increases the overall enzyme activities in the culture medium and the FAAs content, which would thus have potential application in the PBP industry.


Subject(s)
Peptide Hydrolases/metabolism , Aspergillus niger , Aspergillus oryzae , Fabaceae/enzymology , Coculture Techniques , Vicia faba , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Fermentation , Amino Acids
14.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 652-665, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827003

ABSTRACT

Co-culture systems consisted of photosynthetic microorganisms and others heterotrophic microbes have attracted great attention in recent years. These systems show many advantages when compared with single culture grown under autotrophic conditions, such as less vulnerable to pollution and more stability, thus have been applied to wastewater treatment, soil remediation, biodegradable harmful substances, and production of high value-added products. In order to explore basic theory and further applications, we summarize here recent progresses in artificial co-culture systems of using photosynthetic microorganisms, to provide a current scientific understanding for the rational design of the co-culture system based on photosynthetic microorganisms using synthetic biology.


Subject(s)
Coculture Techniques , Heterotrophic Processes , Microbiological Techniques , Microbiota , Physiology , Photosynthesis , Physiology , Synthetic Biology
15.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 500-506, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941138

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate whether CD137 signaling can promote angiogenesis via regulating macrophage M1/M2 polarization. Methods: (1) The primary peritoneal macrophages in mice induced by 3% thiglycollate broth were divided into three groups: control group, CD137 signaling activated group and CD137 signaling inhibited group. Various specific markers of M1 and M2 macrophages were detected to observe the phenotype change of macrophages, and the macrophages protein expression of CD137, CD86 and CD206 was detected by flow cytometry (FCM). The protein and mRNA expression of induced nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), arginase Ⅰ(Arg-1) was determined by Western blot and RT-PCR, respectively. The secretion levels of IL-12 and IL-10 in culture supernatant of macrophages were detected by ELISA. (2) Macrophages were co-cultured with the endothelial cells (bEnd.3), and macrophages were implanted in the upper chamber, endothelial cells were implanted in stromal glue of the lower chamber. The experiment was divided into three groups: the control group, CD137 signaling activated group and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ) inhibited group, and tube formation ability of endothelial cells in each group was determined. Results: (1) The purity of primary peritoneal macrophages in mice was (97.93±1.31)%. The expression of CD137 on the surface of macrophages was (97.40±2.70)%. (2) Compared with control group, the mRNA and protein expression levels of Arg-1 were significantly increased and the mRNA and protein expression of iNOS were significantly decreased in CD137 signaling activated group (all P<0.05). Compared with CD137 signaling activated group, the mRNA and protein expression of Arg-1 were significantly lower and the mRNA and protein expression levels of iNOS were significantly higher in CD137 signaling inhibited group (all P<0.05). FCM results showed that the average fluorescence intensity of CD206 was higher, while the average fluorescence intensity of CD86 was lower in CD137 signaling activated group than in control group (P<0.05, P<0.01, respectively); the expression of CD206 was significantly lower, while the expression of CD86 was higher, in the CD137 signaling inhibited group than in CD137 signaling activated group (P<0.05, P<0.01, respectively). ELISA results showed that the secretion of IL-10 was higher, and the secretion level of IL-12 was significantly lower in CD137 signaling activated group than in control group (both P<0.01); the secretion of IL-10 was significantly lower and the secretion of IL-12 was significantly higher in CD137 signaling inhibited group than in CD137 signaling activated group (both P<0.05). (3) Values of the formation of tube length and branch number were both longer in CD137 signaling activated group than control group (P<0.05). The formation of the tube length and branch number were less in PPAR-γ inhibited group than in CD137 signaling activated group (P<0.05). Conclusion: CD137 signaling can promote angiogenesis by regulating macrophage M1/M2 polarization.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Coculture Techniques , Endothelial Cells , Macrophages , Neovascularization, Pathologic , Signal Transduction
16.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1472-1479, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880757

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate high-salt exposure-induced polarization of mononuclear macrophages and the changes in proliferation and phenotypic transformation of renal fibroblasts in a co-culture system.@*METHODS@#Cultured mononuclear macrophages were exposed to high salt (161 mmol/L Na +) for 2 h and the surface markers of M0, M1 and M2-type macrophages were detected with RT-qPCR. The culture medium of the macrophages in normal and high-salt groups was collected for detection of the mRNA and protein levels of IL-6 and TGF-β1 using RT-qPCR and ELISA. A co-culture system of high salt-exposed macrophages and renal fibroblasts (NRK-49F) was established using a Transwell chamber, and the changes in proliferation and migration of NRK-49F cells were examined using EdU assay and Transwell assay, respectively. Western blotting was performed to detect the expressions of collagen I, collagen III and collagen α-SMA in NRK-49F cells.@*RESULTS@#The high salt-exposed macrophages showed significantly increased mRNA levels of M2-type macrophage surface markers mannose receptor and arginase (@*CONCLUSIONS@#High-salt exposure induces polarization of mononuclear macrophages into M2-type macrophages and promotes secretion of IL-6 and TGF-β1 by the macrophages to induce the proliferation and phenotypic transformation of NRK-49F cells.


Subject(s)
Cell Proliferation , Coculture Techniques , Fibroblasts , Kidney , Macrophages , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/genetics
17.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 240-244, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827552

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to compare the cartilage regeneration of the stromal vascular fraction (SVF) cells and adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs) cocultured with chondrocytes seeded on the scaffolds.@*METHODS@#The cellular morphologies and proliferation capabilities on the scaffolds were evaluated. The scaffolds with the cocul-ture of ASCs/SVF and chondrocytes were implanted into the full thickness cartilage defective rabbit joints for 10 weeks.@*RESULTS@#The cells seeded into the scaffolds showed good adhesion and proliferation. Implantation with SVF and chondrocytes revealed desirable in vitro healing outcomes.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The SVF cells were better than ASCs in terms of the formation of cartilage matrix in a coimplantation model. Without in vitro expansion, the SVF cells are good cell sources for cartilage repair.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Adipose Tissue , Cartilage , Chondrocytes , Coculture Techniques , Regeneration
18.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(4): 1203-1209, Dec. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040112

ABSTRACT

In vitro modeling of neurodegenerative diseases is now possible by using patient-derived induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS). Through them, it is nowadays conceivable to obtain human neurons and glia, and study diseases cellular and molecular mechanisms, an attribute that was previously unavailable to any human condition. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is one of the diseases that has gained a rapid advance with iPS technology. By differentiating motor neurons from iPS cells of ALS- patients, we are studying the mechanisms underlying ALS- disease onset and progression. Here, we introduce a cellular platform to help maintain longevity of ALS iPS-motor neurons, a cellular feature relevant for most late-onset human diseases. Long term cultures of patient-derived iPS cells might prove to be critical for the development of personalized-drugs.


Actualmente es posible modelar in vitro enfermedades neurodegenerativas humanas mediante el uso de células madre pluripotentes inducidas (iPS) derivadas del paciente. A través de ellas, es hoy concebible obtener neuronas y glía humanas, y estudiar mecanismos celulares y moleculares de enfermedades, un atributo que anteriormente no era posible para ninguna condición humana. La esclerosis lateral amiotrófica (ELA) es una de las enfermedades que se ha beneficiado con la tecnología de iPS. Al diferenciar neuronas motoras de células iPS obtenidas de pacientes con ELA, hemos iniciado estudios sobre los mecanismos que subyacen a la aparición y progresión de la enfermedad. Aquí, presentamos el desarrollo de una plataforma celular que permite extender la longevidad de las neuronas motoras derivadas de iPS, una característica relevante para la mayoría de las enfermedades humanas de inicio tardío. Los cultivos a largo plazo de células iPS provenientes de pacientes pueden ser determinantes en el desarrollo de terapias asociadas a la medicina de precisión.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells/cytology , Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Cell Line , Coculture Techniques , Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis/pathology , Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis/therapy
19.
Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine ; (6): 539-548, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761919

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Brown adipocytes have thermogenic characteristics in neonates and elicit anti-inflammatory responses. We postulated that thermogenic brown adipocytes produce distinctive intercellular effects in a hypobaric state. The purpose of this study is to analyze the correlation between brown adipocyte and regulatory T cell (T(reg)) expression under intermittent hypobaric conditions. METHODS: Brown and white adipocytes were harvested from the interscapular and flank areas of C57BL6 mice, respectively. Adipocytes were cultured with syngeneic splenocytes after isolation and differentiation. Intermittent hypobaric conditions were generated using cyclic negative pressure application for 48 h in both groups of adipocytes. Expression levels of T(regs) (CD4 + CD25 + Foxp3 + T cells), cytokines [tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-10 (IL-10), and the programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1)] co-inhibitory ligand were examined. RESULTS: Splenocytes, cultured with brown and white adipocytes, exhibited comparable T(reg) expression in a normobaric state. Under hypobaric conditions, brown adipocytes maintained a subset of T(regs). However, a decrease in T(regs) was found in the white adipocyte group. TNF-α levels increased in both groups under hypobaric conditions. In the brown adipocyte group, anti-inflammatory IL-10 expression increased significantly; meanwhile, IL-10 expression decreased in the white adipocyte group. PD-L1 levels increased more significantly in brown adipocytes than in white adipocytes under hypobaric conditions. CONCLUSION: Both brown and white adipocytes support T(reg) expression when they are cultured with splenocytes. Of note, brown adipocytes maintained T(reg) expression in intermittent hypobaric conditions. Anti-inflammatory cytokines and co-inhibitory ligands mediate the immunomodulatory effects of brown adipocytes under altered atmospheric conditions. Brown adipocytes showed the feasibility as a source of adjustment in physical stresses.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Mice , Adipocytes , Adipocytes, Brown , Adipocytes, White , Coculture Techniques , Cytokines , Interleukin-10 , Ligands , Necrosis
20.
The Korean Journal of Parasitology ; : 33-38, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742308

ABSTRACT

Trichomoniasis is a common sexually transmitted infection caused by Trichomonas vaginalis, which actually does not exist a vaccine for control or prevention. Thus, the identification of new and potent immunogens in T. vaginalis, which can contribute to the development of a vaccine against this parasite, is necessary. Therefore, the aim of this work was to evaluate the potential of a recombinant Transient Receptor Potential-like channel of T. vaginalis (TvTRPV), as a promising immunogen in BALB/c mice. First, TvTRPV was cloned and expressed as a recombinant protein in Escherichia coli BL21 cells and purified by nickel affinity. Next, BALB/c mice were immunized and the antibody levels in mice serum and cytokines from the supernatant of macrophages and from co-culture systems were evaluated. Recombinant TvTRPV triggered high levels of specific total IgG in sera from the immunized mice. Also, a statistically significant increase of cytokines: IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α after stimulation with the corresponding antigens in vitro, was identified. Moreover, co-cultures using CD4⁺ T cells from immunized mice were able to identify higher levels of IL-10 and IFN-γ. These results were useful to validate the immunogenicity of TvTRPV in BALB/c mice, where IL-10-IFN-γ-secreting cells could play a role in infection control, supporting the potential of TvTRPV as a promising target for vaccine against T. vaginalis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Calcium , Clone Cells , Coculture Techniques , Cytokines , Escherichia coli , Immunoglobulin G , In Vitro Techniques , Infection Control , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-6 , Macrophages , Nickel , Parasites , Sexually Transmitted Diseases , T-Lymphocytes , Trichomonas vaginalis , Trichomonas
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