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Acta cir. bras ; 37(2): e370203, 2022. graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1374068


Purpose: To analyze the effect and mechanism of dexmedetomidine (DEX) analgesia pretreatment on functional chronic visceral pain in rats. Methods: Rats were divided into six groups: W1, W2, W3, W4, W5, and W6. The behavioral changes and electrophysiological indexes of rats in each group before and after DEX treatment were detected. Results: The levels of abdominal withdrawal reflex (AWR) in W5 and W6 groups were significantly lower than those in group W3, while the levels of thermal withdrawal latency (TWL) and mechanical withdrawal threshold (MWT) were significantly higher than those in group W3 (p < 0.05). The electromyographic signals of W1, W5, and W6 groups showed little fluctuation, while those of groups W2, W3, and W4 showed obvious fluctuation. TLR4 mRNA expression, IRF3, P65, and phosphorylation levels in W4, W5, and W6 groups were significantly lower than those in group W2 (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Dexmedetomidine epidural anesthesia pretreatment could significantly inhibit visceral pain response in rats with functional chronic visceral pain, and its mechanism was related to the activation of TLR4 in spinal dorsal horn tissue of rats and the activation inhibition of IRF3 and P65 in the downstream key signals.

Animals , Rats , Dexmedetomidine/administration & dosage , Toll-Like Receptor 4/analysis , Visceral Pain/drug therapy , Analgesia/methods , Electrophysiological Phenomena
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 85-90, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927903


Objective: To compare the difference between the built-in and external reference electrode of microwire electrode array in the process of recording rat brain neuron firings, optimizing the production and embedding of the microwire electrode array, and providing a more affordable and excellent media tool for multi-channel electrophysiological real-time recording system. Methods: A 16 channel microwire electrode array was made by using nickel chromium alloy wires, circuit board, electrode pin and ground wires (silver wires). The reference electrode of the microwire electrode array was built-in (the reference electrode and electrode array were arranged in parallel) or external (the reference electrode and ground wire were welded at both ends of one side of the electrode), and the difference between the two electrodes was observed and compared in recording neuronal discharges in ACC brain area of rats. Experimental rats were divided into built-in group and external group, n=8-9. The test indicators included signal-to-noise ratio (n=8), discharge amplitude (n=380) and discharge frequency (n=54). Results: The microwire electrode array with both built-in and external reference electrodes successfully recorded the electrical signals of neurons in the ACC brain region of rats. Compared with the external group, the electrical signals of neurons in built-in group had the advantages of a higher signal-to-noise ratio (P<0.05), a smaller amplitude of background signals and less noise interference, and a larger discharge amplitude(P<0.05); there was no significant difference in spike discharge frequency recorded by these two types of electrodes (P>0.05). Conclusion: When recording the electrical activity of neurons in the ACC brain region of rats, the microwire electrode array with built-in reference electrode recorded electrical signals with higher signal-to-noise ratio and larger discharge amplitude, providing a more reliable tool for multi-channel electrophysiology technology.

Animals , Rats , Action Potentials/physiology , Brain , Electrophysiological Phenomena , Microelectrodes , Neurons
Rev. CEFAC ; 23(2): e1220, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155329


ABSTRACT Purpose: to analyze forward masking in normally hearing young people, by using frequency-following responses. Methods: the synthetic syllable /da/ was used for the recordings of ten individuals, in the following conditions: /da/ with no masking, and /da/ after 4, 16, 32, and 64 milliseconds of masking. F-test (ANOVA) was applied for repeated measures with the Greenhouse-Geisser correction to compare testing conditions. For significant differences, multiple comparisons (between pairs of conditions) and Bonferroni correction were used. Data normality was verified by applying the Shapiro-Wilk test, and statistical significance was used at 5%. Results: wave latencies of all masking conditions were compared with those of no masking. A latency delay was observed in the transient region of the response (PV and A) in all masking conditions, except for 64 milliseconds. Latency delay also occurred for waves PW, PX, and PY, which corresponded to the sustained region of the response. Conclusion: forward masking was observed, by using frequency-following responses with /da/ syllable in four intervals (4, 16, 32, and 64 ms) of preceding masking. Forward masking was more evident in the transient region of the response than in the sustained one. This study highlights the importance of electrophysiological testing in temporal processing assessment.

Pitch Perception/physiology , Evoked Potentials/physiology , Reaction Time , Cross-Sectional Studies , Electrophysiological Phenomena
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 78(8): 481-487, Aug. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131739


ABSTRACT Background: Guillain-Barre syndrome is an acute immune-mediated polyneuropathy characterized by rapidly evolving symptoms and disability. Cerebrospinal fluid analysis and electrophysiological studies are crucial in the diagnosis of this syndrome. Objective: To evaluate the prognostic value of the type and number of demyelinating findings and cerebrospinal fluid protein levels in patients with acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed electrophysiological data and cerebrospinal fluid of 67 consecutive patients with acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy from Istanbul, Turkey (2011-2019) studied ≤ 24 hours post-onset. Results: The patients who met a higher number of demyelinating criteria had increased disability scores in the first day and first month, and higher cerebrospinal fluid protein levels were correlated with worse prognosis both on the first day and the first month. However, the disability scores did not correlate with any single specific criterion, and no significant correlation was found between the number of satisfied criteria and cerebrospinal fluid protein levels. Conclusions: The number of demyelinating criteria that are met and high cerebrospinal fluid protein levels at the disease onset may be valuable prognostic markers. More systematic studies conducted with serial nerve conduction studies are required to highlight the roles of the suggested criteria in clinical practice.

RESUMO Introdução: A síndrome de Guillain-Barré é uma polineuropatia imunomediada aguda caracterizada por sintomas e incapacidade em rápida evolução. A análise do líquido cefalorraquidiano e os estudos eletrofisiológicos são cruciais no diagnóstico dessa síndrome. Objetivo: Avaliar o valor prognóstico do tipo e número de achados desmielinizantes e dos níveis de proteínas do líquido cefalorraquidiano em pacientes com polineuropatia desmielinizante inflamatória aguda. Métodos: Analisamos retrospectivamente dados eletrofisiológicos e líquido cefalorraquidiano de 67 pacientes consecutivos com polineuropatia desmielinizante inflamatória aguda de Istambul, Turquia (2011-2019), estudados ≤24 horas após o início. Resultados: Os pacientes que atenderam a um número maior de critérios desmielinizantes apresentaram escores de incapacidade aumentados no primeiro dia e no primeiro mês, e níveis mais altos de proteína do líquido cefalorraquidiano foram correlacionados com pior prognóstico no primeiro dia e no primeiro mês. No entanto, os escores de incapacidade não se correlacionaram com nenhum critério específico e não foi encontrada correlação significativa entre o número de critérios satisfeitos e os níveis de proteína do líquido cefalorraquidiano. Conclusões: O número de critérios desmielinizantes atendidos e altos níveis de proteína no líquido cefalorraquidiano no início da doença podem ser marcadores prognósticos valiosos. Estudos mais sistemáticos conduzidos com estudos de condução nervosa em série são necessários para destacar os papéis dos critérios sugeridos na prática clínica.

Humans , Guillain-Barre Syndrome , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Electrophysiological Phenomena , Neurologic Examination
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 114(2): 275-280, Feb. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088873


Abstract Background: The risk of cardiovascular events and sudden death increases with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Objective: To evaluate electrocardiographic markers of arrhythmias in T1DM patients. Methods: Electrocardiographic parameters reflecting ventricular depolarization and repolarization, namely, QT, QTc, QTd, QTdc, Tp-e, JT, and JTc intervals and Tp-e/QT and Tp-e/QTc ratios, of 46 patients diagnosed with T1DM were retrospectively analyzed and compared with 46 healthy age-, sex-, and body mass-matched controls. Correlations between T1DM duration, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), and ventricular repolarization variables were analyzed. P values lower than 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results: Diabetes duration was 16.6 ± 7.1 years, and HbA1c was 10.81% ± 3.27% in the T1DM group. In comparison with the control group, heart rate, QTc, QTd, QTdc, Tp-e and JTc intervals, Tp-e/QT ratio (p < 0.001), and Tp-e/QTc ratio (p = 0.007) were significantly higher in T1DM patients. T1DM duration and HbA1c levels were significantly correlated with QTc, QTd, QTdc, Tp-e, and JTc intervals and Tp-e/QT and Tp-e/QTc ratios. Conclusions: In T1DM patients, potential electrocardiographic repolarization predictors were significantly increased in correlation with disease duration and HbA1c levels. These findings may contribute to the understanding of sudden cardiac death in patients with T1DM.

Resumo Fundamento: O risco de eventos cardiovasculares e morte súbita aumenta com diabetes mellitus tipo 1 (DM1). Objetivo: Avaliar alguns marcadores eletrocardiográficos de arritmias em pacientes com DM1. Métodos: Parâmetros eletrocardiográficos que refletem despolarização e repolarização ventricular, a saber, os intervalos QT, QTc, QTd, QTdc, Tp-e, JT e JTc e as relações Tp-e/QT e Tp-e/QTc, de 46 pacientes diagnosticados com DM1 foram retrospectivamente analisados e comparados com 46 controles saudáveis, pareados por idade, sexo e massa corporal. As correlações entre duração de DM1, HbA1c e variáveis de repolarização ventricular foram analisadas. Foram considerados estatisticamente significativos os valores de p inferiores a 0,05. Resultados: A duração de diabetes foi de 16,6 ± 7,1 anos, e HbA1c foi 10,81% ± 3,27% no grupo DM1. Em comparação com o grupo controle, a frequência cardíaca, os intervalos QTc, QTd, QTdc, Tp-e e JTc, a relação Tp-e/QT (p < 0,001) e a relação Tp-e/QTc (p = 0,007) foram significativamente mais altos em pacientes com DM1. A duração de DM1 e os níveis de HbA1c foram significativamente correlacionados com os intervalos QTc, QTd, QTdc, Tp-e e JTc e com as relações Tp-e/QT e Tp-e/QTc. Conclusões: Em pacientes com DM1, potenciais preditores eletrocardiográficos de repolarização foram significativamente aumentados em correlação com a duração da doença e com os níveis de HbA1c. Estes achados podem contribuir à compreensão da morte súbita cardíaca em pacientes com DM1.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/physiopathology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/physiopathology , Reference Values , Time Factors , Glycated Hemoglobin/analysis , Case-Control Studies , Retrospective Studies , Death, Sudden, Cardiac , Statistics, Nonparametric , Electrocardiography/methods , Electrophysiological Phenomena/physiology , Heart Rate
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 386-394, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827430


OBJECTIVES@#To establish an electrophysiological model of alcoholic cardiomyopathy by inducing pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) to differentiate into cardiomyocytes (iPSC-CM) in vitro.@*METHODS@#The human iPSC were expanded in vitro and differentiated into iPSC-CM. The iPSC-CM were divided into a blank control group, an alcoholic experiment group (according to the concentration of alcoholic, the alcoholic experiment was also divided into many subgroups), and a KN93 treatment group. Then the efficiency of iPSC differentiated to iPSC-CM was detected by immunofluorescence, the function of iPSC-CM was detected by cell counting kit-8 (CCK8) assay and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity assay kit. The electrophysiological activity of iPSC-CM was monitored by real time cellular analysis (RTCA), the injury of iPSC-CM caused by alcohol was further verified by the mitochondrial membrane potential fluorescence probe JC-1 staining combined with RTCA analysis.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the blank control group, the different doses (25, 50, 100, 150, 200, 250, 300 mmol/L) of alcohol could significantly inhibit the proliferation of iPSC-CM in a dose-dependent manner (all <0.05). Compared with the blank control group, the activity of iPSC-CM was significantly reduced by 100 mmol/L alcohol, resulting in the increase of LDH release, the decrease of mitochondrial membrane potential, the amplitude and beating rate (all <0.05). Compared with the 100 mg/mL alcoholic experiment group, the KN93 treatment group significantly alleviated the damage of alcohol to iPSC-CM by blocking the necrotic apoptotic pathway, resulting in the decrease of LDH release, the increase of mitochondrial membrane potential, the amplitude and beating rate (all <0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The electrophysiological model of alcoholic cardiomyopathy based on the differentiation of cardiomyocytes are successfully established, which can be used to study the electrophysiological activity and the molecular mechanism for relevant diseases, and it may provide a more reasonable and effective research tool for drug screening and clinical study.

Humans , Cardiomyopathy, Alcoholic , Cell Differentiation , Electrophysiological Phenomena , Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells , Myocytes, Cardiac
Audiol., Commun. res ; 25: e2152, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131801


RESUMO Objetivo avaliar a influência da variável sexo nos valores da latência e amplitude da onda V do potencial evocado auditivo de tronco encefálico, com diferentes estímulos em neonatos. Métodos participaram deste estudo 62 neonatos nascidos a termo (29 do sexo feminino e 33 do sexo masculino). Realizou-se a pesquisa de limiar eletrofisiológico do potencial evocado auditivo de tronco encefálico com quatro estímulos diferentes (clique, Ichirp banda larga-BL, tone burst e Ichirp-frequência específica-FE), nas intensidades de 60, 40 e 20 dBnNA. A variável sexo foi comparada para cada estímulo e intensidade. Resultados os resultados obtidos demonstraram menor latência e maior amplitude no sexo feminino para o estímulo clique. Entretanto, para o estímulo tone burst, o sexo feminino apresentou maior latência e maior amplitude. Quando utilizados os estímulos Ichirp-BL e Ichirp-FE, a variável sexo não apresentou diferença estatisticamente significativa para os valores de latência e amplitude. Conclusão a onda V do PEATE de neonatos sofre influência da variável sexo, quando utilizados os estímulos clique e tone burst. Entretanto, não houve tal influência quando utilizado o estímulo Ichirp banda larga-BL e o estímulo Ichirp frequência específica-FE.

ABSTRACT Purpose To evaluate the influence of gender on the brainstem auditory evoked potentials V-wave latency and amplitude values in newborns, with different stimuli. Methods 62 full-term newborns (29 females and 33 males) participated in this study. The electrophysiological threshold of the brainstem auditory evoked potential was investigated with four different stimuli - click, broadband (BB) Ichirp, tone-burst, and specific-frequency (SF) Ichirp -, in intensities of 60, 40 and 20 dBnHL. The genders were compared in each stimulus and intensity. Results The results obtained showed lower latency and greater amplitude in females for the click stimulus. However, for tone-burst, the females presented higher latency and greater amplitude. When the BB-Ichirp and SF-Ichirp stimuli were used, the gender did not present a statistically significant difference in the latency and amplitude values. Conclusion The BAEP V-wave in newborns is influenced by gender when the click and tone-burst stimuli are used. However, such influence was not noted when the BB-Ichirp and SF-Ichirp stimuli were used.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Sex Factors , Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem/physiology , Neonatal Screening , Term Birth , Electrophysiological Phenomena , Auditory Threshold , Audiology , Electrophysiology
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 239-244, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776522


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the characteristic changes of the peripheral chorda tympanic nerve (CT) electrophysiological responses to salty stimulus and other taste stimuli in rats with the conditioned taste aversion to saltiness.@*METHODS@#Fourteen adult SD male rats were divided into a conditioned taste aversion to salty group (CTA) and a control group (Ctrl) (n=7/group). On the first day of the experiment, rats were given a 0.1 mol/L NaCl intake for 30 min, then, the rats in CTA and Ctrl groups were injected intraperitoneally with 2 ml of 0.15 mol/L LiCl and the same amount of saline respectively. On day 2, 3 and 4, the 30 min consumption of NaCl and distilled water was measured for both groups of rats. On the 4th day after the behavioral test of that day, CT electrophysiological recording experiments were performed on CTA rats and control rats.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the rats in Ctrl group, the electrophysiological characteristics of CT in CTA group rats did not change significantly the responses to the series of NaCl and other four basic taste stimuli (P>0.05). The amiloride, the epithelial sodium channel blocker, strongly inhibited the response of CT to NaCl in CTA and Ctrl group rats (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The electrophysiological responses of CT to various gustatory stimuli do not significantly change in rats after the establishment of conditional taste aversion to the saltiness.

Animals , Male , Rats , Amiloride , Pharmacology , Chorda Tympani Nerve , Physiology , Conditioning, Classical , Electrophysiological Phenomena , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sodium Chloride , Taste , Physiology
Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition ; : 518-526, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760890


PURPOSE: Limited means exist to assess gastrointestinal activity in pediatric patients postoperatively. Recently, myoelectric gastrointestinal activity recorded by cutaneous patches has been shown in adult patients to be predictive of clinical return of gastrointestinal function postoperatively. The aim of this case series is to demonstrate the feasibility of this system in pediatric patients and to correlate myoelectric signals with return of bowel function clinically. METHODS: Pediatric patients undergoing abdominal surgery were recruited to have wireless patches placed on the abdomen within two hours postoperatively. Myoelectric data were transmitted wirelessly to a mobile device with a user-interface and forwarded to a cloud server where processing algorithms identified episodes of motor activity, quantified their parameters and nominally assigned them to specific gastrointestinal organs based on their frequencies. RESULTS: Three patients (ages 5 months, 4 year, 16 year) were recruited for this study. Multiple patches were placed on the older subjects, while the youngest had a single patch due to space limitations. Rhythmic signals of the stomach, small intestine, and colon could be identified in all three subjects. Patients showed gradual increase in myoelectric intestinal and colonic activity leading up to the first recorded bowel movement. CONCLUSION: Measuring myoelectric intestinal activity continuously using a wireless patch system is feasible in a wide age range of pediatric patients. The increase in activity over time correlated well with the patients' return of bowel function. More studies are planned to determine if this technology can predict return of bowel function or differentiate between physiologic ileus and pathologic conditions.

Adult , Humans , Abdomen , Colon , Electrophysiological Phenomena , Gastrointestinal Tract , Ileus , Intestinal Diseases , Intestine, Small , Motor Activity , Myoelectric Complex, Migrating , Stomach
The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology ; : 71-79, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-728023


Body surface potential map, an electric potential distribution on the body torso surface, enables us to infer the electrical activities of the heart. Therefore, observing electric potential projected to the torso surface can be highly useful for diagnosing heart diseases such as coronary occlusion. The BSPM for the heart of a patient show a higher level of sensitivity than 12-lead ECG. Relevant research has been mostly based on clinical statistics obtained from patients, and, therefore, a simulation for a variety of pathological phenomena of the heart is required. In this study, by using computer simulation, a body surface potential map was implemented according to various occlusion locations (distal, mid, proximal occlusion) in the left anterior descending coronary artery. Electrophysiological characteristics of the body surface during the ST segment period were observed and analyzed based on an ST isointegral map. We developed an integrated system that takes into account the cellular to organ levels, and performed simulation regarding the electrophysiological phenomena of the heart that occur during the first 5 minutes (stage 1) and 10 minutes (stage 2) after commencement of coronary occlusion. Subsequently, we calculated the bipolar angle and amplitude of the ST isointegral map, and observed the correlation between the relevant characteristics and the location of coronary occlusion. In the result, in the ventricle model during the stage 1, a wider area of ischemia led to counterclockwise rotation of the bipolar angle; and, during the stage 2, the amplitude increased when the ischemia area exceeded a certain size.

Humans , Cardiac Electrophysiology , Computer Simulation , Coronary Occlusion , Coronary Vessels , Electrocardiography , Electrophysiological Phenomena , Electrophysiology , Heart , Heart Diseases , Ischemia , Torso
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 40(12): 763-770, Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-977813


Abstract Objective The aim of the present study was to provide a better understanding of the specific action of two follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) isoforms (β-follitropin and sheep FSH) on the membrane potential of human cumulus cells. Methods Electrophysiological data were associated with the characteristics of the patient, such as age and cause of infertility. The membrane potential of cumulus cells was recorded with borosilicate microelectrodes filled with KCl (3 M) with tip resistance of 15 to 25 MΩ. Sheep FSH and β-follitropin were topically administered onto the cells after stabilization of the resting potential for at least 5 minutes. Results In cumulus cells, the mean resting membrane potential was - 34.02 ± 2.04 mV (n = 14). The mean membrane resistance was 16.5 ± 1.8 MΩ (n = 14). Sheep FSH (4 mUI/mL) and β-follitropin (4 mUI/mL) produced depolarization in the membrane potential 180 and 120 seconds after the administration of the hormone, respectively. Conclusion Both FSH isoforms induced similar depolarization patterns, but β-follitropin presented a faster response. A better understanding of the differences of the effects of FSH isoforms on cell membrane potential shall contribute to improve the use of gonadotrophins in fertility treatments.

Resumo Objetivo O objetivo do presente estudo foi fornecer uma melhor compreensão da ação específica de duas isoformas de hormônio folículo estimulante (FSH, sigla em inglês) (β-folitropina e FSH ovino) no potencial de membrana de células do cumulus oophorus humanas. Métodos Dados eletrofisiológicos foram associados às características da paciente, como idade e causa da infertilidade. O potencial de membrana das células do cumulus foi registrado com microeletrodos de borossilicato preenchidos com KCl (3 M) com uma resistência de 15 a 25 MΩ. O FSH ovino e a β-folitropina foram administrados topicamente nas células após a estabilização do potencial de repouso durante pelo menos 5 minutos. Resultados Nas células do cumulus, o potencial médio de membrana em repouso foi de -34,02 ± 2,04 mV (n = 14). A resistência média da membrana foi de 16,5 ± 1,8 MΩ (n = 14). O FSH ovino (4 mUI/mL) e a β-folitropina (4 mUI/mL) produziram despolarização no potencial de membrana 180 e 120 segundos após a aplicação do hormônio, respectivamente. Conclusão Ambas as isoformas de FSH induzem padrões de despolarização semelhantes, mas a β-folitropina apresentou uma resposta mais rápida. Uma melhor compreensão das diferenças dos efeitos das isoformas do FSH no potencial da membrana celular contribuirá para aprimorar o uso das gonadotrofinas no estímulo ovariano controlado e em protocolos de maturação oocitária in vitro.

Humans , Female , Adult , Cumulus Cells/physiology , Follicle Stimulating Hormone/physiology , Cells, Cultured , Protein Isoforms , Electrophysiological Phenomena
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 22(3): 239-244, July-Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975573


Abstract Introduction The use of the speech-evoked auditory brainstem response (ABR) shows how the brainstem operates up to the subcortex in a more complexmanner than when the click-evoked ABR is used. Objective To study the applicability of the speech-evoked ABR in adults with hearing loss. Methods The sample was composed of a study group of 11 subjects, with ages ranging between 18 and 59 years, and auditory thresholds within normal standards, with loss of up to 65 dB at high frequencies or up to moderately severe symmetric sensorineural hearing loss. The sample underwent a basic audiological assessment, as well as speech-evoked ABR and click-evoked ABR, in which waves I, III and V, and V, A, C, D, E, F were respectively marked. The electrophysiological assessments were performed using the SmartEP device (Intelligent Hearing Systems, Miami, FL, US). Results For the speech-evoked ABR, the reference values were used in the identification and analysis of the study group. Those values found for the study group were: V = 8.56; A = 10.97; C = 21.33; D = 29.51; E = 37.93; F = 46.96; and O = 55.97. In the comparison between groups, the study group presented an increase in latency only in wave C. Conclusion The speech-evoked ABR can be performed in subjects with up to moderately severe hearing loss, and the test proved to be appropriate, because, unlike the click-evoked ABR, the former does not suffer influence of peripheral hearing loss.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Audiometry, Speech , Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem , Hearing Loss, High-Frequency , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural , Audiometry, Pure-Tone , Auditory Threshold , Acoustic Impedance Tests , Severity of Illness Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Otoscopy , Electrophysiological Phenomena , Medical History Taking
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 76(5): 287-295, May 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950538


ABSTRACT Auditory processing deficits are common in people with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) and they often report difficulties in musical performance. Objective: We investigated whether NF1 could be associated with amusia as well as with some impairment of primary auditory cortex activity. Methods: Eighteen people with NF1 and 22 healthy volunteers, matched for age, sex and educational level, were evaluated with the Montreal Battery Evaluation of Amusia - short version. The integrity of cortical primary auditory processing areas was evaluated by evoked potential mismatch negativity. Results: Amusia was correlated with NF1 (p = 0.001, odds ratio = 42.0, confidence interval 4.5-39.6). Patients with NF1 exhibited a greater prevalence of amusia than healthy controls (67% vs. 4.5%) and difficulties in both melodic and temporal music perception. Worse performance on the Montreal Battery Evaluation of Amusia was correlated with a greater mismatch negativity latency in NF1 group. Conclusions: Amusia is a common feature in NF1 and may result from impairment of activity in primary auditory processing areas.

RESUMO Déficits de processamento auditivo são comuns em pessoas com neurofibromatose tipo 1 (NF1), que também se queixam frequentemente de dificuldades no desempenho musical. Objetivos: Nós investigamos se a NF1 poderia estar associada à amusia, assim como a algum comprometimento da atividade do córtex auditivo primário. Métodos: Dezoito pessoas com NF1 e 22 controles sem a doença, pareados por idade, sexo e nível educacional, foram avaliados por meio da versão reduzida da Bateria de Avaliação de Amusia de Montreal (MBEA). A integridade das áreas corticais primárias do processamento auditivo foi avaliada através do potencial evocado auditivo mismacth negativity (MMN). Resultados: A amusia correlacionou-se com a NF1 (p = 0,001, odds ratio = 42,0, intervalo de confiança 4,5-39,6). Os pacientes com NF1 apresentaram maior prevalência de amusia do que os controles saudáveis (67% vs. 4,5%) e dificuldades na percepção musical, tanto melódica quanto temporal. O desempenho pior na MBEA foi correlacionado com maiores latências do MMN no grupo NF1. Conclusões: A amusia é uma característica comum na NF1 e pode resultar do comprometimento da atividade de áreas de processamento auditivo primário.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Auditory Perceptual Disorders/etiology , Neurofibromatosis 1/complications , Evoked Potentials, Auditory/physiology , Music , Auditory Perceptual Disorders/diagnosis , Auditory Perceptual Disorders/physiopathology , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Neurofibromatosis 1/physiopathology , Electrophysiological Phenomena , Neuropsychological Tests
An. acad. bras. ciênc ; 90(1): 37-39, Mar. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886883


ABSTRACT The electrosensory system on elasmobranchs consists of subcutaneous electroreceptor organs known as ampullae of Lorenzini. The present study investigated the ampullae of Lorenzini morphology of the lesser guitarfish Zapteryx brevirostris, using light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The pore number found in the ventral skin surface is much higher than that found in the dorsal portion, characteristic of species that inhabit the euphotic zone. Under light microscopy it was possible to observe that the wall canal consists of a single layer of squamous epithelial cells. The canal features distal expansion, where the ampullae are located with up to six alveoli. The sensory epithelium of ampullae is composed by cubic cells, with oval nucleus, restricted to the interior of the alveoli. With analysis the clusters under scanning electron microscopy, it was possible to observe the structure and the random arrangement of individual ampullae, canals and nerves. The distribution of dorsal and ventral pores and ampullae in Z. brevirostris resembled those of the same family. The number of alveoli per ampullae was similar to that found in euryhaline elasmobranchs species, suggesting that the morphological organization in Z. brevirostris is linked to its possible evolutionary transitory position among batoids.

Animals , Sense Organs/ultrastructure , Skates, Fish/anatomy & histology , Animal Structures/ultrastructure , Electrophysiological Phenomena/physiology , Sensation/physiology , Sense Organs/physiology , Species Specificity , Skates, Fish/physiology , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Animal Structures/physiology
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 76(2): 124-126, Feb. 2018.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888354


ABSTRACT This historical review describes the contribution of Drs. Lee M. Eaton and Edward H. Lambert to the diagnosis of myasthenic syndrome on the 60th anniversary of their pioneering article (JAMA 1957) on the disease. There are important landmarks in their article on a disorder of the neuromuscular junction associated with thoracic neoplasm and the electrophysiological criteria for Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS). After 60 years, the main electrophysiological criteria described in Eaton and Lambert's pioneering article are still currently useful in the diagnosis of LEMS.

RESUMO Essa revisão histórica enfatiza a contribuição do Dr Lee M Eaton e do Dr Edward H. Lambert para o diagnóstico da síndrome miastênica no 60o aniversário do seu artigo pioneiro (JAMA 1957) para essa doença. Existem importantes marcos no artigo de Eaton e Lambert, como uma desordem da junção neuromuscular associada à neoplasia torácica e critério diagnóstico para síndrome miastênica de Lambert-Eaton (LEMS). Após 60 anos, os principais critérios diagnósticos descritos para LEMS no artigo pioneiro de Eaton e Lambert continuam úteis no diagnóstico da LEMS.

Humans , History, 20th Century , History, 21st Century , Lambert-Eaton Myasthenic Syndrome/history , Electromyography/history , Periodicals as Topic , Lambert-Eaton Myasthenic Syndrome/diagnosis , Lambert-Eaton Myasthenic Syndrome/physiopathology , Electromyography/methods , Electrophysiological Phenomena
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 391-395, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009597


The nerve electrophysiological tests may differentiate the treatment of primary premature ejaculation (PPE) in our previous studies. However, no study verifies if the results will be affected by abstinence time. From January to December in 2016, fifty PPE patients ejaculated within 2 min and 28 control subjects were enrolled. The nerve electrophysiological tests, including dorsal nerve somatosensory evoked potential (DNSEP), glans penis somatosensory evoked potential (GPSEP), and penile sympathetic skin response (PSSR), were recorded before and immediately after ejaculation. The abstinence day was not correlated with the latencies of SEPs or PSSR neither in PE group (P = 0.170, 0.064, and 0.122, respectively) nor in control group (P = 0.996, 0.475, and 0.904, respectively). No statistically differences were found in the latencies of SEPs and PSSR before and after ejaculation in PE patients (P = 0.439, 0.537, and 0.576, respectively) or control subjects (P = 0.102, 0.198, and 0.363, respectively). Thus, abstinence time does not interfere with the nerve electrophysiological test, which is stable in determining the nerve function of PPE patients.

Adult , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Ejaculation , Electric Stimulation , Electrophysiological Phenomena , Evoked Potentials, Somatosensory , Penis/physiopathology , Premature Ejaculation/physiopathology , Prospective Studies , Sexual Abstinence , Skin/innervation , Sympathetic Nervous System/physiopathology
Rev. salud pública ; 19(4): 506-510, jul.-ago. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-903137


RESUMEN Objetivo Determinar la confiabilidad entre dos observadores y el cambio mínimo detectable de los estudios de neuroconducción para diagnosticar el síndrome de túnel carpiano. Métodos Se estudiaron 69 pacientes remitidos para estudio electrofisiológico por sospecha de síndrome de túnel carpiano. A los pacientes, se les realizaron dos exámenes, dos días diferentes, por dos evaluadores. Se evaluaron las latencias sensitivas y motoras de los nervios mediano y cubital; todos fueron clasificados como negativos, incipientes, leves, moderados, severos o extremos. Se calculó la variación relativa entre ensayos, el coeficiente de correlación intraclase, el índice de kappa, el límite de acuerdo y el cambio mínimo detectable. Resultados La variación relativa entre ensayos de la latencia motora del nervio mediano fue de -6,8 % a 15,9 % con coeficiente de correlación intraclase de 0,98 para la diferencia con la latencia del nervio cubital. El cambio mínimo detectable fue de 0,4ms. La variación relativa entre ensayos de la latencia sensitiva del nervio mediano fue -5,0 % a 11 % con coeficiente de correlación intraclase de 0,95 para la diferencia con el nervio cubital. El cambio mínimo detectable fue de 0,2ms. La clasificación ele trofisiológica coincidió en 93 % de los casos, índice de kappa de 0,89. Conclusiones Las latencias sensitivas y motoras del nervio mediano así como la diferencia de estas con el nervio cubital son medidas confiables. El cambio mínimo detectable obtenido en nuestro estudio le sirve al clínico para establecer si los cambios de las latencias en estudios consecutivos o después del tratamiento son significativos.(AU)

ABSTRACT Objective To determine the reliability of neuroconduction studies by comparing two observers and detecting minimum changes when diagnosing carpal tunnel syndrome. Methods Sixty-nine patients referred for electrophysiological study due to suspected carpal tunnel syndrome were studied. The patients underwent two examinations, performed by two evaluators, on two different days. Sensory and motor latencies of the median and ulnar nerves were evaluated; all were classified as negative, incipient, mild, moderate, severe or extreme. Relative interval variation, intraclass correlation coefficient, kappa index, limit of agreement and minimum detectable change were estimated. Results The relative variation of motor nerve latency of the median nerve was -6.8% to 15.9%, with intraclass correlation coefficient of 0.98 for the difference of median-ulnar nerve latency. The minimum detected change was 0.4ms, while the relative interval variation of sensory latency of the median nerve was -5.0% to 11%, with intraclass correlation coefficient of 0.95 for difference with the ulnar nerve. The minimum detectable change was 0.2ms. Electrophysiological classification agreed in 93% of the cases, with a kappa index of 0.89. Conclusions Sensory and motor latencies of the median nerve, as well as the difference between them and the ulnar nerve, are reliable measures. The minimum detectable change obtained in our study helps clinicians to establish whether changes in latencies in consecutive or post-treatment studies are significant.(AU)

Humans , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/diagnosis , Electrodiagnosis/instrumentation , Reproducibility of Results , Electrophysiological Phenomena , Correlation of Data
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1088663


El estudio de las estrategias neurales para la organización del comportamiento en vertebrados constituye un desafío mayor para la Neurociencia. El avance del conocimiento en este campo depende de manera crítica de la utilización de modelos experimentales adecuados que admitan múltiples niveles de análisis (p.ej: comportamental, circuital, celular, sináptico, molecular) y abordajes multitécnicos. Nos propusimos analizar in vitro una red neural de la unión mesopontina del tronco encefálico críticamente implicada en el control del sueño de movimientos oculares rápidos (S-REM). Pese al cúmulo de evidencias que apoyan el papel desempeñado por esta red en relación al S-REM, los mecanismos celulares y sinápticos que subyacen a este control son poco conocidos y continúan siendo objeto de intensa investigación. Para avanzar en el conocimiento de estos mecanismos, se llevó a cabo la caracterización morfológica y funcional de una rodaja de tronco encefálico de la rata, en la que las estructuras críticas para el control del S-REM, i.e.: núcleos tegmentales laterodorsal y pedúnculopontino, y su proyección al núcleo reticular pontis oralis (PnO), están presentes y son operativas. La inclusión del núcleo motor del trigémino en la rodaja permitió detectar cambios de la excitabilidad de las motoneuronas ante manipulaciones farmacológicas del PnO, representativos de los cambios del tono muscular asociados a maniobras similares realizadas in vivo. La utilización de este modelo in vitro de S-REM, permitirá aportar a la dilucidación de las estrategias neurales que operan en niveles intermedios de organización del SN en mamíferos para la generación y regulación de un estado comportamental.

The study of the neural basis of behavior is a major challenge in Neuroscience. Advancing our knowledge in this field depends, critically, on the use of experimental paradigms that provide multiple levels of analysis, as well as powerful techniques. We have selected, as a model of a neural plan that organizes a complex behavior, a neural network located in the mesopontine junction. This region is thought to be both necessary and sufficient for the generation of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, although the cellular and synaptic mechanisms involved in the control of this behavioral state at the mesopontine level are still under debate and remain poorly understood. As part of a long term effort to gain insight into these mechanisms, we carried out the morphological and functional characterization of a slice preparation of rat brainstem and we demonstrate that critical structures for the control of REM sleep - the laterodorsal and pedunculopontine tegmental nuclei and their projection to the oral part of the pontine reticular nucleus (PnO) - are present and are operational. The presence of the trigeminal motor nucleus in the slice sought to include in the experimental model a structure capable of expressing changes of the excitability of the motorneurons caused by pharmacological manipulations of the PnO, representative of changes of muscle tone associated with similar maneuvers performed in vivo. The use of this in vitro model of REM sleep will provide critical information to elucidate neural strategies that operate at intermediate levels of central nervous system organization in mammals to control behavioral states.

O estudo de estratégias neurais para a organização do comportamento em vertebrados constitui um desafio maior para a Neurociencia. O avanço do conhecimento nessa área depende criticamente da utilização de modelos experimentais adequados que suportem múltiplos níveis de análise (por exemplo: comportamental, circuital, celular, sináptico e molecular) e abordagens por múltiplas técnicas. Decidiu-se analisar in vitro uma rede neural da união mesopontina do tronco encefálico criticamente envolvida no controle do sono de movimentos oculares rápidos (S-REM). Apesar da riqueza de provas que sustentam o papel desta rede em relação ao S-REM, os mecanismos celulares e sinápticos subjacentes a este controle são pouco conhecidos e permanecem sob intensa investigação. Para avançar no conhecimento desses mecanismos, caracterizou-se morfológica e funcionalmente uma fatia de tronco encefálico de rato, na qual as estruturas críticas para o controle do S-REM, i.e.: núcleos tegmentais laterodorsal e pedunculopontino, e sua projeção para o núcleo reticular pontis oralis (PnO) estão presentes e operantes. A inclusão do núcleo motor do trigêmeo na fatia permitiu detectar mudanças da excitabilidade das motoneuronas provocadas por manipulações farmacológicas do PnO, representativas das alterações do tônus muscular associados com operações semelhantes quando realizados in vivo. A utlização deste modelo in vitro de S-REM permitirá contribuir para a elucidação de estratégias neurais que operam em níveis intermedios de organização do SN de mamíferos para a geração e regulação de um estado comportamental.

Animals , Rats , Sleep, REM/physiology , Wakefulness/physiology , Polysomnography , Neurons/physiology , In Vitro Techniques , Brain Stem/anatomy & histology , Rats, Wistar , Electric Stimulation , Electrophysiological Phenomena
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 305-310, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348270


This study was aimed to establish a method to create a stable planar lipid bilayer membranes (PLBMs), in which large conductance calcium-activated potassium channels (BK) were reconstituted. Using spreading method, PLBMs were prepared by decane lipid fluid consisting of N-weathered mixture of phosphatidylcholine and cholesterol at 3:1 ratio. After successful incorporation of BKchannel into PLBMs, single channel characteristics of BKwere studied by patch clamp method. The results showed that i) the single channel conductance of BKwas (206.8 ± 16.9) pS; ii) the activities of BKchannel were voltage dependent; iii) in the bath solution without Ca, there was almost no BKchannel activities regardless of under hyperpolarization or repolarization conditions; iv) under the condition of +40 mV membrane potential, BKchannels were activated in a Caconcentration dependent manner; v) when [Ca] was increased from 1 μmol/L to 100 μmol/L, both the channel open probability and the average open time were increased, and the average close time was decreased from (32.2 ± 2.8) ms to (2.1 ± 1.8) ms; vi) the reverse potential of the reconstituted BKwas -30 mV when [K] was at 40/140 mmol/L (Cis/Trans). These results suggest that the spreading method could serve as a new method for preparing PLBMs and the reconstituted BKinto PLBMs showed similar electrophysiological characteristics to natural BKchannels, so the PLBMs with incorporated BKcan be used in the studies of pharmacology and dynamics of BKchannel.

Animals , Calcium , Chemistry , Electrophysiological Phenomena , Large-Conductance Calcium-Activated Potassium Channels , Chemistry , Lipid Bilayers , Chemistry , Membrane Potentials , Patch-Clamp Techniques
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 67-74, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-65061


PURPOSE: Recent evidence suggests that early repolarization (ER) is related with myocardial ischemia. Compression of coronary artery by a myocardial bridging (MB) can be associated with clinical manifestations of myocardial ischemia. This study aimed to evaluate the associations of MB in patients with ER. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In consecutive patients (n=1303, age, 61±12 years) who had undergone coronary angiography, we assessed the prevalence and prognostic implication of MB in those with ER (n=142) and those without ER (n=1161). RESULTS: MB was observed in 54 (38%) and 196 (17%) patients in ER and no-ER groups (p<0.001). In multivariate analysis, MB was independently associated with ER (odd ratio: 2.9, 95% confidence interval: 1.98–4.24, p<0.001). Notched type ER was more frequently observed in MB involving the mid portion of left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) (69.8% vs. 30.2%, p=0.03). Cardiac event was observed in nine (6.3%) and 22 (1.9%) subjects with and without ER, respectively. MB was more frequently observed in sudden death patients with ER (2 out of 9, 22%) than in those without ER (0 out of 22). CONCLUSION: MB was independently associated with ER in patients without out structural heart disease who underwent coronary angiography. Notched type ER was closely related with MB involving the mid portion of the LAD. Among patients who had experienced cardiac events, a higher prevalence of MB was observed in patients with ER than those without ER. Further prospective studies on the prognosis of MB in ER patients are required.

Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Angiography , Electrocardiography , Electrophysiological Phenomena , Myocardial Bridging/complications , Myocardial Ischemia/etiology , Odds Ratio , Prevalence , Prognosis , Prospective Studies