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1.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 276-283, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984615

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of patients with Philadelphia-negative myeloproliferative neoplasm-accelerated phase/blast phase (MPN-AP/BP) . Methods: A total of 67 patients with MPN-AP/BP were enrolled from February 2014 to December 2021 at the Institute of Hematology and Blood Diseases Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. Their clinical features and prognostic factors were analyzed retrospectively. Results: ① Sixty-seven patients with MPN-AP/BP with a median age of 60 (range, 33-75) years, including 31 males (46.3% ) and 36 females (53.7% ) , were analyzed. Forty-eight patients progressed from primary myelofibrosis (PMF) , and 19 progressed from other myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) , which included polycythemia vera, essential thrombocythemia, and MPN unclassifiable. Patients who progressed from PMF had higher lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels than those who progressed from other MPNs (925.95 vs. 576.2 U/L, P=0.011) , and there were higher proportions of patients who progressed from PMF with splenomegaly (81.4% vs. 57.9% , P=0.05) , a myelofibrosis grade of ≥2 (93.6% vs. 63.2% , P=0.004) , and a shorter duration from diagnosis to the transformation to AP/BP (28.7 vs. 81 months, P=0.001) . ② JAK2V617F, CALR, and MPLW515 were detected in 41 (61.2% ) , 13 (19.4% ) , and 3 (4.5% ) patients, respectively, whereas 10 (14.9% ) patients did not have any driver mutations (triple-negative) . Other than driver mutations, the most frequently mutated genes were ASXL1 (42.2% , n=27) , SRSF2 (25% , n=16) , SETBP1 (22.6% , n=15) , TET2 (20.3% , n=13) , RUNX1 (20.3% , n=13) , and TP53 (17.2% , n=11) . The ASXL1 mutation was more enriched (51.1% vs. 21.1% , P=0.03) , and the median variant allele fraction (VAF) of the SRSF2 mutation (median VAF, 48.8% vs. 39.6% ; P=0.008) was higher in patients who progressed from PMF than those who progressed from other MPNs. ③ In the multivariate analysis, the complex karyotype (hazard ratio, 2.53; 95% confidence interval, 1.06-6.05; P=0.036) was independently associated with worse overall survival (OS) . Patients who received allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) (median OS, 21.3 vs. 3 months; P=0.05) or acute myeloid leukemia-like (AML-like) therapy (median OS, 13 vs. 3 months; P=0.011) had significantly better OS than those who received supportive therapy. Conclusion: The proportions of patients with PMF-AP/BP with splenomegaly, myelofibrosis grade ≥2, a higher LDH level, and a shorter duration from diagnosis to the transformation to AP/BP were higher than those of patients with other Philadelphia-negative MPN-AP/BP. The complex karyotype was an independent prognostic factor for OS. Compared with supportive therapy, AML-like therapy and allo-HSCT could prolong the OS of patients with MPN-AP/BP.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Blast Crisis/drug therapy , Primary Myelofibrosis/genetics , Prognosis , Splenomegaly , Retrospective Studies , Myeloproliferative Disorders/genetics , Mutation , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Janus Kinase 2/genetics
2.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 403-415, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939874

ABSTRACT

The morbidity and mortality of myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) are primarily caused by arterial and venous complications, progression to myelofibrosis, and transformation to acute leukemia. However, identifying molecular-based biomarkers for risk stratification of patients with MPNs remains a challenge. We have previously shown that interferon regulatory factor-8 (IRF8) and IRF4 serve as tumor suppressors in myeloid cells. In this study, we evaluated the expression of IRF4 and IRF8 and the JAK2V617F mutant allele burden in patients with MPNs. Patients with decreased IRF4 expression were correlated with a more developed MPN phenotype in myelofibrosis (MF) and secondary AML (sAML) transformed from MPNs versus essential thrombocythemia (ET). Negative correlations between the JAK2V617F allele burden and the expression of IRF8 (P < 0.05) and IRF4 (P < 0.001) and between white blood cell (WBC) count and IRF4 expression (P < 0.05) were found in ET patients. IRF8 expression was negatively correlated with the JAK2V617F allele burden (P < 0.05) in polycythemia vera patients. Complete response (CR), partial response (PR), and no response (NR) were observed in 67.5%,10%, and 22.5% of ET patients treated with hydroxyurea (HU), respectively, in 12 months. At 3 months, patients in the CR group showed high IRF4 and IRF8 expression compared with patients in the PR and NR groups. In the 12-month therapy period, low IRF4 and IRF8 expression were independently associated with the unfavorable response to HU and high WBC count. Our data indicate that the expression of IRF4 and IRF8 was associated with the MPN phenotype, which may serve as biomarkers for the response to HU in ET.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers , Hydroxyurea/therapeutic use , Interferon Regulatory Factors/genetics , Janus Kinase 2/genetics , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Mutation , Phenotype , Primary Myelofibrosis/genetics , Thrombocythemia, Essential/genetics
3.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 323-329, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935089

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the effect of gene mutations on the efficacy of ruxolitinib for treating myelofibrosis (MF) . Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 56 patients with MF treated with ruxolitinib from July 2017 to December 2020 and applied second-generation sequencing (NGS) technology to detect 127 hematologic tumor-related gene mutations. Additionally, we analyzed the relationship between mutated genes and the efficacy of ruxolitinib. Results: ①Among the 56 patients, there were 36 cases of primary bone marrow fibrosis (PMF) , 9 cases of bone marrow fibrosis (ppv-mf) after polycythemia vera, and 11 cases of bone marrow fibrosis (PET-MF) after primary thrombocytosis (ET) . ②Fifty-six patients with MF taking ruxolitinib underwent NGS, among whom, 50 (89.29%) carried driver mutations, 22 (39.29%) carried ≥3 mutations, and 29 (51.79%) carried high-risk mutations (HMR) . ③ For patients with MF carrying ≥ 3 mutations, ruxolitinib still had a better effect of improving somatic symptoms and shrinking the spleen (P=0.001, P<0.001) , but TTF and PFS were significantly shorter in patients carrying ≥ 3 mutations (P=0.007, P=0.042) . ④For patients carrying ≥ 2 HMR mutations, ruxolitinib was less effective in shrinking the spleen than in those who did not carry HMR (t= 10.471, P=0.034) , and the TTF and PFS were significantly shorter in patients carrying ≥2 HMR mutations (P<0.001, P=0.001) . ⑤Ruxolitinib had poorer effects on spleen reduction, symptom improvement, and stabilization of myelofibrosis in patients carrying additional mutations in ASXL1, EZH2, and SRSF2. Moreover, patients carrying ASXL1 and EZH2 mutations had significantly shorter TTF [ASXL1: 360 (55-1270) d vs 440 (55-1268) d, z=-3.115, P=0.002; EZH2: 327 (55-975) d vs 404 (50-1270) d, z=-3.219, P=0.001], and significantly shorter PFS compared to non-carriers [ASXL1: 457 (50-1331) d vs 574 (55-1437) d, z=-3.219, P=0.001) ; 428 (55-1331) d vs 505 (55-1437) d, z=-2.576, P=0.008]. Conclusion: The type and number of mutations carried by patients with myelofibrosis and HMR impact the efficacy of ruxolitinib.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mutation , Nitriles , Primary Myelofibrosis/genetics , Pyrazoles , Pyrimidines , Retrospective Studies , Technology , Transcription Factors/genetics
4.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(1): e7784, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974264

ABSTRACT

Myelofibrosis (MF) is characterized by increased circulating hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs), abnormal cytokine levels, and the survival advantage of neoplastic progenitors over their normal counterparts, which leads to progressive disappearance of polyclonal hematopoiesis. CD47 is a surface glycoprotein with many functions, such as acting as a phagocytosis inhibitor of the expressing cell, that is increased in normal hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells mobilized into the blood and several human cancer-initiating cells, such as in acute myeloid leukemia. We compared CD47 expression in hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells of patients with MF and controls and found it to be decreased in progenitors of MF. Exposure of control HPCs to the cytokines transforming growth factor β and stromal-derived factor 1, which are important regulators of hematopoietic stem cell cycling and are overexpressed in patients with MF, did not modulate CD47 expression.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Hematopoietic Stem Cells/metabolism , CD47 Antigen/metabolism , Primary Myelofibrosis/metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Transforming Growth Factor beta/metabolism , Chemokine CXCL12/metabolism , Primary Myelofibrosis/genetics
6.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 882-888, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-210698

ABSTRACT

Mutations in the calreticulin gene, CALR, have recently been discovered in subsets of patients with essential thrombocythemia (ET) or primary myelofibrosis (PMF). We investigated Korean patients with ET and PMF to determine the prevalence, and clinical and laboratory correlations of CALR/JAK2/MPL mutations. Among 84 ET patients, CALR mutations were detected in 23 (27.4%) and were associated with higher platelet counts (P=0.006) and lower leukocyte counts (P=0.035) than the JAK2 V617F mutation. Among 50 PMF patients, CALR mutations were detected in 11 (22.0%) and were also associated with higher platelet counts (P=0.035) and trended to a lower rate of cytogenetic abnormalities (P=0.059) than the JAK2 V617F mutation. By multivariate analysis, triple-negative status was associated with shorter overall survival (HR, 7.0; 95% CI, 1.6-31.1, P=0.01) and leukemia-free survival (HR, 6.3; 95% CI, 1.8-22.0, P=0.004) in patients with PMF. The type 1 mutation was the most common (61.1%) type among all patients with CALR mutations, and tended toward statistical predominance in PMF patients. All 3 mutations were mutually exclusive and were never detected in patients with other myeloid neoplasms showing thrombocytosis. CALR mutations characterize a distinct group of Korean ET and PMF patients. Triple-negative PMF patients in particular have an unfavorable prognosis, which supports the idea that triple-negative PMF is a molecularly high-risk disease.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Calreticulin/genetics , Disease-Free Survival , Gene Frequency , Genetic Association Studies , Janus Kinase 2/genetics , Mutation/genetics , Primary Myelofibrosis/genetics , Receptors, Thrombopoietin/genetics , Republic of Korea , Thrombocythemia, Essential/genetics
7.
Esculapio. 2013; 9 (1): 15-16
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-143126

ABSTRACT

To document the impact of JAK2 mutation on hemoglobin [Hb] level in patients with IMF. Thirty five patients were studied out of which 19 were JAK2 positive and 16 were JAK2 negative. Sample collection technique was purposive non-probability sampling. Variations were observed among the studied JAK2 positive and JAK2 negative patients regarding hemoglobin level. In JAK2 positive and negative patients mean hemoglobin level was 10.6g/dl and 8.6g/dl respectively [p=0.29]. Due to the better hemoglobin level, patients with JAK2 mutation have less transfusion requirements and are partially protected against severe anemias compared to patients with no mutation.


Subject(s)
Primary Myelofibrosis/genetics , Myeloproliferative Disorders/genetics , Mutation , Hemoglobins/genetics , Blood Transfusion
8.
Clinics ; 68(3): 339-343, 2013. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-671424

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether risk scores used to classify patients with primary myelofibrosis and JAK-2 V617F mutation status can predict clinical outcome. METHODS: A review of clinical and laboratory data from 74 patients with primary myelofibrosis diagnosed between 1992 and 2011. The IPSS and Lille scores were calculated for risk stratification and correlated with overall survival. RESULTS: A V617F JAK2 mutation was detected in 32 cases (47%), with no significant correlation with overall survival. The patients were classified according to the scores: Lille - low, 53 (73.%); intermediate, 13 (18%); and high, 5 (7%); and IPSS- low, 15 (26%); intermediate-1, 23 (32%); intermediate-2, 19 (26%); and high, 15 (31%). Those patients presenting a higher risk according to the IPSS (high and intermediate-2) had a significantly shorter overall survival relative to the low risk groups (intermediate-1 and low) (p = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: These results emphasize the importance of the IPSS prognostic score for risk assessment in predicting the clinical outcome of primary myelofibrosis patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , /genetics , Primary Myelofibrosis/diagnosis , Primary Myelofibrosis/genetics , Predictive Value of Tests , Prognosis , Primary Myelofibrosis/therapy , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors , Severity of Illness Index , Treatment Failure
10.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 2011 Jan-Mar 54(1): 117-120
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-141929

ABSTRACT

The recent discovery of the JAK2 mutations has rekindled interest in the approach to classic BCR/ABL-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) in terms of both diagnostic evaluation and treatment. However, additional clinical, laboratory and histological parameters play a key role to allow diagnosis and subclassification, regardless of whether JAK2 V617F mutation is present or not. Here are two cases which incidentally presented with splenomegaly and moderate leukocytosis, and were diagnosed as MPN-primary myelofibrosis (PMF) in prefibrotic phase and polycythemia vera (PV), respectively, using revised World Health Organization (WHO) 2008 criteria.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Bone Marrow Neoplasms/diagnosis , Bone Marrow Neoplasms/genetics , Bone Marrow Neoplasms/pathology , Female , Histocytochemistry , Humans , Janus Kinase 2/genetics , Male , Microscopy , Middle Aged , Neoplasms , Polycythemia Vera/diagnosis , Polycythemia Vera/genetics , Polycythemia Vera/pathology , Primary Myelofibrosis/diagnosis , Primary Myelofibrosis/genetics , Primary Myelofibrosis/pathology , Splenomegaly/diagnosis , Splenomegaly/pathology , World Health Organization
11.
Medical Sciences Journal of Islamic Azad University. 2010; 20 (1): 29-35
in Persian | IMEMR | ID: emr-105434

ABSTRACT

Detection of JAK2V617F mutation was widely used in the diagnosis and classification of myeloproliferative neoplasms. In this study, frequency of JAK2V617F mutation among Iranian patients with polycythemia vera [PV], essential thrombocythemia [ET] and primary myelofibrosis [PMF] was studied. In this basic study, blood samples of 174 patients with polycythemia vera [n=57], essential thrombocythemia [n=84] and primary myelofibrosis [n=33] were evaluated for JAK2V617F mutation. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood. After quality control of extracted DNA, the JAK2-V617F mutation was analyzed using allele-specific PCR. All PCR products were analyzed by polyacrylamide gel [5%] electrophoresis and silver staining. One hundred and eleven out of 174 patients [63.8%] were positive for the presence of the JAK2V617F mutation. Frequency of mutation was 82% [47/57] in PV, 57% [48/84] in ET and 48% [16/33] in PMF. This study showed that detection of JAK2-V617F mutation using allele-specific PCR lead to better diagnosis and treatment of Iranian patients with different MPNs


Subject(s)
Humans , Mutation , Myeloproliferative Disorders/genetics , Polycythemia Vera/genetics , Thrombocythemia, Essential/genetics , Primary Myelofibrosis/genetics , Alleles
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