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1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(spe2): 95-98, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280079

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Fatigue is a comprehensive process that involves many physiological and biochemical factors. It is a normal physiological reaction when human physical or mental activities reach a certain level. In recent years, it has been verified that free radicals are closely related to exercise-induced fatigue. Cardamine bursa purified selenoprotein has good oxygen-free radical scavenging ability and anti-lipid peroxide. It could protect mitochondria, liver, and red blood cells from peroxide injury. Therefore, it was speculated that the purification of selenoprotein Cardamine may play an active role in attenuating exercise-induced fatigue by scavenging free radicals. This study cleared the selenite protein Capsella bursa (SPC) as a research object, and evaluated its structural characteristics in relieving exercise-induced fatigue. The selenoprotein index system for exercise-induced fatigue was constructed by combining two AHP methods, principal component analysis and factor analysis. Purity, subunit composition, amino acid composition and RCM content were evaluated. The corresponding RCM protein was preliminarily predicted. The results showed that SPCH could significantly prolong the swimming time (P <0.01), improve the lactate clearance capacity (P <0.01), increase the glycogen content of the liver (P <0.01), and reduce the level of the BUN (P <0.05). SPCH has a good effect in relieving exercise-induced fatigue in mice, so it can be considered for development as a nutritional supplement to alleviate exercise-induced fatigue.


RESUMO Fadiga é um processo abrangente envolvendo muitos fatores fisiológicos e bioquímicos. É uma reação fisiológica normal quando as atividades físicas ou mentais humanas atingem um certo nível. Nos últimos anos, verificou-se que os radicais livres estão intimamente relacionados com a fadiga induzida pelo exercício. A selenoproteina purificada de Cardamina bursa tem boa capacidade de depuração de radicais sem oxigénio e de peróxido anti-lípido. Poderia proteger as mitocôndrias, fígado e glóbulos vermelhos de lesões por peróxido. Por conseguinte, especulou-se que a purificação da selenoproteina de Cardamina pode desempenhar um papel activo na atenuação da fadiga induzida pelo exercício por meio de radicais livres de scavenging. Este estudo depurou a proteína selenita Capsella bursa (SPC) como objeto de pesquisa, e avaliou as suas características estruturais no alívio da fadiga induzida pelo exercício. O sistema de índice de selenoproteinas para a fadiga induzida pelo exercício foi construído por meio da combinação dos métodos de AHP, análise principal de componentes e a análise de fatores. Foram avaliados a pureza, a composição sub-unitária, a composição de aminoácidos e o conteúdo do RCM. A proteína correspondente do RCM foi prevista preliminarmente. Os resultados mostraram que o SPCH poderia prolongar significativamente o tempo de natação (P < 0.01), melhorar a capacidade de depuração do lactato (P< 0.01), aumentar o conteúdo do glicogênio do fígado (P < 0.01), e reduzir o nível do BUN (P< 0.05). o SPCH tem um bom efeito em aliviar a fadiga induzida pelo exercício em ratos, de modo que pode ser considerado para desenvolvê-lo como um suplemento nutricional para aliviar a fadiga induzida pelo exercício.


RESUMEN La fatiga es un proceso abarcador que envuelve muchos factores fisiológicos y bioquímicos. Es una reacción fisiológica normal cuando las actividades físicas o mentales humanas alcanzan un cierto nivel. En los últimos anos, se verificó que los radicales libres están íntimamente relacionados con la fatiga inducida por el ejercicio. La selenoproteína purificada de Cardamina bursa tiene buena capacidad de depuración de radicales sin oxígeno y de peróxido antilipídico. Podría proteger las mitocondrias, el hígado y los glóbulos rojos de lesiones por peróxido. Por consiguiente, se especuló que la purificación de la selenoproteína de Cardamina puede desempeñar un papel activo en la atenuación de la fatiga inducida por el ejercicio por medio de radicales libres de scavenging. Este estudio depuró la proteína selenita Capsella bursa (SPC) como objeto de investigación, y evaluó sus características estructurales en el alivio de la fatiga inducida por el ejercicio. El sistema de índice de selenoproteínas para a fatiga inducida por el ejercicio fue construido por medio de la combinación dos métodos de AHP, el análisis principal de componentes y el análisis de factores. Fueron evaluados la pureza, la composición sub-unitaria, la composición de aminoácidos y el contenido del RCM. La proteína correspondiente del RCM fue prevista preliminarmente. Los resultados mostraron que el SPCH podría prolongar significativamente el tiempo de natación (P < 0.01), mejorar la capacidad de depuración del lactato (P< 0.01), aumentar el contenido del glicógeno del hígado (P < 0.01), y reducir el nivel del BUN (P< 0.05). el SPCH tiene un buen efecto en aliviar la fatiga inducida por el ejercicio en ratones, de modo que puede ser considerado para desarrollarlo como un suplemento nutricional para aliviar la fatiga inducida por el ejercicio.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Mice , Muscle Fatigue/drug effects , Cardamine/chemistry , Selenoproteins/pharmacology , Fatigue/prevention & control , Physical Conditioning, Animal , Swimming , Free Radicals , Lipid Peroxides
2.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 41: e06742, 2021. tab
Article in English | ID: biblio-1287511

ABSTRACT

The result of the reaction of free radicals with biomolecules is the formation of substances with the potential of inducing oxidative damage, a condition known as oxidative stress. There are voluminous literature data reporting the association, both as a cause and as a consequence, between different diseases and oxidative stress. In this study, 144 female dogs with mammary neoplasia were analyzed. The animals were submitted to clinical evaluation for disease staging, hematological evaluation, serum biochemistry (renal and hepatic function tests), and dosage of the oxidative damage biomarker, malondialdehyde (MDA), at the time of its approach and 30 days after treatment. A control group of 100 healthy animals was also submitted to determination of serum MDA levels. The mean age of the animals affected by mammary neoplasms was 9.88±2.95 (4 to 14) years, while in healthy animals it was 2.31±1.90 years (1 to 6). Of the 144 animals, 113 (78.9%) had malignant neoplasms, and 15, 21, 46, 17 and 14 animals were in clinical stage I, II, III, IV and V respectively and the carcinoma in a mixed tumor was the most frequent histological pattern in this group (26%). Thirty-one animals were diagnosed with benign neoplasms and mammary adenoma was the most frequent histological pattern in 15 animals (51.61%). Hematological changes in the preoperative period were observed in 44 (38.9%) and 12 (38.7%) animals with malignant and benign neoplasias, respectively, and there was a positive correlation between anemia and higher levels of MDA (P=0.0008) for animals with malignant tumors. Regarding serum biochemical parameters, the most frequent alterations in animals with malignant neoplasms were elevated ALT levels in 12 animals (10.6%), creatinine in 10 animals (8.84%) and urea in eight animals (7.07%). Females with benign neoplasms presented less occurrence of changes in these parameters. In the group of healthy animals (control), the mean serum MDA values were 12.08±4.18, whereas in the pre-treatment group, mean MDA was 24.80±5.74 for bitches with benign neoplasms and 32.27±10.24 for bitches with malignant tumors. A significant increase (P<0.001) in MDA levels was observed in animals with malignant mammary neoplasms when compared to healthy animals and with benign tumors. In addition, a significant reduction (P<0.001) was observed 30 days after treatment in MDA levels (27.37±7.86) in animals with malignant tumors. In conclusion, our results indicate an association between MDA seric levels and mammary neoplasms in dogs. The results suggest that this factor can be used as a biomarker of oxidative stress with a potential impact in the prognostic of mammary tumors, since significantly higher levels of MDA were detected especially in dogs carrying malignant tumors and presenting anemia.(AU)


O resultado da reação de radicais livres com biomoléculas é a formação de substâncias que podem ser utilizadas como marcadores de dano oxidativo, condição mais conhecida como estresse oxidativo. Evidências científicas comprovam a relação, quer como causa, quer como consequência, entre muitas doenças e o estresse oxidativo. Neste estudo, 144 cadelas portadoras de neoplasia de mama, foram submetidas à avaliação clínica para estadiamento da doença, avaliação hematológica, testes de função renal e hepática e dosagem do biomarcador de dano oxidativo, malondialdeído (MDA), no momento de sua abordagem e 30 dias após realização de tratamento. Um grupo controle de 100 cadelas saudáveis foi submetido também à determinação dos níveis séricos de MDA. A idade média dos animais acometidos por neoplasias mamárias foi de 9,88±2,95 (4 a 14) anos, enquanto que nos animais saudáveis foi de 2,31±1,90 anos (1 a 6). Dos 144 animais, 113 (78, 9%) apresentavam neoplasias malignas, sendo que 15, 21, 46, 17 e 14 animais encontravam-se em estadiamento clínico I, II, III, IV e V respectivamente, e o carcinoma em tumor misto foi o padrão histológico mais frequente neste grupo (26%). Trinta e um animais tiveram diagnóstico de neoplasias benignas, sendo que 7 estavam no estádio I, 16 no estádio II e 8 no estádio III e o adenoma mamário foi o padrão histológico mais frequente em 15 animais (51,61%). Alterações hematológicas no período pré-operatório foram observadas em 44 (38,9%) e 12 (38,7%) animais portadores de neoplasias malignas e benignas, respectivamente, sendo que houve correlação positiva entre anemia e níveis mais elevados de MDA (P=0,0008), para os animais com tumores malignos. Em relação aos parâmetros bioquímicos séricos, as alterações mais frequentes nos animais com neoplasias malignas foram a elevação dos níveis de ALT em 12 animais (10,6%), de creatinina em 10 animais (8,84%) e de ureia em oito animais (7,07%) Cadelas portadoras de neoplasias benignas apresentaram menor ocorrência de alterações nesses parâmetros. No grupo controle, a média dos valores séricos de MDA foi 12,08±4,18, enquanto que no grupo pré-tratamento, a média de MDA foi de 24,80±5,74 para as cadelas com neoplasia benigna e 32,27±10,24 para as neoplasias malignas. Verificou-se aumento significativo do valor sérico de MDA em cadelas portadoras de neoplasias malignas em comparação com os animais hígidos ou com neoplasias benignas (P<0,001). Ainda, 30 dias após o tratamento observou-se uma diminuição significativa (P<0,001) no valor médio de MDA (27,37±7,86) nos animais com neoplasias malignas. Em conclusão, os resultados deste estudo evidenciam uma associação entre níveis séricos aumentados de MDA e presença de neoplasias mamárias em cadelas. Os resultados sugerem que este fator pode ser utilizado como biomarcador de estresse oxidativo em cães, com provável impacto no prognóstico dos tumores mamários, uma vez que níveis significativamente mais altos de MDA foram detectados especialmente nas cadelas portadoras de tumores malignos e apresentando anemia.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Dogs , Biochemistry , Mammary Neoplasms, Animal , Oxidative Stress , Dogs , Free Radicals , Malondialdehyde
3.
Rev. Asoc. Med. Bahía Blanca ; 30(1): 20-27, 20 de junio de 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1099865

ABSTRACT

Se evaluó la actividad gastroprotectora de la infusión proveniente de las hojas de Aloysia gratissima (Verbenaceae), especie nativa de interés medicinal que se desarrolla en el sudoeste bonaerense, utilizando un modelo de inducción de úlceras gástricas con etanol en ratones. Se realizó un tamizaje fitoquímico para detectar la presencia de compuestos que podrían ser responsables de la actividad gastroprotectora de la planta. Se determinó el contenido de fenoles totales y la capacidad atrapadora de radicales libres mediante el método del Folin-Ciocalteu y del 2,2'-difenil-1-picrilhidrazilo (DPPH), respectivamente. Los ensayos demostraron que la infusión de la planta, administrada por vía oral en dosis de 100, 500 y 1000 mg/kg, ejerció una gastroprotección significativa frente a la inducción de úlceras. Se detectó una actividad atrapadora de radicales libres de 47,5%, similar a la sustancia de referencia (BHT). El estudio fitoquímico detectó la presencia de flavonoides y otros polifenoles, sustancias con reconocida capacidad antioxidante. Estos metabolitos ejercen efectos protectores en diferentes modelos experimentales de inducción de úlceras mediante mecanismos que pueden involucrar la neutralización de radicales libres, lo que podría explicar la actividad gastroprotectora de la planta. Estos hallazgos requieren estudios adicionales de A. gratissima como una posible terapia frente a la úlcera gástrica. (AU)


The gastroprotective activity of the infusion from the leaves of Aloysia gratissima (Verbenaceae), a native species of medicinal interest growing in South West Buenos Aires, was evaluated in an ethanol-induced gastric ulcer model in mice. Phytochemical screening was carried out in order to determine the presence of compounds that could be responsible for the pharmacological effects of the plant. Total phenolic content and the free radical scavenging activity of the plant were determined using the Folin-Ciocalteu and the 2,2'-diphenyl1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) method, respectively. Assays demonstrated that the infusion, orally administered at 100, 500, and 1000 mg/kg doses, exerted a significant gastroprotection effect against ulcer induction (P<0,05). A free radical scavenging activity of 47.5% -similar to the reference substance (BHT)- was detected. Phytochemical screening revealed the presence of antioxidant compounds such as flavonoids and other phenolic compounds. These compounds exert protective effects in different experimental models of ulcer induction that could involve free radical neutralization, which could explain the gastroprotective activity of the plant. These promising results support additional studies of A. gratissima as a potential therapy against gastric ulcer. (AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Stomach Ulcer/drug therapy , Verbenaceae/drug effects , Laboratory Experiment , Free Radicals/pharmacology
4.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 24(1): 47-52, Jan.-Mar. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090559

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Cisplatin damages the auditory system and is related to the generation of free radicals. Glutathione peroxidase is an endogenous free radicals remover. Objective To investigate the mechanisms involved in otoprotection by N-acetylcys- teine through the expression of glutathione peroxidase in outer hair cells from rats treated with cisplatin. Methods Male Wistar rats were intraperitoneally injected with cisplatin (8 mg/Kg) and/or received oral administration by gavage of N-acetylcysteine (300 mg/Kg) for 3 consecutive days. On the 4th day, the animals were euthanized and beheaded. The tympanic bullae were removed and prepared for scanning electron microscopy and Results Among the groups exposed to ototoxic doses of cisplatin, there was an increase in glutathione peroxidase immunostaining in two groups, the one exposed to cisplatin alone, and the group exposed to both cisplatin and N-acetylcysteine. Conclusion The expression of glutathione peroxidase in the outer hair cells of rats exposed to cisplatin showed the synthesis of this enzyme under cellular toxicity conditions.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Acetylcysteine/therapeutic use , Free Radical Scavengers/therapeutic use , Cisplatin/toxicity , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Antineoplastic Agents/toxicity , Acetylcysteine/metabolism , Acetylcysteine/pharmacology , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem , Free Radical Scavengers/metabolism , Free Radical Scavengers/pharmacology , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Cisplatin/therapeutic use , Rats, Wistar , Cochlea/anatomy & histology , Cochlea/drug effects , Free Radicals , Glutathione Peroxidase/metabolism , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural/prevention & control
5.
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 33: e190097, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101407

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective The purpose of this study is to determine the phenolic and flavonoid contents, and antioxidant activities and neuroprotective effects of powdered coffee sample of a commercial coffee brand originated from Sivas, Turkey. Methods Total phenolic, flavonoid and antioxidant contents, enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidative activities based on 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl free radical scavenging activity, metal chelating potential, reducing power, superoxide dismutase and catalase activity tests and lipid peroxidation inhibition potentials of the ethanolic and aqueous extracts of the coffee sample were assayed using the commonly preferred spectrophotometric methods. Furthermore the extracts' cholinesterase and tyrosinase inhibition potentials were evaluated. Phenolic profiles of the coffee sample were investigated using high performance liquid chromatography. Results Catechin was the most frequently detected phenolic acid. In addition, it was demonstrated that the water extract has a significant impact when compared with standard antioxidants. While the SC50 (sufficient concentration to obtain 50% of a maximum scavenging capacity) value for the scavenging activity of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl free radical was calculated as being 0.08mg/mL for water extract, the amount of chelating agents with half Fe2+ ions in the medium was found to be 0.271mg/mL. Additionally, it was shown that 0.1mg/mL concentration of both extracts prevents lipid peroxidation by 8%. Compared with standard drugs, inhibition potentials of cholinesterase and tyrosinase enzymes were considered as moderately acceptable in these samples. Conclusion Besides the extracts' enzymatic antioxidant activity, their inhibition potential on cholinesterase and tyrosinase enzymes - which are important clinical enzymes - reveal that this natural source can be used as a valuable resource in different fields, especially in medicine.


RESUMO Objetivo O objetivo deste estudo é determinar o conteúdo fenólico e flavonoide, bem como as atividades antioxidantes e os efeitos neuroprotetores de uma amostra de café em pó de uma promissora marca comercial proveniente de Sivas, Turquia. Métodos A partir dos métodos espectrofotométricos comumente utilizados, foram analisados os seguintes aspectos da amostra de café: teores de fenólicos totais, flavonoides e antioxidantes; atividades antioxidantes enzimáticas e não enzimáticas, baseadas na atividade de eliminação de radicais livres de 2,2-difenil-1-picrilhidrazila potencial quelante de metais; poder redutor; testes de atividade de superóxido dismutase e catalase; e potenciais de inibição da peroxidação lipídica dos extratos etanólicos e aquosos. Além disso, foram avaliados os potenciais de inibição da colinesterase e da tirosinase dos extratos. Os perfis fenólicos da amostra de café foram investigados por cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência. Resultados Entre os ácidos fenólicos estudados, o mais detectado foi a catequina. Especialmente, foi demonstrado que o extrato de água tem um impacto significativo quando comparado com os antioxidantes padrão. Determinou--se que o valor de SC50 (a concentração suficiente para obter 50% da capacidade máxima de eliminação) da atividade de eliminação do radical 2,2-difenil-1-picrilhidrazilab/para extrato de água era de 0,08mg/mL, enquanto a quantidade de agentes quelantes com metade de Fe2+ íons na média foi encontrada como 0,271mg/mL. Também foi demonstrado que a concentração de 0,1mg/mL de ambos os extratos inibe a peroxidação lipídica em cerca de 8%. Comparado com drogas padrão, os potenciais de inibição das amostras nas enzimas e tirosinase foram aceitáveis como moderados. Conclusão Os resultados mostram que, além de terem atividade antioxidante enzimática, os extratos apresentam potencial de inibição das enzimas colinesterase e tirosinase, que são importantes enzimas clínicas, o que revela que essa fonte natural pode ser usada como um recurso valioso em vários campos, principalmente na medicina.


Subject(s)
Cholinesterase Inhibitors , Lipid Peroxidation , Monophenol Monooxygenase , Coffee , Phenolic Compounds , Free Radicals , Antioxidants
6.
Rev. bras. cancerol ; 66(1): 1-11, 20200129.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1095406

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O fator nuclear eritroide 2 relacionado ao fator 2 (Nrf2) desempenha papel fundamental na expressão de genes mediados por elemento de resposta antioxidante (ERA); sendo assim, é uma via importante para proteger as células de substâncias carcinogênicas. Objetivo: Realizar uma revisão integrativa da literatura acerca da ação quimiopreventiva dos fitoquímicos por meio da regulação do fator de transcrição Nrf2. Método: O levantamento de artigos para a revisão integrativa da literatura sobre essa temática foi realizado nos periódicos indexados nas bases de dados: Google Acadêmico, PubMed, SciELO, ScienceDirect e SpringerLink, utilizando-se os descritores advindos do MeSH: fitoquímicos, radicais livres, estresse oxidativo, carcinogênese, quimioprevenção e Nrf2. Os critérios de seleção foram artigos publicados de 2000 a 2019, relacionados, ou que investiguem diretamente a atuação de fitoquímicos no fator de transcrição Nrf2, e a prevenção do desenvolvimento de câncer. Resultados: Foram selecionados 58 artigos que estavam relacionados com o objetivo da revisão. Os estudos revisados apontaram que fitoquímicos, tais como resveratrol, curcumina, isotiocianato, luteolina, entre outros, atuam na ativação da via Nrf2, utilizando diferentes mecanismos, sendo eles dependentes ou independentes da proteína repressora Kelch-Like Epichlorohydrin-Associated Protein 1. Conclusão: Diante disso, conclui-se que a modulação do fator de transcrição Nrf2 é um mecanismo que se configura como um importante mediador no que concerne compostos nocivos ao organismo humano, e que a atuação dos fitoquímicos nessa via contribui para a redução do risco de câncer. No entanto, ainda não são completamente elucidados todos os mecanismos utilizados pelos fitoquímicos, sendo necessários ulteriores estudos na área


Introduction: The nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF2) plays a fundamental role in the expression of genes mediated by antioxidant response element (ARE), thus it is an important pathway to protect the cells from carcinogenic substances. Objective: To perform an integrative literature review on the quimiopreventive action of phytochemicals through regulation of the transcription factor Nrf2. Method: Search of papers for the integrative literature review about this theme conducted in journals indexed in the databases: Academic Google, PubMed, SciELO, ScienceDirect and Springer Link, using the MeSH descriptors: phytochemicals, free radicals, oxidative stress, carcinogenesis, chemoprevention and Nrf2. The selection criteria were articles published from 2000 to 2019, related to or that directly investigate the role of phytochemicals in the transcription factor Nrf2, and the prevention of cancer development. Results: 58 articles were selected, all related to the objective of the review. The reviewed studies showed that phytochemicals, such as resveratrol, curcumin, isothiocyanate, luteolin, among others, act on the activation of the Nrf2 pathway, using different mechanisms, which are dependent or independent of the repressor protein Kelch-Like Epichlorohydrin-Associated Protein 1. Conclusion: Therefore, the conclusion is that the modulation of the transcription factor Nrf2 is a mechanism that configures itself as an important mediator for harmful compounds to the human organism, and that the action of phytochemicals, in this pathway, contributes to the reduction of cancer risk. However, all the mechanisms used by phytochemicals, are not completely elucidated, and further studies are needed in the area


Introducción: El factor nuclear eritroide 2 relacionado con el factor 2 (Nrf2) desenvuelve un papel fundamental en la expresión de los genes mediados por él elemento de respuesta antioxidante (ERA), por lo tanto, es una vía importante para proteger las células de las sustancias carcinógenas. Objetivo: Realizar una revisión integradora de la literatura sobre la acción quimiopreventiva de los fitoquímicos mediante la regulación del factor de transcripción Nrf2. Método: El levantamiento de artículos para la revisión integral de la literatura sobre este tema se realizó en revistas indexadas en las bases de datos: Google Académico, PubMed, Scielo, ScienceDirect y SpringerLink, usando los descriptores MeSH: fitoquímicos, radicales libres, estrés oxidativo, carcinogénesis, quimioprevención y Nrf2. Los criterios de selección fueron artículos publicados entre 2000 y 2019, relacionados o que investigan directamente el papel de los fitoquímicos en el factor de transcripción Nrf2 y la prevención del desarrollo del câncer. Resultados: 58 artículos relacionados con el objetivo de la revisión fueron seleccionados. Los estudios revisados mostraron que los fitoquímicos, como el resveratrol, la curcumina, el isotiocito, la luteolina, entre otros, actúan sobre la activación de la vía Nrf2, utilizando diferentes mecanismos, que son dependientes o independientes de la proteína represora Kelch-Like Epichlorohydrin-Associated Protein 1. Conclusión: Por lo tanto, se concluí que la modulación del factor de transcripción Nrf2 es un mecanismo que se configura como un importante mediador en relación con los compuestos nocivos para el cuerpo humano, y que la acción de los fitoquímicos en esta vía contribuye a reducir el riesgo de cáncer. Sin embargo, todos los mecanismos utilizados por los fitoquímicos aún no se han dilucidado por completo, por lo que se necesitan más estudios en esta área


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Female , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/metabolism , Carcinogenesis/drug effects , Phytochemicals/pharmacology , Neoplasms/prevention & control , Oxidative Stress , Diet , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/genetics , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/therapeutic use , Antioxidant Response Elements , Free Radicals , Antioxidants
7.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(10): e201901002, Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054669

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the effect of garlic on formation of postoperative adhesions in rats. Methods: Twenty-four Sprague dawley rats were divided into three groups. In Group 1 (sham), laparotomy was performed and stitched up. In Group 2 (control), after laparotomy was performed, punctate hemorrhage was induced by cecal abrasion in the cecum and 2 cc of saline was intraperitoneally administered to each rat. In Group 3 (experimental), after laparotomy was performed, punctate hemorrhage was induced by cecal abrasion in the cecum and each rat was intraperitoneally administered a sterile Allium sativum derivative. The rats in all groups were re-laparotomized on postoperative day 7; samples were obtained from the peritoneal tissue surrounding the cecum Results: In Group 3, there was a statistically significant difference in terms of inflammation, lymph node size, and free oxygen radicals; these parameters tended to increase. In terms of fibrosis evaluated using H&E and MT, there was no significant difference between groups 2 and 3. Conclusions: No positive outcomes indicating that Allium sativum reduces intra-abdominal adhesions were obtained. However, it caused severe inflammation in the tissue. Additionally, in immunohistochemical analyses conducted to detect oxidative stress, allium sativum increased the production of free oxygen radicals in the tissue.


Subject(s)
Animals , Peritoneal Diseases/prevention & control , Garlic/chemistry , Peritoneal Diseases/pathology , Postoperative Complications/pathology , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Fibrosis , Immunohistochemistry , Tissue Adhesions/pathology , Tissue Adhesions/prevention & control , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Free Radicals/analysis , Laparotomy , Lymph Nodes/drug effects , Lymph Nodes/pathology
8.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 27(4): 241-251, jul.-set. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1053482

ABSTRACT

Cronicamente, o exercício aeróbio promove inúmeros benefícios sobre o desempenho físico e a saúde. No entanto, sessões agudas de exercício aeróbio induzem a produção de Radicais Livres, cujo acúmulo está associado a diversos efeitos prejudiciais sobre a célula, e em última instância, sobre a saúde. Apesar da existência de defesas antioxidantes nas células musculares, e da sugestão de que a presença dos Radicais Livres funcionaria como um importante gatilho para algumas adaptações ao treinamento físico, é crescente o número de trabalhos investigando se a suplementação com antioxidantes, tais como as Vitaminas C e E, pode atenuar o surgimento dos Radicais Livres produzidos durante o exercício e treinamento aeróbio. É igualmente crescente o número de estudos averiguando se a suplementação com antioxidantes poderia interferir com certas adaptações ao treinamento aeróbio. Logo, o objetivo deste Ponto de Vista foi examinar se as evidências literárias permitem concluir se a suplementação com antioxidantes inibe a adaptação das defesas antioxidantes endógenas, de fatores relacionados ao conteúdo e função mitocondriais, e do consumo máximo de oxigênio. Observou-se escassez e controvérsia entre os diferentes estudos, onde fatores relacionados ao baixo número amostral, ao curto período de exposição aos protocolos de treinamento, e à ausência de padronização nas medidas fisiológicas sendo mensuradas bem como da caracterização do estado antioxidante basal ainda causam dificuldade no estabelecimento de conclusões definitivas. Entretanto, as poucas evidências oriundas de estudos bem controlados sugerem que algumas adaptações, em especial aquelas relacionadas à biogênese e atividade mitocondrial, podem ser inibidas com a adição das Vitaminas C e/ou E ao treinamento aeróbio...(AU)


Chronically, aerobic exercise promotes several benefits on exercise performance and health. However, acute sessions of aerobic exercise induce the production of Free Radicals, which accumulation is associated with several harmful effects on the cell, and ultimately on health. Despite the existence of antioxidant defenses within muscle cells, and the suggestion that the presence of Free Radicals would act as an important trigger for some adaptations to exercise training, there is a growing number of studies investigating whether supplementation with antioxidants, such as Vitamins C and E, can attenuate the occurrence of Free Radicals produced during exercise and aerobic training. The number of studies investigating whether antioxidant supplementation could interfere with certain adaptations to aerobic training is also increasing. Therefore, the aim of this Point of View was to examine whether evidence allow us to conclude if antioxidant supplementation inhibits the adaptation of endogenous antioxidant defenses, factors related to mitochondrial content and function, and maximal oxygen uptake. It was observed scarcity and controversy among the different studies, where factors related to the low sample size, the short period of exposure to the training protocols, and the lack of standardization in the physiological measures being measured as well as of the characterization of the basal antioxidant status still cause difficulty in establishing definitive conclusions. However, the few evidence from well-controlled studies suggest that some adaptations, especially those related to mitochondrial biogenesis and activity, may be inhibited with the addition of Vitamins C and/or E to aerobic training...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Exercise , Dietary Supplements , Endurance Training , Antioxidants , Physical Education and Training , Ascorbic Acid , Vitamin E , Organelle Biogenesis , Free Radicals , Physical Functional Performance
9.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 117(4): 237-244, ago. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1054927

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: Al ser un antioxidante, el licopeno protege a las células contra el daño causado por los radicales libres, fortalece los enlaces intercelulares y mejora el metabolismo celular. Este estudio analiza los efectos del licopeno sobre los trastornos neurodegenerativos por hiperoxia en ratas recién nacidas a término. Métodos: Estas ratas se dividieron en cuatro grupos: grupo 1 de referencia con normoxia, grupo 2 con normoxia + licopeno, grupo 3 de referencia con hiperoxia y grupo 4 con hiperoxia + licopeno. Los grupos 1 y 2 se supervisaron en condiciones de aire ambiental, y los grupos 3 y 4 se supervisaron con un nivel de oxígeno > 85 % O2. Los grupos 2 y 4 recibieron inyecciones intraperitoneales de licopeno de 50 mg/kg/día; los otros grupos recibieron inyecciones intraperitoneales de aceite de maíz con el mismo volumen. Las ratas se sacrificaron en el día 11, después de 10 días con hiperoxia. Se extrajeron los cerebros, y se evaluaron los parámetros del sistema oxidativo. Resultados: Se detectaron lesiones cerebrales por hiperoxia en sustancia blanca, regiones corticales y tálamo. Aumentó la cantidad de células apoptóticas y disminuyó la cantidad de células PCNA positivas en los grupos 3 y 4, comparados con el grupo 1. No se observó una mejora significativa en la cantidad de células apoptóticas y células PCNA positivas en los grupos 3 y 4; además, aumentó la apoptosis. Conclusión: Se halló que el licopeno no mostró efectos terapéuticos para el daño cerebral en ratas recién nacidas. Además, se demostró que el licopeno podría causar efectos tóxicos.


Objectives. In addition to protecting cells against free radical harm thanks to its anti-oxidant nature, lycopene strengthens the bonds among cells and improves cell metabolism. This study focuses on analyzing therapeutic effects of lycopene in hyperoxia-induced neurodegenerative disorders in newborn rats. Methods. Term newborn rats were divided into four groups as the normoxia control group (group-1), normoxia+lycopene group (group-2), hyperoxia control group (group-3) and hyperoxia+lycopene group (group-4). Group-1 and group-2 were monitored in room air while the group-3 and group-4 were monitored at > 85% O2. The group-2 and group-4 were injected with lycopene intrapertioneally (i.p. ) at 50mg/kg/day while the other groups were injected with corn oil i.p. at the same volume. The rats we sacrificed on the 11th day following the 10-day hyperoxia. The brains were removed and oxidant system parameters were assessed. Results. Injury resulting from hyperoxia was detected in the white matter, cortical regions, and thalamus of the brains. It was observed that the number of apoptotic cells increased and the number of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) positive cells decreased in the groups-3 and 4 compared to the group-1. No significant improvement in the number of apoptotic cells and PCNA positive cells was observed in the groups-3 and 4, and apoptosis increased as well. Conclusion. This study found that lycopene, did not show any therapeutic effects for brain damage treatment in newborn rats. In addition, this study demonstrated that lycopene might lead to toxic effects.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Hyperoxia , Lycopene , Rats , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , In Situ Nick-End Labeling , Free Radicals
10.
Acta amaz ; 49(1): 41-47, jan. - mar. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1119222

ABSTRACT

Copaifera multijuga, commonly known as copaiba, is popularly used in the form of tea for various conditions due to the presence of antioxidant substances in its composition, which protect cells against damage caused by free radicals. Its oleoresin is also used as an anti-inflammatory and antitumoral agent. The present study investigated the antioxidant effect of the ethanolic extract of copaiba stem bark on Swiss mice inoculated with solid Ehrlich tumors. Mice were inoculated subcutaneously with 1x106 Ehrlich's tumor cells and treated via gavage with ethanolic extract of copaiba for thirty days, with doses varying between 100 and 200 mg kg-1. Biochemical analyses of enzymatic antioxidants [superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione-S-transferase (GST)], non-enzymatic antioxidants [reduced glutathione (GSH) and ascorbic acid (ASA)], substances reactive to thiobarbituric acid (TBARS) and protein carbonylation (carbonyl) in different tissues were significantly affected. The extract administered at 200 mg kg-1 presented higher antioxidant capacity in the liver, increased CAT, GST, GSH and decreased TBARS, as well as increased CAT activity and protein carbonylation in brain tissue. The results showed that the copaiba extract was able to reverse the oxidative stress caused by solid Ehrlich tumor, probably due to the presence of antioxidant compounds, and had potential antineoplasic effect after a 30-day treatment. (AU)


Subject(s)
Oxidative Stress , Free Radicals , Fabaceae , Neoplasms , Antineoplastic Agents
11.
Med. leg. Costa Rica ; 36(1): 91-100, ene.-mar. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002562

ABSTRACT

Resumen Las especies reactivas del oxígeno (ROS) son producidas como una consecuencia del metabolismo aeróbico fisiológico normal. La cadena de transporte de electrones de la mitocondria, los peroxisomas, la NADPH oxidasa, la óxido nítrico sintetasa desacoplada y el sistema del citocromo P450 son las fuentes más importantes de producción de los ROS. El desbalance entre la producción de los ROS y el sistema de defensa antioxidante en los sistemas vivos ocasiona una ruptura de la función celular y daño. Este desbalance ocurre por una sobreproducción de ROS y una reducción del mecanismo de defensa antioxidante. Las acciones protectoras contra los ROS son llevadas a cabo por varias enzimas (superóxido dismutasa, catalasa y glutatión peroxidasa) y también por compuestos no enzimáticos (vitamina E, ascorbato, glutatión, transferrina, ceruloplasmina, etc.). Los ROS son moduladores cruciales de las funciones celulares. A bajas concentraciones, los ROS son participantes esenciales en la señalización celular, la inducción de la respuesta mitogénica, la defensa contra agentes infecciosos, mientras que el exceso de los ROS puede alterar la función celular normal y promover el daño irreversible a lípidos, ácidos nucleicos y a proteínas celulares. Los ROS, especialmente el H2O2, sirven como moléculas mensajeras por medio de la modificación oxidativa de proteínas de señalización. Entonces, un balance entre la producción de los ROS y su remoción permite una función celular normal, mientras que un desequilibrio causa estrés oxidativo con consecuencias patológicas.


Abstract Reactive oxigen species (ROS) are produced as the consequence of the normal aerobic physiological metabolism. The electron transport chain in mitochondrial, peroxisomes, NADPH oxidases, uncoupled nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and cytochrome P450 system are the most important sources of ROS production. The imbalance of the ROS production and antioxidants defense system in the living systems causes oxidative stress brings to cellular function disruption and damage. This imbalance occurs due to over production of ROS and reduction of the antioxidant defense mechanism. Protective actions against ROS are performed by several enzymes (superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutation peroxidase) as well as nonenzimatic compounds (vitamin E, ascorbate, glutathione, transferrin, ceruloplasmin, etc). ROS are crucial modulators of cellular functions. At low concentrations, ROS are essential participants in cell signaling, induction of mitogenic response, involvement in defense against infectious agents, whereas excess ROS can disrupt normal cellular function and promote irreversible damage to cellular lipids, nucleic acids, and proteins. ROS, especially H2O2, serve as a signal molecule through oxidative modification of signaling proteins. Thus, a balance between ROS production and their removal allows for normal cellular function, whereas an imbalance causes oxidative stress with pathological consequences.


Subject(s)
Humans , Oxidation-Reduction , Reactive Oxygen Species , Oxidative Stress , Free Radicals , Antioxidants
12.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4897, 01 Fevereiro 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-998261

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the total antioxidant capacity (TAoC) of saliva in smokers based on type of cigarette, duration and frequency of smoking. Material and Methods: 51 male smokers, aged 20-55 years were enrolled. Information regarding cigarette type and smoking duration and frequency was collected using a questionnaire. Unstimulated saliva samples were collected in the morning following fasting for 2 h, and TAoC was measured using a commercial kit. The data were evaluated through the independent t-test and Kruskal-Wallis test. Results: Mean TAoC for the consumption of Kretek cigarettes was 0.29 (±0.15) and for that of non-Kretek cigarettes was 0.36 (±0.10). Mean TAoC based on smoking duration was 0.31 (±0.14) for 5-10 years and 0.27 (±0.15) for >10 years. Median TAoC based on smoking frequency was 0.23 (0.11-0.44), 0.31 (0.06-0.64), and 0.27 (0.06-0.68) for 1-5, 6-10, and 11-20 cigarettes/day. Mean TAoC of the saliva from participants who consumed Kretek cigarettes was lower than that of the saliva from those who consumed non-Kretek cigarettes (p=0.3). Mean TAoC for a duration >10 years was lower than that for a duration of 5-10 years, although the difference between these two groups was not significant (p=0.4). Conclusion: There were tendencies of lower total antioxidant capacity on smokers with kretek type cigarettes, smoking duration >10 years and frequency of 1-5 cigarettes/day. This study indicates that the type, duration, and frequency of smoking may affect the salivary total antioxidant capacity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Saliva/microbiology , Tobacco Use Disorder , Smokers/psychology , Free Radicals , Antioxidants/chemistry , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Statistics, Nonparametric , Indonesia
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763025

ABSTRACT

We attempted to examine anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects of 4′-O-β-D-glucosyl-5-O-methylvisamminol (GOMV), the first epigenetic inhibitor of histone phosphorylation at Ser10. While GOMV did not affect the viability of murine macrophage RAW 264.7 cells, it significantly suppressed lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced generation of prostaglandin E₂ (PGE₂) and nitric oxide (NO) through transcriptional inhibition of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). GOMV also scavenged free radicals in vitro, increased NF-E2-related factor 2 (NRF2), and activated antioxidant response element (ARE), thereby resulting in the induction of phase II cytoprotective enzymes in human keratinocyte HaCaT cells. Finally, GOMV significantly protected HaCaT cells against 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced oxidative intracellular damages. Together, our results illustrate that GOMV possesses anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant activity.


Subject(s)
Antioxidant Response Elements , Antioxidants , Cyclooxygenase 2 , Epigenomics , Free Radicals , Histones , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Keratinocytes , Macrophages , NF-E2-Related Factor 2 , Nitric Oxide , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II , Phosphorylation
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760621

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Excessive production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as hydroxyl (·OH), nitric oxide (NO), and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is reported to induce oxidative stress. ROS generated by oxidative stress can potentially damage glial cells in the nervous system. Cordyceps militaris (CM), a kind of natural herb widely found in East Asia. In this study, we investigated the free radical scavenging activity of the CM extract and its neuroprotective effects in H2O2-induced C6 glial cells. MATERIALS/METHODS: The ethanol extract of CM (100–1,000 µg/mL) was used to measure DPPH, ·OH, and NO radical scavenging activities. In addition, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced C6 glial cells were treated with CM at 0.5–2.5 µg/mL for measurement of cell viability, ROS production, and protein expression resulting from oxidative stress. RESULTS: The CM extract showed high scavenging activities against DPPH, ·OH, and NO radicals at concentration of 1,000 µg/mL. Treatment of CM with H2O2-induced oxidative stress in C6 glial cells significantly increased cell viability, and decreased ROS production. Cyclooxygenase-2 and inducible nitric oxide synthase protein expression was down-regulated in CM-treated groups. In addition, the protein expression level of phospho-p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p-p38 MAPK), phospho-c-Jun N-terminal kinase (p-JNK), and phospho-extracellular regulated protein kinases (p-ERK) in H2O2-induced C6 glial cells was down-regulated upon CM administration. CONCLUSION: CM exhibited radical scavenging activity and protective effect against H2O2 as indicated by the increased cell viability, decreased ROS production, down-regulation of inflammation-related proteins as well as p-p38, p-JNK, and p-ERK protein levels. Therefore, we suggest that CM could play the protective role from oxidative stress in glial cells.


Subject(s)
Cell Survival , Cordyceps , Cyclooxygenase 2 , Down-Regulation , Ethanol , Far East , Free Radicals , Hydrogen Peroxide , Hydrogen , In Vitro Techniques , Nervous System , Neuroglia , Neuroprotective Agents , Nitric Oxide , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II , Oxidative Stress , Phosphotransferases , Protein Kinases , Reactive Oxygen Species
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760618

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Vascular inflammation is an important feature in the atherosclerotic process. Recent studies report that leaves and branches of Carpinus turczaninowii (C. turczaninowii) have antioxidant capacity and exert anti-inflammatory effects. However, no study has reported the regulatory effect of C. turczaninowii extract on the arterial inflammatory response. This study therefore investigated modulation of the arterial inflammatory response after exposure to C. turczaninowii extract, using human aortic vascular smooth muscle cells (HAoSMCs). MATERIALS/METHODS: Scavenging activity of free radicals, total phenolic content (TPC), cell viability, mRNA expressions, and secreted levels of cytokines were measured in LPS-stimulated (10 ng/mL) HAoSMCs treated with the C. turczaninowii extract. RESULTS: C. turczaninowii extract contains high amounts of TPC (225.6 ± 21.0 mg of gallic acid equivalents/g of the extract), as well as exerts time-and dose-dependent increases in strongly scavenged free radicals (average 14.8 ± 1.97 µg/mL IC50 at 40 min). Cell viabilities after exposure to the extracts (1 and 10 µg/mL) were similar to the viability of non-treated cells. Cytokine mRNA expressions were significantly suppressed by the extracts (1 and 10 µg/mL) at 6 hours (h) after exposure. Interleukin-6 secretion was dose-dependently suppressed 2 h after incubation with the extract, at 1–10 µg/mL in non-stimulated cells, and at 5 and 10 µg/mL in LPS-stimulated cells. Similar patterns were also observed at 24 h after incubation with the extract (at 1–10 µg/mL in non-stimulated cells, and at 10 µg/mL in the LPS-stimulated cells). Soluble intracellular vascular adhesion molecules (sICAM-1) secreted from non-stimulated cells and LPS-stimulated cells were similarly suppressed in a dose-dependent manner after 24 h exposure to the extracts, but not after 2 h. In addition, sICAM-1 concentration after 24 h treatment was positively related to IL-6 levels after 2 h and 24 h exposure (r = 0.418, P = 0.003, and r = 0.524, P < 0.001, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that C. turczaninowii modulates the arterial inflammatory response, and indicates the potential to be applied as a therapeutic use for atherosclerosis.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants , Arteries , Atherosclerosis , Betulaceae , Cell Survival , Cytokines , Free Radicals , Gallic Acid , Humans , Inflammation , Inhibitory Concentration 50 , Interleukin-6 , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular , Phenol , RNA, Messenger
16.
Rev. medica electron ; 40(6): 1835-1855, nov.-dic. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-978706

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: las enfermedades cardiovasculares actualmente son la principal causa de muerte en los países industrializados y se espera que también lo sean en los países en vías de desarrollo en el año 2020. Entre ellas la enfermedad arterial coronaria es la manifestación más prevalente, y se asocia a alta morbimortalidad. La ateroesclerosis es su principal génesis y por tanto los trastornos del metabolismo de los lípidos. Objetivo: determinar el perfil lipídico en pacientes egresados por síndrome coronario agudo. Materiales y métodos: se realizó una investigación descriptiva, transversal, correlacional en los pacientes egresados del servicio de cardiología del hospital Faustino Pérez en el período comprendido entre enero y diciembre del 2015. Resultados: se observó un aumento de los lípidos colesterol, triglicéridos, LDL-c, VLDL y Lp (a) en más del 50% de los pacientes estudiados. Los índices de Apo B/Apo A y Col/HDL-c marcaron como indicador de alto riesgo en un 67,5 y 58,75 % respectivamente. La HDL-c considerada como factor protector, resultó disminuida en más del 50% de los pacientes. Conclusiones: se detectó correlación entre el síndrome coronario agudo y trastornos en el metabolismo de los lípidos. Se recomienda realizar estudios observacionales epidemiológicos para determinar la verdadera influencia de estos factores como agente causal de síndrome coronario agudo (AU).


ABSTRACT Introduction: Currently, cardiovascular diseases are the main cause of death in developed countries, and it is believed that they also will be the same in developing countries in 2020 year. Among them, coronary arterial disease is the most prevalent manifestation, and is associated to high morbi-mortality. Atherosclerosis is its most important cause and consequently the disorders of the lipids metabolism. Objective: determining the lipid profile in patients discharged for acute coronary syndrome. Materials and methods: a descriptive, cross-sectional, correlational research was carried out in patients discharged from the service of Cardiology of the hospital Faustino Perez in the period from January to December 2015. Results: it was found an increase of the lipids cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL-c, VLDL and Lp(a) in more than 50 % of the studied patients. The indexes of Apo B/Apo A and Col/HDL-c were high risk indicators in 67.5 and 58.75 % respectively. HDL-c, considered as a protecting factor, was diminished in more than 50 % of the patients. Conclusions: a correlation was found between the acute coronary syndrome and disturbances in the lipids metabolism. We recommend performing epidemiologic, observational studies to determine the real influence of these factors as causal agent of the acute coronary syndrome (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiovascular Diseases , Risk Factors , Morbidity , Acute Coronary Syndrome/epidemiology , Lipids/analysis , Coronary Artery Disease , Cardiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Disease Prevention , Free Radicals/blood , Correlation of Data , Life Style
17.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 34(6): 1584-1592, nov.-dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-968984

ABSTRACT

Purple sweet potato (PSP) contains antioxidant compounds and it can be used to prevent oxidative damage to cellular components of human body. The research purpose is to find out the potential of PSP extract on inhibiting glycation process and free radicals scavenging activities. Purple sweet potato was extracted using ethanol 25, 50, and 75% (PSP25, PSP50, PSP75) and then it was analyzed for free radical scavenging activities and antiglycation in forming advanced glycation end products (AGEs) using spectrophotometric method. Then all the collected data were examined with one-way ANOVA (p<0.05). The results showed that PSP extract has antioxidant activities and antiglycation properties.Based on IC50 values, PSP75 extract has a lower IC50 value compared to PSP25 and PSP50 (P <0.05) and has better activity in scavenging DPPH, hydroxyl, and superoxide radicals. This potentiality was shown by the IC50 value of each PSP extract. The value of IC50 of scavenging DPPH radical acitivity for PSP25, PSP50, PSP75 extracts was respectively 281.08, 254.94, and 241.30 µg/mL. The value of IC50 scavenging hydroxyl radicals was respectively 1.03, 088, and 0,79 mg/mL, and the IC50 value of scavenging radicals of superoxide anion was respectively 1.10, 0.97, and 0.82 mg/mL. The absorbance value of PSP75 in the BNT test and Fluorescence intensity are lower than PSP25 and PSP50, so that PSP75 extract is better at inhibiting glycation reaction.It can be concluded that the PSP extract has the potential in the inhibition of the glycation reaction and in the activity of elimination of free radicals (DPPH, hydroxyl, and superoxide radicals).


Batata-doce roxa (PSP) contém compostos antioxidantes e pode ser usada para prevenir o dano oxidativo aos componentes celulares do corpo humano. O objetivo da pesquisa é descobrir o potencial do extrato de PSP na inibição do processo de glicação e atividades de eliminação de radicais livres. A batata-doce roxa foi extraída usando etanol 25, 50 e 75% (PSP25, PSP50, PSP75) e, em seguida, foi analisada quanto a atividades de eliminação de radicais livres e antiglicação na formação de produtos finais de glicação avançada (AGEs) usando método espectrofotométrico. Em seguida, todos os dados coletados foram examinados com uma análise de variância simples (one-way ANOVA) (p <0,05). Os resultados mostraram que o extrato de PSP possui atividade antioxidante e propriedades antiglicantes. O extrato de PSP75 apresentou a maior atividade de eliminação dos radicais DPPH, hidroxila e superóxido significativamente maiores (P <0,05) que os extratos PSP25 e PSP50. Esta potencialidade foi demonstrada pelo valor de IC50 de cada extrato de PSP. O valor de IC50 da atividade de eliminação do radical DPPH para os extractos PSP25, PSP50, PSP75 foi respectivamente de 281,08, 254,94 e 241,30 g/mL. O valor IC50 dos sequestrantes dos radicais hidroxila foi, respectivamente, de 1,03, 088 e 0,79 mg/mL, e o valor de IC50 dos radicais sequestrantes do superóxido foi, respectivamente, 1,10, 0,97 e 0,82 mg/mL. Como antiglicante, o extrato de PSP75 tem uma capacidade melhor do que PSP25 e PSP50 em inibir produtos de AGEs. Pode-se concluir que o extrato etanólico PSP75 possui alta atividade antioxidante e potencial como antiglicante.


Subject(s)
Ipomoea batatas , Free Radicals , Antioxidants , Oxidation , Anthocyanins
18.
Braz. j. biol ; 78(4): 686-690, Nov. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951609

ABSTRACT

Abstract Kiwifruit are a popular fruit worldwide; however, plant growth is threatened by abiotic stresses such as drought and high temperatures. Niacin treatment in plants has been shown to increase NADPH levels, thus enhancing abiotic stresses tolerance. Here, we evaluate the effect of niacin solution spray treatment on NADPH levels in the kiwifruit cultivars Hayward and Xuxiang. We found that spray treatment with niacin solution promoted NADPH and NADP+ levels and decreased both O2·- production and H2O2 contents in leaves during a short period. In fruit, NADPH contents increased during early development, but decreased later. However, no effect on NADP+ levels has been observed throughout fruit development. In summary, this report suggests that niacin may be used to increase NADPH oxidases, thus increasing stress-tolerance in kiwifruit during encounter of short-term stressful conditions.


Resumo Kiwis são uma fruta popular em todo o mundo; No entanto, o crescimento das plantas é ameaçado por estresses abióticos como a seca e as altas temperaturas. O tratamento com niacina em plantas mostrou aumentar os níveis de NADPH, aumentando assim a tolerância a stress abiótico. Aqui, avaliamos o efeito do tratamento com spray de solução de niacina sobre os níveis de NADPH nos cultivares de kiwis Hayward e Xuxiang. Descobrimos que o tratamento por spray com solução de niacina promoveu níveis de NADPH e NADP + e diminuiu a produção de O2·- e os teores de H2O2 nas folhas durante um curto período. Nos frutos, os teores de NADPH aumentaram durante o desenvolvimento precoce, mas diminuíram mais tarde. No entanto, não se observou qualquer efeito nos níveis de NADP + ao longo do desenvolvimento do fruto. Em resumo, este relatório sugere que a niacina pode ser utilizada para aumentar NADPH oxidases, aumentando assim a tolerância ao estresse em kiwis durante o encontro de condições estressantes de curto prazo.


Subject(s)
NADPH Oxidases/drug effects , Actinidia/drug effects , Fruit/drug effects , Niacin/pharmacology , Oxidation-Reduction , Plant Leaves/drug effects , Plant Leaves/metabolism , Free Radicals/metabolism , Fruit/growth & development , NADP/metabolism
19.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 34(5): 1349-1356, sept./oct. 2018.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-967325

ABSTRACT

The subject of free radicals and their effects on biological systems is an important problem in Medicine. Antioxidants can protect biological systems against free radicals. In this study, the effect of methanol ratio (0, 20, 50, 80, and 100%) in water on extraction yield of Total phenolic (TP) compounds and antioxidant activity (AA) of Stachys turcomanica extract were evaluated. The amount of TP compounds were determined using Folin-Ciocalteu reagent, and AA measured by 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and betacaroten linoleic acid methods. The results showed extraction of phenolic compounds and their AA were affected by solvent combinations. In addition, there was a good correlation between TP content and AA of Stachys turcomanica extracts. Finally the methanol: water (80:20) was good solvent in extracting of phenolic compounds with highest AA.


O tema dos radicais livres e seus efeitos nos sistemas biológicos é um problema importante na medicina. Os antioxidantes podem proteger os sistemas biológicos contra os radicais livres. Neste estudo, avaliou-se o efeito da proporção de metanol (0, 20, 50, 80 e 100%) na água com o rendimento de extração de compostos fenólicos totais (TP) e atividade antioxidante (AA) do extrato Stachys turcomanica. A quantidade de compostos de TP foi determinada utilizando o reagente de Folin-Ciocalteu, e AA medido por 2, 2-difenil-1-picrilidrazilo (DPPH), poder antioxidante redutor férrico (FRAP) e ácido beta-caroten ácido linoleico. Os resultados mostraram a extração de compostos fenólicos e os seus AA foram afetados por combinações de solventes. Além disso, houve uma boa correlação entre o conteúdo de TP e os extratos de AA de Stachys turcomanica. Finalmente, o metanol: água (80:20) foi bom solvente na extração de compostos fenólicos com AA mais alto.


Subject(s)
Stachys , Systems Biology , Phenolic Compounds , Free Radicals , Antioxidants , Solvents , Methanol
20.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 34(2): 400-409, mar./apr. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-966650

ABSTRACT

Tocotrienols are members of the natural vitamin E family which is considered one of important fat soluble vitamins. The tocotrienols react with free radicals, which are the main cause of oxidation damage to cell membranes, without formation of other free radicals in the process. All natural forms of tocotrienols have the ability to regulate peroxidation reactions and to control free radicals production within the body. This study aimed to assess the antimutagenic and antioxidant ability of y-tocotrienol at a working dose (0.04 mg/ ml) through cytogenetic (Micronucleus test) study and biochemical analysis including Caspase -3, Superoxide dismutase (SOD), Catalase (CAT) activities and Nitric Oxide (NO) concentration in y-irradiated human blood cultures. The treatment time was 72 hrs post-irradiation with gamma rays at dose of 3 Gy. Triple blood cultures for each blood sample were set up. Ionizing irradiation induces a significant increase in micronuclei (MNi) frequencies, and nucleuplasmic bridge (N bridge) accompanied by a significant rise in Caspase-3 activity and NO concentration. Furthermore, SOD and CAT activities showed significant decrease. y- tocotrienol treatment results into a decrease of MNi and N bridges numbers, enhancement of SOD and CAT activities and improvement of both NO and Caspase-3 levels, compared to irradiated cells which not treated with -tocotrienol. The present results reveal the antimutagenic and the anti-oxidant effects of y-tocotrienol against y- irradiation.


Os tocotrienóis são membros da família natural de vitamina E, que é considerada uma das vitaminas importantes solúveis em gordura. Os tocotrienóis reagem com os radicais livres, que são a principal causa do dano de oxidação das membranas celulares, sem formação de outros radicais livres no processo. Todas as formas naturais de tocotrienóis têm a capacidade de regular as reações de peroxidação e controlar a produção de radicais livres dentro do corpo. Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a capacidade antimutagênica e antioxidante do y-tocotrienol em uma dose de trabalho (0,04 mg/ml) através de estudo citogenético (Teste dos Micronúcleos) e análise bioquímica incluindo atividades de Caspase 3, Superóxido Dismutase (SOD), Catalase (CAT) e concentração de óxido nítrico (NO) em culturas sanguíneas humanas irradiadas com y-. O tempo de tratamento foi de 72 horas pós-irradiação com raios gama na dose de 3 Gy. Foram estabelecidas culturas de sangue triplas para cada amostra de sangue. A irradiação ionizante induz um aumento significativo nas freqüências de micronúcleos (MNi) e ponte nucleoplasmática (ponte N), acompanhada por um aumento significativo da atividade da Caspase 3 e da concentração de NO. Além disso, as atividades de SOD e CAT mostraram queda significativa. O tratamento com -tocotrienol resulta em uma diminuição do número de pontes MNi e N, aumento das atividades de SOD e CAT e melhora dos níveis de NO e Caspase 3, em comparação com células irradiadas que não foram tratadas com -tocotrienol. Os presentes resultados revelam os efeitos antimutagênicos e antioxidantes do y- tocotrienol contra a irradiação y-.


Subject(s)
Vitamin E , Tocotrienols , Caspase 3 , Blood Culture , Free Radicals , Nitric Oxide , Antioxidants
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