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1.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(1): 1-8, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1361503

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the effectiveness of local and topical anesthesia during gingival retraction in prepared abutment teeth. Material and Methods: 72 patients desiring full mouth rehabilitation or bilateral fixed partial denture in the same arch were selected based on the inclusion criteria framed and were randomly allocated into Groups A and B of 36 each. Patients in Group A received gingival retraction with topical anesthesia and Group B received gingival retraction with infiltration anesthesia. All the patients were tested for pain, discomfort and bleeding during gingival retraction. Results: There was no significant difference in pain, discomfort and gingival bleeding (P >.05) during gingival retraction using topical and local anesthetic agents. Conclusion: Topical anesthesia was equally effective as infiltration anesthesia in managing the pain, discomfort and bleeding during gingival retraction by cord packing in prepared abutment teeth. (AU)


Objetivo: Comparar a eficácia da anestesia local e tópica durante a retração gengival previa a moldagem em dentes pilares preparados. Material e Métodos: Foram selecionados 72 pacientes indicados para reabilitação bucal total ou prótese parcial fixa bilateral na mesma arcada com base nos critérios de inclusão formulados e alocados aleatoriamente nos Grupos A e B com 36 pacientes cada. Os pacientes do Grupo A receberam retração gengival com anestesia tópica e no Grupo B receberam retração gengival com anestesia infiltrativa. Todos os pacientes foram testados para dor, desconforto e sangramento durante o procedimento. Resultados: Não houve diferença significativa na dor, desconforto e sangramento gengival (P>. 05) durante a retração gengival com anestésicos tópicos e locais. Conclusão: A anestesia tópica foi tão eficaz quanto a anestesia de infiltração no controle da dor, desconforto e sangramento durante a retração gengival com fio retrator gengival em dentes pilares preparados.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Pain , Dental Leakage , Gingival Retraction Techniques , Anesthetics, Local
2.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-11, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1367332

ABSTRACT

Objective: To comparatively evaluate the effect of resin infiltration, bleaching and bleaching followed by resin infiltration on the surface roughness and microhardness of human enamel with induced white spot lesions (WSLs) and their resistance to acidic challenge. Material and Methods: Sixty human specimens were randomly divided into three groups (n=20) according to the treatment modality applied; group I Icon® resin infiltration, group II bleaching and group III bleaching followed by Icon® resin infiltration. For each treatment modality, 10 specimens were tested for surface roughness and another 10 for microhardness. WSLs were artificially induced in all specimens and after treatment, all specimens were subjected to acidic challenge. Surface roughness was measured by the tapping mode of the atomic force microscope (AFM) and microhardness was measured by digital Vickers hardness tester at baseline, after induction of WSLs, after treatment and after acidic challenge. Results: Groups I and III showed significant reduction in surface roughness after treatment, while group II showed significant increase. Groups I and III showed significant increase in the microhardness after treatment, while group II showed insignificant increase. The three tested groups showed significant increase in surface roughness values and significant reduction in microhardness after acidic challenge. Conclusion: Resin infiltration and bleaching followed by resin infiltration reduced the surface roughness and enhanced the microhardness of the WSLs. The three treatment modalities failed to resist acidic challenge resulting in increasing surface roughness and reducing microhardness. (AU)


Objetivo: Avaliar comparativamente o efeito do infiltrante resinoso, clareamento e clareamento seguido de infiltração resinosa sobre a rugosidade e microdureza superficial do esmalte humano com lesões de manchas brancas induzidas (WSLs) e sua resistência ao desafio erosivo. Material e Métodos: Sessenta espécimes humanos foram divididos aleatoriamente em três grupos (n = 20) de acordo com a modalidade de tratamento aplicada; grupo I infiltrante resinoso Icon®, grupo II clareamento e grupo III clareamento seguido de infiltração resinosa Icon®. Para cada modalidade de tratamento, 10 corpos-de-prova foram testados para rugosidade superficial e outros 10 para microdureza. WSLs foram artificialmente induzidos em todas as amostras e, após o tratamento, todas as amostras foram submetidas ao desafio erosivo. A rugosidade de superfície foi medida por microscopia de força atômica em modo de contato intermitente (AFM) e a microdureza Vickers foi medida inicialmente, após a indução de WSLs, após o tratamento e após o desafio ácido. Resultados: Os grupos I e III apresentaram redução significativa da rugosidade superficial após o tratamento, enquanto o grupo II apresentou aumento significativo. Os grupos I e III apresentaram aumento significativo na microdureza após o tratamento, enquanto o grupo II apresentou aumento insignificante. Os três grupos testados mostraram aumento significativo nos valores de rugosidade superficial e redução significativa na microdureza após o desafio erosivo. Conclusão: O infiltrante resinoso e o clareamento seguido de infiltração resinosa reduziram a rugosidade de superfície e aumentaram a microdureza dos WSLs. As três modalidades de tratamento falharam em resistir ao desafio erosivo, resultando em aumento da rugosidade de superfície e redução da microdureza.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Bleaching , Dental Caries , Dental Enamel , Dental Leakage
3.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e210525, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253928

ABSTRACT

Aim: Recent reports indicate that deproteinization of acid-etched dentin surface can extend penetration depth of adhesive agents. The main goal of the present research was to investigate the deproteinization effect of Nd:YAG and diode 940 lasers on acid-etched dentin and microleakage grade in class V composite restorations. Methods: 36 extracted human premolar teeth were selected to make standard buccal and lingual class V cavities. These samples were randomly split into three sub-groups: 1.Control group, in which composite was applied for restoration after etch and bonding process without deproteinization; 2.Nd:YAG laser group, in which the teeth were deproteinized with Nd:YAG laser after etching and painting internal surfaces of cavities with Van Geison stain and then composite restorations applied just as control group; 3.Diode laser group, in which the process was similar to Nd:YAG laser group, but instead, diode 940 laser was irradiated. The teeth were bisected into two equal longitudinal buccal and lingual halves. Marginal microleakage of samples was scored by using a stereomicroscope. Kruskal- Wallis, Mann-Whitney U and Fisher's statistical tests were employed for analysis of the obtained data. Results: A significant reduction in marginal microleakage was observed for both groups treated with laser (Nd:YAG and diode 940)compared to control (p=0.001 & p=0.047). There was no significant difference in marginal microleakage between Nd:YAG laser and diode 940groups (P = 0.333). Conclusion: Nd:YAG and diode 940 laser deproteinization of acid-etched dentin decreased the marginal microleakage of in-vitro class V resin composite restorations


Subject(s)
Humans , Acid Etching, Dental , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Dental Leakage , Lasers
4.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e213981, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254747

ABSTRACT

Aim: To compare the microleakage of Cention N, a subgroup of composite resins with a resin-modified glass ionomer (RMGI) and a composite resin. Methods: Class V cavities were prepared on the buccal and lingual surfaces of 46 extracted human molars. The teeth were randomly assigned to four groups. Group A: Tetric N-Bond etch-and-rinse adhesive and Tetric N-Ceram nanohybrid composite resin, group B: Cention N without adhesive, group C: Cention N with adhesive, and group D: Fuji II LC RMGI. The teeth were thermocycled between 5°-55°C (×10,000). The teeth were coated with two layers of nail vanish except for 1 mm around the restoration margins, and immersed in 2% methylene blue (37°C, 24 h) before buccolingual sectioning to evaluate dye penetration under a stereomicroscope (×20). The data were analyzed by the Kruskal-Wallis and Wilcoxon tests (α=0.05). Results: Type of material and restoration margin had significant effects on the microleakage (p<0.05). Dentin margins showed a higher leakage score in all groups. Cention N and RMGI groups showed significant differences at the enamel margin (p=0.025, p=0.011), and for the latter group the scores were higher. No significant difference was found at the dentin margins between the materials except between Cention N with adhesive and RMGI (p=0.031). Conclusion: Microleakage was evident in all three restorative materials. Cention N groups showed similar microleakage scores to the composite resin and displayed lower microleakage scores compared with RMGI


Subject(s)
Composite Resins , Dental Leakage , Glass Ionomer Cements , Molar, Third
5.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(1): 9-19, ene.-abr. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1255416

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Estimar y comparar la eficacia de diferentes técnicas de obturación para impedir el flujo de colorante a través de los conductos laterales. Materiales y métodos: Se emplearon 50 premolares inferiores extraídos y conservados en formol neutro al 5% hasta el momento de su uso, a los cuales se les realizaron conductos laterales artificiales. Una vez instrumentados los conductos principales, los dientes fueron divididos al azar en 5 grupos (n=10) para ser obturados con cuatro técnicas distintas: A) System B + inyección de gutapercha termoplástica del sistema Elements, Extruder; B) obturadores de Thermafil, ProTaper Universal; C) técnica híbrida y D) obturación con inyección de gutapercha termoplástica del sistema Elements, Extruder. Inmersos en tinta china y diafanizadas las raíces, se evaluó la longitud de penetración de la tinta en los conductos laterales. Se empleó el análisis de la varianza para detectar diferencias significativas (P<0,05) entre los niveles medios de penetración del colorante según las técnicas de obturación y las zonas del diente, y se efectuaron pruebas de rango múltiple (HSD de Tukey) para realizar comparaciones dos a dos, manteniendo fija la tasa de error por familia. Resultados: A la técnica B le correspondió el valor medio más bajo (30,63%) de penetración de tinta china. Los valores medios más elevados (54,52% y 51,74%) correspondieron a las técnicas A y C, respectivamente. Conclusión: Ninguna de las técnicas de obturación del conducto radicular empleadas ha sido capaz de impedir la filtración del colorante en los conductos laterales (AU)


Aim: To estimate and compare the different obturation techniques to avoid the flow of colorant through lateral canals. Materials and methods: 50 extracted lower premolars preserved in 5% neutral formol until the moment of use, had artificial lateral canals made. Once canals were instrumented, the teeth were randomly divided into 5 groups (n=10) to be filled with four different techniques: A) System B + injection of thermoplastic gutta-percha, Elements system, Extruder; B) Thermafil, ProTaper Universal obturators; C) hybrid technique, and D) injection of thermoplastic gutta-percha, Elements system, Extruder. Having immersed the premolars in India ink and diaphanized the roots, the penetration length of the India ink inside the canals was assessed. Analysis of variance was used to detect significant differences (P<0.05) between the mean levels of dye penetration according to the filling techniques and tooth areas, and multiple range tests (Tukey's HSD) were performed for two-to-two comparisons, keeping the error rate per family fixed. Results: Technique B had the lowest mean value (30.63%) of penetration. The highest mean values (54.52% and 51.74%) corresponded to techniques A and C, respectively. Conclusion: No obturation technique of the root canal used was able to avoid filtration of colourant in the lateral canals (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Obturation , Dental Leakage/diagnosis , Gutta-Percha , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Bicuspid/anatomy & histology , Transillumination/methods , Statistical Analysis , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology
6.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 9(1): 1-7, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362963

ABSTRACT

Objective: When provisional acrylic crowns are used for a long time, they become more susceptible to marginal leakage by cariogenic bacteria. The objectives of this pilot clinical study were to compare cement based on zinc oxide-eugenol and calcium hydroxide by contamination with Streptococcus mutans, and calculate the sample size for the continuation of this study. Methods: Individuals receiving provisional crowns and following inclusion/exclusion criteria, were randomly distributed into 2 groups: zinc oxide-eugenol (n=8); calcium hydroxide (n=9). The temporary crowns were made by a blind researcher and cemented by another. Patients were also blinded by the cement used inside their crowns. After 2 months, a cement sample from the crowns' peripheral inner face was collected, placed in a tube containing 1 mL of sterile saline, serially diluted, plated on Mitis Salivarius Bacitracin agar, and incubated for 48 hours. Colony-forming units (CFU/mL) were counted. A statistical power analysis was performed to calculate sample size (1-ß=80%) and the Mann Whitney test to compare both cements (α=0.05). Results: Both cements were contaminated with S. mutans, with an average of 166.6 x 102 CFU/mL for calcium hydroxide and 435.3 x 102 CFU/mL for zinc oxide-eugenol, with no significant difference (p=0.311). The sample size calculated for this study was 36 per group. Conclusion: This pilot study suggests that there is important contamination inside provisional crowns used for two months, independent of the cement. The continuation of this study is needed, with a bigger sample size, to enable a comparison between the cements.


Objetivo: Quando coroas dentais provisórias são utilizadas por um longo período, elas se tornam susceptíveis à infiltração marginal por bactérias cariogênicas. O objetivo deste estudo clínico piloto foi comparar os cimentos a base de óxido de zinco e eugenol e hidróxido de cálcio pela contaminação com Streptococcus mutans e calcular o tamanho amostral para continuação deste estudo. Métodos: Indivíduos recebendo coroas provisórias e seguindo critérios de inclusão/exclusão, foram distribuídos aleatoriamente em dois grupos: óxido de zinco e eugenol (n=8); hidróxido de cálcio (n=9). As coroas provisórias foram feitas por um pesquisador cego e cimentadas por outro. Os pacientes também foram cegos quanto ao cimento utilizado dentro de suas coroas. Depois de 2 meses, amostras de cimentos foram coletadas da face interna periférica das coroas, colocadas em um tubo contendo 1 mL de solução salina estéril, diluídas de forma seriada, plaqueadas em ágar Mitis Salivarius Bacitracina e incubadas por 48 horas. Unidades formadoras de colônias (UFC/mL) foram contadas. Um teste de poder estatístico foi realizado para calcular o tamanho amostral (1-ß=80%) e o teste de Mann Whitney para comparar os dois cimentos (α=0.05). Resultados: Os dois cimentos foram contaminados com S. mutans, com uma média de 166.6 x 102 UFC/mL para o hidróxido de cálcio e 435.3 x 102 UFC/mL para o óxido de zinco e eugenol, com nenhuma diferença significativa (p=0.311). O cálculo amostral para este estudo foi 36 indivíduos por grupo. Conclusão: Este estudo piloto sugere que existe importante contaminação dentro de coroas provisórias utilizadas por 2 meses, independente do cimento. A continuação deste estudo é necessária, com maior tamanho amostral, para possibilitar a comparação entre os cimentos.


Subject(s)
Streptococcus mutans , Dental Leakage , Zinc Oxide-Eugenol Cement , Calcium Hydroxide , Eugenol , Dental Prosthesis , Tooth Crown , Crowns , Dental Cements , Denture, Partial, Fixed , Clinical Study
7.
Sâo José dos Campos; s.n; 2021. 81 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1359830

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar as técnicas de microabrasão de esmalte (ME) e infiltração de resina (IR) em relação à resolução estética de lesões cariosas de mancha branca (LCMB) e avaliar a correlação entre a luminosidade das lesões quando transiluminadas e a resolução do problema (estudo 1); avaliar em um estudo "in vitro", a eficácia do clareamento dental, em amostras de dentes submetidos previamente a IR (estudo 2); avaliar a efetividade do clareamento dental 12 meses após a realização dos protocolos de mínima intervenção, em um estudo de série de casos (estudo 3). Para o estudo 1 foram selecionados 17 pacientes que foram divididos em 2 grupos: ME (N=8) e IR (N=9). Um dente de cada paciente foi fotografado sob condição normal e do mesmo dente com auxilio de dispositivo translume. Em seguida os pacientes foram submetidos às técnicas de mínima intervenção. Após 7 dias de acompanhamento, o mesmo protocolo fotográfico foi realizado. Para resolução estética, foi delimitado a área do dente em relação a área da mancha por software. Para avaliação da cor da mancha quando evidenciada, os valores de luminosidade (L*) das coordenadas L*a*b* foram avaliados antes e após a intervenção, sendo mensurados valores das áreas sadias e área da mancha mais enegrecida. Os dados de correlação foram submetidos ao teste de Person. A resolutividade dos tratamentos foi dada por um Teste t-Student e a diferença de luminosidade antes e após os tratamentos foi dado pelo teste Anova 2 fatores de medidas repetidas (p<0,05). Para o estudo 2, quarenta superfícies de esmalte bovino foram submetidas à desmineralização. Após, foram estabelecidos dois protocolos de manchamento. Vinte espécimes foram imersos em caldo de manchamento por 24 horas (Lab 1) ou 7 dias (Lab 2). Dez corpos-de-prova de cada grupo receberam a aplicação de IR. Todas as amostras foram clareadas com gel de peróxido de carbamida 15% por 14 dias (8 horas diárias). A mensuração da cor foi realizada em espectrofotômetro de refletância em três momentos: inicial, após o manchamento e após o clareamento. Os dados (CIEDE00) foram analisados pelo teste t-Student (p <0,05). Para o estudo 3, foram selecionados 4 voluntários, que tinham LCMB nos dentes anteriores superiores. Os pacientes foram divididos de forma aleatória em dois grupos, sendo estes: ME e IR na área de mancha. Para resolução estética das LCMB, foi determinada a área da mancha em relação a área do dente e a porcentagem da redução pós protocolos. Após 12 meses de acompanhamento, os pacientes receberam clareamento dental, com peróxido de carbamida 10%, durante 21 dias. Os dados do estudo 1 mostram que não houve correlação entre as áreas da mancha (normal e transiluminada) e a resolução estética das mesmas (p>0.05). Em relação a resolutividade, não houve diferença entre os tratamentos (p=0.403). O valor de Luminosidade aumentou após a realização dos procedimentos (p=0.001). Para o estudo 2, nenhuma diferença significativa foi observada no Lab 1 (p=0,560). Para o Lab 2, foram detectadas diferenças significativas (p=0,031). Uma vez que o clareamento foi mais efetivo no grupo não submetido a IR (Lab2). Os resultados do estudo 3 mostram que ambos os protocolos reduziram e/ou suavizaram as áreas das manchas. Após 12 meses de acompanhamento, a técnica de ME apresentou redução no valor da área de mancha. Por fim, o clareamento dental foi efetivo em ambos os protocolos, sem diferenças entre as técnicas. Frente as metodologias propostas, pode-se concluir que: não houve diferenças entre os tratamentos em relação a remoção ou mascaramento das LCMB; a cor das manchas quando transiluminadas não estão relacionadas a resolução estética das mesmas; "in vitro", dentes fortemente manchados, submetidos ao tratamento com RI, o produto parece se comportar como uma barreira semipermeável à penetração do peróxido. Por fim, ambas as técnicas podem ser indicadas para reduzir ou suavizar as áreas de mancha. A ME apresentou redução das áreas de mancha no período avaliado (12 meses). Clinicamente, o clareamento dental pode ser indicado para melhorar a cor dos dentes, independentemente do protocolo pré-estabelecido


The aim of this study was to compare enamel microabrasion (EM) and resin infiltration (RI) techniques in relation to the esthetic resolution of white spot carious lesions (WSL) and to evaluate the correlation between the luminosity of the lesions when transilluminated and the resolution of the problem (study 1); To evaluate in an "in vitro" study, the effectiveness of dental bleaching in samples of teeth previously submitted to RI (study 2); to evaluate the effectiveness of dental bleaching 12 months after the minimal intervention protocols were performed, in a case series study (study 3). For study 1, 17 patients were selected and divided into 2 groups: ME (N=8) and IR (N=9). One tooth from each patient was photographed under normal condition and the same tooth with the aid of a translume device. Then the patients were subjected to the minimal intervention techniques. After 7 days of follow-up, the same photographic protocol was performed. For esthetic resolution, the area of the tooth was delimited in relation to the area of the stain using software. To evaluate the color of the stain when evidenced, the luminosity values (L*) of the coordinates L*a*b* were evaluated before and after the intervention, being measured values of the healthy areas and area of the darker stain. The correlation data were submitted to Person's test. The resolution by the treatments was analyzed by Student's t-test, and the difference in luminosity before and after treatments was analyzed by 2-way repeated measures Anova (p<0.05). For study 2, forty bovine enamel surfaces were subjected to demineralization. Two staining protocols were established. Twenty specimens were immersed in staining broth for 24 hours (Lab 1) or 7 days (Lab 2). Ten specimens from each group received IR application. All specimens were bleached with 15% carbamide peroxide gel for 14 days (8 hours daily). Color measurement was performed by spectrophotometry at three periods: bselien, after staining, and after bleaching. Data (CIEDE00) were analyzed by Student's T test (p <0.05). For study 3, 4 volunteers with WSL in the maxillary teeth were selected. The patients were randomly divided into EM or RI for treating lesions. For esthetic resolution of WSL, the spot area relative to tooth area and the percentage of reduction after protocols were determined. After 12 months of follow-up, the patients received dental bleaching with 10% carbamide peroxide for 21 days. The data from study 1 show that there was no correlation between the stain areas (transilluminated or not) and the esthetic resolution (p>0.05). Regarding resolution, there was no difference between treatments (p=0.403). The Luminosity value increased after the procedures were performed (p=0.001). For study 2, no significant difference was observed in Lab 1 (p=0.560). For Lab 2, significant differences were detected (p=0.031), and whitening was more effective in the group not subjected to IR (Lab2). The results of study 3 show that both protocols reduced and/or softened the areas of the stains. After 12 months of follow-up, the EM technique showed a reduction in the stain area value. Finally, dental bleaching was effective with both protocols, with no differences between the techniques. Based on the proposed methodologies, it can be concluded that: there were no differences between the treatments regarding the removal or masking of WSL; the color of the stains when transilluminated is not related to their esthetic resolution; "in vitro", heavily stained teeth submitted to treatment with RI, the product seems to behave as a semi-permeable barrier to peroxide penetration. Finally, both techniques can be indicated to reduce or soften stained areas. The EM showed a reduction of stained areas in the evaluated period (12 months). Clinically, dental bleaching can be indicated to improve the color of teeth, regardless of the pre-established protocol


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Cattle , Tooth Bleaching , Enamel Microabrasion , Dental Caries , Dental Leakage , Esthetics, Dental , Spectrophotometers , Analysis of Variance , Color
8.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 64(1): 77-82, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252984

ABSTRACT

A pesar de los avances e innovaciones de los materiales dentales, la microfiltración marginal y la contracción durante la polimerización continúan siendo una de las causas principales del fracaso de los tratamientos en odontología restauradora. Un sellado marginal correcto será posible cuando las fuerzas de adhesión superen las fuerzas generadas por la contracción de polimerización y las fuerzas generadas por los cambios dimensionales térmicos posteriores a la polimerización, por lo que investigaciones previas demostraron que estas limitaciones pueden ser superadas con el uso de resinas Bulk Fill como material de relleno de cavidades extensas y profundas de dientes posteriores. Estas resinas. de relleno masivo, están recibiendo atención, principalmente porque se pueden colocar, a diferencia de las resinas convencionales, en incrementos de 4 mm sin afectar la contracción de la polimerización, la adaptación de la cavidad o el grado de conversión. El objetivo de la presente revisión bibliográfica es describir la contracción de polimerización y la consecuente filtración marginal que sufren las resinas compuestas para el sector posterior Bulk Fill con base de datos de la literatura (AU)


Despite advances and innovations in dental materials, marginal microfiltration and shrinkage during polymerization continue to be one of the main causes of treatment failure in Restorative Dentistry. A correct marginal seal will be possible when the adhesion forces exceed the forces generated by polymerization contraction and the forces generated by post-polymerization thermal dimensional changes, for which previous research has shown that these limitations can be overcome with the use of Bulk Fill resins as filling material for large and deep posterior tooth cavities, these massive filling resins are receiving attention mainly because they can be placed, unlike conventional resins, in 4 mm increments without affecting polymerization shrinkage. , cavity adaptation or degree of conversion. The objective of the present bibliographic review is to describe the polymerization contraction and consequent marginal filtration suffered by Composite Resins for the Bulk Fill posterior sector with a literature database (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Composite Resins , Dental Leakage , Polymerization , Materials Testing , Physical and Chemical Properties , Dental Cavity Preparation , Dental Restoration, Permanent/instrumentation
9.
Odontoestomatol ; 22(35): 38-49, jul. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, BNUY-Odon | ID: biblio-1103059

ABSTRACT

Objetivos. Evaluar y comparar la relación entre la resistencia de unión inmediata a esmalte y microfiltración de dos sistemas restauradores a base de resina compuesta. Métodos. 40 terceros molares se dividieron aleatoriamente en dos grupos: 20 molares restaurados utilizando el sistema Adper Single bond 2 + Filtek Z250 XT (3M ESPE; ST PAUL, MN, USA); y 20 molares restaurados con el sistema Tetric N Bond + Tetric N Ceram (Ivoclar Vivadent; Schaan, Liechtenstein). La mitad de los dientes de cada grupo se utilizaron para un ensayo de microtracción, mientras que la otra mitad fueron utilizados para un ensayo de microfiltración (n = 10). Resultados. Las medias y el desvío padrón de la resistencia de unión a microtracción fueron de 27.93 (±9.55) para Adper Single bond 2 + Filtek Z250 XT MPa y 33.12 (±8.18) MPa para Tetric N Bond + Tetric N Ceram (p = 0,049). En cuanto a los valores de microfiltración, no hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los grupos (p = 0,478). No fue observada una correlación significativa entre la resistencia de unión a la microtracción y la microfiltración (R2 = 0.0909; p = 0.196). Conclusiones. No se encontró una relación entre los valores de resistencia de unión y el grado de microfiltración.


Objectives. To evaluate and compare the relationship between enamel bond strength and microleakage of two composite based restorative systems. Methods. 40 third molars were randomly divided into two groups: 20 molars restored with the Adper Single bond 2 + Filtek Z250 XT (3M ESPE; ST PAUL, MN, USA) system and 20 with the Tetric N Bond + Tetric N Ceram (Ivoclar Vivadent; Schaan, Liechtenstein) system. "Half of the teeth" in each group were subjected to a bond strength test, while the others were subjected to the microleakage test. Results. The means and standard deviation of the bond strength resistance were 27.93 (± 9.55) MPa for Adper Single bond 2 + Filtek Z250 XT system and 33.12 (± 8.18) MPa for Tetric N Bond + Tetric N Ceram system (p = 0.049). Regarding microleakage values, there were no statistically significant differences between the groups (p = 0.478). No significant correlation was observed between microtensile bond strength and microleakage (R2 = 0.0909, p = 0.196). Conclusions. No relationship was found between adhesive bond values and degree of microleakage.


Objetivos. Avaliar e comparar a relação entre a resistência de união imediata ao esmalte e a microfiltração de dois sistemas restauradores baseados em resina composta. Métodos. 40 terceiros molares foram divididos aleatoriamente em dois grupos: 20 molares restaurados usando o sistema Adper Single bond 2 + Filtek Z250 XT (3M ESPE; ST PAUL, MN, EUA); e 20 molares restaurados com o sistema Tetric N Bond + Tetric N Ceram (Ivoclar Vivadent; Schaan, Liechtenstein). Metade dos dentes de cada grupo foi utilizada para um teste de resistência de união à microtração, enquanto a outra metade foi utilizada para um teste de microfiltração (n = 10). Resultados. As mídias e o padrão de resistência de união à microtração foram 27,93 (± 9,55) para Adper Single bond 2 + Filtek Z250 XT MPa e 33,12 (± 8,18) MPa para Tetric N Bond + Tetric N Ceram (p = 0,049). Em relação aos valores de microfiltração, não houve diferença estatisticamente significativas entre os grupos (p = 0,478). Não houve correlação significativa observada entre a resistência de união à microtração e a microfiltração (R2 = 0,0909; p = 0,196). Conclusões. Não foi encontrada relação entre os valores de resistência de união e o grau de microfiltração.


Subject(s)
Composite Resins , Dental Enamel , Dental Leakage , Microstraining
10.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(2): e1508, abr.-jun. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126504

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La microfiltración coronal causada por los materiales de restauración temporal es considerada una de las causas del fracaso de los tratamientos endodónticos. A raíz de ello, en los últimos años se ha buscado crear un material de restauración temporal que sea capaz de evitar este problema. Objetivo: Comparar in vitro la microfiltración coronal de un cemento experimental y cuatro materiales de restauración temporal usados en endodoncia. Métodos: Se realizaron cavidades clase I en 90 premolares, divididos en 10 grupos (n= 9) y evaluados en dos periodos de tiempo (1 y 2 semanas). Se realizó la elaboración del cemento experimental, posteriormente se llevó a cabo el sellado coronal de las piezas dentales con el cemento experimental, Clip F (VOCO), Eugenato (MOYCO), Ketac™ Molar Easymix 3M (ESPE) y Coltosol® F. Los especímenes fueron sumergidos en tinta china (Pelikan) durante 1 y 2 semanas. Se evaluó la microfiltración en la interfase pared dentinaria-restauración temporal utilizando un esteromicroscopio (Leica Microsystems LAS EZ versión 2.0.0). La medición se realizó en milímetros en el programa LAS EZ versión 2.0.0. Resultados: Se encontró diferencias estadísticamente significativas (p < 0,05) al comparar la microfiltración coronal de los cinco materiales de restauración temporal, según el tiempo de exposición en tinta (1 y 2 semanas). Conclusiones: El cemento experimental presentó menor microfiltración que el Coltosol® F y Ketac™ Molar EasyMix 3M (ESPE); sin embargo, ninguno de los cuatro materiales fue capaz de prevenir la microfiltración en su totalidad(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Coronal microleakage caused by temporary restorative materials is viewed as one of the reasons for endodontic failure. Efforts have been made in recent years to create a temporary restorative material capable of preventing that problem. Objective: Compare in vitro coronal microleakage of an "experimental cement" and four temporary restorative materials used in endodontics. Methods: Class I cavities were made in 90 premolar teeth divided into 10 groups (n= 9) and evaluated at two time periods (1 and 2 weeks). The "experimental cement" was prepared and then coronal sealing of the teeth was performed with the experimental Cement, F (VOCO), Eugenato (MOYCO), Ketac™ Molar Easymix 3M (ESPE) and Coltosol® F. The pieces were submerged in India ink (Pelikan)for 1 and 2 weeks. Microleakage was evaluated on the interface dentin wall / temporary restoration using a stereo microscope (Leica Microsystems LAS EZ version 2.0.0). Measurement was made in millimeters using the software LAS EZ version 2.0.0. Results: Statistically significant differences were found (p < 0.05) when comparing coronal microleakage in the five temporary restorative materials according to exposure time in ink (1 and 2 weeks). Conclusions: The experimental cement had less microleakage than Coltosol® F and Ketac™ Molar EasyMix 3M (ESPE). However, none of the four materials was capable of completely preventing microleakage(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Restoration Failure , Dental Leakage/etiology , Endodontics/methods , Dental Cementum
11.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135522

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To compare the immediate microleakage of carious fissures sealed with a caries infiltrant covered by a flowable composite or solely with a flowable composite. Material and Methods: Extracted carious molars (n=20) were selected and paired among the experimental groups according to caries progression scores. Experimental groups (n=10) were divided according to the following sealing techniques: 1) caries infiltrant (Icon) + flowable composite (Z350 flow); 2) flowable composite (Z350 flow). Specimens were immersed in 3% methylene blue and evaluated in a stereomicroscope. Microleakage scores were attributed independently by two calibrated evaluators and the mode value was considered as the mean for the specimen. Binomial tests were used to test differences between two independent sample proportions at 5% significance level. Results: In the flowable composite group, a higher prevalence of dye penetration along the full depth of the fissure was observed, compared with caries infiltrant + flowable composite (p<0.05). For specimens showing dye penetration up to half of the fissure, in caries infiltrant + flowable composite group, all specimens showed dye penetration into the sealant, but not over the infiltrant. Conclusion: Using caries infiltrant as sealing material under a flowable composite cover is effective to improve the immediate sealing ability in carious fissures compared to sealing with flowable composite.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pit and Fissure Sealants/chemistry , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Dental Leakage/diagnostic imaging , Dental Materials/chemistry , Molar , Brazil , Methylene Blue
12.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e001, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055529

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study analyzed the effect of prior application of copaiba oil (CO) emulsions as a dentin cleaning substance on microleakage and microtensile adhesive strength. Twenty-five premolars and sixty-four molars were used for microleakage and microtensile assays. For the microleakage assays, specimens with standard class V cavities were divided (n = 5), according to the tested CO emulsions: CO10%X, CO10%Y, and CO10%Z, as well as chlorhexidine 2% (CHX) and distilled water (DW), as positive and negative controls, respectively. Restorations were performed using the Adper Single Bond® and/or Clearfil SE Bond® systems. Cervical, occlusal, distal and mesial sections were assessed for tracer penetration degree at the composite/tooth interface. For the microtensile assay, healthy molars were divided into sixteen groups, in which artificial caries were induced in half of the groups. Dentin surfaces were treated with CO10%X and CO10%Y, CHX and DW. Microtensile bond strength was measured by fixing each sample to the plate of a universal testing machine operated at a speed of 0.5 mm/minute until failure. Dentin treated with CO10%X showed a lower infiltration rate than dentin treated with the other CO emulsions, CHX2% and DW. According to the microtensile assay, both healthy and affected dentin treated with CO10%X and Adper Single Bond® adhesive system presented higher adhesive strength. CO emulsion, used as a dentin biomodifier, interfered positively in microleakage and improved adhesive strength after acid etching in the Adper Single Bond® adhesive system, or before applying the Clearfil SE Bond® self-etching system.


Subject(s)
Humans , Plant Oils/chemistry , Dental Bonding/methods , Dentin-Bonding Agents/chemistry , Dentin/drug effects , Fabaceae/chemistry , Surface Properties , Tensile Strength , Materials Testing , Chlorhexidine/chemistry , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Composite Resins/chemistry , Resin Cements/chemistry , Dental Cements/chemistry , Dental Leakage , Dentin/chemistry , Emulsions/chemistry
13.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e001, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089393

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study analyzed the effect of prior application of copaiba oil (CO) emulsions as a dentin cleaning substance on microleakage and microtensile adhesive strength. Twenty-five premolars and sixty-four molars were used for microleakage and microtensile assays. For the microleakage assays, specimens with standard class V cavities were divided (n = 5), according to the tested CO emulsions: CO10%X, CO10%Y, and CO10%Z, as well as chlorhexidine 2% (CHX) and distilled water (DW), as positive and negative controls, respectively. Restorations were performed using the Adper Single Bond® and/or Clearfil SE Bond® systems. Cervical, occlusal, distal and mesial sections were assessed for tracer penetration degree at the composite/tooth interface. For the microtensile assay, healthy molars were divided into sixteen groups, in which artificial caries were induced in half of the groups. Dentin surfaces were treated with CO10%X and CO10%Y, CHX and DW. Microtensile bond strength was measured by fixing each sample to the plate of a universal testing machine operated at a speed of 0.5 mm/minute until failure. Dentin treated with CO10%X showed a lower infiltration rate than dentin treated with the other CO emulsions, CHX2% and DW. According to the microtensile assay, both healthy and affected dentin treated with CO10%X and Adper Single Bond® adhesive system presented higher adhesive strength. CO emulsion, used as a dentin biomodifier, interfered positively in microleakage and improved adhesive strength after acid etching in the Adper Single Bond® adhesive system, or before applying the Clearfil SE Bond® self-etching system.


Subject(s)
Humans , Plant Oils/chemistry , Dental Bonding/methods , Dentin-Bonding Agents/chemistry , Dentin/drug effects , Fabaceae/chemistry , Surface Properties , Tensile Strength , Materials Testing , Chlorhexidine/chemistry , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Composite Resins/chemistry , Resin Cements/chemistry , Dental Cements/chemistry , Dental Leakage , Dentin/chemistry , Emulsions/chemistry
14.
Braz. dent. sci ; 23(1): 1-11, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1049834

ABSTRACT

Objective: to evaluate the marginal fit and microleakage of monolithic zirconia crowns cemented by bio-active cements (Ceramir) compared to that cemented with glass ionomer cement, and to evaluate the effect of thermocycling on marginal fit. Material and Methods: Twenty sound human molar teeth were prepared to receive monolithic zirconia crowns. Teeth were divided randomly into two equal groups according to the type of luting cement: Group I (glass ionomer cement) and group II (Ceramir cement). After cementation, the vertical marginal gap was assessed using stereomicroscope before and after thermocycling. Twenty equidistant measurement points were taken for each crown. Leakage assessment was carried out using Fuchsin dye penetration followed by digital photography under a stereomicroscope. Data were analyzed by Mann-Whitney U test to compare between the two luting cements. Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to evaluate the effect of thermocycling on the marginal fit (P ≤ 0.05). Results: Whether before or after thermocycling, the results showed no significant difference between the marginal gap values of the two tested groups. For both groups, there was a significant increase in marginal gap values after thermocycling. Also, there was no significant difference between leakage scores of the two tested groups. Conclusion: Similarity in the physical properties and chemical composition of the two cements resulted in a nonsignificant effect on the vertical marginal fit and the extent of microleakage of translucent zirconia crowns. Thermocycling had a negative impact on the vertical marginal gap of the two tested luting agents. (AU)


Objetivo: avaliar a adapatação marginal e a microinfiltração de coroas monolíticas de zircônia cimentadas com cimentos bioativos (Ceramir) em comparação com o cimento de ionômero de vidro e avaliar o efeito da termociclagem na adaptação marginal. Material e Métodos: Vinte molares humanos sadios foram preparados para receber coroas monolíticas de zircônia. Os dentes foram divididos aleatoriamente em dois grupos iguais, de acordo com o tipo de cimento: Grupo I (cimento de ionômero de vidro) e grupo II (cimento Ceramir). Após a cimentação, a adaptação marginal vertical foi avaliada com estereomicroscópio antes e após a termociclagem. Vinte pontos de medição equidistantes foram obtidos para cada coroa. A avaliação da infiltração foi realizada utilizando a penetração do corante de fucsina, seguida de fotografia digital sob estereomicroscópio. Os dados foram analisados pelo teste de Mann-Whitney para comparação entre os dois cimentos. O teste de Wilcoxon foi usado para avaliar o efeito da termociclagem na adaptação marginal (P ≤ 0,05). Resultados: Antes ou depois da termociclagem, os resultados não mostraram diferença significativa entre os valores de fenda marginal dos dois grupos testados. Para ambos os grupos, houve um aumento significativo nos valores de fenda marginal após a termociclagem. Além disso, não houve diferença significativa entre os escores de infiltração dos dois grupos testados. Conclusão: A similaridade nas propriedades físicas e na composição química dos dois cimentos resultou em um efeito não significativo na adaptação marginal vertical e na extensão da microinfiltração de coroas translúcidas de zircônia. A termociclagem teve um impacto negativo na fenda marginal vertical dos dois agentes de cimentação testados. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Zirconium , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Crowns , Dental Cements , Dental Leakage , Temperature , In Vitro Techniques , Random Allocation , Glass Ionomer Cements , Molar
15.
Braz. dent. sci ; 23(2): 1-10, 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1096450

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of different crowns finishing line location on the crown tensile bond strength, marginal adaption and nanoleakage. Material and Methods: Sixty healthy third molars were collected. For tensile bond strength, a self-adhesive resin cement was used. For marginal adaption, epoxy resin models were prepared. Prior to tensile bond strength test, images for the epoxy resin models were measured under scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Nanoleakage was measured using same protocol. Failure mode was evaluated through SEM and classified: adhesive failure, cohesive in cement, cohesive in dentin, cohesive in resin composite, cohesive in enamel, and mixed. Statistical analysis was performed using Shapiro-Wilk and Kolmogorov Smirnov normality tests, two-way ANOVA, Bonferroni (posthoc) parametric test, with significance level of 5% (P < .05), Spearman correlation test. Results: tensile bond strength was not statistically different between the cemented groups with composite resin and ceramic. Cementation of ceramic was not statistically different between the groups (enamel, 3.28 Pa; dentin, 3.14 Pa; resin, 2.85 Pa). Marginal adaption was statistically different between resin and ceramic; finish line location varied between enamel and resin (175.91 µm vs. 433.58 µm). Nanoleakage rate was statistically different among all groups, except for resin: with resin (9.49%) and ceramic (9.35%). There was a predominance of adhesive failure in all groups. Conclusion: finish line location can be performed safely in enamel and dentin. Composite resinas substrate present an alternative, but still need to be more studied. Regarding the crown's material, it is possible to perform a satisfatory restoration in both: resin and ceramic. With ceramics presenting better results. (AU)


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a influência da localização do término marginal na cimentação de coroas, na resistência à tração, adaptação marginal e nanoinfiltração, de acordo com os fatores: término marginal (dentina, esmalte e resina composta), e material restaurador (resina composta e cerâmica). Material e Métodos: Foram coletados 60 terceiros molares hígidos. Para o teste de resistência à tração, todas as amostras foram praparadas com término em chanfro e um cimento resinoso autoadesivo foi utilizado para a cimentação. Para a avaliação da adaptação marginal, foram confeccionados modelos em resina epóxica da linha de cimentação das amostras, previamente ao teste de tração, e submetidas à avaliação em microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV), para obtenção de imagens que posteriormente foram mensuradas. Para a nanoinfiltração, foram confeccionados fragmentos dos substratos e materiais restauradores, que foram cimentados com o mesmo protocolo. As amostras/imagens foram obtidas em MEV e mensurada a área infiltrada. O padrão de fratura foi avaliado através de imagens obtidas no MEV e classificados em: falha adesiva, coesiva em cimento, coesiva em dentina, coesiva em resina composta, coesiva em esmalte e mista. A análise estatística foi realizada utilizando os testes de normalidade Shapiro-Wilk e Kolmogorov Smirnov, ANOVA a dois fatores, teste paramétrico Bonferroni (post-hoc), com nível de significância de 5% (P <0,05), teste de correlação de Spearman. Resultados: a resistência à tração não foi estatisticamente diferente entre os grupos cimentados com resina composta e cerâmica. A cimentação da cerâmica não foi estatisticamente diferente entre os grupos (esmalte, 3,28 Pa; dentina, 3,14 Pa; resina, 2,85 Pa). A adaptação marginal foi estatisticamente diferente entre resina e cerâmica; a localização da linha de chegada variou entre esmalte e resina (175,91 µm vs. 433,58 µm). Para a nanoinfiltração foi estatisticamente diferente entre todos os grupos, exceto a resina: com resina (9,49%) e cerâmica (9,35%). Houve predomínio de falha adesiva em todos os grupos. Conclusão: a localização da linha de chegada pode ser realizada com segurança no esmalte e dentina. O substrato em resina composta apresenta uma alternativa promissora, mas ainda precisa ser mais estudado. Em relação ao material da coroa, é possível realizar uma restauração satisfatória tanto em resina composta quanto em cerâmica. Sendo a cerâmica, o material que apresentou melhores resultados. (AU)


Subject(s)
Tensile Strength , Metal Ceramic Alloys , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Composite Resins , Dental Leakage
16.
Braz. dent. sci ; 23(2): 1-10, 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1096329

ABSTRACT

Objectives: This study aims to evaluate the degree of conversion (DC) and microlekage scores of three different composite resins polymerized with a LED curing device in standard and extra-power mode. Material and Methods: One bulk-fill (Tetric EvoCeram Bulk-Fill ­ TECBF) and two conventional composite materials (Clearfil Majesty Posterior ­ CMP and Tetric EvoCeram ­ TEC) were evaluated. A total of 30 specimens were prepared for six groups (N = 5). These groups were polymerized with a LED curing device as follows: TECBF-6: 3200mW/cm2 for six seconds, TECBF-20: 1000mW/cm2 for 20 seconds, CMP-6: 3200mW/cm2 for six seconds, CMP-20: 1000mW/cm2 for 20 seconds, TEC-6: 3200mW/cm2 for six seconds, TEC - 20: 1000 mW/cm2 for 20 seconds. After 24 hours of water storage, DC was measured by Raman spectroscopy. Microleakage scores of the six groups were bonded to various adhesive systems (Clearfil SE Bond or Adhese Bond Universal) were also evaluated at Class II box cavities (N = 10). Results: While the highest DC was found at the top (TECBF-20= 79.92% and TECBF-6= 79.02%) and bottom surfaces (TECBF-20 = 68.94% and TECBF-6= 71.04%) for TECBF groups, TEC groups (TEC-20top = 59.06%, TEC-6top=49.66%, TEC-20bottom = 43.72% and TEC-6bottom= 40.68%) showed the lowest DC for the both surfaces (p < 0.05). Polymerization of materials in standard or extra-power mode was similar to DC (p > 0.05). Microleakage scores were found to be similar (p > 0.05). Conclusion: According to the results of the study, different power densities of LED curing light did not affect the DC of composite resins and microleakage values of restorations at small Class II cavities (AU)


Objetivo: este estudo tem como objetivo avaliar os graus de conversão (DC) e microinfiltração de três diferentes resinas compostas polimerizáveis com um dispositivo de luz por LED nos modos padrão e no modo de alta-potência. Material e métodos: uma resina bulk-fill (Tetric EvoCeram Bulk-Fill - TECBF) e dois materiais resinosos convencionais (Clearfil Majesty Posterior - CMP e Tetric EvoCeram - TEC) foram avaliados. Um total de 30 espécimes foram preparados e divididos em seis grupos (N = 5). Esses grupos foram polimerizados com um dispositivo de luz de LED da seguinte forma: TECBF-6: 3200mW / cm2 por seis segundos, TECBF-20: 1000mW / cm2 por 20 segundos, CMP-6: 3200mW / cm2 por seis segundos, CMP20: 1000mW / cm2 por 20 segundos, TEC-6: 3200mW / cm2 por seis segundos, TEC - 20: 1000 mW / cm2 por 20 segundos. Após 24 horas de armazenamento em água, a DC foi medida por espectroscopia Raman. Os escores de microinfiltração dos seis grupos dos vários sistemas adesivos (Clearfil SE Bond ou Adhese Bond Universal) também foram avaliados nas cavidades Classe II (N = 10). Resultados: embora a maior CD tenha sido encontrada nas partes superior (TECBF-20 = 79,92% e TECBF-6 = 79,02%) e inferiores (TECBF-20 = 68,94% e TECBF-6 = 71,04%) para grupos TECBF, os grupos TEC (TEC-20top = 59,06%, TEC-6top = 49,66%, TEC-20bottom = 43,72% e TEC-6bottom = 40,68%) apresentaram as menores CD para as ambas as partes (p < 0,05). A polimerização de materiais no modo padrão ou alta-potência foi semelhante à DC (p > 0,05). Os escores de microinfiltração foram semelhantes (p > 0,05). Conclusão: de acordo com os resultados do estudo, diferentes densidades de potência da luz de LED não afetaram as CD das resinas compostas e os valores de microinfiltração das restaurações em pequenas cavidades da Classe II. (AU)


Subject(s)
Spectrum Analysis, Raman , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Composite Resins , Dental Leakage
17.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190499, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1101251

ABSTRACT

Abstract Enzymatic degradation of the hybrid layer can be accelerated by the activation of dentin metalloproteinases (MMP) during the bonding procedure. MMP inhibitors may be used to contain this process. Objective To evaluate the degree of conversion (DC%), dentin bond strength (µTBS) (immediate and after 1 year of storage in water), and nanoleakage of an experimental (EXP) and a commercial (SB) adhesive system, containing different concentrations of the MMP inhibitor GM1489: 0, 1 µM, 5 µM and 10 µM. Methodology DC% was evaluated by FT-IR spectroscopy. Dentin bond strength was evaluated by µTBS test. Half of beams were submitted to the µTBS test after 24 h and the other half, after storage for 1 year. From each tooth and storage time, 2 beams were reserved for nanoleakage testing. Data were analyzed using ANOVA and Tukey's test to compare means (α=0.05). Results All adhesive systems maintained the µTBS after 1 year of storage. Groups with higher concentrations of inhibitor (5 µM and 10 µM) showed higher µTBS values than groups without inhibitor or with 1 µM. The nanoleakage values of all groups showed no increase after 1 year of storage and values were similar for SB and EXP groups, in both storage periods. The inhibitor did not affect the DC% of the EXP groups, but the SB5 and SB10 groups showed higher DC% values than those of SB0 and SB1. Conclusions The incorporation of GM1489 in the adhesive systems had no detrimental effect on DC%. The concentrations of 5 µM GM1489 for SB and 5 µM or 10 µM for EXP provided higher μTBS than groups without GM1489, in the evaluation after 1 year of storage; whereas the concentration of inhibitor did not affect adhesive systems nanoleakage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Polyethylene Glycols/chemistry , Polymethacrylic Acids/chemistry , Dental Cements/chemistry , Dentin/chemistry , Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibitors/chemistry , Methacrylates/chemistry , Reference Values , Surface Properties , Tensile Strength , Time Factors , Materials Testing , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Dental Bonding/methods , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dental Leakage , Dentin/drug effects , Dental Etching/methods
18.
Braz. dent. sci ; 23(3): 1-8, 2020. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1116095

ABSTRACT

Objective: Proper apical seal plays an important role in the success of root canal treatment. The most common cause of failure of root canal therapy is known as the lack of adequate apical seal. The aim of this in vitro study was to compare the apical microleakage of MTA Fillapex, AH26, and Endofill sealers using dye penetration method. Material and Methods: In this in vitro study, 72 single-rooted extracted human teeth were selected. The teeth were randomly divided into three experimental groups of 20 and two positive and negative control groups of 6. The canals were prepared by step-back technique and then filled with gutta-percha and one of the sealers mentioned. In the positive control group, the canals were filled with gutta-percha without sealer, and in the negative control group, the canals were prepared but not filled. The teeth were immersed in 2% methylene blue dye for 72 hours. The teeth were then cut longitudinally and the level of dye penetration was measured under a stereomicroscope. Data were analyzed by SPSS ver. 19 software, ANOVA and Bonferroni post-hoc tests. Results: The mean level of dye penetration in the Endofill test group was significantly higher than that in the AH26 and MTA Fillapex test groups. While, the observed difference between AH26 and MTA Fillapex groups was not statistically significant (p<0.05). Conclusion: The results of this study showed that AH26 and MTA Fillapex sealers did not show any significant difference in apical seal properties. However, their sealing strength was significantly greater than Endofill sealer. (AU)


Objetivo: O selamento apical adequado desempenha um papel importante no sucesso do tratamento do canal radicular. A causa mais comum de falha da terapia endodôntica é conhecida como falta de selamento apical adequado. O objetivo deste estudo in vitro foi comparar a microinfiltração apical dos cimentos MTA Fillapex, AH26 e Endofill usando o método de penetração de corantes. Materiais e métodos: Neste estudo in vitro, 72 dentes humanos unirradiculares extraídos foram selecionados. Os dentes foram divididos aleatoriamente em três grupos experimentais de 20 e dois grupos controle, positivo e negative, de 6. Os canais foram preparados pela técnica escalonada e preenchidos com guta-percha e um dos cimentos mencionados. No grupo controle positivo, os canais foram preenchidos com guta-percha sem cimento, e no grupo controle negativo, os canais foram preparados, mas não preenchidos. Os dentes foram imersos em corante azul de metileno a 2% por 72 horas. Os dentes foram então cortados longitudinalmente e o nível de penetração do corante foi medido sob um estereomicroscópio. Os dados foram analisados pelo software SPSS ver. 19 e pelos testes ANOVA e post-hoc de Bonferroni. Resultados: O nível médio de penetração do corante no grupo de teste Endofill foi significativamente maior do que nos grupos de teste AH26 e MTA Fillapex. Enquanto, a diferença observada entre os grupos AH26 e MTA Fillapex não foi estatisticamente significante (p <0,05). Conclusão: Os resultados deste estudo mostraram que os cimentos AH26 e MTA Fillapex não apresentaram diferença significativa nas propriedades do selamento apical. No entanto, suas forças de vedação foram significativamente maiores que a do cimento Endofill. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Cements , Dental Leakage
19.
Rev. ADM ; 76(4): 194-200, jul.-ago 2019. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1023068

ABSTRACT

La gutapercha es químicamente un polímero a base de isopreno, impermeable, no poroso y radiopaco entre otras características, empleado desde el siglo XIX; sin embargo manifiesta algunos inconvenientes propios del material, lo cual ha dado lugar al nacimiento de otros materiales para mejorar sus propiedades. Recientemente se ha desarrollado y caracterizado un material novedoso a base de fibra óptica recubierta por nano partículas de plata (FONP), propuesto como un material alternativo para la obturación de conductos radiculares. En el presente estudio se seleccionaron 24 dientes para conformar cuatro grupos experimentales comparativos entre la obturación con fibra óptica y con gutapercha, ambos con el sellador AH Plus. Las raíces fueron obturadas en grupos de diez y almacenadas en solución salina a 37 oC. La filtración apical se midió desde el extremo apical de la interfaz del material hasta la extensión más coronal del tinte observado microscópicamente. Se empleó la herramienta de LAS EZ V3.0 (Leica Microsystems, Switzerland), los datos se tabularon y se analizaron. Resultados: Las mediciones de microfiltración a nivel apical e intraconductos manifestaron diferencias en favor de la gutapercha, donde los grupos experimentales manifestaron una filtración promedio correspondiente a 0.872 mm en el grupo de Gutapercha/AH-PLUS y de 2.390 mm con técnica lateral utilizando FONP/AH-PLUS, aun así se evidenció que las propiedades de sellado de la fibra óptica con nanopartículas fueron suficientes para considerarlo como un material de obturación de conductos radiculares dentales como posible sustituto de la gutapercha (AU)


Gutta-percha is chemically an Isoprene-based polymer, impervious, non-porous and radiopaque, among other characteristics, used since the 19th century, it manifests some disadvantages inherent to the material, which has led to the birth of new materials with improved properties. Recently, a novel material based on optical fiber covered by silver nanoparticles (FONP) has been developed, characterized and proposed as an alternative material for root canal obturation. In the present study, 24 teeth were selected and divided into four comparative experimental groups for obturation with fiber optics and gutta-percha, both with the AH Plus sealer. The roots were sealed in groups of ten and stored in saline at 37 oC. Apical filtration test was performed from the apical end of the material interface to the most coronal extension of the dye observed microscopically. The LAS EZ V3.0 tool was used to make the measurements and the data was tabulated and analyzed. Results: Measurements of microfiltration at the apical and intracanal level showed differences in favor of gutta-percha, where the experimental groups showed an average filtration of 0.872 mm in the Gutapercha/AH-PLUS group and 2.390 mm using FONP/AH-PLUS, even so, it was evidenced that the sealing properties of the optical fiber with nanoparticles are sufficient to consider this material as a proper filling material for dental root canals as a substitute for gutta-percha (AU)


Subject(s)
Root Canal Filling Materials , Optical Fibers , Gutta-Percha , In Vitro Techniques , Pilot Projects , Statistical Analysis , Silver Compounds , Dental Leakage , Metal Nanoparticles
20.
Rev. ADM ; 76(3): 162-168, mayo-jun. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1022153

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analizar la evidencia disponible sobre los componentes de los adhesivos dentinarios, las causas de la falla de la interface dentinaadhesivo, las alternativas para disminuir este fenómeno y aumentar el tiempo de vida de las restauraciones adhesivas. Material y métodos: Se realizó una revisión de la literatura de tipo descriptiva, la búsqueda de artículos se llevó a cabo en diferentes bases de datos, bibliotecas electrónicas, buscadores académicos y búsqueda manual en revistas. Se revisaron 118 artículos, de los cuales se seleccionaron 68. Conclusiones: La adhesión dentinaria sufre degradación hidrolítica y degradación proteolítica; el acondicionado ácido de la dentina promueve la liberación de metaloproteinasas y con ello el inicio de la degradación de la interface dentino-adhesivo, por el momento los adhesivos con MDP brindan la mejor opción ya que presentan los mejores resultados para contrarrestar la degradación, además de encontrarse comercialmente al alcance de los profesionistas. Los sistemas que presentan una simplificación de la técnica en ocasiones pueden ir en detrimento de los resultados. Aún es necesario realizar investigación que conduzca a reducir la falla de la interface adhesiva a largo plazo y obtener restauraciones óptimas, duraderas y libres de microfiltraciones (AU)


Objective: Analyze the available evidence on the components of dentin adhesives, the causes of failure of the dentin-adhesive interface, the alternatives to reduce this phenomenon and increase the lifetime of adhesive restorations. Material and methods: A review of the descriptive literature was made, the search of articles was carried out in different databases, electronic libraries, academic search engines and manual search in journals. 118 articles were reviewed, of which 68 were selected. Conclusions: Dentin adhesion suffers from hydrolytic and proteolytic degradation; the acid conditioning of dentine promotes the release of metalloproteinases and with it the beginning of the degradation of the dentin-adhesive interface, for the moment the adhesives with MDP offer the best option since they present the best results to counteract the degradation besides being commercially available to professionals. Simpli file Systems less can sometimes be detrimental to the results. It is still necessary to carry out investigations that leads to a reduction on the failure of the long-term adhesive interface and obtain optimal, durable and microfiltration-free restorations (AU)


Subject(s)
Acid Etching, Dental , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Metalloproteases , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Dental Restoration Failure , Dental Leakage
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