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1.
Revista Digital de Postgrado ; 9(2): 205, ago. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), LIVECS | ID: biblio-1102879

ABSTRACT

La Parálisis Cerebral (PC) es un conjunto de alteraciones motrices no progresivas en la población infantojuvenil, ocasionadas por lesión ­a nivel cerebral- de neuronas o fibras de esa vía, de sus aferencias o de las que la modulan; para su diagnóstico deben conocerse otras patologías también frecuentes y que pueden incidir simultánea o causalmente en la motricidad del paciente; la resultante sería disfunción motora tanto voluntaria como involuntaria, refleja o con propósito, de la postura y/o del tono muscular. Objetivo: detectar errores innatos metabólicos (EIM) que causan o se asocian con PC en una serie significativa. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo-interpretativo, se revisaron los expedientes clínicos del Centro de Parálisis Cerebral de Caracas, en cuyos diagnósticos se presentaron ambas alteraciones, entre los años 1988 y 2018. Resultados: De las 2.000 historias clínicas revisadas, el exámen clínico y las pruebas de laboratorio permitieron seleccionar 174 casos de EIM. Conclusiones: Se tipificaron los errores innatos metabólicos en diez formas clínicas distintas, se evidenciaron en pacientes con PC atendidos en un centro público de Caracas, es posible que la casuística sea varias veces mayor en Venezuela dado que ya no se aplica la pesquisa en los centros de atención pública(AU)


Cerebral Palsy (CP) is a set of non-progressive motor alterations in the child and youth population, caused by injury - at the brain level - of neurons or fibers of that pathway, their afferences or those that modulate it; for its diagnosis, other pathologies that are also frequent and that can simultaneously or causally affect the motor skills of the same patient must be known; The result would be both voluntary and involuntary motor dysfunction, reflected or with purpose, of posture and / or muscle tone. Objective: to detect inborn metabolic errors (EIM) that cause or are associated with CP in a significant series. Methods: Descriptive-interpretive study, we reviewed the clinical records of the Cerebral Palsy Center of Caracas, in whose diagnoses both alterations were presented, between the years 1988 and 2018. Results: Of the 2,000 clinical histories reviewed, the clinical examination and tests Laboratory tests allowed the selection of 174 cases of IMD. Conclusions: Inborn metabolic errors were typified in ten different clinical forms, they were evidenced in patients with CP treated in a public center in Caracas, it is possible that the casuistry is several times greater in Venezuela since the investigation is no longer applied in the centers of public attention(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Cerebral Palsy/pathology , Metabolism, Inborn Errors , Neurons/metabolism , Pediatrics , Nervous System Diseases
2.
Rev. hered. rehabil ; 3(1): 20-26, ene.-jun. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), LIPECS | ID: biblio-1116196

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Indagar el grado de severidad de la disfagia orofaríngea neurogénica en los pacientes de la unidad de cuidado intermedio, por medio de la escala de severidad de la disfagia de Horacio Cámpora que considera habilidades alimentarias a través de consistencias que puede manejar el paciente realizadas con el Método de Exploración Clínica Volumen ­ Viscosidad (MECV-V). Metodología: El estudio es de tipo exploratorio, no experimental, con un grupo de 32 pacientes con desórdenes neurológicos. Resultado: Se detecta que el grado de severidad de la disfagia orofaríngea neurogénica en los pacientes de la unidad de cuidados intermedios es moderada ­ severa, en la cual la ingesta oral no es exitosa y requiere supervisión constante y asistencia por el fonoaudiólogo. Conclusión: La investigación aporta elocuentemente al abordaje fonoestomatognatico y/o motricidad orofacial, en cuanto a la labor asistencial del fonoaudiólogo en las unidades de cuidados intermedios. (AU)


Purpose: The aim of this study is to investigate the degree of severity of neurogenic oropharyngeal dysphagia in patients of the intermediate care unit, using Horacio Campora's severity scale for dysphagia. This takes into account eating assestment for patients employing the volume-viscocity swallow test for clinical evaluation (V-VST). Methodology: The study, which is an exploratory research and not experimental, was performed on a group of 32 patients with neurological disorders. Results: A moderate -severe degree of neurogenic oropharyngeal dysphagia is detected in the patients of the intermediate care unit, where the oral intake of food/liquid is not successful. As a consequence, the patients require the constant assistance and supervision by a speech pathologist and language. Conclusion: The research contributes to the stomatognathic and/or orofacial motricity, regarding the assistance work of speech pathologist and language in the intermediate care unit. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Deglutition Disorders , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences , Intermediate Care Facilities , Nervous System Diseases
3.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 92(1): e392, ene.-mar. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), CUMED | ID: biblio-1093742

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los signos neurológicos blandos se han asociado con dificultades motoras, alteraciones comportamentales menores e incluso como factores de vulnerabilidad para la aparición de afecciones como, esquizofrenia, trastorno de déficit de atención e hiperactividad, trastorno disocial y episodios psicóticos. Aunque la investigación sobre los signos ha venido aumentando, no se tiene claridad sobre qué puede predisponer su aparición. Objetivo: Describir la asociación entre factores de riesgo prenatales, perinatales y neonatales y la aparición de los signos neurológicos blandos en niños con estos factores riesgo y en niños sin ellos. Métodos: Estudio de tipo descriptivo comparativo, de corte transversal, con diseño no experimental. La población en estudio se conformó por 550 niños y niñas, con edades entre seis y ocho años organizados. en cuatro grupos: los que presentaban riesgos prenatales, perinatales, neonatales, y el grupo que no presentaba ningún riesgo. Las aplicaciones se llevaron a cabo durante el primer semestre de 2017. Los datos se tomaron de las historias clínicas y los. signos neurológicos blandos se evaluaron a través del apartado de la Evaluación Neuropsicológica Infantil. Resultados: La mayoría de los signos neurológicos blandos presentaron diferencias significativas y valores altos en la comparación de los rendimientos en cada uno de los grupos con riesgo. Conclusiones: la presencia de riesgos prenatales, perinatales y neonatales producen una serie de alteraciones en el desarrollo del niño que se van acumulando y pueden estar asociados con la aparición de los signos neurológicos blandos(AU)


Introduction: The soft neurological signs have been associated with motor difficulties, lower behavioural alterations and even with vulnerability factors for the appearance of conditions such as schizophrenia, attention deficit disorder and hyperactivity, disocial disorder and psychotic episodes. Although research on the signs has been increasing, it is not clear what may predispose their appearance. Objective: To describe the association between prenatal, perinatal and neonatal risk factors and the appearance of the soft neurological signs in children with these risk factors and in children without them. Methods: Descriptive, comparative, cross-sectional non-experimental design´s study. The study´s population was formed by 550 boys and girls between the ages of six and eight years organized in four groups: with prenatal risks, with perinatal risks, with neonatal risks, and the group that did not present any risks. The tests were carried out during the first semester of 2017. The data were taken from the medical records and the soft neurological signs were evaluated through the item called Neuropsychological Assessment of Children. Results: Most of the soft neurological signs showed significant differences and high values in the performance comparison in each of the groups with risks. Conclusions: The presence of prenatal, perinatal and neonatal risks produce a series of alterations in the development of the child that are accumulated and may be associated with the appearance of the soft neurological signs(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child Development/physiology , Risk Factors , Nervous System/physiopathology , Nervous System Diseases/epidemiology , Neuropsychological Tests/standards , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
4.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782046

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Evaluation of mortality and prevalence trends is important for health planning and priority decision-making in health policy. This study was performed to examine disease-specific mortality and prevalence trends for diseases in Korea from 2002 to 2015.METHODS: In this study, 206 mutually exclusive diseases and injuries were classified into 21 cause clusters, which were divided into three cause groups: 1) communicable, maternal, neonatal, and nutritional conditions; 2) non-communicable diseases (NCDs); and 3) injuries. Cause specific trends for age-standardized mortality and prevalence rates were analyzed by the joinpoint regression method.RESULTS: Between 2002 and 2015, the age-standardized mortality declined to about 177 per 100,000 population, while the age-standardized prevalence rate increased to approximately 68,065 per 100,000 population. Among the 21 cause clusters, most of the disease mortality rates showed decreasing trends. However, neurological disorders, self-harm, and interpersonal violence included periods during which the mortality rates increased in 2002–2015. In addition, the trends for prevalence rates of human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome, tuberculosis, transport injuries, and self-harm, and interpersonal violence differed from the overall prevalence rates. The annual percent change in prevalence rates for transport injuries increased during 2004–2007, and then decreased. The self-harm and interpersonal violence prevalence rates decreased from 2004 to 2014.CONCLUSION: Between 2002 and 2015, overall decreasing trends in the mortality rate and increasing trends in the prevalence rate were observed for all causes in Korea. Especially, NCDs represented an important part of the increasing trends in Korea. For clusters of diseases with unusual trends, proper management must be considered.


Subject(s)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , Health Planning , Health Policy , HIV , Korea , Methods , Mortality , Nervous System Diseases , Prevalence , Republic of Korea , Tuberculosis , Violence
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-781302

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic etiology of a pedigree affected with Norrie disease.@*METHODS@#Four individuals from the core family of the proband were subjected to whole exome sequencing in order to identify the pathological variant. Sanger sequencing was used to verify the finding among 7 additional members from the pedigree.@*RESULTS@#The proband and other 3 male patients have all carried a hemizygote c.361C>T (p.Arg121Trp) missense variant of the NDP gene, for which his mother, grandmother and two younger female cousins were heterozygous carriers. The same variant was not detected among unaffected males. Above results conformed to a X-linked recessive pattern of inheritance.@*CONCLUSION@#The missense variant c.361C>T of the NDP gene probably underlies the Norrie disease in this pedigree.


Subject(s)
Blindness , Genetics , Eye Proteins , Genetics , Female , Genetic Diseases, X-Linked , Genetics , Humans , Male , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Genetics , Nervous System Diseases , Genetics , Pedigree , Retinal Degeneration , Genetics , Spasms, Infantile , Genetics
6.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-785548

ABSTRACT

Robots are being used to assist the recovery of walking ability for patients with neurologic disorders. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and functional improvement of training with robot-assisted gait training (RAGT) using the Morning Walk®, an end-effector type robot using footplates and saddle seat support. A total of 189 individuals (65.1% men, 34.9% women; mean age, 53.2 years; age range: 5–87 years) with brain lesions, spinal cord injuries, Parkinson's disease, peripheral neuropathies, and pediatric patients were involved in this retrospectively registered clinical trial. Each participant performed 30 minutes of RAGT, five times a week, for a total of 24 sessions. Failure was defined as an inability to complete all 24 sessions, and the reasons for discontinuation were analyzed. Parameters of Medical Research Council scales and Functional Ambulation Categories were analyzed before and after RAGT training. Among the 189 patients, 22 (11.6%) failed to complete the RAGT. The reasons included decreased cooperation, musculoskeletal pain, saddle seat discomfort, excessive body-weight support, joint spasticity or restricted joint motion, urinary incontinence from an indwelling urinary catheter, and fatigue. Comparison between the pre- and post-training motor and ambulatory functions showed significant improvement. The result of the study indicates that the Morning Walk® is feasible and safe and useful for functional improvement in patients with various neurologic disordersTRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical Research Information Service Identifier: KCT0003627


Subject(s)
Brain , Fatigue , Female , Gait , Humans , Information Services , Joints , Male , Muscle Spasticity , Musculoskeletal Pain , Nervous System Diseases , Parkinson Disease , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Cord Injuries , Urinary Catheters , Urinary Incontinence , Walking , Weights and Measures
7.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 23(4): 389-395, Out.-Dez. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1024150

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Agrochemicals, also known as pesticides, are widely used in agriculture and in public health. They are organic and inorganic chemical substances with a high level of toxicity not only for the environment, but also for human health. Objective: To verify findings on labyrinthine assessment in endemic disease control agents, and to recommend the inclusion of the vestibular exam in the set of tests for pesticide-exposed populations. Methods: Descriptive, prospective, cross-sectional study with a sample comprising 15 endemic disease control agents, males, mean age of 51.6 years old (standard deviation [SD] = 5.9). All of the participants were submitted to anamnesis, otorhinolaryngological screening, and vestibular assessment. Results: Regarding the most reported complaints, dizziness (73.4%), headache (60%), and tingling in the extremities (53.4%) were observed. The findings of the vestibular exams were normal in 53.3%, while 46.7% showed peripheral vestibular disorder, of which 26.7% were of deficitary type, and 20% of the irritative type. Conclusions: Alteration in the vestibular system was verified in 50% of the workers, with a greater prevalence in the caloric testing. Several disorders related to pesticides intoxication are scientifically known. Actions promoting knowledge and qualification of this population for the proper handling of chemicals are suggested, in addition to the elaboration and inclusion of protocols of vestibular assessment in hearing health programs for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of vestibular disorders (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Vestibular Diseases/diagnosis , Occupational Exposure , Pesticide Exposure , Agricultural Workers' Diseases/diagnosis , Vestibular Diseases/chemically induced , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Agrochemicals/adverse effects , Nervous System Diseases/diagnosis , Nervous System Diseases/chemically induced
8.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(5): 1453-1458, set.-out. 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1038653

ABSTRACT

Cases of compressive myelopathy syndrome associated with post vaccinal pyogranulomas were diagnosed post mortem in three cows from a farm in Minas Gerais state, Brazil. These cows presented ataxia and bilateral paresis of the pelvic limbs, which evolved to paralysis, and sternal recumbence. On necropsy, locally extensive areas of the longissimus dorsi muscle were replaced by pyogranulomas supported by moderate amounts of fibrous connective tissue. On the cut surface, some nodules contained yellowish and viscous fluid (purulent exudate) or whitish fluid (interpreted as the oily adjuvant of a vaccine). In the spinal canal of the subjacent vertebrae, compressing the spinal cord, were pyogranulomas identical to those described in the skeletal muscle. Histologically, the pyogranulomas were composed of a central clear vacuole (consistent with the space left by the oil adjuvant droplets), surrounded by neutrophils and, more externally, by large numbers of epithelioid macrophages and fewer multinucleated giant cells. In the white matter of the spinal cord were numerous well-defined, clear vacuoles (Wallerian degeneration). The association of the clinical history and pathological findings allowed the diagnosis of compressive myelopathy associated with pyogranulomatous reaction to the oily adjuvant of the foot-and-mouth disease vaccine, in this case, due to its inadequate application.(AU)


São descritos casos de síndrome de compressão medular, associada a granulomas pós-vacinais, em bovinos Nelore, provenientes de uma propriedade em Minas Gerais. Esses bovinos apresentavam ataxia e paresia bilateral dos membros pélvicos, que evoluiu para paralisia e decúbito esternal. Na necropsia, áreas focalmente extensas da musculatura na região torácica dorsal (músculo longissimus dorsi) eram substituídas por numerosos piogranulomas, separados por tecido brancacento e firme (tecido conjuntivo fibroso). Ao corte, alguns nódulos continham material amarelado e viscoso (exsudato purulento) ou material esbranquiçado e fluido (sugestivo de adjuvante de vacina). No canal medular das vértebras subjacentes, havia granulomas idênticos aos observados no tecido muscular. Histologicamente, os piogranulomas continham, no centro, vacúolo, bem delimitado e arredondado (consistente com o espaço deixado pela gotícula de lipídio do adjuvante), circundado por variável quantidade de neutrófilos degenerados e íntegros e, mais externamente, por numerosos macrófagos epitelioides e algumas células gigantes multinucleadas. Nas áreas da medula espinhal, circundadas pelos granulomas, numerosos vacúolos, bem definidos, eram observados na substância branca (degeneração walleriana). A associação do histórico clínico e de achados patológicos permitiu o diagnóstico de mielopatia compressiva associada à reação granulomatosa ao adjuvante oleoso da vacina contra febre aftosa, no caso, induzida pela aplicação inadequada da vacina.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Cattle , Spinal Cord Compression/chemically induced , Spinal Cord Compression/veterinary , Spinal Cord Diseases/veterinary , Vaccines/adverse effects , Foot-and-Mouth Disease/prevention & control , Nervous System Diseases/veterinary
9.
Rev. med. (Säo Paulo) ; 98(4): 279-289, jul.-ago. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1023539

ABSTRACT

Noninvasive brain stimulation therapies are a promising field for the development of new protocols for the treatment of neuropsychiatric disorders. They are based on the stimulation of neural networks with the intent of modeling their synaptic activity to adequate levels. For this, it is necessary to precisely determine which networks are related to which brain functions, and the normal activation level of each of these networks, so that it is possible to direct the stimulation to the affected networks in order to induce the desired effects. These relationships are under intense investigation by the scientific community, and will contribute to the advancement of treatments by neurostimulation, with the emergence of increasingly accurate and effective protocols for different disorders. Currently, the most used techniques are Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation and Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation, with the most common applications being for treating Major Depressive Disorder. The advancement of research in this field may determine new target networks for stimulation in the treatment of other disorders, extending the application of these techniques and also our knowledge about brain functioning.


As terapias biológicas não invasivas se apresentam como um campo promissor para o desenvolvimento de novos protocolos de tratamento de transtornos neuropsiquiátricos. Elas se baseiam na estimulação de redes neurais com intuito de modular sua atividade sináptica para níveis adequados. Para isso, é necessário a determinação precisa de quais redes estão relacionadas a quais funções cerebrais, e do nível de ativação normal de cada uma dessas redes, para que então seja possível direcionar a estimulação às redes afetadas a fim de induzir os efeitos desejados. Essas relações estão sob intensa investigação pela comunidade científica, e vão contribuir para o avanço dos tratamentos por neuroestimulação, com o surgimento de protocolos cada vez mais precisos e efetivos para diferentes transtornos. Atualmente, as técnicas mais utilizadas são a Estimulação Transcraniana por Corrente Contínua e a Estimulação Magnética Transcraniana, sendo a aplicação mais comum no tratamento do Transtorno Depressivo Maior. O avanço das pesquisas possivelmente determinará novas redes alvo para estimulação no tratamento de outros transtornos, estendendo a aplicação dessas técnicas e também do nosso conhecimento sobre o funcionamento cerebral.


Subject(s)
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation/standards , Implantable Neurostimulators , Neuropsychiatry , Nervous System Diseases/diagnosis , Nervous System Diseases/therapy
10.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 117(4): e420-e424, ago. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BINACIS | ID: biblio-1054949

ABSTRACT

La deficiencia de vitamina B12 es una de las complicaciones más graves del vegetarianismo. Los lactantes hijos de madres veganas tienen mayor riesgo de deficiencia grave y son más lábiles ante sus efectos. La deficiencia de B12 no es, por lo general, sospechada por el pediatra en lactantes previamente sanos con síntomas neurológicos, ya que las manifestaciones iniciales son inespecíficas: apatía, rechazo del alimento y pérdida de pautas madurativas. La anamnesis nutricional es fundamental para detectar riesgo de déficit de esta vitamina en lactantes. El objetivo de este trabajo es describir a un grupo de lactantes, hijos de madres veganas, con déficit de B12 y compromiso neurológico grave: apneas centrales, convulsiones, hipotonía, pérdida de conexión con el medio y de pautas madurativas. Nuestro propósito es alertar sobre la importancia de suplir B12 a las madres veganas desde antes de la concepción hasta el fin de la lactancia.


Vitamin B12 deficiency is one of the most serious complications of vegetarianism and its variants. Infants born to vegan mothers are at greater risk of serious deficiency, being more vulnerable to their effects. B12 deficiency is not usually suspected by the pediatrician in healthy infants with neurological symptoms. The manifestations are nonspecific: apathy, rejection of food and loss of maturational patterns. A nutritional history of the mother, mainly if she is vegetarian, to estimate her reserves is fundamental to detect risk of deficiency of this vitamin in the small child. The objective of this work is to describe a group of infants, children of vegan mothers, with B12 deficiency and serious neurological compromise: central apneas, seizures, hypotonia, loss of connection with the environment and maturational patterns. Our purpose is to alert about the importance of supplying vegan mothers with B12 before conception until the end of breastfeeding.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Pediatrics , Diet, Vegetarian , Vitamin B 12 Deficiency , Infant , Nervous System Diseases
11.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 39(6): 376-381, June 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1012756

ABSTRACT

Polioencephalomalacia (PEM) is the morphological characterization for softening of brain gray matter, and excess sulfur intake is one of its main causes. This study describes an outbreak of this disease in 1-to-3-month-old calves in a farm located in Santa Catarina state, Brazil. The herd consisted of 27 Jersey male calves whose diet was composed of initial feed, ground whole corn, and mineral salt. From this herd, 10 animals became ill, showing signs of apathy, anorexia and blindness, evolving to generalized weakness and death. Necropsy was performed in three of these animals, which showed flattening of the cerebral convolutions in addition to softened, yellowish areas in the cerebral cortex. Histopathological examination revealed deep laminar necrosis associated with perineuronal and perivascular edema, as well as neurons with wrinkled, eosinophilic, or vacuolated cytoplasm. The following sulfur doses were observed: 8,010mg/kg in corn, 6,385mg/kg in initial feed, 1,060mg/kg in mineral salt and 2.3mg/L in water, reaching dose values far above the accepted, totaling a daily intake of approximately 6,533.5mg sulfur/animal/day. As differential diagnosis, lead was dosed in the kidneys and liver of the three calves, with negative results. Also, the calf that sickened last was treated with 20mg/kg thiamin and 0.2mg/kg dexamethasone (IM; QID) for three days and eventually recovered. According to anatomopathological findings, excess sulfur intake and therapeutic diagnosis, sulfur poisoning was suggested as the cause of PEM in these 1-to-3-month-old calves. Occurrence of PEM is rare in calves at such a young age.(AU)


A polioencefalomalacia (PEM) é a caracterização morfológica para o amolecimento da substância cinzenta encefálica, e uma de suas principais etiologias é a ingestão excessiva de enxofre. Este trabalho descreve um surto desta enfermidade em bezerros de um a três meses de idade em uma propriedade de Santa Catarina. O lote era composto por 27 bezerros machos da raça Jersey, com alimentação composta por ração inicial, milho inteiro triturado e sal mineral. Deste lote, 10 animais adoeceram, apresentando sinais de apatia, anorexia e cegueira, com evolução para fraqueza generalizada. Nove bezerros morreram e três foram submetidos a necropsia, que demonstraram achatamento das circunvoluções cerebrais além de áreas de amolecimento e coloração amarelada no córtex cerebral. Realizou-se exame histopatológico que evidenciou necrose laminar profunda associada a edema perineuronal e perivascular, além de neurônios com citoplasma enrugado, eosinofílico ou vacuolizado. A dosagem de enxofre resultou em 8010mg/Kg no milho, 6385mg/Kg na ração, 1060mg/Kg no sal mineral e 2,3mg/L na água, atingindo valores muito acima do tolerado, totalizando a ingestão diária de cerca de 6533,5mg de enxofre/animal/dia. Como diagnóstico diferencial realizou-se dosagem de chumbo de amostras de rim e fígado dos três bezerros com resultado negativo. Ainda, o último bovino a adoecer foi tratado com 20mg/Kg de tiamina e 0,2mg/Kg de dexametasona IM, QID, durante três dias e recuperou-se. De acordo com os achados anatomopatológicos e o excesso de enxofre na dieta, sugere-se que a intoxicação por enxofre seja a causa de PEM nestes bezerros de um a três meses de idade, sendo essa enfermidade rara em bovinos tão jovens.(AU)


Subject(s)
Infant , Wernicke Encephalopathy/classification , Nervous System Diseases , Thiamine
12.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(2): 509-514, June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1002252

ABSTRACT

Cisplatin is an antineoplastic agent with neuropathy as one of its major side effect. However, effective treatment is lacking. Increasing evidence suggests that cisplatin might damage nerve capillaries leading to impaired functions of blood-nerve barrier (BNB) and neuropathy. This study was aimed to examine the effects of cisplatin on pericytes. Rats were either treated with intraperitoneal injection of cisplatin 2 mg/kg twice a week for five continuous weeks. Cisplatin-treated rats showed reduced body weight, thermal hypoalgesia and slow sciatic motor nerve conduction velocity, indicating neuropathy. The density of pericytes in the distal sciatic nerves determined by immunohistochemistry to desmin was significantly reduced in the cisplatin compared with that of the control groups. Electron microscopic analysis demonstrated the detachment of pericytes from endothelial cells including the disruption of shared basement membrane in the sciatic nerves from cisplatin-treated rats. These data indicate the pericyte loss and detachment caused by cisplatin. Future studies of the BNB components and functions after cisplatin treatment are needed and will be essential for the development of effective treatments against cisplatin-induced neuropathy.


El cisplatino es un agente antineoplásico y presenta como uno de sus principales efectos secundarios, la neuropatía. Sin embargo, falta un tratamiento eficaz. La creciente evidencia sugiere que el cisplatino podría dañar los capilares nerviosos, lo que puede provocar una alteración de las funciones de la barrera hematoencefálica (BHE) y neuropatía. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo examinar los efectos del cisplatino en los pericitos. Las ratas se trataron con inyección intraperitoneal de cisplatino (2 mg/kg) dos veces por semana durante 5 semanas seguidas. Las ratas tratadas con cisplatino mostraron una reducción del peso corporal, hipoalgesia térmica y una velocidad de conducción del nervio ciático lenta, lo que indicaría neuropatía. La densidad de los pericitos en los nervios ciáticos distales determinada por inmunohistoquímica para desmina se redujo significativamente en el grupo cisplatino en comparación con la de los grupos controles. El análisis al microscopio electrónico demostró el desprendimiento de pericitos de las células endoteliales, incluida la ruptura de la membrana basal compartida en los nervios ciáticos de ratas tratadas con cisplatino. Estos datos indican la pérdida de pericitos y el desprendimiento causado por el cisplatino. Se necesitan estudios futuros de los componentes y funciones del BHE después del tratamiento con cisplatino y serán esenciales para el desarrollo de tratamientos efectivos contra la neuropatía inducida por el cisplatino.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Cisplatin/toxicity , Pericytes/drug effects , Nervous System Diseases/pathology , Antineoplastic Agents/toxicity , Body Weight/drug effects , Immunohistochemistry , Rats, Wistar , Pericytes/pathology , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Nervous System Diseases/chemically induced
13.
Prensa méd. argent ; 105(4): 214-227, jun 2019. tab, fig
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), BINACIS | ID: biblio-1045983

ABSTRACT

The prescription composition of the biologically active dietary supplement (BADS) Oleopren Neuro has been scientifically substantiated through the pharmacological evaluation of the effective agents, polyprenols being the main of them. The technology of an innovative product has been developed, with the establishment of adjustable production parameters securing high organoleptic advantages and stability of the BADS. Regulated indicators of quality and nutritional value have been determined. Sanitary toxicological and hygienic safety indicators of the product under development had been studied, which allowed to establish a shelf life of two years taking the safety margin of three months into account. The possible mechanisms of the dolichols effect on the metabolic status of the organism were considered. Clinical trials of the efficiency and functional focus of a specialized product on a representative group of patients with the dyscirculatory encephalopathy (DE) of vascular genesis stages I ­ II were conducted. The BADS were included in the diet of patients, along with the basic therapy, one capsule twice a day for 10 days. The materials obtained in this article allow to recommend the developed product as an efficient means of increasing the body's resistance to adverse effects of the environment, stressful situations, as well as psychoemotional and physical stress.


Subject(s)
Dietary Supplements , Dolichols/therapeutic use , Production of Products , Health Surveillance of Products , Nervous System Diseases/therapy , Nutritive Value
14.
Rev. colomb. obstet. ginecol ; 70(3): 189-194, Abr-Jun. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1058410

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivos: presentar un caso de corea gravídica y hacer una revisión sistemática de la literatura pu- blicada sobre el tratamiento y pronóstico materno- fetal de la entidad. Materiales y métodos: se presenta el caso de una paciente de 16 años, primigesta, que ingresa a un hospital público de tercer nivel de complejidad, con 8 semanas de gestación, con clínica de 3 días de evo- lución caracterizada por movimientos involuntarios de la cabeza y las extremidades, con hiperreflexia en miembro inferior derecho. Antecedente de Corea de Sydenham. Se da tratamiento con antisicóticos y benzodiacepinas para la sintomatología y etiológico con penicilina benzatínica y control del cuadro a las 14 semanas. Suspendió el tratamiento a las 35 semanas. Parto normal a las 39 semanas. Se realizó una búsqueda en la base de datos de Medline vía PubMed, UptoDate, Medscape y Google Académico empleando los términos: "Pregnancy" and "Chorea Gravidarum". La búsqueda se limitó a reportes y series de casos o artículos de revisión, desde el año 2000 al 2019. Resultados: se encontraron siete reportes de casos y una revisión de tema. El tratamiento se realizó con haloperidol benzodiacepinas y clorpromacina en cuatro de los siete casos. En uno de los dos casos con antecedentes de corea de Sydenham se utilizó penicilina. El pronóstico materno-fetal fue bueno en seis de siete casos, en un caso hubo restricción de crecimiento intrauterino. Conclusión: el tratamiento de la corea gestacional principalmente es expectante y su finalidad es disminuir la sintomatología, el pronóstico materno- fetal es bueno.


ABSTRACT Objectives: To present a case of chorea gravidarum and conduct a review of the published literature on the treatment for this condition, and on maternal and fetal prognosis. Materials and methods: Case presentation of a 16-year-old primiparous patient admitted to a Level III public hospital at 8 weeks of gestation complaining of involuntary head and limb movements and right lower limb hyperreflexia lasting three days. The patient had a history of Sydenham chorea. Treatment with antipsychotics and benzodiazepines was given to manage symptoms, and with benzathine penicillin to address the etiology, achieving control at 14 weeks. Treatment was discontinued at 35 weeks and the patient went on to have normal delivery at 39 weeks. A search was conducted in the Medline via PubMed, UptoDate, Medscape and Google Scholar databases using the terms "Pregnancy and Chorea Gravidarum". The search was limited to case reports and case series or review articles published between 2000 al 2019. Results: Seven case reports and one review of the topic were found. In 4 of the 7 cases, treatment was based on haloperidol, benzodiazepines and chlorpromazine. Penicillin was used in one of two cases with a history of Sydenham chorea. Maternal and fetal prognosis was good in 6 of 7 cases, there was 1 case of intrauterine growth restriction. Conclusion: Treatment of gestation chorea is primarily expectant and the goal is to reduce symptoms. Maternal and fetal prognosis is good.


Subject(s)
Chorea Gravidarum , Pregnancy , Nervous System Diseases
15.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 39(5): 299-303, May 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1012749

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Listeriosis is a disease that affects several animal species, including humans, and has three different forms of presentation: encephalic, reproductive, or septicemic. The nervous form is caused mainly by the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes. In Brazil, this disease has already been described in sheep, goats, and cattle. There are no reports of the disease in buffaloes in Brazil and worldwide. The objective of this study was to describe an outbreak of listeric meningoencephalitis in buffaloes in the state of Pará, Brazil. The outbreak occurred in a property located in the municipality of Bujaru, in the eastern Amazon, from May to July 2016. In a herd of 47 buffaloes, three animals (Cases 1, 2 and 3), aged <40 days, presented a neurological condition with locomotion difficulty characterized by paralysis of the four limbs, hypoesthesia, lateral recumbency, and death. Morbidity was 6.38% and lethality was 100%. At necropsy, no significant macroscopic lesions were found. Samples of the central nervous system were collected, fixed in 10% buffered formalin, and routinely processed for histopathological analysis. The main microscopic changes observed were unilateral microabscesses in the brainstem composed predominantly of mononuclear cells, with fewer polymorphonuclear cells, and perivascular cuffs composed mostly of mononuclear cells and few neutrophils. Samples of Cases 1 and 2 revealed Gram-positive bacteria in the areas of necrosis by the Gram's stain technique. Samples of Case 1 were positive in immunohistochemistry for L. monocytogenes. Diagnosis of the nervous form of listeriosis was based on epidemiological data, clinical profile, and immunostaining for Listeria monocytogenes. Results showed that listeriosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis in buffaloes with nervous signs.


RESUMO: A listeriose é uma doença que afeta várias espécies animais, incluindo o homem, e possui três formas diferentes de apresentação: nervosa, abortiva ou septicêmica. A forma nervosa é causada principalmente pela bactéria Listeria monocytogenes. No Brasil a doença já foi descrita em bovinos, ovinos e caprinos, mas não foram encontrados relatos desta doença em búfalos no Brasil e no mundo. O objetivo deste trabalho foi descrever um surto de listeriose nervosa em búfalos no estado do Pará, Brasil. O surto ocorreu de maio a julho de 2016, em uma propriedade localizada no município de Bujaru, na Amazônia Oriental. Três bubalinos de um total de 47 animais (Casos 1, 2 e 3), menores de 40 dias, apresentaram um quadro clínico neurológico caracterizado por dificuldade de locomoção, paralisia dos quatro membros, diminuição da sensibilidade cutânea, decúbito lateral e morte. A morbidade foi de 6,38% e a letalidade de 100%. Na necropsia não foram encontradas lesões macroscópicas significativas. Amostras do sistema nervoso central foram coletadas e fixadas em formalina tamponada a 10% e processadas rotineiramente para análise histopatológica. As principais alterações microscópicas observadas foram microabscessos unilaterais no tronco encefálico, compostos predominantemente por células mononucleares, com menor número de polimorfonucleares, e manguitos perivasculares compostos predominantemente por células mononucleares e poucos neutrófilos. Amostras dos Casos 1 e 2 revelaram bactérias Gram positivas nas áreas de necrose na técnica de Gram. Amostras do Caso 1 resultaram positivas na imuno-histoquímica para L. monocytogenes. O diagnóstico da forma nervosa da listeriose foi baseado nos dados epidemiológicos, no quadro clínico patológico e na imunomarcação para Listeria monocytogenes. Os resultados demostram que a listeriose deve ser considerada no diagnóstico diferencial em bubalinos com sinais nervosos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Buffaloes/abnormalities , Listeriosis/epidemiology , Nervous System Diseases/veterinary , Listeria monocytogenes
16.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 39(4): 244-250, Apr. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1002814

ABSTRACT

This study described the epidemiological and clinical-pathological aspects of 25 outbreaks of neurological diseases in cattle caused by plants and mycotoxins in Santa Catarina state. Six of them were due to Sida carpinifolia poisoning, five to Solanum fastigiatum, five to Phalaris angusta, three to Claviceps paspali, three to Claviceps purpurea, and three outbreaks were of unknown etiology. The clinical signs observed in the affected cattle were mild to severe and characterized by generalized muscle tremors, incoordination, hypermetria, wide-based stance, intentional head tremors, dull staring eyes, and frequent ear twitching, with convulsions in some cases. At necropsy, lesions were observed only for P. angusta poisoning, characterized by gray-greenish discoloration in thalamus and midbrain. Microscopically, rarefaction and/or disappearance of Purkinje neurons with substitution by Bergmann cells were observed for S. carpinifolia and S. fastigiatum poisoning. For P. angusta poisoning, thin granular brown-yellowish pigment was observed in the cytoplasm of some neurons. Gross and microscopic findings were not observed in three outbreaks of tremorgenic disease of unknown etiology. Experiments conducted with leaves, flowers and seeds of Ipomoea indivisa and Ipomoea triloba, as well as with maize and soybean residues contaminated with Ipomoea spp. did not reproduced clinical signs.(AU)


Descrevem-se os aspectos epidemiológicos e clinico-patológicos de 25 surtos de enfermidade neurológica em bovinos no estado de Santa Catarina causadas por plantas e micotoxinas. Destes, seis corresponderam a intoxicação por Sida carpinifolia, cinco por Solanum fastigiatum, cinco por Phalaris angusta, três por Claviceps paspali, três por Claviceps purpurea e três surtos de etiologia não definida. Os sinais clínicos observados nos bovinos afetados eram de intensidade leve a acentuada e caracterizados por tremores musculares generalizados, incoordenação, hipermetria, aumento da base de sustentação, balanço contínuo de cabeça, olhar atento e movimentos frequentes de orelhas, e em alguns surtos convulsões. Por meio de necropsia foram observadas alterações somente na intoxicação por P. angusta as quais caracterizaram por coloração cinza-esverdeada no tálamo e mesencéfalo. Na histologia, rarefação e/ou desaparecimento de neurônios de Purkinje com substituição por células de Bergmann foram observadas na intoxicação por S. carpinifolia e S. fastigiatum. Na intoxicação por P. angusta foi observado no citoplasma de alguns neurônios do tronco encefálico com pigmentação finamente granular marrom-amarelada. Nos três surtos de enfermidade tremorgênica com etiologia não definida não foram observadas lesões macroscópicas e microscópicas. Experimentos com folhas, flores e sementes de Ipomoea indivisa e Ipomoea triloba e resíduos de milho e soja contaminados com sementes destas duas plantas não produziram alterações clínicas.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Plant Poisoning/veterinary , Plant Poisoning/epidemiology , Ergotism/veterinary , Malvaceae/poisoning , Solanum/poisoning , Poaceae/poisoning , Nervous System Diseases/etiology , Mycotoxicosis/veterinary , Convolvulaceae
17.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4620, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), BBO | ID: biblio-998275

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyse issue of teeth brushing according to age, gender and length in Slovak patients with multiple sclerosis disease (MS). Material and Methods: In this descriptive study, the questionnaires were collected in neurologists from December 2016 until September 2017. The study sample consisted of 103 MS patients (44.7% of men) in a mean age of 38.4 ± 9.95 years. The study sample of MS patients was divided into two sub-groups. The first sub-group consisted of MS patients who were restricted in teeth brushing (n=56) and the second group of MS patients, which had no restrictions in teeth brushing (n=47). Descriptive statistics were used to calculate the absolute and relative frequencies, mean and standard deviation. A two-sample ttest was used to compare of the proportion between sub-groups with restrictions and sub-group no restrictions in teeth brushing. The statistically significant level was determined at p<0.05. Results: The significant higher mean age (40.4 ± 10.8 years) was found in MS patients who had restrictions in teeth brushing (p=0.043). Females described often no restrictions in teeth brushing than males (59.6% vs. 40.4%; p<0.05). Length in MS disease (≤3 years) has significant impact on patients in who were not found restrictions in teeth brushing (31.9%; p=0.037). Conclusion: We recommend individual doctor approach to MS patients in older age and using of electric toothbrushes in MS patients who have hand functioning restrictions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Oral Hygiene/methods , Toothbrushing/methods , Multiple Sclerosis , Nervous System Diseases/diagnosis , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Surveys and Questionnaires , Slovakia , Statistics, Nonparametric
18.
Periodontia ; 29(2): 15-21, 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BBO | ID: biblio-1007867

ABSTRACT

As desordens neurológicas (DN) acometem o sistema nervoso, levando a vários tipos de perturbações neurológicas, sendo que a maioria delas tem caráter crônico e, por vezes, ocasiona incapacidades. Sabe-se que os indivíduos que detêm DN necessitam de certa aparatologia para suprir suas deficiências e terem garantidos os recursos básicos para manutenção minimamente satisfatória da sua saúde em âmbito global, envolvendo sua saúde geral e bucal. O objetivo deste artigo foi o de evidenciar como as desordens neurológicas podem predispor ao desenvolvimento das doenças periodontais. Realizou-se revisão bibliográfica com busca nas bases de dados: PubMED, Google Acadêmico, envolvendo busca de estudos sobre desordens neurológicas e suas implicações no desempenho do autocuidado e no desenvolvimento das doenças periodontais. Os indivíduos que possuem DN apresentam dificuldades na realização do seu autocuidado com a higienização bucal, o que age favorecendo o acúmulo do biofilme dentário e o aparecimento das doenças periodontais. Os pacientes com DN apresentam deficiências, tornando o ato da higienização bucal extremamente dificultoso ou inviável, ocasionando dependência de cuidadores para realização dessas atividades. Muitas vezes, os cuidadores encontram dificuldades para conseguir realizar higienização bucal de forma satisfatória nesses pacientes, devido características intrínsecas às próprias DN, o que favorece a manutenção de quadros propícios para predisposição ou manutenção das doenças periodontais. Por isso, é importante o conhecimento e a conscientização acerca das DN por parte do cirurgião-dentista, uma vez que dessa forma é possível que sejam adotadas medidas cabíveis quando da abordagem odontológica nesses pacientes (AU)


Neurological disorders (ND) affect the nervous system, leading to various types of neurological disorders, most of which are chronic and sometimes cause disability. It is known that individuals who have NDs need a certain device to overcome their deficiencies and have guaranteed the basic resources for minimally satisfactory maintenance of their global health, involving their general and oral health. The aim of this article was to show how neurological disorders may predispose to the development of periodontal diseases. A bibliographic review was carried out with a search in the databases: PubMED, Google Scholar, involving search of studies on neurological disorders and their implications in the performance of self-care and in the development of periodontal diseases. Individuals with ND have difficulties in performing their self-care with oral hygiene, which favors the accumulation of dental biofilm and the appearance of periodontal diseases. The patients with ND present deficiencies, making the act of oral hygiene extremely difficult or infeasible, causing dependency of caregivers to perform these activities. Often, caregivers find it difficult to achieve satisfactory oral hygiene in these patients, due to the intrinsic characteristics of the NDs themselves, which favors the maintenance of adequate conditions for the predisposition or maintenance of periodontal diseases. Therefore, it is important the knowledge and awareness about the DN by the dental surgeon, since in this way it is possible to adopt appropriate measures when the dental approach in these patients.(AU)


Subject(s)
Oral Hygiene , Periodontal Diseases , Self Care , Oral Health , Nervous System Diseases
19.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 23(2): 196-202, 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1015280

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the most common form of peripheral vertigo, and, in most cases, it presents a favorable prognosis. The treatment is based on a series of specific canalicular repositioningmaneuvers that offer an efficacy close to 100%. Despite this, there are cases that are refractory to treatment, with the persistence of the vertigo symptoms. Objectives: The objective of the present paper is to analyze the factors associated with an increased risk of refractory BPPV and the importance of nuclear magnetic resonance in the study of these patients. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the cases of 176 patients diagnosed with BPPV in our center.We divided them into two groups: responders and non-responders to the treatment, and analyzed the possible risk factors associated with a higher risk of refractory vertigo. Fischer exact test was used. Results: We found 11 cases refractory to treatment; all of them underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with gadoliniumaccording to our protocol. Of these, four had an otoneurologic background or pathology, and two other patients presented a multicanal involvement. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Otoneurologic background and multicanal involvement were associated with a higher risk of refractory BPPV. When dealing with a BPPV with persistent symptomatology/nystagmus or with early relapse after an initial improvement, other entities that enter into the differential diagnosis must always be considered. We consider it essential to perform an MRI with gadolinium to rule out cases of BPPV that have a central cause (AU)


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Aged , Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo/therapy , Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Diagnosis, Differential , Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo/etiology , Nervous System Diseases/complications , Nervous System Diseases/diagnosis
20.
Rev. inf. cient ; 98(2): 207-217, 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1016985

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la demanda neurológica ambulatoria ha ido creciendo constantemente. Existen pocos datos estadísticos sobre las patologías neurológicas en nuestra población. Objetivo: caracterizar la morbilidad neurológica del Policlínico Docente "Ramón López Peña" en el periodo comprendido de enero a diciembre de 2018. Método: se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal de 247 pacientes que asistieron a consulta de Neurología del Policlínico Docente "Ramón López Peña" de Santiago de Cuba, de enero a diciembre de 2018. Las variables estudiadas fueron edad, sexo, enfermedades neurológicas, grupos etiopatogénicos, origen de la remisión y concordancia diagnóstica. Resultados: predominó el sexo femenino con un 63,9 por ciento y el grupo de edad entre los 55 a 64 años representados por 61 pacientes para un 25 por ciento, la enfermedad neurológica más frecuente fue la cefalea con 63 pacientes, para 25,5 por ciento, seguidas de la epilepsia con 34 pacientes (13,7 por ciento) y las polineuropatías con 31 pacientes (12,5 por ciento), los pacientes fueron remitidos predominantemente por el médico de familia y no hubo concordancia diagnóstica en un tercio de los pacientes, para un 37,44 por ciento. Conclusiones: el trastorno neurológico más frecuente fue la cefalea en féminas de 55 a 64 años de edad y las remisiones en su mayoría fueron realizadas por el médico de familia, no existió coincidencia diagnóstica en un por ciento considerable de los casos lo que denota la necesidad de superación a todos los niveles en el conocimiento de la semiología y patología del sistema nervioso(AU)


Introduction: the ambulatory neurological demand has been growing steadily. There are few statistical data on neurological diseases in our population. Objective: to characterize the neurological morbidity of the "Ramón López Peña" Polyclinic in the period from January to December 2018. Method: a cross-sectional descriptive study of 247 patients who attended the Neurology clinic of the Ramón López Peña polyclinic in Santiago de Cuba, from January to December 2018. The variables studied were age, sex, neurological diseases, etiopathogenic groups, origin of remission and diagnostic concordance. Results: the female sex predominated with 63.9 percent and the age group between 55 to 64 years represented by 61 patients for 25 percent, the most frequent neurological disease was headache with 63 patients, for 25.5 percent, followed by epilepsy with 34 patients (13.7percent) and polyneuropathies with 31 patients (12.5 percent), the patients were predominantly referred by the family doctor and there was no diagnostic agreement in a third of the patients for a 37, 44 percent. Conclusions: the most frequent neurological disorder was headache, in females from 55 to 64 years of age and the remissions were mostly made by the family doctor, there was no diagnostic agreement in a considerable percentage of the cases, which denotes the need to overcome at all levels in the knowledge of the semiology and pathology of the nervous system(AU)


Introdução: a demanda neurológica ambulatorial vem crescendo de forma constante. Existem poucos dados estatísticos sobre doenças neurológicas em nossa população. Objetivo: caracterizar a morbidade neurológica Policlinico "Ramon Lopez Peña" no período de janeiro a dezembro de 2018. Métodos: Estudo descritivo de 247 pacientes atendidos na clínica visita Neurology "Ramon Lopez Peña" Santiago de realizada Cuba, de janeiro a dezembro de 2018. As variáveis estudadas foram idade, sexo, doenças neurológicas, grupos etiopatogênicos, origem da remissão e concordância diagnóstica. Resultados: predominância do sexo feminino com 63,9 por cento e o grupo de idade entre 55 e 64 representadas por 61 a 25 por cento dos pacientes, a doença neurológica mais frequente foi a dor de cabeça com 63 pacientes, para 25,5 por cento, seguido 34 pacientes com epilepsia (13,7 por cento) e polineuropatias com 31 pacientes (12,5 por cento) pacientes foram referidos predominantemente pelo médico de família e nenhum acordo diagnóstico em um terço dos pacientes 37, 44 por cento. Conclusões: O distúrbio neurológico mais comum foi dor de cabeça, em mulheres de 55 a 64 anos e referências em sua maioria foram feitas pelo médico de família, não havia concordância diagnóstica em uma porcentagem considerável de casos que denota precisa superar em todos os níveis no conhecimento da semiologia e patologia do sistema nervoso(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Medical Errors , Nervous System Diseases/diagnosis , Nervous System Diseases/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
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