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1.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 53-56, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970877

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical characteristics and genetic etiology of a child with Schaaf-Yang syndrome (SYS).@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples of the child and his parents were collected and subjected to whole exome sequencing. Sanger sequencing was used for family constellation verification, and bioinformatic analysis was performed for the candidate variant.@*RESULTS@#The child, a 1-year-and-9-month-old boy, had clinical manifestations of retarded growth, small penis, and unusual facies. Genetic testing revealed that the child has harbored a novel heterozygous variant of c.3078dupG (p.Leu1027Valfs*28) of the MAGEL2 gene. Sanger sequencing showed that neither parent of the child carried the same variant. The c.3078dupG(p.Leu1027Valfs*28) variant of the MAGEL2 gene has not been included in the databases of ESP, 1000 Genomes and ExAC. According to the Standards and Guidelines for the Interpretation of Sequence Variants of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG), the variant was judged to be pathogenic.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.3078dupG (p.Leu1027Valfs*28) variant of the MAGEL2 gene probably underlay the SYS in this child, which has further expanded the spectrum of the MAGEL2 gene variants.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Infant , Male , Exome Sequencing , Genetic Testing , Heterozygote , Mutation , Proteins/genetics , Developmental Disabilities/genetics
2.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 66-72, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971019

ABSTRACT

Nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA) is a severe condition in infertile men, and increasing numbers of causative genes have been identified during the last few decades. Although certain causative genes can explain the presence of NOA in some patients, a proportion of NOA patients remain to be addressed. This study aimed to investigate potential high-risk genes associated with spermatogenesis in idiopathic NOA patients by whole-exome sequencing. Whole-exome sequencing was performed in 46 male patients diagnosed with NOA. First, screening was performed for 119 genes known to be related to male infertility. Next, further screening was performed to determine potential high-risk causative genes for NOA by comparisons with 68 healthy male controls. Finally, risk genes with high/specific expression in the testes were selected and their expression fluctuations during spermatogenesis were graphed. The frequency of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene pathogenic variant carriers was higher in the NOA patients compared with the healthy controls. Potential risk genes that may be causes of NOA were identified, including seven genes that were highly/specifically expressed in the testes. Four risk genes previously reported to be involved in spermatogenesis (MutS homolog 5 [MSH5], cilia- and flagella-associated protein 54 [CFAP54], MAP7 domain containing 3 [MAP7D3], and coiled-coil domain containing 33 [CCDC33]) and three novel risk genes (coiled-coil domain containing 168 [CCDC168], chromosome 16 open reading frame 96 [C16orf96], and serine protease 48 [PRSS48]) were identified to be highly or specifically expressed in the testes and significantly different in the 46 NOA patients compared with 68 healthy controls. This study on clinical NOA patients provides further evidence for the four previously reported risk genes. The present findings pave the way for further functional investigations and provide candidate risk genes for genetic diagnosis of NOA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Azoospermia/pathology , East Asian People , Exome Sequencing , Mutation , Proteins/genetics
3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 34-44, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970357

ABSTRACT

Antimicrobial resistance has become a major public health issue of global concern. Conjugation is an important way for fast spreading drug-resistant plasmids, during which the type Ⅳ pili plays an important role. Type Ⅳ pili can adhere on the surfaces of host cell and other medium, facilitating formation of bacterial biofilms, bacterial aggregations and microcolonies, and is also a critical factor in liquid conjugation. PilV is an adhesin-type protein found on the tip of type Ⅳ pili encoded by plasmid R64, and can recognize the lipopolysaccharid (LPS) molecules that locate on bacterial membrane. The shufflon is a clustered inversion region that diversifies the PilV protein, which consequently affects the recipient recognition and conjugation frequency in liquid mating. The shufflon was firstly discovered on an IncI1 plasmid R64 and has been identified subsequently in plasmids IncI2, IncK and IncZ, as well as the pathogenicity island of Salmonella typhi. The shufflon consists of four segments including A, B, C, and D, and a specific recombination site named sfx. The shufflon is regulated by its downstream-located recombinase-encoding gene rci, and different rearrangements of the shufflon region in different plasmids were observed. Mobile colistin resistance gene mcr-1, which has attracted substantial attentions recently, is mainly located in IncI2 plasmid. The shufflon may be one of the contributors to fast spread of mcr-1. Herein, we reviewed the discovery, structure, function and prevalence of plasmid mediated shufflon, aiming to provide a theoretical basis on transmission mechanism and control strategy of drug-resistant plasmids.


Subject(s)
Plasmids/genetics , Proteins/genetics , Bacteria/genetics , Recombinases , Genes, Bacterial , Anti-Bacterial Agents
4.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2141-2157, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981195

ABSTRACT

Proteins play a variety of functional roles in cellular activities and are indispensable for life. Understanding the functions of proteins is crucial in many fields such as medicine and drug development. In addition, the application of enzymes in green synthesis has been of great interest, but the high cost of obtaining specific functional enzymes as well as the variety of enzyme types and functions hamper their application. At present, the specific functions of proteins are mainly determined through tedious and time-consuming experimental characterization. With the rapid development of bioinformatics and sequencing technologies, the number of protein sequences that have been sequenced is much larger than those can be annotated, thus developing efficient methods for predicting protein functions becomes crucial. With the rapid development of computer technology, data-driven machine learning methods have become a promising solution to these challenges. This review provides an overview of protein function and its annotation methods as well as the development history and operation process of machine learning. In combination with the application of machine learning in the field of enzyme function prediction, we present an outlook on the future direction of efficient artificial intelligence-assisted protein function research.


Subject(s)
Artificial Intelligence , Machine Learning , Proteins/genetics , Computational Biology/methods , Drug Development
5.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1684-1695, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981163

ABSTRACT

C-fos is a transcription factor that plays an important role in cell proliferation, differentiation and tumor formation. The aim of this study was to clone the goat c-fos gene, clarify its biological characteristics, and further reveal its regulatory role in the differentiation of goat subcutaneous adipocytes. We cloned the c-fos gene from subcutaneous adipose tissue of Jianzhou big-eared goats by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and analyzed its biological characteristics. Using real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR), we detected the expression of c-fos gene in the heart, liver, spleen, lung, kidney, subcutaneous fat, longissimus dorsi and subcutaneous adipocytes of goat upon induced differentiation for 0 h to 120 h. The goat overexpression vector pEGFP-c-fos was constructed and transfected into the subcutaneous preadipocytes for induced differentiation. The morphological changes of lipid droplet accumulation were observed by oil red O staining and bodipy staining. Furthermore, qPCR was used to test the relative mRNA level of the c-fos overexpression on adipogenic differentiation marker genes. The results showed that the cloned goat c-fos gene was 1 477 bp in length, in which the coding sequence was 1 143 bp, encoding a protein of 380 amino acids. Protein structure analysis showed that goat FOS protein has a basic leucine zipper structure, and subcellular localization prediction suggested that it was mainly distributed in the nucleus. The relative expression level of c-fos was higher in the subcutaneous adipose tissue of goats (P < 0.05), and the expression level of c-fos was significantly increased upon induced differentiation of subcutaneous preadipocyte for 48 h (P < 0.01). Overexpression of c-fos significantly inhibited the lipid droplets formation in goat subcutaneous adipocytes, significantly decreased the relative expression levels of the AP2 and C/EBPβ lipogenic marker genes (P < 0.01). Moreover, AP2 and C/EBPβ promoter are predicted to have multiple binding sites. In conclusion, the results indicated that c-fos gene was a negative regulatory factor of subcutaneous adipocyte differentiation in goats, and it might regulate the expression of AP2 and C/EBPβ gene expression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Goats/genetics , Cell Differentiation/genetics , Adipogenesis/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation , Proteins/genetics , Cloning, Molecular
6.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 713-718, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009790

ABSTRACT

Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a rare hereditary orphan condition that results in variable phenotypes, including infertility. About 50 gene variants are reported in the scientific literature to cause PCD, and among them, dynein axonemal assembly factor 4 ( DNAAF4 ) has been recently reported. DNAAF4 has been implicated in the preassembly of a multiunit dynein protein essential for the normal function of locomotory cilia as well as flagella. In the current study, a single patient belonging to a Chinese family was recruited, having been diagnosed with PCD and asthenoteratozoospermia. The affected individual was a 32-year-old male from a nonconsanguineous family. He also had abnormal spine structure and spinal cord bends at angles diagnosed with scoliosis. Medical reports, laboratory results, and imaging data were investigated. Whole-exome sequencing, Sanger sequencing, immunofluorescence analysis, hematoxylin-eosin staining, and in silico functional analysis, including protein modeling and docking studies, were used. The results identified DNAAF4 disease-related variants and confirmed their pathogenicity. Genetic analysis through whole-exome sequencing identified two pathogenic biallelic variants in the affected individual. The identified variants were a hemizygous splice site c.784-1G>A and heterozygous 20.1 Kb deletion at the DNAAF4 locus, resulting in a truncated and functionless DNAAF4 protein. Immunofluorescence analysis indicated that the inner dynein arm was not present in the sperm flagellum, and sperm morphological analysis revealed small sperm with twisted and curved flagella or lacking flagella. The current study found novel biallelic variants causing PCD and asthenoteratozoospermia, extending the range of DNAAF4 pathogenic variants in PCD and associated with the etiology of asthenoteratozoospermia. These findings will improve our understanding of the etiology of PCD.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Asthenozoospermia/genetics , Dyneins/genetics , East Asian People , Kartagener Syndrome/genetics , Mutation , Proteins/genetics , Semen/metabolism
7.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4187-4200, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921498

ABSTRACT

The amino acid sequence of ancestral enzymes from extinct organisms can be deduced through in silico approach termed ancestral sequence reconstruction (ASR). ASR usually has six steps, which are the collection of nucleic acid/amino acid sequences of modern enzymes, multiple sequence alignment, phylogenetic tree construction, computational deduction of ancestral enzyme sequence, gene cloning, and characterization of enzyme properties. This method is widely used to study the adaptation and evolution mechanism of molecules to the changing environmental conditions on planetary time scale. As enzymes play key roles in biocatalysis, this method has become a powerful method for studying the relationship among the sequence, structure, and function of enzymes. Notably, most of the ancestral enzymes show better temperature stability and mutation stability, making them ideal protein scaffolds for further directed evolution. This article summarizes the computer algorithms, applications, and commonly used computer software of ASR, and discusses the potential application in directed evolution of enzymes.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Evolution, Molecular , Phylogeny , Proteins/genetics , Sequence Alignment
8.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 163-177, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878551

ABSTRACT

Directed evolution is a cyclic process that alternates between constructing different genes and screening functional gene variants. It has been widely used in optimization and analysis of DNA sequence, gene function and protein structure. It includes random gene libraries construction, gene expression in suitable hosts and mutant libraries screening. The key to construct gene library is the storage capacity and mutation diversity, to screen is high sensitivity and high throughput. This review discusses the latest advances in directed evolution. These new technologies greatly accelerate and simplify the traditional directional evolution process and promote the development of directed evolution.


Subject(s)
Base Sequence , Directed Molecular Evolution , Gene Library , Mutation , Proteins/genetics
10.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 112(11): 793-795, Nov. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-894847

ABSTRACT

A recent study showed that infectivity of Zika virus (ZIKV) Asian genotype was enhanced by an alanine-to-valine amino acid substitution at residue 188 of the NS1 protein, but the precise time and location of origin of this mutation were not formally estimated. Here, we applied a Bayesian coalescent-based framework to estimate the age and location of the ancestral viral strain carrying the A188V substitution. Our results support that the ancestral ZIKV strain carrying the A188V substitution arose in Southeastern Asia at the early 2000s and circulated in that region for some time (5-10 years) before being disseminated to Southern Pacific islands and the Americas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Proteins/genetics , Bayes Theorem , Viral Nonstructural Proteins/genetics , Zika Virus/genetics , Mutation/genetics , Phylogeny , Asia , Genotype
11.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 26: 1-6, Mar. 2017. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1008840

ABSTRACT

Background: Ornithine decarboxylase antizyme 1 (OAZ1) is an important regulator of polyamine synthesis and uptake. Our previous studies indicated that high OAZ1 expression in the ovaries of laying geese is responsible for poor egg production. In the present study, the molecular characterization of goose OAZ1 gene was analyzed, as well as the expression profile in various follicular tissues. Results: An 873-bp cDNA sequence of the OAZ1 gene (Accession No. KC845302) with a +1 frameshift site (+175T) was obtained. The sequence consisted of a 652-bp two overlapping open reading frames (a putative protein with 216 amino acids). The OAZ domain, OAZ signature and OAZ super family domain were prominent conserved regions among species. As the follicle size increased, OAZ1 abundance showed an increasing trend during follicular development, while it decreased during follicular regression. The level of OAZ1 mRNA expression was the lowest in the fifth largest preovulatory follicle, and was 0.65-fold compared to the small white follicle (P b 0.05). OAZ1 mRNA expression in the largest preovulatory and postovulatory follicle was 2.11- and 2.49-fold compared to the small white follicle, respectively (P b 0.05). Conclusions: The goose OAZ1 structure confirms that OAZ1 plays an important role in ornithine decarboxylase-mediated regulation of polyamine homeostasis. Our findings provide an evidence for a potential function of OAZ1 in follicular development, ovulation and regression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Proteins/genetics , Proteins/metabolism , Geese/metabolism , Ovarian Follicle/metabolism , Ornithine Decarboxylase/metabolism , Polyamines/metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Cloning, Molecular , Sequence Analysis , DNA, Complementary , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Ovarian Follicle/growth & development
12.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(6): e5661, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839315

ABSTRACT

Burkitt lymphoma (BL) is a highly malignant non-Hodgkin's lymphoma that is closely related to the abnormal expression of genes. Familial acute myelogenous leukemia related factor (FAMLF; GenBank accession No. EF413001.1) is a novel gene that was cloned by our research group, and miR-181b is located in the intron of the FAMLF gene. To verify the role of miR-181b and FAMLF in BL, RNAhybrid software was used to predict target site of miR-181b on FAMLF and real-time quantitative PCR (RQ-PCR) was used to detect expression of miR-181b and FAMLF in BL patients, Raji cells and unaffected individuals. miR-181b was then transfected into Raji and CA46 cell lines and FAMLF expression was examined by RQ-PCR and western blotting. Further, Raji cells viability and proliferation were detected by MTT and clone formation, and Raji cell cycle and apoptosis were detected by flow cytometry. The results showed that miR-181b can bind to bases 21–42 of the FAMLF 5′ untranslated region (UTR), FAMLF was highly expressed and miR-181b was lowly expressed in BL patients compared with unaffected individuals. FAMLF expression was significantly and inversely correlated to miR-181b expression, and miR-181b negatively regulated FAMLF at posttranscriptional and translational levels. A dual-luciferase reporter gene assay identified that the 5′ UTR of FAMLF mRNA contained putative binding sites for miR-181b. Down-regulation of FAMLF by miR-181b arrested cell cycle, inhibited cell viability and proliferation in a BL cell line model. Our findings explain a new mechanism of BL pathogenesis and may also have implications in the therapy of FAMLF-overexpressing BL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Burkitt Lymphoma/genetics , Burkitt Lymphoma/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Proteins/metabolism , Apoptosis/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Cell Survival/genetics , Down-Regulation/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Proteins/genetics
13.
Rev. biol. trop ; 64(4): 1747-1757, oct.-dic. 2016. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-958248

ABSTRACT

Abstract:Schistosomiasis remains a disease of major global public health concern since it is a chronic and debilitating illness. The widely distributed Schistosoma mansoni that causes intestinal schistosomiasis represents a great threat. Its world-wide distribution is permitted by the broad geographic range of the susceptible species of its intermediate host, Biomphalaria, which serves as an obligatory host for the larval stage, at which humans get infected. The objectives were to identify the proteins responsible for the snails' compatibility outcome through differentiation between the total proteins among Biomphalaria alexandrina snails at different ages. The work was conducted on snails that differ in age and genetic backgrounds. Four subgroups (F1) from the progeny of self-reproduced susceptible and resistant snails (F0) were studied. Infection rates of these subgroups (young susceptible, adult susceptible, young resistant and adult resistant) were 90 %, 75 %, 40 % and 0 %, respectively. Using Sodium Dodecyl Sulphate Polyacrylamide Gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), differences in protein expression were evaluated between adult and young snails of different subgroups. Dice similarity coefficient was calculated to determine the percentage of band sharing among the experimental subgroups. The results showed that the combination of similarities between age and compatibility status of the snails, lead to the highest similarity coefficient, followed by the combination of similarities of both genetic origin and age, even though they differ in the compatibility status. On the other hand, the differences in the genetic background, age and compatibility status, lead to the least similarity index. It was also found that the genetic background in young snails plays a major role in the determination of their compatibility, while the internal defense system has the upper hand in determining the level of adult compatibility. In conclusion, the findings of the present work highlight the great impact of the snail age in concomitance with the genetics and the internal defense in the determination of B. alexandrina/S.mansoni compatibility. Future works are recommended, as further characterization of the shared protein bands among the studied subgroups is needed to clarify their role in host-parasite relationship. Rev. Biol. Trop. 64 (4): 1747-1757. Epub 2016 December 01.


Resumen:La esquistosomiasis es una enfermedad crónica y debilitante que constituye una problemática de salud pública a nivel mundial. Debido a que Schistosoma mansoni está ampliamente distribuida y a que es el causante de la esquistosomiasis intestinal representa una gran amenaza. Biomphalaria es el hospedero intermedio y obligatorio para el estado larval, presenta una amplia distribución geográfica e infecta al ser humano. El objetivo fue identificar las proteínas responsables del efecto de compatibilidad en caracoles Biomphalaria alexandrina de distintos estadios a través de la diferenciación del total de proteínas en ellos. La investigación se llevó a cabo con caracoles de diferentes edades y antecedentes genéticos. Se estudiaron cuatro subgrupos (F1) de la progenie de caracoles susceptibles y resistentes reproducidos asexualmente (F0). Las tasas de infección de estos subgrupos (juvenil susceptible, adulto susceptible, juvenil resistente, adulto resistente) fueron 90 %, 75 %, 40 % y 0 %, respectivamente. Con la electroforesis en gel de poliacrilamida en presencia de dodecilsulfato sódico (SDS-PAGE) se evaluaron las diferencias en la expresión proteica entre los caracoles juveniles y adultos de los distintos subgrupos. Se calculó el coeficiente de similitud de Dice para determinar el porcentaje de bandas compartidas entre los subgrupos experimentales. Los resultados mostraron que la combinación de similitudes entre la edad y el estado de compatibilidad de los caracoles genera el mayor coeficiente de similitud seguido por el de la combinación de similitudes tanto de la edad como del origen genético aunque varían en el estado de compatibilidad. Por otra parte, las diferencias en los antecedentes genéticos, la edad y el estado de compatibilidad generan el índice de similitud más bajo. También se encontró que el antecedente genético en caracoles juveniles es importante en la determinación de su compatibilidad, mientras que el sistema de defensa interno es el que determina el nivel de compatibilidad en adultos. En conclusión, los resultados de este trabajo resaltan la importancia de la edad del caracol en conjunto con la genética y la defensa interna para determinar la compatibilidad de B. alexandrina/S.mansoni. Se recomienda realizar futuros trabajos así como una mayor caracterización de las bandas proteicas compartidas entre los subgrupos estudiados para esclarecer su papel en la relación hospedero-parásito.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biomphalaria/parasitology , Biomphalaria/chemistry , Schistosomiasis mansoni/parasitology , Proteins/analysis , Reference Values , Biomphalaria/genetics , Biomarkers/analysis , Proteins/genetics , Age Factors , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Host-Parasite Interactions , Molecular Weight
14.
J. appl. oral sci ; 24(3): 250-257, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-787547

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT A/J and 129P3/J mice strains have been widely studied over the last few years because they respond quite differently to fluoride (F) exposure. 129P3/J mice are remarkably resistant to the development of dental fluorosis, despite excreting less F in urine and having higher circulating F levels. These two strains also present different characteristics regardless of F exposure. Objective In this study, we investigated the differential pattern of protein expression in the liver of these mice to provide insights on why they have different responses to F. Material and Methods Weanling male A/J and 129P3/J mice (n=10 from each strain) were pared and housed in metabolic cages with ad libitum access to low-F food and deionized water for 42 days. Liver proteome profiles were examined using nLC-MS/MS. Protein function was classified by GO biological process (Cluego v2.0.7 + Clupedia v1.0.8) and protein-protein interaction network was constructed (PSICQUIC, Cytoscape). Results Most proteins with fold change were increased in A/J mice. The functional category with the highest percentage of altered genes was oxidation-reduction process (20%). Subnetwork analysis revealed that proteins with fold change interacted with Disks large homolog 4 and Calcium-activated potassium channel subunit alpha-1. A/J mice had an increase in proteins related to energy flux and oxidative stress. Conclusion This could be a possible explanation for the high susceptibility of these mice to the effects of F, since the exposure also induces oxidative stress.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Proteins/analysis , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Proteome/drug effects , Fluorides/toxicity , Liver/drug effects , Liver/metabolism , Fluorosis, Dental/genetics , Reference Values , Mass Spectrometry/methods , Time Factors , Proteins/drug effects , Proteins/genetics , Gene Expression , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Proteomics/methods , Protein Interaction Domains and Motifs , Mice, 129 Strain , Fluorides/analysis , Fluorides/metabolism , Mice, Inbred A
15.
Rev. salud pública ; 18(3): 1-1, mayo-jun. 2016. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-784966

ABSTRACT

Objetivo Detectar la presencia o ausencia de proteínas transgénicas derivadas de cultivos genéticamente modificados (GM) en harina de maíz comercializadas en Bogotá D.C., Colombia. Métodos Se evaluaron 11 protocolos de extracción de proteína total en 17 harinas pre-cocidas, dos no cocidas y tres controles positivos. Posteriormente, se determinó la presencia de 7 proteínas transgénicas (CP4EPSPS, Cry1Ab, Cry1Ac, Cry1F, Cry2A, Cry34Ab1 y Cry3Bb1) utilizando kits de ELISA comerciales. Resultados Se determinó que el mejor protocolo de extracción de proteína total fue el buffer con Tritón X-100, con el que se obtienen concentraciones de proteína mayores a 0,5 mg/g de harina y no genera interferencia con la técnica de ELISA. Se detectaron cuatro proteínas transgénicas: CP4EPSPS, Cry1F, Cry1Ab y Cry34Ab1 en harinas pre-cocidas y sin pre-cocción, con porcentajes que varían entre el 20 y 100 %. Conclusión Siete de las 19 harinas de maíz evaluadas contienen trazas de proteínas transgénicas (B2,B8,A3,O3,O1,C1 y C2), que confieren resistencia a lepidópteros o coleópteros y tolerancia al herbicida glifosato (CP4EPSPS, Cry1Ab, Cry1F, Cry34Ab1 y Cry3Bb1), todos los eventos detectados están aprobados para el consumo humano en Colombia según el Ministerio de Salud y Protección Social.(AU)


Objective To detect the presence or absence of transgenic proteins derived from GM crops in maize flour marketed in Bogota D.C., Colombia. Methods 11 extraction protocols for total protein were evaluated in 17 precooked flour, two uncooked and three positive controls. Subsequently, the presence of 7 transgenic proteins (CP4-EPSPS, Cry1Ab, Cry1Ac, Cry1F, Cry2A, Cry34Ab1 and Cry3Bb1) using commercial ELISA kits was determined. Results It was determined that the best protocol for total protein extraction was buffer with Triton X-100, which allowed obtaining protein concentrations greater than 0.5 mg per gram of flour and does not generate interference with the ELISA technique. Four transgenic proteins were detected: CP4EPSPS, Cry1F, Cry1Ab and Cry34Ab1 in precooked and uncooked flour with percentages varying between 20 and 100 %. Conclusion Seven of the 19 maize flours contain traces of transgenic protein (B2,B8,A3,O3,O1,C1 and C2) that provide resistance to lepidopterans and coleopterans, and tolerance to glyphosate herbicide, (CP4EPSPS- Cry1Ab, Cry1F, Cry34Ab1 and Cry3Bb1). All detected events are approved for human consumption in Colombia, according to the Ministry of Health and Social Protection.(AU)


Subject(s)
Proteins/genetics , Genetic Engineering/instrumentation , Zea mays/chemistry , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/instrumentation , Colombia
17.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 73(12): 1026-1037, Dec. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-767610

ABSTRACT

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis represents the most common neurodegenerative disease leading to upper and lower motor neuron compromise. Although the vast majority of cases are sporadic, substantial gain has been observed in the knowledge of the genetic forms of the disease, especially of familial forms. There is a direct correlation between the profile of the mutated genes in sporadic and familial forms, highlighting the main role ofC9orf72 gene in the clinical forms associated with frontotemporal dementia spectrum. The different genes related to familial and sporadic forms represent an important advance on the pathophysiology of the disease and genetic therapeutic perspectives, such as antisense therapy. The objective of this review is to signal and summarize clinical and genetic data related to familial forms of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.


A esclerose lateral amiotrófica representa a forma mais comum de doença neurodegenerativa com comprometimento do neurônio motor superior e inferior. Embora a maioria dos casos seja esporádica, ganho impressionante referente ao conhecimento das formas genética da doença foi observado, em especial das formas familiares. Há uma correlação direta entre o perfil de genes mutados nas formas familiares e esporádicas, destacando-se o papel principal do geneC9orf72 nas formas clínicas associadas com espectro da demência frontotemporal. Os diferentes genes relacionados às formas familiares e esporádicas representam um importante avanço na fisiopatologia da doença e perespectivas terapêuticas genéticas, como a terapia antisense. O objetivo desta revisão é apontar e resumir os principais dados clínicos e genéticos relacionados às formas familiares da esclerose lateral amiotrófica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis/genetics , Mutation/genetics , Proteins/genetics , Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis/classification
18.
An. bras. dermatol ; 90(2): 268-269, Mar-Apr/2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-741063

ABSTRACT

Lacaziosis or Jorge Lobo's disease is a fungal, granulomatous, chronic infectious disease caused by Lacazia loboi, which usually affects the skin and subcutaneous tissue. It is characterized by slow evolution and a variety of cutaneous manifestations with the most common clinical expression being nodular keloid lesions that predominate in exposed areas. We report the case of a patient who had an unusual clinical presentation, with a single-plated lesion on the back. Histopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of Lacaziosis.


Subject(s)
Data Mining/methods , Gene Ontology , Internet , Semantics , Software , Proteins/genetics , Vocabulary, Controlled
19.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 20(4): 1085-1098, abr. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-744894

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of oral cancer self-examinationamong the elderly and confirm whether prevalence was higher among users of the dental services provided by Brazil's Unified Health System (SUS, acronym in Portuguese). A transversal study of elderly people aged between 65 and 74 years living in a large-sized Brazilian municipality was conducted using simple random sampling. Logistic regression was conducted and results were corrected for sample design and unequal weighting using the SPSS(r) software. The study assessed 740 individuals. A total of 492 met the inclusion criteria, of which 101 (22.4%) reported having performed an oral cancer self-examination. Prevalence was higher among users of the dental services provided by the SUS, higher-income individuals, people with higher levels of education, individuals that used a removable dental prosthesis, and people who had not experienced discomfort attributed to oral condition, and lower among people who sought regular and periodic dental treatment and individuals who did not have a drinking habit. This type of self-care should be encouraged by public health policies which respond to the needs of the elderly, with emphasis on users of private and philanthropic services, and other services outside the public health network.


Este estudo objetivou identificar a prevalência do autoexame bucal entre idosos e constatar se essa prevalência foi maior entre usuários de serviços odontológicos prestados pelo Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS). Estudo transversal conduzido a partir de amostragem probabilística complexa por conglomerados, entre idosos (65-74 anos) de um município brasileiro de grande porte populacional. Foi realizada regressão logística binária, as estimativas foram corrigidas pelo efeito de desenho e por ponderações, utilizando-se o SPSS(r). Dentre os 740 avaliados, atenderam aos critérios de inclusão 492 idosos e, destes, 101 (22,4%) relataram a prática do autoexame bucal. Esta prática foi maior entre idosos usuários dos serviços odontológicos prestados no SUS, entre aqueles com maior renda per capita, os com maior escolaridade, aqueles que utilizavam prótese dentária removível e entre os que não tiveram impactos decorrentes das desordens bucais; foi menor entre os que usaram serviços odontológicos por rotina e os que não possuíam hábito etilista. A prevalência do autoexame bucal entre idosos foi baixa e maior entre aqueles usuários do SUS. O estímulo à adesão a este autocuidado deve ser considerado nas políticas de saúde do idoso vigentes, especialmente entre usuários de serviços particulares, supletivos e filantrópicos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , /genetics , Dyslexia/genetics , Language Disorders/genetics , Colorado , Genetic Loci , Genotype , Haplotypes , Intelligence Tests , Iowa , Italy , Linkage Disequilibrium , Longitudinal Studies , Microtubule-Associated Proteins/genetics , Nerve Tissue Proteins/genetics , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Phenotype , Proteins/genetics , Pseudogenes , Psychological Tests , Reading , Thiolester Hydrolases/genetics , Transcription Factors/genetics
20.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 27(1): 64-71, Jan-Mar/2015. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-744694

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar a factibilidade da implantação precoce de um programa de reabilitação da deglutição em pacientes traqueostomizados com disfagia e sob ventilação mecânica. Métodos: Estudo prospectivo realizado em unidades de terapia intensiva de um hospital universitário. Incluímos pacientes hemodinamicamente estáveis e submetidos à ventilação mecânica por pelo menos 48 horas e há no mínimo 48 horas com traqueostomia e nível adequado de consciência. Os critérios de exclusão foram cirurgia prévia na cavidade oral, faringe, laringe e/ou esôfago, presença de doenças degenerativas ou história pregressa de disfagia orofaríngea. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos a um programa de reabilitação da deglutição. Antes e após o tratamento de reabilitação da deglutição, foram determinados um escore estrutural orofaríngeo, um escore funcional de deglutição, e um escore otorrinolaringológico estrutural e funcional. Resultados: Foram incluídos 14 pacientes. A duração média do programa de reabilitação foi de 12,4 ± 9,4 dias, com média de 5,0 ± 5,2 dias sob ventilação mecânica. Onze pacientes puderam receber alimentação por via oral enquanto ainda permaneciam na unidade de terapia intensiva após 4 (2 - 13) dias de tratamento. Todos os escores apresentaram melhora significante após o tratamento. Conclusão: Neste pequeno grupo de pacientes, a implantação de um programa precoce de reabilitação da deglutição foi factível, mesmo em pacientes sob ventilação mecânica. .


Objective: The aim of the present study was to assess the feasibility of the early implementation of a swallowing rehabilitation program in tracheostomized patients under mechanical ventilation with dysphagia. Methods: This prospective study was conducted in the intensive care units of a university hospital. We included hemodynamically stable patients under mechanical ventilation for at least 48 hours following 48 hours of tracheostomy and with an appropriate level of consciousness. The exclusion criteria were previous surgery in the oral cavity, pharynx, larynx and/or esophagus, the presence of degenerative diseases or a past history of oropharyngeal dysphagia. All patients were submitted to a swallowing rehabilitation program. An oropharyngeal structural score, a swallowing functional score and an otorhinolaryngological structural and functional score were determined before and after swallowing therapy. Results: We included 14 patients. The mean duration of the rehabilitation program was 12.4 ± 9.4 days, with 5.0 ± 5.2 days under mechanical ventilation. Eleven patients could receive oral feeding while still in the intensive care unit after 4 (2 - 13) days of therapy. All scores significantly improved after therapy. Conclusion: In this small group of patients, we demonstrated that the early implementation of a swallowing rehabilitation program is feasible even in patients under mechanical ventilation. .


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Energy Intake/genetics , Food , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Proteins/genetics , Reinforcement, Psychology , Body Height/genetics , Body Weight/genetics , Ethnicity , Feeding Behavior/physiology , Genetic Association Studies , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Obesity/genetics , Surveys and Questionnaires
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