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Int. j. morphol ; 40(1): 91-97, feb. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385597


SUMMARY: Carnosine is known as a natural dipeptide, which inhibits the proliferation of tumor cells throughout its action on mitochondrial respiration and cell glycolysis. However, not much is known about its effects on the metabolism of healthy cells. We explored the effects of Karnozin EXTRA® capsule with different concentrations of L-carnosine, on the cell viability and the expressions of intermediate filament vimentin (VIM) and superoxide dismutase (SOD2) in normal fibroblasts BHK-21/C13. Furthermore, we investigated its action on the energy production of these cells. Cell viability was quantified by the MTT assay. The Clark oxygen electrode (Oxygraph, Hansatech Instruments, England) was used to measure the "intact cell respiration rate", state 3 of ADP-stimulated oxidation, maximum oxidation capacity and the activities of complexes I, II and IV. Results showed that Karnozin EXTRA® capsule in concentrations of 2 and 5 mM of L-carnosine did not induce toxic effects and morphological changes in treated cells. Our data revealed a dose-dependent immunofluorescent signal amplification of VIM and SOD2 in the BHK-21/C13 cell line. This supplement substantially increased the recorded mitochondrial respiration rates in the examined cell line. Due to the stimulation of mitochondrial energy production in normal fibroblasts, our results suggested that Karnozin EXTRA® is a potentially protective dietary supplement in the prevention of diseases with altered mitochondrial function.

RESUMEN: La carnosina se conoce como dipéptido natural, que inhibe la proliferación de células tumorales a través de su acción sobre la respiración mitocondrial y la glucólisis celular. Sin embargo, no se sabe mucho de sus efectos sobre el metabolismo de las células sanas. Exploramos los efectos de la cápsula Karnozin EXTRA® con diferentes concentraciones de L-carnosina, sobre la viabilidad celular y las expresiones de vimentina de filamento intermedio (VIM) y superóxido dismutasa (SOD2) en fibroblastos normales BHK-21 / C13. Además, estudiamos su acción sobre la producción de energía de estas células. La viabilidad celular se cuantificó mediante el ensayo MTT. Se utilizó el electrodo de oxígeno Clark (Oxygraph, Hansatech Instruments, Inglaterra) para medir la "tasa de respiración de células intactas", el estado 3 de oxidación estimulada por ADP, la capacidad máxima de oxidación y las actividades de los complejos I, II y IV. Los resultados mostraron que la cápsula de Karnozin EXTRA® en concentraciones de 2 y 5 mM de L- carnosina no indujo efectos tóxicos ni cambios morfológicos en las células tratadas. Nuestros datos revelaron una amplificación de señal inmunofluorescente dependiente de la dosis de VIM y SOD2 en la línea celular BHK-21 / C13. Este suplemento aumentó sustancialmente las tasas de respiración mitocondrial registradas en la línea celular examinada. Debido a la estimulación de la producción de energía mitocondrial en fibroblastos normales, nuestros resultados sugirieron que Karnozin EXTRA® es un suplemento dietético potencialmente protector en la prevención de enfermedades con función mitocondrial alterada.

Animals , Carnosine/pharmacology , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Kidney/cytology , Superoxide Dismutase/drug effects , Vimentin/drug effects , Biological Assay , Cell Survival/drug effects , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Cricetinae , Cell Culture Techniques , Energy Metabolism
Acta cir. bras ; 34(6): e201900602, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019265


Abstract Purpose To investigate the role and related mechanisms of miR-106a in sepsis-induced AKI. Methods Serum from sepsis and healthy patients was collected, sepsis mouse model was established by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). TCMK-1 cells were treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and transfected with THBS2-small interfering RNA (siTHBS2), miR-106a inhibitor, miR-106a mimics and their negative controls (NCs). The expression of miR-106a, thrombospondin 2 (THBS2), Bax, cleaved caspase-3 and Bcl-2, cell viability, relative caspase-3 activity and TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 content were respectively detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), western blotting, Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The relationship between miR-106a and THBS2 was confirmed by dual luciferase reporter assay. Results MiR-106a was up-regulated in serum of sepsis patients, CLP-induced mice models and LPS-induced TCMK-1 cells. LPS reduced cell viability and Bcl-2 expression, and increased caspase-3 activity, Bax expression, the content of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6. THBS2 was a target of miR-106a. The decreases of caspase-3 activity, TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, Bax expression and the increases of cell viability, Bcl-2 expression caused by miR-106a knockdown were reversed when THBS2 silencing in LPS-stimulated TCMK-1 cells. Conclusion MiR-106a aggravated LPS-induced inflammation and apoptosis of TCMK-1 cells via regulating THBS2 expression.

Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Rats , Sepsis/pathology , Thrombospondins/pharmacology , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Epithelial Cells/pathology , Acute Kidney Injury/metabolism , Kidney/cytology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Transfection , Case-Control Studies , Cells, Cultured , Cytokines/metabolism , Apoptosis , Sepsis/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Acute Kidney Injury/pathology , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
Biol. Res ; 50: 14, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-838965


BACKGROUND: Kidney diseases are a global health problem. Currently, over 2 million people require dialysis or transplant which are associated with high morbidity and mortality; therefore, new researches focused on regenerative medicine have been developed, including the use of stem cells. RESULTS: In this research, we generate differentiated kidney cells (DKCs) from mouse pluripotent stem cells (mPSCs) analyzing their morphological, genetic, phenotypic, and spectroscopic characteristics along differentiation, highlighting that there are no reports of the use of Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy to characterize the directed differentiation of mPSCs to DKCs. The genetic and protein experiments proved the obtention of DKCs that passed through the chronological stages of embryonic kidney development. Regarding vibrational spectroscopy analysis by FTIR, bands related with biomolecules were shown on mPSCs and DKCs spectra, observing distinct differences between cell lineages and maturation stages. The second derivative of DKCs spectra showed changes in the protein bands compared to mPSCs. Finally, the principal components analysis obtained from FTIR spectra allowed to characterize chemical and structurally mPSCs and their differentiation process to DKCs in a rapid and non-invasive way. CONCLUSION: Our results indicated that we obtained DKCs from mPSCs, which passed through the chronological stages of embryonic kidney development. Moreover, FTIR spectroscopy resulted in a non-invasive, rapid and precise technic that together with principal component analysis allows to characterize chemical and structurally both kind of cells and also discriminate and determine different stages along the cell differentiation process.

Animals , Mice , Cell Differentiation/physiology , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared/methods , Pluripotent Stem Cells/physiology , Kidney/cytology , Immunohistochemistry , Gene Expression , Cells, Cultured , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Principal Component Analysis , Pluripotent Stem Cells/cytology , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
Korean Journal of Urology ; : 412-421, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-95913


The prevalence of renal disease continues to increase worldwide. When normal kidney is injured, the damaged renal tissue undergoes pathological and physiological events that lead to acute and chronic kidney diseases, which frequently progress to end stage renal failure. Current treatment of these renal pathologies includes dialysis, which is incapable of restoring full renal function. To address this issue, cell-based therapy has become a potential therapeutic option to treat renal pathologies. Recent development in cell therapy has demonstrated promising therapeutic outcomes, in terms of restoration of renal structure and function impaired by renal disease. This review focuses on the cell therapy approaches for the treatment of kidney diseases, including various cell sources used, as well recent advances made in preclinical and clinical studies.

Humans , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy/methods , Fetal Stem Cells/transplantation , Kidney/cytology , Kidney Diseases/therapy , Pluripotent Stem Cells/transplantation , Stem Cell Transplantation/methods
Invest. clín ; 55(2): 155-167, jun. 2014. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-749973


Estudios previos han demostrado que la adaptación de diversos virus a crecer en líneas celulares de vertebrados, conduce a la selección de variantes virales que unen al heparán sulfato (HS) con alta afinidad. En el presente trabajo se determinó la susceptibilidad de cepas del virus dengue (DENV) a la heparina hipersulfatada un análogo al HS, después de pases seriados en células BHK-21. A aislados de campo de los cuatro serotipos de DENV, se les realizaron ocho pases seriados en células BHK-21. La adaptación de los DENV al cultivo celular seleccionó variantes virales con una aumentada capacidad replicativa en células BHK-21 y una incrementada susceptibilidad a la heparina, en relación a las respectivas cepas no adaptadas, obteniéndose una inhibición de la infectividad más significativa en DENV-2 y DENV-4. Las cepas de DENV adaptadas presentaron cambios en la secuencia de aminoácidos de la proteína de envoltura (E), en particular una substitución K204R para DENV-1, N67K para DENV-2, K308R y V452A para DENV-3 y E327G para DENV-4. Estas sustituciones implicaron ganancia de residuos básicos que incrementaron la carga neta positiva de la proteína. Los resultados sugieren, que la adaptación de cepas de DENV a células BHK-21 selecciona variantes virales sensibles a la heparina y que la efectividad de este compuesto varía dependiendo de la cepa viral. Además sugieren que el HS puede jugar un papel importante en la infectividad de las cepas de DENV adaptadas al cultivo celular, a diferencia de los aislados de DENV no adaptados.

Several studies have shown that adaptation of various viruses to grow in certain cell lines of vertebrates, leads to the selection of virus variants that bind heparan sulfate (HS) with high affinity. In this study we investigated the susceptibility of strains of dengue virus (DENV) to oversulfated heparin an analogue of HS after passages in BHK-21 cells. Field isolates of the four serotypes of DENV with a limited number of passes in mosquito cells C6/36HT were serially passaged eight times in BHK-21 cells. The adaptation of the DENV to the cell culture selected viral variants with an increased replicative capacity in BHK-21 cells and an increased susceptibility to heparin compared with the original not adapted strains, with a more significant inhibition of the infectivity in DENV-2 and DENV-4.The E protein of the adapted strains showed changes in the amino acid sequence, particularly at the position K204R to DENV-1, N67K to DENV-2, K308R and V452A for DENV-3 and E327G to DENV-4. These substitutions implicated a gain of basic residues that increased the net positive charge of the protein. These results suggest that adaptation of DENV strains to BHK-21 cells implies changes in the envelope protein, changes associated to the protein reactivity with heparin, the inhibitory effectiveness of this compound varying depending on the viral strain. In addition, these results suggest that the HS can play an important role in the infectivity of the DENV strains adapted to vertebrate cell culture, but not in the infectivity of non-adapted DENV isolates.

Animals , Cricetinae , Dengue Virus/drug effects , Heparin/pharmacology , Selection, Genetic , Viral Envelope Proteins/genetics , Aedes/cytology , Cell Line , Chlorocebus aethiops , Dengue Virus/growth & development , Kidney/cytology , Mesocricetus , Models, Molecular , Mutation , Mutation, Missense , Protein Binding , Protein Conformation , RNA, Viral/genetics , Sequence Analysis, RNA , Vero Cells , Viral Plaque Assay , Virus Cultivation , Virus Replication , Viral Envelope Proteins/chemistry , Viral Envelope Proteins/physiology
Rev. argent. microbiol ; 44(2): 69-74, jun. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-657614


En este trabajo se investigó la presencia de determinantes característicos de plásmidos de virulencia en dos aislamientos clínicos de Salmonella Infantis portadores de plásmidos de multirresistencia. Además, se estudió la capacidad de invasión y proliferación en células eucariotas no fagocíticas. Ninguno de los aislamientos de S. Infantis mostró los determinantes genéticos que caracterizan a los plásmidos de virulencia para este género (operón spv). Los ensayos de invasión sobre líneas celulares eucariotas mostraron que los aislamientos de S. Infantis presentan una capacidad de invasión disminuida pero persisten y proliferan en el citoplasma, independientemente de utilizar una línea celular permisiva (HeLa) o no permisiva (NRK) para tal fin. Finalmente, no se observaron indicios microscópicos que podrían hacer sospechar un efecto bactericida de estas líneas celulares sobre los aislamientos estudiados.

Two multidrug-resistant Salmonella Infantis isolates behave like hypo-invasive strains but have high intracellular proliferation. In this work, plasmid-encoded virulence factors in two Salmonella Infantis isolates carrying multiresistance plasmids were investigated. In addition, their invasion and proliferative ability in non-phagocytic cells was studied. None of them showed the typical determinants of virulence plasmids (spv operon). The invasion assays of S. Infantis isolates on eukaryotic cells showed a decreased ability to Invade but they remained and proliferated In the cytoplasm regardless of having used a permissive (HeLa) or non-permissive (NRK) cell line. Finally, there was no microscopic evidence suggesting a bactericidal effect of these eukaryotic cell lines on the Isolates tested.

Animals , Humans , Rats , Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial/genetics , Eukaryotic Cells/microbiology , R Factors/physiology , Salmonella/pathogenicity , Blood/microbiology , Cell Division , Cell Line/microbiology , Cross Infection/microbiology , Feces/microbiology , Genes, Bacterial , Genetic Markers , HeLa Cells/microbiology , Kidney/cytology , R Factors/genetics , R Factors/isolation & purification , Salmonella Infections/microbiology , Salmonella/drug effects , Salmonella/genetics , Salmonella/isolation & purification , Virulence/genetics
Int. braz. j. urol ; 38(2): 204-214, Mar.-Apr. 2012. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-623334


PURPOSE: Kidney stone is one of the most prevalent diseases worldwide. Calcium oxalate (CaOx) has been shown to be the main component of the majority of stones formed in the urinary system of the patients with urolithiasis. The present study evaluates the antilithiatic properties of Terminalia chebula commonly called as "harad" which is often used in ayurveda to treat various urinary diseases including kidney stones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The antilithiatic activity of Terminalia chebula was investigated on nucleation and growth of the calcium oxalate crystals. The protective potency of the plant extract was also tested on oxalate induced cell injury of both NRK-52E and MDCK renal epithelial cells. RESULTS: The percentage inhibition of CaOx nucleation was found 95.84% at 25µg/mL of Terminalia chebula aqueous extract which remained almost constant with the increasing concentration of the plant extract; however, plant extract inhibited CaOx crystal growth in a dose dependent pattern. When MDCK and NRK-52E cells were injured by exposure to oxalate for 48 hours, the aqueous extract prevented the injury in a dose-dependent manner. On treatment with the different concentrations of the plant extract, the cell viability increased and lactate dehydrogenase release decreased in a concentration dependent manner. CONCLUSION: Our study indicates that Terminalia chebula is a potential candidate for phytotherapy against urolithiasis as it not only has a potential to inhibit nucleation and the growth of the CaOx crystals but also has a cytoprotective role.

Calcium Oxalate/chemical synthesis , Kidney Calculi/chemically induced , Phytotherapy , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Terminalia/chemistry , Analysis of Variance , Cell Survival , Cytoprotection , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Epithelial Cells/drug effects , Kidney Calculi/drug therapy , Kidney/cytology , Models, Biological , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 138-144, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-95032


PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the preventive effects of Camellia sinensis var. assamica (CSVA) on diabetic nephropathy in in vitro and in vivo models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MDCK cells were incubated with 1 mM of oxalate with or without different concentrations of CSVA, then MTT and malondialdehyde (MDA) assays were performed to investigate the preventive effects of CSVA on oxalate-induced cytotoxicity and oxidative stress. Thirty male db/db mice were divided into three groups. Group 1 were fed AIN-93G ad libitum; group 2 were fed AIN-93G mixed with 10% fermented CSVA ad libitum; group 3 were fed AIN-93G mixed with 10% non-fermented CSVA ad libitum. The mice were sacrificed 14 weeks later, and the serum glucose level, 24-hour urine chemistry, and morphological changes in the kidneys were examined. RESULTS: As CSVA concentrations increased, viable MDCK cells increased in concentration. MDA production decreased over time in the CSVA treated group. The creatinine clearance of group 3 was lower than those of groups 1 and 2. The amount of urine microalbumin and protein in group 1 were higher than those in groups 2 and 3. Also, more glomerulus basement membrane foot processes were preserved in groups 2 and 3. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, CSVA has beneficial preventive tendencies towards diabetic nephropathy in both in vitro and in vivo models.

Animals , Dogs , Male , Mice , Camellia sinensis/chemistry , Cell Line , Cell Survival/drug effects , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Diabetic Nephropathies/drug therapy , Disease Models, Animal , Kidney/cytology , Mice, Mutant Strains , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Tea/chemistry
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 44(7): 634-641, July 2011. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-595710


The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is involved in neoplastic metastasis, and the RON protein may be involved. In the present study, we determined the role and the mechanisms of action of RON in EMT in Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells by Western blot and cell migration analysis. Activation of RON by macrophage stimulating protein (MSP) results in cell migration and initiates changes in the morphology of RON-cDNA-transfected MDCK cells. The absence of E-cadherin, the presence of vimentin and an increase in Snail were observed in RE7 cells, which were derived from MDCK cells transfected with wt-RON, compared with MDCK cells. Stimulation of RE7 cells with MSP resulted in increased migration (about 69 percent of the wounded areas were covered) as well as increased activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (Erk1/2) and glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β; the percent of the activation ratio was 143.6/599.8 percent and 512.4 percent, respectively), which could be inhibited with an individual chemical inhibitor PD98059 (50 μM) specific to MAPK/ERK kinase (the percent inhibition was 98.9 and 81.2 percent, respectively). Thus, the results indicated that RON protein could mediate EMT in MDCK cells via the Erk1/2 pathway. Furthermore, GSK-3β regulates the function of Snail in controlling EMT by this pathway.

Animals , Dogs , Female , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition/physiology , Kidney , MAP Kinase Signaling System/physiology , /metabolism , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/physiology , Cell Line , Cell Membrane , Cadherins/metabolism , Cell Cycle/physiology , Cell Movement/drug effects , Epithelial Cells/drug effects , Epithelial Cells/physiology , Hepatocyte Growth Factor/pharmacology , Kidney/cytology , Kidney/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins/pharmacology , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/metabolism , Vimentin/metabolism
Int. j. morphol ; 29(1): 144-150, Mar. 2011. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-591966


In this study, we evaluated the ultrastructural findings of kidney with systemic administration of different doses of atorvastatin in a rat model. Statins may have anti-inflammatory effects that would play a role in preventing the cellular damage. The aim of this study was to investigate how atorvastatin could play a role in kidney tissues. Forty adult male Wistar albino rats (200­250 g) were randomly divided into 4 groups of ten rats each (A1, A2, A3 and Control). Three different doses of atorvastatin were used to determine the effects on kidney tissues during 90 day period. The kidneys of A1 (0.1-mg group), A2 (0.5-mg group) and A3 (1-mg group) group were excised and the tissues were examined after the 90 days by transmission electron microscopy. Despite increasing the dose of atorvastatin intake, the histological structures of atorvastatin groups were appeared normal in the same period. In conclusion, long-term use of atorvastatin was not found to have an adverse effect on kidney tissue.

En un modelo de rata, se evaluaron los hallazgos ultraestructurales del riñón provocados por la administración sistémica de diferentes dosis de atorvastatina. Las estatinas pueden tener efectos anti-inflamatorios que desempeñan un importante rol en la prevención del daño celular. El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar cómo la atorvastatina podría desempeñar un papel en los tejidos del riñón. 40 Ratas Wistar albinas Adultas (200-250 g) machos fueron divididas aleatoriamente en cuatro grupos de 10 ejemplares cada uno (A1, A2, A3 y Control). Tres diferentes dosis de atorvastatina se utilizaron para determinar los efectos sobre los tejidos del riñón durante un período de 90 días. Los riñones de los grupos A1 (0,1 mg), A2 (0,5 mg) y A3 (1 mg) fueron extirpados a los 90 días y los tejidos examinados por microscopía electrónica de transmisión. A pesar de haberse aumentado la dosis de ingesta de atorvastatina, las estructuras histológicas se asemejaron al grupo normal del mismo período. En conclusión, el uso de atorvastatina en un plazo prolongado, no produce efecto negativo sobre el tejido renal.

Animals , Male , Adult , Rats , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/administration & dosage , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/pharmacology , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/metabolism , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/blood , Kidney/anatomy & histology , Kidney/cytology , Kidney , Rats, Wistar/metabolism
Clinics ; 66(5): 849-853, 2011. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-593851


INTRODUCTION: Prolonged steroid treatment administered to any patient can cause visceral obesity, which is associated with metabolic disease and Cushing's syndrome. Glucocorticoids have a profound negative effect on adipose tissue mass, giving rise to obesity, which in turn is regulated by the 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 enzyme. Adrenalectomized rats treated with dexamethasone exhibited an increase in visceral fat deposition but not in body weight. OBJECTIVES: The main aim of this study was to determine the effect of dexamethasone on the histomorphometric characteristics of perirenal adipocytes of adrenalectomized, dexamethasone-treated rats (ADR+Dexa) and the association of dexamethasone treatment with the expression and activity of 11 β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11 β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1). METHODS: A total of 20 male Sprague Dawley rats were divided into 3 groups: a baseline control group (n = 6), a sham-operated group (n = 7) and an adrenalectomized group (n=7). The adrenalectomized group was given intramuscular dexamethasone (ADR+Dexa) 2 weeks post adrenalectomy, and the rats from the sham-operated group were administered intramuscular vehicle (olive oil). RESULTS: Treatment with 120 μg/kg intramuscular dexamethasone for 8 weeks resulted in a significant decrease in the diameter of the perirenal adipocytes (p<0.05) and a significant increase in the number of perirenal adipocytes (p<0.05). There was minimal weight gain but pronounced fat deposition in the dexamethasone-treated rats. These changes in the perirenal adipocytes were associated with high expression and dehydrogenase activity of 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, dexamethasone increased the deposition of perirenal fat by hyperplasia, which causes increases in the expression and dehydrogenase activity of 11 β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 in adrenalectomized rats.

Animals , Male , Rats , /metabolism , Adipocytes/drug effects , Adipose Tissue/enzymology , Dexamethasone/pharmacology , Glucocorticoids/pharmacology , Intra-Abdominal Fat/drug effects , Kidney/cytology , Adrenalectomy , /drug effects , Adipose Tissue/drug effects , Immunohistochemistry , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Biocell ; 34(3): 121-132, Dec. 2010. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-595013


Wilms tumor gene 1 (wt-1), a key regulator of mesenchymal-epithelial transformation, is downregulated during congenital obstructive nephropathy, leading to apoptosis. There is a functional interaction between WT-1 and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). In this regard, we reported that after neonatal unilateral ureteral obstruction, rosuvastatin prevents apoptosis through an increase in nitric oxide bioavailability, which in turn is linked to higher Hsp70 expression. Hence, the goal of this study was to determine whether a nitric oxide/Hsp70 interaction is involved in changes in WT-1 mRNA expression after ureteral obstruction. Neonatal rats submitted to experimental ureteral obstruction were treated with either vehicle or rosuvastatin for 14 days. Decreased nitric oxide and iNOS/Hsp70 expression associated wit h WT-1 low expression was shown in obstructed kidneys. Apoptosis was induced and it was associated with an increased Bax/BcL2 ratio. Conversely, iNOS/Hsp70 upregulation and an increased WT-1 mRNA expression, without an apoptotic response, were observed in the cortex of obstructed kidneys of rosuvastatin-treated rats. Nitric oxide also modulated Hsp70 and WT-1 mRNA expression in MDCK cells. Finally, in vivo experiments with nitric oxide modulators support our hypothesis that WT-1 mRNA expression is associated with nitric oxide level. Results suggest that rosuvastatin may modulate WT-1 mRNA expression through renal nitric oxide bioavailability, preventing neonatal obstruction-induced apoptosis associated with Hsp70 interaction.

Male , Animals , Female , Infant, Newborn , Dogs , Rats , Apoptosis , Apoptosis/physiology , Cell Line , Epithelial Cells/cytology , Epithelial Cells , Epithelial Cells/physiology , Disease Models, Animal , Enzyme Inhibitors/pharmacology , Luminol/analogs & derivatives , Luminol/pharmacology , Fluorobenzenes/pharmacology , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/pharmacology , /genetics , /metabolism , Kidney/cytology
Rev. argent. microbiol ; 41(2): 79-85, abr.-jun. 2009. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-634620


The aim of this work was to study the in vitro amplification of BVDV (Pestivirus, Flaviridae) field isolates from Argentina in MDBK, BoTur and BHK-21 continuous cell lines. Field isolates 99/134 (mucosal disease), 00/693 (mucosal disease), 04P7016 (respiratory disease) and 04/89 (mucosal disease), genotype 1b, were used and compared with the Singer and NADL reference strains, genotype 1a. Additionally, cell lines derived from explants of bovine testis (RD- 420), bovine uterus (NCL-1) and porcine kidney (PKZ) were tested as alternative substrates for BVDV propagation in vitro. The effect of cell line, harvest time and infection protocol was evaluated. The viral titers observed depended on the virus and harvest time but not on the infection protocol. We found that MDBK and BoTur cell lines were susceptible to the infection whereas BHK-21 and PKZ were not. NADL viral titers, 00/693 and 04/89, increased from 24 to 48 h p.i. in BoTur cells and then reached a plateau, whereas those of 99/134 and 04P7016 remained constant between 24 and 72 h p.i. BVDV Singer, on the other hand, presented a maximum titer at 24 h p.i. and then decreased. BVDV-NADL titers increased in MDBK and NCL-1 but not in RD-420 between 24 and 48 h p.i., and then decreased at 72 h p.i. These facts lead us to conclude that neither the subgenotypes (1a, 1b) nor the clinical symptoms of the animal from the virus had been isolated seem to affect the virus cell line kinetics of viral replication in vitro. On the other hand, the most homogenous behavior, the most similar replication curves, and highest titers observed in MDBK and NCL-1 seem to indicate that these lines are generally more susceptible to BVDV replication.

Se estudió la interacción de aislamientos de campo de Argentina del VDVB (Pestivirus, Flaviridae) en las líneas celulares continuas MDBK, BoTur y BHK-21. Se utilizaron los virus de campo genotipo 1b, 99/134, 00/693 (casos compatibles con enfermedad de las mucosas) y 04P7016 (cuadro respiratorio) y las cepas de referencia genotipo 1a Singer y NADL. Además se evaluó la interacción de VDVB-NADL con las líneas celulares experimentales de bovino RD-420 y NCL-1 y de riñón porcino (PKZ). Se usaron 2 protocolos de infección. Los títulos virales observados dependieron del virus y del tiempo de infección y no así del modo de infección. Mientras que MDBK y BoTur resultaron susceptibles a la infección, BHK-21 y PKZ no lo fueron. Los virus NADL, 00/693 y 04/89 incrementaron su título entre las 24 y las 48 h p.i. en BoTur para mantenerlo posteriormente; los virus 99/134 y 04P7016 no presentaron variaciones y la cepa Singer presentó título máximo a las 24 h p.i para luego descender. La cinética del virus NADL en las células MDBK, RD-420 y NCL-1 tuvo un incremento de título para MDBK y NCL-1 entre las 24 y 48 h p.i que descendió a las 72 h p.i. La interacción virus-línea celular no estaría relacionada con el sub-genotipo del virus (1a o 1b), ni con el cuadro clínico; las células MDBK y NCL-1 serían más susceptibles a la replicación del VDVB.

Animals , Cattle , Cricetinae , Dogs , Female , Male , Bovine Virus Diarrhea-Mucosal Disease/virology , Diarrhea Viruses, Bovine Viral/growth & development , Hemorrhagic Syndrome, Bovine/virology , In Vitro Techniques , Virus Replication , Virus Cultivation/methods , Argentina/epidemiology , Bovine Virus Diarrhea-Mucosal Disease/epidemiology , Cell Culture Techniques/methods , Cell Line/virology , Diarrhea Viruses, Bovine Viral/isolation & purification , Hemorrhagic Syndrome, Bovine/epidemiology , Kidney/cytology , Mesocricetus , Organ Specificity , Swine , Testis/cytology , Uterus/cytology
Biocell ; 33(1): 33-38, Apr. 2009. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-595027


The kidney has an inherent ability for recovery and regeneration following acute damage. However, there has been much contention as to the source of regenerating renal cells. The aim of this study was to isolate and characterize these cells. Normal rat kidneys were minced and cells were isolated with collagenase I and were cultured in an expansion medium. Adherent cells were isolated and expanded for more than 120 days in vitro. These cells had the potential of trans-lineage differentiation into neural cells, adipocytes and osteocytes. These cells also expressed Nucleostemin, Cyclin D1, Notch1 and Survivin which are commonly expressed in stem cells. The results of the current work show that the adult kidney contains a population of multipotent stem cells.

Animals , Female , Rats , Multipotent Stem Cells/cytology , Multipotent Stem Cells/metabolism , Cyclin D1/metabolism , /metabolism , Carrier Proteins/metabolism , Receptor, Notch1/metabolism , Kidney/cytology , Kidney/physiology , Cell Differentiation/physiology , Microtubule-Associated Proteins/metabolism , Nuclear Proteins/metabolism , Rats, Wistar , Regeneration , Cell Separation/methods
Int. j. morphol ; 27(1): 211-218, Mar. 2009. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-553010


The aim of this study was to substitute costly and hazardous compound- xylene, used as clearing agent, with less costly compounds (mixture of xylene and kerosene) having less toxicity and without compromising the cellular integrity and staining characteristics of the sections. Tissues (liver and kidney) obtained from a presumable healthy adult Wistar rat, were fixed in 10 percent formol saline, separated in to five groups (A, B, C, D and E) and processed for light microscopic study adopting H & E staining procedure. During the clearing section, groups A, B, C, D and E were respectively cleared in solvent 1 (xylene only), solvent 2 (70ml xylene : 30ml kerosene), solvent 3 (50ml xylene : 50ml kerosene), solvent 4 (30ml xylene : 70ml kerosene) and solvent 5 (kerosene only). Our result revealed that tissues in groups A, B and C were properly cleared without any morphological impairment. The staining characteristics were also observed to be very bright. Groups D and E however presented poor staining intensity with reduced cellular details. Semi-stained transparent patches were also noticed. It is inferred from the present investigation that a mixture of xylene and kerosene could be employed in the clearing of tissues only at the prescribed ratio i.e. solvent 2 and solvent 3 without posing any health risk or compromising the cellular integrity.

El objetivo de este estudio fue el de sustituir el costoso y peligroso compuesto xileno, utilizado como agente de aclaramiento, por un compuesto menos costoso (mezcla de kerosene y xileno), con menor toxicidad y sin comprometer la integridad celular ni las características de tinción de las secciones. Los tejidos (hígado y riñon) fueron obtenidos a partir de una rata Wistar adulta presumiblemente sana, los que fueron fijados en solución de formalina salina al 10 por ciento, y separadas en cinco grupos (A, B, C, D y E) y tratadas para estudio con microscópico de luz, con tinción H & E. Durante el aclaramiento de las secciones histológicas, los grupos A, B, C, D y E, fueron, respectivamente, aclarados con el disolvente 1 (sólo xileno), solvente 2 (70ml de xileno: 30ml Kerosene), solvente 3 (50ml de xileno: 50ml Kerosene), solvente 4 (30ml xileno: 70ml kerosene) y solvente 5 (sólo el kerosene). Los resultados revelaron que los tejidos de los grupos A, B y C fueron aclarados correctamente sin alteraciones morfológicas. En la tinción también se observó como característica, ser muy brillante. Los grupos D y E, sin embargo presentaron una tinción de pobre intensidad con la reducción de los detalles celulares. Zonas con manchas semitransparentes también fueron observadas. Se infiere que una mezcla de xileno y kerosene podría ser empleado en el aclaramiento de los tejidos, sólo prescrito en la proporción del solvente 2 y 3, sin suponer ningún riesgo para la salud o comprometer la integridad celular.

Animals , Rats , Kerosene/analysis , Kerosene , Kidney/cytology , Kidney , Xylenes/analysis , Xylenes/standards , Xylenes , Clarifying Agents , Liver/cytology , Liver/ultrastructure , Rats, Wistar
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 286-90, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634895


3-hydroxy-3-methylgulutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors or statins are a kind of lipid-lowering agents and have been used for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Recent studies suggested that statins, besides lowering cholesterol, may protect vessels by enhancing the activity of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS). In the present study, we investigated if simvastatin increases eNOS activity through its phosphorylation in 293 cells (293-eNOS) with stable expression of eNOS. The results showed that incubation of 293-eNOS cells with simvastatin (10 microm/L) for 2 h significantly increased in the activity of eNOS as shown by the conversion of L-arginine to L-citrulline (2889.70+/-201.51 versus 5630.18+/-218.75 pmol/min . mg proteins) (P<0.01). Western blotting revealed that simvastatin increased phosphorylation of eNOS at 1177 (ser) and also 495 (thr) but did not affect the overall expression of eNOS or inducible NOS. Further study found that simvastatin raised phosphorylation levels of Akt and AMPK, and such effect could be antagonized by Akt inhibitor or AMPK inhibitor. These results suggest that simvastatin could stimulate the activity of eNOS via its phosphorylation by Akt and AMPK, which provides a new mechanism, other than lipid-lowering effect, for the cardiovascular protection of statins.

Cell Line , Epithelial Cells/cytology , Epithelial Cells/enzymology , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/pharmacology , Kidney/cytology , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/metabolism , Phosphorylation , Simvastatin/pharmacology
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : 331-336, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-67601


Bovine leukemia virus (BLV) envelope glycoprotein (gp51/gp30T-), consisting of BLV gp51 and BLV gp30 that lacked its C-terminal transmembrane domain, was expressed in insect cells under the control of the baculovirus polyhedron promoter. Recombinant BLV gp51/gp30T- secreted from insect cells was determined by immunofluorescence, enzyme-linked immunosorbent and western blot assays using a BLV-specific monoclonal antibody and BLV-positive bovine antibodies. An agar gel immunodiffusion (AGID) test using gp51/gp30T- as the antigen for the detection of BLV antibodies in serum was developed and compared to traditional AGID, which uses wild type BLV antigen derived from fetal lamb kidney cells. AGID with the recombinant BLV gp51/gp30T- was relatively more sensitive than traditional AGID. When the two methods were tested with bovine sera from the field, the recombinant BLV gp51/gp30T- and traditional antigen had a relative sensitivity of 69.8% and 67.4%, respectively, and a relative specificity of 93.3% and 92.3%. These results indicated that the recombinant BLV gp51/gp30T- is an effective alternative antigen for the diagnosis of BLV infection in cattle.

Animals , Cattle , Agar , Antibodies, Viral/blood , Antigens, Viral/immunology , Baculoviridae/metabolism , Cell Line , Enzootic Bovine Leukosis/blood , Gene Expression Regulation, Viral/physiology , Immunodiffusion/methods , Kidney/cytology , Leukemia Virus, Bovine/genetics , Molecular Biology , Sheep , Viral Envelope Proteins/genetics
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 67(5): 465-468, sep.-oct. 2007. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-489369


RAC3 pertenece a la familia de coactivadores de receptores nucleares p160, y se encuentra sobreexpresado en varios tumores. Demostramos previamente que RAC3 es coactivador del factor de transcripción anti-apoptótico NF-kB. En este trabajo investigamos su rol en la apoptosis inducida por H2O2 en una línea celular no tumoral derivada de riñón embrionario humano (HEK293), y por el ligando inductor de apoptosis relacionado a TNF (TRAIL) en una línea de leucemia mieloide crónica humana (K562), naturalmente resistente a la muerte por este estímulo. Observamos que las células tumorales K562 poseen niveles altos de RAC3 comparados con las células no tumorales HEK293. La sobreexpresión normal de coactivador o por transfección, inhibe la apoptosis mediante una disminución de la activación de caspasas, translocación del factor inductor de apoptosis (AIF) al núcleo, aumento de la actividad de NF-kB y las quinasas AKT y p38 y disminución de la quinasa ERK. Lo opuesto fue observado por disminución de RAC3 mediante la técnica de ARN interferente (RNAi) en K562, aumentando así la apoptosis inducida por TRAIL. Estas evidencias sugieren que una sobreexpresión de RAC3 contribuye al desarrollo de tumores, participando en las cascadas que controlan la muerte celular por mecanismos no estrictamente dependientes de hormonas esteroideas y/o de acetilación, constituyendo esto un posible blanco de ataque para el tratamiento de tumores.

RAC3 belongs to the family of p160 nuclear receptors coactivators and it is over-expressed in several tumors. We have previously shown that RAC3 is a NF-kB coactivator. In this paper, we investigated the role of RAC3 in cell-sensitivity to apoptosis, using H2O2 in the human embryonic kidney cell line (HEK293), and tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis inducing ligand (TRAIL) in a human chronic myeloid leukemia cell line (K562) naturally resistant to TRAIL. We observed that the tumoral K562 cells have high levels of RAC3 if compared with the non-tumoral HEK293 cells. The normal or transfected coactivator over-expression inhibits apoptosis through a diminished caspase activity and AIF nuclear translocation, increased NF-kB, AKT and p38, and decreased ERK activities. In contrast, inhibition of RAC3 by siRNA induced sensitivity of K562 to TRAIL-induced apoptosis. Such results suggest that over-expression of RAC3 contributes to tumor development through molecular mechanisms that do not depend strictly on acetylation and/or steroid hormones, which control cell death. This could be a possible target for future tumor therapies.

Humans , Apoptosis/physiology , Cell Transformation, Neoplastic , Receptors, TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand/physiology , TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand/physiology , Transcription Factors/physiology , rac GTP-Binding Proteins/physiology , Kidney/cytology , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/pathology , Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 39(12): 1563-1568, Dec. 2006. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-439682


There are few studies of ochratoxin A (OTA) genotoxicity in experimental animals and the results obtained with cell cultures are inconsistent, although the carcinogenic potential of OTA for the kidney of experimental animals has been well established. We studied the genotoxic potential of OTA in the kidney of adult female Wistar rats (5 in each group) treated intraperitoneally with OTA (0.5 mg kg body weight-1 day-1 for 7, 14, and 21 days) measuring DNA mobility on agarose gel stained with ethidium-bromide using standard alkaline single-cell gel electrophoresis (comet assay). Negative control animals were treated with solvent (Tris buffer, 1.0 mg/kg) and positive control animals were treated with methyl methanesulfonate (40 mg/kg) according to the same schedule. OTA concentrations in plasma and kidney homogenates in 7-, 14-, and 21-day treated animals were 4.86 ± 0.53, 7.52 ± 3.32, 7.85 ± 2.24 æg/mL, and 0.87 ± 0.09, 0.99 ± 0.06, 1.09 ± 0.15 æg/g, respectively. In all OTA-treated groups, the tail length, tail intensity, and tail moment in kidney tissue were significantly higher than in controls (P < 0.05). The tail length and tail moment were higher after 14 days than after 7 days of treatment (P < 0.05), and still higher after 21 days (P < 0.05). The highest tail intensity was observed in animals treated for 21 days, and it differed significantly from animals treated for 7 and 14 days (P < 0.05). OTA concentrations in plasma and kidney tissue increased steadily and OTA concentration in kidney tissue strongly correlated with tail intensity and tail moment values. These results confirm the genotoxic potential of OTA, and show that the severity of DNA lesions in kidney correlates with OTA concentration.

Animals , Female , Rats , Comet Assay , Carcinogens/toxicity , DNA Damage , Kidney/drug effects , Ochratoxins/toxicity , Kidney/cytology , Rats, Wistar , Time Factors
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-18296


BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Very few studies regarding production of virulence factors in different predominant serotypes of uropathogenic Pseudomonas aeruginosa are available and they have not been correlated to in vivo pathogenicity in the urinary tract. This study was carriedout with the objective to analyze the phenotypic characters of uroisolates of P. aeruginosa in vitro and to study the association of these virulence traits with their ability to cause nephropathogenicity in mouse model of ascending urinary tract infection (UTI). METHODS: Protease, elastase, alginate, haemolysin, pyochelin, pyoverdin and phopholipase C were measured using standard protocols in 18 uroisolates of P. aeruginosa isolated from patients suffering from complicated UTIs. An ascending model of pyelonephritis was established in Swiss Webster (LACA) female mice with these isolates. Quantitative bacterial count and histopathological evaluation of mouse renal tissue was done which were then assessed for a possible association with elaboration of virulence factors. RESULTS: All isolates of P. aeruginosa were able to colonize renal tissue of mice. However, renal counts varied amongst different isolates producing different virulence factors. Isolates producing high levels of haemolysin along with other virulence factors were able to colonize and multiply more in mouse renal tissue as compared to those producing low levels of haemolysin. INTERPRETATION & CONCLUSION: The findings of this study indicated an association between haemolysin production and renal colonization. High level of haemolysin production in vitro could be used as surrogate information for assessing pyelonephritic potential of P. aeruginosa.

Animals , Female , Hemolysin Proteins/metabolism , Hemolytic Agents/metabolism , Kidney/cytology , Mice , Phenotype , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/cytology , Urinary Tract Infections/microbiology , Urine/microbiology , Virulence Factors/metabolism