Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 307
Filter
1.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 139-143, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880941

ABSTRACT

The rationale for the antibiotic treatment of viral community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in adults was analyzed to develop a clinical reference standard for this condition. Clinical data from 166 patients diagnosed with viral pneumonia across 14 hospitals in Beijing from November 2010 to December 2017 were collected. The indications for medications were evaluated, and the rationale for the use of antibiotics was analyzed. A total of 163 (98.3%) patients with viral pneumonia were treated with antibiotics. A combination of C-reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT) was used as markers to analyze the possible indications for antibiotic use. With threshold levels set at 0.25 µg/L for PCT and 20 mg/L for CRP, the rate of unreasonable use of antibiotics was 55.2%. By contrast, at a CRP level threshold of 60 mg/L, the rate of antibiotic misuse was 77.3%. A total of 39 of the 163 (23.9%) patients did not meet the guidelines for drug selection for viral CAP in adults. The unreasonable use of antibacterial drugs for the treatment of viral CAP in adults is a serious concern. Clinicians must reduce the unnecessary use of antibiotics.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Biomarkers , Calcitonin , Community-Acquired Infections/drug therapy , Pneumonia/drug therapy , Protein Precursors
2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 278-282, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880067

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical value of expression level of interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2R) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) in the fever patients with hematological malignancies.@*METHODS@#A total of 121 inpatients in the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University from April 2018 to October 2019 were enrolled in this study. The patients were separated into infection group (61 cases) and non-infection group (60 cases). In the meantime, 40 healthy people without fever or infection in the hospital for physical examination were set as matched group. C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), and cytokines were detected in all the patients with fever after admission and infection control. While, blood samples were taken from healthy people during physical examination.@*RESULTS@#The expression levels of IL-2R in infection group were higher than those in the control group (P<0.001), and the level of serum IL-2R in infection group was also higher than that in the non-infection group (P<0.05). Based on Spearman analysis, in patients with malignant hematologic disease, serum IL-2R level was positively correlated with CRP (r=0.557, P<0.001) and IL-8 (r=0.479, P<0.001), and IL-8 level was positively correlated with CRP (r=0.318, P<0.001). Compared with the non-infection group, the area under the curve (AUC) for the level of CRP, PCT, and IL-2R of the infection group was 0.714 (95%CI: 0.623-0.806), 0.765 (95%CI: 0.680-0.851), and 0.761 (95%CI: 0.686-0.836), the sensitivity was 0.705, 0.852, and 0.705, and the specificity was 0.717, 0.70, and 0.60, respectively. While, AUC of CRP+PCT, CRP+IL-2R, PCT+IL-2R, and CRP+PCT+IL-2R was 0.789 (95%CI: 0.712-0.866), 0.702 (95%CI: 0.623-0.782), 0.757 (95%CI: 0.677-0.838), and 0.789 (95%CI: 0.712-0.866), the sensitivity was 0.738, 0.934, 0.705, and 0.738, and the specificity was 0.840, 0.470, 0.810, and 0.840, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#CRP, PCT, IL-2R, and IL-8 are useful parameters for diagnosis of the infectious fever in patients with hematological malignancies, which provides the basis of initial diagnosis and rational use of antibioties for clinician.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers , C-Reactive Protein , Calcitonin , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide , Hematologic Neoplasms , Interleukin-8 , Protein Precursors , Receptors, Interleukin-2 , Sepsis
3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 88-99, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878545

ABSTRACT

The formation of most proteins consists of two steps: the synthesis of precursor proteins and the synthesis of functional proteins. In these processes, propeptides play important roles in assisting protein folding or inhibiting its activity. As an important polypeptide chain coded by a gene sequence in lipase gene, propeptide usually functions as an intramolecular chaperone, assisting enzyme molecule folding. Meanwhile, some specific sites on propeptide such as glycosylated sites, have important effect on the activity, stability in extreme environment, methanol resistance and the substrate specificity of the lipase. Studying the mechanism of propeptide-mediated protein folding, as well as the influence of propeptide on lipases, will allow to regulate lipase by alternating the propeptide folding behavior and in turn pave new ways for protein engineering research.


Subject(s)
Lipase/metabolism , Molecular Chaperones/metabolism , Protein Folding , Protein Precursors , Substrate Specificity
4.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20190418, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057263

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a serious pulmonary circulation disease caused by several etiologies, including schistosomiasis. The present study retrospectively evaluated the clinical and hemodynamic characteristics of patients with schistosomal PAH (PAH-Sch) compared to those of non-Sch PAH patients (non-Sch PAH). METHODS: Patients treated at the Pronto-Socorro Cardiológico de Pernambuco and diagnosed by right cardiac catheterization were divided into PAH-Sch and non-Sch PAH groups. Their socio-demographic and clinical characteristics, N-terminal-pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), and echocardiography and hemodynamic parameters were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Among the included 98 patients (mean age, 45 ± 14 years; 68 women [69.4%]), we found 56 PAH-Sch and 42 non-Sch PAH. The age distribution was heterogeneous in the PAH-Sch group, with patients predominantly ranging from 50-59 (p <0.004). Dyspnea was the most common symptom, reported by 92 patients (93.8%), and commonly present for over two years prior to diagnosis. Clinical symptoms were similar in both groups, with no differences in functional class, pulmonary artery systolic pressure (p = 0.102), 6-minute walk test score (p = 0.234), NT-proBNP serum levels (p = 0.081), or hemodynamic parameters. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with PAH-Sch present clinical, laboratory, and hemodynamic profiles similar to those with PAH resulting from other etiologies of poor prognosis. PAH is an important manifestation of schistosomiasis in endemic regions that is often diagnosed late.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Protein Precursors/blood , Schistosomiasis/complications , Atrial Natriuretic Factor/blood , Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension/etiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Echocardiography , Biomarkers/blood , Retrospective Studies , Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension/blood , Middle Aged
5.
Clinics ; 75: e1448, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055884

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the serum levels of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and the prognosis of pediatric patients with severe pneumonia. METHODS: Children diagnosed with severe pneumonia (n=76) were stratified into the survival (n=58) and non-survival groups (n=18) according to their 28-day survival status and into the non-risk (n=51), risk (n=17) and high-risk (n=8) categories based on the pediatric critical illness score (PCIS). Demographic data and laboratory results were collected. Serum CGRP levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was generated to determine the cutoff score for high CGRP levels. RESULTS: Serum CGRP levels were significantly higher in the survival group than in the non-survival group and were significantly higher in the non-risk group than in the risk and high-risk groups. The ROC curve for the prognostic potential of CGRP yielded a significant area under the curve (AUC) value with considerable sensitivity and specificity. CONCLUSION: Our findings show that CGRP downregulation might be a diagnostic marker that predicts the prognosis and survival of children with severe pneumonia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Pneumonia/blood , Protein Precursors/blood , Vasodilator Agents/metabolism , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide/genetics , Pneumonia/mortality , Prognosis , Calcitonin , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide/metabolism , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide/blood , Survival Analysis , ROC Curve , Critical Illness
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 671-677, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690930

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of serum procalcitonin(PCT) levels for predicting the outcome of bacteria bloodstream infection in acute leukemia patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data from 236 patients with acute leukemia accompanied by bacterial bloodstream infection during July 2014 to November 2017 were retrospectively analyzed, 236 patients were divided into 5 groups (<0.05 ng/ml, 0.05- <0.5 ng/ml, 0.5- <2.0 ng/ml, 2.0- <10.0 ng/ml and >10.0 ng/ml) according to PCT concentrations.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The median age of patients was 40(13-73) years old. The male 123 cases(52.1%) and female 113 cases(47.9%) in 236 patients. The incidence of infection-related dealth in 5 groups was 0%, 1.4%, 13.8%, 25.0% and 33.3%, respectively; the incidence of septic shock and other serious complications in 5 groups was 0%, 2.1%, 13.8%, 25.0%, 33.3% and 6.4%, 7.0%, 24.1%, 41.7%, 50.0%, respectively, showing the concentration dependent manner and statistically significant difference (u=2127, P=0.000; u=2234, P=0.000; u=4102, P=0.000). Further analysis showed that with the increase of PCT concentration, the cumulative incidence of septic shock, infection-related death and other serious complications was gradually increased with statistically significance (HR=2.887, P=0.000, 95%CI:1.960-4.260; HR=3.158, P=0.000, 95%CI: 2.100-4.740; HR=2.158, P=0.000, 95%CI:1.550-3.000) respectively. Increased procalcitonin level is an independent risk factor for septic shock and infection-related death (HR=2.517, P=0.000, 95%CI: 1.520-4.168; HR=2.881, P=0.000, 95%CI: 1.692-4.904)respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Serum procalcitonin level positively correlates with the incidence of serious bacteria bloodstream infection complications in the patients with acute leukemia. Increased procalcitonin level is an independent risk factor for septic shock and infection-related death, indicating that procalcitonin may be an important prognostic factor for infection outcome in acute leukemia patients with bacteremia.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Bacteremia , Biomarkers , C-Reactive Protein , Calcitonin , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide , Protein Precursors , Retrospective Studies
7.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 543-548, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689591

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the expression of serum cytokines, interleukin-38 (IL-38) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in the acute phase of Kawasaki disease (KD) in children and the association of IL-38 and IL-1β with inflammatory response in the acute phase and the development of coronary artery lesion (CAL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 40 children with KD who were hospitalized in the hospital between July 2015 and June 2016 were enrolled, with 21 children in the CAL group and 19 in the non-CAL (NCAL) group. Thirty healthy children and 19 children with infection and pyrexia, who were matched for sex and age, were enrolled as healthy control group and pyrexia control group respectively. ELISA was used to measure the serum levels of IL-38 and IL-1β in the 40 children in the acute phase of KD. Spearman's rank correlation analysis was used to investigate the correlations of IL-1β and IL-38 with interleukin-6 (IL-6), C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), procalcitonin (PCT), N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), triglyceride (TG), and total cholesterol (TC).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The serum level of IL-38 in the children in the acute phase of KD was significantly lower than that in the healthy control group (P<0.05), but significantly higher than that in the pyrexia control group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the level of IL-38 between the CAL and NCAL groups (P>0.05). The children in the acute phase of KD had a significantly higher level of IL-1β than the healthy control group (P<0.05), while there was no significant difference between this group and the pyrexia control group (P>0.05). There was also no significant difference in the level of IL-1β between the CAL and NCAL groups (P>0.05). Serum IL-1β and IL-38 levels were not correlated with serum levels of CRP, ESR, PCT, IL-6, and NT-ProBNP or blood lipids (TG and TC) (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>IL-38 is involved in an inflammatory response in the acute phase of KD and may exert an anti-inflammatory effect, which is opposite to the effect of IL-1β to promote inflammatory response. However, there is no significant correlation between these two cytokines and the development of CAL in KD.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Acute Disease , Atrial Natriuretic Factor , Blood , Blood Sedimentation , C-Reactive Protein , Metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Cholesterol , Blood , Coronary Artery Disease , Blood , Pathology , Coronary Vessels , Pathology , Interleukin-1beta , Blood , Interleukins , Blood , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome , Blood , Procalcitonin , Blood , Protein Precursors , Blood , Triglycerides , Blood
8.
An. bras. dermatol ; 92(5): 682-685, Sept.-Oct. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887043

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Inflammatory linear verrucous epidermal nevus and linear psoriasis are sometimes hard to differentiate clinically and pathologically. Although immunohistochemical expression of keratin 10 (K10), K16, Ki-67, and involucrin may be useful for differentiating both entities, these results have been reported in only a few cases. We collected data from 8 patients with inflammatory linear verrucous epidermal nevus, 11 with psoriasis vulgaris, and 8 healthy controls and evaluated immunohistochemical expression of Ki-67, K16, involucrin, and filaggrin among them. Ki-67 and K16 overexpression was similar in inflammatory linear verrucous epidermal nevus and psoriasis vulgaris compared with normal skin. Although staining for involucrin showed discontinuous expression in parakeratotic regions in 4 inflammatory linear verrucous epidermal nevus cases, it was continuous in the other 4 cases and in all psoriasis vulgaris cases. Filaggrin expression was present in hyperkeratotic regions but scarce in parakeratotic areas in both inflammatory linear verrucous epidermal nevus and psoriasis vulgaris. The immunostaining pattern of Ki-67, K16, involucrin, and filaggrin may be insufficient to discriminate inflammatory linear verrucous epidermal nevus from psoriasis vulgaris.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Protein Precursors/analysis , Psoriasis/diagnosis , Ki-67 Antigen/analysis , Keratin-16/analysis , Nevus, Sebaceous of Jadassohn/diagnosis , Intermediate Filament Proteins/analysis , Psoriasis/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Biomarkers/analysis , Case-Control Studies , Diagnosis, Differential , Nevus, Sebaceous of Jadassohn/pathology
9.
Acta cir. bras ; 32(7): 568-575, July 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886221

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the possibility of using peripheral-blood presurfactant protein B (Pro-SFTPB) for screening non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: A total of 873 healthy volunteers and 165 lung cancer patients hospitalized in the Fifth People's Hospital of Dalian were tested Pro-SFTPB once every half year from January 2014 to September 2015. The healthy volunteers were also conducted spiral computed tomography (CT) examination once every year. The data were then com-pared and statistically analyzed. Results: The positive expression rate of Pro-SFTPB in NSCLC was significantly higher than that in healthy volunteers, and significantly higher in lung adenocarcinoma than in squamous cell carcinoma; additionally, the expression rate was increased with the in-crease of smoking index, and the intergroup differences showed statistical signifi-cance (p≤0.05). The positive rate of newly diagnosed lung cancer was 29.55%, higher than healthy volunteers (22.34%), but there was no significant difference (p>0.05). Conclusion: Pro-SFTPB is over expressed in non-small cell lung cancer, especially in lung adeno-carcinoma, but it can't be used as a clinical screening tool for lung cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Protein Precursors/blood , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/blood , Pulmonary Surfactant-Associated Proteins/blood , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Lung Neoplasms/blood , Biomarkers, Tumor/blood , Case-Control Studies , Mass Screening , Sensitivity and Specificity
10.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 43(1): 48-56, Jan.-Feb. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840806

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction To assess predictive value of new tumor markers, precursor of prostate specific antigen (p2PSA) and its derivates-%p2PSA and prostate health index (PHI) in detection of patients with indolent and aggressive prostate cancer (PC) in a subcohort of man whose total PSA ranged from 2 to 10ng/mL. Materials and Methods This cross-sectional study included 129 consecutive male patients aged over 50 years, with no previous history of PC and with normal digital rectal examination findings, but with serum PSA in interval between 2 and 10ng/mL. All patients underwent standard transrectal ultrasonography guided prostate biopsy for the first time. For all patients, serum PSA, free PSA (fPSA) and p2PSA were measured and PHI and %p2PSA were calculated. Results PHI and %p2PSA levels were significanlty higher in patients with PC compared to those without this malignancy. The same findings have been observed in group of patients with Gleason score ≥7 compared to those with Gleason score <7. ROC analysis reveled the highest area under the curve with these two markers. Multivariate logistic regression showed significant improvement in PC detection and its agressive form (assumed as Gleason score ≥7). Conclusions New markers, derivates of p2PSA (especially %p2PSA and PHI), represente potentially very important clinical tool for predicting presence of PC, and even more important, to discriminate patients with Gleason score <7 from those with Gleason score ≥7 with total PSA in range from 2 to 10ng/mL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Prostatic Neoplasms/blood , Protein Precursors/blood , Prostate-Specific Antigen/blood , Prostate/pathology , Reference Values , Biopsy , Logistic Models , Cross-Sectional Studies , Predictive Value of Tests , Reproducibility of Results , ROC Curve , Statistics, Nonparametric , Neoplasm Grading , Middle Aged
11.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 37(1): 8-10, ene.-feb. 2017.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888437

ABSTRACT

Abstracts We report the case of a patient presenting with multiple severe electrolyte disturbances who was subsequently found to have small cell lung cancer. Upon further evaluation, she demonstrated three distinct paraneoplastic processes, including the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone, Fanconi syndrome, and an inappropriate elevation in fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23). The patient underwent one round of chemotherapy, but she was found to have progressive disease. After 36 days of hospitalization, the patient made the decision to enter hospice care and later she expired.


Resumen Se reporta el caso de una paciente que ingresó al hospital para evaluación de múltiples trastornos electrolíticos y, posteriormente, se le hizo el diagnóstico de cáncer de pulmón de células pequeñas. Tras la evaluación médica, se detectaron tres síndromes paraneoplásicos: síndrome de secreción inadecuada de hormona antidiurética, síndrome de Fanconi y elevación inapropiada del factor 23 de crecimiento de fibroblastos. Se le administró quimioterapia sin éxito, por lo cual se decidió darle tratamiento paliativo y, un tiempo después, falleció.


Subject(s)
Humans , Paraneoplastic Syndromes/etiology , Protein Precursors/physiology , Neurophysins/physiology , Vasopressins/physiology , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma/complications , Lung Neoplasms/etiology , Protein Precursors/genetics , Protein Precursors/chemistry , Neurophysins/genetics , Neurophysins/chemistry , Vasopressins/genetics , Vasopressins/chemistry , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma/pathology , Fibroblast Growth Factor-23 , Lung Neoplasms/pathology
12.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31: e19, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839527

ABSTRACT

Abstract To assess the immunocytochemical and immunohistochemical correlation of adhesion (E-cadherin) and cell differentiation (involucrin) molecules in oral leukoplakia and oral squamous cell carcinoma. Cytological samples and biopsies were obtained from male and female patients aged over 30 years with oral leukoplakia (n = 30) and oral squamous cell carcinoma (n = 22). Cell scrapings and the biopsy were performed at the site of the lesion and histological slides were prepared for the immunocytochemical analysis of exfoliated oral mucosal cells and for the immunohistochemical analysis of biopsy tissues using E-cadherin and involucrin. Spearman’s correlation and kappa coefficients were used to assess the correlation and level of agreement between the techniques. Immunostaining for E-cadherin and involucrin by both techniques was similar in the superficial layers of the histological sections compared with cell scrapings. However, there was no statistical correlation and agreement regarding the immunocytochemical and immunohistochemical expression of E-cadherin and involucrin in oral leukoplakia (R = 0.01, p = 0.958) (Kappa = 0.017, p = 0.92) or in oral squamous cell carcinoma (R = 0.26, p = 0.206) (Kappa = 0.36, p = 0.07). The immunoexpression of E-cadherin and involucrin in tissues is consistent with the expression patterns observed in exfoliated oral mucosal cells, despite the lack of a statistically significant correlation. There is an association of the histopathological characteristics of leukoplakia with the expression E-cadherin and of the microscopic aspects of oral squamous cell carcinoma with immunohistochemical expression of involucrin.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Cadherins/metabolism , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/metabolism , Leukoplakia, Oral/metabolism , Mouth Neoplasms/metabolism , Protein Precursors/metabolism , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Biopsy , Immunohistochemistry , Reference Values , Statistics, Nonparametric
13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 382-391, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303142

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The clinical significance of acute vasoreactivity testing (AVT) in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) remains unclear. We analyzed changes in hemodynamics and oxygenation dynamics indices after AVT in patients with CTEPH using patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) as controls.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We analyzed retrospectively the results of AVT in 80 patients with PAH and 175 patients with CTEPH registered in the research database of Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital between October 2005 and August 2014. Demographic variables, cardiopulmonary indicators, and laboratory findings were compared in these two subgroups. A long-term follow-up was conducted in patients with CTEPH. Between-group comparisons were performed using the independent-sample t-test or the rank sum test, within-group comparisons were conducted using the paired t-test or the Wilcoxon signed-rank test, and count data were analyzed using the Chi-squared test. Survival was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The rates of positive response to AVT were similar in the CTEPH (25/175, 14.3%) and PAH (9/80, 11.3%) groups (P > 0.05). Factors significantly associated a positive response to AVT in the CTEPH group were level of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (≤1131.000 ng/L), mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP, ≤44.500 mmHg), pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR, ≤846.500 dyn·s-1·m-5), cardiac output (CO, ≥3.475 L/min), and mixed venous oxygen partial pressure (PvO2, ≥35.150 mmHg). Inhalation of iloprost resulted in similar changes in mean blood pressure, mPAP, PVR, systemic vascular resistance, CO, arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2), mixed venous oxygen saturation, partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood (PaO2), PvO2, and intrapulmonary shunt (Qs/Qt) in the PAH and CTEPH groups (all P > 0.05). The survival time in patients with CTEPH with a negative response to AVT was somewhat shorter than that in AVT-responders although the difference was not statistically significant (χ2 =3.613, P = 0.057). The survival time of patients with CTEPH who received calcium channel blockers (CCBs) was longer than that in the group with only basic treatment and not shorter than that of patients who receiving targeted drugs or underwent pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA) although there was no significant difference between the four different treatment regimens (χ2 =3.069, P = 0.381).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The rates of positive response to AVT were similar in the CTEPH and PAH groups, and iloprost inhalation induced similar changes in hemodynamics and oxygenation dynamics indices. A positive response to AVT in the CTEPH group was significantly correlated with milder disease and better survival. Patients with CTEPH who cannot undergo PEA or receive targeted therapy but have a positive response to AVT might benefit from CCB treatment.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Administration, Inhalation , Arterial Pressure , Atrial Natriuretic Factor , Metabolism , Calcium Channel Blockers , Therapeutic Uses , Endarterectomy , Familial Primary Pulmonary Hypertension , Drug Therapy , Hemodynamics , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Drug Therapy , Iloprost , Therapeutic Uses , Protein Precursors , Metabolism , Retrospective Studies , Software , Vasodilator Agents , Therapeutic Uses
14.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 77-81, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327368

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the changes in plasma gelsolin (pGSN) levels in severe burn patients with sepsis, and to evaluate the prognosis of patients when combined with other related clinical indexes.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty-five severe burn patients with sepsis hospitalized from June 2013 to June 2015 conforming to the study criteria were divided into death group (n=24) and survival group (n=41) according to the clinical outcome on post sepsis diagnosis day (PSD) 28. The pGSN levels of patients were determined on PSD 1, 3, 7, and 14 with double antibody sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The serum level of C-reactive protein (CRP), serum level of procalcitonin, lactate level of arterial blood, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II score, and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score were determined or recorded on PSD 1. Data were processed with repeated measurement analysis of variance, t test, and chi-square test. On PSD 1, the pGSN level, serum level of CRP, serum level of procalcitonin, lactate level of arterial blood, APACHE II score, and SOFA score of 65 patients were collected to screen the independent risk factors related to death with single factor and multi-factor Logistic regression analysis. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves of the independent risk factors related to death were plotted to evaluate the predictive power for death in 65 patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) The pGSN levels of patients in death group on PSD 1, 3, 7, and 14 were respectively (146±44), (85±24), (28±7), and (19±4) mg/L, obviously lower than those in survival group [(287±82), (179±51), (196±56), and (249±67) mg/L, with t values from 1.735 to 4.304, P<0.05 or P<0.01]. (2) The serum level of CRP, serum level of procalcitonin, lactate level of arterial blood, APACHE II score, and SOFA score of patients in death group on PSD 1 were respectively (56±7) mg/L, (12.54±0.82) μg/L, (2.74±0.27) mmol/L, (24.3±2.4) points, and (11.43±0.57) points, significantly higher than those in survival group [(35±4) mg/L, (2.38±0.16) μg/L, (1.83±0.12) mmol/L, (15.0±1.5) points, and (7.22±0.23) points, with t values from 1.902 to 3.883, P<0.05 or P<0.01]. (3) Multi-factor Logistic regression analysis showed that the pGSN level (odds ratio: 6.83, 95% confidence interval: 4.33-10.25, P<0.01) and APACHE II score (odds ratio: 5.27, 95% confidence interval: 2.28-9.16, P<0.01) were the independent risk factors related to death in 65 patients on PSD 1. (4) The total areas under the ROC curves of pGSN level and APACHE II score for predicting death of 65 patients on PSD 1 were respectively 0.89 and 0.86, and 142 mg/L and 21 points were respectively chosen as the optimal threshold values, with sensitivity of 87% and 83% and specificity of 86% and 89%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>For severe burn patients with sepsis, lowering of pGSN level and elevation of APACHE II score are obviously correlated with increase in case fatality rates. Monitoring the dynamic changes in pGSN level and APACHE II score during the early stage may be useful to predict the prognosis of severe burn patients with sepsis.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Burns , C-Reactive Protein , Calcitonin , Blood , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Gelsolin , Blood , Hospitalization , Organ Dysfunction Scores , Prognosis , Protein Precursors , Blood , ROC Curve , Regression Analysis , Risk Factors , Sepsis , Blood , Diagnosis , Severity of Illness Index
15.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1139-1144, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-34051

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Patients with gout are similar to those with bacterial infection in terms of the nature of inflammation. Herein we compared the differences in procalcitonin (PCT) levels between these two inflammatory conditions and evaluated the ability of serum PCT to function as a clinical marker for differential diagnosis between acute gouty attack and bacterial infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Serum samples were obtained from 67 patients with acute gouty arthritis and 90 age-matched patients with bacterial infection. Serum PCT levels were measured with an enzyme-linked fluorescent assay. RESULTS: Serum PCT levels in patients with acute gouty arthritis were significantly lower than those in patients with bacterial infection (0.096±0.105 ng/mL vs. 4.94±13.763 ng/mL, p=0.001). However, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels showed no significant differences between the two groups. To assess the ability of PCT to discriminate between acute gouty arthritis and bacterial infection, the areas under the curves (AUCs) of serum PCT, uric acid, and CRP were 0.857 [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.798-0.917, p<0.001], 0.808 (95% CI, 0.738-0.878, p<0.001), and 0.638 (95% CI, 0.544-0.731, p=0.005), respectively. There were no significant differences in ESR and white blood cell counts between these two conditions. With a cut-off value of 0.095 ng/mL, the sums of sensitivity and specificity of PCT were the highest (81.0% and 80.6%, respectively). CONCLUSION: Serum PCT levels were significantly lower in patients with acute gouty attack than in patients with bacterial infection. Thus, serum PCT can be used as a useful serologic marker to differentiate between acute gouty arthritis and bacterial infections.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Area Under Curve , Arthritis, Gouty/diagnosis , Bacterial Infections/diagnosis , Biomarkers/blood , Blood Sedimentation , C-Reactive Protein/metabolism , Calcitonin/blood , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diagnosis, Differential , Inflammation , Leukocyte Count , Protein Precursors/blood , Sensitivity and Specificity , Uric Acid/blood
16.
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 267-271, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-56142

ABSTRACT

The bone is a common site for metastasis in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, bone marrow metastasis from HCC is rarely reported, and its frequency is unclear. Here we report a rare case of bone marrow metastasis that presented as bicytopenia originating from HCC without bone metastasis. A 58-year-old man was admitted for investigation of a liver mass with extensive lymph node enlargement that was detected when examining his general weakness and weight loss. Laboratory findings revealed anemia, thrombocytopenia, mild elevated liver enzymes, normal prothrombin time percentage and high levels of tumor markers (α-fetoprotein and des-γ-carboxyprothrombin). Abdominal computed tomography showed multiple enhanced masses in the liver and multiple enlarged lymph nodes in the abdomen. A bone marrow biopsy revealed only a few normal hematopoietic cells and abundant tumor cells. Despite its rarity, bone marrow metastasis should always be suspected in HCC patients even if accompanied by cirrhosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Biomarkers/analysis , Bone Marrow/pathology , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/diagnosis , Liver Neoplasms/diagnosis , Neoplasm Metastasis , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Protein Precursors/analysis , Prothrombin/analysis , Thrombocytopenia/diagnosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , alpha-Fetoproteins/analysis
17.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 59(6): 554-558, Dec. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-767928

ABSTRACT

Diabetes insipidus is a disease in which large volumes of dilute urine (polyuria) are excreted due to vasopressin (AVP) deficiency [central diabetes insipidus (CDI)] or to AVP resistance (nephrogenic diabetes insipidus). In the majority of patients, the occurrence of CDI is related to the destruction or degeneration of neurons of the hypothalamic supraoptic and paraventricular nuclei. The most common and well recognized causes include local inflammatory or autoimmune diseases, vascular disorders, Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH), sarcoidosis, tumors such as germinoma/craniopharyngioma or metastases, traumatic brain injuries, intracranial surgery, and midline cerebral and cranial malformations. Here we have the opportunity to describe an unusual case of female patient who developed autoimmune CDI following ureaplasma urealyticum infection and to review the literature on this uncommon feature. Moreover, we also discussed the potential mechanisms by which ureaplasma urealyticum might favor the development of autoimmune CDI.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Arthritis, Reactive/immunology , Autoimmune Diseases/microbiology , Diabetes Insipidus, Neurogenic/microbiology , Ureaplasma urealyticum , Ureaplasma Infections/immunology , Autoantibodies , Arthritis, Reactive/microbiology , Autoimmune Diseases/etiology , Diabetes Insipidus, Neurogenic/etiology , Diabetes Insipidus, Neurogenic/immunology , Neurophysins/immunology , Protein Precursors/immunology , Ureaplasma Infections/complications , Vasopressins/immunology
18.
Acta cir. bras ; 30(10): 691-703, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-764391

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate and compare clinical and inflammatory responses to the surgical trauma caused by cholecystectomy via several access approaches: single-port umbilical incision (SILS), transvaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES), laparoscopy, and Laparotomy.METHODS: Twenty-eight female pigs were equally divided into four groups and submitted to cholecystectomy by single-port umbilical incision, transvaginal NOTES, laparoscopy, or Laparotomy. An additional five animals served as controls (sham group). Animals were monitored perioperatively regarding anesthesia and surgical procedure times, as well as for the presence of complications. Postoperatively, they were evaluated regarding time to ambulation and feeding, and the presence of clinical events. Procalcitonin, C-reactive protein (CRP), and AQUI feron-gamma (IFN-γ) measurements were performed before surgery and immediately, two days, and seven days after surgery. Animals were sacrificed and necropsied at seven days after surgery.RESULTS: All procedures were successfully performed as proposed in each group. Only minor complications, such as gallbladder perforation and bleeding from the liver bed, were observed during surgery in all groups. The vaginal NOTES group showed higher anesthesia and surgical procedure times compared to the other groups (p<0.001). No other between-group differences in perioperative or postoperative times, clinical evolution, or serum inflammatory markers were observed. Only adhesions were found on necropsy, with no differences between groups.CONCLUSION: The single-port umbilical and transvaginal NOTES access approaches were feasible and safe compared to laparoscopic and laparotomy for cholecystectomy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Cholecystectomy/adverse effects , Cholecystectomy/methods , Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery/adverse effects , Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery/methods , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/etiology , Abdominal Wall/pathology , Abdominal Wall/surgery , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Calcitonin/blood , Intraoperative Complications , Interferon-gamma/blood , Operative Time , Postoperative Complications , Protein Precursors/blood , Reproducibility of Results , Swine , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/pathology , Tissue Adhesions/pathology , Umbilicus/surgery , Vagina/surgery
19.
Clinics ; 70(9): 612-617, Sept. 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-759291

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:Procalcitonin is a reliable biomarker of infection and sepsis. We aimed to determine whether tracheotomy influences the procalcitonin concentrations in patients without sepsis and assess whether operative duration and procedure affect the peak procalcitonin level.METHODS:A total of 38 non-septic patients who required a tracheotomy underwent either a percutaneous dilatational tracheotomy (n=19) or a surgical tracheotomy (n=19). Procalcitonin levels were measured at the beginning of the tracheotomy and at 2 h, 4 h, 8 h, 24 h, 48 h and 72 h after the procedure.RESULTS:The baseline procalcitonin concentration before the tracheotomy was 0.24±0.13 ng/mL. The postoperative levels increased rapidly, with a 4-fold elevation after 2 h, reaching a peak 4 h later with a 5-fold increase over baseline. Thereafter, the levels gradually returned to 2-fold greater than the baseline level within 72 h. The peak levels of procalcitonin showed a significant positive correlation with operative durations (r=0.710, p<0.001) and procedures (rho=0.670, p<0.001).CONCLUSION:In patients without sepsis, tracheotomy induces a rapid release of serum procalcitonin, and the operative duration and procedure have significant impacts on the peak procalcitonin levels. Thus, the nonspecific increase in procalcitonin levels following tracheotomy needs to be considered when this measure is used to evaluate infection.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Calcitonin/blood , Protein Precursors/blood , Sepsis/blood , Tracheotomy , Biomarkers/blood , Electrochemical Techniques , Luminescent Measurements , Operative Time , Prospective Studies , Time Factors
20.
Ann Card Anaesth ; 2015 Apr; 18(2): 210-214
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-158163

ABSTRACT

Background: Identifying infections early, commencing appropriate empiric antibiotic not only helps gain control early, but also reduces mortality and morbidity. Conventional cultures take about 5 days to identify infections. To identify the infections early biomarker like serum procalcitonin (SPC). Aims: We studied the correlation of an elevated level of SPC and positive culture in elective adult patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Methods: This prospective study was conducted from January to December 2013. SPC was checked in patients showing evidence of sepsis. Simultaneously, relevant culture was also undertaken. Correlation, specificity, and sensitivity of elevated SPC were checked. Results: A total of 819 adult patients were included in the study. 43 of them had signs of infection and SPC levels were checked. Based on the level of SPC criteria, 10 patients were diagnosed as “nil”, out of them, 4 had culture‑positive infections, 17 were suggested to have “mild infection,” 3 out those had culture positivity. None among the eleven patients suggested to have “moderate infection,” had a positive culture, and one among the five suggested to have a severe infection had a positive culture. The sensitivity was 50% and the specificity 17%. The positive predictive value was 12% and the negative predictive value 60%. Conclusions: We failed to elicit positive correlation between elevated SPC levels and postoperative infection in cardio surgical patients.


Subject(s)
Bacterial Infections , /blood , Cardiac Surgical Procedures , Cross Infection/epidemiology , Humans , Protein Precursors/blood , Sepsis/epidemiology , Surgical Wound Infection/microbiology
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL