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1.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e244244, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1448957

ABSTRACT

Com os avanços tecnológicos e o aprimoramento da prática médica via ultrassonografia, já é possível detectar possíveis problemas no feto desde a gestação. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a prática do psicólogo no contexto de gestações que envolvem riscos fetais. Trata-se de um estudo qualitativo sob formato de relato de experiência como psicólogo residente no Serviço de Medicina Fetal da Maternidade Escola da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). Os registros, feitos por observação participante e diário de campo, foram analisados em dois eixos temáticos: 1) intervenções psicológicas no trabalho em equipe em consulta de pré-natal, exame de ultrassonografia e procedimento de amniocentese; e 2) intervenções psicológicas em casos de bebês incompatíveis com a vida. Os resultados indicaram que o psicólogo nesse serviço é essencial para atuar de forma multiprofissional na assistência pré-natal para gravidezes de alto risco fetal. Ademais, a preceptoria do residente é relevante para sua formação e treinamento para atuação profissional no campo da psicologia perinatal.(AU)


Face to the technological advances and the improvement of medical practice via ultrasound, it is already possible to detect possible problems in the fetus since pregnancy. The objective of this study was to analyze the psychologist's practice in the context of pregnancies which involve fetal risks. It is a qualitative study based on an experience report as a psychologist trainee at the Fetal Medicine Service of the Maternity School of UFRJ. The records, based on the participant observation and field diary, were analyzed in two thematic axes: 1) psychological interventions in the teamwork in the prenatal attendance, ultrasound examination and amniocentesis procedure; and 2) psychological interventions in cases of babies incompatible to the life. The results indicated that the psychologist in this service is essential to work in a multidisciplinary way at the prenatal care for high fetal risk pregnancies. Furthermore, the resident's preceptorship is relevant to their education and training for professional performance in the field of Perinatal Psychology.(AU)


Con los avances tecnológicos y la mejora de la práctica médica a través de la ecografía, ya se puede detectar posibles problemas en el feto desde el embarazo. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la práctica del psicólogo en el contexto de embarazos de riesgos fetal. Es un estudio cualitativo basado en un relato de experiencia como residente de psicología en el Servicio de Medicina Fetal de la Escuela de Maternidad de la Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). Los registros, realizados en la observación participante y el diario de campo, se analizaron en dos ejes temáticos: 1) intervenciones psicológicas en el trabajo en equipo, en la consulta prenatal, ecografía y los procedimientos de amniocentesis; y 2) intervenciones psicológicas en casos de bebés incompatibles con la vida. Los resultados señalaron como fundamental la presencia del psicólogo en este servicio trabajando de forma multidisciplinar en la atención prenatal en el contexto de embarazos de alto riesgo fetal. Además, la tutela del residente es relevante para su educación y formación para el desempeño profesional en el campo de la Psicología Perinatal.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Prenatal Care , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Psychosocial Intervention , Heart Defects, Congenital , Anxiety , Orientation , Pain , Parent-Child Relations , Parents , Paternity , Patient Care Team , Patients , Pediatrics , Placenta , Placentation , Pregnancy Complications , Pregnancy Maintenance , Prognosis , Psychoanalytic Theory , Psychology , Puerperal Disorders , Quality of Life , Radiation , Religion , Reproduction , Reproductive and Urinary Physiological Phenomena , General Surgery , Syndrome , Congenital Abnormalities , Temperance , Therapeutics , Urogenital System , Bioethics , Physicians' Offices , Infant, Premature , Labor, Obstetric , Pregnancy , Pregnancy, Animal , Pregnancy Outcome , Adaptation, Psychological , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Echocardiography , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Family , Abortion, Spontaneous , Child Rearing , Child Welfare , Mental Health , Family Health , Survival Rate , Life Expectancy , Cause of Death , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Chromosome Mapping , Parental Leave , Mental Competency , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Recessive , Down Syndrome , Perinatal Care , Comprehensive Health Care , Chemical Compounds , Depression, Postpartum , Neurobehavioral Manifestations , Disabled Children , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures , Gravidity , Crisis Intervention , Affect , Cytogenetic Analysis , Spirituality , Complicity , Value of Life , Humanizing Delivery , Death , Decision Making , Defense Mechanisms , Abortion, Threatened , Delivery of Health Care , Dementia , Uncertainty , Organogenesis , Qualitative Research , Pregnant Women , Early Diagnosis , Premature Birth , Nuchal Translucency Measurement , Child Mortality , Depression , Depressive Disorder , Postpartum Period , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Techniques, Obstetrical and Gynecological , Ethanol , Ego , Emotions , Empathy , Environment , Humanization of Assistance , User Embracement , Ethics, Professional , Cell Nucleus Shape , Prenatal Nutrition , Cervical Length Measurement , Family Conflict , Family Therapy , Resilience, Psychological , Reproductive Physiological Phenomena , Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications , Gestational Sac , Brief, Resolved, Unexplained Event , Fetal Death , Embryonic and Fetal Development , Multimodal Imaging , Mortality, Premature , Clinical Decision-Making , Pediatric Emergency Medicine , Child, Foster , Freedom , Burnout, Psychological , Birth Setting , Frustration , Sadness , Respect , Psychological Distress , Genetics , Psychological Well-Being , Obstetricians , Guilt , Happiness , Health Occupations , Hospitalization , Hospitals, Maternity , Hospitals, University , Human Development , Human Rights , Imagination , Infections , Infertility , Anencephaly , Jurisprudence , Obstetric Labor Complications , Licensure , Life Change Events , Life Support Care , Loneliness , Love , Medical Staff, Hospital , Intellectual Disability , Morals , Mothers , Narcissism , Congenital, Hereditary, and Neonatal Diseases and Abnormalities , Neonatology , Nervous System Malformations , Object Attachment
2.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 238-242, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928542

ABSTRACT

Cilium, an organelle with a unique proteome and organization, protruding from the cell surface, generally serves as a force generator and signaling compartment. During ciliogenesis, ciliary proteins are synthesized in cytoplasm and transported into cilia by intraflagellar transport (IFT) particles, where the inner counterparts undergo reverse trafficking. The homeostasis of IFT plays a key role in cilial structure assembly and signaling transduction. Much progress has been made on the mechanisms and functions of IFT; however, recent studies have revealed the involvement of IFT particle subunits in organogenesis and spermatogenesis. In this review, we discuss new concepts concerning the molecular functions of IFT protein IFT25 and how its interactions with other IFT particle subunits are involved in mammalian development and fertility.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Biological Transport , Carrier Proteins/metabolism , Cilia/metabolism , Flagella/metabolism , Mammals/metabolism , Organogenesis , Proteins/metabolism , Signal Transduction
3.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 23(2): 119-125, maio-ago. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-996714

ABSTRACT

O consumo de bebidas alcoólicas na gravidez consiste em um importante problema de saúde pública, visto que, pode causar prejuízos na organogênese de diversos órgãos, incluindo o estômago, entretanto, poucos estudos avaliam o efeito da exposição pré-natal ao álcool nesse órgão. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar histologicamente o estômago da prole de ratas submetidas ao consumo crônico de álcool durante a prenhez. Utilizou-se 10 ratas prenhes divididas nos grupos: Controle - ratas que receberam água destilada durante todo período gestacional e Álcool ­ ratas que receberam álcool etílico absoluto (3g/kg/dia) durante todo período gestacional. Logo após o nascimento, 12 neonatos (6 machos e 6 fêmeas) de cada grupo foram anestesiados e os estômagos coletados. Posteriormente, os órgãos foram fixados e processados seguindo a técnica histológica de rotina. Foram feitas análises histomorfométricas das camadas mucosa, muscular e da parede total do estômago. Observou-se que as proles macho e fêmea expostas ao etanol apresentaram diminuição da área de epitélio, contudo, os machos também mostraram redução significativa do número de células epiteliais. Demonstrou-se ainda redução na espessura das camadas mucosa, muscular e da parede total do estômago da prole fêmea do grupo Álcool. No entanto, a camada muscular apresentou aumento significativo em sua espessura no grupo de neonatos machos expostos ao etanol. Assim, concluímos que a exposição pré-natal ao álcool provoca efeitos nocivos sobre o estômago dos neonatos, contudo, estudos futuros são necessários para melhor elucidar os mecanismos envolvidos na patogênese e possíveis consequências para os animais na fase adulta.


Consumption of alcoholic beverages during pregnancy is a significant public health issue since it can damage the organogenesis of several organs, including the stomach; however, few studies evaluate the effect of prenatal exposure to alcohol in this organ. The objective of this study was to analyze the histology of the stomach of offspring of rats submitted to chronic alcohol consumption during pregnancy. Ten pregnant rats were divided into two groups: Control - rats receiving distilled water throughout the gestation period, and Alcohol - rats receiving absolute ethyl alcohol (3g/kg/day) throughout the gestation period. After birth, 12 newborn rats (6 males and 6 females) from each group were anesthetized and their stomachs were collected. Subsequently, the organs were fixed and processed following the routine histological technique. The mucosa, muscle and total stomach were submitted to histomorphometric analyses. It was observed that the male and female offspring exposed to ethanol had a decrease in the epithelium area. However, males also showed a significant reduction in the number of epithelial cells. There was also a reduction in the layer's thickness mucosa, muscle and total stomach wall of the female offspring from the alcohol group. Additionally, the muscular layer presented a significant increase in its thickness in the group of male neonates exposed to ethanol. It can be concluded that prenatal exposure to alcohol causes harmful effects on neonates' stomachs; however, future studies are necessary to better elucidate the mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis and possible consequences for the animals in adulthood.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Mice , Stomach , Alcohol Drinking , Pregnancy, Animal , Histological Techniques , Rats, Wistar/microbiology , Distilled Water , Organogenesis , Ethanol , Epithelial Cells , Epithelium , Blood Alcohol Content , Acetaldehyde/analysis , Mucous Membrane , Muscle, Smooth/embryology
4.
International Journal of Stem Cells ; : 183-194, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764083

ABSTRACT

Cholangiopathies are rare diseases of the bile duct with high mortality rates. The current treatment for cholangiopathies is liver transplantation, but there are significant obstacles including a shortage of donors and a high risk of complications. Currently, there is only one available medicine on the market targeting cholangiopathies, and the results have been inadequate in clinical therapy. To overcome these obstacles, many researchers have used human induced pluripotent stem cells (hPSC) as a source for cholangiocyte-like cell generation and have incorporated advances in bioprinting to create artificial bile ducts for implantation and transplantation. This has allowed the field to move dramatically forward in studies of biliary regenerative medicine. In this review, the authors provide an overview of cholangiocytes, the organogenesis of the bile duct, cholangiopathies, and the current treatment and advances that have been made that are opening new doors to the study of cholangiopathies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bile Ducts , Bile , Bioprinting , Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells , Liver Transplantation , Mortality , Organogenesis , Rare Diseases , Regenerative Medicine , Tissue Donors
5.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(9): 744-752, Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973504

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate cardiac changes in young rats, whose mothers underwent autogenic fecal peritonitis, during organogenesis phase and to evaluate the role of intravenous administration of moxifloxacin and dexamethasone in preventing infection-related cardiac changes. Methods: A prospective histomorphometric study was performed on 29 hearts of Wistar four-month old rats. Animals were divided into three groups: Negative Control Group (NCG) included 9 subjects from healthy mothers; Positive Control Group (PCG) included 10 subjects from mothers with fecal peritonitis (intra-abdominal injection of 10% autogenic fecal suspension in the gestational period) and did not receive any treatment; and Intervention Group (IG), with 10 animals whose infected mothers received moxifloxacin and dexamethasone treatment 24 hours after induction of fecal peritonitis. Results: Nuclear count was higher in the IG group as compared to PCG (p = 0.0016) and in NCG as compared to PCG (p = 0.0380). There was no significant difference in nuclear counts between NCG and IG. Conclusion: Induced autogenic fecal peritonitis in pregnant Wistar rats determined myocardial changes in young rats that could be avoided by the early administration of intravenous moxifloxacin and dexamethasone.


Subject(s)
Animals , Pregnancy , Rats , Peritonitis/drug therapy , Dexamethasone/administration & dosage , Fluoroquinolones/administration & dosage , Myocardium/pathology , Peritonitis/complications , Peritonitis/pathology , Pregnancy Complications , Prospective Studies , Rats, Wistar , Organogenesis , Disease Models, Animal , Moxifloxacin , Heart/drug effects , Animals, Newborn
6.
Int. j. morphol ; 36(2): 693-698, jun. 2018. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-954173

ABSTRACT

Sonic hedgehog (Shh) es un morfógeno esencial para el desarrollo de diversas estructuras, tales como notocorda, placa del piso del tubo neural, miembros, entre otros. Se buscó determinar la inmunolocalización de Shh en embriones y fetos de ratón. Para ello, se eutanasiaron 10 ratones gestantes (Mus musculus) BALB/c, un grupo de 5 animales a los 12,5 días post-coito (dpc), y otro grupo a los 17,5 dpc. Los embriones y fetos obtenidos fueron fijados en formalina al 10 % tamponada en PBS e incluidos en paraplast. Se realizaron cortes transversales seriados. Se utilizó anticuerpo policlonal Shh (Santa Cruz Biotechnology, H-160, conejo), dilución 1:100. Se identificó y describió la inmunolocalización de las muestras marcadas positivamente. La expresión de Shh en los embriones de 12,5 dpc fue inmunopositiva en notocorda, placa del piso del tubo neural, precartílago de radio y ulna, y prácticamente todos los epitelios: bronquial, intestinal, vejiga y uretra. En la etapa fetal, a los 17,5 dpc la inmunopositividad desaparece en el cartílago a excepción de zonas de osificación, disminuye en la epidermis pero aparece en folículos pilosos. La mucosa intestinal se ha diferenciado en segmentos, mostrando una inmunotinción mayor a nivel de las vellosidades intestinales. Shh actúa en distintos estadios del periodo gestacional, siendo clave en la diferenciación de distintas estructuras. En etapas embrionaria, es vital en la formación del sistema nervioso, organogénesis y formación de miembros, por lo que su expresión se encuentra en estas zonas. Sin embargo, en la etapa fetal la expresión cambia a estructuras de mayor especialización como folículo piloso y vellosidades intestinales.


Sonic hedgehog (Shh) is an essential morphogen for the development of various structures, such as notochord, neural tube floor plate, limbs, among others. We sought to determine the immunolocalization of Shh in embryos and mouse fetuses. To do this, 10 pregnant mice (Mus musculus) BALB /c were euthanized, a group of 5 animals at 12.5 days postcoitus (dpc), and another group at 17.5 dpc. Embryos and fetuses obtained were fixed in 10 % formalin buffered in PBS and embedded in paraplast. Serial cross sections were made. Polyclonal antibody Shh (Santa Cruz Biotechnology, H-160, rabbit), dilution 1:100 was used. The immunolocalization of the positively labeled samples was identified and described. Shh expression in 12.5 dpc embryos was immunopositive in notochord, neural tube floor plate, radius precartilage and ulna, and practically all epithelia: bronchial, intestinal, bladder and urethra. In the fetal stage, at 17.5 dpc the immunopositivity disappears in the cartilage except for areas of ossification, decreases in the epidermis but appears in hair follicles. The intestinal mucosa has differentiated into segments, showing greater immunostaining at the level of the intestinal villi. Shh acts in different stages of the gestational period, being key in the differentiation of different structures. In embryonic stages, it is vital in the formation of the nervous system, organogenesis and formation of limbs, so its expression is found in these areas. However, in the fetal stage the expression changes to more specialized structures such as hair follicles and intestinal villi.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Mice , Organogenesis/physiology , Hedgehog Proteins/metabolism , Embryonic and Fetal Development , Immunohistochemistry , Embryo, Mammalian , Mice, Inbred BALB C
7.
Int. j. morphol ; 36(2): 709-715, jun. 2018. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-954175

ABSTRACT

Durante el período del desarrollo conocido como prefetal, el embrión cambia sus características ictiomórficas comunes a todos los vertebrados y adquiere gradualmente las formas propias de la especie que representa. Durante este período se forma la cara, involucionan los arcos faríngeos (branquiales) formándose el cuello, y aparecen los miembros. Se constituye, además, la hernia umbilical fisiológica, que consiste en la presencia de asas intestinales dentro del cordón umbilical. El sistema nervioso origina las vesículas telencefálicas, el diencéfalo, mesencéfalo, metencéfalo, y mielencéfalo. Este periodo corresponde a una etapa de máxima susceptibilidad ante los teratógenos que pueden generar malformaciones en todas las especies animales. El objetivo del presente trabajo es presentar los principales eventos acontecidos durante el periodo prefetal, además de una visión y opinión de los autores, proponiendo una nueva denominación a la etapa: periodo metamórfico.


During the period of development known as prefetal, the embryo changes its ictiomorphic characteristics common to all vertebrates and gradually acquires the proper forms of the species it represents. During this period the face is formed, the pharyngeal arches (branchial) involute forming the neck, and the limbs appear. In addition, the physiological umbilical hernia is constituted, which consists of the presence of intestinal loops inside the umbilical cord. The nervous system originates the telencephalic vesicles, the diencephalon, mesencephalon, metencephalon, and myelencephalon. This period corresponds to a stage of maximum susceptibility to teratogens that can generate malformations in all animal species. The objective of this paper is to present the main events that took place during the preferential period, as well as a vision and opinion of the authors, proposing a new name for the stage: metamorphic period.


Subject(s)
Animals , Organogenesis/physiology , Embryonic and Fetal Development/physiology , Metamorphosis, Biological
8.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 38(1): 154-166, Jan. 2018. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-895553

ABSTRACT

The rhea (Rhea americana) is an important wild species that has been highlighted in national and international livestock. This research aims to analyse embryo-foetal development in different phases of the respiratory system of rheas. Twenty-three embryos and foetuses were euthanized, fixed and dissected. Fragments of the respiratory system, including the nasal cavity, larynx, trachea, syrinx, bronchi and lungs, were collected and processed for studies using light and scanning electron microscopy. The nasal cavity presented cubic epithelium in the early stages of development. The larynx exhibited typical respiratory epithelium between 27 and 31 days. The trachea showed early formation of hyaline cartilage after 15 days. Syrinx in the mucous membrane of 18-day foetuses consisted of ciliated epithelium in the bronchial region. The main bronchi had ciliated epithelium with goblet cells in the syringeal region. In the lung, the parabronchial stage presented numerous parabronchi between 15 and 21 days. This study allowed the identification of normal events that occur during the development of the rhea respiratory system, an important model that has not previously been described. The information generated here will be useful for the diagnosis of pathologies that affect this organic system, aimed at improving captive production systems.(AU)


A ema (Rhea americana) representa importante espécie silvestre que vem se destacando na pecuaria nacional e internacional. Esta pesquisa objetiva analisar o desenvolvimento embrionário-fetal, em diferentes fases, do sistema respiratório de emas. Vinte e três embriões e fetos foram eutanasiados, fixados e dissecados. Fragmentos do sistema respiratório: cavidade nasal, laringe, traqueia, siringe, brônquios e pulmões, foram coletados e processados para estudos por meio de microscopia de luz e microscopia eletrônica de varredura. A cavidade nasal apresentou, nas primeiras fases de desenvolvimento, epitélio estratificado cúbico. A laringe exibiu epitélio respiratório típico entre 27 e 31 dias. A traqueia aos 15 dias apresentou início de formação da cartilagem hialina. Na siringe a túnica mucosa de fetos de 18 dias e formada por epitélio estratificado ciliado na região bronquial. Os brônquios principais apresentavam epitélio estratificado ciliado com células caliciformes na região siringeal. No pulmão, o estágio parabronquial apresentou numerosos parabrônquios entre 15 a 21 dias. Este estudo permitiu a identificação de eventos normais que ocorrem durante o desenvolvimento do sistema respiratório de emas, importante modelo ainda não descrito. As informações geradas serão úteis para o diagnóstico de patologias que acometem este sistema orgânico, visando a melhoria dos sistemas de produção em cativeiro.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Respiratory System/anatomy & histology , Respiratory System/growth & development , Respiratory System/embryology , Rheiformes/embryology , Organogenesis
9.
Clinical Nutrition Research ; : 229-240, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717631

ABSTRACT

Blood glucose homeostasis is well maintained by coordinated control of various hormones including insulin and glucagon as well as cytokines under normal conditions. However, chronic exposure to diabetic environment with high fat/high sugar diets and physical/mental stress can cause hyperglycemia, one of main characteristics of insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, and diabetes. Hyperglycemia impairs organogenesis and induces organ abnormalities such as cardiac defect in utero. It is a risk factor for the development of metabolic diseases in adults. Resulting glucotoxicity affects peripheral tissues and vessels, causing pathological complications including diabetic neuropathy, nephropathy, vessel damage, and cardiovascular diseases. Moreover, chronic exposure to hyperglycemia can deteriorate cognitive function and other aspects of mental health. Recent reports have demonstrated that hyperglycemia is closely related to the development of cognitive impairment and dementia, suggesting that there may be a cause-effect relationship between hyperglycemia and dementia. With increasing interests in aging-related diseases and mental health, diabetes-related cognitive impairment is attracting great attention. It has been speculated that glucotoxicity can result in structural damage and functional impairment of brain cells and nerves, hemorrhage of cerebral blood vessel, and increased accumulation of amyloid beta. These are potential mechanisms underlying diabetes-related dementia. Nutrients and natural food components have been investigated as preventive and/or intervention strategy. Among candidate components, resveratrol, curcumin, and their analogues might be beneficial for the prevention of diabetes-related cognitive impairment. The purposes of this review are to discuss recent experimental evidence regarding diabetes and cognitive impairment and to suggest potential nutritional intervention strategies for the prevention and/or treatment of diabetes-related dementia.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Alzheimer Disease , Amyloid , Blood Glucose , Blood Vessels , Brain , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cognition , Cognition Disorders , Curcumin , Cytokines , Dementia , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Neuropathies , Diet , Glucagon , Hemorrhage , Homeostasis , Hyperglycemia , Insulin , Insulin Resistance , Mental Health , Metabolic Diseases , Organogenesis , Risk Factors
10.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 37(6): 643-649, jun. 2017. graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-895450

ABSTRACT

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) reside in small numbers in many adult tissues and organs, and play an active role in the homeostasis of these sites. Goat derived multipotent MSC have been established from bone marrow, adipose tissues and amniotic fluid. Umbilical cord blood (UCB) is considered an important source of these cells. However, the MSC isolation from the goat UCB has not been demonstrated. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to isolate, culture and characterize goat umbilical cord blood derived mesenchymal stem cells. MSC were isolated from UCB by Ficoll-Paque density centrifugation and cultured in DMEM supplemented with 10% or 20% FBS. FACS analysis was performed and induction lineage differentiation was made to characterize these cells. They exhibited two different populations in flow cytometry, and revealed the positive expression of CD90, CD44 and CD105, but negative staining for CD34 in larger cells, and positive stained for CD90 and CD105, but negative for CD44 and CD34 in the smaller cells. MSC from goat UCB showed capability to differentiate into chondrocytes and osteoblasts when incubated with specific differentiation medium. Present study established that goat mesenchymal stem cells can be derived successfully from umbilical cord blood.(AU)


As células tronco mesenquimais (MSC) residem em pequenas quantidades em muitos tecidos e órgãos adultos, desempenhando um papel ativo na homeostase destes locais. O isolamento de MSC já foi demonstrado em amostras de medula óssea, tecido adiposo e fluido amniótico de cabras. O sangue de cordão umbilical é considerado uma fonte importante desse tipo de células. No entanto, até o presente momento, não foi demonstrado o isolamento de MSC provenientes do sangue de cordão umbilical de cabras. Dessa forma, o objetivo do presente estudo foi isolar, cultivar e caracterizar células tronco mesenquimais provenientes do sangue do cordão umbilical caprino. As MSC foram isoladas utilizando o gradiente de densidade Ficoll-Paque e cultivadas em DMEM suplementado com 10% ou 20% de FBS. A caracterização desse tipo celular foi realizada através de análise por citometria de fluxo e diferenciação em linhagens celulares mesodermais. A analise no citômetro de fluxo demonstrou a presença de duas populações distintas, um grupo com células maiores e outro com células menores; observando expressão positiva de CD90, CD44 e CD105, e negativa para CD34 nas células maiores; enquanto que as menores foram positivas para CD90 e CD105, mas negativas para CD44 e CD34. As células isoladas demonstraram capacidade de se diferenciar em condrócitos e osteoblastos quando incubadas com meio de diferenciação específico. O presente estudo demonstrou que células tronco mesenquimais podem ser obtidas com sucesso do sangue do cordão umbilical caprino.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Stem Cells , Goats/blood , Cell Line , Fetal Blood , Organogenesis , Flow Cytometry/veterinary
11.
São Paulo; s.n; 2017. 63 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-943877

ABSTRACT

As glândulas salivares são estruturas formadas por um sistema de ductos e ácinos responsáveis por secretar saliva. Originadas pelo mecanismo de morfogênese, apresentam cinco estágios de diferenciação: pré-botão, botão inicial, pseudoglandular, canalicular e botão terminal. A compreensão da morfogênese das glândulas salivares é importante para o esclarecimento dos mecanismos de tumorigênese e os componentes das neoplasias derivadas dessas glândulas. Estudos demonstram que o processo de apoptose desempenha um papel importante na formação do lúmen durante a organogênese, sendo assim, este estudo propõe a avaliação da expressão das proteínas envolvidas no mecanismo de morte e proliferação celular durante o desenvolvimento das glândulas salivares por meio da técnica de imunoistoquímica destacando os marcadores BCL2, Survivina, Ki-67, PAR4, FAS, FASL, PHLDA1, Caspase-3 clivada, SPARC e MUC1. Adicionalmente foram avaliados alguns espécimes para as proteínas Caspase-3 total e Caspase-7. Para tanto foram selecionados 50 espécimes de glândulas salivares dissecadas de fetos humanos em diferentes estágios gestacionais, provenientes de abortos espontâneos, e coletados de diferentes locais da cavidade oral. Também foram incluídas 10 amostras de glândulas salivares adultas histologicamente normais provenientes de margens cirúrgicas para comparação com a expressão na glândula em desenvolvimento. As proteínas SPARC e Caspase-3 clivada não foram expressas no parênquima glandular. A proteína MUC1 foi positiva em padrão citoplasmático a partir da fase pseudoglandular nas regiões de abertura luminal primitiva. PHLDA1 foi observada principalmente no citoplasma e raras células com positividade nuclear em quase todas as fases do desenvolvimento, exceto no botão terminal


Salivary glands are structures formed by a system of ducts and acini responsible for secreting saliva. Salivary glands morphogenesis is divided into five differentiation stages: pre-bud, initial bud, pseudoglandular, canalicular and terminal bud. Understanding the morphogenesis of the salivary glands is important to clarify the mechanisms of tumorigenesis and the components of tumors originated in these glands. Studies show that the process of apoptosis plays an important role in the formation of the lumen during organogenesis. Therefore, in this study the expression of proteins involved in the mechanism of cell death and cellular proliferation was investigated during the development of salivary glands by immunohistochemistry using the markers BCL2, Survivin, Ki-67, PAR4, FAS, FASL, PHLDA1, cleaved Caspase-3, SPARC and MUC1. Additionally, some specimens were evaluated for total Caspase-3 and Caspase-7 proteins. For this purpose, 50 specimens of salivary glands dissected from fetuses in different gestational stages, from miscarriages, and collected from different sites of the oral cavity were selected. We also included 10 specimens of histologically normal adult salivary glands from surgical margins to compare with the expression during gland development. SPARC and cleaved Caspase-3 were not expressed in the glandular parenchyma. MUC1 protein was positive from the pseudoglandular stage in a cytoplasmic pattern in regions of early luminal opening. PHLDA1 was observed mainly in cytoplasmic pattern and rare nuclear positivity in all development phases, except in terminal bud. FAS and FASL protein were expressed, simultaneously, with membrane pattern in rare cells during glandular development. PAR4 showed positivity in all phases, except pre-acinar areas


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Immunohistochemistry , Morphogenesis , Organogenesis , Salivary Glands
12.
International Journal of Thyroidology ; : 118-122, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-155529

ABSTRACT

Bronchogenic cysts are rare congenital malformations that result from an abnormal development of the ventral foregut budding of the tracheobronchial tree at the time of organogenesis. They are usually located in the mediastinum and intrapulmonary regions. Localization in the cervical area is unusual, and specially, bronchogenic cysts presenting as thyroid and perithyroid cyst are quite rare. We report a case of bronchogenic cyst mimicking a thyroid colloid cyst. We tried percutaneous ethanol injection at 3 times for treatment of this thyroid cyst, but we failed, because of intractable cough. After cyst excision with thyroid lobectomy, we diagnosed the lesion to bronchogenic cyst. Bronchogenic cyst should be considered in the differential diagnosis of perithyroid cyst, which especially the lesion is intolerable cyst to enthanol injection.


Subject(s)
Bronchogenic Cyst , Colloid Cysts , Cough , Diagnosis, Differential , Ethanol , Mediastinum , Organogenesis , Sclerotherapy , Thyroid Gland , Trees
14.
Journal of Korean Diabetes ; : 277-281, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-726839

ABSTRACT

Use of oral hypoglycemic agents during pregnant women with type 2 diabetes is controversial due to safety issues. Recently, randomized controlled trials support short-term safety of glyburide and metformin for the treatment of gestational diabetes mellitus. However, long-term safety data are not available. Moreover, use of oral hypoglycemic agents, except for metformin and glyburide, during pregnancy were limited to a few case reports. We report the case of a pregnant woman with type 2 diabetes unintentionally exposed to metformin and voglibose in addition to lercanidipine and bisoprolol during fetal organogenesis. The patient was continuously exposed to oral agents because we were not aware of her pregnancy until 22 weeks of gestation. After pregnancy was confirmed, we replaced oral hypoglycemic agents with insulin and discontinue betablockers. Delivery occurred without maternal or fetal complications.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Pregnancy , Bisoprolol , Diabetes, Gestational , Glyburide , Hypoglycemic Agents , Insulin , Metformin , Organogenesis , Pregnancy Trimester, Second , Pregnant Women
15.
Rev. bras. plantas med ; 17(3): 454-461, Jul-Sep/2015. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-752559

ABSTRACT

RESUMO A susceptibilidade dos conceptos a agentes químicos varia muito em cada estágio do desenvolvimento. Devido a isto, a maioria dos países passou a exigir a análise do potencial para afetar todos os aspectos da reprodução (espermatogênese, acasalamento, prenhez, parto e lactação) para o desenvolvimento de novos medicamentos e fitoterápicos. O presente trabalho objetivou avaliar o efeito do extrato hidroetanólico de Simaba ferruginea St. Hil (calunga) (EHSF) v.o., em ratas da linhagem Wistar tratadas durante a prenhez e verificar a interferência no desenvolvimento intra-uterino da prole. As ratas foram tratadas com EHSF 50 e 100 mg Kg-1 ou água destilada, do seguinte modo: a) do 1º ao 6º dia de prenhez (período da formação do blastocisto e implantação); b) do 8º ao 16º dia de prenhez (fase embrionária de organogênese); c) do 15º ao 19º dia de prenhez (fase do desenvolvimento fetal). O tratamento do 1º ao 6º dia, mostrou redução no número de fetos com ambas doses e não alterou o peso do útero / ovário nem peso corporal das mães. Quando as ratas foram tratadas na fase da organogênese verificou-se, redução estatisticamente significante do número de fetos vivos com a dose 50 mg Kg-1, e o aparecimento de fetos mortos em 30% das fêmeas tratadas com EHSF 50 mg Kg-1 e em 20% nas fêmeas tratadas com a dose de 100 mg Kg-1, não houve alteração no peso do útero / ovário nem no peso corporal das matrizes. Finalmente, o tratamento no período fetal não afetou o número de filhotes vivos, não provocou malformações anatômicas visíveis a olho nu, nem reabsorção fetal; porém, observou-se que 10% das mães tratadas com 50 mg Kg-1 apresentaram 2 fetos mortos e 20% das mães tratadas com 100 mg Kg-1 apresentaram, em média, 4 fetos mortos. Com estes dados, pode ser concluído que o EHSF apresenta baixa ou nenhuma toxicidade materna para ratas Wistar, embora seja letal para alguns descendentes, independente da fase da prenhez em que foram realizados os tratamentos ...


ABSTRACT The susceptibility of concepts to chemical agents varies a lot at each development stage. Because of that, most countries started requiring the analysis of potential to affect all aspects of reproduction (spermatogenesis, mating, pregnancy, birth and lactation) for the development of new drugs and herbal medicines. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the hydroethanolic extract of Simaba ferruginea St. Hil ("calunga") (EHSF) on female Wistar rats treated during pregnancy in order to check the interference on the intrauterine development of the offspring. The rats were treated with EHSF 50 and 100 mg/kg-1or distilled water, as follows: a) from day 1 to day 6 of pregnancy (period of blastocytes formation and implantation); b) from day 8 to day 16 of pregnancy (embryonic phase of organogenesis); c) from day 15 to day 19 of pregnancy (fetal development phase). The treatment from day 1 to day 6 showed reduction on the amount of fetuses with both doses and it did not alter neither the weight of the uterus / ovary nor the body weight of the mothers. When the female rats were treated in the organogenesis phase, it was verified both statistical significant decrease on the number of live fetuses for the 50 mg / Kg-1, and also appearance of dead fetuses in 30% of the female rats treated with EHSF 50 mg / Kg-1. In 20% of the female rats treated with 100 mg / Kg-1, there was no alteration neither in the weight of the uterus / ovary or in the body weight of the matrixes. Finally, the treatment in the fetal period did not affect the number of live descendants, or caused anatomical malformations visible to naked eye and fetal reabsorption. However, 10% of the mothers treated with 50 mg / Kg-1presented 2 dead fetuses and 20% of the mothers who had 100 mg / Kg-1showed, on average, 4 dead fetuses. With this data, we can conclude that EHSF presents low maternal toxicity for Wistar rats, although being fatal to some descendants, not mattering in which pregnancy phase the treatments have been performed, being more evident in the earlier phases. For this reason, it is recommended to avoid the use of this plant in pregnancy case.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Rats, Wistar/classification , Simaroubaceae/metabolism , Organogenesis , Reproduction , Pregnancy , Pregnancy, Animal/metabolism
16.
Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine ; : 1-7, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-64636

ABSTRACT

Stress coping mechanisms are critical to minimize or overcome damage caused by ever changing environmental conditions. They are designed to promote cell survival. The unfolded protein response (UPR) pathway is mobilized in response to the accumulation of unfolded proteins, ultimately in order to regain endoplasmic reticulum (ER) homeostasis. Various elements of coping responses to ER stress including Perk, Ask1, Bip, Chop, Gadd34, Ire1, Atf4, Atf6, and Xbp1 have been identified and were found to be inducible in oocytes and preimplantation embryos, suggesting that, as a normal part of the cellular adaptive mechanism, these coping responses, including the UPR, play a pivotal role in the development of preimplantation embryos. As such, the UPR-associated molecules and pathways may become useful markers for the potential diagnosis of stress conditions for preimplantation embryos. After implantation, ER stress-induced coping responses become physiologically important for a normal decidual response, placentation, and early organogenesis. Attenuation of ER stress coping responses by tauroursodeoxycholate and salubrinal was effective for prevention of cell death of cultured embryos. Further elucidation of new and relevant ER stress coping responses in periimplantation embryos might contribute to a comprehensive understanding of the regulation of normal development of embryonic development and potentiation of embryonic development in vitro.


Subject(s)
Female , Pregnancy , Blastocyst , Cell Death , Cell Survival , Diagnosis , Embryonic Development , Embryonic Structures , Endoplasmic Reticulum , Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress , Homeostasis , Oocytes , Organogenesis , Placentation , Unfolded Protein Response
17.
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research ; : 133-139, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-114942

ABSTRACT

The increasing uses of zinc oxide nanoparticles (nZnO) in industrial and personal care products raise possible danger of using nZnO in human. To determine whether ZnO induces size-dependent anomalies during embryonic organogenesis, mouse embryos on embryonic day 8.5 were cultured for 2 days under 50, 100, and 150 microg of nZnO (< 100 nm) or micro-sized ZnO (mZnO; 80 +/- 25 microm), after which the morphological changes, cumulative quantity of Zn particles, and expressions of antioxidant and apoptotic genes were investigated. Although embryos exposed to 50 microg of ZnO exhibited no defects on organogenesis, embryos exposed to over 100 microg of ZnO showed increasing anomalies. Embryos treated with 150 microg of nZnO revealed significant changes in Zn absorption level and morphological parameters including yolk sac diameter, head length, flexion, hindbrain, forebrain, branchial bars, maxillary process, mandibular process, forelimb, and total score compared to the same dose of mZnO-treated embryos. Furthermore, CuZn-superoxide dismutase, cytoplasmic glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and phospholipid hydroperoxidase GPx mRNA levels were significantly decreased, but caspase-3 mRNA level was greatly increased in nZnO-treated embryos as compared to normal control embryos. These findings indicate that nZnO has severer teratogenic effects than mZnO in developing embryos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Absorption , Caspase 3 , Cytoplasm , Embryonic Structures , Forelimb , Glutathione Peroxidase , Head , Nanoparticles , Organogenesis , Prosencephalon , Rhombencephalon , RNA, Messenger , Teratogenesis , Yolk Sac , Zinc Oxide
18.
Int. j. morphol ; 32(3): 902-908, Sept. 2014. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-728285

ABSTRACT

El pargo colorado (Lutjanus colorado) es una especie con un alto valor comercial en el mercado mexicano, con potencial para su cultivo. Hasta la fecha no existen estudios sobre su reproducción, cultivo larvario y engorda en cautiverio. El presente trabajo es el primer reporte sobre la descripción a detalle del desarrollo embrionario de la especie bajo condiciones de cultivo. Los huevos fertilizados viables del pargo colorado son pelágicos, esféricos, transparentes y con una sola gota de aceite. Midieron 0,77±0,09 mm de diámetro y la gota de aceite 0,14±0,01 mm. La primera división ocurrió a las 0,05 horas post fertilización (HPF). La eclosión se llevó a cabo a las 17,22 HPF bajo las condiciones del presente estudio. Las larvas recién eclosionadas midieron 1,8±0,1 mm de longitud total (LT). El desarrollo embrionario de esta especie fue similar a la descrita para especies de la misma familia. Los resultados del presente estudio aportan información básica para iniciar el desarrollo de la biotecnología para la producción de semilla de esta especie a escala comercial.


The Colorado snapper (Lutjanus colorado) is one of the most commercially important fish species in México and it is considered a suitable candidate for culture. Until now, no research has been carried out on its reproduction, larviculture and fattening in captivity. This study is the first description of embryonic development of this species under controlled conditions. Fertilized eggs of Colorado snapper are pelagic, spherical and transparent and contain one drop of oil. Eggs measured 0.77±0.09 mm and the drop of oil 0.14±0.01 mm. First cell division occurred at 0.05 h post-fertilization (HPF), hatching at 17.22 HPF under the above described conditions. Larvae total length (LT) was 1.8±0.1 mm. Embryonic development of this species was similar to other lutjanidae species. These results provide basic information for developing the necessary biotechnology for commercial seed production of the Colorado snapper.


Subject(s)
Animals , Ovum , Perciformes/embryology , Larva/growth & development , Perciformes/growth & development , Blastula/embryology , Organogenesis , Embryonic Development , Embryo, Nonmammalian , Gastrula/embryology
19.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 29(4): 349-358, oct.-dic. 2013.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-695872

ABSTRACT

El timo es un órgano linfoide central o primario localizado en la parte anterosuperior del tórax. Constituye el principal sitio de diferenciación y maduración de las células T. En esta revisión se detallan aspectos actuales de la embriología, la histología y la función tímica y en la generación de los diferentes subtipos de timocitos y su diferenciación a células T maduras efectoras, la inducción de las células T tímicas reguladoras involucradas en el mantenimiento de la tolerancia a lo propio y la involución que sufre este órgano durante el proceso de inmunosenescencia


Thymus is a primary organ located in the antesuperior area of the torax. It is the principal place of differentiation and maduration of T cells. In this review present aspects of the embriology, histology and thymic function are detailed, as well as its role in the generation of different kinds of thymic cells; its differentiation to mature cells and of regulator T cells has a crucial role in tolerance induction. Moreover, thymic involution during of immunosenescence process is shown


Subject(s)
Humans , Organogenesis/physiology , DiGeorge Syndrome/history , Thymus Gland/physiopathology , Aging
20.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 12(3): 269-282, mayo 2013. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-723573

ABSTRACT

Piperaceae is an important family from neotropical American in which many biologically active compounds were identified. A survey of structural diversity and bioactivity reveals that groups of species specialize in the production of amides, phenylpropanoids, lignans and neolignans, benzoic acids and chromenes, alkaloids, polyketides, and a plethora of compounds of mixed biosynthetic origin. With this in mind, several explants obtained from in vitro plantlets were cultured in the presence of different plant growth regulator combinations (IAA, NAA, 2,4-D, DICAMBA, BAP and KIN). The callus induction was depended of Piper species, explant type and plant growth regulator combinations. From a callus culture, cell suspension cultures were established and their growth and metabolite accumulation studied. The achieve results may be useful for further characterization of the activated secondary metabolites pathways in in vitro systems of various Piper species.


Piperaceae es una familia importante de la América neotropical en la que muchos compuestos biológicamente activos han sido identificados. Un estudio general sobre la diversidad estructural y bioactividad reveló que grupos de especies se especializan en la producción de amidas, fenilpropanoides, lignanos y neolignanos, ácidos benzoicos y cromenes, alcaloides, policétidos y una diversidad de compuestos de origen biosintético mixto. Con este conocimiento, diversos explantes obtenidos de plántulas in vitro se cultivaron en presencia de diferentes combinaciones de reguladores de crecimiento (AIA, ANA, 2,4-D, DICAMBA, BAP y KIN). La inducción de callos dependió de la especie de Piper, tipo de explante y las combinaciones de los reguladores de crecimiento. Suspensiones celulares se establecieron a partir de callos y estudiadas en su crecimiento y acumulación de metabolitos. Los resultados alcanzados pueden utilizarse para caracterizar rutas de producción de metabolitos secundarios, en sistemas in vitro, en varias especies de Piper.


Subject(s)
Plant Growth Regulators , Piperaceae/growth & development , Piperaceae/metabolism , Cell Culture Techniques , Germination , Organogenesis , Piperaceae/embryology , Time Factors
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