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1.
Med. infant ; 30(4): 358-365, Diciembre 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1524215

ABSTRACT

La plagiocefalia posicional (PP) es una de las causas más frecuentes de consulta en neurocirugía pediátrica. La incidencia de PP aumentó en los '90, a partir de la campaña Dormir de espaldas. Junto con el aumento de la demanda de atención, se verifica un debate acerca de la eficacia de los distintos tratamientos. La interacción padres ­ pediatra orientada a elegir la mejor terapéutica adquiere importancia, particularmente cuando se trata de decisiones sensibles a la preferencia. Es necesario saber más acerca de la naturaleza de la toma de decisiones de tratamiento de PP, para contribuir al desarrollo de procesos decisorios eficaces. Se realizó una revisión narrativa sobre investigaciones en toma de decisiones de tratamiento en PP. Se identificaron artículos en PubMed y Google Scholar (1990 ­ 2022) en una búsqueda con los descriptores "plagiocephaly", "decision making" y "parents". Se incluyeron artículos cuyo tema central fuera la toma de decisiones en PP, o que la desarrollaran como parte de otro tema. Se excluyeron trabajos en los que la toma de decisiones aparece de modo secundario o tangencial. Se encontraron 3 artículos con distintos diseños metodológicos, en los que la severidad de la presentación, los elementos socioculturales y emocionales, y los aspectos relacionados con el tratamiento son los factores más implicados en la toma de decisiones. Las relaciones entre la ansiedad parental, las expectativas de tratamiento y la percepción subjetiva de la PP, y el rol del pediatra como proveedor de información válida y confiable son temas que necesitan de ulterior investigación (AU)


Positional plagiocephaly (PP) is one of the main reasons for consultation in pediatric neurosurgery. The incidence of PP increased in the 1990s, after the "Back to Sleep" campaign. Concurrently, the growing demand for care has led to a debate regarding the effectiveness of the different treatments. The parent-pediatrician interaction is aimed at choosing the best therapeutic approach becomes important, particularly when it comes to preference-sensitive decisions. There is a need to better understand the nature of PP treatment decision-making in order to contribute to the development of effective decisionmaking processes. In this narrative review, we evaluated the research on treatment decision-making in PP. Articles were identified in PubMed and Google Scholar (1990 - 2022) using the search terms "plagiocephaly", "decision-making" and "parents". Articles were included if their central theme was decision-making in PP, or if they developed it as part of another subject. We excluded articles in which decision-making appeared in a secondary or tangential way. Three articles were identified with different methodological designs, in which the severity of the presentation, sociocultural and emotional aspects, and aspects related to treatment were the factors most implicated in decision making. The relationships between parental anxiety, treatment expectations, subjective perception of PP, and the role of the pediatrician as a provider of valuable and reliable information are topics that require further investigation (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Parents/psychology , Decision Making , Plagiocephaly, Nonsynostotic/therapy , Pediatricians , Head Protective Devices
2.
ABCS health sci ; 48: e023303, 14 fev. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1516701

ABSTRACT

Dysphagia is a common swallowing disorder in the pediatric population, which may influence the quality of life and well-being of the family. The literature points to stress, guilt, and social isolation of family members. However, the management of psychosocial aspects involved in the treatment of pediatric dysphagia is rarely discussed. This study aimed to carry out an integrative review of the literature regarding the emotional aspects of parents of children with dysphagia. Therefore a search in the databases SciELO and PubMed was made, from January 2013 to June 2020, using the descriptors in Health Sciences (DeCs): "deglutition disorders" and "child". The search was performed with English and Portuguese language limiters using associated descriptors. The selection of the studies was performed by reading the title, abstract and, if necessary, full text, applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria. There were 2,169 publications, and 8 met the inclusion criteria. The included studies were examined according to the author, type of study, goals, emotional aspects involved in the treatment of swallowing disorders, and conclusions. The analysis was performed according to the presence of certain variables of the emotional aspects presented in the face of swallowing disorders, namely, parental stress, negative impact on parent/child interaction, guilt and frustration, and social isolation. The literature points out that pediatric dysphagia causes an emotional impact on the parents; indicating that it is necessary to offer emotional support and to adapt the clinical management to the different demands present in the clinic.


A disfagia é um distúrbio de deglutição comum na população pediátrica, podendo influenciar na qualidade de vida e no bem-estar da família. A literatura aponta estresse, culpa e isolamento social dos familiares. Entretanto, o manejo dos aspectos psicossociais envolvidos no tratamento da disfagia pediátrica raramente é discutido. Este estudo teve como objetivo realizar uma revisão integrativa da literatura sobre os aspectos emocionais de pais de crianças com disfagia. Para tanto, foi realizada uma busca nas bases de dados SciELO e PubMed, no período de janeiro de 2013 a junho de 2020, utilizando os descritores em Ciências da Saúde (DeCs): "distúrbios da deglutição" e "criança". A busca foi realizada com limitadores dos idiomas inglês e português usando descritores associados. A seleção dos estudos foi realizada por meio da leitura do título, resumo e, se necessário, texto completo, aplicando-se os critérios de inclusão e exclusão. Houve 2.169 publicações e 8 preencheram os critérios de inclusão. Os estudos incluídos foram examinados quanto ao autor, tipo de estudo, objetivos, aspectos emocionais envolvidos no tratamento dos distúrbios da deglutição e conclusões. A análise foi realizada de acordo com a presença de algumas variáveis ​​dos aspectos emocionais apresentados diante dos distúrbios da deglutição, a saber, estresse parental, impacto negativo na interação pais/filhos, culpa e frustração e isolamento social. A literatura aponta que a disfagia pediátrica causa impacto emocional nos pais; indicando que é necessário oferecer suporte emocional e adequar o manejo clínico às diferentes demandas presentes na clínica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Parents/psychology , Deglutition Disorders/psychology , Child Health , Emotions , Parent-Child Relations
3.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 328-332, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985871

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the association between screen exposure and language skills in children aged 2-5 years. Methods: There were 299 children aged 2-5 years, recruited by convenience sampling from those who visited the Center of Children's Healthcare, Children's Hospital, Capital Institute of Pediatrics for routine physical examination from November 2020 to November 2021. Their development status were evaluated by the children neuropsychological and behavioral scale (revision 2016). A self-designed questionnaire for parents was conducted to collect demographic and socioeconomic information and screen exposure characteristics (time and quality). One-way ANOVA and independent sample t test were applied to compare the differences in language development quotient of children with different screen exposure time and quality. Multiple linear regression was used to analyze the correlation between screen exposure time and quality with language developmental quotient. Multivariate Logistic regression was used to analyze the risk of language underdevelopment in children with different screen exposure time and quality. Results: Among 299 children, 184 (61.5%) were boys and 115 (38.5%) were girls, with the age of (3.9±1.1) years. The number of children with daily screen time <60, 60-120 and>120 min was 163 children (54.5%), 86 children (28.8%) and 50 children (16.7%), respectively, with the language development quotients of 94±13, 90±13, 84±14, respectively, demonstrating a statistically significant difference (F=8.92, P<0.001). Logistic regression analysis revealed that screen exposure time of 60-120 and >120 min per day were both risk factors for children's language developmental quotients (OR=2.28, 95%CI 1.00-5.17, P=0.043; OR=3.96, 95%CI 1.86-9.17, P<0.001), and co-viewing and exposure to educational programs were both protective factors for children's language developmental quotients (OR=0.48, 95%CI 0.25-0.91, P=0.024, OR=0.36, 95%CI 0.19-0.70, P=0.003). Conclusions: Excessive exposure screen time and inappropriate screen exposure habits are associated with children's poorer language development. Screen exposure time should be limited and screen use should be rational to promote children's language skills.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Surveys and Questionnaires , Parents/psychology , Cognition , Risk Factors
4.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 408-414, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986869

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To test the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of adverse childhood experiences international questionnaire (ACE-IQ) in Chinese parents of preschool children.@*METHODS@#The parents of preschool children in 6 kindergartens in Tongzhou District of Beijing were selected by stratified random cluster sampling, and the Chinese version of ACE-IQ after translation and adaptation was used for survey online. The collected data were randomly divided into two parts. One part of the data (n=602) was used for exploratory factor analysis (EFA), to screen items and evaluate structural validity, and then form the final Chinese version of ACE-IQ. The other part of the data (n=700) was used for confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), criterion validity analysis and reliability analysis. At the same time, experts investigation method was used to evaluate the content validity of the final Chinese version of ACE-IQ.@*RESULTS@#After deleting four items of collective violence, the Chinese version of ACE-IQ with twenty-five items indicated good structural, criterion and content validity. Analysis results showed that the Chinese version of ACE-IQ presented a seven-factor model dimension, namely emotional neglect, physical neglect, family dysfunction, family violence, emotional and physical abuse, sexual abuse and violence outside the home, and the total score of the binary version of ACE-IQ Chinese version was positively correlated with the total score of childhood trauma questionaire-28 item short form (CTQ-SF, r=0.354, P < 0.001) and the center for epidemiological studies depression scale (CES-D, r=0.313, P < 0.001) respectively. Results from five experts showed that the item-level content validity index (I-CVI) of 25 items was between 0.80 and 1.00, and the average of all I-CVIs on the scale (S-CVI/Ave) of the scale was 0.984. At the same time, the internal consistency (Cronbach's α coefficient) of the whole scale was 0.818, and the split-half reliability (Spearman-Brown coefficient) was 0.621, which demonstrated good reliability.@*CONCLUSION@#This study has formed a Chinese version of ACE-IQ with 25 items and 7 dimensions, which has good reliability and validity among the parents of preschool children in China. It can be used as an evaluation instrument for measuring the minimum threshold of the adverse childhood experiences in the parents of preschool children in the cultural background of China.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Adverse Childhood Experiences , Reproducibility of Results , Parents/psychology , Surveys and Questionnaires , China , Psychometrics/methods
5.
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 36: e230003, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521591

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective The purpose of this study is to investigate preschoolers' eating behaviors and parents' attitudes. Methods This descriptive observational study employed a convenience sampling method to investigate the eating behavior of preschool children aged 3-6 years. Data was collected through a Personal and Parent Information Form and the Children's Eating Behavior Inventory. The study included 206 participants, and the findings provide insights into parental attitudes toward feeding and children's eating behaviors in 3-6 age group. Results The study sample included 206 parents of children between the ages of 3 and 6, with the majority of children having a normal weight. Parents' responses to the survey questions revealed significant correlations between children's weight percentiles and parental education level, maternal body mass index level, and income level. Positive eating behaviors in children were positively correlated with parental age and education level, income level, child age, and child percentile level, while negative eating behaviors were negatively correlated with parental age, educational status, income level, and positively correlated with maternal body mass index level. Gender differences were observed, with male children exhibiting lower mean scores in negative eating behaviors, maternal views and behaviors, child food preparation behavior, and negative meal situations compared to female children. Conclusion We found that parental education level and income level were correlated with children's positive eating behavior, while they were negatively associated with negative eating behavior. Negative eating behavior and food preparation behavior were lower in boys than in girls.


RESUMO Objetivo Este estudo observacional descritivo teve como objetivo investigar os comportamentos alimentares de crianças em idade pré-escolar e as atitudes dos pais. Métodos Foi utilizado um método de amostragem por conveniência para coletar dados sobre o comportamento alimentar de crianças com idades entre 3 e 6 anos. Foram aplicados um Formulário de Informações Pessoais e de Pais e o Inventário de Comportamento Alimentar Infantil, e a análise estatística foi realizada utilizando o programa IBM®SPSS® 16.0. O estudo contou com a participação de 206 pais fornecendo informações sobre as atitudes dos pais em relação à alimentação e os comportamentos alimentares das crianças na faixa etária de 3 a 6 anos. Resultados A amostra do estudo incluiu 206 pais de crianças com idades entre 3 e 6 anos, sendo a maioria das crianças com peso normal. As respostas dos pais às perguntas da pesquisa revelaram correlações significativas entre os percentis de peso das crianças e o nível educacional dos pais, índice de massa corporal materno e nível de renda. Comportamentos alimentares positivos nas crianças foram positivamente correlacionados com a idade e nível educacional dos pais, nível de renda, idade da criança e percentil de peso da criança, enquanto comportamentos alimentares negativos foram negativamente correlacionados com a idade dos pais, nível educacional, nível de renda e positivamente correlacionados com o índice de massa corporal materno. Foram observadas diferenças de gênero, com as crianças do sexo masculino apresentando pontuações médias mais baixas em comportamentos alimentares negativos, visões e comportamentos maternos, comportamento de preparação de alimentos infantis e situações negativas durante as refeições em comparação com as crianças do sexo feminino Conclusão Demonstra-se que o nível educacional e o nível de renda dos pais estão relacionados ao comportamento alimentar positivo das crianças, enquanto estão inversamente associados ao comportamento alimentar negativo. Comportamentos alimentares negativos e comportamentos de preparação de alimentos foram menores em meninos em comparação com meninas.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Parents/psychology , Attitude , Child, Preschool , Feeding Behavior/psychology , Social Class , Body Weight , Educational Status , Sociodemographic Factors , Obesity
6.
Psicol. reflex. crit ; 36: 8, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1440802

ABSTRACT

Abstract The present study therefore aims to examine trait and state anxiety, sleep habits and executive functioning during 1 year and a half of the COVID-19 pandemic in children and adolescents through the lens of parents. Assessments were conducted at three different times: April 2020 (T1), October 2020 (T2) and October 2021 (T3). The main sample included 953 children and adolescents aged 6 to 18 years, and scales were used to assess anxiety (STAIC), sleep habits (BEARS) and executive functioning (BRIEF-2). The results showed that 6 months after the outbreak of the pandemic, state and trait anxiety, sleep disturbances and executive dysfunctions increased significantly. One and a half year later, trait anxiety and sleep disturbances have been maintained, while state anxiety and executive dysfunction have decreased their scores obtaining scores similar to those of April 2020. In conclusion, there has been a further decrease in children and adolescents' mental health since the beginning of the pandemic, and it seems to remain at the present time, such as trait anxiety as a part of the personality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Anxiety/psychology , Sleep , Executive Function , COVID-19/psychology , Parents/psychology , Social Perception , Spain , Mental Health , Longitudinal Studies
7.
Psicol. Educ. (Online) ; (55): 88-97, 31/12/2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1516484

ABSTRACT

O presente estudo buscou compreender a percepção das mães e dos pais sobre o choro dos bebês no contexto de adaptação à creche. Participaram do estudo dez mães e dois pais e a idade dos bebês variou de dois meses e meio a quinze meses. A partir de análise de conteúdo qualitativa, os resultados apontaram uma preocupação quanto ao choro, considerando-o, às vezes, como uma dificuldade no processo de adaptação. A discussão salientou a naturalidade dessa reação manifestada pela criança durante esse momento, ressaltando-se a importância de se compreender o choro como uma forma de comunicação. É preciso observar outros aspectos ao refletir sobre como esse momento está sendo sentido pelo bebê, visto que a ausência do choro não garante o bem-estar. Dessa forma, compreende-se que o processo de adaptação contempla a tríade: criança, família e escola. Além disso, o choro pode estar relacionado aos diversos sentimentos vivenciados pelos envolvidos e a partir das relações estabelecidas entre eles. (AU)


The present study aimed to understand the perception of mothers and fathers about the crying of infants in the context of adaptation to early childhood education. Ten mothers and two fathers participated in the study, and the age of the infants ranged from two months and a half to fifteen months. Based on qualitative content analysis, the results indicated a concern about crying, sometimes considering it a difficulty in the adaptation process. The discussion emphasized the naturalness of this reaction manifested by the child during this moment, emphasizing the importance of understanding crying as a form of communication. In addition, it is necessary to observe other aspects when reflecting on how this moment is being felt by the infant, since the absence of crying does not guarantee well-being. In this way, it is understood that the process of adaptation contemplates the triad: child, family and school. In addition, crying may be related to the various feelings experienced by those involved and from the relationships established between them. (AU)


El presente estudio buscó comprender la percepción de las madres y de los padres sobre el llanto de los bebés en el contexto de adaptación a la guardería. Participaron del estudio diez madres y dos padres y la edad de los bebés varía de dos meses y medio a quince meses. A partir de análisis de contenido cualitativo, los resultados apuntaron una preocupación en cuanto al llanto, considerándolo, a veces, como una dificultad en el proceso de adaptación. La discusión subrayó la naturalidad de esa reacción manifestada por el niño durante ese momento, resaltando la importancia de comprender el llanto como una forma de comunicación. Además, hay que observar otros aspectos al reflexionar sobre cómo ese momento está siendo sentido por el bebé, ya que la ausencia del llanto no garantiza el bienestar. De esta forma, se comprende que el proceso de adaptación contempla la tríada: niño, familia y escuela. Además, el llanto puede estar relacionado a los diversos sentimientos vivenciados por los involucrados ya partir de las relaciones establecidas entre ellos. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Adult , Parents/psychology , Perception , Crying , Adaptation, Psychological , Child Day Care Centers , Qualitative Research , Object Attachment
8.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(5): 340-345, oct. 2022.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1391190

ABSTRACT

Es frecuente observar niños pequeños jugando con un teléfono celular o una tablet. No obstante, la posibilidad de tener un dispositivo electrónico, cómo y cuándo pueden usarlo, depende de los adultos. La preocupación radica en el incremento de esta práctica en detrimento de la actividad y de la interacción social a través de la palabra y del contacto con el otro, como así también en otros aspectos de su salud (sobrepeso y alteraciones en el sueño). Aún no está del todo claro el modo en que el uso generalizado de pantallas afecta el desarrollo. Tampoco se conocen los mecanismos psicológicos y físicos que producirían estos efectos. Este escrito propone presentar una visión actual sobre el efecto de la exposición temprana a pantallas en el desarrollo integral del niño y la percepción de los padres. Sería propicio implementar proyectos de educación para padres y tutores que promuevan la adecuada estimulación de los niños en su hogar


It is common to see young children playing with a mobile phone or a tablet. However, the decision about the availability of an electronic device and how and when to use it depends on adults. The concern is the increase of such practice at the expense of activities and social interaction by talking and being in contact with others, as well as other aspects of children's health (overweight and sleep disturbances). It is yet unclear how the generalized use of screens affects development. The physical and psychological mechanisms of such effects are also unknown. The purpose of this article is to provide a current view of the effect of early exposure to screens on the comprehensive development of children and parents' perceptions. It would be conducive to implement education projects for parents and legal guardians that promote an adequate child stimulation at home.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Adult , Sleep Wake Disorders , Screen Time , Parents/psychology , Family , Educational Status
9.
J. bras. psiquiatr ; 71(2): 126-132, abr.-jun. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1386075

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Investigar a saúde mental de pais com filhos pequenos durante a pandemia de COVID-19. MÉTODOS: Foram utilizados questionários elaborados pelo Google Forms, no qual foram aplicados os dados sociodemográficos, e as escalas EADS-21, IES-R, PSQI-BR e WHOQOL-BREF. As análises estatísticas foram realizadas no software estatístico SPSS 21.0 para Windows. Para descrição da amostra, foram utilizadas análises descritivas. Em todos os testes, foi considerada a significância estatística de 0,05. Os 327 participantes foram divididos em três grupos: voluntários sem filhos (Grupo 1), com filhos entre 0 e 6 anos (Grupo 2) e com filhos de 7 anos ou mais (Grupo 3), dos quais todos eram residentes da região Sul do Brasil. RESULTADOS: Os grupos com maior vulnerabilidade em relação à sua saúde mental é o de participantes sem filhos e com filhos de 0 a 6 anos, com maiores escores para as escalas de depressão, ansiedade e estresse, e estresse pós-traumático, em comparação com o grupo com filhos de 7 anos ou mais. CONCLUSÕES: Mesmo que os dados mostrem que todos os grupos estão dentro da normalidade para as escalas aplicadas, faz-se necessário atentar para a saúde mental da população em maior sofrimento psíquico, seja a partir de estratégias desenvolvidas por profissionais de rede de saúde (SUS) e/ou da assistência social (SUAS), seja por projetos municipais/estaduais na busca pela promoção da saúde mental na rede.


OBJECTIVE: Explore the mental health of parents with young children during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: We used questionnaires prepared by Google Forms, applying sociodemographic data, and also the EADS-21, IES-R, PSQI-BR and WHOQOL-BREF scales were applied. Statistical analyzes were performed using SPSS 21.0 statistical software for Windows. To describe the sample, descriptive analyzes were used. In all tests, a statistical significance of 0.05 was considered. Of the 327 participants, they were divided into three groups: volunteers without children (Group 1), with children aged 0 to 6 years (Group 2), and with children aged 7 or over (Group 3). All volunteers were residents from South of Brazil. RESULTS: The groups with the greatest vulnerability in relation to their mental health are those of participants without children and parents with children aged 0 to 6 years, with higher scores for the depression, anxiety and stress, and post traumatic stress symptoms, compared to parents with children aged from 7 years or more. CONCLUSION: even though the data show that all groups are within the normal range for the scales applied, it is necessary to pay attention to the mental health of the population in greater psychological distress, either from strategies developed by health professionals (SUS) and/or or social assistance (SUAS), either by municipal/state projects in the search for the promotion of mental health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Parents/psychology , Social Isolation/psychology , Mental Health , Pandemics , COVID-19/prevention & control , Anxiety/psychology , Parent-Child Relations , Stress, Psychological , Surveys and Questionnaires/standards , Reproducibility of Results , Depression , Patient Health Questionnaire , Sociodemographic Factors , Manifest Anxiety Scale
10.
Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr ; 60(1): 3-12, mar. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388414

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La presente investigación tuvo como objetivo elaborar y analizar las propiedades psicométricas de una escala breve de Capacidades de Resiliencia para niños(as) contestada por madres, padres y cuidadores (ECR-P/9-12). Método: Se siguió un diseño instrumental de cuatro fases: (1) construcción de ítems, (2) Validez de contenido, (3) Entrevistas cognitivas y; (4) Análisis de propiedades psicométricas. Resultados: Inicialmente se construyeron 345 preguntas, las que fueron reducidas a ocho a partir de los resultados de las entrevistas cognitivas y la evaluación Inter-jueces. Los ítems fueron aplicados vía online a 267 apoderados de la Región Metropolitana. El análisis factorial mostró indicadores satisfactorios de bondad del ajuste para el modelo de un factor (RMSEA=0,071; CFI=0.980; TLI=974) y una consistencia interna adecuada (α=0,723), quedando la escala constituida finalmente por siete ítems. Conclusión: La ECR-P constituye una herramienta válida y confiable para la evaluación de capacidades de resiliencia en la infancia, constituyendo un aporte para la promoción, prevención e intervención en salud mental.


Introduction: The present research aimed to elaborate and analyze the psychometric properties of a brief scale of Resilience Capacities for children answered by mothers, fathers and caregivers (ECR-P / 9-12). Method: A four-phase instrumental design was followed: (1) item construction, (2) content validity, (3) cognitive interviews and; (4) analysis of psychometric properties. Results: 345 questions were initially constructed, reduced to eight thereafter from the results of the cognitive interviews and the Inter-judge evaluation. The items were applied online to 267 parents and caregivers in the Metropolitan Region. The factor analysis showed satisfactory indicators of goodness of fit for the one-factor model (RMSEA = 0.071; CFI = 0.980; TLI = 974) and adequate internal consistency (α = 0.723), leaving the scale finally made up of seven items. Conclusion: The ECR-P constitutes a valid and reliable tool for the evaluation of resilience capacities in childhood, constituting a contribution for the promotion, prevention and intervention in mental health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adult , Surveys and Questionnaires , Resilience, Psychological , Parents/psychology , Psychometrics , Reproducibility of Results , Factor Analysis, Statistical , Caregivers/psychology
11.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 421-425, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935714

ABSTRACT

Objective: To translate the food allergy quality of life-parental burden (FAQL-PB) scale into Chinese and test its reliability and validity among the caregivers of children with food allergy. Methods: The caregivers of 222 children with food allergy were enrolled by convenient sampling from October 2020 to October 2021 in the Children's Hospital Affiliated to Chongqing Medical University. The forward-backward translation and cultural adaptation of the original FAQL-PB scale was performed in accordance with Brislin's model. Item analysis was used to select items. The validity of the questionnaire was analyzed with the item-level content validity and the exploratory factors analysis. And the internal consistency coefficient, split-half reliability and test-retest reliability were used to evaluate the reliability of the questionnaire. Results: The Pearson correlation coefficients of the scores between each item and total scale ranged from 0.72 to 0.88 (P<0.01). The item-level content validity index (I-CVI) ranged from 0.83 to 1.00, scale-level content validity index/universal agreement (S-CVI/UA) was 0.94, and scale-level content validity index/average (S-CVI/Ave) was 0.99. Exploratory factor analysis revealed that Chinese version of FAQL-PB scale could be classified into two dimensions: emotional distress and limitations on life, with the accumulative variance contribution rate of 74.08%. The Cronbach's α coefficient, split-half reliability coefficient and test-retest reliability of the Chinese version of FAQL-PB scale were 0.97, 0.98 and 0.71, respectively. Conclusion: The Chinese version of FAQL-PB scale is proved to be reliable and eligible, and can be used as a specific tool to investigate the quality of life in family of children with food hypersensitivity.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , China , Food Hypersensitivity/diagnosis , Parents/psychology , Quality of Life , Reproducibility of Results
12.
Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore ; : 263-271, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927486

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Infant gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a significant cause of concern to parents. This study seeks to describe GERD prevalence in infants, evaluate possible risk factors and assess common beliefs influencing management of GERD among Asian parents.@*METHODS@#Mother-infant dyads in the Singapore PREconception Study of long-Term maternal and child Outcomes (S-PRESTO) cohort were prospectively followed from preconception to 12 months post-delivery. GERD diagnosis was ascertained through the revised Infant Gastroesophageal Reflux Questionnaire (I-GERQ-R) administered at 4 time points during infancy. Data on parental perceptions and lifestyle modifications were also collected.@*RESULTS@#The prevalence of infant GERD peaked at 26.5% at age 6 weeks, decreasing to 1.1% by 12 months. Infants exclusively breastfed at 3 weeks of life had reduced odds of GERD by 1 year (adjusted odds ratio 0.43, 95% confidence interval 0.19-0.97, P=0.04). Elimination of "cold or heaty food" and "gas producing" vegetables, massaging the infant's abdomen and application of medicated oil to the infant's abdomen were quoted as major lifestyle modifications in response to GERD symptoms.@*CONCLUSION@#Prevalence of GERD in infants is highest in the first 3 months of life, and the majority outgrow it by 1 year of age. Infants exclusively breastfed at 3 weeks had reduced odds of GERD. Cultural-based changes such as elimination of "heaty or cold" food influence parental perceptions in GERD, which are unique to the Asian population. Understanding the cultural basis for parental perceptions and health-seeking behaviours is crucial in tailoring patient education appropriately for optimal management of infant GERD.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Gastroesophageal Reflux/epidemiology , Parents/psychology , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Singapore/epidemiology
13.
Summa psicol. UST ; 19(2): 53-62, 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411596

ABSTRACT

El castigo físico en la crianza conlleva consecuencias negativas sobre el desarrollo infantil. Sin embargo, muchos adultos lo consideran un método adecuado. El presente estudio analiza los argumentos y justificaciones que esgrimen los adultos para su utilización. La muestra constó de 14 madres y 13 padres de niños(as) entre 0 a 3 años. El diseño investigativo tuvo un carácter exploratorio, utilizando un enfoque metodológico cualitativo a través del método de estudio de caso y la aplicación de la técnica el grupo focal. Mediante análisis de contenido se arribó a los siguientes resultados: los argumentos se relacionan con el carácter educativo y la eficacia del castigo físico, la repetición generacional de experiencias disciplinarias, la naturalización del castigo físico, razones de orden cultural y, por último, cansancio y estrés. Estos resultados constituyen un aporte a las políticas públicas en la prevención del castigo físico, particularmente en Uruguay.


Physical punishment during child rearing produces negative consequences for child development. Nonetheless, many adults consider it to be an adequate method. This study analyses the arguments and justifications employed by adults to justify their use. Participants were 14 mothers y 13 fathers of children aged 0 to 3 years. Using a qualitative, exploratory research design, we used a case study methodology to gather data through focus groups. The content analysis yielded the following result: the arguments associated with the educational character of corporal punishment and its presumed efficacy, transgenerational repetition of disciplinary experiences, the naturalization of physical punishment, cultural arguments and, finally, stress and exhaustion. These results contribute to public policies aiming to prevent physical punishment, particularly in Uruguay.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Parents/psychology , Punishment/psychology , Child Abuse/psychology , Social Problems , Child Rearing , Focus Groups , Qualitative Research , Human Rights , Motivation
14.
Rev. chil. fonoaudiol. (En línea) ; 21(1): 1-13, 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1437117

ABSTRACT

Este estudio analizó las rutinas y los hábitos de alimentación de niños portugueses de entre 4 y 18 meses, los métodos de introducción de alimentos más utilizados y las percepciones de los padres acerca de la importancia de la introducción de alimentos en el desarrollo del habla, Se aplicó un cuestionario online a una muestra de 297 padres. El cuestionario mostró una alta fiabilidad (α = 0.86). La mayoría de las madres portuguesas respondió que amamantan a sus hijos o que lo hacen en combinación con mamadera. Además, que les presentan nuevos alimentos a sus hijos en forma de sopas o purés y que varían los sabores, texturas y consistencias con frecuencia. Aunque hubo resultados razonables con respecto al conocimiento sobre los métodos tradicionales y Baby Led Weaning (BLW), en esta muestra se observó una mayor frecuencia de uso del método tradicional en comparación con BLW. Por otro lado, no hubo una correlación significativa entre la edad de los padres y su percepción sobre la importancia de la alimentación para el habla. Sin embargo, los padres con estudios superiores mostraron una mayor percepción sobre la importancia de la alimentación en el habla. Los padres con un mayor número de hijos mostraron una menor consciencia sobre la importancia de la relación entre la alimentación y el habla.


This study analyzedthe eating routines and habits of Portuguese children aged 4 to 18 months, the methods of food introduction most frequently used, and the parents' perceptions regarding the importance of food introduction for speech development. A sample of 297 parents filled out an online self-report questionnaire about their perceptions, knowledge, and routines regarding food introduction methods, and their relationship with speech development. This questionnaire showed high reliability (α=0.86). The majority of the Portuguese mothers that filled out the survey answered either that they breastfed their children or breastfed them in combination with bottle feeding. They also stated that they introduce new food to their children in the form of soups or purees and that they vary the flavors, textures, and consistencies frequently. Although the results showed a reasonable level of knowledge regarding the traditional and Baby Led Weaning (BLW) methods, there was a higher frequency of use of the traditional method in this samplewhen compared to BLW. There was not a significant correlation between the age of the parents and their perception of the importance of feeding for speech. In turn, parents with a higher level of education showed a greater awareness of the relevance of feeding in the development of speech. Parents with a higher number of children showed less awareness of the relationship between feeding and speech development.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Adult , Speech/physiology , Feeding Methods/psychology , Parent-Child Relations , Parents/psychology , Perception , Portugal , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Surveys and Questionnaires , Feeding Behavior/psychology , Self Report , Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
15.
Rev. chil. fonoaudiol. (En línea) ; 21(1): 1-14, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1437237

ABSTRACT

La adquisición de lengua oral representa un desafío para niñas/os sordas/os o con pérdida auditiva (NSPA) que utilizan audífonos o implante coclear (CI). Tomar decisiones a tiempo durante el tratamiento con dispositivos es esencial y requiere de evaluaciones adecuadas. Dos instrumentos usados en la toma de decisiones son las escalas "Categories of Auditory Performance Index II" (CAP-II) y "Speech Intelligibility Rating Scale" (SIR). Estas escalas han mostrado ser útiles para la evaluación continua del desarrollo de habilidades auditivas y de la lengua oral en variados idiomas, pero estas no están disponibles para el español chileno. El objetivo de este estudio es crear traducciones en español chileno de las escalas CAP-II y SIR, las que puedan ser usadas como auto-reporte online por padres y cuidadores con el fin de asistir a profesionales en el monitoreo del progreso de niños/as NSPA, considerando las restricciones impuestas por el COVID-19. El método usado en el proceso comienza con la traducción de una propuesta de auto-reporte de las versiones originales en inglés de las escalas CAP-II y SIR. Finalmente, las versiones en español chileno fueron testeadas en 107 padres-cuidadores de niñas/os NSPA con CI. Los resultados sugieren que estos instrumentos serían adecuados para su uso en el contexto chileno.


Spoken language acquisition is challenging for very young deaf or hard-of-hearing children (DHH) who wear hearing aids or cochlear implants (CI). Timely decision-making for treatment is essential for these children and requires suitable assessments. Two such assessments are the Categories of Auditory Performance Index II (CAP-II) and the Speech Intelligibility Rating Scale (SIR). These have been shown to be helpful for the ongoing evaluation of developing speech perception and spoken language skills in various languages, but they are not available in Chilean Spanish. This study aimed to create a Chilean Spanish translation of the CAP-II and SIR, appropriate for online self-administration by parents-caregivers in Chile, to assist professionals in monitoring DHH children's progress, considering the COVID-19 restrictions. The methods used in the process started with translating a self-report proposal from the original English versions of the CAP-II and SIR scales. Finally, the Chilean Spanish versions were tested in 107 Chilean parents-caregivers of DHH children with CIs. The results suggest these instruments are suitable for use in a Chilean context.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adult , Parents/psychology , Speech Perception , Cochlear Implants , Hearing Aids , Hearing Loss , Hearing Tests , Translations , Online Systems , Chile , Cross-Cultural Comparison , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Caregivers/psychology , Deafness/therapy , Self Report
16.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 35: eAPE01326, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1393710

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Analisar as características associadas aos pais de crianças e adolescentes que ouviram falar sobre o Papillomavirus humano, bem como o conhecimento sobre a infecção e a intenção de vacinar seus filhos. Métodos Estudo transversal com abordagem quantitativa, realizado por meio de entrevista utilizando instrumento estruturado. Entrevistaram-se 376 pais de crianças e adolescentes que aguardavam atendimento pediátrico em unidades de saúde de Três Lagoas/MS. Os dados coletados (características sociodemográficas; características reprodutivas e sexuais; conhecimento sobre o Papillomavirus humano e intenção de vacinar o/a filho/a) foram analisados por meio de técnica de estatística descritiva, teste de associação Qui-quadrado ou exato de Fisher e Teste T Student. Resultados Dentre os entrevistados, 327 (87,0%) afirmaram ter ouvido falar sobre o Papillomavirus humano. Identificou-se associação entre os pais que nunca ouviram falar sobre a infecção e sexo masculino, idade entre 18 e 25 anos e ensino fundamental incompleto. Dentre os pais que ouviram falar sobre o Papilomavírus Humano, 152 (46,5%) afirmaram que é uma infecção sexualmente transmissível, 245 (74,9%) garantiram que a transmissão ocorre através da relação sexual desprotegida, 275 (75,5%) desconhecem seus sinais e sintomas, 218 (66,7%) afirmaram erroneamente que tal infecção tem cura e 283 (86,5%) sabem da existência da vacina. Dentre todos os entrevistados, 98,1% levariam seu(ua) filho(a) para vacinar contra o vírus. Conclusão Observaram-se lacunas no conhecimento dos pais de crianças e adolescentes sobre o Papillomavirus humano, mostrando a necessidade de educação em saúde e divulgação de ações de enfrentamento à infecção em meios de comunicação e redes sociais.


Resumen Objetivo Analizar las características asociadas a padres de niños y adolescentes que escucharon hablar sobre el virus del papiloma humano, así como el conocimiento sobre la infección y la intención de vacunar a sus hijos. Métodos Estudio transversal, con enfoque cuantitativo, realizado por medio de encuesta con instrumento estructurado. Se encuestaron 376 padres de niños y adolescentes que esperaban atención pediátrica en unidades de salud de Três Lagoas, estado de Mato Grosso do Sul. Los datos recopilados (características sociodemográficas, características reproductivas y sexuales, conocimiento sobre el virus del papiloma humano e intención de vacunar al hijo/a) se analizaron por medio de técnica de estadística descriptiva, prueba de asociación ji cuadrado o prueba exacta de Fisher y test-T Student. Resultados Entre los encuestados, 327 (87,0 %) afirmaron haber escuchado hablar sobre el virus del papiloma humano. Se identificó relación entre los padres que nunca escucharon hablar sobre la infección y el sexo masculino, edad entre 18 y 25 años y educación primaria incompleta. De los padres que escucharon hablar sobre el virus del papiloma humano, 152 (46,5 %) afirmaron que es una infección de transmisión sexual, 245 (74,9 %) aseguraron que la transmisión ocurre a través de las relaciones sexuales sin protección, 275 (75,5 %) desconocen sus signos y síntomas, 218 (66,7 %) afirmaron erróneamente que tal infección tiene cura, y 283 (86,5 %) saben de la existencia de la vacuna. Entre los encuestados, el 98,1 % llevaría a su hijo/a vacunarse contra el virus. Conclusión Se observaron vacíos de conocimiento en los padres de niños y adolescentes sobre el virus del papiloma humano, lo que muestra la necesidad de educación para la salud y difusión de acciones para enfrentar la infección en medios de comunicación y redes sociales.


Abstract Objective Analyze the characteristics associated with the parents of children and adolescents who have heard about the human papillomavirus, as well as the knowledge about the infection and the intention to vaccinate their children. Methods Cross-sectional study with quantitative approach, conducted through a structured interview. We interviewed 376 parents of children and adolescents who were awaiting pediatric care at health services in Três Lagoas/MS. The collected data (sociodemographic characteristics; reproductive and sexual characteristics; knowledge about human papillomavirus and intention to vaccinate the child) were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Fisher's exact test or the chi-square association test and Student's t-test. Results Among the respondents, 327 (87.0%) said they had heard about the human papillomavirus. An association was identified between parents who had never heard of the infection and male sex, age between 18 and 25 years and unfinished primary education. Among the parents who had heard about the human papillomavirus, 152 (46.5%) stated that it is a sexually transmitted infection, 245 (74.9%) assured that the transmission occurs through unprotected sexual intercourse, 275 (75.5%) are unaware of its signs and symptoms, 218 (66.7%) mistakenly stated that this infection is curable and 283 (86.5%) know of the existence of the vaccine. Among all respondents, 98.1% would take their child to get vaccinated against the virus. Conclusion Gaps were observed in the knowledge of the parents of children and adolescents about the human papillomavirus, showing the need for health education and dissemination of actions to cope with the infection in the media and social networks.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Papillomaviridae , Parents/psychology , Attitude to Health/ethnology , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice/ethnology , Knowledge , Papillomavirus Infections , Papillomavirus Vaccines , Child , Cross-Sectional Studies , Interviews as Topic , Adolescent
17.
Psico (Porto Alegre) ; 53(1): 37260, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1412175

ABSTRACT

Devido à alta taxa de jovens envolvidos em acidentes de trânsito, o objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar as relações entre estilos parentais, impulsividade e comportamentos de direção em uma amostra de 292 jovens adultos. Os dados foram coletados por meio do Inventário de Estilos Parentais, do Questionário do Comportamento do motorista e da Escala de Impulsividade de Barrat. Os resultados mostraram uma correlação negativa (p < 0,01) entre estilos maternos positivos com o comportamento de risco no trânsito e uma correlação positiva (p < 0,01) entre impulsividade e comportamento de risco, de forma que o baixo controle inibitório apresentou interação com práticas parentais negativas e associação significativa (p = 0,04) com erros, lapsos e violações no trânsito. Os modelos de regressão linear múltipla apontaram que os estilos parentais e a impulsividade são preditores do comportamento de risco do motorista.


Due to the high rate of young adults involved in traffic accidents, the aim of this study was to evaluate the relations among parenting styles, impulsiveness and driving behaviour in a sample of 292 young adults. Data was collected using the Parenting Style Inventory, the Driver Behaviour Questionnaire and the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale. The results showed a negative correlation (p <0.01) between positive maternal styles with traffic risk behaviour and a positive correlation (p <0.01) between impulsiveness and risk behaviour, with low inhibitory control showing interaction with negative parenting practices and statistically significant association (p = 0.04) with errors, lapses and traffic violations. Multiple linear regression models indicate that parenting styles and impulsivity are predictors of risk behaviour in drivers.


Debido a la alta tasa de jóvenes involucrados en accidentes de tránsito, el objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar las relaciones entre los estilos parentales, impulsividad y comportamientos de dirección en una muestra de 292 adultos jóvenes adultos. Los datos se recopilaron a través del Inventario de Estilos Parentales, Cuestionario de Comportamiento del Conductor y Escala de Impulsividad de Barrat. Los resultados presentaron una correlación negativa (p <0.01) entre estilos maternos positivos con el comportamiento de riesgo en el tránsito y una correlación positiva (p <0.01) entre impulsividad y comportamiento de riesgo, de forma que el bajo control inhibitorio presentó interacción con prácticas parentales negativas y asociación significativa (p = 0.04) con errores, lapsos y violaciones de tránsito. Los modelos de regresión linear múltipla apuntaron que los estilos parentales y la impulsividad son predictores del comportamiento de riesgo del conductor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Accidents, Traffic , Parents/psychology , Dangerous Behavior , Young Adult
18.
Psicol. reflex. crit ; 35: 6, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1376073

ABSTRACT

The goal of this study was to examine whether a subject's emotional competence correlates to attachment styles and parenting styles in children and their parents. The study was conducted with fifty children (9-11 years old) and their parents, both of whose emotional competence (EKF) and parenting style (PAQ) were measured. The attachment styles of parents and children were measured with the Adult Attachment Scale (AAS) and the Bochumer Bindungstest (BoBiTe), respectively. The findings provide initial support to the assumption that attachment is related to emotional competence in parents. This relationship, however, was not significantly correlated in children. In addition, authoritative parenting and permissive parenting were significantly associated with emotional competence in parents. Emotional competence in children showed to be associated with an authoritative parenting style.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adult , Middle Aged , Child Rearing/psychology , Parenting/psychology , Emotions , Father-Child Relations , Object Attachment , Parents/psychology , Child Development , Germany
19.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0018, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365732

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate the quality of life of children with strabismus and understand their consequences in the functional and psychosocial aspects of the childhood. Methods: A semi-structured interview adapted of Adult Strabismus-20 questionnaire was conducted with parents or the legal responsible person of children aged between 3 and 13 years old attended at the public health care. A likert-scale of five points was used to measure the impact of strabismus in childhood, from psychosocial and functional aspects. Results: 97 children were included in the study. 61,4% of the children had esotropia (ET), while 35.9% had exotropia (XT). In each group, the magnitude of deviation was classified in smaller (<) or equal/greater (≥) then 30 prismatic diopters. When analyzing the functional and the psychosocial scores of the groups separated by the type of strabismus and magnitude of deviation, the average score of the group with esotropia and the patients with larger deviations were worse. The correlation value between the psychosocial and functional scores was 200.656 (p <0.01). Conclusion: Strabismus in childhood is associated with many negative effects. These consequences should be considered when deciding for surgical treatment on early ages. The strabismus treatment may change positively how these children perceive themselves, resulting in benefits on quality of life from both the functional and psychosocial perspectives.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a qualidade de vida de crianças com estrabismo e entender suas consequências em aspectos funcionais e psicossociais da infância. Métodos: Uma entrevista semiestruturada adaptada do questionário Adult Strabismus-20 foi realizada com os pais ou responsáveis legais das crianças entre 3 e 13 anos atendidas na rede pública de saúde. Uma escala do tipo Likert de cinco pontos foi usada para mensurar o impacto do estrabismo na infância, do ponto de vista funcional e psicossocial. Resultados: Foram incluídas no estudo 97 crianças, sendo 61,4% com esotropia e 35,9% com exotropia. Em cada grupo, a magnitude do desvio foi classificada em menor ou maior que 30 dioptrias prismáticas. Quando analisados os escores funcionais e psicossociais de cada grupo separados por tipo e magnitude do desvio, a média do escore do grupo com esotropia e dos pacientes com maior desvio foi pior. O valor de correlação entre os escores funcionais e psicossociais foi de 0,656 (p<0,01). Conclusão: Estrabismo na infância está associado a muitos efeitos negativos. As consequências devem ser levadas em consideração quando da decisão por tratamento cirúrgico em idades precoces. O tratamento do estrabismo pode alterar de forma positiva a percepção que a criança tem de si mesma, resultando em benefícios na qualidade de vida, tanto em aspectos funcionais quanto psicossociais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Quality of Life , Strabismus/psychology , Parents/psychology , Psychometrics , Surveys and Questionnaires , Interview , Sickness Impact Profile
20.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20210040, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1339880

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo analisar a percepção dos pais sobre as práticas de educação em saúde desenvolvidas pelos enfermeiros na Unidade Neonatal que facilitaram a aquisição de competências parentais para uma tomada de decisão fundamentada. Método estudo exploratório e descritivo, com abordagem qualitativa. Participaram 13 pais com filhos internados, pela primeira vez, em uma Unidade Neonatal portuguesa. Os dados foram colhidos entre fevereiro e agosto de 2020, por meio de grupos focais, processados no software Interface de R pour Analyses Multidimensionnelles de Textes et de Questionneires, através da Classificação Hierárquica Descendente e da Análise de Similitude. Resultados da Classificação Hierárquica Descendente, emergiram quatro classes: "Necessidades de informação", "Lacunas na informação", "Disponibilidade para informar"; "Práticas facilitadoras da educação em saúde". Conclusão e implicações para a prática os pais consideraram como práticas facilitadoras da educação em saúde a tecnologia digital aliada à disponibilidade dos enfermeiros para informar e explicar, bem como propiciar um ambiente empático e informal. Tal resultado pode subsidiar o desenvolvimento de intervenções de enfermagem de educação em saúde para pais na Unidade Neonatal, com recurso à tecnologia digital.


Resumen Objetivo analizar la percepción de los padres sobre las prácticas de educación en salud desarrolladas por enfermeras de la Unidad Neonatal que facilitaron la adquisición de habilidades parentales para la toma de decisiones informada. Método estudio exploratorio descriptivo, con abordaje cualitativo. Participaron 13 padres con hijos hospitalizados, por primera vez, en una Unidad Neonatal Portuguesa. Los datos fueron recolectados entre febrero y agosto de 2020, a través de grupos focales, procesados en el software Interface de R pour Multidimensionnelles de Textes et de Questionneires, a través de la Clasificación Jerárquica Descendente y el Análisis de Similitud. Resultados surgieron cuatro clases de la Clasificación Jerárquica Descendente: "Necesidades de información"; "Brechas de información"; "Disponibilidad para informar"; "Prácticas facilitadoras de la educación para la salud". Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica los padres consideraron prácticas facilitadoras para la educación en salud la tecnología digital combinada con la disponibilidad de enfermeras para informar y explicar, además de brindar un ambiente empático e informal. Este resultado puede apoyar el desarrollo de intervenciones de enfermería de educación para la salud para los padres en Unidad Neonatal, con el uso de tecnología digital.


Abstract Objective to analyze parents' perception of health education practices developed by nurses in a Neonatal Unit that facilitated the acquisition of parenting skills for an informed decision-making. Method this is an exploratory, descriptive and qualitative study. We included 13 parents with children hospitalized for the first time in a Portuguese Neonatal Unit. Data were collected between February and August 2020, through focus groups, processed in the software Interface de R pour Multidimensionnelles de Textes et de Questionneires, through Descending Hierarchical Classification and Similitude Analysis. Results four classes emerged from the Descending Hierarchical Classification: "Information needs"; "Information gaps"; "Availability to inform"; "Facilitating health education practices". Conclusion and implications for practice parents considered digital technology combined with nurses' availability to inform and explain, as well as provide an empathetic and informal environment as facilitating practices for health education. These results can support health education nursing interventions for parents at the Neonatal Units using digital technology.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Parents/psychology , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Health Education , Health Literacy , Nurses , Pamphlets , Communication , Decision Making , Qualitative Research , Digital Technology , Length of Stay , Nurse-Patient Relations , Nursing Care/psychology
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