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1.
Rev. bras. anal. clin ; 53(2): 180-182, 20210630. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352922

ABSTRACT

Desde o primeiro caso de COVID-19, ocorrido na China em dezembro de 2019, o espec- tro da doença tem se mostrado muito amplo, incluindo uma miríade de manifestações hematológicas. Relatamos aqui o caso de um paciente com diagnóstico confirmado de COVID-19, o qual apresentou, no sangue periférico, a presença de hemácias apresentan- do projeções citoplasmáticas, semelhantes a uma célula pinçada (pincer cells), também conhecidas como hemácias em forma de cogumelo (mushroom-shaped red blood cells).


Since the first case of COVID-19, which occurred in China in December 2019, the spectrum of the disease has been very broad, including a myriad of hematological manifestations. We report here the case of a patient with a confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19, who presented, in peripheral blood, the red blood cells with cytoplasmic projections, similar to a pincer cells, also known as mushroom-shaped red blood cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Oxidative Stress , SARS Virus , Erythrocytes , Cytokine Release Syndrome , COVID-19
2.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 40(supl.1): e878, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289478

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La anemia drepanocítica es una anomalía genética hereditaria de la hemoglobina, que se caracteriza por la presencia de glóbulos rojos que pierden su forma redonda característica y adquieren forma de hoz. Aunque aún no tiene cura definitiva, se desarrollan varias acciones con el propósito de mejorar la calidad de vida y la atención médica a los pacientes. Objetivos: Conocer los aspectos referidos al análisis automatizado de formas en eritrocitos en los últimos años y proporcionar una visión en el caso de la drepanocitosis, que permita determinar las limitaciones actuales, principalmente para el empleo de herramientas automatizadas en el seguimiento clínico de pacientes con esta enfermedad. Método: Se realizó la revisión sistemática de la literatura de los años 2018, 2019 y dos aportes del 2020, en tres bases de datos electrónicas de amplio alcance: IEEEXplore, Google Scholar y SCOPUS. Los documentos se analizaron teniendo en cuenta preguntas específicas para obtener criterios generales sobre la situación de interés. Conclusiones: Los análisis realizados revelan un volumen creciente de investigaciones en este campo, con resultados de varios países. El examen detallado de las investigaciones permitió identificar problemas referidos a las métricas de evaluación empleadas, a los algoritmos para el análisis y procesamiento de imágenes, empleo del criterio médico, bases de datos empleadas y, herramientas para el análisis automático de formas de eritrocitos(AU)


Introduction: Sickle-cell anemia is a genetic hereditary anomaly of hemoglobin characterized by red blood cells that lose their normal round morphology and acquire a sickle shape. Although no cure is so far available, several actions are in progress to improve the quality of life and medical care of patients. Objective: Become acquainted with aspects related to the automated morphological analysis of erythrocytes in recent years, particularly in the context of sickle-cell anemia, allowing to determine the current limitations, mainly in the use of automated tools for the clinical follow-up of sickle-cell anemia patients. Methods: A systematic review was conducted of the literature published in the years 2018, 2019, and two contributions from 2020, in three broad scope electronic databases: IEEEXplore, Google Scholar and SCOPUS. The documents were analyzed on the basis of specific questions to obtain general criteria about the situation of interest. Conclusions: The analysis conducted revealed a growing volume of research in this field, with results in several countries. Detailed examination of the studies led to identification of problems related to the evaluation metrics used, the algorithms for the analysis and processing of images, the use of medical criteria, the databases used and tools for the automated morphological analysis of erythrocytes(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Sickle Cell Trait/genetics , Algorithms , Erythrocytes/metabolism , Genetics , Anemia
4.
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 31: 31504, 2021.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291421

ABSTRACT

O magnésio é um cátion de localização predominantemente intracelular e de grande importância em várias funções metabólicas. É possível que tenha uma participação importante em processos álgicos e inflamatórios. Sua dosagem sérica possivelmente não representa a realidade de sua concentração corporal. A mensuração do magnésio eritrocitário talvez possa representar um avanço na sua melhor avaliação


Magnesium is a cation with location predominantly intracellular and of great importance in several metabolic functions. It is possible that it plays an important role in pain and inflammatory processes. It's serum dosage possibly does not represent the reality of it's body concentration. The measurement of erythrocyte magnesium may represent an advance in its better evaluation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Erythrocytes , Dosage , Magnesium , Osteoarthritis , Pain , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Cations , Inflammation
5.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 41: e06654, 2021.
Article in English | ID: biblio-1180877

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to determine the erythrocyte phenotypes of the feline AB system and to check the presence of antigens other than those present in the feline AB system in domestic cats from Ilhéus-Itabuna microregion, Bahia, Brazil. Three-hundred feline blood samples were collected at the Veterinary Hospital of the "Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz" (UESC) and in home visits to perform blood phenotyping using the tube-method testing. The reverse phenotyping was made between cats that tested phenotype B with blood samples of cats that tested phenotype A to confirm the blood phenotype B. The cross-tested among cats with phenotype A was made in order to verify the presence of different antigens of AB system in this blood phenotype. The results underwent macroscopic and microscopic analyses. Among the 300 animals tested, regarding breed, 290 were mixed-breed cats and among the remaining ten, five were Persians, four Siamese, and one Angora. 297 (99%) presented with phenotype A (including all the breeding cats) and three (1%) with phenotype B, and all this cats were mixed-breed cats. None (0%) of the cats showed the phenotype AB. All phenotype B bloods reacted to reverse phenotyping with phenotype A, confirming the phenotype B of these cats. All phenotype A bloods were compatible among each other, so no further erythrocyte antigens were detected through this test. The mother of one of the phenotype B cats was identified and had phenotype A, demonstrating phenotype A parents with phenotype B offspring. This finding indicates heterozygosis in the studied population. This data enable to conclude that the studied population presented different erythrocyte phenotypes, subsequently highlighting the importance of conducting phenotype analyses in these animals before performing blood transfusion to avoid serious hemolytic complications associated with incompatibility.(AU)


O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a frequência dos fenótipos eritrocitários do sistema AB felino e verificar a presença de outros antígenos, não pertencentes ao sistema AB felino, em gatos domésticos das cidades de Ilhéus e Itabuna, Bahia, Brasil. Amostras de sangue de 300 gatos foram coletadas no Hospital Veterinário da Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz (UESC) e em visitas domiciliares para realizar a fenotipagem sanguínea usando o método de tubo. A fenotipagem reversa foi realizada em gatos que testaram o fenótipo B com amostras que testaram o fenótipo A, para confirmação do fenótipo sanguíneo. O teste cruzado foi realizado entre gatos do fenótipo A, para pesquisar a presença de diferentes antígenos do sistema AB dentro desse fenótipo sanguíneo. Os resultados foram submetidos a análises macroscópicas e microscópicas. Dos 300 animais testados, 110 eram machos e 190 fêmeas, e suas idades variaram de cinco meses à 15 anos. Sobre as raças, 290 eram gatos sem raça definida e dos 10 restantes, cinco eram Persas, quatro eram Siameses e um Angorá. 297 (99%) apresentaram fenótipo A (incluindo todos os gatos de raça) e três (1%) tiveram fenótipo B, sendo todos esses gatos sem raça definida. Nenhum (0%) dos gatos apresentou fenótipo AB. Todos os sangues com fenótipo B reagiram na fenotipagem reversa com o fenótipo A, confirmando o fenótipo B desses gatos. Todos os sangues com fenótipo A foram compatíveis entre si, portanto nenhum antígeno eritrocitário adicional foi detectado através deste teste. A genitora de um dos gatos com fenótipo B, foi encontrada e a mesma possuía fenótipo A, demonstrando pais com fenótipo A e cria com fenótipo B. Esse achado indica heterozigose na população estudada. Esses dados levam à conclusão de que diferentes fenótipos eritrocitários estão presentes na população estudada e destacam a importância da realização de testes fenotípicos nesses animais antes dos procedimentos de transfusão, a fim de evitar complicações hemolíticas graves decorrentes do envolvimento de animais incompatíveis.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Phenotype , Blood Transfusion , Erythrocytes , Isoantibodies , Universities , Cats/blood
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878317

ABSTRACT

Objective@#In the present study, the ABCA1 was used as a label to capture specific exosomes, the level of ABCA1-labeled exosomal microRNA-135a (miR-135a) was evaluated for the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD), especially in patients with early stages of AD.@*Methods@#This is a preliminary research focused on the levels of ABCA1 in WBCs, RBCs, HT-22 cells, and neuron cells. The diagnostic value of ABCA1-labeled exosomal miR-135a was examined using the CSF and serum of APP/PS1 double transgenic mice, and 152 patients with SCD, 131 patients with MCI, 198 patients with DAT, and 30 control subjects.@*Results@#The level of ABCA1 exosomes harvested from HT-22 cells and neuron culture medium was significantly higher compared to that of RBCs and WBCs ( @*Conclusion@#This study outlines a method to capture specific exosomes and detect them using immunological methods, which is more efficient for early diagnosis of AD.


Subject(s)
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter 1/cerebrospinal fluid , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Alzheimer Disease/cerebrospinal fluid , Animals , Biomarkers/cerebrospinal fluid , Cell Line , Cognitive Dysfunction/cerebrospinal fluid , Erythrocytes/metabolism , Exosomes , Female , Humans , Leukocytes/metabolism , Male , Mice, Transgenic , MicroRNAs/blood , Neurons/metabolism
7.
J. bras. econ. saúde (Impr.) ; 12(3): 226-230, Dezembro/2020.
Article in English | LILACS, ECOS | ID: biblio-1141308

ABSTRACT

Objective: In the private healthcare sector in Brazil, the dearth of information regarding transfusion cost may compromise the management of conditions requiring long-term transfusion. Therefore, the present study aimed to estimate the cost of chronic red blood cell (RBC) transfusion in this context. Methods: A payer perspective was chosen for the analysis. A survey performed by an expert advisory board gathered information on the amounts reimbursed by health plans to blood centers per outpatient transfusion of a single RBC bag in multitransfused patients. Survey results were contrasted to RBC transfusion cost calculated using Brazilian Hierarchical Classification of Medical Procedures (CBHPM) parameters from 2018 and 2010, the latter suggested by the advisory board as more accurately reflecting market prices. Results: Six blood centers in the South and Southeast of Brazil were surveyed. The median amount reimbursed per RBC unit was R$ 1,066.44 (interquartile range: R$ 665.00-1,252.00). The mean amount reimbursed was R$ 959.54 ± R$ 337.14 (minimum: R$ 295.00 ­ maximum: R$ 1,980.00). Using 2018 CBHPM parameters, the cost of transfusing one RBC unit was calculated as R$ 1,905.18. Using 2010 CBHPM parameters, the cost was R$ 1,119.69 per RBC unit. Conclusions: Analyses using 2018 CBHPM parameters may lead to overestimation of transfusion cost. The best estimate for outpatient transfusion of one RBC bag in the private health care sector in Brazil lies between the observed reimbursed values and 2010 CBHPM cost. The present results provide valuable information for future cost-effectiveness analyses focusing on disorders whose treatment involves routine RBC transfusion.


A carência de informações sobre custo de transfusão sanguínea na saúde suplementar brasileira pode comprometer análises econômicas e eventuais decisões relacionadas a esse procedimento no longo prazo. O objetivo deste estudo foi estimar o custo de transfusão crônica de concentrado de hemácias (CH) nesse contexto. Métodos: Foi escolhida a perspectiva do pagador. Uma pesquisa foi realizada com especialistas para levantamento de valores reembolsados para transfusão de uma bolsa de CH em pacientes politransfundidos. Os resultados da pesquisa foram comparados ao custo de transfusão de CH calculado utilizando a Classificação Brasileira Hierarquizada de Procedimentos Médicos (CBHPM), edições de 2018 e 2010, sendo a edição mais antiga sugerida pelos especialistas como estando mais de acordo com a realidade de mercado. Resultados: Seis hemocentros localizados no Sul e Sudeste do Brasil foram incluídos. Os valores mediano e médio reembolsados aos hemocentros foram R$ 1.066,44 (amplitude interquartil: R$ 665,00-1.252,00) e R$ 959,54 ± R$ 337,14 (mínimo: R$ 295,00 ­ máximo: R$ 1.980,00), respectivamente. Com base nos parâmetros da CBHPM 2018 e 2010, os custos de transfusão calculados para uma bolsa de CH foram R$ 1.905,18 e R$ 1.119,69, respectivamente. Conclusões: Análises utilizando parâmetros da CBHPM 2018 podem superestimar os custos de transfusão de CH. Na perspectiva do sistema de saúde suplementar brasileiro, a melhor estimativa de custo de transfusão por bolsa de CH está entre o valor reembolsado e o valor calculado utilizando a CBHPM 2010. O presente estudo apresenta informações importantes para futuras análises de custo-efetividade de patologias que envolvem tratamentos à base de politransfusão de CH.


Subject(s)
Blood Transfusion , Erythrocytes , Supplemental Health
8.
Cuad. Hosp. Clín ; 61(2): 17-22, dic. 2020. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIBOCS | ID: biblio-1179063

ABSTRACT

Además del sistema ABO, los subgrupos del mismo revisten gran importancia en inmunohematología, Los subgrupos A difieren tanto en el número de sitios antigénicos como en la configuración del antígeno eritrocitario. Los principales, A1 y A2 se diferencian en que los eritrocitos A1 son aglutinados por el anticuerpo Anti-A1 humano o por la Lectina Anti-A1 (Dolichos biflorus), y los eritrocitos A2 son aglutinados por la Lectina Anti-H (Ulex europaeus). MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: se realizó un estudio descriptivo, de Corte Transversal, Se analizó los registros tanto físico y electrónico del Banco de Sangre, se incluyeron todos los donadores efectivos, mismos que fueron tipificados por el laboratorio de inmunohematología en el periodo de mayo a julio del 2018. Método empleado, aglutinación en tubo y en micro placa. RESULTADOS: en un total de 1599 donantes, se determinó que el grupo O tiene mayor frecuencia con un 84% y el menos frecuente fue el AB con un 0,66%. Según el grupo sanguíneo A y AB tenemos las siguientes frecuencias: A1 que representa el (73.3%), A2 el (15.9%), Aint el (5.65%), A1 B el (3.60%) y A2 B el (1.55%). La importancia clínica se basa en que algunas personas del grupo A2 transfundidas con A1 , pueden producir Anti-A1 que es un anticuerpo natural irregular activo a 22 ºC, pero en ocasiones está activo a 37ºC causando una reacción transfusional extravascular, por lo que, si no se cuenta con eritrocitos A2 , se recomienda transfundir eritrocitos grupo O.


In addition to the ABO system, its subgroups review great importance in Immunohematology. Subgroups A differ both in the number of antigenic sites and in the configuration of the erythrocyte antigen. The main ones, A1 and A2 differ in that A1 erythrocytes are agglutinated by human Anti-A1 antibody or by Anti-A1 Lectin (Dolichos biflorus), and A2 erythrocytes are agglutinated by Anti-H Lectin (Ulex europaeus). MATERIALS AND METHODS: a descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted. The physical and electronic records of the Blood Bank were analyzed, all effective donors were included, which were typified by the Immunohematology Laboratory in the period of May. to July 2018. Method used, agglutination in tube and in microplate. RESULTS: in a total of 1599 protocols, it was determined that group O has the highest frequency with 84% and the least frequent was the AB with 0.66%. According to blood group A and AB we have the following frequencies: A1 representing (73.3%), A2 (15.9%), Aint (5.65%), A1B (3.60%) and A2B (1.55%). The clinical importance is based on the fact that some people in group A2 transfused with A1, can produce Anti-A1 which is an irregular natural antibody active at 22 ° C but sometimes it is active at 37 °C causing an extravascular transfusion reaction, so if A2 erythrocytes are not available, it is recommended to transfuse group O erythrocytes.


Subject(s)
Blood Banks , Agglutination , Erythrocytes , Records , Ulex , Laboratories
9.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 24(3): 133-138, set-dez. 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1129455

ABSTRACT

Quando um indivíduo é exposto a antígenos eritrocitários não próprios, ocorre uma resposta imunológica, que leva à produção de anticorpos irregulares voltados contra esses antígenos. Esse processo é conhecido como aloimunização eritrocitária e acontece em decorrência de transfusões de sangue ou gestações incompatíveis. Na medicina transfusional a pesquisa de anticorpos irregulares é fundamental, pois a falha na detecção de um aloanticorpo pode provocar reações transfusionais, aloimunizações, anemias hemolíticas autoimunes e doença hemolítica perinatal. Este estudo tem por objetivo analisar a frequência de anticorpos irregulares de pacientes atendidos no Hemocentro Regional de Francisco Beltrão, Paraná, no ano de 2017. Os dados foram coletados a partir da revisão de registros em arquivos do Laboratório de Imunohematologia do Hemonúcleo. Foram avaliados dados de 49 protocolos de pacientes que apresentaram dificuldades transfusionais no ano de 2017. Dentre os pesquisados, 37 pacientes (75,5%) apresentaram anticorpos irregulares. Dentre os anticorpos anti-eritrocitários observados neste estudo, evidenciou-se a presença de doze pacientes com anti-D (27,2%), seis pacientes com anti-K (13,6%), quatro pacientes com anti-C (9,0%) e em seis pacientes (13,6%) foi observada a presença de autoanticorpos. Este estudo indica que, nos pacientes transfundidos, os anticorpos mais frequentes foram os aloanticorpos Anti-D do Sistema Rh, provavelmente devido ao seu alto grau de imunogenicidade. A prevalência desses anticorpos é semelhante a vários estudos encontrados na literatura.


When an individual is exposed to not-self red blood cell antigens, an immune response occurs, which leads to the production of irregular antibodies directed against these antigens. This process is known as erythrocyte alloimmunization and occurs as a result of blood transfusions or incompatible pregnancies. In transfusion medicine, the search for irregular antibodies is essential, since failure to detect an alloantibody can cause transfusion reactions, alloimmunizations, autoimmune hemolytic anemias, and perinatal hemolytic disease. This study aims at analyzing the frequency of irregular antibodies of patients seen at the Regional Blood Center of Francisco Beltrão, Paraná, in 2017. The data were collected from the review of records in files of the Immunohematology Laboratory of Hemonúcleo. Data from 49 protocols of patients who had transfusion difficulties in 2017 were evaluated. Among those surveyed, 37 patients (75.5%) had irregular antibodies. Among the anti-erythrocyte antibodies observed in this study, the presence of twelve patients with anti-D (27.2%), six patients with anti-K (13.6%), four patients with anti-C (9.0 %), and in six patients (13.6%) with the presence of autoantibodies were observed. This study indicates that, in transfused patients, the most frequent antibodies were the Rh System Anti-D alloantibodies, probably due to their high degree of immunogenicity. The prevalence of these antibodies is similar to several studies found in the literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Autoantibodies/immunology , Isoantibodies/immunology , Autoantibodies/isolation & purification , Blood Transfusion , Retrospective Studies , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Erythrocytes/immunology , Transfusion Reaction/immunology , Isoantibodies/isolation & purification , Antibodies/isolation & purification , Antibodies/immunology
10.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 48(3): 126-137, July-Sept. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1126294

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Massive bleeding in civilian trauma patients leads to dilutional coagulopathy. Transfusion with high plasma:red blood cell (RBC) ratio has been effective in reducing mortality in war trauma patients. However, in civilian trauma the evidence is controversial. Objective: To assess the impact on mortality of high vs low plasma:RBC ratio transfusion, in civilian trauma patients with massive bleeding. Methods: A systematic review and meta-analysis, including observational studies and clinical trials, was conducted. Data bases were systemically searched for relevant studies between January 2007 and June 2019. The main outcome was early (24-hours) and late (30-day) mortality. Fixed and random effects models were used. Results: Out of 1295 studies identified, 33 were selected: 2 clinical trials and 31 observational studies. The analysis of observational trials showed both decreased early mortality (odds ratio [OR] 0.67; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.60-0.75) and late mortality (OR 0.79; 95% CI, 0.71-0.87) with the use of high plasma:RBC ratio transfusion, but there were no differences when clinical trials were evaluated (OR 0.89; 95% CI, 0.64-1.26). The exclusion of patients who died within the first 24 hours was a source of heterogeneity. The Injury Severity Score (ISS) altered the association between high plasma:RBC ratio and mortality, with a reduced protective effect when the ISS was high. Conclusion: The use of high vs low plasma: RBC ratio transfusion, in patients with massive bleeding due to civil trauma, has a protective effect on early and late mortality in observational studies. The exclusion of patients who died within the first 24 hours was a source of heterogeneity.


Resumen Introducción: El sangrado masivo en los pacientes con trauma civil propicia el desarrollo de coagulopatía dilucional. La transfusión de plasma y glóbulos rojos con una relación alta ha sido efectiva para disminuir la mortalidad en pacientes con trauma de guerra; sin embargo, su evidencia en trauma civil es controversial. Objetivo: Evaluar el efecto sobre la mortalidad de la transfusión de plasma: glóbulos rojos con relación alta (TPGR-RA) versus baja, en pacientes con sangrado masivo por trauma civil. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión sistemática y metaanálisis de estudios observacionales y experimentos clínicos publicados en el periodo de enero de 2007 a junio de 2019. El desenlace principal fue mortalidad temprana (24 horas) y tardía (30 días), utilizando el modelo de efectos fijos y aleatorios. Resultados: De 1.295 estudios identificados se incluyeron 33: dos experimentos clínicos y 31 estudios observacionales. El uso de TPGR-RA mostró una disminución de la mortalidad temprana (OR 0,67; IC 95 %, 0,60-0,75) y tardía (OR 0,79; IC 95 %, 0,71-0,87) cuando se analizaron los estudios observacionales, pero no hubo diferencias cuando se evaluaron los experimentos clínicos (OR 0,89; IC 95 %, 0,64-1,26). La exclusión de pacientes que fallecieron en las primeras 24 horas fue una fuente de heterogeneidad. La gravedad del trauma, ISS (por las iniciales en inglés de injury severity score)modificó la asociación entre la TPGR-RA y mortalidad, siendo menor el efecto protector cuando el ISS era alto. Conclusiones: El uso de TPGR-RA en pacientes con trauma civil y transfusión masiva (TM) tiene efecto protector sobre la mortalidad en los estudios observacionales. La exclusión de pacientes fallecidos en las primeras 24 horas fue causa de heterogeneidad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Plasma , Blood Component Transfusion , Meta-Analysis , Erythrocytes , War Wounded , Hemorrhage
11.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 54(4): 461-466, jul. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1149035

ABSTRACT

Resumen Los residuos de ácido siálico de las glicoproteínas de superficie son los principales responsables de la carga negativa eritrocitaria. El objetivo de este trabajo fue estudiar alteraciones de carga globular producidas por Trichinella spiralis y Trichinella patagoniensis. Se trabajó con concentrados de larvas musculares de ambas especies y con eritrocitos frescos. Se incubó el sedimento globular con igual volumen de concentrado larval (1 y 2 horas). Los controles fueron incubados con solución salina. Se aplicó el método de Azul Alcian y se determinó el coeficiente experimental de carga aniónica eritrocitaria (CexpCAE). Los resultados mostraron que la carga disminuyó con el aumento del tiempo de tratamiento para ambas especies. Los valores de CexpCAE de las suspensiones incubadas con T. spiralis fueron menores que con T. patagoniensis, indicando que T. spiralis produjo mayor disminución de carga que T. patagoniensis. Se concluye que la desialización producida por ambas especies no es la misma, lo que sugiere que la relación hospedador-parásito que se establecería in vivo sería distinta.


Abstract The sialic acid residues of the surface glycoproteins are mainly responsible for the erythrocyte negative charge. The objective of this work was to study alterations of globular charge produced by Trichinella spiralis and Trichinella patagoniensis. Work was carried out on muscle larvae concentrates of both species and fresh erythrocytes. The treatment was performed by incubating the globular pellet with equal volume of larval concentrate (1 and 2 hours). Controls were incubated with saline solution. The Alcian Blue method was applied and the experimental coefficient of erythrocyte anion charge (expCEAC) was determined. The results showed that the globular charge decreased with increasing treatment time for both species. The expCEAC values of the suspensions incubated with T. spiralis were lower than with T. patagoniensis, indicating that T. spiralis produced a greater decrease in charge than T. patagoniensis. It is concluded that the desialization produced by both species is not the same, suggesting that the host-parasite relationship that would be established in vivo would be different.


Resumo Os resíduos de ácido siálico das glicoproteínas de superfície são os principais responsáveis pela carga negativa dos eritrócitos. O objetivo desse trabalho foi estudar as alterações da carga globular produzidas por Trichinella spiralis e Trichinella patagoniensis. Trabalhamos com concentrados de larvas musculares de ambas as espécies e com eritrócitos frescos. O tratamento foi realizado incubando o sedimento globular com igual volume de concentrado larval (1 e 2 horas), Os controles foram incubados com solução salina. Foi aplicado o método de Azul de Alcian e se determinou o coeficiente experimental de carga aniônica de eritrócitos (CexpCAE). Os resultados mostraram que a carga diminuiu com o aumento do tempo de tratamento para ambas as espécies. Os valores de CexpCAE das suspensões incubadas com T. spiralis foram menores que com T. patagoniensis, indicando que T. spiralis produziu uma diminuição maior na carga que T. patagoniensis. Conclui-se que a dessalinização produzida por ambas as espécies não é a mesma, sugerindo que a relação hospedeiro parasita que seria estabelecida in vivo é diferente.


Subject(s)
Animals , Trichinella/physiology , Alcian Blue , Coloring Agents , Erythrocytes/parasitology , Larva/physiology , Spectrophotometry , Trichinella spiralis/physiology , Erythrocytes/chemistry , Host-Parasite Interactions
12.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 28(2): 123-128, abr.-jun. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1127621

ABSTRACT

A obesidade pode influenciar no baixo desempenho da aptidão cardiorrespiratória (APCR), bem como colaborar com alterações nos níveis de indicadores hematológicos. Objetivo: Verificar se existe associação entre indicadores antropométricos, APCR e perfil hematológico de adolescentes no sul do Brasil. Método: Estudo transversal, em que foram avaliados 1 6 98 ado lescentes (742 do sexo masculino) com idade entre 10 e 17 anos, de escolas da rede pública e particular de Santa Cruz do Sul-RS. A avaliação antropométrica foi realizada, utilizando-se os seguintes parâmetros: IMC e circunferência da cintura (CC). Para o teste de APCR, foi utilizado o test e de co rrida/cam inha do s 6 minutos. Para reconhecimento do perfil hematológico, foram avaliados os seguintes parâmetros: leucócitos (WBC), eritrócitos (RBC), hemoglobina (HBC), hematócrito (HCT) e amplitude de distribuição dos glóbulos vermelhos (RDW). A associação entre as variáveis contínuas foi testada por meio da correlação de Pearson. Foram considerados significativos os valores de p<0,05. Resultados: Nos meninos, identificou-se relação fraca entre IMC com RBC (r=0,293; p<0,001) e com HCT (r=0,271; p <0,001 ). A CC também demonstrou associação fraca com estas duas variáveis hematológicas (RBC: r=0,311; p<0,001; HCT: r=0,291; p<0,001). Os níveis de APCR estiveram associados, também de fo rma fraca e direta, com HBC (r=0,224; p<0,001) e HCT (r=0,258; p<0,001). Para o sexo feminino, os níveis de W BC associaram-se, de forma fraca, com IMC (r=0,208; p<0,001) e com CC (r=0,185; <0,001). Conclusão: Os resultados obtidos no presente estudo evidenciam correlação positiva, porém fraca, entre o perfil hematológico dos adolescentes com as variáveis antropométricas e APCR...(AU)


Obesity might cause cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) to underperform, as well as collaborate with changes in hematological parameters. Aim: To investigate the asso ciation between anthropometric indicators, CRF, and the hematological profiles of adolescents in Southern Brazil. Method: A cross-sectional study of 1,698 adolescents (742 boys, 956 girls), aged between 10 and 17 from p ublic and private schools of Santa Cruz do Sul, State of Rio Grande do Sul, was conducted. Furt h ermore, an anthropometric evaluation of the following parameters was performed: body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC). CRF was evaluated using the 6-minute run/walk test. Hematolo gical p rofile was evaluated based on the following parameters: leucocytes (WBC), erythrocytes (RBC), hemoglobin (HGB), hematocrit (HCT), and red cell distribution width (RDW). The association of continuo us v ariables was tested through Pearson's correlation; p values lower than 0.05 were considered significant. Result s: The boys' BMI presented a weak correlation with RBC (r = 0.293; p < 0.001) and HCT (r = 0.271; p < 0.001). Their WC also presented a weak correlation with both hematological variables (RBC: r = 0.311; p < 0.001; HCT: r = 0.291; p < 0.001). Their CRF levels exhibited a direct but weak asso ciatio n wit h HGB (r = 0.224; p < 0.001) and HCT (r = 0.258; p < 0.001). The WBC levels of girls were fo un d t o be weak ly associated with BMI (r = 0.208; p < 0.001) and WC (r = 0.185; p < 0 .0 01 ). Co nclusio n: Th e result s highlight a positively weak correlation of the hematological profile of adolescents with an throp ometric variables and CRF...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Hemoglobins , Body Mass Index , Erythrocytes , Walk Test , Cardiorespiratory Fitness , Hematocrit , Leukocytes , Obesity , Cross-Sectional Studies , Erythrocyte Indices , Reference Parameters , Waist Circumference , Indicators and Reagents
13.
Rev. ADM ; 77(1): 28-36, ene.-feb. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087974

ABSTRACT

Las alteraciones hematológicas pueden tener el primer signo en la cavidad oral y los signos varían dependiendo de la línea celular que se encuentre afectada: eritrocitos, leucocitos y plaquetas. La formación de las células sanguíneas se lleva a cabo en la médula ósea a través de un proceso denominado hematopoyesis que se encarga de la formación, desarrollo y especialización de todas sus células sanguíneas funcionales, pasan de células troncales pluripotenciales a células hematopoyéticas maduras que emergen a la sangre periférica. El odontólogo debe ser capaz de identificar los distintos signos en la cavidad oral que podrían sugerir que el paciente padece un trastorno hematológico, el cual podría complicar el tratamiento dental. La identificación oportuna de estos signos a través de una minuciosa exploración física y la historia clínica completa evita que se presenten complicaciones en el paciente y que éstas puedan poner en riesgo su vida, por lo que al encontrar algún signo sugerente de un trastorno hematológico debe referirse al paciente con el hematólogo (AU)


Hematological alterations may be the first sign in the oral cavity and symptoms vary depending on the cell line that is affected: Erythrocytes, leukocytes and platelets. The formation of blood cells are held in the bone marrow through a process called hematopoiesis, which is responsible for training, development and specialization in all its functional blood cells, they move from pluripotent stem cell to hematopoietic cells mature emerging to peripheral blood. The dentist must be able to identify the different signs in the oral cavity that could suggest that the patient has a haematological disorder, which could complicate dental treatment. The timely identification of these signs through a thorough physical examination and the complete clinical history prevents complications from occurring in the patient and may put their lives at risk, so when finding any sign suggestive of a hematological disorder should refer to the patient with the hematologist (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Oral Manifestations , Blood Coagulation Disorders/classification , Hematologic Diseases , Periodontal Diseases , Blood Platelets , Dental Care for Chronically Ill , Oral Ulcer , Erythrocytes , Leukocytes
14.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 267-269, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811467

ABSTRACT

There have been several reports of foreign bodies being discovered in the intravenous set. In this case, the patient complained that he found a worm in his intravenous line. It was later confirmed as a long, white fibrin deposit by pathologic examination. This happened even though there was a non-return valve in the intravenous line. Also, since there were few red blood cells in the deposit, it did not look like a blood clot. In cases like this, we suggest that physicians keep this possibility in mind to reassure their patients.


Subject(s)
Analgesia, Patient-Controlled , Erythrocytes , Fibrin , Foreign Bodies , Humans
19.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 154-160, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-782196

ABSTRACT

0.05). The area under the receiver operating characteristics curve (AUC) was 0.922 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.89–0.95]. In external validation, the discrimination was good, with an AUC value of 0.833 (95% CI 0.70–0.92) for this model. Nomogram calibration plots indicated good agreement between the predicted and observed outcomes, exhibiting close approximation between the predicted and observed probability.CONCLUSION: We constructed a scoring model for predicting massive transfusion during cesarean section in women with placenta previa. This model may help in determining the need to prepare an appropriate amount of blood products and the optimal timing of blood transfusion.


Subject(s)
Area Under Curve , Blood Transfusion , Calibration , Cesarean Section , Cohort Studies , Discrimination, Psychological , Early Intervention, Educational , Erythrocytes , Female , Humans , Logistic Models , Maternal Age , Nomograms , Placenta Previa , Placenta , Placentation , Postpartum Hemorrhage , Pregnancy , ROC Curve , Ultrasonography
20.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(8): e9268, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132539

ABSTRACT

Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease caused by bacteria of the genus Leptospira, which can cause lipid changes in the erythrocyte membrane. Optical tweezers were used to characterize rheological changes in erythrocytes from patients with leptospirosis in the late stage. Biochemical methods were also used for quantification of plasma lipid, erythrocyte membrane lipid, and evaluation of liver function. Our data showed that the mean elastic constant of erythrocytes from patients with leptospirosis was around 67% higher than the control (healthy individuals), indicating that patient's erythrocytes were less elastic. In individuals with leptospirosis, several alterations in relation to control were observed in the plasma lipids, however, in the erythrocyte membrane, only phosphatidylcholine showed a significant difference compared to control, increasing around 41%. With respect to the evaluation of liver function of individuals with leptospirosis, there was a significant increase in levels of alanine transaminase (154%) and aspartate transaminase (150%), whereas albumin was 43.8% lower than control (P<0.01). The lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase fractional activity was 3.6 times lower in individuals with leptospirosis than in the healthy individuals (P<0.01). The decrease of the erythrocyte elasticity may be related to the changes of erythrocyte membrane phospholipids composition caused by disturbances that occur during human leptospirosis, with phosphatidylcholine being a strong candidate in the erythrocyte rheological changes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Erythrocytes , Leptospirosis , Phospholipids , Erythrocyte Membrane , Membrane Lipids
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