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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2054-2065, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887637

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The Nuclear Dbf2-related (NDR1) kinase is a member of the NDR/LATS family, which was a supplementary of Hippo pathway. However, whether NDR1 could inhibit glioblastoma (GBM) growth by phosphorylating Yes-associated protein (YAP) remains unknown. Meanwhile, the role of NDR1 in GBM was not clear. This study aimed to investigate the role of NDR1-YAP pathway in GBM.@*METHODS@#Bioinformation analysis and immunohistochemistry (IHC) were performed to identify the expression of NDR1 in GBM. The effect of NDR1 on cell proliferation and cell cycle was analyzed utilizing CCK-8, clone formation, immunofluorescence and flow cytometry, respectively. In addition, the xenograft tumor model was established as well. Protein interaction was examined by Co-immunoprecipitation and immunofluorescence to observe co-localization.@*RESULTS@#Bioinformation analysis and IHC of our patients' tumor tissues showed that expression of NDR1 in tumor tissue was relatively lower than that in normal tissues and was positively related to a lower survival rate. NDR1 could markedly reduce the proliferation and colony formation of U87 and U251. Furthermore, the results of flow cytometry showed that NDR1 led to cell cycle arrest at the G1 phase. Tumor growth was also inhibited in xenograft nude mouse models in NDR1-overexpression group. Western blotting and immunofluorescence showed that NDR1 could integrate with and phosphorylate YAP at S127 site. Meanwhile, NDR1 could mediate apoptosis process.@*CONCLUSION@#In summary, our findings point out that NDR1 functions as a tumor suppressor in GBM. NDR1 is identified as a novel regulator of YAP, which gives us an in-depth comprehension of the Hippo signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Nucleus/metabolism , Cell Proliferation , Glioblastoma , Humans , Mice , Phosphorylation , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Signal Transduction
2.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(4): e9175, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089352

ABSTRACT

α-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptors are the predominant mediators of glutamate-induced excitatory neurotransmission. It is widely accepted that AMPA receptors are critical for the generation and spread of epileptic seizure activity. Dysfunction of AMPA receptors as a causal factor in patients with intractable epilepsy results in neurotransmission failure. Brain-specific serine/threonine-protein kinase 1 (SAD-B), a serine-threonine kinase specifically expressed in the brain, has been shown to regulate AMPA receptor-mediated neurotransmission through a presynaptic mechanism. In cultured rat hippocampal neurons, the overexpression of SAD-B significantly increases the frequency of miniature excitatory postsynaptic currents (mEPSCs). Here, we showed that SAD-B downregulation exerted antiepileptic activity by regulating AMPA receptors in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and in the pentylenetetrazol (PTZ)-induced epileptic model. We first used immunoblotting and immunohistochemistry analysis to demonstrate that SAD-B expression was increased in the epileptic rat brain. Subsequently, to explore the function of SAD-B in epilepsy, we used siRNA to knock down SAD-B protein and observed behavior after PTZ-induced seizures. We found that SAD-B downregulation attenuated seizure severity and susceptibility in the PTZ-induced epileptic model. Furthermore, we showed that the antiepileptic effect of SAD-B downregulation on PTZ-induced seizure was abolished by CNQX (an AMPA receptor inhibitor), suggesting that SAD-B modulated epileptic seizure by regulating AMPA receptors in the brain. Taken together, these findings suggest that SAD-B may be a potential and novel therapeutic target to limit epileptic seizures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Receptors, AMPA/metabolism , Excitatory Amino Acid Agonists/metabolism , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe/drug therapy , Pentylenetetrazole , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe/chemically induced
3.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(6): 705-715, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055510

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 3, a serine/threonine kinase that functions downstream of the PI3K signaling pathway, plays a critical role in neoplastic processes. It is expressed by various tumors and contributes to carcinogenesis. Objective: The objective was to investigate serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 3 expression in nasopharyngeal carcinoma, to study the anti-tumor effects of serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 3 shRNA by inhibiting its expression in nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells and to discuss the potential implications of our findings. Methods: Serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 3 protein expression in nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell lines (CNE-1, CNE-2, HNE-1, HONE-1, and SUNE-1) and the human immortalized nasopharyngeal epithelium cell line NP69 were assayed by western blotting. Serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 3 expression in 42 paraffin-embedded nasopharyngeal carcinoma tissues were performed by immunohistochemistry. MTT assay, flow cytometry, and scratch tests were performed after CNE-2 cells were transfected with the best serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 3 shRNA plasmid selected by western blotting using lipofectamine to study its effect on cell proliferation, apoptosis, and migration. Results: Serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 3 was overexpressed in human nasopharyngeal carcinoma tissues and cells. Serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 3 expression decreased markedly after CNE-2 cells were transfected with the serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 3 shRNA, leading to strong inhibition of cell proliferation and migration. In addition, the apoptosis rate increased in CNE-2 cells after serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 3 knockdown. Conclusion: Serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 3 expression was more frequently observed as the nasopharyngeal epithelium progresses from normal tissue to carcinoma. This suggests that serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 3 contributes to the multistep process of NPC carcinogenesis. Serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 3 represents a target for nasopharyngeal carcinoma therapy, and a basis exists for the further investigation of this adjuvant treatment modality for nasopharyngeal carcinoma.


Resumo Introdução: A quinase 3 sérica induzida por glicocorticoide, uma serina/treonina quinase que funciona downstream da via de sinalização PI3K, desempenha um papel crítico nos processos neoplásicos. É expressa por vários tumores e contribui para a carcinogênese. Objetivo: Investigar a expressão de quinase 3 sérica induzida por glicocorticoide no carcinoma nasofaríngeo, estudar os efeitos antitumorais do shRNA da quinase 3 sérica induzida por glicocorticoide, que inibem sua expressão em células de carcinoma nasofaríngeo, e discutir as implicações potenciais de nossos achados. Método: A expressão de proteína quinase 3 sérica induzida por glicocorticoide em linhagens de células de carcinoma nasofaríngeo (CNE-1, CNE-2, HNE-1, HONE-1 e SUNE-1) e a linhagem de células humanas imortalizadas do epitélio nasofaríngeo NP69 foram avaliadas por Western blot. A expressão da quinase 3 sérica induzida por glicocorticoide em 42 tecidos de CNF embebidos em parafina foi feita por imuno-histoquímica. Testes com MTT, citometria de fluxo e testes de raspagem foram feitos após as células CNE-2 terem sido transfectadas com o melhor plasmídeo shRNA da quinase 3 sérica induzida por glicocorticoide selecionado por Western blot, com o uso de lipofectamina para estudar seu efeito na proliferação, apoptose e migração celular. Resultados: Foi observada uma sobre-expressão da quinase 3 sérica induzida por glicocorticoide em tecidos e células de carcinoma nasofaríngeo humanas. A expressão de quinase 3 sérica induzida por glicocorticoide diminuiu acentuadamente após as células CNE-2 terem sido transfectadas com o shRNA da quinase 3 sérica induzida por glicocorticoide, conduzindo a forte inibição de proliferação e migração celular. Além disso, a taxa de apoptose aumentou nas células CNE-2 após o knockdown da quinase 3 sérica induzida por glicocorticoide. Conclusão: A expressão de quinase 3 sérica induzida por glicocorticoide foi observada com maior frequência à medida que o epitélio nasofaríngeo progride de tecido normal para carcinoma. Isso sugere que a quinase 3 sérica induzida por glicocorticoide contribui para o processo multietapas da carcinogênese do carcinoma nasofaríngeo. A quinase 3 sérica induzida por glicocorticoide representa um alvo para a terapia do carcinoma nasofaríngeo e há uma base para a investigação adicional dessa modalidade de tratamento adjuvante para o carcinoma nasofaríngeo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/metabolism , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Immediate-Early Proteins/metabolism , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Cell Movement/drug effects , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Nasopharyngitis/metabolism , Nasopharyngitis/pathology , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/pharmacology , Apoptosis , Immediate-Early Proteins/pharmacology , RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma/pathology
4.
Clinics ; 70(5): 333-338, 05/2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-748272

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the acute hemodynamic responses to multiple sets of passive stretching exercises performed with and without the Valsalva maneuver. METHODS: Fifteen healthy men aged 21 to 29 years with poor flexibility performed stretching protocols comprising 10 sets of maximal passive unilateral hip flexion, sustained for 30 seconds with equal intervals between sets. Protocols without and with the Valsalva maneuver were applied in a random counterbalanced order, separated by 48-hour intervals. Hemodynamic responses were measured by photoplethysmography pre-exercise, during the stretching sets, and post-exercise. RESULTS: The effects of stretching sets on systolic and diastolic blood pressure were cumulative until the fourth set in protocols performed with and without the Valsalva maneuver. The heart rate and rate pressure product increased in both protocols, but no additive effect was observed due to the number of sets. Hemodynamic responses were always higher when stretching was performed with the Valsalva maneuver, causing an additional elevation in the rate pressure product. CONCLUSIONS: Multiple sets of unilateral hip flexion stretching significantly increased blood pressure, heart rate, and rate pressure product values. A cumulative effect of the number of sets occurred only for systolic and diastolic blood pressure, at least in the initial sets of the stretching protocols. The performance of the Valsalva maneuver intensified all hemodynamic responses, which resulted in significant increases in cardiac work during stretching exercises. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Benzodioxoles/pharmacology , Colonic Neoplasms/drug therapy , Isoquinolines/pharmacology , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/pharmacology , Thiophenes/pharmacology , Topoisomerase I Inhibitors/pharmacology , Urea/analogs & derivatives , DNA Replication/drug effects , Drug Synergism , Protein Kinases/metabolism , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Urea/pharmacology
5.
Cad. saúde pública ; 31(4): 722-732, 04/2015.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-744848

ABSTRACT

We aimed to verify doctor's perception of the qualitative research method, via a qualitative study of interviews with questions on the academic profile of doctors and on the methodology. We interviewed 42 professionals, of which 18 had experience with the qualitative method and 24 with the quantitative method. The results showed that knowledge on the qualitative method was virtually nil among "quantitative researchers", who did not value qualitative research, although some of those realized that it would be important to be more accepting in clinical practice. Others only considered the method as subsidiary to quantitative. The majority considered qualitative methods as lacking academic structure, taking too long to conduct empirical studies, and being difficult to publish. All of them criticized the misuse of the method, and the "quantitatives" pointed out the problem of being unable to reproduce. We concluded that widening the use of the qualitative method by doctors requires investment from the beginning of the academic career and participation in qualitative research projects.


El objetivo es verificar la percepción de médicos sobre el método de investigación cualitativa. Se trata de un estudio cualitativo por medio de entrevistas con preguntas sobre el perfil de los médicos y sobre el método. Entrevistamos a 42 profesionales, 18 con experiencia en el método cualitativo y 24 con el cuantitativo. Los resultados mostraron que el conocimiento sobre lo cualitativo es casi nulo entre los "cuantitativistas", que no valoran la investigación cualitativa, aunque algunos se dan cuenta de que sería importante tener un enfoque más amplio en la práctica clínica. Otros la ven como subsidiaria a lo cuantitativo. Sus dificultades para utilizar ese abordaje son: falta de formación, cantidad de tiempo que exigen y problemas de publicación. Todos han criticado el mal uso del método. Los "cuantitativistas" han destacado como fragilidad, la no reproductibilidad. Llegamos a la conclusión de que para ampliar el uso de los abordajes cualitativos entre los médicos es importante invertir en su formación desde el inicio del curso y la participación en proyectos de investigación cualitativa.


Objetivamos verificar a percepção de médicos sobre o método qualitativo de pesquisa. Estudo qualitativo por meio de entrevistas com questões sobre o perfil acadêmico do médico e perguntas abertas a respeito do método. Entrevistamos 42 profissionais, sendo 18 com experiência no método qualitativo e 24 com o quantitativo. Os resultados evidenciaram que o conhecimento sobre o qualitativo é quase nulo entre os pesquisadores "quantitativistas", os quais não valorizam a pesquisa qualitativa, embora alguns percebam que seria importante ter uma postura mais compreensiva na prática clínica. Outros só a veem como subsidiária ao quantitativo. As principais dificuldades da maioria são: falta de formação, tempo longo despendido nos estudos empíricos e dificuldade de publicação. Todos os entrevistados criticaram o mau uso do método, e os "quantitativistas" ressaltaram, como problema, sua não reprodutibilidade. Concluímos que ampliar o uso do método qualitativo por médicos exige investimento na formação desde o início da graduação e participação em projetos de pesquisa qualitativa.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Anilides/pharmacology , Benzodiazepinones/pharmacology , /pharmacology , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/pharmacology , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/antagonists & inhibitors , Pyrimidines/pharmacology , Repressor Proteins/antagonists & inhibitors , Cells, Cultured , Cell Movement/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Enzyme Activation/drug effects , Neoplasms/pathology , Protein Kinases/genetics , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/genetics , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/physiology , Repressor Proteins/agonists , Repressor Proteins/genetics , Substrate Specificity , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/physiology
6.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 20(1): 45-51, Jan-Feb/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-741446

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The consensus about the relationship between TMD and orthodontic treatment has gone from a cause and effect association between TMD and orthodontic treatment to the idea that there is no reliable evidence supporting this statement. OBJECTIVE: To assess the beliefs, despite scientific evidence, of Brazilian orthodontists about the relationship between TMD and orthodontic treatment with regards to treatment, prevention and etiology of TMD. METHODS: A survey about the relationship between TMD and orthodontic treatment was prepared and sent to Brazilian orthodontists by e-mail and social networks. Answers were treated by means of descriptive statistics and strong associations between variables were assessed by qui-square test. RESULTS: The majority of orthodontists believe that orthodontic treatment not only is not the best treatment option for TMD, but also is not able to prevent TMD. Nevertheless, the majority of orthodontists believe that orthodontic treatment can cause TMD symptoms. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that orthodontists' beliefs about the relationship between orthodontic treatment and TMD are in accordance with scientific evidence only when referring to treatment and prevention of TMD. The majority of orthodontists believe that, despite scientific evidence, orthodontic treatment can cause TMD. .


INTRODUÇÃO: o consenso sobre a relação entre DTM e tratamento ortodôntico foi de uma associação de causa e efeito à ideia de que não há evidências confiáveis que suportem essa afirmação. OBJETIVO: avaliar as crenças, sem considerar as evidências, de ortodontistas brasileiros sobre a relação entre DTM e tratamento ortodôntico com relação ao tratamento, prevenção e etiologia da DTM. MÉTODOS: um questionário sobre a relação entre DTM e tratamento ortodôntico foi preparado e enviado a ortodontistas brasileiros por meio de e-mail e mídias sociais. As respostas foram analisadas por estatística descritiva, e fortes associações entre as variáveis foram verificadas pelo teste χ2. RESULTADOS: a maioria dos ortodontistas acredita que o tratamento ortodôntico não é o melhor tratamento para DTM. Além disso, acreditam que não é a melhor forma para sua prevenção. Também, a maioria dos ortodontistas acredita que o tratamento ortodôntico pode causar sintomas de DTM. CONCLUSÃO: este estudo sugere que as crenças dos ortodontistas sobre a relação entre tratamento ortodôntico e DTM estão de acordo com as evidências científicas apenas quando se trata do tratamento e da prevenção de DTM. A maioria dos ortodontistas acredita que, apesar das evidências científicas, o tratamento ortodôntico pode causar DTM. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Cycle Proteins/metabolism , DNA Replication/genetics , Forkhead Transcription Factors/metabolism , G1 Phase/physiology , Gene Expression Regulation/genetics , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Replication Origin/genetics , Signal Transduction/genetics , Blotting, Western , Cell Fractionation , Cell Line , Cell Cycle Proteins/genetics , /metabolism , DNA Primers/genetics , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Forkhead Transcription Factors/genetics , Immunoblotting , Immunoprecipitation , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/metabolism , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc/metabolism , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA Interference
7.
Salud colect ; 10(3): 407-415, sep.-dic. 2014.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-733299

ABSTRACT

La extensa obra de Javier Auyero sobre los sectores populares en América Latina inquieta por su complejidad sociológica y política. Alejada de los lugares comunes sobre cómo viven, sufren y se relacionan los habitantes de los márgenes de nuestras ciudades, su programa de veinte años de investigación aborda las consecuencias del neoliberalismo en la marginalidad urbana. Por la publicación de su último libro, Pacientes del Estado (2013), Salud Colectiva lo invita a reflexionar sobre las conexiones, no siempre observadas, entre la espera y la dominación política en oficinas estatales, escuelas y hospitales. Su estrategia etnográfica le permite ingresar sin prejuicios a un universo social atravesado por posicionamientos sociales polarizantes. En los encuentros cotidianos de los pobres con diversas formas de poder estatal, afirma, se reproducen prácticas -no todas ellas igualmente conscientes y planificadas- que imparten educación política y culminan convirtiendo a quienes deberían ser ciudadanos con derechos en pacientes del Estado.


The extensive work of Javier Auyero regarding the poor in Latin America is disturbing in its sociological and political complexity. Instead of falling into the commonplace explorations of how inhabitants at the margins of our cities live, suffer and relate, his twenty years of research have focused on the consequences of neoliberalism in urban marginality. In light of the publication of his last book Patients of the State (2013), Salud Colectiva invited Auyero to reflect on the connections, not always observed, between waiting and political domination in government offices, schools and hospitals. His ethnographic strategy allows him to enter without prejudices into a social universe marked by polarizing political positions. He affirms that in the everyday encounters of poor people with the diverse forms of state power, practices are reproduced - not all of which are equally conscious and planned - that impart a political education and end up turning those who should be citizens into patients of the State.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , DNA-Binding Proteins , Hyperthermia, Induced , Liver Neoplasms , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Cell Survival/radiation effects , DNA Repair , DNA-Activated Protein Kinase , Nuclear Proteins , Phosphorylation , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/genetics , Radiation Tolerance , Tumor Cells, Cultured
8.
Salud pública Méx ; 56(6): 631-637, nov.-dic. 2014.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-733342

ABSTRACT

Objetivo. Analizar la percepción que el prestador de servicios de salud y el adulto mayor (AM) tienen sobre el maltrato al AM en los servicios públicos de salud, en ciudades seleccionadas de México. Material y métodos. De 2009 a 2012 se realizó un estudio con diseño cualitativo y estrategia de triangulación de fuentes de datos; se efectuaron entrevistas semiestructuradas a 13 prestadores y a 12 ancianos para recuperar su experiencia en el tema. El análisis utilizó procedimientos de la Teoría Fundamentada. Resultados. El maltrato contra el AM es una práctica naturalizada por el personal y por el anciano, la cual se manifiesta de formas diversas. Conclusiones. La institucionalización, profesionalización histórica y falta de conciencia sobre las necesidades de los AM demandan cambios de planeación, organización y supervisión del Sistema de Salud. El personal requiere intervenciones de formación, capacitación y cambio de actitudes/comportamiento, para otorgar atención integral, digna, humana y de respeto a los Derechos Humanos de los AM.


Objective. To analyze the health care providers (HCP) and elderly patients' perceptions about abuse of the elderly by health personnel of public health services, in selected cities in Mexico. Materials and methods. A qualitative study and a strategy of data triangulation were performed during 2009 and 2012; 13 HCPs and 12 elders were interviewed, in order to obtain their experience regarding elder abuse. Grounded Theory proceedings were used for the analysis. Results. Elder abuse is a naturalized practice, from HCP and elderly people's point of view; these perceptions are showed in different ways. Conclusion. Institutionalization, historical professionalization and lack of consciousness about needs of the elderly (sociocultural and economic), require changes in planning, organization and monitoring process in the Health System; training and educational interventions on staff and exchange attitudes and behavior are necessary in order to offer a health care that is comprehensive, decent, human and with respect for the human rights.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Mice , Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic/pharmacology , Cyclins/metabolism , Enzyme Inhibitors/metabolism , Phenylacetates/pharmacology , Antisense Elements (Genetics) , Breast Neoplasms , Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases/metabolism , Cell Division/drug effects , Cyclin-Dependent Kinases/genetics , Cyclin-Dependent Kinases/metabolism , Cyclins/genetics , Fibroblasts/cytology , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Fibroblasts/enzymology , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/physiology , Mice, Knockout , Phosphorylation , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/genetics , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Retinoblastoma Protein/metabolism , Signal Transduction/physiology , Tumor Cells, Cultured/cytology , Tumor Cells, Cultured/drug effects , Tumor Cells, Cultured/enzymology , Up-Regulation/drug effects
9.
Braz. dent. j ; 25(5): 447-450, Sep-Oct/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-731048

ABSTRACT

The radicular cyst is an inflammatory odontogenic cyst of endodontic origin. Radiographically, the lesion appears as a periapical radiolucent image. This report describes a very rare case of a mixed periapical radiographic image diagnosed as a radicular cyst. A 37-year-old female patient presented a mixed, well-circumscribed image located in the periapical region of the left maxillary central incisor, which presented unsatisfactory endodontic treatment. Microscopic examination revealed a cavity lined by non-keratinized squamous epithelium and extensive calcifications in the cystic lumen and lining epithelium. Diagnosis of radicular cyst with extensive calcifications was established. Endodontic retreatment was performed and no radiographic signs of recurrence were observed 18 months after treatment. Although very rare, a radicular cyst should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a mixed periapical image associated to teeth with pulp necrosis.


O cisto radicular é um cisto odontogênico inflamatório de origem endodôntica. Radiograficamente, a lesão se apresenta como uma imagem radiolúcida periapical. Este relato descreve um caso muito raro de uma imagem radiográfica periapical mista diagnosticada como cisto radicular. Uma paciente de 37 anos de idade, do gênero feminino, apresentava uma imagem mista, bem circunscrita, localizada na região periapical do incisivo central superior esquerdo, que apresentava tratamento endodôntico insatisfatório. Avaliação microscópica revelou uma cavidade revestida por epitélio escamoso não-queratinizado e calcificações extensas na cavidade cística e revestimento epitelial. O diagnóstico de cisto radicular com extensas calcificações foi estabelecido. Retratamento endodôntico foi realizado e não foram observados sinais radiográficos de recorrência da lesão após 18 meses de tratamento. Embora muito raro, um cisto radicular deve ser considerado no diagnóstico diferencial de uma imagem periapical mista associada a dentes com necrose pulpar.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Cellular Senescence/physiology , Genes, ras/genetics , MAP Kinase Signaling System/physiology , Nuclear Proteins , /metabolism , Cell Fractionation , Cells, Cultured , Colony-Forming Units Assay , Cell Cycle/physiology , Enzyme Activation , Embryo, Mammalian/physiology , Fibroblasts/cytology , Fibroblasts/metabolism , MAP Kinase Kinase 1 , Mice, Knockout , Microscopy, Fluorescence , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases/metabolism , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins/metabolism , Temperature , /metabolism , ras Proteins/metabolism
10.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 103(2): 124-130, 08/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-720810

ABSTRACT

Background: Gender can influence post-infarction cardiac remodeling. Objective: To evaluate whether gender influences left ventricular (LV) remodeling and integrin-linked kinase (ILK) after myocardial infarction (MI). Methods: Female and male Wistar rats were assigned to one of three groups: sham, moderate MI (size: 20-39% of LV area), and large MI (size: ≥40% of LV area). MI was induced by coronary occlusion, and echocardiographic analysis was performed after six weeks to evaluate MI size as well as LV morphology and function. Real-time RT-PCR and Western blot were used to quantify ILK in the myocardium. Results: MI size was similar between genders. MI resulted in systolic dysfunction and enlargement of end-diastolic as well as end-systolic dimension of LV as a function of necrotic area size in both genders. Female rats with large MI showed a lower diastolic and systolic dilatation than the respective male rats; however, LV dysfunction was similar between genders. Gene and protein levels of ILK were increased in female rats with moderate and large infarctions, but only male rats with large infarctions showed an altered ILK mRNA level. A negative linear correlation was evident between LV dimensions and ILK expression in female rats with large MI. Conclusions: Post-MI ILK expression is altered in a gender-specific manner, and higher ILK levels found in females may be sufficient to improve LV geometry but not LV function. .


Fundamento: O gênero pode ser decisivo no remodelamento cardíaco após infarto do miocárdio. Objetivo: Avaliar diferenças de gênero associadas ao remodelamento do ventrículo esquerdo (VE) após infarto do miocárdio (IM) e associadas à modulação de quinases acopladas à integrina (integrin-linked kinases-ILK). Métodos: Ratos Wistar machos e fêmeas foram divididos em 3 grupos: grupo sham, grupo com IM de extensão moderada (tamanho: 20-39% da área do VE); grupo com IM de grande extensão (tamanho: ≥ 40% da área do VE). O IM foi produzido por oclusão coronária e as análises ecocardiográficas foram obtidas após 6 semanas para avaliar a extensão do IM, bem como a morfologia e função do VE. RT-PCR em tempo real e Western blott foram realizados para quantificar a ILK no miocárdio. Resultados: A extensão do IM foi semelhante entre os gêneros. O IM resultou em disfunção sistólica e aumento do tamanho do VE no final da diástole e da sístole em função do tamanho da área necrótica para ambos os sexos. Ratos fêmeas com IM de grande extensão apresentaram dilatação diastólica e sistólica inferior a de ratos machos, mas a disfunção do VE foi semelhante em ambos os sexos. Os níveis gênicos e proteicos de ILK aumentaram em ratos fêmeas com infartos de extensão moderada e grande, mas apenas ratos machos com infartos de grande extensão apresentaram níveis alterados de mRNA do ILK. Uma correlação linear negativa foi observada entre as dimensões do VE e a expressão de ILK em ratos fêmeas com IM de grande extensão. Conclusões: A expressão de ILK pós-IM variou de maneira gênero-especifica, e os níveis mais elevados de ILK observados em ...


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Myocardial Infarction/pathology , Myocardial Infarction/physiopathology , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Sex Factors , Ventricular Remodeling/physiology , Blotting, Western , Diastole/physiology , Echocardiography , Myocardial Infarction , Rats, Wistar , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reference Values , Systole/physiology , Time Factors , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/physiopathology , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-113786

ABSTRACT

Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a bioactive lysophospholipid involved in numerous physiological responses. However, the expression of LPA receptors and the role of the Hippo signaling pathway in epithelial cells have remained elusive. In this experiment, we studied the functional expression of LPA receptors and the associated signaling pathway using reverse transcriptase-PCR, microspectrofluorimetry, western blotting and immunocytochemistry in salivary gland epithelial cells. We found that LPA receptors are functionally expressed and involved in activating the Hippo pathway mediated by YAP/TAZ through Lats/Mob1 and RhoA/ROCK. Upregulation of YAP/TAZ-dependent target genes, including CTGF, ANKRD1 and CYR61, has also been observed in LPA-treated cells. In addition, based on data suggesting that tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha induces cell apoptosis, LPA upregulates TNF-induced caspase-3 and cleaved Poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase (PARP). However, small interfering RNA treatment to Yes-associated protein (YAP) or transcriptional co-activator with a PDZ-binding motif (TAZ) significantly decreased TNF-alpha- and LPA-induced apoptosis, suggesting that YAP and TAZ modulate the apoptotic pathway in salivary epithelial cells.


Subject(s)
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics , Apoptosis , Cell Line , Epithelial Cells/cytology , Gene Expression Regulation , Humans , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/genetics , Lysophospholipids/metabolism , Phosphoproteins/genetics , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , RNA Interference , RNA, Small Interfering/genetics , Receptors, Lysophosphatidic Acid/genetics , Salivary Glands/cytology , Signal Transduction , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , rho-Associated Kinases/metabolism , rhoA GTP-Binding Protein/metabolism
12.
Clinics ; 68(5): 652-657, maio 2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-675750

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to verify the expression of proteins that are controlled by miR-let7c, 100 and 218 using immunohistochemistry in tissue microarray representative of localized and metastasized the lymph nodes and bone prostate cancer. METHODS: To verify the expression of proteins that are controlled by miR-let7c (C-MYC, BUB1, RAS) 100 (SMARCA5, RB) and 218 (LAMB3) and cell proliferation (Ki-67) we used immunohistochemistry and computerized image system ImageJ MacBiophotonics in three tissue microarrays representative of localized prostate cancer and lymph node and bone metastases. miRNA expression was evaluated by qRT-PCR using 60 paraffin blocks to construct the tissue microarray representative of localized disease. RESULTS: RAS expression was increased in localized prostate cancer and bone metastases compared to the lymph nodes (p=0.017). RB showed an increase in expression from localized prostate cancer to lymph node and bone metastasis (p=0.036). LAMB3 was highly expressed in localized and lymph node metastases (p<0.001). Cell proliferation evaluated by Ki-67 showed an increase from localized prostate cancer to metastases (p<0.001). We did not found any relationship between C-MYC (p=0.253), BUB1 (p=0.649) and SMARCA5 (p=0.315) protein expression with prognosis or tumor behavior. CONCLUSION: We found that the expression of RAS, RB, LAMB3 and Ki-67 changed in the different stages of prostate cancer. Furthermore, we confirmed the overexpression of the miRNAs let7c, 100 and 218 in localized prostate cancer but failed to show the control of protein expression by the putative controller miRNAs using immunohistochemistry. .


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bone Neoplasms/secondary , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Neoplasm Proteins/physiology , Prostatic Neoplasms/metabolism , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Adenosine Triphosphatases/metabolism , Cell Adhesion Molecules/metabolism , Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Immunohistochemistry , /metabolism , Lymphatic Metastasis , MicroRNAs/genetics , MicroRNAs/physiology , Neoplasm Proteins/metabolism , Prognosis , Prostatic Neoplasms/genetics , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc/metabolism , /metabolism , Retinoblastoma Protein/metabolism
13.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 46(3): 227-234, 15/mar. 2013. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-670900

ABSTRACT

Ca2+ pumps are important players in smooth muscle contraction. Nevertheless, little information is available about these pumps in the vas deferens. We have determined which subtype of sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase isoform (SERCA) is expressed in rat vas deferens (RVD) and its modulation by calmodulin (CaM)-dependent mechanisms. The thapsigargin-sensitive Ca2+-ATPase from a membrane fraction containing the highest SERCA levels in the RVD homogenate has the same molecular mass (∼115 kDa) as that of SERCA2 from the rat cerebellum. It has a very high affinity for Ca2+ (Ca0.5 = 780 nM) and a low sensitivity to vanadate (IC50 = 41 µM). These facts indicate that SERCA2 is present in the RVD. Immunoblotting for CaM and Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) showed the expression of these two regulatory proteins. Ca2+ and CaM increased serine-phosphorylated residues of the 115-kDa protein, indicating the involvement of CaMKII in the regulatory phosphorylation of SERCA2. Phosphorylation is accompanied by an 8-fold increase of thapsigargin-sensitive Ca2+ accumulation in the lumen of vesicles derived from these membranes. These data establish that SERCA2 in the RVD is modulated by Ca2+ and CaM, possibly via CaMKII, in a process that results in stimulation of Ca2+ pumping activity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Calcium-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Calcium-Transporting ATPases/metabolism , Calmodulin/metabolism , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Vas Deferens/metabolism , Muscle Contraction , Phosphorylation , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases/metabolism
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-35841

ABSTRACT

Leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) is a gene that, upon mutation, causes autosomal-dominant familial Parkinson's disease (PD). Yeast two-hybrid screening revealed that Snapin, a SNAP-25 (synaptosomal-associated protein-25) interacting protein, interacts with LRRK2. An in vitro kinase assay exhibited that Snapin is phosphorylated by LRRK2. A glutathione-S-transferase (GST) pull-down assay showed that LRRK2 may interact with Snapin via its Ras-of-complex (ROC) and N-terminal domains, with no significant difference on interaction of Snapin with LRRK2 wild type (WT) or its pathogenic mutants. Further analysis by mutation study revealed that Threonine 117 of Snapin is one of the sites phosphorylated by LRRK2. Furthermore, a Snapin T117D phosphomimetic mutant decreased its interaction with SNAP-25 in the GST pull-down assay. SNAP-25 is a component of the SNARE (Soluble NSF Attachment protein REceptor) complex and is critical for the exocytosis of synaptic vesicles. Incubation of rat brain lysate with recombinant Snapin T117D, but not WT, protein caused decreased interaction of synaptotagmin with the SNARE complex based on a co-immunoprecipitation assay. We further found that LRRK2-dependent phosphorylation of Snapin in the hippocampal neurons resulted in a decrease in the number of readily releasable vesicles and the extent of exocytotic release. Combined, these data suggest that LRRK2 may regulate neurotransmitter release via control of Snapin function by inhibitory phosphorylation.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Animals , Exocytosis , Female , HEK293 Cells , Humans , Mice , Molecular Sequence Data , Mutant Proteins/metabolism , Phosphorylation , Phosphothreonine/metabolism , Protein Binding , Protein Interaction Mapping , Protein Structure, Tertiary , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Qa-SNARE Proteins/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Synaptosomal-Associated Protein 25/metabolism , Synaptotagmins/metabolism , Vesicle-Associated Membrane Protein 2/metabolism , Vesicular Transport Proteins/chemistry
15.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 44(3): 193-199, Mar. 2011. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-576067

ABSTRACT

Angiotensin II (ANG II), the main effector of the renin-angiotensin system, is implicated in endothelial permeability, recruitment and activation of the immune cells, and also vascular remodeling through induction of inflammatory genes. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are considered to be important inflammatory factors. Elucidation of ANG II signaling pathways and of possible cross-talks between their components is essential for the development of efficient inhibitory medications. The current study investigates the inflammatory signaling pathways activated by ANG II in cultures of human monocytic U-937 cells, and the effects of specific pharmacological inhibitors of signaling intermediates on MMP-9 gene (MMP-9) expression and activity. MMP-9 expression was determined by real-time PCR and supernatants were analyzed for MMP-9 activity by ELISA and zymography methods. A multi-target ELISA kit was employed to evaluate IκB, NF-κB, JNK, p38, and STAT3 activation following treatments. Stimulation with ANG II (100 nM) significantly increased MMP-9 expression and activity, and also activated NF-κB, JNK, and p38 by 3.8-, 2.8- and 2.2-fold, respectively (P < 0.01). ANG II-induced MMP-9 expression was significantly reduced by 75 and 67 percent, respectively, by co-incubation of the cells with a selective inhibitor of protein kinase C (GF109203X, 5 µM) or of rho kinase (Y-27632, 15 µM), but not with inhibitors of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (wortmannin, 200 nM), tyrosine kinases (genistein, 100 µM) or of reactive oxygen species (α-tocopherol, 100 µM). Thus, protein kinase C and Rho kinase are important components of the inflammatory signaling pathways activated by ANG II to increase MMP-9 expression in monocytic cells. Both signaling molecules may constitute potential targets for effective management of inflammation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angiotensin II/pharmacology , Inflammation/enzymology , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/metabolism , Monocytes/drug effects , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , Monocytes/metabolism , Protein Kinase C/metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Signal Transduction/drug effects , /metabolism , rho-Associated Kinases/metabolism
16.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2011. 172 p. ilus, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-617460

ABSTRACT

A doença de Parkinson (DP) é a segunda doença neurodegenerativa mais frequente depois da Doença de Alzheimer, afetando aproximadamente 1% da população com idade superior a 65 anos. Clinicamente, esta doença caracteriza-se pela presença de tremor em repouso, bradicinesia, rigidez muscular e instabilidade postural, os quais podem ser controlados com a administração de levodopa. As características patológicas da DP incluem a despigmentação da substãncia nigra devido à perda dos neurônios dopaminérgicos e a presença de inclusões proteicas denominadas corpos de Lewy nos neurônios sobreviventes. As vias moleculares envolvidas com esta patologia ainda são obscuras, porém a DP é uma doença complexa, resultante da interação entre fatores ambientais e causas genéticas. Mutações no gene leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2; OMIM 609007) constituem a forma mais comum de DP. Este gene codifica uma proteína, membro da família de proteínas ROCO, que possui, entre outros domínios, dois domínios funcionais GTPase (ROC) e quinase (MAPKKK). Neste estudo, os principais domínios do gene LRRK2 foram analisados em 204 pacientes brasileiros com DP por meio de sequenciamento dos produtos da PCR. Através da análise de 14 exons correspondentes aos domínios ROC, COR e MAPKKK foram identificadas 31 variantes. As alterações novas, p.C1770R E p.C2139S, possuem um potencial papel na etiologia da DP. Três alterações exônicas (p.R1398R, p.T1410M e p.Y2189C) e nove intrônicas (c.4317+16C>T, c.5317+59A>C, c.5509+20A>C, c.5509+52T>C, c.5509+122A>G, c.5657-46C>T, c.6382-36G>A, c.6382-37C>T e c.6576+44T>C) são potencialmente não patogênicas. Ao todo, dezessete variantes exônicas e intrônicas constituem polimorfismos já relatados na literatura (p.R1398H, p.K1423K, p.R1514Q, p.P1542S, c.4828-31T>C, p.G1624G, p.K1637K, p.M1646T, p.S1647T, c.5015+32A>G, c.5170+23T>A, c.5317+32C>T, p.G1819G, c.5948+48C>T, p.N2081D, p.E2108E e c.6381+30A>G). A frequência total de alterações potencialmente patogênicas...


Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disease after Alzheimer's disease, affecting nearly 1% of people above 65 years of age. The major clinical symptoms of this disease are: resting tremor, bradykinesia, rigidity, postural instability and a positive response to dopamine replacement therapy. Pathological findings include selective degeneration of dopaminergic neurons within the substantia nigra, with proteinaceous Lewy body inclusions in surviving cells. The pathogenesis of PD is not yet completely understood, however, both genetic and environmental factors contribute to the disease phenotype. Mutations in the leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 gene (LRRK2; OMIM 609007) represent the most frequent genetic known cause of familial and sporadic PD. The LRRK2 gene encodes a protein, member of the ROCO protein family, that contains both GTPase (ROC) domain and kinase (MAPKKK) domain, as well as, other motifs. In this study, we have screened the main domains of the LRRK2 in a group of 204 PD Brazilian patients. The screening was performed by direct sequencing of the PCR products. By the analysis of 14 exons corresponding to ROC, COR and MAPKKK domains, we identified 31 sequence variations. The novel variants, p.C1770R and p.C2139S, may play a role in the PD pathogenesis. Three exonic altetations (p.R1398R, p.T1410M and p.Y2189C) and nine intronic variants (c.4317+16C>T, c.5317+59A>C, c.5509+20A>C, c.5509+52T>C, c.5509+122A>G, c.5657-46C>T, c.6382-36G>A, c.6382-37C>T and c.6576+44T>C) seem to be not pathogenic. A total of 17 exonic and intronic alterations were previously described in the literature as non-pathogenic polymorphisms (p.R1398H, p.K1423K, p.R1514Q, p.P1542S, c.4828-31T>C, p.G1624G, p.K1637K, p.M1646T, p.S1647T, c.5015+32A>G, c.5170+23T>A, c.5317+32C>T, p.G1819G, c.5948+48C>T, p.N2081D, p.E2108E and c.6381+30A>G). The frequency of pathogenic mutations or potentially pathogenic variants was 3.4% (including the p.G2019S mutation...


Subject(s)
Humans , Parkinson Disease/genetics , Parkinson Disease/pathology , Mutation/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/genetics , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Brazil , Neurodegenerative Diseases/genetics , Exons/genetics
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-203593

ABSTRACT

Chromatin structure has a crucial role in a diversity of physiological processes, including development, differentiation and stress responses, via regulation of transcription, DNA replication and DNA damage repair. Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors regulate chromatin structure and activate the DNA damage checkpoint pathway involving Ataxia-telangiectasia mutated (ATM). Herein, we investigated the impact of histone acetylation/deacetylation modification on the ATM-mediated transcriptional modulation to provide a better understanding of the transcriptional function of ATM. The prototype HDAC inhibitor trichostain A (TSA) reprograms expression of the myeloid cell leukemia-1 (MCL1) and Gadd45alpha genes via the ATM-mediated signal pathway. Transcription of MCL1 and Gadd45alpha is enhanced following TSA treatment in ATM+ cells, but not in isogenic ATM- or kinase-dead ATM expressing cells, in the ATM-activated E2F1 or BRCA1-dependent manner, respectively. These findings suggest that ATM and its kinase activity are essential for the TSA-induced regulation of gene expression. In summary, ATM controls the transcriptional upregulation of MCL1 and Gadd45alpha through the activation of the ATM-mediated signal pathway in response to HDAC inhibition. These findings are important in helping to design combinatory treatment schedules for anticancer radio- or chemo-therapy with HDAC inhibitors.


Subject(s)
Cell Cycle Proteins/genetics , DNA Damage/genetics , DNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , E2F1 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects , Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors/pharmacology , Histone Deacetylases/metabolism , Humans , Hydroxamic Acids/pharmacology , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Promoter Regions, Genetic/genetics , Protein Binding/drug effects , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/genetics , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Transcription, Genetic/drug effects , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/metabolism
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-27757

ABSTRACT

As glucose is known to induce insulin secretion in pancreatic beta cells, this study investigated the role of a phospholipase D (PLD)-related signaling pathway in insulin secretion caused by high glucose in the pancreatic beta-cell line MIN6N8. It was found that the PLD activity and PLD1 expression were both increased by high glucose (33.3 mM) treatment. The dominant negative PLD1 inhibited glucose-induced Beta2 expression, and glucose-induced insulin secretion was blocked by treatment with 1-butanol or PLD1-siRNA. These results suggest that high glucose increased insulin secretion through a PLD1-related pathway. High glucose induced the binding of Arf6 to PLD1. Pretreatment with brefeldin A (BFA), an Arf inhibitor, decreased the PLD activity as well as the insulin secretion. Furthermore, BFA blocked the glucose-induced mTOR and p70S6K activation, while mTOR inhibition with rapamycin attenuated the glucose induced Beta2 expression and insulin secretion. Thus, when taken together, PLD1 would appear to be an important regulator of glucose-induced insulin secretion through an Arf6/PLD1/mTOR/p70S6K/Beta2 pathway in MIN6N8 cells.


Subject(s)
ADP-Ribosylation Factors/metabolism , Animals , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/metabolism , Cells, Cultured , Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic/drug effects , Glucose/pharmacology , Insulin/metabolism , Insulin-Secreting Cells/drug effects , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/metabolism , Mice , Models, Biological , Oligodeoxyribonucleotides, Antisense/pharmacology , Phospholipase D/antagonists & inhibitors , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Ribosomal Protein S6 Kinases, 70-kDa/metabolism , Signal Transduction/drug effects
19.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 28(1): 81-89, abr. 2009. graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-525342

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: En pacientes con insuficiencia cardíaca la actividad adrenérgica está aumentada, lo que induce en el largo plazo, a cardiotoxicidad y mayor deterioro de la función ventricular. La administración experimental de Isoprotenerol, un agonista beta-adrenérgico, produce hipertrofia ventricular, daño y fibrosis miocárdica. La vía de señalización intracelular RhoA/Rho-Kinasa (ROCK) participa en el remodelamiento cardiovascular, no estando clara la relación entre la activación de esta vía y el desarrollo de fibrosis miocárdica. Objetivo: Determinar si existe activación de la vía ROCK en ratas con fibrosis miocárdica inducida experimentalmente por Isoprotenerol, mediante cuantificación de la fosforilación de la proteína blanco 1 de la fosfatasa de la miosina (MYPT1). Métodos: Se utilizaron ratas Sprague-Dawley machos (100 +/- 10 gr.); 10 como grupo control con administración de suero fisiológico y 10 en el grupo experimental con inyección subcutánea de Isoprotenerol Hemisulfato, 5 mg/kilo de peso por día, por un período de 10 días. Se determinó la presión arterial sistólica (PAS), la masa relativa ventricular izquierda (MRVI), la activación de ROCK a través de niveles de MYPT1 por Western Blot y se cuantificó la fibrosis en Ventrículo Izquierdo por análisis morfométrico del colágeno (en tinciones con Rojo de Picrosirio). Resultados (promedio +/- ES, =p<0,05): Los resultados en Presión Arterial Sistólica fueron 119,6 +/- 8,1 mmHg en el grupo control y 113,8 +/- 5,2 mmHg en el grupo tratado con Isoprotenerol, la MRVI fue de 358,3 +/- 10,9 mg/g en las controles y 495,3 +/- 42,02 mg/g en ratas Iso. La fracción volumétrica de colágeno (FVC) en miocardio y subendocardio fueron 3 +/- 0,3 y 3,3 +/- 0,4 en ratas control; en ratas Iso fueron 5,2 +/- 0,7 y 7,4 +/- 1,3 respectivamente.


Background: Patients with heart failure have increased adrenergic activity, which in turn induces cardiotoxicity, and further damage to the myocardium. lsoprotenerol induces ventricular hypertrophy with myocardial fibrosis. RHO A/ RHO Kinase pathway (ROCK) participates in myocardial remodeling, but it is not known whether ROCK is involved in the fibrotic process.Aim: To ascertain whether ROCK is activated in rats with Isoprotenerol -induced myocardial fibrosis, measuring ROCK by phosphon/ation of the myosin phosphatase (MYPTI). Methods: We used male Sprague-Dawley rats (100 +/- 10 g); 10 rats were used as controls and received sq saline,- 10 rats in the experimental group received sq Isoprotenerol (ISO rats) 5 mg/k body weight/day, during 10 days. We measured systolic blood pressure (SBP), left ventricular mass (LVM) and ROCK, which was measured by phophorylation of the MYPTI protein using Western Blot. Myocardial fibrosis was measured by morphometry of collagen in Picrosirius red stained samples, and was expressed as collagen volume fraction (CVF). Results were expressed as average +/- SEM; =p<005Results: SBP was 119,6 +/- 8,1 mmHg in controls and 113,8 +/- 5,2 mmHg in ISO rats; LVM was 358,3 +/- 10,9 mg/g in controls and 495,3 +/- 42,02 mg/g in ISO rats. CVF in the myocardium and subendocardium were 3 +/- 0,3 and 3,3 +/- 0,4 in control rats; values in ISO rats were 2 +/- 0,7 y 7,4 +/- 1,3 respectively. Total CVF were 3,2 +/- 0,4 in controls and 6,3 +/- 1,6 in ISO rats. ROCK, expressed as phosphorylated MYPTI /total MYPTI in control rats was 2,5 +/- 0,8 and 4,7 +/- 2,2 in ISO rats. Conclusion: ROCK pathway is significantly activated in the myocardium of ISO rats. ROCK antagonists for preventing myocardial fibrosis should be evaluated in this experimental model.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Cardiomyopathies/metabolism , rho-Associated Kinases/metabolism , Blotting, Western , Cardiomegaly/chemically induced , Cardiomyopathies/chemically induced , Disease Models, Animal , Enzyme Activation , Fibrosis/chemically induced , Myosin-Light-Chain Phosphatase/metabolism , Isoproterenol/pharmacology , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Rats, Wistar , Signal Transduction , Adrenergic beta-Antagonists/pharmacology
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-635061

ABSTRACT

The low dose hyper-radiosensitivity (HRS) in human lung cancer cell line A549 was investigated, the changes of ATM kinase, cell cycle and apoptosis of cells at different doses of radiation were observed, and the possible mechanisms were discussed. A549 cells in logarithmic growth phase were irradiated with (60)Co gamma-rays at doses of 0-2 Gy. Together with flow cytometry for precise cell sorting, cell survival fraction was measured by means of conventional colony-formation assay. The expression of ATM1981Ser-P protein was examined by Western blot 1 h after radiation. Apoptosis was detected by Hoechst 33258 fluorescent staining, and Annexin V-FITC/PI staining flow cytometry 24 h after radiation. Cell cycle distribution was observed by flow cytometry 6, 12 and 24 h after radiation. The results showed that the expression of ATM1981Ser-P protein was observed at 0.2 Gy, followed by an increase at >0.2 Gy, and reached the peak at 0.5 Gy, with little further increase as the dose exceeded 0.5 Gy. Twenty-four h after radiation, partial cells presented the characteristic morphological changes of apoptosis, and the cell apoptosis curve was coincident with the survival curve. As compared with control group, the cell cycle almost had no changes after exposure to 0.1 and 0.2 Gy radiation (P>0.05). After exposure to 0.3, 0.4 and 0.5 Gy radiation, G(2)/M phase arrest occurred 6 and 12 h after radiation (P<0.05), and the ratio of G(2)/M phase cells was decreased 24 h after radiation (P<0.05). It was concluded that A549 cells displayed the phenomenon of HRS/IRR. The mode of cell death was mainly apoptosis. The activity of ATM and cell cycle change may take an important role in HRS/IRR.


Subject(s)
Cell Cycle Proteins/genetics , Cell Cycle Proteins/metabolism , Cell Cycle Proteins/physiology , Cell Line, Tumor , DNA-Binding Proteins/antagonists & inhibitors , DNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , DNA-Binding Proteins/physiology , Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Radiation Dosage , Radiation Tolerance/physiology , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/metabolism
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