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1.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 15-20, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009217

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of bone cement containing recombinant human basic fibroblast growth factor (rhbFGF) and recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) in percutaneous kyphoplasty(PKP)treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture(OVCF).@*METHODS@#A total of 103 OVCF patients who underwent PKP from January 2018 to January 2021 were retrospectively analyzed, including 40 males and 63 females, aged from 61 to 78 years old with an average of (65.72±3.29) years old. The injury mechanism included slipping 33 patients, falling 42 patients, and lifting injury 28 patients. The patients were divided into three groups according to the filling of bone cement. Calcium phosphate consisted of 34 patients, aged(65.1±3.3) years old, 14 males and 20 females, who were filled with calcium phosphate bone cement. rhBMP-2 consisted of 34 patients, aged (64.8±3.2) years old, 12 males and 22 females, who were filled with bone cement containing rhBMP-2. And rhbFGF+rhBMP-2 consisted of 35 patients, aged (65.1±3.6) years old, 14 males and 21 females, who were filled with bone cement containing rhbFGF and rhBMP-2. Oswestry disability index (ODI), bone mineral density, anterior edge loss height, anterior edge compression rate of injured vertebra, visual analog scale (VAS) of pain, and the incidence of refracture were compared between groups.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed for 12 months. Postoperative ODI and VAS score of the three groups decreased (P<0.001), while bone mineral density increased (P<0.001), anterior edge loss height, anterior edge compression rate of injured vertebra decreased first and then slowly increased (P<0.001). ODI and VAS of group calcium phosphate after 1 months, 6 months, 12 months were lower than that of rhBMP-2 and group rhbFGF+rhBMP-2(P<0.05), bone mineral density after 6 months, 12 months was higher than that of rhBMP-2 and group calcium phosphate(P<0.05), and anterior edge loss height, anterior edge compression rate of injured vertebra of group rhbFGF+rhBMP-2 after 6 months and 12 months were lower than that of group rhBMP-2 and group calcium phosphate(P<0.05). There was no statistical difference in the incidence of re-fracture among the three groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Bone cement containing rhbFGF and rhBMP-2 could more effectively increase bone mineral density in patients with OVCF, obtain satisfactory clinical and radiological effects after operation, and significantly improve clinical symptoms.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Bone Cements/therapeutic use , Fractures, Compression/complications , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures/complications , Osteoporotic Fractures/etiology , Kyphoplasty/adverse effects , Vertebroplasty/adverse effects , Calcium Phosphates/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Recombinant Proteins , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2
2.
Braz. dent. sci ; 26(3): 1-9, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1511688

ABSTRACT

Aloe Vera, a perennial Liliaceae plant, has medical, cosmetic, and wound-healing properties. Aloe vera has antioxidant, anti-cancer, anti-diabetic, and regenerative effects. Glucommannan increases collagen synthesis and aids healing after ginivectomy treatment. Natural mouthwashes may offer gingival wound healing efficacy with reduced side-effects when compared to Chlorhexidine. Objective: the objective of this clinical study was to compare the effects on wound healing of a one-week Aloe vera mouthwash with chlorhexidine mouthwash before gingivectomy surgical therapy. Material and Methods:a total of 45 individuals experiencing inflammatory gingival enlargement were included in the study. They underwent professional mechanical plaque removal and were then randomly divided into three groups. In group I, comprising 15 patients, participants were advised to utilize 100% Aloe vera juice as a mouthwash twice daily. Group II, also consisting of 15 patients, was instructed to use Chlorhexidine (0.2%) mouthwash twice daily. The Control group, which consisted of 15 patients, was recommended to use a placebo mouth rinse in addition to mechanical plaque removal. During the second visit, which occurred one week after the initial visit, the enlarged gingival tissue was surgically removed through scalpel gingivectomy. Immunohistochemical (IHC) analysis was performed on the excised tissue to measure the l evels of fibroblast growth factor-2. Results: when compared to the control group, Aloe vera showed significant differences regarding the expression of fibroblast growth factor-2(FGF-2), and highly significant differences in angiogenesis. At the same time, there were substantial differences in angiogenesis w ith no significant differences in the expression of FGF2 between Chlorhexidine and control groups. Conclusion: aloe vera has exhibited potential wound-healing effects as i t s ignificantly affected the IHC expression of FGF2 and angiogenesis when used as an adjunct to plaque control before gingivectomy surgical therapy (AU)


Aloe Vera, uma planta perene de Liliaceae, tem propriedades médicas, cosméticas e cicatrizantes. Aloe vera tem efeitos antioxidantes, anticancerígenos, antidiabéticos e regenerativos. O glucomanano aumenta a síntese de colágeno e auxilia na cicatrização a pós o tratamento de gengivectomia. Enxaguatórios bucais naturais podem oferecer efi cácia na reparação de feridas gengivais com efeitos colaterais reduzidos quando comparados à clorexidina. Objetivo:O objetivo deste estudo clínico foi comparar os efeitos na cicatrização de feridas de uma semana de enxaguatório bucal de Aloe vera com clorexidina antes da terapia cirúrgica de gengivectomia. Material e Métodos: um total de 45 indivíduos com aumento gengival inflamatório foram incluídos no estudo. Eles foram submetidos à remoção mecânica profissional da placa e foramdivididos aleatoriamente em três grupos. No grupo I, composto por 15 pacientes, os participantes foram orientados a utilizar 100% de suco de Aloe vera como enxaguante bucal duas vezes ao dia. O grupo II, também composto por 15 pacientes, foi instruído a usar enxaguante bucal com clorexidina (0,2%) duas vezes ao dia. O grupo controle, composto por 15 pacientes, foi recomendado o uso de enxaguatório bucal placebo além da remoção mecânica da placa. Durante a segunda visita, que ocorreu uma semana após a visita inicial, o tecido gengival aumentado foi removido cirurgicamente por meio de gengivectomia com bisturi. A análise imuno-histoquímica (IHC) foi realizada no tecido excisado para medir os níveis do fator de crescimento de fibroblastos-2 (FGF-2). Resultados: quando comparado ao grupo controle, o Aloe vera apresentou diferenças significativas em relação àexpressão do FGF-2, e diferenças altamente significativas na angiogênese. Ao mesmo tempo, houve diferenças substanciais na angiogênese, sem diferenças significativas na expressão de FGF-2 entre a clorexidina e os grupos controle. Conclusão: Aloe vera exibiu potenciais efeitos de cicatrização de feridas, pois afetou significativamente a expressão IHC de FGF-2 e a angiogênese quando usada como adjuvante no controle de placa antes da terapia cirúrgica de gengivectomia (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Chlorhexidine , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 , Gingival Overgrowth , Aloe , Mouthwashes
3.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1276-1283, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009057

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), epidermal growth factor (EGF), and the combination of bFGF and EGF in the neural differentiation of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs), and the role of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway in this process.@*METHODS@#The identified 4th-generation hBMSCs were divided into five groups according to different induction conditions, namely control group (group A), EGF induction group (group B), bFGF induction group (group C), EGF and bFGF combined induction group (group D), and EGF, bFGF, and Dickkopf-related protein 1 (DKK-1) combined induction group (group E). After 7 days of continuous induction, the cell morphology was observed by inverted fluorescence phase contrast microscopy, levels of genes that were related to neural cells [Nestin, neuron-specific enolase (NSE), microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP-2), and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP)] and key components of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway (β-catenin and Cyclin D1) were detected by RT-PCR, and the levels of proteins that were related to neural cells (Nestin and GFAP) as well as genes that were involved in Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway [β-catenin, phosphorylation β-catenin (P-β-catenin), Cytoplasmic β-catenin, and Nuclear β-catenin] were explored by cellular immunofluorescence staining and Western blot.@*RESULTS@#When compared to groups A and B, the typical neuro-like cell changes were observed in groups C-E, and most obviously in group D. RT-PCR showed that the relative expressions of Nestin, NSE, and MAP-2 genes in groups C-E, the relative expressions of GFAP gene in groups D and E, the relative expression of NSE gene in group B, the relative expressions of β-catenin gene in groups C and D, and the relative expressions of Cyclin D1 gene in groups B-D significantly increased when compared with group A ( P<0.05). Compared with group E, the relative expressions of Nestin, NSE, MAP-2, GFAP, β-catenin, and CyclinD1 genes significantly increased in group D ( P<0.05); compared with group C, the relative expression of Nestin gene in group D significantly decreased ( P<0.05), while NSE, MAP-2, and GFAP genes significantly increased ( P<0.05). The cellular immunofluorescence staining showed that the ratio of NSE- and GFAP-positive cells significantly increased in groups C-E than in group A, in group D than in groups C and E ( P<0.05). Western blot assay showed that the relative expression of NSE protein was significantly higher in groups C and D than in group A and in group D than in groups C and E ( P<0.05). In addition, the relative expression of GFAP protein was significantly higher in groups C-E than in group A and in group D than in group E ( P<0.05). Besides, the relative expressions of β-catenin, Cytoplasmic β-catenin, Nuclear β-catenin, and the ratio of Nuclear β-catenin to Cytoplasmic β-catenin were significantly higher in groups C and D than in group A and in group D than in group E ( P<0.05), whereas the relative expression of P-β-catenin protein was significantly lower in groups C and D than in group A and in group D than in group E ( P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Different from EGF, bFGF can induce neural differentiation of hBMSCs. In addition, EGF can enhance the hBMSCs neural differentiation of bFGF, while the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway may play a positive regulatory role in these processes.


Subject(s)
Humans , beta Catenin/metabolism , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Epidermal Growth Factor/metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Wnt Signaling Pathway , Neurons , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2/metabolism
4.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 137-145, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971340

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the anti-angiogenic activity of Kunxian Capsule (KX) extract and explore the underlying molecular mechanism using zebrafish.@*METHODS@#The KX extract was prepared with 5.0 g in 100 mL of 40% methanol followed by ultrasonication and freeze drying. Freeze dried KX extract of 10.00 mg was used as test stock solution. Triptolide and icariin, the key bioactive compounds of KX were analyzed using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography. The transgenic zebrafish Tg(flk1:GFP) embryos were dechorionated at 20-h post fertilization (hpf) and treated with PTK 787, and 3.5, 7, 14 and 21 µg/mL of KX extract, respectively. After 24-h post exposure (hpe), mortality and malformation (%), intersegmental vessels (ISV) formation, and mRNA expression level of angiogenic pathway genes including phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), protein kinase B (AKT), extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERKs), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2) were determined. Further, the embryos at 72 hpf were treated with KX extract to observe the development of sub-intestinal vein (SIV) after 24 hpe.@*RESULTS@#The chromatographic analysis of test stock solution of KX extract showed that triptolide and icariin was found as 0.089 mg/g and 48.74 mg/g, respectively, which met the requirements of the national drug standards. In zebrafish larvae experiment, KX extract significantly inhibited the ISV (P<0.01) and SIV formation (P<0.05). Besides, the mRNA expression analysis showed that KX extract could significantly suppress the expressions of PI3K and AKT, thereby inhibiting the mRNA levels of ERKs and MAPK. Moreover, the downstream signaling cascade affected the expression of VEGF and its receptors (VEGFR and VEGFR-2). FGF-2, a strong angiogenic factor, was also down-regulated by KX treatment in zebrafish larvae.@*CONCLUSION@#KX extract exhibited anti-angiogenic effects in zebrafish embryos by regulating PI3K/AKT-MAPK-VEGF pathway and showed promising potential for RA treatment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism , Zebrafish
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3546-3555, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981486

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to explore the effect and mechanism of Xihuang Pills on rats with precancerous lesions of the breast. Of 48 healthy female rats, 8 were randomly selected as blank group, and the other 40 were treated with 7,12-dimethylbenzanthracene(DMBA) combined with estrogen and progestin to establish a model of precancerous lesions of the breast. The successfully modeled rats were randomly divided into a model group, a tamoxifen group(1.8 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)), a Xihuang Pills low-dose group(0.3 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)), a medium-dose group(0.6 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)) and a high-dose group(1.2 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)). After 30 days of admi-nistration, the histopathological changes of viscera and breast were observed by haematoxylin and eosin(HE) staining, and the visceral index was calculated. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was used to detect the contents of estradiol(E_2) and progesterone(P) in serum. The protein expressions of vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF) and fibroblast growth factor 2(FGF2) were detected by immunohistochemistry. The protein expressions of VEGF, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2(VEGFR2), phosphorylated-vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2(p-VEGFR2), B-cell lymphoma-2(Bcl-2), and Bcl-2 associated X protein(Bax) were detected by Western blot and the mRNA expressions of VEGF, FGF2, CXC-chemokine receptor 4(CXCR4), cysteine aspartic acid-specific protease(caspase-3), and stromal cell-derived factor 1(SDF-1) were detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR). HE staining revealed that the model group had some liver and kidney damages and severe hyperplastic mammary tissue, while the Xihuang Pills high-dose group had mild hyperplasia. Compared with the model group, the Xihuang Pills groups had lo-wer ovarian coefficient(P<0.05 or P<0.01) and Xihuang Pills high-dose group had lower uterine coefficient(P<0.01). ELISA results showed that compared with the model group, expressions of E_2 and P in Xihuang Pills high-dose group were significantly decreased(P<0.05 or P<0.01). Immunohistochemistry, Western blot and RT-PCR indicated that compared with the conditions in the model group, the protein and mRNA expressions of VEGF and FGF2 in the Xihuang Pills groups were down-regulated(P<0.05 or P<0.01), and the protein expression of Bcl-2 was lowered(P<0.01); there was a decrease in the protein expressions of VEGFR2 and p-VEGFR2(P<0.01), a down-regulation in the mRNA expressions of CXCR4 and SDF-1(P<0.01), while an increase in the mRNA expression of caspase-3(P<0.01) in both Xihuang Pills medium-dose and high-dose groups; the protein expression of Bax in Xihuang Pills high-dose group was increased(P<0.01). The above results indicated that Xihuang Pills can effectively intervene in precance-rous lesions of the breast, and the mechanism may be related to the regulation of E_2 and P secretion as well as the inhibition of angiogenesis and chemokine receptor expression, thus controlling the occurrence of precancerous lesions of the breast in rats.


Subject(s)
Rats , Female , Animals , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism , Caspase 3 , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2 , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , 9,10-Dimethyl-1,2-benzanthracene/toxicity , Precancerous Conditions , Hyperplasia , Receptors, Chemokine , RNA, Messenger
6.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 11(5): 1-10, nov. 23, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1436931

ABSTRACT

Objetive: To determine the expression of Fibroblast Growth Factor (FGF)-2 and Bone Morphogenetic Protein (BMP)-2 after application of scaffold hydroxyapatite from Rajungan crab shell (Portunus pelagicus) in the tooth extraction socket of Cavia cobaya. Material and Methods: This study used a post-test only control group design with 28 Cavia cobaya separated into two groups, control and treatment group. The left mandibular incisor was extracted, and socket preservation was conducted. A hydroxyapatite graft derived from crab shells was mixed with gelatin and eventually turned into a scaffold, which was afterward put into the extraction socket. After 7 days and 14 days, each group was terminated and examined using immunohistochemical staining to observe the expression of FGF-2 and BMP-2. One-Way Anova and Tukey HSD were used to examine the research data. Results: FGF-2 and BMP-2 expressions were observed higher in the group that received hydroxyapatite scaffold at the post-extraction socket than those in the group that did not receive hydroxyapatite scaffold. Conclusion: The application of a hydroxyapatite scaffold from Rajungan crab shell (Portunus pelagicus) to the tooth extraction socket can increase FGF-2 and BMP-2 expression.


Objetivo: Determinar la expresión del factor de crecimiento de fibroblastos (FGF)-2 y la proteína morfogenética ósea (BMP)-2 después de la aplicación de hidroxiapatita de andamio de caparazón de cangrejo Rajungan (Portunus pelagicus) en el alvéolo de extracción dental de Cavia cobaya. Material y Métodos: Este estudio utilizó un diseño de grupo de control solo posterior a la prueba con 28 Cavia cobaya separados en dos grupos, grupo de control y grupo de tratamiento. Se extrajo el incisivo mandibular izquierdo y se realizó la preservación del alvéolo. Un injerto de hidroxiapatita derivado de caparazones de cangrejo se mezcló con gelatina y se convirtió en un andamio, que luego se colocó en el alvéolo de extracción. Después de 7 días y 14 días, se terminó cada grupo y se examinó mediante tinción inmunohistoquímica para observar la expresión de FGF-2 y BMP-2. Se utilizaron One-Way Anova y Tukey HSD para examinar los datos de la investigación. Resultados: Las expresiones de FGF-2 y BMP-2 se observaron más altas en el grupo que recibió la estructura de hidroxiapatita en el alvéolo posterior a la extracción que en el grupo que no recibió la estructura de hidroxiapatita. Conclusión: La aplicación de un andamio de hidroxiapatita de caparazón de cangrejo Rajungan (Portunus pelagicus) al alvéolo de extracción dental puede aumentar la expresión de FGF-2 y BMP-2.


Subject(s)
Animals , Guinea Pigs , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 , Bone Morphogenetic Proteins , Hydroxyapatites , Tooth Extraction , Tooth Socket , Tissue Scaffolds
7.
NOVA publ. cient ; 20(3): [17], 2022 enero-junio. gráficos, mapas, tablas e ilustraciones
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1397023

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción. Las células madre mesenquimales han generado interés en la ingeniería de tejidos, debido a sus propiedades proliferativas y capacidad de reparación de tejidos, sin embargo, para un trasplante exitoso, es necesario aumentar el número de células mediante un cultivo in-vitro. Durante este proceso la capacidad proliferativa disminuye, provocando cambios en la morfología y funcionalidad celular y afectando la viabilidad del cultivo, este estado se conoce como senescencia celular y como posibles causales, se ha considerado el estrés oxidativo y la falta de factores de crecimiento. Objetivos: Evaluar el efecto de FGF-2 sobre la senescencia de un cultivo de células madre mesenquimales aisladas de gelatina de Wharton y su papel en la regulación del estrés oxidativo. Metodología. Se añadieron dosis de 3,5 y 7,5 ng de FGF-2 al cultivo. Durante los pasajes 5 y 7, se estimó tanto la senescencia celular como la presencia de ROS (especies reactivas de oxígeno). Resultados.Se obtuvo en el pasaje 5, una diferencia significativa del 99,5% entre el control (+) con respecto a los tratamientos con FGF-2, sin embargo, en el pasaje 7 se observó un aumento en la producción de la enzima ß-galactosidasa y cambios morfológicos, confirmando un estado senescente en el cultivo en todos los tratamientos evaluados. Conclusión. Las dosis utilizadas en este estudio contribuyeron positivamente a disminuir el proceso senescente en el cultivo celular, además se determinó, que el FGF-2 puede prolongar el tiempo de cultivo, retardando parcialmente la concentración de especies reactivas de oxígeno


AbstractIntroduction. Mesenchymal stem cells have been generated interest in tissue engineering, due to their proliferative properties and tissue repair capacity, however, for a successful transplant process, it is necessary to increase the number of cells in a culture expansion process. During this process the proliferative capacity is limited, causing changes in cell morphology and functionality affecting the viability of the culture, this state is known as cell senescence. Oxidative stress and deregulation of growth factors are considered as reasons. Aims. To evaluate the effect of FGF-2 on the senescence of a mesenchymal stem cells culture isolated from Wharton ́s jelly and its role in the regulation of oxidative stress. Methodology: 3,5 and 7,5 ng doses of FGF-2 were added to the culture medium from passage 2, then the senescence of the culture was evaluated and the presence of reactive oxygen species was determined during passages 5 and 7. Results. We observed that in passage 5, there is a significant difference 99.5% between the control (+) concerning the FGF-2 treatments, however, in passage 7, an increase in the production of the enzyme ß-galactosidase was observed and changes in morphology such as: increase in size and elongated shape of the cell, confirming a senescent state on the culture in all the treatments evaluated. Conclusion. The doses used in this study contributed positively to decrease this process in a cell culture, also, the FGF- 2 can prolong the cultivation time, partially decreasing the concentration of reactive oxygen species


Subject(s)
Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Wharton Jelly
8.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 640-649, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940970

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of methacrylic anhydride gelatin (GelMA) hydrogel loaded with silver and recombinant human basic fibroblast growth factor (rh-bFGF) on deep partial-thickness burn wounds in rabbits. Methods: The experimental research method was adopted. Low-concentration GelMA materials, medium-concentration GelMA materials and high-concentration GelMA materials containing different concentrations of methacrylic anhydride (MA) were prepared, after adding photoinitiator, low-concentration GelMA hydrogels, medium-concentration GelMA hydrogels, and high-concentration GelMA hydrogels were obtained, respectively. The nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy was performed to detect the hydrogen nuclear magnetic resonance spectra of the above-mentioned three concentrations of GelMA materials, and to calculate the degree of substitution according to the spectrum diagram. The three-dimensional microstructure and pore size of 3 types of above-mentioned GelMA hydrogels were detected by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), with 9 samples measured. According to the selected concentration of MA, ten kinds of solutions of GelMA with different concentration of silver (silver-containing GelMA) were synthesized, and the silver-containing GelMA solution of each concentration was divided into three parts, and then exposed to ultraviolet light lasting for 20, 25, and 35 s, respectively. After adding photoinitiator,the corresponding silver-containing GelMA hydrogels were obtained. The residual degradation rate of silver-containing GelMA hydrogel with different photocrosslinking times was detected by collagenase degradation method at degradation of 12, 24, 36, and 48 h; and the time required for complete degradation was detected, and the sample number was 5. The inhibition zone diameter of GelMA hydrogel under above screened photocrosslinking times containing 10 concentrations of silver against Staphylococcus aureus was measured to reflect its antibacterial ability, and the sample numbers were all 5. The silver-containing GelMA hydrogel with statistical significance compared with the antibacterial circle diameter of the silver-containing GelMA hydrogel containing the lowest concentration (no silver) was considered as having antibacterial activity. The three-dimensional microstructure and pore size of the silver-containing GelMA hydrogels with antibacterial activity and the lowest drug concentration selected were detected by FESEM, and the sample numbers were all 9. The freeze-dried alone GelMA hydrogel and the freeze-dried silver-containing GelMA hydrogel were soaked in phosphate buffer solution for 24 h, respectively, then the swelling rate of the two GelMA hydrogel were calculated and compared by weighing method, and the sample number was 5. GelMA hydrogel containing silver and rh-bFGF, namely compound hydrogel for short, was prepared according to the preliminary experiment and the above experimental results. The appearance of the composite hydrogel was observed in general, and its three-dimensional microstructure and pore size were detected by FESEM. The deep partial-thickness burn wound was made on the back of 30 rabbits (aged 4-6 months, female half and half). Meanwhile, with the rabbit head as the benchmark, the wounds on the left side of the spine were treated as composite hydrogel treatment group, and the wounds on the right side were treated as gauze control group, and which were treated accordingly. On post injury day (PID) 3, 7, 14, 21, and 28, the healing of wounds in the two groups was observed. On PID 7, 14, 21, and 28, the wound healing area was recorded and the healing rate was calculated, with a sample number of 30. Data were statistically analyzed with analysis of variance for repeated measurement, one-way analysis of variance, and independent sample t test. Results: The substitution degree among low-concentration GelMA materials, medium-concentration GelMA materials, and high-concentration GelMA materials was significantly different (F=1 628.00, P<0.01). The low-concentration GelMA hydrogel had a loose and irregular three-dimensional spatial network structure with a pore size of (60±17) μm; the medium-concentration GelMA hydrogel had a relatively uniform three-dimensional spatial network and pore size with a pore size of (45±13) μm; the high-concentration GelMA hydrogel had the dense and disordered three-dimensional spatial network with a pore size of (25±15) μm, the pore sizes of 3 types of GelMA hydrogels were significantly differences (F=12.20, P<0.01), and medium concentration of MA was selected for the concentration of subsequent materials. The degradability of silver-containing GelMA hydrogels with different concentrations of the same photocrosslinking time was basically same. The degradation residual rates of silver-containing GelMA hydrogels with 20, 25, and 35 s crosslinking time at 12 h were (74.2±1.7)%, (85.3±0.9)%, and (93.2±1.2)%, respectively; the residual rates of degradation at 24 h were (58.3±2.1)%, (65.2±1.8)%, and (81.4±2.6)%, respectively; the residual rates of degradation at 36 h were (22.4±1.9)%, (45.2±1.7)%, and (68.1±1.4)%, respectively; the residual rates of degradation at 48 h were (8.2±1.7)%, (32.4±1.3)%, and (54.3±2.2)%, respectively, and 20, 25, and 30 s photocrosslinking time required for complete degradation of silver-containing GelMA hydrogels were (50.2±2.4), (62.4±1.4), and (72.2±3.2) h, and the difference was statistically significant (F=182.40, P<0.01), 25 s were selected as the subsequent photocrosslinking time. The antibacterial diameters of 10 types of silver-containing GelMA hydrogels against Staphylococcus aureus from low to high concentrations were (2.6±0.4), (2.5±0.4), (3.2±0.4), (12.1±0.7), (14.8±0.7), (15.1±0.5), (16.2±0.6), (16.7±0.5), (16.7±0.4), and (16.7±0.6) mm, respectively, and which basically showed a concentration-dependent increasing trend, and the overall difference was statistically significant (F=428.70, P<0.01). Compared with the silver-containing GelMA hydrogel with the lowest concentration, the antibacterial circle diameters of other silver-containing GelMA hydrogels with antibacterial ability from low to high concentration were significantly increased (with t values of 26.35, 33.84, 43.65, 42.17, 49.24, 55.74, and 43.72, respectively, P<0.01). The silver-containing GelMA hydrogel with the antibacterial diameter of (12.1±0.7) mm had the lowest antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and the lowest drug loading concentration, and the concentration of silver was selected for the concentration of subsequent materials. The microscopic morphology of the silver-containing GelMA hydrogel containing silver element with a pore size of (45±13) μm had a regular and linear strip-like structure. After soaking for 24 h, the swelling ratio of silver-containing GelMA hydrogel was similar to that of alone GelMA hydrogel. The composite hydrogel was colorless, clear and transparent, and its three-dimensional microstructure was a regular and uniform grid, with a filament network structure inside, and the pore size of (40±21) μm. On PID 3, a large amount of necrotic tissue and exudate of rabbit wound in composite hydrogel group were observed, and scattered scabs, a small amount of necrotic tissue and exudate of rabbit wound in gauze control group were observed. On PID 7, the area of rabbit wound in composite hydrogel group was significantly reduced, and adhesion of rabbit wound and gauze in gauze control group was observed. On PID 14, In composite hydrogel group, the rabbit wound surface was ruddy, and the growth of granulation tissue was observed, and in gauze control group, the rabbit wound base was pale, and the blood supply was poor. On PID 21, the rabbit wounds in composite hydrogel group healed completely, and rabbit wound in gauze control group had healing trend. On PID 28, new hair could be seen on rabbit wound surface in composite hydrogel group; oval wound of rabbit in gauze control group still remained. On PID 7, 14, 21, and 28, the wound healing areas of rabbit in composite hydrogel group were significantly larger than those in gauze control group (with t values of 2.24, 4.43, 7.67, and 7.69, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01). Conclusions: The medium-concentration GelMA hydrogel has good physical and chemical properties in terms of swelling and degradability. The screened silver-containing GelMA hydrogels had the lowest antibacterial activity and the lowest drug loading concentration. Composite hydrogel can significantly shorten the healing time of deep partial-thickness burn wounds in rabbits.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Rabbits , Anhydrides , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Burns/drug therapy , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 , Gelatin/pharmacology , Hydrogels/pharmacology , Recombinant Proteins , Staphylococcal Infections , Staphylococcus aureus
9.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 208-212, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927867

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the influence of recombinant bovine basic fibroblast growth factor as an adjuvant therapy on scar alleviation and inflammatory cytokines in patients with atrophic acne scar. Methods The random number table was employed to randomly assign 120 patients with atrophic acne scar into a test group and a control group.Both groups of patients were treated with CO2 lattice laser.After the operation,the control group was routinely smeared with erythromycin ointment and the test group was coated with recombinant bovine basic fibroblast growth factor gel.The clinical efficacy,clinical indicators,scar alleviation,and inflammatory cytokine levels before and after treatment were compared,and adverse reactions were counted. Results The test group had higher total effective rate(P=0.040) and lower total incidence of adverse reactions(P=0.028) than the control group.Compared with the control group,the test group showcased short erythema duration after treatment(P=0.025),early scab forming(P=0.002),and early edema regression(P<0.001).After treatment,the proportion of grade 1 scars graded by Goodman and Baron's acne scar grading system in the test group and control group increased(P=0.001,P=0.027),and the proportion of grade 4 scars decreased(P<0.001,P=0.034).Moreover,the proportion of grade 1 scars in the test group was higher than that in the control group(P=0.031) after treatment,and the proportion of grade 4 scars presented an opposite trend(P=0.031).After treatment,the levels of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) and interleukin-1β(IL-1β) in both groups declined(all P<0.001),and the test group had lower TNF-α and IL-1β levels than the control group(all P<0.001). Conclusion The recombinant bovine basic fibroblast growth factor gel as an adjuvant therapy of CO2 lattice laser can effectively alleviate the atrophic acne scar,relieve local inflammatory reaction,and has good curative effect and less adverse reactions.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Humans , Acne Vulgaris/drug therapy , Atrophy/complications , Carbon Dioxide , Cicatrix/pathology , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
10.
Int. j. morphol ; 39(4): 947-955, ago. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385450

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: In testicular differentiation, somatic cells must adopt a specific destiny towards sustentacular, peritubular and interstitial cells, being fundamental for the morphogenesis of seminiferous tubules, mediated by morphogens such as Desert Hedgehog (DHH), insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and fibroblastic growth factor 2 (FGF-2). Its alteration could be related to failures in the development mechanisms, such as those caused by valproic acid (VPA), which can be reversed with vitamin E (VE). The objective of the study was to evaluate the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in the testicular development of mice exposed to VPA and VE. 12 groups of pregnant female mice were formed that were separated by days post-coital (dpc) at 12.5 dpc, 17.5 dpc and 6 weeks postnatal, each one subdivided into 4 groups of 5 pregnant women each. Subgroups received different treatments from the beginning to the end of gestation orally: 600 mg/kg of VPA, 600 mg/kg of VPA and 200 IU of VE, 200 IU of VE and the control group 0.3 mL of 0.9% physiological solution. Immunohistochemistry was performed for the detection of DHH, IGF-1 and FGF-2. Immunolocalization of DHH was observed in all stages, with more evident significant differences in integrated optical density (IOD) and percentage of immunoreaction area at 6 weeks postnatal, being lower in the VPA group. In IGF-1, lower intensity and distribution of immunostaining was observed in the fetal and pubertal stages in the VPA groups, a similar situation with FGF-2, but only evident at 17.5 dpc, with significant differences. These results demonstrate that VPA can alter EMT between somatic cells in testicular development, with VE being an agent capable of attenuating this process.


RESUMEN: En la diferenciación testicular, es necesario que las células somáticas adopten un destino específico hacia células sustentaculares, peritubulares e intersticiales, siendo fundamental para la morfogénesis de los túbulos seminíferos, mediado por morfógenos como Desert Hedgehog (DHH), Factor de Crecimiento Fibroblástico 2 (FGF-2) y Factor de Crecimiento símil a Insulina (IGF-1). Su alteración se podría relacionar a fallas en los mecanismos de desarrollo, como los que ocasiona el ácido valproico (VPA), los cuales pueden ser revertidos con la vitamina E (VE). El objetivo de estudio fue evaluar la transición epitelio-mesenquimática (EMT) en el desarrollo testicular de ratones expuestos a VPA y VE. Se conformaron 12 grupos de ratones hembra gestantes que se separaron por días post-coital (dpc) a los 12.5 dpc, 17.5 dpc y 6 semanas post-natal, cada uno subdividido en 4 grupos de 5 gestantes cada uno. Cada subgrupo recibió diferentes tratamientos desde el inicio hasta el término de la gestación vía oral: 600 mg/kg de VPA, 600 mg/kg de VPA y 200 UI de VE, 200 UI de VE y el grupo control 0,3 mL de solución fisiológica 0,9%. Se realizó técnica inmunohistoquímica para la detección de DHH, IGF-1 y FGF-2. Se observó la inmunolocalización de DHH en todos los estadios, con diferencias significativas más evidentes en la densidad óptica integrada (IOD) y porcentaje de área de inmunoreacción a las 6 semanas post-natal, siendo menor en el grupo VPA. En IGF-1, se observó en la etapa fetal y puberal menor intensidad y distribución de la marcación en los grupos VPA, situación similar con la inmunomarcación de FGF-2, pero sólo evidenciándose a los 17.5 dpc, con diferencias significativas. Estos resultados demuestran que el VPA puede alterar la EMT entre las células somáticas en el desarrollo testicular, siendo la VE un agente capaz de atenuar este proceso.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Mice , Testis/growth & development , Vitamin E/pharmacology , Valproic Acid/toxicity , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition/drug effects , Testis/drug effects , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I/analysis , Immunohistochemistry , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2/analysis , Hedgehog Proteins/analysis
11.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 87(3): 274-282, May-Jun. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285692

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Postoperative dysphonia is mostly caused by vocal fold scarring, and careful management of vocal fold surgery has been reported to reduce the risk of scar formation. However, depending on the vocal fold injury, treatment of postoperative dysphonia can be challenging. Objective The goal of the current study was to develop a novel prophylactic regenerative approach for the treatment of injured vocal folds after surgery, using biodegradable gelatin hydrogel microspheres as a drug delivery system for basic fibroblast growth factor. Methods Videoendoscopic laryngeal surgery was performed to create vocal fold injury in 14 rabbits. Immediately following this procedure, biodegradable gelatin hydrogel microspheres with basic fibroblast growth factor were injected in the vocal fold. Two weeks after injection, larynges were excised for evaluation of vocal fold histology and mucosal movement. Results The presence of poor vibratory function was confirmed in the injured vocal folds. Histology and digital image analysis demonstrated that the injured vocal folds injected with gelatin hydrogel microspheres with basic fibroblast growth factor showed less scar formation, compared to the injured vocal folds injected with gelatin hydrogel microspheres only, or those without any injection. Conclusion A prophylactic injection of basic fibroblast growth factor -containing biodegradable gelatin hydrogel microspheres demonstrates a regenerative potential for injured vocal folds in a rabbit model.


Resumo Introdução A disfonia pós-operatória é causada principalmente por cicatrizes nas pregas vocais. Tem sido relatado que o manejo cuidadoso da cirurgia das pregas vocais reduz o risco de formação de cicatriz. No entanto, a depender da lesão da prega vocal, o tratamento da disfonia pós-operatória pode ser desafiador. Objetivo Desenvolver uma nova abordagem regenerativa profilática para o tratamento de pregas vocais lesionadas após a cirurgia, com microesferas biodegradáveis de hidrogel de gelatina como sistema de administração de medicamentos para o Fator Básico de Crescimento de Fibroblastos (bFGF). Método A cirurgia laríngea videoendoscópica foi feita para criar lesão nas pregas vocais em 14 coelhos. Imediatamente após esse procedimento, microesferas biodegradáveis de hidrogel de gelatina com bFGF foram injetadas na prega vocal. Duas semanas após a injeção, as laringes foram excisadas para avaliação da histologia das pregas vocais e do movimento da mucosa. Resultados A presença de função vibratória deficiente foi confirmada nas pregas vocais lesionadas. A histologia e a análise de imagem digital demonstraram que as pregas vocais lesionadas injetadas com microesferas de hidrogel de gelatina com bFGF apresentaram menor formação de cicatriz, em comparação com as pregas vocais lesionadas injetadas apenas com microesferas de hidrogel de gelatina ou aquelas sem injeção. Conclusão Uma injeção profilática de microesferas biodegradáveis de hidrogel de gelatina com bFGF demonstra um potencial regenerativo para pregas vocais lesionadas em um modelo de coelho.


Subject(s)
Animals , Vocal Cords/surgery , Gelatin , Rabbits , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 , Hydrogels , Microspheres
12.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(1): 98-103, Jan.-Feb. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180724

ABSTRACT

Abstract Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2) have the ability to increase vascular proliferation and permeability. The aim of this study was to quantify the release of two diffusible angiogenic growth factors (VEGF and FGF-2) after rapid maxillary expansion (RME). Thirty animals were randomly assigned to two groups. Control group (5 rats - intact suture) and Experimental groups (25 rats with RME) which were evaluated in different periods of treatment. Five animals were euthanized in different periods of healing at 0, 1, 2, 3, 5 and 7 days after RME. RT-PCR was used to evaluate the gene expression of angiogenic growth factors released on different periods of study. Data were submitted to statistical analysis using ANOVA followed by Tukey test and significance was assumed at a=0.05. RT-PCR showed that mRNAs of VEGF and FGF-2 were expressed in intact palatal suture tissue. mRNAs of VEGF and FGF-2 was upregulated in early periods (24 h) after RME (p<0.001 and p<0.01, respectively). The molecular levels of VEGF never returned to its original baseline values, and FGF-2 expression decreased up to day 5 (p<0.001) and suddenly increased at day 7, returning to its original level. RME increased VEGF secretion, but decreased FGF-2 secretion when compared to intact tissue. The results showed that these angiogenic growth factors are released and regulated in the palatal suture tissue after RME and could make an important contribution to the knowledge of overall reparative response of the suture tissue during the bone remodeling process.


Resumo Fator de crescimento endothelial (VEGF) e fator de crescimento de fibroblasto (FGF-2) tem a capacidade de aumentar a proliferação e permeabilidade vascular. O objetivo deste estudo foi quantificar a liberação dos dois fatores de crescimento (VEGF e FGF-2) após expansão rápida da maxilla (ERM). Trinta animais foram divididos aleatoriamente em dois grupos. Grupo Controle (5 ratos - sutura intacta) e grupos Experimentais (25 ratos submetidos a ERM) que foram avaliados em períodos diferentes de tratamento. Cinco animais foram eutanaziados em diferentes períodos de avaliação aos 0, 2, 3, 5 e 7 dias após ERM. RT-PCR foi usado para avaliar a expressão gênica dos fatores de crescimento liberados nos diferentes períodos de estudo. Os dados foram submetidos à análise estatística usando ANOVA seguido do pós-teste de Tukey com nível de significância de a=0.05. RT-PCR mostrou que os RNAm de VEGF e FGF-2 estavam expressos na sutura palatina mediana intacta. Os RNAm de VEGF e FGF-2 foram estimulados nos períodos iniciais (24h) após ERM (p<0.001 e p<0.01, respectivamente). Os nívies moleculares de VEGF nunca retornaram aos valores originais, e a expressão de FGF-2 reduziu até o dia 5 (p<0.001) e de repente aumentou até o dia 7, retornando aos níveis originais. ERM aumentou a secreção de VEGF, mas diminuiu a secreção de FGF-2 quando comparado ao tecido intacto. Os resultados mostraram que estes fatores de crescimento são liberados e regulados na sutura palatina mediana após ERM e podem ser de importante contribuição para o entendimento da resposta reparadora geral do tecido da sutura durante o processo de remodelação óssea.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 , Palatal Expansion Technique , Palate/surgery , Sutures , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
13.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 117-122, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879535

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the mRNA level of cell proliferation-related genes Twist1, SIRT1, FGF2 and TGF-β3 in placenta mesenchymal stem cells (PA-MSCs), umbilical cord mensenchymals (UC-MSCs) and dental pulp mesenchymal stem cells (DP-MSCs).@*METHODS@#The morphology of various passages of PA-MSCs, UC-MSCs and DP-MSCs were observed by microscopy. Proliferation and promoting ability of the three cell lines were detected with the MTT method. Real-time PCR (RT-PCR) was used to determine the mRNA levels of Twist1, SIRT1, FGF2, TGF-β3.@*RESULTS@#The morphology of UC-MSCs and DP-MSCs was different from that of PA-MSCs. Proliferation ability and promoting ability of the PA-MSCs was superior to that of UC-MSCs and DP-MSCs. In PA-MSCs, expression level of Twist1 and TGF-β3 was the highest and FGF2 was the lowest. SIRT1 was highly expressed in UC-MSCs. With the cell subcultured, different expression levels of Twist1, SIRT1, FGF2, TGF-β3 was observed in PA-MSCs, UC-MSCs and DP-MSCs.@*CONCLUSION@#Up-regulated expression of the Twist1, SIRT1 and TGF-β3 genes can promote proliferation of PA-MSCs, UC-MSCs and DP-MSCs, whilst TGF-β3 may inhibit these. The regulatory effect of Twist1, SIRT1, FGF2 and TGF-β3 genes on PA-MSCs, UC-MSCs and DP-MSCs are different.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Cells, Cultured , Dental Pulp/cytology , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2/genetics , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Placenta/cytology , Sirtuin 1/genetics , Transforming Growth Factor beta3/genetics , Twist-Related Protein 1/genetics , Umbilical Cord/cytology
14.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190215, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1056582

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: This study evaluated the angiogenesis-enhancing potential of a tricalcium silicate-based mineral trioxide aggregate (ProRoot MTA), Biodentine, and a novel bioceramic root canal sealer (Well-Root ST) in human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs), human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPLSCs), and human tooth germ stem cells (hTGSCs). Methodology: Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium was conditioned for 24 h by exposure to ProRoot MTA, Biodentine, or Well-Root ST specimens (prepared according to the manufacturers' instructions). The cells were cultured in these conditioned media and their viability was assessed with 3-(4,5-dimethyl-thiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxy-methoxy-phenyl)-2-(4-sulfo-phenyl)-2H tetrazolium (MTS) on days 1, 3, 7, 10, and 14. Angiogenic growth factors [platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)] were assayed by sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) on days 1, 7, and 14. Human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) migration assays were used to evaluate the vascular effects of the tested materials at 6-8 h. Statistical analyses included Kruskal-Wallis, Mann-Whitney U, and Friedman and Wilcoxon signed rank tests. Results: None of tricalcium silicate-based materials were cytotoxic and all induced a similar release of angiogenic growth factors (PDGF, FGF-2, and VEGF) (p>0.05). The best cell viability was observed for hDPSCs (p<0.05) with all tricalcium silicate-based materials at day 14. Tube formation by HUVECs showed a significant increase with all tested materials (p<0.05). Conclusion: The tricalcium silicate-based materials showed potential for angiogenic stimulation of all stem cell types and significantly enhanced tube formation by HUVECs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Filling Materials/pharmacology , Stem Cells/drug effects , Ceramics/pharmacology , Silicates/pharmacology , Calcium Compounds/pharmacology , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents/pharmacology , Periodontal Ligament/cytology , Periodontal Ligament/drug effects , Tooth Germ/cytology , Tooth Germ/drug effects , Biocompatible Materials/pharmacology , Materials Testing , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor/analysis , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor/drug effects , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Cell Survival/drug effects , Reproducibility of Results , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2/analysis , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2/drug effects , Statistics, Nonparametric , Neovascularization, Physiologic/drug effects , Dental Pulp/cytology , Dental Pulp/drug effects , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/analysis , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/drug effects , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/drug effects , Flow Cytometry
15.
Biomolecules & Therapeutics ; : 117-125, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719633

ABSTRACT

Mebendazole (MBZ), a microtubule depolymerizing drug commonly used for the treatment of helminthic infections, has recently been noted as a repositioning candidate for angiogenesis inhibition and cancer therapy. However, the definite anti-angiogenic mechanism of MBZ remains unclear. In this study, we explored the inhibitory mechanism of MBZ in endothelial cells (ECs) and developed a novel strategy to improve its anti-angiogenic therapy. Treatment of ECs with MBZ led to inhibition of EC proliferation in a dose-dependent manner in several culture conditions in the presence of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) or FBS, without selectivity of growth factors, although MBZ is known to inhibit VEGF receptor 2 kinase. Furthermore, MBZ inhibited EC migration and tube formation induced by either VEGF or bFGF. However, unexpectedly, treatment of MBZ did not affect FAK and ERK1/2 phosphorylation induced by these factors. Treatment with MBZ induced shrinking of ECs and caused G2-M arrest and apoptosis with an increased Sub-G1 fraction. In addition, increased levels of nuclear fragmentation, p53 expression, and active form of caspase 3 were observed. The marked induction of autophagy by MBZ was also noted. Interestingly, inhibition of autophagy through knocking down of Beclin1 or ATG5/7, or treatment with autophagy inhibitors such as 3-methyladenine and chloroquine resulted in marked enhancement of anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effects of MBZ in ECs. Consequently, we suggest that MBZ induces autophagy in ECs and that protective autophagy can be a novel target for enhancing the anti-angiogenic efficacy of MBZ in cancer treatment.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Autophagy , Caspase 3 , Chloroquine , Endothelial Cells , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 , Helminths , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Mebendazole , Microtubules , Phosphorylation , Phosphotransferases , Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
16.
Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science ; : 2-13, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766091

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to conduct a histologic evaluation of irradiated calvarial defects in rats 4 weeks after applying fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) with hyaluronan or biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) block in the presence or absence of adjunctive hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy. METHODS: Twenty rats were divided into HBO and non-HBO (NHBO) groups, each of which was divided into FGF-2 and BCP-block subgroups according to the grafted material. Localized radiation with a single 12-Gy dose was applied to the calvaria of rats to simulate radiotherapy. Four weeks after applying this radiation, 2 symmetrical circular defects with a diameter of 6 mm were created in the parietal bones of each animal. The right-side defect was filled with the materials mentioned above and the left-side defect was not filled (as a control). All defects were covered with a resorbable barrier membrane. During 4 weeks of healing, 1 hour of HBO therapy was applied to the rats in the HBO groups 5 times a week. The rats were then killed, and the calvarial specimens were harvested for radiographic and histologic analyses. RESULTS: New bone formation was greatest in the FGF-2 subgroup, and improvement was not found in the BCP subgroup. HBO seemed to have a minimal effect on new bone formation. There was tendency for more angiogenesis in the HBO groups than the NHBO groups, but the group with HBO and FGF-2 did not show significantly better outcomes than the HBO-only group or the NHBO group with FGF-2. CONCLUSIONS: HBO exerted beneficial effects on angiogenesis in calvarial defects of irradiated rats over a 4-week healing period, but it appeared to have minimal effects on bone regeneration. FGF-2 seemed to enhance new bone formation and angiogenesis, but its efficacy appeared to be reduced when HBO was applied.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Bone Regeneration , Calcium , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 , Hyaluronic Acid , Hyperbaric Oxygenation , Membranes , Osteogenesis , Oxygen , Parietal Bone , Radiotherapy , Skull , Transplants
17.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : e3-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758904

ABSTRACT

The development of long-term surviving fetal cell cultures from primary cell tissue from the developing brain is important for facilitating studies investigating neural development and for modelling neural disorders and brain congenital defects. The field faces current challenges in co-culturing both progenitors and neurons long-term. Here, we culture for the first time, porcine fetal cells from the dorsal telencephalon at embryonic day (E) 50 and E60 in conditions that promoted both the survival of progenitor cells and young neurons. We applied a novel protocol designed to collect, isolate and promote survival of both progenitors and young neurons. Herein, we used a combination of low amount of fetal bovine serum, together with pro-survival factors, including basic fibroblast growth factor and retinoic acid, together with arabinofuranosylcytosine and could maintain progenitors and facilitate in vitro differentiation into calbindin 1+ neurons and reelin+ interneurons for a period of 7 days. Further improvements to the protocol that might extend the survival of the fetal primary neural cells would be beneficial. The development of new porcine fetal culture methods is of value for the field, given the pig's neuroanatomical and developmental similarities to the human brain.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brain , Calbindins , Cell Culture Techniques , Congenital Abnormalities , Cytarabine , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 , In Vitro Techniques , Interneurons , Neurons , Stem Cells , Telencephalon , Tretinoin
18.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 653-657, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773860

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the repair effect of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) combined with basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) on spinal cord injury in rats and explore its mechanism.@*METHODS@#SD rat BMSCs were obtained by serum culture technique. Eighty healthy 6-week-old male SD rats(weight about 240 g) were randomly divided into 4 groups with 20 each. The sham operation group underwent simple laminectomy without damaging spinal cord and was kept in the same condition as the other 3 groups. The other 3 groups underwent left T9 spinal cord hemisection to establish spinal cord injury model. After 9 days of modeling the local transplantation was performed. The Control group was implanted with gelatin sponge containing normal saline. The BMSCs transplantation group was implanted with gelatin sponge containing BMSCs. The bFGF+BMSCs transplantation group was implanted with gelatin sponge containing bFGF+BMSCs. After 4 and 8 weeks, the expression of NF-200 and GFAP in injured spinal cord tissue was analyzed by Western blotting and the recovery of hind limb function was evaluated by Basso Beattie Bresnahan(BBB) motor function score scale.@*RESULTS@#The BBB scores of BMSCs transplantation group and bFGF+BMSCs transplantation group were better than control group at 4 and 8 weeks after operation (<0.05) and there was significant difference between bFGF+BMSCs transplantation group and BMSCs transplantation group (<0.05). After 4 and 8 weeks postoperatively, NF-200 expression was minimal in control group and only a small amount was expressed in BMSCs transplantation group while in bFGF+BMSCs transplantation group NF-200 was highly expressed(<0.05). GFAP expression was high in control group, middle in BMSCs transplantation group and low in bFGF BMSCs transplantation group(<0.05). There was significant difference between bFGF+BMSCs transplantation group, BMSCs transplantation group and control group(<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The combined transplantation of BMSCs and bFGF can repair the spinal cord injury in rats. The mechanism may be related to the decrease of GFAP expression and the increase of NF-200 expression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Bone Marrow Cells , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Spinal Cord , Spinal Cord Injuries
19.
Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine ; (6): 385-393, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761912

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Human adipose tissue is routinely discarded as medical waste. However, this tissue may have valuable clinical applications since methods have been devised to effectively isolate adipose-derived extracellular matrix (ECM), growth factors (GFs), and stem cells. In this review, we analyze the literature that devised these methods and then suggest an optimal method based on their characterization results. METHODS: Methods that we analyze in this article include: extraction of adipose tissue, decellularization, confirmation of decellularization, identification of residual active ingredients (ECM, GFs, and cells), removal of immunogens, and comparing structural/physiological/biochemical characteristics of active ingredients. RESULTS: Human adipose ECMs are composed of collagen type I–VII, laminin, fibronectin, elastin, and glycosaminoglycan (GAG). GFs immobilized in GAG include basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), transforming growth factor beta 1(TGF-b1), insulin like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), BMP4 (bone morphogenetic protein 4), nerve growth factor (NGF), hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), and epithermal growth factor (EGF). Stem cells in the stromal-vascular fraction display mesenchymal markers, self-renewal gene expression, and multi-differentiation potential. CONCLUSION: Depending on the preparation method, the volume, biological activity, and physical properties of ECM, GFs, and adipose tissue-derived cells can vary. Thus, the optimal preparation method is dependent on the intended application of the adipose tissue-derived products.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adipose Tissue , Collagen , Elastin , Extracellular Matrix , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 , Fibronectins , Gene Expression , Hepatocyte Growth Factor , Insulin , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Laminin , Medical Waste , Methods , Nerve Growth Factor , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor , Stem Cells , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
20.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(10): 935-944, Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973465

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the impact of bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) intervention on the viscoelasticity of sciatic nerve in rats with chronic alcohol intoxication (CAI). Methods: The CAI rat models were prepared, divided into model groups, and treated with either BMSCs or basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). Then the rats underwent electrophysiological test and the serum levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and metallothionein (MT) were measured. Histological observation, stress relaxation test, and creep test were performed for the sciatic nerve of the CAI model in each group. Results: The MDA level of group BMSC was significantly lower (p<0.05) than that of groups MOD (the CIA model) and bFGF. The SOD and MT levels were higher in group BMSC than in groups MOD and bFGF (p<0.05). The motor nerve conduction velocity and amplitude were higher in group BMSC than in groups MOD and bFGF (p<0.05). The amounts of 7200s stress reduction and 7200 s strain increase of the sciatic nerve in group BMSC were greater than those in groups bFGF and MOD (p<0.05). Conclusion: Bone mesenchymal stem cells can improve the metabolism of free radicals, restore the tissue morphology and viscoelasticity of the chronic alcohol intoxication animal model, and positively affect the repairing of the injured sciatic nerve.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Sciatic Nerve/physiopathology , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Alcoholic Intoxication/physiopathology , Nerve Regeneration , Sciatic Nerve/pathology , Stress, Physiological , Superoxide Dismutase/blood , Viscosity , Bone Marrow Cells , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal , Alcoholic Intoxication/blood , Elasticity , Malondialdehyde/blood , Metallothionein/blood
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