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1.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS | ID: biblio-1358133

ABSTRACT

Tecnologia: Aripiprazol, antipsicóticos disponíveis no Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS). Indicação: Tratamento da esquizofrenia em adultos. Pergunta: O Aripiprazol é mais eficaz e seguro para promover controle sintomático, que os antipsicóticos disponíveis no SUS? Métodos: Levantamento bibliográfico foi realizado em bases de dados PUBMED, com estratégias estruturadas de busca, e a qualidade metodológica das revisões sistemáticas foi avaliada com a ferramenta AMSTAR II. Resultados: Foram identificados 109 resumos de revisões sistemáticas. Após leitura dos mesmos, foram selecionadas 2 revisões sistemáticas. Conclusão: Aripiprazol tem eficácia e segurança similar à Ziprasidona e Haloperidol, mas eficácia semelhante e maior segurança metabólica que a Quetiapina, Olanzapina, Clozapina e Risperidona. Ziprasidona apresenta vantagem sobre o Aripiprazol, pois tem menor risco de efeito colateral de mudanças na função sexual. Considerando que o perfil de eficácia e segurança do Aripiprazol é muito parecido com o dos outros antipsicóticos disponíveis no SUS, com mínimas diferenças, e seu custo de tratamento é inferior ao da Ziprasidona e Quetiapina, essa droga poderia estar disponível no SUS


Technology: Aripiprazole, antipsychotics available in the Brazilian Public Health System (BPHS). Indication: Treatment of schizophrenia in adults. Question: Is Aripiprazole more effective and safer to promote symptomatic control than antipsychotics available in BPHS? Methods: A bibliographic survey was carried out in PUBMED databases, with structured search strategies, and the methodological quality of systematic reviews was assessed using the AMSTAR II tool. Results: 109 abstracts of systematic reviews were identified. After reading them, 2 systematic reviews were selected. Conclusion: Aripiprazole has identical effectiveness and safety to Ziprasidone and Haloperidol, but similar efficacy and greater safety than Quetiapine, Olanzapine, Clozapine and Risperidone. Ziprasidone has an advantage over Aripiprazole as it has a lower risk of side effects of changes in sexual function. Since the Aripiprazole's effectiveness and safety profile is very similar to profile of others antipsychotics available in BPHS, with minimal differences, and it has cost lower than Ziprasidone and Quetiapine, this drug could be available in BPHS


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Schizophrenia/drug therapy , Antipsychotic Agents , Comparative Effectiveness Research , Aripiprazole/therapeutic use , Unified Health System , Clozapine/therapeutic use , Risperidone/therapeutic use , Quetiapine Fumarate/therapeutic use , Olanzapine/therapeutic use , Haloperidol/therapeutic use
2.
Med. infant ; 27(1): 25-28, Marzo de 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1118643

ABSTRACT

Los parches de EMLA son frecuentemente utilizados como anestésicos locales durante la realización en procedimientos invasivos. Con el fin de valorar su eficacia y compararla con la de otros analgésicos y anestésicos disponibles, se realizó una revisión sistemática de todos los estudios realizados que cumplieran criterios de inclusión entre los años 1990 y 2019. Población y métodos: la búsqueda bibliográfica de la evidencia disponible fue realizada en las bases de datos de Cochrane Medline y Lilacs. Se incluyeron todos los ECA y revisiones sistemáticas en pacientes menores de 16 años entre los años 1990 y 2019. Resultados: Fueron hallados 31 artículos de los cuales 21 cumplían con los criterios de inclusión. De dichos 21, solamente 8 estudios resultaron de muy buena y excelente calidad metodológica (JADAD). Conclusiones: El EMLA demostró mayor eficacia como analgésico en el 100% de los estudios donde se comparaba respecto del placebo. Sin embargo, no se encontraron diferencias significativas respecto de otros analgésicos farmacológicos y no farmacológicos.(AU)


EMLA patches are commonly used as local anesthetics in minor invasive procedures. To assess efficacy and compare the patches with other available analgesics and anesthetics, a systematic review was conducted evaluated all studies that met the inclusion criteria published between 1990 and 2019. Population and methods: A literature search of the available evidence was conducted in the Cochrane, Medline, and Lilacs databases. All RCTs and systematic reviews in patients younger than 16 years published between 1990 and 2019 were included. Results: 31 articles were identified of which 21 met the inclusion criteria. Of these 21, of only 8 studies the methodology was of very good and excellent quality (JADAD). Conclusions: EMLA better efficacy as an analgesic in 100% of the studies comparing EMLA patches with placebo. However, no significant differences were found when comparing the patches with other pharmacological and non-pharmacological analgesics.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Pain/prevention & control , Transdermal Patch , Pain Management/methods , Lidocaine, Prilocaine Drug Combination/therapeutic use , Anesthetics, Local/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Comparative Effectiveness Research
3.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(1): 36-42, feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092888

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción El uso del sistema de visión 3D en cirugía laparoscópica puede significar una mejor performance de los procedimientos quirúrgicos de mayor complejidad. Objetivo Reportar las indicaciones, los resultados y la valoración de un grupo de cirujanos de diferentes especialidades en el uso de visión 3D. Materiales y Método: Se analizan las indicaciones quirúrgicas y los resultados subjetivos y objetivos del uso del sistema óptico 3D (n = 155 pacientes) en cirugía laparoscópica compleja. Para evaluación subjetiva se aplicó a una encuesta de percepción cualitativa a los cirujanos participantes tipo Likert. Para la evaluación objetiva, se registran los tiempos quirúrgicos empleados en los diferentes procedimientos efectuados y las complicaciones postoperatorias y se comparan con los pacientes operados con sistema 2D (n = 783 pacientes) en el mismo periodo. Resultados el 70,6% concuerda tener mejor imagen con la técnica 3D, el 64,7% de los cirujanos refieren que se puede reducir el tiempo operatorio, el 58,8% considera que se puede reducir el error quirúrgico, el 92% y 100% respectivamente afirman que el confort del cirujano es mejor con el uso de óptica 3D y que esta técnica es recomendable para los procedimientos complejos. El tiempo operatorio se redujo en algunos procedimientos, especialmente urológicos. No se encontró diferencias sustanciales al comparar los resultados con el uso de sistema 3D versus 2D en cuanto a complicaciones postoperatorias. En la 3D no se encontró mortalidad postoperatoria, probablemente por el menor número de pacientes de ese grupo. Conclusión La laparoscopia 3D posee una buena valoración por los cirujanos que la emplearon, principalmente en calidad de imagen, reducción del tiempo operatorio y confort del cirujano en comparación con la laparoscopía 2D convencional. No se encontró diferencias sustanciales al comparar los resultados con el uso de sistema 3D versus 2D en cuanto a tiempo operatorio ni complicaciones postoperatorias.


Introduction The use of the 3D vision system in laparoscopic surgery can mean better performance in more complex surgical procedures. Aim Report the indications, results and assessment of a group of surgeons of different specialties in the use of 3D vision. Materials and Method Surgical indications and subjective and objective results of the use of 3D optical system in patients (n = 155) submitted to complex laparoscopic surgery are analyzed. Subjective evaluation based on a survey of qualitative perception (Likert) was applied to the participating surgeons. For objective evaluation, the operatory times and postoperative complications were recorded and compared with the results observed with the use of the 2D system (783 patients) in the same period. Results 70.6% agree to have a better image with the 3D technique, 64.7% of surgeons report that the operative time can be reduced, 58.8% consider that it can be reduced the surgical error, 92% and 100% respectively considered that the comfort of the surgeon is better with the use of 3D optics and that this technique is recommended for complex procedures. No substantial differences were found when comparing the results with the use of 3D versus 2D system by the same surgical teams in terms of operative times and postoperative complications. In 3D, postoperative mortality was probably not found due to the lower number of patients in this group. Conclusion 3D laparoscopy has a good evaluation by the surgeons who used it, mainly in image quality, reduction of operative time and comfort of the surgeon compared to conventional 2D laparoscopy. No substantial differences were found when comparing the results with the use of 3D versus 2D system in terms of operative times or postoperative complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Laparoscopy/methods , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Chile , Surveys and Questionnaires , Laparoscopy/statistics & numerical data , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/instrumentation , Surgery, Computer-Assisted/methods , Comparative Effectiveness Research , Operative Time
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766085

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Comparative Effectiveness Research
6.
Rev. argent. urol. (1990) ; 83(3): 96-101, 2018. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-986327

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: El propósito de este estudio es evaluar la eficacia de los laboratorios de embriología y de anatomía patológica para hallar espermatozoides en las muestras de tejido testicular obtenido por biopsia testicular (testicular sperm extraction, TESE) en pacientes con azoospermia no obstructiva. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un análisis retrospectivo y prospectivo de todos los pacientes con azoospermia no obstructiva atendidos en CRECER y en la Clínica Privada Pueyrredón, entre enero de 2006 y diciembre de 2016. En este estudio solo se incluyeron aquellos pacientes en los que la muestra obtenida con TESE fue enviada simultáneamente al anatomopatólogo y al laboratorio de embriología. Para el análisis de los resultados de las biopsias el estudio se detuvo a fines de 2016, pero el seguimiento de los pacientes continuó hasta el mes de octubre de 2017, registrándose todos aquellos casos que realizaron procedimientos de inyección intracitoplasmática de espermatozoides (intracytoplasmic sperm injection, ICSI) con muestras obtenidas de TESE y se anotó la obtención de embriones, embarazos y nacimientos. Resultados: El laboratorio de embriología halló espermatozoides en 36 de los 68 pacientes (52,9%), mientras que el laboratorio de patología solo informó presencia en 21 pacientes (30,88%). Hubo acuerdo en el hallazgo de espermatozoides entre ambos laboratorios en 20 de los 68 casos (29,41%), mientras que en 16 pacientes el laboratorio de embriología encontró espermatozoides donde el de patología no pudo hacerlo (23,53%). Al mismo tiempo, el laboratorio de patología halló espermatozoides solo en un caso en el que el de embriología informó su ausencia para la misma muestra analizada (1,47%) (p=0,0003). Conclusiones: El laboratorio de embriología es significativamente más eficaz para determinar la presencia de espermatozoides en las muestras de TESE, teniendo mejor rendimiento que el de patología, por lo que consideramos que, si las muestras fueran analizadas solo por el patólogo, se perdería la posibilidad de lograr muchos embarazos realizando ICSI más TESE.(AU)


Objectives: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of embryology and pathological anatomy laboratories to find spermatozoa in testicular tissue samples obtained by testicular sperm extraction (TESE) in patients with non-obstructive azoospermia. Materials and methods: It was carried out a retrospective and prospective analysis of all the patients with non-obstructive azoospermia treated at CRECER and at Clínica Privada Pueyrredón, between January 2006 and December 2016. This study only includes patients in whom the sample obtained with TESE was sent at the same time to the pathology and embryology laboratory. For the analysis of the results of the biopsies, the study was stopped at the end of 2016, but the follow-up of the patients continued until October 2017, registering all those cases that performed intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) with samples obtained from TESE and wrote down the patients who´ve got embryos, pregnancies, and births. Results: The embryology laboratory found sperm in 36 of the 68 patients (52.9%), while the pathology laboratory only reported presence in 21 patients (30.88%). There was agreement in the finding of sperm between both laboratories in 20 of the 68 cases (29.41%), while in 16 patients the embryology laboratory found sperm where the pathology department could not do so (23.53%). At the same time, the pathology laboratory found sperm only in one case in which the embryology department reported its absence for the same sample analyzed (1.47%) (p=0.0003). Conclusions: The embryology laboratory is significantly more efficient to determine the presence of sperm in the samples of TESE, having better performance than the pathology one. Taking into account that, we believe that if the samples are only analyzed by the pathologist, the possibility of getting many pregnancies performing ICSI plus TESE would be lost. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Testis/embryology , Testis/pathology , Biopsy/methods , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic/methods , Azoospermia/diagnosis , Azoospermia/pathology , Sperm Retrieval , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Comparative Effectiveness Research
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317592

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the efficacy of bowel plication combined with early enteral nutrition (EEN) in the enhanced recovery after surgery(ERAS) of jejunal atresia (JA) neonates.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Between January 2005 and January 2014, 58 neonates with JA underwent surgical treatment in Children's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University. Their clinical data, including operation procedures, ages, birth weight, concomitant diseases, age at surgery, hospital stay, total parenteral nutrition (TPN), postoperative intestinal function recovery (the time to the first oral feeding and the time to oral feeding volume reaching 150 ml·kg·d), complications and reoperation, were retrospectively analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>According to the surgical procedures, the 58 neonates were divided into three groups: control group(18 cases, undergoing atretic segments resection and primary anastomosis), bowel plication group(19 cases, undergoing bowel plication after atretic segments resection and primary anastomosis) and bowel plication combined with EEN group (21 cases, undergoing bowel plication combined with EEN). No significant differences of ages, birth weight, age at operation, and concomitant diseases were found among 3 groups (all P>0.05). The time of hospital stay, the time to the first oral feeding, the time to oral feeding volume reaching 150 ml·kg·d, and the time of TPN in bowel plication group were significantly shorter than those of control group [(19.3±4.4) d vs. (22.7±3.1) d, t=2.696, P=0.011; (9.8±3.3) d vs. (12.5±3.0) d, t=2.630, P=0.013; (18.5±4.1) d vs. (21.5±2.5) d, t=2.726, P=0.011; (13.1±2.9) d vs. (15.0±2.3) d, t=2.219, P=0.033]. However, above parameters of bowel plication combined with EEN group were significantly shorter than those of bowel plication group [(15.3±3.5) d vs. (19.3±4.4), t=4.120, P=0.003; (7.7±2.2) d vs. (9.8±3.3) d, t=2.428, P=0.020; (14.8±2.5) d vs. (18.5±4.1) d, t=3.752, P=0.001; (9.5±3.0) vs. (13.1±2.9) d, t=4.370, P=0.000].</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The bowel plication combined with EEN contributes to the early use of intestinal function, shorten the time to the first oral feeding, and reduces the use of TPN, which can improve the recovery of jejunal atresia neonates.</p>


Subject(s)
Anastomosis, Surgical , Comparative Effectiveness Research , Defecation , Digestive System Surgical Procedures , Methods , Enteral Nutrition , Methods , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Intestinal Atresia , Rehabilitation , General Surgery , Jejunum , Congenital Abnormalities , General Surgery , Length of Stay , Parenteral Nutrition, Total , Postoperative Period , Retrospective Studies
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317591

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the clinical efficacy of robotic and laparoscopic radical surgery in the treatment of middle-low rectal cancers.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2015 to March 2016, intra-operative and postoperative follow-up data of 30 patients with middle-low rectal cancers who underwent robotic radical resection(robot group) and 32 patients with middle-low rectal cancers who underwent laparoscopic radical resection (laparoscopy group)n in our department were retrospectively collected. The distance from cancer to anal margin was less than 10 cm in both two groups and advanced rectal cancers were confirmed by preoperative colonoscopy biopsy. Associated data were compared between two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 13 males and 17 females in robot group with age of 27 to 85 (mean 59.7) years, disease course of 3 to 12 (mean 6.2) months and clinical stage T2-3N0-1. There were 16 males and 16 females in laparoscopic group with age of 32 to 79 (mean 60.3) years, disease course of 2 to 10(mean 5.9) months and clinical stage T2-3N0-1. The baseline data of two groups were not significantly different (all P>0.05). All the patients in two groups completed operations successfully without conversion to open operation. Compared with laparoscopic group, the blood loss was less [(100.3±43.7) ml vs. (150.3±68.2) ml, t=3.413, P=0.001], the first flatus time [(49.3±12.4) h vs. (58.6±12.5) h, t=2.838, P=0.006] and urinary catheter removal time [(3.0±0.7) d vs. (4.8±0.9) d, t=5.491, P=0.000] were shorter, while the operation time [(217.3±57.8) min vs. (187.9±23.1) min, t=2.772, P=0.009] was longer in robot group. No cancer tissue was observed in resection margin of two groups. Number of harvested lymph node per case (15.2±7.4 vs. 13.9±4.9, t=-0.764, P=0.448), distance from anal margin to tumor distal edge [(7±3) cm vs. (6.5±3) cm, t=-1.952, P=0.056] and postoperative hospital stay [(13.6±1.3) d vs. (13.8±1.8) d, t=0.925, P=0.359] were not significantly different between two groups. No serious complications occurred in two groups during intra-operative and postoperative period. During following up of 3 to 12 (average 8.7) months, 1 case of anastomotic fistula occurred in each group and was cured by conservative treatment without significant difference [3.3%(1/30) vs. 3.1%(1/32), P=1.000]. No sexual dysfunction was found in either groups. Two cases in laparoscopic group presented relapse and metastasis, but no recurrence and metastasis was observed in robot group. There was no death in two groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Robotic radical surgery in the treatment of middle-low rectal cancers is safe and effective with the advantages of less trauma, less bleeding, rapid recovery of intestinal function and urinary function.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Blood Loss, Surgical , Comparative Effectiveness Research , Defecation , Digestive System Surgical Procedures , Methods , Female , Fistula , General Surgery , Humans , Laparoscopy , Length of Stay , Lymph Node Excision , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Operative Time , Postoperative Period , Recovery of Function , Rectal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Treatment Outcome , Urination
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317590

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the safety, feasibility and long-term outcomes of laparoscopic complete mesocolic excision for the transverse colon cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 61 patients who underwent laparoscopic complete mesocolic excision for transverse colon cancer (transverse group) in our department from January 2011 to January 2014 were retrospectively analyzed, which were compared with those of 155 patients undergoing laparoscopic complete mesocolic excision for ascending colon cancer (ascending group) and 230 patients undergoing laparoscopic complete mesocolic excision for sigmoid colon cancer (sigmoid group). Differences in operative details, postoperative recovery, postoperative complications and long-term survival among 3 groups were evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>No significant differences in the baseline information were found among 3 groups(all P>0.05). The average operative time was significantly longer in transverse group as compared to ascending group and sigmoid group [(192.1±58.7) min vs. (172.2±54.7) min and (169.1±53.6) min]( P<0.05), while the blood loss [(89.7±63.6) ml, (86.3±66.3) ml, (82.6±61.5) ml], conversion rate [3.3%(2/61), 2.6%(4/155), 2.2%(5/230)], number of harvested lymph node (13.0±4.7, 14.4±6.5, 13.4±5.6), time to flatus [(2.7±1.1) d, (2.6±1.1) d, (2.5±1.0) d], time to liquid diet [(3.0±1.7) d, (2.8±1.5) d, (2.7±1.4) d], incidence of postoperative complication(6.6%, 9.0%, 11.7%), and hospital stay [(11.6±5.8) d, (10.7±5.8) d, (10.6±5.7) d] among 3 groups were not significantly different (all P>0.05). A total of 436 patients received postoperative follow-up of median 36 (5 to 67) months. The overall 5-year survival rate was 73.1%, 73.7% and 74.8%, and the 5-year disease-free survival rate was 71.5%, 71.1% and 72.7% in transverse, ascending and sigmoid colon cancer groups respectively, whose differences were not significant among 3 groups (all P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Laparoscopic complete mesocolic excision for transverse colon cancer is safe and feasible with slightly longer operation time, and has quite good long-term oncologic efficacy.</p>


Subject(s)
Colectomy , Methods , Colon, Ascending , General Surgery , Colon, Sigmoid , General Surgery , Colon, Transverse , General Surgery , Colonic Neoplasms , General Surgery , Comparative Effectiveness Research , Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Laparoscopy , Methods , Length of Stay , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Mesocolon , General Surgery , Operative Time , Postoperative Complications , Postoperative Period , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300825

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of drug-eluding beads transarterial chemoembolization (DEB-TACE) in treatment of unrecectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).The clinical data of 42 consecutive HCC patients undergoing TACE were retrospectively analyzed, including 20 cases received conventional TACE (cTACE group) and 22 cases received TACE with epirubicine-loaded microspheres (CalliSpheres) (DEB-TACE group). MRI scans were performed 1 week before and 1, 3 and 6 months after initial therapy. The response to treatment, disease recurrence, complications and adverse effects were documented and compared between two groups.There were no significant differences in 1-month, 3-month and 6-month objective response rate (CR+PR) and disease control rate (CR+PR+SD), disease recurrence, complications and adverse effects of interventional therapy between cTACE group and DEB-TACE group. Additionally, there were no significant differences about locoregional biliary injuries, intrahepatic biloma, and newly detected intra- or extrahepatic HCC on MRI between cTACE group and DEB-TACE group.There were no statistically significant differences between cTACE group and DEB-TACE group with regard to the short-term response, disease recurrence, complications and side effects. Hepatic-locoregional complications may be more frequent in DEB-TACE group than those in cTACE group.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Diagnostic Imaging , Therapeutics , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Methods , Comparative Effectiveness Research , Drug Delivery Systems , Methods , Epirubicin , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Microspheres , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-161592

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Extrafine-particle inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) have greater small airway deposition than standard fine-particle ICS. We sought to compare asthma-related outcomes after patients initiated extrafine-particle ciclesonide or fine-particle ICS (fluticasone propionate or non-extrafine beclomethasone). METHODS: This historical, matched cohort study included patients aged 12-60 years prescribed their first ICS as ciclesonide or fine-particle ICS. The 2 cohorts were matched 1:1 for key demographic and clinical characteristics over the baseline year. Co-primary endpoints were 1-year severe exacerbation rates, risk-domain asthma control, and overall asthma control; secondary endpoints included therapy change. RESULTS: Each cohort included 1,244 patients (median age 45 years; 65% women). Patients in the ciclesonide cohort were comparable to those in the fine-particle ICS cohort apart from higher baseline prevalence of hospitalization, gastroesophageal reflux disease, and rhinitis. Median (interquartile range) prescribed doses of ciclesonide and fine-particle ICS were 160 (160-160) µg/day and 500 (250-500) µg/day, respectively (P<0.001). During the outcome year, patients prescribed ciclesonide experienced lower severe exacerbation rates (adjusted rate ratio [95% CI], 0.69 [0.53-0.89]), and higher odds of risk-domain asthma control (adjusted odds ratio [95% CI], 1.62 [1.27-2.06]) and of overall asthma control (2.08 [1.68-2.57]) than those prescribed fine-particle ICS. The odds of therapy change were 0.70 (0.59-0.83) with ciclesonide. CONCLUSIONS: In this matched cohort analysis, we observed that initiation of ICS with ciclesonide was associated with better 1-year asthma outcomes and fewer changes to therapy, despite data suggesting more difficult-to-control asthma. The median prescribed dose of ciclesonide was one-third that of fine-particle ICS.


Subject(s)
Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Anti-Asthmatic Agents , Asthma , Cohort Studies , Comparative Effectiveness Research , Diethylpropion , Disease Progression , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Hospitalization , Humans , Odds Ratio , Prevalence , Rhinitis
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303907

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the feasibility and safety of the delta-shaped anastomosis in laparoscopic distal gastrectomy and digestive tract reconstruction.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 34 gastric cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic distal gastrectomy with the delta-shaped anastomosis for digestive tract reconstruction (delta-shaped group) and 83 gastric cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic distal gastrectomy with Billroth I( for digestive tract reconstruction (Billroth group) by same surgeon team from July 2013 to July 2015 at the Department of Digestive Surgery, Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Shanxi Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. Data of two groups were compared.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Age, gender, tumor stage were not significantly different between the two groups(all P>0.05). Operation time of the first 15 cases in delta-shaped group was longer than that in Billroth group [(254.7±35.4) min vs. (177.8±33.0) min, t=11.190, P=0.000], while after above 15 cases, the operation time of delta-shaped group was significantly shorter than that of Billroth group [(142.1±14.6) min vs. (177.8±33.0) min, t=-4.109, P=0.001]. Delta-shaped group had less blood loss during operation [(87.1±36.7) ml vs. (194.0±55.1) ml, t=-10.268, P=0.000], and shorter length of incision [(4.1±0.4) cm vs. (6.1±1.0) cm, t=-10.331, P=0.000] than Billroth group. Compared with Billroth group, delta-shaped group presented faster postoperative bowel function return [(2.8±0.6) d vs. (3.3±0.5) d, t=-3.755, P=0.000], earlier liquid food intake [(7.4±1.5) d vs. (8.1±1.7) d, t=-4.135, P=0.000], earlier ambulation [(4.0±1.6) d vs. (6.8±1.4) d, t=-7.197, P=0.000] and shorter postoperative hospital stay [(12.6±1.9) d vs.(13.6±2.0) d, t=-20.149, P=0.000]. Morbidity of postoperative complication was 5.9%(2/34) in delta-shaped group, including anastomotic fistula in 1 case and incision infection in 1 case, and 6.0%(5/83) in Billroth group, including anastomotic fistula, incision infection, anastomotic stricture and dumping syndrome, without significant difference(P>0.05). Difference value of total protein and albumin between pre-operation and post-operation, and average decreased value of total protein, albumin, body weight between pre-operation and postoperative 6-month were not significantly different between two groups(all P>0.05). As for patients with BMI > 25 kg/m, compared to Billroth group, delta-shaped group presented less blood loss during operation [(94.1±36.7) ml vs. (203.0±55.1) ml, t=-10.268, P=0.000], lower injective dosage of postoperative analgesics [(1.9±1.1) ampule vs.(3.3±2.0) ampule, t=-2.188, P=0.032], faster intestinal recovery [(2.9±0.7) d vs. (3.2±0.9) d, t=-3.755, P=0.009], shorter hospital stay [(10.5±1.2) d vs. (11.7±1.5) d, t=-2.026, P=0.004], and lower morbidity of postoperative complication [7.1%(1/14) vs. 13.6%(3/22), χ=4.066, P=0.031].</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In laparoscopic distal gastrectomy and digestive tract reconstruction, the delta-shaped anastomosis is safe and feasible, especially suitable for obese patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Anastomosis, Surgical , Methods , Blood Loss, Surgical , Comparative Effectiveness Research , Constriction, Pathologic , Epidemiology , Defecation , Digestive System Fistula , Epidemiology , Drinking , Dumping Syndrome , Epidemiology , Female , Gastrectomy , Methods , Gastroenterostomy , Methods , Humans , Laparoscopy , Methods , Length of Stay , Male , Operative Time , Postoperative Complications , Epidemiology , Postoperative Period , Recovery of Function , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , General Surgery , Surgical Wound , Surgical Wound Infection , Epidemiology , Treatment Outcome
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303891

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare clinically relevant postoperative complications after open, laparoscopic, and robotic gastrectomy for gastric cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of patients with gastric cancer who underwent gastrectomy between January 1, 2014 and October 1, 2016 at Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital were analyzed retrospectively. All the patients were diagnosed by upper endoscopy and confirmed by biopsy without distant metastasis. They were confirmed with R0 resection by postoperative pathology. Patients with incomplete data were excluded. The complications among open group, laparoscopic group and robotic group were compared. The continuous variables were analyzed by one-way ANOVA, and categorical variables were analyzed by χtest or Fisher exact test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 1 791 patients (1 320 males and 471 females) were included in the study, aged from 17 to 98 (59.0±11.6) years, comprising 922 open, 673 laparoscopic and 196 robotic gastrectomies. There were no significant differences among three groups in baseline data (gender, age, BMI, comorbidity, radiochemotherapy) and some of operative or postoperative data (blood transfusion, number of lymph node dissection, combined organ resection, resection site, N stage, postoperative hospital stay). The blood loss in laparoscopic and robotic groups was significantly lower than that in open group[(185.7±139.6) ml and (194.0±187.6) ml vs. (348.2±408.5) ml, F=59.924, P=0.000]. The postoperative complication occurred in 197 of 1 791(11.0%) patients. The Clavien-Dindo II(, III(a, III(b, IIII(a, and IIIII( complications were 5.5%, 4.0%, 1.2%, 0.1%, and 0.2% respectively. The anastomotic leakage (2.4%), intestinal obstruction(1.3%) and pulmonary infection(1.2%) were the three most common complications, followed by wound infection(0.8%), cardiovascular disease(0.7%), anastomotic bleeding (0.7%), delayed gastric emptying (0.6%), duodenal stump fistula(0.5%), intraperitoneal hemorrhage (0.5%), pancreatic fistula (0.3%), intra-abdominal infection(0.2%), chylous leakage (0.1%) and other complications(1.7%). There were no significant differences among three groups as the complication rates of open, laparoscopic and robotic gastrectomy were 10.6%(98/922), 10.8%(73/673) and 13.3%(26/196) respectively (χ=1.173, P=0.566). But anastomotic leakage occurred more common after laparoscopic and robotic gastrectomy compared to open gastrectomy [3.1%(21/673) and 5.1%(10/196) vs. 1.3%(12/922), χ=12.345, P=0.002]. The rate of cardiocerebral vascular diseases was higher in open group[1.3%(12/922) vs. 0.1%(1/673) and 0, χ=8.786, P=0.012]. And the rate of anastomotic bleeding was higher in robotic group [2.0%(4/196) vs. open 0.4%(4/922) and laparoscopic 0.6%(4/673), χ=6.365, P=0.041]. In view of Clavien-Dindo classification, III(a complications occurred more common in laparoscopic group [5.5%(37/673) vs. open 3.3%(30/922) and robotic 2.6%(5/196), χ=6.308, P=0.043] and III(b complications occurred more common in robotic group [3.1%(6/196) vs. open 1.1%(10/922) and laparoscopic 0.7%(5/673), χ=7.167, P=0.028].</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Morbidities of postoperative complications are comparable among open, laparoscopic and robotic gastrectomy for gastric cancer. However, in consideration of the high difficulty of anastomosis, the minimally invasive surgery should be performed by more experienced surgeons.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anastomotic Leak , Epidemiology , Blood Loss, Surgical , Cerebrovascular Disorders , Epidemiology , Chylous Ascites , Epidemiology , Comorbidity , Comparative Effectiveness Research , Duodenal Diseases , Epidemiology , Female , Gastrectomy , Methods , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Epidemiology , Gastroparesis , Epidemiology , Gastroscopy , Hemoperitoneum , Epidemiology , Humans , Intestinal Fistula , Epidemiology , Intraabdominal Infections , Epidemiology , Laparoscopy , Length of Stay , Lymph Node Excision , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications , Epidemiology , Postoperative Hemorrhage , Epidemiology , Postoperative Period , Respiratory Tract Infections , Epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Stomach Neoplasms , General Surgery , Surgical Wound Infection , Epidemiology
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303876

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the postoperative analgesia efficacy, rehabilitation parameters and complication between multimodal analgesia and traditional analgesia after radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Patients with gastric cancer who underwent surgery in our hospital from October 2016 to December 2016 were enrolled in this prospective study. According to the non-randomized method, patients were assigned to multimodal analgesia group(n=32) and traditional analgesia group(n=33) in gastric cancer treatment team A and B in Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University. The treatment measures of group A were as follows: (1) The ratio of 1/1 diluted ropivacaine (100 mg, 10 ml) was infiltrated around the incision before abdomen closure, with incision sutured layer by layer. (2) Parecoxib sodium (40 mg) was injected intravenously every 12 hours after operation for 5 days. (3) Oxycodone-acetaminophen tablet was given orally on the first day or the second day after operation, 50 mg twice a day. (4) Patient-controlled analgesia was not used after operation. Patients in group B received direct suture of incision and patient-controlled analgesia. The pain score, postoperative rehabilitation and 30-day postoperative complications were collected and analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Multimodal analgesia group had lower pain scores at 1 d (4.8±0.9), 2 d (4.3±1.0), 3 d (2.9±0.8), 4 d (2.4±0.7) and 5 d (1.7±0.7) after surgery, as compared to traditional analgesia group (5.9±0.9, P=0.000), (5.1±0.7, P=0.001), (3.9±0.8, P=0.000), (3.0±0.6, P=0.000), (2.6±0.7, P=0.000), with significant difference. Postoperative hospital stay [(8.2±1.6) days vs. (10.6±2.2) days, P=0.000], time to ambulation [(47.5±13.8) days vs. (66.2±16.8) days, P=0.000], time to first flatus [(76.4±25.2) days vs. (120.0±29.9) days, P=0.000], time to first defecate [(117.3±42.2) days vs. (159.7±30.7) days, P=0.000] and time to first fluid diet [(83.8±21.6) days vs. (141.9±33.9) days, P=0.000] in the multimodal analgesia group were significantly shorter than those in the traditional analgesia group. There was no significant difference between the two groups with respect to 30-day postoperative complication rate(9.4% vs. 9.1%, P=1.000).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Multimodal analgesia can significantly reduce the postoperative pain and is beneficial to rehabilitation, meanwhile it does not increase the risk of postoperative complications. Multimodal analgesia is safe and effective for gastric cancer patients undergoing radical gastrectomy.</p>


Subject(s)
Acetaminophen , Therapeutic Uses , Amides , Therapeutic Uses , Analgesia, Patient-Controlled , China , Comparative Effectiveness Research , Defecation , Drug Combinations , Eating , Flatulence , Gastrectomy , Rehabilitation , Humans , Isoxazoles , Therapeutic Uses , Length of Stay , Oxycodone , Therapeutic Uses , Pain Management , Methods , Pain, Postoperative , Drug Therapy , Postoperative Complications , Prospective Studies , Recovery of Function , Stomach Neoplasms , General Surgery , Surgical Wound , Rehabilitation , Therapeutics , Suture Techniques , Treatment Outcome , Walking
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303871

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compared the clinical efficacy of laparoscopic repair (LR) versus open repair (OR) for perforated peptic ulcers.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2010 to June 2014, in Shanghai Tongji Hospital, 119 patients who were diagnosed as perforated peptic ulcers and planned to receive operation were prospectively enrolled. Patients were randomly divided into LR (58 patients) and OR(61 patients) group by computer. Intra-operative and postoperative parameters were compared between two groups. This study was registered as a randomized controlled trial by the China Clinical Trials Registry (registration No.ChiCTR-TRC-11001607).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was no significant difference in baseline data between two groups (all P>0.05). No significant differences of operation time, morbidity of postoperative complication, mortality, reoperation probability, decompression time, fluid diet recovery time and hospitalization cost were found between two groups (all P>0.05). As compared to OR group, LR group required less postoperative fentanyl [(0.74±0.33) mg vs. (1.04±0.39) mg, t=-4.519, P=0.000] and had shorter hospital stay [median 7(5 to 9) days vs. 8(7 to 10) days, U=-2.090, P=0.001]. In LR group, 3 patients(5.2%) had leakage in perforation site after surgery. One case received laparotomy on the second day after surgery for diffuse peritonitis. The other two received conservative treatment (total parenteral nutrition and enteral nutrition). There was no recurrence of perforation in OR group. One patient of each group died of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) 22 days after surgery.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>LR may be preferable for treating perforated peptic ulcers than OR, however preventive measures during LR should be taken to avoid postopertive leak in perforation site.</p>


Subject(s)
China , Comparative Effectiveness Research , Digestive System Surgical Procedures , Methods , Enteral Nutrition , Female , Fentanyl , Humans , Laparoscopy , Rehabilitation , Laparotomy , Length of Stay , Male , Multiple Organ Failure , Epidemiology , Operative Time , Pain, Postoperative , Drug Therapy , Epidemiology , Parenteral Nutrition, Total , Peptic Ulcer Perforation , Rehabilitation , General Surgery , Peritonitis , Therapeutics , Postoperative Complications , Epidemiology , Therapeutics , Postoperative Period , Prospective Studies , Recurrence , Reoperation , Treatment Outcome
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303867

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To systematically assess the safety and efficacy of hand-assisted laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (HALG) versus open distal gastrectomy (ODG) for gastric cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Chinese or English literature regarding comparison of HALG and ODG were collected by searching in databases (such as PubMed, Cochrane Library, CNKI, Wanfang database) between January 1996 and September 2016. The data of operative time, incision length, blood loss, number of harvested lymph nodes, time to flatus, hospital stay, postoperative complication morbidity and long-term outcomes were compared between the two procedures. Then funnel plot was used to evaluate publication bias and sensitivity analysis was used to evaluate the stability of the results. All these data analyses were performed using the Meta for or Meta package of R version 3.3.1.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 7 studies with 835 patients (323 cases in HALG group and 512 cases in ODG group) were included. Compared with ODG, HALG had a longer operative time (WMD=28.93 minutes, 95%CI=9.59 to 48.28, Z=2.93, P=0.000), a shorter incision length (WMD=-10.31 cm, 95%CI=-14.01 to -6.62, Z=-5.47, P=0.000), less blood loss (WMD=-140.08 ml, 95%CI=-215.07 to -65.09, Z=-3.66, P=0.000), faster gastrointestinal recovery (WMD=-1.23 days, 95%CI=-1.89 to -0.56, Z=-3.62, P=0.000), shorter postoperative hospital stay (WMD=-3.24 days, 95%CI=-5.47 to -1.02, Z=-2.85, P=0.000). In subgroup analysis, 3 studies published before 2013 vs. 4 studies published afterwards, the number of harvested lymph nodes (WMD=-0.78, 95%CI=-2.05 to 0.50, Z=-1.19, P=0.235) and postoperative complication morbidity (RR=1.02, 95%CI=0.43 to 2.44, Z=0.05, P=0.961) did not differ significantly between two groups. Compared with ODG, the RR(95%CI) of ileus of HALG was 0.43 (0.07 to 2.82), but the difference was not statistically significant (P=0.383). One study reported the 5-year overall survival rates of HALG and ODG were 81.0% vs 67.5%, and the tumor recurrence rates were 7.1% vs 22%, respectively, but the differences were not statistically significant(all P>0.05). Sensitivity analysis showed that the above results were stable. The funnel plots of the lymph nodes and postoperative complication morbidity did not present significant publication bias.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>HALG has the advantages of minimal invasiveness such as shorter incision length and quicker recovery. Furthermore, the short-term efficacy of HALG is similar to conventional open surgery. However, the long-term efficacy is lack of support from multicenter long-term follow-up results.</p>


Subject(s)
Blood Loss, Surgical , Comparative Effectiveness Research , Gastrectomy , Methods , Hand-Assisted Laparoscopy , Humans , Length of Stay , Lymph Node Excision , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Epidemiology , Operative Time , Postoperative Complications , Epidemiology , Postoperative Period , Recovery of Function , Stomach Neoplasms , Mortality , General Surgery , Survival Rate , Time , Treatment Outcome
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317605

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the application of three-stitch preventive transverse colostomy in anterior resection of low rectal cancer.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>From May 2015 to March 2016, 70 consecutive low rectal cancer patients undergoing anterior resection and preventive transverse colostomy in our department were recruited in this prospective study. According to the random number table method, 70 patients were divided into three-stitch transverse colostomy group(observation group, n=35) and traditional transverse colostomy group(control group, n=35). Procedure of three-stitch preventive transverse colostomy was as follows: firstly, at the upper 1/3 incision 0.5-1.0 cm distance from the skin, 7# silk was used to suture from outside to inside, then the needle belt line went through the transverse edge of the mesangial avascular zone. At the lower 1/3 incision 0.5-1.0 cm distance from the skin, 7# silk was used to suture from inside to outside, then silk went through the transverse edge of the mesangial avascular zone again and was ligatured. Finally, in the upper and lower ends of the stoma, 7# silk was used to suture and fix transverse seromuscular layer and the skin. The operation time and morbidity of postoperative complications associated with colostomy were compared between two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were no significant differences in baseline data between the two groups(all P>0.05). The operative time of observation group was shorter than that of control group [(3.2±1.3) min vs. (15.5±3.4) min, P<0.05]. Incidences of colostomy skin-mucous separation, dermatitis, stoma rebound were significantly lower in observation group [5.7%(2/35) vs. 34.3%(12/35), P=0.007; 8.6%(3/35) vs. 31.4%(11/35), P=0.036; 0 vs. 17.1%(6/35), P=0.025, respectively], while incidences of parastomal hernia and stoma prolapse in two groups were similar (both P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compared with traditional transverse colostomy method, the three-stitch preventive transverse colostomy has more operating advantages and can reduce postoperative complications associated with colostomy.</p>


Subject(s)
Colostomy , Methods , Comparative Effectiveness Research , Humans , Operative Time , Postoperative Complications , Epidemiology , Prospective Studies , Rectal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Surgical Stomas , Suture Techniques , Sutures , Treatment Outcome
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317597

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the technical advantages of 3D laparoscopic and 2D laparoscopic surgery for gastrointestinal tumors.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of gastrointestinal cancer patients undergoing 3D laparoscopic or 2D laparoscopic surgery from January 2015 to January 2017 in our department were retrospectively analyzed These patients included 93 gastric cancer cases undergoing laparoscopic radical resection (total gastrectomy, 48 cases in 3D group, 45 cases in 2D group), 45 rectal cancer cases undergoing radical resection combined with lateral lymph node dissection (27 cases in 3D group, 18 cases in 2D group) and 76 right colon cancer cases undergoing radical resection (37 cases in 3D group, 39 cases in 2D group). The enrolled criteria of cases were 18-80 years old and diagnosed as advanced gastric or colorectal cancer by pathological examination. Patients with preoperative distant metastasis, severe heart or lung diseases who were not suitable for laparoscopic surgery, combined organ resection and conversion to open surgery were excluded. The choice of surgical procedure was determined by the discussion between patients and surgeon. Operations were performed by the same surgical team. Total operation time, complex operation time (deep lymph node dissection time, endoscopic intestinal anastomosis time), number of harvested lymph node, number of times in wrong grasp (accurate grasp for the same site needs to position for two times or more) and intraoperative bleeding were compared between 3D group and 2D group.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were no significant differences in baseline data between 3D group and 2D group. All the patients completed laparoscopic radical operation successfully without conversion to open surgery. In patients with gastric cancer, compared with 2D group, the total operation time was shorter [(185±25) min vs. (190±27) min, P<0.05]; dissection time of No.10 and 11d lymph node [(40±8) min vs. (55±12)min, P<0.05], and No.7, 8, 9 and 12 lymph node [(30±6) min vs. (41±9) min, P<0.05] was shorter; the number of times in wrong grasp (5±2 vs. 11±2, P<0.05) was less in 3D group. In patients with rectal cancer, compared with group 2D, 3D group had shorter time of lateral lymph node dissection [(27±6) min vs. (35±9) min, P<0.05] and laparoscopic anastomosis [(45±7) min vs. (58±11) min, P<0.05]; less number of times in wrong grasp (4±2 vs. 13±2, P<0.05]. In patients with right colon cancer, 3D group had shorter laparoscopic anastomosis time [(38±7) min vs. (44±5) min, P<0.05] and less number of times in wrong grasp (5±1 vs. 13±3, P<0.05] as compared to 2D group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>3D laparoscopic surgery for gastrointestinal tumors, compared with 2D laparoscopic technology has significant advantages, which can improve the spatial location and depth of operation, decrease the difficulty of fine operation, and shorten the operation time.</p>


Subject(s)
Anastomosis, Surgical , Methods , Colectomy , Methods , Comparative Effectiveness Research , Female , Gastrectomy , Methods , Humans , Intestines , General Surgery , Laparoscopy , Methods , Lymph Node Excision , Methods , Lymph Nodes , General Surgery , Male , Operative Time , Rectal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , General Surgery
19.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 106(4): 333-337, Apr. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-780790

ABSTRACT

Abstract Clinical decision-making requires synthesis of evidence from literature reviews focused on a specific theme. Evidence synthesis is performed with qualitative assessments and systematic reviews of randomized clinical trials, typically covering statistical pooling with pairwise meta-analyses. These methods include adjusted indirect comparison meta-analysis, network meta-analysis, and mixed-treatment comparison. These tools allow synthesis of evidence and comparison of effectiveness in cardiovascular research.


Resumo A tomada de decisão clínica requer síntese de evidências de revisões da literatura focadas em um tema específico. Para sintetizar evidências, são realizadas avaliações qualitativas e revisões sistemáticas de ensaios clínicos randomizados, tipicamente cobrindo análises estatísticas agregadas com metanálise pareada. Estes métodos incluem metanálise de comparação indireta ajustada, metanálise de rede e comparação de múltiplos tratamentos. Estas ferramentas permitem a síntese de evidências e eficácia comparativa na pesquisa cardiovascular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Review Literature as Topic , Cardiovascular Diseases , Evidence-Based Medicine/methods , Biomedical Research , Clinical Decision-Making/methods , Network Meta-Analysis , Research Design , Clinical Trials as Topic , Comparative Effectiveness Research
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300834

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the efficacy of operative and non-operative treatment for three- or four-part proximal humeral fractures in elderly patients by meta-analysis.The literature search was performed in Cochrance Library, Medline, Embase, SinoMed, CNKI, Wanfang data and CQVIP databases for operative and non-operative treatment of three- or four-part proximal humeral fractures in elderly patients, and searches of conference proceedings were also conducted. The data were extracted and a meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.3. The outcome measures included Constants score, pain and incidence rates of AVN, reoperation, osteoarthritis, nonunion.Six randomized controlled trials involving 264 patients were included in the meta-analysis. The differences of Constant scores (=0.47, 95%:-4.35-5.28,=0.85), incidence of ANV (=0.56, 95%:0.25-1.24,=0.15), incidence of osteoarthritis (=0.56, 95%:0.19-1.68,=0.30), incidence of nonunion (=0.43, 95%:0.13-1.43,=0.17) between operative group and non-operative group were not statistically significant. Operative treatment was better in pain score (=1.01, 95%:0.12-1.19,=0.03) and had statistically significant higher reoperative rate (=3.97, 95%:1.45-10.92,=0.007).No evidence support that there is difference in Constant score and incidence rate of ANV, osteoarthritis, nonunion between operative and non-operative treatment for three- or four-part proximal humeral fractures in elderly patients. More high quality randomized controlled trials are required to determine which treatment is more efficient.


Subject(s)
Aged , Comparative Effectiveness Research , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Multiple , Therapeutics , Fractures, Ununited , Epidemiology , Humans , Humerus , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery , Orthopedic Procedures , Methods , Osteoarthritis , Epidemiology , Osteonecrosis , Epidemiology , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Reoperation , Shoulder Fractures , Therapeutics , Treatment Outcome
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