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2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1071-1079, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888520

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy and safety of different doses of daunorubicin combined with a standard dose of cytarabine as induction chemotherapy in newly diagnosed primary acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients.@*METHODS@#The clinical data and outcome were retrospectively analyzed in 86 newly diagnosed primary AML patients who were under 65 years old and treated with daunorubicin combined with cytarabine (DA regimen) at West China Hospital of Sichuan University from January 2017 to June 2019. Patients were divided into 2 groups based on the dose of daunorubicin they received, 35 cases in the escalated-dose group [75 mg/(m@*RESULTS@#Median follow-up time of all the patients was 15 months. The CR rate and MRD@*CONCLUSION@#The escalated dose of daunorubicin can induce higher complete remission rate, deeper remission and longer duration of remission without increasing adverse events in newly diagnosed primary AML patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Cytarabine/therapeutic use , Daunorubicin , Humans , Induction Chemotherapy , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies
3.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 42(3): 252-254, July-Sept. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134035

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction:: Most adults with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) will eventually relapse from their disease. The combination of 7-day cytarabine and an anthracycline on days 1-3 (the so called "7 + 3" regimen) can be considered standard of care of younger patients with AML. However, the treatment of the elderly ineligible for intensive chemotherapy remains a challenge. Low-dose of subcutaneous cytarabine or hypomethylating agents (HMA) have been studied this group. There are no studies investigating physician practice variation in treating AML in Brazil. Methods:: We developed a survey with ten questions in order to explore the approach to AML in Brazil. Results:: The sample size comprised 100 hematologists. Most reported regular (63%) or occasional (29%) treatment of AML patients. Karyotype analysis and polymerase chain reaction were available in 88% and 71% of institutions, respectively. Next generation sequencing analysis was used in 7% of instituitions. Younger patients receive the "7 + 3" protocol with continuous infusion of cytarabine and anthracycline in 98% of cases. The preferred anthracycline is daunorubicin (64%), followed by idarubicin (34%). The most prescribed daunorubicin dose was 60 mg/m2 (56%). Consolidation after CR with high cytarabine doses (HIDAC) was indicated by 84% of hematologists and 70% use 3 g/m2 twice a day for 3 days. Elderly and unfit patients received HMA (47%) as the preferred treatment. Conclusion:: We showed that the most prevalent AML treatments were according to current guidelines. There is room to improve on the availability of diagnostic tools and the capacity to perform bone marrow transplantation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brazil , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy , Surveys and Questionnaires , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Idarubicin/therapeutic use , Daunorubicin/therapeutic use , Anthracyclines/therapeutic use , Cytarabine/therapeutic use
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829052

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of apoptotic drug Navitoclax (NTX) combined with chemotherapy drug Daunorubicin (DNR) on apoptosis of erythroleukemia cells.@*METHODS@#K562, HEL and TF-1 cells in logarithmic growth phase were treated with NTX, DNR and combination of the two drugs. CCK-8 test, Annexin V-DAPI double-staining flow cytometry, real-time RT-PCR were used to detect cell growth, cell apoptosis and expression of BAX, BAK, BCL-2, BCL-xl and BIM respectively. The effects of NTX, DNR and combination of the two drugs on apoptosis of K562, HEL and TF-1 cells were compared and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#NTX combined with DNR could significantly inhibit the growth of K562, HEL and TF-1 cells; Apoptosis detection results showed that the apoptotic rate of K562, HEL and TF-1 cells in combination group was significantly higher than that in NTX and DNR single group; the expression level of apoptosis-related genes BAK and BAX in K562 cells in combination group was significantly higher than that in two single drug groups, and the expression level of anti-apoptotic protein genes BCL-2 and BCL-xl was significantly lower than that in two single drug groups (P<0.05); the expression level of BAK in HEL cells treated with combined drugs for 24 hours was higher than that in DNR group (P < 0.05); the expression level of BCL-2 in TF-1 cells treated with combined drugs for 24 hours was lower than that in two single drugs groups while the expression level of BAK in 48 hours was the highest in combined drugs group, and the expression level of BCL-2 and BCL-xl in combined drugs group was lower than that in NTX group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#NTX combined with DNR can significantly promote the apoptosis of erythroleukemia cell lines K562, HEL and TF-1, and induce the expression of apoptosis-related genes. This study provides a new scheme for the clinical treatment of erythroleukemia.


Subject(s)
Aniline Compounds , Apoptosis , Daunorubicin , Humans , K562 Cells , Leukemia, Erythroblastic, Acute , Sulfonamides
5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1736-1741, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781404

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the role of bone marrow niche in the chemotherapy resistance of patient with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and to investigate the effects of the MSCs on the apoptosis of HL-60 cell and its underlying mechanisms.@*METHODS@#MSCs were derived from the bone marrow of newly diagnosed AML patients (AML-MSCs) and health donors(MSCs) were co-cultured with HL-60 cells respectively. The apoptosis of HL-60 cells in the presence/absence of MSCs and/or Daunorubicin were determined by flow cytometry with Annexin V/PI double staining. In addition, the morphological features of HL-60 cells were observed by Wright-Giemsa staining, and the ratio of blasts and differentiated cells were counted. Furthermore, the expressions of apoptosis-related factors including Caspase-3, Caspase-8,Caspase-9 and Survivin were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The flow cytometry showed that there was no significant change in apoptosis of HL-60 cells co-cultured with MSC derived from healthy donors or AML patients. After adding Daunorubicin into different cultural systems, the apoptotic rates of HL-60, HL-60 co-cultured with normal MSCs and HL-60 co-cultured with AML-MSCs were (49.57±7.44)%, (30.72±4.05)% and (22.99±4.08)%, respectively, which showed that normal MSCs and AML-MSCs could remarkably supress Daunorubicin-induced HL-60 apoptosis, however, there was no statistically significant difference of apoptosis between HL-60 co-cultured with normal MSCs and HL-60 co-cultured with AML-MSCs. Wright-Giemsa staining showed that most of the HL-60 cells co-cultured with AML-MSCs were primitive, and cell differentiation was unusual. In AML-MSCs co-cultured group, the cell apoptosis and differentiation caused by DNR was significant decreased, and most of HL-60 cells were initial. Western blot showed that the cleavage activity of Caspase-3 of HL-60 in AML-MSCs and normal MSCs co-cultured group was decreased, compared with HL-60 in single cultured group, moreover, the decrease was significantly in AML-MSC group. Additionally, the expression of survivin in AML-MSCs and normal MSCs co-cultured group was increased, compared with that in single cultured group, and increase was significant in AML-MSCs group.@*CONCLUSION@#MSCs can suppress Daunorubicin-induced HL-60 apoptosis via inhibiting Caspase-3 and maintaining survivin level.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Bone Marrow Cells , Caspase 3 , Cell Proliferation , Daunorubicin , HL-60 Cells , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Survivin
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771853

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the oxidative damage of OP9 cells induced by daunorubicin (DNR) treatment.@*METHODS@#The TMRM probe was used to detect mitochondrial membrane potential by flow cytometry; the reactive oxygen species (ROS) was determined by flow cytometry DCFDA probe; the real-time PCR was used to detect the molecular expression of antioxidant enzyme,glutathione peroxidase (GPX) in OP9 cells; the expression of γ-H2AX was determined by flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#Compared with normal OP9 cells, the positive rate of TMRM in DNR-treated OP9 cells decreased by 56.7% (P<0.05); the positive rate of DCFDA in DNR-treated OP9 cells increased by 3.52 times (P<0.01). Compared with normal OP9 cells, DNR-treated OP9 cells showed a decrease in the expression of GPX4 by 44.22% (P<0.001); the expression of GPX7 decreased by 65.7% (P<0.001); the expression of GPX8 decreased by 24.7% (P<0.001); the positive rate of γ-H2AX in DNR-treated OP9 cells increased (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#After DNR treatment, mitochondrial membrane potential of OP9 cells decreases; the level of reactive oxygen species increases; the expression of glutathione peroxidase (GPX) molecules decreases significantly; genomic instability increases obviously; the oxidative damage of cells increased.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Daunorubicin , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Oxidative Stress , Reactive Oxygen Species
7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1053-1057, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771840

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship of PTEN/PI3K/AKT signaling pathway protein expression with apoptosis and drug-resistance of children's ALL primary cells treated with daunorubicin (DNR).@*METHODS@#The bone marrow mononuclear cells in newly diagnosed and untreated B-ALL children were collected and cultured. After the treatment of primary-cultured cells with DNR of final concentration 0.5 mg/L for 24 h, the cell apoptosis rate was detected by using cell apoptosis assay kit; the samples were collected at the on test of culture and after drug treatment, then expression levels of PTEN, PI3K and AKT proteins were detected by Western blot, moreover the interindex correlation was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#After DNR treatment, the apoptosis rate in PTEN low expression group was lower than that in PTEN high expression group (P<0.05), showing high positive correlation of the cell apoptosis rate with the expression of PTEN before DNR treatment; the cell apoptosis rate in PI3K and AKT low expression group was higher than that in PI3K and AKT high expression group (P<0.01); however, the expression of PI3K and AKT proteins was down-regulated after treatment with DNR (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The difference of PTEN expression is present in primary cells of B-ALL children, however the change of PTEN expression is not significant after DNR treatment, suggesting that the PTEN expression correlates with DNR-resistance. The DNR can induce the apoptosis of childrens B-ALL primary cells by down-regulating the expression of PI3K and AKT signaling pathway proteins.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Child , Daunorubicin , Humans , PTEN Phosphohydrolase , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Signal Transduction
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-727872

ABSTRACT

The tumor microenvironment greatly influences cancer cell characteristics, and acidic extracellular pH has been implicated as an essential factor in tumor malignancy and the induction of drug resistance. Here, we examined the characteristics of gastric carcinoma (GC) cells under conditions of extracellular acidity and attempted to identify a means of enhancing treatment efficacy. Acidic conditions caused several changes in GC cells adversely affecting chemotherapeutic treatment. Extracellular acidity did inhibit GC cell growth by inducing cell cycle arrest, but did not induce cell death at pH values down to 6.2, which was consistent with down-regulated cyclin D1 and up-regulated p21 mRNA expression. Additionally, an acidic environment altered the expression of atg5, HSPA1B, collagen XIII, collagen XXAI, slug, snail, and zeb1 genes which are related to regulation of cell resistance to cytotoxicity and malignancy, and as expected, resulted in increased resistance of cells to multiple chemotherapeutic drugs including etoposide, doxorubicin, daunorubicin, cisplatin, oxaliplatin and 5-FU. Interestingly, however, acidic environment dramatically sensitized GC cells to apoptosis induced by tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL). Consistently, the acidity at pH 6.5 increased mRNA levels of DR4 and DR5 genes, and also elevated protein expression of both death receptors as detected by immunoblotting. Gene silencing analysis showed that of these two receptors, the major role in this effect was played by DR5. Therefore, these results suggest that extracellular acidity can sensitize TRAIL-mediated apoptosis at least partially via DR5 in GCs while it confers resistance to various type of chemotherapeutic drugs.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Cycle Checkpoints , Cell Death , Cisplatin , Collagen , Cyclin D1 , Daunorubicin , Doxorubicin , Drug Resistance , Etoposide , Fluorouracil , Gastropoda , Gene Silencing , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Immunoblotting , Necrosis , Receptors, Death Domain , RNA, Messenger , Snails , Stomach Neoplasms , Treatment Outcome , Tumor Microenvironment
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764898

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The present study describes our 10-year experience with uveoretinal adverse events that manifest because of chemotherapy. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed for all patients who presented to the ophthalmologic department while undergoing systemic chemotherapy between July 2005 and June 2015. RESULTS: A total of 55 patients (mean age, 51.2 years, 38 women [69.1%]) suspected of having uveoretinal disease owing to the use of chemotherapeutic agents alone were enrolled. Breast cancer was the predominant disease (36.4%); noninfectious anterior uveitis (21.8%) was the most common condition. Bilateral involvement was observed in 16 patients (29.1%). Although cisplatin (21.8%) was the most commonly used drug, daunorubicin, cytarabine, tamoxifen, toremifene, and imatinib were also frequently used. The median duration until ophthalmologic diagnosis was 208.5 days (range, 19–5,945 days). The proportion of patients with final visual acuity (VA) < 20/40 Snellen VA (0.5 decimal VA) was 32.7%. However, no relationship was observed between final VA < 20/40 and age, sex, therapeutic agents, and metastasis. CONCLUSION: Uveoretinal complications were mostly mild to moderate and exhibited a favorable response to conservative therapy. A considerable number of patients exhibited significant irreversible loss of vision after cessation of the causative chemotherapeutic agent. Ophthalmological monitoring is required during chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Breast Neoplasms , Cisplatin , Cytarabine , Daunorubicin , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Female , Humans , Imatinib Mesylate , Molecular Targeted Therapy , Neoplasm Metastasis , Retrospective Studies , Tamoxifen , Toremifene , Uveitis , Uveitis, Anterior , Visual Acuity
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690973

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the complete remission rate (CRR) and adverse reaction of the 3 different chemotherapy regimens (daunorubicin, idarubicin, imported idarubicin combined with cytarabine) for the treatment of adult patients with newly diagnosed non-M3 acute myeloid leukemia (AML).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Seventy-one adult patients with newly diagnosed non-M3 AML were divided into 3 groups: 17 cases treated with daunorubicin plus cytarabine as group A, 24 cases treated with idarubicin plus cytarabine as group B, 30 cases treated with the imported idarubicin plus cytarabine as group C. The curative effects and adverse reactions were compared among the 3 groups after treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>CCR in group C (86.67%) was significantly higher than that in group A (52.94%) and group B (70.83%), and the CRR in group B was significantly higher than that in group A (P<0.05). The incidence of adverse reaction such as nausea, vomiting, myelosuppression and infection among 3 groups were not statistically significantant (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The curative effect of idarubicin for the treatment of non-M3 AML patients is better than that of daunorubicin, especially the curative efficiency of imported darubicin is much higher; the adverse reaction after treatment by daunorubicin and idarubicin can be controllable, so daunorubicin and idarubicin can be used as first-line drug for the patients with AML, and patients can choose more appropriate drug according to their own economic ability.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Cytarabine , Daunorubicin , Humans , Idarubicin , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Remission Induction
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689543

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of daunorubicin on the number and procoagulant activity of Microparticles derived from acute promyelocytic leukemia(APL) cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>APL cells were isolated from bone Marrow of 5 newly diagnosed APL patients, the bone marrow mononuclear cells were collected from 5 patients with iron deficiency anemia as control.APL cells were treated with different concentration of daunorubicin(0.1,0.5,1.0 and 2.0µmol/L) for 24 h. Microparticles were extracted from the cell culture medium for qualitative anaysis of the extracted microparticles.The morphologic features of the microparticles were observed by transmission electron microscopy.The number of microparticles was detected by flow cytometry.The procoagulant activity of microparticles was measured by recalcification time assays.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Under a transmission electron microscope, theextracted microparticles took a round or oval morphology with a transparent center,and their diameters were arund 100nm, consistent with the morphological characteristics of microparticles. Compared with bone marrow mononuclear cells-derived microparticles,the counts of the bone marrow APL cells-derived microparticles significantly increased(P<0.05).Daunorubicin increased the shedding of microparticles in a dose-dependent manner(r=0.73,P<0.01).Compared with normal bone marrow mononuclear cells-derived microparticles,bone marrow APL cells-derived microparticles showed higher procoagulant activity(P<0.05).Daunorubicin treatment enhanced the prccoagulant activity of APL cells-derived microparticles which paralleled the increasing drug concentrations(r=-0.78,P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Daunorubicin can promote the release of APL cells-derived microparticles and enhance their related procoagulan activity.</p>


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , Cell-Derived Microparticles , Daunorubicin , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-107202

ABSTRACT

Paclitaxel (PTX) is one of the most frequently used anticancer agent for treating refractory ovarian cancer, metastatic breast cancer and non-small cell lung cancer. However, its oral administration is impeded by very low bioavailability (<5%) due to the P-glycopprotein (P-gp) efflux pump effect. This study investigated in vitro and in vivo P-gp inhibitory effects of adamantyl derivatives AC-603 and AC-786 in rats. Two adamantyl derivatives tested in this study increased the cytotoxicity of daunomycin (DNM) in P-gp overexpressed cell line by inhibiting P-gp efflux function. Pharmacokinetics of PTX with orally co-administered P-gp inhibitors were assessed in rats to improve PTX absorption. The pharmacokinetic parameters of PTX were determined in rats after intravenous (2 mg/kg) or oral (25 mg/kg) administration in the presence or absence of verapamil (a positive control), AC-603 or AC-786 (0.5 mg/kg or 5 mg/kg). Compared to control group (PTX alone), experimental groups (PTX with AC-603 or AC-786) significantly increased the area under the plasma concentration-time curve of PTX following oral administration by 1.7–2.2 fold. The volume of distribution and total clearance of PTX were decreased, while other parameters were not significantly changed. In conclusion, co-administration of AC-603 or AC-786 enhanced the relative bioavailability of orally administered PTX as compared to control.


Subject(s)
Absorption , Administration, Oral , Animals , Biological Availability , Breast Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Cell Line , Daunorubicin , In Vitro Techniques , Ovarian Neoplasms , ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1 , Paclitaxel , Pharmacokinetics , Plasma , Rats , Verapamil
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-151260

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN) is a rare hematologic malignancy that typically presents in the form of skin manifestations with or without lymph node and bone marrow involvement. Given its rarity and recent recognition as a distinct pathological entity, no standard of treatment exists for this aggressive disease and its prognosis is particularly dismal. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed clinical features and treatment outcomes of patients who were diagnosed with BPDCN between 2000 and 2014. RESULTS: Ten patients had a median age at diagnosis of 41 years (range, 18 to 79), and seven patients were male. Sites of disease involvement were the skin (n = 7), lymph node (n = 5), bone marrow (n = 2), liver (n = 2), spleen (n = 2), and soft tissue (n = 1). Intensified chemotherapy regimens such as hyperCVAD regimen (cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, dexamethasone, methotrexate, cytarabine), and VPDL (vincristine, methylprednisolone, daunorubicin, L-asparaginase) were used as a first-line treatment. Although all patients treated with intensified chemotherapy showed an objective response (five patients with complete response) with median progression-free survival of 11.2 months (range 6.2 to 19.4), complete remission was not sustained for more than 2 years in any case. The response was relatively long-lived compared with previously reported CHOP (doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, prednisone)-like regimens, but the above regimens do not result in long-term remission. CONCLUSIONS: All patients treated with hyperCVAD or VPDL showed an objective response, but the duration of response was relatively short. Thus, the development of more effective induction as well as consolidation treatment strategy should be warranted to improve this rare disease entity.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , Cyclophosphamide , Daunorubicin , Dendritic Cells , Dexamethasone , Diagnosis , Disease-Free Survival , Doxorubicin , Drug Therapy , Hematologic Neoplasms , Humans , Korea , Liver , Lymph Nodes , Male , Methotrexate , Methylprednisolone , Prognosis , Rare Diseases , Retrospective Studies , Skin , Skin Manifestations , Spleen , Vincristine
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-208042

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: A number of anticancer agents are known to induce many adverse reactions in the skin. Related cutaneous adverse drug reactions influence the morbidity, mortality, and anti-cancer regimen of the patients. A multidisciplinary approach to cancer management has been emphasized. OBJECTIVE: To identify the causative anticancer agents and frequency of adverse reactions in the skin. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who consulted at the Dermatology Department of Busan Paik Hospital and Haeundae Paik Hospital from January 2013 to February 2015. RESULTS: A total of 140 patients were enrolled. Among the 45 patients treated with antimetabolite analogs (30 cytarabine, 7 gemcitabine, 3 methotrexate, 2 fludarabine, 2 doxifluridine, and 1 decitabine), exanthematous drug eruption (49.1%) was the most common reaction, followed by hand-foot syndrome (28.3%). Among the 35 patients treated with fluorouracil (22 5-fluorouracil and 13 capecitabine), hand-foot syndrome (47.2%) was the most common, followed by acneiform eruption (25.0%). Among the 24 patients treated with epidermal grow factor receptor inhibitors (10 erlotinib, 10 cetuximab, and 4 gefitinib), acneiform eruption (54.8%) was the most common, followed by xerosis (19.4%). Among the 11 patients treated with anthracyclines (9 doxorubicin, 1 daunorubicin, and 1 idarubicin), acneiform eruption (45.5%) was the most common, followed by hand-foot syndrome (36.4%). Among the 7 patients treated with taxanes (4 docetaxel and 3 paclitaxel), hand-foot syndrome (42.8%) was the most common. Among the 6 patients treated with angiogenesis-inducing inhibitors (3 sorafenib, 2 pazopanib, and 1 sunitinib), hand-foot skin reaction (66.7%) was the most common. Only 2 patients (1.4%) changed treatments due to intolerable skin reactions. CONCLUSION: Clinicians should be aware of the various skin reactions of anticancer agents and predict their clinical course effectively.


Subject(s)
Acneiform Eruptions , Anthracyclines , Antineoplastic Agents , Cetuximab , Cytarabine , Daunorubicin , Dermatology , Doxorubicin , Drug Eruptions , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Erlotinib Hydrochloride , Fluorouracil , Hand-Foot Syndrome , Humans , Medical Records , Methotrexate , Mortality , Retrospective Studies , Skin , Taxoids
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-59857

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Nucleophosmin gene (NPM1) mutation may be a good molecular marker for assessing the clinical status and predicting the outcomes in AML patients. We evaluated the applicability of NPM1 type A mutation (NPM1-mutA) quantitation for this purpose. METHODS: Twenty-seven AML patients with normal karyotype but bearing the mutated NPM1 were enrolled in the study, and real-time quantitative PCR of NPM1-mutA was performed on 93 bone marrow (BM) samples (27 samples at diagnosis and 56 at follow-up). The NPM1-mutA allele burdens (represented as the NPM1-mutA/Abelson gene (ABL) ratio) at diagnosis and at follow-up were compared. RESULTS: The median NPM1-mutA/ABL ratio was 1.3287 at diagnosis and 0.092 at 28 days after chemotherapy, corresponding to a median log10 reduction of 1.7061. Significant correlations were observed between BM blast counts and NPM1-mutA quantitation results measured at diagnosis (γ=0.5885, P=0.0012) and after chemotherapy (γ=0.5106, P=0.0065). Total 16 patients achieved morphologic complete remission at 28 days after chemotherapy, and 14 (87.5%) patients showed a >3 log10 reduction of the NPM1-mutA/ABL ratio. The NPM1-mutA allele was detected in each of five patients who had relapsed, giving a median increase of 0.91-fold of the NPM1-mutA/ABL ratio at relapse over that at diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: The NPM1-mutA quantitation results corresponded to BM assessment results with high stability at relapse, and could predict patient outcomes. Quantitation of the NPM1-mutA burden at follow-up would be useful in the management of AML patients harboring this gene mutation.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Bone Marrow/metabolism , Cytarabine/therapeutic use , Daunorubicin , Humans , Karyotype , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Recurrence , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies , Sequence Analysis, DNA , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3/genetics
16.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 94-99, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-234024

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To estimate the long-term outcomes and the prognostic factors of homoharringtonine, cytarabine, daunorubicin or idarubicin (HAD/HAI) as induction chemotherapy in de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The CR rate, overall survival (OS) rate, relapse free survival (RFS) rate were retrospectively assayed in 143 de novo AML patients who received the HAD/HAI induction chemotherapy. The outcomes were compared among prognostic groups according to world health organization (WHO) classification, genetic prognosis and initial white blood cell (WBC) count. The role of consolidation chemotherapy consisting of middle-dosage Ara-C (MD-Ara-C) on long term survival was evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of 143 patients, 112 (78.3%) achieved CR after the first course of HAD/HAI induction treatment, and early death occurred in only one case. Notably, the CR rate of patients with an initial WBC count ≥100×10(9)/L was not significantly different from those with an initial WBC count<100× 10(9)/L (70.4% vs 80.2%, P=0.266). The CR rate for the patients with favorable, intermediate and unfavorable integrated genetics risk factors was 93.7%, 71.4% and 61.3%, respectively, the difference between groups was statistically significant (P=0.001). Patients with FLT3-ITD mutation obtained similar CR rate (70.6%) to that of patients with FLT3 wild type (79.3%, P=0.528).The estimated 5-year OS rate and 5-year RFS rate for all patients was 40.0% and 37.0%, respectively, with a median follow-up of 24 (range 1-104) months. The median survival time was 30 [95%CI (12, 48)] months. 5-year OS and 5-year RFS of the 96 patients who achieved CR after first course chemotherapy without undergoing allo-HSCT in complete remission was 47.0% and 38.0%, respectively. 5-year OS was significantly higher in MD-Ara-C consolidation group than in no MD-Ara-C consolidation group among CR patients without allo-HSCT (58.0%, 19.0%, respectively, P=0.004). In patients who obtained CR after first course and received MD-Ara-C consolidation without allo-HSCT, the 5-year OS of patients with hyperleukocytosis was not significantly lower than that of patients without hyperleukocytosis (55.5%, 58.8%, respectively,P=0.419). FLT3-ITD mutation patients showed similar 5-year OS to that of wild type FLT3 patients (51.4%, 60.2%, respectively, P=0.482). And furthermore, 5-year OS of favorable, intermediate and unfavorable integrated genetics groups were 59.1%, 62.5%, 51.9%, respectively (P=0.332) in this subgroup.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>HAD/HAI induction chemotherapy with sequential consolidation of MD-Ara-C could obtain satisfactory CR rate and long-term survival rate in de novo AML, especially for patients with hyperleukocytosis or FLT3-ITD mutation. It yet remains to be verified by large sample, prospective studies.</p>


Subject(s)
Cytarabine , Therapeutic Uses , Daunorubicin , Therapeutic Uses , Harringtonines , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Idarubicin , Therapeutic Uses , Induction Chemotherapy , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Drug Therapy , Leukocyte Count , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-147091

ABSTRACT

Myeloid sarcoma is a rare tumor mass consisting of immature granulocytic cells occurring in an extramedullary site or in a bone. It has often been observed during the course of an acute leukemia, myelodysplastic syndrome or myeloproliferative neoplasms, and it can involve any site of the body. However, it rarely present in the absence of bone marrow infiltration, especially for the isolated spinal myeloid sarcoma. In this report, we describe a case of isolated myeloid sarcoma that showed spinal compression. A 66-year-old male, with no underlying disease or medication history, presented with a progressive back pain and numbness in bilateral lower extremities that had begun two weeks before. He was diagnosed with myeloid sarcoma with no evidence of bone marrow involvement. Tumor cells were positive for CD34, c-KIT, and Bcl-2 on the immunohistochemical stain. He was treated with systemic chemotherapy with daunorubicin plus cytosine arabinoside and achieved a partial response.


Subject(s)
Aged , Back Pain , Bone Marrow , Cytarabine , Daunorubicin , Drug Therapy , Humans , Hypesthesia , Leukemia , Lower Extremity , Male , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Sarcoma, Myeloid , Spinal Cord Compression
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 472-476, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357977

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Infections remain a major cause of therapy-associated morbidity and mortality in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We retrospectively analyzed the medical charts of 256 children treated for ALL under the CCLG-2008 protocol in Beijing Children's Hospital.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 65 infectious complications in 50 patients during vincristine, daunorubicin, L-asparaginase and dexamethasone induction therapy, including microbiologically documented infections (n = 12; 18.5%), clinically documented infections (n = 23; 35.3%) and fever of unknown origin (n = 30; 46.2%). Neutropenia was present in 83.1% of the infectious episodes. In all, most infections occurred around the 15 th day of induction treatment (n = 28), and no patients died of infection-associated complications.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The infections in this study was independent of treatment response, minimal residual diseases at the end of induction therapy, gender, immunophenotype, infection at first visit, risk stratification at diagnosis, unfavorable karyotypes at diagnosis and morphologic type. The infection rate of CCLG-2008 induction therapy is low, and the outcome of patients is favorable.</p>


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Daunorubicin , Therapeutic Uses , Dexamethasone , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Neoplasm, Residual , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Drug Therapy , Microbiology , Retrospective Studies , Vincristine , Therapeutic Uses
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357239

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the expression of PXR (Pregnane X receptor) in several malignant hematological cell lines, and to investigate the reversal effect of Gambogic acid (GA) on multi-drug resistance (MDR) of K562/A02 cell line and its reversal mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Transcription of PXR was detected by real-time PCR in several malignant hematological cell lines. The growth inhibition rate of K562/A02 in different experimental groups was assayed by MTT method, and the expression of PXR protein was measured by Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>PXR gene transcription could be detected in several hematological malignancy cell lines, and it was significantly higher in K562/A02 cell line, compared with the other cell lines used in this experiment. Low-dose GA could enhance cell growth inhibition rate, increasing the effect of chemotherapy, which may be associated with down-regulation of PXR expression. PXR gene transcription and protein expression in GA and DNR+GA groups decreased as compared with control group and the DNR group, suggesting that low-dose GA can down-regulate PXR gene transcription and protein expression.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PXR gene transcription can be detected in several hematological malignancy cell line, which is significantly higher in K562/A02 cell line, as compared with the other cell lines used in this experiment. Low-dose GA can enhance cell growth inhibition rate, increasing the effect of chemotherapy, which may be associated with down-regulation of PXR expression.</p>


Subject(s)
Citrates , Daunorubicin , Down-Regulation , Drug Resistance, Multiple , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Humans , K562 Cells , Leukemia , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Receptors, Steroid , Xanthones
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257677

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the impact of extracellular acidic environment on the expression and activity of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and on the P-gp-mediated cytotoxicity of daunomycin in cancer cells by using microfluidic chip technology.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The A549 cells cultured on a microfluidic chip were divided into experiment group and control group. The experiment group was exposed to an acidic cell culture medium (pH 6.6), while the control group was treated with a neutral cell culture medium (pH 7.4). The expression of P-gp was detected by cell immunofluorescense analysis and the activity of P-gp was evaluated by Rhodamine 123 efflux experiment. Meanwhile, the cytotoxicity of daunomycin was analyzed by cell live/dead fluorescence staining method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Microfluidic chip designed in this study could provide a suitable microenvironment for the growth of A549 cells and the A549 cells reached the confluence of 90% after inoculation for 72 h. Treatment of the acidic cell culture media on A549 cells did not make a significant difference on the expression level of P-gp. However, the activity of P-gp was significantly enhancement and peaked at 6 h after treatment with acidic cell culture media. Meanwhile, the cytotoxicity of daunomycin reduced significantly after treatment with acidic cell culture medium for 6 h,and a reversal effect was obtained when synergy with verapamil.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Microfluidic chip technology can shorten the analysis time and reduce the reagent consumption. It can be used as a new technology platform for understanding the mechanisms of multi-drug resistance and for screening highly efficient multi-drug resistance reversal agents.</p>


Subject(s)
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B , ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1 , Cell Culture Techniques , Cell Line, Tumor , Culture Media , Daunorubicin , Extracellular Space , Humans , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Microfluidics
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