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Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 647-653, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939509


OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) at "Neiguan" (PC 6) on cardiac function of ventriculus sinister in rats with spontaneously hypertensive (SHR), and to explore the mediation effect of endothelin-1 (ET-1)/endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS).@*METHODS@#Six 12-week-old male Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats were taken as the normal group. Eighteen 12-week-old SHR were randomly divided into a model group, an EA group and a sham EA group, 6 rats in each group. The rats in the EA group were treated with EA (disperse-dense wave, 2 Hz/15 Hz in frequency, 1 mA in current intensity) at "Neiguan" (PC 6), 30 min each time, once a day for 8 weeks. The rats in the sham EA group were treated with superficial needling at "Neiguan" (PC 6) with no electrical stimulation applied. After treatment, the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and left ventricular fractional shortening (LVFS) were tested by echocardiographic analysis. The left ventricular systolic pressure (LVSP), left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP), heart rate (HR), the maximum rate of increase/decrease of left ventricular pressure (±dp/dtmax) were detected. The serum content of ET-1 was detected by ELISA. Western blot was used to evaluate the expression of ETAR, eNOS in myocardial tissue of left ventricular.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the normal group, LVEF, LVFS, +dp/dtmax/LVSP and -dp/dtmax/LVSP were decreased (P<0.01, P<0.05), while LVSP, LVEDP, +dp/dtmax and -dp/dtmax were increased (P<0.01) in the model group. Compared with the model group, LVEF, LVFS, +dp/dtmax/LVSP and -dp/dtmax/LVSP were increased (P<0.01, P<0.05), and LVSP and LVEDP were decreased (P<0.01) in the EA group. Compared with the normal group, the serum content of ET-1 and the expression of ETAR in myocardial tissue were increased (P<0.01), whereas expression of eNOS was decreased (P<0.01) in the model group. Compared with the model group, the serum content of ET-1 and the expression of ETAR in myocardial tissue were decreased (P<0.05), whereas expression of eNOS was increased (P<0.05) in the EA group.@*CONCLUSION@#EA intervention may alleviate hypertensive cardiac function damage by up-regulating the expression of eNOS protein in myocardial tissue, down-regulating the serum content of ET-1 and the expression of ETAR protein in myocardial tissue.

Animals , Male , Rats , Electroacupuncture , Endothelin-1/genetics , Heart Diseases , Hypertension/therapy , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/genetics , Rats, Inbred SHR , Rats, Inbred WKY , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(6): e9113, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132518


Chemerin is an adipokine that has been associated with components of metabolic syndrome. It has been described to affect adipocyte metabolism and inflammatory responses in adipose tissue, as well as the systemic metabolism of lipids and glucose. Few epidemiological studies have evaluated classical and genetics cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs) in the mixed adult rural population in Brazil. Therefore, the present study explored possible associations between CVRFs and chemerin. This cross-sectional study included 508 adults from the rural localities of Lavras Novas, Chapada, and Santo Antônio do Salto in Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais, Southeast Brazil. Demographic, behavioral, clinical, biochemical, anthropometric variables, and 12 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) linked with metabolic syndrome phenotypes were evaluated for associations with chemerin level. There was a significant association of high triglyceride levels [odds ratio (OR)=1.91, 95%CI: 1.23−2.98], insulin resistance (OR=1.82, 95%CI: 1.03−3.22), age (OR=1.64, 95%CI: 1.08−2.49), and sex (OR=1.99, 95%CI: 1.35−2.95) with high levels of chemerin. High chemerin levels were significantly associated with the genetic polymorphisms rs693 in the APOB gene (OR=1.50, 95%CI: 1.03−2.19) and rs1799983 in the NOS3 gene (OR=1.46, 95%CI: 1.01−2.12) for the AA and GT+TT genotypes, respectively. In the concomitant presence of genotypes AA of rs693 and GT+TT of rs1799983, the chance of presenting high levels of chemerin showed a 2.21-fold increase (95%CI: 1.25−3.88) compared to the reference genotype. The development of classical CVRFs in this population may be influenced by chemerin and by two risk genotypes characteristic of variants in well-studied genes for hypertension and dyslipidemia.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Apolipoproteins B/genetics , Cardiovascular Diseases/genetics , Chemokines/blood , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/genetics , Rural Population , Brazil , Cardiovascular Diseases/metabolism , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Chemokines/genetics , Genotype
Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet ; 42(8): 460-467, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137867


Abstract Objective We examined the interaction of polymorphisms in the genes heme oxygenase- 1 (HMOX1) and nitric oxide synthase (NOS3) in patients with preeclampsia (PE) as well as the responsiveness to methyldopa and to total antihypertensive therapy. Methods The genes HMOX1 (rs2071746, A/T) and NOS3 (rs1799983, G/T) were genotyped using TaqMan allele discrimination assays (Applied Biosystems, Foster City, CA, USA ), and the levels of enzyme heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results We found interactions between genotypes of the HMOX-1 and NOS3 genes and responsiveness tomethyldopa and that PE genotyped as AT presents lower levels of protein HO-1 compared with AA. Conclusion We found interactions between the HMOX-1 and NOS3 genes and responsiveness to methyldopa and that the HMOX1 polymorphism affects the levels of enzyme HO-1 in responsiveness to methyldopa and to total antihypertensive therapy. These data suggest impact of the combination of these two polymorphisms on antihypertensive responsiveness in PE.

Resumo Objetivo Examinamos a interação dos polimorfismos nos genes heme oxigenase-1 (HMOX1) eóxido nítrico sintase (NOS3) empacientes compré-eclâmpsia (PE)bem como as capacidades de resposta à metildopa e à terapia anti-hipertensiva. Métodos Os polimorfismos nos genes HMOX1 (rs2071746, A/T) e NOS3 (rs1799983, G/T) foram genotipados usando TaqMan allele discrimination assays (Applied Biosystems, Foster City, CA, EUA), e os níveis da enzima heme oxigenase-1 (HO-1) foram medidos por enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Resultados Foram encontradas interações entre os genótipos da HMOX-1 e NOS3 e responsividade à metildopa, e que pacientes genotipados como AT apresentam níveis mais baixos de proteína HO-1 em comparação com o genótipo AA. Conclusão Foram encontradas interações entre os genes HMOX-1 e NOS3 e responsividade à metildopa e que o polimorfismo localizado no gene HMOX1 afeta os níveis de enzima HO-1 na resposta à metildopa e à terapia anti-hipertensiva. Esses dados sugerem o impacto da combinação desses dois polimorfismos na resposta antihipertensiva na PE.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Pre-Eclampsia/genetics , Pre-Eclampsia/drug therapy , Pre-Eclampsia/epidemiology , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/genetics , Heme Oxygenase-1/genetics , Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics
Acta cir. bras ; 34(8): e201900802, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038128


Abstract Purpose To reveal the function of miR-134 in myocardial ischemia. Methods Real-time PCR and western blotting were performed to measure the expression of miR-134, nitric oxide synthase 3 (NOS3) and apoptotic-associated proteins. Lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) assay, cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), Hoechst 33342/PI double staining and flow cytometry assay were implemented in H9c2 cells, respectively. MiR-134 mimic/inhibitor was used to regulate miR-134 expression. Bioinformatic analysis and luciferase reporter assay were utilized to identify the interrelation between miR-134 and NOS3. Rescue experiments exhibited the role of NOS3. The involvement of PI3K/AKT was assessed by western blot analysis. Results MiR-134 was high regulated in the myocardial ischemia model, and miR-134 mimic/inhibitor transfection accelerated/impaired the speed of cell apoptosis and attenuated/exerted the cell proliferative prosperity induced by H/R regulating active status of PI3K/AKT signaling. LDH activity was also changed due to the different treatments. Moreover, miR-134 could target NOS3 directly and simultaneously attenuated the expression of NOS3. Co-transfection miR-134 inhibitor and pcDNA3.1-NOS3 highlighted the inhibitory effects of miR-134 on myocardial H/R injury. Conclusion This present work puts insights into the crucial effects of the miR-134/NOS3 axis in myocardial H/R injury, delivering a potential therapeutic technology in future.

Animals , Rats , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/metabolism , Hypoxia/metabolism , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/genetics , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/pathology , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/drug therapy , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Apoptosis/drug effects , Apoptosis/physiology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , MicroRNAs/genetics , MicroRNAs/therapeutic use , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/genetics , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/therapeutic use , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism
J. bras. nefrol ; 40(3): 273-277, July-Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975910


ABSTRACT Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a multifactorial pathophysiologic irreversible process that often leads to a terminal state in which the patient requires renal replacement therapy. Most cases of CKD are due to chronic-degenerative diseases and endothelial dysfunction is one of the factors that contribute to its pathophysiology. One of the most important mechanisms for proper functioning of the endothelium is the regulation of the synthesis of nitric oxide. This compound is synthesized by the enzyme nitric oxide synthase, which has 3 isoforms. Polymorphisms in the NOS3 gene have been implicated as factors that alter the homeostasis of this mechanism. The Glu298Asp polymorphisms 4 b/a and -786T>C of the NOS3 gene have been associated with a more rapid deterioration of kidney function in patients with CKD. These polymorphisms have been evaluated in patients with CKD of determined and undetermined etiology and related to a more rapid deterioration of kidney function.

RESUMO A insuficiência renal crônica (IRA) é um processo fisiopatológico multifatorial e irreversível que frequentemente conduz a um estado terminal no qual o paciente passa a necessitar de tratamento por transplante renal. A maioria dos casos de IRA são devidos a doenças crônicas degenerativas; a disfunção endotelial é um dos fatores contribuintes na fisiopatologia. Um dos mecanismos mais importantes para o funcionamento adequado do endotélio é a regulação da síntese de óxido nítrico. Este composto é sintetizado por meio da enzima sintase do óxido nítrico, que tem três isoformas. Os polimorfismos no gene NOS3 tem sido implicados como fatores que alteram a homeostase desse mecanismo. Os polimorfismos Glu298Asp 4 b/a e -786T>C do gene NOS3 têm sido associados a uma deterioração mais rápida da função renal nos pacientes com IRA. Estes polimorfismos têm sido avaliados em pacientes com IRA de causas determinadas ou não-determinadas e relacionados a uma perda mais rápida da função renal.

Humans , Polymorphism, Genetic , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/genetics , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/genetics
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1244-1250, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-185897


PURPOSE: Previous studies have demonstrated an association between eNOS polymorphisms and atrial fibrillation (AF). We sought to determine whether eNOS polymorphisms are associated with AF recurrence after a radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 500 consecutive patients (56+/-11 years, 77% male) with paroxysmal (68%) or persistent (32%) AF who underwent RFCA and 500 age, gender-matched controls were genotyped for the eNOS3 single nucleotide polymorphism (rs1799983). AF recurrence was monitored according to 2012 ACC/AHA/ESC guidelines. RESULTS: The frequencies of the rs1799983 variant alleles (T) in the case and control group were not significantly different (OR 1.05, 95% CI 0.75-1.46, p=0.798). AF patients with rs1799983 variants were more likely to have coronary artery disease or stroke than those without genetic variant at this gene (31.0% vs. 17.3%, p=0.004). During mean 17 months follow-up, early recurrence of AF (ERAF; within 3 months) and clinical recurrence (CR) of AF were 31.8% and 24.8%, respectively. The rs1799983 variant was associated with higher risk of ERAF (OR 1.71, 95% CI 1.06-2.79, p=0.028), but not with CR. ERAF occurred earlier (11+/-16 days) in variant group than those without variant allele (20+/-25 days, p=0.016). A multiple logistic regression analysis showed that presence of the rs1799983 variant (OR 1.75, 95% CI 1.07-2.86, p=0.026) and persistent AF were independent predictors for ERAF after AF ablation. CONCLUSION: The rs1799983 variant of the eNOS3 gene was associated with ERAF, but not with CR, after RFCA. eNOS3 gene variants may have a potential role for stratification of post-ablation management.

Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Alleles , Atrial Fibrillation/genetics , Case-Control Studies , Catheter Ablation , Coronary Artery Disease , Follow-Up Studies , Genotype , Logistic Models , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Recurrence , Republic of Korea , Stroke/genetics
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 47(10): 869-875, 10/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-722164


The aim of this study was to analyze the association of different clinical contributors of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy with NOS3 gene polymorphisms. A total of 110 children with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy and 128 control children were selected for this study. Association of gender, gestational age, birth weight, Apgar score, cranial ultrasonography, and magnetic resonance imaging findings with genotypic data of six haplotype-tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms and the most commonly investigated rs1800779 and rs2070744 polymorphisms was analyzed. The TGT haplotype of rs1800783, rs1800779, and rs2070744 polymorphisms was associated with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. Children with the TGT haplotype were infants below 32 weeks of gestation and they had the most severe brain damage. Increased incidence of the TT genotype of the NOS3 rs1808593 SNP was found in the group of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy patients with medium and severe brain damage. The probability of brain damage was twice as high in children with the TT genotype than in children with the TG genotype of the same polymorphism. Furthermore, the T allele of the same polymorphism was twice as frequent in children with lower Apgar scores. This study strongly suggests associations of NOS3 gene polymorphism with intensity of brain damage and severity of the clinical picture in affected children.

Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Birth Weight , Brain Damage, Chronic/genetics , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain/genetics , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics , Chi-Square Distribution , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Gestational Age , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain/pathology , Logistic Models , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Severity of Illness Index
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 101(4): 352-358, out. 2013. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-690577


FUNDAMENTO: Estudos prévios avaliaram o papel do polimorfismo genético da enzima óxido nítrico-sintetase endotelial sobre o prognóstico na insuficiência cardíaca. Entretanto, faltam estudos relacionando o G894T e a insuficiência cardíaca na população brasileira. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a associação do G894T com o prognóstico de amostra de pacientes brasileiros com insuficiência cardíaca. MÉTODOS: Coorte com 145 pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca sistólica, num segmento de 40 meses (média = 22 meses), em dois hospitais universitários do Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Foi avaliada a relação do G894T com os desfechos: remodelamento reverso; melhora da classe funcional (NYHA); taxas de mortalidade e hospitalização. Os diâmetros do átrio e ventrículo esquerdos e a fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo foram medidos na admissão e após 6 meses, para avaliação do remodelamento reverso. A melhora na classe funcional foi avaliada após 6 meses e as taxas de mortalidade e de hospitalização durante todo o seguimento. A raça foi autodeclarada. O polimorfismo G894T foi analisado por reação em cadeia de polimerase e por análise do polimorfismo dos fragmentos de restrição. RESULTADOS: A frequência genotípica foi GG (40%), GT (48,3%) e TT (11,7%), e a frequência alélica foi guanina (64,1%) e tiamina (35,8%). Não houve diferença entre as frequências genotípica ou alélica conforme a raça autodeclarada, tampouco conforme as características basais. Não houve relação entre o genótipo ou a frequência alélica e os desfechos analisados. CONCLUSÃO: Não se observou associação do polimorfismo G894T (Glu298Asp) com o prognóstico de amostra de pacientes ambulatoriais brasileiros com insuficiência cardíaca sistólica.

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have analyzed the role of the genetic polymorphism of endothelial nitric oxide synthase on heart failure prognosis. However, there are no studies relating the G894T and heart failure in Brazil. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between G894T GP and the prognosis of a sample of Brazilian outpatients with heart failure. METHODS: Cohort study included 145 patients with systolic heart failure, followed for up to 40 months (mean = 22), at two university hospitals, in the State of Rio de Janeiro. We evaluated the relationship between G894T and the following outcomes: reverse remodeling, improvement in functional class (NYHA), and mortality and hospitalization rates. The diameters of the left atrium and ventricle, as well as the ejection fraction of the left ventricle, were evaluated at baseline and at 6 months to assess reverse remodeling. The improvement in functional class was evaluated after 6 months, and mortality rate and hospitalization were evaluated during follow-up. Race was self-declared. G894T polymorphism was analyzed by polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism. RESULTS: The genotypic frequencies were GG (40%), GT (48.3%) and TT (11.7%). The allele frequency was guanine (64.1%) and thiamine (35.8%). There were no differences between the genotype or allelic frequencies according to self-declared race, either as baseline characteristics. There was no relationship between genotype or allele frequency and the outcome measures. CONCLUSION: No association was observed between the G894T polymorphism (Glu298Asp) and prognosis in this sample of Brazilian outpatients with systolic heart failure.

Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Heart Failure/genetics , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/genetics , Nitric Oxide/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics , Brazil , Epidemiologic Methods , Gene Frequency , Hospitalization , Heart Failure/mortality , Outpatients , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Time Factors
Arq. bras. endocrinol. metab ; 57(1): 33-43, fev. 2013. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-665760


OBJETIVO: Analisar a influência da associação dos polimorfismos do gene da sintase do óxido nítrico endotelial (NOS3) para as posições -786T>C, Glu298Asp e íntron 4b/a e a aptidão cardiorrespiratória sobre as concentrações de nitrito/nitrato, pressão arterial, perfil lipídico e prevalência de doenças cardiometabólicas em adultos. SUJEITOS E MÉTODOS: Noventa e duas pessoas foram divididas de acordo com o genótipo: não polimórficas (NP) e polimórficas (P). Posteriormente, foram subdivididas pela aptidão cardiorrespiratória associada ao genótipo: alta (ANP e AP) ou baixa (BNP e BP). RESULTADOS: Os indivíduos que apresentavam polimorfismo para as posições Glu298Asp+Íntron 4b/a e Glu298Asp+-786T>C e baixa aptidão cardiorrespiratória apresentaram maiores valores de colesterol total e maior prevalência de dislipidemia. CONCLUSÃO: Nossos dados demonstram que os polimorfismos do gene da NOS3 para essas duas associações influenciam os níveis de colesterol plasmático, e essa associação foi mais claramente observada quando os indivíduos apresentavam menor nível de aptidão cardiorrespiratória.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of the interaction between endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene (NOS3) polymorphisms at positions -786T>C, Glu298Asp and intron 4b/a, and cardiorespiratory fitness on plasma nitrite/nitrate levels, blood pressure, lipid profile, and prevalence of cardiometabolic disorders. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Ninety-two volunteers were genotyped for NOS3 polymorphisms at positions (-786T>C and Glu298Asp) and (intron 4b/a) and divided according to the genotype: non-polymorphic (NP) and polymorphic (P). After that, they were subdivided according to the cardiorespiratory fitness associated with genotype: high (HNP and HP) and low (LNP and LP). RESULTS: The subjects with polymorphism for the interactions at positions Glu298Asp + intron 4b/a, and Glu298Asp+-786T>C showed the highest values in total cholesterol, as well as dyslipidemia. CONCLUSION: Our findings show that NOS3 gene polymorphisms at positions -786T>C, Glu298Asp, and intron 4b/a exert negative effects on the lipid profile compared with those who do not carry polymorphisms.

Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Dyslipidemias/genetics , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics , Cardiovascular System/physiopathology , Cholesterol/blood , Dyslipidemias/blood , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology , Epidemiologic Methods , Genotype , Glutamic Acid/genetics , Introns/genetics , Nitrates/blood , Nitrites/blood , Oxygen Consumption/genetics , Promoter Regions, Genetic/genetics , Respiratory System/physiopathology
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 100(1): 14-20, jan. 2013. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-662390


FUNDAMENTO: A atividade do óxido nítrico sintase endotelial (eNOS) pode ser modulada pelo colesterol da lipoproteína de alta densidade (HDL-C), estatinas ou polimorfismos, como o T-786C de eNOS. OBJETIVO: Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar se o polimorfismo T-786C está associado a alterações nos efeitos da atorvastatina no perfil lipídico, nas concentrações de metabólitos de óxido nítrico (NO) e da proteína C reativa de alta sensibilidade (PCR-as). MÉTODOS: Trinta voluntários do sexo masculino, assintomáticos, com idade entre 18-56 anos foram genotipados e classificados de acordo com a ausência (TT, n = 15) ou presença (CC, n = 15) do polimorfismo. Eles foram selecionados aleatoriamente para a utilização de placebo e atorvastatina (10 mg/dia por 14 dias). Após cada tratamento foram medidos lípides, lipoproteínas, frações HDL2 e HDL3, atividade da proteína de transferência de colesteril éster (CETP), metabólitos de NO e PCR-as. RESULTADOS: As comparações entre genótipos após a administração de placebo mostraram aumento da atividade da CETP polimorfismo-dependente (TT, 12 ± 7; CC, 22 ± 12, p < 0,05). As análises da interação entre os tratamentos indicaram que a atorvastatina tem efeito sobre colesterol, LDL, nitrito e razões lípides/proteínas (HDL2 e HDL3) (p < 0,001) em ambos os genótipos. É interessante notar as interações genótipo/droga sobre a CETP (p < 0,07) e a lipoproteína (a) [Lp(a)] (p < 0,056), levando a uma diminuição limítrofe da CETP, embora sem afetar a Lp(a). A PRC-as não mostrou alterações. CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados sugerem que o tratamento com estatinas pode ser relevante para a prevenção primária da aterosclerose em pacientes com o polimorfismo T-786C do eNOS, considerando os efeitos no metabolismo lipídico.

BACKGROUND: Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) activity may be modulated by high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), statins or polymorphisms, such as the T-786C of eNOS. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at evaluating if the T-786C polymorphism is associated with changes of atorvastatin effects on the lipid profile, on the concentrations of metabolites of nitric oxide (NO) and of high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP). METHODS: Thirty male volunteers, asymptomatic, aged between 18 and 56 years were genotyped and classified according to absence (TT, n = 15) or presence (CC, n = 15) of the polymorphism. They were randomly selected for the use of placebo or atorvastatin (10 mg/day/14 days). After each treatment lipids, lipoproteins, HDL2 and HDL3 composition, cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) activity, metabolites of NO and hsCRP were evaluated. RESULTS: The comparisons between genotypes after placebo showed an increase in CETP activity in a polymorphism-dependent way (TT, 12±7; CC, 22±12; p < 0.05). The interaction analyses between treatments indicated that atorvastatin has an effect on cholesterol, LDL, nitrite and lipid-protein ratios (HDL2 and HDL3) (p < 0.001) in both genotypes. Interestingly, we observed genotype/drug interactions on CETP (p < 0.07) and lipoprotein (a) (Lp(a)) (p < 0.056), leading to a borderline decrease in CETP, but with no effect on Lp(a). HsCRP showed no alteration. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that statin treatment may be relevant for primary prevention of atherosclerosis in patients with the T-786C polymorphism of eNOS, considering the effects on lipid metabolism.

Adolescent , Adult , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Heptanoic Acids/pharmacology , Lipid Metabolism/drug effects , Lipids/blood , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics , Pyrroles/pharmacology , Analysis of Variance , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Cholesterol Ester Transfer Proteins/blood , Heptanoic Acids/blood , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/blood , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/drug effects , Nitric Oxide/blood , Pyrroles/blood , Single-Blind Method , Statistics, Nonparametric , Treatment Outcome
Clinics ; 68(3): 305-309, 2013. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-671419


OBJECTIVE: Nitric oxide is produced by endothelial nitric oxide synthase, and its production can be influenced by polymorphisms of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene. Because candidate genes responsible for susceptibility to ankylosing spondylitis are mostly unknown and available data suggest that there may be problems related to the nitric oxide pathway, such as endothelial dysfunction and increased asymmetric dimethylarginine, this study aimed to assess the association of common endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene polymorphisms with ankylosing spondylitis. METHODS: One hundred ninety-four unrelated Turkish ankylosing spondylitis patients and 113 healthy without apparent cardiovascular disease, hypertension or diabetes mellitus were included. All individuals were genotyped by PCR-RFLP for two single-nucleotide polymorphisms, namely 786T>C (rs2070744, promoter region) and 786 Glu298Asp (rs1799983, exon 7). Variable numbers of tandem repeat polymorphisms in intron 4 were also studied and investigated by direct electrophoresis on agarose gel following polymerase chain reaction analysis. The Bath ankylosing spondylitis metrology index of the patients was calculated, and human leukocyte antigen B27 was studied. RESULTS: All studied polymorphisms satisfied Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. Sex distributions were similar between the patient and control groups. No significant differences were found in the distributions of allele and genotype frequencies of the studied endothelial nitric oxide synthase polymorphisms between patients and controls. There were no correlations between endothelial nitric oxide synthase polymorphisms, disease duration, Bath ankylosing spondylitis metrology index or human leukocyte antigen B27. CONCLUSION: The results presented in this study do not support a major role of common endothelial nitric oxide synthase polymorphisms in Turkish ankylosing spondylitis patients.

Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/genetics , Analysis of Variance , Case-Control Studies , Gene Frequency , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/metabolism , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Risk Factors , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/enzymology
Biol. Res ; 46(2): 169-176, 2013. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-683994


This study analyzed the time dependence decay of the mRNA of selected genes important for the hypoxia response. The genes chosen were the two isoforms of hypoxia-inducible factors, the three isoforms of the prolyl hydroxylase domain protein, the vascular endothelial growth factor and endothelial nitric oxide synthase. mRNA and proteins were extracted from lungs obtained from control, hypoxic and 15 minutes normoxic recovered rats and analyzed by Real-time RT-PCR or by the Western Blot technique. Results indicated that in normoxia isoform 2á was the more represented hypoxia-inducible factor mRNA, and among the prolyl hydroxylase domain transcripts, isoform 3 was the least abundant. Moreover, in chronic hypoxia only hypoxia-inducible factor 1α and prolyl hydroxylase domain protein 3 increased significantly, while after 15 minutes of recovery all the mRNAs tested were decreased except endothelial nitric oxide synthase mRNA. In terms of proteins, hypoxia-inducible 1α was the isoform more significant in the nucleus, while 2á predominated in the cytosol. While the former was steady even after a brief recovery from hypoxia, the latter underwent a strong degradation. In conclusion we showed the relevance of the decay in the mRNA and protein levels upon re-oxygenation in normoxia. We believe that this has to be considered in research studies dealing with recovery from hypoxia.

Animals , Male , Hypoxia/genetics , Lung/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Transcription, Genetic/genetics , Blotting, Western , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/genetics , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/metabolism , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/genetics , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/metabolism , Procollagen-Proline Dioxygenase/genetics , Procollagen-Proline Dioxygenase/metabolism , Rats, Wistar , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/genetics , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 1587-1594, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-148472


The endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene plays an important role in several biological functions. Polymorphisms of the eNOS gene have been associated with cancer. It has been suggested that the VNTR 4 a/b polymorphism may affect the expression of eNOS and contributes to tumor promotion in the mammary gland. We examined the role of the eNOS4 a/b polymorphism by comparing the genotypes of 281 healthy Mexican women with the genotypes of 429 Mexican women with breast cancer (BC). The observed genotype frequencies for control and BC patients were 0.6% and 0.7% for a/a (polymorphic); 87% and 77% for a/a (wild type); and 12% and 22% for a/b respectively. We found that the odds ratio (OR) was 1.9, with a 95% confidence interval (95%CI) of 1.29-2.95, P = 0.001 for genotypes a/a-a/b, b/c. The association was also evident when comparing the distribution of the a/a-a/b genotypes in patients with high levels of glutamate-oxaloacetate transaminase (SGOT) (OR, 1.93; 95% CI, 1.14-3.28; P = 0.015); undergoing menopause with high levels of SGOT (OR, 2.0; 95% CI, 1.1-3.84); and with high levels of glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) (OR, 3.5; 95% CI, 1.56-8.22). The genotypes a/a-a/b are associated with BC susceptibility in the analyzed samples from the Mexican population.

Adult , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Alanine Transaminase/blood , Aspartate Aminotransferases/blood , Breast Neoplasms/blood , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Mexico , Nitric Oxide/biosynthesis , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
Experimental & Molecular Medicine ; : 191-201, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-194084


Nitric oxide (NO) produced by endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) plays an important role in vascular functions, including vasorelaxation. We here investigated the pharmacological effect of the natural product syringaresinol on vascular relaxation and eNOS-mediated NO production as well as its underlying biochemical mechanism in endothelial cells. Treatment of aortic rings from wild type, but not eNOS-/- mice, with syringaresinol induced endothelium-dependent relaxation, which was abolished by addition of the NOS inhibitor NG-monomethyl-L-arginine. Treatment of human endothelial cells and mouse aortic rings with syringaresinol increased NO production, which was correlated with eNOS phosphorylation via the activation of Akt and AMP kinase (AMPK) as well as elevation of intracellular Ca2+ levels. A phospholipase C (PLC) inhibitor blocked the increases in intracellular Ca2+ levels, AMPK-dependent eNOS phosphorylation, and NO production, but not Akt activation, in syringaresinol-treated endothelial cells. Syringaresinol-induced AMPK activation was inhibited by co-treatment with PLC inhibitor, Ca2+ chelator, calmodulin antagonist, and CaMKKbeta siRNA. This compound also increased eNOS dimerization, which was inhibited by a PLC inhibitor and a Ca2+-chelator. The chemicals that inhibit eNOS phosphorylation and dimerization attenuated vasorelaxation and cGMP production. These results suggest that syringaresinol induces vasorelaxation by enhancing NO production in endothelial cells via two distinct mechanisms, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt- and PLC/Ca2+/CaMKKbeta-dependent eNOS phosphorylation and Ca2+-dependent eNOS dimerization.

Animals , Humans , Mice , Aorta/drug effects , Enzyme Activation/drug effects , Furans/pharmacology , Gene Deletion , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/drug effects , Lignans/pharmacology , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Nitric Oxide/metabolism , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/genetics , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Phosphoinositide Phospholipase C/metabolism , Phosphorylation/drug effects , Protein Multimerization/drug effects , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Vasodilation/drug effects
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 44(9): 855-863, Sept. 2011. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-599675


The health-promoting effects of exercise training (ET) are related to nitric oxide (NO) production and/or its bioavailability. The objective of this study was to determine whether single nucleotide polymorphism of the endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) gene at positions -786T>C, G894T (Glu298Asp) and at the variable number of tandem repeat (VNTR) Intron 4b/a would interfere with the cardiometabolic responses of postmenopausal women submitted to physical training. Forty-nine postmenopausal women were trained in sessions of 30-40 min, 3 days a week for 8 weeks. Genotypes, oxidative stress status and cardiometabolic parameters were then evaluated in a double-blind design. Both systolic and diastolic blood pressure values were significantly reduced after ET, which was genotype-independent. However, women without eNOS gene polymorphism at position -786T>C (TT genotype) and Intron 4b/a (bb genotype) presented a better reduction of total cholesterol levels (-786T>C: before = 213 ± 12.1, after = 159.8 ± 14.4, Δ = -24.9 percent and Intron 4b/a: before = 211.8 ± 7.4, after = 180.12 ± 6.4 mg/dL, Δ = -15 percent), and LDL cholesterol (-786T>C: before = 146.1 ± 13.3, after = 82.8 ± 9.2, Δ = -43.3 percent and Intron 4b/a: before = 143.2 ± 8, after = 102.7 ± 5.8 mg/dL, Δ = -28.3 percent) in response to ET compared to those who carried the mutant allele. Superoxide dismutase activity was significantly increased in trained women whereas no changes were observed in malondialdehyde levels. Women without eNOS gene polymorphism at position -786T>C and Intron 4b/a showed a greater reduction of plasma cholesterol levels in response to ET. Furthermore, no genotype influence was observed on arterial blood pressure or oxidative stress status in this population.

Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Exercise/physiology , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Postmenopause/genetics , Postmenopause/metabolism , Blood Pressure/physiology , Chi-Square Distribution , Double-Blind Method , Genotype , Lipids/blood , Malondialdehyde/blood , Minisatellite Repeats/genetics , Oxidative Stress/physiology , Time Factors
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 2011 June; 48(3): 154-157
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-135313


Vascular endothelial cells produce nitric oxide (NO), which contributes to the regulation of blood pressure and regional blood flow. Polymorphisms of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene are associated with coronary artery disease; however, associations between polymorphism (G894T) of the eNOS gene and essential hypertension remain unclear. This study was designed to investigate the association between a eNOS-G894T polymorphism and essential hypertension (EH). A total of 190 Chinese EH patients (EH group) and 94 healthy participants (control group) were included in the study. eNOS-G894T was determined using multi-polymerase chain reaction and polymorphisms in eNOS-G894T were genotyped using gene chip technology. Patients carrying eNOS GT + TT genotypes had a higher risk of EH than those carrying the GG genotype (OR = 2.82,95% CI: 1.05-7.60,P = 0.033). The EH group showed a significantly higher frequency of the T-allele compared with controls (OR = 3.48, 95% CI: 1.34-9.07; P = 0.007). eNOS-894T was found to be significantly associated with EH in the dominant genetic model. Thus, the study demonstrated a significant and independent association between a eNOS-G894T polymorphism and EH in the Chinese patients. The study also showed that eNOS-G894T polymorphism is a risk factor for EH in Chinese patients.

Aged , China/epidemiology , Humans , Hypertension/enzymology , Hypertension/epidemiology , Hypertension/genetics , Middle Aged , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Risk Factors
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-135682


Background & objectives Endothelial nitric oxide is a potent vasodilator and impairment of its generation brought about by gene polymorphism is considered a major predictor for several diseases. A single nucleotide polymorphism G894T within exon 7 of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS-7) gene, resulting in a replacement of glutamic acid by aspartic acid, has been studied as a putative candidate gene for cardiovascular diseases. The pattern of eNOS-7 Glu298Asp variant in the Indian population is poorly known. The present study was planned to determine the prevalence of the variant of this gene among tea garden community in Assam, North-East India with high prevalence of hypertension. Methods Study participants of both sex aged ≥18 yr were recruited randomly from temporary field clinics established in tea gardens of Dibrugarh, Assam. Genomic DNA was extracted from 409 subjects by the conventional phenol-chloroform method. The prevalence of the eNOS exon 7 Glu298Asp variant was determined by polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. Results The study population was in Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium. The frequency of the eNOS GG, GT and TT genotypes was found to be 75, 22 and 3 per cent respectively and did not show any significant difference in gender wise analysis. Interpretation & conclusions Our results showed that the prevalence of the homozygous GG genotype was high (75%) and the rare mutant genotype (homozygous, TT) was 3 per cent in a population at risk with cardiovascular disease. Such population-based data on various polymorphisms can ultimately be exploited in pharmacogenomics.

Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cardiovascular Diseases/enzymology , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/genetics , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 7/genetics , Female , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/epidemiology , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Genotype , Haplotypes/genetics , Humans , India/epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged , Mutation, Missense/genetics , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/genetics , Pharmacogenetics/methods , Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Prevalence
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 96(2): e27-e34, fev. 2011. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-579626


A farmacogenética é um dos campos mais promissores da medicina. A conclusão do Projeto Genoma permitiu que esse campo começasse a descobrir fatores complexos modulando a resposta às drogas, e novas tecnologias estão a poucos passos de permitir uma grande expansão da área. As doenças cardiovasculares estão atualmente entre as maiores causas de internações hospitalares e morte, e têm sido alvo de grande parte dos estudos genéticos de doenças complexas. Paralelamente à identificação de marcadores de suscetibilidade à doença, é necessária a investigação de como perfis genéticos diferentes podem alterar respostas aos fármacos atualmente empregados. O sistema biológico que controla a produção endotelial do óxido nítrico tem sido um dos grandes alvos nas respostas farmacológicas aos fármacos usados na terapia de doenças cardiovasculares. Esta revisão tem como objetivo abordar os conhecimentos correntes da interação entre as variações genéticas da eNOS e as respostas farmacológicas aos fármacos empregados no sistema cardiovascular.

The pharmacogenetics is one of the most promising fields of medicine. The conclusion of the Genome Project allowed this field to start discovering complex factors modulating the response to drugs, and new technologies are close a great expansion of the area. The cardiovascular diseases are currently among the major causes of hospitalizations and death, and have been the target of a large part of genetic studies of complex diseases. Parallel to the susceptibility to disease markers identification, it is necessary to investigate how different genetic profiles can change the responses to the currently used drugs. The biological system that controls the endothelial production of the nitric oxide has been one of the greatest targets in the pharmacological responses to the drugs used in the cardiovascular diseases therapy. This review aims at approaching the current knowledge on interaction among the genetic variations of eNOS and the pharmacological responses to the drugs used in the cardiovascular system.

La farmacogenética es uno de los campos más promisorios de la medicina. La conclusión del Proyecto Genoma permitió que ese campo comenzase a descubrir factores complejos modulando la respuesta a las drogas, y nuevas tecnologías están a pocos pasos de permitir una gran expansión del área. Las enfermedades cardiovasculares están actualmente entre las mayores causas de internaciones hospitalarias y muerte, y han sido objeto de gran parte de los estudios genéticos de enfermedades complejas. Paralelamente a la identificación de marcadores de susceptibilidad a la enfermedad, es necesaria la investigación sobre como perfiles genéticos diferentes pueden alterar respuestas a los fármacos actualmente empleados. El sistema biológico que controla la producción endotelial del óxido nítrico ha sido un de los grandes blancos en las respuestas farmacológicas a los fármacos usados en la terapia de enfermedades cardiovasculares. Esta revisión tiene como objetivo abordar los conocimientos corrientes de la interacción entre las variaciones genéticas de la eNOS y las respuestas farmacológicas a los fármacos empleados en el sistema cardiovascular.

Humans , Cardiovascular Diseases/genetics , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics , Cardiovascular Agents/therapeutic use , Cardiovascular Diseases/drug therapy , Nitric Oxide/physiology , Pharmacogenetics
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 96(1): 68-75, jan. 2011. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-573607


O óxido nítrico (NO), primariamente identificado como um fator relaxante derivado do endotélio, é um radical livre atuante na sinalização de diferentes processos biológicos. A identificação das isoformas das sintases do NO (NOS) e a subsequente caracterização dos mecanismos de ativação celulares das enzimas possibilitaram tanto a compreensão de parte das interações fisiológicas como a compreensão de parte dos mecanismos de doença, na qual o NO está envolvido. A isoforma endotelial da NOS (eNOS), expressa principalmente no endotélio vascular, desempenha importante papel na regulação da reatividade vascular e no desenvolvimento e na progressão da aterosclerose. Esta revisão tem o propósito de contextualizar o leitor sobre a estrutura da eNOS e seus mecanismos de ativação celular. Tendo em vista os avanços da biologia molecular, trataremos ainda dos conhecidos mecanismos de regulação da expressão gênica e do papel de variantes no código genético da eNOS associados a fenótipos cardiovasculares. Embora se reconheça a importância do NO como molécula ateroprotetora, nossa atenção estará voltada à revisão de literatura envolvendo NO e sua participação na modulação do fenótipo de vasodilatação muscular.

Nitric oxide (NO), primarily identified as an endothelium-derived relaxing factor, is a free radical that signals different biological processes. The identification of NO synthase (NOS) isoforms and the subsequent characterization of the mechanisms of cell activation of the enzymes permitted the partial understanding of both the physiological interactions and of the mechanisms of the diseases in which NO is involved. Mainly expressed in the vascular endothelium, the endothelial NOS isoform (eNOS) plays an important role in the regulation of vascular reactivity and in the development and progression of atherosclerosis. The purpose of this review is to contextualize the reader about the eNOS structure and its mechanisms of cell activation. In view of the advances in molecular biology, we will also address the known mechanisms of gene expression regulation and the role of variants on the genetic code of eNOS associated with cardiovascular phenotypes. Although the importance of NO as an atheroprotective molecule is recognized, our focus will be the review of the literature on NO and its participation in the modulation of the muscle vasodilatation phenotype.

El óxido nítrico (NO), primariamente identificado como un factor relajante derivado del endotelio, es un radical libre actuante en la señalización de diferentes procesos biológicos. La identificación de las isoformas de las sintasas del NO (NOS) y la subsecuente caracterización de los mecanismos de activación celulares de las enzimas posibilitaron tanto la comprensión de parte de las interacciones fisiológicas como la comprensión de parte de los mecanismos de enfermedad, en la cual el NO está envuelto. La isoforma endotelial de la NOS (eNOS), expresada principalmente en el endotelio vascular, desempeña importante papel en la regulación de la reactividad vascular y en el desarrollo y en la progresión de la aterosclerosis. Esta revisión tiene el propósito de contextualizar al lector sobre la estructura de la eNOS y sus mecanismos de activación celular. Teniendo en vista los avances de la biología molecular, trataremos aun de los conocidos mecanismos de regulación de la expresión génica y del papel de variantes en el código genético de la eNOS asociados a fenotipos cardiovasculares. Aunque se reconozca la importancia del NO como molécula ateroprotectora, nuestra atención estará volcada a la revisión de literatura envolviendo NO y su participación en la modulación del fenotipo de vasodilatación muscular.

Humans , Cardiovascular Diseases/physiopathology , Endothelium, Vascular/physiopathology , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/physiology , Nitric Oxide Synthase/physiology , Nitric Oxide/physiology , Enzyme Activation , Endothelium-Dependent Relaxing Factors/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic/physiology , Muscles/blood supply , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/genetics , Nitric Oxide/genetics , Phenotype , Vasoconstriction/physiology , Vasodilation/physiology