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1.
Fisioter. Bras ; 22(3): 318-333, Jul 15, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284270

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A bandagem elástica é uma fita elástica adesiva utilizada na prevenção e reabilitação do complexo do ombro. Entretanto, existem divergências na literatura sobre seus efeitos na atividade eletromiográfica dos músculos periescapulares durante exercícios com carga. Objetivo: Avaliar os efeitos da bandagem elástica na atividade eletromiográfica de músculos periescapulares durante o movimento de flexão do ombro sem carga e com halter em indivíduos saudáveis. Métodos: Vinte e seis indivíduos do sexo masculino realizaram o movimento de flexão do ombro sem carga e com halter com a bandagem elástica sobre o trapézio descendente. Foram avaliadas as atividades eletromiográficas de trapézio descendente, trapézio ascendente e serrátil anterior. São comparados os valores de pico e RMS em percentual da contração isométrica voluntária máxima através da ANOVA One Way. Resultados: Na flexão de ombro com halter ocorreu diminuição do pico da atividade eletromiográfica do trapézio descendente (p = 0,035). Não houve influência sobre os demais músculos periescapulares (p > 0,05). Conclusão: A bandagem elástica diminuiu o pico da atividade eletromiográfica do trapézio descendente durante a flexão do ombro com halter. Pode-se aplicar este resultado na prevenção de indivíduos que podem tender a aumentar a atividade do trapézio descendente. (AU)


Introduction: The kinesio tape is an elastic adhesive tape used in the prevention and rehabilitation of the shoulder complex. However, there are divergences in the literature about its effects on the electromyographic activity of the periescapular muscles during load exercises. Objective: To evaluate the effects of kinesio tape on the electromyographic activity of the periescapular muscles during the flexion of the shoulder without load and with a dumbbell in healthy subjects. Methods: Twenty-six male individuals perform the flexion movement of the shoulder without load and halter with and kinesio tape over the upper trapezius muscle. The electromyographic activities of upper trapezius, lower trapezius and anterior serratus were evaluated. Normalized Peak and RMS through percentage of maximum voluntary isometric contraction were compared using ANOVA One Way. Results: During flexion of the shoulder with a dumbbell, the electromyographic activity of the upper trapezius (p = 0.035) decreased. We did not observe influence on the other periescapular muscles (p > 0.05). Conclusion: The kinesio tape decrease the peak value of the upper trapezius during the flexion of the shoulder with dumbbell. We can apply this result to individuals who may increase the activity of the upper trapezius. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Electromyography , Athletic Tape , Shoulder , Exercise , Healthy Volunteers , Movement
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877609

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the imaging features of focus of knee joint tendon in patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) by musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSUS) technique.@*METHODS@#One hundred KOA patients and 100 healthy subjects were included. All the KOA patients were palpated by the sequence of foot @*RESULTS@#The top-5 focus of knee tendon of KOA patients were located in medial inferior patella, medial tibial condyle, inferior patella, Zusanlici and Hedingci. The thickness of ligaments and tendons in extension and flexion positions in KOA patients were thicker than that in healthy subjects (@*CONCLUSION@#The focus of knee joint tendon in KOA patients shows significantly thickened musculoskeletal imaging features.


Subject(s)
Healthy Volunteers , Humans , Knee Joint/diagnostic imaging , Osteoarthritis, Knee/diagnostic imaging , Tendons/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880347

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reproducibility and validity of a short food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) for food group intake in Japan, the reproducibility and partial validity of which were previously confirmed for nutrients.@*METHODS@#A total of 288 middle-aged healthy volunteers from 11 different areas of Japan provided nonconsecutive 3-day weighed dietary records (DRs) at 3-month intervals over four seasons. We evaluated reproducibility based on the first (FFQ1) and second (FFQ2) questionnaires and their validity against the DRs by comparing the intake of 20 food groups. Spearman's rank correlation coefficients (SRs) were calculated between energy-adjusted intake from the FFQs and that from the DRs.@*RESULTS@#The intake of 20 food groups estimated from the two FFQs was mostly equivalent. The median energy-adjusted SRs between the FFQ1 and FFQ2 were 0.61 (range 0.38-0.86) for men and 0.66 (0.45-0.84) for women. For validity, the median de-attenuated SRs between DRs and the FFQ1 were 0.51 (0.17-0.76) for men and 0.47 (0.23-0.77) for women. Compared with the DRs, the proportion of cross-classification into exact plus adjacent quintiles with the FFQ1 ranged from 58 to 86% in men and from 57 to 86% in women. According to the robust Z scores and the Bland-Altman plot graphs, the underestimation errors in the FFQ1 tended to be greater in individuals with high mean levels of consumption for meat for men and for other vegetables for both men and women.@*CONCLUSION@#The FFQ demonstrated high reproducibility and reasonable validity for food group intake. This questionnaire is short and remains appropriate for identifying associations between diet and health/disease among adults in Japan.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Diet/statistics & numerical data , Diet Surveys , Energy Intake , Female , Food/statistics & numerical data , Healthy Volunteers , Humans , Japan , Male , Middle Aged , Reproducibility of Results
4.
Acta odontol. Colomb. (En linea) ; 11(2): 25-38, 2021. ilus, ilus, ilus, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1281693

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar, describir y diferenciar las características fenotípicas de los fibroblastos gingivales (FGs) en pacientes con hiperplasia gingival idiopática (HGI) e individuos periodontalmente sanos. Métodos: los FGs fueron aislados a partir de tejido gingival de individuos periodontalmente sanos (n=2) y pacientes con HGI (n=2). Los FGs se cultivaron en el medio DMEM (Dulbecco's Modified of Eagle Medium) a 37°C con 5% de CO2. La identificación y localización de la actina, vimentina y mitocondrias en FGs fue realizada y evaluada microscópicamente mediante inmunofluorescencia con anticuerpos monoclonales. La capacidad de migración de los FGs en los pacientes con HGI e individuos sanos también fue estudiada. Resultados: todos los FGs fueron mononucleares, fusiformes y con prolongaciones citoplasmáticas visibles. La faloidina permitió identificar una densa red de actina en los FGs de pacientes con HGI, contrariamente a los FGs de individuos periodontalmente sanos. La vimentina y mitocondrias fueron identificadas en los FGs de individuos sanos y pacientes con HGI sin ninguna alteración en su expresión y localización. La migración de la monocapa de los FGs indicó una actividad de migración celular importante en los FGs de los pacientes con HGI, en relación a los FGs de los individuos periodontalmente sanos. Conclusión: los FGs de pacientes con HGI conservan características fenotípicas celulares similares a los FGs de individuos periodontalmente sanos. Sin embargo, los FGs de pacientes con HGI simulan tener una mayor capacidad migratoria que amerita ser explorada en futuros trabajos de investigación.


Objective: To identify and to describe the phenotypic characteristics of gingival fibroblasts from patients with idiopathic gingival hyperplasia (IGH) and periodontally healthy individuals. Methods: Gingival fibroblasts (GFs) were isolated from gingival tissue from periodontally healthy individuals (n=2) and patients with IGH (n=2). The GFs were grown in DMEM (Dulbecco's Modified of Eagle Medium) at 37°C with 5% CO2. The identification and location of actin, vimentin and mitochondria in GFs were performed and evaluated microscopically by immunofluorescence with monoclonal antibodies. The migration capacity of GFs from IGH and healthy individuals was also studied. Results: All the GFs were mononuclear, fusiform and with visible cytoplasmic extensions. The phalloidin allowed to identify a dense actin network in the GFs of patients with IGH, contrary to the GFs of periodontally healthy individuals. Vimentin and mitochondria were identified in the GFs of healthy individuals and patients with IGH without any alteration in their expression and location. Monolayer migration of GFs indicates significant cell migration activity in the GFs of patients with IGH in relation to the GFs of periodontally healthy individuals. Conclusion: GFs from patients with IGH retain cellular phenotypic characteristic similar to GFs from periodontally healthy individuals. However, the GFs of patients with IGH simulate having a greater migratory capacity that deserves to be explored in future research works.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fibroblasts/physiology , Gingival Hyperplasia , Patients , Cell Movement , Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect , Healthy Volunteers
5.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 33(4): e827, oct.-dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156572

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Determinar los cambios que sufre la presión intraocular en sujetos aparentemente sanos tras la realización de ejercicios físicos. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo prospectivo en el Centro Deportivo "Jesús Menéndez", del municipio de Marianao, provincia La Habana, conducido por especialistas del Servicio de Glaucoma del Instituto Cubano de Oftalmología "Ramón Pando Ferrer" entre mayo y agosto del año 2016. Se seleccionó una muestra de sujetos aparentemente sanos, quienes estuvieron de acuerdo con participar en el estudio. Se conformaron dos grupos según el tipo de ejercicio físico: ejercicios de fuerza y ejercicios aerobios. A todos se les midió la presión intraocular basal y después de los ejercicios (inmediatamente, a los 15 y 30 minutos) con tonómetro de Perkins. Resultados: Ambos grupos estuvieron formados por 20 sujetos cada uno, del sexo masculino (grupo fuerza) y del femenino (grupo aerobio). La edad media fue 32,9 y 34,6 años respectivamente. En el grupo fuerza, la presión intraocular media basal fue 15,93 mmHg, la cual se incrementó a 3,71 mmHg inmediatamente después del ejercicio, y descendió a los 30 minutos hasta alcanzar cifras semejantes a la basal. En el grupo aerobio la presión intraocular media basal fue 15,73 mmHg; descendió a 5,13 mmHg inmediatamente después del ejercicio y se incrementó a los 30 minutos hasta alcanzar cifras semejantes a la basal. Conclusiones: La presión intraocular aumenta o disminuye en sujetos sanos en correspondencia con el tipo de ejercicio (de fuerza y aeróbicos respectivamente) y retorna a valores cercanos a los basales a los 30 minutos, como se demostró en ambos grupos(AU)


Objective: Determine the changes undergone by intraocular pressure in seemingly healthy subjects after the practice of physical exercise. Methods: A descriptive prospective study was conducted at Jesús Menéndez Sports Center in the municipality of Marianao, province of Havana from May to August 2016. The study was managed by specialists from the Glaucoma Service at Ramón Pando Ferrer Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology. A sample was selected of seemingly healthy subjects, who agreed to participate in the study. Two groups were formed according to the type of physical exercise: strength training or aerobics. Intraocular pressure was measured at baseline and after the exercises (immediately, at 15 minutes and at 30 minutes) with a Perkins tonometer. Results: The groups were composed of 20 subjects each: male (strength group) and female (aerobics group). Mean age was 32.9 and 34.6 years, respectively. In the strength group, the mean baseline intraocular pressure of 15.93 mmHg rose to 3.71 mmHg immediately after the exercise, and fell at 30 minutes to reach values similar to the baseline. In the aerobics group, the mean baseline intraocular pressure of 15.73 mmHg fell to 5.13 mmHg immediately after the exercise, and rose at 30 minutes to reach values similar to the baseline. Conclusions: Intraocular pressure rises or falls in healthy subjects in keeping with the type of exercise (strength or aerobics, respectively), and returns to values similar to the baseline at 30 minutes in both groups(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Exercise/physiology , Glaucoma/diagnosis , Intraocular Pressure , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Healthy Volunteers
6.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 27(3): 166-176, jul.-set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251655

ABSTRACT

A b s t r a c t Purpose: To describe health-related QOL (HRQOL) in patients with musculoskeletal symptoms, compared to a population with other comorbidities, and a healthy population. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out on an open population involved in a community-oriented program for control of rheumatic diseases (COPCORD) study in Colombia, using EQ-5D-3L for estimating QOL, and the health assessment questionnaire disability index (HAQ-DI) for functional capacity. Results: Out of the total 4020 individuals evaluated, 2274 had rheumatic diseases, 642 had non-rheumatic diseases, and 1104 were healthy subjects. Spondyloarthritis (SpA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients had more complaints regarding pain/discomfort and mobility. As for daily activities, the diseases that mostly affected them were systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and RA. RA and fibromyalgia (FM) patients had the worst scores as regards anxiety/depression and self-care dimensions. FM patients had the lowest QOL measured by EQ-VAS (57.7 ± 26.2). The most frequent non-rheumatic diseases were cardiovascular and mental disorders, with 20% of these patients having a moderate level of pain/discomfort and anxiety/depression. The rheumatic patients reported a decrease in functional capacity (HAQ: 0.49), in contrast to the healthy population (0.01), and the population having other diseases (0.06). Conclusion: Rheumatic disease patients in Colombia had the worst QOL compared to the healthy population and patients with other comorbidities. Rheumatic patients had greater functional limitations, even more so when having comorbidities. This study revealed potential factors of interest requiring the attention of public health authorities, and for improving patients' QOL.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Describir la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud en pacientes con síntomas musculoesqueléticos, en comparación con pacientes con enfermedades no reumáticas y una población sana. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio transversal en comunidad abierta, en personas involucradas en un programa orientado a la comunidad para el control de enfermedades reumáticas (COP-CORD) en Colombia, utilizando el EQ-5D-3L para estimar la calidad de vida y el cuestionario de evaluación de la salud (HAQ- DI) para la capacidad funcional. Resultados: Se evaluaron 4.020 individuos; 2.274 tenían enfermedades reumáticas, 642 tenían enfermedades no reumáticas y 1.104 eran sujetos sanos. Los pacientes con espondiloartritis (SpA) y artritis reumatoide (AR) tuvieron mayores quejas con respecto al dolor/malestar y la movilidad. En cuanto a las actividades diarias, los enfermos con lupus eritematoso sistémico (LES) y AR fueron los más afectados. Los pacientes con AR y fibromialgia (FM) tuvieron las peores puntuaciones en ansiedad/depresión en las dimensiones de cuidado personal. Los pacientes con FM tuvieron la calidad de vida más baja medida por EQ-VAS (57,7 ± 26,2). Las enfermedades no reumáticas más frecuentes fueron los trastornos cardiovasculares y mentales; el 20% de estos pacientes tenía un nivel moderado de dolor/malestar y ansiedad/depresión. Los pacientes reumáticos reportaron una disminución de la capacidad funcional (HAQ: 0,49); en contraste con la población sana (0,01) y la población con otras enfermedades (0,06). Conclusión: Los pacientes con enfermedades reumáticas en Colombia tuvieron la peor calidad de vida en comparación con la población sana y los pacientes con otras enfermedades. Los pacientes reumáticos tuvieron una mayor limitación funcional, incluso más que los que tenían otras enfermedades. Este estudio reveló posibles factores relacionados con las enfermedades reumáticas que requieren la atención de las autoridades de salud pública con el objetivo de mejorar la calidad de vida de los pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life , Rheumatic Diseases , Surveys and Questionnaires , Patients , Activities of Daily Living , Comorbidity , Open Population , Healthy Volunteers
7.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(4): 339-347, ago. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154827

ABSTRACT

Resumen La prueba de caminata de seis minutos se ha aplicado generalmente en enfermos, y algunos estudios han propuesto modelos para predecir el consumo máximo de oxígeno. Nuestro objetivo fue elaborar una ecuación para predecir el consumo máximo de oxígeno en la prueba de caminata de seis minutos para estudiantes universitarios. Participaron 140 estudiantes. Se aplicó el test de marcha y después se realizó una prueba de ejercicio gradual para determinar el consumo máximo de oxígeno. Se elaboró una ecuación multivariada y el análisis se hizo con el programa SPSS v.22 (p < 0.05). El modelo predictivo incluyó el sexo, edad, índice de masa corporal, distancia recorrida y la frecuencia cardíaca de recuperación (r = 0.83; p < 0.001). La ecuación cumplió con los supuestos de independencia (p = 0.13), de normalidad (p = 0.49) y de homocedasticidad (p = 0.64). El diagrama de Bland-Altman indicó que no hubo diferencias significativas entre la ecuación y la medición del consumo máximo de oxígeno (p = 0.89), con un intervalo de confianza de 0.054 ml·kg·min-1 (95% IC [-0.72; 0.83]). La ecuación predice el consumo máximo de oxígeno. Se sugiere evaluar estudiantes universitarios considerando diferencias biológicas y ambientales entre países.


Abstract The six-minute walk test has been generally applied in people with pathologies and some studies have proposed models to predict maximum oxygen consumption. Our objective was to elaborate on an equation to predict the maximum oxygen consumption in the six-minute walking test for university students. A hundred and forty people participated in this study. The six-minute walking test was applied and after on a gradual exercise test was performed to determine the maximum oxygen consumption. A multivariate equation was developed and the analysis was done using the SPSS v.22 program (p < 0.05). The predictive model include gender, age, body mass index, distance performed and heart rate recovery (r = 0.83; p < 0.001). The equation fulfilled the assumptions of independence (p = 0.13), normality (p = 0.49) and homoscedasticity (p = 0.64). The Bland-Altman diagram indicated that there were no significant differences between the equation and the measurement of the maximum oxygen consumption (p = 0.89), with a confidence interval of 0.054 ml·kg·min-1 (95% CI [-0.72; 0.83]). The equation predicts the maximum oxygen consumption. It is suggested to evaluate university students considering biological and environmental differences between countries.


Subject(s)
Humans , Exercise Test , Oxygen Consumption , Walking , Exercise Tolerance , Healthy Volunteers , Walk Test , Heart Rate
8.
Rev. Pesqui. Fisioter ; 10(2): 240-247, Maio 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223608

ABSTRACT

A ventilação voluntária máxima é um dos testes difundidos para avaliação da resistência da musculatura respiratória, mesmo sem ser validado para este fim. Na literatura ainda são encontradas controvérsias quanto a interpretação e aplicabilidade do uso da VVM na prática clínica. OBJETIVO: Verificar a correlação entre a ventilação voluntária máxima e a força e resistência dos músculos respiratórios em jovens hígidos. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Estudo observacional de corte transversal realizado na Clínica. Foram incluídos indivíduos > 18 anos, de ambos os sexos e hígidos. Os participantes tiveram sua avaliação da força muscular respiratória através do manovacuômetro, no qual se obteve a Pimáx e Pemáx. A resistência foi avaliada através do teste de carga constante pelo Power Breathe, utilizando 60% da Pimáx. A ventilação voluntária máxima foi realizada pelo espirômetro. Para a correlação das variáveis Pimáx, Pemáx e VVM foi aplicado o teste de correlação de Pearson. O estudo foi aprovado pelo comitê de ética, CAAE 10849519.9.0000.5544. RESULTADOS: Foram avaliados 27 participantes, em que 59,3% eram do sexo masculino e 55,6% ativos. A ventilação voluntária máxima com a Pimáx e Pemáx, apresentaram respectivamente p = 0,04 e 0,02 e r = 0,53 e 0,57. CONCLUSÃO: O teste de ventilação voluntária máxima possui uma correlação moderada com a força muscular respiratória, e não obtém correlação com o teste de carga constante.


Maximum voluntary ventilation is one of the widespread tests for assessing respiratory muscle strength, even without being validated for this purpose. Controversies are still found in the literature regarding the interpretation and applicability of the use of MVV in clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: To verify the correlation between maximum voluntary ventilation and respiratory muscle strength and endurance in healthy youngsters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Observational cross-sectional study conducted at the Clinic. Individuals> 18 years of age, of both sexes and healthy were included. Participants had their respiratory muscle strength assessment using a manovacuometer, in which Pimax and Pmax were obtained. The resistance was evaluated through the constant load test by Power Breathe, using 60% of the Pimáx. Maximum voluntary ventilation was performed by a spirometer. Pearson's correlation test was applied to correlate the variables Pimax, Pmax and VVM. The study was approved by the ethics committee, CAAE 10849519.9.0000.5544. RESULTS: 27 participants were evaluated, of which 59.3% were male and 55.6% were active. The maximum voluntary ventilation with Pimax and Pmax, presented respectively p = 0.04 and 0.02 and r = 0.53 and 0.57. CONCLUSION: The maximum voluntary ventilation test has a moderate correlation with respiratory muscle strength and has no correlation with the constant load test.


Subject(s)
Maximal Voluntary Ventilation , Respiratory Muscles , Healthy Volunteers
9.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 39(1): e361, ene.-mar. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126569

ABSTRACT

Introducción: En la actualidad se hace imprescindible el estudio de la diabetes mellitus tipo 2 a partir de técnicas poco costosas en función de la carga sanitaria que representa, es entonces donde la prueba del peso sostenido gana valor como ejercicio isométrico estático cubano en el estudio de la variabilidad de la frecuencia cardíaca. Objetivo: Determinar las respuestas electrofisiológicas autonómicas y hemodinámicas en estado basal y durante la prueba del peso sostenido en pacientes sanos y con diabetes tipo 2. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio en la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Santiago de Cuba, no observacional, cuasi-experimental, de tipo antes-después con grupo control de 60 pacientes (30 sanos y 60 con diabetes mellitus tipo 2). Resultados: Los diabéticos presentaron mayor IMC (p = 0,004). En estado basal se experimentaron diferencias significativas entre pacientes sanos y diabéticos. En la mayoría, los parámetros de la variabilidad de la frecuencia cardíaca analizados y durante la prueba del peso sostenido, solo se observaron diferencias significativas en las variables TAS (p = 0,022), BF (p = 0,001) y AF (p = 0,015). Al realizar la prueba del peso sostenido se encontraron variaciones muy significativas (p < 0,001) de los parámetros hemodinámicos, y variaciones significativas de AF (p = 0,023) y BF/AF (p = 0,046) en pacientes sanos; y en diabéticos, diferencias significativas de las variables hemodinámicas. Conclusiones: Se determinó una menor respuesta en pacientes diabéticos con respecto a los sanos del sistema nervioso autónomo, lo que expresa un deterioro de este y una disminución de la actividad simpática y parasimpática(AU)


Introduction: At present it is indispensable to study type 2 diabetes mellitus with low-cost techniques due to the health load it represents. In this context the sustained weight test acquires great value as a Cuban static isometric exercise for the study of heart rate variability. Objective: Determine autonomic and hemodynamic electrophysiological responses at baseline state and during the sustained weight test in healthy subjects and type 2 diabetic patients. Methods: A non-observational quasi-experimental before-after study was conducted at the University of Medical Sciences of Santiago de Cuba based on a control group of 60 patients (30 healthy and 30 with type 2 diabetes mellitus). Results: Diabetics had a higher BMI (p = 0.004). At baseline state significant differences were found between healthy subjects and diabetic patients. In most of the heart rate variability parameters analyzed and during the sustained weight tests, the only variables that showed significant differences were SBP (p = 0.022), FB (p = 0.001) and FA (p = 0.015). The results obtained from the sustained weight test were the following: very significant variations of hemodynamic parameters (p < 0.001), significant FA (p = 0.023) and FB/FA (p = 0.046) variations in healthy subjects, and significant differences in hemodynamic variables in diabetic patients. Conclusions: A lower response by the autonomic nervous system was determined in diabetic patients versus healthy subjects, signaling deterioration of that system and reduced sympathetic and parasympathetic activity(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Exercise , Heart Rate , Electrophysiologic Techniques, Cardiac/methods , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/diagnosis , Healthy Volunteers , Non-Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
10.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 141-145, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811084

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Telogen effluvium (TE) is characterized by massive hair shedding and results from an abrupt conversion of anagen to telogen. Differentiation of TE with other hair disorders showing massive hair shedding is difficult.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the morphologic characteristics of pulled out hair of TE.METHODS: We analyzed microscopic examination of pulled out hairs by hair pull test in TE patients, and compared these hairs with pulled out hairs in diffuse alopecia areata (AA) patients and healthy volunteers.RESULTS: Hair microscopic examination in 44 TE patients (370 hairs) and 30 healthy volunteers (295 hairs) were as follows: typical club hair, 32.7%, 62.7%; club hair with tail, 23.5%, 23.7%; club hair with remnant sheath, 23.0%, 6.8%; club hair with both tail and remnant sheath, 18.9%, 5.4%; and unclassified hair, 1.9%, 1.4%. The examination in 7 diffuse AA patients (63 hairs) was as follows: typical club hair, 23.9%; atypical club hair, 47.7%; and distinctive AA hair, 28.4%. There was statistical difference between TE patients and healthy volunteers group (p=0.000).CONCLUSION: Increased atypical club hair in microscopic hair examination might be characteristics of TE.


Subject(s)
Alopecia , Alopecia Areata , Hair , Healthy Volunteers , Humans , Tail
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828172

ABSTRACT

With the wide application of virtual reality technology and the rapid popularization of virtual reality devices, the problem of brain fatigue caused by prolonged use has attracted wide attention. Sixteen healthy subjects were selected in this study. And electroencephalogram (EEG) signals were acquired synchronously while the subjects watch videos in similar types presented by traditional displayer and virtual reality separately. Two questionnaires were conducted by all subjects to evaluate the state of fatigue before and after the experiment. The mutual correlation method was selected to construct the mutual correlation brain network of EEG signals before and after watching videos in two modes. We also calculated the mutual correlation coefficient matrix and the mutual correlation binary matrix and compared the average of degree, clustering coefficient, path length, global efficiency and small world attribute during two experiments. The results showed that the subjects were easier to get fatigue by watching virtual reality video than watching video presented by traditional displayer in a certain period of time. By comparing the characteristic parameters of brain network before and after watching videos, it was found that the average degree value, the average clustering coefficient, the average global efficiency and the small world attribute decreases while the average path length value increased significantly. In addition, compared to traditional plane video, the characteristic parameters of brain network changed more greatly after watching the virtual reality video with a significant difference ( < 0.05). This study can provide theoretical basis and experimental reference for analyzing and evaluating brain fatigue induced by virtual reality visual experience.


Subject(s)
Brain , Physiology , Electroencephalography , Healthy Volunteers , Humans , Mental Fatigue , Virtual Reality
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827550

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to compare the differences of B cells, plasma cells, and related cytokines expression in gingival tissues between periodontitis and periodontal healthy subjects.@*METHODS@#Gingival tissues were collected from periodontal healthy subjects (periodontal healthy group, n=12) and periodontitis patients (periodontitis group, n=15). Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used for histopathological examination. Immunohistochemical staining (CD19, CD38, and CD138) was applied to detect the expression of B cells and plasma cells. B cell-activating factor (BAFF) and soluble receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (sRANKL) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.@*RESULTS@#Extensive inflam-matory cell infiltration was found in the gingival tissues of the periodontitis group. The number of CD19(+), CD38(+), and CD138(+) cells of the periodontitis group was significantly higher than that of the periodontal healthy group (P<0.000 1). BAFF and sRANKL levels of the periodontitis group were higher than those of the periodontal healthy group (P<0.01, P<
0.001, respectively).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The expression of B cells, plasma cells, and their related BAFF and sRANKL cytokines were significantly higher in periodon-titis patients than those in the periodontal healthy subjects, sug-gesting that B cells and plasma cells may be involved in the development of periodontitis.


Subject(s)
B-Lymphocytes , Cytokines , Gingival Crevicular Fluid , Healthy Volunteers , Humans , Periodontitis , Plasma Cells
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762455

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Anti-carbohydrate antibody responses, including those of anti-blood group ABO antibodies, are yet to be thoroughly studied in humans. Because anti-ABO antibody-mediated rejection is a key hurdle in ABO-incompatible transplantation, it is important to understand the cellular mechanism of anti-ABO responses. We aimed to identify the main human B cell subsets that produce anti-ABO antibodies by analyzing the correlation between B cell subsets and anti-ABO antibody titers. METHODS: Blood group A-binding B cells were analyzed in peritoneal fluid and peripheral blood samples from 43 patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis and 18 healthy volunteers with blood group B or O. The correlation between each blood group A-specific B cell subset and anti-A antibody titer was then analyzed using Pearson's correlation analysis. RESULTS: Blood group A-binding B cells were enriched in CD27⁺CD43⁺CD1c− B1, CD5⁺ B1, CD11b⁺ B1, and CD27⁺CD43⁺CD1c+ marginal zone-B1 cells in peripheral blood. Blood group A-specific B1 cells (P=0.029 and R=0.356 for IgM; P=0.049 and R=0.325 for IgG) and marginal zone-B1 cells (P=0.011 and R=0.410 for IgM) were positively correlated with anti-A antibody titer. Further analysis of peritoneal B cells confirmed B1 cell enrichment in the peritoneal cavity but showed no difference in blood group A-specific B1 cell enrichment between the peritoneal cavity and peripheral blood. CONCLUSIONS: Human B1 cells are the key blood group A-specific B cells that have a moderate correlation with anti-A antibody titer and therefore constitute a potential therapeutic target for successful ABO-incompatible transplantation.


Subject(s)
Antibodies , Antibody Formation , Ascitic Fluid , B-Lymphocyte Subsets , B-Lymphocytes , Healthy Volunteers , Humans , Immunoglobulin M , Peritoneal Cavity , Peritoneal Dialysis
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762452

ABSTRACT

Evaluation of diagnostic tests requires reference standards, which are often unavailable. Latent class analysis (LCA) can be used to evaluate diagnostic tests without reference standards, using a combination of observed and estimated results. Conditionally independent diagnostic tests for Helicobacter pylori infection are required. We used LCA to construct a reference standard and evaluate the capability of non-invasive tests (stool antigen test and serum antibody test) to diagnose H. pylori infection compared with the conventional method, where histology is the reference standard. A total of 96 healthy subjects with endoscopy histology results were enrolled from January to July 2016. Sensitivity and specificity were determined for the LCA approach (i.e., using a combination of three tests as the reference standard) and the conventional method. When LCA was used, sensitivity and specificity were 83.8% and 99.4% for histology, 80.0% and 81.9% for the stool antigen test, and 63.6% and 89.3% for the serum antibody test, respectively. When the conventional method was used, sensitivity and specificity were 75.8% and 71.1% for the stool antigen test and 77.7% and 60.7% for the serum antibody test, respectively. LCA can be applied to evaluate diagnostic tests that lack a reference standard.


Subject(s)
Diagnosis , Diagnostic Tests, Routine , Endoscopy , Healthy Volunteers , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter , Methods , Sensitivity and Specificity
15.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1025-1030, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879232

ABSTRACT

During the COVID-19 epidemic, our national guidelines have suggested that surgical patients should wear a mask to decrease the potential transmission of COVID-19 in the operating room, as long as the condition allows. However, so far, there is no study to discuss the influence of wearing a mask on the ventilation and blood oxygenation status in patients of spontaneous breathing with supplementary oxygen through an anesthetic facemask. This is a before-after study in the same patient, and 10 healthy volunteers were recruited, by testing the arterial blood gas parameters at key time points before and after oxygen inhalation to evaluate the effects of two different supplementary oxygen methods ('disposable medical mask + anesthetic facemask' and 'anesthetic facemask only') on the oxygenation of subjects. Our data demonstrated whether wearing a disposable medical mask or not could effectively increase the oxygen supply of the subjects compared with the basic value before oxygen inhalation; however, compared with the group without mask, the arterial oxygen partial (PaO


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Healthy Volunteers , Humans , Masks , Oximetry , Oxygen/blood
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-782506

ABSTRACT

50 years) showed lower MPOD than younger (30–49 years) subjects. But, in the healthy population, the estimated MPOD values exhibited a decreasing trend with age, but there were no significant differences according to age, after excluding patients with AMD. MPOD was significantly lower in patients with AMD than in aged healthy controls. Furthermore, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and smoking were identified as risk factors for AMD.CONCLUSION: MPOD measured with MPSII® reflects the MP density in healthy individuals and patients with dry AMD. Aging was not significantly associated with low MPOD in healthy population, but the presence of dry AMD was significantly associated with low MPOD. Then, low MPOD may be a risk factor for development of dry AMD. Furthermore, routine screening with MPS II® for ages 50 and older is thought to help detect early low MPOD and identify individuals who should take supplements.


Subject(s)
Aging , Dyslipidemias , Healthy Volunteers , Humans , Hypertension , Linear Models , Logistic Models , Macular Degeneration , Macular Pigment , Mass Screening , Methods , Photometry , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Smoke , Smoking
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781771

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To calculate the imbalance degree (IBD) of left-right meridian (IBD-LRM), IBD of exterior-interior meridian (IBD-EIM) and IBD of hand-foot meridians (IBD-HFM) of impedance in extracellular fluid of cells in twelve meridians of healthy subjects, so as to provide foundation for meridian diagnosis.@*METHODS@#A total of 31 healthy volunteers were enrolled and bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy (BIS) was applied. The constant current (from 1 to 100 kHz, 200 μA) was connected into the bilateral twelve meridians through two excitation electrodes with a distance of 10 cm. Two measuring electrodes, with an interval of 5 cm, were set in between the two excitation electrodes to collect the voltage amplitude and phase. The Cole-Cole curve fitting was used to calculate the impedance of extracellular fluid of cells in the twelve meridians; the IBD-LRM, IBD-EIM and IBD-HFM as well as their absolute values were calculated.@*RESULTS@#The impedance of extracellular fluid in the left side was higher than that in right side in the large intestine meridian, the small intestine meridian and the bladder meridian (<0.05, <0.01). The mean value of IBD-LRM of extracellular fluid was (4.0±1.4) %; the mean value of absolute value of IBD-LRM was (15.0±1.1) %; the maximum absolute value of IBD-LRM was the bladder meridian. The mean value of IBD-EIM was (3.3±1.0) %; the mean value of absolute value of IBD-EIM was (17.9±1.6) %; the maximum absolute value of IBD-EIM was the bladder meridian and the kidney meridian. The impedance of extracellular fluid of hand meridian, hand meridian and hand meridian were lower than those of foot meridians. The mean value of IBD-HFM was (-2.6±1.1) %; the mean value of absolute value of IBD-HFM was (19.7±1.7) %; the maximum absolute value of IBD-HFM was meridian; the imbalance of meridians was greater than meridians. There were significant differences in impedance of extracellular fluid between left and right and between hands and feet (<0.05, <0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The extracellular fluid of left-right meridians of healthy subjects is different, but the absolute value of IBD is low; the mean value of exterior meridian and interior meridian is very close, and the absolute value of IBD is medium; the impedance of the foot meridians are greater than the hand meridians, and the absolute value of IBD is relatively high.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Electric Impedance , Extracellular Fluid , Healthy Volunteers , Humans , Meridians
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