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1.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS, ColecionaSUS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1425743

ABSTRACT

Tecnologia: Felbamato. Indicação: Tratamento de epilepsia refratária. Pergunta: O Felbamato é mais eficaz e seguro comparado a anticonvulsivantes disponíveis no Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) em pacientes com epilepsia refratária? Métodos: Revisão rápida de evidências (overview) de revisões sistemáticas, com levantamento bibliográfico realizado na base de dados PUBMED, utilizando estratégia estruturada de busca. A qualidade metodológica das revisões sistemáticas foi avaliada com AMSTAR-2 (Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews). Resultados: Foram selecionadas 2 revisões sistemáticas, que atendiam aos critérios de inclusão. Conclusão: O felbamato não demonstrou ser uma opção mais benéfica que os demais medicamentos disponíveis no SUS no tratamento de epilepsia refratária a medicamentos. Salienta-se que a maior parte das evidências eram de baixa certeza


Technology: Felbamate. Indication: Treatment of refractory epilepsy. Question: Is felbamate more effective and safer compared to anticonvulsants available in Brazilian Public Health System in patients with refractory epilepsy? Methods: A rapid review of evidence (overview) of systematic reviews, with bibliographic survey carried out in the PUBMED database, using a structured search strategy. The methodological quality of systematic reviews was assessed using AMSTAR-2 (Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews). Results: Two systematic reviews that met the inclusion criteria were selected. Conclusion: Felbamate did not prove to be a more beneficial option than the other drugs available in the Brazilian Public Health System in the treatment of drug-refractory epilepsy. It should be noted that most of the evidence was of low certainty


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Seizures/drug therapy , Drug Resistant Epilepsy/therapy , Anticonvulsants/therapeutic use , Comparative Effectiveness Research , Lennox Gastaut Syndrome
2.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS, ColecionaSUS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1425759

ABSTRACT

Tecnologia: Combinação de glicosamina e condroitina. Indicação: Tratamento de osteoartrite em adultos. Pergunta: O tratamento com a combinação de glicosamina e condroitina é mais eficaz e seguro que os demais tratamentos para osteoartrite disponíveis no SUS? Métodos: Uma revisão rápida de evidências, uma revisão de revisões sistemáticas, com levantamento bibliográfico realizado na base de dados PUBMED, utilizando estratégia estruturada de busca. A qualidade metodológica das revisões sistemáticas foi avaliada com AMSTAR-2. Resultados: Foi selecionada uma revisão sistemática, que atendiam aos critérios de inclusão. Conclusão: A combinação de glicosamina com condroitina, comparados ao placebo, mostrou ser mais eficaz para tratamento da dor e função e alcançou o segundo lugar nas alternativas terapêuticas para tratamento da dor e função


Technology: Combination of glucosamine and chondroitin. Indication: Treatment of osteoarthritis in adults. Question: Is the treatment with the combination of glucosamine and chondroitin more effective and safer than the other treatments for osteoarthritis available in the Brazilian Public Health System? Methods: A rapid review of evidence, a overview of systematic reviews, with bibliographic search done in PUBMED database, using a structured search strategy. The methodological quality of systematic reviews was assessed using AMSTAR-2. Results: A systematic review was selected, which met the inclusion criteria. Conclusion: The combination of glucosamine and chondroitin, compared to placebo, proved to be more effective for the treatment of pain and function and reached second place in therapeutic alternatives for the treatment of pain and function


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Osteoarthritis/drug therapy , Chondroitin/therapeutic use , Glucosamine/therapeutic use , Efficacy , Drug Combinations , Comparative Effectiveness Research , Systematic Review
3.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS, ColecionaSUS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1426235

ABSTRACT

Tecnologia: Esomeprazol e lansoprazol. Indicação: Tratamento de doença do refluxo gastroesofágico em adultos. Pergunta: Esomeprazol e lansoprazol são mais eficazes e toleráveis que o omeprazol já incorporado ao SUS para o tratamento de Doença do Refluxo Gastroesofágico (DRGE) em adultos? Métodos: Uma revisão rápida de evidências, uma revisão de revisões sistemáticas, com levantamento bibliográfico realizado na base de dados PUBMED, utilizando estratégia estruturada de busca. A qualidade metodológica das revisões sistemáticas foi avaliada com AMSTAR-2 (Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews). Resultados: Foram selecionadas três revisões sistemáticas com meta-análise, que atendiam aos critérios de inclusão. Conclusão: O esomeprazol era mais eficaz para cicatrização da lesão nos casos de esofagite erosiva, prevenção da mucosa do esôfago, maior controle de ácido no tratamento de curto prazo (4 e 8 semanas) de esomeprazol 40mg e tratamento de longo prazo (6 meses) de esomeprazol 20mg. A taxa de resposta no alívio dos sintomas, o esomeprazol 20mg e 40mg apresentou ser mais eficaz, especialmente, na azia e dor epigástrica. Quanto ao perfil de segurança, não houve diferença significativa entre as taxas de eventos adversos, todos medicamentos eram parecidos entre si


Technology: Esomeprazole and Lansoprazole. Indication: Treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease in adults. Question: Are Esomeprazole and Lansoprazole more effective and tolerable than omeprazole already incorporated into SUS for the treatment of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) in adults? Methods: A rapid review of evidence, an overview of systematic reviews, with bibliographic survey carried out in the PUBMED database, using a structured search strategy. The methodological quality of systematic reviews was assessed using AMSTAR-2 (Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews). Results: Three systematic reviews with meta-analysis were selected, which met the inclusion criteria. Conclusion: Esomeprazole was more effective in achieving wound healing in cases of erosive esophagitis, prevention of esophageal mucosa, greater acid control in short-term treatment (4 and 8 weeks) of esomeprazole 40mg and long-term treatment (6 months) of esomeprazole 20mg. the response rate in symptom relief, esomeprazole 20mg and 40mg proved to be more effective, especially in heartburn and epigastric pain. As for the safety profile, there was no significant difference between the rates of adverse events, all drugs were similar to each other


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Omeprazole/therapeutic use , Gastroesophageal Reflux/drug therapy , Esomeprazole/therapeutic use , Lansoprazole/therapeutic use , Esophagitis/drug therapy , Comparative Effectiveness Research
4.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS, ColecionaSUS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1428092

ABSTRACT

Tecnologia: Insulinas análogas de liberação prolongada versus insulina NPH (protamina neutra de Hagedorn). Indicação: Tratamento de adultos com diabetes mellitus tipo 2. Pergunta: Há diferenças de efeito nos principais desfechos de eficácia e segurança entre insulinas análogas de liberação prolongada versus insulina NPH no tratamento de pacientes com DM2? Métodos: Revisão rápida de evidências (overview) de revisões sistemáticas, com levantamento bibliográfico realizado na base de dados PUBMED, utilizando estratégia estruturada de busca. A qualidade metodológica das revisões sistemáticas foi avaliada com AMSTAR-2 (Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews). Resultados: Foi selecionada e incluída uma revisão sistemática. Conclusão: As insulinas análogas (glargina e detemir) não demonstraram superioridade nos desfechos de eficácia e segurança quando comparadas à insulina NPH, não demonstraram redução significativa em relação à mortalidade por todas as causas e complicações secundárias ao DM2. Quando comparadas à insulina NPH, foi observado redução na hipoglicemia confirmada e hipoglicemia noturna a favor das insulinas análogas e na hipoglicemia grave a favor da insulina detemir


Technology: Long-acting insulin analogues versus NPH insulin (human isophane insulin). Indication: Treatment of adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Question: Are there effect differences in key efficacy and safety outcomes between long-acting insulin analogues versus NPH insulin in the treatment of DM2 patients? Methods: Rapid review of evidence (overview) of systematic reviews, with a bibliographic survey carried out in the PUBMED database, using a structured search strategy. The methodological quality of systematic reviews was assessed with AMSTAR-2 (Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews). Results: A systematic review was selected and included. Conclusion: Analog insulins (glargine and detemir) did not demonstrate superiority in efficacy and safety outcomes when compared to NPH insulin, did not demonstrate a significant reduction in all-cause mortality and complications secondary to DM2. When compared to NPH insulin, a reduction in confirmed hypoglycemia and nocturnal hypoglycemia in favor of analogue insulins and in severe hypoglycemia in favor of insulin detemir was observed


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy , Insulin Detemir/therapeutic use , Insulin Glargine/therapeutic use , Insulin, Isophane/therapeutic use , Comparative Effectiveness Research , Hypoglycemia/complications
5.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1133-1138, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985644

ABSTRACT

Controlling unmeasured confounders in non-randomized controlled studies is challenging. Negative control theory is based on the theoretical concept that the test result of negative controls must be negative. Setting appropriate negative control incorporates the specificity of association into population studies for the identification and control of unmeasured confounders. This paper explains the principles to control unmeasured confounders using negative control theory from a statistical perspective. A detailed introduction of derived methods based on negative control theory is also introduced, including adjusted standardized mortality ratio method, calibrating P-value method, generalized difference-in-difference model and double negative control method. The reasonable application of those derived methods is also comprehensively summarized based on representative case studies. Negative control is an important statistical design to identify, revise and control unmeasured confounders and a valuable method for comparative effectiveness research based on real-world data.


Subject(s)
Humans , Confounding Factors, Epidemiologic , Research Design , Comparative Effectiveness Research , Bias
6.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 73(5): 602-609, oct. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388866

ABSTRACT

Resumen La fundoplicatura de Nissen laparoscópica (FNL) es el gold standard del tratamiento quirúrgico de pacientes con reflujo gastroesofágico patológico (RGE), con perfil de seguridad y resultados a largo plazo satisfactorios en un 80%. En la última década, se ha propuesto el uso de un dispositivo de potenciación del esfínter esofágico inferior (MSA) comercializado como LINX® (de Ethicon, Johnson & Johnson), como alternativa a la cirugía antirreflujo. El dispositivo consiste en una cadena expansible de cuentas de titanio con un núcleo magnético diseñadas para aumentar el tono del esfínter esofágico inferior (EEI) y evitar su relajación inadecuada. Los resultados preliminares han sido alentadores, sin embargo, no está exento de complicaciones. Las indicaciones más aceptadas son: RGE con motilidad esofágica normal y sin esofagitis erosiva, hernia hiatal < 3 cm, IMC <35 kg/m2 y pacientes sin cirugías gastroesofágicas previas. Se instala por vía laparoscópica. Los efectos adversos más importantes son: disfagia con necesidad de dilataciones endoscópicas, y, retiro del dispositivo, entre 1% y 7% a los 2,5 años. La mayoría de los estudios tienen limitaciones metodológicas, conflictos de interés, falta de resultados objetivos y seguimientos a largo plazo, impidiendo llegar a conclusiones extrapolables respecto a la eficacia del MSA.


Laparoscopic Nissen Fundoplication (LNF) is the gold standard of surgical treatment for patients with Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GER), with safety profile and long term results satisfactory in 80%. In the last decade, the use of a Lower Esophageal Sphincter Enhancement Device (LESD), marketed as LINX® (from Ethicon, Johnson & Johnson), has been proposed as an alternative to Anti-Reflux Surgery. The device consists of an expandable chain of titanium beads with a magnetic core designed to increase the tone of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) and prevent its improper relaxation. Preliminary results have been encouraging; however, it is not without complications. The most accepted indications are: GER with normal esophageal motility and without erosive esophagitis, hiatal hernia < 3 cm, BMI <35 kg/m2, and patients without previous gastroesophageal surgeries. It is installed by laparoscopy. The most important adverse effects are: dysphagia with the need for endoscopic dilations, and, removal of the device, between 1 and 7% at 2.5 years. Most of the studies have methodological limitations, conflicts of interest, lack of objective results and long-term follow-up, preventing the reaching of extrapolable conclusions regarding the efficacy of MSA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fundoplication/methods , Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Prosthesis Design , Gastroesophageal Reflux/surgery , Prosthesis Implantation/adverse effects , Comparative Effectiveness Research
7.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS | ID: biblio-1358133

ABSTRACT

Tecnologia: Aripiprazol, antipsicóticos disponíveis no Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS). Indicação: Tratamento da esquizofrenia em adultos. Pergunta: O Aripiprazol é mais eficaz e seguro para promover controle sintomático, que os antipsicóticos disponíveis no SUS? Métodos: Levantamento bibliográfico foi realizado em bases de dados PUBMED, com estratégias estruturadas de busca, e a qualidade metodológica das revisões sistemáticas foi avaliada com a ferramenta AMSTAR II. Resultados: Foram identificados 109 resumos de revisões sistemáticas. Após leitura dos mesmos, foram selecionadas 2 revisões sistemáticas. Conclusão: Aripiprazol tem eficácia e segurança similar à Ziprasidona e Haloperidol, mas eficácia semelhante e maior segurança metabólica que a Quetiapina, Olanzapina, Clozapina e Risperidona. Ziprasidona apresenta vantagem sobre o Aripiprazol, pois tem menor risco de efeito colateral de mudanças na função sexual. Considerando que o perfil de eficácia e segurança do Aripiprazol é muito parecido com o dos outros antipsicóticos disponíveis no SUS, com mínimas diferenças, e seu custo de tratamento é inferior ao da Ziprasidona e Quetiapina, essa droga poderia estar disponível no SUS


Technology: Aripiprazole, antipsychotics available in the Brazilian Public Health System (BPHS). Indication: Treatment of schizophrenia in adults. Question: Is Aripiprazole more effective and safer to promote symptomatic control than antipsychotics available in BPHS? Methods: A bibliographic survey was carried out in PUBMED databases, with structured search strategies, and the methodological quality of systematic reviews was assessed using the AMSTAR II tool. Results: 109 abstracts of systematic reviews were identified. After reading them, 2 systematic reviews were selected. Conclusion: Aripiprazole has identical effectiveness and safety to Ziprasidone and Haloperidol, but similar efficacy and greater safety than Quetiapine, Olanzapine, Clozapine and Risperidone. Ziprasidone has an advantage over Aripiprazole as it has a lower risk of side effects of changes in sexual function. Since the Aripiprazole's effectiveness and safety profile is very similar to profile of others antipsychotics available in BPHS, with minimal differences, and it has cost lower than Ziprasidone and Quetiapine, this drug could be available in BPHS


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Schizophrenia/drug therapy , Antipsychotic Agents , Comparative Effectiveness Research , Aripiprazole/therapeutic use , Unified Health System , Clozapine/therapeutic use , Risperidone/therapeutic use , Quetiapine Fumarate/therapeutic use , Olanzapine/therapeutic use , Haloperidol/therapeutic use
8.
Med. infant ; 27(1): 25-28, Marzo de 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1118643

ABSTRACT

Los parches de EMLA son frecuentemente utilizados como anestésicos locales durante la realización en procedimientos invasivos. Con el fin de valorar su eficacia y compararla con la de otros analgésicos y anestésicos disponibles, se realizó una revisión sistemática de todos los estudios realizados que cumplieran criterios de inclusión entre los años 1990 y 2019. Población y métodos: la búsqueda bibliográfica de la evidencia disponible fue realizada en las bases de datos de Cochrane Medline y Lilacs. Se incluyeron todos los ECA y revisiones sistemáticas en pacientes menores de 16 años entre los años 1990 y 2019. Resultados: Fueron hallados 31 artículos de los cuales 21 cumplían con los criterios de inclusión. De dichos 21, solamente 8 estudios resultaron de muy buena y excelente calidad metodológica (JADAD). Conclusiones: El EMLA demostró mayor eficacia como analgésico en el 100% de los estudios donde se comparaba respecto del placebo. Sin embargo, no se encontraron diferencias significativas respecto de otros analgésicos farmacológicos y no farmacológicos.(AU)


EMLA patches are commonly used as local anesthetics in minor invasive procedures. To assess efficacy and compare the patches with other available analgesics and anesthetics, a systematic review was conducted evaluated all studies that met the inclusion criteria published between 1990 and 2019. Population and methods: A literature search of the available evidence was conducted in the Cochrane, Medline, and Lilacs databases. All RCTs and systematic reviews in patients younger than 16 years published between 1990 and 2019 were included. Results: 31 articles were identified of which 21 met the inclusion criteria. Of these 21, of only 8 studies the methodology was of very good and excellent quality (JADAD). Conclusions: EMLA better efficacy as an analgesic in 100% of the studies comparing EMLA patches with placebo. However, no significant differences were found when comparing the patches with other pharmacological and non-pharmacological analgesics.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Pain/prevention & control , Transdermal Patch , Pain Management/methods , Lidocaine, Prilocaine Drug Combination/therapeutic use , Anesthetics, Local/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Comparative Effectiveness Research
9.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(1): 36-42, feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092888

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción El uso del sistema de visión 3D en cirugía laparoscópica puede significar una mejor performance de los procedimientos quirúrgicos de mayor complejidad. Objetivo Reportar las indicaciones, los resultados y la valoración de un grupo de cirujanos de diferentes especialidades en el uso de visión 3D. Materiales y Método: Se analizan las indicaciones quirúrgicas y los resultados subjetivos y objetivos del uso del sistema óptico 3D (n = 155 pacientes) en cirugía laparoscópica compleja. Para evaluación subjetiva se aplicó a una encuesta de percepción cualitativa a los cirujanos participantes tipo Likert. Para la evaluación objetiva, se registran los tiempos quirúrgicos empleados en los diferentes procedimientos efectuados y las complicaciones postoperatorias y se comparan con los pacientes operados con sistema 2D (n = 783 pacientes) en el mismo periodo. Resultados el 70,6% concuerda tener mejor imagen con la técnica 3D, el 64,7% de los cirujanos refieren que se puede reducir el tiempo operatorio, el 58,8% considera que se puede reducir el error quirúrgico, el 92% y 100% respectivamente afirman que el confort del cirujano es mejor con el uso de óptica 3D y que esta técnica es recomendable para los procedimientos complejos. El tiempo operatorio se redujo en algunos procedimientos, especialmente urológicos. No se encontró diferencias sustanciales al comparar los resultados con el uso de sistema 3D versus 2D en cuanto a complicaciones postoperatorias. En la 3D no se encontró mortalidad postoperatoria, probablemente por el menor número de pacientes de ese grupo. Conclusión La laparoscopia 3D posee una buena valoración por los cirujanos que la emplearon, principalmente en calidad de imagen, reducción del tiempo operatorio y confort del cirujano en comparación con la laparoscopía 2D convencional. No se encontró diferencias sustanciales al comparar los resultados con el uso de sistema 3D versus 2D en cuanto a tiempo operatorio ni complicaciones postoperatorias.


Introduction The use of the 3D vision system in laparoscopic surgery can mean better performance in more complex surgical procedures. Aim Report the indications, results and assessment of a group of surgeons of different specialties in the use of 3D vision. Materials and Method Surgical indications and subjective and objective results of the use of 3D optical system in patients (n = 155) submitted to complex laparoscopic surgery are analyzed. Subjective evaluation based on a survey of qualitative perception (Likert) was applied to the participating surgeons. For objective evaluation, the operatory times and postoperative complications were recorded and compared with the results observed with the use of the 2D system (783 patients) in the same period. Results 70.6% agree to have a better image with the 3D technique, 64.7% of surgeons report that the operative time can be reduced, 58.8% consider that it can be reduced the surgical error, 92% and 100% respectively considered that the comfort of the surgeon is better with the use of 3D optics and that this technique is recommended for complex procedures. No substantial differences were found when comparing the results with the use of 3D versus 2D system by the same surgical teams in terms of operative times and postoperative complications. In 3D, postoperative mortality was probably not found due to the lower number of patients in this group. Conclusion 3D laparoscopy has a good evaluation by the surgeons who used it, mainly in image quality, reduction of operative time and comfort of the surgeon compared to conventional 2D laparoscopy. No substantial differences were found when comparing the results with the use of 3D versus 2D system in terms of operative times or postoperative complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Laparoscopy/methods , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Chile , Surveys and Questionnaires , Laparoscopy/statistics & numerical data , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/instrumentation , Surgery, Computer-Assisted/methods , Comparative Effectiveness Research , Operative Time
11.
Rev. argent. urol. (1990) ; 83(3): 96-101, 2018. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-986327

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: El propósito de este estudio es evaluar la eficacia de los laboratorios de embriología y de anatomía patológica para hallar espermatozoides en las muestras de tejido testicular obtenido por biopsia testicular (testicular sperm extraction, TESE) en pacientes con azoospermia no obstructiva. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un análisis retrospectivo y prospectivo de todos los pacientes con azoospermia no obstructiva atendidos en CRECER y en la Clínica Privada Pueyrredón, entre enero de 2006 y diciembre de 2016. En este estudio solo se incluyeron aquellos pacientes en los que la muestra obtenida con TESE fue enviada simultáneamente al anatomopatólogo y al laboratorio de embriología. Para el análisis de los resultados de las biopsias el estudio se detuvo a fines de 2016, pero el seguimiento de los pacientes continuó hasta el mes de octubre de 2017, registrándose todos aquellos casos que realizaron procedimientos de inyección intracitoplasmática de espermatozoides (intracytoplasmic sperm injection, ICSI) con muestras obtenidas de TESE y se anotó la obtención de embriones, embarazos y nacimientos. Resultados: El laboratorio de embriología halló espermatozoides en 36 de los 68 pacientes (52,9%), mientras que el laboratorio de patología solo informó presencia en 21 pacientes (30,88%). Hubo acuerdo en el hallazgo de espermatozoides entre ambos laboratorios en 20 de los 68 casos (29,41%), mientras que en 16 pacientes el laboratorio de embriología encontró espermatozoides donde el de patología no pudo hacerlo (23,53%). Al mismo tiempo, el laboratorio de patología halló espermatozoides solo en un caso en el que el de embriología informó su ausencia para la misma muestra analizada (1,47%) (p=0,0003). Conclusiones: El laboratorio de embriología es significativamente más eficaz para determinar la presencia de espermatozoides en las muestras de TESE, teniendo mejor rendimiento que el de patología, por lo que consideramos que, si las muestras fueran analizadas solo por el patólogo, se perdería la posibilidad de lograr muchos embarazos realizando ICSI más TESE.(AU)


Objectives: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of embryology and pathological anatomy laboratories to find spermatozoa in testicular tissue samples obtained by testicular sperm extraction (TESE) in patients with non-obstructive azoospermia. Materials and methods: It was carried out a retrospective and prospective analysis of all the patients with non-obstructive azoospermia treated at CRECER and at Clínica Privada Pueyrredón, between January 2006 and December 2016. This study only includes patients in whom the sample obtained with TESE was sent at the same time to the pathology and embryology laboratory. For the analysis of the results of the biopsies, the study was stopped at the end of 2016, but the follow-up of the patients continued until October 2017, registering all those cases that performed intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) with samples obtained from TESE and wrote down the patients who´ve got embryos, pregnancies, and births. Results: The embryology laboratory found sperm in 36 of the 68 patients (52.9%), while the pathology laboratory only reported presence in 21 patients (30.88%). There was agreement in the finding of sperm between both laboratories in 20 of the 68 cases (29.41%), while in 16 patients the embryology laboratory found sperm where the pathology department could not do so (23.53%). At the same time, the pathology laboratory found sperm only in one case in which the embryology department reported its absence for the same sample analyzed (1.47%) (p=0.0003). Conclusions: The embryology laboratory is significantly more efficient to determine the presence of sperm in the samples of TESE, having better performance than the pathology one. Taking into account that, we believe that if the samples are only analyzed by the pathologist, the possibility of getting many pregnancies performing ICSI plus TESE would be lost. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Testis/embryology , Testis/pathology , Biopsy/methods , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic/methods , Azoospermia/diagnosis , Azoospermia/pathology , Sperm Retrieval , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Comparative Effectiveness Research
12.
Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science ; : 335-336, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766085

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Comparative Effectiveness Research
13.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 44-51, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300825

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of drug-eluding beads transarterial chemoembolization (DEB-TACE) in treatment of unrecectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).The clinical data of 42 consecutive HCC patients undergoing TACE were retrospectively analyzed, including 20 cases received conventional TACE (cTACE group) and 22 cases received TACE with epirubicine-loaded microspheres (CalliSpheres) (DEB-TACE group). MRI scans were performed 1 week before and 1, 3 and 6 months after initial therapy. The response to treatment, disease recurrence, complications and adverse effects were documented and compared between two groups.There were no significant differences in 1-month, 3-month and 6-month objective response rate (CR+PR) and disease control rate (CR+PR+SD), disease recurrence, complications and adverse effects of interventional therapy between cTACE group and DEB-TACE group. Additionally, there were no significant differences about locoregional biliary injuries, intrahepatic biloma, and newly detected intra- or extrahepatic HCC on MRI between cTACE group and DEB-TACE group.There were no statistically significant differences between cTACE group and DEB-TACE group with regard to the short-term response, disease recurrence, complications and side effects. Hepatic-locoregional complications may be more frequent in DEB-TACE group than those in cTACE group.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Diagnostic Imaging , Therapeutics , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Methods , Comparative Effectiveness Research , Drug Delivery Systems , Methods , Epirubicin , Therapeutic Uses , Liver Neoplasms , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Microspheres , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
14.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 73-78, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303907

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the feasibility and safety of the delta-shaped anastomosis in laparoscopic distal gastrectomy and digestive tract reconstruction.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 34 gastric cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic distal gastrectomy with the delta-shaped anastomosis for digestive tract reconstruction (delta-shaped group) and 83 gastric cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic distal gastrectomy with Billroth I( for digestive tract reconstruction (Billroth group) by same surgeon team from July 2013 to July 2015 at the Department of Digestive Surgery, Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Shanxi Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. Data of two groups were compared.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Age, gender, tumor stage were not significantly different between the two groups(all P>0.05). Operation time of the first 15 cases in delta-shaped group was longer than that in Billroth group [(254.7±35.4) min vs. (177.8±33.0) min, t=11.190, P=0.000], while after above 15 cases, the operation time of delta-shaped group was significantly shorter than that of Billroth group [(142.1±14.6) min vs. (177.8±33.0) min, t=-4.109, P=0.001]. Delta-shaped group had less blood loss during operation [(87.1±36.7) ml vs. (194.0±55.1) ml, t=-10.268, P=0.000], and shorter length of incision [(4.1±0.4) cm vs. (6.1±1.0) cm, t=-10.331, P=0.000] than Billroth group. Compared with Billroth group, delta-shaped group presented faster postoperative bowel function return [(2.8±0.6) d vs. (3.3±0.5) d, t=-3.755, P=0.000], earlier liquid food intake [(7.4±1.5) d vs. (8.1±1.7) d, t=-4.135, P=0.000], earlier ambulation [(4.0±1.6) d vs. (6.8±1.4) d, t=-7.197, P=0.000] and shorter postoperative hospital stay [(12.6±1.9) d vs.(13.6±2.0) d, t=-20.149, P=0.000]. Morbidity of postoperative complication was 5.9%(2/34) in delta-shaped group, including anastomotic fistula in 1 case and incision infection in 1 case, and 6.0%(5/83) in Billroth group, including anastomotic fistula, incision infection, anastomotic stricture and dumping syndrome, without significant difference(P>0.05). Difference value of total protein and albumin between pre-operation and post-operation, and average decreased value of total protein, albumin, body weight between pre-operation and postoperative 6-month were not significantly different between two groups(all P>0.05). As for patients with BMI > 25 kg/m, compared to Billroth group, delta-shaped group presented less blood loss during operation [(94.1±36.7) ml vs. (203.0±55.1) ml, t=-10.268, P=0.000], lower injective dosage of postoperative analgesics [(1.9±1.1) ampule vs.(3.3±2.0) ampule, t=-2.188, P=0.032], faster intestinal recovery [(2.9±0.7) d vs. (3.2±0.9) d, t=-3.755, P=0.009], shorter hospital stay [(10.5±1.2) d vs. (11.7±1.5) d, t=-2.026, P=0.004], and lower morbidity of postoperative complication [7.1%(1/14) vs. 13.6%(3/22), χ=4.066, P=0.031].</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In laparoscopic distal gastrectomy and digestive tract reconstruction, the delta-shaped anastomosis is safe and feasible, especially suitable for obese patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Anastomosis, Surgical , Methods , Blood Loss, Surgical , Comparative Effectiveness Research , Constriction, Pathologic , Epidemiology , Defecation , Digestive System Fistula , Epidemiology , Drinking , Dumping Syndrome , Epidemiology , Gastrectomy , Methods , Gastroenterostomy , Methods , Laparoscopy , Methods , Length of Stay , Operative Time , Postoperative Complications , Epidemiology , Postoperative Period , Recovery of Function , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , General Surgery , Surgical Wound , Surgical Wound Infection , Epidemiology , Treatment Outcome
15.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 184-189, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303891

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare clinically relevant postoperative complications after open, laparoscopic, and robotic gastrectomy for gastric cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of patients with gastric cancer who underwent gastrectomy between January 1, 2014 and October 1, 2016 at Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital were analyzed retrospectively. All the patients were diagnosed by upper endoscopy and confirmed by biopsy without distant metastasis. They were confirmed with R0 resection by postoperative pathology. Patients with incomplete data were excluded. The complications among open group, laparoscopic group and robotic group were compared. The continuous variables were analyzed by one-way ANOVA, and categorical variables were analyzed by χtest or Fisher exact test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 1 791 patients (1 320 males and 471 females) were included in the study, aged from 17 to 98 (59.0±11.6) years, comprising 922 open, 673 laparoscopic and 196 robotic gastrectomies. There were no significant differences among three groups in baseline data (gender, age, BMI, comorbidity, radiochemotherapy) and some of operative or postoperative data (blood transfusion, number of lymph node dissection, combined organ resection, resection site, N stage, postoperative hospital stay). The blood loss in laparoscopic and robotic groups was significantly lower than that in open group[(185.7±139.6) ml and (194.0±187.6) ml vs. (348.2±408.5) ml, F=59.924, P=0.000]. The postoperative complication occurred in 197 of 1 791(11.0%) patients. The Clavien-Dindo II(, III(a, III(b, IIII(a, and IIIII( complications were 5.5%, 4.0%, 1.2%, 0.1%, and 0.2% respectively. The anastomotic leakage (2.4%), intestinal obstruction(1.3%) and pulmonary infection(1.2%) were the three most common complications, followed by wound infection(0.8%), cardiovascular disease(0.7%), anastomotic bleeding (0.7%), delayed gastric emptying (0.6%), duodenal stump fistula(0.5%), intraperitoneal hemorrhage (0.5%), pancreatic fistula (0.3%), intra-abdominal infection(0.2%), chylous leakage (0.1%) and other complications(1.7%). There were no significant differences among three groups as the complication rates of open, laparoscopic and robotic gastrectomy were 10.6%(98/922), 10.8%(73/673) and 13.3%(26/196) respectively (χ=1.173, P=0.566). But anastomotic leakage occurred more common after laparoscopic and robotic gastrectomy compared to open gastrectomy [3.1%(21/673) and 5.1%(10/196) vs. 1.3%(12/922), χ=12.345, P=0.002]. The rate of cardiocerebral vascular diseases was higher in open group[1.3%(12/922) vs. 0.1%(1/673) and 0, χ=8.786, P=0.012]. And the rate of anastomotic bleeding was higher in robotic group [2.0%(4/196) vs. open 0.4%(4/922) and laparoscopic 0.6%(4/673), χ=6.365, P=0.041]. In view of Clavien-Dindo classification, III(a complications occurred more common in laparoscopic group [5.5%(37/673) vs. open 3.3%(30/922) and robotic 2.6%(5/196), χ=6.308, P=0.043] and III(b complications occurred more common in robotic group [3.1%(6/196) vs. open 1.1%(10/922) and laparoscopic 0.7%(5/673), χ=7.167, P=0.028].</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Morbidities of postoperative complications are comparable among open, laparoscopic and robotic gastrectomy for gastric cancer. However, in consideration of the high difficulty of anastomosis, the minimally invasive surgery should be performed by more experienced surgeons.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anastomotic Leak , Epidemiology , Blood Loss, Surgical , Cerebrovascular Disorders , Epidemiology , Chylous Ascites , Epidemiology , Comorbidity , Comparative Effectiveness Research , Duodenal Diseases , Epidemiology , Gastrectomy , Methods , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Epidemiology , Gastroparesis , Epidemiology , Gastroscopy , Hemoperitoneum , Epidemiology , Intestinal Fistula , Epidemiology , Intraabdominal Infections , Epidemiology , Laparoscopy , Length of Stay , Lymph Node Excision , Postoperative Complications , Epidemiology , Postoperative Hemorrhage , Epidemiology , Postoperative Period , Respiratory Tract Infections , Epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Stomach Neoplasms , General Surgery , Surgical Wound Infection , Epidemiology
16.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 270-276, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303876

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the postoperative analgesia efficacy, rehabilitation parameters and complication between multimodal analgesia and traditional analgesia after radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Patients with gastric cancer who underwent surgery in our hospital from October 2016 to December 2016 were enrolled in this prospective study. According to the non-randomized method, patients were assigned to multimodal analgesia group(n=32) and traditional analgesia group(n=33) in gastric cancer treatment team A and B in Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University. The treatment measures of group A were as follows: (1) The ratio of 1/1 diluted ropivacaine (100 mg, 10 ml) was infiltrated around the incision before abdomen closure, with incision sutured layer by layer. (2) Parecoxib sodium (40 mg) was injected intravenously every 12 hours after operation for 5 days. (3) Oxycodone-acetaminophen tablet was given orally on the first day or the second day after operation, 50 mg twice a day. (4) Patient-controlled analgesia was not used after operation. Patients in group B received direct suture of incision and patient-controlled analgesia. The pain score, postoperative rehabilitation and 30-day postoperative complications were collected and analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Multimodal analgesia group had lower pain scores at 1 d (4.8±0.9), 2 d (4.3±1.0), 3 d (2.9±0.8), 4 d (2.4±0.7) and 5 d (1.7±0.7) after surgery, as compared to traditional analgesia group (5.9±0.9, P=0.000), (5.1±0.7, P=0.001), (3.9±0.8, P=0.000), (3.0±0.6, P=0.000), (2.6±0.7, P=0.000), with significant difference. Postoperative hospital stay [(8.2±1.6) days vs. (10.6±2.2) days, P=0.000], time to ambulation [(47.5±13.8) days vs. (66.2±16.8) days, P=0.000], time to first flatus [(76.4±25.2) days vs. (120.0±29.9) days, P=0.000], time to first defecate [(117.3±42.2) days vs. (159.7±30.7) days, P=0.000] and time to first fluid diet [(83.8±21.6) days vs. (141.9±33.9) days, P=0.000] in the multimodal analgesia group were significantly shorter than those in the traditional analgesia group. There was no significant difference between the two groups with respect to 30-day postoperative complication rate(9.4% vs. 9.1%, P=1.000).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Multimodal analgesia can significantly reduce the postoperative pain and is beneficial to rehabilitation, meanwhile it does not increase the risk of postoperative complications. Multimodal analgesia is safe and effective for gastric cancer patients undergoing radical gastrectomy.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Acetaminophen , Therapeutic Uses , Amides , Therapeutic Uses , Analgesia, Patient-Controlled , China , Comparative Effectiveness Research , Defecation , Drug Combinations , Eating , Flatulence , Gastrectomy , Rehabilitation , Isoxazoles , Therapeutic Uses , Length of Stay , Oxycodone , Therapeutic Uses , Pain Management , Methods , Pain, Postoperative , Drug Therapy , Postoperative Complications , Prospective Studies , Recovery of Function , Stomach Neoplasms , General Surgery , Surgical Wound , Rehabilitation , Therapeutics , Suture Techniques , Treatment Outcome , Walking
17.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 300-303, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303871

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compared the clinical efficacy of laparoscopic repair (LR) versus open repair (OR) for perforated peptic ulcers.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2010 to June 2014, in Shanghai Tongji Hospital, 119 patients who were diagnosed as perforated peptic ulcers and planned to receive operation were prospectively enrolled. Patients were randomly divided into LR (58 patients) and OR(61 patients) group by computer. Intra-operative and postoperative parameters were compared between two groups. This study was registered as a randomized controlled trial by the China Clinical Trials Registry (registration No.ChiCTR-TRC-11001607).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was no significant difference in baseline data between two groups (all P>0.05). No significant differences of operation time, morbidity of postoperative complication, mortality, reoperation probability, decompression time, fluid diet recovery time and hospitalization cost were found between two groups (all P>0.05). As compared to OR group, LR group required less postoperative fentanyl [(0.74±0.33) mg vs. (1.04±0.39) mg, t=-4.519, P=0.000] and had shorter hospital stay [median 7(5 to 9) days vs. 8(7 to 10) days, U=-2.090, P=0.001]. In LR group, 3 patients(5.2%) had leakage in perforation site after surgery. One case received laparotomy on the second day after surgery for diffuse peritonitis. The other two received conservative treatment (total parenteral nutrition and enteral nutrition). There was no recurrence of perforation in OR group. One patient of each group died of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) 22 days after surgery.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>LR may be preferable for treating perforated peptic ulcers than OR, however preventive measures during LR should be taken to avoid postopertive leak in perforation site.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , China , Comparative Effectiveness Research , Digestive System Surgical Procedures , Methods , Enteral Nutrition , Fentanyl , Laparoscopy , Rehabilitation , Laparotomy , Length of Stay , Multiple Organ Failure , Epidemiology , Operative Time , Pain, Postoperative , Drug Therapy , Epidemiology , Parenteral Nutrition, Total , Peptic Ulcer Perforation , Rehabilitation , General Surgery , Peritonitis , Therapeutics , Postoperative Complications , Epidemiology , Therapeutics , Postoperative Period , Prospective Studies , Recurrence , Reoperation , Treatment Outcome
18.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 320-325, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303867

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To systematically assess the safety and efficacy of hand-assisted laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (HALG) versus open distal gastrectomy (ODG) for gastric cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Chinese or English literature regarding comparison of HALG and ODG were collected by searching in databases (such as PubMed, Cochrane Library, CNKI, Wanfang database) between January 1996 and September 2016. The data of operative time, incision length, blood loss, number of harvested lymph nodes, time to flatus, hospital stay, postoperative complication morbidity and long-term outcomes were compared between the two procedures. Then funnel plot was used to evaluate publication bias and sensitivity analysis was used to evaluate the stability of the results. All these data analyses were performed using the Meta for or Meta package of R version 3.3.1.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 7 studies with 835 patients (323 cases in HALG group and 512 cases in ODG group) were included. Compared with ODG, HALG had a longer operative time (WMD=28.93 minutes, 95%CI=9.59 to 48.28, Z=2.93, P=0.000), a shorter incision length (WMD=-10.31 cm, 95%CI=-14.01 to -6.62, Z=-5.47, P=0.000), less blood loss (WMD=-140.08 ml, 95%CI=-215.07 to -65.09, Z=-3.66, P=0.000), faster gastrointestinal recovery (WMD=-1.23 days, 95%CI=-1.89 to -0.56, Z=-3.62, P=0.000), shorter postoperative hospital stay (WMD=-3.24 days, 95%CI=-5.47 to -1.02, Z=-2.85, P=0.000). In subgroup analysis, 3 studies published before 2013 vs. 4 studies published afterwards, the number of harvested lymph nodes (WMD=-0.78, 95%CI=-2.05 to 0.50, Z=-1.19, P=0.235) and postoperative complication morbidity (RR=1.02, 95%CI=0.43 to 2.44, Z=0.05, P=0.961) did not differ significantly between two groups. Compared with ODG, the RR(95%CI) of ileus of HALG was 0.43 (0.07 to 2.82), but the difference was not statistically significant (P=0.383). One study reported the 5-year overall survival rates of HALG and ODG were 81.0% vs 67.5%, and the tumor recurrence rates were 7.1% vs 22%, respectively, but the differences were not statistically significant(all P>0.05). Sensitivity analysis showed that the above results were stable. The funnel plots of the lymph nodes and postoperative complication morbidity did not present significant publication bias.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>HALG has the advantages of minimal invasiveness such as shorter incision length and quicker recovery. Furthermore, the short-term efficacy of HALG is similar to conventional open surgery. However, the long-term efficacy is lack of support from multicenter long-term follow-up results.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Loss, Surgical , Comparative Effectiveness Research , Gastrectomy , Methods , Hand-Assisted Laparoscopy , Length of Stay , Lymph Node Excision , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Epidemiology , Operative Time , Postoperative Complications , Epidemiology , Postoperative Period , Recovery of Function , Stomach Neoplasms , Mortality , General Surgery , Survival Rate , Time , Treatment Outcome
19.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 439-442, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317605

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the application of three-stitch preventive transverse colostomy in anterior resection of low rectal cancer.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>From May 2015 to March 2016, 70 consecutive low rectal cancer patients undergoing anterior resection and preventive transverse colostomy in our department were recruited in this prospective study. According to the random number table method, 70 patients were divided into three-stitch transverse colostomy group(observation group, n=35) and traditional transverse colostomy group(control group, n=35). Procedure of three-stitch preventive transverse colostomy was as follows: firstly, at the upper 1/3 incision 0.5-1.0 cm distance from the skin, 7# silk was used to suture from outside to inside, then the needle belt line went through the transverse edge of the mesangial avascular zone. At the lower 1/3 incision 0.5-1.0 cm distance from the skin, 7# silk was used to suture from inside to outside, then silk went through the transverse edge of the mesangial avascular zone again and was ligatured. Finally, in the upper and lower ends of the stoma, 7# silk was used to suture and fix transverse seromuscular layer and the skin. The operation time and morbidity of postoperative complications associated with colostomy were compared between two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were no significant differences in baseline data between the two groups(all P>0.05). The operative time of observation group was shorter than that of control group [(3.2±1.3) min vs. (15.5±3.4) min, P<0.05]. Incidences of colostomy skin-mucous separation, dermatitis, stoma rebound were significantly lower in observation group [5.7%(2/35) vs. 34.3%(12/35), P=0.007; 8.6%(3/35) vs. 31.4%(11/35), P=0.036; 0 vs. 17.1%(6/35), P=0.025, respectively], while incidences of parastomal hernia and stoma prolapse in two groups were similar (both P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compared with traditional transverse colostomy method, the three-stitch preventive transverse colostomy has more operating advantages and can reduce postoperative complications associated with colostomy.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Colostomy , Methods , Comparative Effectiveness Research , Operative Time , Postoperative Complications , Epidemiology , Prospective Studies , Rectal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Surgical Stomas , Suture Techniques , Sutures , Treatment Outcome
20.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 509-513, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317597

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the technical advantages of 3D laparoscopic and 2D laparoscopic surgery for gastrointestinal tumors.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of gastrointestinal cancer patients undergoing 3D laparoscopic or 2D laparoscopic surgery from January 2015 to January 2017 in our department were retrospectively analyzed These patients included 93 gastric cancer cases undergoing laparoscopic radical resection (total gastrectomy, 48 cases in 3D group, 45 cases in 2D group), 45 rectal cancer cases undergoing radical resection combined with lateral lymph node dissection (27 cases in 3D group, 18 cases in 2D group) and 76 right colon cancer cases undergoing radical resection (37 cases in 3D group, 39 cases in 2D group). The enrolled criteria of cases were 18-80 years old and diagnosed as advanced gastric or colorectal cancer by pathological examination. Patients with preoperative distant metastasis, severe heart or lung diseases who were not suitable for laparoscopic surgery, combined organ resection and conversion to open surgery were excluded. The choice of surgical procedure was determined by the discussion between patients and surgeon. Operations were performed by the same surgical team. Total operation time, complex operation time (deep lymph node dissection time, endoscopic intestinal anastomosis time), number of harvested lymph node, number of times in wrong grasp (accurate grasp for the same site needs to position for two times or more) and intraoperative bleeding were compared between 3D group and 2D group.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were no significant differences in baseline data between 3D group and 2D group. All the patients completed laparoscopic radical operation successfully without conversion to open surgery. In patients with gastric cancer, compared with 2D group, the total operation time was shorter [(185±25) min vs. (190±27) min, P<0.05]; dissection time of No.10 and 11d lymph node [(40±8) min vs. (55±12)min, P<0.05], and No.7, 8, 9 and 12 lymph node [(30±6) min vs. (41±9) min, P<0.05] was shorter; the number of times in wrong grasp (5±2 vs. 11±2, P<0.05) was less in 3D group. In patients with rectal cancer, compared with group 2D, 3D group had shorter time of lateral lymph node dissection [(27±6) min vs. (35±9) min, P<0.05] and laparoscopic anastomosis [(45±7) min vs. (58±11) min, P<0.05]; less number of times in wrong grasp (4±2 vs. 13±2, P<0.05]. In patients with right colon cancer, 3D group had shorter laparoscopic anastomosis time [(38±7) min vs. (44±5) min, P<0.05] and less number of times in wrong grasp (5±1 vs. 13±3, P<0.05] as compared to 2D group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>3D laparoscopic surgery for gastrointestinal tumors, compared with 2D laparoscopic technology has significant advantages, which can improve the spatial location and depth of operation, decrease the difficulty of fine operation, and shorten the operation time.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Anastomosis, Surgical , Methods , Colectomy , Methods , Comparative Effectiveness Research , Gastrectomy , Methods , Intestines , General Surgery , Laparoscopy , Methods , Lymph Node Excision , Methods , Lymph Nodes , General Surgery , Operative Time , Rectal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , General Surgery
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