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1.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 31-46, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011009

ABSTRACT

Liver fibrosis is a dynamic wound-healing response characterized by the agglutination of the extracellular matrix (ECM). Si-Wu-Tang (SWT), a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formula, is known for treating gynecological diseases and liver fibrosis. Our previous studies demonstrated that long non-coding RNA H19 (H19) was markedly upregulated in fibrotic livers while its deficiency markedly reversed fibrogenesis. However, the mechanisms by which SWT influences H19 remain unclear. Thus, we established a bile duct ligation (BDL)-induced liver fibrosis model to evaluate the hepatoprotective effects of SWT on various cells in the liver. Our results showed that SWT markedly improved ECM deposition and bile duct reactions in the liver. Notably, SWT relieved liver fibrosis by regulating the transcription of genes involved in the cytoskeleton remodeling, primarily in hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), and influencing cytoskeleton-related angiogenesis and hepatocellular injury. This modulation collectively led to reduced ECM deposition. Through extensive bioinformatics analyses, we determined that H19 acted as a miRNA sponge and mainly inhibited miR-200, miR-211, and let7b, thereby regulating the above cellular regulatory pathways. Meanwhile, SWT reversed H19-related miRNAs and signaling pathways, diminishing ECM deposition and liver fibrosis. However, these protective effects of SWT were diminished with the overexpression of H19 in vivo. In conclusion, our study elucidates the underlying mechanisms of SWT from the perspective of H19-related signal networks and proposes a potential SWT-based therapeutic strategy for the treatment of liver fibrosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Liver Cirrhosis/genetics , Liver/metabolism , Hepatic Stellate Cells/pathology , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Extracellular Matrix/metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal
2.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 876-885, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010144

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a visual reporting system for evaluating the activity of collagen Ⅰ α 1 chain (COL1A1) gene promoter in immortalized human hepatic stellate cells, so as to estimate the activation status of the cells and provide a new cell model for the screening and study of anti-hepatic fibrosis drugs.@*METHODS@#The promoter sequence of human COL1A1 was amplified from the genomic DNA of human hepatocarcinoma cell line HepG2. Based on the pLVX-AcGFP1-N1 plasmid, the recombinant plasmid pLVX-COL1A1-enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) was constructed, in which the enhanced green fluorescent protein gene expression was regulated by the COL1A1 promoter. The monoclonal cell line was acquired by stably transfecting pLVX-COL1A1-EGFP into the immortalized human hepatic stellate cell line LX-2 by the lentivirus packaging system and screening. The cell line was treated with transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) or co-treated with TGF-β1 and drugs with potential anti-hepatic fibrosis effects. The EGFP fluorescence intensity in cells was analyzed by the fluorescence microscope and ImageJ 1.49 software using a semi-quantitative method. The COL1A1 and EGFP mRNA were detected by reverse transcription real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR), and corresponding proteins were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The recombinant plasmid pLVX-COL1A1-EGFP with the expression of EGFP regulated by COL1A1 promoter was successfully constructed. Kozak sequence was added to enhance the expression of EGFP, which was identified by double digestion and sequencing. The LX-2 monoclonal cell line LX-2-CE stably transfected with pLVX-COL1A1-EGFP was obtained. After co-treatment with TGF-β1 and 5 μmol/L dihydrotanshinone Ⅰ with potential anti-hepatic fibrosis effect for 24 h, the total fluorescence intensity and the average fluorescence intensity of LX-2-CE were lower than those in TGF-β1 single treatment group (P < 0.05), the intracellular mRNA and protein levels of COL1A1 and EGFP were also lower than those in the TGF-β1 single treatment group (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#A reporter system for estimating activation of hepatic stellate cells based on COL1A1 promoter regulated EGFP expression is successfully constructed, which could visually report the changes in COL1A1 expression, one of the activation-related markers of hepatic stellate cells, in vitro. It provides a new cell model for the screening and study of anti-hepatic fibrosis drugs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/pharmacology , Hepatic Stellate Cells/pathology , Liver Cirrhosis/genetics , Collagen Type I/pharmacology , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5365-5376, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008734

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed to explore the underlying mechanism of Wuling Capsules in the treatment of hepatic fibrosis(HF) through network pharmacology, molecular docking, and animal experiments. Firstly, the chemical components and targets of Wuling Capsules against HF were searched from Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP), Traditional Chinese Medicines Integrated Database(TCMID), GeneCards, and literature retrieval. The protein-protein interaction(PPI) network analysis was carried out on the common targets by STRING database and Cytoscape 3.9.1 software, and the core targets were screened, followed by Gene Ontology(GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment analyses. Enrichment analysis was conducted on the core targets and the "drug-core component-target-pathway-disease" network was further constructed. Subsequently, molecular docking between core components and core targets was conducted using AutoDock Vina software to predict the underlying mechanism of action against HF. Finally, an HF model induced by CCl_4 was constructed in rats, and the general signs and liver tissue morphology were observed. HE and Masson staining were used to analyze the liver tissue sections. The effects of Wuling Capsules on the levels of inflammatory factors, hydroxyproline(HYP) levels, and core targets were analyzed by ELISA, RT-PCR, etc. A total of 445 chemical components of Wuling Capsules were screened, corresponding to 3 882 potential targets, intersecting with 1 240 targets of HF, and 47 core targets such as TNF, IL6, INS, and PIK3CA were screened. GO and KEGG enrichment analysis showed that the core targets mainly affected the process of cell stimulation response and metabolic regulation, involving cancer, PI3K-Akt, MAPK, and other signaling pathways. Molecular docking showed that the core components of Wuling Capsules, such as lucidenic acid K, ganoderic acid B, lucidenic acid N, saikosaponin Q2, and neocryptotanshinone, had high affinities with the core targets, such as TNF, IL6 and PIK3CA. Animal experiments showed that Wuling Capsules could reduce fat vacuole, inflammatory infiltration, and collagen deposition in rat liver, decrease the levels of inflammatory cytokines TNF-α, IL-6, and HYP, and downregulated the expressions of PI3K and Akt mRNA. This study suggests that the anti-HF effect of Wuling Capsules may be achieved by regulating the PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, reducing the levels of TNF-α and IL-6 inflammatory factors, and inhibiting the excessive deposition of collagen.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Interleukin-6 , Network Pharmacology , Animal Experimentation , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Molecular Docking Simulation , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Liver Cirrhosis/genetics , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Capsules , Class I Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Collagen , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5195-5204, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008717

ABSTRACT

The 3-succinate-30-stearyl glycyrrhetinic acid(18-GA-Suc) was inserted into glycyrrhetinic acid(GA)-tanshinone Ⅱ_A(TSN)-salvianolic acid B(Sal B) liposome(GTS-lip) to prepare liver targeting compound liposome(Suc-GTS-lip) mediated by GA receptors. Next, pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution of Suc-GTS-lip and GTS-lip were compared by UPLC, and in vivo imaging tracking of Suc-GTS-lip was conducted. The authors investigated the effect of Suc-GTS-lip on the proliferation inhibition of hepatic stellate cells(HSC) and explored their molecular mechanism of improving liver fibrosis. Pharmacokinetic results showed that the AUC_(Sal B) decreased from(636.06±27.73) μg·h·mL~(-1) to(550.39±12.34) μg·h·mL~(-1), and the AUC_(TSN) decreased from(1.08±0.72) μg·h·mL~(-1) to(0.65±0.04) μg·h·mL~(-1), but the AUC_(GA) increased from(43.64±3.10) μg·h·mL~(-1) to(96.21±3.75) μg·h·mL~(-1). The results of tissue distribution showed that the AUC_(Sal B) and C_(max) of Sal B in the liver of the Suc-GTS-lip group were 10.21 and 4.44 times those of the GTS-lip group, respectively. The liver targeting efficiency of Sal B, TSN, and GA in the Suc-GTS-lip group was 40.66%, 3.06%, and 22.08%, respectively. In vivo imaging studies showed that the modified liposomes tended to accumulate in the liver. MTT results showed that Suc-GTS-lip could significantly inhibit the proliferation of HSC, and RT-PCR results showed that the expression of MMP-1 was significantly increased in all groups, but that of TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 was significantly decreased. The mRNA expressions of collagen-I and collagen-Ⅲ were significantly decreased in all groups. The experimental results showed that Suc-GTS-lip had liver targeting, and it could inhibit the proliferation of HSC and induce their apoptosis, which provided the experimental basis for the targeted treatment of liver fibrosis by Suc-GTS-lip.


Subject(s)
Humans , Liposomes , Hepatic Stellate Cells , Glycyrrhetinic Acid/pharmacology , Liver , Liver Cirrhosis/genetics , Collagen/pharmacology
5.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 185-191, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935268

ABSTRACT

To investigate the associations between gene polymorphisms of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) and liver cirrhosis (LC) after hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. A case-control study was conducted in 243 patients with hepatitis B cirrhosis (HBV-LC, case group) and 486 HBV-infected subjects without LC (non-LC, control group) collected from January 2018 to September 2020 at the Changsha Central Hospital Affiliated to Nanhua University. Three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of STAT3 gene, including rs4796793C>G, rs2293152C>G, and rs1053004T>C were selected through literature and biological information database, and the genotypes were detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (RFQ-PCR). The distribution differences of STAT3 SNPs genotypes between the two groups were compared using Chi-square test and haplotype analysis was conducted by Shesis online. The proportion of HBV C genotype in HBV-LC patients was significantly higher than that in the control group (80.91% vs. 70.79%, χ2=7.109, P=0.008), while the logarithm of ALT was significantly lower than that of the control group (1.78±0.43 vs. 1.95±0.54, t=3.801, P=0.000). The genotypes distributions of rs4796793, rs2293152, and rs1053004 were not significantly different between HBV-LC and non-LC in overall analysis and stratified analysis by gender (χ²=2.610, 1.505, 0.586, 2.653, 2.685, 1.583, 0.351, 5.388, 0.339, respectively, P>0.05 for each). Among the subjects infected with HBV genotype C, rs1053004 CC (vs. TT) significantly increased the risk of HBV-LC [odds ratio (OR) = 1.40, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.03-1.91]. Among the HBV-infected subjects with HBeAg negative, rs4796793 GG genotype (vs. CC) and G allele (vs. C) significantly increased the risks of HBV-LC (OR = 2.17, 95%CI: 1.11-4.23; OR = 1.45, 95%CI: 1.06-1.97, respectively). Haplotypes analysis showed that the frequency of haplotype C-G-T composed of rs4796793, rs2293152, and rs1053004 was significantly lower in HBV-LC than that in the control group (non-LC) (27.3% vs. 35.6%, χ²=9.949, P = 0.001). The correlation between STAT3 and HBV-LC is different in HBV-infected subjects with different infection status. The HBV-infected subjects carrying haplotype rs4796793C-rs2293152G-rs1053004T of STAT3 gene have significantly decreased risk of LC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Case-Control Studies , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Hepatitis B, Chronic/genetics , Liver Cirrhosis/genetics , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , STAT3 Transcription Factor/genetics
6.
Int. j. morphol ; 39(3): 732-738, jun. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385401

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) might progress the steatosis to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), reaching a cirrhosis state and possibly hepatocellular carcinoma. The liver of three-month-old C57BL/6J mice (wild-type, WT group, n=10) and leptin- deficient obese mice (ob/ob group, n=10) were studied, focusing on the mechanisms associated with the activation of the hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) and pro-fibrogenesis. The obese ob/ob animals' liver showed steatosis, increased lipogenesis gene expressions, inflammation, increased pro-inflammatory gene expressions, inflammatory infiltrate, and potential apoptosis linked to a high Caspase 3 expression. In ob/ob mice, liver sections were labeled in the fibrotic zones by anti-alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA) and anti-Reelin, but not in the WT mice. Moreover, the alpha-SMA gene expression was higher in the ob/ob group's liver than the WT group. The pro-fibrogenic gene expressions were parallel to anti- alpha-SMA and anti-Reelin immunofluorescence, suggesting HSCs activation. In the ob/ob animals, there were increased gene expressions involved with lipogenesis (Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma, Cell death-inducing DFFA-like effector-c, Sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1c, and Fatty acid synthase), pro-fibrogenesis (Transforming growth factor beta1, Smad proteins- 3, Yes-associated protein-1, Protein platelet-derived growth factor receptor beta), pro-inflammation (Tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and Interleukin-6), and apoptosis (Caspase 3). In conclusion, the results in obese ob/ob animals provide a clue to the events in humans. In a translational view, controlling these targets can help mitigate the hepatic effects of human obesity and NAFLD progression to NASH.


RESUMEN: La enfermedad del hígado graso no alcohólico (HGNA) puede progresar de la esteatosis a esteatohepatitis no alcohólica (ENA), alcanzando un estado de cirrosis y posiblemente carcinoma hepatocelular. Se estudió el hígado de ratones C57BL / 6J de tres meses de edad (tipo salvaje, grupo WT, n = 10) y ratones obesos con deficiencia de leptina (grupo ob/ob, n = 10), centrándose en los mecanismos asociados con la activación de las células estrelladas hepáticas (HSC) y profibrogénesis. El hígado de los animales obesos ob/ob mostró esteatosis, aumento de la expresión génica de la lipogénesis, inflamación, aumento de la expresión génica proinflamatoria, infiltrado inflamatorio y posible apoptosis ligada a una alta expresión de Caspasa 3. En ratones ob/ob, las sec- ciones de hígado se marcaron en las zonas fibróticas con anti-alfa- actina de músculo liso (alfa-SMA) y anti-Reelin, pero no en los ratones WT. Además, la expresión del gen alfa-SMA fue mayor en el hígado del grupo ob/ob que en el grupo WT. Las expresiones génicas profibrogénicas fueron paralelas a la inmunofluorescencia anti-alfa-SMA y anti-Reelin, lo que sugiere la activación de las HSC. En los animales ob/ob, hubo un aumento de las expresiones génicas involucradas con la lipogénesis (receptor activado por proliferador de peroxisoma gamma, efector c similar a DFFA inductor de muerte celular, proteína de unión al elemento regulador de esterol-1c y sintasa de ácidos grasos), pro-fibrogénesis (factor de crecimiento transformante beta 1, proteínas Smad-3, proteína-1 asociada a Yes, receptor beta del factor de crecimiento derivado de plaquetas de proteínas), proinflamación (factor de necrosis tumoral alfa e interleucina-6) y apoptosis (caspasa 3). ). En conclusión, los resultados en animales obesos ob/ob proporcionan una pista de los eventos en humanos. Desde un punto de vista traslacional, el control de estos objetivos puede ayudar a mitigar los efectos hepáticos de la obesidad humana y la progresión de HGNA a ENA.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Leptin/deficiency , Fatty Liver/pathology , Photomicrography , Apoptosis , Microscopy, Confocal , Lipogenesis/genetics , Caspase 3/metabolism , Hepatic Stellate Cells/ultrastructure , Fatty Liver/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/pathology , Inflammation/genetics , Liver/ultrastructure , Liver Cirrhosis/genetics , Liver Cirrhosis/pathology , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Obesity
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1474-1479, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879053

ABSTRACT

To study the effect and mechanism of extract of Quzhou Aurantii Fructus(QAF) on liver inflammation in CCl_4-induced liver fibrosis mice. Totally 60 C57 BL/6 male mice were randomly divided into control group(distilled water, oral), model group(distilled water, oral), colchicines group(Col, colchicines 2 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1), oral), low-dose QAF group(QAF-L, QAF 100 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1), oral) and high-dose QAF group(QAF-H, QAF 300 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1), oral) by random number table method. The model group and each administration group were injected with carbon tetrachloride(CCl_4) 1 mL·kg~(-1)(CCl_4-olive oil 1∶4), twice a week, totally 6 weeks. After the last administration, the mice were sacrificed, and serum and liver tissue were collected. Serum ALT and AST levels were measured in each group to observe the liver function of mice. The pathological changes and inflammatory cell infiltration in liver were observed by HE staining and F4/80 immunohistochemical staining. The mRNA expressions of TNF-α, IL-18 and IL-1β were detected by RT-PCR. The protein expressions of IκBα, p-IKKα/β, p-p65, NLRP3, caspase-1 and cleaved caspase-1 were analyzed by Western blot. The results showed that QAF significantly reduced serum ALT and AST levels, and alleviated the degree of liver damage.The results of immunohistochemistry showed that QAF significantly reduced liver inflammatory cell infiltration in liver fibrosis mice. The results of RT-PCR and Western blot showed that QAF significantly inhibited mRNA expressions of TNF-α, IL-18 and IL-1β in liver of fibrosis mice. QAF also suppressed the degradation of IκBα protein and reduced p-IKKα/β, p-p65, NLRP3 and cleaved caspase-1 protein expressions. In conclusion, QAF improves CCl_4-induced liver fibrosis in mice. The mechanism may be related to the inhibition of NF-κB/NLRP3 inflammasome-mediated inflammation signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Inflammasomes/genetics , Inflammation , Liver/pathology , Liver Cirrhosis/genetics , NF-kappa B/genetics , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/genetics , Plant Extracts
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 845-854, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878948

ABSTRACT

Network pharmacology and liver fibrosis(LF) model in vitro were used to analyze the underly mechanism of anti-liver fibrosis effect that induced by Piperis Longi Fructus and its major active compounds. TCMSP and TCMIP were used to search for the chemical constituents of Piperis Longi Fructus, as well as the oral bioavailability(OB), drug-likeness(DL), intercellular permeability of intestinal epithelial cells(Caco-2) and Drug-likeness grading were set as limiting conditions. The related target genes of Piperis Longi Fructus were queried by TCMSP database, while related targets of LF were screened by GeneCards databases. Interaction network was constructed using Cytoscape 3.7.1. These above data were imported into STRING database for PPI network analysis. Enrichment of gene ontology(GO) and pathway analysis(KEGG) within Bioconductor database were utilized to note functions of related targets of Piperis Longi Fructus. Finally, the core targets and pathways were preliminarily verified by in vitro experiments. The effects of piperlongumine(PL), the major active component of Piperis Longi Fructus, on proliferation of rat liver stellate cells(HSC-T6) and expression of α smooth muscle actin(α-SMA) and collagen Ⅰ were investigated. The major factors TNF-α of tumor necrosis factor(TNF) pathway and NF-κB p65, IL-6 protein expressions of LF process were examined. A total of 12 active compounds such as PL were obtained by analyzing the bioavailability and drug-like properties, which inferred to 48 targets. The functional enrichment analysis of GO obtained 1 240 GO items, mainly involving in process of biology and molecular function. A total of 99 signaling pathways were enriched in the KEGG pathway enrichment analysis, including TNF signaling pathway, cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, calcium signaling pathways. CCK-8 assay showed that PL inhibited proliferation of HSC-T6 induced by transforming growth factor-β1(TGF-β1). Western blot analysis found that treated with PL suppressed the protein expressions of α-SMA, collagen Ⅰ, TNF-α and p65 in HSC-T6. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) showed that PL inhibited the expressions of TNF-α and IL-6 in the cluture supertant of HSC-T6 cells. In conclusion, PL could play an anti-liver fibrosis role by regulating TNF/NF-κB signaling pathway. This study provided the mechanism basis of anti-LF effects induced by Piperis Longi Fructus and its major active compounds, which might help for the further study of the mechanism and key targets of Piperis Longi Fructus.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Rats , Caco-2 Cells , Hepatic Stellate Cells/metabolism , Liver Cirrhosis/genetics , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Signal Transduction
9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2865-2870, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887961

ABSTRACT

In order to investigate the effect of salidroside on inhibiting liver fibrosis and its relationship with CXC chemokine ligand 16(CXCL16) in vivo and in vitro, totally 45 C57 BL/6 J male mice were randomly divided into normal group, model group and salidroside group, with 15 mice in each group. The mice in model group and salidroside group were injected intraperitoneally with 15% carbontetrachloride(CCl_4) olive oil solution to establish liver fibrosis model, and the mice in normal group were injected intraperitoneally with the same dose of olive oil. Salidroside group was given with 100 mg·kg~(-1 )salidroside by gavage, while the normal group and model group received the same amount of double distilled water by gavage. All mice were sacrificed after 5 weeks of intragastric administration. The pathological changes of mouse liver were observed by hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining, and the degree of liver fibrosis was observed by sirius red staining. The protein expressions of collagen Ⅰ(ColⅠ), α-smooth muscle actin(α-SMA), fibronectin(FN), CXCL16, phosphorylated Akt(p-Akt), Akt in liver tissues were detected by Western blot. Hepatic stellate cell line JS 1 was cultured in vitro and divided into control group, model group(100 μg·L~(-1) CXCL16) and salidroside group(100 μg·L~(-1) CXCL16+1×10~(-5) mol·L~(-1) salidroside). Cell migration was detected by cell scratch, the mRNA expressions of ColⅠ and α-SMA were detected by RT-PCR, and the protein expressions of p-Akt and Akt were detected by Western blot. As compared with the normal group, the protein expressions of ColⅠ, α-SMA, FN, CXCL16, and p-Akt in the model group were significantly increased, and salidroside could reduce the expression of these indicators(P<0.05 or P<0.01). In vitro, CXCL16 could promote the migration of JS 1, increase the mRNA expressions of ColⅠ and α-SMA in JS 1, and enhance Akt phosphorylation in JS 1(P<0.05 or P<0.01). As compared with the model group, salidroside could inhibit the migration of JS 1 induced by CXCL16(P<0.05), and reduce the high expression of ColⅠ and α-SMA mRNA and the phosphorylation of Akt in JS 1 induced by CXCL16(P<0.05). In conclusion, salidroside might attenuate CCl_4-induced liver fibrosis in mice by inhibiting the migration, activation and Akt phosphorylation of hepatic stellate cells induced by CXCL16.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Carbon Tetrachloride , Chemokine CXCL16 , Glucosides , Hepatic Stellate Cells , Liver/pathology , Liver Cirrhosis/genetics , Phenols
10.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 54: e01452020, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, ColecionaSUS, LILACS | ID: biblio-1143891

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: We evaluated the association between genetic polymorphisms in exon 1 (A/O alleles) and promoter regions at positions -550 (H/L variant, rs11003125) and -221 (X/Y variant, rs7096206) MBL2 and periportal fibrosis regression. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study involving 114 Brazilians infected with Schistosoma mansoni, who were subjected to follow-up for three years after specific treatment for schistosomiasis to estimate the probability of periportal fibrosis regression. RESULTS: A risk association was observed between polymorphism at the exon 1 MBL2 and periportal fibrosis regression. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that the polymorphism of exon 1 MBL2 may potentially be used to predict periportal fibrosis regression in this population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Schistosomiasis/genetics , Mannose-Binding Lectin/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Brazil , Exons/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Genotype , Liver Cirrhosis/genetics
11.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 146(7): 823-829, jul. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-961467

ABSTRACT

Background. Host genetic predispositions may be important determinants of liver fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC). The association between Interferon-L 4 (IFNL4) rs12979860 C>T polymorphism and risk of liver fibrosis in CHC is contradictory. Aim: To evaluate the impact of IFNL4 rs12979860 polymorphism on the risk of fibrosis in patients with CHC. Material and Methods: One hundred fifty patients with CHC aged 50 ± 11 years (89 females) were genotyped for IFNL4 rs12979860 using real time PCR. Fibrosis present in liver biopsies was assessed using the METAVIR score, comparing patients with either no fibrosis, mild fibrosis, or intermediate fibrosis (F0+F1+F2, n = 96), with patients with severe fibrosis or cirrhosis (F3+F4, n = 54). Results: In F0-F2 patients the distribution of rs12979860 genotypes was 22 CC, 57 CT and 17 TT, whereas in patients F3-F4 the distribution was 10, 29 and 15, respectively. No association between IFNL4 rs12979860 genotype and risk of fibrosis was observed in uni or multivariate analyses. Conclusions: IFNL4 rs12979860 C>T polymorphism is not associated with risk of liver fibrosis in this group of patients with CHC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Interleukins/genetics , Hepatitis C, Chronic/genetics , Liver Cirrhosis/genetics , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Chile , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Interferons/therapeutic use , Hepatitis C, Chronic/drug therapy , Hepatitis C, Chronic/blood , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Genotype , Liver Cirrhosis/blood
12.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 50(2): 161-166, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-842836

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION Hepatitis B virus (HBV) constitutes an important risk factor for cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The link between circulating microRNAs and HBV has been previously reported, although not as a marker of liver disease progression in chronic hepatitis B (CHB). The aim of this study was to characterize miRNA expression profiles between CHB with and without cirrhosis or HCC. METHODS: A total of 12 subjects were recruited in this study. We employed an Affymetrix Gene Chip miRNA 3.0 Array to provide universal miRNA coverage. We compared microRNA expression profiles between CHB with and without cirrhosis/HCC to discover possible prognostic markers associated with the progression of CHB. RESULTS: Our results indicated 8 differently expressed microRNAs, of which miRNA-935, miRNA-342, miRNA-339, miRNA-4508, miRNA-3615, and miRNA-3200 were up-regulated, whereas miRNA-182 and miRNA-4485 were down-regulated in patients with CHB who progressed to cirrhosis/HCC as compared to those without progression. CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated the differential expression of miRNA-935, miRNA-342, miRNA-339, miRNA-4508, miRNA-3615, miRNA-3200, miRNA-182, and miRNA-4485 between patients with HBV without cirrhosis/HCC and those who had progressed to these more severe conditions. These miRNAs may serve as novel and non-invasive prognostic markers for early detection of CHB-infected patients who are at risk of progression to cirrhosis and/or HCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/metabolism , Hepatitis B, Chronic/metabolism , MicroRNAs/blood , Liver Cirrhosis/metabolism , Liver Neoplasms/metabolism , Biomarkers/blood , Gene Expression Regulation , Predictive Value of Tests , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Disease Progression , Hepatitis B, Chronic/genetics , Gene Expression Profiling , MicroRNAs/genetics , Liver Cirrhosis/genetics , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Middle Aged
13.
Egyptian Journal of Hospital Medicine [The]. 2016; 62 (January): 9-17
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-180255

ABSTRACT

Background: examining the alteration of cell cycle genes in early hepatitis C virus [HCV] found that altered expression of mitotic checkpoint genes, MAD2L1, KNTC1, CDC16 and CDC34, KNTC1 known as "rough deal protein" [ROD] is part of a complex involved in elaborating an inhibitory signal due to improper chromosomal aligment during cell division


Aim of the work: attempt for the identification of proteins [genes], which act as predictive factors to identify patients with high risk of cell transformation and HCC development


Patients and Methods: fifty three patients with chronic HCV infection, age ranged between 18 and 58 years, time of assessment was before starting therapy of hepatitis C at the National Hepatology and Tropical Medicine Research Institute. Ten healthy individuals were included to serve as controls. All the patients and controls were subjected to the following: history, clinical examination, abdominal ultrasonography, and collection of blood samples for routine laboratory investigation; CBCs. Liver biopsy was done to all patients and controls, patients revealed mild fibrosis [Metavir fibrosis scores from F1 to F3]. Also, we used freshly frozen liver biopsies mRNA levels with perspective protein levels of four genes: P27, P15, KNTC1, MAD2L1


Results: significant association of P27, P15, KNTC1 and MAD2L-1 with the progression of liver fibrosis in chronic HCV liver biopsy was found


Conclusion: there is altered gene expression in HCV-associated liver disease


Recommendations: The emerging interest of hepatologists in the influence of genetic factors in HCV. Evaluation of the expression of key proteins related to the cell cycle and apoptosis in chronically infected patients with HCV would be of significance to understand disease pathogenesis, and will help in identifying novel prognostic indicators


Subject(s)
Adult , Adolescent , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cell Cycle Proteins/genetics , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p15 , Microtubule-Associated Proteins , Mad2 Proteins , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p27 , Cell Proliferation , Liver Cirrhosis/genetics
14.
Gut and Liver ; : 70-78, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-36650

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study investigated the role of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) near the interleukin-28B (IL28B) gene with respect to clinical outcomes and the antiviral response in hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection to suggest the practical utility of IL28B genotyping in Korea. METHODS: Two SNPs near IL28B, rs12979860 and rs8099917, were analyzed using an allelic discrimination assay in a total of 454 individuals, including 147 health-check examinees and 307 patients with HCV infection. RESULTS: The CC genotype frequency was significantly higher in the spontaneous recovery group than in the chronic infection group and was higher in the chronic hepatitis group than in the liver cirrhosis or hepatocellular carcinoma group, suggesting its favorable role in the clinical outcome. Multivariate analysis revealed that the rs12979860 CC genotype was an independent predictor of sustained virologic response (SVR) in genotype 1 HCV infection. During the currently used response-guided therapy, IL28B genotyping was most helpful for the patients who exhibit early virologic responses without rapid virologic responses, as those patients exhibiting the non-CC type did not achieve SVR, although they represented approximately one-third of the total patients. CONCLUSIONS: The IL28B SNP is an independent predictor of SVR. Our results may be helpful if the findings are carefully applied to select patients in Korea.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Hepatitis C, Chronic/genetics , Interleukins/genetics , Liver Cirrhosis/genetics , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Prognosis , Republic of Korea , Retrospective Studies
15.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 45(3): 222-229, Mar. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-618053

ABSTRACT

Major histocompatibility complex class I chain-related A (MICA) is a highly polymorphic gene located within the MHC class I region of the human genome. Expressed as a cell surface glycoprotein, MICA modulates immune surveillance by binding to its cognate receptor on natural killer cells, NKG2D, and its genetic polymorphisms have been recently associated with susceptibility to some infectious diseases. We determined whether MICA polymorphisms were associated with the high rate of Schistosoma parasitic worm infection or severity of disease outcome in the Dongting Lake region of Hunan Province, China. Polymerase chain reaction-sequence specific priming (PCR-SSP) and sequencing-based typing (SBT) were applied for high-resolution allele typing of schistosomiasis cases (N = 103, age range = 36.2-80.5 years, 64 males and 39 females) and healthy controls (N = 141, age range = 28.6-73.3 years, 73 males and 68 females). Fourteen MICA alleles and five short-tandem repeat (STR) alleles were identified among the two populations. Three (MICA*012:01/02, MICA*017 and MICA*027) showed a higher frequency in healthy controls than in schistosomiasis patients, but the difference was not significantly correlated with susceptibility to S. japonicum infection (Pc > 0.05). In contrast, higher MICA*A5 allele frequency was significantly correlated with advanced liver fibrosis (Pc < 0.05). Furthermore, the distribution profile of MICA alleles in this Hunan Han population was significantly different from those published for Korean, Thai, American-Caucasian, and Afro-American populations (P < 0.01), but similar to other Han populations within China (P > 0.05). This study provides the initial evidence that MICA genetic polymorphisms may underlie the severity of liver fibrosis occurring in schistosomiasis patients from the Dongting Lake region.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Histocompatibility Antigens Class I/genetics , Liver Cirrhosis/parasitology , Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics , Schistosomiasis/complications , Case-Control Studies , China , Cohort Studies , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Liver Cirrhosis/genetics , Severity of Illness Index , Schistosomiasis/genetics
16.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 564-569, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-195121

ABSTRACT

Transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1 is a key cytokine producing extracellular matrix. We evaluated the effect of TGF-beta1 gene polymorphism at codon 10 on the development of cirrhosis in patients with chronic hepatitis B. One hundred seventy eight patients with chronic hepatitis (CH, n=57) or liver cirrhosis (LC, n=121), who had HBsAg and were over 50 yr old, were enrolled. The genotypes were determined by single strand conformation polymorphism. There were no significant differences in age and sex ratio between CH and LC groups. HBeAg positivity and detection rate of HBV DNA were higher in LC than in CH groups (P=0.055 and P=0.003, respectively). There were three types of TGF-beta1 gene polymorphism at codon 10: proline homozygous (P/P), proline/leucine heterozygous (P/L), and leucine homozygous (L/L) genotype. In CH group, the proportions of P/P, P/L, and L/L genotype were 32%, 51%, and 17%, respectively. In LC group, the proportions of those genotypes were 20%, 47%, and 33%, respectively. The L/L genotype was presented more frequently in LC than in CH groups (P=0.017). Multivariate logistic regression analysis confirms that detectable HBV DNA (odds ratio [OR]: 3.037, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.504-6.133, P=0.002) and L/L genotype (OR: 3.408, 95% CI: 1.279-9.085, P=0.014) are risk factors for cirrhosis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Asian People/genetics , Carrier State , Codon , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Hepatitis B, Chronic/genetics , Liver Cirrhosis/genetics , Odds Ratio , Polymorphism, Genetic , Risk Factors , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/genetics
17.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-139018

ABSTRACT

Background. Decoy receptor 3 (DcR3), a new member of the tumour necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) superfamily, is amplified and overexpressed in various cancers. We investigated the expression of DcR3 protein in liver tissue microarrays and assessed its importance in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods. In this retrospective study, tissue from 120 patients with HCC, 48 with tissue at least 2 cm away from the tumour (juxta-tumour tissue), 62 with cirrhosis and 23 with normal livers were studied as tissue microarrays. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of DcR3. Statistical analyses were done to assess the association between DcR3 expression and the clinicopathological features of HCC. Results. The positivity rate of DcR3 in HCC tissue was significantly higher than that in juxta-tumour tissue, cirrhosis and normal liver (p=0.017, p<0.0001, p<0.0001, respectively). The positive rate of DcR3 in juxta-tumour and cirrhotic tissue both increased significantly when compared with normal liver tissue (p<0.0001, p=0.005, respectively). The positivity rate of DcR3 in HCC in clinical TNM stages I and II was significantly lower than that in stages III and IV (p<0.0001). The positivity rate of DcR3 in patients without metastasis within 20 months decreased significantly compared with those with metastasis (p<0.0001). DcR3 expression in patients with alphafoetoprotein levels >400 g/L, portal vein tumour emboli, capsular infiltration and multicentric tumour was significantly higher than in groups without these features (p=0.021, p<0.0001, p<0.0001, p=0.002, respectively). Conclusion. The overexpression of DcR3 might play an important role in the pathogenesis, progression and metastases of HCC. The DcR3 gene might serve as an important molecular biological indicator in diagnosing and predicting the biological behaviour of patients with HCC.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/physiopathology , Case-Control Studies , Disease Progression , Female , Humans , Liver , Liver Cirrhosis/genetics , Liver Cirrhosis/physiopathology , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Liver Neoplasms/physiopathology , Male , Microarray Analysis , Middle Aged , Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Member 6b/biosynthesis , Retrospective Studies , Biomarkers, Tumor
19.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-40548

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Chronic hepatitis C genotypes 3 and 1 are the two most common genotypes in Thailand. OBJECTIVE: Identify the pathologically different features between genotypes 3 and land to compare the fibrosis score of Knodell HAI and Ishak modified HAI. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The pathological features of 114 liver biopsies were evaluated. RESULTS: Steatosis was more commonly found in genotype 3 than in genotype 1 (97.1% vs. 77.8%, p = 0.001). Portal lymphoid follicles were commonly found, but bile duct damage was uncommon. The majority of portal tracts showed partial involvement. The majority of patients had Knodell fibrosis 1 and Ishak fibrosis 3. CONCLUSION: Steatosis is significantly more common in genotype 3, while other features do not show any differences. The portal tracts show partial involvement because inflammatory cells tend to aggregate and form lymphoid follicles. The most comparable fibrosis scores are Knodell fibrosis 1 and Ishak fibrosis 3.


Subject(s)
Adult , Biopsy , Fatty Liver/genetics , Female , Genotype , Hepacivirus/genetics , Hepatitis C, Chronic/genetics , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis/genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Severity of Illness Index , Thailand
20.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 43(3): 224-228, jul.-set. 2006. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-439786

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis is a chronic liver disease with a high prevalence in the general population and a potential to evolve into cirrhosis. It is speculated that iron overload could be associated with liver injury and unfavorable progress in affected patients. AIMS: To evaluate the prevalence of mutation of the hemochromatosis gene (HFE) in patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis and to correlate it with histological findings in liver specimens. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-nine patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis were evaluated. The presence of mutation in the hemochromatosis gene (C282Y and H63D) was tested in all patients and its result was evaluated in relation to hepatic inflammatory activity, presence of fibrosis, and iron overload in the liver. The control group was composed of 20 patients with normal liver function tests and 20 patients infected with the hepatitis C virus, with elevated serum levels of aminotransferases and with chronic hepatitis as shown by biopsy. RESULTS: Mutation of the hemochromatosis gene (C282Y and/or H63D) was diagnosed in 16 (55.2 percent) patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, in 12 (60 percent) patients with hepatitis C and in 8 (40 percent) patients with no liver disease. No association was found between the presence of mutation and inflammatory activity, nor with the presence of fibrosis in patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. An association was found between the presence of mutation and the occurrence of iron overload in liver, but there was no association between liver iron and the occurrence of fibrosis. CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that iron does not play a major role in the pathogenesis and progression of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, and routine tests of the hemochromatosis gene mutation in these patients should not be recommended.


RACIONAL: A esteatohepatite não-alcoólica é uma doença crônica, com elevada prevalência na população e com potencial evolutivo. Especula-se que a sobrecarga de ferro possa estar associada com a injúria hepática e com uma evolução desfavorável destes pacientes. OBJETIVOS: Avaliar a prevalência da mutação do gene da hemocromatose (HFE) em pacientes com esteatohepatite não-alcoólica e correlacioná-la com os achados histológicos hepáticos. PACIENTES E MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados 29 pacientes com esteatohepatite não-alcoólica. A presença da mutação do HFE (C282Y e H63D) foi testada em todos os pacientes e seu resultado foi avaliado em relação a atividade inflamatória hepática, presença de fibrose e depósitos hepático de ferro. Como grupo controle estudou-se 20 pacientes com provas de função hepática normal e 20 pacientes portadores do vírus da hepatite C, com elevação dos níveis de aminotransferases e biópsia revelando hepatite crônica. RESULTADOS: A mutação do HFE (C282Y e/ou H63D) foi diagnosticada em 16 (55,2 por cento) pacientes com esteatohepatite não-alcoólica, em 12 (60 por cento) pacientes com hepatite C e em 8 (40 por cento) pacientes sem doença hepática. Não se observou associação entre a presença da mutação e a atividade inflamatória e a presença de fibrose nos pacientes com esteatohepatite não-alcoólica. Foi observada associação entre a presença de mutação e a ocorrência de depósitos de ferro hepático, porém, não ocorreu associação entre o ferro hepático e a ocorrência de fibrose. CONCLUSÕES: Os achados sugerem que o ferro não exerce papel importante na patogenia e na evolução da esteatohepatite não-alcoólica e a pesquisa rotineira da mutação do HFE nestes pacientes não deve ser recomendada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Fatty Liver/pathology , Hemochromatosis/genetics , Histocompatibility Antigens Class I/genetics , Liver Cirrhosis/pathology , Mutation , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Biopsy , Case-Control Studies , Fatty Liver/genetics , Ferritins/blood , Hepatitis C, Chronic/genetics , Hepatitis C, Chronic/pathology , Iron/blood , Liver Cirrhosis/genetics , Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length , Transferrin/analogs & derivatives
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