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1.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 99-107, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971339

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of Shexiang Baoxin Pill combined with exercise in heart failure patients with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF).@*METHODS@#Sixty patients with HFpEF were randomly divided into group A (n=20), receiving Shexiang Baoxin Pill combined with home-based exercise training based on conventional drugs for 12 weeks; group B (n=20), receiving conventional drugs combined with home-based exercise training for 12 weeks; and group C (n=20), receiving conventional drug treatment only. Peak oxygen uptake (peakVO2), anaerobic threshold (AT), 6-min walking test (6MWT), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and SF-36 questionnaire (SF-36) results before and after treatment were compared among groups.@*RESULTS@#After the 12-week intervention, patients in group C showed significant declines in peakVO2, AT, 6MWT, PSQI, and SF-36 compared with pre-treatment (P<0.01), while groups A and B both showed significant improvements in peakVO2, AT, 6MWT, PSQI, and SF-36 results compared with pre-treatment (P<0.01). Compared with group C, patients in groups A and B showed significant improvements in peakVO2, AT, 6MWT, PSQI, and SF-36 (P<0.01). In addition, patients in group A showed more significant improvements in physical function, role-physical, vitality, and mental health scores on the SF-36 questionnaire, and PSQI scores than those in group B (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Exercise training improved exercise tolerance, sleep quality and quality of life (QoL) in patients with HFpEF. Notably, Shexiang Baoxin Pill played an active role in sleep quality and QoL of patients with HFpEF. (The trial was registered in the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (No. ChiCTR2100054322)).


Subject(s)
Humans , Heart Failure/therapy , Quality of Life , Stroke Volume , Exercise
2.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 41(2): 119-129, ago. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407759

ABSTRACT

Resumen: La Miocardiopatía Periparto es una patología que se presenta como una insuficiencia cardíaca aguda que aparece en el último mes del embarazo o los primeros 5 meses post parto, en ausencia de otra causa identificable. A pesar de ser más frecuente en países Afrodescendientes, el efecto migratorio ha provocado un aumento en su incidencia en los países de América latina, influyendo en la morbimortalidad materna. Si bien su etiología aún no está claramente definida, se han propuesto algunos mecanismos como el aumento del estrés oxidativo, el desequilibrio de la angiogénesis y las reacciones inflamatorias que, en un organismo genéticamente predispuesto, podrían ser los desencadenantes de esta enfermedad. Su manejo aún se considera de soporte, pero se sigue investigando en alternativas terapéuticas que puedan mejorar los resultados a largo plazo. Así, el motivo de esta revisión es evaluar la evidencia disponible hasta el momento, para el enfrentamiento del equipo tratante de estas pacientes.


Abstract: Peripartum Cardiomyopathy is a diseae presenting as acute heart failure that appears in the last month of pregnancy or within 5 months postpartum, in the absence of other identifiable cause. Despite being more frequent in Afro-descendant populations, the migratory effect has caused an increase in its incidence in Latin American countries, influencing maternal morbidity and mortality. Although its etiology is not yet defined, some mechanisms have been proposed such as increased oxidative stress, angiogénesis imbalance and inflammatory reactions that in a genetically predisposed organism, could be the triggers of this disease. Supportive therapy is still the initial management. Therapeutical alternatives that are still being investigated. The main purpose of this review is to evaluate the evidence available to improve the prognosis of the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/diagnosis , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/therapy , Cardiomyopathies/diagnosis , Cardiomyopathies/therapy , Pregnancy , Heart Failure/etiology , Heart Failure/therapy
4.
Rev. urug. cardiol ; 37(1): e706, jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1415403

ABSTRACT

El término miocarditis hace referencia a una inflamación del miocardio, que puede tener diversas causas (infecciones, tóxicos, enfermedades autoinmunes). Su diagnóstico es desafiante debido al gran espectro de presentaciones clínicas que puede adoptar, muchas veces imitando patologías más prevalentes como el infarto agudo de miocardio. La miocarditis asociada a enfermedades autoinmunes es poco frecuente, y la importancia de reconocerla radica en que el diagnóstico e inicio temprano del tratamiento son cruciales para mejorar su pronóstico. Presentamos aquí un caso clínico de una perimiocarditis lúpica.


Myocarditis refers to an inflammation of the myocardium, which can have various causes (infections, toxic substances, autoimmune diseases). Its diagnosis is challenging due to the wide spectrum of clinical presentations, often mimicking more prevalent pathologies such as acute myocardial infarction. Myocarditis associated with autoimmune diseases is rare, and the importance of recognizing is that early diagnosis and initiation of treatment are crucial to improve its prognosis. We present here a clinical case of lupus perimyocarditis.


O termo miocardite refere-se a uma inflamação do miocárdio, que pode ter várias causas (infecções, substâncias tóxicas, doenças autoimunes). Seu diagnóstico é desafiador devido ao amplo espectro de apresentações clínicas que pode ter, muitas vezes mimetizando patologias mais prevalentes como o infarto agudo do miocárdio. A miocardite associada a doenças autoimunes é rara, e a importância de reconhecê-la reside no fato de que o diagnóstico precoce e o início do tratamento são cruciais para melhorar seu prognóstico. Apresentamos aqui um caso clínico de perimiocardite lúpica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Heart Failure/therapy , Myocarditis/diagnostic imaging , Chest Pain , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Immunoglobulins, Intravenous/therapeutic use , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use , Immunologic Factors/therapeutic use , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/complications , Myocarditis/etiology , Myocarditis/drug therapy
5.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(3): 449-454, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388030

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study aimed to verify whether, in an adult population with nontraumatic complaints in the upper limbs, (1) the Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) questionnaire and the Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire (MHQ) are susceptible to a "ceiling effect" when compared with a sample of healthy subjects; and (2) to determine cutoff points for diagnostic performance and the intercorrelation for DASH and MHQ in both samples. Methods This was a prospective, comparative, nonrandomized study. In total, 150 subjects were included, with 75 in the case group (with disease) and 75 in the control group (without disease). This was a sample of patients recently admitted to a hand surgery outpatient clinic. Controls were matched to clinical cases according to inclusion. The ceiling effect was determined by a maximum response rate (> 15%); receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves determined cutoff points for sickness definition, and DASH and MHQ sensitivity and specificity. Statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. Results The DASH and MHQ questionnaires had no ceiling effect for the case group. In this group, 18 (24%) patients had the maximum DASH score, but none (0%) had the maximum MHQ score. For the control group, 1 (1.33%) subject had the maximum DASH score, but none scored for MHQ. For case determination, DASH scores of 7.1 had 80% sensitivity and 60.3% specificity, whereas MHQ scores of 76.9 had 56.2% sensitivity and 97.3% specificity. Conclusion The DASH and MHQ questionnaires are reliable tools to measure the impact of hand and wrist morbidities on daily activities, and they are not susceptible to ceiling effects. The DASH questionnaire is more sensitive for patient identification, whereas the MHQ is more specific. As such, the MHQ seems more appropriate when a more specific functional increase is expected.


Resumo Objetivo Verificar se, em uma população adulta com queixa não traumática dos membros superiores, (1) os questionários Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH, na sigla em inglês) e Michigan Hand Questionnaire (MHQ, na sigla em inglês) estão suscetíveis ao "efeito de teto", comparando com amostra de não-doentes; (2) determinar pontos de corte de performance diagnóstica e correlação interquestionários para DASH e MHQ em ambas as amostras. Método Estudo prospectivo, comparativo e não randomizado. Incluímos 150 pacientes, 75 no grupo caso (com doença) e 75 no grupo controle (sem doença). Trata-se de amostra de pacientes recém-admitidos em ambulatório de cirurgia da mão. Os controles foram pareados de forma balanceada de acordo com a inclusão dos casos. Determinamos a presença de efeito de teto por meio da taxa de respostas máximas (> 15%) e associamos curvas receiver operating characteristic (ROC, na sigla em inglês) para a determinação de pontos de corte para a determinação de doentes, associados a medidas de sensibilidade e especificidade. Consideramos p < 0.05 para significância estatística. Resultados Os questionários DASH e MHQ não demonstraram o efeito de teto para o grupo com doença. A porcentagem de pacientes do grupo caso com nota máxima foi de n = 18 (24%) no DASH e de 0% no MHQ. Para o grupo sem doença, 1 (1,33%) dos participantes pontuou com nota máxima para DASH, enquanto nenhum pontuou para o MHQ. Na determinação de casos, escores de DASH de 7,1 apresentam sensibilidade de 80% e especificidade de 60,3%. Para o MHQ, um escore de 76,9 apresenta sensibilidade de 56,2% e especificidade de 97,3%. Conclusão Os questionários DASH e MHQ são ferramentas confiáveis na mensuração do impacto das morbidades das mãos e dos punhos nas atividades diárias dos pacientes e não são suscetíveis a efeito de teto. O questionário DASH é mais sensível para a identificação de doentes, enquanto o MHQ é mais específico. Em situações nas quais se espera um incremento funcional mais discreto (ou mais específico), o MHQ parece mais adequado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life , Self Care , Cross-Sectional Studies , Caregivers , Heart Failure/therapy
6.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(3): 646-654, mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364346

ABSTRACT

Resumo A deficiência de ferro (DF) ou ferropenia é uma importante comorbidade na insuficiência cardíaca com fração de ejeção reduzida (ICFER) estável, e muito prevalente tanto nos anêmicos como não anêmicos. A ferropenia na ICFER deve ser pesquisada por meio da coleta de saturação de transferrina e ferritina. Há dois tipos de ferropenia na IC: absoluta, em que as reservas de ferro estão depletadas; e funcional, onde o suprimento de ferro é inadequado apesar das reservas normais. A ferropenia está associada com pior classe funcional e maior risco de morte em pacientes com ICFER, e evidências científicas apontam melhora de sintomas e de qualidade de vida desses pacientes com tratamento com ferro parenteral na forma de carboximaltose férrica. O ferro exerce funções imprescindíveis como o transporte (hemoglobina) e armazenamento (mioglobina) de oxigênio, além de ser fundamental para o funcionamento das mitocôndrias, constituídas de proteínas à base de ferro, e local de geração de energia na cadeia respiratória pelo metabolismo oxidativo. A geração insuficiente e utilização anormal de ferro nas células musculares esquelética e cardíaca contribuem para a fisiopatologia da IC. A presente revisão tem o objetivo de aprofundar o conhecimento a respeito da fisiopatologia da ferropenia na ICFER, abordar as ferramentas disponíveis para o diagnóstico e discutir sobre a evidência científica existente de reposição de ferro.


Abstract Iron deficiency (ID) is an important comorbidity in heart failure with reduced ejection (HFrEF) and is highly prevalent in both anemic and non-anemic patients. In HFrEF, iron deficiency should be investigated by measurements of transferrin saturation and ferritin. There are two types of ID: absolute deficiency, with depletion of iron stores; and functional ID, where iron supply is not sufficient despite normal stores. ID is associated with worse functional class and higher risk of death in patients with HFrEF, and scientific evidence has indicated improvement of symptoms and quality of life of these patients with treatment with parenteral iron in the form of ferric carboxymaltose. Iron plays vital roles such as oxygen transportation (hemoglobin) and storage (myoblogin), and is crucial for adequate functioning of mitochondria, which are composed of iron-based proteins and the place of energy generation by oxidative metabolism at the electron transport chain. An insufficient generation and abnormal uptake of iron by skeletal and cardiac muscle cells contribute to the pathophysiology of HF. The present review aims to increase the knowledge of the pathophysiology of ID in HFrEF, and to address available tools for its diagnosis and current scientific evidence on iron replacement therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/complications , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/diagnosis , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/therapy , Heart Failure/complications , Heart Failure/diagnosis , Heart Failure/therapy , Quality of Life , Stroke Volume , Ferritins
7.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(3): 599-604, mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364357

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento A evolução natural da insuficiência cardíaca é uma pior progressiva e internações hospitalares recorrentes. São necessárias estratégias para se detectar descompensações em tempo hábil. O uso do telemonitoramento da insuficiência cardíaca é inconsistente. Objetivos Este estudo tem o objetivo de avaliar o impacto desse programa de telemonitoramento (PTM) em internações hospitalares e admissões em serviços de emergência. Métodos Este é um estudo retrospectivo observacional que analisou dados de todos os pacientes que se cadastraram no PTM de janeiro a 2018 a dezembro de 2019. Foram coletados dados demográficos, clínicos e relacionados ao PTM. O número de internações hospitalares e admissões em serviços de emergência do ano anterior e posterior ao cadastro foram comparados, utilizando-se o teste de Wilcoxon. Um p-valor bilateral de <0,05 foi considerado significativo. Resultados Um total de 39 pacientes foram cadastrados, com uma média de idade de 62,1 ± 14 anos e predominância de pacientes do sexo masculino (90%). As causas mais comuns de insuficiência cardíaca foram cardiomiopatia isquêmica e dilatada. A fração de ejeção média foi de 30% e o tempo mediano da duração da doença foi de 84 meses (FIQ 33-144). Pacientes que foram cadastrados por menos de um mês foram excluídos, com um total de 34 pacientes analisados. Os pacientes foram acompanhados no PTM por um período mediano de 320 dias. O número de admissões em serviços de emergência foi reduzido em 66% (p<0,001) e o número de internações hospitalares por insuficiência cardíaca foi reduzido em 68% (p<0,001). O PTM não teve impacto no número de internações hospitalares por outras causas. Conclusões Este estudo sugere que o PTM poderia reduzir a utilização de serviços de saúde em pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca.


Abstract Background The natural history of heart failure is a progressive decline and recurrent hospital admissions. New strategies to timely detect decompensations are needed. The use of telemonitoring in heart failure is inconsistent. Objectives This study aimed to evaluate the impact of this telemonitoring program (TMP) in hospitalizations and emergency department admissions. Methods This is a retrospective observational study, that analyzed data of all the patients who enrolled in the TMP program from January 2018 to December 2019. Demographic, clinical, and TMP-related data were collected. The number of hospitalizations and emergency department admissions from the year before and after enrollment were compared, using the Wilcoxon test. A two-sided p<0.05 was considered significant. Results A total of 39 patients were enrolled, with a mean age of 62.1 ± 14 years and a male predominance (90%). The most common causes of heart failure were ischemic and dilated cardiomyopathy. The mean ejection fraction was 30% and the median time of disease duration was 84 months (IQR 33-144). Patients who were enrolled for less than one month were excluded, with a total of 34 patients analyzed. Patients were followed in the TMP for a median of 320 days. The number of emergency department admissions was reduced by 66% (p<0.001), and the number of hospitalizations for heart failure was reduced by 68% (p<0.001). The TMP had no impact on the number of hospitalizations for other causes. Conclusions This trial suggests that a TMP could reduce health service use in patients with heart failure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Telemedicine , Heart Failure/diagnosis , Heart Failure/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Hospitalization , Middle Aged
8.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(1): 108-112, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356303

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Despite optimal medical treatment, many heart failure (HF) patients continue to show a high prevalence of symptoms, which contributes to a high morbidity and poor health-related quality of life (HRQL). Mindfulness meditation may be effective in improving the quality of life in these patients. Objective: A systematic review was conducted to evaluate if mindfulness meditation programs are effective in promoting and improving the quality of life in patients with heart failure. Methods: The PubMed (MEDLINE), Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health (CINAHL), LILACS, Cochrane Library, and Scopus databases were searched between October and November of 2019. Articles were selected if they evaluated mindfulness intervention, with an experimental or quasi-experimental design, in adults with heart failure and measured health-related quality of life. Results: This systematic review identified 108 studies through database searches. After applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria, a total of three studies were considered qualified. These studies took place in the Netherlands, the USA, and Brazil, and occurred between 2005 and 2015. Sample sizes varied from 19 to 215, and the average range of participants within each study varied from 43.2 to 75.4 years. Compared to control programs, mindfulness-based meditation programs improved the quality of life in two studies (p= 0.041 and p=0.03). Conclusion: Mindfulness-based meditation programs improved the quality of life in patients with HF. Therefore, there is limited data to strengthen this recommendation to this population, and future research is warranted in order to present consistency in the intervention protocols.


Subject(s)
Quality of Life , Mindfulness , Health Promotion/methods , Heart Failure/prevention & control , Meditation , Heart Failure/therapy
9.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 30: 3632, 2022. tab
Article in English, Spanish, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF, CONASS, SES-SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1389114

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: analisar a contribuição do cuidador para o autocuidado na insuficiência cardíaca e variáveis preditoras desta contribuição. MÉTODO: estudo transversal descritivo e analítico, com a participação de 140 díades (pacientes e cuidadores). A contribuição para o autocuidado foi avaliada por meio do Caregiver Contribution to Self-Care of Heart Failure Index. Cuidadores e pacientes foram entrevistados separadamente para obtenção dos dados. A regressão linear múltipla foi utilizada para verificar variáveis preditoras da contribuição do cuidador. RESULTADOS: a pontuação média de contribuição para o autocuidado de manutenção foi 62,7 (DP=7,1), de manejo, 62,9 (DP=20,4) e na confiança foi 63,3 (DP=22,1). A variáveis número de medicamentos do paciente, cuidador ter parentesco com o paciente, percepção social do cuidador, qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde do paciente e a confiança do cuidador na contribuição para o autocuidado foram preditoras da contribuição do cuidador para o autocuidado de manutenção ou de manejo. CONCLUSÃO: a contribuição do cuidador foi insuficiente. O apoio social percebido pelo cuidador, cuidador ter ou não parentesco com o paciente, número de medicamentos utilizados pelo paciente, bem como a confiança do cuidador em contribuir para o autocuidado são variáveis que devem ser consideradas para avaliar o risco de contribuição insuficiente do cuidador.


OBJECTIVE: to analyze the caregiver's contribution to self-care in heart failure and the predictor variables of this contribution. METHOD: a cross-sectional descriptive and analytical study, with the participation of 140 dyads (patients and caregivers). The contribution to self-care was assessed using the Caregiver Contribution to Self-Care of Heart Failure Index. Caregivers and patients were interviewed separately to obtain the data. Multiple linear regressions were used to verify predictor variables of caregiver contribution. RESULTS: the mean score for contribution to maintenance self-care was 62.7 (SD=7.1), for management, 62.9 (SD=20.4) and for confidence was 63.3 (SD=22.1). The variables number of patient's medications, caregiver being related to the patient, social perception of caregiver, health related quality of life of the patient and caregiver's confidence in contributing to self-care were predictors of caregiver's contribution to maintenance or management self-care. CONCLUSION: the caregiver's contribution was insufficient. The social support perceived by the caregiver, the type of relationship the caregiver to the patient, the number of medications used by the patient, as well as the caregiver's confidence in contributing to self-care are variables that should be considered to assess the risk of insufficient contribution of the caregiver.


OBJETIVO: analizar la contribución del cuidador para el autocuidado en la insuficiencia cardiaca y las variables predictoras de esa contribución. MÉTODO: estudio transversal descriptivo y analítico, con la participación de 140 díadas (pacientes y cuidadores). La contribución para el autocuidado fue evaluada por medio del Caregiver Contribution to Self-Care of Heart Failure Index. Los cuidadores y pacientes fueron entrevistados separadamente para obtención de los datos. La regresión linear múltiple fue utilizada para verificar variables predictoras de la contribución del cuidador. RESULTADOS: la puntuación média de contribución para el autocuidado de manutención fue 62,7 (DE=7,1), de administración fue 62,9 (DE=20,4) y de confianza fue 63,3 (DE=22,1). Las variables: número de medicamentos del paciente, cuidador tener parentesco con el paciente, percepción social del cuidador, calidad de vida relacionada a la salud del paciente y la confianza del cuidador en la contribución para el autocuidado, fueron predictoras de la contribución del cuidador para el autocuidado de manutención o de administración. CONCLUSIÓN: la contribución del cuidador fue insuficiente. El apoyo social percibido por el cuidador, el cuidador tener o no parentesco con el paciente, el número de medicamentos utilizados por el paciente y la confianza del cuidador en contribuir para el autocuidado, son variables que deben ser consideradas para evaluar el riesgo de contribución insuficiente del cuidador.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life , Self Care , Cross-Sectional Studies , Caregivers , Heart Failure/therapy
10.
Insuf. card ; 16(3): 72-78, set. 2021. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1346327

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La insuficiencia cardíaca (IC) es una enfermedad con alta incidencia, prevalencia y mortalidad. Es primera causa de hospitalización en mayores de 65 años y 25% de los pacientes que reingresan antes de 30 días. La implementación de varios planes de transición al alta han mostrado beneficios respecto a los reingresos, no habiendo datos al respecto en Uruguay. Se diseñó un estudio para analizar el efecto de un Plan de Alta Programada sobre los reingresos en pacientes internados con IC en un Hospital. Material y métodos. Estudio prospectivo, controlado y randomizado, incluyendo pacientes ingresados en servicios de medicina del Hospital de Clínicas Dr. Manuel Quintela con diagnóstico de IC. Criterios de exclusión: negativa a participar, discapacidad cognitiva, hospitalización d"24 horas o muerte en internación. Se randomizaron dos grupos (intervención y control) con seguimiento a 18 meses. En el grupo intervención se aplicó un plan de alta programada y en el grupo control el criterio de médico tratante. Se registraron reingresos, muerte y calidad de vida a los 3, 6, 9, 12 y 18 meses. Se consideró significativo un valor de p<0,05. Se utilizó la prueba de T- student para muestras independientes. Resultados. Se incluyeron 149 pacientes, 78 en el grupo intervención. Se registraron 19 (24,4%) reingresos en el grupo intervención y 38 (53,5%) en el grupo control (RR 1,85 [IC 1,337-2,583] p<0,05). Ocurrieron 6 muertes en el grupo intervención y 7 en el grupo control (RR: 1,024 [IC 0,926-1,32] p=0,640). La calidad de vida por Test de Minnesota fue 50,98; 49,71 y 49,07 en el grupo intervención a los 3, 6 y 18 meses, respectivamente, y 55,04; 55,32 y 54,91 en el grupo control, con un valor de p no significativo. Conclusiones. La implementación de un Plan de Alta Programada reduce de manera significativa los reingresos por IC. Dado que parece ser una herramienta costo/efectiva para el sistema de salud la misma podría tener un impacto beneficioso en la calidad asistencial del paciente con IC.


Background. Heart failure (HF) is a disease with a high incidence, prevalence and mortality. It is the first cause of hospitalization in people over 65 years and 25% of patients are readmitted within 30 days. The implementation of various discharge transition plans has shown benefits with respect to readmissions, and there is no data in this regard in Uruguay. A study was designed to analyze the effect of a Scheduled Discharge Plan on readmissions in hospitalized patients with HF. Material and methods. Prospective, controlled and randomized study, including patients admitted to the medical services of the Hospital de Clínicas Dr. Manuel Quintela with a diagnosis of HF. Exclusion criteria: refusal to participate, cognitive disability, hospitalization d"24 hours or death in hospital. Two groups (intervention and control) were randomized with 18-month follow-up. In the intervention group, a planned discharge plan was applied and the criterion of treating physician was applied in control. Readmissions, death and quality of life were recorded at 3, 6, 9, 12 and 18 months. A value of p <0.05 was considered significant. The student s T-test was used for independent samples. Results. 149 patients were included, 78 in the intervention group. There were 19 (24.4%) readmissions in the intervention group and 38 (53.5%) in the control group (RR 1.85 [CI 1.337-2.583] p <0.05). There were 6 deaths in the intervention group and 7 in the control group, (RR: 1,024 [CI 0.926-1.32] p = 0.640). The quality of life by Minnesota Test was 50.98; 49.71 and 49.07 in intervention at 3, 6 and 18 months respectively and 55.04; 55.32 and 54.91 in the control group, with a non-significant p value. Conclusions. The implementation of a Scheduled Discharge Plan significantly reduces readmissions for HF. Given that it appears to be a cost/effective tool for the health system, it could have a beneficial impact on the quality of care for patients with HF.


Introdução. A insuficiência cardíaca (IC) é uma doença com alta incidência, prevalência e mortalidade. É a primeira causa de hospitalização em pessoas com mais de 65 anos e 25% dos pacientes são readmitidos em 30 dias. A implementação de vários planos de transição de alta mostrou benefícios no que diz respeito às readmissões, e não há dados a esse respeito no Uruguai. Um estudo foi desenhado para analisar o efeito de um Plano de Alta Planejado nas readmissões em pacientes hospitalizados com IC. Material e métodos. Estudo prospectivo, controlado e randomizado, incluindo pacientes internados nos serviços médicos do Hospital de Clínicas Dr. Manuel Quintela com diagnóstico de IC. Critérios de exclusão: recusa em participar, deficiência cognitiva, internação d"24 horas ou óbito no hospital. Dois grupos foram randomizados (intervenção e controle) com seguimento de 18 meses. No grupo de intervenção, um plano de alta planejado foi aplicado e o critério de médico assistente foi aplicado no controle. Readmissões, óbito e qualidade de vida foram registrados aos 3, 6, 9, 12 e 18 meses. Um valor de p<0,05 foi considerado significativo. O teste T do aluno foi usado para amostras independentes. Resultados. Foram incluídos 149 pacientes, 78 no grupo de intervenção. Houve 19 (24,4%) readmissões no grupo de intervenção e 38 (53,5%) no grupo de controle (RR 1,85 [IC 1,337-2,583] p <0,05). Houve 6 mortes no grupo de intervenção e 7 no grupo controle, (RR: 1,024 [IC 0,926-1,32] p=0,640). A qualidade de vida pelo teste de Minnesotafoi de 50,98; 49,71 e 49,07 na intervenção em 3, 6 e 18 meses, respectivamente, e 55,04; 55,32 e 54,91 no grupo controle, com um valor de p não significativo. Conclusões. A implementação de um Plano de Descarga Planejado reduz significativamente as readmissões para IC. Visto que parece ser uma ferramenta econômica para o sistema de saúde, pode ter um impacto benéfico na qualidade do atendimento aos pacientes com IC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Patient Readmission/statistics & numerical data , Health Planning , Heart Failure/therapy , Patient Discharge , Quality of Life , Uruguay/epidemiology , Intervention Studies , Prospective Studies
11.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 40(2): 148-160, ago. 2021. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388091

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: La cardiomiopatía amiloide por transtiretina (CATTR) es una enfermedad caracterizada por depósito extracelular de fibrillas amiloides en el miocardio, a partir de transtiretina mal plegada, generando una miocardiopatía restrictiva. Esta proteína mal plegada puede tener origen hereditario o adquirido, siendo más frecuente en adultos mayores. La CA-TTR ha surgido como una causa subdiagnosticada de insuficiencia cardíaca con fracción de eyección preservada (IC FEp). El pilar fundamental para su diagnóstico es la alta sospecha clínica, basada en diversas banderas de alerta ya que la sintomatología que provoca suele ser inespecífica. Como veremos en esta revisión, el diagnóstico puede sustentarse con la cintigrafía ósea, reservando para situaciones particulares la toma de biopsia. Con el advenimiento de nuevas terapias que impactan en la sobrevida de esta enfermedad, el tiempo para realizar el diagnóstico certero y la diferenciación de otras causas de amiloidosis cardíaca como la de cadenas livianas, se ha tornado crucial.


ABSTRACT: Transthyretin amyloid cardiomyopathy (AT-TR-CM) is a disease characterized by extracellular deposition of amyloid fibrils in the myocardium, from misfolded transthyretin, generating a restrictive cardiomyopathy. This misfolded protein may be inherited or acquired, and is more prevalent in elderly patients. ATTR-CM has emerged as an underdiagnosed cause of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HF-PEF). The fundamental pillarfor its diagnosis is high clinical suspicion since the symptoms are usually nonspecific. The diagnosis can be made from bone scintigraphy, reserving myocardial biopsy for particular situations. With the advent of new therapies that affect the survival of these patients, a timely diagnosis has become crucial.


Subject(s)
Humans , Amyloid Neuropathies, Familial/diagnosis , Amyloid Neuropathies, Familial/therapy , Cardiomyopathies/diagnosis , Cardiomyopathies/therapy , Prealbumin , Diagnosis, Differential , Heart Failure/diagnosis , Heart Failure/etiology , Heart Failure/therapy
12.
São Paulo med. j ; 139(4): 412-415, Jul.-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1290238

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT CONTEXT: Heart failure in Brazil is a major public health problem and, even with advances in treatment, it still presents high morbidity and mortality. As a treatment option, mechanical circulatory assist devices (MCADs) have greatly increased in importance over the last decade. CASE REPORT: This report concerns a case of refractory cardiogenic shock due to acute myocarditis in a 35-year-old puerperal female patient who presented with retrosternal pain, fatigue and dyspnea. At the hospital, she was diagnosed with myocarditis. There was no improvement in perfusion even after receiving dobutamine, intra-aortic balloon passage (IAB) and venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO). Therefore, it was decided to implant a MCAD (CentriMag). During hospitalization, recovery from the bi-ventricular dysfunction was achieved. The CentriMag device was removed 10 days after it had been implanted, and the patient was discharged after another 8 days. The myocarditis was proven to be due to the Coxsackie virus. CONCLUSIONS: The decision to implant a MCAD should be individualized, as patient profiles do not always match the indications in the guidelines and protocols. In this study, clinical discussion of the case among the medical and multi-professional teams was essential in order to be able to successfully reverse the patient's severe clinical condition without sequelae, through using a CentriMag implant.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Heart-Assist Devices , Heart Failure/therapy , Shock, Cardiogenic/therapy , Disease Progression
13.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 72-79, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879251

ABSTRACT

Right ventricular (RV) failure has become a deadly complication of left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation, for which desynchrony in bi-ventricular pulse resulting from a LVAD is among the important factor. This paper investigated how different control modes affect the synchronization of pulse between LV (left ventricular) and RV by numerical method. The numerical results showed that the systolic duration between LV and RV did not significantly differ at baseline (LVAD off and cannula clamped) (48.52%


Subject(s)
Humans , Heart Failure/therapy , Heart-Assist Devices , Systole , Ventricular Dysfunction, Right , Ventricular Function, Right
14.
Clinics ; 76: 2550, 2021. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP, CONASS, SESSP-IDPCPROD, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1278931

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to compare the effects of home-and center-based exercise training programs on functional capacity, inspiratory muscle strength, daily physical activity level, and quality of life (QoL) in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) over a 12-week period. METHODS: This study included 23 patients with CHF (left ventricular ejection fraction 31±6%) randomized to a home-based (n=11) or center-based (n=12) program. Patients underwent 12 weeks of aerobic training (60%-70% heart rate reserve): walking for the home-based and supervised cycling for the center-based group, both combined with resistance training (50% of 1 maximum repetition). At baseline and after 12 weeks of training, we assessed cardiopulmonary test variables, 6-min walk test distance (6 MWD), steps/day with accelerometry, and QoL (Minnesota Living with Heart Failure questionnaire). Maximal inspiratory pressure and handgrip strength were measured at baseline and after 4, 8, and 12 weeks of training. ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT03615157. RESULTS: There were no adverse events during training in either group. The home- and center-based training groups obtained similar improvements in peak oxygen uptake, maximal ventilation, and 6 MWD. However, there were significant between-group differences: center-based training was more effective in improving maximal inspiratory pressure (p=0.042), number of steps/day (p=0.001), and QoL (p=0.039). CONCLUSIONS: Home-based training is safe and can be an alternative to improve the exercise capacity of patients with stable CHF. However, center-based training was superior in improving inspiratory muscle strength, QoL, and daily physical activity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life , Heart Failure/therapy , Stroke Volume , Pilot Projects , Ventricular Function, Left , Exercise Tolerance , Hand Strength , Exercise Therapy
15.
Clinics ; 76: e1991, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153946

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This observational, cross-sectional study based aimed to test whether heart failure (HF)-disease management program (DMP) components are influencing care and clinical decision-making in Brazil. METHODS: The survey respondents were cardiologists recommended by experts in the field and invited to participate in the survey via printed form or email. The survey consisted of 29 questions addressing site demographics, public versus private infrastructure, HF baseline data of patients, clinical management of HF, performance indicators, and perceptions about HF treatment. RESULTS: Data were obtained from 98 centers (58% public and 42% private practice) distributed across Brazil. Public HF-DMPs compared to private HF-DMP were associated with a higher percentage of HF-DMP-dedicated services (79% vs 24%; OR: 12, 95% CI: 94-34), multidisciplinary HF (MHF)-DMP [84% vs 65%; OR: 3; 95% CI: 1-8), HF educational programs (49% vs 18%; OR: 4; 95% CI: 1-2), written instructions before hospital discharge (83% vs 76%; OR: 1; 95% CI: 0-5), rehabilitation (69% vs 39%; OR: 3; 95% CI: 1-9), monitoring (44% vs 29%; OR: 2; 95% CI: 1-5), guideline-directed medical therapy-HF use (94% vs 85%; OR: 3; 95% CI: 0-15), and less B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) dosage (73% vs 88%; OR: 3; 95% CI: 1-9), and key performance indicators (37% vs 60%; OR: 3; 95% CI: 1-7). In comparison to non- MHF-DMP, MHF-DMP was associated with more educational initiatives (42% vs 6%; OR: 12; 95% CI: 1-97), written instructions (83% vs 68%; OR: 2: 95% CI: 1-7), rehabilitation (69% vs 17%; OR: 11; 95% CI: 3-44), monitoring (47% vs 6%; OR: 14; 95% CI: 2-115), GDMT-HF (92% vs 83%; OR: 3; 95% CI: 0-15). In addition, there were less use of BNP as a biomarker (70% vs 84%; OR: 2; 95% CI: 1-8) and key performance indicators (35% vs 51%; OR: 2; 95% CI: 91,6) in the non-MHF group. Physicians considered changing or introducing new medications mostly when patients were hospitalized or when observing worsening disease and/or symptoms. Adherence to drug treatment and non-drug treatment factors were the greatest medical problems associated with HF treatment. CONCLUSION: HF-DMPs are highly heterogeneous. New strategies for HF care should consider the present study highlights and clinical decision-making processes to improve HF patient care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Disease Management , Heart Failure/therapy , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
16.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 13: 1684-1691, jan.-dez. 2021.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1344162

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Identificar as evidências acerca das orientações que devem ser oferecidas à pessoa com Insuficiência Cardíaca para a continuidade do tratamento. Método: Revisão integrativa, com busca nas bases de dados Lilacs, Pubmed, Cinahl, Web of Science e Scopus. Resultados: Dos 5422 títulos identificados, 31 artigos foram incluídos para análise. Apreendeu-se que os estudos abordaram, dentre outros aspectos, a importância da orientação da doença, dos sinais e sintomas e da detecção da agudização; no entanto, constatou-se a dificuldade na utilização de linguagem adequada para facilitar a compreensão pela pessoa e/ou pelos familiares. Conclusão: Sugere-se que mais estudos sejam realizados a respeito desse tema, a fim de possibilitar aos profissionais de saúde a formulação de um plano de cuidados coerente, com fundamentação nas melhores evidências científicas


Objective: to identify the evidence on the guidance that should be offered to people with heart failure to continue treatment. Method:integrative review, searching the databases Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS), National Library of Medicine (PUBMED/MEDLINE), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Web of Science e Scopus. Results: of the 5422 titles identified, 32 articles were included for analysis. It was understood that the studies addressed, among other aspects, the importance of disease orientation, signs and symptoms, and acute detection; however, it was found that it was difficult to use adequate language to facilitate understanding by the person and/or family members. Conclusion: it is suggested that more studies be conducted on this topic, in order to enable health professionals to formulate a coherent care plan, based on the best scientific evidence


Objetivo: identificar la evidencia sobre las pautas que deberían ofrecerse a las personas con insuficiencia cardíaca para continuar el tratamiento. Método: revisión integrativa, búsqueda en las bases de datos Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS), National Library of Medicine (PUBMED/MEDLINE), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Web of Science e Scopus.Resultados: de los 5422 títulos identificados, se incluyeron 32 artículos para su análisis. Se entendió que los estudios abordaron, entre otros aspectos, la importancia de la orientación de la enfermedad, los signos y síntomas, y la detección aguda; sin embargo, se descubrió que era difícil usar un lenguaje adecuada para facilitar la comprensión por parte de la persona y/o miembros de la familia. Conclusión: Se sugiere que se realicen más estudios sobre este tema, a fin de permitir a los profesionales de la salud formular un plan de atención coherente, basado en la mejor evidencia científica


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Patient Discharge/trends , Continuity of Patient Care/trends , Heart Failure/therapy , Health Education , Transitional Care/trends
17.
In. Manzanares Castro, William; Aramendi Epstein, Ignacio; Pico, José Luis do. Disionías en el paciente grave: historias clínicas comentadas. Montevideo, Cuadrado, 2021. p.407-433, tab.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1344749
18.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 29: e3440, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1289767

ABSTRACT

Objective: to analyze the evolution of self-care in hospitalized patients with decompensated heart failure, between the first return after hospital discharge (T0) and three months after this assessment (T1). Method: an observational, analytical and longitudinal study carried out in the cardiology outpatient clinics of two public hospitals in Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo. The sociodemographic and clinical data were collected through interviews and consultation of medical records. Self-care was assessed using the Brazilian version of the Self-Care of Heart Failure Index-SCHFI instrument. The data were analyzed by means of the Student's t test and paired distribution (McNemar) with a significance level of 0.05. Results: we verified an increase in the mean scores of the three subscales of SCHFI (Maintenance, Management and Confidence), when comparing the values of T0 and T1, these differences being statistically significant (p<0.001). When comparing the positive changes in self-care actions over these months, we found statistically significant changes in the Maintenance (6 out of 10 items), Management (5 out of 6 items) and Confidence (4 out of 6 items) subscales. Conclusion: self-care for heart failure improved in the period between the first return after discharge and the end of three months of follow-up. Further studies are needed to verify the variables associated with improved self-care after hospitalization.


Objetivo: analisar a evolução do autocuidado de pacientes internados com insuficiência cardíaca descompensada, entre o primeiro retorno após alta hospitalar (T0) e três meses após essa avaliação (T1). Método: estudo observacional, analítico e longitudinal realizado nos ambulatórios de cardiologia de dois hospitais públicos de Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo. Os dados sociodemográficos e clínicos foram coletados por entrevistas e consulta aos prontuários. O autocuidado foi avaliado pela versão brasileira do instrumento Self-Care of Heart Failure Index-SCHFI. Os dados foram analisados pelos testes de t de Student e distribuição pareada (McNemar) com nível de significância de 0,05. Resultados: constatamos aumento nas médias dos escores das três subescalas do SCHFI (Manutenção, Manejo e Confiança), quando comparados os valores de T0 e T1, sendo essas diferenças estatisticamente significantes (p<0,001). Ao compararmos as mudanças positivas nas ações de autocuidado ao longo desses meses, encontramos mudanças estatisticamente significantes nas subescalas Manutenção (6 dos 10 itens), Manejo (5 de 6 itens) e Confiança (4 de 6 itens). Conclusão: o autocuidado da insuficiência cardíaca melhorou no período entre o primeiro retorno após a alta e o final de três meses de acompanhamento. Outros estudos são necessários para verificar as variáveis associadas à melhora do autocuidado após a internação.


Objetivo: analizar la evolución del autocuidado en pacientes hospitalizados con insuficiencia cardíaca descompensada, entre el primer retorno tras el alta hospitalaria (T0) y tres meses después de esa evaluación (T1). Método: estudio observacional, analítico y longitudinal realizado en las consultas externas de cardiología de dos hospitales públicos de Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo. Se recogieron datos sociodemográficos y clínicos mediante entrevistas y consulta de historias clínicas. El autocuidado se evaluó mediante la versión brasileña del instrumento Self-Care of Heart Failure Index-SCHFI. Los datos se analizaron mediante la prueba t de Student y distribución pareada (McNemar) con un nivel de significancia de 0,05. Resultados: encontramos un aumento en las puntuaciones medias de las tres subescalas del SCHFI (Mantenimiento, Gestión y Confianza), al comparar los valores de T0 y T1, siendo estas diferencias estadísticamente significativas (p <0,001). Al comparar los cambios positivos en las acciones de autocuidado durante estos meses, encontramos cambios estadísticamente significativos en las subescalas Mantenimiento (6 de 10 ítems), Gestión (5 de 6 ítems) y Confianza (4 de 6 ítems). Conclusión: el autocuidado de la insuficiencia cardíaca mejoró en el período comprendido entre el primer retorno tras el alta y el último a los tres meses de seguimiento. Se necesitan más estudios para verificar las variables asociadas con la mejora del autocuidado después de la hospitalización.


Subject(s)
Humans , Outpatients , Patient Discharge , Self Care , Brazil , Longitudinal Studies , Heart Failure/therapy , Hospitals
19.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 29: e3389, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1289777

ABSTRACT

Objective: to evaluate in the literature the effectiveness of the health education interventions in self-care and adherence to treatment of patients with Chronic Heart Failure. Method: a systematic review with meta-analysis. Studies were selected that compared health education interventions with the usual care to assess the outcomes of adherence and self-care. The quality of the methodological evidence was assessed by the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation system. Results: the educational interventions were more effective in relation to the usual care in the outcome of adherence (fixed effect=0-3841; p-value <0.001). There was no statistical difference in the outcome of self-care (fixed effect=0.0063; p-value=0.898). Conclusion: the educational interventions improved the outcome of adherence, though not self-care in the patient with Heart Failure.


Objetivo: avaliar na literatura a efetividade das intervenções de educação em saúde na adesão e autocuidado ao tratamento de pacientes com Insuficiência Cardíaca Crônica. Método: revisão sistemática com metanálise. Foram selecionados estudos que comparavam intervenções de educação em saúde com o cuidado usual para avaliar os desfechos de adesão e autocuidado. A qualidade da evidência metodológica foi avaliada pelo sistema Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation. Resultados: as intervenções educativas foram mais efetivas em relação ao cuidado usual no desfecho de adesão (efeito fixo =0,3841; p-valor <0,001). Não houve diferença estatística no desfecho de autocuidado (efeito fixo =0,0063; p-valor =0,898). Conclusão: as intervenções educativas melhoraram o desfecho de adesão, mas não o de autocuidado no paciente com Insuficiência Cardíaca.


Objetivo: evaluar en la literatura la efectividad de las intervenciones de educación en salud para la adhesión al tratamiento y el autocuidado de pacientes con Insuficiencia Cardíaca Crónica. Método: revisión sistemática con meta-análisis. Se seleccionaron estudios que comparaban intervenciones de educación en salud con el cuidado habitual para evaluar los resultados de adhesión al tratamiento y autocuidado. La calidad de la evidencia metodológica se evaluó con el sistema Grading of Recommendations, Assesment, Development and Evaluation. Resultados: las intervenciones educativas fueron más efectivas en relación al cuidado habitual en el resultado de adhesión al tratamiento (efecto fijo=0,3841; valor p <0,001). No se registró diferencia estadística en el resultado de autocuidado (efecto fijo=0,0063; valor p =0,898). Conclusión: las intervenciones educativas mejoraron el resultado de adhesión al tratamiento, aunque no el de autocuidado en el paciente con Insuficiencia Cardíaca.


Subject(s)
Humans , Self Care , Health Education , Chronic Disease , Medication Adherence , Heart Failure/therapy
20.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1029-1035, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921004

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the mechanism of electroacupuncture (EA) with the involvement of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca@*METHODS@#Thirty SPF-ranked SD rats were randomly divided into a control group, a model group, an EA group, an aconitine group and an EA plus aconitine group, with 6 rats in each group. The rat model of acute heart failure was established by infusion of high-dose propranolol hydrochloride solution into the right femoral vein. After stabilized for 10 min in the modeled rats, EA was exerted at "Neiguan" (PC 6), with disperse-dense wave, 2 Hz/15 Hz in frequency, 3 mA in intensity, for 30 min in the EA group and the EA plus aconitine group; aconitine solution (10 μg/kg) was injected from the left femoral veins in the rats in the aconitine group and the EA plus aconitine group. Hemodynamic indexes such as the left ventricular systolic pressure (LVSP) and the maximum rate of increase/decrease of left ventricular pressure (±dp/dt@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, LVSP and ±dp/dt@*CONCLUSION@#The intervention with electroacupuncture achieves the synergism/ attenuation effect of aconitine for the improvements in heart failure probably by up-regulating the expression of SERCA2a and down-regulating the expression of PLB in myocardial tissue.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Aconitine , Calcium-Binding Proteins , Electroacupuncture , Heart Failure/therapy , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
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