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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887974

ABSTRACT

Overtaking lung cancer,breast cancer is now the most commonly diagnosed cancer seriously threatening people's health and life. As the main effective component of Tripterygium wilfordii,triptolide( TP) has attracted increasing attention due to its multitarget and multi-pathway anti-tumor activity. Recent studies have revealed that breast cancer-sensitive TP enables the inactivation of breast cancer cells by inducing tumor cell apoptosis and autophagy,interfering in tumor cell metastasis,resisting drug resistance,arresting tumor cell cycle,and influencing tumor microenvironment. It has been recognized as a promising clinical antitumor agent by virtue of its widely accepted therapeutic efficacy. This paper reviewed the anti-breast cancer action and its molecular mechanisms of TP on the basis of the relevant literature in the past ten years,and proposed application strategies in view of the inadequacy of TP to provide a reference for further research on the application of TP in the treatment of breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Diterpenes/pharmacology , Epoxy Compounds , Female , Humans , Phenanthrenes , Tumor Microenvironment
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887868

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of cryptotanshinone on the ferroptosis of human liver cancer HepG2 cells. Methods The viability of the HepG2 cells cultured


Subject(s)
Ferroptosis , Hep G2 Cells , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Phenanthrenes/pharmacology , Reactive Oxygen Species
3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2039-2049, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887780

ABSTRACT

Triptolide has wide clinical applications due to its anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor and immunosuppressive activities. In this study, we investigated the effect of blocking isopentenyl pyrophosphate (IPP) translocation on the biosynthesis of triptolide by exogenously adding D,L-glyceraldehyde (DLG) to the suspension cells of Ttripterygium wilfordii at different stages (7 d, 14 d). Subsequently, the cell viability, biomass accumulation, triptolide contents, as well as the profiles of the key enzyme genes involved in the upstream pathway of triptolide biosynthesis, were analyzed. The results showed that IPP translocation is involved in the biosynthesis of triptolide. IPP is mainly translocated from the plastid (containing the MEP pathway) to the cytoplasm (containing the MVA pathway) in the early stage of the culture, but reversed in the late stage. Blocking the translocation of IPP affected the expression of key enzyme genes involved in the upstream pathway of triptolide, which in turn affected the accumulation of triptolide. Understanding the characteristics and mechanism of IPP translocation provides a theoretical basis for further promoting triptolide biosynthesis through synthetic biology.


Subject(s)
Diterpenes , Epoxy Compounds , Hemiterpenes , Organophosphorus Compounds , Phenanthrenes
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921673

ABSTRACT

Triptolide(TP), the main active and toxic component of Tripterygium wilfordii, has the limitations of low bioavailability, poor absorption, low concentration in plasma, and small lethal dose. Microneedle(MN), the hybrid of hypodermic needle and transdermal patch, is a physical penetration-enhancing system. Dissolving microneedles(DMNs) can be tailored to specific needs of degradation rate. In this study, the TP-loaded DMNs(DMNs-TP) were prepared with the two-step centrifugation method. The optimal ratio of PVA to PVP K30, water content in matrix solution, demoulding method, and plasticizer for preparing DMNs were investigated with the indexes of formability and mechanical strength. The drug loading capacity was determined by HPLC and morphological characteristics were observed under an optical microscope. The mechanical properties were investigated by H&E staining and Franz diffusion cell was used to detect the in vitro skin permeation characteristics. Through the experiment, we confirmed that the optimal backing material should be PVA and PVP K30(3∶1) and the optimal ratio of matrix material to water should be 3∶4. The prepared DMNs-TP were pyramidal with smooth surface and length of approximately 550 μm. Each patch(2.75 cm~2) had the drug loading capacity of(153.41±2.29) μg, and TP was located in the upper part of the needle. The results of in vitro skin permeation assay demonstrated that the cumulative penetration of TP in DMNs-TP reached 80% in 24 h, while little TP solution penetrated the skin, which proved that DMNs promoted the transdermal delivery of TP.


Subject(s)
Administration, Cutaneous , Diterpenes , Drug Delivery Systems , Epoxy Compounds , Needles , Phenanthrenes , Skin
5.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3696-3707, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921458

ABSTRACT

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a class of common environmental pollutants that pose threats to human health. In this study, a mesophilic bacterial strain CFP312 (grown at 15-37 °C, optimal at 30 °C) was isolated from PAHs-contaminated soil samples. It was identified as Moraxella sp. by morphological observation, physiological and biochemical test, and 16S rRNA gene phylogeny analysis. This is the first reported PAHs degrading strains in Moraxella. Degradation analysis showed that 84% and 90% of the loaded phenanthrene (400 mg/L) were degraded within 48 h and 60 h, and the degradation rates reached 1.21 and 1.29 mg/(L·h), respectively. During the degradation of phenanthrene, phenanthrene-3,4-dihydrodiol was detected as an intermediate. Based on this, it was proposed that double oxygenation at the positions 3 and 4 of phenanthrene was the first step of biodegradation. Adaptability of strain CFP312 to different enhanced phenanthrene-degradation systems was tested in aqueous-organic system, micellar aqueous system, and cloud point system. Strain CFP312 showed good adaptability to different systems. In addition, the bacterium can rapidly degrade the phenanthrene in contaminated soil in slurry-aqueous system, indicating great potential in environmental remediation.


Subject(s)
Biodegradation, Environmental , Humans , Phenanthrenes , Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics , Soil Microbiology , Soil Pollutants
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880776

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the protective effect of arctiin with anti-inflammatory bioactivity against triptolide-induced nephrotoxicity in rats and explore the underlying mechanism.@*METHODS@#Forty SD rats were divided into 4 groups for gastric lavage of normal saline, arctiin (500 mg/kg), triptolide (500 μg/kg), or both arctiin (500 mg/kg) and triptolide (500 μg/kg). Blood samples were collected for analysis of biochemical renal parameters, and the renal tissues were harvested for determining the kidney index and for pathological evaluation with HE staining. In the @*RESULTS@#In SD rats, arctiin significantly antagonized triptolide-induced elevation of BUN, Scr and kidney index (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Arctiin can protect the kidney from triptolide-induced damages in rats possibly through the anti-inflammatory pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Diterpenes/toxicity , Epoxy Compounds/toxicity , Furans , Glucosides , Kidney/drug effects , Phenanthrenes/toxicity , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773714

ABSTRACT

Triptolide( TP) is isolated from the traditional Chinese medicine Tripterygium wilfordii,which exhibits notable immuneregulative effect. Th17 cells involve in inflammatory response and Treg cells contribute to immune tolerance. They both play an important role in immune response. Previous studies have investigated that TP induced hepatic Th17/Treg imbalance. However,the effect of TP on spleen Th17/Treg cells remains unclear. Therefore,the aim of present study was to investigate the effect of TP on Th17/Treg cells in spleen. In this study,the effect of TP on the proliferation of splenic lymphocyte was detected by cytotoxicity test in vitro. After different concentrations of TP( 2. 5,5,20,40 nmol·L~(-1)) were given to splenic lymphocyte,cytokines secreted from the supernatant of splenic lymphocyte were detected by cytometric bead array,and the expression of suppressor of cytokine signaling( SOCS) mRNA was detected by qRT-PCR. Female C57 BL/6 mice were continuously observed for 24 h after treatment of 500 μg·kg-1 TP. The effects of TP on the splenic tissue structure and the percentage of Th17/Treg cells were examined. The results showed that the IC50 of TP was19. 6 nmol·L~(-1) in spleen lymphocytes. TP inhibited the secretion of IL-2 and IL-10 and induced the expression of SOCS-1/3 mRNA in spleen lymphocytes at the dosage of 2. 5 and 5 nmol·L~(-1) after 24 h in vitro. Administration of TP at dosage of 500 μg·kg-1 had no significant spleen toxicity in vivo. TP treatment increased the percentage of Th17 cells after 12 h and inhibited the proportion of Treg cells after 12 and 24 h. In conclusion,TP reduced the secretion of IL-2 and IL-10 through SOCS-1/3 signaling pathway,thereby induced the percentage of Th17 cells and inhibited the percentage of Treg cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cytokines , Metabolism , Diterpenes , Pharmacology , Epoxy Compounds , Pharmacology , Female , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Phenanthrenes , Pharmacology , Signal Transduction , Spleen , Cell Biology , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 1 Protein , Metabolism , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 3 Protein , Metabolism , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Cell Biology , Th17 Cells , Cell Biology
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773705

ABSTRACT

Tumors are major chronic diseases and seriously threaten human health all over the world. How to effectively control and cure tumors is one of the most pivotal problems in the medical field. At present,surgery,radiotherapy and chemotherapy are still the main treatment methods. However,the side effects of radiotherapy and chemotherapy cannot be underestimated. Therefore,it is of great practical significance to find new anti-cancer drugs with low toxicity,high efficiency and targeting to cancer cells. With the increasing incidence of tumor,the anti-tumor effect of traditional Chinese medicine has increasingly become a research hotspot. Triptolide,which is a natural diterpenoid active ingredient derived from of Tripterygium wilfordii,as one of the highly active components,has anti-inflammatory,immunosuppressive,anti-tumor and other multiple effects. A large number of studies have confirmed that it has good anti-tumor activity against various tumors in vivo and in vitro. It can play an anti-tumor role by inhibiting the proliferation of cancer cells,inducing apoptosis of cancer cells,inducing autophagy of cancer cells,blocking the cell cycle,inhibiting the migration,invasion and metastasis of cancer cells,reversing multidrug resistance,mediating tumor immunity and inhibiting angiogenesis. On the basis of literatures,this paper reviews the anti-tumor effect and mechanism of triptolide,and analyzes the current situation of triptolide combined with other chemotherapy drugs,in order to promote deep research and better clinical application about triptolide.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , Autophagy , Cell Cycle Checkpoints , Diterpenes , Pharmacology , Epoxy Compounds , Pharmacology , Humans , Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Phenanthrenes , Pharmacology , Tripterygium , Chemistry
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773701

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effect of triptolide on cognitive dysfunction in vascular dementia rats and its effect on SIRT1/NF-κB pathway,fifty healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 5 groups: Sham operation group( Sham group),vascular dementia model group( 2 VO group),triptolide intraperitoneal injection group( TR group),triptolide intraperitoneal injection + EX527 intracerebroventricular administration group( T+E group),EX527 intracerebroventricular administration group( EX527 group). After 4 weeks of modeling,Morris water maze test and object recognition test were used to evaluate the learning and memory ability of rats. The morphological changes of hippocampus in each group were observed in brain tissue. The chemical colorimetry was used to detect the activities of SOD and MDA in hippocampus. IL-6 and TNF-α levels were detected by ELISA. Western blot was used to detect the expression of SIRT1,NF-κB,IκBα and caspase 3 in hippocampus. The results showed that compared with the Sham group,the learning and memory ability of the vascular dementia model rats was reduced,the SOD activity in the hippocampus was decreased,the MDA activity and IL-6 level were increased,the neuronal degeneration changed significantly,the expression of SIRT1 and IκBα was decreased and the expression of caspase 3 and NF-κB was significantly increased. After intervention by triptolide,the level of oxidative stress and the degenerative changes in hippocampus were significantly slowed down. The expression of SIRT1 and IκBα protein was increased and the expression of caspase 3 and NF-κB was significantly decreased. While,after intervention by triptolide and EX527,the expression of SIRT1 was decreased,the levels of oxidative stress and neuronal degeneration in the hippocampus were aggravated,and the learning and memory ability was reduced. The results showed that triptolide could improve cognitive impairment in vascular dementia rats and its mechanism may be related to SIRT1/NF-κB signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cognitive Dysfunction , Drug Therapy , Dementia, Vascular , Drug Therapy , Diterpenes , Pharmacology , Epoxy Compounds , Pharmacology , Hippocampus , Male , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , Oxidative Stress , Phenanthrenes , Pharmacology , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , Sirtuin 1 , Metabolism
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773700

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to observe the concentration,time and mechanism of autophagy induced by triptolide( TP) in ovarian granulosa cells( OGCs). CCK-8 method was used to compare the inhibitory effects of TP at different concentrations on primary cultured rat OGCs and IC50 was calculated. The effects of TP at different concentrations and time points on the expression of OGCs autophagy factor protein and the cascade of PI3 K/AKT/m TOR pathway were detected by Western blot. The effects of TP,autophagy inducer( brefeldin A) and PI3 K/m TOR inhibitor( NVP-BEZ235) on the expression of PI3 K/AKT/m TOR cascade and autophagy related factor protein were detected by Western blot. The results show that the IC50 of different concentrations of TP on OGCs of rat ovary was14. 65 μmol·L-1,and the minimum inhibitory concentration of TP was 0. 1 μmol·L-1( 100 nmol·L-1). Compared with the control group,the expression levels of beclin1 and LC3Ⅱ in each group were significantly higher than those in the control group( P<0. 05 or P<0. 01). After 12 hours of treatment with TP,brefeldin A and NVP-BEZ235,respectively,compared with the control group,TP could significantly promote the expression level of downstream autophagy effect or molecule beclin1,LC3Ⅱ and inhibit the expression level of LC3Ⅰ,p62 protein( P<0. 05 or P< 0. 01). Moreover,the expression of beclin1 and LC3Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰ in TP group was higher than that in brefeldin A group( P<0. 05 or P<0. 01),and the expression of p62 in TP group was lower than that in brefeldin A group( P<0. 05 or P<0. 01). At the same time,TP could significantly inhibit the expression of p-PI3 K,p-AKT,p-mTOR protein,and the inhibitory effect of TP was better than that of NVP-BEZ235 group. This study suggests that 100 nmol·L-1 TP could induce OGCs autophagy successfully in cultured rat ovary for 12 h; TP may induce OGCs autophagy by inhibiting PI3 k/Akt/m TOR signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Autophagy , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Diterpenes , Pharmacology , Epoxy Compounds , Pharmacology , Female , Granulosa Cells , Phenanthrenes , Pharmacology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Metabolism , Rats , Signal Transduction , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases , Metabolism
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773697

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to study the influence of triptolide in the immune response pathways of acquired immune deficiency syndrome( AIDS). Target proteins of triptolide and related genes of AIDS were searched in PubChem and Gene databases on line. Molecular networks and canonical pathways comparison analyses were performed by bioinformatics software( IPA). There were 15 targets proteins of triptolide and 258 related genes of AIDS. Close biological relationships of molecules of triptolide and AIDS were established by networks analysis. There were 21 common immune response pathways of triptolide and AIDS,including neuroinflammation signaling pathway,Th1 and Th2 activation pathway and role of pattern recognition receptors in recognition of bacteria and viruses. Triptolide stimulated immune response pathways by the main molecules of IFNγ,JAK2,NOD1,PTGS2,RORC. IFNγ is the focus nodes of triptolide and AIDS,and regulates genes of AIDS directly or indirectly. Triptolide may against AIDS by regulating molecules IFNγ in immune response pathways.


Subject(s)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Computational Biology , Diterpenes , Pharmacology , Epoxy Compounds , Pharmacology , Gene Regulatory Networks , Humans , Interferon-gamma , Genetics , Phenanthrenes , Pharmacology , Receptors, Pattern Recognition , Allergy and Immunology , Signal Transduction , T-Lymphocytes , Allergy and Immunology
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773694

ABSTRACT

Tripterygium wilfordii multiglycoside( GTW),an extract derived from T. wilfordii,has been used for rheumatoid arthritis and other immune diseases in China. However its potential hepatotoxicity has not been investigated completely. Firstly,the content of triptolid( TP) in GTW was 0. 008% confirmed by a LC method. Then after oral administration of GTW( 100,150 mg·kg-1) and TP( 12 μg·kg-1) in female Wistar rats for 24 h,it was found that 150 mg·kg-1 GTW showed more serious acute liver injury than 12 μg·kg-1 TP,with the significantly increased lever of serum ALT,AST,TBA,TBi L,TG and bile duct hyperplasia even hepatocyte apoptosis. The expression of mRNA and proteins of liver bile acid transporters such as BSEP,MRP2,NTCP and OATP were down-regulated significantly by GTW to inhibit bile acid excretion and absorption,resulting in cholestatic liver injury. Moreover,GTW was considered to be involved in hepatic oxidative stress injury,although it down-regulated SOD1 and GPX-1 mRNA expression without significant difference in MDA and GSH levels. In vitro,we found that TP was the main toxic component in GTW,which could inhibit cell viability up to 80% in Hep G2 and LO2 cells at the dose of 0. 1 μmol·L-1. Next a LC-MS/MS method was used to detect the concentration of triptolid in plasma from rats,interestingly,we found that the content of TP in GTW was always higher than in the same amount of TP,suggesting the other components in GTW may affect the TP metabolism. Finally,we screened the substrate of p-glycoprotein( p-gp) in Caco-2 cells treated with components except TP extrated from GTW,finding that wilforgine,wilforine and wilfordine was the substrate of p-gp. Thus,we speculated that wilforgine,wilforine and wilfordine may competitively inhibit the excretion of TP to bile through p-gp,leading to the enhanced hepatotoxity caused by GTW than the same amount of TP.


Subject(s)
Animals , Caco-2 Cells , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury , Pathology , Chromatography, Liquid , Diterpenes , Toxicity , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Toxicity , Epoxy Compounds , Toxicity , Female , Glycosides , Toxicity , Humans , Liver , Phenanthrenes , Toxicity , Plant Extracts , Toxicity , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Tripterygium , Toxicity
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773688

ABSTRACT

The effect of triptolide( TP) on VEGFA,SDF-1,CXCR4 pathway were investigated in vitro to explore the mechanism in improving platelet activation in patients with ankylosing spondylitis( AS). Peripheral blood mononuclear cells( PBMC) were used for the experiment and divided into 4 groups: normal group( NC),model group( MC),triptolide group( TP),and AMD3100 group. The optimal concentration of TP was measured by the MTT method. The expressions of TNF-α,IL-1β,IL-4,IL-10,VEGFA and VEGFR were detected by ELISA. The expressions of SDF-1,CXCR4 and VEGFA were detected by real-time quantitative PCR( RT-qPCR).The expressions of SDF-1,CXCR4,VEGFA and VEGFR were detected by Western blot. The expression levels of CD62 p,CD40 L and PDGFA were detected by immunofluorescence. MTT results showed that medium-dose TP had the strongest inhibitory effect on cells at24 h. The results of ELISA and PCR showed that TP inhibited mRNA expressions of IL-1β,TNF-α,VEGFA,VEGFR and SDF-1,CXCR4 and VEGFA. The results of Western blot indicated that TP inhibited SDF-1,CXCR4 and VEGFA,VEGFR protein expressions; immunofluorescence results indicate that TP can inhibit the expressions of CD62 p,CD40 L,PDGFA. TP may regulate platelet activation by down-regulating SDF-1,CXCR4,VEGFA and VEGFR mRNA expressions,thereby down-regulating IL-1β and TNF-αexpressions,and up-regulating the expressions of IL-4 and IL-10 cytokines.


Subject(s)
Cells, Cultured , Chemokine CXCL12 , Metabolism , Cytokines , Metabolism , Diterpenes , Pharmacology , Epoxy Compounds , Pharmacology , Heterocyclic Compounds , Pharmacology , Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Phenanthrenes , Pharmacology , Platelet Activation , Receptors, CXCR4 , Metabolism , Spondylitis, Ankylosing , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Metabolism
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773680

ABSTRACT

To detect the concentration of triptolide in skin and joint after percutaneous administration,an HPLC-MS/MS method and skin and joint micro-dialysis( MD) method of triptolide were established in this study. The separation was achieved on triple quadrupole( AB QTRAP4500) and phenomenex-C18( 4. 6 mm×150 mm,5 μm,luna) column with acetonitrile-water with 0. 1% formic acid( 65 ∶35) as the mobile phase at a flow rate of 0. 7 m L·min-1. An electrospray ionization( ESI) source was applied and operated in the positive multiple reaction monitoring( MRM) mode. The fragment ion for triptolide was m/z 361. 1→145. 0. The effects of different perfusion [Ringer's,PBS( p H 7. 4),30% ethanol saline]drug concentrations and flow rates on the recovery rate,as well as the relationship between the recovery rate and the loss rate were determined by incremental( dialysis) and reduction( retrodialysis) methods.The reduction method was applied in the in vivo study to investigate and determine the stability of the probe recovery rate in 10 h. The results of HPLC-MS/MS detection method conformed to the requirements of biological samples. The perfusion fluid was 30% ethanol saline. The recovery rate of skin and joint probes in vitro of triptolide increased within the flow rate of 0. 5-2. 5 μL·min-1. In order to increase the timeliness of data and the accuracy,the flow rate was determined to be 1 μL·min-1,and the sample interval was determined to be 0. 5 h. The recovery rate of triptolide in skin and joint probes in vitro and the loss rate were stable and equal despite of change of triptolide concentration within 10-200 μg·L-1. This indicated that the effect of drug concentration on the MD probe recovery rate was small,and the recovery rate could be replaced by the loss rate. The loss rate in vivo using MD method was measured at 10 h,indicating that the transfer rate of triptolide was stable within 10 h. The established method of triptolide in MD and HPLC-MS/MS can be applied to investigate the kinetic in skin and joint after percutaneous administration of triptolide.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Diterpenes , Pharmacokinetics , Epoxy Compounds , Pharmacokinetics , Humans , Joints , Metabolism , Phenanthrenes , Pharmacokinetics , Reproducibility of Results , Skin , Metabolism , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1088-1093, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775759

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of inhibiting proliferation and inducing apoptosis of low-dose triptolide and sorafenib alone or in combination on FLT3-ITD acute myeloid leukemia cell line MV4-11 and STAT5 pathway.@*METHODS@#The MV4-11 cells were treated with low dose triptolide(IC) and sorafenib(IC) alone or in combination for 48 hours. The cell proliferation and inhibition were detected by using CCK-8 kit, the cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry, the expression of FLT3,STAT5 in mRNA and protein levels was detected by RT-PCR and Western blot respectively.@*RESULTS@#The treatment of MV4-11 cells with low dose triptolide and sorafenib alone and in combination for 48 hours could inhibit cell proliferation and induce cell apoptosis, moreover the inhibitory rate and apoptotic rate of MV4-11 cells in drug-combination group both were higher than those in single drug group. The mRNA expression and protein expression of FLT3,STAT5 signaling pathway in drug combination group were significantly lower than those in single drug group.@*CONCLUSION@#Low-dose triptolide combined with sorafenib can synergistically inhibit the proliferation and induce the apoptosis of MV4-11 cells, which may be related with the inhibition of FLT3 and STAT5 pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Diterpenes , Epoxy Compounds , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Phenanthrenes , STAT5 Transcription Factor , Sorafenib , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3
16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1691-1695, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775664

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of triptolide on the excursion of Tc and Th cells in peripheral blood of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) BALB/c-un nude mice induced by pristane.@*METHODS@#Eighteen female BALB/c-un nude mice were randomly divided into blank, SLE and triptolide group, each with 6 mice by random table method. Group SLE and group triptolide were established by single intraperitoneal injection of pristane, and blank group was used as blank control group. SLE model was established by single intraperitoneal injection. Triptolide group was fed with triptolide at the dose of 5 mg/(kg·d), and the blank group and SLE group were fed normally. Blood samples were collected from the caudal vein before treatment and 1, 3 and 6 months after treatment respectively. Fluorescence labeled flow cytometry was used to delect Tc and Th lymphocyte subsets at different stages of treatment.@*RESULTS@#After treatment for 3 and 6 moths, the percentages of Tcl, Thl cells and CD8, Tcl/Tc2, Thl/Th2 and CD4/CD8 all decreased in the group of triptolide, and the percentage of CD4, Tc2 and Th2 cells increased (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The mechanism of triptolide in the treatment of SLE may be related with the excursion of Tc and Th cells to Tcl and Tc2 to maintain the relative homeostasis of Tc and Th cells at different stage, thus affecting the immune response and the inflammatory reaction.


Subject(s)
Animals , Diterpenes , Epoxy Compounds , Female , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Nude , Phenanthrenes , T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776891

ABSTRACT

This study developed a population pharmacokinetic model for sodium tanshinone IIA sulfonate (STS) in healthy volunteers and coronary heart disease (CHD) patients in order to identify significant covariates for the pharmacokinetics of STS. Blood samples were obtained by intense sampling approach from 10 healthy volunteers and sparse sampling from 25 CHD patients, and a population pharmacokinetic analysis was performed by nonlinear mixed-effect modeling. The final model was evaluated by bootstrap and visual predictive check. A total of 230 plasma concentrations were included, 137 from healthy volunteers and 93 from CHD patients. It was a two-compartment model with first-order elimination. The typical value of the apparent clearance (CL) of STS in CHD patients with total bilirubin (TBIL) level of 10 μmol(L was 48.7 L(h with inter individual variability of 27.4%, whereas that in healthy volunteers with the same TBIL level was 63.1 L(h. Residual variability was described by a proportional error model and estimated at 5.2%. The CL of STS in CHD patients was lower than that in healthy volunteers and decreased when TBIL levels increased. The bootstrap and visual predictive check confirmed the stability and validity of the final model. These results suggested that STS dosage adjustment might be considered based on TBIL levels in CHD patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bilirubin , Blood , Coronary Disease , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacokinetics , Female , Humans , Male , Metabolic Clearance Rate , Middle Aged , Models, Biological , Phenanthrenes , Blood , Pharmacokinetics
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776622

ABSTRACT

As a major active component extracted from traditional Chinese herb Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F, triptolide exhibits multiple pharmacological effects. Autophagy is an evolutionary conserved intracellular catabolic process involved in cytoplasmic materials degradation. Autophagic dysfunction contributes to the pathologies of many human diseases, which makes it a promising therapeutic target. Recent studies have shown that triptolide exerts neuroprotection, anti-tumor activities, organ toxicity, and podocyte protection by modulating autophagy. This article highlights the current information on triptolide-modulated autophagy, analyzes the possible pathways involved, and describes the crosstalk between autophagy and apoptosis modulated by triptolide, in hope of providing implications for the roles of autophagy in pharmacological effects of triptolide and expanding its novel usage as an autophagy modulator.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Autophagy , Diterpenes , Pharmacology , Epoxy Compounds , Pharmacology , Humans , Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Neuroprotective Agents , Pharmacology , Phenanthrenes , Pharmacology , Podocytes
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776922

ABSTRACT

Cardiac dysfunction, a common consequence of sepsis, is the major contribution to morbidity and mortality in patients. Sodium tanshinone IIA sulfonate (STS) is a water-soluble derivative of Tanshinone IIA (TA), a main active component of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge, which has been widely used in China for the treatment of cardiovascular and cerebral system diseases. In the present study, the effect of STS on sepsis-induced cardiac dysfunction was investigated and its effect on survival rate of rats with sepsis was also evaluated. STS treatment could significantly decrease the serum levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), cardiac troponin I (cTn-I), cardiac troponin T (cTn-T), and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) in cecal ligation and puncture (CLP)-induced) septic rats and improve left ventricular function, particularly at 48 and 72 h after CLP. As the pathogenesis of septic myocardial dysfunction is attributable to dysregulated systemic inflammatory responses, several key cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-10 (IL-10) and high mobility group protein B1 (HMGB1), were detected to reveal the possible mechanism of attenuation of septic myocardial dysfunction after being treated by STS. Our study showed that STS, especially at a high dose (15 mg·kg), could efficiently suppress inflammatory responses in myocardium and reduce myocardial necrosis through markedly reducing production of myocardial TNF-α, IL-6 and HMGB1. STS significantly improved the 18-day survival rate of rats with sepsis from 0% to 30% (P < 0.05). Therefore, STS could suppress inflammatory responses and improve left ventricular function in rats with sepsis, suggesting that it may be developed for the treatment of sepsis.


Subject(s)
Animals , C-Reactive Protein , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Cecum , General Surgery , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Female , Heart , Humans , Interleukin-6 , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Ligation , Male , Myocardium , Allergy and Immunology , Phenanthrenes , Chemistry , Punctures , Rats , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Chemistry , Sepsis , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Troponin T , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771528

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to investigate the inhibitory effect of the main 9,10-dihydrophenanthrene orchinol isolated from Spiranthes sinensis Radix et Herba on the invasion and migration of human gastric cancer SGC-7901 cells and its preliminary molecular mechanism. SGC-7901 cells were cultured in vitro, after the cells were treated with different final concentrations(5, 10, 20, 40, 80 μmol·L⁻¹) of orchinol for 24, 48 or 72 hours, the effect of orchinol on cell viability was measured by MTT assay. Wound healing and Transwell assays were performed to determine the effects of different final concentrations(5, 10, 20, 40 μmol·L⁻¹) of orchinol for 48 hour on invasion and migration abilities of SGC-7901 cells, respectively. The protein expression levels of β-catenin, Wnt-3α, DvL2, cyclinD1 and GSK-3β were detected by Western blot. The results showed that 5-80 μmol·L⁻¹ orchinol inhibited the viability of SGC-7901 cells in a dose-dependent and time-dependent manner, and the IC₅₈ values of 24, 48 and 72 hours were 77.79, 42.96 and 7.85 μmol·L⁻¹, respectively. Compared with the control group, the ability of invasion and migration of SGC-7901 cells was significantly inhibited after treated with 5, 10 and 20 μmol·L⁻¹ orchinol for 48 hours (<0.05, <0.01), and the dose-effect relationship was observed. The results of Western blot showed that orchinol could significantly down-regulate the protein expression levels of β-catenin, Wnt3a, DvL2 and cyclinD1, and up-regulate the protein expression level of GSK-3β(<0.05, <0.01, <0.001). The above results suggest that orchinol can obviously inhibit the invasion and migration of SGC-7901 cells, which may be related to its inhibition of Wnt3a/β-catenin signaling pathway and the proteins expression of downstream genes.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Phenanthrenes , Stomach Neoplasms , Wnt Signaling Pathway , Wnt3A Protein , beta Catenin
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