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1.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 125-129, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971113

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the in vivo intervention and relative mechanism of Genistein (GEN) on tumor-associated inflammatory and tumor thrombophilia in lymphoma-bearing mice.@*METHODS@#Forty female Balb/c mice aged 5-6 weeks were injected with murine-derived Pro B-cell lymphoma cell line 38B9 to establish a lymphoma mouse model, which was randomly divided into control group, tumor-bearing group, GEN drug intervention group and cyclophosphamide (CTX)drug intervention group. Histopathologic was used to evaluate the tumorigenesis. Tumor formation was observed, and tumor tissues were collected of HE and immunohistochemical staining. ELISA and flow cytometry were used to detect the expression of inflammatory factors and the changes of thrombus indices in plasma after intervention of GEN and Cyclophosphamide (CTX) respectively. Immunohistochemistry method was used to detect the expression of CD19 in tomor tissues of tummor bearing mice.@*RESULTS@#After 14 days of tumor bearing, the mice were tumorigenic. The lymphoma cells were diffusely distributed in the tumor tissue and the expression of CD19 in the tumor tissue was positive. The inflammatory factors such as IL-6, NETs and CLEC-2, and thrombotic indices such as TF, FIB and D-D in lymphoma-bearing mice were significantly higher than those before tumor-injection and lower than those after drug-intervention (all P<0.05). The levels of CLEC-2 and D-D in GEN group were significantly lower than those in CTX group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Tumor-associated inflammation and thrombophilia exist in lymphoma-bearing mice. GEN shows better anti-inflammatory and anti-thrombotic effects compared with CTX by interfering with tumor inflammatory factors.


Subject(s)
Mice , Female , Animals , Genistein , Lymphoma , Cyclophosphamide , Thrombophilia , Inflammation , Lectins, C-Type
2.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 856-863, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011062

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between FCER2(2206A>G) gene polymorphism and the efficacy of inhaled corticosteroids(ICS) in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis(CRS). Methods:A total of 208 CRS patients were routinely treated with functional endonasal sinus surgery and postoperative ICS. DNA extraction, PCR amplification and gene sequencing were performed to observe the FCER2(2206A>G) gene polymorphism and calculate the allele frequency. The visual analog scale(VAS) score, Lund-Kennedy score, and computed tomography(CT) Lund-Mackay score were determined 6 months after surgery among patients with different genotypes. Moreover, the polymorphism frequency was compared among different subgroups(chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps versus chronic rhinosinusitis without nasal polyps, eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis versus non-eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis). Results:There were FCER2(2206A>G) gene polymorphism in patients with CRS, and the phenotypes included 3 genotypes, AA, AG and GG, with distribution frequencies of 68(32.7%), 116(55.8%) and 24(11.5%) cases, respectively. No significant differences were found in age, VAS score, nasal endoscopic Lund-Kennedy score and CT imaging Lund-Mackay score among patients with CRS of each genotype before surgery. In patients with the AA genotype, the changes in VAS score(5.74±1.10), Lund Kennedy score(5.92 ± 1.14), and CT imaging Lund-Mackay score(13.26±4.26) were significantly higher than in patients with the AG(4.37±0.86, 5.37±1.24, 10.82±3.77) and GG(4.26±0.80, 5.18±1.56, 10.10±3.53) genotype(P<0.05). However, there were no marked difference between patients with the AG genotype and those with the GG genotype(P>0.05). Compared with patients with non-eosinophilic sinusitis, Among them, the differences between the GG genotype and AG /AA genes were more significant in eosinophilic sinusitis compared to non-eosinophilic sinusitis(P<0.01). Conclusion:The FCER2(2206A>G) gene in patients with CRS has genetic polymorphism and is associated with the recovery of CRS patients after surgery, individual corticosteroid sensitivity, and subgroup variability.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nasal Polyps/complications , Rhinitis/complications , Sinusitis/complications , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Polymorphism, Genetic , Endoscopy/methods , Chronic Disease , Receptors, IgE , Lectins, C-Type
3.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 4-16, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971606

ABSTRACT

C-type lectins (CTLs) represent a large family of soluble and membrane-bound proteins which bind calcium dependently via carbohydrate recognition domains (CRDs) to glycan residues presented on the surface of a variety of pathogens. The deconvolution of a cell's glycan code by CTLs underpins several important physiological processes in mammals such as pathogen neutralization and opsonization, leukocyte trafficking, and the inflammatory response. However, as our knowledge of CTLs has developed it has become apparent that the role of this innate immune family of proteins can be double-edged, where some pathogens have developed approaches to subvert and exploit CTL interactions to promote infection and sustain the pathological state. Equally, CTL interactions with host glycoproteins can contribute to inflammatory diseases such as arthritis and cancer whereby, in certain contexts, they exacerbate inflammation and drive malignant progression. This review discusses the 'dual agent' roles of some of the major mammalian CTLs in both resolving and promoting infection, inflammation and inflammatory disease and highlights opportunities and emerging approaches for their therapeutic modulation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Inflammation/metabolism , Lectins, C-Type/metabolism , Mammals/metabolism , Membrane Proteins , Polysaccharides/metabolism
4.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 85-91, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971498

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effects of CLEC5A expression level on cell proliferation, migration and invasion and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and explore the role of CLEC5A in the tumorigenesis and progression of HCC.@*METHODS@#The expression level of CLEC5A was detected in 50 pairs of HCC and adjacent tissues using immunohistochemical staining, and its association with clinicopathological parameters of HCC patients was analyzed. Cultured HCC cell line SK-HEP-1 was transfected with a lentiviral vector overexpressing CLEC5A, and the transfection efficiency was verified using real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR and Western blotting. The changes in proliferation, migration and invasion abilities of the transfected cells were analyzed using CCK-8, 5-ethynyl-29-deoxyuridine (EdU) and Transwell assays, and EMT of the cells was determined using Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#The protein expression level of CLEC5A was significantly lower in HCC tissues than in the adjacent tissues (P < 0.001). The expression level of CLEC5A was significantly correlated with tumor size (P=0.008), tumor number (P=0.010), histological differentiation (P=0.016), microvascular invasion (P=0.024) and BCLC stage (P=0.040). In SK-HEP-1 cells, overexpression of CLEC5A obviously inhibited the cell proliferation, migration and invasion and reversed EMT phenotype of the cells.@*CONCLUSION@#CLEC5A is a potential HCC suppressor gene and may serve as a promising therapeutic target for HCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Cell Proliferation , Cell Differentiation , Receptors, Cell Surface/genetics , Lectins, C-Type/genetics
5.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 102-106, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929540

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the development of a CAR-T cells targeting CLL-1 and verify its function. Methods: The expression levels of CLL-1 targets in cell lines and primary cells were detected by flow cytometry. A CLL-1 CAR vector was constructed, and the corresponding lentivirus was prepared. After infection and activation of T cells, CAR-T cells targeting CLL-1 were produced and their function was verified in vitro and in vivo. Results: CLL-1 was expressed in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell lines and primary AML cells. The transduction rate of the prepared CAR T cells was 77.82%. In AML cell lines and AML primary cells, CLL-1-targeting CAR-T cells significantly and specifically killed CLL-1-expressing cells. Compared to untransduced T cells, CAR-T cells killed target cells and secreted inflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin-6 and interferon-γ, at significantly higher levels (P<0.001) . In an in vivo human xenograft mouse model of AML, CLL-1 CAR-T cells also exhibited potent antileukemic activity and induced prolonged mouse survival compared with untransduced T cells [not reached vs 22 days (95%CI 19-24 days) , P=0.002]. Conclusion: CAR-T cells targeting CLL-1 have been successfully produced and have excellent functions.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Cell Line, Tumor , Cytokines , Immunotherapy, Adoptive , Lectins, C-Type , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/metabolism , Receptors, Mitogen , T-Lymphocytes
6.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 54: e0008-22021, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155584

ABSTRACT

Abstract We describe the first report of a patient with chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis associated with disseminated and recurrent paracoccidioidomycosis. The investigation demonstrated that the patient had a mannose receptor deficiency, which would explain the patient's susceptibility to chronic infection by Candida spp. and systemic infection by paracoccidioidomycosis. Mannose receptors are responsible for an important link between macrophages and fungal cells during phagocytosis. Deficiency of this receptor could explain the susceptibility to both fungal species, suggesting the impediment of the phagocytosis of these fungi in our patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Paracoccidioidomycosis/complications , Paracoccidioidomycosis/diagnosis , Candidiasis, Chronic Mucocutaneous/complications , Candidiasis, Chronic Mucocutaneous/genetics , Receptors, Cell Surface , Lectins, C-Type , Mannose-Binding Lectins
7.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(9): e9693, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132556

ABSTRACT

Ischemic heart disease (IHD) is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. C-type lectin domain family 3 member B (CLEC3B) is a C-type lectin superfamily member and is reported to promote tissue remodeling. The serum levels of CLEC3B are downregulated in patients with cardiovascular disease. However, the molecular mechanisms of CLEC3B in IHD is not well-characterized. Therefore, we overexpressed CLEC3B and silenced CLEC3B in H9c2 rat cardiomyocytes for the first time. We then constructed a model of IHD in vitro through culturing H9c2 cardiomyocytes in serum-free medium under oxygen-deficit conditions. Then, Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), flow cytometry, qRT-PCR, and western blot assays were performed to investigate cell viability, apoptosis, and expression levels of CLEC3B, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), phosphorylated PI3K (p-PI3K), protein kinase B (Akt), phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt), and cleaved-caspase 3. We observed that the mRNA expression of CLEC3B was decreased in hypoxic H9c2 cardiomyocytes (P<0.05). Overexpression of CLEC3B increased cell viability (P<0.01), inhibited cell apoptosis (P<0.05), upregulated the levels of p-PI3K/PI3K and p-Akt/Akt (P<0.01 or P<0.05), and downregulated expression of cleaved-caspase 3 (P<0.001) in hypoxic H9c2 cardiomyocytes while silencing of CLEC3B caused the opposite results. Inhibition of the PI3K/Akt pathway reversed the protective effect of CLEC3B on hypoxic H9c2 cardiomyocytes. Our study demonstrated that CLEC3B alleviated the injury of hypoxic H9c2 cardiomyocytes via the PI3K/Akt pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Rats , Apoptosis/physiology , Lectins, C-Type/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Myocytes, Cardiac/physiology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase , Hypoxia
8.
J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis ; 26: e20190073, 2020. graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1135150

ABSTRACT

Neuroblastoma is a pediatric tumor with a mortality rate of 40% in the most aggressive cases. Tumor microenvironment components as immune cells contribute to the tumor progression; thereby, the modulation of immune cells to a pro-inflammatory and antitumoral profile could potentialize the immunotherapy, a suggested approach for high-risk patients. Preview studies showed the antitumoral potential of BJcuL, a C- type lectin isolated from Bothrops jararacussu venom. It was able to induce immunomodulatory responses, promoting the rolling and adhesion of leukocytes and the activation of neutrophils. Methods: SK-N-SH cells were incubated with conditioned media (CM) obtained during the treatment of neutrophils with BJcuL and fMLP, a bacteria-derived peptide highly effective for activating neutrophil functions. Then we evaluated the effect of the same stimulation on the co-cultivation of neutrophils and SK-N-SH cells. Tumor cells were tested for viability, migration, and invasion potential. Results: In the viability assay, only neutrophils treated with BJcuL (24 h) and cultivated with SK-N-SH were cytotoxic. Migration of tumor cells decreased when incubated directly (p < 0.001) or indirectly (p < 0.005) with untreated neutrophils. When invasion potential was evaluated, neutrophils incubated with BJcuL reduced the total number of colonies of SK-N-SH cells following co-cultivation for 24 h (p < 0.005). Treatment with CM resulted in decreased anchorage-free survival following 24 h of treatment (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Data demonstrated that SK-N-SH cells maintain their migratory potential in the face of neutrophil modulation by BJcuL, but their invasive capacity was significantly reduced.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Peptides , Bothrops , Crotalid Venoms/isolation & purification , Lectins, C-Type/isolation & purification , Neuroblastoma , Neutrophils , In Vitro Techniques
9.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 315-323, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828487

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To provide data support for the study of pathogenic mechanism of SARS-CoV-2 at the molecular level, and provide suitable candidate targets for vaccine, antibody and drug research and development through comparative analysis for structural characteristics and epitopes of S protein of SARS-CoV-2 and SARS-CoV.@*METHODS@#Based on the reference sequences of S protein, physical and chemical properties, hydrophobicity, signal peptide, transmembrane region, domain, secondary structure, tertiary structure analysis and antigenic epitopes prediction were carried out. Meanwhile, the tissue expression, related pathways and reactome pathways of angiotensis Ⅰ converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) and C-type lectin domain family 4 member M (CLEC4M) receptors were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The amino acid sequence of S protein of SARS-CoV-2 and SARS-CoV has a 75.80% consistency. The structural characteristics of the two coronaviruses are highly consistent, but the secondary structure and tertiary structure of SARS-CoV-2 is not as obvious as SARS-CoV. ACE2 and CLEC4M are expressed in alimentary system, heart, kidney, lung and placenta. The main related the pathways of renin-angiotensin system, protein digestion and absorption pathway, and the reactome pathways of metabolism of angiotensinogen to angiotensins, GPCR ligand binding, are related to typical symptoms of coronavirus disease 2019 induced by SARS-CoV-2. Three pairs of highly or completely homologous epitopes of S protein were obtained. The 600-605, 695-703 and 888-896 amino acid residues in SARS-CoV-2 were highly homologous with 586-591, 677-685 and 870-878 amino acid residues in SARS-CoV, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The similarity of S protein of SARS-CoV-2 and SARS-CoV determines that they have similar infection patterns and clinical manifestations. The candidate epitopes with high reliability can provide reference for virus diagnosis and vaccine development.


Subject(s)
Humans , Betacoronavirus , Cell Adhesion Molecules , Coronavirus Infections , Epitopes , Lectins, C-Type , Ligands , Pandemics , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A , Pneumonia, Viral , Receptors, Cell Surface , Receptors, Virus , Reproducibility of Results , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus
10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3211-3219, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827996

ABSTRACT

To observe the efficacy of cinnamaldehyde on dextran sulfate sodium(DSS)-induced ulcerative colitis(UC) with Can-dida albicans(Ca) colonization and its effect on dectin-1/TLRs/NF-κB signaling pathway in mice. C57 BL/6 mice were randomly divided into normal group, DSS group, DSS+Ca group, cinnamaldehyde group and mesalazine group. Mice in DSS+Ca group were given Ca(1×10~8 CFU per mouse) through intragastrical administration for 4 consecutive days and then distilled water with 3.0% DSS for 7 consecutive days. In cinnamaldehyde group and mesalazine group, in addition to the induction method of the DSS+Ca group, mice were given 75 mg·kg~(-1) cinnamaldehyde and 200 mg·kg~(-1) mesalazine accompanied with 3.0% DSS for 7 consecutive days, respectively. Mice in normal group and DSS group were correspondingly administered with distilled water. The general conditions of the mice were observed daily, the diseased activity index(DAI) score was calculated, and fungal loads of feces were detected by plate method. The mice were sacrificed on day 12, colon length was measured, colon mucosa damage index(CMDI) score was calculated, and histopathological analysis was carried out by HE staining. Anti-saccharomces cerevisiae antibody(ASCA) and β-1,3-glucan in serum, and TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10 in serum and colon tissue were detected by ELISA. The contents of β-1,3-glucan and macrophage infiltration in colon tissues were examined by immunofluorescence staining. The protein expressions of dectin-1, TLR2, TLR4 and NF-κB were detected by Western blot and immunohistochemistry staining. The results showed that cinnamaldehyde could significantly improve the general conditions of UC mice with Ca colonization, decrease DAI and histopathological scores, reduce intestinal mucosal congestion, erosion and colon shortening, decrease Ca load in mouse feces and tissues, down-regulate the contents of ASCA and β-1,3-glucan in serum, reduce the contents of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8 and increase IL-10 in serum and colon tissues, inhibit macrophages infiltration and down-regulate the protein expression of dectin-1, TLR2, TLR4 and NF-κB in colon tissue. These results suggested that cinnamaldehyde had a therapeutic effect on UC mice with Ca colonization, which might be related to the inhibition of Ca proliferation, the regulation of dectin-1/TLRs/NF-κB signaling pathways and the coordination of the balance between pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory factors.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Acrolein , Candida albicans , Colitis, Ulcerative , Colon , Dextran Sulfate , Disease Models, Animal , Lectins, C-Type , NF-kappa B , Signal Transduction
11.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 39(1): 88-101, ene.-mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001392

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Host genetics is recognized as an influential factor for the development of dengue disease. Objective: This study evaluated the association of dengue with the polymorphisms rs8192284 for gene IL6R, rs3775290 for TLR3, and rs7248637 for DC-SIGN. Materials and methods: Of the 292 surveyed subjects, 191 were confirmed for dengue fever and the remaining 101 were included as controls. The genotypes were resolved using polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR- RFLP). In an attempt to determine the risk (Odds Ratio) of suffering dengue fever, data were analyzed using chi-square for alleles and logistic regression for both genotypes and allelic combinations. Confidence intervals were set to 95% for all tests regardless of the adjustment by either self-identification or ancestry. Results: For Afro-Colombians, the allele rs8192284 C offered protection against dengue [OR=0.425,(0.204-0.887), p=0.020]. The alleles rs7248637 A and rs3775290 A posed, respectively, an increased risk of dengue for Afro-Colombians [OR=2.389, (1.170-4.879), p=0.015] and Mestizos [OR=2.329, (1.283-4.226), p=0.005]. The reproducibility for rs8192284 C/C [OR=2.45, (1.05-5.76), p=0.013] remained after adjustment by Amerindian ancestry [OR=2.52, (1.04-6.09), p=0.013]. The reproducibility for rs3775290 A/A [OR=2.48, (1.09-5.65), p=0.033] remained after adjustment by European [OR=2.34, (1.02-5.35), p=0.048], Amerindian [OR=2.49, (1.09-5.66), p=0.035], and African ancestry [OR=2.37, (1.04-5.41), p=0.046]. Finally, the association of dengue fever with the allelic combination CAG [OR=2.07, (1.06-4.05), p=0.033] remained after adjustment by Amerindian ancestry [OR=2.16, (1.09-4.28), p=0.028]. Conclusions: Polymorphisms rs8192284 for IL6R, rs3775290 for TLR3, and rs7248637 for DC-SIGN were associated with the susceptibility to suffer dengue fever in the sampled Colombian population.


Resumen Introducción. La genética del huésped se reconoce como un factor que influye en el desarrollo del dengue. Objetivo. Este estudio evaluó la asociación del dengue con los polimorfismos rs8192284 del gen IL6R, rs3775290 del TLR3 y rs7248637 del DC-SIGN. Materiales y métodos. De los 292 sujetos encuestados, en 191 se confirmó la presencia de fiebre por dengue y los restantes 101 se incluyeron como controles. Los genotipos se resolvieron mediante reacción en cadena de la polimerasa y polimorfismos en la longitud de los fragmentos de restricción (PCR-RFLP). En un intento por determinar el riesgo de sufrir dengue, los datos se analizaron mediante la prueba de ji al cuadrado para los alelos y la regresión logística para los genotipos y las combinaciones alélicas. Los intervalos de confianza se calcularon a 95 % para todas las pruebas independientemente ajustadas por autoidentificación o componente genético ancestral. Resultados. En los afrocolombianos, el alelo C rs8192284 ofreció protección contra el dengue (OR=0,425; 0,204-0,887, p=0,020). Los alelos A rs7248637 y Ars3775290 plantearon un mayor riesgo de dengue para los afrocolombianos (OR=2,389; 1,170- 4,879; p=0,015) y los mestizos (OR=2,329; 1,283-4,226: p=0,005), respectivamente. La reproducibilidad para rs8192284 C/C (OR=2,45; 1,05-5,76; p=0,013) permaneció después del ajuste por el componente genético ancestral amerindio (OR=2,52; 1,04- 6,09; p=0,013). La reproducibilidad del rs3775290 A/A (OR=2,48; 1,09-5,65; p=0,033) permaneció después del ajuste por el componente europeo (OR=2,34; 1,02-5,35; p=0,048), el amerindio (OR=2,49; 1,09- 5,66; p=0,035), y el africano (OR=2,37; 1,04- 5,41; p=0,046). Por último, la asociación del dengue con la combinación alélica CAG (OR=2,07; 1,06-4,05; p=0,033) permaneció después del ajuste por el componente genético amerindio (OR=2,16; 1,09-4,28;p=0,028). Conclusión. Los polimorfismos rs8192284 en IL6R, rs3775290 en TLR3 y rs7248637 en DC-SIGN, se asociaron con la propensión a sufrir dengue en una muestra de población colombiana.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length , Cell Adhesion Molecules/genetics , Receptors, Cell Surface/genetics , Receptors, Interleukin-6/genetics , Dengue/genetics , Lectins, C-Type/genetics , Toll-Like Receptor 3/genetics , Genetic Variation , Colombia , Genetic Predisposition to Disease
12.
Adv Rheumatol ; 59: 30, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088600

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Adaptive immune cells, including CD4+CD69+ and CD4+CD25+FoxP3+ regulatory T (Treg) cells, are important for maintaining immunological tolerance. In human systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), CD4+CD25+FoxP3+ Treg cells are reduced, whereas CD69 expression is increased, resulting in a homeostatic immune imbalance that may intensify autoreactive T cell activity. To analyze the mechanisms implicated in autotolerance failure, we evaluated CD4+CD69+ and CD4+CD25+FoxP3+ T cells and interleukin profiles in a pristane-induced SLE experimental model. Methods: For lupus induction, 26 female Balb/c mice received a single intraperitoneal 0.5 ml dose of pristane, and 16 mice received the same dose of saline. Blood and spleen samples were collected from euthanized mice 90 and 120 days after pristane or saline inoculation. Mononuclear cells from peripheral blood (PBMC), peritoneal lavage (PL) and splenocytes were obtained by erythrocyte lysis and cryopreserved for further evaluation by flow cytometry using the GuavaEasyCyte TM HT. After thawing, cells were washed and stained with monoclonal antibodies against CD3, CD4, CD8, CD25, CD28, CD69, FoxP3, CD14 and Ly6C (BD Pharmingen TM). Interleukins were quantified using Multiplex® MAP. The Mann-Whitney test and the Pearson coefficient were used for statistical analysis, and p < 0.05 considered significant. Results: Compared with the controls, SLE-induced animals presented increased numbers of CD4+CD69+ T cells in the blood on T90 and T120 (p = 0.022 and p = 0.008) and in the spleen on T120 (p = 0.049), but there were decreased numbers in the PL (p = 0.049) on T120. The percentage of Treg was lower in blood (p < 0.005 and p < 0.012) on T90 and T120, in spleen (p = 0.043) on T120 and in PL (p = 0.001) on T90. Increased numbers of CD4+ CD69+ T cells in the PL were positively associated with high IL-2 (p = 0.486) and IFN-γ (p = 0.017) levels, whereas reduced Treg cells in the blood were negatively correlated with TNFα levels (p = 0.043) and positively correlated with TGFβ1 (p = 0.038). Conclusion: Increased numbers of CD4+CD69+ T cells and reduced numbers of CD4+CD25+FoxP3+ Treg cells with an altered interleukin profile suggests loss of autotolerance in pristane-induced lupus mice, which is similar to human lupus. Therefore, this model is useful in evaluating mechanisms of cellular activation, peripheral tolerance and homeostatic immune imbalance involved in human SLE.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Mice , Spleen/cytology , Peritoneal Lavage , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/cytology , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/cytology , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/immunology , Spleen/immunology , Terpenes , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/immunology , Antigens, Ly/analysis , Antigens, Ly/immunology , Antigens, Differentiation, T-Lymphocyte/analysis , Antigens, Differentiation, T-Lymphocyte/immunology , Antigens, CD/analysis , Antigens, CD/immunology , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/cytology , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/immunology , CD28 Antigens/analysis , CD28 Antigens/immunology , Lymphocyte Count , Lipopolysaccharide Receptors/analysis , Lipopolysaccharide Receptors/immunology , Lectins, C-Type/analysis , Lectins, C-Type/immunology , Forkhead Transcription Factors/analysis , Forkhead Transcription Factors/immunology , Interleukin-2 Receptor alpha Subunit/analysis , Interleukin-2 Receptor alpha Subunit/immunology , Immunosuppressive Agents , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/blood , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/chemically induced , Mice, Inbred BALB C
13.
Immune Network ; : e1-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740213

ABSTRACT

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is the prototypic systemic autoimmune disease characterized by production of autoantibodies to various nuclear antigens and overexpression of genes regulated by IFN-I called IFN signature. Genetic studies on SLE patients and mutational analyses of mouse models demonstrate crucial roles of nucleic acid (NA) sensors in development of SLE. Although NA sensors are involved in induction of anti-microbial immune responses by recognizing microbial NAs, recognition of self NAs by NA sensors induces production of autoantibodies to NAs in B cells and production of IFN-I in plasmacytoid dendritic cells. Among various NA sensors, the endosomal RNA sensor TLR7 plays an essential role in development of SLE at least in mouse models. CD72 is an inhibitory B cell co-receptor containing an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibition motif (ITIM) in the cytoplasmic region and a C-type lectin like-domain (CTLD) in the extracellular region. CD72 is known to regulate development of SLE because CD72 polymorphisms associate with SLE in both human and mice and CD72−/− mice develop relatively severe lupus-like disease. CD72 specifically recognizes the RNA-containing endogenous TLR7 ligand Sm/RNP by its extracellular CTLD, and inhibits B cell responses to Sm/RNP by ITIM-mediated signal inhibition. These findings indicate that CD72 inhibits development of SLE by suppressing TLR7-dependent B cell response to self NAs. CD72 is thus involved in discrimination of self-NAs from microbial NAs by specifically suppressing autoimmune responses to self-NAs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Antigens, Nuclear , Autoantibodies , Autoantigens , Autoimmune Diseases , Autoimmunity , B-Lymphocytes , Cytoplasm , Dendritic Cells , Discrimination, Psychological , Immunoreceptor Tyrosine-Based Inhibition Motif , Lectins, C-Type , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , RNA
14.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 51(6): 725-730, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-977100

ABSTRACT

Abstract Invasive aspergillosis is a common fungal infection in immunocompromised individuals. Some studies have shown that toll-like receptor and dectin-1 genetic polymorphisms may alter signaling pathways, thus increasing an individual's susceptibility to invasive aspergillosis. We investigated the pertinent literature to determine whether polymorphisms in the genes encoding toll-like receptors and dectin-1 increase the susceptibility to invasive aspergillosis. This study systematically reviewed the literature using the databases PubMed/PMC, Scopus, and Web of Science using the keywords invasive aspergillosis, polymorphism, Toll-like, and Dectin-1. From the initial search, 415 studies were found and according to our inclusion and exclusion criteria, eight studies were selected. Several studies described single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that are associated with a greater susceptibility to invasive aspergillosis. These SNPs were found in the genes that encode toll-like receptors 1, 3, 4, and 5 and the gene that encodes dectin-1; upon activation, both cellular receptors initiate a signaling cascade that can result in the production of cytokines and chemokines. Thus, our literature review uncovered a significant association between polymorphisms in the genes that encode toll-like receptors and dectin-1 and invasive aspergillosis. More studies should be performed to better understand the relationship between toll-like receptor and dectin-1 genetic polymorphisms and invasive aspergillosis susceptibility.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aspergillosis/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Lectins, C-Type/genetics , Toll-Like Receptors/genetics
15.
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-954793

ABSTRACT

The blood plasma of numerous snake species naturally comprises endogenous phospholipase A2 inhibitors, which primarily neutralize toxic phospholipases A2 that may eventually reach their circulation. This inhibitor type is generally known as snake blood phospholipase A2 inhibitors (sbPLIs). Most, if not all sbPLIs are oligomeric glycosylated proteins, although the carbohydrate moiety may not be essential for PLA2 inhibition in every case. The presently known sbPLIs belong to one of three structural classes - namely sbαPLI, sbβPLI or sbγPLI - depending on the presence of characteristic C-type lectin-like domains, leucine-rich repeats or three-finger motifs, respectively. Currently, the most numerous inhibitors described in the literature are sbαPLIs and sbγPLIs, whereas sbβPLIs are rare. When the target PLA2 is a Lys49 homolog or an Asp49 myotoxin, the sbPLI is denominated a myotoxin inhibitor protein (MIP). In this brief overview, the most relevant data on sbPLIs will be presented. Representative examples of sbαPLIs and sbγPLIs from two Old World - Gloydius brevicaudus and Malayopython reticulatus - and two New World - Bothrops alternatus and Crotalus durissus terrificus - snake species will be emphasized.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Plasma , Snakes , Blood , Lectins, C-Type , Phospholipase A2 Inhibitors
16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1731-1736, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251314

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The expression of dendritic cell-specific intercellular adhesion molecule 3-grabbing nonintegrin (DC-SIGN) in renal tubular epithelial cells has been thought to be highly correlated with the occurrence of several kidney diseases, but whether it takes place in renal tissues during hemorrhagic shock (HS) is unknown. The present study aimed to investigate this phenomenon and the inhibitory effect of Vitamin C (VitC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A Sprague-Dawley rat HS model was established in vivo in this study. The expression level and location of DC-SIGN were observed in kidneys. Also, the degree of histological damage, the concentrations of tumor necrosis factor-μ and interleukin-6 in the renal tissues, and the serum concentration of blood urea nitrogen and creatinine at different times (2-24 h) after HS (six rats in each group), with or without VitC treatment before resuscitation, were evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>HS induced DC-SIGN expression in rat tubular epithelial cells. The proinflammatory cytokine concentration, histological damage scores, and functional injury of kidneys had increased. All these phenomena induced by HS were relieved when the rats were treated with VitC before resuscitation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The results of the present study illustrated that HS could induce tubular epithelial cells expressing DC-SIGN, and the levels of proinflammatory cytokines in the kidney tissues improved correspondingly. The results also indicated that VitC could suppress the DC-SIGN expression in the tubular epithelial cells induced by HS and alleviate the inflammation and functional injury in the kidney.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Ascorbic Acid , Therapeutic Uses , Blotting, Western , Cell Adhesion Molecules , Metabolism , Epithelial Cells , Metabolism , Pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Kidney Tubules , Metabolism , Pathology , Lectins, C-Type , Metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, Cell Surface , Metabolism , Shock, Hemorrhagic , Drug Therapy , Metabolism
17.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1357-1363, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256595

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of low-selenium diet on the liver and kidneys of rats and explore the role of macrophage polarization into M1 and M2 phenotypes in liver and kidney injuries.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-four rats (12 female and 12 male) were randomly divided into control group and low-selenium group and fed with normal chow (dietary selenium of 0.18 mg/kg) and low-selenium diet (dietary selenium of 0.02 mg/kg) for 109 days. After the feeding, the rats were sacrificed for HE staining to observe liver and kidney pathologies, and immunohistochemistry was performed for analyzing CCR7, CD206, CD163-positive cell numbers in the liver and kidneys.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The rats in low-selenium group showed severer fibrosis in the liver and kidney than the control group. In either male or female rats in low-selenium group, CCR7 and CD206 expressions in the liver were comparable with those in control group, but CD163 expression was lower than that in the control group (P<0.05 for both female and male rats). In the kidney, the proximal tubule showed a slightly higher while the distal tubule showed a slightly lower CCR7 expression in low selenium group than in the control group (P>0.05). In low-selenium group, a significantly lower CD163 expression in the distal tubule and a significantly higher CD206 expression in the proximal tubule were noted as compared with the control group (P<0.05 in both female and male rats). Compared with the control rats, the male rats in low-selenium group, but not the female rats, showed a significantly lower CD163 expression in the proximal tubule of the kidney (P<0.05); the female but not the male rats in low-selenium group show a higher CD206 expression in the distal tubule (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Low-selenium diet can cause liver and kidney fibrosis in rats and may inhibit macrophage activation into the M2 phenotype.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Rats , Antigens, CD , Metabolism , Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic , Metabolism , Diet , Fibrosis , Kidney , Metabolism , Pathology , Lectins, C-Type , Metabolism , Liver , Metabolism , Pathology , Macrophage Activation , Mannose-Binding Lectins , Metabolism , Receptors, CCR7 , Metabolism , Receptors, Cell Surface , Metabolism , Selenium
18.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 84-94, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337398

ABSTRACT

Polymeric micelles have exhibited attractive properties as drug carriers, such as high stability in vivo and good biocompatibility, and been successfully used to dissolve various drugs of poor aqueous solubilities. In this study, we developed a new type of polymeric micelles with mannose-mediated targeting and pH-responsive drug release properties for anticancer drug delivery. The polymeric micelles were prepared from an amphiphilic polymer, poly (glycidyl methacrylate)-g-mannose (PGMA-Mannose). An anticancer drug, doxorubicin (DOX), was encapsulated into the micelles during the micellization, and could be released rapidly under acidic condition. The specificity of cellular uptake of the micelles by two different cell lines was studied using confocal laser scanning microscopy and the MTT assay. DOX-loaded micelles were efficiently trapped by mannose-receptor-overexpressing cancer cells MDA-MB-231, whereas mannose- receptor-poor cells HEK293 showed much lower endocytosis towards the micelles under the same conditions. Thus, DOX-loaded micelles displayed higher cytotoxicity to MDA-MB-231 cancer cells as compared with free DOX. The present study demonstrates that PGMA-Mannose micelles are a promising targeted drug delivery system for cancer therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Line, Tumor , Doxorubicin , Pharmacology , Drug Delivery Systems , HEK293 Cells , Lectins, C-Type , Metabolism , Mannose , Chemistry , Mannose-Binding Lectins , Metabolism , Micelles , Receptors, Cell Surface , Metabolism
19.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 297-306, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757590

ABSTRACT

Dendritic cells (DCs) comprise two functionally distinct subsets: plasmacytoid DCs (pDCs) and myeloid DCs (mDCs). pDCs are specialized in rapid and massive secretion of type I interferon (IFN-I) in response to nucleic acids through Toll like receptor (TLR)-7 or TLR-9. In this report, we characterized a CD56(+) DC population that express typical pDC markers including CD123 and BDCA2 but produce much less IFN-I comparing with pDCs. In addition, CD56(+) DCs cluster together with mDCs but not pDCs by genome-wide transcriptional profiling. Accordingly, CD56(+) DCs functionally resemble mDCs by producing IL-12 upon TLR4 stimulation and priming naïve T cells without prior activation. These data suggest that the CD56(+) DCs represent a novel mDC subset mixed with some pDC features. A CD4(+)CD56(+) hematological malignancy was classified as blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN) due to its expression of characteristic molecules of pDCs. However, we demonstrated that BPDCN is closer to CD56(+) DCs than pDCs by global gene-expression profiling. Thus, we propose that the CD4(+)CD56(+) neoplasm may be a tumor counterpart of CD56(+) mDCs but not pDCs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers , Metabolism , CD56 Antigen , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Cell Lineage , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Dendritic Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Pathology , Gene Expression , Hematologic Neoplasms , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Pathology , Immunophenotyping , Interferon Type I , Metabolism , Interleukin-12 , Metabolism , Interleukin-3 Receptor alpha Subunit , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Lectins, C-Type , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Membrane Glycoproteins , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Myeloid Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Pathology , Receptors, Immunologic , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Terminology as Topic , Toll-Like Receptor 4 , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Toll-Like Receptor 7 , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Toll-Like Receptor 9 , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology
20.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 544-548, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-355331

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect and mechanism of soluble dendritic cell-specific intercellular adhesion molecule 3-grabbing nonintegrin (sDC-SIGN) on the phagocytosis of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) by immature dendritic cells (imDCs).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Flow cytometry was employed to examine the effect of sDC-SIGN on the phagocytosis of S. aureus by imDCs. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to analyze the binging of sDC-SIGN to S. aureus, lipoteichoic acid (LTA) and lipopolysaccharides (LPS) and investigate the effect of the ligands mannan and LTA and anti-DC-SIGN antibodies 1C6 and 4H3 on the binging of sDC-SIGN to S. aureus.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>sDC-SIGN inhibited the phagocytosis of S. aureus by imDCs. sDC-SIGN bound to S. aureus in a Ca(2+)-dependent manner. sDC-SIGN concentration-dependently bound to LTA, but not to LTA, and the binging of sDC-SIGN to S. aureus was blocked by mannan, LTA, 1C6 and 4H3.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>sDC-SIGN preferentially binds to the carbohydrate constituents on S. aureus to affect the binding between membrane-bound DC-SIGN and S. aureus, thus suppressing the phagocytosis of S. aureus by imDCs.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Adhesion Molecules , Metabolism , Dendritic Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Lectins, C-Type , Metabolism , Lipopolysaccharides , Phagocytosis , Receptors, Cell Surface , Metabolism , Staphylococcus aureus , Teichoic Acids
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