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1.
RFO UPF ; 28(1)20230808. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1526602

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: avaliar do conhecimento dos alunos de odontologia sobre os protocolos de atendimento para as urgências endodônticas. Método: 182 alunos dos últimos anos do curso de Odontologia do Centro Universitário Doutor Leão Sampaio, responderam a um questionário contendo perguntas referente ao protocolo adotado em casos de urgência de origem endodôntica. Os dados foram analisados pelo teste de Qui-quadrado de Pearson (p<0,05). Resultados: foram observadas diferenças entre a conduta relata pelos alunos do quarto e quinto ano de graduação quanto a indicação da incisão para drenagem em abscesso periapical agudo submucoso (evoluído), indicação de antibióticos nos casos de flare-up e indicação de antibióticos na dor com edema póstratamento endodôntico. A prescrição de antibióticos foi excessiva para os casos de dor entre consultas (flareup) e dor no pós-operatória. Para as patologias da polpa, a maioria dos alunos indicou protocolos de urgência recomendados na literatura. Conclusão: os resultados indicam a necessidade de melhoria dos programas de treinamento dos alunos em urgências endodônticas, principalmente quanto aos protocolos farmacológicos. (AU)


Objective: to evaluate the knowledge of dentistry students about care protocols for endodontic emergencies. Method: 182 students from the last years of the Dentistry course at Doctor Leão Sampaio University Center answered a questionnaire containing questions regarding the protocol adopted in urgent cases of endodontic origin. Data were analyzed using Pearson's Chi-square test (p<0.05). Results: differences were observed between the conduct reported by fourth- and fifth-year undergraduate students regarding the indication of incision for drainage in submucosal acute periapical abscess (evolved), indication of antibiotics in cases of flare-up and indication of antibiotics in pain with edema after endodontic treatment. The prescription of antibiotics was excessive for cases of pain between appointments (flare-up) and postoperative pain. For pulp pathologies, most students indicated emergency protocols recommended in the literature. Conclusion: the results indicate the need to improve student training programs in endodontic emergencies, especially regarding pharmacological protocols. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Students, Dental/statistics & numerical data , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Emergency Treatment , Endodontics , Drug Prescriptions , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Dental Pulp Diseases/therapy , Education, Dental
2.
J. Health NPEPS ; 8(1): e10952, jan - jun, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1513023

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar os desafios enfrentados por enfermeiros da classificação de risco de um serviço de urgência e emergência. Método: pesquisa exploratória e descritiva, com abordagem qualitativa. A coleta de dados ocorreu em março de 2019, por meio de entrevistas semiestruturadas e individuais com enfermeiros atuantes em Unidade de Pronto Atendimento do município de Caruaru, Pernambuco, Brasil. Para a análise, utilizou-se a análise de conteúdo de Bardin. Resultados: foram geradas três categorias: assistência de enfermagem na classificação de risco; desafios do setor de classificação de risco; e desafios da ferramenta que define a classificação de risco. As participantes apontaram questões como falta de compreensão da população, protocolo defasado e discordância com outros membros da equipe como os principais desafios. Conclusão: verificou-se que a atuação da enfermagem na classificação de risco é um processo ainda complexo, que não depende estritamente de protocolos, mas de profissionais motivados, treinados continuamente e em sintonia.


Objective: to analyze the challenges faced by nurses in the risk classification of an urgency and emergency service. Method: exploratory and descriptive research, with a qualitative approach. Data collection took place in March 2019, through semi-structured and individual interviews with nurses working in an Emergency Care Unit in the city of Caruaru, Pernambuco, Brazil. For the analysis, Bardin's content analysis was used. Results: three categories were generated: nursing care in risk classification; challenges of the risk classification industry, and challenges of the tool that defines the risk classification. Participants pointed out issues such as lack of understanding of the population, outdated protocol and disagreement with other team members, as the main challenges. Conclusion: it was found that the role of nursing in risk classification is still a complex process, which does not strictly depend on protocols, but on motivated professionals, continuously trained and in tune.


Subject(s)
Nursing , Emergency Nursing , Risk Assessment , Emergency Service, Hospital , Emergency Treatment
3.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(1): 80-87, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356311

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background The COVID-19 pandemic has imposed measures of social distancing and, during this time, there has been an elevation in cardiovascular mortality rates and a decrease in the number of emergency visits. Objectives To assess and compare in-hospital mortality for cardiovascular diseases and emergency department visits during the COVID-19 pandemic and the same period in 2019. Methods Retrospective, single-center study that evaluated emergency visits and in-hospital deaths between March 16, 2020 and June 16, 2020, when the steepest fall in the number of emergency admissions for COVID-19 was registered. These data were compared with the emergency visits and in-hospital deaths between March 16 and June 16, 2019. We analyzed the total number of deaths, and cardiovascular deaths. The level of significance was set at p < 0.05. Results There was a 35% decrease in the number of emergency visits and an increase in the ratio of the number of deaths to the number of emergency visits in 2020. The increase in the ratio of the number of all-cause deaths to the number of emergency visits was 45.6% and the increase in the ratio of the number of cardiovascular deaths to the number of emergency visits was 62.1%. None of the patients who died in the study period in 2020 tested positive for COVID-19. Conclusion In-hospital mortality for cardiovascular diseases increased proportionally to the number of emergency visits during the COVID-19-imposed social distancing compared with the same period in 2019. (Int J Cardiovasc Sci. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Hospital Mortality , Emergency Service, Hospital , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Emergency Treatment/statistics & numerical data , Physical Distancing , COVID-19/complications , Hospitalization
4.
In. Pedemonti, Adriana; González Brandi, Nancy. Manejo de las urgencias y emergencias pediátricas: incluye casos clínicos. Montevideo, Cuadrado, 2022. p.23-33.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1525400
5.
In. Pedemonti, Adriana; González Brandi, Nancy. Manejo de las urgencias y emergencias pediátricas: incluye casos clínicos. Montevideo, Cuadrado, 2022. p.55-67, tab.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1525421
6.
In. Pedemonti, Adriana; González Brandi, Nancy. Manejo de las urgencias y emergencias pediátricas: incluye casos clínicos. Montevideo, Cuadrado, 2022. p.173-182.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1525451
8.
African journal of emergency medicine (Print) ; 12(4): 447-449, 2022. figures, tables
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1428414

ABSTRACT

Introduction: La République Démocratique du Congo fait régulièrement face à plusieurs urgences sanitaires. La présence des médecins en première ligne dans la riposte y est un phénomène spontané. Des lacunes ont été identifiées dans la connaissance des premiers secours au sein de la population; d'où la nécessité de formation. Les étudiants en médecine y joueraient un rôle crucial. Cette étude évalue les connaissances théoriques en premiers secours chez ceux-ci. Méthodologie: Notre étude est de type descriptif et transversal. Elle a été conduite du 01 Juin au 30 Août 2021 à la Faculté de médecine de l'Université Catholique du Graben. Notre échantillon était constitué de 279 étudiants. La collecte des données a été faite par un questionnaire d'enquête couvrant divers aspects des premiers secours. Les données ont été traitées par le logiciel Epi Info version 3.4.5. Résultats: Aucun participant n'a démontré un niveau satisfaisant de connaissances théoriques en premiers secours tandis que 38,7% et 61,3 % ont démontré un niveau intermédiaire et bas respectivement. Une corrélation positive a été notée entre la promotion d'étude, une formation antérieure en premiers secours et le niveau de connaissance. Le média est la principale source d'information. Près de la moitié des étudiants ont affirmé n'avoir jamais posé un geste de premier secours à cause du manque de connaissance (47,7%). La quasi-totalité a montré une attitude positive en rapport avec l'introduction d'une formation en premiers secours en milieu universitaire. Conclusion: Cette étude a démontré un faible niveau de connaissances des gestes de premiers secours parmi les étudiants en médicine, mais une volonté d'apprendre. Il y a nécessité d'intégrer la formation en gestes de premiers secours dans tous les curriculums de l'enseignement en RDC


Introduction: The Democratic Republic of Congo regularly faces several health emergencies. The presence of medical doctors in the first line of the response is a spontaneous phenomenon. Gaps in first aid knowledge have been identified in the population; hence the need for training. Medical students could play a crucial role in this context. This study assesses the theoretical knowledge of first aid among them. Methods: Our study is descriptive and transversal. It was conducted from June 01 to August 30, 2021 in the Faculty of Medicine of the Catholic University of Graben. Our sample consisted of 279 students. Data collection was done through a survey questionnaire covering various aspects of first aid. Data were processed using Epi Info software. The chi-square test was used to estimate the association of variables with knowledge and a p-value. Results: No participant demonstrated a satisfactory level of theoretical knowledge of first aid while 38.7% and 61.3% demonstrated an intermediate and low level respectively. A positive association was noted between the study level, a previous training in first aid and the level of knowledge. The media is the main source of information. Nearly half of the students said they had never taken a rescue action because of lack of knowledge (47.7%). The vast majority (98%) had a positive attitude regarding the introduction of first aid in school's curriculum. Conclusion: Our study showed a poor level of first aid knowledge among medical students, but a great willingness to learn. There is a great need to incorporate first aid trainings in all training curricula in the DRC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Schools , Students, Medical , Teaching , Emergency Treatment , First Aid , Gestures
9.
Bull. méd. Owendo (En ligne) ; 20(51): 24-29, 2022. tables, figures
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1378228

ABSTRACT

Objectif : l'objectif de cette étude était de rapporter les aspects diagnostiques ainsi que les délais de prise en charge des urgences urologiques.Patients et Méthodes : nous avions réalisé une étude prospective à visée descriptive, du 1er juin 2018 au 31 mai 2019 au Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Libreville. Elle concernait tous les patients reçus pour une urgence urologique.Les variables comprenaient les données socio démographiques, diagnostiques et thérapeutiques.Résultats : durant cette période, nous avions enregistré 586 patients. L'âge moyen était de 40,6 ans avec des extrêmes de 3 mois et 96 ans. Le sex ratio était de 4,6. Les urgences étaient obstructives (40,6%) et infectieuses (33,3%). Sur le plan thérapeutique, le geste effectué était le sondage vésical dans 33,5% des cas. Cent quarante (140) interventions chirurgicales (23,9%) avaient été réalisées. Le délai moyen de prise en charge était de 47,4 heures. Les principales causes du retard de prise en charge étaient la consultation tardive, la lenteur des formalités administratives et l'attente du kit chirurgical.Conclusion : les urgences urologiques demeurent des pathologies fréquentes. Elles sont dominées par les rétentions aiguës d'urine et les infections urogénitales dans notre contexte. Le cathétérisme urétral est le geste le plus réalisé au service des urgences chirurgicales. La stratégie de prise en charge requiert une évaluation clinique rigoureuse, un traitement précoce et efficace pour minimiser les séquelles.


Introduction: Urological emergencies are many and varied. The objective of this study was to report the diagnostic aspect as well as the time taken to manage urological emergencies. Patients and Methods: We carried out a prospective study with a descriptive aim, from June 1st, 2018 to May 31st, 2019 at the University Hospital Center of Libreville. It concerned all patients received for an urological emergency.The variables included socio-demographic, diagnostic and therapeutic data.Results: During this period, we registered 586 patients. The average age was 40.6 years with extremes of 3 months and 96 years. The sex ratio was 4.6. Emergencies were obstructive (40.6%) and infectious (33.3%). Therapeutically, the procedure performed was bladder catheterization in 33.5% of cases. One hundred and forty (140) surgeries (23.9%) were performed. The average recovery time was 47.4 hours. The main causes of the delay in treatment were late consultation, slowness of the administrative formalities and wait for the surgical kit.Conclusion: Urological emergencies remain frequent pathologies. They are dominated by acute urine retention and urogenital infections in our context. Urethral catheterization is the most common procedure in the surgical emergency department. The management strategy requires rigorous clinical evaluation, early and effective treatment to minimize sequelae


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Time , Emergency Treatment , Urological Manifestations , Diagnosis , Clinical Decision-Making
10.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 26(supl.1): 2483-2496, jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278836

ABSTRACT

Abstract Access to health care is a sensitive issue in low population density territories, as these areas tend to have a lower level of service provision. One dimension of access is accessibility. This paper focuses on measuring the accessibility to urgent and emergency care services in the Portuguese region of Baixo Alentejo, a territory characterized by low population density. Data for the calculation of accessibility is the road network, and the methodology considers the application of a two-level network analyst method: time-distance by own mean (car or taxi) to the urgent care services and the time distance to emergency services as a way to get assistance and to go to urgent care services. While urgent care accessibility meets the requirements stipulated in the Integrated Medical Emergency System's current legislative framework, the simulation of different scenarios of potential accessibility shows intra-regional disparities. Some territories have a low level of accessibility. Older adults, the poorly educated, and low-income population, also have the lowest levels of accessibility, which translates into dually disadvantageous situation since the potential users of emergency services are most likely to belong to this group of citizens.


Resumo Em territórios de baixa densidade populacional, o acesso aos cuidados de saúde é uma questão delicada, pois essas áreas tendem a ter um nível mais baixo de prestação de serviços. Uma dimensão do acesso é a medição da acessibilidade. Este artigo tem como propósito medir a acessibilidade aos serviços de urgência e aos meios de emergência médica na região portuguesa do Baixo Alentejo, território caracterizado por uma baixa densidade populacional. A metodologia considera o método network analyst aplicado à rede viária, em dois níveis: o cálculo da distância-tempo aos serviços de urgência usando modo próprio (carro ou táxi); e o cálculo da distância-tempo recorrendo aos meios de socorro e emergência como forma de aceder aos serviços de urgência. Embora se considere que a acessibilidade às urgências atende ao atual quadro legislativo do Sistema Integrado de Emergência Médica, a simulação de diferentes cenários no Baixo Alentejo mostra a existência de disparidades intra-regionais no que se refere à acessibilidade aos serviços de urgência. Verifica-se que é a população idosa, de baixa instrução e residente em zonas com baixa densidade populacional quem apresenta menores índices de acessibilidade, o que traduz uma situação duplamente desvantajosa, uma vez que estes são os maiores utilizadores destes serviços.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Emergency Medical Services , Health Services Accessibility , Portugal , Emergency Service, Hospital , Emergency Treatment
11.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202783, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155358

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: extremity tourniquet (TQ) use has increased in the civilian setting; the beneficial results observed in the military has influenced acceptance by EMS and bystanders. This review aimed to analyze extremity TQ types used in the civilian setting, injury site, indications, and complications. Methods: a systematic review was conducted based on original articles published in PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane following PRISMA guidelines from 2010 to 2019. Data extraction focused on extremity TQ use for hemorrhage control in the civilian setting, demographic data, study type and duration, mechanism of injury, indications for use, injury site, TQ type, TQ time, and complications. Results: of the 1384 articles identified, 14 were selected for review with a total of 3912 civilian victims with extremity hemorrhage and 3522 extremity TQ placements analyzed. The majority of TQs were applied to male (79%) patients, with blunt or penetrating trauma. Among the indications for TQ use were hemorrhagic shock, suspicion of vascular injuries, continued bleeding, and partial or complete traumatic amputations. Upper extremity application was the most common TQ application site (56%), nearly all applied to a single extremity (99%), and only 0,6% required both upper and lower extremity applications. 80% of the applied TQs were commercial devices, and 20% improvised. Conclusions: TQ use in the civilian setting is associated with trauma-related injuries. Most are single-site TQs applied for the most part to male adults with upper extremity injury. Commercial TQs are more commonly employed, time in an urban setting is under 1 hour, with few complications described.


RESUMO Introdução: o uso de torniquete em extremidades (TQ) aumentou no ambiente civil; os resultados benéficos observados nas forças armadas influenciaram a aceitação por equipes de pré-hospitalar (PH) assim como pela população leiga. Esta revisão teve como objetivo analisar os tipos de TQ de extremidades usados em ambiente civil, local da lesão, indicações e complicações. Métodos: revisão sistemática foi conduzida com base em artigos originais publicados no PubMed, Embase e Cochrane seguindo as diretrizes do PRISMA de 2010 a 2019. Extração de dados focada no uso de TQ de extremidade para controle de hemorragia em ambiente civil, dados demográficos, tipo de estudo e duração, mecanismo de lesão, indicações de uso, local da lesão, tipo de TQ, tempo de TQ e complicações. Resultados: dos 1.384 artigos identificados, 14 foram selecionados para revisão com total de 3.912 vítimas civis com hemorragia nas extremidades e 3.522 colocações de extremidades TQ analisadas. A maioria foi aplicado em pacientes do sexo masculino (79%), com trauma contuso ou penetrante. Entre as indicações estavam choque hemorrágico, suspeita de lesões vasculares, sangramento contínuo e amputações traumáticas parciais ou completas. A aplicação na extremidade superior foi o local de aplicação mais comum (56%), quase todos aplicados a uma única extremidade (99%), e apenas 0,6% requereram aplicações nas extremidades superior e inferior. 80% dos TQs aplicados eram dispositivos comerciais e 20% improvisados. Conclusões: o uso de TQ em ambientes civis está associado a traumas. Os TQs comerciais são mais utilizados, com tempo menor que uma hora de uso e poucas complicações.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Tourniquets/statistics & numerical data , Vascular System Injuries/therapy , Exsanguination/prevention & control , Hemorrhage/prevention & control , Emergency Medical Services , Emergency Treatment , Extremities/injuries , Vascular System Injuries/complications , Vascular System Injuries/mortality , Exsanguination/etiology , Exsanguination/mortality , Hemorrhage/etiology , Hemorrhage/mortality
12.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1346676

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the knowledge and attitude in relation to basic life support (BLS) and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) skills among the dental undergraduates and interns in Sakaka, Saudi Arabia. Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study was undertaken between October 2019 and December 2019 in Sakaka, Saudi Arabia. One hundred and eighty randomly selected dental students aged over 18 years participated in the study. Their knowledge and attitude towards BLS were gathered through a questionnaire. Results: A total of 158 (out of 180) UG students and interns participated in this study, making the responses of 87.8%. The mean age of the participants was 24.6 years. The samples comprised 86 (54.4%) males and 72 (45.6%) females. The assessments showed that overall the participants had average knowledge towards BLS and CPR, with males responding significantly better than the females (p˂0.05). Furthermore, as students climb the academic ladder, their knowledge regarding BLS and CPR tends to rise. Also, their attitude was positive, and they were willing to receive CPR training. Conclusion: Attitude toward acquiring knowledge about CPR was very positive. However, their knowledge about the topic was average. Students should understand the importance of such skills and efficiently involve in these life-saving procedures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Saudi Arabia/epidemiology , Students, Dental , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation/instrumentation , Emergency Treatment , Chi-Square Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Statistics, Nonparametric , Survivorship
13.
Rev. Soc. Odontol. La Plata ; 30(58): 9-12, jul. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1119102

ABSTRACT

El abuso del consumo de cocaína puede ocasionar problemas físicos y mentales graves. Dicha droga puede ser utilizada de varias formas y sus efectos sobre la cavidad oral varían según la vía de administración, causando desde erosiones en las piezas dentarias, abrasiones cervicales, caries, enfermedad periodontal, disfunción temporomandibular, xerostomía, ulceraciones hasta la perforación del paladar duro y/o blando. Se describirá el caso clínico de un paciente cocainómano que concurrió al servicio de odontología del Hospital San Martin de La Plata, presentando dos perforaciones en el paladar duro debido al consumo crónico, y el tratamiento de urgencia correspondiente mediante una placa obturatríz que favorece la deglución y el habla del paciente (AU)


Abuse of cocaine use can cause serious physical and mental problems. is drug can be used in several ways and its effects on the oral cavity vary according to the route of administration, causing from erosions in the teeth, cervical abrasions, caries, periodontal disease, temporomandibular dysfunction, xerostomia, ulcerations to the perforation of the hard palate and / or soft.The clinical case of a cocaine patient who attended the dentistry service of the San Martin de La Plata Hospital will be described, presenting two perforations in the hard palate due to chronic consumption, and the corresponding emergency treatment by means of an obturator plate that favors swallowing and He speaks of the patient (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Cocaine/adverse effects , Cocaine-Related Disorders/complications , Palate, Hard/injuries , Patient Care Team , Argentina , Wounds, Penetrating , Dental Service, Hospital , Emergency Treatment
14.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 25(3): 869-878, mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089474

ABSTRACT

Resumo O presente estudo tem como objetivo caracterizar o perfil epidemiológico de vítimas de acidentes escorpiônicos e ofídicos e avaliar a adequação das prescrições de soros antivenenos. Estudo transversal cujas fontes de dados foram as fichas de notificação de acidentes por animais peçonhentos do Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação no município de Vitória da Conquista (BA), Brasil. Foram incluídas as informações de acidentes escorpiônicos ou ofídicos no período entre julho de 2016 e junho de 2017 atendidos no município. Os dados obtidos e as variáveis de interesse foram analisadas de acordo com as perguntas deste estudo. No período observado foram atendidas 293 vítimas de acidentes por animais peçonhentos. Destas, 149 (50,9%) foram homens e 114 (38,9%) possuíam entre 20 a 59 anos. Foram 235 (80,9%) casos de escorpionismo e 58 (19,1%) de ofidismo. Destes, 203 (69,3%) foram classificados como leves e em 200 (68,5%) casos foi prescrita soroterapia para estes pacientes. Quanto à adequação das prescrições, 172 (59,7%) foram julgadas inadequadas e destas, o uso de número de ampolas acima do indicado foi a mais frequente. A prescrição inapropriada de soros antivenenos ocorreu em aproximadamente em 60% dos casos avaliados. Apesar disso, a maioria dos acidentes foi classificada como leve, em homens jovens.


Abstract This study aims to characterize the epidemiological profile of victims of scorpion and snakebite envenomations and to evaluate the adequacy of antivenom sera prescriptions. This is a cross-sectional study whose data sources were the envenomation notification information sheets of the Notifiable Diseases Information System in the city of Vitória da Conquista (BA), Brazil. We included information on scorpion or snakebite envenomations attended in the municipality in the period between July 2016 and June 2017. The data obtained and the variables of interest were analyzed according to the questions of this study. In the observed period, 293 victims of envenomations were treated. Of these, 149 (50.9%) were men, and 114 (38.9%) were 20-59 years old. In total, 235 (80.9%) cases of scorpionism and 58 (19.1%) of ophidism were reported. Of these, 203 (69.3%) were classified as mild, and in 200 (68.5%) cases, serum therapy was prescribed for the patients. Regarding the adequacy of the prescriptions, 172 (59.7%) were considered inadequate, and of these, the use of some vials above than indicated was the most frequent. The inappropriate prescription of antivenom sera occurred in approximately 60% of the evaluated cases. Despite this, most accidents were classified as mild - in young men.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Snake Bites/drug therapy , Scorpion Stings/drug therapy , Immunologic Factors/therapeutic use , Brazil , Antivenins/therapeutic use , Urban Health , Cross-Sectional Studies , Drug Utilization/statistics & numerical data , Emergency Medical Services , Emergency Treatment , Hospitals, Public , Middle Aged
15.
Rev. colomb. ortop. traumatol ; 34(2): 129-136, 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1372386

ABSTRACT

Introducción El pie diabético infectado es una complicación frecuente de la diabetes y un marcador de deterioro del paciente. Existe escasa información en Colombia sobre características de los pacientes que ingresan a los servicios de urgencias de alta complejidad con esta patología y desenlaces como amputación y perfil microbiológico. Materiales y Métodos Serie de casos de pacientes que ingresaron al servicio de urgencias del Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe con motivo de consulta principal pie diabético infectado. Se analizaron las historias clínicas de manera retrospectiva y se utilizaron herramientas de estadística descriptiva para la caracterización de la población y de variables relacionadas con diagnóstico, tratamiento y resultados tempranos intrahospitalarios. Resultados Entre enero de 2009 y diciembre de 2013 ingresaron 118 pacientes con 145 úlceras infectadas por pie diabético, el 90% con HbAc>6.5, el 52% con disfunción renal, el 51% con enfermedad arterial periférica. El 57% tenía úlceras grado 3 o mayor en la clasificación de Wagner, la infección fue polimicrobiana en el 63%. El 58% requirió amputación, el 62% de las amputaciones fueron amputaciones menores. La mortalidad fue del 10%, la mortalidad atribuible a infección del pie diabético o complicaciones derivadas de la amputación fue del 1,7%. Discusión Los pacientes con pie diabético que ingresaron a urgencias de un hospital de alta complejidad en Colombia tienen una enfermedad sistémica avanzada, relacionada con disfunción renal y vascular periférica, lesiones locales graves con compromiso óseo y articular avanzado; dada la gravedad de estas condiciones, la prevalencia de amputaciones mayores puede ser superior a la reportada en la literatura. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Background Infected diabetic foot is a frequent complication of diabetes and a marker of patient deterioration. There is little information in Colombia on the characteristics of patients that enter the highly complex emergency services with this condition and their outcomes, such as amputation and microbiological profile. Materials Case series of patients admitted to the emergency department of Pablo Tobón Uribe Hospital whose main consultation was infected diabetic foot. The medical records were retrospectively analysed and descriptive statistical tools were used to characterise the population, as well as the variables related to diagnosis, treatment, and early in-hospital outcomes. Results Between January 2009 and December 2013, 118 patients with 145 ulcers due to an infected diabetic foot were admitted. The HbA1c was> 6.5 in 90%, and 52% had renal dysfunction, 51% with peripheral arterial disease, and 57% had ulcers grade 3 or higher in the Wagner classification. The infection was polymicrobial in 63%, and 58% required amputation, with 62% of amputations being classed as minor. Mortality was 10%, and mortality attributable to diabetic foot infection or complications derived from amputation was 1.7%. Discussion Patients with diabetic foot admitted to the emergency room of a high complexity hospital in Colombia have an advanced systemic disease, related to renal and peripheral vascular dysfunction, and serious local injuries with advanced bone and joint involvement. Given the severity of these conditions, the prevalence of major amputations may be higher than that reported in the literature. Evidence Level: IV


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Surgical Wound Infection/microbiology , Diabetic Foot/surgery , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/surgery , Hospitalization , Retrospective Studies , Foot Ulcer/classification , Diabetic Foot/microbiology , Emergency Treatment , Amputation, Surgical
16.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 18(1): 11-15, marco 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361288

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Caracterizar o perfil dos atendimentos clínicos prestados pelo Serviço de Atendimento Móvel de Urgência (SAMU). Métodos: Estudo descritivo, transversal, não intervencionista, realizado a partir de dados secundários coletados das fichas de regulação do SAMU de um município brasileiro em 2016. Resultados: Das 2.930 ocorrências estudadas, 1.966 foram atendimentos clínicos (67,1%). A incidência desses atendimentos foi maior no sexo feminino (55,2%). A faixa etária mais acometida foi de pessoas com 70 anos ou mais (20,9%). As síndromes álgicas foram as doenças mais incidentes (16,8%), e, dentre elas, a dor abdominal teve destaque, com 35,8%. Com relação ao destino dado à vítima, 60,2% foram encaminhadas ao serviço hospitalar. A Unidade de Suporte Básico foi enviada em 95,0% das ocorrências. A letalidade observada foi de 3,6%. Conclusão: A grande incidência de doenças clínicas e a caracterização epidemiológica do perfil dos atendimentos destacam a importância de direcionar ações preventivas, promoção da saúde e educação da população a respeito da relevância e da área de abrangência do SAMU, a fim de melhorar continuamente o serviço de saúde.


Objective: To characterize the profile of clinical care provided by the Mobile Emergency Care Service (SAMU). Methods: This is a descriptive, cross-sectional, non-interventional study based on secondary data collected from SAMUS's regulation sheets in a Brazilian city in 2016. Results: Of the 2,930 cases studied, 1,966 were clinical care (67.1%). The incidence of these visits was higher in females (55.2%). The most affected age group was people aged 70 years or above (20.9%). Pain syndromes were the most incident diseases (16.8%), with abdominal pain being highlighted with 35.8%. Regarding the direction given to the victim, 60.2% were referred to the hospital. Ninety five percent of occurrences were referred to the Basic Support Units. The observed lethality was 3.6%. Conclusion: The high incidence of medical diseases and the epidemiological characterization of the care profile highlights the importance of actions directed to prevention, health promotion and education of the population regarding the relevance and the area of coverage of SAMU, to improve the health service continuously


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Emergency Medical Services/statistics & numerical data , Emergency Treatment/statistics & numerical data , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Ambulances/statistics & numerical data , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , External Causes , Moving and Lifting Patients
17.
Rev. Salusvita (Online) ; 39(1): 153-168, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1140287

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: discutir sobre o diagnóstico e a conduta terapêutica em casos de urgência endodôntica em dentes que apresentam pulpite irreversível sintomática. Material e Métodos: realizou-se uma revisão bibliográfica de estudos publicados nos últimos 5 anos (2015- 2020) por meio de busca nas bases de dados: PubMED, BVS (Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde) e Scielo (Scientific Eletronic Library). Para a pesquisa, foram utilizados os seguintes descritores: Pulpite Irreversível (Irreversible Pulpitis), Tratamento (Treatment), Dor (Pain) e Endodontia (Endodontics). Resultados: O diagnóstico é um passo fundamental no tratamento das urgências e emergências de origem endodôntica, pois é a partir do correto diagnóstico que será instituído o tratamento correto, reestabelecendo o conforto do paciente. Quando o profissional dispõe de tempo suficiente para realizar a remoção do tecido pulpar e o preparo do canal radicular, esse é o tratamento de escolha para os casos de pulpite irreversível sintomática, o qual pode ser realizado em sessão única ou em múltiplas sessões. Quando o profissional não dispõe de tempo suficiente para realizar o tratamento endodôntico convencional, a opção de tratamento é realizar apenas o atendimento de urgência para retirar o paciente do quadro de dor aguda presente, e em um momento futuro realizar o tratamento endodôntico completo. Conclusão: As urgências endodônticas sempre estão presentes nos consultórios odontológicos, os profissionais devem estar sempre preparados para realizar um correto diagnóstico e tratamento para cada caso, trazendo assim conforto ao paciente.


Objective: to discuss the diagnosis and therapeutic management in cases of endodontic urgency in teeth with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis. Material and Methods: a bibliographic review of studies published in the last 5 years (2015-2020) was carried out by searching the databases: PubMED, BVS (Virtual Health Library) and Scielo (Scientific Electronic Library). For the research, the following descriptors were used: Irreversible Pulpitis, Treatment, Pain and Endodontics. Results: The diagnosis is a fundamental step in the treatment of urgencies and emergencies of endodontic origin, as it is from the correct diagnosis that the correct treatment will be instituted, reestablishing the patient's comfort. When the professional has enough time to remove the pulp tissue and prepare the root canal, this is the treatment of choice for cases of symptomatic irreversible pulpitis, which can be performed in a single session or in multiple sessions. When the professional does not have enough time to carry out the conventional endodontic treatment, the treatment option is to perform only emergency care to remove the patient from the present acute pain condition, and at a future time to carry out the complete endodontic treatment. Conclusion: Endodontic emergencies are always present in dental offices, professionals must always be prepared to carry out a correct diagnosis and treatment for each case, thus bringing comfort to the patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pulpitis/diagnosis , Pulpitis/therapy , Emergency Treatment/methods , Dental Pulp/physiology , Dental Pulp/physiopathology
18.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 12: 820-826, jan.-dez. 2020.
Article in English, Portuguese | BDENF, LILACS | ID: biblio-1100404

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Conhecer a percepção dos profissionais de saúde e a sua atuação frente a uma situação de urgência/ emergência dentro da atenção básica, bem como as facilidades e dificuldades nessa atuação. Método: Trata-se de um estudo exploratório, descritivo, qualitativo, desenvolvido com nove profissionais atuantes em duas unidades de atenção primária, da região central do Rio Grande do Sul. Os dados coletados nos meses de abril e maio de 2017, por meio de uma entrevista semiestruturada, foram submetidos a análise temática de conteúdo. Resultados: Emergiram quatro categorias: Situações de urgência/emergências atendidas nas unidades de atenção primária; Déficit no ensino de urgência e emergência durante formação profissional; Déficit de recursos materiais; Importância da educação permanente e protocolos para aperfeiçoar o atendimento de urgência e emergência na atenção primária. Conclusão: Torna-se necessário maiores investimentos acerca das questões relacionadas ao atendimento de urgência, emergência e trauma para profissionais da Atenção Primária


Objective: The object of this study it is to know the health professional's perception and their performance in the face of an urgent situation within basic care, as well the facilities and difficulties in this action. Methods: It is an exploratory study, descriptive and qualitative, developed with nine actuators in two primary attention units, in the central region of Rio Grande do Sul. The data were collected in the months of April and May 2017, through a semi-structured interview they were submitted to thematic content analysis. Results: Four categories emerged: Urgency/ emergencies situations attended in primary care units; Deficit in urgency and emergency education during vocational training; Deficit of material resources; Importance of continuing education and protocols to improve urgency and emergency assistance in primary care. Conclusion: It is necessary to invest more about the issues related to urgency, emergency and trauma care for primary care professionals


Objetivo: Conocer la percepción de los profesionales de la salud y su actuación frente a una situación de urgencia/emergencia dentro de la atención básica, así como las facilidades y dificultades en esa actuación. Método: Se trata de un estudio exploratorio, descriptivo, cualitativo, desarrollado con nueve profesionales actuantes en dos unidades de atención primaria, de la región central de Rio Grande do Sul. Los datos recogidos en los meses de abril y mayo de 2017, a través de una entrevista siniestradas, fueron sometidos a análisis temáticos de contenido. Resultados: emergieron cuatro categorías: Situaciones de urgencia/ emergencias atendidas en las unidades de atención primaria; Déficit en la enseñanza de urgencia y emergencia durante la formación profesional; Déficit de recursos materiales; Importancia de la educación permanente y protocolos para perfeccionar la atención de urgencia y emergencia en la atención primaria. Conclusión: Se hace necesario mayor inversión sobre las cuestiones relacionadas con la atención de urgencia, emergencia y trauma para profesionales de la Atención Primaria


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Primary Health Care , Education, Continuing , Emergency Treatment , Ambulatory Care , Qualitative Research , Professional Training , Nursing Care
19.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 28: e3251, 2020. tab
Article in English | BDENF, LILACS | ID: biblio-1101733

ABSTRACT

Objective: to construct and validate a tool for the evaluation of responders in tactical casualty care simulations. Method: three rubrics for the application of a tourniquet, an emergency bandage and haemostatic agents recommended by the Hartford Consensus were developed and validated. Validity and reliability were studied. Validation was performed by 4 experts in the field and 36 nursing participants who were selected through convenience sampling. Three rubrics with 8 items were evaluated (except for the application of an emergency bandage, for which 7 items were evaluated). Each simulation was evaluated by 3 experts. Results: an excellent score was obtained for the correlation index for the 3 simulations and 2 levels that were evaluated (competent and expert). The mean score for the application of a tourniquet was 0.897, the mean score for the application of an emergency bandage was 0.982, and the mean score for the application of topical haemostats was 0.805. Conclusion: this instrument for the evaluation of nurses in tactical casualty care simulations is considered useful, valid and reliable for training in a prehospital setting for both professionals who lack experience in tactical casualty care and those who are considered to be experts.


Objetivo: construir e validar um instrumento de avaliação da prática, por meio da simulação, nos cuidados de saúde estratégicos. Método: três instrumentos para práticas de avaliação de aplicação do torniquete, bandagem de emergência e agente hemostático recomendados pelo Consenso de Hartford foram desenvolvidos e validados. A validade e a confiabilidade foram estudadas. A validação foi realizada por quatro especialistas da área e trinta e seis enfermeiros participantes selecionados por amostragem por conveniência. Três instrumentos de avaliação com 8 itens foram avaliados (com exceção da bandagem de emergência, que tinha 7 itens para avaliar). Cada prática foi avaliada por três especialistas. Resultados: uma pontuação excelente foi obtida no cálculo do índice de correlação para as três práticas e nos dois níveis avaliados (competente e especialista). A pontuação média para a aplicação do torniquete foi de 0,897, para o curativo de emergência foi de 0,982 e para a aplicação de agentes hemostáticos tópicos foi de 0,805. Conclusão: este instrumento de avaliação da prática por meio de simulação nos cuidados de saúde estratégicos é considerado útil, válido e confiável para o treinamento no contexto pré-hospitalar tanto dos profissionais que não possuem experiência nos cuidados estratégicos quanto nos considerados peritos.


Objetivo: construir y validar un instrumento de evaluación de la práctica, mediante simulación, en la atención sanitaria táctica. Método: se construyeron y validaron tres rúbricas de las prácticas de aplicación del torniquete, vendaje de emergencia y agente hemostático recomendadas por el Consenso Hartford. Se estudió la validez y fiabilidad. La validación se realizó por cuatro expertos en la materia y treinta y seis participantes enfermeros que fueron la muestra de conveniencia. Se evaluaron tres rúbricas con 8 ítems (excepto para el vendaje de emergencia que fueron 7 ítems a evaluar). Cada práctica fue evaluada por tres expertos. Resultados: se ha obtenido una excelente puntuación en el cálculo del índice de correlación para las tres prácticas y en los dos niveles evaluados (competente y experto). La puntuación media para la rúbrica de aplicación del torniquete fue de 0.897, la del vendaje de emergencia 0.982 y para la aplicación de hemostáticos tópicos 0.805. Conclusión: este instrumento de evaluación de la práctica mediante simulación en la atención sanitaria se considera útil, válido y fiable para la formación en el entorno prehospitalario tanto de profesionales que carecen de experiencia en atención táctica como de aquellos considerados como expertos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Tourniquets , Reproducibility of Results , Emergency Medical Services/standards , Emergency Treatment/standards , Mass Casualty Incidents , Hemorrhage
20.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 207-210, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827830

ABSTRACT

Malaysia has one of the highest total numbers of COVID-19 infections amongst the Southeast Asian nations, which led to the enforcements of the Malaysian "Movement Control Order" to prohibit disease transmission. The overwhelming increasing amount of infections has led to a major strain on major healthcare services. This leads to shortages in hospital beds, ventilators and critical personnel protective equipment. This article focuses on the critical adaptations from a general surgery department in Malaysia which is part of a Malaysian tertiary hospital that treats COVID-19 cases. The core highlights of these strategies enforced during this pandemic are: (1) surgery ward and clinic decongestions; (2) deferment of elective surgeries; (3) restructuring of medical personnel work force; (4) utilization of online applications for tele-communication; (5) operating room (OR) adjustments and patient screening; and (6) continuing medical education and updating practices in context to COVID-19. These adaptations were important for the continuation of emergency surgery services, preventing transmission of COVID-19 amongst healthcare workers and optimization of medical personnel work force in times of a global pandemic. In addition, an early analysis on the impact of COVID-19 pandemic and lockdown measures in Malaysia towards the reduction in total number of elective/emergent/trauma surgeries performed is described in this article.


Subject(s)
Humans , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Epidemiology , Elective Surgical Procedures , Emergency Treatment , Malaysia , Epidemiology , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Epidemiology , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery
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