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1.
Fisioter. Bras ; 22(6): 791-808, Fevereiro 7, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358263

ABSTRACT

Estudo de caracterização da força e da função muscular nas disferlinopatias para estabelecer biomarcadores de habilidades motoras com amostra de 40 pacientes, tendo sido avaliados força muscular (Medical Research Council - MRC), percentual de MRC, tempo de execução para deambular e escores nas Escalas de Vignos, Egen Klassifikation, Avaliação Funcional para Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne (FES-DMD) e North Star Ambulatory Assessment adaptada. Prevalência da disferlinopatia de 25,5% na amostra total de distrofias (1340), idade média de 36,5 anos, 52,5% do sexo masculino e 75% deambuladores. Músculos mais fracos: abdominal, glúteos, íliopsoas, isquiotibial, quadríceps femoral, tibial anterior e deltoide médio. Correlação forte entre MRC e tempo para deambular (r = 0,77) e, muito forte da MRC distal de membros inferiores com aNSAA (r = 0,90). Interação da MRC dos membros superiores e inferiores nos segmentos proximal e distal (p < 0,001), sendo mais evidente em membros superiores que inferiores. Taxa variável de progressão da doença com 60% dos pacientes moderadamente ou gravemente afetados, com mais de 12 anos de doença. Estudo mostra que padrão de fraqueza muscular dos brasileiros com disferlinopatia é proximal e distal dos MMII, com comprometimento associado da região proximal dos MMSS, além de elucidar as habilidades motoras em relação ao processo de locomoção e disfunções cardiorrespiratórias. (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers , Disease Progression , Muscle Weakness , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne , Motor Skills , Dysferlin
2.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 79(9): 766-773, Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345329

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Analysis of autonomic modulation after postural change may inform the prognosis and guide treatment in different populations. However, this has been insufficiently explored among adolescents with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Objective: To investigate autonomic modulation at rest and in response to an active sitting test (AST) among adolescents with DMD. Methods: Fifty-nine adolescents were included in the study and divided into two groups: 1) DMD group: adolescents diagnosed with DMD; 2) control group (CG): healthy adolescents. Participants' weight and height were assessed. Lower limb function, motor limitations and functional abilities of the participants in the DMD group were classified using the Vignos scale, Egen classification and motor function measurement, respectively. The following variables were assessed before, during and after AST: systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), respiratory rate (f), oxygen saturation and heart rate (HR). To analyze the autonomic modulation, the HR was recorded beat-by-beat. Heart rate variability (HRV) indices were calculated in the time and frequency domains. Results: Differences in relation to groups were observed for all HRV indices, except LF/HF, oxygen saturation, HR and f (p < 0.05). Differences in relation to time and the interaction effect between group and time were observed for RMSSD, SD1, SD2, SD1/SD2, LFms2 and LFnu, HFun, SBP and DBP (p < 0.05). Differences in relation to time were also observed for the indice SDNN, FC and f (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Performing the AST promoted reduced autonomic modulation and increased SBP, DBP and HR in adolescents with DMD.


Resumo Antecedentes: A análise da modulação autonômica após mudanças posturais pode gerar informações prognósticas e orientar o tratamento em diferentes populações. Porém, isso não foi suficientemente explorado em adolescentes com DMD. Objetivo: Investigar a modulação autonômica em repouso e em resposta ao teste ativo sentado (TAS) em adolescentes com DMD. Métodos: 59 adolescentes foram incluídos no estudo e divididos em dois grupos: 1) Grupo DMD: adolescentes com diagnóstico de DMD; 2) Grupo controle: adolescentes saudáveis. O peso e a altura dos participantes foram avaliados. No grupo DMD, a funcionalidade de membros superiores, limitações motoras, e habilidades funcionais foram classificadas pela escala de Vignos, Egen Klassification, e motor function measure respectivamente. Pressão arterial sistólica (PAS), pressão arterial diastólica (PAD), frequência respiratória (f), saturação de oxigênio, e frequência cardíaca (FC) foram avaliadas em repouso, durante e após o TAS. Para analisar a modulação autonômica, a FC foi registrada batimento a batimento. Os índices de variabilidade da frequência cardíaca (VFC) foram calculados nos domínios do tempo e da frequência. Resultados: Diferenças entre os grupos foram observadas para todos os índices da VFC, exceto LF/HF, saturação de oxigênio, FC e f (p<0,05). Diferenças em relação ao tempo e interação entre grupo e tempo foram observadas para RMSSD, SD1, SD2, SD1/SD2, LFms2, LFun, HFnu, SBP e DBP (p<0,05). Diferenças em relação ao tempo foram também observadas para o índice SDNN, FC e f (p<0,05). Conclusões: A realização do TAS promoveu redução da modulação autonômica e aumento da PAS, PAD e FC em adolescentes com DMD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne , Autonomic Nervous System , Blood Pressure , Cross-Sectional Studies , Heart Rate
3.
Medisan ; 25(4)2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1340212

ABSTRACT

Se presenta el caso clínico de un adolescente de 18 años de edad, atendido en el Policlínico Docente Armando García Aspurú de Santiago de Cuba por presentar antecedentes de retardo en el desarrollo psicomotor, marcha anadeante, caídas frecuentes, signo de Gowers positivo, fuerza muscular proximal disminuida en miembros superiores e inferiores, pseudohipertrofia de los gemelos, atrofia de cuádriceps pectoral y escapular. Los signos y síntomas clínicos permitieron diagnosticar una distrofia muscular de Duchenne. Como no pudo realizarse el tratamiento rehabilitador necesario, se produjo un deterioro músculo - esquelético progresivo y severo del paciente.


The case report of an 18 years adolescent is presented. He was assisted at Armando García Aspurú Teaching Polyclinic in Santiago de Cuba due to a history of psychomotor development retardation, wandering march, frequent falls, positive Gowers sign, diminished proximal muscular force in upper and lower limbs, twins pseudohypertrophy, atrophy of pectoralis and scapular quadriceps. The clinical signs and symptoms allowed to diagnose a Duchenne muscular dystrophy. As the necessary rehabilitative treatment could not be carried out, a progressive and severe musculoskeletal deterioration of the patient took place.


Subject(s)
Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne/diagnosis , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne/rehabilitation , Developmental Disabilities/diagnosis , Adolescent , Muscles/pathology
4.
Rev. bras. neurol ; 57(1): 30-38, jan.-mar. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177699

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Pesquisar as recomendações nutricionais para pacientes com Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne (DMD). MÉTODO: Trata- se de uma revisão integrativa da literatura, através de levantamento bibliográfico nas bases cientificas PubMed e Scielo, foram utilizadas as palavras chaves: Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne em combinação com os termos Nutrição, Nutrientes, Nutracêuticos, Vitaminas e Antioxidantes. Foi realizada a busca dos artigos publicados nos últimos 10 anos. RESULTADOS: Foram selecionados 102 artigos, dos quais após análise dos critérios de exclusão e inclusão, resultaram em 31 artigos referentes a 31,62% da amostra inicial que foram utilizados para a produção dessa revisão. CONCLUSÃO: O acompanhamento nutricional do paciente com DMD é fundamental, de forma a garantir a manutenção do estado nutricional, além de contribuir de forma significativa para a desaceleração dos sintomas da doença e melhora da qualidade de vida.


OBJECTIVE: To search for nutritional recommendations for patients with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD). METHOD: It is an integrative review of the literature, through a bibliographic survey on the scientific bases PubMed and Scielo, the keywords used were Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy in combination with the terms Nutrition, Nutrients, Nutraceuticals, Vitamins and Antioxidants. The search was based on articles published in the last 10 years. RESULTS: A total of 102 articles were selected, of which, after analyzing the exclusion and inclusion criteria, resulted in 32 articles referring to 32.64% of the initial sample that were used to produce this review. CONCLUSION: Nutritional monitoring of patients with DMD is essential, in order to guarantee the maintenance of nutritional status, in addition to contributing significantly to the deceleration of the symptoms of the disease and improving the quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Vitamins/administration & dosage , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne/diagnosis , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne/diet therapy , Nutrition Therapy/methods , Recommended Dietary Allowances , Nutritional Status , Antioxidants
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879609

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a screening model for females of reproductive age carrying Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) variants based on a current community health examination platform.@*METHODS@#A total of 61 870 participants were recruited between October 2017 and October 2019. Serum creatine kinase (CK) was measured with a Roche Cobasc 701/702 using an enzymatic rate method. Genetic testing was offered to those with a CK level of ≥ 200 U/L. For carriers of DMD variants, genetic counseling and follow up were provided.@*RESULTS@#For the 61 870 females participating in the program, 1078 were found with raised serum CK (≥ 200 U/L), of which 618 (57.33%) accepted CK re-measurement after at least a two-week interval. One hundred and twenty cases were found with sustained serum CK elevation, of which 6 were confirmed to be definite DMD carriers regardless of family history. Genetic testing was provided to 33 females with a family history for DMD, and 13 were determined as definite carriers. An affected fetus was detected by prenatal diagnosis. After genetic counseling, the parents had opted induced abortion.@*CONCLUSION@#Large-scale DMD carrier screening through a three-step approach based on the current community health examination platform is both feasible and cost effective.


Subject(s)
Female , Genetic Carrier Screening , Genetic Counseling , Genetic Testing , Humans , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne/genetics , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879596

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a newborn screening system for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) through assessment of MM isoenzyme of creatine kinase (CK-MM) activity.@*METHODS@#The CK-MM level was detected using dry blood spot filter paper from 10 252 male newborns. The results were grouped based on their gestational age, sampling time and intervals between the experiments. The threshold value for CK-MM necessitating genetic testing was determined. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) was carried out for those with a CK-MM value over the threshold, and the result was verified by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA).@*RESULTS@#Based on the result of non-parametric rank sum test, the median CK-MM concentration has increased with the gestational age, and was inversely correlated with the age of the newborns among unaffected specimens. CK-MM on dry blood spot filter paper can be stable for 14 days at 2-8℃. Statistical analysis of CK-MM value of the 10 252 neonates suggested that the threshold may be set as 700 ng/mL. Exonic deletions were found in 2 confirmed cases, whose CK-MM level was greater than 2000 ng/mL.@*CONCLUSION@#Detection of CK-MM in dry blood spot filter paper has provided an effective method for newborn screening of DMD. This simple and inexpensive method can be used for large-scale screening, which is of great value to the early intervention and treatment of the disease.


Subject(s)
Dystrophin/genetics , Exons , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne/genetics , Neonatal Screening
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879595

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the result of genetic testing and therapeutic prospect of 2042 unrelated Chinese pedigrees affected with Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy (DMD/BMD) from a single center from 2005 to 2019.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples of the pedigrees were collected for the detection of DMD gene variants with combined multiple ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA), next generation sequencing (NGS) and Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#DMD and BMD have respectively accounted for 78.60% and 21.40% of the pedigrees, which included 33 female probands. Variants of the DMD gene were detected in 1986 pedigrees (97.26%). Large deletions, duplications and small-scale mutations have respectively accounted for 71.85%, 8.76% and 19.39%. Common deletions and duplications have included deletion of exons 45-50 and duplications of exon 2, while no hot spot was found with small-scale mutations. For 1595 pedigrees affected with DMD, 935 (58.62%) were hereditary and 660 (41.38%) were de novo in origin. 34.28% (700/2042) of the patients had symptoms which could be relieved by gene therapy.@*CONCLUSION@#This has been the largest single-center study of DMD pedigrees, which has attained definite diagnosis in 97.26% of the patients. The results have enabled genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis for the affected families upon their subsequent pregnancies, enriched the spectrum of DMD gene variants, as well as facilitated study of the mechanism of DMD gene mutations and exploration of clinical treatment.


Subject(s)
China , Dystrophin/genetics , Exons/genetics , Female , Gene Deletion , Genetic Testing , Humans , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne/therapy , Mutation , Pedigree , Pregnancy
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921958

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To identify the etiology of a patient with severe symptoms of DMD and to trace its pathogenic gene, so as to provide a basis for genetic counseling and clinical intervention.@*METHODS@#Multiple ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) technique was used to analyze exon deletion/repetitive variant of DMD gene, and further analysis was performed by chromosome G-banding, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and SNP array analysis.@*RESULTS@#The MLPA results of the proband showed that the exon 1-79 of DMD gene were deleted, the G-banding karyotype of blood sample was 46, XY, and the deletion of the short arm of X chromosome was found by FISH. SNP array results showed that 5.8Mb (29 628 158-35 434 714) deletion occurred in the Xp21.2p21.1 region of X chromosome, and the patient was diagnosed as the contiguous deletion syndrome involving the genes of IL1RAPL, MAGEB1-4, ROB, CXorf2, GM, AP3K7IP, FTHL1, DMD, FAM47A, TMEM47, and FAM47B.@*CONCLUSION@#The exact pathogenic site of this family is the deletion of 5.8 Mb (29 628 158-35 434 714) in the Xp21.2p21.1 region of X chromosome, which can be used for prenatal diagnosis. High resolution SNP array technique plays an important role in detecting potential chromosome abnormalities in patients.


Subject(s)
Dystrophin/genetics , Exons , Female , Gene Deletion , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne/genetics , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878436

ABSTRACT

Basal cell nevus syndrome (BCNS), also known as Gorlin-Goltz syndrome, is a rare autosomal dominant genetic disease. It is thought to be caused by a mutation in the PTCH1 gene, and its incidence is 1/57 000 to 1/256 000. The case of a 7-year-old patient with BCNS and Duchenne muscular dystrophy was reported in this paper.


Subject(s)
Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome/diagnosis , Child , Humans , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne , Mutation
10.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 13: 547-552, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1222542

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Relacionar a capacidade funcional de pacientes com Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne com a sobrecarga dos seus cuidadores familiares. Métodos: Estudo transversal com amostra composta por 35 pacientes e seus cuidadores familiares, de um centro de reabilitação de Goiânia-GO. Foram utilizados para avaliação da capacidade funcional a Escala de Vignos, Medida da Função Motora, Índice de Barthel e Escala Egen Klassification e para avaliação da sobrecarga o Burden Interview. Resultados: Os cuidadores estavam com sobrecarga moderada, com média de 23,6 (±10,3). A pontuação média dos instrumentos demonstrou que os pacientes estavam em fase avançada de estadiamento da doença e prejuízo da capacidade funcional. Não foi encontrada relação significativa entre a sobrecarga dos cuidadores e a capacidade funcional dos pacientes. Conclusão: O cuidador está diretamente ligado à função de zelar do paciente, portanto a equipe multiprofissional precisa se atentar também à saúde mental deste, oferecendo suporte para intervenções especializadas


Objective: To relate a functional capacity of patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy to the burden of their family caregivers. Methods: A cross-sectional study with 35 patients and their family caregivers from a rehabilitation center in Goiânia-GO. Were used for the functional evaluation of the Vignos Scale, Motor Function Measure Scale, Barthel Index, Egen Klassification Scale and for burden evaluation the Burden Interview. Results: The caregivers had moderate burden, with a mean of 23,6 (± 10,3). Regarding the patients, the average score of the instruments showed that they were in an advanced stage of disease staging and impairment of functional capacity. No significant relationship was found between the caregiver burden and the patient's functional capacity. Conclusion: The caregiver is directly connected to the care function of the patient, so the multiprofessional team needs to pay attention to their mental health, offering support for specialized interventions


Objetivo: Relacionar la capacidad funcional de pacientes con Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne con la sobrecarga de sus cuidadores familiares. Métodos: Estudio transversal con muestra compuesta por 35 pacientes y sus cuidadores familiares, de un centro de rehabilitación de Goiânia-GO. Se utilizaron para la evaluación de la capacidad funcional la Escala de Vignos, Medida de la Función Motora, Índice de Barthel y Escala Egen Klassification y para evaluación de la sobrecarga el Burden Interview. Resultados: La sobrecarga de los cuidadores fue considerada moderada, con promedio de 23,6 (± 10,3). En cuanto a los pacientes, la puntuación media de los instrumentos demostró que estaban en fase avanzada de estadificación de la enfermedad y perjuicio de la capacidad funcional. No se encontró una relación significativa entre la sobrecarga de los cuidadores y la capacidad funcional de los pacientes. Conclusión: El cuidador está directamente ligado a la función de velar del paciente, por lo tanto el equipo multiprofesional necesita atenderse también a la salud mental de éste, ofreciendo soporte para intervenciones especializadas


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Patient Care Team , Caregivers/psychology , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne , Burnout, Psychological
11.
Neumol. pediátr. (En línea) ; 16(1): 17-22, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284149

ABSTRACT

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is one of the most common neuromuscular diseases. Its evolution with well-defined stages related to motor and functional alterations, allows easily establishing relationships with respiratory function through a simple laboratory assessment including vital capacity (VC) measurements as well as peak cough flows. Without any treatment with respiratory rehabilitation, the main cause of morbidity and mortality is ventilatory failure, secondary to respiratory pump muscles weakness and inefficient cough. The VC plateau is reached during the non-ambulatory stages, generally after 13 years old. Respiratory rehabilitation protocols, including air stacking techniques, manual and mechanical assisted coughing and non-invasive ventilatory support, can effectively addressed the VC decline as well as the decrease in peak cough flows, despite advancing to stages with practically non-existent lung capacity. Non-invasive ventilatory support may be applied after 19 years old, initially at night and then extending it during the day. In this way, survival is prolonged, with good quality of life, avoiding ventilatory failure, endotracheal intubation and tracheostomy. This article proposes staggered interventions for respiratory rehabilitation based on the functional stages expected in the patient with DMD who has lost ambulation.


La distrofia muscular de Duchenne (DMD) es una de las enfermedades neuromusculares más frecuentes. Su curso evolutivo con etapas de declinación en la funcionalidad motora bien definidas, permite fácilmente establecer relaciones con la función respiratoria a través de un laboratorio de evaluación sencilla, básicamente de la capacidad vital (CV) y la capacidad tusígena. Sin intervenciones en rehabilitación respiratoria, la principal causa de morbimortalidad es la insuficiencia ventilatoria secundaria a debilidad de músculos de la bomba respiratoria e ineficiencia de la tos. En las etapas no ambulantes, se alcanza la meseta de la CV, generalmente después de los 13 años, su declinación junto con la disminución de la capacidad tusígena puede ser enfrentada efectivamente con la utilización de protocolos de rehabilitación respiratoria. Estos deben considerar la restitución de la CV con técnicas de insuflación activa o apilamiento de aire, tos asistida manual y mecánica, más soporte ventilatorio no invasivo, inicialmente nocturno después de los 19 años y luego diurno, pese a avanzar a etapas con capacidad pulmonar prácticamente inexistente. De esta manera, se prolonga la sobrevida, con buena calidad de vida, evitando el fallo ventilatorio, eventos de intubación endotraqueal y traqueostomía. Este artículo, hace propuestas escalonadas de intervención en rehabilitación respiratoria basadas en las etapas funcionales esperables en el paciente con DMD que ha perdido la capacidad de marcha.


Subject(s)
Humans , Respiratory Therapy/methods , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne/rehabilitation , Scoliosis/rehabilitation , Vital Capacity , Noninvasive Ventilation
12.
Psicol. USP ; 32: e190171, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1155148

ABSTRACT

Abstract Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a chronic disease that primarily affects males and is characterized by progressive physical impairment and, eventually, death. This qualitative study aimed to explore and understand the experience of diagnosis and disease in young people with DMD living in Bogotá, Colombia. After securing approval from the Research Ethics Committee (CEI-ABN026-000311), nine individuals took part of a semi-structured interview, and their narratives were analyzed using thematic analysis. The main topics developed throughout the narratives were: negative representation of the disease; fear; difficulty expressing emotions; the patient-doctor relationship; the wheelchair; the caregivers and coping strategies. We conclude that young people affected by DMD face several challenging experiences that underscore the need for better, more respectful, and compassionate interactions with healthcare providers. Also, their experiences are indicative of a socio-cultural context that needs to become more responsive and compassionate towards young people and disability.


Resumo A distrofia muscular de Duchenne (DMD) é uma doença crônica que afeta principalmente os homens, caracterizada pelo deterioro físico progressivo e por conduzir à morte. Este estudo qualitativo teve como objetivo a exploração e a compreensão da experiência do diagnóstico e da doença em jovens com DMD residentes em Bogotá, Colômbia. Após a aprovação do Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa (CEI-ABN026-000311), nove participantes participaram numa entrevista semiestruturada e as suas narrativas foram analisadas através da análise temática. Os principais temas abordados foram: a representação negativa da doença; o medo; a dificuldade em expressar emoções; a relação paciente-médico; a cadeira de rodas; os cuidadores e as estratégias de resiliência. Concluímos que os jovens afetados pela DMD enfrentam experiências desafiantes que evidenciam a necessidade de interações melhores, mais respeitosas e compassivas com os profissionais de saúde. Ao mesmo tempo, as suas experiências são indicativas de um contexto sociocultural que precisa de se tornar mais recetivo e compassivo para com os jovens e as deficiências.


Résumé La Dystrophie Musculaire de Duchenne (DMD) est une maladie chronique qui touche principalement les hommes et se caractérise par détérioration physique progressive et, éventuellement, la mort. Cette rechérche qualitative a explorer l'expérience du diagnostic et de la maladie chez les jeunes atteints de DMD à Bogotá, Colombie. Cette rechérche a été évaluée et approuvée par un comité d'éthique de la recherche (CEI-ABN026-000311). Neuf jeunes ont participé à un entretien semi-structuré et leurs récits ont été analysés à l'aide d'une analyse thématique. Les principaux thèmes développés dans les récits étaient: la représentation négative de la maladie; peur; difficulté à exprimer ses émotions; la relation médecin-patient; le fauteuil roulant; soignants et stratégies d'adaptation. Nous concluons que les jeunes touchés par la DMD vivent de multiples expériences difficiles qui mettent en évidence la nécessité d'interactions plus respectueuses et plus compatissantes avec les prestataires de services de santé. En même temps, leurs expériences montrent un contexte socioculturel qui doit être plus sensible et compatissant envers les enfants et les jeunes handicapés.


Resumen La distrofia muscular de Duchenne (DMD) es una enfermedad crónica que afecta principalmente a hombres y se caracteriza por deterioro físico progresivo y, eventualmente, la muerte. Este estudio cualitativo buscó explorar y comprender la experiencia del diagnóstico y la enfermedad en jóvenes con DMD en la ciudad de Bogotá, Colombia. Tras recibir autorización del Comité de Ética en Investigación (CEI-ABN026-000311), nueve participantes colaboraron con una entrevista semiestructurada y sus narrativas fueron analizadas usando análisis temático. Los principales temas desarrollados en las narrativas fueron: representación negativa de la enfermedad; miedo; dificultad expresando emociones; la relación médico-paciente; la silla de ruedas; los cuidadores y las estrategias de afrontamiento. Concluimos que los jóvenes afectados por la DMD enfrentan múltiples experiencias retadoras que hacen evidente la necesidad de interacciones más respetuosas y compasivas con los proveedores de servicios de salud. Al mismo tiempo, sus experiencias muestran un contexto sociocultural que necesita ser más sensible y compasivo con los niños y jóvenes en situación de discapacidad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne/psychology , Colombia , Life Change Events
13.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(10): 791-797, Oct. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1143412

ABSTRACT

The Golden Retriever muscular dystrophy (GRMD) is one of the best models of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), with similar genotypic and phenotypic manifestations. Progressive proliferation of connective tissue in the endomysium of the muscle fibers occurs in parallel with the clinical course of the disease in GRMD animals. Previous studies suggest a relationship between mast cells and the deposition of fibrous tissue due to the release of mediators that recruit fibroblasts. The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of mast cells and their relationship with muscle injury and fibrosis in GRMD dogs of different ages. Samples of muscle groups from six GRMD and four control dogs, aged 2 to 8 months, were collected and analyzed. The samples were processed and stained with HE, toluidine blue, and Azan trichrome. Our results showed that there was a significant increase in infiltration of mast cells in all muscle groups of GRMD dogs compared to the control group. The average number of mast cells, as well as the deposition of fibrous tissue, decreased with age in GRMD dogs. In the control group, all muscle types showed a significant increase in the amount of collagenous tissue. This suggests increased mast cell degranulation occurred in younger GRMD dogs, resulting in increased interstitial space and fibrous tissue in muscle, which then gradually decreased over time as the dogs aged. However, further studies are needed to clarify the role of mast cells in the pathogenesis of fibrosis.(AU)


O cão Golden Retriever distrófico (Golden Retriever muscular dystrophy - GRMD) é um dos melhores modelos da distrofia muscular de Duchenne (DMD), com manifestações genotípicas e fenotípicas similares. A proliferação progressiva de tecido conjuntivo no endomísio das fibras musculares ocorre paralelamente ao curso clínico da doença em animais GRMD. Estudos anteriores sugerem uma relação entre os mastócitos e a deposição de tecido fibroso devido à liberação de mediadores que recrutam fibroblastos. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a presença de mastócitos e sua relação com a lesão muscular e fibrose em cães GRMD de diferentes idades. Amostras de grupos musculares de seis GRMD e quatro controles, com idade entre 2 a 8 meses, foram coletadas e analisadas. As amostras foram processadas e coradas com HE, azul de toluidina e tricrômico de Azan. Nossos resultados mostraram que houve um aumento significativo na infiltração de mastócitos em todos os grupos musculares de cães GRMD em comparação com o grupo controle. O número médio de mastócitos, assim como a deposição de tecido fibroso, diminuiu com a idade em cães GRMD. No grupo controle, todos os tipos musculares mostraram um aumento significativo na quantidade de tecido colágeno. Isto sugere o aumento da degranulação de mastócitos em cães GRMD mais jovens, resultando em aumento do espaço intersticial e tecido fibroso no músculo, que então gradualmente diminuiu com o tempo à medida que os cães envelheceram. No entanto, mais estudos são necessários para esclarecer o papel dos mastócitos na patogênese da fibrose.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Dogs , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne/etiology , Dog Diseases , Mast Cells , Fibrosis
15.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 96(4): 503-510, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1135047

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: Duchenne muscular dystrophy, an X-linked genetic disease, leads to progressive muscle weakness mainly in the lower limbs. Motor function tests help to monitor disease progression. Can low-cost, simple assessments help in the diagnostic suspicion of Duchenne muscular dystrophy? The authors aim to define the sensitivity of time to rise from the floor, time to walk 10 meters, and time to run 10 meters, evaluating them as eventual diagnostic screening tools. Methods: This is an analytical, observational, retrospective (1998-2015), and prospective study (2015-2018). Cases were recruited from the database of the pediatric neurology department and the healthy, from child care consultations, with normal gait development (up to 15 months) and without other comorbidities (neuromuscular, pulmonary, heart diseases) from the same university hospital. Results: 128 Duchenne muscular dystrophy patients and 344 healthy children were analyzed, equally distributed in age groups. In Duchenne muscular dystrophy, there is a progressive increase in the means of the times to perform the motor tests according to the age group, which accelerates very abruptly after 7 years of age. Healthy children acquire maximum motor capacity at 6 years and stabilize their times. The time to rise showed a p-value <0.05 and a strong association (effect size [ES] >0.8) in all age groups (except at 12 years), with time to walk 10 meters from 9 years, and with time to run 10 meters , from 5 years. The 100% sensitivity points were defined as follows: time to rise, at 2 s; time to walk 10 meters, 5 s; time to run 10 meters, 4 s. Conclusions: Time to rise is a useful and simple tool in the screening of neuromuscular disorders such as Duchenne muscular dystrophy, a previously incurable disease with new perspectives for treatment.


Resumo Objetivo: A distrofia muscular de Duchenne, doença genética ligada ao X, determina fraqueza muscular progressiva principalmente em membros inferiores. Os testes de função motora ajudam a monitorar a progressão da doença. Avaliações simples de baixo custo podem ajudar na suspeita diagnóstica da distrofia muscular de Duchenne? Objetivamos definir a sensibilidade do tempo levantar, tempo andar 10 metros e tempo correr 10 metros, avaliando-os como eventuais ferramentas de triagem diagnóstica. Métodos: Estudo analítico, observacional, retrospectivo (1998 até 2015) e prospectivo (2015 até 2018). Os casos foram recrutados do banco de dados do serviço de neurologia infantil e os saudáveis, de consultas de puericultura, com desenvolvimento de marcha normal (até os 15 meses) e sem outras comorbidades (neuromusculares, pneumopatias, cardiopatias), do mesmo hospital universitário. Resultados: Foram analisados 128 pacientes com distrofia muscular de Duchenne e 344 saudáveis, distribuídos igualmente em faixas etárias. Na distrofia muscular de Duchenne ocorre aumento progressivo das médias dos tempos para realizar as provas motoras, de forma acentuada a partir dos 7 anos. Os saudáveis estabilizam os tempos a partir dos 6 anos, adquirindo capacidade motora máxima. O tempo de levantar apresentou p-valor <0,05 e forte associação (TE >0,8) em todas as faixas etárias (exceto aos 12 anos), tempo de andar 10 metros a partir de 9 anos e o tempo de correr 10 metros, dos 5 anos. Os pontos de 100% sensibilidade foram definidos: tempo de levantar aos 2 segundos; tempo de andar, 5 segundos e tempo de correr 10 metros, 4 segundos. Conclusões: O tempo de levantar é útil e simples na triagem de doenças neuromusculares como a distrofia muscular de Duchenne, doença antes incurável com novas perspectivas de tratamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne/diagnosis , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Walking , Muscle Weakness
18.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 78(3): 143-148, Mar. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098069

ABSTRACT

Abstract Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) usually affects men. However, women are also affected in rare instances. Approximately 8% of female DMD carriers have muscle weakness and cardiomyopathy. The early identification of functional and motor impairments can support clinical decision making. Objective: To investigate the motor and functional impairments of 10 female patients with dystrophinopathy diagnosed with clinical, pathological, genetic and immunohistochemical studies. Methods: A descriptive study of a sample of symptomatic female carriers of DMD mutations. The studied variables were muscular strength and functional performance. Results: The prevalence was 10/118 (8.4%) symptomatic female carriers. Deletions were found in seven patients. The age of onset of symptoms in female carriers of DMD was quite variable. Pseudohypertrophy of calf muscles, muscular weakness, compensatory movements and longer timed performance on functional tasks were observed in most of the cases. Differently from males with DMD, seven female patients showed asymmetrical muscular weakness. The asymmetric presentation of muscle weakness was frequent and affected posture and functionality in some cases. The functional performance presents greater number of compensatory movements. Time of execution of activities was not a good biomarker of functionality for this population, because it does not change in the same proportion as the number of movement compensations. Conclusion: Clinical manifestation of asymmetrical muscle weakness and compensatory movements, or both can be found in female carriers of DMD mutations, which can adversely affect posture and functional performance of these patients.


Resumo A distrofia muscular de Duchenne (DMD) geralmente afeta indivíduos do sexo masculino. No entanto, mulheres também são acometidas em casos raros. Aproximadamente 8% das portadoras de DMD têm fraqueza muscular ou cardiomiopatia. A identificação precoce das alterações funcionais e motoras pode alterar a tomada de decisão clínica. Objetivo: Investigar as deficiências motoras e funcionais de 10 pacientes do sexo feminino com distrofinopatia diagnosticada por estudos clínicos, patológicos, genéticos e imuno-histoquímicos. Método: Estudo descritivo de uma amostra de portadoras sintomáticas de mutações DMD. As variáveis estudadas foram força muscular e desempenho funcional. Resultados: A prevalência foi de 10/118 (8,4%) de portadoras sintomáticas de DMD. Foram encontradas deleções em sete pacientes. A idade de início dos sintomas em portadoras de DMD foi variável. Pseudo-hipertrofia de panturrilhas, movimentos compensatórios, fraqueza muscular e aumento no tempo de execução de tarefas funcionais foram observados na maioria dos casos. Diferentemente dos homens com DMD, sete pacientes apresentaram fraqueza muscular assimétrica. A apresentação assimétrica da fraqueza muscular foi frequente, podendo afetar a postura e a funcionalidade. O desempenho funcional geralmente apresenta aumento no número de movimentos compensatórios. Não podemos sempre considerar o tempo como um bom marcador de funcionalidade para essa população, uma vez que não muda na mesma proporção que o número de compensações em todas essas pacientes. Conclusão: Fraqueza muscular assimétrica e movimentos compensatórios, ou ambos, podem ser encontrados em portadoras sintomáticas de DMD, o que pode afetar a postura e a funcionalidade dessas pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne/diagnosis , Muscle Strength/physiology , Muscular Dystrophies/genetics , Cardiomyopathies/etiology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prevalence , Muscle Weakness/etiology , Muscle Weakness/epidemiology , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne/genetics , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne/epidemiology , Muscle Strength/genetics , Physical Functional Performance , Heterozygote , Muscular Dystrophies/physiopathology , Muscular Dystrophies/epidemiology , Mutation/genetics , Cardiomyopathies/epidemiology
19.
Fisioter. Pesqui. (Online) ; 27(1): 100-111, jan.-mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090409

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O objetivo deste estudo foi mapear o uso da fisioterapia aquática em indivíduos com distrofias musculares, de forma a caracterizar as intervenções no meio aquático e identificar componentes mensurados (variáveis estudadas e instrumentos utilizados nos estudos). A revisão sistemática do tipo de escopo incluiu estudos experimentais, descritivos e observacionais (em inglês, português e espanhol). As buscas foram realizadas nas plataformas Medline (PubMed), CINAHL, Embase, PEDro, Lilacs, ERIC, Scopus, Web of Science e Google Scholar. Os dados extraídos foram alocados em três categorias: (1) caracterização dos registros, (2) informações referentes a fisioterapia aquática e (3) componentes mensurados. Foram encontrados 556 registros e, destes, selecionados 20. As amostras dos estudos selecionados incluíram, na maioria, indivíduos com distrofia muscular de Duchenne, com idade entre 5 e 22 anos, que fizeram fisioterapia aquática com duração média de 45 minutos uma ou duas vezes por semana, por 21 semanas. Essas características corroboram estudos feitos em diferentes populações. A maioria dos estudos investigou alterações pulmonares e controle postural/desempenho funcional, poucos avaliaram os efeitos no sistema cardíaco. Recomenda-se usar a Egen Klassifikation, a North Star Ambulatory Assessment e fazer o teste de caminhada de seis minutos.


RESUMEN El presente estudio tuvo el objetivo de mapear la práctica de fisioterapia acuática por individuos con distrofias musculares, para caracterizar las intervenciones en el medio acuático e identificar los componentes medidos (variables estudiadas e instrumentos utilizados en los estudios). La revisión sistemática de alcance incluyó estudios experimentales, descriptivos y observacionales (en inglés, portugués y español). Se llevaron a cabo las búsquedas en Medline (PubMed), CINAHL, Embase, PEDro, Lilacs, ERIC, Scopus, Web of Science y Google Scholar. Los datos obtenidos se asignaron en tres categorías: (1) caracterización de registros; (2) informaciones sobre fisioterapia acuática; y (3) componentes medidos. Se encontraron 556 registros, de los cuales se seleccionaron 20. Las muestras de los estudios seleccionados incluyeron mayoritariamente a individuos con distrofia muscular de Duchenne, con edades entre 5 y 22 años, y que se habían sometido a sesiones de fisioterapia acuática con un promedio de duración de 45 minutos, una o dos veces por semana, durante 21 semanas. Estas características confirman estudios realizados con diferentes poblaciones. La mayoría de los estudios han investigado las alteraciones pulmonares y el control postural/rendimiento funcional, pero pocos han evaluado los efectos sobre el sistema cardíaco. Se recomienda emplear la Egen Klassifikation, la North Star Ambulatory Assessment y aplicar la prueba de caminata de seis minutos.


ABSTRACT The aim of this study is to map the use of aquatic physical therapy in individuals with muscular dystrophy, to characterize aquatic physical therapy intervention and identify measured components (variables and measurement instruments used) by the studies. A systematic scoping review included experimental, descriptive and observational studies (in English, Portuguese and Spanish languages). The searches were carried out on MEDLINE (PubMed), CINAHL, Embase, PEDro, Lilacs, ERIC, Scopus, Web of Science, Google Scholar. The extracted data were characterized into three categories: (1) characterization of the records, (2) information referring to aquatic physical therapy, and (3) measured components. There were 556 studies records and 20 records were selected. The studies samples included mostly individuals with Duchenne muscular dystrophy, aged between 5 and 22 years old. Aquatic physical therapy sessions lasted about 45 minutes, and one or two sessions per week were carried out for 21 weeks. That corroborates studies conducted in different populations. Most of the studies investigated pulmonary system and postural control/ functional ability, and a few studies evaluated cardiac system. Egen Klassifikation and North Star Ambulatory Assessment are recommended, and also to perform 6-minute walk test.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Physical Therapy Modalities , Hydrotherapy/standards , Muscular Dystrophies/rehabilitation , Reference Standards , Respiratory Function Tests , Maximal Voluntary Ventilation , Treatment Outcome , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne/physiopathology , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne/rehabilitation , Postural Balance/physiology , Physical Functional Performance , Lung Diseases/physiopathology
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828699

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the association between clinical phenotypes and genotypes in children with Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD)/Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) so as to provide a theoretical basis for disease management, gene therapy, and prenatal diagnosis.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data and gene detection results of 52 children with BMD/DMD. Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) was used to detect the DMD gene. The children with negative results of MLPA were further screened by exon chip capture combined with next-generation sequencing (NGS). The mothers of 20 probands were validated by sequencing.@*RESULTS@#The pathogenic genes for BMD/DMD were detected in 50 children by MLPA and NGS, with a detection rate of 96%. Among the 52 children, 36 (69%) had gene deletion, 7 (13%) had duplication, and 7 (13%) had micromutation. Among the 43 children with deletion/duplication, 32 had DMD and 11 had BMD; 37 children (86%) met the reading frame rule, among whom 27 (96%) had DMD and 10 (67%) had BMD. All 7 children with micromutation had DMD.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The reading frame rule has an extremely high predictive value for DMD but a limited predictive value for BMD.


Subject(s)
Child , Dystrophin , Female , Gene Deletion , Genotype , Humans , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne , Mutation , Phenotype , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies
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