Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 212
Filter
1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 253-268, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970071

ABSTRACT

Integrins are a family of transmembrane receptors that connect the extracellular matrix and actin skeleton, which mediate cell adhesion, migration, signal transduction, and gene transcription. As a bi-directional signaling molecule, integrins can modulate many aspects of tumorigenesis, including tumor growth, invasion, angiogenesis, metastasis, and therapeutic resistance. Therefore, integrins have a great potential as antitumor therapeutic targets. In this review, we summarize the recent reports of integrins in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), focusing on the abnormal expression, activation, and signaling of integrins in cancer cells as well as their roles in other cells in the tumor microenvironment. We also discuss the regulation and functions of integrins in hepatitis B virus-related HCC. Finally, we update the clinical and preclinical studies of integrin-related drugs in the treatment of HCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Integrins/metabolism , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Cell Adhesion , Carcinogenesis , Cell Transformation, Neoplastic , Tumor Microenvironment
2.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e19685, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383966

ABSTRACT

Abstract Psoriasis is a chronic skin inflammation, characterized by impaired differentiation, hyperproliferation of keratinocytes involving pro-inflammatory factors interleukin (IL)-13/17A, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interferon (IFN)-γ. Among the integrin family, α5 is important for blood vessel formation, and ß4 for proliferation, differentiation of keratinocytes. To investigate the expression and regulation of integrin α5 and ß4 in psoriatic keratinocytes. Skin biopsies were obtained from 14 psoriatic patients and 12 normal volunteers. We compared the immunolocalization and regulation of α5 and ß4 between the psoriatic and normal ones, before and after incubation with MEK/ERK pathway inhibitor U0126 by immunohistochemistry and western blot separately. Immunohistochemistry showed psoriatic keratinocytes had higher α5 than normal ones. According to western blot, IL-17A and IL-13 increased normal keratinocytes' α5 and ß4 respectively, but psoriatic keratinocytes were the exact opposite. Incubated with U0126, normal keratinocytes' α5 was enhanced by the 5 cytokines ; while IL-13/17A, IFN-γ suppressed ß4. Psoriatic keratinocytes' α5 was increased by IL-13/17A, decreased by IFN-γ; but ß4 increased by IL-17A, IFN-γ. IL-13/17A, TNF-α, IFN-γ regulate α5 and ß4 through ERK pathway whether normal or psoriasis. The normal and psoriatic keratinocytes respond to the same cytokines differently


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Integrins/analysis , Keratinocytes/classification , Patients/classification , Psoriasis/pathology , Blotting, Western/instrumentation , Cytokines/agonists , Interleukins/analysis
3.
Belo Horizonte; s.n; 2022. 70 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1395761

ABSTRACT

Este estudo busca avaliar quantitativamente a expressão do RNA mensageiro (mRNA) das integrinas alfa1, alfa4, alfa 5, alfa L, citocinas e quimiocinas, a partir de células presentes no líquido intersticial periapical adjacente a dentes com infecção do canal radicular. Foram selecionados 22 indivíduos com necessidade de tratamento endodôntico e encaminhados à Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil). As amostras foram coletadas em 11 dentes necróticos e portadores de infecções endodônticas e 11 dentes hígidos que necessitavam de tratamento endodôntico por motivos protéticos. Após a cirurgia de acesso e antes dos procedimentos de limpeza e modelagem do sistema de canais radiculares (T0), imediatamente após a limpeza e formatação do sistema de canais radiculares(T1), em 7 (T2) e 14 dias (T3), um cone de papel esterilizado endodôntico # 20 foi inserido no SCR, mantido por 2 min, e posteriormente armazenado a -70°C. Real-Time PCR analisou microbiologicamente essas amostras para ler a expressão gênica do rRNA microbiano 16S e fragmentos da região ITS do gDNA fúngico da espécie Candida. Após os procedimentos de limpeza e formatação do SCR, três cones de papel absorvente esterilizados foram inseridos. Passivamente, a ponta do papel ultrapassou o ápice radicular em 2 mm e permaneceu por 2 minutos. As amostras foram coletadas imediatamente após a limpeza e modelagem do RCS, 7 e 14 dias após a primeira sessão. As pontas de papel tiveram os 4 mm finais cortados, inseridos em Eppendorf e armazenados a - 70°C. Com este procedimento, o RNA foi extraído do líquido intersticial periapical para caracterizar as expressões dos genes ITGA1, ITGA4, ITGA5, ITGAL, IL-1ß, TNF-α, IL-17A, IL-10, IFN-γ, CCL2/MCP-1, CCL5, CXCR4, e 16S usando PCR em tempo real. O DNA genômico (gDNA) foi extraído para se avaliar a abundância de Candida utilizando-se sequências ITS, por PCR em tempo real. Os resultados demonstraram que os níveis de expressão de mRNA do 16S diminuíram após os procedimentos de limpeza e modelagem e que a abundância de Candida foi insipiente na amostra analisada. As citocinas pro- inflamatórias IL-1ß e IL-17 apresentaram níveis de expressão elevados frente a infecção, reduzindo significativamente após os procedimentos de limpeza e formatação. Os níveis de expressão gênica de TNF-α significantemente aumentaram, em ambos os grupos. Não se observou diferença significativa quanto a expressão gênica das citocinas IFN-γ, IL-10, CCL-2 e CCL-5 e das integrinas ITGAL e ITGA5 nos tempos avaliados. A expressão gênica de CXCR4 reduziu significativamente do tempo T1 para o T2, no grupo experimental. As expressões gênicas de ITGA1 e ITGA4, no grupo experimental, reduziram significativamente de maneira tempo dependente. Finalmente, não houve alteração significativa na expressão de marcadores de macrófagos (CD64), enquanto expressão de marcadores de fibroblastos (S100A4) aumentou significativamente no grupo controle. Concluiu-se que a carga microbiana e a abundância de leveduras correlacionam-se positivamente com a expressão de mediadores pró-inflamatórios e que a que terapia endodôntica negativamente impacta a expressão dos mediadores pró-inflamatórios e das integrinas nos tecidos perirradiculares.


This study seeks to quantitatively evaluate the expression of messenger RNA (mRNA) of integrins alpha1, alfa4, alpha 5, alpha L, cytokines, and chemokines, from cells present in the periapical interstitial fluid adjacent to teeth with root canal infection. Twenty-two individuals needing endodontic treatment and referred to the School of Dentistry of the Federal University of Minas Gerais (Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil) were selected. The samples were collected in 11 necrotic teeth and carriers of endodontic infections and 11 healthy teeth needing endodontic treatment for prosthetic reasons. After access surgery and before root canal system (RCS) cleaning and shaping procedures (T0), immediately after cleaning and shaping the root canal system (T1), in 7 (T2) and 14 days (T3) an endodontic sterilized paper point #20 was inserted into the RCS, maintained for 2 min, and subsequently stored at -70°C. Real-Time PCR microbiologically analyzed these samples to read the gene expression of microbial rRNA 16S and fragments of the ITS region of the Fungus Candida species gDNA. After RCS cleaning and shaping procedures, three sterilized absorbent paper cones were inserted. Passively, the paper point exceeded the root apex by 2 mm and remained for 2 minutes. Samples were collected immediately after RCS cleaning and shaping, 7 and 14 days after the first session. The paper points have the 4 mm of their tip cut, inserted in Eppendorf, and stored at - 70°C. This procedure extracted RNA from the periapical interstitial fluid to characterize the expressions of the genes ITGA1, ITGA4, ITGA5, ITGAL, IL-1ß, TNF- α, IL-17A, IL-10, IFN-γ, CCL2/MCP-1, CCL5, CXCR4, ITS using Real-Time PCR. The results showed that 16S mRNA expression levels decreased after cleaning and modeling procedures and that Candida abundance was incipient in the analyzed sample. Pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1ß and IL-17 showed high expression levels against infection, significantly reduced after cleaning and formatting procedures. TNF-α gene expression levels significantly increased in both experimental and control groups. No significant difference was observed regarding the gene expression of the cytokines IFN-γ, IL-10, CCL-2, and CCL-5 and the integrins ITGAL and ITGA5. The gene expressions of ITGA1 and ITGA4 in the experimental group were significantly reduced time-dependent. Finally, there was no significant change in their macrophage markers (CD64) expression, while fibroblast markers (S100A4) expression significantly increased in the control group. It was concluded that microbial load and yeast abundance are positively correlated with the expression of pro-inflammatory mediators and that endodontic therapy negatively impacts the expression of pro-inflammatory mediators and integrins in periradicular tissues.


Subject(s)
Periapical Periodontitis , Colony Count, Microbial , Integrins , Cytokines , Chemokines
4.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 151-159, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878244

ABSTRACT

Integrins are a large family of heterodimeric cell adhesion molecules composed of α and β subunits. Through interaction with their specific ligands, integrins mediate cell-cell and cell-extracellular matrix interactions. Via outside-in signaling, integrins can recruit cytoplasmic proteins to their intracellular domains and then cluster into supramolecular structures and trigger downstream signaling. Integrin activation is associated with a global conformation rearrangement from bent to extended in ectodomains and the separation of α and β subunit cytoplasmic domains. During cell migration, integrins regulate the focal adhesion dynamics and transmit forces between the extracellular matrix and the cell cytoskeleton. In tumor microenvironment, integrins on multiple kinds of cells could be activated, which modulates cell migration into tumor and contributes to angiogenesis and tumor metastasis. Here, we review the mechanism of integrin activation, dynamics of focal adhesions during cell migration and tumor metastasis.


Subject(s)
Cell Adhesion , Cell Adhesion Molecules , Focal Adhesions , Integrins , Signal Transduction
5.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 903-910, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921828

ABSTRACT

Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) play an important role in the formation of immunothrombosis. However, how vascular endothelial cells mediate the formation of NETs has not been fully understood. We stimulated neutrophils firmly attached on the endothelial cell surface intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA) for 4 h, then labeled NETs-DNA with Sytox green dye and the formation of NETs was observed by fluorescent microscopy. The area and fluorescence intensity of NETs-DNA were analyzed to quantify the formation of NETs. The results showed that both PMA and LPS were able to induce firmly adhered neutrophils on ICAM-1 to produce NETs. NETs induced by PMA were independent of neither β2 integrin lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) nor macrophage antigen complex-1 (Mac-1). In contrast, LPS-stimulated NETs were mediated by Mac-1 integrin, but not by LFA-1. After inhibition of actin filaments or Talin-1, the formation of NETs irrespective of the stimulus was significantly reduced. This study reveals the mechanism of the direct interaction between neutrophils and endothelial cells to produce NETs under inflammatory conditions, providing a new theoretical basis for the treatment of related diseases and the development of new drugs.


Subject(s)
Cytoskeletal Proteins , Endothelial Cells , Extracellular Traps , Integrins , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Lipopolysaccharides/pharmacology , Macrophages , Neutrophils
6.
Prensa méd. argent ; 106(10): 605-610, 20200000. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1362580

ABSTRACT

Introduction. Implantation failure appears to be a significant factor in Assisted reproductive technique (ART) procedures. Even a mature endometrium may be non-receptive, preventing implantation or rejection of implanted embryo in early months of pregnancy, resulting in miscarriage or unexplained infertility with or without other associated factors. Objective. To investigate causes of failed implantation inspite of uneventful Grade I embryo transfer in ART procedure Material and Method. 90 women aged range between 25-40 yr old who visited Department of Reproductive Medicine at Calcutta Fertility Mission, over a period of 24 months(January 2017 to December 2019) , satisfying the inclusion criteria, were enrolled in this observational study. Endometrial aspirate histopathology was done along with ∞5ß3 integrin expression. They were treated with natural micronized progesterone (NMP) or oral dydrogesterone and results of endometrial changes were statistically analyzed. Results. 28.89% and 31.11% of women were seen to have mid-secretory changes of the endometrium after being treated with NMP and dydrogesterone respectively. Integrins were expressed in only 59.26% of women with mid-secretory endometrium and 5.41% of early secretory endometrium, which was statistically significant (p value <0.001). Conclusion. About 70% patients even after treatment with estrogen and progestin did not have adequate response in endometrial maturation. Not all patients with mid-secretory endometrium had integrin positive, when tested. NMP and oral Dydrogesterone have similar effect in endometrial maturation as well as in yielding successful pregnancy in some patients with previously failed In-vitro fertilization embryo transfer (IVF-ET).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Embryo Implantation , Progesterone/administration & dosage , Integrins , Reproductive Techniques, Assisted , Dydrogesterone/administration & dosage , Contraceptive Effectiveness , Infertility, Female/therapy
7.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190156, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1090765

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study aimed to investigate the participation of focal adhesion kinases (FAK) in interactions between osteoblastic cells and titanium (Ti) surfaces with three different topographies, namely, untreated (US), microstructured (MS), and nanostructured (NS). Methodology Osteoblasts harvested from the calvarial bones of 3-day-old rats were cultured on US, MS and NS discs in the presence of PF-573228 (FAK inhibitor) to evaluate osteoblastic differentiation. After 24 h, we evaluated osteoblast morphology and vinculin expression, and on day 10, the following parameters: gene expression of osteoblastic markers and integrin signaling components, FAK protein expression and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity. A smooth surface, porosities at the microscale level, and nanocavities were observed in US, MS, and NS, respectively. Results FAK inhibition decreased the number of filopodia in cells grown on US and MS compared with that in NS. FAK inhibition decreased the gene expression of Alp, bone sialoprotein, osteocalcin, and ALP activity in cells grown on all evaluated surfaces. FAK inhibition did not affect the gene expression of Fak, integrin alpha 1 ( Itga1 ) and integrin beta 1 ( Itgb1 ) in cells grown on MS, increased the gene expression of Fak in cells grown on NS, and increased the gene expression of Itga1 and Itgb1 in cells grown on US and NS. Moreover, FAK protein expression decreased in cells cultured on US but increased in cells cultured on MS and NS after FAK inhibition; no difference in the expression of vinculin was observed among cells grown on all surfaces. Conclusions Our data demonstrate the relevance of FAK in the interactions between osteoblastic cells and Ti surfaces regardless of surface topography. Nanotopography positively regulated FAK expression and integrin signaling pathway components during osteoblast differentiation. In this context, the development of Ti surfaces with the ability to upregulate FAK activity could positively impact the process of implant osseointegration.


Subject(s)
Animals , Osteoblasts/drug effects , Sulfones/pharmacology , Titanium/chemistry , Quinolones/pharmacology , Focal Adhesion Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/antagonists & inhibitors , Osteoblasts/physiology , Sulfones/chemistry , Surface Properties , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Signal Transduction , Gene Expression , Integrins/analysis , Cell Differentiation/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Osseointegration/drug effects , Rats, Wistar , Quinolones/chemistry , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Focal Adhesion Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/analysis , Focal Adhesion Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/chemistry , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
8.
Journal of Bacteriology and Virology ; : 35-43, 2020.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816638

ABSTRACT

The integrins αvβ1, αvβ3, αvβ6, and αvβ8 are known to be the natural receptors of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV). Among them, integrin αvβ6 is considered a major receptor for FMDV. We performed protein expression of full-length bovine integrins αv, β3, and β6 and confirmed the high efficiency of bovine αvβ6 as the FMDV receptor in FMDV non-permissive SW 480 cells. Next, we established the black goat kidney (BGK) cell line, stably expressing bovine integrin β6 (BGK-β6-4). We observed that BGK-β6-4 cells had significantly enhanced sensitivity to FMDV compared with that of BGK cells (P<0.05). In addition, BGK-β6-4 cells had equal or higher sensitivity to several serotypes of FMDV compared with that of other FMDV permissive cell lines, such as BHK-21 and IBRS-2. In conclusion, we established a promising novel goat cell line, BGK-β6-4, which can be used to isolate or culture FMDV. Furthermore, the BGK-β6-4 cell line may serve as a promising tool for studying integrin αvβ6 receptor functions.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Line , Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus , Foot-and-Mouth Disease , Goats , Integrins , Kidney , Serogroup
9.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 17(1): 41-46, jan.-mar. 2019. tab.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1026187

ABSTRACT

A doença de Crohn se caracteriza como uma doença inflamatória, que acomete qualquer porção do trato gastrintestinal, resultante da desrregulação imunológica, gerenciada por fatores endógenos e exógenos. As formas de abordagem terapêutica da doença variam conforme sua apresentação clínica e gravidade, bem como o impacto na qualidade de vida do portador. A terapia biológica vem se tornando uma das principais classes utilizadas no contexto desta enfermidade, mas não está claro quando deve ser iniciada ou em que momento a própria doença deve ser considerada moderada ou grave. Sua forma de apresentação multiforme dificulta a classificação dos pacientes nestes grupos. Neste trabalho, foi realizada revisão de literatura sobre a introdução de terapia biológica como tratamento da doença inflamatória intestinal em curso. (AU)


Crohn's Disease (CD) is an inflammatory disease that can affect any portion of the gastrointestinal tract, caused by immune dysregulation, managed by endogenous and exogenous factors. The forms of therapeutic approach of the disease vary significantly according to its clinical presentation and severity, as well as to the impact on patient's quality of life. Biologic therapy has become one of the main classes used in the context of this disease; however, when it should be initiated or at what time the disease itself should be considered moderate or severe is not clear. Its multiform presentation makes it difficult to classify patients in these groups. In this work, a literature review was carried out about the introduction of the biologic therapy as a treatment of the ongoing inflammatory bowel disease. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Biological Therapy , Crohn Disease/therapy , Autoimmune Diseases/drug therapy , Gastrointestinal Agents/therapeutic use , Crohn Disease/physiopathology , Crohn Disease/history , Crohn Disease/drug therapy , Integrins/antagonists & inhibitors , Interleukins/antagonists & inhibitors , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/antagonists & inhibitors , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized/therapeutic use , Social Determinants of Health , Adalimumab/therapeutic use , Infliximab/therapeutic use , Decision Making, Shared , Disinformation , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use
10.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 241-251, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776888

ABSTRACT

Integrin is a large family of cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) which involves in the interaction of cells/cells and cells/ extracellular matrix (ECM) to mediate cell proliferation, differentiation, adhesion, migration, etc. In recent years, aberrant expression of integrin has been clearly found in many tumor studies, indicating that integrin is closely related to tumor formation and development. Meanwhile, it has effects on tumor cell differentiation, cell migration, proliferation and tumor neovascularization. The study of drugs targeting integrins is of great significance for the clinical treatment of tumors. Because of its important role in tumorigenesis and development, integrin has become a promising target for the treatment of cancer. This review summarizes the role of integrin in tumor development and the current state of integrin inhibitors to provide a valuable reference for subsequent research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Biological Products , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Extracellular Matrix , Metabolism , Integrins , Classification , Genetics , Metabolism , Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Neovascularization, Pathologic , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Signal Transduction
11.
Journal of the Philippine Dermatological Society ; : 75-79, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978058

ABSTRACT

Introduction@#Epidermolysis Bullosa (EB) is a rare genodermatosis characterized by fragility of the skin and mucous membranes, manifested by blistering with little or no trauma. There are three subtypes: EB Simplex, Junctional EB, and Dystrophic EB. Each type of EB has its own specific genetic defect. We report a case of a 13-year-old girl who presented with multiple tense blisters and eroded plaques since birth on the entire body.@*Case summary@#This is a 13-year-old-girl who presented with solitary tense blister on her right thigh three days after birth, which gradually affected the scalp, trunk, and upper and lower extremities, particularly on the trauma prone areas. There was nail dystrophy and multiple brownish dental pits at three years of age. A 4 mm lesional skin punch biopsy showed subepidermal blisters containing fibrin, lymphocytes and few red blood cells. PAS showed basement membrane zone beneath the blister, compatible with EB. Immunofluorescence mapping showed decreased immunofluorescence (+1) on keratin 5/6, (+2) on keratin 14, and absence of immunofluorescence on alpha 6 / beta 4 integrins. Final diagnosis is EB Simplex.@*Conclusion@#Early detection is important in managing this case, to detect systemic involvement and provide palliative care. Genetic counseling is recommended for prospective parents who have a family history of any form of epidermolysis bullosa. The prognosis of Inherited EB is very variable and the mortality is usually due to complications of systemic involvement. A multidisciplinary approach in the supportive management of this case is necessary as there is still no cure for this condition.


Subject(s)
Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Integrins
12.
The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology ; : 141-150, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-728014

ABSTRACT

Despite increased evidence of bio-activity following far-infrared (FIR) radiation, susceptibility of cell signaling to FIR radiation-induced homeostasis is poorly understood. To observe the effects of FIR radiation, FIR-radiated materials-coated fabric was put on experimental rats or applied to L6 cells, and microarray analysis, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, and wound healing assays were performed. Microarray analysis revealed that messenger RNA expressions of rat muscle were stimulated by FIR radiation in a dose-dependent manner in amount of 10% and 30% materials-coated. In 30% group, 1,473 differentially expressed genes were identified (fold change [FC] > 1.5), and 218 genes were significantly regulated (FC > 1.5 and p < 0.05). Microarray analysis showed that extracellular matrix (ECM)-receptor interaction, focal adhesion, and cell migration-related pathways were significantly stimulated in rat muscle. ECM and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-mediated cell migration-related genes were increased. And, results showed that the relative gene expression of actin beta was increased. FIR radiation also stimulated actin subunit and actin-related genes. We observed that wound healing was certainly promoted by FIR radiation over 48 h in L6 cells. Therefore, we suggest that FIR radiation can penetrate the body and stimulate PDGF-mediated cell migration through ECM-integrin signaling in rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Actins , Cell Movement , Extracellular Matrix , Focal Adhesions , Gene Expression , Homeostasis , Infrared Rays , Integrins , Microarray Analysis , Muscle, Skeletal , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger , Wound Healing
13.
Biomolecules & Therapeutics ; : 185-192, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739659

ABSTRACT

Coculture with adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) can stimulate proliferation and migration of melanocytes. To enhance outcomes of skin disorders caused by melanocyte loss or death, mixed transplantation with ADSCs has been suggested. However, role of cocultured ADSCs in proliferation and migration of melanocytes remains unclear. This study determined the effect of ADSCs on production of growth factors and expression levels of intergrins in primary culture of adult human melanocytes with or without ADSCs and in nude mice grafted with such melanocytes. Higher amounts of growth factors for melanocytes, such as bFGF and SCF were produced and released from ADSCs by coculturing with melanocytes. Relative levels of integrins β1, α5, and α6 as well as adhesion to fibronectin and laminin were increased in melanocytes cocultured with ADSCs. Such increases were inhibited by neutralization of bFGF or SCF. Relative levels of bFGF, SCF and integrins were increased in nude mice skin after grafting with melanocyte+ADSC cocultures. Collectively, these results indicate that ADSCs can stimulate proliferation and migration of melanocytes by increasing expression of integrins in melanocytes through upregulation of production/release of melanocyte growth factors such as bFGF and SCF.


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , Humans , Mice , Coculture Techniques , Extracellular Matrix , Fibronectins , Integrins , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Laminin , Melanocytes , Mice, Nude , Skin , Stem Cells , Transplants , Up-Regulation
14.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 55(2): 198-200, Apr.-June 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038706

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Janus kinases inhibitors have already been incorporated into the management of immune-mediated diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, and are being investigated for the treatment of psoriasis and inflammatory bowel diseases, both ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. Tofacitinib is an oral small-molecule drug that inhibits Janus kinases 1, Janus kinases 3, and, to a lesser extent, Janus kinases 2. This inhibition ends up blocking signals for several inflammatory cytokines that are involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel diseases and play a role in many immune signaling routes, including lymphocyte activation, function, and proliferation. We report a patient with active ulcerative colitis with primary non-response to three biologics (infliximab, adalimumab and vedolizumab), with different mechanisms of action, who refused surgical treatment and had a favorable response to tofacitinib with clinical and endoscopic remission. No adverse events were observed with the use of the agent. This case illustrates the difficulties we may face regarding the identification of the expression of proper mechanism of action involved in the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis patients and the importance of having another treatment option with different mechanism of action, like tofacitinib.


RESUMO Os inibidores das Janus kinases (JAK) têm sido incorporados ao tratamento de doenças imunomediadas, como artrite reumatoide e, além disso, têm sido testados no tratamento da psoríase e doenças inflamatórias intestinais, tanto na retocolite ulcerativa quanto na doença de Crohn. Tofacitinibe é uma droga do grupo das pequenas moléculas de uso oral que inibe as Janus kinases 1 e 3 e, em menor grau, a Janus kinases 2. Esta inibição promove o bloqueio de uma série de citocinas pró-inflamatórias que estão envolvidas na patogênese das doenças inflamatórias intestinais e desempenham importante papel nos processos imunes, tais como ativação, função e proliferação linfocitária. Nesta presente comunicação, relatamos um caso de um paciente portador de retocolite ulcerativa refratária a três agentes biológicos (infliximabe, adalimumabe e vedolizumabe), com diferentes mecanismos de ação, que recusou o tratamento cirúrgico, porém, apresentou boa resposta com o uso de tofacitinibe, com remissão clínica e endoscópica. Não foram evidenciados efeitos colaterais com a droga. O presente caso ilustra as dificuldades que podemos enfrentar em relação à identificação da expressão do correto mecanismo de ação envolvido na patogênese dos pacientes com retocolite ulcerativa e a importância de um novo agente terapêutico com diferente mecanismo de ação, como o tofacitinibe.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Piperidines/therapeutic use , Colitis, Ulcerative/drug therapy , Integrins/therapeutic use , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/therapeutic use , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Pyrimidines/therapeutic use , Pyrroles/therapeutic use , Integrins/antagonists & inhibitors , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/antagonists & inhibitors , Infliximab/therapeutic use
15.
Int. j. morphol ; 36(1): 345-357, Mar. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-893233

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: An alternative superovulator to replace clomiphene citrate is needed as clomiphene citrate is associated with low pregnancy rates. Anastrozole is an effective superovulator, but it has not been well researched. In order to determine the effectiveness of anastrozole as a superovulator and to compare it with clomiphene citrate in similar situations, this study ascertained the effects of these drugs on the expression of the focal adhesion proteins, vinculin and integrin β5, which are uterine receptivity markers, in the uterine epithelial cells of day 1 and day 6 pregnant Wistar rats. The results show that vinculin and integrin β5 are co-localized at the base of the uterine epithelium at day 1 of pregnancy whereas at day 6, they disassemble from the basal focal adhesions and co-localize and significantly increase their expression apically (p≤0.0001). Moreover, there is a significant difference in the protein expression levels of vinculin and integrin b5 in uterine luminal epithelial cells between untreated (control) and chlomiphene citrate treated rats (p≤0.0001), anastrozole and chlomiphene citrate treated rats at day 6 (p≤0.0001) suggesting the interpretation that anastrozole seems to enhance their expression in order to perhaps assist in the implantation process of the blastocyst. The immunofluorescence experiments agree with the vinculin and integrin β5 gene expression findings in which at day 6 of pregnancy, vinculin and integrin β5 gene expression are significantly upregulated in uterine luminal epithelial cells in the anastrozole treated group relative to the calibrator sample (p≤0.0001). These findings suggest that anastrozole is implantation friendly.


RESUMEN: Es necesario un superovulador alternativo para reemplazar el citrato de clomifeno, debido a que está asociado con bajas tasas de preñez. El anastrozol es un superovulador eficaz, sin embargo es poca su investigación. Con el fin de determinar la efectividad del anastrozol como superovulador y compararlo con citrato de clomifeno en situaciones similares, se determinaron los efectos de estos fármacos sobre la expresión de las proteínas de adhesión focal, vinculina e integrina β5, en marcadores de receptividad uterina en días 1 y 6, en las células epiteliales uterinas de ratas Wistar preñadas. Los resultados muestran que la vinculina y la integrina β5 se co-localizan en la base del epitelio uterino al día 1 de la gravidez mientras que al día 6 se desmontan de las adherencias focales basales, co-localizan y aumentan significativamente su expresión apicalmente (p≤0.0001). Además, existe una diferencia significativa en los niveles de expresión de proteína de vinculina e integrina β5 en células epiteliales luminales uterinas entre ratas no tratadas (control) y tratadas con citrato declomifeno (p≤0.0001), ratas tratadas con anastrozol y citrato declomifeno al día 6 (p≤0,0001) sugiriendo la interpretación de que el anastrozol parece mejorar su expresión con el fin de ayudar en el proceso de implantación del blastocisto. Los experimentos de inmunofluorescencia coinciden con los resultados de la expresión de los genes vinculina e integrina β5 en los cuales al día 6 de la preñez, la vinculina y la integrina β5 están significativamente reguladas en células epiteliales luminales uterinas en el grupo tratado con anastrozol con respecto a la muestra del calibrador (p<0,0001). Estos hallazgos sugieren que el anastrozol es favorable para la implantación.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Rats , Integrins/drug effects , Nitriles/pharmacology , Triazoles/pharmacology , Uterus/drug effects , Vinculin/drug effects , Epithelial Cells/drug effects , Focal Adhesions/drug effects , Integrins/genetics , Integrins/physiology , Microscopy, Confocal , Microscopy, Fluorescence , Rats, Wistar , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Vinculin/genetics , Vinculin/physiology
16.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 962-967, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941730

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effects of disintegrin and metalloproteinase (ADAM) 9, 15 and 17 on the osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs).@*METHODS@#BMMSCs of ADAM9, ADAM15, ADAM17 conditional knockout mice and wild type mice (WT) were induced and cultured. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity was measured by colorimetry, early osteogenic transcription factors Runx and Osterix were detected by Real-time PCR, and mineral formation was analyzed by alizarin red staining.@*RESULTS@#ALP activity was lower in ADAM9 group (8.08±0.34), ADAM15 group (6.46±3.40), ADAM17 group (9.30±2.30) than that in WT group (9.44±2.50), but there was no significant difference (P>0.05). Stimulated with bone morphogenetic protein 2(BMP2),there was significant difference (P<0.05) between ADAM9 group (14.22±3.25), ADAM15 group (10.14±2.40) and WT group (20.89±3.40), and ADAM 17 group (23.56±2.50) was higher than WT group (20.89±3.40), but no significant difference (P>0.05). Similarly, cultured by osteogenic induction medium (OST), compared with WT group (12.97±1.30), ADAM9 group (9.63±1.00) and ADAM15 group (7.75±1.30) were lower, ADAM17 group (20.09±1.68) was higher, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Using stimulated culture by BMP2 and OST combined, ADAM9 group (15.75±1.30), ADAM 15 group (12.43±1.30) were less than WT group (26.15 ±1.50), while ADAM17 group (29.55±2.10) was higher than WT group were statistically significant (P<0.05). The expression of Runx2 in ADAM9 group (2.02±0.24), ADAM15 group (3.09±0.19), ADAM17 group (3.89±0.91) had no significant difference compared with WT (2.02±0.21) group (P>0.05). ADAM9 group stimulated by BMP2 (7.00±0.23), ADAM15 group (6.04±0.23) were lower than WT group (12.6±0.23), ADAM17 group (18.52±1.39) was higher than WT group (12.6±0.23), and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). In non-stimulating culture, there was no significant difference in Osterix expression between ADAM9 group (9.60±3.87), ADAM17 group (12.40±3.00) and WT group (10.9±1.10, P>0.05), but in ADAM15 group (6.50±1.51) it was slightly lower than that in WT group (P<0.05). After BMP2 stimulation, ADAM9 group (39.20±3.23) and ADAM15 group (20.50±4.80) were less than WT group (60.30±5.93), while ADAM17 group (80.20±3.30) was higher than WT group (P<0.05). Alizarin red staining showed no obvious orange-red mass in the non-induction group. Local calcified nodules could be seen in the BMP2, OST, OST + BMP2 induction culture conditions in all the experimental groups, but there was no significant difference in quantitative analysis (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#ADAM9, 15, 17 took part in the osteogenic differentiation of BMMSCs, and provided new targets for its regulation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , ADAM Proteins/physiology , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Integrins , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/physiology , Mice, Knockout , Osteogenesis
17.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 694-700, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719022

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Kaempferol (3,4′,5,7-tetrahydroxyflavone) is a flavonoid known to have a wide range of pharmacological activities. The 3-OH group in flavonoids has been reported to determine antioxidant activities. OBJECTIVE: We tested whether kaempferol can affect the expression of integrins and the stem cell fate of interfollicular epidermal stem cells. METHODS: Skin equivalent (SE) models were constructed, and the expression levels of stem cell markers and basement membrane-related antigens were tested. The immunohistochemical staining patterns of integrins, p63, and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) were compared between kaempferol- and apigenin-treated SE models. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to evaluate the mRNA expression of integrins. RESULTS: Kaempferol increased the thickness of the epidermis when added to prepare SEs. In addition, the basal cells of kaempferol- treated SEs appeared more columnar. In the immunohistological study, the expression of integrins α6 and β1 and the numbers of p63- and PCNA-positive cells were markedly higher in the kaempferol-treated model. However, apigenin showed no effects on the formation of three-dimensional skin models. RT-PCR analysis also confirmed that kaempferol increased the expression of integrin α6 and integrin β1. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicated that kaempferol can increase the proliferative potential of basal epidermal cells by modulating the basement membrane. In other words, kaempferol can affect the fate of interfollicular epidermal stem cells by increasing the expression of both integrins α6 and β1. These effects, in particular, might be ascribed to the 3-OH group of kaempferol.


Subject(s)
Apigenin , Basement Membrane , Epidermis , Extracellular Matrix , Flavonoids , Integrins , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen , RNA, Messenger , Skin , Stem Cells
18.
International Journal of Stem Cells ; : 168-176, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739930

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have shown that integrins alpha5beta1 (ITGA5B1) gene-modified rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (rBMSCs) could prevent cell anoikis and increase the nitric oxide (NO) production. Here we examined the capability of rBMSCs/ITGA5B1 on the phenotype modulation of Human Pulmonary Artery Smooth Muscle Cell (HPASMC) in vitro. METHODS AND RESULTS: The synthetic (dedifferentiated) phenotype of HPASMC was induced by monocrotaline (MCT, 1μM) for 24 h and then co-cultured with rBMSCs/ITGA5B1 in a transwell culture system. The activation of NO/cGMP (nitric oxide/Guanosine-3′, 5′-cyclic monophosphate) signaling was investigated in HPASMC. The changes of pro-inflammatory factors, oxidative stress, vasodilator, vasoconstrictor, contractile and synthetic genes, and the morphological changes of HPASMC were investigated. The results of this study showed that the NO/cGMP signal, endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) expression, the expression of the vasoprotective genes heme oxygenase-1 (HMOX1) and prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 (PTGS2) were increased, but the expression of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), CCAAT/enhancer-binding proteins delta (Cebpd), Krüppel-like factor 4 (KLF4), and activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4) were reduced in MCT treated HPASMC co-cultured with rBMSCs/ITGA5B1. The synthetic smooth muscle cells (SMCs) phenotype markers thrombospondin-1, epiregulin and the vasoconstrictor endothelin (ET)-1, thromboxane A2 receptor (TbxA2R) were down-regulated, whereas the contractile SMCs phenotype marker transgelin expression was up-regulated by rBMSCs/ITGA5B1. Furthermore, rBMSCs/ITGA5B1 promoted the morphological restoration from synthetic (dedifferentiation) to contractile (differentiation) phenotype in MCT treated HPASMC. CONCLUSIONS: rBMSCs/ITGA5B1 could inhibit inflammation and oxidative stress related genes to promote the HPASMC cell differentiation by activation NO/cGMP signal.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Rats , Activating Transcription Factor 4 , Anoikis , Bone Marrow , Cell Differentiation , Endothelins , Epiregulin , Genes, Synthetic , Heme Oxygenase-1 , In Vitro Techniques , Inflammation , Integrins , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Monocrotaline , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III , Nitric Oxide , Oxidative Stress , Phenotype , Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases , Pulmonary Artery , Receptors, Thromboxane A2, Prostaglandin H2
19.
Experimental & Molecular Medicine ; : e430-2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739495

ABSTRACT

Osteopontin (OPN) is a phosphorylated glycoprotein secreted into body fluids by various cell types. OPN contains arginine-glycine-aspartate (RGD) and serine-leucine-alanine-tyrosine (SLAY) motifs that bind to several integrins and mediate a wide range of cellular processes. In the present study, the proangiogenic effects of a 20-amino-acid OPN peptide (OPNpt20) containing RGD and SLAY motifs were examined in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and in a rat focal cerebral ischemia model. OPNpt20 exerted robust proangiogenic effects in HUVECs by promoting proliferation, migration and tube formation. These effects were significantly reduced in OPNpt20-RAA (RGD->RAA)-treated cells, but only slightly reduced in OPNpt20-SLAA (SLAY->SLAA)-treated cells. Interestingly, a mutant peptide without both motifs failed to induce these proangiogenic processes, indicating that the RGD motif is crucial and that SLAY also has a role. In OPNpt20-treated HUVEC cultures, AKT and ERK signaling pathways were activated, but activation of these pathways and tube formation were suppressed by anti-αvβ3 antibody, indicating that OPNpt20 stimulates angiogenesis via the αvβ3-integrin/AKT and ERK pathways. The proangiogenic function of OPNpt20 was further confirmed in a rat middle cerebral artery occlusion model. Total vessel length and vessel densities were markedly greater in OPNpt20-treated ischemic brains, accompanied by induction of proangiogenic markers. Together, these results demonstrate that the 20-amino-acid OPN peptide containing RGD and SLAY motifs exerts proangiogenic effects, wherein both motifs have important roles, and these effects appear to contribute to the neuroprotective effects of this peptide in the postischemic brain.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Body Fluids , Brain Ischemia , Brain , Glycoproteins , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery , Integrins , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Neuroprotective Agents , Osteopontin
20.
Neonatal Medicine ; : 191-195, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718043

ABSTRACT

Leukocyte adhesion deficiency is a rare primary immunodeficiency and autosomal recessive disorder caused by a mutation in the gene encoding CD18, which is a constituent of leukocyte integrins. Clinical features usually begin with a delay in the separation of the umbilical cord in the neonatal period, and are characterized by marked leukocytosis with infection, delayed wound healing, and repeated bacterial and fungal infections. We experienced a case of leukocyte adhesion deficiency diagnosed in the neonatal period, in which a late preterm infant admitted to neonatal intensive care unit presented with a septic hip. Flow cytometry analysis of whole blood showed a decrease in the expression of CD11b/CD18. This is the first case of leukocyte adhesion deficiency with neonatal septic hip diagnosed in Korea.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Arthritis, Infectious , Flow Cytometry , Hip , Infant, Premature , Integrins , Intensive Care, Neonatal , Korea , Leukocytes , Leukocytosis , Osteomyelitis , Umbilical Cord , Wound Healing
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL