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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879151

ABSTRACT

The paclitaxel-loaded and folic acid-modified poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nano-micelles(PTX@FA-PLGA-NMs) were prepared by the emulsion solvent evaporation method, and the parameters of paclitaxel-loaded nano-micelles were optimized with the particle size and PDI as evaluation indexes. The morphology of the nano-micelles was observed by transmission electron microscopy(TEM), and the stability, drug loading and encapsulation efficiency were systematically investigated. In vitro experiments were performed to study the cytotoxic effects of nano-micelles, apoptosis, and cellular uptake. Under the optimal parameters, the nano-micelles showed the particle size of(125.3±1.2) nm, the PDI of 0.086±0.026, the zeta potential of(-20.0±3.8) mV, the drug loading of 7.2%±0.75%, and the encapsulation efficiency of 50.7%±1.0%. The nano-micelles were in regular spherical shape as observed by TEM. The blank FA-PLGA-NMs exhibited almost no inhibitory effect on the proliferation and growth of tumor cells, while the drug-loaded nano-micelles and free PTX exhibited significant inhibitory effects. The IC_(50) of PTX@FA-PLGA-NMs and PTX was 0.56 μg·mL~(-1) and 0.66 μg·mL~(-1), respectively. The paclitaxel-loaded nano-micelles were potent in inhibiting cell migration as assessed by the scratch assay. PTX@FA-PLGA-NMs had good pro-apoptotic effect on cervical cancer HeLa cells and significantly promoted the uptake of HeLa cells. The results of in vitro experiments suggested that PTX@FA-PLGA-NMs could target and treat cervical cancer HeLa cells. Therefore, as nanodrug carriers, PTX@FA-PLGA-NMs with anti-cancer activity are a promising nano-system for improving the-rapeutic effects on tumors.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Drug Carriers , Female , Folic Acid , Glycolates , HeLa Cells , Humans , Micelles , Paclitaxel , Particle Size , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/drug therapy
2.
Rev. ciênc. farm. básica apl ; 41: [11], 01/01/2020. graf, tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1128579

ABSTRACT

The skin is the largest and most exposed organ of the human body, therefore subject to diseases and alteration of its appearance. Among these alterations, the cutaneous hyperchromia may be cited. Currently, the market offers numerous products with depigmenting action to the treatment of such disorders. The aim of this work was to analyze depigmenting products commercialized in establishments in the city of Bento Gonçalves (RS, Brazil) and websites of cosmetic companies. It was found 45 products with depigmenting action and, from these, 59 different active agents were identified. The main active compounds found were kojic acid, arbutin, ascorbic acid, hydroquinone and glycolic acid. Another observed data was that in 78% of the studied products the active substances were being used in combination. The most used vehicles were also studied as a reference to the use of sunscreen in the treatment of cutaneous hyperchromia. The present work had identified in the market a variety of products with depigmentation action and, because of this, it aims to serve as a reference to the healthcare professionals, especially at the prescribing moment, looking for the best results, with regards to treatment efficiency and safety.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Skin Pigmentation/drug effects , Hyperpigmentation/drug therapy , Cosmetics , Dermatologic Agents/analysis , Arbutin , Ascorbic Acid , Pyrones , Brazil , Drug Combinations , Glycolates , Hydroquinones
3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 254-262, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771381

ABSTRACT

Escherichia coli was metabolically engineered to produce poly(glycolate-co-lactate-co-3-hydroxybutyrate) using glucose and xylose as carbon sources. The combinatorial biosynthetic route was constructed by the overexpression of a series of enzymes including D-tagatose 3-epimerase, L-fuculokinase, L-fuculose-phosphate aldolase, aldehyde dehydrogenase, propionyl-CoA transferase, β-ketothiolase, acetoacetyl-CoA reductase, and polyhydroxyalkanoate synthase. Overexpression of polyhydroxyalkanoate granule associated protein significantly improved biopolymer synthesis, and the recombinant strain reached 3.73 g/L cell dry weight with 38.72% (W/W) biopolymer content. A co-culture engineering strategy was developed to produce biopolymer from a mixture of glucose and xylose, achieving 4.01 g/L cell dry weight containing 21.54% (W/W) biopolymer. The results of this work offer an approach for simultaneously utilizing glucose and xylose and indicate the potential for future biopolymer production from lignocellulosic biomass.


Subject(s)
3-Hydroxybutyric Acid , Escherichia coli , Glucose , Glycolates , Lactates , Metabolic Engineering , Polyesters , Xylose
4.
An. bras. dermatol ; 92(2): 212-216, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-838068

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Acne vulgaris is an extremely common condition affecting the pilosebaceous unit of the skin and characterized by presence of comedones, papules, pustules, nodules, cysts, which might result in permanent scars. Acne vulgaris commonly involve adolescents and young age groups. Active acne vulgaris is usually associated with several complications like hyper or hypopigmentation, scar formation and skin disfigurement. Previous studies have targeted the efficiency and safety of local and systemic agents in the treatment of active acne vulgaris. Superficial chemical peeling is a skin-wounding procedure which might cause some potentially undesirable adverse events. This study was conducted to review the efficacy and safety of superficial chemical peeling in the treatment of active acne vulgaris. It is a structured review of an earlier seven articles meeting the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The clinical assessments were based on pretreatment and post-treatment comparisons and the role of superficial chemical peeling in reduction of papules, pustules and comedones in active acne vulgaris. This study showed that almost all patients tolerated well the chemical peeling procedures despite a mild discomfort, burning, irritation and erythema have been reported; also the incidence of major adverse events was very low and easily manageable. In conclusion, chemical peeling with glycolic acid is a well-tolerated and safe treatment modality in active acne vulgaris while salicylic acid peels is a more convenient for treatment of darker skin patients and it showed significant and earlier improvement than glycolic acid


Subject(s)
Humans , Chemexfoliation/methods , Acne Vulgaris/therapy , Salicylic Acid/therapeutic use , Glycolates/therapeutic use , Keratolytic Agents/therapeutic use , Chemexfoliation/adverse effects , Salicylates , Treatment Outcome , Erythema/etiology
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2236-2240, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-241690

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>In-stent restenosis caused by airway granulation poses a challenge due to the high incidence of recurrence after treatment. Weekly applications of anti-proliferative drugs have potential value in delaying the recurrence of airway obstruction. However, it is not practical to subject patients to repeated bronchoscopy and topical drug applications. We fabricated novel pacilitaxel-eluting tracheal stents with sustained and slow pacilitaxel release, which could inhibit the formation of granulation tissue. And we assessed the quality and drug release behaviors of drug-eluting stents (DESs) in vitro.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Stents were dipped vertically into a coating solution prepared by dissolving 0.5 g (2% w/v) of poly lactic acid-coglycolic acid (PLGA) and 0.025 g (0.1% w/v) of pacilitaxel in 25 ml of dichloromethane. DES morphology was examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Pacilitaxel release kinetics from these DESs was investigated in vitro by shaking in PBS buffer followed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Using an orthogonal experimental design, we fabricated numerous pacilitaxel/PLGA eluting tracheal stents to assess optimum coating proportions. The optimum coating proportion was 0.1% (w/v) pacilitaxel and 2% (w/v) PLGA, which resulted in total pacilitaxel loading of (16.380 6 ± 0.002 1) mg/stent. By SEM the coating was very smooth and uniform. Pacilitaxel released from DES was at (0.376 3 ± 0.003 8) mg/d, which is a therapeutic level. There was a prolonged, sustained release of pacilitaxel of >40 days.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Paclitaxel-loaded PLGA coating tracheal stents were successfully developed and evaluated. Quality assessments demonstrated favorable surface morphology as well as sustained and effective drug release behavior, which provides an experimental reference for clinical practitioners.</p>


Subject(s)
Drug-Eluting Stents , Glycolates , Chemistry , Humans , Lactic Acid , Chemistry , Paclitaxel , Chemistry , Polyesters , Polymers , Chemistry
6.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 203-209, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297500

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to investigate the roles of calcium-activated chloride channels (Cl(Ca)) in the two-phase hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV). The second pulmonary artery branches were dissected from male Sprague-Dawley rats, and the changes in vascular tone were measured by using routine blood vascular perfusion in vitro. The result showed that, under normoxic conditions, Cl(Ca) inhibitors (NFA and IAA-94) significantly relaxed second pulmonary artery contracted by norepinephrine (P < 0.01), but merely had effects on KCl-induced second pulmonary artery contractions. A biphasic contraction response was induced in second pulmonary artery ring pre-contracted with norepinephrine exposed to hypoxic conditions for at least one hour, but no biphasic contraction was observed in pulmonary rings pre-contracted with KCl. NFA and IAA-94 significantly attenuated phase II sustained hypoxic contraction (P < 0.01), and also attenuated phase I vasodilation, but had little effect on phase I contraction. These results suggest that Cl(Ca) is an important component forming phase II contraction in secondary pulmonary artery, but not involved in phase I contraction.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chloride Channels , Physiology , Glycolates , Pharmacology , Hypoxia , Male , Norepinephrine , Pharmacology , Pulmonary Artery , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Vasoconstriction , Vasodilation
7.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 180-183, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-274113

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the feasibility of extraction site preservation using injectable calcium phosphate cement (CPC) combine with poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) microspheres.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Immediate extraction defects models were created in canine mandibles, and the defects were filled with CPC/PLGA (experimental group, E) , Bio-Oss (positive control, P), non-treatment (blank control, B) respectively. Dogs were sacrificed after 4, 8, 12 weeks post operation. Statistical analysis were conducted using SPSS 19.</p><p><b>RESULTS RESULTS</b>of radiological observation showed that there were not significantly different between groups in 4 and 8 week (P > 0.05). After 12 week,E (114.9 ± 8.4) were not significantly different compared with P (117.4 ± 12.1) (P > 0.05) , both were significantly higher than B (95.0 ± 12.6) (P < 0.05) . Histology examination showed that at 4 week following surgery, the result of newly formed bone was as follow, P[ (87.5 ± 1.5) %] > B[(78.7 ± 2.7)%] > E[(69.2 ± 1.8)%] (P < 0.05). At 8, 12 week, results of P[(94.0 ± 2.3)% and (93.5 ± 1.9) %] and E[ (94.7 ± 1.1) % and (96.0 ± 0.9) %] were better than those of B[ (76.8 ± 3.0)% and (87.0 ± 2.4)%] (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The effect of CPC/PLGA repair immediate alveolar ridge defects is the same as that of Bio-Oss, and CPC/PLGA can be used as a material in extraction site preservation.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcium Phosphates , Dental Cements , Dental Models , Dogs , Glycolates , Lactic Acid , Microspheres , Minerals , Polyesters , Polyglycolic Acid , Polymers , Tooth Extraction
8.
An. bras. dermatol ; 88(6): 900-905, Nov-Dec/2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-699000

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Peeling is a procedure which aims to accelerate the process of skin exfoliation. OBJECTIVES: Development of formulations containing lactic acid at 85% or glycolic acid at 70% and the evaluation of these formulations on clinical efficacy in reduction of fine wrinkles. METHODS: Preliminary stability tests were carried out and an in vivo study was performed with three groups with 9 representatives each. One was the control group, which used only sunscreen; another one used lactic acid+sunscreen, and the last group used acid glycolic+sunscreen. Clinical efficacy was assessed with a CCD color microscope, through the digitization of images before and after treatment. The applications were carried out by a dermatologist, once a mont h every 30 days, during 3 months. The area with wrinkles was calculated by planimetry point counting, in accordance with Mandarin-de-Lacerda. RESULTS: The formulations were stable in the visual and Ph evaluation. There was no improvement in the control group; for lactic acid, there was significant improvement after the second peeling application on the outer lateral area of the right eye and after the third application on the outer lateral area of the left eye. For the glycolic acid group, there was significant improvement in the outer lateral area of the left eye after the first application, and of the right eye region, after three applications. The formulations used must be kept under refrigeration and should be manipulated every 30 days. CONCLUSIONS: Both peelings were effective in reducing fine wrinkles of the outer lateral eye area after three applications (p≤0.05%). It was observed that peeling efficacy in the external-lateral region of one eye might be different compared with that in skin of the external-lateral region of the other eye, relative to the speed of skin improvement. .


FUNDAMENTOS: Peeling visa a acelerar o processo de esfoliação da pele. OBJETIVOS: Desenvolver formulações contendo ácido láctico a 85% ou ácido glicólico a 70% e avaliar sua eficácia clínica na redução de rugas finas. MÉTODOS: Testes preliminares foram efetuados e estudo in vivo foi realizado em três grupos com nove representantes cada, separados de forma randomizada. Um grupo foi controle, utilizando apenas fotoprotetor; outro utilizou ácido láctico e fotoprotetor; o último usou ácido glicólico e fotoprotetor. Para eficácia clínica, empregou-se microscópio CCD color, digitalizando-se as imagens do pré e do pós-tratamento. As aplicações foram realizadas por médica dermatologista uma vez por mês, a cada 30 dias, durante três meses. A área com traços de ruga foi calculada pela planimetria por contagem de pontos. RESULTADOS: As formulações foram estáveis na avaliação visual e de pH. Não houve melhora no grupo controle; para o grupo do ácido láctico, houve melhora significativa após a segunda aplicação do peeling na região lateral externa do olho direito e após a terceira aplicação na região lateral externa olho esquerdo. Para o grupo do ácido glicólico, houve melhora significativa na região lateral externa olho esquerdo após a primeira aplicação e, depois de três aplicações, na região lateral externa do olho direito. As formulações magistrais empregadas no estudo devem ser mantidas sob refrigeração e manipuladas a cada 30 dias. CONCLUSÕES: Tanto o peeling de ácido láctico quanto o de ácido glicólico foram eficazes na diminuição de rugas finas da região lateral externa dos olhos após ...


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Chemexfoliation/methods , Glycolates/administration & dosage , Keratolytic Agents/administration & dosage , Lactic Acid/administration & dosage , Skin Aging/drug effects , Administration, Topical , Analysis of Variance , Eye , Reproducibility of Results , Skin/drug effects , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
9.
Braz. j. pharm. sci ; 49(4): 783-792, Oct.-Dec. 2013. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-704110

ABSTRACT

The demand for fast dissolving tablets has been growing during the last decade, especially for elderly and children who have swallowing difficulties. In the present work, fast dissolving tablets of metoprolol tartrate, were prepared using sodium starch glycolate, sodium croscarmellose and crospovidone as superdisintegrants, by the direct compression method. The tablets prepared were evaluated for various parameters including weight variation, hardness, friability, in vitro dispersion time, drug-polymer interaction, drug content water absorption ratio, wetting time, in vitro drug release, FTIR and DSC studies. The tablets prepared by the direct compression method had a weight variation in the range of 145 mg to 152 mg, which is below ± 7.5%, a hardness of 3.6 kg/cm² to 4.5 kg/cm², percentage friability of 0.46% to 0.73%, in vitro dispersion time of 18 s to 125 s, drug content uniformity of between 98.12% and 100.03%, a water absorption ratio of 67% to 87%, wetting time of 32 sec. to 64 sec., and an in vitro drug release of 53.92% - 98.82% within 15 min. The IR spectral analysis and DSC study showed no drug interaction with formulation additives of the tablet, and the formulations indicated no significant changes in hardness, friability, drug content or in vitro drug release. Fast dissolving tablets of metoprolol tartrate have enhanced dissolution and will lead to improved bioavailability and more effective therapy.


A exigência por comprimidos de dissolução rápida aumentou durante a última década, especialmente para idosos e crianças, com dificuldades de deglutição . No presente trabalho prepararam-se, pelo método de compressão direta, comprimidos de tartarato de metoprolol de rápida dissolução, utilizando glicolato sódico de amido, croscarmellose sódica e crospovidona como superdisintegrantes. Os comprimidos preparados foram avaliados em relação a diferentes parâmetros, como variação de peso, dureza, friabilidade, tempo de dispersão in vitro, interação fármaco-polímero, taxa de absorção de água pelo fármaco, tempo de umedecimento, liberação do fármaco in vitro,, FTIR e estudos de DSC. Os comprimidos preparados por compressão direta apresentaram variação de peso de 145 mg a 152 mg, abaixo de ±7,5%, dureza de 3,6 kg/cm² a 4,5 kg/cm² , porcentagem de friabilidade de 0,46% a 0,73%, tempo de dispersão in vitro de 18 s a 125 s, uniformidade de conteúdo de fármaco entre 98,12% e 100,03%, taxa de absorção de água de 67% a 87%, tempo de umidificaçãode 32 s a 64 s liberação do fármaco in vitro entre 53,92% e 98,82%, em 15 min. A análise no IV e de DSC mostrou que não houve interação de fármacos com os aditivos de formulação do comprimido e as formulações indicaram que não houve mudança significativa na dureza, friabilidade, s uniformidade de conteúdo de fármaco e na liberação do fármaco in vitro. Os comprimidos de liberação rápida apresentaram aumento na dissolução de tartarato metoprolol e conduzem à melhoria dabiodisponibilidade e à terapia eficaz.


Subject(s)
Dissolution/classification , In Vitro Techniques/classification , Tablets/analysis , Tartrates/pharmacokinetics , Deglutition , Glycolates
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-14143

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To report the results according to anterior elevation changes following corneal crosslinking (CXL) treatment for keratoconus. METHODS: The present retrospective study included 14 patients (15 eyes) with progressive keratoconus who underwent CXL with a follow-up of 12 months. Patients were classified into 2 groups according to pre and postoperative anterior elevation difference maps. On the preoperative anterior elevation map, distances from maximum anterior elevation to pupil center were compared between the 2 groups. The outcome of best correct visual acuity (BCVA), maximum keratometry and parameters of corneal topography were compared between the 2 groups before CXL as well as 6 and 12 months after CXL. RESULTS: The anterior elevation changes were classified as group 1 (-7.88 +/- 10.53 micrometer) or group 2 (8.71 +/- 5.99 micrometer) (p = 0.001). The preoperative corneal topography of eyes observed in group 1 (0.19 +/- 0.13 mm) had shorter mean distances from maximum anterior elevation to pupil center than eyes in group 2 (0.47 +/- 0.23 mm) (p = 0.018). BCVA (log MAR) improved from 0.68 +/- 0.78 to 0.57 +/- 0.81 (p = 0.115) 12 months after CXL in group 1 and decreased from 0.51 +/- 0.34 to 0.56 +/- 0.38 (p = 0.109) 12 months after CXL in group 2. The maximum keratometry decreased from 63.01 +/- 19.07D to 58.95 +/- 16.32D (p = 0.017) in group 1 and increased from 60.70 +/- 9.46D to 61.29 +/- 7.51D (p = 0.674) in group 2. CONCLUSIONS: Clinical and optical effects improved postoperatively in group 1, and were stabilized in group 2. The preoperative distance from maximum anterior elevation to pupil center and the anterior elevation changes after CXL were factors in predicting the CXL outcome.


Subject(s)
Corneal Topography , Eye , Follow-Up Studies , Glycolates , Humans , Keratoconus , Pupil , Retrospective Studies , Visual Acuity
13.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 64(5): 1169-1176, out. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-655888

ABSTRACT

Avaliaram-se a biocompatibilidade e a biodegradabilidade do sistema de liberação controlada de poli-lactato-co-glicolato (PLGA) no tratamento com ciprofloxacina das ceratites por Staphylococcus aureus em coelhos. Foram utilizados 20 coelhos, distribuídos em quatro grupos (G). Os animais dos G1, G3 e G4 foram inoculados com 2,5µL da bactéria - 108UFC, no estroma corneano. Os do G2 não receberam a aplicação do inóculo. O tratamento foi realizado com solução salina básica para os animais do G1, micropartículas de PLGA contendo ciprofloxacina nos animais dos G2 e G4 e colírio de ciprofloxacina naqueles do G3. Suabe e biópsia da superfície ocular foram coletados para cultura. Apenas um animal do G1 apresentou cultura positiva para S. aureus. Exame histológico revelou a presença bacteriana em todos os animais do G1 e em dois animais do G3. Também foi constatada reação inflamatória no local da aplicação do sistema de liberação controlada. O tratamento com micropartículas de PLGA foi eficiente no tratamento de ceratites bacterianas, ao eliminar por completo a presença do S. aureus, mas entretanto não foi completamente biocompatível e biodegradável após cinco dias.


The biocompatibility and biodegradability of the controlled delivery system of Poly-Latic-Co-Glucolatic (PLGA) in the treatment of Staphylococcus aureus keratitis with ciprofloxacin in rabbits were evaluated. Twenty rabbits divided into four groups (G) were used. G1, G3 and G4 animals were inoculated with bacterial 2.5µL (108CFU) in the corneal stroma, and G2 animals did not receive the application of inoculum. The treatment was performed with basic saline solution in G1 rabbits, micro particles of PLGA containing ciprofloxacin in G2 and G4 animals, and ciprofloxacin eye drops in G3 rabbits. Swab and biopsy of the ocular surface were collected for culture. Only one animal in G1 had positive culture for S. aureus in the processed material. Histological examination showed a bacterial presence in all animals in G1 and two animals in G3. Inflammatory reaction was noted at the application site of the controlled release. Data analysis showed that treatment with micro particles of PLGA was effective in treating bacterial keratitis, completely eliminating the presence of S. aureus, but it was not being completely biocompatible and biodegradable after five days.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Keratitis/veterinary , Rabbits/microbiology , Staphylococcus aureus/immunology , Biodegradation, Environmental , Glycolates , Lactic Acid , Materials Testing/veterinary
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-51039

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To compare the surgical outcomes between sequential -and simultaneous combined vitrectomy and Ahmed valve implantation (AVI) in neovascular glaucoma (NVG) patients with vitreous hemorrhage. METHODS: The medical records of 22 eyes of 22 patients, who had NVG with vitreous hemorrhage treated with vitrectomy and AVI, were retrospectively reviewed. Surgical success was defined as 6 mm Hg < or = IOP < or = 21 mm Hg, with or without the use of antiglaucoma medications and failure was defined as cases that had no light perception during the study period and which required additional surgery. The authors of the present study evaluated the surgical success rates and factors affecting surgical success between sequential and simultaneous combined vitrectomy and AVI. RESULTS: The cumulative surgical success rate by the Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was 45% in sequential combined vitrectomy and AVI (group1), and 18% in combined vitrectomy and AVI (group 2), at 1 year, a significant difference. Preoperative panretinal photocoagulation was related to surgical success rate by Cox's regression model analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Simultaneous combined vitrectomy and AVI is considered as a primary procedure in a patient who has NVG with vitreous hemorrhage. Panretinal photocoagulation in the preoperative periods, is thought to increase the surgical success rate.


Subject(s)
Eye , Glaucoma, Neovascular , Glycolates , Humans , Light , Light Coagulation , Medical Records , Preoperative Period , Retrospective Studies , Vitrectomy , Vitreous Hemorrhage
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-165350

ABSTRACT

Ethylene glycol (EG) is a sweet-tasting, odorless organic solvent found in many agents, such as anti-freeze. EG is composed of four organic acids: glycoaldehyde, glycolic acid, glyoxylic acid and oxalic acid in vivo. These metabolites are cellular toxins that can cause cardio-pulmonary failure, life-threatening metabolic acidosis, central nervous system depression, and kidney injury. Oxalic acid is the end product of EG, which can precipitate to crystals of calcium oxalate monohydrate in the tubular lumen and has been linked to acute kidney injury. We report a case of EG-induced oxalate nephropathy, with the diagnosis confirmed by kidney biopsy, which showed acute tubular injury of the kidneys with extensive intracellular and intraluminal calcium oxalate monohydrate crystal depositions.


Subject(s)
Acidosis , Acute Kidney Injury , Biopsy , Calcium Oxalate , Central Nervous System , Depression , Ethylene Glycol , Ethylenes , Glycolates , Glyoxylates , Kidney , Oxalic Acid
16.
Laboratory Medicine Online ; : 204-208, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-192546

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Leukoreduced blood components are recommended for prevention of non-hemolytic febrile transfusion reactions, HLA alloimmunization, platelet transfusion refractoriness, and transfusion-transmissible diseases. In addition, prestorage leukoreduction may be advantageous to poststorage leukoreduction. The authors investigated the current status of usage of leukoreduced blood components in Korea. METHODS: We surveyed 2,373 medical facilities, where blood components were supplied from Korean Red Cross blood centers and/or Hanmaeum blood center during one year period between January and December 2009. The survey was conducted about the current situation of usage of leukoreduction by web-based program (http://bms.cdc.go.kr), and 743 facilities answered and were analyzed. RESULTS: The leukoreduced RBC components comprised 10.3% (prestorage leukoreduction, 91,066 units, 5.7%; poststorage leukoreduction 73,192 units, 4.6%) of the total 1,593,098 units of RBC components used in 743 medical facilities. The leukoreduced platelet concentrates comprised 33.1% (458,552 units) of the total 1,386,184 units of platelet concentrates used in 397 medical facilities. If 1 single donor platelet is counted as 6 platelet concentrates, 48.9% of the total platelet components used were leukoreduced. CONCLUSIONS: The proportion of leukoreduced blood components to the total blood components used in Korea was much lower than that in Unites States of America, especially lower in the use of prestorage leukoreduction of RBC components. Further studies are required for cost-effectiveness and demand-supply amounts of leukoreduced blood components, and appropriate prestorage leukoreduction has to be performed in Korea based on these studies.


Subject(s)
Americas , Blood Group Incompatibility , Blood Platelets , Glycolates , Humans , Korea , Platelet Transfusion , Red Cross , Tissue Donors
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-210390

ABSTRACT

Several polymers were used to delivery genes to diabetic animals. Polyaminobutyl glycolic acid was utilized to deliver IL-10 plasmid DNA to prevent autoimmune insulitis of non-obese diabetic (NOD) mouse. Polyethylene glycol grafted polylysine was combined with antisense glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) MRNA to represent GAD autoantigene expression. GLP1 and TSTA (SP-EX4) were delivered by bioreducible polymer to stop diabetic progression. Fas siRNA delivery was carried out to treat diabetic NOD mice animal.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antigens, Neoplasm , DNA , Glutamate Decarboxylase , Glycolates , Histocompatibility Antigens , Interleukin-10 , Mice , Mice, Inbred NOD , Plasmids , Polyethylene Glycols , Polylysine , Polymers , RNA, Messenger , RNA, Small Interfering , Transplants
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246593

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effect of the osteoprotegerin (OPG) gene-modified autologous bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) on regeneration of periodontal defects, and to provide new experimental evidence to explore the gene therapy for periodontal disease.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>pSecTag2/B-opg was transduced into BMSCs by lipofectamine 2000. The expression of OPG protein in the BMSCs was detected by immunocytochemistry and Western blot. Inverted phase contrast microscope and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were used to observe the morphology and proliferation of the BMSCs(OPG) on on the surface of the poly lactic-co-glycolic (PLGA). Horizontal alveolar bone defect (4 mmx4 mmx 3 mm) were surgically created in the buccal aspect of the mandibular premolar, and were randomly assigned to receive BMSCs(OPG)-PLGA (cells/material/OPG), BMSCs-PLGA (cells/material), PLGA (material), or root planning only (blank control). The animals were euthanized at 6 weeks post surgery for histological analysis. The height of new alveolar bone and cementum and the formation of new connective tissue were analyzed and compared. All data were statistically analyzed using the q test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The BMSCs transfected by human OPG gene can highly express OPG protein. SEM observations demonstrated that BMSCs(OPG) were able to proliferate and massively colonize on the scaffolds structure. After 6 weeks, the height of new alveolar bone and cementum and the formation of new connective tissue were significantly greater in the experimental group than in the control groups (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>BMSCs(OPG)-PLGA can significantly promote the regeneration of dog's periodontal bone defects. Gene therapy utilizing OPG may offer the potential for periodontal tissue engineering applications.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Regeneration , Dental Cementum , Dogs , Glycolates , Lactic Acid , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Osteoprotegerin , Polyesters , Polymers , Regeneration , Tissue Engineering
19.
Egyptian Journal of Histology [The]. 2009; 32 (1): 17-32
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-100859

ABSTRACT

Many products had been used as chemical peeling agents to renew thin skin. Retinoic, Glycolic and Salicylic acids were used in many dermatological diseases with hypdrkeratinization and/or hyperpigmentation. To evaluate and compare the effects of these acids on the thin skin of adult female guinea pig. Twenty animals were used and were divided into four equal groups. Group I served as the control group, whereas the other treated groups were topically applicated daily on shaved area of back skin with Retinoic [0.05%], Glycolic [12%] and Salicylic [10%] acids in Groups II, III and IV, respectively. Thin skin specimens were processed for light and transmission electron microscopic studies. Morphometric and statistical studies were done. Groups II, III and IV showed high significant increase in mean thickness of epidermal nucleated keratinocytes as compared to Control group. Group II showed proliferation hyperkeratosis and acanthosis and shrinkage of the sebaceous glands with decreased sebum production. Group III showed skin peeling by removing superficial layers of epidermis, cytoplasmic and nuclear degeneration with disruption of intercellular junctions and degeneration in melanocytes with marked decrease of melanin. Both Retinoic and Glycolic acids apparently increased the production of collagen and elastic fibers as compared to control. Group IV showed skin peeling mainly by direct action on intercellular cement substance and partially by inducing proliferation hyperkertosis. Both Retinoic and Glycolic acids showed complementary actions in treatment of hyperpigmentation and as chemical peeling agents. Salicylic acid also is a peeling agent, but its effects could be covered by either Retinoic or Glycolic acids. It is recommended to use combination of both Retinoic and Glycolic acids to give better effects on various skin disorders with hyperkeratinization and hyperpigmentation


Subject(s)
Female , Animals, Laboratory , Tretinoin/adverse effects , Glycolates/adverse effects , Salicylic Acid/adverse effects , Skin/ultrastructure , Microscopy, Electron , Guinea Pigs , Female
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-110071

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: As the neonatal intensive care advanced, the incidence of neonatal bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) has increased. We conducted a multi-center investigation of the prevalence of BPD in six hospitals to investigate the epidemiology of BPD in Korea. METHODS: Retrospective reviews ware performed for survival rate, prevalence of BPD of total 4,476 newborn infants who were admitted to neonatal intensive care unit in Konkuk university hospital, Sung-Ae General hospital, Kangbuk Samsung hospital, Chung-Ang university hospital, Konyang university hospital, and Gangneung Asan hospital between June, 2005 and May, 2007. By Ogawa, BPD was defined as oxygen dependency at 28 days after birth, with respiratory distress symptoms and the change of chest x-ray finding, and classified as 6 subtypes. Classic BPD was defined as oxygen dependency at 36 weeks of postmenstrual age. RESULTS: Survival rate at 28 day after birth was 98.7%. BPD infants by Ogawa classification were 70 (1.6% of overall newborn infants), classic BPD infants were 30 (0.7%). Especially, among 237 preterm infants with birth weight less than 1,500 gram who survived to 28 days of life, 60 (25.3%) had BPD by Ogawa classification and 23 (9.7%) had classic BPD. In Ogawa classification, infants with RDS as type I and II, were 17 infants (24.3%) and 44 infants (62.9%). Home oxygen therapy was performed 8 infants (11.4%). Prevalence of retinopathy of prematurity was 35 infants (50.0%), necrotizing enterocolitis was 3 infants (4.3%), and intraventricular hemorrhage was 6 infants (8.6%). CONCLUSION: Prevalence of BPD infants was 1.6% of overall newborn, 25.3% of preterm infants with birth weight less than 1,500 gram. Among 70 BPD infants, BPD by Ogawa classification with history of RDS as type I and II were 24.3%, 62.9% as the majority of BPD. This study would be the first report of epidemiology of Korean BPD infants by multi-center study.


Subject(s)
Birth Weight , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia , Dependency, Psychological , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing , Glycolates , Hemorrhage , Hospitals, General , Humans , Incidence , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Intensive Care, Neonatal , Oxygen , Parturition , Prevalence , Retinopathy of Prematurity , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Thorax
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