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1.
In. Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Leal, Tatiana de Carvalho Andreucci Torres; Accorsi, Tarso Augusto Duenhas; Gualandro, Danielle Menosi; Oliveira Junior, Múcio Tavares de; Caramelli, Bruno; Kalil Filho, Roberto. Manual da residência em cardiologia / Manual residence in cardiology. Santana de Parnaíba, Manole, 2 ed; 2022. p.966-973, ilus, tab.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353818
2.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(5): 484-490, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143953

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Cardiac surgery can produce persistent deficit in the ratio of Oxygen Delivery (DO2) to Oxygen Consumption (VO2). Central venous oxygen Saturation (ScvO2) is an accessible and indirect measure of DO2/VO2 ratio. Objective: To monitor perioperative ScvO2 and assess its correlation with mortality during cardiac surgery. Methods: This prospective observational study evaluated 273 patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Blood gas samples were collected to measure ScvO2 at three time points: T0 (after anesthetic induction), T1 (end of surgery), and T2 (24 hours after surgery). The patients were divided into two groups (survivors and nonsurvivors). The following outcomes were analyzed: intrahospital mortality, length of Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and hospital stay (LOS), and variation in ScvO2. Results: Of the 273 patients, 251 (92%) survived and 22 (8%) did not. There was a significant perioperative reduction of ScvO2 in both survivors (T0 = 78% ± 8.1%, T1 = 75.4% ± 7.5%, and T2 = 68.5% ± 9%; p< 0.001) and nonsurvivors (T0 = 74.4% ± 8.7%, T1 = 75.4% ± 7.7%, and T2 = 66.7% ± 13.1%; p < 0.001). At T0, the percentage of patients with ScvO2< 70% was greater in the nonsurvivor group (31.8% vs. 13.1%; p= 0.046) and the multiple logistic regression showed that ScvO2 is an independent risk factor associated with death, OR = 2.94 (95% CI 1.10−7.89) (p= 0.032). The length of ICU and LOS were 3.6 ± 3.1 and 7.4 ± 6.0 days respectively and was not significantly associated with ScvO2. Conclusions: Early intraoperative ScvO2 < 70% indicated a higher risk of death. A perioperative reduction of ScvO2 was observed in patients undergoing cardiac surgery, with high intraoperative and lower postoperative levels.


Resumo Justificativa: A cirurgia cardíaca pode produzir déficit persistente na razão entre oferta de oxigênio (DO2) e consumo de oxigênio (VO2). A Saturação venosa central de Oxigênio (SvcO2) é uma medida acessível e indireta da razão DO2/VO2. Objetivo: Monitorar a SvcO2 perioperatória e avaliar sua correlação com a mortalidade em cirurgia cardíaca. Método: Este estudo observacional prospectivo avaliou 273 pacientes submetidos a cirurgia cardíaca. Coletamos amostras de sangue para medir a SvcO2 em três momentos: T0 (após indução anestésica), T1 (final da cirurgia) e T2 (24 horas após a cirurgia). Os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos (sobreviventes e não sobreviventes). Os seguintes desfechos foram analisados: mortalidade intra-hospitalar, tempo de permanência na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva (UTI) e de internação hospitalar, e variação na SvcO2. Resultados: Dos 273 pacientes, 251 (92%) sobreviveram e 22 (8%) não. Houve queda significante da SvcO2 perioperatória nos sobreviventes (T0 = 78% ± 8,1%, T1 = 75,4% ± 7,5% e T2 = 68,5% ± 9%; p< 0,001) e nos não sobreviventes (T0 = 74,4% ± 8,7%, T1 = 75,4% ± 7,7% e T2 = 66,7% ± 13,1%; p< 0,001). No T0, a porcentagem de pacientes com SvcO2< 70% foi maior no grupo não sobrevivente (31,8% vs. 13,1%; p = 0,046) e a regressão logística múltipla mostrou que a SvcO2 é um fator de risco independente associado ao óbito, OR = 2,94 (95% IC 1,10 − 7,89) (p = 0,032). O tempo de permanência na UTI e de hospitalização foi de 3,6 ± 3,1 e 7,4 ± 6,0 dias, respectivamente, e não foi significantemente associado à SvcO2. Conclusões: Valores precoces de SvcO2 intraoperatória < 70% indicaram maior risco de óbito em pacientes submetidos à cirurgia cardíaca. Observamos redução perioperatória da SvcO2, com altos níveis no intraoperatório e mais baixos no pós-operatório.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Oxygen/blood , Oxygen Consumption/physiology , Hospital Mortality , Cardiac Surgical Procedures/mortality , Time Factors , Blood Gas Analysis , Prospective Studies , Intensive Care Units/statistics & numerical data , Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data , Middle Aged
3.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 114(2): 209-218, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088870

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with increased mortality in heart failure (HF) patients. Objective: To evaluate whether the risk of AF patients can be precisely stratified by relation with cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) cut-offs for heart transplantation (HT) selection. Methods: Prospective evaluation of 274 consecutive HF patients with left ventricular ejection fraction ≤ 40%. The primary endpoint was a composite of cardiac death or urgent HT in 1-year follow-up. The primary endpoint was analysed by several CPET parameters for the highest area under the curve and for positive (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) in AF and sinus rhythm (SR) patients to detect if the current cut-offs for HT selection can precisely stratify the AF group. Statistical differences with a p-value <0.05 were considered significant. Results: There were 51 patients in the AF group and 223 in the SR group. The primary outcome was higher in the AF group (17.6% vs 8.1%, p = 0.038). The cut-off value of pVO2 for HT selection showed a PPV of 100% and an NPV of 95.5% for the primary outcome in the AF group, with a PPV of 38.5% and an NPV of 94.3% in the SR group. The cut-off value of VE/VCO2 slope showed lower values of PPV (33.3%) and similar NPV (92.3%) to pVO2 results in the AF group. Conclusion: Despite the fact that AF carries a worse prognosis for HF patients, the current cut-off of pVO2 for HT selection can precisely stratify this high-risk group.


Resumo Fundamento: A fibrilação atrial (FA) está associada ao aumento da mortalidade em pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca (IC). Objetivo: Avaliar se o risco de pacientes com FA pode ser estratificado com precisão em relação aos pontos de corte do teste de esforço cardiopulmonar (TECP) para seleção do transplante cardíaco (TC). Métodos: Avaliação prospectiva de 274 pacientes consecutivos com IC com fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo ≤ 40%. O endpoint primário foi um composto de morte cardíaca ou TC urgente no seguimento de 1 ano. O endpoint primário foi analisado através de vários parâmetros do TECP para a maior área sob a curva e para o valor preditivo positivo (VPP) e negativo (VPN) em pacientes com FA e ritmo sinusal (RS) para detectar se os atuais pontos de corte para a seleção de TC podem estratificar com precisão o grupo com FA. Diferenças estatísticas com valor de p < 0,05 foram consideradas significativas. Resultados: Havia 51 pacientes no grupo de FA e 223 no grupo RS. O endpoint primário foi maior no grupo FA (17,6% vs. 8,1%, p = 0,038). O valor de corte de pVO2 para a seleção do TC mostrou um VPP de 100% e um VPN de 95,5% para o endpoint primário no grupo FA, com um VPP de 38,5% e um VPN de 94,3% no grupo RS. O valor de corte da inclinação VE/VCO2 apresentou valores mais baixos de VPP (33,3%) e valor semelhante de VPN (92,3%) aos resultados de pVO2 no grupo FA. Conclusões: Apesar do fato de a FA apresentar um pior prognóstico para os pacientes com IC, o atual ponto de corte de pVO2 para a seleção de TC pode estratificar com precisão esse grupo de alto risco.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Atrial Fibrillation/physiopathology , Atrial Fibrillation/mortality , Risk Assessment/standards , Exercise Test/standards , Heart Failure/physiopathology , Oxygen/metabolism , Oxygen Consumption/physiology , Prognosis , Reference Standards , Stroke Volume/physiology , Time Factors , Proportional Hazards Models , Multivariate Analysis , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Follow-Up Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Exercise Test/methods , Heart Failure/mortality
4.
Rev. salud pública ; 22(1): e303, ene.-feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1150170

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Identificar e comparar a potência aeróbica entre os estágios maturacionais determinados pela menarca. Métodos Participaram 19 alunas de 10 a 14 anos do ensino fundamental de um colégio particular da cidade Itajubá-MG, praticantes de atividades físicas escolares; seis do estágio M0, sete do estágio M e seis do estágio M1. O estudo empregou uma tipologia quase experimental e delineamento comparativo. Estatisticamente, utilizou-se Anova One-Way para comparar as variáveis entre os estágios de maturação, seguida de post-hoc de Tukey. O nível de significância foi p<0,05. Resultados Descritivamente, a potência aeróbia foi identificado nos três estágios maturacionais, sendo absolutamente: M0 1,7 ± 0,32, para M 2,2 ± 0,26 e para M1 2,6 ± 0,43 L/min e relativamente: M0 41,4 ± 1,72, para M 46,5 ± 4,51, e para M1 43,9 ± 5,42 ml/kg.min. Observou-se diferença significativa com p=0,001 no VO2 máximo absoluto, tendo um aumento progressivo do VO2 máximo absoluto juntamente com a maturação sexual, não havendo diferença significativa do VO2 máximo relativo com p=0,125. Discussão e Conclusão Conclui-se que existe um aumento significativo do VO2 máximo absoluto juntamente com o avanço maturacional, e no VO2 máximo relativo, não identificamos diferenças significativas entre os estágios maturacionais determinados pela menarca com declínio após um ano da ocorrência da menarca.(AU)


ABSTRACT Objective To identify and compare the aerobic power between the maturation stages determined by menarche. Methods Participated 19 students from 10 to 14 years of the primary school of a private school in the city of Itajubá-MG, practicing physical school activities; six from stage M0, seven from stage M and six from stage M1. The study used a quasi-experimental typology and a comparative design. Statistically, Anova One-Way was used to compare variables between maturation stages, followed by Tukey's post-hoc. The level of significance was p<0.05. Results Descriptively, the aerobic power was identified in the three stages of maturation, being absolutely: M0 1.7 ± 0.32, for M 2.2 ± 0.26 and for M1 2.6 ± 0.43 L/min and relatively: M0 41.4 ± 1.72, for M 46.5 ± 4.51 and for M1 43.9 ± 5.42 ml/kg.min. There was a significant difference with p = 0.001 in the absolute maximum VO2, with a progressive increase in the absolute maximum VO2 along with sexual maturation, without significant difference in the relative maximum VO2 with p = 0.125. Discussion the conclusion We conclude that there is a significant increase in the absolute maximum VO2 together with the progression of maturation, and in the relative maximum VO2, we did not identify significant differences between the maturation stages determined by menarche with a decrease after one year of occurrence of menarche.(AU)


RESUMEN Objetivo Identificar y comparar la potencia aeróbica entre las etapas de maduración determinadas por la menarquia. Métodos Participaron 19 estudiantes de 10 a 14 años de la escuela primaria de un colegio privado de la ciudad de Itajubá-MG que practican actividades escolares físicas; seis de la etapa M0, siete de la etapa M y seis de la etapa M1. El estudio empleó una tipología cuasiexperimental y un diseño comparativo. Estadísticamente, se utilizó Anova One-Way para comparar las variables entre las etapas de maduración, seguido del post hoc de Tukey. El nivel de significancia fue p<0.05. Resultados Descriptivamente, se identificó la potencia aeróbica en las tres etapas de maduración, siendo absolutamente: M0 1.7 ± 0.32, para M 2.2 ± 0.26 y para M1 2.6 ± 0.43 L / min y relativamente: M0 41,4 ± 1,72, para M 46,5 ± 4,51 y para M1 43,9 ± 5,42 ml / kg. min. Hubo una diferencia significativa con p = 0.001 en el VO2 máximo absoluto, con un aumento progresivo del VO2 máximo absoluto junto con la maduración sexual, sin diferencia significativa en el VO2 máximo relativo con p=0.125. Discusión Se concluyó que existe un aumento significativo en el VO2 máximo absoluto junto con la progresión de la maduración. En el VO2 máximo relativo no se identificaron diferencias significativas entre las etapas de maduración determinadas por la menarquia con un descenso después de un año de ocurrencia de la menarca.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Adolescent , Oxygen Consumption/physiology , Menarche/physiology , Motor Activity/physiology , Brazil , Epidemiology, Experimental
5.
Fisioter. Pesqui. (Online) ; 27(1): 57-63, jan.-mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090419

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar e comparar respostas metabólicas, cardiovasculares e ventilatórias do incremental shuttle walk test (ISWT) e do Glittre activities of daily living test (Glittre-ADL test). Trata-se de um estudo transversal, realizado com indivíduos saudáveis. A capacidade funcional (CF) foi avaliada pela distância percorrida e consumo de oxigênio pico (VO2pico) no ISWT e pelo tempo gasto e VO2 no Glittre-ADL test. Trinta indivíduos percorreram 656,67 (IC95%:608,8-704,5) metros no ISWT e executaram o Glittre-ADL test em 2,4 (IC95%:2,2-2,6) minutos. O VO2 pico do ISWT foi 27,8 (IC95%25,6-29,9) versus 22,2 (IC95%20,5-24,1)mL×kg−1×min−1 (p<0,001) no estado estável (EE) do Glittre-ADL test. As correlações entre distância percorrida no ISWT e o tempo gasto no Glittre-ADL test, o VO2pico do ISWT e o VO2 no EE do Glittre-ADL test e a FC no pico do ISWT e no EE do Glittre-ADL test foram de moderada a alta magnitude. O Glittre-ADL test apresenta menores respostas metabólicas, cardiovasculares e ventilatórias se comparado ao ISWT.


RESUMEN El presente estudio tuvo el objetivo de evaluar y comparar las respuestas metabólicas, cardiovasculares y ventilatorias de incremental shuttle walk test (ISWT) y de Glittre activities of daily living test (Glittre-ADL test). Es un estudio transversal realizado con individuos sanos. La capacidad funcional (CF) se evaluó utilizando la distancia recorrida y consumo máximo de oxígeno (VO2máx) en el ISWT y el tiempo empleado y VO2 en el Glittre-ADL test. Treinta individuos caminaron 656,67 (IC95%:608,8-704,5) metros en el ISWT y realizaron el Glittre-ADL test en 2,4 (IC95%:2,2-2,6) minutos. El VO2 máx del ISWT fue de 27,8 (IC95%25,6-29,9) versus 22,2 (IC95%20,5-24,1)mL×kg−1×min−1 (p<0,001) en el estado estable (EE) del Glittre-ADL test. Las correlaciones entre la distancia recorrida en el ISWT y el tiempo empleado en el Glittre-ADL test, el VO2máx del ISWT y el VO2 en el EE de Glittre-ADL test y la FC en el máximo del ISWT y en el EE de Glittre-ADL test fueron de moderada a alta magnitud. El Glittre-ADL test presenta respuestas metabólicas, cardiovasculares y ventilatorias más bajas en comparación con el ISWT.


ABSTRACT The aim of the study was to assess and compare the cardiovascular, ventilatory and metabolic responses of the Incremental Shuttle Walk test (ISWT) and Glittre Activities of Daily Living test (Glittre-ADL test). This is a cross-sectional study with individuals. The functional capacity (FC) was evaluated by distance and peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak) in the ISWT and time spent and VO2 in Glittre-ADL test. Thirty individuals went through 656.67 (CI95%:608.8-704.5) meters at the ISWT and performed the Glittre-ADL test in 2.4 (CI95%:2.2-2.6) minutes. The peak VO2 of the ISWT was 27.8 (CI95%25.6-29.9) vs. 22.2 (CI95%20.5-24.1) mL×kg−1×min−1 (p<0.001) in the steady state (SS) of the Glittre-ADL test. Correlations between distance traveled in the ISWT and the time spent in Glittre-ADL test, VO2 peak of ISWT and VO2 in SS of Glittre-ADL test and HR at the ISWT peak and at the Glittre-ADL test SS were moderate to high magnitude. The Glittre-ADL test has lower metabolic, cardiovascular and ventilatory responses compared to ISWT, despite correlations between variables.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Exercise Test/methods , Walk Test/methods , Physical Functional Performance , Oxygen Consumption/physiology , Respiratory Function Tests , Spirometry , Activities of Daily Living , Cross-Sectional Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Energy Metabolism/physiology , Cardiorespiratory Fitness/physiology
6.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(3): e9391, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089342

ABSTRACT

The oxygen uptake (V˙O2) kinetics during onset of and recovery from exercise have been shown to provide valuable parameters regarding functional capacity of both chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and chronic heart failure (CHF) patients. To investigate the influence of comorbidity of COPD in patients with CHF with reduced ejection fraction on recovery from submaximal exercise, 9 CHF-COPD male patients and 10 age-, gender-, and left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF)-matched CHF patients underwent constant-load exercise tests (CLET) at moderate and high loads. The V˙O2, heart rate (HR), and cardiac output (CO) recovery kinetics were determined for the monoexponential relationship between these variables and time. Within-group analysis showed that the recovery time constant of HR (P<0.05, d=1.19 for CHF and 0.85 for CHF-COPD) and CO (P<0.05, d=1.68 for CHF and 0.69 for CHF-COPD) and the mean response time (MRT) of CO (P<0.05, d=1.84 for CHF and 0.73 for CHF-COPD) were slower when moderate and high loads were compared. CHF-COPD patients showed smaller amplitude of CO recovery kinetics (P<0.05) for both moderate (d=2.15) and high (d=1.07) CLET. Although the recovery time constant and MRT means were greater in CHF-COPD, CHF and CHF-COPD groups were not differently affected by load (P>0.05 in group vs load analysis). The ventilatory efficiency was related to MRT of V˙O2 during high CLET (r=0.71). Our results suggested that the combination of CHF and COPD may further impair the recovery kinetics compared to CHF alone.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Oxygen Consumption/physiology , Maximal Voluntary Ventilation/physiology , Exercise Tolerance/physiology , Recovery of Function/physiology , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/rehabilitation , Exercise Therapy/methods , Kinetics , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/physiopathology
7.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(11): 1437-1442, nov. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1094173

ABSTRACT

Background Maximal oxygen uptake (V̇O 2 max) is measured using maximal and submaximal exercise tests or can be predicted using demographic variables, body adiposity, vital signs and lifestyles. Aim To elaborate an equation to predict the V̇O 2 max in the absence of cardiopulmonary test in university students. Material and Methods V̇O 2 max was measured directly using a cardiopulmonary test on a treadmill in 121 students aged 22 ± 2 years (59 males). Data about drug and medication use, physical activity [PA], vital signs at rest, and basic anthropometry were collected. The independent variables were included in a multivariate equation and the validity of the model was checked through distribution assumptions and according to the concordance limits of the Bland-Altman diagram. Results The best predictive equation for V̇O 2 max incorporated sex, age, body mass index, blood pressure, heart rate, smoking habits and PA as independent variables. The distributional assumptions were fulfilled (p > 0.05), there were no differences between the equation and the measurement of V̇O 2 max (p = 0.854) with a bias of -0.08 ml·kg·min -1 (95% confidence intervals [-0.95; 0.78]). Conclusions The resulting equation predicts V̇O 2 max based on body adiposity, physiological parameters and life habits.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Oxygen Consumption/physiology , Life Style , Students , Universities , Body Mass Index
8.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 113(2): 188-194, Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019397

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Left ventricular global longitudinal strain value (GLS) can predict functional capacity in patients with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) heart failure (HF) and to assess prognosis in reduced LVEF HF. Objetive: Correlate GLS with parameters of Cardiopulmonary Exercise Test (CPET) and to assess if they could predict systolic HF patients that are more appropriated to be referred to heart transplantation according to CPET criteria. Methods: Systolic HF patients with LVEF < 45%, NYHA functional class II and III, underwent prospectively CPET and echocardiography with strain analysis. LVEF and GLS were correlated with the following CPET variables: maxVO2, VE/VCO2 slope, heart rate reduction during the first minute of recovery (HRR) and time needed to reduce maxVO2 in 50% after physical exercise (T1/2VO2). ROC curve analysis of GLS to predict VO2 < 14 mL/kg/min and VE/VCO2 slope > 35 (heart transplantation's criteria) was performed. Results: Twenty six patients were selected (age, 47 ± 12 years, 58% men, mean LVEF = 28 ± 8%). LVEF correlated only with maxVO2 and T1/2VO2. GLS correlated to all CPET variables (maxVO2: r = 0.671, p = 0.001; VE/VCO2 slope: r = -0.513, p = 0.007; HRR: r = 0.466, p = 0.016, and T1/2VO2: r = -0.696, p = 0.001). GLS area under the ROC curve to predict heart transplantation's criteria was 0.88 (sensitivity 75%, specificity 83%) for a cut-off value of -5.7%, p = 0.03. Conclusion: GLS was significantly associated with all functional CPET parameters. It could classify HF patients according to the functional capacity and may stratify which patients have a poor prognosis and therefore to deserve more differentiated treatment, such as heart transplantation.


Resumo Fundamento: O strain longitudinal global (SLG) é capaz de predizer a capacidade funcional dos pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca (IC) e fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo (FEVE) preservada, e avaliar o prognóstico na IC com FEVE reduzida. Objetivo: Correlacionar o SLG com parâmetros do teste de exercício cardiopulmonar (TECP), e avaliar se o SLG seria capaz de predizer quais pacientes com IC sistólica deveriam ser encaminhados ao transplante cardíaco de acordo com os critérios do TECP. Métodos: Os pacientes com IC sistólica com FEVE <45%, classe funcional NYHA II e III, submeteram-se prospectivamente ao TECP e à ecocardiografia com análise do strain. A FEVE e o SLG foram correlacionados com as seguintes variáveis do TECP: maxVO2, inclinação de VE/VCO2, redução da frequência cardíaca durante o primeiro minuto de recuperação (RFC), e tempo necessário para a redução do maxVO2 em 50% após o exercício físico (T1/2VO2). Foi realizada análise da curva ROC do SLG em predizer um VO2 < 14 mL/kg/min e uma inclinação de VE/VCO2 > 35 (critérios para transplante cardíaco). O nível de significância adotado na análise estatística foi de p < 0,05. Resultados: Vinte e seis pacientes foram selecionados para o estudo (idade, 47±12 anos, 58% homens, FEVE média LVEF = 28 ± 8%). A FEVE correlacionou-se somente com o maxVO2 e o T1/2VO2. O SLG correlacionou-se com todas as variáveis do TECP (maxVO2: r = 0,671; p = 0,001; inclinação de VE/VCO2: r = -0,513; p = 0,007; RFC: r = 0,466; p = 0,016; e T1/2VO2: r = -0,696, p = 0,001). A área sob a curva ROC para o SLG para predizer os critérios para transplante cardíaco foi de 0,88 (sensibilidade 75%, especificidade 83%) para um ponto de corte de -5,7%, p = 0,03. Conclusão: O SLG apresentou associação significativa com todos os parâmetros funcionais do TECP. O SLG foi capaz de classificar os pacientes com IC segundo capacidade funcional e possivelmente pode identificar quais pacientes têm um prognóstico ruim e, portanto, se beneficiariam de um tratamento diferenciado, tal como o transplante cardíaco.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Exercise/physiology , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/physiopathology , Exercise Test/methods , Heart Failure, Systolic/physiopathology , Oxygen/metabolism , Oxygen Consumption/physiology , Prognosis , Reference Values , Stroke Volume/physiology , Time Factors , Echocardiography/methods , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , ROC Curve , Heart Transplantation , Statistics, Nonparametric , Risk Assessment , Heart Rate/physiology
9.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 113(2): 231-239, Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019385

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Thoracic bioreactance (TB), a noninvasive method for the measurement of cardiac output (CO), shows good test-retest reliability in healthy adults examined under research and resting conditions. Objective: In this study, we evaluate the test-retest reliability of CO and cardiac power (CPO) output assessment during exercise assessed by TB in healthy adults under routine clinical conditions. Methods: 25 test persons performed a symptom-limited graded cycling test in an outpatient office on two different days separated by one week. Cardiorespiratory (power output, VO2peak) and hemodynamic parameters (heart rate, stroke volume, CO, mean arterial pressure, CPO) were measured at rest and continuously under exercise using a spiroergometric system and bioreactance cardiograph (NICOM, Cheetah Medical). Results: After 8 participants were excluded due to measurement errors (outliers), there was no systematic bias in all parameters under all conditions (effect size: 0.2-0.6). We found that all noninvasively measured CO showed acceptable test-retest-reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient: 0.59-0.98; typical error: 0.3-1.8). Moreover, peak CPO showed better reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient: 0.80-0.85; effect size: 0.9-1.1) then the TB CO, thanks only to the superior reliability of MAP (intraclass correlation coefficient: 0.59-0.98; effect size: 0.3-1.8). Conclusion: Our findings preclude the clinical use of TB in healthy subject population when outliers are not identified.


Resumo Fundamento: A biorreatância torácica (BT), um método não invasivo destinado à medição do débito cardíaco (DC), mostra boa confiabilidade teste-reteste em adultos saudáveis examinados em condições de pesquisa e repouso. Objetivo: No presente estudo, avaliamos a confiabilidade teste-reteste da avaliação do DC e trabalho cardíaco (TC) durante exercício, avaliado por BT em adultos saudáveis sob condições clínicas de rotina. Métodos: 25 indivíduos realizaram teste ergométrico gradual sintoma-limitante em ambiente ambulatorial em dois dias diferentes, com intervalo de uma semana. Parâmetros cardiorrespiratórios (trabalho cardíaco, VO2máx) e hemodinâmicos (frequência cardíaca, volume sistólico, DC, pressão arterial média, TC) foram medidos em repouso e continuamente sob exercício utilizando sistema espiroergométrico e cardiógrafo de biorreatância (NICOM, Cheetah Medical). Resultados: Após 8 participantes terem sido excluídos devido a erros de medição (outliers), não houve viés sistemático em nenhum dos parâmetros em todas as condições (tamanho do efeito: 0,2-0,6). Observamos que todos os débitos cardíacos medidos de forma não invasiva apresentaram níveis aceitáveis de confiabilidade teste-reteste (coeficiente de correlação intraclasse: 0,59-0,98; erro típico: 0,3-1,8). Além disso, TC máximo apresentou melhor confiabilidade (coeficiente de correlação intraclasse: 0,80-0,85; tamanho do efeito: 0,9-1,1), seguido do DC pela BT, graças apenas à confiabilidade superior da PAM (coeficiente de correlação intraclasse: 0,59-0,98; tamanho do efeito: 0,3-1,8). Conclusão: Nossos achados impedem o uso clínico da BT em indivíduos saudáveis quando outliers não forem identificados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Cardiac Output/physiology , Exercise/physiology , Oxygen Consumption/physiology , Reference Values , Anaerobic Threshold/physiology , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Exercise Test/methods , Hemodynamics/physiology
10.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 112(6): 739-746, Jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011203

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Resting sympathetic hyperactivity and impaired parasympathetic reactivation after exercise have been described in patients with heart failure (HF). However, the association of these autonomic changes in patients with HF and sarcopenia is unknown. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of autonomic modulation on sarcopenia in male patients with HF. Methods: We enrolled 116 male patients with HF and left ventricular ejection fraction < 40%. All patients underwent a maximal cardiopulmonary exercise testing. Maximal heart rate was recorded and delta heart rate recovery (∆HRR) was assessed at 1st and 2nd minutes after exercise. Muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) was recorded by microneurography. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was used to measure body composition and sarcopenia was defined by the sum of appendicular lean muscle mass (ALM) divided by height in meters squared and handgrip strength. Results: Sarcopenia was identified in 33 patients (28%). Patients with sarcopenia had higher MSNA than those without (47 [41-52] vs. 40 [34-48] bursts/min, p = 0.028). Sarcopenic patients showed lower ∆HRR at 1st (15 [10-21] vs. 22 [16-30] beats/min, p < 0.001) and 2nd min (25 [19-39] vs. 35 [24-48] beats/min, p = 0.017) than non-sarcopenic. There was a positive correlation between ALM and ∆HRR at 1st (r = 0.26, p = 0.008) and 2nd min (r = 0.25, p = 0.012). We observed a negative correlation between ALM and MSNA (r = -0.29, p = 0.003). Conclusion: Sympatho-vagal imbalance seems to be associated with sarcopenia in male patients with HF. These results highlight the importance of a therapeutic approach in patients with muscle wasting and increased peripheral sympathetic outflow.


Resumo Fundamento: Hiperatividade simpática de repouso e uma reativação parassimpática diminuída pós-exercício têm sido descritas em pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca (IC). No entanto, a associação dessas alterações autonômicas em pacientes com IC sarcopênicos ainda não são conhecidas. Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o impacto da modulação autonômica sobre sarcopenia em pacientes com IC do sexo masculino. Métodos: Foram estudados 116 pacientes com IC e fração de ejeção ventricular esquerda inferior a 40%. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos ao teste de exercício cardiopulmonar máximo. A frequência cardíaca máxima foi registrada, e o delta de recuperação da frequência cardíaca (∆RFC) foi avaliado no primeiro e no segundo minuto após o exercício. A atividade nervosa simpática muscular (ANSM) foi registrada por microneurografia. A Absorciometria Radiológica de Dupla Energia foi usada para medir composição cpororal, e a sarcopenia definida como a soma da massa muscular apendicular (MMA) dividida pela altura em metros ao quadrado e força da mão. Resultados: A sarcopenia foi identificada em 33 pacientes (28%). Os pacientes com sarcopenia apresentaram maior ANSM que aqueles sem sarcopenia - 47 (41-52) vs. 40 (34-48) impulsos (bursts)/min, p = 0,028). Pacientes sarcopênicos apresentaram ∆RFC mais baixo no primeiro [15 (10-21) vs. 22 (16-30) batimentos/min, p < 0,001) e no segundo [25 (19-39) vs. 35 (24-48) batimentos/min, p = 0,017) minuto que pacientes não sarcopênicos. Observou-se uma correlação positiva entre a MMA e a ANSM (r = -0,29; p = 0,003). Conclusão: Um desequilíbrio simpático-vagal parece estar associado com sarcopenia em pacientes com IC do sexo masculino. Esses resultados destacam a importância de uma abordagem terapêutica em pacientes com perda muscular e fluxo simpático periférico aumentado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Autonomic Nervous System/physiopathology , Sympathetic Nervous System/physiopathology , Sarcopenia/physiopathology , Heart Failure/physiopathology , Oxygen Consumption/physiology , Hand Strength/physiology , Exercise Test , Muscle Strength/physiology , Heart Rate/physiology , Middle Aged
11.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 112(5): 534-542, May 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011189

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) show deficit in thermal balance during physical exercise. Objective: To assess the effects of low-intensity physical exercise training on thermal balance of hypertensive rats undergoing an acute exercise protocol. Methods: Sixteen-week-old male Wistar rats and SHR were allocated into four groups: control Wistar rats (C-WIS), trained Wistar (T-WIS), control SHR (C-SHR) and trained SHR (T-SHR). Treadmill exercise training was performed for 12 weeks. Blood pressure, resting heart rate and total exercise time was measured before and after the physical exercise program. After the exercise program, a temperature sensor was implanted in the abdominal cavity, and the animals subjected to an acute exercise protocol, during which internal body temperature, tail skin temperature and oxygen consumption until fatigue were continuously recorded. Mechanical efficiency (ME), work, heat dissipation threshold and sensitivity were calculated. Statistical significance was set at 5%. Results: Physical training and hypertension had no effect on thermal balance during physical exercise. Compared with C-WIS, the T-WIS group showed higher heat production, which was counterbalanced by higher heat dissipation. Hypertensive rats showed lower ME than normotensive rats, which was not reversed by the physical training. Conclusion: Low-intensity physical training did not affect thermal balance in SHR subjected to acute exercise.


Resumo Fundamento: Ratos espontaneamente hipertensos (SHR) apresentam déficits no balanço térmico durante o exercício físico. Objetivo: Avaliar os efeitos do treinamento físico de baixa intensidade sobre o balanço térmico de ratos hipertensos submetidos a um protocolo de exercício físico agudo. Métodos: Ratos machos Wistar e SHR, com 16 semanas de idade, foram divididos em quatro grupos experimentais: Wistar controle (WIS-C), Wistar treinado (WIS-T), SHR controle (SHR-C) e SHR treinado (SHR-T). O treinamento físico em esteira rolante foi realizado durante 12 semanas. A pressão arterial, a frequência cardíaca de repouso e o tempo de exercício foram medidos previamente e após o programa de treinamento físico. Após o programa de treinamento físico, um sensor de temperatura foi implantado na região intraperitoneal e os ratos foram submetidos a um protocolo de exercício físico agudo com registros contínuos da temperatura corporal interna, temperatura da pele da cauda e do consumo de oxigênio até a fadiga. A eficiência mecânica (EM), o trabalho, o limiar e a sensibilidade para dissipação de calor foram calculados. Para as análises estatísticas o nível de significância adotado foi de 5%. Resultados: O treinamento físico e a hipertensão arterial não alteraram o balanço térmico durante o exercício físico. O grupo WIS-T quando comparado ao WIS-C, apresentou maior produção de calor, que foi contrabalanceado por uma maior dissipação de calor. Os animais hipertensos apresentaram menor EM em comparação aos animais normotensos, e o treinamento físico não foi capaz de reverter esta alteração. Conclusão: O treinamento físico de baixa intensidade não provocou alterações no balanço térmico de ratos hipertensos submetidos a um protocolo de exercício físico agudo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Physical Conditioning, Animal/physiology , Body Temperature Regulation/physiology , Hypertension/physiopathology , Oxygen Consumption/physiology , Rats, Inbred SHR , Blood Pressure/physiology , Rats, Wistar , Heart Rate/physiology
12.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(2): 221-230, Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1004335

ABSTRACT

This review analyzes the effects of high intensity interval training (HIIT) on muscle and cardiovascular fitness and body composition in teenagers. A search was carried out in international databases, finding 145 papers and selecting five for analysis. In all the reviewed manuscripts, peak oxygen uptake improved after HIIT. In the three manuscripts that measured muscle strength, it also increased. We conclude that HIIT improves muscle strength and cardiovascular fitness in school age children. A 12 weeks protocol with three 12-minute sessions per week would be ideal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , High-Intensity Interval Training/methods , Oxygen Consumption/physiology , Body Composition/physiology , Cardiovascular Physiological Phenomena , Controlled Clinical Trials as Topic , Muscle Strength/physiology
13.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(9): e8392, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011613

ABSTRACT

The term inflammaging is now widely used to designate the inflammatory process of natural aging. During this process, cytokine balance is altered, presumably due to the loss of homeostasis, thus contributing to a greater predisposition to disease and exacerbation of chronic diseases. The aim of the study was to analyze the relationship between pro-inflammatory markers and age in the natural aging process of healthy individuals. One hundred and ten subjects were divided into 5 groups according to age (22 subjects/group). Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) were quantified using the ELISA method. High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) was analyzed by turbidimetry according to laboratory procedures. The main findings of this study were: a positive correlation between hsCRP and IL-6 as a function of age (110 subjects); women showed stronger correlations; the 51-60 age group had the highest values for hsCRP and IL-6; women presented higher values for hsCRP in the 51-60 age group and higher values for IL-6 in the 61-70 age group; and men showed higher values in the 51-60 age group for hsCRP and IL-6. In conclusion, the natural aging process increased IL-6 and hsCRP levels, which is consistent with the inflammaging theory; however, women presented stronger correlations compared to men (IL-6 and hsCRP) and the 51-60 age range seems to be a key point for these increases. These findings are important because they indicate that early preventive measures may minimize the increase in these inflammatory markers in natural human aging.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Aging/physiology , Immunosenescence/physiology , Inflammation/blood , Oxygen Consumption/physiology , Triglycerides/blood , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Biomarkers/analysis , Sex Factors , Cholesterol/blood , Age Factors , Interleukin-6/blood , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood
14.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(9): e8402, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019567

ABSTRACT

Cardiopulmonary fitness assessment is a valuable resource to obtain quantitative indicators of an individual's physical performance. The cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPX), considered the gold standard test for this evaluation, is costly and difficult to be accessed by the general population. In order to make this evaluation more accessible, and to better reflect the performance of daily life activities, alternative tests were proposed. Morbidly obese patients present limitations that impair physical performance assessment and could benefit from a test of shorter duration, provided it is validated. This observational study aimed to validate the two-minute step test (2MST) as a tool to evaluate functional capacity (FC) in obese with comorbidities and morbidly obese patients, compared the 2MST with CPX as a measure of physical performance, and developed a predictive equation to estimate peak oxygen uptake (VO2) in the 2MST. The CPX and the 2MST were performed and metabolic and ventilatory parameters were recorded in 31 obese individuals (BMI>35 kg/m2). Pearson correlation and multiple linear regression analyses were performed to evaluate the peak VO2 best predictors. Bland-Altman analysis was performed to assess the agreement between the two methods. Peak VO2 measured by CPX and 2MST showed a strong correlation (r=0.70, P<0.001) and there was a moderate correlation between peak VO2 of the 2MST and the number of up-and-down step cycles (UDS) (r=0.55; P=0.01). The reference equation obtained was: VO2 (mL·kg-1·min-1) = 13.341 + 0.138 × total UDS - (0.183 × BMI), with an estimated standard error of 1.3 mL·kg-1·min-1. The 2MST is a viable, practical, and easily accessible test for FC. UDS and BMI can predict peak VO2 satisfactorily.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Oxygen Consumption/physiology , Exercise Tolerance/physiology , Walk Test/methods , Heart Rate/physiology , Obesity/physiopathology , Time Factors , Obesity, Morbid/physiopathology , Comorbidity , Cardiorespiratory Fitness/physiology
15.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121936

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El interés de este estudio fue establecer posibles asociaciones con el estado físico, calidad de sueño y consumo de oxígeno máximo (VO2máx) con los síntomas de la enfermedad del síndrome de Intestino Irritables (SII) en los estudiantes universitarios. MÉTODOS: La muestra fue de n = 62 estudiantes universitarios (edad 25 ± 9 años; talla 1,63 ± 0,08 m; peso 68,6 ± 18,5 kg). Se midieron variables antropométricas, el VO2 máx mediante el test Rockport, se aplicó el cuestionario de índice de Calidad de Sueño de "Pittsburgh" (ICSP) y el "BEST-Score" 4 points. Se utilizó la prueba Anova y el coeficiente de Pearson. RESULTADO: En los síntomas del SII (%) se muestran diferencias entre sujetos normopeso vs obesidad (11,5 ± 10 vs 33,3 ± 23,1% p = 0.00). También se muestra diferencias en función del VO2 máx en ICPS: nivel 1 vs nivel 3 (26 ± 0,6 vs 13 ± 0,6% p = 0.04) y síntomas del SII (21,9 ± 10 vs 11,1 ± 17,9% p = 0.02). Los síntomas del SII obtuvieron correlación moderada con el IMC (r = 0,51; p = 0,00) y % de grasa (r = 0,60; p = 0,00), también el VO2 máx con la calidad del sueño (r = -0,52; p = 0,00). CONCLUSIÓN: Los estudiantes de la UPNFM que presentan un mayor VO2 máx muestran valores más bajos en la puntuación de síntomas del SII y podría estar asociado a conciliar mejor el sueño.


INTRODUCTION: The interest of this study was to establish possible associations with the physical state, sleep quality and maximum oxygen consumption (VO2max) with the symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) in university students. METHODS: The sample was n = 62 university students (age 25 ± 9 years, height 1.63 ± 0.08 m, weight 68.6 ± 18.5 kg). Anthropometric variables were measured, VO2max using the Rockport test, the "Pittsburgh Quality" Sleep Quality Index questionnaire (ICSP) and the "BEST-Score" 4 points were applied. The Anova test and the Pearson coefficient were used. RESULT: In the IBS symptoms (%) there are differences between subject's normal weight vs obesity (11.5 ± 10 vs 33.3 ± 23.1% p = 0.00). It also shows differences according to VO2max in ICPS: level 1 vs level 3 (26 ± 0.6 vs 13 ± 0.6% p = 0.04) and IBS symptoms (21.9 ± 10 vs 11.1 ± 17, 9% p = 0.02). The IBS symptoms showed moderate correlation with BMI (r = 0.51, p = 0.00) and of fat% (r = 0.60, p = 0.00), also the VO2max with the quality of sleep ( r = -0.52, p = 0.00). CONCLUSION: Students of UPNFM who present a higher VO2max show lower values in the symptom score of IBS and could be associated to better sleep conciliation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Sleep/physiology , Students , Anthropometry , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/physiopathology , Oxygen Consumption/physiology , Quality of Life , Universities , Body Weight , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Analysis of Variance , Waist-Hip Ratio , Overweight
16.
Motriz (Online) ; 25(1): e101935, 2019. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002697

ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim of this study was to comprehensively examine oxygen uptake (V̇O2) kinetics during cycling through mathematical modeling of the breath-by-breath gas exchange responses across eight conditions of unloaded cycling to moderate to high-intensity exercise. Methods: Following determination of GET and V̇O2peak, eight participants (age: 24±8y; height: 1.78±0.09m; mass: 76.5±10.1kg; V̇O2peak: 3.89±0.72 L.min-1) completed a series of square-wave rest-to-exercise transitions at; -20%∆ (GET minus 20% of the difference in V̇O2 between that at GET and VO2peak), -10%∆, GET, 10%∆, 20%∆, 30%∆, 40%∆, and 50%∆. The V̇O2 kinetic response was modelled using mono- and bi-exponential non-linear regression techniques. The difference in the standard error of the estimates (SEE) for the mono- and bi-exponential models, and the slope of V̇O2 vs time (for the final minute of exercise) were analysed using paired and one-sample t-tests, respectively. Results: The bi-exponential model SEE was lower than the mono-exponential model across all exercise intensities (p<0.05), indicating a better model fit. Steady-state V̇O2 was achieved across all exercise intensities (all V̇O2 vs. time slopes; p>0.05). The modelled slow component time constants, typical of literature reported values, indicated that the V̇O2 kinetic response would not be completed during the duration of the exercise. Conclusion: It was shown that the addition of the more complex bi-exponential model resulted in a better model fit across all intensities (notably including sub-GET intensities). The slow component phase was incomplete in all cases, even when the investigation of slopes indicated that a steady state had been achieved.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Oxygen Consumption/physiology , Bicycling , Exercise/physiology , Physical Exertion , Oxygen/blood
17.
J. bras. pneumol ; 45(6): e20180132, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040290

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Preoperative functional evaluation is central to optimizing the identification of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who are candidates for surgery. The minute ventilation/carbon dioxide output (VE/VCO2) slope has proven to be a predictor of surgical complications and mortality. Pulmonary rehabilitation programs (PRPs) could influence short-term outcomes in patients with COPD undergoing lung resection. Our objective was to evaluate the effects of a PRP on the VE/VCO2 slope in a cohort of patients with COPD undergoing lung resection for NSCLC. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 25 consecutive patients with COPD participating in a three-week high-intensity PRP prior to undergoing lung surgery for NSCLC, between December of 2015 and January of 2017. Patients underwent complete functional assessment, including spirometry, DLCO measurement, and cardiopulmonary exercise testing. Results: There were no significant differences between the mean pre- and post-PRP values (% of predicted) for FEV1 (61.5 ± 22.0% vs. 62.0 ± 21.1%) and DLCO (67.2 ± 18.1% vs. 67.5 ± 13.2%). Conversely, there were significant improvements in the mean peak oxygen uptake (from 14.7 ± 2.5 to 18.2 ± 2.7 mL/kg per min; p < 0.001) and VE/VCO2 slope (from 32.0 ± 2.8 to 30.1 ± 4.0; p < 0.01). Conclusions: Our results indicate that a high-intensity PRP can improve ventilatory efficiency in patients with COPD undergoing lung resection for NSCLC. Further comprehensive prospective studies are required to corroborate these preliminary results.


RESUMO Objetivos: A avaliação funcional pré-operatória é fundamental para otimizar a seleção dos pacientes para cirurgia torácica para tratamento do CPCNP. Uma alta inclinação VE/VCO2 se mostrou um preditor de complicações cirúrgicas e de aumento da mortalidade. Programas de reabilitação pulmonar (PRP) demonstraram aumentar os parâmetros funcionais e os desfechos de curto prazo em pacientes com DPOC submetidos à ressecção pulmonar. O impacto dos PRP na inclinação VE/VCO2 não foi totalmente investigado. Métodos: Avaliamos retrospectivamente 25 pacientes com DPOC consecutivos submetidos aos efeitos de um programa de reabilitação pulmonar de alta intensidade (PRP) na inclinação VE/VCO2. Resultados: Não foram observadas variações significativas nos principais parâmetros espirométricos após o programa de reabilitação de três semanas (pré-reabilitação VEF1 versus pós-reabilitação VEF1 %prev: 61,5 ± 22,0% para 62,0 ± 21,1%, ns; pré-reabilitação DLCO para pós-reabilitação DLCO %prev: 67,2 ± 18,1% para 67,5 ± 13,2%, ns). Por outro lado, o pico de VO2 e a inclinação VE/VCO2 melhoraram significativamente após PRP (pico de VO2 pré-reabilitação para pico de VO2 pós-reabilitação: 14,7 ± 2,5 para 18,2 ± 2,7 mL/kg/min, p < 0,0000001; inclinação pré-reabilitação VE/VCO2 para pós-reabilitação inclinação VE/VCO2: 32,0 ± 2,8 para 30,1 ± 4,0, p<0,01). Conclusão: Documentamos o benefício no desempenho físico de um treinamento de três semanas em um grupo de pacientes com DPOC com um comprometimento funcional notável em parâmetros de esforço. Dados adicionais e mais abrangentes são necessários para esclarecer os mecanismos fisiológicos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/rehabilitation , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/rehabilitation , Exercise Therapy/methods , Lung Neoplasms/rehabilitation , Oxygen Consumption/physiology , Reference Values , Spirometry , Time Factors , Carbon Dioxide/metabolism , Vital Capacity/physiology , Forced Expiratory Volume/physiology , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/surgery , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/physiopathology , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/physiopathology , Exercise Test , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Lung Neoplasms/physiopathology
18.
J. bras. pneumol ; 45(6): e20180011, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040294

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT), in comparison with those of continuous exercise, on functional capacity and cardiovascular variables in patients with COPD, through a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Methods: We searched PubMed, the Physiotherapy Evidence Database, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and EMBASE, as well as performing hand searches, for articles published up through January of 2017. We included studies comparing exercise regimens of different intensities, in terms of their effects on functional capacity and cardiovascular variables in patients with COPD. Results: Of the 78 articles identified, 6 were included in the systematic review and meta-analysis. Maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) did not differ significantly between HIIT and control interventions. That was true for relative VO2max (0.03 mL/kg/min; 95% CI: −3.05 to 3.10) and absolute VO2max (0.03 L/min, 95% CI: −0.02 to 0.08). Conclusions: The effects of HIIT appear to be comparable to those of continuous exercise in relation to functional and cardiovascular responses. However, our findings should be interpreted with caution because the studies evaluated present a high risk of bias, which could have a direct influence on the results.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar e comparar os efeitos do high-intensity interval training (HIIT, treinamento intervalado de alta intensidade) aos do exercício contínuo sobre a capacidade funcional e variáveis cardiovasculares em pacientes com DPOC por meio de revisão sistemática e meta-análise de estudos controlados randomizados. Métodos: A busca incluiu as bases PubMed, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials e EMBASE, além de busca manual, até janeiro de 2017. Foram incluídos estudos que compararam os efeitos de diferentes intensidades de exercício em pacientes com DPOC sobre a capacidade funcional e variáveis cardiovasculares. Resultados: Dos 78 artigos identificados, 6 foram incluídos na revisão sistemática e meta-análise. Em relação ao consumo máximo de oxigênio (VO2máx), foi observado que não houve diferenças entre o HIIT e outra intervenção no VO2máx relativo (0,03 ml/kg/min; IC95%: −3,05 a 3,10) e VO2máx absoluto (0,03 l/min; IC95%: −0,02 a 0,08). Conclusões: O HIIT e o exercício contínuo atuam de maneira semelhante em relação a respostas funcionais e cardiovasculares. Entretanto, os resultados apresentados devem ser analisados com cautela, pois os estudos incluídos apresentaram alto risco de viés, podendo influenciar diretamente seus resultados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/physiopathology , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/rehabilitation , Exercise Therapy/methods , High-Intensity Interval Training/methods , Oxygen Consumption/physiology , Time Factors , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Treatment Outcome
19.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(1): e7830, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974266

ABSTRACT

Exercise can prevent and improve the pathophysiology of diseases and promote healthy aging. Thus, understanding the mechanisms that regulate the beneficial effects of exercise may lead to the development of new strategies to enhance quality of life and to counteract chronic diseases. Voluntary wheel running is an interesting model to study the effects of exercise in mice. Compared to forced treadmill exercise, voluntary wheel running presents several advantages such as: 1) running pattern is similar to natural running behavior of mice; 2) it is performed under non-stressed conditions, according to the rhythmicity of the animal; 3) it does not require direct interference from the researcher, and can be easily applied in long-term studies. Mice run spontaneously when given access to running wheels, for a total distance of ∼4 to 20 km per day and a total activity time of ∼3 to 7 hours a day. Hence, voluntary wheel running can result in robust endurance-like adaptation in skeletal and cardiac muscles and protect from sarcopenia. However, due to the lack of control over exercise parameters in voluntary exercise models, it is important for the researcher to understand the patterns and variability of wheel running in mice, as well as the factors that can affect voluntary running activity. Overall, voluntary wheel running in mice is a very interesting approach to study the chronic adaptation to exercise, analyze the effects of exercise, and test exercise capacity in different experimental models.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Rabbits , Oxygen Consumption/physiology , Physical Conditioning, Animal/psychology , Running/physiology , Muscle, Skeletal/anatomy & histology , Muscle, Skeletal/physiology , Motor Activity/physiology
20.
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 11(4): 141-147, dic. 2018. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-968637

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Reduction in the expression of inflammatory markers and oxidative stress associated with exercise will protect against cardiovascular complications in Diabetes Mellitus (DM). Aim: The aim of this study was evaluated cardiovascular fitness (VO2 Max), interleukin-6 (IL-6), monocyte chemo-attractant protein 1 (MCP-1) and serum lipid peroxidation (TBARS) in overweight patients with Type-1 diabetes (T1DM) participating in a lifestyle-change program. Results: 20 T1DM overweight patients (43.3 ± 13.8 years), with BMI= 29.6 ± 3.5 kg/m2 , initial HbA1c 7.9 ± 0.91% and treated with multiple insulin injections, were included in this work. The lifestyle-change program consisted of: a) walking 10,000 steps/day, b) sequence of exercises of 24 minutes, 3-5 times/week, c) ¨healthy-plate¨ (and counting carbohydrates, and d) prandial insulin as blood-glucose levels. VO2 max, HbA1c, TBARS, IL6, MCP-1 were determined before starting the lifestyle-change program. Six months of adherence later, participants showed an average number of steps of 8242 ± 1834, a significant increase in VO2 max, (33.4 ±1.3 vs 36.2 ±1.5 ml.Kg-1.min-1 p= 0.008), a significant decrease in serum MCP-1 (314 ±42 vs 235 ±43 MFI p= 0.02), and less TBARS (3.01 ±0.44 vs 2.12 ±0.22 µmol/mL p= 0.015). IL-6 and HbA1c showed no significant decrease. Conclusion: Our results showed that a 6-month systemized and simple exercise plan improves cardiorespiratory fitness (VO2 max), and reduces both circulating oxidative stress and inflammation markers in overweight patients with T1DM.


Introducción: La reducción en la expresión de marcadores inflamatorios y de estrés oxidativo asociado con el ejercicio podría proteger contra las complicaciones cardiovasculares de la diabetes mellitus (DM). Objetivo: El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar en pacientes con DM tipo1 (DMT1) y sobrepeso, la capacidad cardiorespiratoria (VO2 Max), la expresión sérica de marcadores inflamatorios (IL-6 y MCP-1) y la peroxidación lipídica sérica (TBARS), luego de participar por 6 meses de un programa de cambios de estilo de vida. Resultados: Veinte pacientes adultos (43.3 ± 13.8 años), de ambos sexos, con un Índice de Masa Corporal de 29.6 ± 3.5 kg/m2 , HbA1c inicial de 7,9% ± 0,91, en tratamiento con inyecciones múltiples de insulina participaron del estudio. Se indicó: 1) caminar 10.000 pasos/día, 2) realizar en domicilio una secuencia de ejercicios de 20 minutos, 3-5 veces/semana, 3) plato saludable (consumo de 1 fruta antes de las 3 comidas principales), 4) Insulina prandial según glucemia y conteo de carbohidratos. Se registraron parámetros antropométricos, presión arterial, se determinó VO2 max, y se midieron los niveles séricos de HbA1c, IL6, MCP-1 y TBARs. Luego de seis meses, los participantes alcanzaron un número promedio de pasos de 8242 ± 1834 y mostraron un aumento significativo en VO2 max, (33.4 ±1.3 vs 36.2 ±1.5 ml.Kg-1.min-1 p= 0.008). Además, se encontró una disminución significativa de MCP-1 (314 ±42 vs 235 ±43 MFI p=0.02) y TBARs (3.01 ±0.44 vs 2.12 ±0.22 µmol/mL p= 0.015) en comparación con el día 0. No se observaron modificaciones en los niveles de IL-6 y HbA1c. Conclusión: Nuestros resultados demuestran que el ejercicio, implementado como un plan accesible y acompañado, es adecuado para reducir los riesgos de inflamación y estado pro-oxidativo en pacientes con DM tipo1.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Exercise/physiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/therapy , Overweight/therapy , Oxygen Consumption/physiology , Biomarkers , Lipid Peroxidation , Interleukin-6/blood , Oxidative Stress , Monocyte Chemoattractant Proteins , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/physiopathology , Overweight/physiopathology , Cardiorespiratory Fitness/physiology , Inflammation , Life Style
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