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1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0162, 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394829

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Although the current method of muscle stretching in gymnastics teaching in colleges and universities can reduce sports fatigue, it has been shown to have little effect on the well-being of athletes because it requires a long recovery time from psychological fatigue. Progressive muscle relaxation training is a method that uses the basic principle of sympathetic nerve activity to reduce the impact of negative emotions psychologically and relieve fatigue physiologically, requiring a further study of its impact on muscle protein. Objective: Explore the effect of high-intensity gymnastics on skeletal muscle protein and study the progressive muscle relaxation training method post-workout adjustment. Methods: After three weeks of training, excluding the standard deviations in the experimental data caused by the athletes' irregular movements, the athletes' blood lactate content and heart rate were counted and recorded. The collected data were analyzed using Excel software to integrate and compare the data using the T-test method. Results: After exercise training, the skeletal muscle function indices of the subjects increased to different degrees. From the point of view of heart rate recovery efficiency, the rate of heart rate decline of progressive relaxation training was higher than that of the two groups, and the degree of fluctuation was lower than that of the two groups, indicating that the level of recovery in heart rate of progressive relaxation training was better. Conclusion: The action of the high-intensity gymnastics team has a good effect on improving the athletes' skeletal muscle and skeletal muscle proteins. Post-exercise conditioning training plays an important role in athletes' physical recovery. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução: Embora o método de alongamento muscular atual no ensino de ginástica em faculdades e universidades consiga reduzir a fadiga esportiva, tem se mostrado pouco eficaz no bem-estar dos atletas por exigir grande tempo de recuperação da fadiga psicológica. O treinamento progressivo de relaxamento muscular é um método que usa o princípio básico da atividade nervosa simpática para reduzir o impacto das emoções negativas psicologicamente e aliviar a fadiga fisiologicamente, necessitando de mais estudos do seu impacto sobre a proteína muscular. Objetivo: Explorar o efeito da ginástica de alta intensidade sobre as proteínas musculares esqueléticas e estudar o método de treinamento progressivo de relaxamento muscular no ajuste pós-treino. Métodos: Após 3 semanas de treinamento, excluídos os desvios-padrão nos dados experimentais causados pelos movimentos irregulares dos atletas, foram contabilizados e registrados os conteúdos de lactato sanguíneo e frequência cardíaca dos atletas. Analisou-se os dados coletados, com o software Excel, para integrar e comparar os dados pelo método de teste-T. Resultados: Após o treinamento do exercício, os índices de função muscular esquelética dos sujeitos aumentaram em diferentes graus. Do ponto de vista da eficiência da recuperação da frequência cardíaca, a taxa de declínio da frequência cardíaca do treinamento de relaxamento progressivo foi maior do que a dos dois grupos, o grau de flutuação foi menor do que o dos dois grupos, indicando que o nível de recuperação na frequência cardíaca do treinamento de relaxamento progressivo foi melhor. Conclusão: A ação da equipe de ginástica de alta intensidade tem um bom efeito na melhoria do músculo esquelético e das proteínas musculares esqueléticas dos atletas. O treinamento de condicionamento pós-exercício desempenha um papel importante na recuperação física dos atletas. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: Aunque el método actual de elongación muscular en la enseñanza de la gimnasia en colegios y universidades consigue reducir la fatiga deportiva, se ha demostrado que tiene poco efecto en el bienestar de los atletas porque requiere un largo tiempo de recuperación de la fatiga psicológica. El entrenamiento de la relajación muscular progresiva es un método que utiliza el principio básico de la actividad nerviosa simpática para reducir el impacto de las emociones negativas desde el punto de vista psicológico y aliviar la fatiga desde el punto de vista fisiológico, lo que requiere un estudio más profundo de su impacto en la proteína muscular. Objetivo: Explorar el efecto de la gimnasia de alta intensidad sobre la proteína del músculo esquelético y estudiar el método de entrenamiento de relajación muscular progresiva en el ajuste posterior al entrenamiento. Métodos: Después de 3 semanas de entrenamiento, excluyendo las desviaciones estándar en los datos experimentales causadas por los movimientos irregulares de los atletas, se contó y registró el contenido de lactato en sangre y la frecuencia cardíaca de los atletas. Los datos recogidos se analizaron, con el programa informático Excel, para integrar y comparar los datos mediante el método de la prueba T. Resultados: Tras el entrenamiento con ejercicios, los índices de función del músculo esquelético de los sujetos aumentaron en diferentes grados. Desde el punto de vista de la eficacia de la recuperación de la frecuencia cardíaca, el índice de disminución de la frecuencia cardíaca del entrenamiento de relajación progresiva fue mayor que el de los dos grupos, el grado de fluctuación fue menor que el de los dos grupos, lo que indica que el nivel de recuperación de la frecuencia cardíaca del entrenamiento de relajación progresiva fue mejor. Conclusión: La acción del equipo de gimnasia de alta intensidad tiene un buen efecto en la mejora del músculo esquelético y de las proteínas del músculo esquelético de los atletas. El entrenamiento de acondicionamiento posterior al ejercicio desempeña un papel importante en la recuperación física de los deportistas. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Muscle, Skeletal/chemistry , High-Intensity Interval Training/methods , Muscle Proteins/analysis , Body Composition , Case-Control Studies
2.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 34(5): 508-514, Sept.-Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340058

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Conventional aerobic training is the first choice in cardiac rehabilitation for patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). However, high-intensity interval training (HIIT) may be an alternative, although it has little evidence. Objectives: To evaluate the effect of continuous aerobic training (CAT) or HIIT on exercise tolerance in CHF patients. Methods: Retrospective study with 30 patients, of both genders, members of a 10-week CAT or HIIT program. The control group (CON) consisted of patients who did not participate voluntarily in the program. Peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak), thresholds (LV1 and LV2), and ventilatory efficiency in the production of dioxide (VE/VCO2 slope), oxygen uptake efficiency (OUES), and VO2 recovery kinetics were analyzed. A two-way or repeated measures ANOVA was used, followed by Fisher's post-hoc test (p<0.05). Results: After 10 weeks of training, the CAT group increased the treadmill speed at LV1 (p=0.040), while the HIIT increased both the speed (p=0.030) and incline of the treadmill (p<0.001) for VO2peak and LV2, as well as the total time of the cardiopulmonary test. The VE/VCO2 slope was lower than that predicted for CAT (p=0.003) and HIIT (p=0.008). There was no change in VO2peak, recovery of heart rate (HR), and VO2, VE/VCO2, and OUES in both groups. Conclusions: After 10 weeks, both CAT and HIIT increased the tolerance to physical exercise. However, HIIT showed improvement in more parameters, differently from CAT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Exercise Tolerance , Cardiac Rehabilitation/methods , High-Intensity Interval Training/methods , Endurance Training/methods , Heart Failure/rehabilitation , Exercise , Retrospective Studies , Exercise Movement Techniques , Exercise Therapy/methods , Physical Exertion
3.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(spe2): 50-53, Apr.-June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280084

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Extraction of effective components from Pueraria lobata has important value for skeletal muscle quality and gene expression. The improvement effect of traditional high-intensity intermittent training on skeletal muscle has not been obvious, and it is difficult to guarantee the properties of some volatiles. Based on this, this paper analyzes the effect of high-intensity intermittent training on skeletal muscle quality and gene expression in Pueraria lobata. Based on a brief summary of extraction of Pueraria lobata, status of research on the pharmaceutical components of Pueraria lobata was summarized. Different specimens of Pueraria lobata were selected as research objects, and the process of high-intensity intermittent training was designed. High-intensity intermittent training, solvent extraction and water solvent extraction were combined together to design the fixed-bed continuous extraction scheme. According to the influence of Pueraria lobata on skeletal muscle quality, the influence of intermittent training on skeletal muscle quality was analyzed. The extraction results showed that Pueraria lobata combined with high-intensity intermittent training can effectively improve the content of skeletal muscle and ensure the effective expression of skeletal muscle gene.


RESUMO A extração de componentes eficazes da Pueraria lobata tem importante valor para a qualidade músculoesquelética e para a expressão genética. O efeito da melhoria do tradicional treinamento intervalado de alta intensidade na estrutura músculoesquelética não tem sido óbvio, e é difícil garantir as propriedades de alguns voláteis. Com base nisso, este estudo analisa o efeito do treinamento intervalado de alta intensidade na qualidade músculoesquelética e na expressão genética na Pueraria lobata. Com base num breve resumo da extração da Pueraria lobata, resumiu-se o andamento das pesquisas sobre os componentes farmacêuticos da Pueraria lobata. Diferentes amostras de Pueraria lobata foram selecionadas como objeto de pesquisa, e formulou-se o processo do treinamento intervalado de alta intensidade. O treinamento intervalado de alta intensidade, a extração de solventes e a extração de solventes à base de água foram combinadas para conceber o sistema de extração contínua de leito fixo. De acordo com a influência da Pueraria lobata na qualidade músculoesquelética, analisou-se a influência do treino intervalado na qualidade músculoesquelética. Os resultados da extração mostraram que a Pueraria lobata, combinada com treino intervalado de alta intensidade, pode melhorar, de maneira eficaz, o teor músculoesquelético e garantir a expressão eficaz da expressão genética do músculoesquelético.


RESUMEN La extracción de componentes eficaces de la Pueraria lobata tiene un importante valor para la calidad músculoesquelética y para la expresión genética. El efecto de la mejora del tradicional entrenamiento intercalado de alta intensidad en la estructura músculoesquelética no ha sido obvio, y es difícil garantizar las propriedades de algunos volátiles. Basándose en eso, este estudio analiza el efecto del entrenamiento intercalado de alta intensidad en la calidad músculoesquelética y en la expresión genética en la Pueraria lobata. Basándose en un breve resumen de la extracción de la Pueraria lobata, se resumió el andamiento de las investigaciones sobre los componentes farmacéuticos de la Pueraria lobata. Diferentes muestras de Pueraria lobata fueron seleccionadas como objeto de investigación, y se formuló el proceso del entrenamiento intercalado de alta intensidad. El entrenamiento intercalado de alta intensidad, la extracción de solventes y la extracción de solventes a base de agua fueron combinadas para concebir el sistema de extracción continua de lecho fijo. De acuerdo con la influencia de la Pueraria lobata en la calidad músculoesquelética, se analizó la influencia del entrenamiento intercalado en la calidad músculoesquelética. Los resultados de la extracción mostraron que la Pueraria lobata, combinada con entrenamiento intercalado de alta intensidad, puede mejorar, de manera eficaz, el tenor músculoesquelético y garantizar la expresión eficaz de la expresión genética del músculoesquelético.


Subject(s)
Humans , Plant Extracts/administration & dosage , Gene Expression , Muscle, Skeletal/drug effects , Pueraria/chemistry , High-Intensity Interval Training/methods
4.
Motriz (Online) ; 27: e1021021420, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154892

ABSTRACT

Abstract Aim: The present study aimed to verify the cardiac oxidative stress biomarker responses to high-intensity interval training (HIIT) in rats. Methods: Sixteen male Wistar rats weighing 250 to 300 g were equally divided into two groups (8 animals/group): sedentary control (SC) and trained group (HIIT). The exercise protocol consisted of high-intensity swimming (14% of body weight, 20 s of activity with 10 s of pause performed 14 times) which was performed for 12 consecutive days. Results: The cardiac tissue concentrations of malondialdehyde and carbonylated proteins showed no significant changes; on the other hand, hydroperoxide levels were higher in the HIIT group than in the SC group. The activities of superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase enzymes and the levels of reduced glutathione and sulfhydryl remained unchanged. Conclusion: It is possible to conclude that short-term high-intensity interval training induces changes in the cardiac oxidative stress biomarker but with no effect on the antioxidant enzymes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Lipid Peroxidation , Oxidative Stress , High-Intensity Interval Training/methods , Heart Rate , Swimming , Rats, Wistar
5.
Motriz (Online) ; 27: e1021020209, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287358

ABSTRACT

Abstract Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of High-Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) on the skeletal muscle of Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHR). Method: In total, 20 male rats, SHR, 12 months old, were used, distributed into 2 groups: Control Group (C) and Training Group (HIIT). The training lasted approximately 50 minutes/day, 5 days/week, for 8 weeks. Systolic blood pressure (BP) was measured at the beginning and end of the study. Analysis: The medial gastrocnemius muscle was used to measure the smallest fiber diameter, after which the Shapiro-Wilk normality test was performed, followed by the Mann Whitney test to compare the medians and interquartile intervals (IQI) of the muscle fibers and Student t-test for performance. For analysis of BP, Analysis of Variance - ANOVA was used, followed by Tukey's post-test. All procedures adopted a significance value of 5% (p < 0.05). Results: The median values for the variable "smallest diameter" of muscle fibers were 29.48 (IQI: 9.96) µm in the C group and 33.45 (IQI: 9.44) µm in the HIIT group (p < 0.05). Also, the performance was increased in the trained animal group and blood pressure values decreased significantly at the end of the experiment (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The HIIT intensity promoted an increase in the median values of the muscle fibers and performance. Finally, a significant decrease was observed in blood pressure variation values.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Muscle, Skeletal , High-Intensity Interval Training/methods , Physical Functional Performance , Hypertension/physiopathology
6.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 39(2): e569, abr.-jun. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | CUMED, LILACS | ID: biblio-1126588

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El Entrenamiento Interválico de Alta Intensidad durante los últimos años ha sido postulado como tratamiento no farmacológico para enfermedades como la diabetes tipo II en diferentes poblaciones, sin embargo, son pocos los estudios que se han realizado en adultos mayores. Objetivo: Determinar el efecto agudo de una sesión de Entrenamiento Interválico de Alta Intensidad sobre los niveles de glucosa en adultos mayores físicamente activos. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio experimental. La muestra estuvo conformada por 19 adultos mayores (60-85 años). El grupo fue sometido a una sesión de Entrenamiento Interválico de Alta Intensidad, en la que se combinaron ejercicios de fuerza con resistencia cardiovascular, y se realizaron 12 ejercicios con duración de 30 segundos de trabajo por 10 de descanso. La intensidad de la sesión fue controlada a través de la Escala de Percepción del Esfuerzo OMNI-GSE. Se midió la talla (cm), el peso (kg) e índice de masa corporal. Los niveles de glucosa en sangre fueron determinados antes y después de la sesión. Resultados: Se obtuvo una disminución significativa en los niveles de glucosa en sangre posterior a la realización de la sesión de Entrenamiento Interválico de Alta Intensidad (pre: 140,5 mg/dL y post: 116,1 mg/dL; p < 0,01) Conclusiones: El Entrenamiento Interválico de Alta Intensidad reduce en una sola sesión los niveles de glucosa en sangre en adultos mayores(AU)


Introduction: in recent years, High-Intensity Interval Training has been recognized as a non-pharmacological treatment for diseases like type II diabetes in a variety of populations. However, few studies about this topic have been conducted with elderly people. Objective: determine the acute effect of a High-Intensity Interval Training session on glucose levels in physically active elderly people. Methods: an experimental study was conducted. The sample was 19 elderly people aged 60-85 years. The group participated in a High-Intensity Interval Training session in which strength and cardiovascular resistance exercises were combined. The 12 exercises performed had a duration of 30 seconds' work and 10 seconds' rest. The intensity of the session was controlled with the OMNI-GSE Effort Perception Scale. Measurements were taken of the height (cm), weight (kg) and body mass index of participants. Blood glucose levels were gauged before and after the session. Results: a significant reduction in blood glucose levels was obtained after the conduct of the High-Intensity Interval Training session (pre: 140.5 mg/dl and post: 116.1 mg/dl; p < 0.01). Conclusions: in only one session, High-Intensity Interval Training reduces blood glucose levels in elderly people(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Body Mass Index , High-Intensity Interval Training/methods , Intervention Studies , Glycemic Index/physiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/therapy
7.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(2): 392-399, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056453

ABSTRACT

The exercise could play a central role to the fat management and glucose metabolism what can be a critical role in the health status of diabetic people, but the high intense exercise remains with controversial data about their effects. To identify the effect of the multimodal high-intensity interval training on body composition, lipid profile, and glucose metabolism in elderly diabetics. Methods: Elderly diabetic individuals (n = 48) were randomly divided in a Sedentary Control (SC) group, a Moderate-Intensity Continuous Training (MICT) group, and a High-Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) group. MICT and HITT were conducted over 60 days, 3x per week, with 40 minutes of exercise. Blood was collected prior to intervention, at four, and at eight weeks subsequently to assess glucose metabolism and lipid profiles. Body composition was determined before and after the intervention period. To verify the normality Kolmogorov-Smirnov statistical test was performed, followed by student "t" test or two-way ANOVA with Bonferroni's post hoc test with significance of 5 % the Cohen's f test to indicate the magnitude of the differences. HIIT significantly lowered cholesterol and triglyceride levels, and significantly lowered blood glucose and glycosylated haemoglobin levels (p<0.05). MICT and HIIT significantly increased levels of high-density lipoprotein, decreased total body mass and body mass index. HIIT resulted in significantly smaller waist circumferences, waist-to-hip ratios, and weight-to-height ratios over 60 days of training. HIIT is more effective than MICT for improving lipid and glycaemic profiles, decreasing body fat, and improving fat distribution elderly diabetics.


El ejercicio podría desempeñar un papel central en el manejo de la grasa y el metabolismo de la glucosa, lo que puede ser un papel crítico en el estado de salud de las personas diabéticas, pero el ejercicio intenso intenso sigue teniendo datos controvertidos sobre sus efectos. El objetivo del estudio fue identificar el efecto del entrenamiento multimodal de intervalos de alta intensidad sobre la composición corporal, el perfil lipídico y el metabolismo de la glucosa en diabéticos de edad avanzada. Los individuos diabéticos de edad avanzada (n = 48) se dividieron aleatoriamente en un grupo de control sedentario (SC), un grupo de entrenamiento continuo de intensidad moderada (MICT) y un grupo de entrenamiento de intervalos de alta intensidad (HIIT). MICT y HITT se realizaron durante 60 días, 3 veces por semana, con 40 minutos de ejercicio. Se recogió sangre antes de la intervención, a las cuatro y a las ocho semanas posteriormente para evaluar el metabolismo de la glucosa y los perfiles de lípidos. La composición corporal se determinó antes y después del período de intervención. Para verificar la normalidad se realizó la prueba estadística de Kolmogorov-Smirnov, seguida de la prueba "t" de Student o ANOVA de dos vías con la prueba post hoc de Bonferroni con una significancia del 5 % de la prueba f de Cohen, indicando las diferencias. HIIT redujo significativamente los niveles de colesterol y triglicéridos, además de reducir de manera importante los niveles de glucosa en la sangre y la hemoglobina glicosilada (p <0.05). MICT y HIIT aumentaron significativamente los niveles de lipoproteína de alta densidad, disminuyeron la masa corporal total y el índice de masa corporal. HIIT resultó en circunferencias de cintura significativamente más pequeñas, relaciones cintura-cadera y relaciones peso-altura durante 60 días de entrenamiento. HIIT es más efectivo que MICT para mejorar los perfiles de lípidos y glucémicos, disminuir la grasa corporal y mejorar la distribución de grasa en los diabéticos de edad avanzada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Body Composition , Diabetes Mellitus , High-Intensity Interval Training/methods , Glycated Hemoglobin , Exercise , Body Mass Index , Longitudinal Studies , Dyslipidemias/metabolism , Glucose/metabolism
8.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 39(3): 524-536, jul.-set. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038812

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Aerobic exercise generates increased cardiorespiratory fitness, which results in a protective factor for cardiovascular disease. High-intensity interval training (HIIT) might produce higher increases on cardiorespiratory fitness in comparison with moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT); however, current evidence is not conclusive. Objective: To compare the effects of a low-volume HIIT and a MICT on maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max), systolic blood pressure, and diastolic blood pressure during eight weeks in healthy men between 18 and 44 years of age. Materials and methods: We conducted a randomized controlled trial. Forty-four volunteers were randomized to HIIT (n=22) or MICT (n=22). Both groups performed 24 sessions on a treadmill. The HIIT group completed 15 bouts of 30 seconds (90-95%, maximal heart rate, HRmax), while the MICT group completed 40 minutes of continuous exercise (65-75% HRmax). The study is registered as a clinical trial via clinicaltrials.gov with identifier number: NCT02288403. Results: Intra-group analysis showed an increase in VO2max of 3.5 ml/kg/min [95% confidence interval (CI) 2.02 to 4.93; p=0.0001] in HIIT and 1.9 ml/kg/min (95% CI -0.98 to 4.82; p=0.18) in MICT. However, the difference between the two groups was not statistically significant (1.01 ml/kg/min. 95% CI -2.16 to 4.18, p=0.52). MICT generated a greater reduction in systolic blood pressure compared to HIIT (median 8 mm Hg; p<0.001). No statistically significant differences were found between the groups for DBP. Conclusions: Results indicated no significant change in VO2max with a low-volume HIIT protocol versus MICT after 24 sessions. In contrast, MICT provided a greater reduction in systolic blood pressure compared to HIIT


Resumen Introducción. El ejercicio aeróbico incrementa la capacidad cardiorrespiratoria, considerada como factor de protección frente a enfermedades cardiovasculares. El entrenamiento con intervalos de gran intensidad (High Intensity Interval Training, HIIT) podría causar mayores incrementos en la capacidad cardiorrespiratoria comparado con el entrenamiento continuo de intensidad moderada, aunque la información actual no es concluyente. Objetivo. Comparar los efectos del entrenamiento con intervalos de gran intensidad de bajo volumen y del entrenamiento continuo de intensidad moderada, en el volumen máximo consumido de oxígeno (VO2max), la presión arterial sistólica y la presión arterial diastólica, durante ocho semanas en hombres sanos entre los 18 y los 44 años de edad. Materiales y métodos. Se hizo un ensayo clínico controlado con asignación al azar. Se incluyeron 44 voluntarios, 22 a entrenamiento con intervalos de gran intensidad y 22 a uno continuo de intensidad moderada. Ambos grupos hicieron 24 sesiones en tapiz rodante. El primer grupo completó 15 cargas de 30 segundos (90-95 % de la frecuencia cardiaca máxima y, el segundo hizo 40 minutos continuos (65-75 % de la frecuencia cardiaca máxima). El estudio está registrado en clinicaltrials.gov, código: NCT02288403. Resultados. El análisis dentro de cada grupo mostró un aumento en el volumen máximo consumido de oxígeno de 3,5 ml/kg por minuto (intervalo de confianza, IC95% 2,02 a 4,93; p=0,0001) con el entrenamiento con intervalos de gran intensidad, y de 1,9 ml/kg por minuto (IC95% -0,98 a 4,82; p=0,18) con el continuo de intensidad moderada. Sin embargo, las diferencias entre grupos no fueron estadísticamente significativas (1,01 ml/kg por minuto; IC95% -2,16 a 4,18; p=0,52). El entrenamiento continuo de intensidad moderada generó una mayor reducción en la presión arterial sistólica, comparado con el de intervalos de gran intensidad (mediana: 8 mm Hg; p<0,001). Por último, no se hallaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre grupos en la presión arterial diastólica. Conclusiones. Los resultados no evidenciaron diferencias en el efecto sobre el VO 2máx con un protocolo de entrenamiento con intervalos de gran intensidad de bajo volumen, en comparación con el continuo de intensidad moderada. Por el contrario, con este último, la reducción en la presión arterial sistólica fue mayor que con el de intervalos de gran intensidad.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Oxygen Consumption/physiology , Blood Pressure/physiology , High-Intensity Interval Training/methods , Exercise/physiology , Confidence Intervals , Healthy Volunteers , Heart Rate/physiology
9.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 63(2): 148-156, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001218

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the effects of 16 weeks of periodized aerobic interval training (AIT) on cardiac autonomic modulation and cardiovascular parameters of metabolic syndrome (Mets) individuals. Subjects and methods: The sample was composed of 52 subjects with a diagnosis of Mets, allocated into two groups: AIT (AITG; n = 26) and control (CG; n = 26). The AITG was submitted to a periodized AIT program, over 16 weeks, while CG was not submitted to any training program. To evaluate the autonomic modulation and cardiovascular parameters in both groups, heart rate variability (HRV) indices, blood pressure (BP), and heart rate (HR) were measured at the beginning and end of the training. Results: Statistically significant differences were not observed in HFms2 (high frequency in milisseconds), LFnu (low frequency in normality unit), HFnu (high frequency in normality unit), and LF/HF ratio indices, or in the cardiovascular parameters BP and HR when comparing the AITG with the CG. However, significant increases in rMSSD (root-means square differences of successive R-R intervals), LFms2 (low frequency in milliseconds), and SDNN (standard deviation of normal to normal intervals) were observed in the AITG. Conclusion: Periodized AIT promoted positive effects on autonomic modulation of Mets subjects, characterized by an increase in the parasympathetic, sympathetic, and global modulation of this population. Additionally, cardiovascular parameter alterations were not observed in Mets subjects submitted to periodized AIT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Autonomic Nervous System/physiopathology , Exercise/physiology , Metabolic Syndrome/physiopathology , Blood Pressure/physiology , Exercise Therapy/methods , High-Intensity Interval Training/methods , Heart Rate/physiology
10.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 112(3): 304-308, Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038536

ABSTRACT

Abstract The effect of third and second-generation type of beta-blocker on substrate oxidation especially during high-intensity exercises are scarce. The objective of the study is to explore differences of beta-blocker regimens (vasodilating vs. non-vasodilating beta-blockers) for substrate oxidation during in high-intensity intermittent exercise (HIIE) in chronic heart failure and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). Eighteen CHF males (58.8 ± 9 years), 8 under use of β1 specific beta-blockers+alfa 1-blocker and 10 using β1 non-specific beta-blockers, were randomly assigned to 4 different HIIE, in a cross-over design. The 4 protocols were: 30 seconds (A and B) or 90 seconds (C and D) at 100% peak power output, with passive (A and C) or active recovery (50% of PPO; B and D). Energy expenditure (EE; kcal/min), quantitative carbohydrate (CHO) and lipid oxidation (g/min) and qualitative (%) contribution were calculated. Two-way ANOVA and Bonferroni post-hoc test were used (p-value ≤ 0.05) to compare CHO and lipid oxidation at rest and at 10min. Total exercise time or EE did not show differences for beta-blocker use. The type of beta-blocker use showed impact in CHO (%) and lipid (g/min and %) for rest and 10 min, but absolute contribution of CHO (g/min) was different just at 10min (Interaction p = 0.029). Higher CHO oxidation was found in vasodilating beta-blockers when comparing to non-vasodilating. According to our pilot data, there is an effect of beta-blocker type on substrate oxidation during HIIE, but no influence on EE or exercise total time in HFrEF patients.


Resumo Os dados sobre efeito do tipo de betabloqueador de terceira e segunda geração na oxidação do substrato, especialmente durante exercícios de alta intensidade, são escassos. O objetivo do estudo é explorar as diferenças de tratamentos com betabloqueadores (betabloqueadores vasodilatadores vs. não-vasodilatadores) na oxidação de substratos durante exercícios intermitentes de alta intensidade (HIIE) na insuficiência cardíaca crônica e fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo reduzida (ICFEr). Dezoito pacientes do sexo masculino com ICC (58,8 ± 9 anos), 8 em uso de betabloqueadores β1 específicos + bloqueador α-1 e 10 utilizando betabloqueadores β1 não-específicos, foram aleatoriamente designados para 4 diferentes HIIE, em um desenho cruzado. Os 4 protocolos foram: 30 segundos (A e B) ou 90 segundos (C e D) a 100% da potência de pico de saída (PPO), com recuperação passiva (A e C) ou ativa (50% de PPO; B e D). O gasto energético (GE; kcal/min), a ingestão de carboidratos quantitativos (CHO) e oxidação lipídica (g/min) e qualitativa (%) foram calculados. Anova de dois fatores e teste post-hoc de Bonferroni foram usados (p-valor ≤ 0,05) para comparar a oxidação de CHO e lipídios em repouso e aos 10 minutos. O tempo total de exercício ou GE não mostraram diferenças de acordo com o uso de betabloqueadores. O tipo de betabloqueador mostrou impacto em CHO (%) e lípides (g/min e %) para repouso e aos 10 min, mas a contribuição absoluta de CHO (g/min) foi diferente apenas aos 10 minutos (Interação p = 0,029). Foram encontradas maiores oxidações de CHO com betabloqueadores vasodilatadores quando comparados com os não-vasodilatadores. De acordo com nossos dados piloto, há um efeito do tipo do betabloqueador na oxidação do substrato durante o HIIE, mas nenhuma influência no GE ou no tempo total de exercício nos pacientes com ICFEr.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Exercise/physiology , Adrenergic beta-Agonists/pharmacology , Energy Metabolism/drug effects , Carbohydrate Metabolism/physiology , High-Intensity Interval Training/methods , Heart Failure/physiopathology , Ventricular Function, Left/physiology , Adrenergic beta-Agonists/metabolism , Cross-Over Studies , Lipid Metabolism/physiology , Heart Failure/metabolism
11.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(2): 221-230, Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1004335

ABSTRACT

This review analyzes the effects of high intensity interval training (HIIT) on muscle and cardiovascular fitness and body composition in teenagers. A search was carried out in international databases, finding 145 papers and selecting five for analysis. In all the reviewed manuscripts, peak oxygen uptake improved after HIIT. In the three manuscripts that measured muscle strength, it also increased. We conclude that HIIT improves muscle strength and cardiovascular fitness in school age children. A 12 weeks protocol with three 12-minute sessions per week would be ideal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , High-Intensity Interval Training/methods , Oxygen Consumption/physiology , Body Composition/physiology , Cardiovascular Physiological Phenomena , Controlled Clinical Trials as Topic , Muscle Strength/physiology
12.
J. bras. pneumol ; 45(6): e20180011, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040294

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT), in comparison with those of continuous exercise, on functional capacity and cardiovascular variables in patients with COPD, through a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Methods: We searched PubMed, the Physiotherapy Evidence Database, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and EMBASE, as well as performing hand searches, for articles published up through January of 2017. We included studies comparing exercise regimens of different intensities, in terms of their effects on functional capacity and cardiovascular variables in patients with COPD. Results: Of the 78 articles identified, 6 were included in the systematic review and meta-analysis. Maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) did not differ significantly between HIIT and control interventions. That was true for relative VO2max (0.03 mL/kg/min; 95% CI: −3.05 to 3.10) and absolute VO2max (0.03 L/min, 95% CI: −0.02 to 0.08). Conclusions: The effects of HIIT appear to be comparable to those of continuous exercise in relation to functional and cardiovascular responses. However, our findings should be interpreted with caution because the studies evaluated present a high risk of bias, which could have a direct influence on the results.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar e comparar os efeitos do high-intensity interval training (HIIT, treinamento intervalado de alta intensidade) aos do exercício contínuo sobre a capacidade funcional e variáveis cardiovasculares em pacientes com DPOC por meio de revisão sistemática e meta-análise de estudos controlados randomizados. Métodos: A busca incluiu as bases PubMed, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials e EMBASE, além de busca manual, até janeiro de 2017. Foram incluídos estudos que compararam os efeitos de diferentes intensidades de exercício em pacientes com DPOC sobre a capacidade funcional e variáveis cardiovasculares. Resultados: Dos 78 artigos identificados, 6 foram incluídos na revisão sistemática e meta-análise. Em relação ao consumo máximo de oxigênio (VO2máx), foi observado que não houve diferenças entre o HIIT e outra intervenção no VO2máx relativo (0,03 ml/kg/min; IC95%: −3,05 a 3,10) e VO2máx absoluto (0,03 l/min; IC95%: −0,02 a 0,08). Conclusões: O HIIT e o exercício contínuo atuam de maneira semelhante em relação a respostas funcionais e cardiovasculares. Entretanto, os resultados apresentados devem ser analisados com cautela, pois os estudos incluídos apresentaram alto risco de viés, podendo influenciar diretamente seus resultados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/physiopathology , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/rehabilitation , Exercise Therapy/methods , High-Intensity Interval Training/methods , Oxygen Consumption/physiology , Time Factors , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Treatment Outcome
13.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 111(5): 699-707, Nov. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973784

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a multifactorial syndrome characterized by a limited exercising capacity. High-intensity interval training (HIIT) is an emerging strategy for exercise rehabilitation in different settings. In patients with HFpEF, HIIT subacute effects on endothelial function and blood pressure are still unknown. Objective: To evaluate the subacute effect of one HIIT session on endothelial function and blood pressure in patients with HFpEF. Methods: Sixteen patients with HFpEF underwent a 36-minute session of HIIT on a treadmill, alternating four minutes of high-intensity intervals with three minutes of active recovery. Brachial artery diameter, flow-mediated dilation, and blood pressure were assessed immediately before and 30 minutes after the HIIT session. In all analyses, p <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: There was an increase in brachial artery diameter (pre-exercise: 3.96 ± 0.57 mm; post-exercise: 4.33 ± 0.69 mm; p < 0.01) and a decrease in systolic blood pressure (pre-exercise: 138 ± 21 mmHg; post-exercise: 125 ± 20 mmHg; p < 0.01). Flow-mediated dilation (pre-exercise: 5.91 ± 5.20%; post-exercise: 3.55 ± 6.59%; p = 0.162) and diastolic blood pressure (pre-exercise: 81 ± 11 mmHg; post-exercise: 77 ± 8 mmHg; p = 1.000) did not change significantly. There were no adverse events throughout the experiment. Conclusions: One single HIIT session promoted an increase in brachial artery diameter and reduction in systolic blood pressure, but it did not change flow-mediated dilation and diastolic blood pressure.


Resumo Fundamento: Insuficiência cardíaca com fração de ejeção preservada (ICFEP) é uma síndrome multifatorial caracterizada por limitação ao exercício. O treinamento intervalado de alta intensidade (HIIT) é uma estratégia emergente para a reabilitação do exercício em diferentes contextos. Em pacientes com ICFEP, os efeitos subagudos do HIIT sobre a função endotelial e a pressão arterial ainda são desconhecidos. Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito subagudo de uma única sessão do HIIT sobre a função endotelial e a pressão arterial em pacientes com ICFEP. Métodos: Dezesseis pacientes com ICFEP foram submetidos a uma sessão de 36 minutos de HIIT em esteira rolante, alternando quatro minutos de intervalos de alta intensidade com três minutos de recuperação ativa. O diâmetro da artéria braquial, a dilatação mediada pelo fluxo e a pressão arterial foram avaliados imediatamente antes e 30 minutos após a sessão de HIIT. Em todas as análises, p <0,05 foi considerado estatisticamente significativo. Resultados: Houve aumento do diâmetro da artéria braquial (pré-exercício: 3,96 ± 0,57 mm; pós-exercício: 4,33 ± 0,69 mm; p < 0,01), e diminuição da pressão arterial sistólica (pré-exercício: 138 ± 21 mmHg; pós-exercício: 125 ± 20 mmHg; p < 0,01). A dilatação mediada por fluxo (pré-exercício: 5,91 ± 5,20%; pós-exercício: 3,55 ± 6,59%; p = 0,162) e pressão arterial diastólica (pré-exercício: 81 ± 11 mmHg; pós-exercício: 77 ± 8 mmHg; p = 1,000) não se alteraram significativamente. Não houve eventos adversos durante o experimento. Conclusões: Uma única sessão do HIIT promoveu aumento do diâmetro da artéria braquial e redução da pressão arterial sistólica, mas não alterou a dilatação mediada pelo fluxo e a pressão arterial diastólica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Vasodilation/physiology , Blood Pressure/physiology , Endothelium, Vascular/physiology , High-Intensity Interval Training/methods , Heart Failure/physiopathology , Oxygen Consumption/physiology , Stroke Volume/physiology , Brachial Artery/physiology , Brachial Artery/diagnostic imaging , Endothelium, Vascular/diagnostic imaging , Echocardiography , Ultrasonography , Exercise Test/methods , Non-Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Heart Failure/diagnostic imaging
15.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 146(6): 693-701, jun. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-961449

ABSTRACT

Background: There is a wide interindividual variability in the response to a period of exercise training. The science have reported that a minimum of participants could be non-responders for improving different health-related outcomes after training. Aim: To compare the effects of a 6-weeks exercise program on body composition, cardiovascular and metabolic outcomes patients with type 2 diabetes and hypertension. Material and Methods: Data from 23 trained subjects were used in a secondary analysis of the response to exercise. Of these, 14 were considered adherent to training and nine as non-adherent. Body mass, height, waist circumference, four skinfolds and their sum, blood pressure and plasma triglyceride levels were assessed before and after the training period. Results: Among adherent participants, significant reductions were observed in the sum of four skinfolds (30 ± 7 to 27 ± 6 mm, p ≤ 0.05), systolic blood pressure (133 ± 18 to 127 ± 20 mmHg; p ≤ 0.05) and plasma triglycerides (125 ± 58 to 102 ± 34 mg/dL; p ≤ 0.05). No changes were observed in weight or diastolic blood pressure. Among non-adherent participants, no changes of measured parameters were observed. Among adherent participants, 57% were considered as non-responders for waist circumference, 7% for the sum of skinfold thickness, 50% for systolic blood pressure, 64% for diastolic blood pressure and 57% for plasma triglycerides. Conclusions: Participants with a good adherence to a 6-weeks exercise training program experienced overall improvement in body composition, blood pressure and plasma triglycerides. The prevalence of non-responders varied considerably among measured outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/prevention & control , Exercise Therapy/methods , High-Intensity Interval Training/methods , Hypertension/metabolism , Hypertension/prevention & control , Time Factors , Triglycerides/blood , Blood Pressure/physiology , Body Composition/physiology , Anthropometry , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors , Patient Compliance , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric
16.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 110(4): 373-380, Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888046

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Physical exercise should be part of the treatment of post-acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients. Objective: To evaluate the effects of two training prescription models (continuous x interval) and its impact on ventricular function in rats after AMI with normal ventricular function. Methods: Forty Wistar rats were evaluated by echocardiography 21 days after the AMI. Those with LVEF = 50% (n = 29) were included in the study and randomized to control group (CG n = 10), continuous training group (CTG n = 9) or interval training group (ITG, n = 10). Then, a swimming test with control of lactate production was performed. Based on its result, the lactate threshold (LT) was established to define the training intensities. After six weeks, the animals were reassessed by echocardiography and lactate production. Outcome measures were end-diastolic diameter (EDD), end-systolic diameter (ESD), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF, %) lactate at rest, lactate without overload, and lactate with 12g and 13.5g of additional load. Group comparisons of quantitative variables of the study were performed by one-factor analysis of variance (ANOVA). The Newman-Keuls test was used for multiple comparisons of the groups. Within-group comparisons of dependent variables between the two training protocols were performed by Student's t-test. Normality of the variables was tested by the Shapiro-Wilks test. Values of p < 0.05 indicated statistical significance. Results: EDD, ESD, and LVEF before and after the training period were similar in within-group comparisons. However, EDD was significantly different (p=0.008) in the CG. Significant differences were found for L12g (p=0.002) and L13.5g (p = 0.032) in the ITG, and for L12g (p = 0.014) in the CG. No differences were found in the echocardiographic parameters between the groups. Significant differences were found in lactate without overload (p = 0.016) and L12 (p = 0.031) in the second assessment compared with the first, and between the groups - ITG vs. CG (p = 0.019) and CTG vs. CG (p = 0.035). Conclusion: Both methods produced a training effect without altering ventricular function.


Resumo Fundamento: O exercício físico deve fazer parte do tratamento de pacientes pós-infarto agudo do miocárdio (IAM). Objetivo: Avaliar os efeitos de treinamento produzidos por dois modelos distintos (contínuo x intervalado) e sua repercussão sobre a função ventricular de ratos pós-IAM com função ventricular normal. Métodos: Quarenta ratos Wistar pós-IAM foram avaliados ecocardiograficamente 21 dias após o evento. Aqueles com FEVE = 50% (n = 29) foram incluídos e randomizados: controle (GC n = 10), treinamento contínuo (GTC n = 9) e treinamento intervalado (GTI n = 10). Após, foi realizado um teste de natação com controle de lactato. A partir do resultado foi definido o limiar de lactato (LL) para determinar as intensidades do treinamento. Após seis semanas, foram reavaliados com ecocardiografia e controle de lactato. Como desfecho, foram avaliados: diâmetros diastólico e sistólico final (DDF, DSF, mL), fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo (FEVE, %), lactato de repouso, livre de carga (LC), lactato com 12 g e 13,5 g de carga adicional. Para a comparação dos grupos em relação às variáveis quantitativas do estudo, foi considerado o modelo de análise da variância com um fator (ANOVA). Nas comparações múltiplas dos grupos foi usado o teste de Newman-Keuls. Na comparação entre as duas avaliações, dentro de cada grupo, foi usado o teste t de Student para amostras dependentes. A condição de normalidade das variáveis foi avaliada pelo teste de Shapiro-Wilks. Valores de p < 0,05 indicaram significância estatística. Resultados: Com relação à análise intragrupos, entre o período pré- e pós-treinamento foi identificado semelhança para DDF, DSF, FEVE, porém o GC apresentou diferença significativa para a variável DDF (p = 0,008). Houve diferença do GTI para L12g (p = 0,002) e L13,5g (p = 0,032) e para o GTC na variável L12g (p = 0,014). Não houve diferença para as variáveis ecocardiográficas entre os grupos. Houve diferença nas variáveis LC e L12g na segunda avaliação (p = 0,016 e p = 0,031, respectivamente) e entre os grupos: GTI vs. GC (p = 0,019) e GTC vs. GC (p = 0,035). Conclusão: Os dois métodos produziram efeito de treinamento sem alterar a função ventricular.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Physical Conditioning, Animal/methods , Ventricular Function, Left/physiology , High-Intensity Interval Training/methods , Myocardial Infarction/physiopathology , Reference Values , Stroke Volume/physiology , Swimming/physiology , Systole/physiology , Time Factors , Echocardiography , Random Allocation , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar , Lactic Acid/blood , Diastole/physiology , Exercise Test/methods , Myocardial Infarction/diagnostic imaging
17.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(8): e6944, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951747

ABSTRACT

Physical training has been strongly recommended as a non-pharmacological treatment for coronary artery disease (CAD). Genetic polymorphisms have been studied to understand the biological variability in response to exercise among individuals. This study aimed to verify the possible influence of apolipoprotein B (ApoB: rs1042031 and rs693) and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE-ID: rs1799752) genotypes on the lipid profile and functional aerobic capacity, respectively, after an aerobic interval training (AIT) program in patients with CAD and/or cardiovascular risk factors. Sixty-six men were randomized and assigned to trained group (n=32) or control group (n=34). Cardiopulmonary exercise test was performed to determine the ventilatory anaerobic threshold (VAT) from cardiorespiratory variables. The AIT program, at an intensity equivalent to %VAT (70-110%), was conducted three times a week for 16 weeks. ApoB gene polymorphisms (−12669C>T (rs1042031) and −7673G>A (rs693)) were identified by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). I/D polymorphism in the ACE gene (rs1799752) was identified through PCR and fragment size analysis. After 16 weeks, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels increased in the trained and control groups with the GA+AA genotype (−7673G>A) of the ApoB gene. Trained groups with ACE-II and ACE-ID genotypes presented an increase in oxygen consumption (VO2VAT) and power output after the AIT program. The presence of the ACE I-allele was associated with increased aerobic functional capacity after the AIT program. Increased LDL levels were observed over time in patients with the −7673G>A polymorphism of the ApoB gene. Trial Registration Information: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02313831


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Apolipoproteins B/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics , Coronary Artery Disease/rehabilitation , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A/genetics , High-Intensity Interval Training/methods , Lipids/blood , Coronary Artery Disease/genetics , Coronary Artery Disease/blood , Anaerobic Threshold/physiology , Case-Control Studies , Risk Factors , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Heart Rate/physiology
18.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 36(3): 0-0, set. 2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-960467

ABSTRACT

La tiroides es una glándula situada en el cuello, encargada de producir dos hormonas que son esenciales para el metabolismo y el crecimiento de las personas: la triyodotironina (T3) y la tiroxina (T4). La producción en exceso o la falta de estas hormonas provoca hipertiroidismo en el primer caso e hipotiriodismo en el segundo. Ambas disfunciones de la tiroides se tratan con fármacos. En este trabajo de revisión se mostrarán los efectos del ejercicio físico en las personas que sufren bien de hipertiroidismo o de hipotiroidismo, siendo un complemento al tratamiento médico(AU)


The thyroid is a gland located in the neck, responsible for producing two hormones that are essential for the metabolism and growth of people: triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4). The excess production or the lack of these hormones causes hyperthyroidism in the first case and hypothyroidism in the second. Both thyroid dysfunctions are treated with drugs. This review will show the effects of physical activity in people who suffer from hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism, being a complement to medical treatment(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Thyroid Diseases/prevention & control , Complement System Proteins , Exercise/physiology , High-Intensity Interval Training/methods , Thyroid Hormones/standards , Zinc/therapeutic use , Environment
19.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 145(9): 1154-1159, set. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-902600

ABSTRACT

Background: Exercise training may reduce blood pressure. Aim: To determine the effects of a high intensity interval training (HIIT) exercise protocol on systolic and diastolic blood pressure in hypertensive subjects. Material and Methods: Eleven men and 27 women aged 46.4 ± 9.8 years were divided in two groups according to their blood pressure. Sixteen were classified as normotensive and 22 as hypertensive. All attended an exercise program with 3 sessions per week for a total of 24 sessions. Each session consisted of one minute of intense exercise performed on a stationary bike, followed by an inactive pause lasting two minutes. This cycle was repeated 10 times and it was thus called 1 * 2 * 10. Blood pressure, weight (kg) and body fat were assessed. Results: In the hypertensive group, there was a significant reduction in systolic blood pressure from 145.4 ± 9.0 to 118.3 ± 15.6 mm Hg (p < 0.05). No significant change was observed in diastolic blood pressure (84.9 ± 3.9 and 85.8 ± 17.6 mmHg. Thus, there was a mean reduction in systolic pressure of 27. 7 ± 18.9 mmHg. Therefore, 73% of patients achieved systolic pressures within normal range, without medication. Conclusions: The 1 * 2 * 10 exercise method is effective to improve and restore normal blood pressure in persons with hypertension in a period of two months and 24 sessions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Blood Pressure/physiology , Exercise/physiology , Exercise Therapy/methods , High-Intensity Interval Training/methods , Hypertension/therapy , Oxygen Consumption/physiology , Reference Values , Time Factors , Blood Pressure Determination , Case-Control Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric
20.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 145(8): 972-979, ago. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-902574

ABSTRACT

Background: If aerobic capacity is stimulated early in life, maximal oxygen consumption during adulthood is assured. Aim: To analyze the effects of a high intensity interval training (HIIT) in adolescents on the maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) measured using the 20-m shuttle run test (20mSRT). Material and Methods: Twenty eight teenagers aged 13 ± 0.6 years were divided in two groups of 14 subjects each. One group was to a 16 sessions of HIIT interval training based on their individual maximal aerobic speed and the other continued with their usual exercise done at school. At baseline and the end of the intervention VO2max was measured using the 20mSTR. Results: At the end of the intervention, the trained teenagers significantly improved their VO2max and the time spent in the 20mSTR. Conclusions: A HIIT program based on the individual maximal aerobic speed improves VO2max in adolescents.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Oxygen Consumption/physiology , Exercise Tolerance/physiology , High-Intensity Interval Training/methods , Reference Values , Time Factors , Body Height , Body Weight , Body Mass Index , Exercise Test
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