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1.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 29(4): [1-17], out.-dez. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1372316

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar a relação entre diástase músculo reto abdominal (DMRA) supra- e infraumbilical com a contração da musculatura do assoalho pélvico (MAP) de mulheres no pós-parto imediato, internadas em uma maternidade pública. Metodologia: Estudo transversal aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Seres Humanos (nº 1.674.698; CAA 6163616.8.0000.0096). Participaram 60 puérperas de baixo risco, assistidas nas enfermarias de uma maternidade. A DMRA foi avaliada pela palpação abdominal e graduada conforme a quantidade de polpas digitais. A contração da MAP foi avaliada por meio da inspeção visual. A correlação das variáveis foi realizada pelo teste de Spearman, com nível de significância em p<0,05. Resultados: 40 puérperas (66,7%) apresentaram DMRA supraumbilical e 23 participantes (38,4%) mantinham DMRA infraumbilical maior do que 2 polpas digitais. Cerca de 71,4% das puérperas contraíram MAP isoladamente e 12,7% contraíram MAP utilizando mecanismos compensatórios; 14,3% das puérperas não conseguiram realizar a contração. A DMRA supraumbilical está correlacionada com a contração da MAP com músculos acessórios de primíparas (p=0,03; r=-0,46); a sustentação da contração da MAP em multíparas (p=0,03; r=-0,43); e a ausência da contração da MAP (=0,03; r=0,35) e ao tempo de sustentação da contração (p=0,02; r=-0,40) em puérperas que realizaram parto vaginal. Conclusão: A presença da DMRA supraumbilical apresenta correlação com a função da MAP de puérperas de acordo com a paridade e a via de parto do último parto. (AU)


Aim: to analyze the relationship between supra- and infraumbilical diastasis recti abdominis (DRA) and pelvic floor musculature (PFM) contraction of women at immediate postpartum, admitted in a public maternity hospital. Methodology: Cross-sectional study approved by the Human Ethics Committee (nº 1.674.698; CAA 56163616.8.0000.0096). Sixty low-risk puerperal women attended at the maternity participated were included. DRA was assessed by abdominal palpation and graded according to number of digital pulps. PFM contraction was assessed by visual inspection. The correlation of variables was performed using the Spearman test, with a significance level of p <0.05. Results: 40 participants (66.7%) had supraumbilical DRA and 23 participants (38.4%) had infraumbilical DRA greater than 2 digital pulps. About 71.4% of women contract only PFM and 12.7% contract PFM using compensatory mechanisms; 14.3% of puerperal women were unable to perform a contraction. Supraumbilical DRA is correlated with PFM contraction and accessory muscles (p = 0.03; r = -0.46); to time of sustained PFM contraction in multiparous women (p = 0.03; r = -0.43); and absence of PFM contraction (= 0.03; r = 0.35) and the time of sustained PFM contraction (p = 0.02; r = -0.40) in puerperal women who underwent vaginal delivery. Conclusion: The presence of supraumbilical DRA correlates with PFM function according to the parity and the type of delivery. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Women's Health , Physical Therapy Modalities , Pelvic Floor , Diastasis, Muscle , Palpation , Parity , Women , Rectus Abdominis , Parturition , Postpartum Period , Hospitals, Maternity , Muscles
2.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(1): 49-58, ene.-abr. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1281314

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Los desórdenes de mucosa bucal potencialmente malignos pueden presentar áreas displásicas. En estos casos, la biopsia es un procedimiento imprescindible para un correcto diagnóstico. La inspección visual y la palpación, como método de selección del área de biopsia, ofrecen sensibilidad y especificidad adecuadas pero mejorables. El objetivo de este artículo es presentar una serie de casos clínicos en los que se describen el empleo y la interpretación de la tinción vital con azul de toluidina como método complementario para contribuir a una mejor elección del área de biopsia. Casos clínicos: Se trata de siete casos de lesiones con sospecha de displasia epitelial en mucosa bucal. En cada uno se detalla la correlación de las áreas teñidas con las manifestaciones clínicas y con el diagnóstico de displasia. Además, se muestran patrones de tinción considerados falsos positivos. En la interpretación de la tinción positiva, se tuvieron en cuenta el aspecto superficial y el color de la lesión teñida. El empleo combinado de inspección, palpación y tinción vital podría constituir un procedimiento integral de utilidad para obtener mayor precisión en la determinación del sitio de biopsia en comparación con los mismos procedimientos aplicados de manera individual. En la interpretación de la tinción positiva con azul de toluidina deberían considerarse el aspecto superficial y el color de la lesión teñida (AU)


Aim: Potentially Malignant Disorders in the oral cavity can present dysplastic areas. In these cases, the biopsy is an essential procedure for a correct diagnosis. Visual inspection and palpation, are adequate methods to select the area for the biopsy, however there is margin for improvement. The objective of this article is to present a series of clinical cases in which the use and interpretation of vital staining with Toluidine Blue is described as a complementary method to contribute to a better choice of the biopsy area. Clinical cases: Seven clinical cases that presented lesions with suspected epithelial dysplasia in the oral mucosa were presented. The correlation of the stained areas with the clinical manifestations and with the diagnosis of dysplasia is detailed in each case. Staining patterns considered false positives are also shown. In the interpretation of the positive staining, the superficial appearance and color of the stained lesion were considered. The combined use of inspection, palpation and vital staining could constitute a useful comprehensive procedure to obtain greater precision in determining the biopsy site in relation to the same procedures applied individually. In the interpretation of the positive staining with Toluidine Blue, the superficial appearance and color of the stained lesion should be considered (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Precancerous Conditions/classification , Tolonium Chloride , Early Detection of Cancer/methods , Mouth Mucosa/injuries , Palpation , Biopsy/methods , Lip Neoplasms/diagnosis , Clinical Diagnosis , Sensitivity and Specificity , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck/diagnosis
3.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(1): 120-130, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134327

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Aim: To evaluate the radiotherapy (RT) effect in the pelvic floor muscles (PFM) function in men with prostate cancer (PC). Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study included three groups of patients with PC and RT indication: 1) Pre-RT group: evaluated before the beginning of RT; 2) Acute group: evaluated between six months and one year after RT; 3) Late Group: evaluated between two and a half years and four years post-RT. PFM assessment was divided into: a) functional assessment through the digital anal palpation (Modified Oxford Scale) and surface electromyography (sEMG) with anal probe; b) anatomical assessment by pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with thickness measurements of levator ani muscle and pelvic specific parameters at rest and under Valsalva maneuver. We used Student t test, considering as significant p <0.05. Results: Thirty-three men were assessed: Pre-RT (n=12); Acute (n=10) and Late (n=11) groups. PFM functional assessment showed Late group with lower electromyographic activity, especially in the sustained contractions when compared to the Pre-RT (p=0.003) and Acute groups (p=0.006). There was no significant difference between groups in MRI. Conclusion: PFM functional assessment showed a decrease in sEMG activity in the Late group post-RT. Most of the sample (72.7%) did not know how to actively contract the PFM or had a weak voluntary contraction when assessed by digital anal palpation. Also, these patients presented higher prevalence of pelvic complaints. No changes were observed in the morpho-functional parameters evaluated by MRI, except the measurement of the membranous urethra length when comparing Pre-RT Group and Acute and Late Groups.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostate/immunology , Pelvic Floor/diagnostic imaging , Palpation , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Cross-Sectional Studies , Electromyography , Muscle Contraction
4.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1354587

ABSTRACT

El objetivo del presente estudio fue presentar una revisión sistemática de la literatura relacionada con los estudios que aborden los métodos de evaluación de la masticación y sus características principales. Como estrategia de investigación se realizó en las bases de datos PubMed, Web Of Science, Medline, SciELO y Lilacs desde 2006 al 2020. Como criterios de selección se escogieron todos los estudios disponibles, sin restricción de idioma; de los últimos 14 años; cuyos participantes no presentaron alteraciones neurológicas ni psiquiátricas. Fueron analizados a partir de su relación con el objeto del presente estudio. Las palabras clave utilizadas en la búsqueda de los artículos fueron identificados en los Descriptores en Ciencias de la Salud (DEDS) siendo las siguientes: "Evaluation", "Mastication", "Masticatory Muscles", "Masseter Muscle" y "Temporal Muscle". Utilizando también OR y AND como operadores lógicos. Se encontró 1311 estudios en las bases de datos investigadas, después de la revisión fueron eliminados 1278 y elegidos 33 artículos; y considerándose sólo 21 artículos según criterios de selección y objetivo. Todos los artículos revisados obtuvieron un alto grado de evidencia (nivel I) luego de realizar una evaluación crítica de la evidencia científica, determinando que todos los artículos evaluados fueron catalogados como estudios clínicos aleatorizados y con diseños experimentales. Siendo excluidos los estudios longitudinales, con individuos con patologías. Se concluye que el método que se utiliza mayormente es la evaluación clínica fonoaudiológica, mediante observación y palpación de musculatura orofacial, seguido de electromiografía de superficie, electrognatografía y la escala analógica visual para la saciedad. Las características observadas fueron, número de ciclos de masticación, velocidad de la masticación, porcentaje de actividad muscular eléctrica, fuerza muscular, tipo de masticación según el lado de preferencia de masticación, eficiencia masticatoria y tipología facial.


The objective of the present study was to present a systematic review of the literature related to studies that address chewing evaluation methods and their main characteristics. As a research strategy, it was carried out in the PubMed, Web Of Science, Medline, SciELO and Lilacs databases from 2006 to 2020. All available studies were chosen as selection criteria, without language restriction; of the last 14 years; whose participants did not present neurological or psychiatric alterations. They were analyzed based on their relationship with the object of the present study. The keywords used in the search for the articles were identified in the Health Sciences Descriptors (DEDS) being the following: "Evaluation", "Mastication", "Masticatory Muscles", "Masseter Muscle" and "Temporal Muscle". Also using OR and AND as logical operators. 1311 studies were found in the investigated databases, after the review 1278 were eliminated and 33 articles were chosen; and considering only 21 articles according to selection and objective criteria. All the articles reviewed obtained a high degree of evidence (level I) after making a critical evaluation of the scientific evidence, determining that all the articles evaluated were classified as randomized clinical studies with experimental designs. Longitudinal studies with individuals with pathologies being excluded. It is concluded that the method most used is the speech therapy clinical evaluation, by observation and palpation of the orofacial muscles, followed by surface electromyography, electrognatography and the visual analog scale for satiety. The observed characteristics were, number of chewing cycles, chewing speed, percentage of electrical muscle activity, muscle strength, chewing type according to chewing preference side, chewing efficiency and facial typology.


Subject(s)
Research Design , Mastication , Masticatory Muscles , Palpation , Observation , Efficiency , Electromyography , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Visual Analog Scale , Literature , Methods
5.
CoDAS ; 33(4): e20200035, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286111

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo identificar sinais e sintomas de DTM, bem como analisar os resultados de parâmetros vocais, do exame clínico físico de palpação muscular, da autopercepção de sintomas vocais, dor e fadiga vocal de mulheres com DTM e comparar com mulheres vocalmente saudáveis. Métodos estudo transversal com 45 mulheres (23 com DTM e 22 controles), mediana de idade similar entre os grupos. A avaliação fonoaudiológica e otorrinolaringológica determinaram o diagnóstico de DTM. Todas as participantes responderam aos protocolos Escala de Sintomas Vocais (ESV), Índice de Fadiga Vocal (IFV) e Questionário Nórdico de Sintomas Osteomusculares (QNSO). Elas também foram avaliadas pelo exame de palpação da musculatura perilaríngea, avaliação perceptivo-auditiva e análise acústica da voz da frequência fundamental. A amostra de fala incluiu vogais "a", "i" e "é" sustentadas e fala encadeada, gravada em ambiente silente, e submetida à avaliação perceptivo-auditiva por três juízes. Na análise acústica, a frequência fundamental e tempos máximos de fonação foram extraídos. Resultados O grupo DTM apresentou piores resultados na ESV, na IFV e no QNSO, além de maior resistência à palpação e posição vertical de laringe alta. Os parâmetros vocais também apresentaram maior desvio na DTM, exceto para a frequência fundamental. Não houve relação entre sintomas vocais, fadiga ou dor com o grau geral da disfonia no grupo DTM, indicando sintomas importantes em desvios vocais leves ou moderados. Conclusão mulheres com DTM apresentaram sintomas vocais, fadiga vocal, dor muscular, resistência à palpação e parâmetros vocais desviados quando comparadas às mulheres vocalmente saudáveis.


ABSTRACT Purpose To identify muscle tension dysphonia (MTD) signs and symptoms, as well as to analyze the results of vocal parameters, the physical clinical examination of muscle palpation, the self-perception of vocal symptoms, vocal pain, and fatigue of women with MTD and compare them with women with healthy voices. Methods a cross-sectional study with 45 women (23 with MTD and 22 controls), similar median age between groups. The speech-language and otorhinolaryngological evaluation determined the diagnosis of MTD. All participants responded to the Voice Symptoms Scale (VoiSS), Vocal Fatigue Index (VFI), and Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ) protocols. They were also assessed by a palpatory evaluation of the perilaryngeal musculature, auditory-perceptual evaluation, and acoustic analysis of the voice fundamental frequency. The speech sample included sustained vowels "a", "i" and "e" and connected speech, recorded in a silent environment, and submitted to auditory-perceptual evaluation by three judges. In the acoustic analysis, the fundamental frequency and maximum phonation times were extracted. Results The MTD group had worse results in VoiSS, VFI, and NMQ, in addition to greater resistance to palpation and a high vertical position of the larynx. The vocal parameters also showed greater deviation in the MTD group, except for the fundamental frequency. There was no relationship between vocal symptoms, fatigue, or pain with the general degree of dysphonia in the MTD group, indicating important symptoms in mild or moderate vocal deviations. Conclusion women with MTD presented vocal symptoms, vocal fatigue, muscle pain, resistance to palpation and deviated vocal parameters when compared to vocally healthy women.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Dysphonia/diagnosis , Pain , Palpation , Self Concept , Voice Quality , Cross-Sectional Studies , Muscle Tonus , Muscles
6.
Más Vita ; 2(4): 80-87, dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1373018

ABSTRACT

La prevalencia del nódulo tiroideo (NT) en la población general es de entre el 2 al 7% por palpación y de 19 a 76% por ultrasonido. Su incidencia es más alta con la edad, en personas provenientes de áreas con deficiencia de yodo, en mujeres, y después de exposición a radiación. Objetivo: Estudiar distintas fuentes bibliográficas para así establecer la importancia del uso práctico de la clasificación TI-RADS en el nódulo tiroideo. Metodología: Se constituye en una investigación de carácter documental, tanto bibliográfica como digital. Resultados: La importancia del estudio del nódulo tiroideo radica en la necesidad de excluir cáncer, por lo cual, todo nódulo tiroideo >1cm debe ser evaluado. Los nódulos <1cm serán sospechosos cuando se encuentren asociados a factores de riesgo y en presencia de hallazgos ultrasonográficos sugestivos de malignidad. La clasificación TI-RADS de los NT basada en un sistema de puntuación acorde a los criterios ecográficos más relevantes de malignidad tiene una mejor y más fácil aplicación en la práctica diaria. Conclusión: Según los criterios de malignidad y la puntuación asignada en este estudio, la posibilidad de que un NT con un punto en la escala sea maligno es de aproximadamente un 10%, mientras que la probabilidad para aquellos con dos puntos es casi del 50% y para los valorados con tres o cuatro puntos del 85%. Todos los NT con 5 o más puntos son malignos. El presente artículo resume una comparación de referencias bibliográficas para actualización y aplicación de la clasificación TIRADS(AU)


The prevalence of the thyroid nodule (TN) in the general population is between 2 to 7% by palpation and from 19 to 76% by ultrasound. Its incidence is higher with age, in people from iodine-deficient areas, in women, and after exposure to radiation. Objective: To study different bibliographic sources in order to establish the importance of the practical use of the TI-RADS classification in the thyroid nodule. Methodology: It constitutes a documentary research, both bibliographic and digital. Results: The importance of studying the thyroid nodule lies in the need to exclude cancer, therefore, any thyroid nodule> 1cm should be evaluated. Nodules <1cm will be suspicious when associated with risk factors and in the presence of ultrasonographic findings suggestive of malignancy. The TI-RADS classification of NTs based on a scoring system according to the most relevant ultrasound criteria of malignancy has a better and easier application in daily practice. Conclusion: According to the malignancy criteria and the score assigned in this study, the possibility that a TN with one point on the scale is malignant is approximately 10%, while the probability for those with two points is almost 50% and for those valued with three or four points of 85%. All TNs with 5 or more points are malignant. This article summarizes a comparison of bibliographic references for updating and applying the TIRADS classification(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Iodine Deficiency , Thyroid Nodule , Methodology as a Subject , Palpation , Radiation , Diagnostic Imaging , Risk Factors
7.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 19(1): 109-117, jun 17, 2020. fig, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358901

ABSTRACT

Não há consenso na literatura quanto à associação entre postura craniocervical (PCC), disfunção temporomandibular (DTM) e oclusão dentária. Ainda assim, admite-se que a articulação temporomandibular está intimamente envolvida com a biomecânica cervical e cintura escapular. Objetivo: traçar o perfil das associações entre PCC, DTM e oclusão dentária. Metodologia: estudo observacional em corte transversal realizado em universitários, de ambos os sexos, com idade entre 18 e 40 anos. Os voluntários foram avaliados pelo RDC/TMD, biofotogrametria, sendo esta realizada através do Software de Avaliação Postural (SAPO) pelos ângulos A1(tragushorizontal), A2 (tragus-C7-horizontal), A3 (tragus ­ acrômio-vertical) e distância tóraco-cervical, além da análise quanto ao tipo de oclusão dentária. O tratamento dos dados foi feito a partir de tendência central, razão de prevalência e análise de correspondência múltipla assimétrica. Resultados: foram avaliados 88 voluntários com mediana da idade de 22 anos, sendo 27 do sexo masculino e 62 do feminino. A amostra foi dividida em quatro grupos, de acordo com a presença de DTM, padrão de dor à palpação, cefaléia, PCC e oclusão. As maiores associações observadas foram: DTM tipo II com a distoclusão tipo dois, DTM tipo I com flexão de cabeça e retificação da coluna cervical; mesioclusão com alinhamento da coluna cervical e indivíduos sem dor com anteriorização da cabeça e distoclusão tipo um. Conclusão: este estudo demonstrou que a DTM não interfere na postura da cabeça, mas que a má oclusão pode alterar a postura craniocervical nos planos sagital e frontal além de aumentar a lordose cervical.


There is no consensus in the literature about the association between craniocervical posture (CCP), temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD) and dental occlusion, although it is admitted that the temporomandibular joint is closely involved with the cervical and shoulder girdle biomechanics. Objective: to identify the profile about associations between CCP, TMJ and dental occlusion. Methodology: observational cross-sectional study, conducted on both sexes college student aged 18 to 40 years. The subjects were evaluated by RDC/TMD, biophotogrammetry, using Postural Assessment Software (SAPO), according to A1 (tragus-horizontal), A2 (tragus-C7- horizontal), A3 (tragus-acromion-vertical) and cervical thoracic distance, besides the analysis of the type of dental occlusion. Data analysis was performed by measures of central tendency, prevalence ratio and asymmetric multiple correspondence. Results: a total of 88 volunteers with a median age of 22 years were evaluated, 27 male and 62 female. The profiles was divided into four groups according to the presence of TMD, pain on palpation, headache, CCP and occlusion. The associations observed were: type II TMD with type two distocclusion, type I TMD with head flexion and cervical spine rectification; mesiocclusion with cervical spine alignment and pain-free individuals with anteriorization of the head and distocclusion type one. Conclusão: this study demonstrated that TMD does not interfere with the head position, but that malocclusion may alter craniocervical posture in the sagittal and frontal planes and increase cervical lordosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Palpation , Posture , Temporomandibular Joint , Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome , Headache , Malocclusion , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Study
8.
Rev. peru. med. exp. salud publica ; 37(2): 246-252, abr.-jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1127148

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: Evaluar la actividad antitumoral del extracto crudo de biopolímeros aislados de la bacteria marina Vibrio sp. en cáncer de mama inducido por N-Methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU) en ratas. Materiales y métodos: Se cultivó la bacteria marina Vibrio sp. durante siete días, luego se filtró, precipitó y concentró el sobrenadante crudo. Se administró una dosis única de MNU 50 mg/kg a 39 ratas Holtzman y fueron tratadas diariamente durante nueve semanas por vía oral: G1 (n=13): suero fisiológico 0,1 mL/100g; G2 (n=13): extracto crudo de biopolímeros de Vibrio sp. 20 mg/kg; G3 (n=13): tamoxifeno 100 mg/kg. El G4 (n=11) solo recibió suero fisiológico 0,1 mL/100g. Se valoró semanalmente el peso corporal y la aparición de tumores mamarios identificados mediante palpación; así como el examen histopatológico al final del tratamiento. Resultados: El 77% de las ratas del grupo G1 desarrollaron tumores a partir de la séptima semana en un promedio de 2,2 tumores por cada animal; en contraste al grupo tratado con el extracto crudo de biopolímeros y tamoxifeno; donde solo una rata (8%) en cada grupo desarrolló tumores y posterior a la semana nueve de la inducción (p=0,001). Los resultados histopatológicos sostienen que todos los tumores extirpados corresponden a adenocarcinoma ductal de mama con distintos patrones: sólido, papilar y quístico. Asimismo, se evidenciaron focos necróticos en el 30% de los tumores del grupo G1. Conclusión: El extracto crudo de biopolímeros aislados de Vibrio sp. presentan efecto antitumoral en cáncer de mama inducido en ratas.


ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the antitumor activity of the raw extract from biopolymers isolated from the Vibrio sp. marine bacteria in breast cancer induced by N-Methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU) in rats. Materials and methods: The Vibrio sp. marine bacteria was cultured for seven days, then the raw supernatant was filtered, precipitated and concentrated. MNU was administered in a single dose of 50 mg/kg to 39 Holtzman rats and were daily treated for 9 weeks orally: G1 (n = 13): 0.1 mL/100 g of saline solution; G2 (n = 13): 20 mg/kg of raw extract from Vibrio sp. biopolymers; G3 (n = 13): 100 mg/kg of tamoxifen; G4 (n = 11) received no MNU and only 0.1 mL/100 g of saline solution. Body weight and the appearance of breast tumors identified by palpation were assessed weekly, as well as histopathological examination at the end of treatment. Results: Seventy-seven percent of the rats in the G1 group developed tumors from week 7 onwards in an average of 2.2 tumors per animal; in contrast to the group treated with the raw biopolymer extract and tamoxifen; where only one rat (8%) in each group developed tumors after week nine of induction (p = 0.001). The histopathological results support that all the removed tumors correspond to breast ductal adenocarcinoma with different patterns: solid, papillary and cystic. Likewise, necrotic foci were evidenced in 30% of the tumors of the G1 group. Conclusion: The raw extract of biopolymers isolated from Vibrio sp. present antitumor effect in breast cancer induced in rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Rats , Vibrio , Biopolymers , Breast Neoplasms , Mammary Neoplasms, Experimental , Antineoplastic Agents , Palpation , Vibrio/classification , Vibrio/metabolism , Biopolymers/isolation & purification , Biopolymers/pharmacology , Breast , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Mammary Neoplasms, Experimental/chemically induced , Mammary Neoplasms, Experimental/drug therapy , Methylnitrosourea , Methylnitrosourea/toxicity , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology
9.
Arq. Inst. Biol ; 87: e0802018, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1118053

ABSTRACT

This research evaluated the effect of milking on the physical exam of the mammary gland (MG) and milk examination in Saanen goats. Six properties were selected, four farms were used after evaluation of criteria selection and distributed in two groups according to the milking method: manual or mechanical. The physical examination of MG was performed using the techniques of inspection and palpation, in addition to the examination of the milk by strip cup, California Mastitis Test, somatic cell count, and bacteriological exam. It was possible to detect an association between the milking method with the most of physical exam of the MG: inspection of the MG (p = 0.001), inspection of the teat (p = 0.002), palpation of the MG (p = 0.054) and palpation of the teat (p = 0.036). The machine milking had an association with the reduction of the volume of MG (OR = 6.00), reduction of the teat size (OR = 16.19), and firm consistency of mammary parenchyma (OR = 2.39). The use of machine milking represented a less risk for an increase of the volume of the MG volume (OR = 0.288) and the presence of cisternitis (OR = 0.490). The association between the SCC and the type of milking was also detected (p = 0.002). Machine milking was associated with changesin the physical exam of MG and milk examination compatible with traumatic lesions. This information indicates inappropriate use of milking equipment in the dairy goat's properties.(AU)


Esta pesquisa avaliou o efeito da ordenha sobre o exame físico da glândula mamária (GM) e do leite em cabras Saanen. Seis propriedades foram selecionadas, quatro fazendas foram utilizadas após avaliação da seleção dos critérios e distribuídas em dois grupos de acordo com o método de ordenha: manual ou mecânico. O exame físico da GM foi realizado utilizando as técnicas de inspeção e palpação, além do exame do leite pelo teste da caneca de fundo escuro, California Mastitis Test, contagem de células somáticas e exame bacteriológico. Foi possível detectar uma associação entre o método de ordenha com a maioria dos exames físicos da GM: inspeção da GM (p = 0,001), inspeção do teto (p = 0,002), palpação da GM (p = 0,054) e palpação do teto (p = 0,036). A ordenha mecânica associou-se com a redução do volume de GM (OR = 6,00), redução do tamanho do teto (OR = 16,19) e consistência firme do parênquima mamário (OR = 2,39). O uso da ordenha mecânica representou menor risco para o aumento do volume do volume da GM (OR = 0,288) e presença da cisternite (OR = 0,490). Também foi detectada a associação entre a CCS e o tipo de ordenha (p = 0,002). A ordenha mecânica foi associada com as alterações no exame físico de GM e do leite compatíveis com lesões traumáticas. Essas informações indicam o uso inadequado do equipamento de ordenha na criação de cabras leiteiras.(AU)


Subject(s)
Cattle , Palpation , Mammary Glands, Animal , Physical Examination/veterinary , Cell Count/methods , Milk , Encephalitis, California/diagnosis
10.
Philippine Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; : 1-8, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876566

ABSTRACT

Background@#Estimation of fetal weight through ultrasound or clinically, is important in the management of pregnant women. In low resource settings, where ultrasound is scarce, determination of the superior clinical method between Johnson’s rule and palpation method is of significant value.@*Objective@#The objective of this study was to determine the best clinical method in estimating fetal weight in term parturients in a tertiary government hospital. 140 term mothers with singleton pregnancies in cephalic presentation were included in this study.@*Methodology@#Fetal weight was estimated using both palpation method and Johnson’s rule and compared to the actual fetal weight. Effects of body mass index (BMI), cervical dilatation, and engagement on the accuracy of both methods were evaluated using one-way ANOVA and test of proportions. The accuracy of both methods were calculated by mean absolute error and bias. Bland-Altman analysis was used to see limits of agreement and the mean difference between estimated fetal weight to actual birthweight.@*Results@#Mean estimated fetal weight (EFW) was 2846.39 ± 427.29g by Johnson’s and 2904.29 ± 372.79g by palpation with a mean actual birthweight of 3028.30 ± 441.52g. Using paired t-test, no significant differences were found in EFW by the two methods and actual birthweight. Palpation had more estimates that differed from actual by < 100 grams at 41.43% compared to 16.43% for Johnson’s with p < 0.001. Lower bias (7.11%) was seen in palpation compared to Johnson’s (12.09%) and with more precise estimates.@*Conclusion@#Palpation method is more accurate and reliable than Johnson’s rule. Clinical palpation is easy, cost effective, simple and should be considered as a diagnostic tool for fetal weight estimation especially in rural areas. The effect modifiers are cervical dilation for palpation and engagement for Johnson’s. BMI has no effect in accuracy of estimates in both methods.


Subject(s)
Fetal Weight , Fetus , Prenatal Care , Palpation , Research Design , Health Services
11.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(4): 396-407, July-Aug. 2019. graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012340

ABSTRACT

The use of technology has increased tremendously, by means of more reliable, smaller, more accessible and specially more user-friendly devices, which provide a wider range of features, and promote significant benefits for the population and health professionals. It is in this context that monitors and apps for heart rate (HR) measurement have emerged. HR is a clinical vital sign of diagnostic and prognostic importance. In response to body movement, HR tends to increase, in a direct relationship with the intensity of exercise. HR was primarily measured by the count of arterial pulse, and recently, HR can be precisely measured by monitors, bracelets and smartphone apps capable to perform real-time measurements and storage of data. This paper aimed to make a brief and updated review on the theme, providing a broader view of advantages and limitations of these resources for HR measurement in exercise. HR monitors and apps use basically two types of technology, optical sensor (photoplethysmography) and electrical signal from the heart. In general, these devices have shown good accuracy in measuring HR and HR variability at rest, but there are differences between brands and models considering the type, mode and intensity of exercise. HR measurements by monitors and smartphone apps are simple, accessible and may help cardiologists in the monitoring of the intensity of aerobic exercise, focusing on health promotion and on primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular diseases


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Palpation/methods , Exercise , Fitness Trackers , Heart Rate , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Prognosis , Sports , Cardiac Output , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Biomedical Technology , Exercise Test/methods
12.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 17(1): 7-10, jan.-mar. 2019. tab.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1025951

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Descrever o padrão histopatológico e identificar a incidência de carcinomatose peritoneal no momento do diagnóstico de mulheres diagnosticadas com neoplasia de ovário. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo transversal e descritivo, baseado na análise secundária de dados correspondentes aos prontuários de mulheres adultas com diagnóstico de neoplasia de ovário de um serviço de referência em oncologia clínica. Foram analisados 40 prontuários entre janeiro de 2007 e janeiro de 2017. Resultados: Ao estadiamento segundo o sistema da International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics, três mulheres (7,5%) apresentavam estadiamento clínico (EC) II, três (77,5%) estágio ECIII com carcinomatose peritoneal/invasão da pelve e seis (15%) estágio ECIV com metástases à distância, especialmente para pulmão e fígado. Em relação ao padrão histopatológico, 20 mulheres apresentaram adenocarcinoma seroso papilífero de alto grau (50%), 4 (10%) adenocarcinoma seroso papilífero de baixo grau, 3 (7,5%) adenocarcinoma endometrioide, 3 (7,5%) tumor de teca/granulosa, 3 (7,5%) carcinoma de células claras, 3 (7,5%) tumores não classificados, 2 (5%) disgerminoma e 2 (5%) com cistoadenocarcinoma mucinosos. Conclusão: É nítida a necessidade de mais estudos envolvendo essa patologia, de modo a favorecer o diagnóstico e a intervenção em estágios mais precoces e reduzir desfechos desfavoráveis. (AU)


Objective: To describe the histopathological pattern, and to identify the incidence of peritoneal carcinomatosis at the time of the diagnosis of women diagnosed with ovarian neoplasm. Methods: This is a cross-sectional and descriptive study, based on the secondary analysis of data corresponding to the medical records of adult women diagnosed with ovarian neoplasm in a reference service of clinical oncology. A total of 40 medical records were analyzed between January 2007 and January 2017. Results: At the staging (FIGO system) of the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics, three women (7.5%) had clinical staging (EC) II staging, 31 (77.5%) were in the ECIII stage, with peritoneal carcinomatosis/pelvic invasion, six (15%) were in the ECIV stage, with metastases at a distance, especially to lung and liver. Regarding the histopathological pattern, twenty women had high-grade papillary serous adenocarcinoma (50%), 4 (10%) with low-grade papillary serous adenocarcinoma, 3 (7.5%) with endometrioid adenocarcinoma, 3 (7.5%) with granulosa-theca tumor, 3 (7.5%) with clear cell carcinoma, 3 (7.5%) with unclassified tumors, 2 (5%) with dysgerminoma, two (5%) with mucinous cystadenocarcinoma. Conclusions: There is a clear need for further studies involving this pathology, in order to favor diagnosis and intervention at earlier stages and to reduce unfavorable outcomes. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Ovarian Neoplasms/diagnosis , Peritoneal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Peritoneal Neoplasms/pathology , Peritoneal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Ovarian Neoplasms/complications , Palpation , Peritoneal Neoplasms/complications , Ascites/etiology , Thecoma/epidemiology , Uterine Hemorrhage/etiology , Weight Loss , Adenocarcinoma/epidemiology , Abdominal Pain/etiology , Medical Records/statistics & numerical data , Incidence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Endometrioid/epidemiology , Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell/epidemiology , Dysgerminoma/epidemiology , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neoplasm Staging/classification
13.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 17(1): 11-14, jan.-mar. 2019. tab.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1025956

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Descrever o perfil clínico-epidemiológico de pacientes diagnosticados com câncer de vesícula e identificar o estadiamento do tumor estabelecido no momento do diagnóstico, bem como o padrão histopatológico no momento da biópsia. Métodos: Trata-se de estudo transversal e descritivo realizado em um serviço de referência em oncologia clínica, baseado em análise secundária de dados correspondentes aos prontuários de indivíduos com diagnóstico de câncer de vesícula biliar atendidos entre janeiro de 2007 e janeiro de 2017. Resultados: A distribuição por sexo foi de cinco mulheres (62,5%) e três homens (37,5%). A idade variou de 47 a 74 anos, com média de 61,1 anos e desvio padrão de ±9,03. Nenhum indivíduo era assintomático ao diagnóstico; seis (75%) apresentaram dor em hipocôndrio direito, dois (25%) perda de peso e dois outros (25%) massa palpável. Dos oito indivíduos, seis (75%) apresentavam estadiamento clínico (EC) IV ao diagnóstico. O perfil histopatológico apresentou 100% de adenocarcinoma, sendo uma amostra com áreas papilíferas, três moderadamente diferenciadas, três metastáticas e uma bem diferenciada. Conclusão: O perfil clínico-epidemiológico estabelecido foi maior prevalência de câncer de vesícula biliar em mulheres, com média de idade na sétima década. Predominou a cólica biliar como sintoma. O padrão de adenocarcinoma foi identificado em todos os indivíduos. Três quartos dos indivíduos apresentavam estágio avançado de doença. (AU)


Objective: to describe the clinical-epidemiological profile of patients diagnosed with gallbladder cancer, and to identify tumor staging established at the time of diagnosis, as well as the histopathological pattern at the biopsy. Methods: This is a cross-sectional and descriptive study, carried out in a reference service of clinical oncology, based on secondary analysis of data corresponding to the medical records of patients diagnosed with Gallbladder cancer seen between January-2007 and January-2017. Results: Gender distribution was of five women (62.5%), and three men (37.5%). Patients' ages ranged from 47-74 years, mean age of 61.1 years and standard deviation of ±9.03). No patient was asymptomatic at diagnosis, six (75%) had right hypochondrium pain, two (25%) showed weight loss, and two others (25%), palpable mass. Of the eight patients, six (75%) had EC IV staging at diagnosis. The histopathological profile showed 100% of adenocarcinoma, with one sample having papilliferous areas, three being moderately differentiated, three metastatic, and one well differentiated. Conclusion: The clinical-epidemiological profile established in this study had a higher prevalence of gallbladder cancer in women, with a mean age of the individual around the 7th decade. The most frequent symptom was biliary colic. The adenocarcinoma pattern was identified in all individuals. Three-quarters of them had advanced disease. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Health Profile , Gallbladder Neoplasms/diagnosis , Gallbladder Neoplasms/epidemiology , Palpation , Biopsy , Weight Loss , Adenocarcinoma/diagnosis , Adenocarcinoma/epidemiology , Abdominal Pain/etiology , Colic/etiology , Medical Records/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies , Gallbladder/pathology , Gallbladder Neoplasms/complications , Gallbladder Neoplasms/pathology , Neoplasm Metastasis/diagnosis , Neoplasm Staging/classification , Neoplasm Staging/statistics & numerical data
14.
Clin. biomed. res ; 39(3): 221-224, 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1053046

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A comida tem um papel proeminente na obtenção do iodo e uma das melhores estratégias é a iodização do sal. No Brasil, a Anvisa reduziu as doses de iodo no sal de cozinha desde 2014. Portanto, é importante avaliar a concentração urinária de iodo (CIU) em nossa população. Com base no exposto, propõe-se avaliar a CIU das gestantes, associando-a à frequência de bócio materno, aborto e peso neonatal. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo observacional com um corte transversal composto por 37 pacientes atendidos no Serviço de Obstetrícia da Faculdade de Medicina de Barbacena e uma clínica particular em Juiz de Fora. A CIU foi verificada em 24 horas de urina. Resultados: A média de CIU foi de 213,6 µg/l de urina, com dose mínima de 29 µg/l e máxima de 437 µg/l. A glândula tireoide foi avaliada durante o exame clínico prénatal (palpação da glândula) e em 24 pacientes (38,1%) foi considerada normal. A palpação da glândula tireoide foi associada à CIU. Houve maior iodúria em gestantes com glândula não palpável (p = 0,004; T = 14,13). Não houve associação entre a CIU e história de aborto ou peso fetal ao nascimento (p > 0,05). Conclusões: Apesar de ser uma amostra pequena da população, identificamos pacientes expostas ao déficit. No entanto, a CIU não parece estar associada ao peso do recém-nascido ou a abortos, mas à dosagem de TSH e ao tamanho da glândula tireoide. Assim, a palpação da glândula tireoide poderia ser usada como uma medida indireta do CIU. (AU)


Introduction: Food has a prominent role in providing iodine and one of the best strategies is salt iodization. The Brazilian Health Regulatory Agency has reduced iodine content in table salt since 2014. Therefore, there is a need for evaluating urinary iodine concentration in our population, especially after the modified recommendations. Based on the above, we sought to assess urinary iodine concentration in pregnant women, associating it with frequency of maternal goiter, abortion and neonatal weight. Methods: This observational, cross-sectional study included 37 patients seen at the Obstetrics Service of Barbacena Medical School and a private clinic in Juiz de Fora, both in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Iodine concentration was determined in 24- hour urine through chromatography. Results: The mean 24-hour urine iodine was 213.6 µg/l, with minimum and maximum measures of 29 µg/l and 437 µg/l, respectively. The thyroid gland was assessed by prenatal clinical examination (palpation of the gland). In 24 patients (38.1%) it was considered normal. Palpation of the thyroid gland was associated with 24-hour urine iodine concentration, although a higher iodine concentration was identified in pregnant women with non-palpable gland (p = 0.004; T = 14.13). There was no association between 24-hour urine iodine concentration and history of abortion or birth weight (p > 0.05). Conclusions: This study, although based on a small sample of the population, was important to identify that even in areas where iodine is considered sufficient there may be patients exposed to iodine deficit. However, urinary iodine concentration does not appear to be associated with birth weight or abortion frequency but is associated with thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) level and thyroid gland size, suggesting that clinical evaluation of the thyroid gland is an important element for predicting urinary iodine concentration. Thus, palpation of the thyroid gland could be used as an indirect measure of urinary iodine concentration. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Birth Weight , Abortion, Spontaneous/epidemiology , Goiter/epidemiology , Iodine/deficiency , Iodine/urine , Palpation , Pregnancy Complications/urine , Prenatal Care , Spectrophotometry , Cross-Sectional Studies
15.
Journal of Korean Physical Therapy ; (6): 35-39, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765410

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the intra-rater and inter-rater reliability and validity of pelvic tilting angle measurements using a smart phone-based inclinometer (Clino) compared to a palpation meter (PALM) in the standing and sitting position. This study used an interchangeable method with Clino to measure the pelvic tilting angle in the standing and sitting positions. METHODS: Twenty healthy subjects were recruited. Measurements of the pelvic tilting angle in the standing and sitting positions were obtained by two examiners using the Clino and PALM. A resting session was conducted 10 minutes later to assess the intra and inter rater reliability. To assess validity of the measurement using Clino, a PALM was used as the gold standard. The intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) was used to determine the intra and inter rater reliability of Clino and a PALM. To assess the validity, the Pearson correlation coefficients were used for two measurement techniques to measure the pelvic tilting angle in the standing and sitting positions. The statistical significance was set to α=0.05. RESULTS: Measurements of the pelvic tilt had high inter-rater reliability in the standing (ICC=0.82) and sitting (ICC=0.88) positions using Clino and intra-rater reliability in the standing (ICC=0.87) and sitting (ICC=0.91) positions using Clino. Measurements of the pelvic tilt had high validity by a comparison of PALM and Clino in the standing (r=0.83) and sitting (r=0.89) positions (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: The use of Clino can be recommended as a tool to replace the PALM and measure the pelvic tilt angle in the standing and sitting positions while maintaining the clinical reliability and validity.


Subject(s)
Healthy Volunteers , Methods , Palpation , Reproducibility of Results
16.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 419-422, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775892

ABSTRACT

Professor - has gradually improved the clinical application of channel palpation treatment based on his more than 50 years clinical practice, and has accumulated rich experience in acupuncture treatment of polymyalgia rheumatica. He believes that "wind, cold and dampness" are the external causes of the disease, physical factors, uncomfortable mood and uncontrolled diet are the internal causes. The meridian-collateral theory is utilized in the diagnosis and detection of the disorders of , and meridians, internal and external causes are solved by expelling the wind, warming the channel to eliminate the coldness, transforming the dampness to relieve pain and regulating the activity. Three cases of clinical application on polymyalgia rheumatica were included in this paper.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Meridians , Palpation , Polymyalgia Rheumatica
17.
Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons ; : 174-179, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766344

ABSTRACT

Patients with masticatory muscle tendon-aponeurosis hyperplasia (MMTAH) experience limited mouth opening due to restricted muscle extension. Hyperplastic aponeurosis and tendons lead to the restriction of muscle extension. The criteria for the diagnosis of MMTAH are limited mouth opening that progresses very slowly from adolescence, intraoral palpation reveals a hard cord-like structure along the overhang of the anterior border of the masseter muscle on maximum mouth opening, and a square mandible. Conservative treatment, including pharmacotherapy, occlusal splint and physical therapy are ineffective. The standard therapy is surgical treatment, such as anterior partial aponeurectomy of the masseter muscle and coronoidectomy. The long-term results are very satisfying.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Humans , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Hyperplasia , Mandible , Masseter Muscle , Masticatory Muscles , Mouth , Occlusal Splints , Palpation , Tendons
18.
Archives of Craniofacial Surgery ; : 233-238, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762783

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The open reduction of craniofacial bone fractures requires internal fixation using metal plates and screws, which have been considered the gold standard. However, metal implants pose a risk of palpation, protrusion, and foreign body reaction, and they may require an additional operation for removal. Recently, good results have been reported for absorbable implants which complement the disadvantages of metal implants. This study presents the results of using absorbable mesh, plates, and screws with cyanoacrylate for more accurate and firmer fixation of comminuted fractures of the maxilla. METHODS: In total, 235 patients underwent operations for comminuted fractures of the maxilla. From January 2012 to December 2014, absorbable mesh and screws were used in 114 patients, while from January 2015 to December 2017, absorbable mesh, plates, and screws with cyanoacrylate were used in 121 patients. Open reduction of the bone fragments was performed, after which absorbable implants were accurately molded and fixed by screws. RESULTS: All patients underwent postoperative computed tomography scans, which showed highly accurate reduction and firm fixation in the patients who underwent procedures using absorbable implants, screws, and cyanoacrylate. There were no postoperative complications or cases of abnormal facial contour. CONCLUSION: When absorbable implants and screws are used for maxillary fractures, no additional surgery to remove the metal plate is required. In addition, the use of cyanoacrylate enables accurate and firm fixation of the tiny bone fragments that cannot be fixed with screws.


Subject(s)
Humans , Absorbable Implants , Complement System Proteins , Cyanoacrylates , Foreign-Body Reaction , Fractures, Bone , Fractures, Comminuted , Fungi , Maxilla , Maxillary Fractures , Palpation , Postoperative Complications
19.
Ultrasonography ; : 355-364, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761990

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and 3-dimensional transperineal ultrasound (3D-TPUS) features of pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) in symptomatic women in correlation with digital palpation and to define cut-offs for hiatal dimensions predictive of muscle dysfunction. METHODS: This prospective study included 73 women with symptoms suggesting PFD. 3D-TPUS, MRI, and digital palpation of the levator ani muscle were performed in all patients. Levator hiatal antero-posterior (LHap) diameter and area (LH area) were measured at rest and at maximum muscle contraction. RESULTS: The reduction in LHap diameter and LH area during contraction was significantly less in women with underactive pelvic floor muscle contraction (UpfmC) than in those who had normal pelvic floor muscle contraction by digital palpation (P<0.001). Statistically significant positive correlations (P<0.001) were found between the Modified Oxford Score and 3D-TPUS and MRI regarding the reduction in the LHap diameter (r=0.80 and r=0.82, respectively) and LH area (r=0.60 and r=0.70, respectively). A reduction in LHap of <6.5% on 3D-TPUS and <7.6% on MRI predicted UpfmC with sensitivities of 46.2% and 82.7%, respectively. A reduction in LH area of <3.4% on 3D-TPUS and <3.8% on MRI predicted UpfmC with sensitivities of 75.0% and 88.5%, respectively. MRI was more sensitive in detecting levator avulsion (63.4%) than 3D-TPUS (27.1%). CONCLUSION: MRI and 3D-TPUS had strong positive correlations with findings on palpation, and at certain cut-offs for hiatal dimensions, they can be used as complementary and objective tools to improve the accuracy of diagnosis and management planning of PFD.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Diagnosis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Muscle Contraction , Palpation , Pelvic Floor , Prospective Studies , Ultrasonography
20.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 533-540, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785672

ABSTRACT

Ultrasound elastography (USE) of the pancreas allows pancreatic tissue stiffness assessment by virtual palpation. Two main types of USE are used. For the pancreas strain elastography applying by endoscopic ultrasound has been established for the characterisation of small solid pancreatic lesions (SPL). In larger SPL >30 mm the results are less convincing mainly due to the heterogenicity of the lesions but also by concomitant changes of the surrounding pancreatic parenchyma. The current role of shear wave elastography has to be determined. This article reviews the current use of elastography of the pancreas.


Subject(s)
Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Palpation , Pancreas , Ultrasonography
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