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Braz. j. infect. dis ; 24(1): 85-88, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089325


ABSTRACT The antigenic potential of seven immunogenic peptides of the dengue virus was evaluated in the sera of patients with dengue confirmed by IgM/IgG serology. Antibodies IgM and IgG against dengue virus peptides were analyzed by ELISA in 31 dengue sero-positive and 20 sero-negative patients. The P5 peptide showed significant IgG immunoreactivity mostly in the sera of patients with dengue without warning signs in comparison with patients with dengue with warning signs, correlating with mild disease. This finding suggests that the low antibody response against P5 epitope could be a risk factor for higher susceptibility to dengue virus infection with warning signs, and that P5 could be a potential antigen for vaccine development.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Peptides/immunology , Viral Envelope Proteins/immunology , Dengue Virus/immunology , Dengue Vaccines , Antibodies, Viral/immunology , Epitopes/immunology , Immunoglobulin G/immunology , Immunoglobulin M/immunology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dengue/immunology , Dengue/prevention & control , Antibody Formation , Antigens, Viral/immunology
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 52: e20180139, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041506


Abstract INTRODUCTION: High percentages of structural identity and cross-immunoreactivity have been reported between potato apyrase and Schistosoma mansoni ATP diphosphohydrolase (SmATPDases) isoforms, showing the existence of particular epitopes shared between these proteins. METHODS: Potato apyrase was employed using ELISA, western blot, and mouse immunization methods to verify IgE reactivity. RESULTS: Most of the schistosomiasis patient's (75%) serum was seropositive for potato apyrase and this protein was recognized using western blotting, suggesting that parasite and plant proteins share IgE-binding epitopes. C57BL/6 mice immunized with potato apyrase showed increased IgE antibody production. CONCLUSIONS: Potato apyrase and SmATPDases have IgE-binding epitopes.

Animals , Female , Apyrase/immunology , Schistosoma mansoni/immunology , Schistosomiasis mansoni/immunology , Solanum tuberosum/enzymology , Immunoglobulin E/immunology , Antibodies, Helminth/immunology , Epitopes/immunology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Blotting, Western , Cross Reactions , Mice, Inbred C57BL
Rev. bras. parasitol. vet ; 27(3): 267-279, July-Sept. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-959193


Abstract The cattle tick Rhipicephalus microplus causes significant economic losses in agribusiness. Control of this tick is achieved mainly through the application of chemical acaricides, often resulting in contamination of animal food products and of the environment. Another major concern associated with acaricide use is the increasing reports of resistance of this tick vector against the active ingredients of many commercial products. An alternative control method is vaccination. However, the commercially available vaccine based on a protein homologous to Bm86 exhibits variations in efficacy relative to the different geographical locations. This study aimed to identify antigenic determinants of the sequences of proteins homologous to Bm86. Phylogenetic analyses were performed to determine the extent of divergence between different populations of R. microplus to identify the sequence that could be used as a universal vaccine against the multiple geographically distinct populations of R. microplus and related tick species. Considering the extensive sequence and functional polymorphism observed among strains of R. microplus from different geographical regions, we can conclude that it may be possible to achieve effective vaccination against these cattle ticks using a single universal Bm86-based antigen.

Resumo O carrapato Rhipicephalus microplus é responsável por perdas significativas no agronegócio. O controle deste carrapato é feito principalmente por meio da aplicação de acaricidas químicos, geralmente resultando na contaminação de produtos de origem animal e do meio ambiente. Outra preocupação importante associada ao uso de acaricidas é o crescente aumento de relatos sobre a resistência deste carrapato a princípios ativos de vários produtos comerciais. Uma alternativa de controle é por meio de vacinação. Porém, a vacina comercializada contendo proteína homóloga à Bm86, apresenta variações de eficácia em relação às diferentes localizações geográficas. Este estudo buscou identificar determinantes antigênicos das sequencias de proteínas homólogas a Bm86. As análises filogenéticas foram feitas para determinar a extensão da divergência entre diferentes populações de R. microplus com o objetivo de identificar a sequência que poderia ser usada como vacina universal contra as múltiplas populações geograficamente distintas de R. microplus e espécies de carrapatos relacionados. Considerando-se a extensa sequência e o polimorfismo observados entre linhagens de R. microplus de diferentes regiões geográficas, podemos concluir que pode ser possível obter uma vacinação efetiva contra esses carrapatos bovinos utilizando um único antígeno universal baseado em Bm86.

Animals , Cattle , Tick Infestations/prevention & control , Vaccines/chemistry , Proteins/immunology , Cattle Diseases/prevention & control , Rhipicephalus/immunology , Epitopes/immunology , Vaccines/administration & dosage
Braz. j. microbiol ; 48(3): 570-575, July-Sept. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889151


Abstract The epsilon toxin, produced by Clostridium perfringens, is responsible for enterotoxemia in ruminants and is a potential bioterrorism agent. In the present study, 15 regions of the toxin were recognized by antibodies present in the serum, with different immunodominance scales, and may be antigen determinants that can be used to formulate subunit vaccines.

Animals , Bacterial Toxins/chemistry , Clostridium perfringens/immunology , Epitopes/chemistry , Bacterial Toxins/genetics , Bacterial Toxins/immunology , Clostridium perfringens/chemistry , Clostridium perfringens/genetics , Enterotoxemia/microbiology , Epitope Mapping , Epitopes/genetics , Epitopes/immunology
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 43-50, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-65064


PURPOSE: To identify new immunogenic HLA-A*33;03-restricted epitopes from the human papillomavirus (HPV) 16 E7 protein for immunotherapy against cervical cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We synthesized fourteen overlapping 15-amino acid peptides and measured intracellular interferon-γ (IFN-γ) production in PBMC and CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) after sensitization with these peptides using flow cytometry and ELISpot assay. The immunogenicity of epitopes was verified using a ⁵¹Cr release assay with SNU1299 cells. RESULTS: Among the fourteen 15-amino acid peptides, E7₄₉₋₆₃ (RAHYNIVTFCCKCDS) demonstrated the highest IFN-γ production from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), and CD8+ CTLs sensitized with E7₄₉₋₆₃ showed higher cytotoxic effect against SNU1299 cells than did CD8+ CTLs sensitized with other peptides or a negative control group. Thirteen 9- or 10-amino acid overlapping peptides spanning E7₄₉₋₆₃, E7₅₀₋₅₉ (AHYNIVTFCC), and E7₅₂₋₆₁ (YNIVTFCCKC) induced significantly higher IFN-γ production and cytotoxic effects against SNU1299 cells than the other peptides and negative controls, and the cytotoxicity of E7₅₀₋₅₉- and E7₅₂₋₆₁-sensitized PBMCs was induced via the cytolytic effect of CD8+ CTLs. CONCLUSION: We identified E7₅₀₋₅₉ and E7₅₂₋₆₁ as novel HPV 16 E7 epitopes for HLA-A*33;03. CD8+ CTL sensitized with these peptides result in an antitumor effect against cervical cancer cells. These epitopes could be useful for immune monitoring and immunotherapy for cervical cancer and HPV 16-related diseases including anal cancer and oropharyngeal cancer.

Female , Humans , Amino Acid Sequence , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/immunology , Epitopes/immunology , HLA-A Antigens , Human papillomavirus 16/immunology , Immunotherapy , Interferon-gamma/analysis , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/immunology , T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic/immunology , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/therapy
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 18-24, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-28309


Boiled silkworm pupa is a traditional food in Asia, and patients with silkworm pupa food allergy are common in these regions. Still now only one allergen from silkworm, arginine kinase, has been identified. The purpose of this study was to identify novel food allergens in silkworm pupa by analyzing a protein extract after heat treatment. Heat treated extracts were examined by proteomic analysis. A 27-kDa glycoprotein was identified, expressed in Escherichia coli, and purified. IgE reactivity of the recombinant protein was investigated by ELISA. High molecular weight proteins (above 100 kDa) elicited increased IgE binding after heat treatment compared to that before heat treatment. The molecular identities of these proteins, however, could not be determined. IgE reactivity toward a 27-kDa glycoprotein was also increased after heating the protein extract. The recombinant protein was recognized by IgE antibodies from allergic subjects (33.3%). Glycation or aggregation of protein by heating may create new IgE binding epitopes. Heat stable allergens are shown to be important in silkworm allergy. Sensitization to the 27-kDa glycoprotein from silkworm may contribute to elevation of IgE to silkworm.

Adolescent , Adult , Animals , Female , Humans , Male , Allergens/chemistry , Amino Acid Sequence , Bombyx/chemistry , Epitopes/immunology , Food Hypersensitivity/etiology , Glycoproteins/chemistry , Hot Temperature , Immunoglobulin E/immunology , Molecular Sequence Data , Molecular Weight , Proteomics , Pupa/chemistry , Recombinant Proteins/biosynthesis , Sequence Alignment
São Paulo; s.n; 2016. [78] p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-870882


As dermatoses bolhosas autoimunes são um grupo heterogêneo de afecções da pele e/ou mucosas associadas à produção de autoanticorpos dirigidos às moléculas de adesão epitelial. Podem ser classificadas em dermatoses bolhosas intraepidérmicas (pênfigos) ou subepidérmicas (penfigóides, epidermólise bolhosa adquirida). Nos últimos anos, a transição entre dermatoses bolhosas autoimunes ou coexistência de autoanticorpos de diferentes dermatoses têm sido relatadas em alguns pacientes e atribuída ao fenômeno de epitope spreading (ES): a diversificação de epítopos reconhecidos pelo sistema imune evocaria uma reação secundária a antígenos distintos e não relacionados aos da doença primária. Neste trabalho avaliamos a ocorrência de fenômenos de ES em pacientes portadores de pênfigo. CASUÍSTICA E MÉTODOS: Inicialmente, foi realizada análise de dados clínicos e laboratoriais (exame histopatológico, de imunofluorescência direta-IFD, indireta IFI e ELISA) de 351 pacientes portadores de pênfigos acompanhados no Ambulatório de dermatoses bolhosas autoimunes do Departamento de Dermatologia da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo no período de dezembro de 2002 a dezembro de 2012. Foram selecionados pacientes com quadro sugestivo de conversão à dermatose bolhosa distinta da doença primária. RESULTADOS: Nove pacientes apresentaram sinais sugestivos de fenômeno de ES e foram incluídos no estudo: 8 com a conversão de Pênfigo vulgar (PV) a foliáceo (PF) 2,3% (grupo1) e um de PF a Epidermólise bolhosa adquirida (EBA) 0,3% (grupo 2). No grupo 1 o intervalo mediano para a conversão foi de 3,5 anos. Cinco pacientes apresentaram modificação histopatológica de clivagem intraepidérmica na camada suprabasal para clivagem na camada subcórnea durante a suspeita de ES; 2 apresentaram clivagem na camada epidérmica média durante a transição e um manteve clivagem suprabasal, apesar de quadro clínico sugestivo de PF. Todos os pacientes apresentavam...

Autoimmune bullous skin diseases represent a heterogeneous group of disorders of skin and mucosa associated with autoantibodies against distinct adhesion molecules. They can be classified, based on the level of loss of adhesion in intraepidermal and sub epidermal dermatosis. The shift from an autoimmune blistering disease to another has been recently described and attributed to the "epitope spreading" (ES) phenomena. It occurs when a primary inflammatory/autoimmune process releases "hidden" epitopes which are recognized by the lymphocytes and evoke a secondary reaction to antigens distinct from, and non-cross-reactive, with the disease causing-epitope. This study attempted to characterize the occurrence of ES in pemphigus patients. METHODS: We analyzed data from 351 pemphigus patients treated ambulatorially at the Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, University of São Paulo, from December 2002 to December 2012. A careful search for clinical and laboratorial (histopathology, direct-DIF and indirect-IIF immunofluorescence, ELISA) changes suggestive of shift to a secondary bullous disease was performed. RESULTS: Nine out of 351 patients presented clínical shift and were included in the study: eight from pemphigus vulgaris (PV) to foliaceus (PF) 2.3% (group 1) and one from PF to epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA) 0.3% (group 2). In group 1, median interval of disease shift was 3.5 years. Of 8 patients with clinical PF, five showed change of histopathology pattern from suprabasilar cleavage to subcorneal acantholysis, two had cleavage within the middle epidermal layer, and one sustained the suprabasilar acantholysis. One shifted back to PV after clinical and histopatological changes of PF. All patients showed intercellular IgG and/or C3 deposits during PV and PF diagnosis by DIF. IIF titers varied from 1:160 to 1:5120. ELISA index for Dsg1 varied from 22 to 319; and for Dsg3 from 0.4 to 224 (positive if > 20)....

Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Epidermolysis Bullosa Acquisita , Epitopes/immunology , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Pemphigus , Skin Diseases, Vesiculobullous
Cad. saúde pública ; 31(3): 633-646, 03/2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-744824


Agricultural workers represent a population that is highly vulnerable to the toxic effects of pesticide exposure. This cross sectional study aimed to describe the health conditions of terrestrial pesticide applicators in Córdoba Province, Argentina, their work practices and socio-demographic characteristics, by means of a standardized self-administered questionnaire (n = 880). A descriptive analysis reported a high prevalence of occasional or frequent symptoms: 47.4% had symptoms of irritation, 35.5% fatigue, 40.4% headache and 27.6% nervousness or depression. Using logistic regression models, risk and protective factors were found for symptoms of irritation, medical consultation and hospitalization. Among the occupational exposure variables, marital status, length of time in the job, low level of protection with regard to the use of personal protective equipment, combined use of different pesticides and the application of the insecticide endosulfan, were associated with a higher frequency of reported symptoms and higher consultation rates and hospitalization.

Los trabajadores agrícolas son una población altamente vulnerable a los efectos tóxicos de la exposición a plaguicidas. Con el objetivo de describir las condiciones de salud de agroaplicadores terrestres de plaguicidas de la Provincia de Córdoba, Argentina, sus prácticas laborales y características sociodemográficas, se realizó un estudio transversal, mediante cuestionario (n = 880). Un análisis descriptivo reportó alta prevalencia de sintomatología ocasional o frecuente: 47,4% síntomas irritativos, 35,5% cansancio, 40,4% cefalea y 27,6% ansiedad o depresión. Mediante modelos logísticos se detectaron factores protectores y de riesgo que explican la presencia de síntomas irritativos, la consulta médica y la hospitalización. El estado civil, la antigüedad en la tarea, el nivel de protección considerando uso de equipo de protección personal, la exposición múltiple a plaguicidas y la aplicación del insecticida endosulfán, se asociaron a mayor frecuencia de reporte de síntomas, consultas médicas y hospitalizaciones por causas relacionadas con la exposición a plaguicidas.

Os trabalhadores agrícolas são uma população altamente vulnerável aos efeitos tóxicos da exposição a pesticidas. Este estudo transversal teve o objetivo de descrever as condições de saúde de aplicadores terrestres de pesticidas da Província de Córdoba, Argentina, suas práticas de trabalho e características sociodemográficas, por meio de um questionário padronizado autoadministrado (n = 880). A análise descritiva relatou alta prevalência de sintomas ocasionais ou frequentes: 47,4% sintomas irritativos, 35,5% fadiga, 40,4% dor de cabeça e 27,6% ansiedade ou depressão. Mediante modelos logísticos foram detectados os fatores protetores e do risco que explicam a presença de sintomas irritativos, consulta médica e hospitalização. O estado civil, anos de trabalho, o nível de proteção considerando o uso de equipamentos de proteção individual, a exposição a vários pesticidas e aplicação do inseticida endosulfan, foram associados com maior frequência de sintomas, consultas médicas e hospitalização por causas relacionadas à exposição ao agrotóxico.

Animals , Cats , Humans , Mice , Asthma , Epitopes/immunology , Immune Tolerance/immunology , /immunology , Peptides , Allergens/immunology , Asthma/immunology , Asthma/therapy , Bronchial Hyperreactivity/immunology , Desensitization, Immunologic , Disease Models, Animal , Double-Blind Method , Forkhead Transcription Factors/immunology , Genes, MHC Class II , Glycoproteins/genetics , Glycoproteins/immunology , HLA-DR1 Antigen/immunology , Lung/cytology , Lung/immunology , Lung/pathology , Mice, Transgenic , Placebos , Peptides/immunology , Peptides/therapeutic use , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , /immunology , /immunology , Transforming Growth Factor beta/immunology
Recife; s.n; 2015. 75 p. ilus, graf, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-772862


Algumas espécies do gênero Biomphalaria se apresentam como potenciais hospedeiras ao parasito Schistosoma mansoni, estando a suscetibilidade a este parasito, neste gênero, ligada ao sistema interno de defesa de cada espécie de Biomphalaria. Um dos componentes importantes no sistema imune de invertebrados é a enzima fenoloxidase, que ainda apresenta muitos aspectos desconhecidos no sistema de defesa do gênero Biomphalaria. Foi relatado também que os genes de proteínas relacionadas ao fibrinogênio (FREPs) possuem importância na resposta imune de Biomphalaria glabrata, entre esses, as subfamílias dos FREPs 3 e 4 são diferencialmente expressas em linhagens susceptíveis e resistentes frente a infecção com trematódeos. No entanto os trabalhos existentes em sua maioria estudam a espécie Biomphalaria glabrata, excluindo a espécie Biomphalaria straminea, amplamente distribuída no Brasil e principal responsável pela disseminação da esquistossomose. Tendo em vista a falta de conhecimento sobre a resposta imune destes moluscos hospedeiros, principalmente em relação à expressão de genes imune relevantes e ao tipo de resposta, o presente trabalho se propôs a estudar a variação do número de hemócitos, da produção de fenoloxidase e da expressão dos genes dos FREP 3 e FREP 4 envolvidos com a ligação a antígenos de trematódeos, nas espécies Biomphalaria glabrata, Biomphalaria straminea pós-infecção com S. mansoni, bem como em caramujos pré-expostos a antígenos de S. mansoni...

Animals , Biomphalaria/genetics , Biomphalaria/immunology , Epitopes/immunology , Hemocytes , Host-Parasite Interactions , Schistosoma mansoni/immunology , Antigens, Helminth , Fibrinogen/genetics , Gene Expression , Immune System
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 109(8): 999-1004, 12/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-732606


The interferon (IFN)-γ response to peptides can be a useful diagnostic marker of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) latent infection. We identified promiscuous and potentially protective CD4+ T-cell epitopes from the most conserved regions of MTB antigenic proteins by scanning the MTB antigenic proteins GroEL2, phosphate-binding protein 1 precursor and 19 kDa antigen with the TEPITOPE algorithm. Seven peptide sequences predicted to bind to multiple human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DR molecules were synthesised and tested with IFN-γ enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISPOT) assays using peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from 16 Mantoux tuberculin skin test (TST)-positive and 16 TST-negative healthy donors. Eighty-eight percent of TST-positive donors responded to at least one of the peptides, compared to 25% of TST-negative donors. Each individual peptide induced IFN-γ production by PBMCs from at least 31% of the TST-positive donors. The magnitude of the response against all peptides was 182 ± 230 x 106 IFN-γ spot forming cells (SFC) among TST-positive donors and 36 ± 62 x 106 SFC among TST-negative donors (p = 0.007). The response to GroEL2 (463-477) was only observed in the TST-positive group. This combination of novel MTB CD4 T-cell epitopes should be tested in a larger cohort of individuals with latent tuberculosis (TB) to evaluate its potential to diagnose latent TB and it may be included in ELISPOT-based IFN-γ assays to identify individuals with this condition.

Adult , Humans , Middle Aged , /immunology , Epitopes/immunology , Interferon-gamma/metabolism , Latent Tuberculosis/diagnosis , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/immunology , Tuberculin Test , Algorithms , Antigens, Bacterial/analysis , Brazil , Bacterial Proteins/blood , Biomarkers/analysis , /metabolism , Chaperonins/blood , Enzyme-Linked Immunospot Assay , Epitope Mapping , Healthy Volunteers , HLA-DR Antigens/immunology , Latent Tuberculosis/immunology , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/immunology , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/metabolism , Phosphate-Binding Proteins/blood
Invest. clín ; 54(3): 257-269, sep. 2013. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-740324


Neuregulins (NRG) are proteins that belong to the family of epidermal growth factors. It is well established that these factors are essential for the development and maintenance of the nervous system. Due to the difficulty of purifying enough quantities of these factors and the lack of specificity from commercially available antibodies, the aim of this work was to produce antibodies against a synthetic peptide capable to detect and identify neuregulin GGFb isoforms. To accomplish this goal, polyclonal antibodies were raised in hens against a synthetic peptide designed from the GGFb1 extracellular sequence. The sequence analysis was made using different epitope-predicting programs. Our results showed that the peptide sequence selected was immunogenic because it was capable of inducing a specific type B immune response in the experimental animal model. These antibodies were also capable of recognizing a recombinant GGF protein and GGF isoforms present in different samples. Our results suggest that the development of immunoglobulin Y (IgY) using synthetic peptides represents, a valuable tool for neuroscience research.

Las Neuregulinas (NRG) son proteínas que pertenecen a la familia de los factores de crecimiento epidermal. Se ha demostrado que estos factores son esenciales para el desarrollo y mantenimiento de la funcionalidad del sistema nervioso. Debido a la dificultad para purificar estas proteínas y la falta de especificidad de los anticuerpos disponibles comercialmente, el objetivo de este trabajo fue producir anticuerpos contra un péptido sintético capaz de detectar e identificar una isoforma de la Neuregulina (GGFb). Para lograr este objetivo, se desarrollaron anticuerpos en gallinas (IgY) contra un péptido sintético diseñado a partir de la secuencia aminoacídica de la región extracelular de GGFb, utilizando programas de predicción de epítopes. Los resultados demuestran que el péptido seleccionado fue immunogénico debido a que estimuló una respuesta inmune específica tipo B en el modelo utilizado. Estos anticuerpos fueron también capaces de reconocer una proteína recombinante e isoformas de GGF presentes en diferentes muestras biológicas. Nuestros resultados demuestran el potencial valor de las inmunoglobulinas Y (IgY) contra péptidos sintéticos como una herramienta de aplicación para la investigación en neurociencia.

Animals , Female , Rats , Antibodies, Heterophile/immunology , Chickens/immunology , Immunoglobulins/immunology , Neuregulin-1/immunology , Peptide Fragments/immunology , Antibody Specificity , Antibodies, Heterophile/biosynthesis , Antibodies, Heterophile/isolation & purification , Cells, Cultured , Culture Media, Conditioned , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Epitopes/immunology , Immunoblotting , Immunoglobulins/biosynthesis , Immunoglobulins/isolation & purification , Neuregulin-1/analysis , Peptide Fragments/chemical synthesis , Protein Isoforms/analysis , Protein Isoforms/immunology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Recombinant Proteins/immunology , Schwann Cells/immunology , Schwann Cells/metabolism , Sciatic Nerve/cytology
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 16(6): 510-516, Nov.-Dec. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-658919


OBJECTIVE: One approach to identifying HIV-1 vaccine candidates is to dissect the natural antiviral immune response in treatment-naïve individuals infected for over ten years, considered slow progressor patients (SPs). It is suspected that SP plasma has strongly neutralizing antibodies (NAb) targeting specific HIV viral epitopes. METHODS: NAbs levels of 11 HIV-1-infected SPs were detected by PBMC-based neutralization assays. To investigate SP NAb epitope, this study used a biopanning approach to obtain mimotopes of HIV-1 that were recognized by SP plasma NAbs. IgG was purified from hightiter NAb SP plasma, and used as the ligand for three rounds of biopanning to select HIV-specific mimotopes from a phage-displayed random peptide library. Double-antibody sandwich ELISA, competitive inhibition assays, and peptide sequence analysis were used to evaluate the characteristics of phage-borne mimotopes. RESULTS: SPs had significantly more plasma neutralizing activity than typical progressors (TPs) (p = 0.04). P2 and P9 plasma, which have highest-titer HIV-NAb, were selected as ligands for biopanning. After three rounds of biopanning, 48 phage clones were obtained, of which 22 clones were consistent with requirement, binding with HIV-1 positive plasma and unbinding with HIV-1 negative plasma. Compared with linear HIV-1 protein sequence and HIV-1 protein structure files, only 12 clones were possible linear mimotopes of NAbs. In addition, the C40 clone located in gp41 CHR was found to be a neutralizing epitope, which could inhibit pooled HIV-1 positive plasma reaction. CONCLUSION: Biopanning of serum IgG can yield mimotopes of HIV-1-related antigen epitopes. This methodology provides a basis for exploration into HIV-1-related antigen-antibody interactions and furthers NAb immunotherapy and vaccine design.

Humans , Antibodies, Neutralizing/immunology , Epitopes/immunology , HIV Antibodies/immunology , HIV Infections/immunology , HIV-1 , China , Cross Reactions , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , /immunology , /immunology , Peptide Library
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 106(supl.1): 172-178, Aug. 2011.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-597259


CD8+ T cells against malaria liver stages represent a major protective immune mechanism against infection. Following induction in the peripheral lymph nodes by dendritic cells (DCs), these CD8+ T cells migrate to the liver and eliminate parasite infected hepatocytes. The processing and presentation of sporozoite antigen requires TAP mediated transport of major histocompatibility complex class I epitopes to the endoplasmic reticulum. Importantly, in DCs this process is also dependent on endosome-mediated cross presentation while this mechanism is not required for epitope presentation on hepatocytes. Protective CD8+ T cell responses are strongly dependent on the presence of CD4+ T cells and the capacity of sporozoite antigen to persist for a prolonged period of time. While human trials with subunit vaccines capable of inducing antibodies and CD4+ T cell responses have yielded encouraging results, an effective anti-malaria vaccine will likely require vaccine constructs designed to induce protective CD8+ T cells against malaria liver stages.

Animals , Humans , Mice , Antigens, Protozoan/immunology , /immunology , Hepatocytes , Liver , Malaria/immunology , /immunology , Epitopes/immunology , Malaria Vaccines/immunology , Malaria , Malaria
Clinics ; 66(8): 1401-1406, 2011. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-598383


INTRODUCTION: Epstein-Barr virus exposure appears to be an environmental trigger for rheumatoid arthritis that interacts with other risk factors. Relationships among anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies, the shared epitope, and smoking status have been observed in patients with rheumatoid arthritis from different populations. OBJECTIVE: To perform an association analysis of anti-Epstein-Barr nuclear antigen-1 antibodies, anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies, the shared epitope, and smoking status in Brazilian patients with rheumatoid arthritis. METHODS: In a case-control study, 140 rheumatoid arthritis patients and 143 healthy volunteers who were matched for age, sex, and ethnicity were recruited. Anti-Epstein-Barr nuclear antigen-1 antibodies and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies were examined using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and shared epitope alleles were identified by genotyping. Smoking information was collected from all subjects. A comparative analysis of anti-Epstein-Barr nuclear antigen-1 antibodies, anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies, the shared epitope, and smoking status was performed in the patient group. Logistic regression analysis models were used to analyze the risk of rheumatoid arthritis. RESULTS: Anti-Epstein-Barr nuclear antigen-1 antibodies were not associated with anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies, shared epitope alleles, or smoking status. Anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody positivity was significantly higher in smoking patients with shared epitope alleles (OR = 3.82). In a multivariate logistic regression analysis using stepwise selection, only anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies were found to be independently associated with rheumatoid arthritis (OR = 247.9). CONCLUSION: Anti-Epstein-Barr nuclear antigen-1 antibodies did not increase the risk of rheumatoid arthritis and were not associated with the rheumatoid arthritis risk factors studied. Smoking and shared epitope alleles were correlated with anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide-antibody-positive rheumatoid arthritis. Of the risk factors, only anticyclic citrullinated peptides antibodies were independently associated with rheumatoid arthritis susceptibility.

Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/etiology , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/complications , Epstein-Barr Virus Nuclear Antigens/blood , Peptides, Cyclic/immunology , Smoking/adverse effects , Alleles , Antibodies, Viral/blood , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/genetics , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/immunology , Autoantibodies/blood , Case-Control Studies , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Epitopes/blood , Epitopes/immunology , Genotype , Risk Factors
Bol. Acad. Nac. Med. B.Aires ; 88(1): 109-125, ene.-jun. 2010. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-606179


En este trabajo se describe un sistema para evaluar y caracterizar los anticuerpos anti-FVIII en pacientes con Hemofilia A Severa (HAS) que reciben el Factor como tratamiento de sustitución. Consiste en el empleo combinado de microesferas y Citometria de Flujo (CF). El rFVIII fue acoplado a microesferas de 2 µm de diámetro (m-FVIII) las cuales se incubaron con diluciones de plasma o suero de pacientes con (n=13) o sin (n=17) inhibidor, pacientes en Tratamiento Inmunotolerante (TIT)(n=5) y dadores normales (N) (n=12). Los anticuerpos se revelaron con anti-lgG humana, anti-lgG1, anti-lgG2, anti-IgG3 o anti-lgG4 biotiniladas, seguido por streptavidina-ficoeritrina. Se registraron los valores de Intensidad de Fluorescencia Media (IFM). Microesferas sin FVIII (m-Control) se utilizaron como control. El resultado se expresó como índice: (IFM de m-FVIII/IFM de m-Control) multiplicado por la inversa de la dilución de máxima respuesta. Se determinó el porcentaje de contribución de cada subclase de IgG. Los resultados presentaron un 86 por ciento de concordancia con la prueba de Bethesda y un 80 por ciento con ELISA. El método fue útil para el seguimiento de los pacientes durante el TIT. La IgG4 prevaleció en pacientes con alto título y al comienzo del TIT. La CF es fácil y rápida y requiere sólo 200 µl de muestra.

In this study, a Flow Cytometry (FC) system is described for detecting and characterizing antibodies (inhibitors) to Factor VIII (FVIII) in Severe Haemophilia A (SHA) patients following FVIII infusion. A combination of microspheres and Flow Cytometry (FC) was employed. First, rFVIII was coupled to microspheres of 2 µm of diameter (m-FVIII). Then, they were reacted with dilutions of plasma or serum of patients with (n=13) or without (n=17) inhibitors. Five patients receiving Immunotolerant Treatment (ITI) and 12 normal donors were included. Microspheres without rFVIII were used as control (m-Control). Captured anti-FVIII antibodies were detected using biotinylated anti-Human IgG, IgG1, IgG2, IgG3 or IgG4 followed by streptavidin-phycoerythrin. FC analysis was performed recording Mean Fluorescence Intensity (MFI). Results were given as an Index: the highest MFI ratio between m-FVIII and m-Control multiplied by the inverse of the corresponding plasma dilution. The contribution of each IgG subclass was expressed as percentage. FC results had 86 per cent and 80 per cent of coincidence with the Bethesda method and ELISA respectively. The test was useful to measure anti-FVIII antibodies during the ITI. IgG4 was the prevalent IgG subclass in patients with high level of inhibitors and previously to ITI. FC was easy, fast and requires only 200 µl of sample.

Humans , Factor VIII/immunology , Factor VIII/therapeutic use , Hemophilia A/immunology , Hemophilia A/drug therapy , Autoantibodies/immunology , Flow Cytometry/methods , Acute Disease , Epitopes/immunology , Follow-Up Studies , Immunoassay/methods , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Sensitivity and Specificity
Rev. argent. microbiol ; 41(3): 129-133, jul.-sep. 2009. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-634626


Se estudió un lote de 28 sueros de llama (Lama gama) de la provincia de Jujuy, Argentina, a fin de identificar antígenos inmunorreactivos contra Leptospira interrogans. Se utilizaron distintas preparaciones antigénicas de la bacteria para estudiar la inmunorreactividad mediante microaglutinación (MAT), ELISA y Western inmunoblot. Un pool de sueros bovinos positivos a la MAT fue empleado como control. Todos los sueros de llama fueron negativos mediante MAT e igual resultado se observó mediante ELISA. Dos de los 28 sueros de llama y el pool de sueros bovinos positivos, al ser evaluados por Western inmunoblot, arrojaron resultados positivos y permitieron identificar proteínas inmunorreactivas. Por MALDI-TOF se logró establecer que la proteína asociada a los dos sueros de llama inmunorreactivos era una flagelina periplásmica de Leptospira interrogans serovar Lai STR, mientras que la asociada al pool de sueros bovinos positivos a Leptospira sp. se trataba de una lipoproteína de la membrana externa de Leptospira interrogans serovar Ballum, LipL21. Estas proteínas podrían ser utilizadas en el diseño de un nuevo ELISA aplicado al diagnóstico temprano de leptospirosis, ya sea en distintos tipos de ganado como así también en reservorios silvestres.

A batch of 28 llama (Lama gama) sera from Jujuy province in Argentina was studied in order to identify immune reactive antigens to Leptospira interrogans. Different antigenic preparations from the bacterium were used to study the immune reactivity by the microagglutinattion (MAT), ELISA and Western immunoblot tests. A control pool of positive bovine sera was used. All the llama sera were negative to MAT as well as to ELISA. Two of the llama sera and the positive bovine sera pool rendered positive results when evaluated by Western immunoblot, allowing the identification of immune reactive proteins. These proteins were identified by MALDI-TOF. A periplasmic flagellin of Leptospira interrogans serovar Lai STR called FlaB1 was identified from the reactive llama sera, and an external membrane lipoprotein of Leptospira interrogans serovar Ballum called LipL21 was identified from the pool of bovine positive sera. These proteins could be used in a new ELISA applied to the early diagnosis of leptospirosis in different kind of cattle or wild reservoirs.

Animals , Cattle , Antibodies, Bacterial/immunology , Antigens, Bacterial/immunology , Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins/immunology , Bacterial Proteins/immunology , Camelids, New World/immunology , Epitopes/immunology , Flagellin/immunology , Leptospira interrogans/immunology , Leptospirosis/veterinary , Lipoproteins/immunology , Antigens, Bacterial/isolation & purification , Argentina/epidemiology , Blotting, Western , Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins/isolation & purification , Bacterial Proteins/isolation & purification , Camelids, New World/blood , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Epitopes/isolation & purification , Flagellin/isolation & purification , Leptospirosis/epidemiology , Leptospirosis/immunology , Lipoproteins/isolation & purification , Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization , Serologic Tests/veterinary
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 1126-1131, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-203379


It has been reported that the immune response due to alpha-Gal epitopes is an important factor in tissue valve failure. The elimination of the interaction between the natural anti-Gal antibodies and alpha-gal epitopes on the xenografts is a prerequisite to the success of xenografts in humans. Previously, we reported that the green coffee bean alpha-galactosidase could remove all alpha-Gal epitopes from cell surface of porcine aortic valve and pericardial tissue, but it has limitations on cost effectiveness. In this study we wanted to know whether the recently produced recombinant human alpha-galactosidase A has the same effective enzymatic activity as green coffee bean alpha-galactosidase in removing alpha-Gal epitopes from the same tissues. After treating fresh porcine aortic valve and pericardial tissue with recombinant alpha-galactosidase A, each sample was stained with Griffonia simplicifolia type I isolectin B4 indirect immunoperoxidase avidin-biotin technique. We then examined whether the alpha-Gal epitopes were reduced or abolished in each consecutive concentration of recombinant alpha-galactosidase A by comparing the degree of the Griffonia simplicifolia isolectin B4 staining. As a result, the recombinant alpha-galactosidase A could remove cell surface alpha-Gals on porcine aortic valve and pericardial tissue as effectively as green coffee bean alpha-galactosidase.

Adolescent , Animals , Child , Humans , Aortic Valve/chemistry , Coffea/enzymology , Epitopes/immunology , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation , Pericardium/chemistry , Recombinant Proteins/genetics , Swine , Transplantation, Heterologous/immunology , alpha-Galactosidase/genetics
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 41(4): 325-329, jul.-ago. 2008. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-494483


In this study, we evaluated the profile of anti-Paracoccidioides brasiliensis immunoglobulin isotypes in serum from patients with the acute and chronic forms of paracoccidioidomycosis, using the whole Paracoccidioides brasiliensis antigen and the antigen treated with sodium metaperiodate. All the immunoglobulin isotypes present in the serum from patients with the acute and chronic forms of paracoccidioidomycosis presented higher reactivity towards the whole antigen than to the antigen treated with metaperiodate (P < 0.05). The reactivity of IgG and IgM to the antigen treated with metaperiodate was greater in serum from patients with the acute form of the disease (P < 0.05), while IgA was more reactive in serum from patients with the chronic form (P < 0.05). There was greater reactivity of IgG1 and IgG2 to the whole antigen and the antigen treated with metaperiodate in the serum from patients with paracoccidioidomycosis than there was in serum from patients with other parasitic infections (P < 0.05). Furthermore, IgG1 from patients with the acute form recognized the 19kDa, 27kDa and 31kDa antigens in the western blot test. Thus, the results suggest that modifications to the epitopes of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis antigens may help to improve the immunodiagnosis of paracoccidioidomycosis.

Neste trabalho, foi avaliado o perfil de isotipos de imunoglobulinas anti-Paracoccidioides brasiliensis em soros de pacientes com formas crônica e aguda de paracoccidiodomicoses usando antígeno total e tratado com meta-periodato. Todos os tipos de imunoglobulinas presentes nos soros de pacientes com formas aguda e crônica apresentaram alta reatividade ao antígeno total quando comparado ao tratado com meta-periodato (P < 0,05). Houve maior reatividade de IgG e IgM anti-antígeno tratado com meta-periodato em soros de pacientes com forma aguda da doença (P < 0,05), enquanto IgA foi mais reativa em soros da forma crônica (P < 0,05). Houve maior reatividade de IgG1 e IgG2 com antígeno total e tratado com meta-periodato em soros de pacientes comparados aos com outras parasitoses (P < 0,05). Além disso, IgG1 de pacientes com a forma aguda reconhecem antígenos de 19kDa, 27kDa e 31kDa por western blot. Assim, os resultados sugerem que alterações nos epitopos de antígenos de Paracoccidioides brasiliensis podem auxiliar no aprimoramento do imunodiagnóstico da paracoccidioidomicose.

Humans , Antibodies, Fungal/immunology , Antigens, Fungal/immunology , Immunoglobulin Isotypes/immunology , Paracoccidioides/immunology , Paracoccidioidomycosis/immunology , Acute Disease , Antibodies, Fungal/blood , Antibodies, Fungal/drug effects , Antigen-Antibody Reactions/drug effects , Antigen-Antibody Reactions/immunology , Antigens, Fungal/blood , Antigens, Fungal/drug effects , Blotting, Western , Case-Control Studies , Chronic Disease , Epitopes/drug effects , Epitopes/immunology , Immunoglobulin Isotypes/blood , Immunoglobulin Isotypes/drug effects , Mitogens/therapeutic use , Paracoccidioides/drug effects , Paracoccidioidomycosis/blood , Paracoccidioidomycosis/drug therapy , Periodic Acid/therapeutic use
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 41(6): 493-499, June 2008. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-485851


The objective of the present study was to evaluate the contribution of the shared epitope (SE), the rheumatoid arthritis (RA) protection model, and the occurrence of anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) antibodies in RA patients from a genetically diverse population. One hundred and forty Brazilian RA patients and 161 matched controls were typed for HLA-DRB1 alleles using amplified DNA hybridized with sequence-specific oligonucleotide probes or primers. Patients were stratified according to the presence or absence of SE (DRB1*0401, *0404, *0405, *0101, *1001, and *1402), of the DERAA alleles (DRB1*0103, *0402, *1102, *1103, *1301, *1302, and *1304), and X (all other alleles). Anti-CCP antibodies were measured by ELISA. The combined frequency of SE-positive alleles was significantly greater (76.4 vs 23.6 percent, P < 0.0001) than the controls. The SE/SE and SE/X genotypes were over-represented (P < 0.0001, OR = 6.02) and DERAA/X was under-represented in RA patients (P < 0.001, OR = 0.49), whereas the frequencies of the SE/DERAA, X/X and X/DERAA genotypes were not significantly different from controls. The frequency of anti-CCP antibodies was higher in SE-positive patients than in SE-negative patients (64.6 vs 44.7 percent, P = 0.03; OR = 2.25). Although the Brazilian population is highly miscegenated, the results of this study support the findings observed in most genetically homogeneous populations with RA; however, they are not mutually exclusive but rather complementary. The participation of DRB1-DERAA alleles in protection against RA was also observed (OR = 0.4; 95 percentCI = 0.23-0.68).

Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Alleles , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/genetics , Autoantibodies/immunology , Epitopes/genetics , HLA-DR Antigens/genetics , Peptides, Cyclic/genetics , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/immunology , Brazil , Case-Control Studies , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Epitopes/immunology , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , HLA-DR Antigens/immunology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Peptides, Cyclic/immunology , Young Adult
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 514-520, 2008.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-201065


The understanding of main mechanisms that determine the ability of immune privilege related to Sertoli cells (SCs) will provide clues for promoting a local tolerogenic environment. In this study, we evaluated the property of humoral and cellular immune response modulation provided by porcine SCs. Porcine SCs were resistant to human antibody and complement-mediated formation of the membrane attack complex (38.41+/-2.77% vs. 55.02+/-5.44%, p=0.027) and cell lysis (42.95+/-1.75% vs. 87.99 +/-2.25%, p<0.001) compared to immortalized aortic endothelial cells, suggesting that porcine SCs are able to escape cellular lysis associated with complement activation by producing one or more immunoprotective factors that may be capable of inhibiting membrane attack complex formation. On the other hand, porcine SCs and their culture supernatant suppressed the up-regulation of CD40 expression (p<0.05) on DCs in the presence of LPS stimulation. These novel findings, as we know, suggest that immune modulatory effects of porcine SCs in the presence of other antigen can be obtained from the first step of antigen presentation. These might open optimistic perspectives for the use of porcine SCs in tolerance induction eliminating the need for chronic immunosuppressive drugs.

Animals , Humans , Male , Mice , Antibodies, Heterophile/immunology , Antibody Formation/immunology , CD40 Antigens/immunology , Aorta/cytology , Cell Line, Transformed , Cell Survival/immunology , Complement Membrane Attack Complex/immunology , Complement System Proteins/immunology , Dendritic Cells/cytology , Endothelial Cells/cytology , Epitopes/immunology , Immune Tolerance/immunology , Immunity, Cellular/immunology , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Sertoli Cells/cytology , Swine , Tissue Engineering , Transplantation, Heterologous