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1.
Med. infant ; 31(1): 26-30, Marzo 2024. Ilus, Tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1552815

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Entre las variables que afectan el riesgo de mortalidad relacionada (MRT) al trasplante alogénico de células progenitoras hematopoyéticas (TACPH) se incluyen las comorbilidades previas. Los índices de comorbilidad (IC) buscan mejorar la predicción de eventos combinando factores de riesgo independientes. Objetivos: 1) evaluar el uso de la versión breve y adaptada para niños, adolescentes y adultos jóvenes con enfermedad maligna del índice de comorbilidad específico para trasplante alogénico de células progenitoras hematopoyéticas (smyHCT-CI ); 2) evaluar el uso de los biomarcadores ferritina y albúmina en un índice de comorbilidad ampliado (smyHCT-CIa). Población y métodos: Diseño: cohorte retrospectiva. Periodo 2017- 2022. A cada p se le asignó nuevos puntajes utilizando el smyHCT-CI y el smyHCT-CIa. Los p se clasificaron en grupos de riesgo (GR) bajo (puntaje 0), intermedio (1-2) y alto (>3) con cada índice. Se comparó el n° de p asignado a cada GR grupo de riesgo y la MRT en cada grupo al usar el HCT-CI, el smyHCTCI y el smyHCT-CIa. Resultados: n 75. Frecuencia de p por GR según cada indicador (IC95): HCT-CI bajo 36 (25-47), intermedio 57 (56-69), alto 7 (1-12); smyHCT-CI: bajo 48 (37-59), intermedio 33 (23-44), alto 19 (10-27); smyHCT-CIa: bajo 43 (31-54), intermedio 36 (25-47), alto 21 (12-31). MRT por GR según indicador (IC95): HCT-CI: bajo 6,8 (14-28), intermedio 20,9 (9-33), alto 17,9 (0-55); smyHCT-CIa bajo 12,5 (1-24), intermedio 18,5 (4-33), alto 31,2 (9-54). Conclusión: El smyHCT-CI permitió identificar mejor los pacientes con mayor comorbilidad y riesgo de MRT. La ferritina resultó un biomarcador útil en la estimación del riesgo de MRT (AU)


Introduction: Variables affecting allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT) related mortality risk (TMR) include prior comorbidities. Comorbidity indices (CI) aim to improve event prediction by combining independent risk factors. Objectives: 1) to evaluate the use of the brief and adapted version of the HCT-specific comorbidity index for children, adolescents and young adults with malignancies (ymHCT-CI); 2) to evaluate the use of the biomarkers ferritin and albumin in an expanded comorbidity index (expanded ymHCT-CI). Population and methods: Design: retrospective cohort. Period 2017- 2022. Each patient was assigned new scores using the ymHCTCI and expanded ymHCT-CI. The p were classified into low (score 0), intermediate (1-2) and high (>3) risk groups (RG) with each index. The number of patients assigned to each RG and the TMR in each group were compared using the HCTCI, the ymHCT-CI, and the expanded ymHCT-CI. Results: n 75. Frequency of patients per RG according to each indicator (95%CI): HCT-CI low 36 (25-47), intermediate 57 (56-69), high 7 (1-12); ymHCT-CI: low 48 (37-59), intermediate 33 (23-44), high 19 (10-27); expanded ymHCT-CI: low 43 (31-54), intermediate 36 (25-47), high 21 (12-31). TMR by RG according to indicator (95%CI): HCT-CI: low 6.8 (14-28), intermediate 20.9 (9-33), high 17.9 (0-55); expanded ymHCT-CI low 12.5 (1-24), intermediate 18.5 (4-33), high 31.2 (9-54). Conclusion: ymHCT-CI allowed better identification of patients with higher comorbidity and risk of TMR. Ferritin proved to be a useful biomarker to estimate TMR risk (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Transplantation, Homologous , Comorbidity , Bone Marrow Transplantation/mortality , Risk Assessment , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/mortality , Hematologic Neoplasms/therapy , Retrospective Studies
2.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 40(6): 665-674, dic. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1529997

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Las infecciones fúngicas invasoras (IFI) en pacientes con neoplasias hematológicas (NH) representan un desafío diagnóstico y terapéutico. OBJETIVOS: Describir la etiología, características clínicas, diagnóstico y evolución de los episodios de IFI probadas y probables en pacientes con NH y trasplante de progenitores hematopoyéticos (TPH). PACIENTES Y MÉTODOS: Estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo y de cohorte que incluyó IFI probadas y probables en pacientes adultos con NH y TPH. Se realizó seguimiento hasta el día 90. RESULTADOS: Se incluyeron 80 episodios de IFI: 49% probadas y 51% probables, 67,5% por hongos filamentosos (HF), 30% por hongos levaduriformes (HL) y 2,5% por hongos dimorfos. Los tipos de IFI más frecuentes fueron aspergilosis invasoras pulmonares (AP) y candidiasis invasoras (CI), en su mayoría por Candida spp. no albicans. Todos los casos de AP se diagnosticaron por detección de galactomanano en sangre y/o lavado broncoalveolar, y solamente 22,2% presentaban nódulos con halo en la tomografía computada (TC) de tórax, siendo los infiltrados inespecíficos los hallazgos más frecuentes. Tuvieron coinfección bacteriana y viral el 30 y 17,5%, respectivamente. El 50% fueron IFI de brecha, y la mortalidad global y mortalidad relacionada a la IFI fue 51 y 24%, respectivamente. CONCLUSIÓN: Los HF fueron la principal causa de IFI, con una gran proporción de IFI de brecha, y presentaron elevada mortalidad. Para el diagnóstico, resulta importante la utilización de biomarcadores y jerarquizar cualquier imagen patológica en la TC.


BACKGROUND: Invasive fungal infections (IFI) in patients with hematological malignancies (HM) represent a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. AIM: To describe the etiology, clinical characteristics, diagnosis and evolution of proven and probable IFI episodes in patients with HM and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). METHODS: Retrospective, descriptive, cohort study performed in adult patients with HM and HSCT, who developed proven and probable IFI. Follow-up was carried out until day 90. RESULTS: A total of 80 IFI episodes were included: 49% proven and 51% probable, 67,5% due to mold (M), 30% to yeast-like fungi (Y) and 2,5% to dimorphic fungi. The most frequent causes were probable pulmonary aspergillosis (PA) and invasive candidiasis (IC), mainly due to non-albicans Candida species. PA were all diagnosed by detection of galactomannan (GM) in blood and bronchoalveolar lavage, and only 22,2% presented halo sign on chest CT. Bacterial and viral coinfections were reported in 30% and 17,5% respectively. Breakthrough IFI occurred in 50%, and global and IFI-related mortality were 51% and 24% respectively. CONCLUSION: Mold was the main cause of IFI, with a large proportion of breakthrough IFI, presenting high mortality. The use of biomarkers and the classification of any pathological image on CT contribute to the diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Hematologic Neoplasms/complications , Invasive Fungal Infections/diagnosis , Invasive Fungal Infections/etiology , Argentina , Clinical Evolution , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Hematologic Neoplasms/mortality , Invasive Fungal Infections/mortality , Invasive Fungal Infections/drug therapy , Hospitals, University , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use
3.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 40(5): 537-542, oct. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521862

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Los estudios sobre la infección fúngica invasora (IFI) por Fusarium spp en pacientes pediátricos con patología hemato-oncológica, son escasos, correspondiendo en general a series clínicas descriptas en forma retrospectiva, lo que dificulta conocer en profundidad sus características y evolución. OBJETIVO: Analizar la evolución fatal de la IFI causada por Fusarium spp en pacientes pediátricos con patología hemato-oncológica, llevándose a cabo una revisión sistemática. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: La búsqueda bibliográfica se realizó con fecha 23 de marzo de 2023, en las principales bases de datos (Medline (a través de PubMed), Embase (a través de Embase-Elsevier), The Cochrane Library (a través de Wiley), Cinahl (a través de EbscoHOST), SCI-EXPANDED y Scielo (a través de la WOS) y Scopus (a través de Scopus-Elsevier) y libre (mediante el motor Google) y revisando las citas de los artículos incluidos. RESULTADOS: Se rescataron 1.341 artículos, de los cuales se descartaron 931 por diversas razones. Mediante el análisis de los textos completos, finalmente se incluyeron 11 estudios. Todos los estudios eran de nivel 4 (serie de casos). Se detectó una notoria heterogeneidad (p < 0,008) entre los mismos. La mediana de la frecuencia de muerte observada implicó a un tercio de los afectados (Md 33 %; Q1:22,7-Q4:75). CONCLUSIONES: La mortalidad por IFI por Fusarium spp fue alta en niños con patología hemato-oncológica, en especial en aquellos con neutropenia profunda y mala respuesta al tratamiento de su enfermedad de base


BACKGROUND: Studies on invasive fungal infection (IFI) by Fusarium spp in pediatric patients with hemato-oncological pathology are scarce and limited and a few series of cases described retrospectively, which makes it difficult to fully understand their characteristics and outcome. With the aim of analyzing the fatal evolution of these patients, this systematic review was carried out. METHODS: The literature search was performed up to March 23, 2023, in the main databases, as Medline (through PubMed), Embase (through Embase-Elsevier), The Cochrane Library (through Wiley), Cinahl (through EbscoHOST), SCI-EXPANDED and Scielo (through WOS) and Scopus (through Scopus-Elsevier) and free (through the Google engine) and reviewing the citations of the included articles. RESULTS: 1341 articles were retrieved, of which 931 were discarded for various reasons. By analyzing its full texts, 11 studies were finally included. It was observed that heterogeneity among them was relevant (p < 0.008). Median frequency of death involved one third of those affected (Md 33%; Q1:22,7-Q4:75). CONCLUSIONS: Mortality due to IFI due to Fusarium spp was high in children with hemato-oncological pathology, especially in those with severe neutropenia and poor response to treatment of their underlying disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Hematologic Neoplasms/complications , Fusariosis/mortality , Invasive Fungal Infections/mortality , Risk Factors , Hematologic Neoplasms/mortality , Fusarium
4.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 40(5): 481-490, oct. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521875

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Las opacidades pulmonares en receptores de trasplante de precursores hematopoyéticos (TPH) representan un desafío diagnóstico y son una causa de morbimortalidad. Existen grandes discrepancias con respecto a la sensibilidad diagnóstica del lavado broncoalveolar (LBA), sus complicaciones, y los factores asociados a la identificación microbiológica. OBJETIVO: Conocer la utilidad del estudio microbiológico del LBA en el diagnóstico, modificación de la conducta médica y estimar las complicaciones y mortalidad asociada al procedimiento, en receptores de TPH con opacidades pulmonares. PACIENTES Y MÉTODOS: Estudio de cohorte, retrospectivo, en adultos receptores de TPH a los que se les realizó una broncoscopía con LBA por presentar opacidades pulmonares, en el Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires entre el 01/01/2011 y el 31/12/2020. RESULTADOS: De los 189 procedimientos analizados, en 79 se logró un hallazgo microbiológico (41,8%) y 122 permitieron modificar la conducta médica (64,6%). En 11 casos se observaron complicaciones graves dentro de las 12 horas (5,8%) de efectuado el LBA. La mortalidad intrahospitalaria fue de 16,8% (N = 21/125). El valor de neutrófilos en sangre previo al LBA (p = 0,037) y la presencia de nódulos pulmonares como lesión tomográfica predominante (p = 0,029) se asociaron independientemente al hallazgo microbiològico global. CONCLUSIONES: Nuestra investigación apoya la realización del LBA como herramienta diagnóstica en pacientes que reciben un TPH y presentan opacidades pulmonares.


BACKGROUND: Lung opacities are a cause of morbimortality in bone marrow transplant patients, and represent a diagnostic challenge. There are large discrepancies regarding the diagnostic sensitivity of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), its complications, and the factors associated with microbiological detection. AIM: To know the usefulness of the microbiological study of BAL in the diagnosis, in the modification in medical behavior and to estimate the complications and associated mortality of this diagnostic procedure in patients transplanted with hematopoietic progenitor cells with pulmonary opacities. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study in bone marrow transplant adult patients who underwent bronchoscopy with BAL due to lung opacities at Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires between 01/01/2011 and 12/31/2020. RESULTS: Of the 189 BAL analyzed, 79 presented a microbiological detection (41.8%) and 122 allowed to modify the medical behavior (64.6%). Severe complications were observed within 12 hours after the procedure in11 cases (5.8%). In-hospital mortality was 16,8% (N = 21/125). The value of blood neutrophils prior to bronchoalveolar lavage (p = 0.037) and the presence of pulmonary nodules as the predominant tomographic lesion (p = 0.029) were independently associated with global microbiological detection. CONCLUSION: Our research supports the performance of BAL as a diagnostic tool in bone marrow transplant patients with lung opacities.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Bronchoscopy/methods , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid/microbiology , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Bronchoalveolar Lavage/methods , Hematologic Neoplasms/therapy , Bacteria/isolation & purification , Viruses/isolation & purification , Multivariate Analysis , Cohort Studies , Immunocompromised Host , Transplant Recipients , Fungi/isolation & purification , Lung/microbiology
5.
Med. infant ; 30(3): 263-269, Septiembre 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1515961

ABSTRACT

Los estudios sobre la infección fúngica invasiva (IFI) por Mucor spp. en pacientes pediátricos con patología hematooncológica, son de baja solidez científica, lo que dificulta conocer en profundidad sus características y evolución. Con el objetivo de analizar la evolución fatal de esos pacientes, se llevó a cabo esta revisión sistemática (RS). Material y métodos: La búsqueda bibliográfica se realizó con fecha 23 de marzo de 2023, en las principales bases de datos (Medline (a través de Pubmed), Embase (a través de Embase-Elsevier), The Cochrane Library (a través de Wiley), Cinahl (a través de Ebsco HOST), SCI-EXPANDED, SciELO (a través de la WOS) y Scopus (a través de Scopus-Elsevier), libre (mediante el motor Google) y revisando las citas de los artículos incluidos. Resultados: Se rescataron 1393 artículos, de los cuales se descartaron 1386 por diversas razones. Mediante el análisis de los textos completos, finalmente se incluyeron 7 estudios. Todos los estudios eran series de casos (nivel 4). La mediana de la frecuencia de muerte observada fue de 36,6% (Q1 20% - Q347%). Conclusiones: Esta RS mostró en niños con patología hemato-oncológica, que la mortalidad por IFI por Mucor spp. alcanzó a casi un tercio de los pacientes (AU)


Studies on invasive fungal infection (IFI) by Mucor spp. in pediatric patients with cancer have a low level of evidence, which makes it difficult to elucidate its characteristics and progression. To analyze the fatal outcome of these patients, this systematic review (SR) was conducted. Material and methods: A literature search was carried out on March 23, 2023, in the following main databases (Medline (via Pubmed), Embase (via Embase-Elsevier), The Cochrane Library (via Wiley), Cinahl (via Ebsco HOST), SCI-EXPANDED, SciELO (via the WOS) and Scopus (via Scopus-Elsevier). Additionally, a complementary search was carried out using free search engines (such as Google) and by reviewing the references of the included articles. Results: A total of 1393 articles were retrieved, of which 1386 were excluded for various reasons. After a thorough analysis of the full-text articles, 7 studies were ultimately included in the review. All studies were case series (level 4). The median observed death rate was 36.6% (IQR, 20% - 47%). Conclusions: This SR showed that in children with hematological-oncological disease, mortality due to IFI by Mucor spp. affected almost one third of the patients (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Opportunistic Infections/microbiology , Hematologic Neoplasms/complications , Hematologic Neoplasms/mortality , Hematologic Neoplasms/therapy , Invasive Fungal Infections/drug therapy , Mucormycosis/diagnosis , Mucormycosis/drug therapy , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use , Risk Factors , Immunocompromised Host , Mucor , Neutropenia
6.
Ann. afr. méd. (En ligne) ; 16(2): 5090-5105, 2023. figures, tables
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1425856

ABSTRACT

Contexte et objectif. Les hémopathies malignes (HM) constituent un problème majeur de santé publique en Afrique sub-saharienne où les moyens de prise en charge sont limités. L'objectif de l'étude était de décrire les aspects diagnostiques, thérapeutiques et évolutifs observées dans la prise en charge des HM en milieu hospitalier de Kinshasa. Méthodes. Etude observationnelle historique de type suivi des cas d'HM hospitalisés, dans formations sanitaires de Kinshasa entre les 1er janvier 2011 et 31 décembre 2021. Seuls les patients âgés de plus de 18 ans ont été inclus. Les paramètres d'intérêt étaient englobés les données sociodémographiques, cliniques, biologiques, d'imagerie, du myélogramme, de l'analyse histopathologique des pièces biopsiques ganglionnaires ou extra ganglionnaires, le type de chimiothérapie et de la survie à 6 mois. Les tests de chi-carré et de Student ont comparé respectivement les proportions et les moyennes. L'analyse de Kaplan Meier et la régression de Cox ont respectivement décrit la survie et recherché les facteurs associés à la mortalité à 6 mois. Résultats.Sur 2678 patients suspects d'HM, seuls de 250 patients (9,3%, âge moyen 47,6 ± 15,8 ans, 62,4% d'hommes) ont eu un bilan de confirmation. Les adénopathies périphériques (54 %), la fièvre au long cours (48 %) et la poly transfusion (29 %) étaient les principaux motifs de consultation. Les perturbations hématologiques rencontrées étaient l'anémie (72 %), la thrombopénie (50 %), l'hyperleucocytose ( 0 %) et la leucopénie ( 0 %). Les syndromes lymphoproliferatif (68 %) étaient plus fréquents et répartis en lymphomes non hodgkiniens (50 %), Lymphome hodgkinien (27%) et myélome multiple (15 %). Les leucémies aigues venaient en deuxième position (12 %) suivi des syndromes myélodysplasiques (11 %) et des syndromes myéloprolifératifs (8 %). 61 % des patients ont bénéficié de la chimiothérapie. Durant les 6 premiers mois de prise en charge, la létalité globale était de 58,4 %. Conclusion. En milieu hospitalier de Kinshasa, très peu de patients suspects d'HM bénéficient d'une mise au point complète et de la chimiothérapie. Les adultes jeunes, surtout les hommes, sont très affectés et plus de la moitié d'entre eux décèdent endéans 6 mois. L'amélioration de l'accessibilité à la chimiothérapie et du plateau technique permettra une réduction de la létalité.


Subject(s)
Public Health , Hematologic Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Therapeutics , Lymphoproliferative Disorders
7.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e23063, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1505837

ABSTRACT

Abstract Doxorubicin (Dox) is a medication used in the treatment of cancerous tumors and hematologic malignancies with potentially serious side effects, including the risk of cardiotoxicity. Flavonoids are plant metabolites with antioxidant properties and can be extracted from Camellia sinensis (CS). The aim of this study is to evaluate the possible cardioprotective effect of CS against injuries induced by Dox in rats. A total of 32 animals were distributed into four groups: (1) control - intraperitoneal injection (I.P.) of 0.5 mL saline weekly and 1.0 mL water by gavage daily; (2) CS - 0.5 mL saline I.P. weekly and 200 mg/kg CS by gavage daily; (3) Dox - 5.0 mg/kg Dox I.P. weekly and 1.0 mL water by gavage daily; and (4) Dox+CS -5.0 mg/kg Dox I.P. weekly and 200 mg/kg CS by gavage daily. Clinical examinations, blood profiles, electrocardiograms, echocardiograms, and histological analyses of hearts were performed over 25 days. The animals in the Dox group showed changes in body weight and in erythrogram, leukogram, electrocardiography, and echocardiography readings. However, animals from the dox+CS group had significantly less change in body weight, improved cardiac function, and showed more preserved cardiac tissue. This study demonstrated that CS prevents dox-induced cardiotoxicity, despite enhancing the cytotoxic effect on blood cells


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Doxorubicin/administration & dosage , Camellia sinensis/adverse effects , Cardiotoxicity , Echocardiography/instrumentation , Hematologic Neoplasms/pathology , Electrocardiography/instrumentation , Antioxidants/pharmacology
8.
Rev. urug. cardiol ; 38(1): e201, 2023. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | BNUY, UY-BNMED, LILACS | ID: biblio-1442149

ABSTRACT

Introducción: las enfermedades cardiovasculares (CV) son la primera causa de muerte en quienes sobreviven al cáncer. Aunque el trasplante de progenitores hematopoyéticos (TPH) se asocia con grados variables de cardiotoxicidad, estas complicaciones han sido escasamente caracterizadas. Objetivo: analizar el perfil de liberación de biomarcadores miocárdicos como potenciales indicadores subclínicos de cardiotoxicidad en pacientes sometidos a TPH. Material y método: estudio descriptivo, analítico, prospectivo transversal y unicéntrico, reclutando pacientes derivados a la policlínica de cardio-oncología, con indicación de TPH en octubre de 2018-marzo de 2020. Se realizaron controles clínicos, ECG, bioquímicos (troponina I TnI y péptido natriurético del tipo BBNP) e imagenológicos según algoritmo de seguimiento. Las variables discretas se presentan como n (%) y las continuas mediante media ± DE o mediana RIQ. Los valores evolutivos de biomarcadores séricos se compararon mediante test de Friedman. La fracciónde eyección del VI (FEVI) basal se comparó con la de los 3 meses del TPH mediante test de Wilcoxon. Resultados: se incluyeron 19 pacientes, 37% mujeres, de 43,8 ± 15,7 años. No se detectaron modificaciones significativas de la FEVI en los controles evolutivos. En ningún caso se observó aumento de la TnI. Los valores de BNP aumentaron en 6 pacientes (32%), con diferencias significativas al mes postrasplante (basal: 13,6 1;6,1-30,9 vs. primer mes: 38,9 16,3-120,0 pg/ml, p = 0,036); con una mayor elevación en aquellos pacientes que recibieron antimetabolitos vs. otros fármacos (basal: 13,6 1;6,1-30,9 vs. al primer mes: 67,0 ;21,3-174,9 pg/ml, p = 0,039). El aumento de BNP no se asoció con el riesgo CV. Conclusión: la liberación de BNP posterior al TPH es un fenómeno frecuente (32% de los pacientes), alcanza un máximo al mes, independientemente de la FEVI. El subgrupo de pacientes que recibió antimetabolitos presentó una mayor liberación precoz de BNP.


Introduction: cardiovascular (CV) diseases are the leading cause of death in those who survive cancer. Although hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is associated with diverse grades of cardiotoxicity, these complications have been poorly characterized. Objective: to analyze the release profile of myocardial biomarkers as a potential subclinical marker of cardiotoxicity in patients undergoing HSCT. Material and method: descriptive, analytical, prospective, cross-sectional, single-center study, recruiting patients referred to the cardio-oncology polyclinic, with indication for HSCT in October 2018-March 2020. Clinical, ECG, biochemical and imaging controls were performed according to the algorithm of follow-up. The evolutionary values of serum biomarkers were compared using the Friedman test. Baseline LVEF was compared with that of 3 months after HSCT using the Wilcoxon test. Results: 19 patients were included, 37% women, aged 43.8 ± 15.7 years. No changes in LVEF were detected. In no case was an increase in TnI observed. BNP values increased in 6 patients (32%), with significant differences one month after transplantation (baseline: 13.6 ;6.1-30.9 vs. first month: 38.9 ;16.3-120.0, p = 0.036), detecting a greater elevation in those patients who received antimetabolites vs. other rugs (baseline: 13.6 ;6.1-30.9 vs. at the first month: 67.0 21.3-174.0, p = 0.039). The increase in BNP was not associated with CV risk. Conclusion: BNP release after HSCT is frequent (32% of our patients), reaching a maximum at one month, regardless of LVEF. The subgroup of patients who received antimetabolites had a greater early release of BNP.


Introdução: as doenças cardiovasculares (CV) são a principal causa de morte em pessoas que sobrevivem ao câncer. Embora o transplante de células-tronco hematopoéticas (TCTH) esteja associado à diverso grado de cardiotoxicidade, essas complicações têm sido mal caracterizadas. Objetivo: analisar o perfil de liberação de biomarcadores miocárdicos como potenciais marcadores subclínicos de cardiotoxicidade em pacientes submetidos ao TCTH. Material e método: estudo descritivo, analítico, prospectivo, transversal, unicéntrico, com recrutamento de pacientes encaminhados à policlínica de cardio-oncologia, com indicação de TCTH de outubro de 2018 a março de 2020. Foram realizados controles clínicos, eletrocardiográficos, bioquímicos e de imagem de acordo com o algoritmo de acompanhamento. Os valores evolutivos dos biomarcadores séricos foram comparados pelo teste de Friedman. A FEVE basal foi comparada com a de 3 meses após o TCTH usando o teste de Wilcoxon. Resultados: foram incluídos 19 pacientes, 37% mulheres, com idade de 43,8 ± 15,7 anos. Nenhuma mudança na LVEF foi detectada. Em nenhum caso foi observado um aumento de TnI. Os valores de BNP aumentaram um mês após o transplante (linha de base: 13,6 6,1-30,9; vs. primeiro mês: 38,9 16,3-120,0, p = 0,036), se detectou uma maior elevação nos pacientes que receberam antimetabólitos vs. outros medicamentos (linha de base: 13,6 ;6,1-30,9; vs. no primeiro mês: 67,0 ;21,3-174,0;, p = 0,039). O aumento do BNP não foi associado ao risco CV. Conclusão: a liberação do BNP após o TCTH é frequente (32% de nossos pacientes), podendo chegar a no máximo um mês, independente da FEVE. O subgrupo de pacientes que recebeu antimetabólitos apresentou maior liberação precoce de BNP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Stroke Volume/radiation effects , Biomarkers , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hematologic Neoplasms/drug therapy , Cardiotoxicity/diagnosis , Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic/adverse effects , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Sex Distribution
9.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 45(2): 188-195, Apr.-June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1448354

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Oncohematological patients require the evaluation for possible infiltration of the central nervous system (CNS) by neoplastic cells at diagnosis and/or during the monitoring of the chemotherapeutic treatment. Morphological analysis using conventional microscopy is considered the method of choice to evaluate the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples, despite technical limitations. Objective This study aimed to compare the performance of the cytomorphology and flow cytometric immunophenotyping (FC) in the detection of CNS infiltration. Method We evaluated 520 CSF samples collected from 287 oncohematological patients for whom the detection of neoplastic cells was simultaneously requested by cytomorphology and FC. Results Laboratory analyses revealed 435/520 (83.7%) conclusive results by the two methods evaluated, among which 385 (88.5%) were concordant. Discordance between the methods was observed in 50/435 (11.5%) samples, 45 (90%) being positive by FC. Furthermore, the FC defined the results in 69/72 (95.8%) inconclusive samples by cytomorphology. The positivity of FC was particularly higher among hypocellular samples. Among 431 samples with a cell count of < 5/μL, the FC identified neoplastic cells in 75 (17.4%), while the cytomorphology reported positive results in 26 (6%). Among the samples that presented adequate cell recovery for evaluation by both methods (506/520), the comparative analysis between FC and cytomorphology revealed a Kappa coefficient of 0.45 (CI: 0.37-0.52), interpreted as a moderate agreement. Conclusion The data showed that the CSF analysis by FC helps in the definition of CNS infiltration by neoplastic cells, particularly in the cases with dubious morphological analysis or in the evaluation of samples with low cellularity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Hematologic Neoplasms , Flow Cytometry , Patients , Central Nervous System , Cerebrospinal Fluid
10.
Health sci. dis ; 24(1): 82-87, 2023. figures, tables
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1411399

ABSTRACT

Introduction. Les hémopathies malignes sont des proliférations anormales et anarchiques de cellules hématopoïétiques à point de départ médullaire ou périphérique. Notre étude qui avait pour objectif de faire le bilan de la prise en charge des hémopathies malignes au Centre national d'oncologie médical et de radiothérapie Alassane Ouattara. Méthodes. Il s'agissait d'une étude rétrospective descriptive d'une durée de 2 ans 3 mois allant du 1er janvier 2018 au 31 Mars 2020 portant sur 80 dossiers de malades porteurs d'hémopathies malignes et prise en charge dans le centre. Résultats. Notre étude a permis de recenser 2,2% d'hémopathies malignes sur les 3650 cas de pathologies cancéreuses recensées au CNRAO, soit une incidence 26,66 cas/an avec un sex-ratio 1,2. Les syndromes lymphoprolifératifs (SLP) sont les plus fréquents (96,25 %), sous trois principales formes: lymphomes malins non hodgkiniens (LMNH) non Burkitt (51,25%), leucémie myéloïde chronique (20%) et le myélome multiple (16,25%). Les LMNH représentent 51,25% des HM recensées avec 41,46 % de lymphomes de haut grade de malignité. La chimiothérapie était de mise chez tous nos patients. Ainsi sur 41 cas de LMNH, seulement 12 (29,27%) ont bénéficié du protocole R-CHOP. On notait 46,34% de réponse complète. Dans notre étude, le LH représentait 8,75% il était traité à 71,43% avec le protocole ABVD avec une réponse complète chez 6 patients. 37,5% des patients porteurs de leucémie myéloïde chronique ont reçu le Rituximab; ils ont été traités par les protocoles COP (31,25%), CHOP (31,25%), RCVP (12,5%) et R-CHOP (25%). La réponse thérapeutique était complète à 68,75%. Le protocole utilisé dans le traitement du myélome multiple a été le VMCD-REV à 76,92% avec pour réponse thérapeutique complète chez 6 patients, 3 réponses partielles et 4 en cours de traitement. Conclusion. Les SLP qui sont les plus fréquents des HM avec trois principales formes: LMNH non Burkitt, leucémie myéloïde chronique et myélome multiple. Nous avons cependant des difficultés quant à la mise en route de la chimiothérapie.


Introduction. Hematologic neoplasms are abnormal and anarchic proliferations of hematopoietic cells with a medullary or peripheral starting point. Our study aimed to report the management of hematological malignancies at the Centre National d'Oncologie Médicale et de Radiothérapie Alassane Ouattara (CNRAO). Methods. This was a descriptive retrospective study lasting 2 years 3 months from January 1st, 2018 to March 31st, 2020 concerning 80 patients with hematologic neoplasms who were managed in the CNRAO. Results. Hematologic neoplasms represented 2.2% of cancers (80/3650) at CNRAO, giving an annual incidence of 26.66 cases. The sex ratio was 1.2. Lymphoproliferative syndromes were the most common subgroups (96.25%). These were mainly non-Burkitt non Hodgkin lymphoma (51.25%), high grade lymphomas (41.46%), chronic lymphocytic lymphoma (20%) and multiple myeloma (16.25%). Chemotherapy was administered to all patients. Among 41 cases of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, 12 (29.27%) benefited from the R-CHOP protocol and full response was observed in 46.34% of them. We found 7 patients with Hodgkin lymphoma (8.75%) and the ABVD protocol was used for 6 cases (71.43%). Six out of these seven patients were in complete response. Among the 16 patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia, 6 (37.5%) received Rituximab. The distribution of the patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia was as follows: COP 31.25%, CHOP 31.25%, RCVP 12.5% and R-CHOP 25% and 68.75% had full response. The most common treatment protocol for multiple myeloma was VMCD-REV (76.92%). Six patients had complete response, 3 had partial response and 4 were in the course of treatment. Conclusion. In our practice, hematologic neoplasms are mainly lymphoproliferative syndromes and the most common varieties are non-Burkitt non Hodgkin lymphoma, high grade lymphomas, chronic lymphocytic lymphoma and multiple myeloma. We have difficulties in getting chemotherapy started.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Hematologic Neoplasms , Disease Management , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Hematologic Diseases
11.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 479-483, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984647

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the incidence of bloodstream infections, pathogen distribution, and antibiotic resistance profile in patients with hematological malignancies. Methods: From January 2018 to December 2021, we retrospectively analyzed the clinical characteristics, pathogen distribution, and antibiotic resistance profiles of patients with malignant hematological diseases and bloodstream infections in the Department of Hematology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University. Results: A total of 582 incidences of bloodstream infections occurred in 22,717 inpatients. From 2018 to 2021, the incidence rates of bloodstream infections were 2.79%, 2.99%, 2.79%, and 2.02%, respectively. Five hundred ninety-nine types of bacteria were recovered from blood cultures, with 487 (81.3%) gram-negative bacteria, such as Klebsiella pneumonia, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Eighty-one (13.5%) were gram-positive bacteria, primarily Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, and Enterococcus faecium, whereas the remaining 31 (5.2%) were fungi. Enterobacteriaceae resistance to carbapenems, piperacillin/tazobactam, cefoperazone sodium/sulbactam, and tigecycline were 11.0%, 15.3%, 15.4%, and 3.3%, with a descending trend year on year. Non-fermenters tolerated piperacillin/tazobactam, cefoperazone sodium/sulbactam, and quinolones at 29.6%, 13.3%, and 21.7%, respectively. However, only two gram-positive bacteria isolates were shown to be resistant to glycopeptide antibiotics. Conclusions: Bloodstream pathogens in hematological malignancies were broadly dispersed, most of which were gram-negative bacteria. Antibiotic resistance rates vary greatly between species. Our research serves as a valuable resource for the selection of empirical antibiotics.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bacteremia/epidemiology , Cefoperazone , Sulbactam , Retrospective Studies , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Hematologic Neoplasms , Sepsis , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Gram-Negative Bacteria , Gram-Positive Bacteria , Piperacillin, Tazobactam Drug Combination , Escherichia coli
12.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 465-471, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984645

ABSTRACT

Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of a second allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) with reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) in patients with hematological malignancies who had relapsed after the first allo-HSCT. Methods: Between April 2018 and June 2021, 44 patients with hematological malignancies (B-ALL 23, T-ALL/T-LBL 4, AML15, and MDS 2) were enrolled and retrospectively examined. Unrelated donors (n=12) or haploidentical donors (n=32) were used. Donors were replaced in all patients for the second allo-HSCT. Hematological and immunological germline predisposition genes and hematopoietic and immune function tests were used to select the best-related donor. Total body irradiation (TBI) /fludarabine (FLU) -based (n=38), busulfan (BU) /FLU-based (n=4), total marrow irradiation (TMI) /FLU-based (n=1), and BU/cladribine-based (n=1) were the RIC regimens used. For graft versus host disease (GVHD) prevention, cyclosporine, mycophenolate mofetil, short-term methotrexate, and ATG were used. Eighteen (40.9%) of 44 patients with gene variations for which targeted medications are available underwent post-transplant maintenance therapy. Results: The median age was 25 years old (range: 7-55). The median interval between the first and second HSCT was 19.5 months (range: 6-77). Before the second allo-HSCT, 33 (75%) of the patients were in complete remission (CR), whereas 11 (25%) were not. All patients had long-term engraftment. The grade Ⅱ-Ⅳ GVHD and severe acute GVHD rates were 20.5% and 9.1%, respectively. Chronic GVHD was found in 20.5% of limited patterns and 22.7% of severe patterns. CMV and EBV reactivation rates were 29.5% and 6.8%, respectively. Hemorrhage cystitis occurred in 15.9% of cases, grade Ⅰ or Ⅱ. The 1-yr disease-free survival (DFS), overall survival (OS), and cumulative recurrence incidence (RI) rates of all patients were 72.5% (95% CI, 54.5%-84.3%), 80.6% (95% CI, 63.4%-90.3%), and 25.1% (95% CI, 13.7%-43.2%), respectively, with a median follow-up of 14 (2-39) months. There were eight deaths (seven relapses and one infection). The rate of non-relapse mortality (NRM) was only 2.3%. The CR patients' 1-yr RI rate was significantly lower than the NR patients (16.8% vs 48.1%, P=0.026). The DFS rate in CR patients was greater than in NR patients, although there was no statistical difference (79.9% vs 51.9%, P=0.072). Univariate analysis revealed that CR before the second allo-HSCT was an important prognostic factor. Conclusion: With our RIC regimens, donor change, and post-transplant maintenance therapy, the second allo-HSCT in relapsed hematological malignancies after the first allo-HSCT is a safe and effective treatment with high OS and DFS and low NRM and relapse rate. The most important factor influencing the prognosis of the second allo-HSCT is the patient's illness condition before the transplant.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Retrospective Studies , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Hematologic Neoplasms/therapy , Busulfan/therapeutic use , Graft vs Host Disease/prevention & control , Chronic Disease , Unrelated Donors , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Transplantation, Homologous , Transplantation Conditioning
13.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 458-464, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984644

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To investigate the role of donor change in the second hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT2) for hematological relapse of malignant hematology after the first transplantation (HSCT1) . Methods: We retrospectively analyzed patients with relapsed hematological malignancies who received HSCT2 at our single center between Mar 1998 and Dec 2020. A total of 70 patients were enrolled[49 males and 21 females; median age, 31.5 (3-61) yr]. Results: Forty-nine male and 21 female patients were enrolled in the trial. At the time of HSCT2, the median age was 31.5 (3-61) years old. Thirty-one patients were diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia, 23 patients with ALL, and 16 patients with MDS or other malignant hematology disease. Thirty patients had HSCT2 with donor change, and 40 patients underwent HSCT2 without donor change. The median relapse time after HSCT1 was 245.5 (26-2 905) days. After HSCT2, 70 patients had neutrophil engraftment, and 62 (88.6%) had platelet engraftment. The cumulative incidence of platelet engraftment was (93.1±4.7) % in patients with donor change and (86.0±5.7) % in patients without donor change (P=0.636). The cumulative incidence of CMV infection in patients with and without donor change was (64.0±10.3) % and (37.0±7.8) % (P=0.053), respectively. The cumulative incidence of grade Ⅱ-Ⅳ acute graft versus host disease was (19.4±7.9) % vs (31.3±7.5) %, respectively (P=0.227). The cumulative incidence of TRM 100-day post HSCT2 was (9.2±5.1) % vs (6.7±4.6) % (P=0.648), and the cumulative incidence of chronic graft versus host disease at 1-yr post-HSCT2 was (36.7±11.4) % versus (65.6±9.1) % (P=0.031). With a median follow-up of 767 (271-4 936) days, 38 patients had complete remission (CR), and three patients had persistent disease. The CR rate was 92.7%. The cumulative incidences of overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) 2 yr after HSCT2 were 25.8% and 23.7%, respectively. The cumulative incidence of relapse, OS, and DFS was (52.6±11.6) % vs (62.4±11.3) % (P=0.423), (28.3±8.6) % vs (23.8±7.5) % (P=0.643), and (28.3±8.6) % vs (22.3±7.7) % (P=0.787), respectively, in patients with changed donor compared with patients with the original donor. Relapses within 6 months post-HSCT1 and with persistent disease before HSCT2 were risk factors for OS, DFS, and CIR. Disease status before HSCT2 and early relapse (within 6 months post-HSCT1) was an independent risk factor for OS, DFS, and CIR post-HSCT2. Conclusion: Our findings indicate that changing donors did not affect the clinical outcome of HSCT2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Hematologic Neoplasms/therapy , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy , Recurrence , Graft vs Host Disease/etiology , Chronic Disease
14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1921-1924, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010061

ABSTRACT

Proteolysis-targeting chimeras (PROTACs) are heterobifunctional small molecules by utilizing the ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS) to degrade proteins of interest. PROTACs have exhibited unprecedented efficacy and specificity in degrading various oncogenic proteins because of their unique mechanism of action, ability to target "undruggable" and mutant proteins. A series of PROTACs have been developed to degrade multiple key protein targets for the treatment of hematologic malignancy. Notably, PROTACs that target BCL-XL, IRAK4, STAT3 and BTK have entered clinical trials. The known PROTACs that have the potential to be used to treat various hematological malignancies are systematically summarized in this review.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hematologic Neoplasms/drug therapy , Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex/metabolism , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/metabolism , Proteolysis Targeting Chimera
15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1885-1889, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010054

ABSTRACT

Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAF) are a key component of the tumor microenvironment, which can secrete a variety of cytokines, chemokines and growth factors, directly and indirectly support cancer cells, also alter the immune cellular environment by inhibiting the activity of immune effector cells and recruiting immunosuppressive cells, thereby allowing cancer cells to evade immune surveillance. CAF has been proven to be associated with the development, progression, and poor prognosis of solid tumors. However, the role of CAF in hematological malignancies is still unclear. This article reviews the research progress of CAF in hematological malignancies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cancer-Associated Fibroblasts/pathology , Neoplasms/metabolism , Hematologic Neoplasms/metabolism , Tumor Microenvironment , Fibroblasts/pathology
16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1574-1578, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010008

ABSTRACT

Daratumumab is the first CD38 monoclonal antibody drug approved for the treatment of patients with multiple myeloma. It can bind to CD38 expressed by tumor cells, inhibit tumor cell growth and induce myeloma cell apoptosis through a variety of immune-related mechanisms. Meanwhile, CD38 is also expressed in other cells, including regulatory T cells, regulatory B cells and myeloid-derived suppressor cells, which provides a theoretical basis for the treatment of hematological tumor diseases other than non-multiple myeloma diseases. This article reviews the research progress and application of this part.


Subject(s)
Humans , Multiple Myeloma/pathology , ADP-ribosyl Cyclase 1 , Antibodies, Monoclonal/pharmacology , Hematologic Neoplasms/drug therapy
17.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 1334-1339, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009299

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical and laboratory characteristics of hematological tumors with different types of abnormalities in platelet derived growth factor β (PDGFRβ) gene.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was carried out on 141 patients with abnormal long arm of chromosome 5 (5q) and comprehensive medical history data from Changhai Hospital Affiliated to Naval Medical University from 2009 to 2020, and their clinical data were collected. R-banding technique was used for chromosomal karyotyping analysis for the patient's bone marrow, and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was used to detect the PDGFRβ gene. The results of detection were divided into the amplification group, deletion group, and translocation group based on FISH signals. The three sets of data column crosstabs were statistically analyzed, and if the sample size was n >= 40 and the expected frequency T for each cell was >= 5, a Pearson test was used to compare the three groups of data. If N < 40 and any of the expected frequency T for each cell was < 5, a Fisher's exact test is used. Should there be a difference in the comparison results between the three sets of data, a Bonferroni method was further used to compare the data.@*RESULTS@#In total 98 patients were detected to have PDGFRβ gene abnormalities with the PDGFRβ probe, which yielded a detection rate of 69.50% (98/141). Among these, 38 cases (38.78%) had PDGFRβ gene amplifications, 57 cases (58.16%) had deletions, and 3 (3.06%) had translocations. Among the 98 cases, 93 were found to have complex karyotypes, including 37 cases from the amplification group (97.37%, 37/38), 55 cases from the deletion group (96.49%, 55/57), and 1 case from the translocation group (33.33%, 1/3). Analysis of three sets of clinical data showed no significant gender preponderance in the groups (P > 0.05). The PDGFRβ deletion group was mainly associated with myeloid tumors, such as acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) (P < 0.001). The PDGFRβ amplification group was more common in lymphoid tumors, such as multiple myeloma (MM) (P < 0.001). The PDGFRβ translocation group was also more common in myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative tumors (MDS/MPN).@*CONCLUSION@#Tumors with PDGFRβ gene rearrangement may exhibit excessive proliferation of myeloproliferative tumors (MPN) and pathological hematopoietic changes in the MDS, and have typical clinical and hematological characteristics. As a relatively rare type of hematological tumor, in addition to previously described myeloid tumors such as MPN or MDS/MPN, it may also cover lymphoid/plasma cell tumors such as multiple myeloma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Clinical Relevance , Hematologic Neoplasms/genetics , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Multiple Myeloma , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Retrospective Studies , Translocation, Genetic
18.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e249911, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339366

ABSTRACT

Abstract Hematological and hematopoietic cells malignancies of the genes and hematopoietic cells are associated with the genetic mutation, often at the chromosomal level. The standard cytogenetic study is widely accepted as one of the main diagnostics and prognostic determinants in patients. Therefore, the current descriptive and cross-sectional study sought to determine the cytogenetic analysis of frequent hematological malignancies in Pakistan. A total of 202 peripheral bone marrow or blood samples from patients with benign and malignant hematological malignancy were taken using a conventional G-banding technique. Among enrolled patients, the mean age was 21.5 years ± 23.4, and gender-wise distribution showed a marked predominance of the male 147 (73%) population compared to the female 55 (27%). Patients in the age group (2-10 years) had the highest frequency, 48 (24%), of hematological neoplasms, followed by age (11-20 years) with 40 (20%). Normal karyotypes (46, XX/46, XY) was found in 51% (n=103) patients. Furthermore, the frequency of complex karyotype was 30 (15%), while normal was seen in 171 (85%) patients. Pre-B Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (Pre-B ALL) was the most prevalent malignancy of 66 (33%), followed by Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML) of 41 (20%) and Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia of 29 (14%). Translocation was the most prevalent 50 (25%), followed by hypotriploidy 14 (7%) and monosomy 8 (4%) on chromosome aberration analysis. In addition, t(9:22) translocation was found to be 20 (10%) in CML, with the majority in the age group (31-40 years). This study recommends that karyotyping should be tested frequently in hematological conditions because it may provide insight into the relative chromosomal changes associated with particular malignancies.


Resumo As neoplasias hematológicas e de células hematopoiéticas dos genes e as células hematopoiéticas estão associadas à mutação genética, geralmente em nível cromossômico. O estudo citogenético padrão é amplamente aceito como um dos principais determinantes diagnósticos e prognósticos em pacientes. Portanto, o presente estudo descritivo e transversal buscou determinar a análise citogenética de neoplasias hematológicas frequentes no Paquistão. Um total de 202 amostras de medula óssea periférica ou sangue de pacientes com malignidade hematológica benigna e maligna foi coletado usando uma técnica convencional de banda G. Entre os pacientes inscritos, a média de idade foi de 21,5 anos ± 23,4, e a distribuição por gênero mostrou uma marcada predominância da população masculina de 147 (73%) em comparação com a feminina de 55 (27%). Pacientes na faixa etária (2-10 anos) tiveram a maior frequência, 48 (24%), de neoplasias hematológicas, seguida da idade (11-20 anos) com 40 (20%). Cariótipos normais (46, XX / 46, XY) foram encontrados em 51% (n = 103) dos pacientes. Além disso, a frequência de cariótipo complexo foi de 30 (15%), enquanto normal foi observada em 171 (85%) pacientes. Leucemia linfoblástica aguda pré-B (LLA Pré-B) foi a doença maligna mais prevalente de 66 (33%), seguida por leucemia mieloide crônica (LMC) de 41 (20%) e leucemia linfocítica aguda de 29 (14%). A translocação foi o 50 mais prevalente (25%), seguido por hipotriploidia 14 (7%) e monossomia 8 (4%) na análise de aberração cromossômica. Além disso, a translocação t (9:22) encontrada foi de 20 (10%) na LMC, com a maioria na faixa etária (31-40 anos). Este estudo recomenda que o cariótipo deve ser testado com frequência em condições hematológicas porque pode fornecer informações sobre as alterações cromossômicas relativas associadas a doenças malignas específicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Chromosome Aberrations , Hematologic Neoplasms/genetics , Hematologic Neoplasms/epidemiology , Pakistan/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Karyotyping
19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 306-310, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971142

ABSTRACT

Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) is a hot topic in the field of researching tumor pathogenesis, and the importance in hematologic malignancies has been gradually being elucidated. LncRNA not only regulates hematological tumorigenesis and progression through affecting various biological processes such as cell proliferation, differentiation, pluripotency and apoptosis; moreover, abnormal expression and mutation of lncRNA are closely related to drug resistance and prognosis. Thus lncRNA can be used as novel biomarker and potential therapeutic target for hematological tumors. In this review, we will focus on the latest progress of lncRNA in hematological tumors to provide new ideas for the clinical diagnosis, prognostic evaluation together with research and development of target drugs for hematologic malignancies.


Subject(s)
Humans , RNA, Long Noncoding/metabolism , Hematologic Neoplasms/genetics , Neoplasms , Carcinogenesis/pathology , Cell Transformation, Neoplastic/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 254-260, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971133

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm(BPDCN).@*METHODS@#The clinical features, bone marrow morphology and immunophenotyping, treatment and prognosis of 4 patients with BPDCN were analyzed retrospectively.@*RESULTS@#4 patients had bone marrow, spleen and lymph nodes involvement, 2 patients had skin lesions, and 3 patients had central nervous system infiltration. Tailing phenomenon of abnormally cells could be seen in bone marrow. The immunophenotyping showed that CD56, CD4 and CD123 expression was observed in 4 patients, and CD304 in 3 patients. One patient refused chemotherapy and died early. Both patients achieved complete remission after the initial treatment with DA+VP regimen, 1 of them achieved complete remission after recurrence by using the same regimen again. One patient failed to respond to reduced dose of DA+VP chemotherapy, and then achieved complete remission with venetoclax+azacitidine.@*CONCLUSION@#The malignant cells in BPDCN patients often infiltrate bone marrow, spleen and lymph nodes, and have specical phenotypes, with poor prognosis. The treatment should take into account both myeloid and lymphatic systems. The treatment containing new drugs such as BCL-2 inhibitors combined with demethylation drugs is worth trying.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dendritic Cells , Retrospective Studies , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Bone Marrow/pathology , Myeloproliferative Disorders , Hematologic Neoplasms/drug therapy
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