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1.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 177-191, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970367

ABSTRACT

Self-assembly refers to the spontaneous process where basic units such as molecules and nanostructured materials form a stable and compact structure. Peptides can self-assemble by non-covalent driving forces to form various morphologies such as nanofibers, nano layered structures, and micelles. Peptide self-assembly technology has become a hot research topic in recent years due to the advantages of definite amino acid sequences, easy synthesis and design of peptides. It has been shown that the self-assembly design of certain peptide drugs or the use of self-assembled peptide materials as carriers for drug delivery can solve the problems such as short half-life, poor water solubility and poor penetration due to physiological barrier. This review summarizes the formation mechanism of self-assembled peptides, self-assembly morphology, influencing factors, self-assembly design methods and major applications in biomedical field, providing a reference for the efficient use of peptides.


Subject(s)
Pharmaceutical Preparations , Peptides/chemistry , Amino Acid Sequence , Nanostructures/chemistry , Drug Delivery Systems
2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1279-1285, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928053

ABSTRACT

This paper explored the specific peptides from Bubali Cornu by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry and based on mathematics set theory. Following the profile analysis of peptides from Bubali Cornu, Bovis Grunniens Cornu, Caprae Hircus Cornu, and Suis Cornu by nano LC-LTQ-Obitrap-MS after digestion with trypsin, the relationship of peptide composition among different samples was analyzed using the mathematics set theory. The ones that existed only in the Bubali Cornu set rather than in any other set were considered as the specific peptides of Bubali Cornu. The further bioinformatic analysis revealed four specific peptides from Bubali Cornu, whose specificity was verified by UPLC-QQQ-MS. The results showed that these four peptides could be used for distinguishing Bubali Cornu from Caprae Hircus Cornu and Suis Cornu. This study has provided a rapid and simple method for seeking the specific peptides in animal medicines, which can be utilized for quality evaluation of animal medicines, thus making them authenticable and traceable.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chromatography, Liquid , Cornus , Horns/chemistry , Peptides/chemistry , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1209-1217, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927775

ABSTRACT

Recombinant HLA-Ⅰ molecules/antigenic peptide complexes (pHLA complexes) are applied in the research of human T cell-specific immune responses. The preparation of pHLA complex is based on genetic engineering and protein in vitro dilution and folding-refolding technology. In an in vitro refolding system, recombinant HLA-Ⅰ molecules correctly fold and bind with antigenic peptides to form complexes. In this study, ultrafiltration-high performance liquid chromatography (ultrafiltration-HPLC) was used for quantitative determination of the antigenic peptides in recombinant pHLA complexes, especially for those in a small amount of prepared products. By adding the recombinant HLA-Ⅰ molecules and antigenic peptides into the refolding buffer, the heavy chain (HC) and light chain (β2m) of recombinant HLA-Ⅰ molecules were refolded and bond with the VYF antigenic peptide containing anchor residues to form a pHLA complex. The unbound free antigenic peptide VYF was removed by ultrafiltration to retain the complex. Finally, the pHLA complex was treated by acid to destroy its interaction, thus releasing the antigenic peptide. The results showed that the prepared recombinant pHLA complex was recognized by HLA-Ⅰ molecule specific antibody W6/32, which indicated that the recombinant HLA-Ⅰ class molecule had correct folding and was identified as pHLA complex. The antigen peptide VYF contained in the pHLA complex was also detected by ultrafiltration-HPLC, so it is feasible to apply ultrafiltration-HPLC for determination of pHLA complex. Compared with Western blotting, the concentration of antigenic peptides detected by ultrafiltration-HPLC was 0-9 μg/mL. The binding conditions can be optimized according to the amount of antigenic peptides bound in the complex in order to improve the folding efficiency of HLA-Ⅰ molecules and promote the binding of HLA-Ⅰ molecules to antigenic peptides. The production rate of pHLA complexes in the refolding system can also be calculated according to the content of antigenic peptides bound by pHLA complexes. Therefore, ultrafiltration-HPLC in this study can be used for the quality control of the preparation process of pHLA complexes, and may facilitate the research of T cell-specific immunity, artificial antigen-presenting cells, and development of specific tetramer probe applications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Amino Acid Sequence , Antigens , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Peptides/chemistry , Ultrafiltration
4.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4587-4600, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970333

ABSTRACT

Ultrashort peptides have higher stability, tissue penetrability, biocompatibility, and less immunogenicity, and are widely applied in biology and medicine. GHK (glycyl-l-histidyl-l-lysine) and GQPR (glycyl-l-glutamyl-l-prolyl-l-arginine) can stimulate collagen renewal and inhibit collagen degradation. GHK and GQPR have been used in cosmetic anti-wrinkle skincare and make-up products. The most common approach for ultrashort peptide production is the solid-phase synthesis, which is eco-unfriendly due to heavy usage of organic chemical reagents during the manufacturing process. Here we report a new approach to the production of ultrashort peptides. Recombinant expression of ultrashort peptides is usually unfeasible because of the short amino acid sequences. A vector pET28a-Trxm harboring the thioredoxin gene was first constructed for subsequent fusion expression. The tandem repeats of GHK and GQPR genes were used as the templates for rolling circle amplification (RCA). The RCA reaction was tuned to incorporate noncanonical nucleotides 5-methylcytosine to obtain long DNA fragments. Gene sequences with various lengths were generated through double digestion of Acc65 Ⅰ and Apa Ⅰ. The resulting digestion products were gel recovered by size (from 500 bp to 1 500 bp) and cloned into pET28a-Trxm to obtain the recombinant vector pET28a-Trxm-(TRSP)n. The pET28a-Trxm-(TRSP)n was introduced into E. coli BL21(DE3) to generate a library of Trxm-(TRSP)n sequences with a controlled distribution of lengths. Through double digestion and sequencing, positive clones with tandem repeats n=1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9 were obtained. Protein expression results showed protein bands with corresponding molecular weight, and the protein expression level decreased as the tandem repeats increased. The expression level of Trxm-(TRSP)1 achieved 50% of the total protein, while the expression level of Trxm-(TRSP)2 was 30% of the total protein. The crude extracts from cell pellets were further treated with enterokinase cleavage, and the supernatants containing (TRSP)1 were collected after ultrafiltration and then subjected to trypsin cleavage. HPLC analysis indicated that the ultrashort peptides GHK and GQPR were successfully obtained through two-step cleavage. This study may facilitate the commercial production of ultrashort peptides.


Subject(s)
Escherichia coli/metabolism , Peptides/chemistry , Amino Acid Sequence , Gene Library , Tandem Repeat Sequences
5.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 50: 16-22, Mar. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292419

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Cecropin P1, acting as an antimicrobial, has a broad-spectrum antibacterial activity with some antiviral and antifungal properties. It is a promising natural alternative to antibiotics which is originally isolated from the pig intestinal parasitic nematode Ascaris suum. Many studies have shown that Cecropin P1 is helpful for the prevention or treatment of clinical diseases. Therefore, it is very necessary to establish a safe, nontoxic, and efficient expression method of Cecropin P1. RESULTS: The results indicated that the recombinant protein was about 5.5 kDa showed by Tricine­SDS­ PAGE and Western blot. And Cecropin P1 was efficiently secreted and expressed after 12 h of induction, with an increasing yield over the course of the induction. Its maximum concentration was 7.83 mg/L after concentration and purification. In addition, in vitro experiments demonstrated that Cecropin P1 not only exerted a strong inhibitory effect on Escherichia coli, Salmonella sp., Shigella sp., and Pasteurella sp., but also displayed an antiviral activity against PRRSV NADC30-Like strain. CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, the strategy of expressing Cecropin P1 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is harmless, efficient, and safe for cells. In addition, the expressed Cecropin P1 has antiviral and antibacterial properties concurrently.


Subject(s)
Peptides/pharmacology , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/drug effects , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Antiviral Agents/pharmacology , Peptides/chemistry , In Vitro Techniques , Recombinant Proteins , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Blotting, Western
6.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 37(2): 238-249, abr.-jun. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-888464

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción. El veneno del escorpión posee péptidos con actividad neurotóxica que actúan principalmente en los canales iónicos del sistema nervioso de insectos y mamíferos. También se ha establecido su acción citolítica y anticancerígena, características biológicas que aún no se han explorado en el veneno del escorpión Tityus macrochirus. Objetivo. Evaluar si tanto el veneno total de T. macrochirus como la fracción de péptidos parcialmente purificados disminuyen el porcentaje de viabilidad de diferentes líneas celulares provenientes de tumores. Materiales y métodos. Mediante métodos cromatográficos, electroforéticos y de ultrafiltración con membranas de Amicon Ultra 0.5®, se identificaron y purificaron parcialmente los péptidos del veneno de T. macrochirus obtenido mediante estimulación eléctrica. Los ensayos de actividad citotóxica del veneno y de la fracción de péptidos se hicieron en líneas celulares provenientes de tumores con el método colorimétrico de reducción de la sal de tetrazolio (Mossman's Tetrazole Test, MTT). Resultados. El veneno de T. macrochirus posee péptidos con pesos moleculares entre 3 y 10 kDa, los cuales se purificaron parcialmente mediante ultrafiltración y se evaluaron mediante cromatografía líquida de alta resolución en fase inversa (Reverse Phase-High Pressure Liquid Chromatography, RP-HPLC). Los ensayos de citotoxicidad del veneno total de T. macrochirus evidenciaron una mayor disminución de la viabilidad en la línea celular PC3 que en las demás líneas celulares evaluadas, en tanto que la fracción parcialmente purificada de péptidos logró disminuir la viabilidad de la línea celular HeLa. Conclusión. Los péptidos del veneno de T. macrochirus presentaron actividad citotóxica en algunas de las líneas celulares provenientes de tumores, y se observó algún grado de selectividad frente a ellas.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Scorpion venom contains peptides with neurotoxic action primarily active on ion channels in the nervous system of insects and mammals. They are also characterized as cytolytic and anticancer, biological characteristics that have not yet been reported for the Tityus macrochirus venom. Objective: To assess if the total T. macrochirus venom and the fraction of partially purified peptides decrease the viability of various tumor-derived cell lines. Materials and methods: The scorpion venom was collected by electrical stimulation and, subsequently, subjected to chromatography, electrophoresis, and ultrafiltration with Amicon Ultra 0.5® membranes for the partial identification and purification of its peptides. The cytotoxic activity of the venom and the peptides fraction trials on tumor-derived cell lines were carried out by the MTT method. Results: The T. macrochirus scorpion venom has peptides with molecular weights ranging between 3 and 10 kDa. They were partially purified using the ultrafiltration technique, and assessed by the RP-HPLC method. Cytotoxicity trials with the whole T. macrochirus venom showed a higher viability decrease on the PC3 cell line compared to the other cell lines assessed, while the partially purified peptides decreased the HeLa cell line viability. Conclusion: Peptides in the T. macrochirus scorpion venom showed cytotoxic activity on some tumor-derived cell lines. We observed some degree of selectivity against other cell lines assessed.


Subject(s)
Animals , Peptides/isolation & purification , Scorpion Venoms/isolation & purification , Scorpion Venoms/toxicity , Peptides/chemistry , Scorpion Venoms/chemistry , Cell Survival , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Cell Line, Tumor
7.
Braz. dent. j ; 27(1): 66-71, Jan.-Feb. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-777135

ABSTRACT

Abstract Exposure to high fluoride levels during amelogenesis causes enamel fluorosis. This study aimed to determine and compare the amino acid sequences in the enamel of fluorotic and control teeth. This investigation included enamel samples obtained from erupted and non-erupted third molars with either TF grade 4-6 (n=7) fluorosis or no sign of fluorosis (controls, n=7). The samples were kept frozen at -20 °C until protein extraction. Samples were etched and processed with a cocktail of proteinase inhibitors and immediately analyzed. Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization-Time-Of-Flight/Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-TOF/TOF) followed by MASCOT search aided the peptides analysis. The more abundant peptides bore the N-terminal amelogenin sequences WYQSIRPPYP (which is specific for the X-encoded amelogenin) and MPLPPHPGHPGYINF (which does not show sexual dimorphism) were not different in control or fluorotic enamel. There was no missing proteolytic cleavage in the fluorotic samples, which suggested that the increased amount of protein described in fluorotic enamel did not stem from the decreased ability of proteinases to cleave the proteins in humans. This study showed how to successfully obtain peptide from superficial enamel. A relatively low number of teeth was sufficient to provide good data on the actual peptides found in mature enamel.


Resumo Exposição a altos níveis de flúor durante a amelogênese causa fluorose no esmalte. Este estudo tem como objetivo determinar e comparar as sequências de aminoácidos presentes no esmalte de dentes controles e fluoróticos. A investigação incluiu amostras de esmalte obtidas de terceiros molares erupcionados e não erupcionados, ambas ou com grau de fluorose TF 4-6 (n=7) ou sem sinais de fluorose (controles, n=7), congelados a -20 oC até a extração das proteínas. As amostras sofreram ataque ácido e foram processadas utilizando um coquetel de inibidores de proteinases, sendo imediatamente analisadas. MALDI-TOF/TOF seguido pela pesquisa com MASCOT foram utilizados para a análise dos peptídeos. Os peptídeos mais abundantes foram das amelogeninas com sequências N-terminal WYQSIRPPYP (que é codificada especificamente pela amelogenina X) e MPLPPHPGHPGYINF (que não apresenta dimorfismo sexual algum), não havendo diferenças entre dentes fluoróticos e controles. Nenhuma alteração na proteólise ocorreu nas amostras fluoróticas, o que sugere que o aumento na quantidade de proteínas existentes nas amostras fluoróticas não está correlacionada a habilidade das proteinases em clivar as proteínas em humanos. Este estudo mostrou como extrair com sucesso peptídeos do esmalte superficial. Um número relativamente baixo de dentes foram suficientes para se obter ótimos dados a respeito de peptídeos encontrados no esmalte maduro.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fluorosis, Dental/metabolism , Peptides/chemistry , Amino Acid Sequence , Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization
8.
J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis ; 22: [1-8], 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1484675

ABSTRACT

Sea urchins can be found throughout the Brazilian coast and are reported to be one of the major causes of marine accidents on the shoreline. Although not lethal, these accidents are reported to be extremely painful. In order to understand the toxinology of the Brazilian urchins, a peptidomic approach was performed aiming to characterize the naturally occurring peptides in both the coelomic fluid and the spine. Methods Animals were collected without gender distinction and samples of the coelomic fluid and spines extracted were analyzed by RP-HPLC and mass spectrometry for peptide de novo sequencing. Results Several peptides were identified either in the coelomic fluid or the spine extract (except for E. lucunter). The peptide sequences were aligned with public deposited sequences and possible functions were inferred. Moreover, some peptides can be cryptides, since their sequences were identified within functional proteins, for example thymosin from Strongylocentrotus purpuratus. Conclusions Although preliminary, the peptidomic approach presented here reports, for the first time, the abundance of novel biological molecules derived from these animals. The discovery of such molecules may be of potential biotechnological application, as described for other organisms; nevertheless, further studies are required.


Subject(s)
Animals , Arbacia/classification , Arbacia/chemistry , Lytechinus/classification , Lytechinus/chemistry , Peptides/analysis , Peptides/chemistry
9.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 18(supl.2): 214-223, Out.-Dez. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-776709

ABSTRACT

RESUMO: Objetivo Apresentar os resultados dos indicadores sobre consumo de álcool e direção para as capitais brasileiras obtidos em dois inquéritos populacionais realizados em 2013 no Brasil. Métodos: Estudo transversal realizado com dados da população adulta (≥ 18 anos) participante da Vigilância de Doenças Crônicas por Inquérito Telefônico (Vigitel) e da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde (PNS). Foram calculadas as prevalências para os indicadores de consumo de bebida alcoólica e direção veicular. Resultados: A proporção de motoristas adultos de carro ou moto que dirigiram logo depois de beber foi significativamente maior no sexo masculino (29,3% - Vigitel; 24,4% - PNS), entre jovens de 18 a 29 anos (31,6% - Vigitel; 24,1% - PNS) e entre os residentes das capitais da Região Centro-Oeste (33,7% - Vigitel; 28,3% - PNS). A proporção de adultos que referiram beber e dirigir foi maior no sexo masculino (9,4% - Vigitel; 7,4% - PNS), no grupo de 18 a 29 anos (7,1% - Vigitel; 4,5% - PNS) e entre os residentes das capitais da Região Centro-Oeste (7,9% - Vigitel; 6,1% - PNS). Conclusão: O estudo permitiu estimar a prevalência do hábito de dirigir após ingestão de bebida alcoólica entre motoristas e na população em geral e mostrou coerência entre os resultados dos dois inquéritos epidemiológicos de abrangência nacional.


ABSTRACT: Objective: To present the results of indicators of alcohol consumption and driving for Brazilian capitals based on two population surveys performed in Brazil in 2013. Methods: Cross sectional study with data from adults (≥ 18 years) participants of the Telephone Survey on Risk and Protective Factors for Chronic Diseases (Vigitel) and the National Health Survey (NHS). Prevalence for indicators of alcohol consumption and driving was then calculated. Results: The proportion of adult drivers who drove soon after drinking was significantly higher among males (29.3% - Vigitel and 24.4% - NHS), the young aging 18 to 29 years (31.6% - Vigitel and 24.1% - NHS) and among residents of the capitals of the Midwest (33.7% - Vigitel and 28.3% - NHS). The proportion of adults who reported drinking and driving was higher among males (9.4% - Vigitel and 7.4% - NHS) in the 18 to 29 age group (7.1% - Vigitel; 4.5% - NHS), and among residents of the capitals of the Midwest (7.9% - Vigitel and 6.1% - NHS). Conclusion: The study estimated the prevalence of the habit of driving after alcohol consumption among drivers and in the general population. There was consistency between the results from two nationwide surveys.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Mice , Adjuvants, Immunologic/pharmacology , DNA , Hydrogels , Peptides/pharmacology , Amino Acid Sequence , Adjuvants, Immunologic/chemistry , Inflammation/pathology , Molecular Sequence Data , Peptides/chemistry
10.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 18(supl.2): 83-96, Out.-Dez. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-776713

ABSTRACT

Resumo: Objetivo: Analisar o perfil de dez doenças crônicas não transmissíveis investigadas na Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde realizada no Brasil em 2013 e sua associação com a autoavaliação da saúde. Métodos: Estudo transversal de base populacional e abrangência nacional com 60.202 indivíduos com 18 anos ou mais. Foi utilizado processo amostral por conglomerado com três estágios de seleção: setor censitário, domicílio e indivíduo. Calculou-se a prevalência das doenças crônicas e os intervalos de confiança de 95% por idade, sexo e escolaridade, a idade média do primeiro diagnóstico e a proporção de limitação das atividades habituais. Para testar a associação com a autoavaliação de saúde, utilizou-se o procedimento de regressão logística ajustada por sexo e idade. Resultados: As doenças mais prevalentes foram hipertensão arterial (21,4%), depressão (7,6%), artrite (6,4%) e diabetes mellitus (6,2%). Indivíduos com diagnóstico de acidente vascular cerebral (AVC) referiram maior limitação das atividades habituais (38,6%). Observou-se um gradiente na prevalência segundo idade e escolaridade, e todas as doenças foram mais frequentes entre as mulheres. Pior autoavaliação de saúde foi encontrada entre aqueles com diagnóstico de AVC (OR = 3,60; valor de p < 0,001) e nos que referiram duas doenças (OR = 5,53; valor de p < 0,001) ou três ou mais doenças (OR = 10,86; valor de p < 0,001). Conclusões: Por se tratar de doenças associadas a fatores de risco modificáveis, a prevenção com foco populacional é a melhor estratégia para redução da carga dessas doenças.


ABSTRACT: Objective: To analyze the profile of 10 chronic noncommunicable diseases investigated in the National Health Survey carried out in Brazil in 2013 and their association with the self-rated health. Methods: A cross-sectional, population-based nationwide study with 60,202 individuals aged 18 years old or more. Sampling process by conglomerate was carried out in three stages of selection: census tract, household, and individual. The prevalence of chronic diseases by age, gender and educational status and the confidence intervals of 95% , the mean age at the first diagnosis and the proportion of limitation of the usual activities were calculated. To test the association with self-rated health, the logistic regression procedure adjusted for gender and age was used. Results: The more prevalent diseases were hypertension (21.4%), depression (7.6%), arthritis (6.4%), and diabetes mellitus (6.2%). Individuals diagnosed with stroke reported greater limitations in the daily activities (38.6%). There was a gradient in the prevalence by age and educational level, and all the diseases were more frequent among women. A worse self-rated health was observed among those with a diagnosis of stroke (OR = 3.60; p < 0.001) and those who referred two diseases (OR = 5.53; p < 0.001) or three or more diseases (OR = 10.86; p < 0.001). Conclusions: Because these diseases are associated with modifiable risk factors, the prevention with population focus is the best strategy to reduce the burden of these diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Endotoxins/antagonists & inhibitors , Peptides/pharmacology , Skin, Artificial , Amino Acid Sequence , Cell Line , Escherichia coli/drug effects , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Molecular Sequence Data , Peptides/chemistry , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/drug effects , Thrombin/chemistry
11.
Rev. paul. pediatr ; 33(1): 3-11, Jan-Mar/2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-744700

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate by clinical and laboratory parameters how cystic fibrosis (CF) affects growth and nutritional status of children who were undergoing CF treatment but did not receive newborn screening. METHODS: A historical cohort study of 52 CF patients younger than 10 years of age were followed in a reference center in Campinas, Southeast Brazil. Anthropometric measurements were abstracted from medical records until March/2010, when neonatal screening program was implemented. Between September/2009 and March/2010, parental height of the 52 CF patients were also measured. RESULTS: Regarding nutritional status, four patients had Z-scores ≤-2 for height/age (H/A) and body mass index/age (BMI/A). The following variables were associated with improved H/A ratio: fewer hospitalizations, longer time from first appointment to diagnosis, longer time from birth to diagnosis and later onset of respiratory disease. Forced vital capacity [FVC(%)], forced expiratory flow between 25-75% of FVC [FEF25-75(%)], forced expiratory volume in the first second [FEV1(%)], gestational age, birth weight and early respiratory symptoms were associated with improved BMI/A. CONCLUSIONS: Greater number of hospitalizations, diagnosis delay and early onset of respiratory disease had a negative impact on growth. Lower spirometric values, lower gestational age, lower birth weight, and early onset of respiratory symptoms had negative impact on nutritional status. Malnutrition was observed in 7.7% of cases, but 23% of children had nutritional risk. .


OBJETIVO: Avaliar por meio de parâmetros clínicos e laboratoriais como a fibrose cística (FC) afeta o crescimento e estado nutricional de crianças submetidas ao tratamento de FC que não foram submetidas à triagem neonatal. MÉTODOS: Uma coorte histórica com 52 pacientes com FC menores de 10 anos foi acompanhada em um centro de referência em Campinas, Sudeste do Brasil. Peso e altura foram coletados de prontuários médicos até março de 2010, quando a triagem neonatal foi implementada. Entre setembro de 2009 a março de 2010 a altura dos pais foi medida. RESULTADOS: Quatro pacientes tiveram escores Z ≤ -2 para altura/idade (A/I) e índice de massa corporal/idade (IMC/A). As seguintes variáveis foram associadas com melhor razão A/I: menor número de hospitalizações, maior tempo entre a primeira consulta e o diagnóstico, maior tempo entre o nascimento e o diagnóstico e início tardio da doença respiratória. Capacidade vital forçada [CVF(%)], fluxo expiratório forçado entre 25-75% da CVF [FEF25-75(%)], volume expiratório forçado no primeiro segundo [VEF1(%)], idade gestacional, peso ao nascer e início dos sintomas respiratórios foram associados com melhor IMC/I. CONCLUSÕES: Maior número de hospitalizações, retardo no diagnóstico e início precoce da doença respiratória tiveram impacto negativo no crescimento. Menores valores espirométricos, menor idade gestacional, menor peso ao nascer e o início precoce dos sintomas respiratórios tiveram impacto negativo no estado nutricional. A desnutrição foi observada em 7,7% dos casos, mas 23% das crianças apresentaram risco nutricional. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Antifungal Agents/pharmacology , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Bacteria/drug effects , Fungi/drug effects , Peptidomimetics/pharmacology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/chemistry , Anti-Bacterial Agents/chemical synthesis , Antifungal Agents/chemistry , Antifungal Agents/chemical synthesis , Antineoplastic Agents/chemistry , Antineoplastic Agents/chemical synthesis , Bacteria/growth & development , Cell Cycle/drug effects , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor , Fungi/growth & development , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Molecular Structure , Peptides/chemistry , Peptidomimetics/chemistry , Peptidomimetics/chemical synthesis , Selenium/chemistry , Structure-Activity Relationship , Sulfur/chemistry , Tellurium/chemistry
12.
Rev. paul. pediatr ; 33(1): 50-55, Jan-Mar/2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-744704

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between physical inactivity and anthropometric measures in schoolchildren from Paranavaí-Parana, Brazil. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey, carried out in July and August 2013. Sample of 566 students (287 boys and 279 girls) from 6th to 9th grade, aged 10 to 14 years, from public and private schools of Paranavaí - PR, Southern Brazil. The variables analyzed were: time of weekly physical activity through a questionnaire (physical inactivity <300 minutes/week), body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC). In the statistical analysis, the U Mann-Whitney and Student's t tests were used for comparison between genders. To identify factors associated with insufficient levels of physical activity, univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis was applied and expressed in Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (95%CI). RESULTS: There was an association between physical inactivity and anthropometric measurements for BMI (p<0.001) and WC (p<0.001), with a prevalence rate of 56.1% and 52.7% of inactive adolescents, respectively. In the multivariate analysis, there was significant association of physical inactivity and overweight (OR 1.8, 95%CI: 1.1-3.0) and with increased waist circumference (OR 2.8, 95%CI: 1.4-3.8). CONCLUSIONS: Inadequate levels of physical activity is a determining factor for overweight and abdominal adiposity. Accordingly, preventive measures should be taken, especially in schools, emphasizing the importance of exercise for body composition control and weight reduction. .


OBJETIVO: Investigar a associação entre a inatividade física e medidas antropométricas em escolares de Paranavaí, Paraná, Brasil. MÉTODOS: Pesquisa com delineamento transversal, feita em julho e agosto de 2013. Amostra composta por 566 escolares (287 meninos e 278 meninas), de 10 a 14 anos, do 6° ao 9° ano da rede pública e privada de Paranavaí (PR). As variáveis analisadas foram: tempo de atividade física semanal, por meio de questionário (inatividade física: < 300 min/semanal), índice de massa corporal (IMC) e circunferência de cintura (CC). Na análise estatística foram usados os testes U de Mann-Whitney e t de Student para comparar os sexos. Para verificar os fatores associados ao nível insuficiente de atividade física aplicou-se o modelo de regressão logística binária univariada e multivariada, expressa em odds ratio (OR), e intervalo de confiança de 95% (IC95%). RESULTADOS: Houve associação entre inatividade física e as medidas antropométricas para IMC (p<0,001) e CC (p<0,001), com prevalências de 56,1% e 52,7% de inativos, respectivamente. Na análise multivariada, foram observadas associações significativas de inatividade física nos alunos que apresentaram excesso de peso (OR 1,8; IC95%: 1,1-3,0) e circunferência de cintura aumentada (OR 2,2; IC95%: 1,4-3,8). CONCLUSÕES: Nível inadequado de atividade física é fator determinante no excesso de peso e na adiposidade abdominal. Nesse sentido, medidas preventivas devem ser tomadas, principalmente nas escolas, e enfatizar-se a importância do exercício físico no controle da composição corporal e redução do pesoe. .


Subject(s)
Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer , Lipid Bilayers/chemistry , Membrane Proteins/chemistry , Peptides/chemistry , Polycyclic Compounds/chemistry , Models, Molecular , Molecular Conformation , Spectrophotometry, Infrared
13.
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 2014 Aug; 51(4): 326-330
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-154260

ABSTRACT

Ruminant placentas synthesize pregnancy-associated glycoproteins (PAGs) during pregnancy, which serve as biomarkers of pregnancy. The present study was conducted to verify, whether PAGs are expressed in buffalo placenta by using lectin-based affinity chromatography and peptide mass finger printing (PMF). Fetal cotyledonary tissues were collected from gravid uteri procured from slaughtered house. Proteins were extracted and subjected to wheat germ agglutinin (WGA) lectin affinity chromatography to isolate the PAGs. The isolated glycoproteins were separated by one-dimensional SDS-PAGE. PMF results of the 75 kDa protein revealed presence of two PAGs (PAG-7 and -11). The PAG-7 consisted of about 170 mass signals, of which 16 were assigned to corresponding/translated cDNA sequences of buffalo PAG-7, leading to sequence coverage of 40%. PMF result of PAG-11 showed 170 mass signals, of which 15 were assigned to buffalo PAG-11, leading to sequence coverage of 34%. In conclusion, the glycoprotein isolated from placental extract corresponding to 75 kDa band on SDS PAGE gel was a mixture of PAG-7 and -11, which may help in development of suitable diagnostics for pregnancy in buffalo.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Animals , Buffaloes , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Molecular Sequence Data , Molecular Weight , Peptides/chemistry , Pregnancy Proteins/chemistry
14.
J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis ; 20: 1-8, 04/02/2014. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1484601

ABSTRACT

Background Scorpion venoms are rich bioactive peptide libraries that offer promising molecules that may lead to the discovery and development of new drugs.Leiurus abdullahbayrami produces one of the most potent venoms among Turkish scorpions that provokes severe symptoms in envenomated victims.Methods In the present study, the peptide profile of the venom was investigated by electrophoretic methods, size-exclusion and reversed-phase chromatography and mass spectroscopy. Cytotoxic and antimicrobial effects were evaluated on a breast cancer cell line (MCF-7) and various bacterial and fungal species.Results Proteins make up approximately half of the dry weight of L. abdullahbayrami crude venom. Microfluidic capillary electrophoresis indicated the presence of 6 to 7 kDa peptides and proved to be a highly practical peptidomics tool with better resolution when compared to conventional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Mass spectroscopy analysis helped us to identify 45 unique peptide masses between 1 to 7 kDa with a bimodal mass distribution peaking between molecular weights of 1 to 2 kDa (29%) and 3 to 4 kDa (31%). L. abdullahbayrami crude venom had a proliferative effect on MCF-7 cells, which may be explained by the high concentration of polyamines as well as potassium and calcium ions in the arachnid venoms. Antimicrobial effect was stronger on gram-negative bacteria.Conclusions This work represents the first peptidomic characterization of L. abdullahbayrami venom. Considering the molecular weight-function relationship of previously identified venom peptides, future bioactivity studies may lead to the discovery of novel potassium and chloride ion channel inhibitors as well as new antimicrobial peptides fromL. abdullahbayrami venom.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Infective Agents/chemical synthesis , Peptide Library , Peptides/chemistry , Scorpion Venoms/chemistry , Electrophoresis, Capillary/methods , Microfluidic Analytical Techniques/methods
15.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 45(1): 303-312, 2014. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-709457

ABSTRACT

A highly potent secondary metabolite producing actinomycetes strain is isolated from marine soil sediments of Visakhapatnam sea coast, Bay of Bengal. Over all ten strains are isolated from the collected soil sediments. Among the ten actinomycetes strains the broad spectrum strain RSPSN2 was selected for molecular characterization, antibiotic production and its purification. The nucleotide sequence of the 1 rRNA gene (1261 base pairs) of the most potent strain evidenced a 96% similarity with Streptomyces parvulus 1044 strain, Streptomyces parvulus NBRC 13193 and Streptomyces parvulus BY-F. From the taxonomic features, the actinomycetes isolate RSPSN2 matches with Streptomyces parvulus in the morphological, physiological and biochemical characters. Thus, it was given the suggested name Streptomyces parvulus RSPSN2. The active metabolite was extracted using ethyl acetate (1:3, v/v) at pH 7.0. The separation of active ingredient and its purification was performed by using both thin layer chromatography (TLC) and column chromatography (CC) techniques. Spectrometric studies such as UV-visible, FTIR, and NMR and mass were performed. The antibacterial activity of pure compound was performed by cup plate method against some pathogenic bacteria including of streptomycin resistant bacteria like (Pseudomonas mirabilis. Pseudomonas putida and Bacillus cereus). In conclusion, the collected data emphasized the fact that a polypeptide antibiotic (Actinomycin D) was produced by Streptomyces parvulus RSPSN2.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/isolation & purification , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Peptides/isolation & purification , Peptides/pharmacology , Streptomyces/metabolism , Anti-Bacterial Agents/chemistry , Bacterial Typing Techniques , Chromatography, Liquid , Chromatography, Thin Layer , Cluster Analysis , DNA, Bacterial/chemistry , DNA, Bacterial/genetics , Geologic Sediments/microbiology , Gram-Negative Bacteria/drug effects , Gram-Positive Bacteria/drug effects , India , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Phylogeny , Peptides/chemistry , RNA, Ribosomal/genetics , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , Streptomyces/isolation & purification
16.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2013 Feb; 51(2): 124-128
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-147575

ABSTRACT

Out of 200 serum samples collected from cattle (142) and buffaloes (58) of various ages and sexand subjected to latex agglutination test (LAT) using serotype specific peptides (O, A, Asia 1) and also with peptide for non-structural protein 2B (NSP-2B), 114 (70%) samples were positive against FMDV type ‘O’, 102 (51%) against serotype ‘A’ and 104 (52%) against serotype ‘Asia 1’. With NSP-2B peptide a total of 71 (35.5%) samples were positive. The results suggest that LAT could be used for the diagnosis of foot and mouth disease virus as it is easy, cheap and effective test.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Animals , Cattle , Foot-and-Mouth Disease/immunology , Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus/classification , Latex Fixation Tests/methods , Microspheres , Molecular Sequence Data , Peptides/chemistry , Peptides/immunology , Serotyping , Vaccination , Viral Nonstructural Proteins/immunology
17.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2013; 26 (3): 525-535
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-142613

ABSTRACT

The medicinal Malaysian leeches have been used in traditional medicine to treat many different ailments. In this study, leech saliva extract [LSE] was collected from the medicinal Malaysian leech Hirudinaria manillensis. Gel electrophoresis of LSE was carried out to estimate the peptide and protein molecular weights of its content. Results showed that LSE contains more than 60 peptides and proteins with molecular masses ranging from 1.9-250kDa. Thrombin time assay in vitro was employed to assess the collected LSE antithrombin activity. First, to study its stability, LSE was lyophilized under the following different conditions: pre-freezing temperature, type of container and lyophilization cycle. Pre-freezed LSE sample at -20°C and lyophilized for 24 hours retained about 100-95% of its original biological activities. Second, the LSE antithrombin activity was monitored for a period of six months. Storage temperature, type of the container and photosensitivity effects on antithrombin activity of the lyophilized [solid state] and non-lyophilized [liquid state] were investigated. Results showed that storage temperature drastically affected the biological activity of LSE with -20°C as the optimum temperature. Samples stored at ambient temperature and +4°C were light photosensitive and adversely affected when stored in polypropylene tubes. Lyophilized samples were more stable than non-lyophilized ones over the period of study. To sum up, in order to have a biologically active stock of LSE, it has to be lyophilized for no more than 24 hours following freezing at -20°C and has to be stored at -20°C in glass tubes protected from light


Subject(s)
Saliva/chemistry , Materia Medica/pharmacology , Molecular Weight , Peptides/chemistry , Freeze Drying/methods , Drug Storage , Fibrinolytic Agents/chemistry , Biological Factors/chemistry
18.
Rev. colomb. psiquiatr ; 41(1): 26-47, ene.-abr. 2012. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-639930

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: Determinar la probabilidad de riesgo suicida y/o enfermedad mental y factores asociados en estudiantes de secundaria de tres colegios bogotanos. Métodos: Estudio de corte transversal con 309 adolescentes. Resultados: El promedio de edad fue de 13,83 ± 0,9 años, predominó el género femenino (58,6%) y el estrato socioeconómico 3 (68,3%). La probabilidad de riesgo para comportamiento suicida y/o síntomas mentales fue de 47,6%; 26,5% tuvo alguna manifestación suicida; 14,23% tuvo ideación suicida en los últimos tres meses; 3,55% tuvo intentos suicidas alguna vez en la vida, y 8,73% tuvo ideación suicida e intentos suicidas en los últimos tres meses. El riesgo de comportamiento suicida y/o enfermedad mental fue explicado conjuntamente por la depresión (OR = 27,9, IC95% = 3,5-223,1), la baja autoestima (OR = 11,8, IC95% = 2,5-56,5), la disfunción familiar severa (OR = 3,4, IC95% = 1,2-9,7), el sexo femenino (OR = 2,1, IC95% = 1,2-3,8) y la edad mayor o igual a 15 años (OR = 1,9, IC95% = 0,9-3,9). El maltrato psicológico seguido del abuso físico se asociaron con manifestación suicida y/o enfermedad mental, y la buena relación familiar, con menor probabilidad. Conclusión: La depresión, la baja autoestima, la disfuncionalidad familiar, el género femenino, la edad > 15 y la violencia intrafamiliar son factores asociados al riesgo suicida y/o enfermedad mental en adolescentes, y las buenas relaciones familiares se asocian con menor riesgo.


Objective: To establish the probability for suicide risk and/or mental disorders, together with related factors among high school students in 3 schools in Bogota. Methods: Cross sectional study of 309 adolescents. Results: The average age was 13.83 ± 0.9, female dominance (58.6%) and a 3rd socioeconomic stratum (68.3%). The suicidal risk behavioral probability and/or mental symptoms was 47.6%, 26.5% exhibited some suicide manifestations, 14.23% had experienced suicidal ideas in the last 3 months, 3.55% had had suicide attempts at least once in life, and 8.73% had suicidal ideas in the last 3 months with suicide attempts. The risk of suicidal behavior and /or mental disorders was explained jointly by depression (OR=27.9, 95% CI: 3.5-223. 1), low self-esteem (OR=11.8, 95% CI: 2.5-56.5), severe family dysfunction (OR=3.4, 95%CI 1.2-9.7), being female (OR=2.1, 95% CI: 1.2-3.8) and being 15 or older (OR=1.9, 95% CI: 0.967-3.9). Psychological abuse followed by physical mistreatment was associated with suicidal behavior and /or mental illness while good family relationships were associated to lower probability. Conclusion: Depression, low self-esteem, severe family dysfunction, female gender, older age (> 15) and domestic violence are risk factors associated with suicide and/or mental disorders in adolescents; good family relationships are associated with lower risk.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Endopeptidases/chemistry , Milk Proteins/chemistry , Milk, Human/chemistry , Peptides/analysis , Proteome/chemistry , Amino Acid Sequence , Endopeptidases/metabolism , Molecular Sequence Data , Milk Proteins/metabolism , Peptide Mapping , Proteolysis , Peptides/chemistry , Peptides/metabolism , Proteome/metabolism , Substrate Specificity
19.
Braz. j. vet. res. anim. sci ; 49(5): 377-385, 2012.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-687636

ABSTRACT

Considerando as limitações dos atuais métodos de controle contra a anaplasmose bovina, o desenvolvimento de uma vacina efetiva se faz necessário. A partir do advento da análise genômica e proteômica, novas proteínas de membrana de Anaplasma marginale foram identificadas como possíveis candidatas a componentes de uma vacina, tais como, VirB9, VirB10 e Fator Termo Instavél de Elongação de Peptídeos (EF-Tu). Embora estas proteínas ainda não estejam bem caracterizadas na membrana de A. marginale, a produção destas na forma recombinante (rVirB 9, rVirB10 e rEF-Tu) tem sido realizada, mas as mesmas ainda não foram exploradas em formulações vacinais. Neste trabalho, avaliou-se o uso de rVirB9, rVirB10 e rEF-Tu emulsionadas em adjuvante Montanide em camundongos. Nas condições testadas, verificou-se a indução de forte resposta imune humoral com a produção de IgG1 e IgG2a, sendo que as proporções dos níveis de produção destas subclasses indicam predomínio de IgG1. Entretanto, esplenócitos de animais, que foram injetados com rVirB9 ou rVirB10, produziram interferon-gama acima do limite de detecção do ensaio após estimulação in vitro, sinalizando assim resposta celular específica. Assim, novas avaliações serão realizadas com a finalidade de modular o perfil de resposta imune obtido em bovinos e avaliar a proteção contra A. marginale.


Considering the limitations of current methods of anaplasmosis control, the development of a more effective vaccine is required. Previous studies, using proteomic and genomic approaches, have identified new membrane proteins in Anaplasma marginale that may be vaccine candidates. These include VirB9, VirB10 and elongation factor-Tu (EFTu). Although the role of these proteins in the membrane of A. marginale has not been properly characterized, production of the recombinant proteins rVirB9, rVirB10, and rEF-Tu has been achieved. However, these recombinant proteins have not yet been exploited in vaccine formulations. The present study describes the use of rVirB9, rVirB10 and rEF-Tu, emulsificated in adjuvant Montanide, in mice. A strong humoral immune response was induced under these conditions, with both IgG1 and IgG2a production. The IgG2a/IgG1 ratios revealed a predominance of IgG1. However, splenocytes of the animals that received rVirB9 or rVirB10 produced high levels of gamma interferon after in vitro stimulation, indicating a specific cellular immune response to these proteins. Therefore, further studies are required to adjust the profile of the immune response in order to perform tests of protection against A. marginale in cattle.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anaplasma/pathogenicity , Mice/classification , Peptides/chemistry , Allergy and Immunology , Proteins/chemistry
20.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-136325

ABSTRACT

Background & objectives: The mechanisms that protect female upper genital tract from ascending infection by microbes present in vagina are only partially understood. It is expected that epithelial cells in mucosal surfaces and their secretions directly interfere with microbial colonization and invasion. This study was aimed to demonstrate the expression of 2 kDa antimicrobial peptide which was identified and purified from female genital tract tissues using chromatographic techniques. Methods: Low molecular weight proteins were isolated from human female reproductive tract tissues obtained from premenopausal women. Antimicrobial activity of these LMW proteins was assessed against different reproductive tract pathogens viz., Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Group B streptococcus, Gardnerella vaginalis, Escherechia coli and Candida albicans. The expression of these peptides were also documented in reproductive tract tissues with the help of hyperimmune sera raised against the rabbits. The purified peptide was characterized by N-terminal sequencing. Results: Immunohistochemical and immunofluorescence studies demonstrated that 2 kDa peptide was expressed in the stratified squamous epithelial cells of the ectocervix while it was absent in columnar epithelial cells of upper genital tract. Upregulation of the expression of this peptide was observed in patients of chronic non-specific cervicitis and acute on chronic cervicitis. This purified antimicrobial peptide also showed broad spectrum antimicrobial activity against different reproductive tract pathogens. Interpretation & conclusions: Considering the emerging bacterial resistance against conventional antibiotics, isolation and understanding of the expression of antimicrobial peptides from female reproductive tissue extracts may provide some leads towards the development of strategies for the treatment of reproductive tract infections.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Infective Agents/chemistry , Anti-Infective Agents/isolation & purification , Candida albicans/pathogenicity , Escherichia coli/pathogenicity , Female , Gardnerella vaginalis/pathogenicity , Gene Expression , Genitalia, Female/chemistry , Humans , Immunity, Innate , Neisseria gonorrhoeae/pathogenicity , Peptides/chemistry , Peptides/isolation & purification , Rabbits , Reproductive Tract Infections/microbiology , Reproductive Tract Infections/therapy
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