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1.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(1): 7-11, Jan. 2020. tab
Article in English | ID: biblio-1091651

ABSTRACT

Calf diarrhea causes substantial economic losses in the cattle industry worldwide. Bovine rotavirus A (RVA) is the main viral agent that leads to enteric infection and diarrhea outbreaks in calves throughout the world. The aim of this retrospective (2006-2015) study was to determine the frequency of RVA detection in diarrheic fecal samples from beef and dairy calves from the three main cattle-producing regions of Brazil. Diarrheic fecal samples (n=1,498) of 124 beef and 56 dairy cattle herds from the Midwest, South, and Southeast geographical regions of Brazil were evaluated using the silver-stained polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (ss-PAGE) technique. RVA double stranded-RNA was identified by the ss-PAGE technique in 410 (27.4%) fecal samples. The frequency of positive samples found in beef calves (31.9%; 328/1,027) was higher than the frequency found in diarrheic fecal samples from dairy calves (17.4%; 82/471). RVA infection was identified in calves from the three Brazilian geographical regions analyzed. However, the frequency of positive diarrheic calves in the Midwest region (39.4%), predominantly beef calves, was higher than in the South (19.4%) and Southeast (17.6%) regions. The temporal distribution of RVA-infected calves evaluated by two five-year periods (2006-2010, 24.5%; 2011-2015, 28.8%) demonstrated a very similar frequency of RVA in both periods. Considering the wide regional and temporal scope of this study, it can be concluded that RVA remains an important etiology of neonatal diarrhea in calves of Brazilian cattle herds.(AU)


A diarreia neonatal ocasiona perdas econômicas importantes na pecuária bovina em todo o mundo. Rotavírus A (RVA) é o principal agente etiológico viral de infecções entéricas e surtos de diarreia em bezerros de rebanhos de corte e leite. O objetivo deste estudo retrospectivo (2006-2015) foi determinar a frequência de detecção de RVA em amostras de fezes diarreicas de bezerros de corte e leite das três principais regiões produtoras de bovinos do Brasil. Amostras de fezes diarreicas (n=1.498) de 124 rebanhos bovinos de corte e 56 rebanhos bovinos de leite das regiões Centro-Oeste, Sul e Sudeste do Brasil foram avaliadas utilizando a técnica de eletroforese em gel de poliacrilamida (EGPA). O genoma segmentado de RVA foi identificado pela técnica de EGPA em 410 (27,4%) amostras de fezes. A frequência de amostras positivas encontrada em bezerros de rebanhos de corte (31,9%; 328/1.027) foi maior que a frequência identificada em amostras de fezes diarreicas de bezerros de rebanhos leiteiros (17,4%; 82/471). A infecção por RVA foi identificada em bezerros das três regiões geográficas brasileiras analisadas. No entanto, a frequência de bezerros com diarreia positivos para RVA na região Centro-Oeste (39,4%), predominantemente de bezerros de rebanhos de corte, foi maior que nas regiões Sul (19,4%) e Sudeste (17,6%). A distribuição temporal dos bezerros infectados com RVA avaliados por dois períodos de cinco anos (2006-2010, 24,5%; 2011-2015, 28,8%) demonstrou uma frequência muito semelhante em ambos os períodos. Considerando a amplitude regional e temporal deste estudo, pode-se concluir que RVA continua sendo uma importante etiologia de diarreia neonatal em bezerros de rebanhos bovinos brasileiros.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Rotavirus Infections/veterinary , Rotavirus Infections/epidemiology , Rotavirus/pathogenicity , Gastrointestinal Diseases/etiology , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional/veterinary
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773138

ABSTRACT

In this study,the protein in different Cordyceps samples,which include fresh sample( S1),22 ℃ drying sample( S2),37 ℃ drying sample( S3) and 60 ℃ drying sample( S4),were analyzed by sodium dodecylsupinate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis( SDS-PAGE) and two-dimensional electrophoresis( 2-DE). The total protein contents in Cordyceps samples were from 1. 655-4. 493 mg·g~(-1) and the protein contents in fresh sample was the highest. The results of SDS-PAGE showed that the mainly ranges of protein molecular weight of Cordyces samples were 10-100 kDa and the numbers of protein bands were 28 to 41,the fresh sample had the maximum number of protein bands. The 2-DE profiles were analyzed by PDQuest software. The resulted indicated that 488-876 protein spots were detected in different Cordyceps samples and the isoelectric point( pI) was distributed between 4. 5 and 6. 5,the protein molecular weight was distributed in 10-20 kDa and 25-100 kDa,the fresh sample had the maximum number of protein spots. Therefore,the drying process could decrease contents and species of protein in Cordyceps,and the different drying conditions had different effects on protein. These results provide a reference for improving the drying process of Cordyceps.


Subject(s)
Cordyceps , Chemistry , Desiccation , Methods , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Fungal Proteins , Molecular Weight
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 135-144, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772869

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is one of the most common functional intestinal diseases, but its pathogenesis is still unknown. The present study aimed to screen the differentially expressed proteins in the mucosa of colon between IBS with diarrhea (IBS-D) patients and the healthy controls.@*METHODS@#Forty-two IBS-D patients meeting the Rome III diagnostic criteria and 40 control subjects from July 2007 to June 2009 in Chinese PLA General Hospital were enrolled in the present study. We examined the protein expression profiles in mucosa of colon corresponding to IBS-D patients (n = 5) and controls (n = 5) using 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) and mass spectrometry (MS). Secondly, Western blot and immunohistochemical analysis were carried out to validate the screened proteins in 27 IBS-D patients and 27 controls. Thirdly, high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was further carried out to determine ATP concentration in the mucosa of colon between 10 IBS-D patients and 8 controls. Comparisons between 2 groups were performed by Student's t-test or Mann-Whitney U-test.@*RESULTS@#Twelve differentially expressed proteins were screened out. The α-enolase (ENOA) in the sigmoid colon (0.917 ± 0.007 vs. 1.310 ± 0.100, t = 2.643, P = 0.017) and caecum (0.765 ± 0.060 vs. 1.212 ± 0.122, t = 2.225, P = 0.023), Isobutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase (ACAD8) in the sigmoid colon (1.127 ± 0.201 vs. 1.497 ± 0.392, t = 7.093, P = 0.008) of the IBS-D group were significantly lower while acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase (CT) in the caecum (2.453 ± 0.422 vs. 0.931 ± 0.652, t = 8.363, P = 0.015) and ATP synthase subunit d (ATP5H) in the sigmoid (0.843 ± 0.042 vs. 0.631 ± 0.042, t = 8.613,P = 0.007) of the IBS-D group was significantly higher, compared with the controls. The ATP concentration in the mucosa of the sigmoid colon in IBS-D group was significantly lower than that of control group (0.470 [0.180, 1.360] vs. 5.350 [2.230, 7.900], U = 55, P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Many proteins related to energy metabolism presented differential expression patterns in the mucosa of colon of the IBS-D patients. The abnormalities in energy metabolism may be involved in the pathogenesis of IBS which deserves more studies to elucidate.


Subject(s)
Adenosine Triphosphate , Metabolism , Adult , Blotting, Western , Colon , Metabolism , Pathology , Diarrhea , Metabolism , Pathology , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional , Energy Metabolism , Genetics , Physiology , Female , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Intestinal Mucosa , Metabolism , Pathology , Irritable Bowel Syndrome , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , Mass Spectrometry , Middle Aged , Proteome , Metabolism
4.
Laboratory Animal Research ; : 172-179, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786406

ABSTRACT

Glutamate leads to neuronal cell damage by generating neurotoxicity during brain development. The objective of this study is to identify proteins that differently expressed by glutamate treatment in neonatal cerebral cortex. Sprague-Dawley rat pups (post-natal day 7) were intraperitoneally injected with vehicle or glutamate (10 mg/kg). Brain tissues were isolated 4 h after drug treatment and fixed for morphological study. Moreover, cerebral cortices were collected for protein study. Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry were carried out to identify specific proteins. We observed severe histopathological changes in glutamate-exposed cerebral cortex. We identified various proteins that differentially expressed by glutamate exposure. Identified proteins were thioredoxin, peroxiredoxin 5, ubiquitin carboxy-terminal hydrolase L1, proteasome subunit alpha proteins, isocitrate dehydrogenase, and heat shock protein 60. Heat shock protein 60 was increased in glutamate exposed condition. However, other proteins were decreased in glutamate-treated animals. These proteins are related to anti-oxidant, protein degradation, metabolism, signal transduction, and anti-apoptotic function. Thus, our findings can suggest that glutamate leads to neonatal cerebral cortex damage by regulation of specific proteins that mediated with various functions.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain , Cerebral Cortex , Chaperonin 60 , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional , Glutamic Acid , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Isocitrate Dehydrogenase , Mass Spectrometry , Metabolism , Neurons , Peroxiredoxins , Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex , Proteolysis , Proteomics , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , Thioredoxins , Ubiquitin Thiolesterase
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813290

ABSTRACT

To establish a two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) map for comparative proteomic analysis of rat spinal cord with chronic morphine tolerance, and to detect differentially expression proteins that are associated with chronic morphine tolerance.
 Methods: Sixteen male SD rats received the intrathecal catheterization operation and they were randomly divided into a morphine tolerance group (MT group, n=8) and a saline group (NS group, n=8). The lumbar enlargement segments of the MT group and the NS group spinal cord were harvested and proteins were separated by 2-DE. Differential proteome profiles were established and analyzed by means of immobilized pH gradient-based two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2D-PAGE). The 2-DE maps were visualized after coomassie blue staining and analyzed using PDQuest analysis software. Identification of differential protein spots was conducted by MALDI-TOF-MS, and the Mascot query software was used to search Swiss-Prot database for bioinformatics analysis. Western blotting was used to verify the expression of some differentially expressed proteins.
 Results: A total of 1 000 spots were identified in 2-DE maps of rat spinal cord tissues from the MT group and the NS group, and 36 proteins were significantly differentially expressed in the MT group compared with the NS group. Identification was conducted by MALDI-TOF-MS and Swiss-Prot database through Mascot query software, and a total of 14 proteins were obtained. Among them, 2 protein spots were down-regulated in the MT group compared with that in the NS group, and 12 protein spots were up-regulated in the MT group compared with that in the NS group. Two kinds of proteins (NUDAA, ENOG) were verified by Western blotting and the results were consistent with proteomics data.
 Conclusion: The optimized 2-DE profiles for the proteome of spinal cord tissue in rats with chronic morphine tolerance is established preliminarily, which showed that morphine tolerance can cause changes in the expression of various proteins in the spinal cord.


Subject(s)
Animals , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional , Male , Morphine , Proteome , Proteomics , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization , Spinal Cord
6.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 22(3): 208-218, May-June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974208

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The hemoflagellate protozoan, Trypanosoma cruzi, mainly transmitted by triatomine insects through blood transfusion or from mother-to-child, causes Chagas' disease. This is a serious parasitic disease that occurs in Latin America, with considerable social and economic impact. Nifurtimox and benznidazole, drugs indicated for treating infected persons, are effective in the acute phase, but poorly effective during the chronic phase. Therefore, it is extremely urgent to find innovative chemotherapeutic agents and/or effective vaccines. Since piplartine has several biological activities, including trypanocidal activity, the present study aimed to evaluate it on two T. cruzi strains proteome. Considerable changes in the expression of some important enzymes involved in parasite protection against oxidative stress, such as tryparedoxin peroxidase (TXNPx) and methionine sulfoxide reductase (MSR) was observed in both strains. These findings suggest that blocking the expression of the two enzymes could be potential targets for therapeutic studies.


Subject(s)
Piperidones/pharmacology , Trypanocidal Agents/pharmacology , Trypanosoma cruzi/drug effects , Trypanosoma cruzi/chemistry , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Proteins/analysis , Reference Values , Mass Spectrometry , Trypanosoma cruzi/metabolism , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional , Reproducibility of Results , Oxidative Stress , Proteomics
7.
Braz. j. biol ; 78(1): 117-124, Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888838

ABSTRACT

Abstract Piper tuberculatum (Piperaceae) is a species that accumulates especially amides as secondary metabolites and several biological activities was previously reported. In this article, we report a proteomic study of P. tuberculatum. Bidimensional electrophoresis (2D SDS-PAGE) and mass spectrometry (ESI-Q-TOF) were used in this study. Over a hundred spots and various peptides were identified in this species and the putative functions of these peptides related to defense mechanism as biotic and abiotic stress were assigned. The information presented extend the range of molecular information of P. tuberculatum.


Resumo Piper tuberculatum (Piperaceae) é uma espécie que acumula especialmente amidas como metabólitos secundários e diversas atividades biológicas dessa espécie foram relatadas anteriormente. No presente artigo, relatamos um estudo proteômico dessa espécie. Eletroforese bidimensional (2D SDS-PAGE) e espectrometria de massas (ESI-Q-TOF) foram utilizadas nesse estudos. Mais de cem spots e vários peptídeos foram identificados nesta espécie e as funções putativas desses peptídeos relacionadas a mecanismo de defesa como estresse biótico e abiótico foram atribuídos. As informações apresentadas ampliam a gama de informações moleculares dessa espécie.


Subject(s)
Plant Proteins/analysis , Proteome/analysis , Piper/chemistry , Plant Proteins/physiology , Plant Proteins/chemistry , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional , Proteome/physiology , Proteome/chemistry , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization , Piper/physiology , Piper/metabolism , Proteomics
8.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 852-856, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716927

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Japanese hop (Humulus japonicus) is a major cause of weed pollinosis in East Asia. However, supplies of commercial allergen extract from this plant have not met clinical demand. The pollen of common hop (Humulus lupulus), a closely related species, may provide an alternative source if there is strong IgE cross-reactivity between these two species. We aimed to compare the IgE cross-reactivity and allergenicity of common hop and Japanese hop pollen. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-reactivity was measured by inhibition ELISA. One- and two-dimensional (2D) gel analyses combined with IgE immunoblotting and mass spectrometry [liquid chromatography coupled to electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS/MS)] were performed to detect IgE-reactive pollen components. RESULTS: Up to 16.7% of IgE reactivity to Japanese hop was inhibited by common hop. A 12-kDa protein component of Japanese hop pollen that showed the most potent IgE reaction was absent from common hop. Six IgE-reactive components from Japanese hop were detected by 2D gel electrophoresis and LC-ESI-MS/MS, but showed low Mascot scores, preventing positive identification. CONCLUSION: No significant IgE cross-reaction was observed for Japanese and common hop pollen allergens. Development of allergy diagnostic and immunotherapeutic reagents based on Japanese hop pollen are urgently needed.


Subject(s)
Allergens , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Chromatography , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Equipment and Supplies , Far East , Humans , Humulus , Hypersensitivity , Immunoblotting , Immunoglobulin E , Indicators and Reagents , Mass Spectrometry , Plants , Pollen , Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758798

ABSTRACT

Brucella abortus is a bacterium that causes brucellosis and is the causative agent of worldwide zoonoses. Pathogenesis of the B. abortus infection is complicated, and several researchers have attempted to elucidate the infection mechanism of B. abortus. While several proteins have been revealed as pathogenic factors by previous researchers, the underlying mechanism of B. abortus infection is unresolved. In this study, we identified proteins showing different expression levels in B. abortus mutants with different biological characteristics that were generated by random insertion of a transposon. Five mutants were selected based on biological characteristics, in particular, their growth features. Total proteins of mutant and wild-type B. abortus were purified and subjected to two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. Thirty protein spots of each mutant with expression increases or decreases were selected; those with a change of more than 2-fold were compared with the wild-type. Selected spots underwent liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry for peptide analysis. DnaK and ClpB, involved in protein aggregation, increased. SecA and GAPDH, associated with energy metabolism, decreased in some mutants with a growth rate slower than that of the wild-type. Mutants with slower growth showed a decrease in energy metabolism-related proteins, while mutants with faster growth showed an increase in pathogenicity-related proteins.


Subject(s)
Brucella abortus , Brucella , Brucellosis , Chromatography, Liquid , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional , Energy Metabolism , Population Characteristics , Sequence Analysis, Protein , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Zoonoses
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773976

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the innate characters of 3 endometriosis (EMT) syndromes, blood stasis (BS), qi stagnation and blood stasis (QSBS) as well as Shen (Kidney) deficiency and blood stasis (KDBS) in terms of proteomics, lay a molecular biological basis for the differentiation of various blood stasis syndromes of EMT, establish a EMT microscopic syndrome differentiation and diagnosis system in terms of proteomics, discover the evolution principles and therapeutic targets of these EMT syndromes, and search their signifificant molecular markers and genetic intervention targets.@*METHODS@#Six specimens from the ectopic and entopic endometrium tissues of patients with EMT in each syndrome, BS, QSBS as well as KDBS, in the early proliferative phase of the menstrual cycle, and 6 specimens from normal endometrium tissues in the early proliferative phase of the menstrual cycle were obtained. Three groups were formed in each syndrome by mixing two random specimens in equal amount, and then their respective two-dimensional electrophoresis graphs were obtained after total protein extraction. Finally, the detected differences in protein expression were identifified through matrix-assisted laser desorption Ionization-time of flflight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF/MS) and protein database.@*RESULTS@#The results of differential proteins expressed in each syndrome were shown as follows: BS syndrome had 2 differential proteins in entopic endometrium and 1 differential protein in ectopic endometrium; KDBS syndrome had 3 in entopic endometrium and 3 in ectopic endometrium; and QSBS syndrome had 3 in entopic endometrium and 4 in ectopic endometrium. It was found out that annexin was highly expressed in both entopic and ectopic endometrium of KDBS syndrome; and myosin light chain 3 was highly expressed in both entopic and ectopic endometrium of QSBS syndrome.@*CONCLUSION@#There are differential protein expressions among the 3 EMT syndromes, which might be the inner origin of syndrome characters, and these differential proteins might be the candidate biomarkers for the pathogenesis of various EMT syndromes.


Subject(s)
Adult , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional , Endometriosis , Blood , Metabolism , Female , Humans , Mass Spectrometry , Proteome , Metabolism , Proteomics , Methods , Syndrome
11.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 450-456 463, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773762

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise on the differential expression of rat atrial muscle Proteomics and genes, which provide research basis for the rehabilitation of chronic cardiovascular diseases and exercise -induced cardiac remodeling research.@*METHODS@#Twenty male SD rats were randomly divided into control group and experimental group (=10) according to body weight. Rats in the experimental group were trained (6 days per week),which lasted for 4 weeks of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise at a rate of 24 m·min for 40 min (load intensity equivalent to 60%~70% VO). The proteins were separated by two dimensional gel electrophoresis, and the tandem time-of- flight mass spectrometer technique was used to identify 13 candidate target protein spots. The expression levels of these 13 protein spots were up-regulated more than 5 times or down -regulated to below 1/5. The mRNA of six target proteins were detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).@*RESULTS@#By software analysis, the experimental group compared with the control group, there were 8 protein points which their expression reduced more than 4/5 and 5 protein points up-regulated more than 5 times, 13 proteins were identified by mass spectrometry protein spots, the final identification results acquired 8 proteins and a unknown protein of molecular mass 54 KDa, such as:pyruvate dehydrogenase E1α1, mitochondrial aconitate hydratase, protein disulfide isomerase A3, methylmalonic acid semialdehyde dehydrogenase, mitochondrial dihydrolipoic acid dehydrogenase, isovaleryl coenzyme A dehydrogenase, glutathione synthetase, mitogen-activated protein kinase 3 and so on. Compared with the control group, the mRNA expression of methylmalonic acid semialdehyde dehydrogenase in the atrial muscle of rats was decreased after 4 weeks of moderate aerobic exercise (0.05); The mRNA expression level of isopentenyl-CoA dehydrogenase was increased (>0.05). The results indicated that the mRNA expression level was not completely consistent with the changes in mass spectrometry identification results.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The 4 weeks moderate-intensity aerobic exercise induced ignificant changes of rats atrial muscle protemics. The majority of the 13 identified target proteins in this experiment are energy metabolism enzymes. The majority of the expression of the target protein and the mRNA expression in the atrial muscle is inconsistent and different. Exercise may affect the regulation of gene transcription or downstream translation and modification of these target proteins, resulting in the change of differential expression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional , Male , Muscles , Physical Conditioning, Animal , Proteomics , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773006

ABSTRACT

Various methods and specialized software programs are available for processing two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DGE) images. However, due to the anomalies present in these images, a reliable, automated, and highly reproducible system for 2-DGE image analysis has still not been achieved. The most common anomalies found in 2-DGE images include vertical and horizontal streaking, fuzzy spots, and background noise, which greatly complicate computational analysis. In this paper, we review the preprocessing techniques applied to 2-DGE images for noise reduction, intensity normalization, and background correction. We also present a quantitative comparison of non-linear filtering techniques applied to synthetic gel images, through analyzing the performance of the filters under specific conditions. Synthetic proteins were modeled into a two-dimensional Gaussian distribution with adjustable parameters for changing the size, intensity, and degradation. Three types of noise were added to the images: Gaussian, Rayleigh, and exponential, with signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) ranging 8-20 decibels (dB). We compared the performance of wavelet, contourlet, total variation (TV), and wavelet-total variation (WTTV) techniques using parameters SNR and spot efficiency. In terms of spot efficiency, contourlet and TV were more sensitive to noise than wavelet and WTTV. Wavelet worked the best for images with SNR ranging 10-20 dB, whereas WTTV performed better with high noise levels. Wavelet also presented the best performance with any level of Gaussian noise and low levels (20-14 dB) of Rayleigh and exponential noise in terms of SNR. Finally, the performance of the non-linear filtering techniques was evaluated using a real 2-DGE image with previously identified proteins marked. Wavelet achieved the best detection rate for the real image.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Animals , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional , Methods , Humans , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Methods , Proteins , Proteomics , Methods , Software
13.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(3): e7033, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889046

ABSTRACT

In the present study, we successfully demonstrated for the first time the existence of cardiac proteomic differences between non-selectively bred rats with distinct intrinsic exercise capacities. A proteomic approach based on two-dimensional gel electrophoresis coupled to mass spectrometry was used to study the left ventricle (LV) tissue proteome of rats with distinct intrinsic exercise capacity. Low running performance (LRP) and high running performance (HRP) rats were categorized by a treadmill exercise test, according to distance run to exhaustion. The running capacity of HRPs was 3.5-fold greater than LRPs. Protein profiling revealed 29 differences between HRP and LRP rats (15 proteins were identified). We detected alterations in components involved in metabolism, antioxidant and stress response, microfibrillar and cytoskeletal proteins. Contractile proteins were upregulated in the LVs of HRP rats (α-myosin heavy chain-6, myosin light chain-1 and creatine kinase), whereas the LVs of LRP rats exhibited upregulation in proteins associated with stress response (aldehyde dehydrogenase 2, α-crystallin B chain and HSPβ-2). In addition, the cytoskeletal proteins desmin and α-actin were upregulated in LRPs. Taken together, our results suggest that the increased contractile protein levels in HRP rats partly accounted for their improved exercise capacity, and that proteins considered risk factors to the development of cardiovascular disease were expressed in higher amounts in LRP animals.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Physical Conditioning, Animal/physiology , Running/physiology , Proteins/metabolism , Heart Function Tests/methods , Myocardium/metabolism , Organ Size , Rats, Inbred Strains , Mass Spectrometry , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional , Proteins/isolation & purification , Contractile Proteins/metabolism , Cytoskeletal Proteins/metabolism , Proteomics , Desmin/metabolism , Heart Ventricles/metabolism , Heat-Shock Proteins/metabolism
14.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 49(supl.1): 160-165, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974323

ABSTRACT

Abstract Sclareol is an important intermediate for ambroxide synthesis industries. Hyphozyma roseonigra ATCC 20624 was the only reported strain capable of degrading sclareol to the main product of sclareol glycol, which is the precursor of ambroxide. To date, knowledge is lacking about the effects of sclareol on cells and the proteins involved in sclareol metabolism. Comparative proteomic analyses were conducted on the strain H. roseonigra ATCC 20624 by using sclareol or glucose as the sole carbon source. A total of 79 up-regulated protein spots with a >2.0-fold difference in abundance on 2-D gels under sclareol stress conditions were collected for further identification. Seventy spots were successfully identified and finally integrated into 30 proteins. The up-regulated proteins under sclareol stress are involved in carbon metabolism; and nitrogen metabolism; and replication, transcription, and translation processes. Eighteen up-regulated spots were identified as aldehyde dehydrogenases, which indicating that aldehyde dehydrogenases might play an important role in sclareol metabolism. Overall, this study may lay the fundamentals for further cell engineering to improve sclareol glycol production.


Subject(s)
Ascomycota/metabolism , Fungal Proteins/metabolism , Diterpenes/metabolism , Ascomycota/genetics , Ascomycota/chemistry , Fungal Proteins/chemistry , Carbon/metabolism , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional , Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal , Proteomics , Glucose/metabolism
15.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(8): e7044, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951748

ABSTRACT

In this study, we screened differentially expressed genes in a multidrug-resistant isolate strain of Clostridium perfringens by RNA sequencing. We also separated and identified differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) in the isolate strain by two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) and mass spectrometry (MS). The RNA sequencing results showed that, compared with the control strain, 1128 genes were differentially expressed in the isolate strain, and these included 227 up-regulated genes and 901 down-regulated genes. Bioinformatics analysis identified the following genes and gene categories that are potentially involved in multidrug resistance (MDR) in the isolate strain: drug transport, drug response, hydrolase activity, transmembrane transporter, transferase activity, amidase transmembrane transporter, efflux transmembrane transporter, bacterial chemotaxis, ABC transporter, and others. The results of the 2-DE showed that 70 proteins were differentially expressed in the isolate strain, 45 of which were up-regulated and 25 down-regulated. Twenty-seven DEPs were identified by MS and these included the following protein categories: ribosome, antimicrobial peptide resistance, and ABC transporter, all of which may be involved in MDR in the isolate strain of C. perfringens. The results provide reference data for further investigations on the drug resistant molecular mechanisms of C. perfringens.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bacterial Proteins/genetics , Clostridium perfringens/genetics , Sequence Analysis, RNA/methods , Genes, MDR , Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial/genetics , Mass Spectrometry/methods , Bacterial Proteins/metabolism , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional/methods , Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial/genetics , Genome, Bacterial/genetics , Clostridium perfringens/classification , Clostridium perfringens/drug effects , Clostridium perfringens/metabolism , DNA, Complementary , Proteome/genetics , Transcriptome/genetics , Gene Ontology
16.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 112(12): 850-856, Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040565

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND The surface of infected red blood cells (iRBCs) has been widely investigated because of the molecular complexity and pathogenesis mechanisms involved. Asymptomatic individuals are important in the field because they can perpetuate transmission as natural reservoirs and present a challenge for diagnosing malaria because of their low levels of circulating parasites. Recent studies of iRBC antibody recognition have shown that responses are quantitatively similar in symptomatic and asymptomatic infections, but no studies have characterised the plasmodial proteins targeted by this response. OBJECTIVES Our main objective was to identify Plasmodium falciparum proteins associated with iRBC ghosts recognised by antibodies in the sera of symptomatic and asymptomatic individuals in the Brazilian Amazon. METHODS We collected symptomatic and asymptomatic sera from patients residing in the Brazilian Amazon and P. falciparum iRBC ghosts to identify the proteins involved in natural antibody recognition by 2D-electrophoresis, western blotting, and high- resolution mass spectrometry. FINDINGS 2D gel-based immunoproteome analysis using symptomatic and asymptomatic sera identified 11 proteins with at least one unique peptide, such as chaperones HSP70-1 and HSP70-x, which likely are components of the secretion machinery/PTEX translocon. PfEMP1 is involved in antigenic variation in symptomatic infections and we found putative membrane proteins whose functions are unknown. MAIN FINDINGS Our results suggest a potential role of old and new proteins, such as antigenic variation proteins, iRBC remodelling, and membrane proteins, with no assigned functions related to the immune response against P. falciparum, providing insights into the pathogenesis, erythrocyte remodelling, and secretion machinery important for alternative diagnosis and/or malaria therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Plasmodium falciparum/immunology , Antibodies, Protozoan/genetics , Erythrocyte Membrane/parasitology , Antigens, Protozoan/genetics , Plasmodium falciparum/genetics , Mass Spectrometry , Antibodies, Protozoan/immunology , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional , Blotting, Western , Proteomics , Erythrocyte Membrane/immunology , Asymptomatic Infections , Antigens, Protozoan/immunology
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311410

ABSTRACT

In the present study, we used a proteomics approach based on a two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) reference map to investigate protein expression in the ovarian tissues of pubertal Swiss-Webster mice subjected to carbon ion radiation (CIR). Among the identified proteins, ubiquitin carboxy-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCH-L1) is associated with the cell cycle[1] and that it influences proliferation in ovarian tissues. We analyzed the expression of UCH-L1 and the proliferation marker proliferation cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) following CIR using immunoblotting and immunofluorescence. The proteomics and biochemical results provide insight into the underlying mechanisms of CIR toxicity in ovarian tissues.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biomarkers , Carrier Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional , Female , Gene Expression , Heavy Ion Radiotherapy , Mice , Ovary , Radiation Effects , Proteomics , Random Allocation , Ubiquitin Thiolesterase , Genetics , Metabolism
19.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 19(5): 37-43, Sept. 2016. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-797334

ABSTRACT

Background: Brettanomyces bruxellensis is an important spoilage yeast in the winemaking process. The capacity of this yeast to generate an undesired off-flavor constitutes a significant loss in the Chilean wine industry. Results: The proteomic profile of B. bruxellensis in the presence of p-coumaric acid was determined by 2D gel electrophoresis, gel image analysis and differential spot selection. A set of 41 proteins showed a differential accumulation of ±2 and a p-value <0.0001. The homology sequence analysis was performed using the databases available. Differential proteins belonged to the categories of 'energy production and conversion' and 'amino acid transport and metabolism'. Conclusions: The proteomic profile of B. bruxellensis cultivated in the presence of p-coumaric acid in synthetic wine, agrees with the hypothesis of metabolic flux regulation, allowing a better conditioning to an adverse environment. This study involved the translational level of B. bruxellensis in the production of ethylphenols and corroborated that this yeast presented an advantage in these stress conditions. Thus, this work will allow an understanding of the regulation and processes involved in the production of ethyl-derivate compounds by B. bruxellensis. Furthermore, it allows the development of newer and better techniques for spoilage yeast control.


Subject(s)
Wine , Coumaric Acids/metabolism , Proteome , Brettanomyces/metabolism , Phenols , Yeasts , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional , Electrophoresis , Wine Industry
20.
Recife; s.n; 2016. 57 p. ilus, graf, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-870276

ABSTRACT

O gênero Biomphalaria possui espécies de grande relevância médica uma vez que atuam como hospedeiros intermediários naturais do parasita Schistosoma mansoni, causador da esquistossomose. Dentro desse gênero de moluscos, três espécies são tidas como hospedeiros naturais do parasita, Biomphalaria glabrata, B. straminea e B. tenagophila. O perfil de suscetibilidade à infecção por S. mansoni dentro do gênero é muito variado e muitas pesquisas buscam elucidar a dinâmica da relação parasita-hospedeiro intermediário na finalidade de criar novas medidas de controle da doença. Por isso, esse estudo tem como objetivo determinar o perfil bidimensional de proteínas que podem estar envolvidas na resposta imune contra o S. mansoni comparando duas espécies com diferentes perfis de susceptibilidade B. glabrata, B. straminea além de uma refratária ao S. mansoni, a B. straminea R3. Para isso, os caramujos de cada espécie foram divididos em dois grupos: Infectado, expostos aos miracídios do S. mansoni; e Controle, submetidos ao estresse do processo de infecção livre de miracídios. A hemolinfa foi retirada 24 horas após a exposição. Foi feito o extrato proteico total e determinada a concentração das proteínas totais para cada grupo investigado. As proteínas foram separadas por eletroforese bidimensional onde foi obtido o ponto isoelétrico e peso molecular de todos os spots nos géis...


The Biomphalaria has species of great medical relevance since that act as natural intermediate hosts of the parasite Schistosoma mansoni, which causes schistosomiasis. Within this kind of mollusks, three species are considered natural hosts of the parasite, Biomphalaria glabrata, B. stramineaand B. tenagophila. The profile of usceptibility to S. mansoni infection within the genre is very varied and many studies seek to elucidate the dynamics of host-parasite relationship intermediary in order to create new disease control easures. Therefore, this study aims to determine the two-dimensional profile of proteins that may be involved in the immune response against S. mansonicomparing two species with different susceptibility profiles B. glabrata, B. straminea and a refractory to S. mansoni, B. straminea R3. For that, the snails of each species were divided into two groups: Infected exposed to iracidia of S. mansoni; and control, subjected to stress the miracidia free infection process. The hemolymph was removed 24 hours after exposure. It was made the total protein extract and determined the concentration of total protein for each group investigated. Proteins were separated by two-dimensional electrophoresis was obtained where the isoelectric point and molecular weight of all the spots in the gels...


Subject(s)
Animals , Biomphalaria/immunology , Host-Parasite Interactions , Schistosoma mansoni/pathogenicity , Antigens, Helminth/analysis , Biomphalaria/parasitology , Case-Control Studies , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional/methods , Hemocytes , Hemolymph/cytology , Proteomics
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