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1.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2293-2306, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887797

ABSTRACT

Mouse hybridoma monoclonal antibody is the most commonly used antibody in immunology because of its stable source, easy preparation in later stage and high yield. The traditional time-consuming and laborious hybridoma preparation technology could not meet the growing market demand. In this paper, we describe the rapid preparation techniques involved in antigen design and screening, B cell enrichment and screening, transgenic myeloma cells, fusion technology improvement, positive hybridoma cell screening and rapid detection of monoclonal antibody performance, to provide a reference for rapid preparation of mouse hybridoma monoclonal antibody.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Antigens , B-Lymphocytes , Hybridomas , Mice
2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1723-1735, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771758

ABSTRACT

To establish a quantitative ELISA for human interleukin-35 (IL-35) detection, we cloned cDNAs encoding the 2 subunits IL-27EBI3 and IL-12p35 of IL-35 by RT-PCR and transformed the cDNAs into Escherichia coli BL21 star (DE3) by recombinant DNA technology. IL-27EBI3 and IL-12p35 were expressed as recombinant proteins and used as immunogen to immunize Balb/c mice. Spleen cells from the positive serum mice were isolated and fused with SP-2/0 myeloma cells. We obtained the hybridoma cell lines stably secreting target antibodies by indirect ELISA screening of the cell supernatants with recombinant IL-27EBI3 and IL-12p35 as antigen and consecutive subcloning of the cells in the well with positive supernatant. Following further measurement of supernatant titers of the antibodies and identification of their antigen specificity, we obtained a hybridoma cell line 3B11 that stably secrets antibody against IL-27EBI3 and a hybridoma cell line 3A10 that secrets antibody against IL-12p35. Both monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) were identified as the subtype of IgG1. Finally, using the anti-IL-27EBI3 mAb from 3B11 as the capture antibody and the anti-IL-12p35 mAb from 3A10 as the secondary antibody, we established a quantitative double-antibodies sandwich ELISA for IL-35 detection with streptavidin-biotin amplification system. Results demonstrated that the quantitative assay had a detection range of 3.12-200 pg/mL, a detectability of 1.26 pg/mL, and a crossing-reactive rate of 0.1%. The intra-batch RSD and the inter-batch RSD of the quantitative assay were 5.1%-5.6% and 5.6%-7.2%, respectively, and the fortified recovery was 89%-103%. Therefore, the sandwich ELISA assay for IL-35 meets the qualification of quantitative analysis and laid a stable foundation for the development of quantitative ELISA kit for IL-35 detection.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Antibody Specificity , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Humans , Hybridomas , Interleukins , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C
3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 171-182, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771389

ABSTRACT

The 21st century is regarded as the century of biotechnological drugs, among which monoclonal antibodies and their derived targeting drugs have established themselves as the leading modality of biopharmaceutical pharmaceutics for a wide range of indications covering malignant tumors and autoimmune disorders. Since the manufacturing of the first antibody drug from hybridoma cells, the technologies have been intensely studied and there emerged numerous breakthroughs in recombinant cell line establishment, antibody expression and purification, quality control and other related areas. This article summarizes the critical progresses of antibody drugs expression technologies, especially of mammalian cell expression system, Escherichia coli expression system, the transgenic animal reactor and the cell free protein synthesis system, to give a detailed illustration of the recent advances in antibody drugs development.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Biotechnology , Cell Line , Escherichia coli , Hybridomas
4.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 22-41, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777048

ABSTRACT

The voltage-gated Na channel subtype Nav1.7 is important for pain and itch in rodents and humans. We previously showed that a Nav1.7-targeting monoclonal antibody (SVmab) reduces Na currents and pain and itch responses in mice. Here, we investigated whether recombinant SVmab (rSVmab) binds to and blocks Nav1.7 similar to SVmab. ELISA tests revealed that SVmab was capable of binding to Nav1.7-expressing HEK293 cells, mouse DRG neurons, human nerve tissue, and the voltage-sensor domain II of Nav1.7. In contrast, rSVmab showed no or weak binding to Nav1.7 in these tests. Patch-clamp recordings showed that SVmab, but not rSVmab, markedly inhibited Na currents in Nav1.7-expressing HEK293 cells. Notably, electrical field stimulation increased the blocking activity of SVmab and rSVmab in Nav1.7-expressing HEK293 cells. SVmab was more effective than rSVmab in inhibiting paclitaxel-induced mechanical allodynia. SVmab also bound to human DRG neurons and inhibited their Na currents. Finally, potential reasons for the differential efficacy of SVmab and rSVmab and future directions are discussed.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Therapeutic Uses , Biotin , Metabolism , Cells, Cultured , Disease Models, Animal , Female , Ganglia, Spinal , Cell Biology , HEK293 Cells , Humans , Hybridomas , Chemistry , Hyperalgesia , Drug Therapy , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Metabolism , Chemistry , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Neuralgia , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Protein Binding , Recombinant Proteins , Therapeutic Uses , Sensory Receptor Cells , Physiology
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716057

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to purify and characterize Ebola virus glycoprotein (GP)-specific IgG antibodies from hybridoma clones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For hybridoma production, mice were injected by intramuscular-electroporation with GP DNA vaccines, and boosted with GP vaccines. The spleen cells were used for producing GP-specific hybridoma. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Western blot assay, flow cytometry, and virus-neutralizing assay were used to test the ability of monoclonal IgG antibodies to recognize GP and neutralize Ebola virus. RESULTS: Twelve hybridomas, the cell supernatants of which displayed GP-binding activity by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and the presence of both IgG heavy and light chains by Western blot assay, were chosen as a possible IgG producer. Among these, five clones (C36-1, D11-3, D12-1, D34-2, and E140-2) were identified to secrete monoclonal IgG antibodies. When the monoclonal IgG antibodies from the 5 clones were tested for their antigen specificity, they recognized GP in an antigen-specific and IgG dose-dependent manner. They remained reactive to GP at the lowest tested concentrations (1.953–7.8 ng/mL). In particular, IgG antibodies from clones D11-3, D12-1, and E140-2 recognized the native forms of GP expressed on the cell surface. These antibodies were identified as IgG1, IgG2a, or IgG2b kappa types and appeared to recognize the native forms of GP, but not the denatured forms of GP, as determined by Western blot assay. Despite their GP-binding activity, none of the IgG antibodies neutralized Ebola virus infection in vitro, suggesting that these antibodies are unable to neutralize Ebola virus infection. CONCLUSION: This study shows that the purified IgG antibodies from 5 clones (C36-1, D11-3, D12-1, D34-2, and E140-2) possess GP-binding activity but not Ebola virus-neutralizing activity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies , Antibody Formation , Blotting, Western , Clone Cells , Ebolavirus , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Flow Cytometry , Glycoproteins , Hemorrhagic Fever, Ebola , Hybridomas , Immunoglobulin G , In Vitro Techniques , Mice , Sensitivity and Specificity , Spleen , Vaccines , Vaccines, DNA
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-198937

ABSTRACT

In this review, we explain why and how rabbit monoclonal antibodies have become outstanding reagents for laboratory research and increasingly for diagnostic and therapeutic applications. Starting with the unique ontogeny of rabbit B cells that affords highly distinctive antibody repertoires rich in in vivo pruned binders of high diversity, affinity and specificity, we describe the generation of rabbit monoclonal antibodies by hybridoma technology, phage display and alternative methods, along with an account of successful humanization strategies.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Monoclonal , B-Lymphocytes , Bacteriophages , Humans , Hybridomas , Indicators and Reagents , Sensitivity and Specificity
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-184071

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to investigate the utility of DNA vaccines encoding Ebola virus glycoprotein (GP) as a vaccine type for the production of GP-specific hybridomas and antibodies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: DNA vaccines were constructed to express Ebola virus GP. Mice were injected with GP DNA vaccines and their splenocytes were used for hybridoma production. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs), limiting dilution subcloning, antibody purification methods, and Western blot assays were used to select GP-specific hybridomas and purify monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) from the hybridoma cells. RESULTS: Twelve hybridomas, the cell supernatants of which displayed GP-binding activity, were selected by ELISA. When purified MAbs from 12 hybridomas were tested for their reactivity to GP, 11 MAbs, except for 1 MAb (from the A6-9 hybridoma) displaying an IgG2a type, were identified as IgM isotypes. Those 11 MAbs failed to recognize GP. However, the MAb from A6-9 recognized the mucin-like region of GP and remained reactive to the antigen at the lowest tested concentration (1.95 ng/mL). This result suggests that IgM-secreting hybridomas are predominantly generated by DNA vaccination. However, boosting with GP resulted in greater production of IgG-secreting hybridomas than GP DNA vaccination alone. CONCLUSION: DNA vaccination may preferentially generate IgM-secreting hybridomas, but boosting with the protein antigen can reverse this propensity. Thus, this protein boosting approach may have implications for the production of IgG-specific hybridomas in the context of the DNA vaccination platform. In addition, the purified monoclonal IgG antibodies may be useful as therapeutic antibodies for controlling Ebola virus infection.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Antibody Formation , Blotting, Western , Clinical Coding , DNA , Ebolavirus , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Glycoproteins , Hemorrhagic Fever, Ebola , Hybridomas , Immunization , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulin M , Mice , Vaccination , Vaccines, DNA
8.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2016. 145 p. tab, graf, ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-847514

ABSTRACT

A família proteína quinases C (PKC) é composta por dez isoenzimas, as quais são capazes de fosforilar resíduos de serina e treonina. A ativação dessas quinases envolve mudanças conformacionais, como a remoção do pseudo-substrato do sítio ativo e associação dessas enzimas com lipídeos em membranas biológicas. Além disso, três fosforilações são importantes para a maturação/ enovelamento da enzima e não estão associadas com o estado de ativação das cPKCs. Apesar dessas quinases estarem envolvidas em vários processos patológicos, como carcinogênese e doenças cardiovasculares, ainda não se estabeleceu a relação entre estado de ativação das PKCs com essas doenças. Isso se deve, em parte, à ausência de ferramentas que possibilitam a distinção das formas ativas e inativas das PKCs. Na presente tese, baseando-se em mudanças conformacionais sofridas pelas PKCs durante o processo de ativação, dois anticorpos contra cPKCs ativas foram racionalmente desenvolvidos, sendo um anticorpo policlonal (anti-C2Cat) e outro monoclonal (4.8E). O anticorpo anti-C2Cat foi desenvolvido a partir de imunização de coelhos com um peptídeo localizado na região de interação entre os domínios C2 e catalítico na PKC inativa. Já o anticorpo monoclonal 4.8E foi produzido após a imunização de camundongos Balb/ C com extrato de proteínas proveniente de células HEK293T superexpressando formas constitutivamente ativas da PKCßI. A seletividade de anti-C2Cat e 4.8E por cPKCs ativas foi demonstrada por ensaios de ELISA e de imunoprecipitação, sendo que os anticorpos sempre apresentaram maior afinidade por cPKCs ativas purificadas, superexpressas ou mesmo as endógenas. O anticorpo anti-C2Cat foi capaz de monitorar a dinâmica espaço-temporal da ativação das cPKCs em linhagens de neuroblastoma (Neuro-2A e SK-N-SH) estimuladas com PMA, morfina, ATP ou glutamato por diferentes tempos. Ainda, um maior conteúdo de cPKCs ativas foi detectado por anti-C2Cat na linhagem de câncer de mama MDA-MB-231 (triplo- negativa) do que em células MCF-7 (ER+). Em acordo com esses dados, anti-C2Cat identificou uma maior ativação de cPKCs em tumores mais agressivos de câncer de mama (subtipo triplo-negativo) do que em tumores menos agressivos (ER+, subtipo luminal). Os anticorpos conformacionais anti-C2Cat e 4.8E foram aplicados para elucidar vias de sinalização que levam à carcinogênese em células MDA-MB-231, por meio da realização de ensaios de co-imunoprecipitação, seguida pela identificação das proteínas por espectrometria de massas. Usando essa abordagem, os resultados sugerem que as cPKCs ativas possam estar envolvidas com a tradução de proteínas envolvidas na migração celular, como actina. Em conjunto, os resultado obtidos na presente tese demonstram duas formas racionais de desenvolver anticorpos contra cPKCs ativas, sendo que algumas aplicações para estas ferramentas foram demonstradas. Estratégias baseadas em mudanças conformacionais, similares às apresentadas aqui, poderão ser utilizadas para a produção racional de anticorpos contra outras quinases ou proteínas


The protein kinase C family (PKC) is composed of ten isoenzymes, which are capable of phosphorylating serine and threonine amino acid residues. PKC activation involves conformational changes, such as removing the pseudo-substrate from the active site and binding of the enzyme to lipids in biological membranes. In addition, PKC undergoes three phosphorylations that are important for the maturation/ folding of the enzyme and are not linked with activation status. Despite the fact that these kinases are involved in various pathological processes, such as carcinogenesis and cardiovascular disease, a relationship between PKC activation status with these diseases has not yet been established. This is partly due to the lack of tools to detect active PKC in tissue samples. In this thesis, based on conformational changes suffered by PKC during its activation, two antibodies against active cPKCs were rationally developed; a polyclonal antibody (anti-C2Cat) and a monoclonal (4.8E). Anti-C2Cat was produced after immunization of rabbits with a peptide located at the interface between the C2 and catalytic domains of cPKCs in an inactive PKC. The monoclonal antibody 4.8E was produced after immunization of Balb/C mice with total lysates from HEK293T cells overexpressing constitutively active forms of PKCßI. The anti-C2Cat and 4.8E specificity by active cPKCs was demonstrated by ELISA and immunoprecipitation assays, where the antibodies always showed higher affinity to active cPKCs. Anti-C2Cat was able to detect the temporal and spatial dynamics of cPKC activation upon receptor (morphine, ATP or glutamate) or phorbol ester stimulation in neuroblastoma lines (Neuro-2A and SK-N-SH). Futhermore, anti-C2Cat is able to detect active PKC in human tissues. Higher levels of active cPKC were observed in the more aggressive triple negative breast cancer tumors as compared to the less aggressive estrogen receptor positive tumors. Also, both antibodies were applied to study signaling pathways that lead to carcinogenesis in MDA-MB-231 cells by performing co-immunoprecipitation and mass spectrometry. Using this approach, the results suggest that active cPKCs may be involved in translation of proteins involved in cell migration, such as actin. Taken together, the results obtained in this thesis showed two rational ways to develop antibodies against active cPKCs and some applications for these tools were demonstrated. Strategies based on conformational changes, similar to those presented herein may be used for rational production of antibodies against other kinases and proteins


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Mice , Rabbits , Antibodies, Monoclonal/analysis , Antibodies/analysis , Protein Kinase C/adverse effects , Receptor-Interacting Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases , Breast Neoplasms/complications , Cell Line, Tumor/metabolism , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/methods , Fluorescent Antibody Technique/methods , Hybridomas , Immunoprecipitation/methods , Mass Spectrometry/methods
9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1104-1109, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246808

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To construct and identify the monoclonal antibodies against von willebrand factor cleaving protease(ADAMTS13), and to study their biological function.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>BALB/c mice were immunized by purified recombinant ADAMTS13 truncated eukaryotic protein (ADAMTS13-T7). Murine anti-human ADAMTS13 monoclonal antibodies (McAbs) were constructed by standard hybridoma technology and identified by ELISA. The recognition of McAbs with full-length recombinant ADAMTS13 protein was identified by Western blot. In function assay, the influence of McAbs on the proteolysis of vWF by ADAMTS13 was observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A group of 6 murine anti-ADAMTS13 McAbs was obtained with the clone number 1G11, 2F11, 6G3, 9E1, 10A8 and 10B4. In ELISA, the highest titers of 1G11 and 2F11 were observed, both of which showed a higher affinity to ADAMTS13-T7 than full-length ADAMTS13. The Western blot demonstrated that the 6 McAbs all could recognize ADAMTS13, among which 1G11 and 2F11 showed stronger reaction with ADAMTS13. In addition, under the denatured conditions, 1G11 and 2F11 could inhibit hydrolysis of vWF by ADAMTS13, and that was stronger with the increasing of McAbs concentration.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>McAbs against ADAMTS13 have been gained, two of which are inhibitory antibodies.</p>


Subject(s)
ADAMTS13 Protein , Animals , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Allergy and Immunology , Blotting, Western , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Hybridomas , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , von Willebrand Factor
10.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1694-1703, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243688

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to prepare and characterize cardiac troponin T (cTnT) monoclonal antibodies (mAb), and further develop a chemiluminescence quantitative detection assay for cTnT. BALB/c mice were immunized with recombinant cTnT antigen, and specific mAbs were prepared using conventional hybridoma technique and screened by indirect ELISA method. To identify the epitopes, several cTnT peptide fragments were synthesized or expressed by genetic engineering. A double antibody sandwich ELISA method was used to screen the mAb pairs for cTnT detection, and the automatic chemiluminescence detection assay for cTnT was developed. In total 220 clinical specimens were used for system comparison between our assay and Roche cTnT assay; further performance characteristics was evaluated by testing 238 clinical samples and 784 physical examination samples. We successfully screened 33 strains of hybridoms against cTnT, and the mAbs' epitopes were identified. Mab E16H8 and C8G11 with a detection limit of 10 pg/mL cTnT antigen were selected to develop the full automatic chemiluminescence quantitative assay. The correlation coefficient of our reagent with Roche's was 0.959 9, with a coincidence rate of 95%. The assay presented a sensitivity of 97.5%, and a specificity of 99.15% in detection of clinical samples. The cTnT concentration was less than 0.080 6 ng/mL in 99% of general population, which agrees with the definition of WHO on patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). In summary, we developed monoclonal antibodies against predominant epitopes for diagnostics of cTnT, and an automatic tubular chemiluminescence quantitative detection assay was further developed, which presents a high coincidence rate with Roche's.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Monoclonal , Allergy and Immunology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Epitopes , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Hybridomas , Luminescent Measurements , Myocardial Infarction , Peptide Fragments , Sensitivity and Specificity , Troponin T , Allergy and Immunology
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-66453

ABSTRACT

The bursa of Fabricius (BF) is the acknowledged central humoral immune organ in birds. Bursal septpeptide II (BSP-II) is an immunomodulatory bioactive peptide isolated from BF. To understand the effects of BSP-II on immune induction, gene expression profiles of hybridoma cells treated with BSP-II were evaluated. Pathway analysis showed that regulated genes were involved in cytokine-cytokine receptor interactions, T cell receptor signaling pathway, and pathway in cancer. It was observed that BSP-II reduced tumor cells proliferation and stimulated p53 expression. These results indicate potential mechanisms underlying the effects of the humoral immune system on immune induction, including antitumor activities. Our study has provided a novel insight into immunotherapeutic strategies for treating human tumors.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Avian Proteins/pharmacology , Bursa of Fabricius/immunology , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Chickens/immunology , Hybridomas/drug effects , Immunologic Factors/pharmacology , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis/veterinary , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Transcriptome
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345525

ABSTRACT

In order to develop monoclonal antibodies (McAbs) against the gp90 protein of reticuloendotheliosis virus (REV), the His-tagged gp90 protein of REV was used to immunize BALB/c mice. Hybridomas were generated by fusing mouse myeloma cells SP2/0 with the splenocytes from the immunized mice. After screening and 3 rounds of cloning process, 3 hybridomas (3G5-B8, 3G5-A10 and 1G12) that stably secreted McAbs against the REV-gp90 were obtained. The isotypes of the McAbs were determined to be IgG1, IgG1 and IgG2b. The McAbs specifically bound to gp90 in REV-infected DF-1 cells, as demonstrated by Western blotting and indirect immunofluorescence assay. The recognition regions on gp90 that were recognized by 3G5-B8/3G5-A10 and 1G12 were located between amino acids 200 to 245 and 230 to 235, respectively, as demonstrated by Western blotting analysis. These McAbs will be useful in the diagnosis and pathogenesis study of REV.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Antibody Specificity , Blotting, Western , Epitope Mapping , Hybridomas , Immunoglobulin G , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Reticuloendotheliosis virus , Allergy and Immunology , Viral Envelope Proteins , Allergy and Immunology
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357238

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To prepare and identify human monoclonal antibody against IL-1 receptor accessory protein (IL1RAP), which is a new identified surface marker for leukemia stem cells (LSC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>BALB/c mice were inoculated intraperitoneally with hybridoma cells (3H6E10, 10D8A7) and their ascites were collected. The monoclonal antibody against hu-IL1RAP specifically was purified from ascites, the nondenaturing-PAGE, ELISA and Western blot were used to detect the purity, titer and sensitivity of antibody.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Two purified antibodies were obtained and named as 3H6E10 McAb and 10D8A7 McAb, whose purity was 95% and 94% respectively. The titer of two purified monoclonal antibodies was 1 : 81000 and specific conjugation of IL1RAP purified protein and endogenous protein from normal people and leukemia patients with purified antibodies were confirmed.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The purified monoclonal antibodies which can specifically bind to hu-IL1RAP are successfully prepared, thus providing novel way to effectively clear LSC in the future.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Antibody Specificity , Blotting, Western , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Humans , Hybridomas , Interleukin-1 Receptor Accessory Protein , Leukemia , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Neoplastic Stem Cells
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237739

ABSTRACT

With the application of monoclonal antibody technology more and more widely, its production technology is becoming more and more perfect. Small molecule monoclonal antibody technology is becoming a hot research topic for people. The application of traditional Chinese medicine small molecule monoclonal antibody technology has been more and more widely, the technology for effective Chinese medicine component knockout provide strong technical support. The preparation of monoclonal antibodies and small molecule knockout technology are reviewed in this paper. The preparation of several steps, such as: in the process of preparation of antigen, hapten carrier coupling, coupling ratio determination and identification of artificial antigen and establishment of animal immunization and hybridoma cell lines of monoclonal antibody, the large-scale preparation; small molecule monoclonal antibody on Immune in affinity chromatography column method is discussed in detail. The author believes that this technology will make the traditional Chinese medicine research on a higher level, and improve the level of internationalization of Chinese medicine research.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Chemistry , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Hybridomas , Metabolism , Immunologic Techniques , Methods
15.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 18-23, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-280301

ABSTRACT

To prepare monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against structural proteins of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome bunyavirus (SFTSV), BALB/c mice were immunized using purified inactivated SFTSV virions as the antigens. Subsequently, hybridoma cell lines that secreted monoclonal antibodies against nucleoprotein (NP) and glycoproteins (GP) were obtained using a hybridoma technique. The antigen specificities of prepared mAbs were examined by indirect immunofluorescence and immunoprecipitation assays. Functional analyses were then performed,including the detection of IFA antibody titers,the levels of neutralizing activity and antibody affinities. After cell fusion and cloning,13 hybridoma cell lines secreted mAbs specifically against SFTSV-GP and 7 hybridoma cell lines secreted mAbs specifically against SFTSV-NP. Immunofluorescence and immunoprecipitation assays showed that the mAbs had high levels of antigen specificity. Among the 13 anti-SFTSV-GP mAbs,6 recognized Gn,whereas the others reacted with Gc. IFA titers of most anti-SFTSV-GP mAbs were between 1,280 and 20,480, and four anti-SFTSV-Gn mAbs showed neutralizing activity. Seven of the obtained anti-SFTSV-NP mAbs reacted specifically with NP,of which the IFA titers ranged from 5,120 to 20,480 with no observed neutralizing activity. Furthermore, two anti-SFTSV-GP mAbs, 1C8 and 1G8, showed high levels of affinity via a non-competitive ELISA. Our study lays the foundation for the development of further diagnostic assays and basic research into SFTSV.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Allergy and Immunology , Antibodies, Viral , Allergy and Immunology , Antibody Specificity , Bunyaviridae Infections , Allergy and Immunology , Virology , Female , Humans , Hybridomas , Allergy and Immunology , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Phlebovirus , Allergy and Immunology , Viral Structural Proteins , Allergy and Immunology
16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1272-1276, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-274052

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To clone the variable region genes of human anti-IL1RAP (IL-1 receptor accessory protein) monoclonal antibodies (McAb) and to construct IL1RAP chimeric antigen receptors (CARs).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The VH and VL DNA of IL1RAP single chain antibodies were amplified by RACE and overlap extension PCR from total RNA extracted from 3H6E10 and 10D8A7 hybridoma and ligated into specific IL1RAP single-chain variable fragments (scFv). CD8α transmembrane domain, CD137 intracellular domain, TCR ζ chain, human CD8α signal peptide and scFv-anti-IL1RAP were cloned into plasmid LV-lac. Recombinant lentiviruses were generated by co-transfection of recombinant plasmid LV-lac, pMD2. G, and psPAX2 helper vectors into 293FT packing cells.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The VH and VL genes of 2 human anti-IL1RAP McAb were acquired. The 3H6E10 VH and VL genes consisted of 402 bp and 393 bp encoding 134 and 131 aminoacid residues, respectively; 10D8A7 VH and VL genes consisted of 423 bp and 381 bp encoding 141 and 127 amine acid residues, respectively. Recombinant expression vertors LV-3H6E10 scFv-ICD and LV-10D8A7 scFv-ICD (ICD: CD8α transmembrane domain-CD137 intracellular domain-TCR ζ chain) were constructed. The target fragments were demonstrated by sequencing analysis. Recombinant plasmids were transfected into 293FT cells and lentiviral particles were acquired.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Human anti-IL1RAP recombinant receptors are constructed successfully and lay a good foundation for the construction of IL1RAP-CAR killer T cell vaccine.</p>


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Monoclonal , Genetics , Cloning, Molecular , Genetic Vectors , Humans , Hybridomas , Immunoglobulin Variable Region , Genetics , Interleukin-1 Receptor Accessory Protein , Allergy and Immunology , Plasmids , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Receptors, Antigen , Genetics , Single-Chain Antibodies
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-155586

ABSTRACT

Norovirus (NoV) is an etiologic agent of human and animal acute gastroenteritis and is a member of the family Caliciviridae. NoV is classified based on nucleotide sequences of the VP1 gene into at least six genogroups (GI-GVI), among which GI, GII, and GIV are known to infect humans and GII is the most prevalent genogroup. In this study, VP1, the full gene of GII human NoV, was cloned from a human fecal sample and expressed using a baculovirus expression system. Human NoV VP1-specific monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) were produced using expressed recombinant VP1. Expressed VP1 in the recombinant virus was confirmed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), indirect fluorescence antibody (IFA) test, and Western blot analysis. Eight hybridomas secreting VP1-specific MAbs against human GII NoV were generated and characterized. All of the MAbs produced in this study reacted with human GII NoV VP1-recombinant baculoviruses but not with other non-human calicivirus recombinant baculoviruses. These MAbs reacted specifically with human NoV GII.4-2009 virus-like particles (VLPs), and some MAbs showed cross-reactivity with other GII.4 variant VLPs. Expressed human GII NoV VP1-recombinant protein and MAbs specific to this protein can be used as useful reagents for detecting and characterizing human NoV.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Baculoviridae , Base Sequence , Blotting, Western , Caliciviridae , Clone Cells , Fluorescence , Gastroenteritis , Genotype , Humans , Hybridomas , Indicators and Reagents , Norovirus , Polymerase Chain Reaction
18.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1660-1668, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345557

ABSTRACT

Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) VP4 plays an important role in immunosuppression of host. In order to develop monoclonal antibodies (McAbs) against VP4, we vaccinated BALB/c mice with His-VP4, screened and subcloned positive clones. We established 4 hybridoma cell lines that stably secreted McAbs against VP4 and named these cell lines 3B3, 3H11, 4C8 and 4G6, respectively. We tested the dissociation constant (Kd) of these McAbs, and found that their K(d)s were 4.61 x 10(-11), 1.71 x 10(-10), 4.26 x 10(-11), 5.02 x 10(-11), respectively. The isotypes of these McAbs were determined to be IgG1, IgG1, IgG2b and IgG1. These McAbs specifically bound to VP4 in IBDV infected DF-1 cells as demonstrated by Western blotting analysis and fluorescence antibody assay. These McAbs would help to detect IBDV infection and to analyze the biological activities of IBDV VP4.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Blotting, Western , Cell Line , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Hybridomas , Infectious bursal disease virus , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Viral Structural Proteins , Allergy and Immunology
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-132504

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Cockroach (CR) is a common source of indoor allergens, and Per a 1 is a major American CR (Periplaneta americana) allergen; however, several attributes of this protein remain unknown. This study identifies a novel specific B cell epitope and anatomical locations of Per a 1.0105. METHODS: Recombinant Per a 1.0105 (rPer a 1.0105) was used as BALB/c mouse immunogen for the production of monoclonal antibodies (MAb). The MAb specific B cell epitope was identified by determining phage mimotopic peptides and pair-wise alignment of the peptides with the rPer a 1.0105 amino acid sequence. Locations of the Per a 1.0105 in P. americana were investigated by immunohistochemical staining. RESULTS: The rPer a 1.0105 (~13 kDa) had 100%, 98% and > or =90% identity to Per a 1.0105, Per a 1.0101, and Cr-PII, respectively. The B-cell epitope of the Per a 1.0105 specific-MAb was located at residues99 QDLLLQLRDKGV110 contained in all 5 Per a 1.01 isoforms and Per a 1.02. The epitope was analogous to the Bla g 1.02 epitope; however, this B-cell epitope was not an IgE inducer. Per a 1.0105 was found in the midgut and intestinal content of American CR but not in the other organs. The amount of the Per a 1 was ~544 degrees Cg per gram of feces. CONCLUSIONS: The novel Per a 1 B-cell epitope described in this study is a useful target for allergen quantification in samples; however, the specific MAb can be used as an allergen detection reagent. The MAb based-affinity resin can be made for allergen purification, and the so-purified protein can serve as a standard and diagnostic allergen as well as a therapeutic vaccine component. The finding that the Per a 1 is contained in the midgut and feces is useful to increase yield and purity when preparing this allergen.


Subject(s)
Allergens , Amino Acid Sequence , Animals , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Bacteriophages , Cockroaches , Epitopes, B-Lymphocyte , Feces , Gastrointestinal Contents , Hybridomas , Immunoglobulin E , Mice , Peptides , Periplaneta , Protein Isoforms
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-132501

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Cockroach (CR) is a common source of indoor allergens, and Per a 1 is a major American CR (Periplaneta americana) allergen; however, several attributes of this protein remain unknown. This study identifies a novel specific B cell epitope and anatomical locations of Per a 1.0105. METHODS: Recombinant Per a 1.0105 (rPer a 1.0105) was used as BALB/c mouse immunogen for the production of monoclonal antibodies (MAb). The MAb specific B cell epitope was identified by determining phage mimotopic peptides and pair-wise alignment of the peptides with the rPer a 1.0105 amino acid sequence. Locations of the Per a 1.0105 in P. americana were investigated by immunohistochemical staining. RESULTS: The rPer a 1.0105 (~13 kDa) had 100%, 98% and > or =90% identity to Per a 1.0105, Per a 1.0101, and Cr-PII, respectively. The B-cell epitope of the Per a 1.0105 specific-MAb was located at residues99 QDLLLQLRDKGV110 contained in all 5 Per a 1.01 isoforms and Per a 1.02. The epitope was analogous to the Bla g 1.02 epitope; however, this B-cell epitope was not an IgE inducer. Per a 1.0105 was found in the midgut and intestinal content of American CR but not in the other organs. The amount of the Per a 1 was ~544 degrees Cg per gram of feces. CONCLUSIONS: The novel Per a 1 B-cell epitope described in this study is a useful target for allergen quantification in samples; however, the specific MAb can be used as an allergen detection reagent. The MAb based-affinity resin can be made for allergen purification, and the so-purified protein can serve as a standard and diagnostic allergen as well as a therapeutic vaccine component. The finding that the Per a 1 is contained in the midgut and feces is useful to increase yield and purity when preparing this allergen.


Subject(s)
Allergens , Amino Acid Sequence , Animals , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Bacteriophages , Cockroaches , Epitopes, B-Lymphocyte , Feces , Gastrointestinal Contents , Hybridomas , Immunoglobulin E , Mice , Peptides , Periplaneta , Protein Isoforms
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