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1.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 179-187, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980995

ABSTRACT

The present study was aimed to investigate the role and mechanism of glutaminolysis of cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) in hypertension-induced myocardial fibrosis. C57BL/6J mice were administered with a chronic infusion of angiotensin II (Ang II, 1.6 mg/kg per d) with a micro-osmotic pump to induce myocardial fibrosis. Masson staining was used to evaluate myocardial fibrosis. The mice were intraperitoneally injected with BPTES (12.5 mg/kg), a glutaminase 1 (GLS1)-specific inhibitor, to inhibit glutaminolysis simultaneously. Immunohistochemistry and Western blot were used to detect protein expression levels of GLS1, Collagen I and Collagen III in cardiac tissue. Neonatal Sprague-Dawley (SD) rat CFs were treated with 4 mmol/L glutamine (Gln) or BPTES (5 μmol/L) with or without Ang II (0.4 μmol/L) stimulation. The CFs were also treated with 2 mmol/L α-ketoglutarate (α-KG) under the stimulation of Ang II and BPTES. Wound healing test and CCK-8 were used to detect CFs migration and proliferation respectively. RT-qPCR and Western blot were used to detect mRNA and protein expression levels of GLS1, Collagen I and Collagen III. The results showed that blood pressure, heart weight and myocardial fibrosis were increased in Ang II-treated mice, and GLS1 expression in cardiac tissue was also significantly up-regulated. Gln significantly promoted the proliferation, migration, mRNA and protein expression of GLS1, Collagen I and Collagen III in the CFs with or without Ang II stimulation, whereas BPTES significantly decreased the above indices in the CFs. α-KG supplementation reversed the inhibitory effect of BPTES on the CFs under Ang II stimulation. Furthermore, in vivo intraperitoneal injection of BPTES alleviated cardiac fibrosis of Ang II-treated mice. In conclusion, glutaminolysis plays an important role in the process of cardiac fibrosis induced by Ang II. Targeted inhibition of glutaminolysis may be a new strategy for the treatment of myocardial fibrosis.


Subject(s)
Rats , Mice , Animals , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Angiotensin II/pharmacology , Fibroblasts , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Fibrosis , Collagen/pharmacology , Collagen Type I/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Myocardium/pathology
2.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 38-38, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939857

ABSTRACT

Pulp loss is accompanied by the functional impairment of defense, sensory, and nutrition supply. The approach based on endogenous stem cells is a potential strategy for pulp regeneration. However, endogenous stem cell sources, exogenous regenerative signals, and neovascularization are major difficulties for pulp regeneration based on endogenous stem cells. Therefore, the purpose of our research is to seek an effective cytokines delivery strategy and bioactive materials to reestablish an ideal regenerative microenvironment for pulp regeneration. In in vitro study, we investigated the effects of Wnt3a, transforming growth factor-beta 1, and bone morphogenetic protein 7 (BMP7) on human dental pulp stem cells (h-DPSCs) and human umbilical vein endothelial cells. 2D and 3D culture systems based on collagen gel, matrigel, and gelatin methacryloyl were fabricated to evaluate the morphology and viability of h-DPSCs. In in vivo study, an ectopic nude mouse model and an in situ beagle dog model were established to investigate the possibility of pulp regeneration by implanting collagen gel loading BMP7. We concluded that BMP7 promoted the migration and odontogenic differentiation of h-DPSCs and vessel formation. Collagen gel maintained the cell adhesion, cell spreading, and cell viability of h-DPSCs in 2D or 3D culture. The transplantation of collagen gel loading BMP7 induced vascularized pulp-like tissue regeneration in vivo. The injectable approach based on collagen gel loading BMP7 might exert promising therapeutic application in endogenous pulp regeneration.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Humans , Mice , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 7/pharmacology , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Collagen/pharmacology , Dental Pulp , Endothelial Cells , Gelatin , Methacrylates , Regeneration , Stem Cells
3.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 979-992, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970093

ABSTRACT

Skin wound healing tends to slow down with aging, which is detrimental to both minor wound recovery in daily life and the recovery after surgery. The aim of current study was to explore the effect of histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) on wound healing during aging. Cultured human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs) and mouse full-thickness skin wound model were used to explore the functional changes of replicative senescent dermal fibroblasts and the effect of aging on skin wound healing. Scratch wound healing assay revealed significantly decreased migration speed of senescent HDFs, and BrdU incorporation assay indicated their considerably retardant proliferation. The protein expression levels of collagen and HDAC6 were significantly decreased in both senescent HDFs and skin tissues from aged mice. HDAC6 activity inhibition with highly selective inhibitor tubastatin A (TsA) or HDAC6 knockdown with siRNA decreased the migration speed of HDFs and considerably suppressed fibroblast differentiation induced by transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), which suggests the involvement of HDAC6 in regulating fundamental physiological activities of dermal fibroblasts. In vivo full-thickness skin wound healing was significantly delayed in young HDAC6 knockout mice when compared with young wild type mice. In addition, the wound healing was significantly slower in aged wild type mice than that in young wild type mice, and became even worse in aged HDAC6 knockout aged mice. Compared to the aged wild type mice, aged HDAC6 knockout mice exhibited delayed angiogenesis, reduced collagen synthesis, and decreased collagen deposition in skin wounds. Together, these results suggest that delayed skin wound healing in aged mice is associated with impaired fibroblast function. Adequate expression and activity of HDAC6 are required for fibroblasts migration and differentiation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , Aged , Histone Deacetylase 6 , Skin , Wound Healing , Cell Movement , Collagen/pharmacology , Fibroblasts , Mice, Knockout , Cells, Cultured
4.
Acta cir. bras ; 35(1): e202000102, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088522

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose To evaluate the local effect of simvastatin (SVT) combined with deproteinized bovine bone (DBB) with hydroxyapatite/β-tricalcium phosphate biphasic ceramics (HA/TCP) and with collagen sponge (CS) on bone repair in critical size defects (CSDs) in rat calvaria. Methods Forty-two 5-mm diameter CSDs were made bilaterally in the calvaria of 18 rats. The animals were allocated according to the type of biomaterial and associations used to fill the CSD. After 8 weeks, the animals were euthanized, and their calvaria were evaluated for repaired tissue composition using histologic and histometric analyses. Results In the histometric analysis, the use of SVT showed to increase bone formation in the CSDs when combined with all the bone substitutes tested in this study (p<0.05). Greater bone formation was observed in the groups with SVT compared to the groups without SVT. Conclusions The use of SVT without the need for a vehicle and combined with a commercially available biomaterial may be a cheaper way to potentiate the formation of bone tissue without the need to produce new biomaterials. Therefore, SVT combined with DBB induced significantly greater new bone formation than did the other treatments.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Female , Cattle , Rats , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Skull/drug effects , Biocompatible Materials/pharmacology , Collagen/pharmacology , Bone Substitutes/pharmacology , Simvastatin/pharmacology , Skull/surgery , Bone Regeneration/drug effects , Bone Transplantation/methods , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal , Anticholesteremic Agents/pharmacology
5.
Acta cir. bras ; 35(3): e202000303, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130621

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the in vivo response of photobiomodulation therapy associated with norbixin-based poly(hydroxybutyrate) membrane (PHB) in tenotomized calcaneal tendon. Methods: Thirty rats were randomly allocated to six groups (n=5 each): LED groups (L1, L2 and L3) and membrane + LED groups (ML1, ML2 and ML3). The right calcaneal tendons of all animals were sectioned transversely and were irradiated with LED daily, one hour after surgery every 24 hours, until the day of euthanasia. At the end of the experiments the tendons were removed for histological analysis. Results: The histological analysis showed a significant reduction in inflammatory cells in the ML1, ML2 and ML3 groups (p=0.0056, p=0.0018 and p<0.0001, respectively) compared to those in the LED group. There was greater proliferation of fibroblasts in the ML1 (p<0.0001) and L3 (p<0.0001) groups. A higher concentration of type I collagen was also observed in the ML1 group (p=0.0043) replacing type III collagen. Conclusion: Photobiomodulation in association with norbixin-based PHB membrane led to control of the inflammatory process. However, it did not favor fibroblast proliferation and did not optimize type I collagen formation in the expected stage of the repair process.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Achilles Tendon/radiation effects , Carotenoids/pharmacology , Low-Level Light Therapy/methods , Tendinopathy/radiotherapy , Tenotomy/methods , Hydroxybutyrates/pharmacology , Achilles Tendon/surgery , Achilles Tendon/drug effects , Wound Healing/drug effects , Wound Healing/radiation effects , Random Allocation , Collagen/pharmacology , Rats, Wistar , Collagen Type I/analysis , Collagen Type I/drug effects , Collagen Type III/analysis , Collagen Type III/drug effects , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Fibroblasts/chemistry , Prohibitins
6.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180103, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1002400

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective This study aimed to evaluate the inflammatory effect and bone formation in sterile surgical failures after implantation of a collagen sponge with mesenchymal stem cells from human dental pulp (hDPSCs) and Aloe vera. Material and Methods Rattus norvegicus (n=75) were divided into five experimental groups according to treatment: G1) control (blood clot); G2) Hemospon®; G3) Hemospon® in a culture medium enriched with 8% Aloe vera; G4) Hemospon® in a culture medium containing hDPSCs and G5) Hemospon® in a culture medium enriched with 8% Aloe vera and hDPSCs. On days 7, 15 and 30, the animals were euthanized, and the tibia was dissected for histological, immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence analyses. The results were analyzed using nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis test and Dunn's post-test. Results On days 7 and 15, the groups with Aloe vera had less average acute inflammatory infiltrate compared to the control group and the group with Hemospon® (p<0.05). No statistically significant difference was found between the groups regarding bone formation at the three experimental points in time. Osteopontin expression corroborated the intensity of bone formation. Fluorescence microscopy revealed positive labeling with Q-Tracker® in hDPSCs before transplantation and tissue repair. Conclusion The results suggest that the combination of Hemospon®, Aloe vera and hDPSCs is a form of clinical treatment for the repair of non-critical bone defects that reduces the inflammatory cascade's effects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Rats , Bone Regeneration/drug effects , Bone Regeneration/physiology , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Dental Pulp/cytology , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Aloe/chemistry , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Osteogenesis/physiology , Tibia/drug effects , Tibia/physiology , Tibia/pathology , Time Factors , Immunohistochemistry , Hemostatics/pharmacology , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cell Survival/physiology , Cells, Cultured , Reproducibility of Results , Collagen/pharmacology , Treatment Outcome , Osteopontin/analysis , Flow Cytometry , Microscopy, Fluorescence
7.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(2): 144-155, Feb. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886256

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of the application of the human amniotic membrane (HAM) on the inflammatory process, fibroblast proliferation, formation of collagenand reduction of skin wound areas in rats. Methods: Thirty six rats were submitted to a surgical injury induction and divided into two groups (n = 18): group C (control) and T (treated with the HAM). The macroscopic evolution in the wound area and the histological characteristics of the skin samples were evaluated. Results: The regression of the wound area was greater in group T. The histological analysis revealed a significant reduction (p < 0.05) in the inflammatory infiltrate in group T at all experimental periods compared with that in the control group. Furthermore, the group T presented a significant increase in the proliferation of fibroblasts at 14 and 21 days compared with group C (p < 0.05). Regarding the deposition of mature collagen fibers, there was an increase in the replacement of type III collagen by type I collagen in group T (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Treatment with the HAM reduced the healing time as well as the inflammatory responses, increased the proliferation of fibroblasts, and induced a higher concentration of mature collagen fibers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Rats , Skin/injuries , Wound Healing/physiology , Biological Dressings , Collagen/pharmacology , Amnion/transplantation , Skin/pathology , Wound Healing/drug effects , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Collagen Type I/metabolism , Collagen Type I/pharmacology , Collagen Type III/metabolism , Collagen Type III/pharmacology , Disease Models, Animal , Fibroblasts/metabolism , Fibroblasts/pathology , Amnion/chemistry , Inflammation/metabolism
8.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 144(11): 1377-1381, nov. 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-845458

ABSTRACT

Background: The decline of estrogen levels increases cardiovascular risk in women. Platelets express estrogen receptors and 17β-estradiol- (E2) can produce a protective effect on thrombus formation. The hydroxylation of cholesterol generates several sterols and 27-hydroxycholesterol (27HC) predominates in circulation. Aim: To evaluate the effect of 27HC as an endogenous antagonist of the anti-aggregating properties of E2 in platelets of postmenopausal women. Material and Methods: Platelet function of postmenopausal women was evaluated ex-vivo. Platelets pre-incubated with 27HC in the presence or absence of E2, were stimulated with collagen. Aggregation was evaluated using turbidimetry using a Chrono-log aggregometer. Results: Collagen-stimulated platelet aggregation was significantly inhibited by E2. The inhibitory effect of E2 on collagen-stimulated platelet aggregation was significantly reversed in the presence of 27HC. Conclusions: The suppressive effect of E2 on platelet aggregation is inhibited by 27HC, which could contribute to increase cardiovascular risk in postmenopausal women.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Platelet Aggregation/drug effects , Postmenopause/blood , Estrogen Antagonists/pharmacology , Estrogens/pharmacology , Hydroxycholesterols/pharmacology , Reference Values , Blood Platelets/drug effects , Blood Platelets/metabolism , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Risk Factors , Collagen/pharmacology , Statistics, Nonparametric , Estradiol/metabolism
9.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 79(3): 180-185, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-787334

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To culture quiescent human keratocytes and evaluate the effects of ultraviolet light and riboflavin on human corneal keratocytes in vitro. Methods: Keratocytes were obtained from remaining corneoscleral ring donor corneas previously used in corneal transplant surgeries and cultured in DMEM/F12 with 2% FBS until confluence. Characterization of cultured cells was performed by immunofluorescence analysis for anti-cytokeratin-3, anti-Thy-1, anti-α-smooth muscle actin, and anti-lumican. Immunofluorescence was performed before and after treatment of cultured cells with either ultraviolet light or riboflavin. Corneal stromal cells were covered with collagen (200 µL or 500 µL) and 0.1% riboflavin, and then exposed to ultraviolet light at 370 nm for 30 minutes. After 24 hours, cytotoxicity was determined using MTT colorimetric assays, whereas cell viability was assessed using Hoechst 33342 and propidium iodide. Results: Cell cultures achieved confluence in approximately 20 days. Expression of the lumican was high, whereas no expression of CK3, Thy-1, and α-SMA was observed. After crosslinking, MTT colorimetric assays demonstrated a low toxicity rate, whereas Hoechst 33342/propidium iodide staining demonstrated a low rate of apoptosis and necrosis, respectively, in all collagen-treatment groups. Conclusion: Keratocytes can be successfully cultured in vitro and characterized by immunofluorescence using lumican. MTT colorimetric assays, and Hoechst 33342, and propidium iodide staining demonstrated a higher rate of cell death in cells cultured without collagen, indicating collagen protects keratocytes from the cytotoxic effects of ultraviolet light.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito da aplicação da luz ultravioleta e riboflavina sobre ceratócitos da córnea humana in vitro. Métodos: Os ceratócitos foram obtidos a partir das rimas corneoesclerais remanescentes da trepanação de córneas previamente utilizadas em cirurgias de transplante de córnea e cultivadas em meio DMEM/F12 com 2% de FBS até atingir confluência. As culturas de células foram caracterizadas por imunofluorescência com os anticorpos K3 (marcador de células epiteliais), Thy-1 (marcador de fibroblasto) SMA (marcador de miofibroblasto) e Lumican (marcador de ceratócitos). Imunofluorescência também foi feita após o tratamento. As células do estroma da córnea foram cobertas com colágeno (200 µL e 500 µL) e 0,1% de riboflavina e exposta a luz UVA a 370 nm por 30 minutos. Após 24 horas, citotoxicidade foi determinada por ensaio de MTT e a viabilidade celular foi feita por Hoechst 33342/Iodeto de propideo. Resultados: As culturas de células atingiram confluência em aproximadamente 20 dias. Imunofluorescência apontou alta expressão para o marcador de ceratócitos (Lumican) e expressão negativa par os marcadores de células epiteliais (K3), fibroblasto (Thy-1) e miofibroblasto (α-SMA). Após o cross linking a análise de MTT mostrou baixa taxa de toxicidade e com a coloração de Hoechst 33342/Iodeto de propideo baixa taxa de apoptose e necrose respectivamente em todos os grupos que continham colágeno. Conclusão: As culturas de ceratócitos foram obtidas e caracterizadas por imunofluorescência através do marcador Lumican com sucesso. O ensaio de MTT e a coloração por Hoechst 33342 e iodeto de propídio, apresentaram maior índice de morte celular nos grupos que não continham colágeno, provando que protege as células contra os efeitos da luz UVA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Riboflavin/pharmacology , Ultraviolet Rays , Photosensitizing Agents/pharmacology , Corneal Keratocytes/drug effects , Corneal Keratocytes/radiation effects , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cell Survival/radiation effects , Cells, Cultured , Analysis of Variance , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Collagen/pharmacology , Apoptosis/drug effects , Apoptosis/radiation effects , Corneal Stroma/cytology , Cross-Linking Reagents/pharmacology , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Fibroblasts/radiation effects , Formazans , Necrosis
10.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 79(3): 151-154, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-787330

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: The present study aimed to report the outcomes of patients with progressive keratoconus who were treated via accelerated crosslinking (CXL) 6 months earlier and to determine the factors that promoted improved visual acuity after treatment. Methods: This retrospective study included 35 eyes of 34 patients with progressive keratoconus who underwent CXL. Topographical measurements were obtained preoperatively and in the first, third, and sixth months postoperatively using a rotating Scheimpflug camera. The uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), flat keratometry (K) value (K1), steep K value (K2), average K value (avgK), topographic cylindrical value (Cyl), apical keratoscopy front (AKf), apical keratoscopy back (AKb), symmetry index front (SIf), symmetry index back (SIb), and thinnest point of the cornea (ThkMin) were recorded. Results: At the 6-month follow-up, the mean UCVA and BCVA values were improved, and the K values remained stable. Statistically significant decreases in AKf (p=0.04) and the thinnest point of the cornea (p=0.001) and a statistically significant increase in AKb (p=0.01) were observed. A correlation analysis revealed that the preoperative BCVA, UCVA, K1, K2, avgK, AKf, and AKb values significantly affected visual acuity at the 6-month follow-up. Conclusions: Accelerated CXL is an effective treatment for the prevention or even reversal of keratoconus progression. The preoperative K values and apexes of the anterior and posterior cornea were found to affect visual acuity at 6 months after accelerated CXL. Both AKb steepening and AKf flattening appear to be important factors in the stabilization of keratometric values and improvement of visual outcomes.


RESUMO Objetivo: O objetivo do estudo é relatar os resultados do sexto mês após o tratamento de crosslinking acelerado (CXL) em pacientes com ceratocone progressivo e determinar os fatores que afetam a melhora da acuidade após o tratamento. Métodos: Neste estudo retrospectivo, foram incluídos 35 olhos de 34 pacientes com ceratocone progressivo que se submeteram CXL. Acuidade visual não corrigida (UCVA) e melhor acuidade visual corrigida (BCVA) foram registradas. Medidas topográficas foram obtidas utilizando uma câmara Scheimpflug rotativa no pré-operatório e no 1º, 3º e 6º meses após a cirurgia. Os valores de ceratometria (K) mais plana (K1), K mais curva (K2), médio de K (avgK), astigmatismo topográfico (Cyl), ápice anterior da ceratoscopia (AKf), ápice posterior da ceratoscopia (AKb), índice anterior de simetria (SIf), índice posterior de simetria (SIb) e ponto mais fino da córnea (ThkMin) foram avaliados. Resultados: A média UCVA e BCVA melhoraram, enquanto valores de K ficaram estáveis 6º mês. Houve uma diminuição estatisticamente significativa na AKf e um aumento estatisticamente significativo na AKb (p=0,04, p=0,01, respectivamente). O ponto mais fino da córnea diminuiu significativamente (p=0,001). Na análise de correlações, além da UCVA e BCVA pré-operatórias; valores K1, K2, avgK, AKf e AKb pré-operatórios influenciaram significativamente a acuidade visual no 6º mês de acompanhamento. Conclusões: CXL acelerado é uma forma eficaz de tratamento na prevenção ou no mesmo inversão da progressão do ceratocone. A acuidade visual no 6º mês após CXL acelerado foi afetada a partir dos valores de K e dos ápice anterior e posterior da córnea. Encurvamento do AKb e aplanamento do AKf parecem ser fatores importantes na estabilização dos valores ceratométricos e na melhora da acuidade visual.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Visual Acuity/drug effects , Collagen/therapeutic use , Cross-Linking Reagents/therapeutic use , Keratoconus/drug therapy , Postoperative Period , Reference Values , Riboflavin/therapeutic use , Riboflavin/pharmacology , Time Factors , Ultraviolet Rays , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Collagen/pharmacology , Treatment Outcome , Photosensitizing Agents/therapeutic use , Photosensitizing Agents/pharmacology , Disease Progression , Corneal Topography , Cross-Linking Reagents/pharmacology , Preoperative Period
11.
J. appl. oral sci ; 24(1): 76-84, Jan.-Feb. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-777354

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective The purpose of this study was to investigate the biological effects of epicatechin (ECN), a crosslinking agent, on human dental pulp cells (hDPCs) cultured in collagen scaffolds. Material and Method To evaluate the effects of ECN on the proliferation of hDPCs, cell counting was performed using optical and fluorescent microscopy. Measurements of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, alizarin red staining, and real-time polymerase chain reactions were performed to assess odontogenic differentiation. The compressive strength and setting time of collagen scaffolds containing ECN were measured. Differential scanning calorimetry was performed to analyze the thermal behavior of collagen in the presence of ECN. Results Epicatechin increased ALP activity, mineralized nodule formation, and the mRNA expression of dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP), a specific odontogenic-related marker. Furthermore, ECN upregulated the expression of DSPP in hDPCs cultured in collagen scaffolds. Epicatechin activated the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and the treatment with an ERK inhibitor (U0126) blocked the expression of DSPP. The compressive strength was increased and the setting time was shortened in a dose-dependent manner. The number of cells cultured in the ECN-treated collagen scaffolds was significantly increased compared to the cells in the untreated control group. Conclusions Our results revealed that ECN promoted the proliferation and differentiation of hDPCs. Furthermore, the differentiation was regulated by the ERK signaling pathway. Changes in mechanical properties are related to cell fate, including proliferation and differentiation. Therefore, our study suggests the ECN treatment might be desirable for dentin-pulp complex regeneration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Catechin/pharmacology , Collagen/pharmacology , Cross-Linking Reagents/pharmacology , Dental Pulp/cytology , Dental Pulp/drug effects , Tissue Scaffolds/chemistry , Time Factors , Calorimetry, Differential Scanning , Gene Expression , Cell Differentiation/drug effects , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Blotting, Western , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases/analysis , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Alkaline Phosphatase/analysis , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
12.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e54, 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952061

ABSTRACT

Abstract The development of biomaterials capable of driving dental pulp stem cell differentiation into odontoblast-like cells able to secrete reparative dentin is the goal of current conservative dentistry. In the present investigation, a biomembrane (BM) composed of a chitosan/collagen matrix embedded with calcium-aluminate microparticles was tested. The BM was produced by mixing collagen gel with a chitosan solution (2:1), and then adding bioactive calcium-aluminate cement as the mineral phase. An inert material (polystyrene) was used as the negative control. Human dental pulp cells were seeded onto the surface of certain materials, and the cytocompatibility was evaluated by cell proliferation and cell morphology, assessed after 1, 7, 14 and 28 days in culture. The odontoblastic differentiation was evaluated by measuring alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, total protein production, gene expression of DMP-1/DSPP and mineralized nodule deposition. The pulp cells were able to attach onto the BM surface and spread, displaying a faster proliferative rate at initial periods than that of the control cells. The BM also acted on the cells to induce more intense ALP activity, protein production at 14 days, and higher gene expression of DSPP and DMP-1 at 28 days, leading to the deposition of about five times more mineralized matrix than the cells in the control group. Therefore, the experimental biomembrane induced the differentiation of pulp cells into odontoblast-like cells featuring a highly secretory phenotype. This innovative bioactive material can drive other protocols for dental pulp exposure treatment by inducing the regeneration of dentin tissue mediated by resident cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stem Cells/drug effects , Biocompatible Materials/pharmacology , Collagen/pharmacology , Calcium Compounds/pharmacology , Aluminum Compounds/pharmacology , Dental Pulp/chemistry , Chitosan/pharmacology , Membranes, Artificial , Time Factors , Biocompatible Materials/chemistry , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Gene Expression , Cell Differentiation/drug effects , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Collagen/chemistry , Calcium Compounds/chemistry , Aluminum Compounds/chemistry , Dentin/drug effects , Dentinogenesis , Chitosan/chemistry , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Alkaline Phosphatase , Odontoblasts/drug effects
13.
J. appl. oral sci ; 23(6): 623-628, Nov.-Dec. 2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-769815

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The ability of hemostatic agents to promote bone repair has been investigated using in vitro and in vivo models but, up to now, the results are inconclusive. Objective In this context, the aim of this study was to compare the potential of bone repair of collagen sponge with fibrin glue in a rat calvarial defect model. Material and Methods Defects of 5 mm in diameter were created in rat calvariae and treated with either collagen sponge or fibrin glue; untreated defects were used as control. At 4 and 8 weeks, histological analysis and micro-CT-based histomorphometry were carried out and data were compared by two-way ANOVA followed by Student-Newman-Keuls test when appropriated (p≤0.05). Results Three-dimensional reconstructions showed increased bone formation in defects treated with either collagen sponge or fibrin glue compared with untreated defects, which was confirmed by the histological analysis. Morphometric parameters indicated the progression of bone formation from 4 to 8 weeks. Additionally, fibrin glue displayed slightly higher bone formation rate when compared with collagen sponge. Conclusion Our results have shown the benefits of using collagen sponge and fibrin glue to promote new bone formation in rat calvarial bone defects, the latter being discreetly more advantageous.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Bone Regeneration/drug effects , Collagen/pharmacology , Fibrin Tissue Adhesive/pharmacology , Hemostatics/pharmacology , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Disease Models, Animal , Fracture Healing/drug effects , Rats, Wistar , Reproducibility of Results , Skull/drug effects , Skull/injuries , Swine , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , X-Ray Microtomography
14.
J. appl. oral sci ; 22(1): 29-37, Jan-Feb/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-699912

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze Mucograft®(MG), a recently introduced collagen matrix, in vitro and in vivo, and compare it with BioGide®(BG), a well-established collagen membrane, as control. Material and Methods: A detailed analysis of the materials surface and ultra-structure was performed. Cellular growth patterns and proliferation rates of human fibroblasts on MG and BG were analyzed in vitro. In addition, the early tissue reaction of CD-1 mouse to these materials was analyzed by means of histological and histomorphometrical analysis. Results: MG showed a three-fold higher thickness both in dry and wet conditions, when compared to BG. The spongy surface of BG significantly differed from that of MG. Cells showed a characteristic proliferation pattern on the different materials in vitro. Fibroblasts tended to proliferate on the compact layers of both collagens, with the highest values on the compact side of BG. In vivo, at day three both materials demonstrated good tissue integration, with a mononuclear cell sheet of fibroblasts on all surfaces, however, without penetrating into the materials. Conclusions: The findings of this study showed that MG and BG facilitate cell proliferation on both of their surfaces in vitro. In vivo, these two materials induce a comparable early tissue reaction, while serving as cell occlusive barriers. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Female , Mice , Biocompatible Materials/pharmacology , Cell Proliferation , Collagen Type I/pharmacology , Collagen Type III/pharmacology , Fibroblasts/cytology , Cell Survival , Cells, Cultured , Collagen/pharmacology , Immunohistochemistry , Materials Testing , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Surface Properties , Time Factors
15.
Braz. oral res ; 25(3): 235-240, May-June 2011. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-590041

ABSTRACT

Vimentin is a cytoeskeletal intermediate filament protein commonly observed in mesenchymal cells; however, it can also be found in malignant epithelial cells. It is demonstrated in several carcinomas, such as those of the cervix, breast and bladder, in which it is widely used as a marker of the epithelial to mesenchymal transition that takes place during embryogenesis and metastasis. Vimentin is associated with tumors that show a high degree of invasiveness, being detected in invasion front cells. Its expression seems to be influenced by the tumor microenvironment. The aim of this study was to evaluate vimentin expression in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cell lines, and to investigate the contribution of the microenvironment to its expression. HNSCC cell lines (HN6, HN30 and HN31) and an immortalized nontumorigenic cell line (HaCaT) were submitted to a three-dimensional assay with Matrigel. Cytoplasmatic staining of the HN6 cell line cultured without Matrigel and of the HN30 and HN31 cell lines cultured with Matrigel was demonstrated through immunohistochemistry. Western Blotting revealed a significant decrease in vimentin expression for the HN6 cell line and a significant increase for the HN30 and HN31 cell lines cultured with Matrigel. The results suggest that vimentin can be expressed in HNSCC cells and its presence is influenced by the microenvironment of a tumor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/metabolism , Collagen/pharmacology , Head and Neck Neoplasms/metabolism , Laminin/pharmacology , Neoplasm Proteins/metabolism , Proteoglycans/pharmacology , Vimentin/metabolism , Blotting, Western , Cell Line, Tumor , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Drug Combinations , Extracellular Matrix , Head and Neck Neoplasms/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Neoplasm Proteins/analysis , Vimentin/analysis
16.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 726-733, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-188471

ABSTRACT

We investigated the effects of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) on wound healing using a three-dimensional (3D) collagen gel scaffold. Three circular full-thickness skin defects were created on the back of Sprague-Dawley rats. One site was covered with a 3D collagen gel containing 2 x 10(6) MSCs (MSCs+/3D collagen+). Another site was replaced with a 3D collagen gel without MSCs and the third site was left empty. The wound size was significantly reduced in the MSCs+/3D collagen+ sites. MSCs+/3D collagen+ sites exhibited the most neovascularization. FISH showed that Y-chromosome possessing cells were found within the dermis of MSCs+/3D collagen+ sites. Gelatin zymography revealed that the most intense expression of MMP-9 was detected early in the MSCs+/3D collagen+ sites. Our results indicate that MSCs upregulate the early expression of MMP-9 which induces the early mobilization of VEGF. Thus, MSCs appear to accelerate significantly wound healing via early activation of MMP-9 and VEGF.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Collagen/pharmacology , Immunohistochemistry , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Neovascularization, Physiologic , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Skin/pathology , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism , Wound Healing
17.
IBJ-Iranian Biomedical Journal. 2011; 15 (1,2): 6-14
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-129771

ABSTRACT

Surface properties of a biomaterial could be critical in determining biomaterial's biocompatibility due to the fact that the first interactions between the biological environment and artificial materials are most likely occurred at material's surface. In this study, the surface properties of a new nanocomposite [NC] polymeric material were modified by combining plasma treatment and collagen immobilization in order to enhance cell adhesion and growth. Methods: NC films were plasma treated in reactive O[2] plasma at 60 W for 120 s. Afterward, type I collagen was immobilized on the activated NC by a safe, easy, and effective one-step process. The modified surfaces of NC were characterized by water contact angle measurement, water uptake, scanning electron microscopy [SEM], and Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy in attenuated total reflection mode [ATR-FTIR]. Furthermore, the cellular behaviors of human umbilical vascular endothelial cells [HUVEC] such as attachment, growth and proliferation on the surface of the NC were also evaluated in vitro by optical microscopy and 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide test. Results: The outcomes indicated that plasma treatment and collagen immobilization could improve hydrophilicity of NC. SEM micrograph of the grafted film showed a confluent layer of collagen with about 3-5 jum thicknesses. In vitro tests showed that collagen-grafted and plasma-treated surfaces both resulted in higher cell adhesion and growth state compared with untreated ones. Conclusion: Plasma surface modification and collagen immobilization could enhance the attachment and proliferation of HUVEC onto NC, and the method would be usefully applied to enhance its biocompatibility


Subject(s)
Humans , Collagen/pharmacology , Endothelial Cells/cytology , Endothelial Cells/drug effects , Nanocomposites/chemistry , Cell Adhesion/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Surface Properties/drug effects , Umbilical Veins/cytology , Water
18.
Braz. dent. j ; 21(3): 179-189, 2010. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-556814

ABSTRACT

The acellular dermal matrix (ADM) was introduced in periodontology as a substitute for the autogenous grafts, which became restricted because of the limited source of donor's tissue. The aim of this study was to investigate, in vitro, the distribution, proliferation and viability of human gingival fibroblasts seeded onto ADM. ADM was seeded with human gingival fibroblasts for up to 21 days. The following parameters were evaluated: cell distribution, proliferation and viability. Results revealed that, at day 7, fibroblasts were adherent and spread on ADM surface, and were unevenly distributed, forming a discontinuous single cell layer; at day 14, a confluent fibroblastic monolayer lining ADM surface was noticed. At day 21, the cell monolayer exhibited a reduction in cell density. At 7 days, about to 90 percent of adherent cells on ADM surface were cycling while at 14 and 21 days this proportion was significantly reduced. A high proportion of viable cell was detected on AMD surface both on 14 and 21 days. The results suggest that fibroblast seeding onto ADM for 14 days can allow good conditions for cell adhesion and spreading on the matrix; however, migration inside the matrix was limited.


A matriz dérmica acelular (MDA) foi introduzida na Periodontia como um substituto para enxertos autógenos, os quais se tornaram restritos devido à quantidade limitada de tecido doador. O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar, in vitro, a distribuição, proliferação e viabilidade de fibroblastos gengivais humanos cultivados em MDA. Fibroblastos gengivais foram cultivados sobre MDA por até 21 dias. Os seguintes parâmetros foram avaliados: distribuição, proliferação e viabilidade celular. Os resultados revelaram que, aos 7 dias, os fibroblastos estavam aderidos e espraiados na superfície da MDA, e estavam distribuídos de forma desigual, formando uma camada celular descontínua; aos 14 dias, uma monocamada confluente de fibroblastos revestindo a superfície da MDA foi observada. Aos 21 dias, a monocamada celular exibiu uma redução na densidade celular. Aos 7 dias, cerca de 90 por cento das células aderidas na superfície da MDA estavam no ciclo celular, enquanto que aos 14 e 21 dias esse número reduziu significativamente. Uma maior proporção de células viáveis foi detectada na superfície da MDA tanto aos 14 quanto aos 21 dias. Os resultados sugerem que fibroblastos cultivados sobre a MDA por 14 dias permitem boas condições de adesão e espraiamento das células sobre a matriz, porém, a migração de células para o interior da matriz foi limitada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biocompatible Materials/pharmacology , Collagen/pharmacology , Fibroblasts/cytology , Gingiva/cytology , Tissue Scaffolds , Absorbable Implants , Cells, Cultured , Cell Adhesion/physiology , Cell Movement/physiology , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Fibroblasts/physiology , Guided Tissue Regeneration, Periodontal/methods , Skin, Artificial , Statistics, Nonparametric , Tissue Engineering/methods
19.
Acta cir. bras ; 24(2): 136-143, Mar.-Apr. 2009. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-511328

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Despite the significant advances in the knowledge of the healing process, there is a limited number of studies demonstrating the relationships of this healing with ageing and elevated levels of glycemia. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of ageing and hyperglycemia on the healing of colonic anastomosis. METHODS: 138 young and old male rats were utilized. Some of them were normoglycemic and others had hyperglycemia induced by streptozocin (50mg/kg). They were maintained under control for 90 days. They were then submitted to a termino-terminal anastomosis in the left colon. On the third, seventh and fourteenth days after surgery, their resistance was evaluated and a histopathological study of the anastomosis was carried out. RESULTS: Gain in resistance was similar for both groups. The additive effect of age with hyperglycemia made a significant difference to the collagen I (p<0.001), III (p=0.022) and total (p<0.001). Among the old animals, the glycemia was a determining factor for the occurrence of a significant difference in total collagen (p=0.029) and collagen I (p=0.013). Among the normoglycemics, age determined a lower density of collagen I (p=0.002). CONCLUSION: There is delayed collagen synthesis and maturation of the scars of older animals, a situation that becomes more serious in older hyperglycemic animals, but insufficient to adversely affect the gain in resistance.


INTRODUÇÃO: Apesar dos significantes avanços no conhecimento do processo cicatricial há um restrito número de estudos demonstrando as relações deste reparo com o envelhecimento e com níveis elevados de glicemia. OBJETIVO: Avaliar os efeitos do envelhecimento e da hiperglicemia na cicatrização de anastomoses colônicas. MÉTODOS: Utilizaram-se 138 ratos machos, adultos jovens e velhos. Parte deles era normoglicêmico e parte teve hiperglicemia induzida pelo streptozocin (50mg/kg). Foram mantidos controlados por 90 dias. Após fez-se uma anastomose término-terminal no cólon esquerdo. No 3.º, 7.º e 14.º dia de pós-operatório avaliou-se a resistência e fez-se o estudo histo-patológico da anastomose. RESULTADOS: O ganho de resistência foi semelhante entre os grupos. O efeito aditivo da idade com a hiperglicemia determinou diferença significativa nos colágenos I (p<0,001), III (p=0,022) e total (p<0,001). Entre os velhos a glicemia foi determinante para ocorrer diferença significativa no colágeno total (p=0,029) e colágeno I (p=0,013). Entre os normoglicêmicos a idade determinou menor densidade de colágeno I (p=0,002). CONCLUSÃO: Existe atraso na síntese do colágeno e na maturação das cicatrizes nos animais velhos, situação que se agrava nos animais velhos e hiperglicêmicos, não suficiente para prejudicar o ganho de resistência.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Aging/physiology , Collagen/pharmacology , Colon/surgery , Hyperglycemia/physiopathology , Wound Healing/physiology , Analysis of Variance , Anastomosis, Surgical , Disease Models, Animal , Rats, Wistar , Statistics, Nonparametric
20.
Biol. Res ; 42(3): 377-389, 2009. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-531971

ABSTRACT

Angiogenesis, the development of new capillary vessels, has a host of clinical manifestations. The identification of agents that increase or decrease angiogenesis is of great pharmaceutical interest. Classically, in vitro angiogenesis utilizes human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) grown in matrigel. This valid and simple method has the drawbacks that each cell population is distinct and the constraint of obtaining primary source material. Herein we utilize the established EA.hy926 endothelial cell line as our model for in vitro angiogenesis and present a novel formula to quantify endothelial cell remodeling to identify pro- and anti-angiogenic agents. Furthermore, our technique details the procedures to identify and quantify compounds that have the capacity to generate pro- or anti-angiogenic factors when given to non-endothelial cells, which we define herein as angiogenic potential. In conclusion, we propose a novel formula that we are confident accurately reflects the degree of in vitro angiogenesis allowing the quantification of prospective angiogenic compounds.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents/pharmacology , Collagen/pharmacology , Endothelial Cells/drug effects , Laminin/pharmacology , Neovascularization, Physiologic/drug effects , Proteoglycans/pharmacology , Cell Line , Drug Combinations , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Neovascularization, Physiologic/physiology
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