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1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(2): 138-141, Apr.-June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280072

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: High intensity interval training (HIIT) is a method that is widely used today. Objective: The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of HIIT on markers of oxidative stress and muscle damage in rats. Methods: The sample consisted of 60-day-old Wistar rats, divided into two groups: a control group (n=8) and an HIIT group (n=8). The training consisted of fourteen 20-second swimming sessions (loaded with weights equivalent to 14% of their body weight) with 10-second intervals between each session, performed for 12 consecutive days. Results: HIIT induced a reduction (−17.75%) in thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (an oxidative stress marker) in hepatic tissue (p=0.0482). There was also a reduction (−31.80%) in the HIIT group in the level of superoxide dismutase enzyme activity in the liver (p=0.0375). However, there were no differences between the groups in catalase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, the total content of SH sulfhydryls, hydroperoxides, or carbonylated proteins in the hepatic tissue. No significant differences were found in any of these markers in the gastrocnemius muscle. The muscle damage markers creatinine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase were also similar between the groups in the gastrocnemius. Conclusion: The conclusion was that that short-term HIIT does not cause oxidative stress or muscle damage. Level of evidence I; High-quality randomized clinical trial with or without statistically significant difference, but with narrow confidence intervals.


RESUMEN Introducción: El entrenamiento en intervalos de alta intensidad (HIIT) es un método muy utilizado actualmente. Objetivo: El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar los efectos del HIIT en corto plazo sobre marcadores de estrés oxidativo y daño muscular en ratones. Métodos: La muestra consistió en ratones Wistar con 60 días de edad, divididos en dos grupos: grupo control (n = 8) y grupo HIIT (n = 8). El entrenamiento consistió en catorce sesiones de natación de 20 segundos (con cargas equivalentes a 14% del peso corporal) con intervalos de 10 segundos entre cada sesión, realizadas durante 12 días consecutivos. Resultados: El HIIT indujo una reducción (-17,75%) de las sustancias reactivas al ácido tiobarbitúrico (un marcador de estrés oxidativo) en el tejido hepático (p = 0,0482). También hubo reducción (~31,80%) en el grupo HIIT en el nivel de enzima superóxido dismutasa en el hígado (p=0,0375). Sin embargo, no hubo diferencias entre los grupos con relación a catalasa, glutatión peroxidasa, glutatión reductasa, tenor total de sulfhidrilos SH, hidroperóxidos o proteínas carboniladas en el tejido hepático. No fue encontrada ninguna diferencia significativa en ninguno de esos marcadores en el músculo gastrocnemio. Los marcadores de lesión muscular, creatinina quinasa y lactato deshidrogenasa también fueron similares entre los grupos en el gastrocnemio. Conclusión: Fue posible concluir que el HIIT de corta duración no causa estrés oxidativo o daño muscular. Nivel de evidencia I; Estudio clínico aleatorizado de alta calidad con o sin diferencia estadísticamente significativa, pero con intervalos de información estrechos.


RESUMO Introdução: O treinamento intervalado de alta intensidade (HIIT) é um método muito utilizado atualmente. Objetivo: O presente estudo objetivou avaliar os efeitos do HIIT em curto prazo sobre marcadores de estresse oxidativo e dano muscular em ratos. Métodos: A amostra consistiu em ratos Wistar com 60 dias de idade, divididos em dois grupos: grupo controle (n = 8) e grupo HIIT (n = 8). O treinamento consistiu em quatorze sessões de natação de 20 segundos (com cargas equivalentes a 14% do peso corporal) com intervalos de 10 segundos entre cada sessão, realizadas por 12 dias consecutivos. Resultados: O HIIT induziu uma redução (-17,75%) das substâncias reativas ao ácido tiobarbitúrico (um marcador de estresse oxidativo) no tecido hepático (p = 0,0482). Houve também redução (-31,80%) no grupo HIIT no nível de enzima superóxido dismutase no fígado (p = 0,0375). No entanto, não houve diferenças entre os grupos com relação a catalase, glutationa peroxidase, glutationa redutase, teor total de sulfidrilas SH, hidroperóxidos ou proteínas carboniladas no tecido hepático. Nenhuma diferença significativa foi encontrada em qualquer um desses mascadores no músculo gastrocnêmio. Os marcadores de lesão muscular, creatinina quinase e lactato desidrogenase, também foram semelhantes entre os grupos no gastrocnêmio. Conclusão: Foi possível concluir que o HIIT de curta duração não causa estresse oxidativo ou dano muscular. Nível de evidência I; Estudo clínico randomizado de alta qualidade com ou sem diferença estatisticamente significante, mas com intervalos de informação estreitos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Rats , Oxidative Stress/physiology , High-Intensity Interval Training , Swimming , Biomarkers , Rats, Wistar , Models, Animal , Liver/physiology , Muscles/physiology
2.
Rev. méd. Panamá ; 40(1): 41-43, ene.2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1099772

ABSTRACT

Los abscesos hepáticos en la actualidad se siguen considerando un reto diagnóstico. Estos pueden dividirse en tres categorías principales según las condiciones subyacen­ tes: infecciosas, malignas e iatrogénicas. Incluyen aquellos secundarios a la extensión directa de una infección local, bacteriemia sistémica e infecciones intraabdominales procedente de la porta, Sin embargo, a lo largo de los años, con los estudios diagnósti­ cos la lista de factores de riesgo aumento, obligando a mas investigaciones para su en­ tendimiento; logrando su pronto reconocimiento y tratamiento eficaz con el fin de obtener buenos resultados. Se presenta un caso de femenino con antecedentes de sín­ drome antifosfolípidos con dolor abdominal asociado a intolerancia a la vía oral. Image­ nología abdominal muestra lesiones compatibles con microabscesos hepáticos siendo imposible la toma de muestra, requiriendo cubrimiento antibiótico de amplio espectro con resolución clínico radiológico completa. Tac de abdomen que muestra lesiones hepáticas múltiples con discreta colestasis intrahepática, lesiones compatibles con mi­ croabscesos múltiples.


Liver abscesses are currently still considered a diagnostic challenge. These can be divi­ ded into three main categories according to the underlying conditions: infectious, malig­ nant and iatrogenic. They include those secondary to the direct extension of a local infection, systemic bacteraemia and intra­abdominal infections from the portal, however, over the years, with diagnostic studies the list of risk factors increased, forcing more re­ search for its understanding; achieving its prompt recognition and effective treatment in order to obtain good results. A case of a female with a history of antiphospholipid syn­ drome with abdominal pain associated with oral intolerance is presented. Abdominal imaging shows lesions compatible with hepatic microabscesses, the sampling being im­ possible, requiring broad­spectrum antibiotic coverage with complete radiological clini­ cal resolution. Abdominal tac showing multiple liver lesions with discrete intrahepatic cholestasis, lesions compatible with multiple microabscesses.


Subject(s)
Antiphospholipid Syndrome/drug therapy , Liver/physiology , Bacterial Infections , Rivaroxaban/administration & dosage , Internal Medicine , Liver Abscess/etiology
3.
Gastroenterol. latinoam ; 30(supl.1): S9-S12, 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1116065

ABSTRACT

An adequate functioning of the digestive tract, liver and pancreas is fundamental to providing the organism with the necessary conditions for its development and maintaining its digestive and systemic homeostasis. Life expectancy has increased, it is estimated that adults over 65 years old by 2050, will represent 25% of the local population. The morphological and functional changes associated with aging in the digestive system, liver and pancreas are modest except for those that occur in the microbiota. Recently it has been possible to establish the contribution of the microbiota to life expectancy and establish a link between gastrointestinal microbiota, inflammation associated with aging (inflammaging) and survival. This represents a shift in the paradigm of our understanding physiology, chronic diseases, neoplasms and for the development of new therapies.


Un adecuado funcionamiento del tubo digestivo, hígado y páncreas es fundamental para poder brindar al organismo las condiciones necesarias para su desarrollo y mantener su homeostasis digestiva y sistémica. La expectativa de vida se ha incrementado, estimándose a nivel nacional que para el año 2050 los adultos mayores de 65 años representarán el 25% de la población. Los cambios morfológicos y funcionales asociados al envejecimiento en el aparato digestivo, hígado y páncreas son modestos a excepción, de los que se producen en la microbiota. Recientemente se ha podido establecer la contribución de la microbiota a la esperanza de vida y establecer un nexo entre microbiota gastrointestinal, inflamación asociada al envejecimiento y sobrevida. Esto representa un cambio en el paradigma sobre cómo comprendemos la fisiología, las patologías crónicas, neoplásicas y en el desarrollo de nuevas terapias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pancreas/growth & development , Aging/physiology , Gastrointestinal Tract/growth & development , Liver/growth & development , Pancreas/physiology , Pancreas/microbiology , Gastrointestinal Tract/physiology , Gastrointestinal Tract/microbiology , Microbiota/physiology , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Liver/physiology , Liver/microbiology
4.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(7): e201900707, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038118

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the effects of splenic ischemic preconditioning (sIPC) on oxidative stress induced by hepatic ischemia-reperfusion in rats. Methods: Fifteen male Wistar rats were equally divided into 3 groups: SHAM, IRI and sIPC. Animals from IRI group were subjected to 45 minutes of partial liver ischemia (70%). In the sIPC group, splenic artery was clamped in 2 cycles of 5 min of ischemia and 5 min of reperfusion (20 min total) prior to hepatic ischemia. SHAM group underwent the same surgical procedures as in the remaining groups, but no liver ischemia or sIPC were induced. After 1h, hepatic and splenic tissue samples were harvested for TBARS, CAT, GPx and GSH-Rd measurement. Results: sIPC treatment significantly decreased both hepatic and splenic levels of TBARS when compared to IRI group (p<0.01). Furthermore, the hepatic and splenic activities of CAT, GPx and GSH- Rd were significantly higher in sIPC group than in IRI group. Conclusion: sIPC was able to attenuate hepatic and splenic IRI-induced oxidative stress.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Oxidative Stress/physiology , Ischemic Preconditioning/methods , Liver/blood supply , Liver Diseases/prevention & control , Reperfusion Injury/physiopathology , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal , Liver/physiology , Liver Diseases/physiopathology
5.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 30(4): 239-243, Oct.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-885749

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background : Cold ischemia time is related to success of liver transplantation. Aim : To compare the impact of cold ischemia time on allografts locally collected to those collected distantly. Methods : Were evaluated 83 transplantations. The patients were divided in two groups: those who received liver grafts collected from cities out of Curitiba (n=42) and locally (n=41). From the donors were compared: cause of death, days at ICU, cardiac arrest, vasoactive drugs, lab exams, gender, age, and BMI. Were compared the subsequent information of receptors: cold ischemia time, warm ischemia time, length of surgery, lab exams, etiology of cirrhosis, MELD score, age, gender, histology of graft, use of vasoactive drugs, and blood components transfusion. Were evaluated the correlation between cold ischemia time and lab results. Results : The liver grafts collected from other cities were submitted to a longer cold ischemia time (500±145 min) compared to those locally collected (317,85±105 min). Donors from other cities showed a higher serum sodium level at donation (154±16 mEq/dl) compared to those from Curitiba (144±10 mEq/dl). The length of cold ischemia time was related to serum levels of ALT and total bilirubin. Conclusion : Liver grafts distantly collected underwent longer cold ischemia times, although it caused neither histologic injuries nor higher transfusion demands. There is a correlation between cold ischemia time and hepatic injury, translated by elevation of serum ALT and total bilirubin levels.


RESUMO Racional : O tempo de isquemia fria está relacionado ao sucesso do transplante hepático. Objetivo : Comparar o impacto do tempo dela sobre enxertos captados localmente com os distantes. Métodos : Avaliaram-se 83 transplantes. Os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos: enxertos captados fora de Curitiba (n=42) e captados localmente (n=41). Dos doadores compararam-se causa do óbito, dias de UTI, parada cardíaca, drogas vasoativas, exames laboratoriais, gênero, idade e IMC. Dos receptores seguintes dados: tempos de isquemia fria e morna, tempo operatório, exames laboratoriais, causa da cirrose, MELD, idade na operação, gênero, biópsia do enxerto, uso de drogas vasoativas e necessidade de transfusões. Foi realizada avaliação de correlação entre o tempo de isquemia fria e os exames laboratoriais. Resultados : Os enxertos captados à distância foram submetidos a maior tempo de isquemia fria (500,3±145 min) quando comparados aos captados localmente (317,85±105 min). Os doadores de fora apresentaram níveis mais elevados de sódio no momento da doação (154±16 mEq/dl) comparados aos doadores de Curitiba (144±10 mEq/dl). Houve correlação entre o tempo de isquemia fria e os níveis de ALT e de bilirrubina total. Não houve diferenças ao comparar-se os demais dados. Conclusão : Enxertos captados à distância sofreram maior tempo de isquemia fria. Isso não refletiu nos prejuízos histológicos nem na demanda transfusional durante o pós-operatório. Houve correlação entre o tempo de isquemia fria e o grau de lesão hepática avaliada pela ALT e pela bilirrubina total.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Liver Transplantation/methods , Cold Ischemia , Liver/physiology , Time Factors , Retrospective Studies , Recovery of Function , Allografts/physiology
6.
An. acad. bras. ciênc ; 89(3): 1591-1599, July-Sept. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886742

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to assess variations of the condition factor (K1) in relation to the gonadosomatic- RGS and energy reserves (hepatosomatic - RWL and liposomatic - RFB relations) of Leptodactylus macrosternum and their relationship to climate variation in the Northeast of Brazil, Caatinga area, state of Paraiba. The animals were captured fortnightly through active collecting, between January and December 2013. Significant differences were observed in the monthly variations of K1, RGS and RFB indices in male and female L. macrosternum over the months of collection. In males, K1 showed no significant relationship with the other variables. In females, RGS values only show notable correlations with RWF and K1 values. K1 values showed significant correlations with all other weight and length ratios. Climate change in the HFOB region showed significant relationships with the variation of the indexes evaluated, with the exception of RWF. The variation of K1, RGS, RWL and RFB values over the months of collection as well as their relation with the local climatic variation, showed a brief reproductive activity for the species.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Anura/physiology , Fat Body/physiology , Gonads/anatomy & histology , Anura/anatomy & histology , Anura/classification , Seasons , Fat Body/anatomy & histology , Gonads/physiology , Liver/anatomy & histology , Liver/physiology
7.
Motriz (Online) ; 23(spe): e101611, 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-841859

ABSTRACT

Abstract AIMS Previously, we verified that overtrained mice upregulated the TRB3 levels, its association with Akt, and the hepatic concentrations of glycogen. It is known that APPL1 can limit the interaction between TRB3 and Akt, playing an important role in the glucose homeostasis. Thus, we verified the effects of three overtraining protocols on the hepatic levels of APPL1 and APPL2. METHODS Rodents were divided into control (CT), overtrained by downhill running (OTR/down), overtrained by uphill running (OTR/up) and overtrained by running without inclination (OTR). The hepatic contents of APPL1 and APPl2 were measured by the immunoblotting technique. RESULTS Significant elevation of APPL1 observed in the OTR/down and OTR/up groups, as well as the tendency of increase (p=0.071) observed in the OTR group. CONCLUSION These results indicate that this particular protein is likely to participate in the glucose homeostasis previously observed in response to these OT protocols.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Adaptation, Physiological/physiology , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/metabolism , Hemostasis/physiology , Insulin/metabolism , Liver/physiology , Resistance Training , Mice, Inbred C57BL
8.
Acta cir. bras ; 31(9): 608-614, Sept. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-795998

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT PURPOSE: To assess the effect of aqueous extract of Peumus Boldus (AEPB) on the liver proliferative response after parcial hepatectomy of 70% (PH) in rodents. METHODS: Twenty Wistar rats were divided in two groups: AEPB100 (whose rats received 100mg/Kg of AEPB, once a day, orally, in 4 days prior to the first surgical procedure) and Vehicle (whose rats were treated similarly with distilled water). Both groups underwent PH. After 24 hours the remaining livers were removed for studying the proliferation of hepatocytes by Ki-67 and 2mL of blood were collected for serological assessment: cholesterol, glucose, triglycerides, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, and total, direct and indirect bilirubin. All data were analyzed by Gaussian distribution. Statistically significant differences between mean values were analyzed using T Student's test. Non-Gaussian data were analyzed using Mann-Whitney's test. RESULTS: The liver of all these rats presented positive staining of Ki-67, indicating liver proliferation. Laboratory results showed no significant difference in serum values between the analyzed groups. The analysis of Ki-67 was significantly more positive in AEPB100 group than in Vehicle group. CONCLUSION: Aqueous extract of Peumus Boldus acute administration exerts significant positive effect on liver regeneration after 24h in rats that underwent parcial hepatectomy, while maintaining unchanged hepatic function.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Hepatocytes/drug effects , Peumus/chemistry , Hepatectomy/methods , Liver/physiology , Liver Regeneration/drug effects , Rats, Wistar , Plant Leaves/chemistry , Hepatocytes/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Liver/drug effects
9.
Gut and Liver ; : 784-790, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-67325

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: We experimented with different ablation methods and two types of microwave antennas to determine whether microwave ablation (MWA) increases intrahepatic pressure and to identify an MWA protocol that avoids increasing intrahepatic pressure. METHODS: MWA was performed using either a single-step standard ablation or a stepwise increment ablation paired with either a 16-gauge (G) 2-cm antenna or a 14G 4-cm antenna. We compared the maximum pressures and total ablation volumes. RESULTS: The mean maximum intrahepatic pressures and ablation volumes were as follows: 16G single-step: 37+/-33.4 mm Hg and 4.63 cm3; 16G multistep: 31+/-18.7 mm Hg and 3.75 cm3; 14G single-step: 114+/-45.4 mm Hg and 15.33 cm3; and 14G multistep: 106+/-43.8 mm Hg and 10.98 cm3. The intrahepatic pressure rose during MWA, but there were no statistically significant differences between the single and multistep methods when the same gauge antennae were used. The total ablation volume was different only in the 14G groups (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated an increase in intrahepatic pressure during MWA. The multistep method may be used to prevent increased intrahepatic pressure after applying the proper power.


Subject(s)
Ablation Techniques/instrumentation , Animals , Cattle , Liver/physiology , Medical Illustration , Microwaves , Models, Animal , Pressure
10.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 47(11): 940-946, 11/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-723907

ABSTRACT

Stimulation by a number of conditions, including infection, cytokines, mechanical injury, and hypoxia, can upregulate inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in hepatocytes. We observed that exposure to hypergravity significantly upregulated the transcription of the hepatic iNOS gene. The aim of this study was to confirm our preliminary data, and to further investigate the distribution of the iNOS protein in the livers of mice exposed to hypergravity. ICR mice were exposed to +3 Gz for 1 h. We investigated the time course of change in the iNOS expression. Hepatic iNOS mRNA expression progressively increased in centrifuged mice from 0 to 12 h, and then decreased rapidly by 18 h. iNOS mRNA levels in the livers of centrifuged mice was significantly higher at 3, 6, and 12 h than in uncentrifuged control mice. The pattern of iNOS protein expression paralleled that of the mRNA expression. At 0 and 1 h, weak cytoplasmic iNOS immunoreactivity was found in some hepatocytes surrounding terminal hepatic venules. It was noted that at 6 h there was an increase in the number of perivenular hepatocytes with moderate to strong cytoplasmic immunoreactivity. The number of iNOS-positive hepatocytes was maximally increased at 12 h. The majority of positively stained cells showed a strong intensity of iNOS expression. The expression levels of iNOS mRNA and protein were significantly increased in the livers of mice exposed to hypergravity. These results suggest that exposure to hypergravity significantly upregulates iNOS at both transcriptional and translational levels.


Subject(s)
Animals , Gene Expression/physiology , Hypergravity , Liver/enzymology , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Hypergravity/adverse effects , Immunohistochemistry , Inflammation Mediators/metabolism , Interferon-gamma/analysis , Interleukin-1beta/analysis , /analysis , Liver/anatomy & histology , Liver/physiology , Mice, Inbred ICR , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II/genetics , Protein Biosynthesis/physiology , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Transcription, Genetic/physiology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Up-Regulation/physiology
11.
Acta cir. bras ; 29(9): 603-607, 09/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-722129

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To compare controlled liver regeneration in rats submitted to 60% hepatic resection having L-arginine supplemented diet, based on weight changes of the regenerated liver, laboratory parameters of liver function and pathological findings. METHODS: Thirty-six rats were divided into two groups, control and L- arginine. The first received standard chow and saline solution by gavage. The second had supplementation with L- arginine. Animals were killed on postoperative period at 24h, 72h and seven days. For analysis of liver regeneration was used Kwon formula for weight, laboratory tests and mitosis. RESULTS: Weight, showed no benefit with L- arginine supplementation; however, intergroup comparison in the first 24h observed positive effect on supplementation (p=0.008). Alkaline phosphatase was increased in arginine group (p<0.04). The number of mitoses showed no difference between the two groups; however, in the first 24 hours, the supplemented group had higher number of mitoses within the groups (p=0.03). CONCLUSION: Supplementation with L-arginine did not show benefits in liver regeneration; however, supplemented group in the first 24 hours showed benefits over 72 hours and seven days of the evaluation by weight gain and number of mitosis. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Arginine/pharmacology , Dietary Supplements , Liver Regeneration/drug effects , Hepatectomy , Liver Regeneration/physiology , Liver/drug effects , Liver/pathology , Liver/physiology , Mitosis/drug effects , Mitosis/physiology , Organ Size , Rats, Wistar , Time Factors
12.
Acta cir. bras ; 29(supl.2): 61-66, 2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-721378

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To analyze the role of hyperbaric oxygen therapy as hepatic preconditioning in rats submitted to hepatic ischemia and reperfusion. METHODS: Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups: SHAM, rats submitted to surgical stress without hepatic ischemia and reperfusion, I/R, rats submitted to total hepatic pedicle ischemia for 30 min, followed by 5 min of reperfusion; HBOI/R, rats submitted to 60 minutes of hyperbaric oxygen therapy at 2 atm and immediately submitted to the experimental protocol of ischemia and reperfusion. Liver function was assessed by measuring serum alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase, as well as mitochondrial function by determining states 3 and 4 of mitochondrial respiration, respiratory control rate and mitochondrial permeability transition (mitochondrial swelling). The results were analyzed by the Mann-Whitney test and all P-values <0.05 were considered significant. RESULTS: There were significant differences in serum aspartate aminotransferase values in groups SHAM vs. HBOI/R, I/R vs HBOI/R, alanine aminotranferase in groups SHAM and I/R; State 3 in SHAM groups vs. I/R, SHAM vs. HBOI/R, State 4 in I/R vs HBOI/R groups, respiratory control rate in SHAM vs I/R groups; mitochondrial swelling in SHAM vs. I/R groups, and SHAM vs HBOI/R. CONCLUSION: Hyperbaric preconditioning improved hepatic mitochondrial function and decreased serum markers of liver injury in the ischemia and reperfusion process. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Hyperbaric Oxygenation/methods , Ischemic Preconditioning/methods , Liver/blood supply , Mitochondria, Liver/physiology , Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Alanine Transaminase/blood , Aspartate Aminotransferases/blood , Cell Respiration , Liver/physiology , Oxygen Consumption , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Reproducibility of Results , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
13.
Int. j. morphol ; 31(4): 1309-1316, Dec. 2013. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-702310

ABSTRACT

The present study was carried out to evaluate the effect of statins associated with physical exercise (PE) in liver cells in dyslipidemic rats through cariometry. The animals were divided into six groups: animals subjected to a hypercholesterolemic diet (HD), simvastatin, with (G1) and without (G2) physical exercise (PE); HD submitted (G3) or not (G4) to PE, and commercial food diet (F) with (G5) and without (G6) PE. Histological analysis of the liver was performed by staining the slides with hematoxylin and eosin. The cariometric study included measuring the major and minor diameters of the hepatocytes nuclei. The Shapiro-Wilk test was also performed. To determine the differences among the groups, the Kruskal-Wallis Test with Dunn's post-test were conducted. The significance level was set at 5 percent. No difference was found in the hepatocytes nuclei between G5 and G6. When these groups were related with G3 and G4, reduced nuclei were observed. There was no difference between G1 and G6. The comparison between G6 and G2 showed that the nuclei in G2 were smaller. No difference was detected between G5 and G1. Changes were observed in the nuclei shape in G2 in comparison to G1. Considering G2 and G3, a decrease in the size of nuclei was observed in G3. On the other hand, G2 showed changes in shape in the comparative analysis with G4. The size and shape of G1 nuclei were larger than G3 as well as changes in shape were observed when compared to G4. G4 showed smaller nuclei than G3. Therefore, F, associated or not with the practice of PE, does not alter the size and shape of the hepatocytes nuclei; HD combined with sedentarism influences changes in the morphometric parameters of hepatocytes; and the association of simvastatin and PE seems to protect the hepatocytes nuclei with regard to HD.


El presente estudio se realizó con la finalidad de evaluar el efecto de las estatinas asociadas con el ejercicio físico (PE) en las células del hígado, en ratas con dislipidemia a través de cariometría. Los animales fueron divididos en seis grupos: animales sometidos a una dieta hipocolesterolemiante (HD), simvastatina, con (G1) y sin (G2) ejercicio físico (PE); HD enviado (G3) o no (G4) para educación física y dieta comercial (F) con (G5) y sin (G6) PE. El análisis histológico del hígado se realizó por tinción de los portaobjetos con hematoxilina y eosina. El estudio cariométrico incluyó la medición de los diámetros mayor y menor de los núcleos de hepatocitos. Se realizó la prueba de Shapiro-Wilk. Para determinar las diferencias entre los grupos, se realizó la prueba de Kruskal-Wallis con Dunn. El nivel de significación se fijó en 5 por ciento. No se encontraron diferencias en los núcleos de hepatocitos entre G5 y G6. Los núcleos fueron observados cuando estos grupos estaban relacionados con G3 y G4. No hubo diferencia entre G1 y G6. La comparación entre G6 y G2 mostró que los núcleos en G2 eran más pequeñas. No se detectaron diferencias entre el G5 y G1. Se observaron cambios en la forma núcleos en G2 en comparación con G1. Considerando G2 y G3, se observó en G3 una disminución en el tamaño de los núcleos. En el análisis comparativo con G4, G2 mostró cambios en la forma . El tamaño y forma de los núcleos G1 eran más grandes que G3, así como cambios en la forma se observaron cuando se compararó con G4. G4 mostraron núcleos menores que G3. Por tanto, F, asociados o no a la práctica de PE, no altera el tamaño y la forma de los núcleos de hepatocitos; HD combinada con influencias sedentarismo cambios en los parámetros morfométricos de los hepatocitos, y la asociación de simvastatina y PE parece proteger a los hepatocitos con respecto a la HD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Exercise , Liver , Liver/physiology , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/pharmacology , Simvastatin/pharmacology , Diet , Dyslipidemias , Karyometry
14.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 40(6): 476-479, nov.-dez. 2013. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-702657

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: avaliar os efeitos do óleo da andiroba (Carapa guianensis) na função do fígado de ratos submetidos à isquemia/reperfusão hepática normotérmica. MÉTODOS: foram utilizados 12 ratos Wistar, distribuídos em dois grupos: solução salina (n=6) e andiroba (n=6). O grupo andiroba foi tratado com óleo de andiroba (0,63ml/kg, VO) durante sete dias antes do procedimento cirúrgico. A isquemia foi induzida por oclusão da vascularização dos lobos mediano e lateral do fígado, usando clip vascular, nos dois grupos, por 45min, com posterior reperfusão por 60min. Analisaram-se as dosagens de AST, ALT, Gama-GT e biodistribuição hepática do fitato-Tc99m. RESULTADOS:não houve diferença significante no percentual de radioatividade/grama de tecido (%ATI/g) no lobo direito do grupo salina (17,53±2,78) quando comparado com o grupo andiroba (18,04±3,52), com p=0,461, o mesmo ocorrendo no %ATI/g do lobo esquerdo do fígado quando os dois grupos foram comparados (p=0,083). No grupo salina o %ATI/g foi significativamente mais elevado no lobo hepático direito não isquemiado (17,53±2,78), em comparação com o lobo esquerdo (5,04±0,82), que sofreu isquemia/reperfusão (p=0,002). Diferença significante também ocorreu na comparação entre os lobos direito (18,04±3,52) e esquerdo (7,11±1,86) dos animais do grupo andiroba (p=0,004). Não houve diferença significante nas dosagens de AST, ALT e Gama-GT comparando-se os dois grupos (p>0,05). CONCLUSÃO:o óleo de andiroba não contribuiu para a proteção da função hepática em modelo de lesão induzida por isquemia e reperfusão normotérmica do fígado de ratos.


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of the Andiroba (carapa guianensis) oil on liver function in rats subjected to normothermic ischemia / reperfusion injury. METHODS: we divided 12 Wistar rats into two groups: saline (n = 6) and Andiroba (n = 6). The Andiroba group was treated with Andiroba oil (0.63 ml/kg orally) for seven days before surgery. Ischemia was induced by occlusion of the blood supply to the lateral and median lobes of the liver, using vascular clips, in both groups, for 45min, followed by reperfusion for 60 minutes later. We analyzed dosages of AST, ALT, Gamma-GT, and liver biodistribution of 99mTc phytate. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the percentage of radioactivity / gram of tissue (%ATI/g) in the right lobe of the saline group (17.53 ± 2.78) compared with the Andiroba group (18.04 ± 3.52) p = 0.461, the same occurring in the%ATI/g of the left lobe of the liver when the two groups were compared (p = 0.083). In the saline group, the%ATI/g was significantly higher in the non-ischemic right hepatic lobe (17.53 ± 2.78) when compared with the left lobe (5.04 ± 0.82) that suffered ischemia / reperfusion (p = 0.002). Significant differences also occurred when comparing the right (18.04 ± 3.52) and left (7.11 ± 1.86) lobes of the animals of the Andiroba group (p = 0.004). There was no significant difference in dosages of AST, ALT and Gamma- GT when comparing the two groups (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Andiroba oil did not contribute to the protection of liver function in a rat model of liver injury induced by normothermic ischemia and reperfusion.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Liver/blood supply , Liver/drug effects , Meliaceae , Phytotherapy , Plant Oils/therapeutic use , Reperfusion Injury/drug therapy , Liver/physiology , Rats, Wistar
15.
Acta cir. bras ; 28(3): 210-215, Mar. 2013. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-667932

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate if the ileum resection changes the functioning liver cell mass, the hepatic metabolism and the biodistribution of radiopharmaceutical in rats. METHODS: Twelve Wistar rats weighing 285g±34g were randomly divided into the ileum resection group (n = 6) and sham group rats (n = 6). After 30 days, they were anesthetized and 0.1mL of 99m-Tc-phytate (0.66MBq) was injected via femoral vein. After 30 minutes, blood samples were collected for red blood cells radioactive labeling and serum ALT, AST and gammaGT. Liver samples were used for 99m-Tc-phytate percentage of radioactivity/gram of tissue and histopathology. Student 's t test was used with significance 0.05. RESULTS: There was a higher uptake of 99m-Tc-phytate in the liver of sham rats, compared to the ileum resection group (p<0.05). GammaGT, ALT and AST were increased in ileum resection rats compared to sham (p<0.05). The he patocytes count was significantly lower in ileum resection group than in sham (p<0.05). Liver: body mass ratio was lower in experimental animals than in sham group (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: These data support that the ileum has important role in liver function and liver mass regulation, and they have potential clinical implications regarding the pathogenesis of liver injury following lower bowel resection.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Ileum/physiology , Liver/anatomy & histology , Liver/physiology , Alanine Transaminase/blood , Aspartate Aminotransferases/blood , Hepatocytes , Ileum/surgery , Liver/cytology , Liver , Organ Size/physiology , Organotechnetium Compounds , Phytic Acid , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Radiopharmaceuticals , Time Factors , gamma-Glutamyltransferase/blood
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-92906

ABSTRACT

Vitamin D3 up-regulated protein 1 (VDUP1) is a potent growth suppressor that inhibits tumor cell proliferation and cell cycle progression when overexpressed. In a previous study, we showed that VDUP1 knockout (KO) mice exhibited accelerated liver regeneration because such animals could effectively control the expression of cell cycle regulators that drive the G1-to-S phase progression. In the present study, we further investigated the role played by VDUP1 in initial priming of liver regeneration. To accomplish this, VDUP1 KO and wild-type (WT) mice were subjected to 70% partial hepatectomy (PH) and sacrificed at different times after surgery. The hepatic levels of TNF-alpha and IL-6 increased after PH, but there were no significant differences between VDUP1 KO and WT mice. Nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB), c-Jun-N-terminal kinase (JNK), and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT-3) were activated much earlier and to a greater extent in VDUP1 KO mice after PH. A single injection of TNF-alpha or IL-6 caused rapid activation of JNK and STAT-3 expression in both mice, but the responses were stronger and more sustained in VDUP1 KO mice. In conclusion, our findings provide evidence that VDUP1 plays a role in initiation of liver regeneration.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blotting, Western , Carrier Proteins/genetics , Cell Proliferation , Gene Expression Regulation , Hepatectomy , Hepatocytes/cytology , JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/genetics , Liver/physiology , Male , Mice, Knockout , NF-kappa B/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Regeneration , STAT3 Transcription Factor/genetics , Thioredoxins/genetics
17.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-157449

ABSTRACT

Background: Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is often associated with liver function abnormalities, covering the entire spectrum from asymptomatic transamnitis to cirrhosis. The oral drugs used in diabetes are also associated with hepatic insult. Aims: Here we have tried to assess the prevalence the liver function test abnormality in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with special reference to intake of oral hypoglycemic agents (OHA) and statins. Methods: We selected 101 patients of Type 2 Diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Among those diabetic patients 50 were on oral hypoglycemic drugs (OHA) and statins for at least last 6 months. Another 51 age and sex matched patients were diabetic but not on these drugs. The patients were screened for any existing liver disease by biochemical tests. Results and analysis: Our results showed that the prevalence of elevated liver enzymes and bilirubin is more in Diabetic patient than normal values but the oral hypoglycemic drugs and statins had no added effect. Altogether 70 patients (69.3%) had at least one liver function test abnormality. In our study, 4.95% of the patients had elevated bilirubin (>2.5 mg/dL). 24.75% of the study patients had ALT levels above normal (40 U/L) although high values (>100 U/L) were present only in 5 (4.95%). High AST levels (>40) was found in 34.65% cases. Mean alkaline phosphatase levels in 2 groups were similar (213.96 ± 46.2 vs. 222.75 ± 42.52 U/ L). Serum proteins, INR and alkaline phosphatase did not also show any association with drug intake in our study. Conclusion: Thus screening for liver function abnormalities can be a useful test in diabetic population to prevent future complications.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/physiology , Female , Humans , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/administration & dosage , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/adverse effects , Hypoglycemic Agents/administration & dosage , Hypoglycemic Agents/adverse effects , Liver/abnormalities , Liver/enzymology , Liver/physiology , Liver/toxicity , Liver Function Tests , Male , Middle Aged
18.
Acta cir. bras ; 27(7): 460-464, jul. 2012. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-640093

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To determine the impact of hypertension in liver regeneration, in rats by examining gain in liver mass and the replication of hepatocytes and stellate cells. METHODS: Forty Wistar rats were allocated into two groups of twenty, the control and experiment group. The experiment group animals were submitted to induction of renovascular hypertension. A week later, all the animals underwent a partial hepatectomy. Measurements were taken after 24 hours and seven days, when ten animals in each group were euthanized. Thus, four subgroups were obtained. The livers were excised and sent for histopathological analysis. RESULTS: The control group had a greater gain in liver mass than the experiment group seven days after partial hepatectomy (p=0.0051). The difference in the activate stellate cell count was not statistically significant following analysis after both 24 hours and seven days (p=1.0). A higher number of dividing hepatocytes was observed in the control group seven days after partial hepatectomy (p=0.0014). CONCLUSION: In rats, hypertension had no direct influence on stellate cell replication, but led to a delay in liver mass gain and were shown to be a reduction factor on hepatocyte replication seven7 days after partial hepatectomy.


OBJETIVO: Determinar o impacto da hipertensão arterial sistêmica na regeneração hepática, em ratos, através da análise do ganho de massa hepática e da replicação dos hepatócitos e das células estreladas. MÉTODOS: Alocaram-se 40 ratos Wistar em dois grupos de 20 animais, os grupos controle e experimento. Os do grupo experimento submeteram-se a indução da hipertensão renovascular. Uma semana após, realizou-se hepatectomia parcial em todos os animais. Colheram-se os dados com 24 horas e sete dias, quando dez animais de cada grupo submeteram-se a eutanásia. Assim, obtiveram-se quatro subgrupos. Os fígados foram retirados e enviados para análise histopatológica. RESULTADOS: O grupo controle apresentou maior ganho de massa hepática do que o grupo experimento sete dias após a hepatectomia parcial (p=0,0051). A diferença na contagem das células estreladas ativadas não foi estatisticamente significante nas análises de 24 horas e de sete dias (p=1,0). Um maior número de hepatócitos em divisão foi observado no grupo controle, sete dias após a hepatectomia parcial (p=0,0014). CONCLUSÃO: Em ratos, a hipertensão não teve influência direta sobre a replicação de células estreladas, mas levou ao atraso no ganho de massa hepática e mostrou ser um fator de redução na replicação de hepatócitos sete dias após a hepatectomia parcial.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Hepatic Stellate Cells/physiology , Hepatocytes/physiology , Hypertension/physiopathology , Liver Regeneration/physiology , Liver/physiology , Cell Count , Hepatectomy , Liver/cytology , Organ Size , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Time Factors
19.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 46(1): 39-46, mar. 2012. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-639599

ABSTRACT

Las hepatitis víricas son producidas principalmente por virus de las hepatitis; sin embargo, otros virus han sido asociados a esta entidad clínica. Con el objeto de estudiar estas alteraciones hepáticas se estudiaron 130 pacientes con síntomas de infección viral aguda. Se les realizó una historia clínica y sus muestras de suero fueron procesadas por técnicas inmunoen-zimáticas y espectrofotométrícas para la determinación de anticuerpos específicos de los distintos virus y para pruebas de funcionalismo hepático. Se confirmó infección viral en 68 pacientes: 22 casos (32,4%) por virus dengue (VD); virus de varicela zoster (VVZ) 11(16,2%), virus de parotiditis (VP) 9 (13,2%); infección por citomegalovirus (CMV) 7 (10,3%), virus Epstein Barr (VEB) 4(5,9%), 13(19,1%) por virus de hepatitis A (VHA), 1 (1,5%) por virus de hepatitis B (VHB) y 1 (1,5%) por virus de hepatitis C (VHC). En todas las infecciones virales se observó aumento de ambas transaminasas; en la infección por virus de hepatitis predominó alaninaaminotransferasa (ALT) (p < 0,05). El resto de las infecciones estudiadas fue a expensas de aspartatoaminotransferasa (AST). La hiperbilirrubinemia producida por VHA fue estadísticamente significativa (p < 0,05) con respecto al resto de las infecciones. La fosfatasa alcalina (FA) y la gammaglutamiltranspeptidasa (GGT) también estuvieron alteradas y se destacó la hipoproteinemia en la infección por VD. Este estudio sugiere que las pruebas bioquímicas que miden el funcionalismo hepático, no sólo evalúan severidad y evolución de la enfermedad, sino que además pueden orientar sobre la etiología de la infección viral aguda.


Viral hepatitis is mainly caused by the hepatitis virus, but other viruses have been associated with this clinical entity. In order to study these liver disorders, 130 patients with symptoms of acute viral infection were analized. A complete medical history and serum samples were assayed by enzyme-linked immunoassay and spectrophotometer techniques for the determination of antibodies specific to different viruses and liver func-tion tests. Viral infection was confirmed in 68 patients: 22 cases (32.4%) for dengue virus (DV) 11 (16.2%) varicella zoster virus (VZV), 9 (13.2%) mumps virus (VP), 7 (10.3%) cytomegalovirus (CMV), 4 (5.9%) Ep-stein- Barr virus (EBV), 13 (19.1%) patients with hepatitis A virus (HAV), 1 (1.5%) infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV) and 1 (1.5%) with hepatitis C virus (HCV). All viral infections showed an increase in both transaminases; in hepatitis virus infection, alanineaminotransferase (ALT) (p < 0.05) predominated. The rest of the infections studied were at the expense of aspartate aminotransferase (AST). HAVhyperbilirubine-mia was statistically significant (p < 0.05) compared with other infections. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) were also affected, and hypoproteinemia was stressed in DV infection. This study suggests that the biochemical tests that measure liver function, not only assess the severity and progression of the disease, but can also shed light on the cause of acute viral infection.


As hepatites virais sáo produzidas principalmente por virus das hepatites; entretanto outros virus tem sido associados a esta entidade clínica. Com o objetivo de estudar estas alteragóes hepáticas foram estudados 130 pacientes com sintomas de infecgáo viral aguda. Foi realizado um prontuário clínico e suas amostras de soro foram processadas por técnicas imunoenzimáticas e espectrofotométrícas para a determinagáo de anticorpos específicos dos diferentes virus e para testes de fungáo hepática. Confirmou-se infecgáo viral em 68 pacientes: 22 casos (32,4%) por virus dengue (VD); virus de varicela zoster (VVZ) 11(16,2%), virus de parotidite (VP) 9 (13,2%); infecgáo por citomegalovírus (CMV) 7(10,3%), virus Epstein Barr (VEB) 4(5,9%), 13 (19,1%) por virus de hepatite A (VHA), 1 (1,5%) por virus de hepatite B (VHB) e 1(1,5%) por virus de hepatite C (VHC). Em todas as infecgóes virais foi observado aumento de ambas as transaminases; na infecgáo por virus de hepatite predominou alanina aminotransferase (ALT) (p < 0,05). O resto das infecgóes es-tudadas foi as expensas de aspartato aminotransferase (AST); a hiperbilirrubinemia produzida por VHA foi estatisticamente significativa (p< 0,05) com relagáo ao resto das infecgóes. A fosfatase alcalina (FA) e a gamaglutamiltranspeptidase (GGT) também estiveram alteradas e se destacou a hipoproteinemia na infecgáo por VD. Este estudo sugere que os testes bioquímicos que medem a fungáo hepática, náo só avaliam severidade e evolugáo da doenga, mas também podem orientar sobre a etiologia da infecgáo viral aguda.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Hepatitis, Viral, Human/blood , Hepatitis/virology , Liver/physiology , Liver Diseases/blood , Liver/physiopathology , Virus Diseases/blood
20.
Braz. j. morphol. sci ; 28(4): 225-239, Oct-Dez. 2011. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-644152

ABSTRACT

Turtles are the oldest representatives of the class Reptilia, as they appeared on earth about 340 million years ago. Currently, there is little more than 200 species, varying greatly between sizes and natural environment. The Trachemys scripta elegans, belonging to the suborder Cryptodira and family Emydidae, comes from the Mississippi Valley in the United States of America. This study aimed to determine the size, mass and volume of the liver of Turtle T. scripta elegans (WIED, 1839) correlating the hepatic data with body biometrics and gender. The liver is across the middle third of the coelomic cavity, with two lobes, right and left, taking the carapace and the dorsal vertebrae, and the plastron, ventral. Furthermore, we observed that the organ has reddish-brown color, but in the case of males, were slightly pale, yellowish-brown all over its surface. The gallbladder was present on the rear-end face of the organ. In females, most of the variables (mass, volume and dimensions) established correlations, demonstrating the interdependence of physical biometric parameters and liver of the turtle Trachemys scripta elegans. However, in males, few variables were correlated, i.e. the parameters are developed independently. It follows therefore that only in female Trachemys scripta elegans, the values of hepatic biometry are proportional to the values somatometric, i.e. the larger the animal, the bigger the liver.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Liver/anatomy & histology , Liver/physiology , Turtles , Biometry , Organ Size , Reptiles
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