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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(6): 1530-1535, dic. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421801

ABSTRACT

La anastomosis de Hyrtl's (AH), vaso único con amplia variabilidad anatómica, comunica las arterias umbilicales cerca de la inserción del cordón umbilical en las placentas humanas. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue determinar si existe relación entre las características morfométricas de la placenta y la presencia de anastomosis y analizar si esta tiene influencia en la eficiencia placentaria. Estudio descriptivo. Se analizaron 60 placentas provenientes de madres que aceptaron participar en la investigación, embarazo único, a término (entre 37,0 y 41,6 semanas), con edades entre 18 y 37 años, con al menos cuatro visitas a control prenatal, sin comorbilidades. Las características placentarias de peso, diámetros y grosor se tomaron en fresco. Una vez fijadas con formaldehido al 10 %, mediante disección se ubicó, clasificó y fotografió la anastomosis. El peso de la placenta fue 494,4 ± 87,1 gramos, el grosor central correspondió a 1,7 ± 0,4 cm, DM 19,9 ± 2,0 cm y Dm 18,4 ± 1,7 cm. La inserción de cordón predominante fue excéntrica (65 %) y la forma discoidea u ovalada (60 %). En 51 placentas se ubicó la presencia de anastomosis (85 %). En el grupo de placentas con presencia AH se encontró un peso placentario más bajo al compararlo con el grupo que no presentó AH, el resto de las características morfométricas de la placenta, incluido el tipo de inserción de cordón umbilical no presentaron relación con la anastomosis. La eficiencia placentaria expresada con la relación entre peso neonato/peso placenta presentó diferencias significativas en el grupo con presencia de anastomosis, con mayores valores comparados con el grupo sin anastomosis. La presencia de AH contribuye positivamente a la eficiencia placentaria. Sin embargo, el incremento del peso placentario puede ser un efecto compensador de la placenta y no siempre indica una mayor eficiencia funcional del órgano.


SUMMARY: Hyrtl's anastomosis (HA), a single vessel, with wide anatomical variability, communicates the umbilical arteries, near the insertion of the umbilical cord in human placentas. The objective of this study was to determine if there is a relationship between the morphometric characteristics of the placenta and the presence of the anastomosis and to analyze if this influences the placental efficiency. Descriptive study. We analyzed 60 placentas from mothers who agreed to participate in the study, single pregnancy, term (between 37.0 and 41.6 weeks), aged between 18 and 37 years with at least four visits to prenatal control, without comorbidities. The placental characteristics of weight, diameters and thickness were taken fresh. Once fixed with 10 % formaldehyde, the anastomosis was located, classified, and photographed by dissection. The weight of the placenta was 494.4 ± 87.1 g, the central thickness corresponded to 1.7 ± 0.4 cm, the MD 19.9 ± 2.0 cm and Dm 18.4 ± 1.7 cm: The predominant cord insertion was eccentric, with 65 % and the discoid or oval shape with 60 %. In 51 placentas the presence of anastomosis was found (85 %). In the group of placentas with AH presence, a lower placental weight was found when compared to the group that did not present AH, the rest of the morphometric characteristics of the placenta, including the type of umbilical cord insertion, were not related to the anastomosis. Placental efficiency expressed as the neonatal weight/placental weight ratio showed significant differences in the group with presence of anastomosis, with higher values compared to the group without anastomosis. The presence of HA contributes positively to placental efficiency. However, the increase in placental weight may be a compensatory effect of the placenta and does not always indicate a greater functional efficiency of the organ.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Placenta/anatomy & histology , Umbilical Arteries/anatomy & histology , Organ Size , Placenta/blood supply , Birth Weight
2.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 9(3): 1-16, sept. 2022. graf, tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1518675

ABSTRACT

Cyperus esculentus L. (tiger nut) is a tuberous plant that promotes and protects reproductive functions, which are usually hampered in diabetics. The present study investigated the effect of Cyperus esculentus tuber extract (CETE) on testicular histology and sperm viability of alloxan-induced hyperglycaemic Wistar rats. Twenty-five adult male Wistar rats weighing 150-200g and grouped into five (n=5): Group 1, the control, administered tap water (20mL/kg), while groups 2-5 were administered a single intraperitoneal dose (120mg/kg b.w.) of alloxan, and each further received orally tap water (20mL/kg), CETE (100mg/kg), CETE (500 mg/kg) and metformin (500 mg/kg), respectively for 21 days. The animals were sacrificed, their sperm collected for analysis, while the testes were harvested, and processed for histology. Results showed significantly increased (p<0.05) blood glucose and testosterone, and significantly decreased (p<0.05) sperm pH, motility, count, morphology and density, as well as disruptions and hypertrophy of the spermatogenic and Sertoli cells of the hyperglycaemic group. There were significant (p<0.05) blood glucose decline, while the sperm parameters and testicular weight improved with normal testicular histology in the 100 mg/kg CETE, 500 mg/kg CETE, and metformin-treated groups compared to the control and hyperglycaemic group. Treatment with CETE showed blood glucose amelioration and improved sperm quality, as well as testicular damage attenuation.


Cyperus esculentus L. es una planta tuberosa que promueve y protege las funciones reproductivas, que generalmente se ven afectadas en los diabéticos. El presente estudio investigó el efecto del extracto de tubérculo de Cyperus esculentus (CETE) sobre la histología testicular y la viabilidad de los espermatozoides de ratas wistar con hiperglicemia inducida por alloxan. Veinticinco ratas Wistar macho adultas que pesaban 150-200 g y se agruparon en cinco (n = 5): el grupo 1, el control, administró agua del grifo (20ml / kg), mientras que los grupos 2-5 se les administró una dosis intraperitoneal única (120 mg / kg p.v.) de alloxan, y agua del grifo por vía oral (20ml/kg), CETE (100 mg/kg), CETE (500 mg/kg) y metformina (500 mg/kg), respectivamente durante 21 días. Los animales fueron sacrificados, su esperma recolectada para su análisis, mientras que los testículos fueron retirados y procesados para histología. Los resultados mostraron un aumento significativo (p<0,05) de la glucosa en sangre y la testosterona, y una disminución significativa (p<0,05) del pH, la motilidad, el recuento, la morfología y la densidad de los espermatozoides, así como interrupciones e hipertrofia de las células espermatogénicas y sertoli del grupo hiperglucémico. Hubo una disminución significativa (p<0,05) de la glucosa en sangre, mientras que los parámetros espermáticos y el peso testicular mejoraron con la histología testicular normal en los grupos de 100 mg / kg de CETE, 500 mg / kg de CETE y tratados con metformina en comparación con el grupo de control e hiperglucémico. El tratamiento con CETE mostró una mejora de la glucosa en sangre y una mejora de la calidad de los espermatozoides, así como atenuación del daño testicular.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Testis/drug effects , Plant Extracts/administration & dosage , Cyperus/chemistry , Hyperglycemia/drug therapy , Organ Size , Sperm Count , Sperm Motility/drug effects , Spermatozoa/drug effects , Testosterone , Blood Glucose/drug effects , Body Weight , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Analysis of Variance , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal , Alloxan , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Hypoglycemic Agents/administration & dosage , Metformin/administration & dosage
3.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 21(1): 66-80, ene. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1372378

ABSTRACT

Melastoma malabathricum (M. malabathricum) extracts have been reported to exert various pharmacological activities including antioxidants, anti-inflammatory and antiproliferative activities. The objective of the present study was to determine the anticarcinogenic activity of its methanol extract (MEMM) against the azoxymethane (AOM)-induced early colon carcinogenesis in rats. Rats were randomly assigned to five groups (n=6) namely normal control, negative control, and treatment (50, 250 or 500 mg/kg of MEMM) groups. Colon tissues were harvested for histopathological analysis and endogenous antioxidant system determination. MEMM was also subjected to HPLC analysis. Findings showed that MEMM significantly (p<0.05) reversed the AOM-induced carcinogenicity by: i) reducing the formation of aberrant crypt foci (ACF) in colon tissues, and; ii) enhancing the endogenous antioxidant activity (catalase, superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase). Moreover, various phenolics has been identified in MEMM. In conclusion, MEMM exerts the in vivo anticarcinogenic activity via the activation of endogenous antioxidant system and synergistic action of phenolics.


Se ha informado que los extractos de Melastoma malabathricum (M. malabathricum) ejercen diversas actividades farmacológicas, incluidas actividades antioxidantes, antiinflamatorias y antiproliferativas. El objetivo del presente estudio fue determinar la actividad anticancerígena de su extracto de metanol (MEMM) contra la carcinogénesis de colon temprana inducida por azoximetano (AOM) en ratas. Las ratas se asignaron al azar a cinco grupos (n=6), a saber, los grupos de control normal, control negativo y tratamiento (50, 250 o 500 mg/kg de MEMM). Tejidos de colon fueron recolectados para análisis histopatológico y determinación del sistema antioxidante endógeno. MEMM también se sometió a análisis de HPLC. Los hallazgos mostraron que MEMM invirtió significativamente (p<0.05) la carcinogenicidad inducida por AOM al: i) reducir la formación de focos de criptas aberrantes (ACF) en los tejidos del colon, y; ii) potenciar la actividad antioxidante endógena (catalasa, superóxido dismutasa y glutatión peroxidasa). Además, se han identificado varios fenólicos en MEMM. En conclusión, MEMM ejerce la actividad anticancerígena in vivo mediante la activación del sistema antioxidante endógeno y la acción sinérgica de los fenólicos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Plant Extracts/administration & dosage , Anticarcinogenic Agents/administration & dosage , Colonic Neoplasms/drug therapy , Melastomataceae/chemistry , Organ Size/drug effects , Body Weight/drug effects , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Colon/pathology , Plant Leaves , Methanol , Phenolic Compounds , Aberrant Crypt Foci , Carcinogenesis/drug effects , Antioxidants
4.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(5): 1349-1353, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405283

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The application of stereology in hepatobiliary conditions is essential in liver volume estimation. Computerized topographic scan with contrast is a reliable method in liver scanning for precise boundaries demarcation. Liver volumetry varies in relation to different factors. Reports showed a correlation of liver volume with sex and body mass index. Steady relation between age and ethnicity is not established. This study aimed to design a protocol for liver volume measurement and apply it in the estimation of volume among the Sudanese population use stereology. Recruitment of the study population was obtained in the royal scan clinic in Khartoum by making an announcement for participation in the study. Patients with a history of hepatobiliary diseases were excluded. CT abdomen with contrast was obtained in DICOM format and transferred to computer-based software for image analysis. A protocol was designed and validated and then applied in volume estimation using software MRIcro for image display, ImageJ for volume estimation, and Onis 2.6 as image viewer. 300 apparently healthy volunteers were recruited. The protocol reliability result was 0.805. Absolute mean liver volume was 3261.32 ± 1365.313 cm3. High liver volume among females was detected than among males. A positive correlation was detected between volume and body mass index (p-value 0.001) regardless of sex. Relation with age showed a rough steady rise till the age of 50 years then it started to decline steadily. The relationship was detected in liver volume with sex and body mass index. More studies are needed to investigate the relationship between ethnicity and age groups.


RESUMEN: La aplicación de la estereología en condiciones hepatobiliares es fundamental en la estimación del volumen hepático. El escaneo topográfico computarizado con contraste es un método confiable en el escaneo del hígado para la demarcación precisa de sus límites. La volumetría hepática varía en función de diferentes factores. Los informes mostraron una correlación del volumen del hígado con el sexo y el índice de masa corporal. No se establece una relación estable entre la edad y la etnia. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo diseñar un protocolo para la medición del volumen hepático de la población sudanesa usando la estereología. El reclutamiento de la población de estudio fue realizado en la clínica de exploración real en Jartum mediante un anuncio de participación. Se excluyeron los pacientes con antecedentes de enfermedades hepatobiliares. Se obtuvo TC de abdomen con contraste en formato DICOM y se transfirió a un software informático para el análisis de imágenes. Se diseñó y validó un protocolo y luego se aplicó en la estimación de volumen utilizando el software MRIcro para la visualización de imágenes, ImageJ para la estimación de volumen y Onis 2.6 como visor de imágenes. Se reclutaron 300 voluntarios sanos. El resultado de la fiabilidad del protocolo fue 0,805. El volumen hepático medio absoluto fue 3261,32 ± 1365,313 cm3. Se detectó un volumen más elevado de hígado en las mujeres que en los hombres. Se detectó una correlación positiva entre el volumen y el índice de masa corporal (valor de p 0,001) independientemente del sexo. La relación con la edad mostró un aumento continuo y brusco hasta los 50 años, luego comenzó a disminuir de manera constante. Se detectó la relación del volumen hepático con el sexo y el índice de masa corporal. Se necesitan más estudios para investigar la relación entre la etnia y los grupos etarios.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Liver/anatomy & histology , Liver/diagnostic imaging , Organ Size , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Body Mass Index , Sex Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Age Factors , Liver Transplantation , Contrast Media , Imaging, Three-Dimensional
5.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 296-311, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927666

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The present study was undertaken to evaluate the subchronic oral toxicity of sodium dehydroacetate (DHA-Na) and to determine the point of departure (POD), which is a critical factor in the establishment of an acceptable dietary intake.@*Methods@#DHA-Na was administered once daily by gavage to Sprague-Dawley rats at dose levels of 0.0, 31.0, 62.0, and 124.0 mg/kg BW per day for 90 days, followed by a recovery period of 4 weeks in the control and 124.0 mg/kg BW per day groups. The outcome parameters were mortality, clinical observations, body weights, food consumption, hematology and clinical biochemistry, endocrine hormone levels, and ophthalmic, urinary, and histopathologic indicators. The benchmark dose (BMD) approach was applied to estimate the POD.@*Results@#Significant decreases were found in the 62.0 and 124.0 mg/kg BW groups in terms of the body weight and food utilization rate, whereas a significant increase was found in the thyroid stimulating hormone levels of the 124.0 mg/kg BW group. Importantly, the 95% lower confidence limit on the BMD of 51.7 mg/kg BW was modeled for a reduction in body weight.@*Conclusion@#The repeated-dose study indicated the slight systemic toxicity of DHA-Na at certain levels (62.0 and 124.0 mg/kg BW) after a 90-day oral exposure.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Body Weight , Organ Size , Pyrones , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
6.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(3): 1-14, sept. 2021. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292471

ABSTRACT

The accuracy of internal organ volume estimation done with ultrasound (US) was found to be multifactorial. Hence, we aimed to describe and validate the volume assessment of ultrasound and standard volume estimation formulae for different shaped intra-abdominal organs using spleens and kidneys.Dissected cadaveric kidneys (n=25) and spleens (n=29) were scanned to obtain linear measurements and ultrasound auto-generated volumes (USV). Linear measurements were used to calculate the volumes manually with ellipsoid, prolate, and Lambert volume estimating formulae. The actual volumes (AV) of organs were obtained by the water displacement method. Volume assessment accuracy of USV and different formulae were compared by comparing bias, precision and Bland-Altman plot analysis. The US linear and volume measurement procedure was reliable with high inter and intra-observer agreements (linear: Chronbach's α=0.983 to 0.934; volumes: Chronbach's α=0.989). USV estimates were accurate with a high correlation to AV and low estimation bias (-5.9%). Also, prolate (bias=-0.75%) and ellipsoid formulae (bias=-3.75%) were reliable with a negligible bias in estimated volumes. Contrary, the Lambert formula was unreliable due to a high bias (41.6%). For all evaluated methods, the estimation error found to be related to the organ size (T=3.483; p=0.001), mainly when the assessed organ is larger than 50 ml. Also, the shape related estimation error found to be related to the volume estimation formula used.This study has validated the USV for kidney and splenic volume assessments while describing volume-calculating formula employed, organ size and shape as significant contributors for volume estimation accuracy.


Se encontró que la precisión de la estimación del volumen de órganos internos realizada con ultrasonido (US) es multifactorial. El objetivo fue describir y validar la evaluación de volumen mediante ecografía y las fórmulas estándar de estimación de volumen para órganos intraabdominales de diferentes formas utilizando bazos y riñones.Se evaluaron riñones cadavéricos disecados (n = 25) y bazos (n = 29) para obtener medidas lineales y volúmenes autogenerados por ultrasonido (USV). Se utilizaron medidas lineales para calcular los volúmenes manualmente con fórmulas de estimación de volumen elipsoide, prolate y Lambert. Los volúmenes reales (AV) de los órganos se obtuvieron mediante el método de desplazamiento de agua. Se comparó la precisión de la evaluación del volumen de USV y diferentes fórmulas comparando el sesgo, la precisión y el análisis de la gráfica de Bland-Altman. El procedimiento de medición lineal y de volumen mediante US fue confiable con alta concordancia inter e intraobservadores (lineal: α de Chronbach = 0,983 a 0,934; volúmenes: α de Chronbach = 0,989). Las estimaciones de USV fueron precisas con una alta correlación con AV y un bajo sesgo de estimación (-5,9%). Además, las fórmulas prolate (sesgo= -0,75%) y elipsoide (sesgo = -3,75%) fueron confiables con un sesgo insignificante en los volúmenes estimados. Por el contrario, la fórmula de Lambert no fue confiable debido a un alto sesgo (41,6%). Para todos los métodos evaluados, se encontró que el error de estimación estaba relacionado con el tamaño del órgano (T = 3.483; p = 0.001), principalmente cuando el órgano evaluado es mayor de 50 ml. Además, se encontró que el error de estimación de forma está relacionado con la fórmula de estimación de volumen utilizada.Este estudio ha validado el USV para evaluaciones de volumen renal y esplénico al mismo tiempo que describe la fórmula de cálculo de volumen empleada, el tamaño y la forma de los órganos como contribuyentes significativos de la precisión de la estimación de volumen.


Subject(s)
Spleen/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography/methods , Kidney/diagnostic imaging , Organ Size , Spleen/anatomy & histology , Kidney/anatomy & histology
7.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 86(3): 274-281, jun. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388661

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Comparar el índice de consistencia cervical con la longitud cervical en la predicción de parto pretérmino inminente en pacientes sintomáticas. MÉTODO: Estudio prospectivo realizado en mujeres con embarazos únicos entre 24 y 35 semanas, con diagnóstico clínico de amenaza de parto pretérmino, que asistieron al Hospital Central Dr. Urquinaona en Maracaibo, Venezuela. Al momento del diagnóstico, las pacientes fueron evaluadas con ecografía transvaginal para establecer los valores del índice de consistencia cervical y la longitud cervical. La resultante principal fue parto inminente (en los 7 días siguientes a la evaluación). RESULTADOS: Se incluyeron 657 pacientes, de las que 152 presentaron parto pretérmino inminente (grupo A) y 505 fueron consideradas como controles (grupo B). No se encontraron diferencias entre los grupos en cuanto a edad materna, nuliparidad, antecedente de parto pretérmino, antecedente de hábito tabáquico e índice de masa corporal. Las pacientes del grupo A presentaron valores significativamente más bajos del índice de consistencia cervical y de longitud cervical que las del grupo B (p < 0,0001). El índice de consistencia cervical mostró un valor de área bajo la curva de 0,857, mientras que para la longitud cervical este fue de 0,977. La diferencia de la capacidad de discriminación entre las áreas bajo la curva de cada prueba fue significativa (p < 0,0001). CONCLUSIÓN: El índice de consistencia cervical no es superior a la longitud cervical en la predicción de parto pretérmino inminente en pacientes sintomáticas.


OBJECTIVE: To compare the cervical consistency index with the cervical length in predicting imminent preterm delivery in symptomatic patients. METHOD: This prospective study was conducted in women with single pregnancies between 24 and 35 weeks, with a clinical diagnosis of threatened preterm delivery who attended the Central Hospital Dr. Urquinaona, in Maracaibo, Venezuela. At the time of diagnosis, the patients were evaluated using transvaginal ultrasound to establish the values of the cervical consistency index and cervical length. The main result was imminent delivery (in the 7 days following the evaluation). RESULTS: 657 patients were included, 152 women presented imminent preterm delivery (group A) and 505 were considered as controls (group B). No differences were found between the groups concerning maternal age, nulliparity, history of preterm delivery, history of smoking, and body mass index. Group A patients presented significantly lower values of cervical consistency index and cervical length compared to group B patients (p < 0.0001). The cervical consistency index and cervical length showed an area value under the curve of 0.857 and 0.977, respectively. The difference in the ability to discriminate between the areas under the curve of each test was significant (p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: The cervical consistency index is not superior to the cervical length in the prediction of imminent preterm delivery in symptomatic patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Cervix Uteri/diagnostic imaging , Obstetric Labor, Premature/diagnosis , Organ Size , Cervix Uteri/anatomy & histology , Predictive Value of Tests , Prospective Studies , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Sensitivity and Specificity
8.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(2): 96-99, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280112

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: to compare the Subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT) and Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Thickness (RNFL) of amblyopic and normal fellow eyes. Design: Prospective, cross-sectional, observational case series. Methods: Forty patients age 12 to 41 years (mean 23.73 ± 6.42) with unilateral amblyopia were studied. Among them, 11(28.2%) patients had amblyopia secondary to strabismus and 29(71.8 %) had anisometropic amblyopia. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) of the peripapillary RNFL thickness of amblyopic and fellow eyes was performed. RNFL thickness measurements were taken from the superior, inferior, nasal and temporal quadrants in the peripapillary region. Also, subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT) was measured using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Results: Mean global RNFL thickness of the amblyopic and fellow eyes was 104.48 microns and 102.83 microns, respectively. The difference between the two groups was not statistically significant (p>0.05%). The thicknesses of the superior, inferior, nasal and temporal quadrants of the retinal nerve fiber layer between the amblyopic and normal fellow eyes showed no statistically significant difference (p>0.05%). However, the SFCT of amblyopic eye was 11 or more microns thicker than the fellow eye and this was statistically significant different (p<0.05%). Conclusions: This study demonstrated SFCT in amblyopic eyes was significantly thicker than the normal fellow eyes. The amblyopic process may involve the choroid, but not the prepapillary NFL.


RESUMO Objetivo: comparar a espessura da coroide subfoveal (CSF) e da camada de fibra nervosa retinal (CFNR) de olhos amblíopes e normais. Design: série de casos prospectivos, transversais e observacionais. Métodos: Quarenta pacientes com idade entre 12 e 41 anos (média 23,73 ± 6,42) com ambliopia unilateral foram estudados. Entre eles, 11 (28,2%) pacientes apresentavam ambliopia secundária a estrabismo e 29 (71,8%) apresentavam ambliopia anisometrópica. Foi realizada tomografia de coerência óptica (TCO) da espessura da CFNR peripapilar do olho amblíope e do outro olho. As medidas de espessura da CFNR foram realizadas nos quadrantes superior, inferior, nasal e temporal na região peripapilar. Além disso, a espessura da coroide subfoveal (CSF) foi medida através de tomografia de coerência óptica de domínio espectral (TCO-DE). Resultados: A espessura média global da CFNR do olho amblíope e do outro olho foi de 104,48 mícrons e 102,83 mícrons, respectivamente. A diferença entre os dois grupos não foi estatisticamente significativa (p > 0,05%). As espessuras dos quadrantes superior, inferior, nasal e temporal da camada de fibras nervosas da retina entre o olho amblíope e o normal não apresentaram diferença estatisticamente significativa (p > 0,05%). No entanto, a CSF do olho amblíope foi 11 mícrons mais espessa (ou mais) do que a do outro olho - essa diferença foi estatisticamente significativa (p < 0,05%). Conclusões: Este estudo demonstrou que a CSF dos olhos amblíopes foi significativamente mais espessa do que a dos olhos normais. O processo amblíope pode envolver a coroide, mas ele não envolve a CFNR peripapilar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Amblyopia/complications , Amblyopia/diagnostic imaging , Choroid/diagnostic imaging , Nerve Fibers/pathology , Optic Disk/pathology , Optic Nerve/pathology , Organ Size , Retinal Ganglion Cells/pathology , Visual Acuity , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Choroid/pathology , Tomography, Optical Coherence/methods , Fovea Centralis/pathology
10.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(3): 248-255, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137175

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives: To assess the agreement between the epidural depth measured from the surgical site with the epidural depths estimated with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasound scanning. Methods: Fifty patients of either sex, scheduled for L4‒5 lumbar disc surgery under general anesthesia were enrolled in this prospective observational study, and the results of 49 patients were analyzed. The actual epidural depth was measured from the surgical site with a sterile surgical scale. The MRI-derived epidural depth was measured from the MRI scan. The ultrasound estimated epidural depth was measured from the ultrasound image obtained just before surgery. Results: The mean epidural depth measured from the surgical site was 53.80 ± 7.67 mm, the mean MRI-derived epidural depth was 54.06 ± 7.36 mm, and the ultrasound-estimated epidural depth was 53.77 ± 7.94 mm. The correlation between the epidural depth measured from the surgical site and MRI-derived epidural depth was 0.989 (r2 = 0.979, p < 0.001), and the corresponding correlation with the ultrasound-estimated epidural depth was 0.990 (r2 = 0.980, p < 0.001). Conclusions: Both ultrasound-estimated epidural depth and MRI-derived epidural depth have a strong correlation with the epidural depth measured from the surgical site. Preprocedural MRI-derived estimates of epidural depth are slightly deeper than the epidural depth measured from the surgical site, and the ultrasound estimated epidural depths are somewhat shallower. Although both radiologic imaging techniques provided reliable preprocedural estimates of the actual epidural depth, the loss of resistance technique cannot be discarded while inserting epidural needles.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos: Avaliar a concordância entre a profundidade peridural medida no campo cirúrgico com a profundidade peridural estimada pela Ressonância Magnética (RM) e ultrassonografia. Métodos: Cinquenta pacientes de ambos os sexos agendados para cirurgia de disco lombar L4-5 sob anestesia geral foram incluídos neste estudo observacional prospectivo, e os resultados de 49 pacientes foram analisados. A profundidade peridural real foi medida no campo cirúrgico com uma régua cirúrgica estéril. A profundidade peridural obtida pela Ressonância Magnética (RM) foi medida a partir das imagens do exame de RM. A profundidade peridural estimada pelo ultrassom foi medida a partir da imagem do ultrassom obtida imediatamente antes da cirurgia. Resultados: A profundidade peridural média medida no campo cirúrgico foi de 53,80 ± 7,67 mm; a profundidade peridural média da RM foi de 54,06 ± 7,36 mm; e a profundidade peridural estimada por ultrassom foi de 53,77 ± 7,94 mm. A correlação entre a profundidade peridural medida no campo cirúrgico e a profundidade peridural derivada da RM foi de 0,989 (r2 = 0,979; p < 0,001); e a correlação correspondente com a profundidade peridural estimada por ultrassom foi de 0,990 (r2 = 0,980; p < 0,001). Conclusões: Tanto a profundidade peridural estimada por ultrassom quanto a profundidade peridural derivada da RM mostram forte correlação com a profundidade peridural medida no campo cirúrgico. As estimativas pré-operatórias da profundidade peridural derivadas da RM são um pouco mais profundas do que a profundidade peridural medida no campo cirúrgico, e as profundidades peridurais estimadas por ultrassom são um pouco mais rasas. Embora ambas as técnicas de imagem radiológica tenham fornecido estimativas pré-operatórias confiáveis da profundidade peridural real, a técnica de perda de resistência não pode ser descartada durante a inserção da agulha peridural.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Epidural Space/anatomy & histology , Epidural Space/diagnostic imaging , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae , Organ Size , Prospective Studies , Ultrasonography , Correlation of Data , Intraoperative Period , Middle Aged
11.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(1): 13-16, Feb. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056389

ABSTRACT

Plastination is currently the most important anatomical preservation technique due to the possibility of preserving bodies and organs for an indefinite period, in a dry and biosecure form, while preserving the morphological characteristics of the tissues. However, the shrinkage of the samples is also part of the plastination, perhaps becoming one of its few disadvantages. This paper presents the shrinkage caused by the classic technique of sheet plastination with polyester resin (Biodur® P40) in human brain slices, with the aim of statistically establishing the percentages of tissue shrinkage caused by this plastination protocol.


La plastinación es actualmente la técnica de preservación anatómica más importante debido a la posibilidad de preservar los cuerpos y órganos por un período indefinido, en forma seca y biosegura, al tiempo que preserva las características morfológicas de los tejidos. Sin embargo, la retracción de las muestras también es parte de la plastinación, quizás convirtiéndose en una de sus pocas desventajas. Este artículo presenta la retracción causada por la técnica clásica de plastinación de cortes con resina poliéster (Biodur® P40) en cortes de cerebro humano, con el objetivo de establecer estadísticamente los porcentajes de retracción de tejidos causados por este protocolo de plastinación.


Subject(s)
Humans , Organ Size , Polyesters/chemistry , Brain/anatomy & histology , Plastic Embedding/methods , Tissue Preservation , Resins
12.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO4662, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056076

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To assess accuracy of multiparametric magnetic resonance of the prostate to estimate gland volume, comparing the results with transrectal ultrasound and surgical specimen. Methods A retrospective study of 85 patients who underwent multiparametric magnetic resonance and transrectal ultrasound (for fusion image-guided biopsy) before radical prostatectomy. Prostate measurements were obtained from magnetic resonance axial and sagittal T2-weighted images and ultrasound; the prostate volume was determined using the ellipsoid formula. The results were compared with the surgical specimen weight. Maximum interval between multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging, transrectal ultrasound, and prostatectomy was 6 months. Results The prostate volume measured by multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging was 18-157cm3 (mean of 49.9cm3) and by transrectal ultrasound, 22-165cm3 (mean of 54.9cm3); the surgical specimen weight was 20-154g (mean of 48.6g), with no statistical differences. Based on the values obtained from imaging examinations, the prostate volume obtained was very close to the real prostatic weight, and the measures by multiparametric magnetic resonance were slightly more precise. Conclusion Prostate volume measured by multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging and transrectal ultrasound showed similar values, and excellent agreement with real prostate weight of the surgical specimens. Prostate volume measured by magnetic resonance has been increasingly used in the clinical practice, and its value enables appropriate therapeutic planning and control of patients.


RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar a acurácia da ressonância magnética multiparamétrica da próstata para estimativa do volume da glândula, comparando seus resultados com a ultrassonografia transretal e correlacionando com o volume obtido da peça cirúrgica. Métodos Estudo retrospectivo incluindo 85 pacientes submetidos à ressonância magnética e, posteriormente, à ultrassonografia transretal (para orientação de biópsia com fusão de imagens) e, a seguir, à prostatectomia radical. As dimensões prostáticas foram obtidas na ressonância a partir das imagens nos planos axial e sagital em sequências ponderadas em T2 e, assim como na ultrassonografia, o volume foi calculado a partir do método da elipsoide. Os valores foram comparados com o peso prostático pós-cirúrgico. O intervalo máximo entre a ressonância e ultrassonografia e prostatectomia foi de 6 meses. Resultados O volume prostático obtido por ressonância magnética foi de 18 a 157cm3(média de 49,9cm3); pela ultrassonografia transretal, foi de 22 a 165cm3(média de 54,9cm3); e o peso da peça cirúrgica foi de 20 a 154g (média de 48,6g), sem diferenças estatísticas. A partir do valor obtido por esses métodos de imagem, provou-se que o volume prostático obtido aproximou-se bastante do peso real da próstata, com discreta maior precisão das medidas obtidas por ressonância magnética multiparamétrica. Conclusão As medidas do volume prostático adquiridas pela ressonância magnética e pela ultrassonografia transretal são semelhantes entre si, com excelente concordância com os pesos reais das próstatas obtidos das peças cirúrgicas. A avaliação desse dado, a partir da ressonância, método cada vez mais utilizado na prática clínica, permite o adequado planejamento terapêutico e o controle dos pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Prostate/anatomy & histology , Prostatic Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography/methods , Multiparametric Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Organ Size , Prostate/diagnostic imaging , Prostatectomy , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Image-Guided Biopsy/methods , Dimensional Measurement Accuracy , Middle Aged
13.
Acta cir. bras ; 35(2): e202000201, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1100884

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose To evaluate the effect of a PP mesh on duct deferens morphology, testicular size and testosterone levels. Methods Forty adult male rats were distributed into groups: 1) no surgery; 2) inguinotomy; 3) mesh placed on the duct deferens; and 4) mesh placed on the spermatic funiculus. After 90 postoperative days, the inguinal region was resected, and blood samples were collected for the measurement of serum testosterone (pg/dl). The ducts deferens were sectioned in three axial sections according to the relationship with the mesh — cranial, medial and caudal. The wall thickness and duct deferens lumen area were measured. Results The morphology of the duct deferens was preserved in all groups. The mesh placement did not alter this morphology in any of the analyzed segments. Surgery, with or without mesh placement, did not alter the morphology, wall thickness or lumen area (p>0.05). In all operated groups, serum testosterone levels were similar (p>0.05) but there was a decrease in testicle size (p<0.05). Conclusion Surgery, with or without mesh placement, did not alter the morphology of the duct deferens and, although this treatment resulted in testicular size reduction, it did not affect serum testosterone levels.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Surgical Mesh , Vas Deferens/pathology , Foreign-Body Reaction/pathology , Inguinal Canal/surgery , Organ Size , Polypropylenes , Postoperative Period , Spermatic Cord/surgery , Testis/anatomy & histology , Testosterone/blood , Vas Deferens/surgery , Foreign-Body Reaction/blood , Rats, Wistar , Models, Animal
14.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190168, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1090767

ABSTRACT

Abstract Isthmuses are reported as common anatomic complexities in teeth often associated with failures in endodontic treatment. They should be considered before starting treatment and a preoperative computed tomography scan (CT) may demonstrate these complexities. Objective To assess the diagnostic value of the highest resolution settings of a cone-beam CT (CBCT) system in identifying and measuring apical isthmuses, using micro-CT as reference. Methodology After micro-CT scanning, 40 humans' lower first molars with isthmuses in the apical-3 mm of mesial roots were scanned by the highest resolution settings of the New Generation i-Cat ® CBCT equipment. Two blinded observers recorded the detection of isthmuses in CBCT scans. The lengths of isthmuses were compared between micro-CT and CBCT to assess the diagnostic value of CBCT. Quantitative data for sensitivity were represented as percentages (95% confidence interval). The Bland-Altman method was used to assess differences between gold standard lengths (micro-CT) and CBCT lengths. Results BCT demonstrated 30 positive findings, representing sensitivity for isthmus identification of 75% (95% CI=0.4114-1.1364). Differences between the lengths in micro-CT (1.99±0.40 mm) and CBCT (1.53±0.41 mm) were significant (p<0.0001). Conclusion The CBCT device used presented limited diagnostic value in the identification and measurement of apical isthmuses in the mesial roots of lower molars. In some cases, the actual anatomy of the apical root canal may not be completely delineated in this type of CBCT system, even using the highest resolution settings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Root/anatomy & histology , Tooth Root/diagnostic imaging , Tooth Apex/anatomy & histology , Tooth Apex/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Organ Size , Reference Values , Root Canal Therapy/methods , Observer Variation , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Sensitivity and Specificity , Molar/anatomy & histology , Molar/diagnostic imaging
15.
Rev. peru. med. exp. salud publica ; 36(4): 681-686, oct.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058779

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Con el objetivo de determinar el efecto del consumo de harina de cáscara o harina de pulpa de dos variedades de Solanum tuberosum (papa Yungay y papa Canchán) sobre la acumulación de tejido adiposo, peso de órganos y estrés oxidativo en hígado de ratas realizamos un estudio experimental en 24 ratas Holtzman obesas, divididos en cuatro grupos y, sometidas a dietas que contenían 10% de harina de las dos variedades de papa. Los grupos fueron T1: cáscara Yungay, T2: pulpa Yungay; T3: cáscara Canchán; y T4: pulpa Canchán. Al finalizar, se sacrificaron todos los animales para registrar los pesos de órganos y tejido adiposo, y extraer muestras para determinar la actividad enzimática de superóxido dismutasa y catalasa en el hígado. El grupo de ratas obesas que consumió pulpa de variedad Yungay tuvo menor estrés oxidativo en el hígado; además, independientemente de la parte de tubérculo consumido, esta variedad redujo el peso de los riñones.


ABSTRACT This study aimed to determine the effect of the consumption of peel flour or pulp flour from two varieties of Solanum tuberosum (Yungay potato and Canchán potato) on the accumulation of adipose tissue, organ weight, and oxidative stress in the liver of rats. We carried out an experimental study in 24 obese Holtzman rats, divided into four groups and subjected to diets containing 10% flour from both varieties of potato. The groups were T1: Yungay peel; T2: Yungay pulp; T3: Canchán peel; and T4: Canchán pulp. When the study was completed, all the animals were slaughtered to record the weights of organs and adipose tissue and to extract samples to determine the enzyme activity of superoxide dismutase and catalase in the liver. The group of obese rats that consumed the pulp of the Yungay variety had less oxidative stress in the liver. Also, regardless of the tuber part consumed, this variety reduced the weight of the kidneys.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Solanum tuberosum/chemistry , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Obesity/drug therapy , Organ Size/drug effects , Adipose Tissue/drug effects , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Kidney/drug effects , Kidney/metabolism , Liver/drug effects , Liver/metabolism
16.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(4): 1463-1468, Dec. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040154

ABSTRACT

Acute effect of purified mimosine (MiMo) extracted from Leucaena leucocephala on testicular histopathology has been documented with seminal vesicle (SV) atrophy. Since protein phosphorylation and seminal secretions play important roles in sperm physiology, this study aimed to study the alteration of substances including tyrosine phosphorylated (TyrPho) proteins in seminal vesicle treated with MiMo. Male mice were divided into a control and experimental groups treated with purified MiMo at 3 doses of 15, 30, and 60 mg/KgBW, respectively for 35 consecutive days. The morphology and weights of SV were compared among groups. The levels of magnesium and fructosamine in SV fluid were assayed. The profiles of equally SV total proteins were compared using SDS-PAGE. The expression of seminal TyrPho proteins was detected by western blotting. Recent results showed the decreased weights of SV in MiMo treated mice compared to control. However MiMo in all doses did not affect the levels of magnesium and fructosamine in SV fluid. The SV protein expression of 130 and 55 kDas was obviously decreased in a high dose MiMo. In dose-dependent response, the expressions of 72 and 55 kDas TyrPho proteins of SV were increased. In conclusion, MiMo could affect SV morphological size and protein secretions especially TyrPho proteins.


El efecto agudo de la mimosina purificada (MiMo) extraída de Leucaena leucocephala en la histopatología testicular se ha documentado con atrofia de vesícula seminal (VS). Debido a que la fosforilación de proteínas y las secreciones seminales tienen un papel importante en la fisiología de los espermatozoides, este estudio tuvo como objetivo estudiar la alteración de sustancias como la proteína tirosina fosforilada (TyrPho) en vesículas seminales tratadas con MiMo. Los ratones se dividieron en un grupo control y un grupo experimental y se trataron con MiMo purificado en 3 dosis de 15, 30 y 60 mg / KgBW, respectivamente, durante 35 días seguidos. La morfología y los pesos de VS se compararon entre los grupos. Fueron analizados los niveles de magnesio y fructosamina en el fluido VS. Los perfiles de las proteínas totales de VS se compararon utilizando SDS-PAGE. La expresión de la proteína TyrPho en las vesículas seminales se detectó mediante transferencia de Western blot. Los resultados recientes muestran la disminución del peso de las VS en ratones tratados con MiMo, en comparación con el grupo control. Sin embargo, en ninguna de las dosis se vieron afectados por mimosina purificada los niveles de magnesio y fructosamina en el líquido de las VS. La expresión de la proteína en VS de 130 y 55 kDas disminuyó notablemente en una dosis alta de MiMo. En la respuesta dependiente de la dosis, aumentaron las expresiones de 72 y 55 kDas de las proteínas TyrPho en las VS. En conclusión, la mimosina purificada podría afectar el tamaño morfológico de las VS y la expresión de proteínas, especialmente las proteínas TyrPho.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Phosphoproteins/drug effects , Seminal Vesicles/drug effects , Mimosine/administration & dosage , Organ Size , Phosphoproteins/metabolism , Phosphorylation , Seminal Vesicles/pathology , Tyrosine/analogs & derivatives , Blotting, Western , Phosphotyrosine , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Mice, Inbred ICR , Mimosine/pharmacology
17.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(11): e201901103, Nov. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054680

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate liver regeneration after selective ligation of portal vein and hepatic artery by 3D Computed Tomography in an experimental model. Methods: Sixteen Wistar rats were randomized into four equal groups: Group I- control (sham), Group II- isolated selective ligation of the hepatic artery, Group III- isolated selective ligation of the portal vein and Group IV- combined ligation of portal vein and hepatic artery. Before procedure and five days after a 3D CT Scan was performed to analyze the hypertrophy, weight and function of the remnant liver. Results: The largest regeneration rate and increase of weight in the hypertrophied lobe was detected in group IV, the first with an average of 3.99 (p=0.006) and the last varying from 6.10g to 9.64g (p=0.01). However, total liver weight and the R1 ratio (Hypertrophied Lobe Weight/Total Liver Weight) was higher in group III (P<0.001) when compared with groups I, II and IV and showed no difference between them. The immunohistochemical examination with PCNA also found higher percentages with statistical significance differences in rats of groups III and IV. It was possible to confirm a strong correlation between hypertrophied lobe weight and its imaging volumetric study. Liver function tests only showed a significant difference in serum gamma-glutamyltransferase and phosphorous. Conclusion: There is a largest liver regeneration after combined ligation of portal vein and hepatic artery and this evidence may improve the knowledge of surgical treatment of liver injuries, with a translational impact in anima nobile.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Portal Vein/surgery , Hepatic Artery/surgery , Liver/diagnostic imaging , Liver Regeneration/physiology , Organ Size/physiology , Immunohistochemistry , Random Allocation , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Hepatomegaly/physiopathology , Hepatomegaly/diagnostic imaging , Ligation , Liver/blood supply , Liver/pathology
18.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 113(5): 896-902, Nov. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055036

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: In view of the increased global prevalence of cardiovascular and hepatic diseases, the diet lipid content and its relationship with the accumulation of fat in hepatocytes have been investigated as key factors in preventing these diseases. Objective: To evaluate the metabolic effects of a high-lard diet supplemented or not with cholesterol on a modified dyslipidemia model. Methods: We divided 24 adult male Wistar rats into three groups: standard diet (STD - 4% lipids), high-lard diet (HLD - 21% lard), and high-lard and high-cholesterol diet (HL/HCD - 20% lard, 1% cholesterol, 0.1% cholic acid). After six weeks of treatment, blood and liver were collected for biochemical (serum lipid profile and liver enzymes) and morphological analyses. Statistical analysis included one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), followed by Tukey test for mean comparisons, and a 5% probability was considered statistically significant. Results: Animals fed HL/HCD showed increased total cholesterol, triacylglycerol, LDL-c, non-HDL-c, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) serum levels compared to those fed STD. In addition, the HL/HCD animals presented higher relative liver weight, with moderate macrovesicular hepatic steatosis and inflammatory infiltrate. Conclusion: A high-fat diet with lard (20%) and cholesterol (1%) triggered dyslipidemia with severe liver damage in rats in a shorter experimental time than the previously reported models. The high-lard diet without supplementation of cholesterol led to body weight gain, but not to dyslipidemia.


Resumo Fundamento: Tendo em vista o aumento da prevalência global de doenças cardiovasculares e hepáticas, o conteúdo lipídico da dieta e sua relação com o acúmulo de gordura nos hepatócitos têm sido investigados como fatores-chave na prevenção dessas doenças. Objetivo: Avaliar os efeitos metabólicos de uma dieta rica em banha suplementada com colesterol ou não, em um modelo modificado de dislipidemia. Métodos: Foram divididos 24 ratos Wistar machos adultos em três grupos: dieta padrão (DP - 4% de lipídios), dieta rica em banha (DRB - 21% de banha) e dieta rica em banha e colesterol (DRB/RC - 20% de banha, 1% de colesterol e 0,1% de ácido cólico). Após seis semanas de tratamento, o sangue e o fígado foram coletados para análises bioquímicas (perfil lipídico sérico e enzimas hepáticas) e morfológicas. A análise estatística incluiu análise de variância unidirecional (ANOVA), seguida do teste de Tukey para comparações de médias. Uma probabilidade de 5% foi considerada estatisticamente significativa. Resultados: Animais alimentados com DRB/RC apresentaram um aumento nos níveis séricos de colesterol total, triacilglicerol, LDL-c, não-HDL-c, alanina aminotransferase (ALT) e aspartato aminotransferase (AST) em comparação com aqueles alimentados com DP. Além disso, os animais tratados com DRB/RC apresentaram um peso relativo do fígado maior, com esteatose hepática macrovesicular moderada e infiltrado inflamatório. Conclusão: Uma dieta rica em gordura com banha (20%) e colesterol (1%) desencadeou dislipidemia com danos graves ao fígado em ratos em um tempo experimental menor do que os modelos previamente relatados. A dieta rica em banha sem suplementação de colesterol levou ao ganho de peso corporal, mas não à dislipidemia.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Dyslipidemias/chemically induced , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Metabolic Diseases/etiology , Organ Size , Aspartate Aminotransferases/blood , Triglycerides/blood , Body Weight , Dietary Fats/adverse effects , Cholesterol/adverse effects , Cholesterol/blood , Rats, Wistar , Alanine Transaminase/blood , Disease Models, Animal , Dyslipidemias/metabolism , Dyslipidemias/blood , Fatty Liver/pathology , Inflammation , Cholesterol, HDL/blood , Cholesterol, LDL/blood , Liver/metabolism , Liver/pathology , Metabolic Diseases/metabolism , Metabolic Diseases/blood
19.
São Paulo med. j ; 137(5): 446-453, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1059096

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Lower urinary tract symptoms significantly worsen quality of life. The hypothesis that they might lead to serious systolic blood pressure alterations through inducing sympathetic nervous activity has not been studied so far. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between benign prostate enlargement-related storage and voiding symptoms and systolic blood pressure. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional single-center study on data from a hospital patient record system. METHODS: We evaluated the medical records of all consecutive patients with benign prostate enlargement-related lower urinary tract symptoms admitted between January 2012 and December 2017. Storage and voiding symptoms were assessed separately. International Prostate Symptom Score, uroflowmetry, postvoiding residual urine volume and systolic blood pressure were recorded. Pearson correlation and linear regression analysis were used. RESULTS: Positive correlations were found between systolic blood pressure and all of the storage symptoms. Among these, urgency had the most significant effect. There were 166 patients (41.4%) with urgency for urination, which increased mean systolic blood pressure from 124.88 mmHg (average value in elevated blood pressure group) to 132.28 mmHg (average value in stage-1 hypertension group). Hesitancy in urinating and feeling of incomplete bladder emptying had weak positive correlations with systolic blood pressure. There was a negative correlation between systolic blood pressure and intermittency of urination. CONCLUSIONS: With increasing numbers of urine storage symptoms, systolic blood pressure also increases, while the opposite occurs for voiding symptoms in patients with benign prostate enlargement. We conjecture that storage symptoms may lead to this increase through inducing sympathetic hyperactivity. Further prospective studies with larger groups are needed to confirm these findings.


Subject(s)
Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Prostatic Hyperplasia/complications , Urination/physiology , Blood Pressure/physiology , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms/complications , Hypertension/complications , Organ Size , Prostate/physiopathology , Severity of Illness Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms/physiopathology , Hypertension/physiopathology
20.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(3): 1079-1084, Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012399

ABSTRACT

The maxillary sinus floor location and the buccal bone plate are factors to be considered in the long-term success with implant treatments mainly in the premolar region. the aim of this study was to establish morphometric characteristics of the buccal cortical bone (BCB) thickness of maxillary premolars and its relation to maxillary sinus floor through CBCT. In this study 350 first and second maxillary premolars were analyzed from 110 CBCT images and the buccal cortical bone (BCB) was measured in a coronal view at the major axis level of each premolar. In addition, in 200 first and second maxillary premolars CBCT images were measured the distance from premolar apex to maxillary sinus floor (MSF) in both frontal and sagittal plane. The type of relationship between the apex and MSF was classified according to Ok et al. (2014). The second premolar was observed with higher values of BCB (p<0.001). In first premolar, higher values were observed in the male sex (p>0.05). In second premolar, only significantly higher values were observed in the male sex in MA-MB-MC (p>0.05). Regarding to MSF and its relation to premolar roots, it was observed that 10 % of the sample was classified as type I, 19 % as type II, 55.5 % as type III and 15.5 % as type IV. The BCB of the upper premolar region is thicker in the apical region and decreases toward the coronal region. Almost 50 % of apex of second premolars are closely and risky related MSF (Type I and II).


La localización del piso del seno maxilar (PSM) y la tabla ósea vestibular (TOV) son factores a considerar en el éxito a largo plazo de los tratamientos de implante dental en la región premolar. El objetivo de este estudio fue establecer características morfométricas del grosor de la TOV en los premolares maxilares y su relación con el PSM a través de CBCT. Se analizaron 350 primeros y segundos premolares en 110 CBCT y la TOV fue medida en vista coronal en el eje axial mayor de cada premolar. Además en 200 primeros y segundos premolares maxilares se midió la distancia desde el ápice del diente hasta el PSM en el plano sagital y frontal. El tipo de relación entre el ápice y el PSM se clasificó según Ok et al. (2014). El Segundo premolar obtuvo los mayores valores de grosor de TOV (p<0.001). En primeros premolares se observaron valores altos en el género masculino (p>0.05). En segundos premolares solo se encontraron valores significativamente altos en el género masculino en MA-MB-MC (p>0.05). En la relación con el PSM y ápices de raíces de premolares, el 10% de la muestra se clasificó como tipo I, el 19% como tipo II, el 55,5% como tipo III y el 15.5% como tipo IV. En conclusión la TOV de la región premolares superior es más grueso en la zona apical, decreciendo hacia la zona coronal. Alrededor del 50% de los ápices de raíces de premolares maxilares están cercanas y en relación de riesgo con el PSM (tipo I y II).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Bicuspid/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Maxillary Sinus/diagnostic imaging , Organ Size , Bicuspid/anatomy & histology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Maxillary Sinus/anatomy & histology
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