Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 798
Filter
1.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(2): 253-261, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285318

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Caustic ingestion and development of esophageal strictures are recognized major public health problems in childhood. Different therapeutic methods have been proposed in the management of such strictures. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate efficacy and risk of endoscopic topical application of mitomycin C in the treatment of caustic esophageal strictures. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Central Cochrane, and LILACS databases. The outcomes evaluated were dysphagia resolution rate, number of dilations performed in resolved cases, and the number of dilations performed in all patients. RESULTS: Three randomized clinical trials were included for final analysis with a total of 190 patients. Topical mitomycin C application group showed a significant increase in dysphagia resolution rate, corresponding to a 42% higher dysphagia resolution as compared to endoscopic dilation alone, with statistical significance between the two groups (RD: 0.42 - [CI: 0.29-0.56]; P-value <0.00001). The mean number of dilations performed in resolved cases were significantly less in the topical mitomycin C application group, compared to endoscopic dilations alone, with statistical significance between the two groups (MD: 2.84 [CI: 1.98-3.69]; P-value <0.00001). When comparing the number of dilations in all patients, there was no statistical difference between the two groups (MD: 1.46 [CI: -1.53-4.44]; P-value =0.34). CONCLUSION: Application of topical mitomycin C with endoscopic dilations in caustic esophageal strictures was more effective in dysphagia resolution than endoscopic therapy alone in the pediatric population. Moreover, topical mitomycin C application also reduced the number of dilation sessions needed to alleviate dysphagia without rising morbidity.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A ingestão de soda cáustica e o desenvolvimento de estenoses esofágicas são reconhecidos como importantes problemas de saúde pública na infância. Diferentes métodos terapêuticos têm sido propostos no manejo dessas estenoses. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a eficácia e o risco da aplicação endoscópica tópica de mitomicina C no tratamento de estenoses esofágicas cáusticas. MÉTODOS: Buscamos as bases de dados MEDLINE, EMBASE, Central Cochrane e LILACS. Os desfechos avaliados foram taxa de resolução da disfagia, número de dilatações realizadas nos casos resolvidos e número de dilatações realizadas em todos os pacientes. RESULTADOS: Três ensaios clínicos randomizados foram incluídos para análise final com um total de 190 pacientes. O grupo de aplicação de mitomicina C tópica apresentou aumento significativo na taxa de resolução da disfagia, correspondendo a uma resolução da disfagia 42% maior em comparação à dilatação endoscópica isolada, com significância estatística entre os dois grupos (RD: 0,42 - [IC: 0,29-0,56]; P-valor <0,00001). O número médio de dilatações realizadas em casos resolvidos foi significativamente menor no grupo de aplicação tópica de mitomicina C, em comparação com as dilatações endoscópicas isoladas, com significância estatística entre os dois grupos (MD: 2,84 [IC: 1,98-3,69]; P-valor <0,00001). Ao comparar o número de dilatações em todos os pacientes, não houve diferença estatística entre os dois grupos (MD: 1,46 [IC: -1,53-4,44]; valor de P=0,34). CONCLUSÃO: A aplicação de mitomicina C tópica com dilatações endoscópicas em estenoses esofágicas cáusticas foi mais eficaz na resolução da disfagia do que a terapia endoscópica isolada na população pediátrica. Além disso, a aplicação tópica de mitomicina C também reduziu o número de sessões de dilatação necessárias para aliviar a disfagia sem aumentar a morbidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Caustics/toxicity , Esophageal Stenosis/chemically induced , Esophageal Stenosis/drug therapy , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Administration, Topical , Esophagoscopy , Treatment Outcome , Mitomycin/therapeutic use
2.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 34(1): e942, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289538

ABSTRACT

La oftalmomiasis es una enfermedad poco frecuente, causada por artrópodos; en este caso por la mosca adulta. Presentamos el caso de una paciente femenina, de 44 años de edad, con antecedentes de inmunosupresión severa secundaria a VIH, quien fue atendida en el Servicio de Oftalmología por molestia ocular. Presentaba un aumento de volumen circunscrito en conjuntiva que se extendía sobre la córnea nasal del ojo izquierdo, de aspecto blanco nacarado, deslustrado. Se le realizó exéresis de la lesión y crioterapia. Posteriormente se le aplicó colirio de mitomicina C. A los siete meses la paciente regresó a la consulta con un cuadro de complicación franca y severa de la lesión, con destrucción de los tejidos de la órbita y múltiples cavernas ocupadas por cientos de larvas de moscas(AU)


Ophthalmomiasis is a rare disease, caused by arthropods; in this case by the adult fly. We present the case of a 44-year-old female patient, with a history of severe immunosuppression secondary to HIV, who was treated at the Ophthalmology Service for ocular discomfort. She presented a circumscribed increase in volume in the conjunctiva that extended over the nasal cornea of ​​the left eye, with a pearly white, tarnished appearance. Excision of the lesion and cryotherapy were performed. Subsequently, mitomycin C eye drops were applied. Seven months later, the patient returned to the consultation with a frank and severe complication of the lesion, with destruction of the tissues of the orbit and multiple caverns occupied by hundreds of fly larvae(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Mitomycin/therapeutic use , Cryotherapy/methods , Rare Diseases/therapy , Myiasis/epidemiology
3.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(1): 8-11, jan.-fev. 2021. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251324

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a inibição da proliferação de fibroblastos in vitro das conjuntivas obtidas através de exérese de pterígios de pacientes utilizando mitomicina C (MMC) e ciclofosfamida (CF). Métodos: Os pterígios foram retirados de 7 pacientes e submetidos a cultivo celular. Após o cultivo, 3 fragmentos de dimensões iguais deste material foram colhidos de áreas adjacentes do pterígio removido de cada paciente. Eles foram randomicamente selecionados de tal forma que: um fragmento de cada paciente foi exposto: ao meio de cultura (grupo controle), a MMC e a CF por igual período de tempo nas concentrações de 0,4 mg/ml e 10 mg/ml respectivamente. Após este período realizou-se a contagem celular de fibroblastos destes 3 grupos. Cada grupo continha 7 fragmentos. Resultados: Com a utilização da MMC tivemos uma taxa de 95% da inibição da proliferação dos fibroblastos, enquanto com a CF 100%. Conclusões: Ambas as drogas apresentaram elevada taxa da inibição da proliferação de fibroblastos, porém a CF apresentou inibição maior que a MMC.


Abstract Objective: To evaluate the inhibition of fibroblast proliferation in vitro of conjunctiva obtained by excision of pterygium from patients using mitomycin (MMC) and cyclophosphamide (CF). Methods: Pterygiums were removed from 7 patients and subjected to cell culture. After cell cultivation, 3 fragments of equal dimensions of these tissues were collected from adjacent areas of each patient removed pterygium. They were randomly selected in such a way that one fragment of each patient was exposed to: the culture medium (group control), to MMC and to CF for an equal period of time at concentrations of 0,4 mg/dl and 10 mg/dl respectively. After this period, the fibroblast cell count of these groups were performed. Each group had seven fragments. Results: With the use of MMC we had a 95% rate of inhibition of fibroblast proliferation, while with CF 100%. Conclusion: Both drugs showed a high rate of inhibition of fibroblast proliferation, but CF showed greater inhibition than MMC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Wound Healing , Pterygium/surgery , Mitomycin/adverse effects , Cyclophosphamide/adverse effects , Cell Proliferation/physiology , Antimitotic Agents/adverse effects , Fibroblasts/physiology , In Vitro Techniques
5.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 33(4): e914, oct.-dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156584

ABSTRACT

El tratamiento del glaucoma se realiza con el objetivo de disminuir los niveles de presión intraocular, único factor tratable hasta el momento, y debe ser individualizado. Se presenta un paciente masculino de 54 años de edad, de piel mestiza, intelectual, con antecedentes de aparente salud y diagnóstico de glaucoma desde hace 10 años. Se realizó trabeculectomía con antimetabolito (mitomicina C) en el ojo izquierdo en el año 2012 por daño glaucomatoso avanzado. En el año 2016 acudió a nuestra consulta y refirió mala visión y descontrol de la presión intraocular de ambos ojos. Se constataron cifras muy elevadas de presión intraocular en ambos ojos, superiores a 30 mmHg; en el ojo derecho la unidad de visión con su mejor corrección y un daño campimétrico muy avanzado limitado a una isla de visión central con caída hasta los 5° centrales, y el ojo izquierdo no alcanzaba la percepción luminosa. Después de combinar 3 líneas farmacológicas con la dosis máxima, los valores de la presión intraocular no eran protectores. Surgió la disyuntiva entre realizar una cirugía filtrante, temiendo al riesgo quirúrgico elevado y tratándose de un ojo único, o no practicar cirugía alguna y solo continuar con el tratamiento farmacológico a pesar de no conseguirse valores de presión intraocular meta. Se decidió realizar esclerectomía profunda no penetrante con antimetabolito (mitomicina C al 0,02 por ciento). No se presentaron complicaciones asociadas y se consiguió el descenso de la presión intraocular a 24 mmHg, por lo que al mes de la cirugía se realizó goniopuntura. Se obtuvo la presión intraocular objetivo, sin progresión del daño glaucomatoso y hubo conservación de la agudeza visual(AU)


Treatment for glaucoma is aimed at reducing the levels of intraocular pressure. This is the only factor that may be treated so far, and it should be individualized. A case is presented of a male 54-year-old mulatto patient, intellectual, with a history of apparently good health who was diagnosed with glaucoma ten years ago. Trabeculectomy with antimetabolite (mitomycin C) was performed on the patient's left eye in the year 2012 due to advanced glaucomatous damage. In the year 2016 the patient attended our service and reported poor vision and uncontrolled intraocular pressure in both eyes. Very high intraocular pressure values above 30 mmHg were confirmed in both eyes. In the right eye the vision unit with its best correction, and very advanced campimetric damage limited to a central vision island with a fall to 5° central, whereas the left eye did not achieve light perception. After combining 3 drug lines at their maximum dosage, intraocular pressure values were not protective. The dilemma arose whether to perform filtration surgery, fearing the high surgical risk, being as it was a single eye, or not to perform any surgery and just go on with the drug treatment despite not having achieved target intraocular pressure values. It was decided to perform non-penetrating deep sclerectomy with antimetabolite (0.02 percent mitomycin C). No associated complications occurred and intraocular pressured fell to 24 mmHg. Therefore, goniopuncture was performed one month after surgery. The target intraocular pressure was obtained without glaucomatous damage progression and visual acuity was preserved(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Trabeculectomy/methods , Mitomycin/therapeutic use , Intraocular Pressure/drug effects , Glaucoma/diagnosis , Glaucoma/therapy
6.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 33(4): e981, oct.-dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156581

ABSTRACT

La cirugía filtrante es una opción de tratamiento encaminada a disminuir la presión intraocular una vez que no hay respuesta a las alternativas no quirúrgicas. En los últimos años ha experimentado una evolución sorprendente. Aparecen nuevos dispositivos que buscan obtener un control tensional con las mínimas complicaciones; entre estos, el implante Ex-PRESS ha demostrado una efectividad similar a la trabeculectomía, mientras que la variante técnica para su implantación, descrita por Richard Hoffmann, posibilita excelentes resultados con menos dificultades. Se presenta un paciente masculino de 51 años de edad, de raza blanca, con antecedente de glaucoma, con agudeza visual mejor corregida de 100 VAR y presión intraocular de 32 mmHg. Se realizó implante de dispositivo Ex-PRESS (modelo P-50) mediante la técnica modificada de Richard Hoffmann, asociada al uso de mitomicina C al 0,2 por ciento en el transoperatorio. A los dos años se lograron tensiones oculares de 17 mmHg y agudeza visual mejor corregida de 100 VAR(AU)


Filtration surgery is a therapeutic option aimed at reducing intraocular pressure when there is no response to non-surgical alternatives. Filtration surgery has developed remarkably in recent years. New devices have emerged geared to achieving pressure control with minimum complications. Among them, Ex-PRESS implantation has shown to be as effective as trabeculectomy, and the technique described by Richard Hoffman provides excellent results with fewer difficulties. A case is presented of a male white 51-year-old patient with a history of glaucoma, best corrected visual acuity 100 VAR, and intraocular pressure 32 mmHg. Implantation was performed of an Ex-PRESS (model P-50) device by modified Richard Hoffman's technique associated to 0.2 percent mitomycin C in the perioperative period. Two years after surgery, ocular tensions of 17 mmHg and a best corrected visual acuity of 100 VAR had been achieved(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Trabeculectomy/methods , Glaucoma/diagnosis , Mitomycin/adverse effects , Filtering Surgery/adverse effects , Intraocular Pressure
7.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 33(4): e988, oct.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156571

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Describir los resultados visuales e hipotensores de la trabeculotomía gonioasistida modificada y determinar sus complicaciones. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio analítico de 30 ojos; 15 de ellos (15 pacientes) recibieron trabeculotomía gonioasistida modificada (grupo caso) y 15 ojos (15 pacientes) recibieron trabeculectomía con mitomicina C (control histórico). Resultados: Predominaron los pacientes masculinos. La edad promedio del grupo con trabeculectomía fue 64,2 ± 7,3 años; mientras la del grupo con trabeculotomía gonioasistida modificada fue 69,9 ± 4,8 años. La agudeza visual mejor corregida media preoperatoria fue menor en el grupo con trabeculectomía (95 VAR/100-80 vs. 97 VAR/100-90) y la presión intraocular media fue 26,0 mmHg/24,5-30,0) y 25,0 mmHg/22,5-27,0 respectivamente. Todos los pacientes con trabeculectomía recibieron 3 colirios hipotensores en el preoperatorio, mientras el 53,3 por ciento de los tratados con trabeculotomía gonioasistida modificada requirieron 3 colirios hipotensores. Al año, la agudeza visual mejor corregida media disminuyó en el grupo con trabeculectomía (90VAR/100-75), y se mantuvo en el grupo con trabeculotomía gonioasistida modificada (97VAR/100-90). En ambos grupos se produjo una caída significativa de la PIO promedio y más del 85 por ciento de los casos requirió uno o ningún colirio para su control. Conclusiones: El resultado visual, el poder hipotensor y las complicaciones quirúrgicas al año muestran la trabeculotomía gonioasistida modificada como una técnica útil y segura. Se requieren estudios a largo plazo para evaluar su efectividad futura(AU)


Objective: Describe results one year after modified gonioscopy-assisted trabeculotomy. Methods: An analytical study was conducted of 30 eyes, 15 of which (15 patients) underwent modified gonioscopy-assisted trabeculotomy (GATTm) (case group), and 15 trabeculotomy with mitomycin C (TBT) (historical control). Results: Male patients prevailed. Mean age was 64.2 ± 7.3 years for the TBT group and 69.9 ± 4.8 years for the GATTm group. In the TBT group mean preoperative best corrected visual acuity was lower (95 VAR/100-80 vs. 97VAR/100-90), whereas mean intraocular pressure was 26.0 mmHg/24.5-30.0 and 25.0 mmHg/22.5-27.0, respectively. All TBT patients received 3 hypotensive collyriums preoperative, while 53.3 percent of the GATTm patients required 3 hypotensive collyriums. At one year, mean best corrected visual acuity was lower in the TBT group (90VAR/100-75) and remained the same in the GATTm group (97VAR/100-90). A significant mean intraocular pressure reduction was observed in both groups and more than 85 percent of the cases required either one or no collyrium for their control. Conclusions: Visual result, hypotensive effect and surgical complications at one year are evidence that modified gonioscopy-assisted trabeculotomy is a safe, useful technique. Long-term studies are required to evaluate its future effectiveness(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Glaucoma/diagnosis , Mitomycin/therapeutic use , Intraocular Pressure , Trabeculectomy/methods
8.
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 24(3): 564-577, jul.-set. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125016

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: la dacriocistorrinostomía externa es la técnica más empleada por la mayoría de los cirujanos oculoplásticos para tratar a los pacientes con obstrucción del canal nasolagrimal. Es posible que los galenos cometan algunos errores en este tipo de cirugía, a pesar de los grandes avances en las tecnologías ópticas, las técnicas quirúrgicas y el uso de modernos materiales de intubación. La principal causa de los errores es el cierre de la osteotomía por tejido cicatrizal o de granulación, con la formación de sinequias en la cavidad nasal. La mitomicina C es el antibiótico alquilante más estudiado en la prevención del exceso de cicatrización en el área de la osteotomía; sin embargo, existen acuerdos y desacuerdos entre estudiosos del tema sobre la eficacia, dosis y tiempo de exposición de este medicamento. El papel de cada una de estas variables en el resultado final de la cirugía es controversial. Objetivo: brindar evidencias sobre el papel de la aplicación transoperatoria de la mitomicina C en la dacriocistorrinostomía externa. Métodos: se realizó una revisión de la bibliografía actualizada disponible en idioma español e inglés. Se consultaron los textos completos y resúmenes en las bases de datos: PubMed, Ebsco, Google Académico y Scielo. También se revisaron novedosos artículos en prestigiosas revistas especializadas. Conclusiones: la mayoría de los autores coinciden en que este medicamento contribuye a elevar la tasa de éxito de la dacriocistorrinostomía externa; aunque su aplicación es segura, todavía se estudian algunas variables que mejorarían su eficacia.


ABSTRACT Introduction: external dacryocystorhinostomy is the most used technique by oculoplastic surgeons to treat patient with nasolacrimal duct obstruction. Physicians may make some mistakes in this type of surgery despite great advances in optical technologies, surgical techniques and the use of modern materials for intubation, The main cause of errors is the closure of the osteotomy due to scar tissue or granulation with synechia formation in the nasal cavity. Mitomycin-C is the most studied alkylating antibiotic in the prevention of excessive scarring in the osteotomy area; however, there are some agreements and disagreements among scholars on the efficacy, dosage and time of exposure of this drug. The role of each of these variables in the final outcome of the surgery is controversial. Objective: to provide some evidences about the transoperative application of Mitomycin-C in external dacryocystorhinostomy. Methods: a review of the updated bibliography available in Spanish and English languages was carried out. Complete texts and abstracts were consulted in the databases: PubMed, Ebsco, Google Scholar and Scielo. Novel articles were also reviewed in prestigious specialized journals. Conclusions: must authors agree that this drug appears to improve the success rate of external dacryocystorhinostomy. Although its application is safe, some variables are still being studied that would improve its efficacy.


Subject(s)
General Surgery , Dacryocystorhinostomy , Mitomycin , Lacrimal Apparatus , Lacrimal Duct Obstruction
9.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(3): 229-235, May-June 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131581

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Mitomycin C has been used in ophthalmic surgery to mitigate postoperative scarring. However, the outcomes of endoscopic-assisted probing for the treatment of congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction with adjunctive mitomycin C in children remain unknown. Our study was aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of adjunctive application of mitomycin C after endoscopic-assisted probing for the treatment of congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction in children. Methods: This is a retrospective chart review performed in a tertiary eye care hospital involving children with congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction, who underwent endoscopic-assisted probing from October 2013 to August 2015. We compared children who underwent endoscopic-assisted probing with mitomycin C (mitomycin C group) versus others who underwent endoscopic-assisted probing without mitomycin C (endoscopic-assisted probing group). The mitomycin C group received 0.2 mg/ml within 4 min to the nasolacrimal duct ostium using a cotton tip applicator immediately after probing. Probing was considered successful when patient complaints of tearing were reduced or the results of the dye disappearance test were normal. Demographic data, clinical features, and intraoperative and postoperative variables were correlated to the success rate. Results: The study sample comprised 68 lacrimal vies. The majority of children had bilateral obstruction and no previous history of probing. The mean age of the patients was approximately 4 years. Most obstructions were considered complex. The success rates were high in both groups (p>0.05). There were no adverse events related to the use of mitomycin C (p>0.05). Conclusions: Although mitomycin C has no adverse effects when applied to the opening of the nasolacrimal duct, its use after lacrimal probing for the treatment of congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction does not improve the chance of success.


RESUMO Objetivo: A mitomicina C tem sido usada em cirurgia oftálmica para reduzir cicatrizes pós-operatórias. Entretanto, os resultados da sondagem endoscópica assistida para o tratamento da obstrução congênita do ducto nasolacrimal com mitomicina C adjuvante em crianças permanecem desconhecidos. Nosso estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a eficácia e a segurança da aplicação da mitomicina C após a sondagem endoscópica assistida para o tratamento da obstrução congênita do ducto nasolacrimal em crianças. Métodos: Trata-se de uma revisão retrospectiva de prontuários, realizads em um hospital terciário de oftalmologia, envolvendo crianças com obstrução congênita do ducto nasolacrimal, submetidas à sondagem endoscópica de Outubro de 2013 a Agosto de 2015. Comparamos crianças submetidas à sondagem endoscópica com mitomicina C (grupo mitomicina C) versus outros que foram submetidos à sondagem endoscópica sem mitomicina C (grupo de sondagem endoscópica). O grupo mitomicina C recebeu 0,2 mg/ml em 4 min para o óstio do ducto nasolacrimal usando um aplicador de ponta de algodão imediatamente após a sondagem. A sondagem foi considerada bem-sucedida quando as queixas de lacrimejamento dos pacientes foram reduzidas ou os resultados do teste de desaparecimento do corante foram normais. Dados demográficos, sinais clínicos, variáveis intra e pós-operatórias foram correlacionados com a taxa de sucesso. Resultados: A amostra do estudo foi composta por 68 vias lacrimais. A maioria das crianças apresentava obstrução bilateral e sem histórico prévio de sondagem. A média de idade dos pacientes era de aproximadamente 4 anos. A maioria das obstruções foi considerada complexa. As taxas de sucesso foram altas nos dois grupos (p>0.05). Não houve efeitos adversos relacionados ao uso da mitomicina C (p>0.05). Conclusões: Apesar a mitomicina C não tenha efeitos adversos quando aplicada à abertura do ducto nasolacrimal, seu uso após sondagem lacrimal no tratamento da obstrução congênita do ducto nasolacrimal não melhora a chance de sucesso.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Dacryocystorhinostomy , Lacrimal Duct Obstruction , Nasolacrimal Duct , Retrospective Studies , Mitomycin
10.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(3): 215-224, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131588

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Our initial goal was to compare the efficacy and safety of a glaucoma drainage device and trabeculectomy for children with primary congenital glaucoma after angular surgery failure. However, we discontinued the study due to the rate of complications and wrote this report to describe the results obtained with the two techniques in this particular group. Methods: This was a parallel, non-masked, controlled trial that included patients aged 0-13 years who had undergone previous trabeculotomy or goniotomy and presented inadequately controlled glaucoma with an intraocular pressure ≥21 mmHg on maximum tolerated medical therapy. We randomized the patients to undergo either placement of a 250-mm2 Baerveldt glaucoma implant or mitomycin-augmented trabeculectomy. The main outcome measure was intraocular pressure control. We calculated complete success (without hypotensive ocular medication) and qualified success (with medication) rates. We defined failure as uncontrolled intraocular pressure, presence of serious complications, abnormal increase in ocular dimensions, or confirmed visual acuity decrease. Results: We studied 13 eyes of 13 children (five in the glaucoma drainage device group; eight in the trabeculectomy group). Both surgical procedures produced a significant intraocular pressure reduction 12 months after intervention from the baseline (tube group, 22.8 ± 5.9 mmHg to 12.20 ± 4.14 mmHg, p=0.0113; trabeculectomy group, 23.7 ± 7.3 mmHg to 15.6 ± 5.9 mmHg, p=0.0297). None of the patients in the tube group and 37.5% of those in the trabeculectomy group achieved complete success in intraocular pressure control after 12 months of follow-up (p=0.928, Chi-square test). Two patients (40%) had serious complications at the time of tube aperture (implant extrusion, retinal detachment). Conclusions: Both the tube and trabeculectomy groups presented similar intraocular pressure controls, but complete success was more frequent in the trabeculectomy group. Non-valved glaucoma drainage devices caused potentially blinding complications during tube opening. Because of the small sample size, we could not draw conclusions as to the safety data of the studied technique.


RESUMO Objetivo: O objetivo inicial era comparar a eficácia e a segurança do implante de drenagem e a trabeculectomia em crianças com glaucoma congênito primário após falência de cirurgia angular. Como o estudo foi descontinuado devido à taxa de complicações, o objetivo deste artigo foi descrever os resultados das duas técnicas neste grupo específico. Métodos: Ensaio clínico randomizado, não mascarado, incluindo pacientes com idade de 0 a 13 anos previamente submetidos à goniotomia ou trabeculotomia. Os pacientes, que apresentavam glaucoma não controlado com pressão intraocular ≥21 mmHg em terapia medicamentosa máxima, foram randomizados para o implante de drenagem de Baerveldt 250 mm2 (Grupo Tubo) ou trabeculectomia com mitomicina (grupo TREC). O principal desfecho avaliado foi o controle da pressão intraocular. Sucesso completo (sem medicação ocular hipotensora) e sucesso qualificado (com medicação) foram descritos. A falência foi baseada na pressão intraocular não controlada, presença de complicações sérias, aumento anormal das dimensões oculares e diminuição confirmada da acuidade visual. Resultados: Treze olhos de 13 crianças foram estudados (cinco no grupo Tubo e oito no grupo TREC). Ambos os procedimentos reduziram a pressão intraocular em relação às medidas iniciais após 12 meses da intervenção (grupo Tubo 22.8 ± 5.9 mmHg para 12.20 ± 4.14 mmHg, p=0.0113; grupo TREC, 23.7 ± 7.3 mmHg para 15.6 ± 5.9 mmHg, p=0.0297). Nenhum paciente no grupo Tubo e 37.5% do grupo TREC alcançaram o sucesso completo após 12 meses de acompanhamento (p=0.928, teste qui-quadrado). Dois pacientes (40%) apresentaram sérias complicações no momento da abertura do tubo (extrusão do implante e descolamento de retina). Conclusão: Os dois grupos estudados apresentaram resultados semelhantes quanto ao controle da pressão intraocular, mas o sucesso completo foi mais frequente no grupo da trabeculectomia. Implantes de drenagem não valvulados podem cursar com potenciais complicações visuais no momento da abertura do tubo. Devido ao pequeno tamanho da amostra, não foi possível determinar quaisquer dados de segurança conclusivos em relação à técnica estudada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Trabeculectomy , Glaucoma , Glaucoma Drainage Implants , Postoperative Complications , Visual Acuity , Glaucoma/surgery , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Mitomycin , Intraocular Pressure
11.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 24(1): 112-124, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090547

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Mitomycin C is a natural antibiotic that has been used to inhibit the proliferation of fibroblasts in scar tissue. Objective To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of topical Mitomycin C as an adjuvant in the endoscopic treatment of laryngotracheal stenoses. Data synthesis A systematic review of experimental or observational studies that have evaluated the treatment of laryngotracheal stenoses with the use of topical Mitomycin C was performed. Databases researched: LILACS, PubMed, Embase, Cochrane and Web of Science. Outcomes: resolution (symptom-free time ≥ one year), number of procedures required, and complications resulting from the procedure. A total of 15 studies (involving 387 patients) were selected. Mitomycin C was administered to every patient in 11 studies, and in 4 other studies, the patients were separated into 2 groups, 1 receiving mitomycin C, and the other not. The resolution of the stenosis evaluated in 12 studies in which the patients received mitomycin C was of 69% (95% confidence interval [95%CI]: 61-76%; I2 = 17.3%). A total of 52% of the patients (95%CI: 39-64%, 11 studies; I2 = 64.7%) were submitted to a single endoscopic procedure, and 48% (95%CI: 36-61%, 11 studies; I2 = 64.7%) were submitted to more than 1 procedure. Complications (mediastinal and subcutaneous emphysema, dysphonia, laceration or vocal fold paralysis and acute light obstruction) were reported in 9% of the patients (95%CI: 3-18%, 9 studies; I2 = 79.8%). Conclusions The evidence suggests that mitomycin C is an effective and safe option in the endoscopic treatment of laryngotracheal stenosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Tracheal Stenosis/therapy , Laryngostenosis/therapy , Mitomycin/therapeutic use , Laryngoscopy/methods , Administration, Topical , Treatment Outcome , Mitomycin/administration & dosage , Combined Modality Therapy
12.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 531-535, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877291

ABSTRACT

@#Objective. This study aims to determine recurrence and complication rates among patients who underwent three current pterygium treatment techniques: preoperative subpterygeal injection of mitomycin C, intraoperative application of mitomycin with pterygium excision and pterygium excision with conjunctival autograft. Methods. This is a randomized controlled clinical trial in a tertiary hospital. We included patients with diagnosed primary pterygium and who underwent either: A = pre-operative injection of 0.02% mitomycin C one month prior to pterygium excision; B = pterygium excision with intraoperative mitomycin C application; or C = pterygium excision with conjunctival autograft. Results. We included 111 patients: a total of 120 eyes randomized to 3 groups (A, B, C) at 40 eyes per group. After 24 months of follow-up, there was no significant difference in the recurrence rates among the groups (6/40 [15%] in groups A and B and 2/40 cases [5%] in group C; P=0.29). No complications were noted in groups B and C, while 1 case of scleral thinning was noted in group A. There was no significant difference in the complication rates among the three procedures (P=1.00). Conclusion. There were no significant differences in the recurrence and complication rates among the three techniques. Careful patient selection and follow-up are recommended to prevent complications such as scleral thinning.


Subject(s)
Pterygium , Mitomycin , Autografts , Conjunctiva , Conjunctivitis , Transplantation, Autologous
13.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 78(4): 274-277, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042376

ABSTRACT

Resumo A matriz de colágeno Ologen TM é um novo agente antifibrótico composto por uma matriz porosa de atelocolageno tipo I e glicosaminoglicanos reticulados, que pode ser utilizado como uma alternativa para a modulação da cicatrização nas cirurgias. Por ser altamente poroso e biodegradável, este implante auxilia nos processos de reparação fisiológicos que ocorrem no tecido conjuntivo e epitelial da lesão, sem a formação de tecido fibrótico, o qual acarreta insucesso cirúrgico e elevação da PIO. A Trabeculectomia (TREC) é considerada a cirurgia padrão para o tratamento do glaucoma, no entanto as taxas de sucesso cirúrgico a médio e longo prazo estão relacionadas a cicatrização do sítio operatório, envolvendo principalmente o tecido conjuntival e tenoniano. O processo de cicatrização é divido em 4 fases principais: coagulativa, inflamatória, proliferativa e remodeladora, com uma série de cascatas químicas e fatores bioquímicos liberados na tentativa de restabelecer a hemostasia. Diversas pesquisas na literatura já demonstraram os efeitos benéficos na cicatrização ao utilizar a matriz de colágeno Ologen em cirurgias oftalmológicas, além das possíveis complicações. Os resultados dos atuais estudos com implante de Ologen para o tratamento de glaucoma são encorajadores e promissores. No entanto, ensaios clínicos randomizados futuros com seguimento a longo prazo são necessários para avaliarmos a segurança e a eficácia do novo implante na modulação da cicatrização, alcançando melhores taxas de sucesso cirúrgico.


Abstract The Ologen™ collagen matrix is a new antifibrotic agent composed of a porous matrix of type I atelocolagene and cross-linked glycosaminoglycans, which can be used as an alternative for the modulation of healing in surgeries. Because it is highly porous and biodegradable, this implant assists in the physiological repair processes that occur in the connective and epithelial tissue of the lesion without the formation of fibrotic tissue, which leads to surgical failure and IOP elevation. The Trabeculectomy (TREC) is considered the standard surgery for the treatment of glaucoma; however, the surgical success rates in the medium and long term are related to surgical site healing, mainly involving conjunctival and tenonian tissue. The healing process is divided into 4 main phases: coagulative, inflammatory, proliferative and remodeling, with a series of chemical cascades and biochemical factors released in an attempt to restore hemostasis. Since several researches in the literature have already demonstrated the beneficial effects on healing by using the Ologen collagen matrix in ophthalmic surgeries, in addition to possible complications. The results of current Ologen implant studies for the treatment of glaucoma are encouraging and promising. However, future randomized clinical trials with long-term follow-up are necessary to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the new implant in modulating healing, achieving better rates of surgical success.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Wound Healing , Trabeculectomy/methods , Mitomycin/therapeutic use , Absorbable Implants , Comparative Study , Glaucoma/surgery , Retrospective Studies
14.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 32(2): e717, abr.-jun. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1093685

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: Evaluar los resultados relacionados con la efectividad y la seguridad en el tratamiento con queratectomía subepitelial asistida por láser con mitomicina C versus queratectomía fotorreactiva con mitomicina C en ojos con miopía o astigmatismo miópico compuesto. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio experimental, longitudinal y prospectivo en el Instituto Cubano de Oftalmología Ramón Pando Ferrer entre abril del año 2016 y abril de 2017. Se empleó un muestreo aleatorio simple por el cual se obtuvo la técnica quirúrgica a realizar. El primer ojo operado fue el derecho y a la semana se realizó la cirugía en el ojo izquierdo, en el cual se aplicó la otra técnica quirúrgica. Esto permitió realizar en cada paciente ambas técnicas quirúrgicas. La muestra quedó constituida por 146 ojos (73 pacientes) que cumplían con los criterios de selección. Resultados: El comportamiento preoperatorio entre los dos grupos fue muy similar. En ninguno de los casos existieron diferencias en las variables que se evaluaron (agudeza visual sin corrección, agudeza visual mejor corregida, esfera, cilindro y equivalente esférico). La diferencia entre los valores preoperatorios y los encontrados a los 6 meses del tratamiento quirúrgico en cada grupo fueron estadísticamente significativos (p= 0,000) para todas las variables analizadas, excepto para la agudeza visual mejor corregida en el grupo de ojos tratados con láser con mitomicina C (p= 0,083). El haze y el defecto de epitelización fueron los dos tipos de complicaciones observadas. Conclusiones: Se demostró que ambas técnicas quirúrgicas son efectivas y seguras(AU)


ABSTRACT Objective: Evaluate the effectiveness and safety of laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy with mitomycin C vs. photoreactive keratectomy with mitomycin C in eyes with myopia or compound myopic astigmatism. Methods: An experimental prospective longitudinal study was conducted at Ramón Pando Ferrer Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology from April 2016 to April 2017. Simple random sampling was used to decide on the surgical technique to be applied. Surgery was first performed on the right eye using one of the techniques, and then one week later on the left eye with the other technique. That way each patient could undergo both surgical techniques. The sample was composed of 146 eyes (73 patients) meeting the inclusion criteria. Results: Preoperative behavior was very similar in the two groups. In neither case were differences found in the variables analyzed (uncorrected visual acuity, best corrected visual acuity, sphere, cylinder and spherical equivalent). The differences between preoperative values and those found six months after surgery in each group were statistically significant for all the variables analyzed (p= 0.000), except for best corrected visual acuity in the group of eyes treated with laser with mitomycin C (p= 0.083). Haze and epithelization defect were the two types of complications observed. Conclusions: It was demonstrated that both surgical techniques are effective and safe(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Mitomycin/therapeutic use , Photorefractive Keratectomy/methods , Keratectomy, Subepithelial, Laser-Assisted/methods , Lasers, Excimer/therapeutic use , Myopia/surgery , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760179

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The esophagus is the most common part of gastrointestinal (GI) tract at the risk of stricture. Benign disorders are the leading causes of narrowing. Caustic ingestion is the most common cause of esophageal stricture in children, especially in developing countries. Clinical responses to the topical application of Mitomycin C in various medical procedures have been reported. PURPOSE: The study aimed to evaluate the methodology, efficacy, and side effects of Mitomycin C in the treatment of esophageal strictures. METHODS: This study included 30 children with resistant esophageal strictures. Upper GI endoscopy was performed up to the area of stricture, esophageal dilatation was done, endoscopy was repeated, and Mitomycin C was applied topically under direct endoscopic vision. The effect of the procedure was followed over a period of 3–5 years. RESULTS: The response to Mitomycin C was excellent (clinically and endoscopically) in 28 patients (93.3%) and good (endoscopically only) in 2 patients (6.7%). No side effects of topical Mitomycin C in children with esophageal strictures were reported in this study. CONCLUSION: Esophageal dilatation followed by local Mitomycin C application may be a useful strategy for treating resistant esophageal strictures.


Subject(s)
Child , Constriction, Pathologic , Developing Countries , Dilatation , Eating , Endoscopy , Esophageal Stenosis , Esophagus , Humans , Mitomycin
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760154

ABSTRACT

The treatment of total or near-total nasopharyngeal stenosis is challenging because of frequent restenosis. Many treatment strategies including scar release with CO₂ laser, mitomycin C application, balloon dilatation or nasopharyngeal stent had been proposed to reduce the restenosis of nasopharynx. But nasopharyngeal patency often fail even after multiple surgical trials. We report two successful cases of nasopharyngeal reconstruction with resurfacing by nasoseptal flap for patients with restenosis history.


Subject(s)
Cicatrix , Constriction, Pathologic , Dilatation , Humans , Mitomycin , Nasal Septum , Nasopharyngeal Diseases , Nasopharynx , Stents , Surgical Flaps
17.
J. bras. pneumol ; 44(6): 486-490, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-984601

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of mitomycin C (MMC) in the endoscopic treatment of tracheal stenosis. Methods: Patients with laryngotracheal, tracheal, or tracheobronchial stenosis were treated with dilation and topical MMC. The inclusion criteria were as follows: being ineligible for surgery (for medical reasons) at the time of evaluation; membranous stenosis responding well to dilation; and postoperative stenosis at the anastomosis site. Etiology of stenosis and indication for treatment with MMC, as well as site, length, and percentage of stenosis, together with presence of tracheostomy and duration of follow-up, were analyzed. The outcomes evaluated were symptom-free interval ≥ 12 months, number of dilations with topical application of MMC, and complications. Results: Twenty-two patients (15 men and 7 women) were treated between 2003 and 2010. Stenosis was due to endotracheal intubation in 15 patients and surgery in 8. Pure tracheal stenosis was encountered in 13 patients, subglottic stenosis was encountered in 4, tracheobronchial stenosis was encountered in 3, and complex stenosis was encountered in 2. The length of stenosis ranged from 0.5 cm to 2.5 cm, and the percentage of stenosis ranged from 40% to 100%. Nine patients had undergone tracheostomy and had a Montgomery T-tube in situ. Treatment was successful in 14 patients, who remained free of symptoms for at least 12 months. The number of topical applications of MMC ranged from 1 to 5, and complications included fungal infection, keloid scarring, granuloma, and mediastinal emphysema. Conclusions: MMC appears to be effective in the endoscopic treatment of tracheal stenosis.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a eficácia da mitomicina C (MMC) no tratamento endoscópico de estenose traqueal. Métodos: Pacientes com estenose laringotraqueal, traqueal ou traqueobrônquica foram tratados por meio de dilatação e MMC tópica. Foram empregados os seguintes critérios de inclusão: pacientes inaptos para cirurgia (por motivos médicos) no momento da avaliação; estenose membranosa com boa resposta a dilatação e estenose pós-operatória no local da anastomose. Foram analisadas as seguintes variáveis: etiologia da estenose; indicação de tratamento com MMC; local e extensão da estenose, bem como a porcentagem de estenose; presença de traqueostomia e tempo de seguimento. Os desfechos avaliados foram 12 meses ou mais sem sintomas, número de dilatações com aplicação de MMC tópica e complicações. Resultados: Vinte e dois pacientes (15 homens e 7 mulheres) foram tratados entre 2003 e 2010. As causas da estenose foram intubação endotraqueal em 15 pacientes e cirurgia em 8. A estenose traqueal pura foi observada em 13 pacientes, a subglótica, em 4, a traqueobrônquica, em 3 e a complexa, em 2. A extensão da estenose variou de 0,5 a 2,5 cm, e a porcentagem de estenose variou de 40 a 100%. Nove pacientes haviam sido submetidos a traqueostomia e apresentavam tubo T de Montgomery in situ. O tratamento teve êxito em 14 pacientes, que permaneceram sem sintomas durante pelo menos 12 meses. O número de aplicações de MMC tópica variou de 1 a 5, e as complicações foram infecção fúngica, queloide, granuloma e enfisema mediastinal. Conclusões: A MMC é aparentemente eficaz no tratamento endoscópico de estenose traqueal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Postoperative Complications/drug therapy , Tracheal Stenosis/drug therapy , Mitomycin/administration & dosage , Alkylating Agents/administration & dosage , Endoscopy/methods , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Tracheal Stenosis/surgery , Tracheal Stenosis/etiology , Prospective Studies , Administration, Topical , Treatment Outcome
18.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 81(4): 316-322, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950479

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To determine the effects of bevacizumab and mitomycin C alone and in combination on intraocular pressure and the scarring process after modified glaucoma filtration surgery in rabbits. Methods: The rabbits underwent modified glaucoma filtration surgery and were allocated into three groups to receive intraoperative treatment with subconjunctival bevacizumab (group A), mitomycin C and subconjunctival bevacizumab (group B), or mitomycin C (group C). Intraocular pressure was measured immediately preoperatively and on postoperative days 8, 14, 17, 21, 26, and 30. The scarring process was assessed 30 days after surgery by tissue section using hematoxylin and eosin, Masson's trichrome, and picrosirius. Expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) was assessed by immunohistochemical analyses. All analyses were performed by a masked observer. Results: Animals in group A had higher intraocular pressure than those in groups B and C (p<0.01). Intraocular pressure did not differ significantly between groups B and C. The amount of fibrosis was similar with all stains used: group A had the highest level of fibrosis compared with groups B and C (p>0.05). There was less VEGF expression in group A than in groups B and C (p<0.01). Groups B and C did not differ in VEGF expression. Conclusion: Mean intraocular pressure and fibrosis were lower in animals receiving bevacizumab in combination with mitomycin C but did not differ from values in animals receiving mitomycin C alone. Inhibition of VEGF was greater when bevacizumab was used alone than when bevacizumab was combined with mitomycin C.


RESUMO Objetivo: Determinar os efeitos do bevacizumab, combinados ou não à mitomicina C (MMC), na pressão intraocular e processo cicatricial pós-cirurgia filtrante anti-glaucomatosa modificada em coelhos. Métodos: Os coelhos foram submetidos à cirurgia filtrante anti-glaucomatosa modificada e alocados em três grupos de acordo com o tratamento instituído - Grupo A: bevacizumab subconjuntival; Grupo B: bevacizumab subconjuntival e à mitomicina C ; Grupo C: à mitomicina C. A pressão intraocular foi aferida no período pré-operatório imediato e nos dias 8, 14, 17, 21, 26 e 30. O processo cicatricial foi avaliado no trigésimo dia de pós-operatório por meio de análise histopatológica utilizando-se hematoxilina eosina, tricrômio de Masson e picrosirius. A expressão do fator de crescimento do Endotélio Vascular (VEGF) foi avaliada por meio de análise imuno-histoquímica. Todas as análises foram feitas por um observador mascarado. Resultados: O Grupo A apresentou maior pressão intraocular que os grupos B e C (p<0.01). Não foram encontradas alterações significativas entre os grupos B e C. A quantidade de fibrose encontrada nos grupos foi similar com os 3 corantes utilizados: o Grupo A apresentou maior nível de fibrose em relação aos grupos B e C (p>0,05). Houve menor expressão de Fator de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular no Grupo A em relação aos grupos B e C (p<0,01). Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante na expressão de Fator de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular entre os grupos B e C. Conclusão: O bevacizumab associado à MMC apresentou pressões intraoculares mais baixas e menos fibrose, mas estes não foram estatisticamente significantes quando comparados ao uso da mitomicina C isolada. Uma maior inibição do fator de crescimento do endotélio vascular foi encontrada quando o bevacizumab foi usado isoladamente, em detrimento do seu uso associado à mitomicina C.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Wound Healing/drug effects , Glaucoma/surgery , Mitomycin/administration & dosage , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/administration & dosage , Bevacizumab/administration & dosage , Intraocular Pressure/drug effects , Tonometry, Ocular , Random Allocation , Models, Animal , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism , Drug Therapy, Combination
19.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 31(2): 1-9, abr.-jun. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-985566

ABSTRACT

La epitelización de la interfase es una de las complicaciones secundarias a la cirugía refractiva corneal mediante la técnica de LASIK y de SMILE, que pueden influir de forma negativa sobre la calidad visual de los pacientes operados. Se presenta una paciente femenina de 51 años de edad operada de astigmatismo hipermetrópico compuesto de ambos ojos, hace aproximadamente dos años, mediante la técnica de LASIK con microquerátomo pendular. Desde hace 5 meses aproximadamente comenzó con disminución de la visión del ojo derecho, agudeza visual sin corrección del ojo derecho de 0,1 y con corrección de 0,3. Al examen oftalmológico se observaron depósitos blanquecinos en la entrecara del flap corneal, correspondientes a la epitelización de la interfase. Se decidió levantar el flap corneal para eliminar el tejido epitelial de la entrecara; se realizó queratectomía fototerapéutica y se colocó mitomicina C al 0,02 por ciento. La evolución de la paciente fue satisfactoria. La agudeza visual posterior al mes sin corrección del ojo derecho mejoró a 0,5 y con corrección a 0,9, sin mostrar signos de recurrencia(AU)


Interface epithelialization is one of the secondary complications of LASIK and SMILE refractive corneal surgery which may negatively affect the visual quality of operated patients. A female 51-year-old patient presents who underwent surgery about two years ago for compound hyperopic astigmatism of both eyes by LASIK technique with a pendular microkeratome. Approximately five months ago the patient began experiencing gradual visual loss in her right eye. Visual acuity of the right eye was 0.1 without correction and 0.3 with correction. Ophthalmological examination found whitish deposits in the corneal flap interface revealing interface epithelialization. It was decided to lift the corneal flap to remove the epithelial tissue from the interface. Phototherapeutic keratectomy was performed and 0.02 percent mitomycin C applied on the area. The patient's evolution was satisfactory. At one month, visual acuity of the right eye had risen to 0.5 without correction and 0.9 with correction, and no signs of recurrence were observed(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Mitomycin/administration & dosage , Corneal Surgery, Laser/statistics & numerical data , Lasers, Excimer/therapeutic use
20.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 45(4): e1861, 2018. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-956565

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: estudar a eficácia e segurança do uso de acetato de triancinolona subconjuntival isolado ou em associação à mitomicina C como modulador da cicatrização de trabeculectomias em coelhos. Métodos: trinta coelhos machos, albinos, raça Nova Zelândia foram submetidos à trabeculectomia bilateralmente. Os animais foram divididos em quatro grupos experimentais com 15 olhos por grupo: controle, mitomicina C, acetato de triancinolona e acetato de triancinolona + mitomicina C. Tonometria de aplanação e análise clínica da bolha através do Sistema de Graduação de Moorfields foram obtidas no pós-operatório. Para a avaliação da cicatrização, procedeu-se à análise quantitativa do infiltrado inflamatório (polimorfonucleares) através da coloração Hematoxilina & Eosina e da proliferação vascular por imuno-histoquímica. Resultados: foi observada em todos os grupos diminuição significativa da pressão intraocular pós-operatória em relação à pré-operatória (p<0,001). Contudo, não houve diferença entre os grupos (p=0,186). O grupo acetato de triancinolona + mitomicina C apresentou melhores índices na altura máxima da bolha e na vascularização da área central da bolha (p=0,001); além disso, houve menor resposta inflamatória (p=0,001) e menor proliferação vascular (p=0,001) na fase intermediária do estudo em relação às monoterapias. Conclusão: a associação da mitomicina C ao acetato de triancinolona resultou numa ação sinérgica entre esses agentes, com bolhas mais amplas e difusas e menor infiltrado inflamatório e menor proliferação vascular em estágio intermediário do acompanhamento neste modelo animal.


ABSTRACT Objective: to study the efficacy and safety of the use of subconjunctival triamcinolone acetate alone or in combination with mitomycin C as a modulator of trabeculectomy healing in rabbits. Methods: we submitted thirty male, albino, New Zealand rabbits to bilateral trabeculectomy. We divided the animals into four experimental groups with 15 eyes per group: control, mitomycin C, triamcinolone acetate and triamcinolone acetate + mitomycin C. We performed aplanation tonometry and clinical analysis of the bleb through the Moorfields Graduation System in the postoperative period. For the evaluation of healing, we carried out the quantitative analysis of the inflammatory infiltrate (polymorphonuclear) through Hematoxylin & Eosin staining, and vascular proliferation, through immunohistochemistry. Results: we observed a significant decrease in postoperative intraocular pressure in all groups compared with the preoperative pressure (p<0.001). However, there was no difference between groups (p=0.186). The triamcinolone + mitomycin C acetate group presented better indices as for the maximum bleb height and vascularization of the bleb central area (p=0.001); in addition, there was a lower inflammatory response (p=0.001) and lower vascular proliferation (p=0.001) in the intermediate phase of the study compared with the monotherapies. Conclusion: the combination of mitomycin C and triamcinolone acetate resulted in a synergistic action between these agents, with broader and more diffuse blebs, less inflammatory infiltrate and less vascular proliferation in the intermediate stages of follow-up in this animal model.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Wound Healing/drug effects , Triamcinolone/pharmacology , Glaucoma/surgery , Mitomycin/pharmacology , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Postoperative Care , Rabbits , Triamcinolone/administration & dosage , Trabeculectomy/rehabilitation , Blister/pathology , Treatment Outcome , Mitomycin/administration & dosage , Conjunctiva/drug effects , Conjunctiva/pathology , Disease Models, Animal , Drug Therapy, Combination , Intraocular Pressure/drug effects , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/administration & dosage , Neutrophils
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL