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1.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 1-7, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012443

ABSTRACT

Introduction@#It is anticipated that Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) has greater risk in acquiring COVID-19 infection and poorer outcome. However, current worldwide data are conflicting. @*Objectives@#This study primarily aims to compare the outcomes of COVID-19 patients with COPD and those without COPD in terms of length of hospital stay (LOS), recovery or mortality, treatment received, and predictors of mortality.@*Methods@#This is a retrospective cohort chart review of 1,017 admitted adult COVID-19 patients from July to December 2020. Age, gender, smoking status, current control and medications for COPD, COVID-19 severity, symptoms, treatment, and outcomes of the two study groups were compared.@*Results@#Prevalence rate of COPD was 3.8%. COVID-19 patients with COPD were older (median age of 69 vs 54, p<0.001), male (87% vs 50%, p<0.001), hypertensive (72% vs 48%, p=0.004), and with tuberculosis (31% vs 11%, p=0.002). COVID-19 patients with COPD more commonly needed oxygen therapy, High Flow Nasal Cannula, Mechanical Ventilation, Tocilizumab, Convalescent Plasma Therapy and Dexamethasone, and had longer LOS. Significant risk factors for mortality are malignancy, investigational therapies, smoking, and older age. There was no difference in survival rates between the two groups.@*Conclusion@#COPD increases the risk for severe COVID-19 and lengthens LOS.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Mortality
2.
Rev. ADM ; 80(6): 331-339, nov.-dic. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1555437

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la enfermedad periodontal y la enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica son patologías de origen inflamatorio crónico y progresivo que afectan a pacientes de edad avanzada, fumadores con mal estado de salud oral, encontrándose una correlación por el grado de severidad en la enfermedad periodontal sobre aquellos individuos con presencia de enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica (EPOC) y exacerbaciones. Objetivos: determinar la relación de la enfermedad periodontal y la enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica, explicando los factores de riesgo que intervienen en estas enfermedades. Material y métodos: se realizó una búsqueda en los principales buscadores de datos digitales: PubMed, SciELO, Science Direct, BMC, Journal of Periodontology, Web of Science y Scopus. Se escogieron artículos publicados en los últimos cinco años; se excluyeron artículos incompletos y que no se relacionan al tema. En el resultado de la búsqueda, 45 artículos cumplieron con el propósito de la revisión bibliográfica. Resultados: en esta revisión bibliográfica, se obtuvo que 18 artículos comprueban la relación de la enfermedad periodontal y la enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica. Conclusiones: se ha comprobado la relación entre la enfermedad periodontal y enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica. Se requiere el análisis de más estudios para determinar una relación directa entre estas dos enfermedades e incluir variables como la edad y el tratamiento (AU)


Introduction: periodontal disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are diseases of chronic and progressive inflammatory origin that affect elderly patients, smokers with poor oral health, finding a correlation by the degree of severity in periodontal disease on those individuals with the presence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and exacerbations. Objectives: to determine the relationship between periodontal disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease explaining the risk factors involved in these diseases. Material and methods: a search was carried out in the main digital data search engines: PubMed, SciELO, Science Direct, BMC, Journal of Periodontology, Web of Science, and Scopus, articles published in the last 5 years were chosen, incomplete articles and those not related to the subject were excluded, in the result of the search 45 articles fulfilled the purpose of the bibliographic review. Results: in this literature review it was obtained that 18 articles, prove the relationship between periodontal disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Conclusions: the relationship between periodontal disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease has been proved. More studies are needed to determine a direct relationship between these two diseases and to include variables such as age and treatment (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Periodontal Diseases/microbiology , Pulmonary Emphysema , Bronchitis/complications , Databases, Bibliographic/trends , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/microbiology , Microbial Interactions
3.
Respirar (Ciudad Autón. B. Aires) ; 15(4): 263-278, Diciembre 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1518685

ABSTRACT

Las enfermedades respiratorias crónicas avanzadas son prevalentes y producen deterioro de la calidad de vida, en particular la enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica (EPOC), las enfermedades pulmonares intersticiales difusas (EPID) y las enfermedades neuromusculares progresivas con compromiso diafragmático (ENM). Quienes las padecen presentan síntomas persistentes que no son siempre adecuada-mente controlados por los tratamientos recomendados por las guías clínicas de mane-jo. El tratamiento paliativo de los síntomas persistentes es un punto relevante y suelen presentarse barreras para su implementación.Este artículo ofrece una revisión narrativa sobre una perspectiva latinoamericana acerca del rol de los cuidados paliativos en enfermedades respiratorias avanzadas.


Advanced chronic respiratory diseases are prevalent and cause deterioration in qual-ity of life, particularly chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), diffuse intersti-tial lung diseases (ILD) and progressive neuromuscular diseases with diaphragmatic involvement (NMD). Those who suffer from them usually present persistent symptoms that are not always adequately controlled by the treatments recommended by the clinical management guidelines. Palliative treatment of persistent symptoms is a relevant point, but the pal-liative approach usually presents barriers to its implementation.This article offers a narrative review over Latin American perspective on the role of pal-liative care in advanced respiratory diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Palliative Care , Respiratory Tract Diseases/therapy , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/therapy , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/therapy , Neuromuscular Diseases/therapy , Prevalence , Caregivers , Drug Therapy , Pain Management
4.
Respirar (Ciudad Autón. B. Aires) ; 15(2): 88-93, jun2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1437542

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica (EPOC) es un trastorno res-piratorio caracterizado por síntomas clínicos y compromiso funcional que afecta la ca-pacidad aeróbica limitando las actividades cotidianas y la calidad de vida. La prueba de caminata de 6 minutos (C6M) es una prueba sencilla y de bajo costo que evalúa la capa-cidad de los pacientes para realizar sus actividades cotidianas. Objetivo: evaluar la re-lación entre la capacidad aeróbica medida por la distancia recorrida en la C6M y el se-xo, edad, disnea y comorbilidades cardiometabólicas en pacientes con EPOC. Material y métodos: estudio de corte transversal, descriptivo, basado en pruebas de caminatas de 6 minutos (C6M) realizadas en pacientes con EPOC. Resultados: se evaluaron 101 pacientes, hombres (63,4%), con una edad promedio de 74,1±8,7 años. Al correlacionar C6M con otras variables se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas. La distancia media recorrida fue mayor en hombres que en mujeres (DM: 58,3 metros, IC 95%; 16 - 100,6, p=0,007). Los pacientes < 75 años, sin comorbilidades y disnea < 2 tu-vieron mejor desempeño en la C6M que los > 75 años (DM; 62,012 metros IC 95% 21,5 - 102,4, p=0,003), con comorbilidades (DM: 42,2 metros, IC 95%, 0.003 - 84,4; p=0,050) y disnea ≥ 2 (DM: 65,8 IC 95% 23,9 - 107,6, p=0,002). Conclusiones: el sexo femenino, la presencia de comorbilidad cardiovascular y metabólica, y la edad se asocian con dis-minución en la capacidad física aeróbica y funcional en los pacientes con EPOC. (AU)


Introduction: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a respiratory disorder characterized by clinical symptoms and functional impairment that affects aerobic capacity, limiting daily activities and quality of life. The 6-minute walk test (C6M) is a simple, low-cost test that assesses a patient's ability to perform their daily activities. Objective: to evaluate the relationship between aerobic capacity measured by the distance covered in the C6M and gender, age, dyspnea and cardiometabolic comorbidities in patients with COPD. Materials and methods: cross-sectional, descriptive study, based on 6-minute walk tests (C6M) performed in patients with COPD. Results: 101 male patients (63.4%), with a mean age of 74.1 ± 8.7 years, were evaluated. When correlating C6M with other variables, statistically significant differences were found. The mean distance traveled was greater in men than in women (MD: 58.3 meters, 95% CI: 16 - 100.6, p=0.007). Patients <75 years old, without comorbidities and dyspnea <2 had better performance in the C6M than those >75 years old (MD; 62 meters CI 95% 21.5 - 102.4, p=0.003), with comorbidities (MD: 42.2 meters, 95% CI, 0.003 - 84.4; p=0.050) and dyspnea ≥ 2 (MD: 65.8, 95% CI 23.9 - 107.6, p=0.002). Conclusions: female sex, the presence of cardiovascular and metabolic comorbidity, and age are associated with decreased aerobic and functional physical capacity in patients with COPD. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/pathology , Dyspnea/pathology , Walk Test/methods , Quality of Life , Comorbidity , Colombia , Age Groups
5.
Respirar (Ciudad Autón. B. Aires) ; 15(2): [113-127], jun2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1437560

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica (EPOC) es la tercera causa de muerte en todo el mundo. Sin embargo, ante la falta de herramientas diagnósticas precisas en el primer nivel de atención médica, como la espirometría, es difícil determinar la prevalen-cia real de la EPOC.Por otro lado, la falta de una definición clara y precisa de las exacerbaciones de la EPOC hace que se subestime su impacto en la salud pública; habitualmente, los pacien-tes con EPOC que cursan una exacerbación retrasan la búsqueda de atención médica inmediata porque se acostumbran al deterioro asociado a la enfermedad o lo confun-den con cambios por la edad avanzada. Esto puede provocar un aumento de la mor-bilidad y la mortalidad, asimismo, mayor utilización de los recursos sanitarios y mayor carga económica. Por lo tanto, es importante sensibilizar sobre la importancia del diagnóstico temprano y el tratamiento adecuado de las exacerbaciones de la EPOC, del mismo modo que el mayor conocimiento público de los síntomas, las causas y los factores de riesgo de la EPOC. Con ello, se podrán aplicar estrategias de prevención, diagnóstico y tratamiento más eficaces que mejoren la calidad de vida de los pacientes y disminuyan la carga de la enfermedad para la sociedad.Esta revisión ofrece un análisis crítico de la definición más reciente y esboza las impli-caciones del comportamiento de las exacerbaciones, su impacto en los distintos ám-bitos del sistema sanitario, así como en las diferentes esferas de la vida de los pacien-tes con EPOC. (AU)


Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a common disease and the third leading cause of death worldwide. However, due to the lack of accurate diagnostic tools at the first level of care, such as spirometry, the true prevalence of COPD is difficult to determine.In addition, the lack of a clear definition of COPD exacerbations means that its pub-lic health impact is underestimated. Patients with COPD often do not seek immediate medical attention because they become used to the deterioration associated with the disease. This can lead to increased patient morbidity and mortality, as well as increased utilization of healthcare resources and higher economic costs. Therefore, it is important to promote greater awareness of the importance of early di-agnosis and proper management of COPD exacerbations, as well as increased public awareness of COPD symptoms, etiologic agents, and risk factors.By better understanding COPD exacerbations, more effective prevention, diagnosis and treatment strategies can be implemented to improve the quality of life of patients and reduce the burden of the disease on society.This review aims to provide a critical analysis of the most recent definition and to out-line the implications of the behavior of COPD exacerbations and their impact on the dif-ferent settings of the health care system, as well as on the different spheres of patients' lives. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/diagnosis , Dyspnea/diagnosis , Quality of Life , Risk Factors , Early Diagnosis , Mexico
6.
J. bras. econ. saúde (Impr.) ; 15(1): 59-66, Abril/2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, ECOS | ID: biblio-1437952

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess healthcare resource utilization and hospitalization costs of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations in the Brazilian private healthcare system. Methods: A retrospective cohort study, considering data from an administrative database of a private company (Orizon). Patients aged ≥40 years old and with at least one COPD-related claim identified by the ICD-10 code (J40 to J44) at any time during the eligibility period (January/2010 to December/2013) were included in the analysis. Follow-up was performed until December/2014, death or inactivation of a health plan. Sociodemographic characteristics, number of emergency visits, hospital admissions (number and length of stay), length of hospital stay in an intensive care unit (ICU), number of severe COPD exacerbations, therapeutic approach, and hospitalization costs were assessed. Results: The analysis included 8,254 COPD patients. Emergency visits, hospital admission, and exacerbation rates were 0.4, 0.2, and 0.1 per person-year, respectively. The mean length of hospital stays and the length of stay of patients requiring or not ICU stay were 16.6 (SD = 77.0), 8.7 (SD = 36.9), and 27.6 (SD = 109.7), respectively. Mean costs associated to emergency department visits and hospitalizations were 258.2 BRL (SD = 383.1) and 38,165.4 BRL (SD = 124,683.5), respectively. Hospitalizations costs without ICU stay were 11,810.1 BRL (SD = 31,144.1) and 74,585.3 BRL (SD = 182,808.1) for those with ICU utilization. Conclusion: Costs for COPD management during disease exacerbation are very high and may reach almost 75 thousand BRL per hospitalization. The prevention of COPD exacerbations and better disease control may reduce the economic burden on the private healthcare system in Brazil.


Objetivo: Avaliar a utilização de recursos e custos de pacientes com exacerbação da doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica (DPOC) no sistema de saúde suplementar (SSS) do Brasil. Métodos: Estudo de coorte retrospectiva, considerando banco de dados administrativo de uma empresa privada (Orizon). Pacientes com ≥40 anos e pelo menos um registro de admissão relacionado à DPOC identificado com CID-10 J40-J44, entre janeiro/2010 e dezembro/2013, foram incluídos e acompanhados até dezembro/2014, morte ou inativação no plano. Características sociodemográficas, número de visitas de emergência, admissões hospitalares (número e tempo de hospitalização), tempo de hospitalização em unidade de terapia intensiva (UTI), número de exacerbações graves, estratégias terapêuticas e custos hospitalares foram as variáveis analisadas. Resultados: A análise incluiu 8.254 pacientes com DPOC. As taxas de visita à emergência, internação hospitalar e exacerbação da doença foram de 0,4, 0,2 e 0,1 por pessoa-ano, respectivamente. Os tempos médios de hospitalização, hospitalização sem utilização de UTI e hospitalização com necessidade de UTI foram de 16,6 (DP = 77,0), 8,7 (DP = 36,9) e 27,6 (DP = 109,7) dias, respectivamente. Os custos médios relacionados à visita de emergência e por hospitalização foram de 258,2 BRL (DP = 383,1) e 38.165,4 BRL (DP = 124.683,5), respectivamente. Os custos para pacientes que não utilizaram UTI foram de 11.810,1 BRL (DP = 31.144,1) e de 74.585,3 BRL (DP = 182.808,1) para aqueles com necessidade desse serviço. Conclusão: Os custos para o manejo dos pacientes com exacerbação da DPOC são muito elevados, podendo chegar a 75.000 BRL por hospitalização. A prevenção de exacerbações e o melhor controle da doença podem reduzir esse impacto econômico no SSS.


Subject(s)
Costs and Cost Analysis , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Supplemental Health
7.
Rev. cuba. med ; 62(1)mar. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1450008

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica cursa con un patrón inflamatorio en la vía aérea que incluye neutrófilos, macrófagos, linfocitos, los cuales se pueden obtener mediante un cepillado bronquial citológico. Objetivos: Identificar patrón inflamatorio según células inflamatorias presentes en la vía aérea, mediante el cepillado bronquial citológico e índice tabáquico de paquetes/año en pacientes con enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal en pacientes con enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica, que concurrieron al Hospital Neumológico Benéfico-Jurídico, en el período comprendido de junio de 2018 a junio de 2019, con indicación para la realización de fibrobroncoscopía con cepillado bronquial. Resultados: El 53,1 por ciento de los pacientes corresponden al sexo masculino. Un 46,1 por ciento presentó un índice tabáquico de paquetes/año entre 21-40. Predominaron las criptas y estrías como hallazgos broncoscópicos con un 51 por ciento y 40,8 por ciento respectivamente en pacientes con índice paquetes/año mayor que 40. De los pacientes con índice paquetes/año mayor de 40 (13 para un 26,5 por ciento) presentaron hiperplasia de células basales. El 46,9 por ciento de los pacientes presentaron un patrón inflamatorio neutrofílica. Conclusiones: Se identificaron a los pacientes con EPOC que presentaron patrón inflamatorio neutrofílica en la vía aérea y elevado índice tabáquico y desde el punto de vista broncoscópico tienen varios hallazgos que sugieren cronicidad(AU)


Introduction: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease presents with an inflammatory pattern in the airway that includes neutrophils, macrophages, and lymphocytes, which can be obtained by cytological bronchial brushing. Objectives: To identify inflammatory pattern according to inflammatory cells present in the airway, through cytological bronchial brushing and smoking rate of packs/year in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, who attended Benefico-Jurídico Pneumological Hospital, from June 2018 to June 2019, with an indication for fiberoptic bronchoscopy with bronchial brushing. Results: 53.1percent of the patients correspond to the male sex. 46.1percent ad a smoking rate of packs/year between 21-40. Crypts and striae predominated as bronchoscopic findings with 51percent and 40.8percent respectively in patients with a pack/year index greater than 40. Patients with a pack/year index greater than 40 (13 for 26.5percent) showed basal cell hyperplasia. 46.9percent of the patients had a neutrophilic inflammatory pattern. Conclusions: Patients with COPD who had a neutrophilic inflammatory pattern in the airway and high smoking index were identified, and from the bronchoscopic point of view they have several findings that suggest chronicity(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/diagnosis , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
9.
Medisan ; 27(1)feb. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1440565

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La ventilación no invasiva es un tratamiento efectivo en pacientes con enfermedad pulmonar agudizada. Objetivo: Describir las características demográficas, clínicas, ventilatorias y hemogasométricas en pacientes tratados con ventilación no invasiva. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo, longitudinal y prospectivo de 234 pacientes con enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica agudizada, ventilados de forma no invasiva en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos del Hospital Provincial Clínico-Quirúrgico Docente Saturnino Lora de Santiago de Cuba de enero de 2011 a septiembre de 2021. Resultados: En la serie predominaron el sexo masculino, la neumonía extrahospitalaria y la insuficiencia cardíaca crónica; mientras que la edad media fue de 71 años y la ventilación no invasiva fracasó en 53,8 % de los afectados. Asimismo, la frecuencia respiratoria disminuyó de 34,3 a 23,5 respiraciones por minuto en la segunda hora y se observó, además, un incremento del pH, así como de la relación presión arterial de O2/fracción inspirada de O2 y saturación de oxígeno a la pulsioximetría/fracción inspiratoria de O2. La presión arterial de CO2 tuvo valores promedio de 61,8 mmHg al inicio y de 60,7 mmHg en la segunda hora. Conclusiones: Los valores basales de las variables clínicas, hemogasométricas y ventilatorias mejoraron luego del tratamiento con ventilación no invasiva. Entre los parámetros asociados al fracaso del tratamiento figuraron: frecuencia cardiaca, frecuencia respiratoria, presión arterial de CO2, escala de coma de Glasgow, pH y presencia de fugas; igualmente, la estadía prolongada, la ventilación por más de 48 horas y la mortalidad estuvieron relacionadas con dicho fracaso.


Introduction: The non invasive ventilation is an effective treatment in patients with acute lung disease. Objective: To describe the demographic, clinical, ventilatory and hemogasometric characteristics in patients treated with non invasive ventilation. Methods: An observational, descriptive, longitudinal and prospective study of 234 patients with chronic obstructive lung disease, non-invasive ventilated in the Intensive Cares Unit of Saturnino Lora Teaching Clinical-Surgical Provincial Hospital in Santiago de Cuba, was carried out, from January, 2011 to September, 2021. Results: In the series there was a prevalence of male sex, non hospital acquired pneumonia and chronic heart failure; while the mean age was 71 years and non invasive ventilation failed in 53.8 % of those affected. Also, the respiratory rate decreased from 34.3 to 23.5 breaths per minute in the second hour and an increase in pH was also observed, as well as in the relationship arterial pressure of O2/inspired fraction of O2 and oxygen saturation to the pulsioximetry/inspiratory fraction of O2. The arterial pressure of CO2 had average values of 61.8 mmHg to the beginning and of 60.7 mmHg in the second hour. Conclusions: The basal values of clinical, hemogasometric and ventilatory variables improved after treatment with non invasive ventilation. Among the parameters associated with the treatment failure there were heart frequency, respiratory frequency, arterial pressure of CO2, coma Glasgow scale, pH and leaks; equally, the long stay, the ventilation for more than 48 hours and mortality were related to this failure.


Subject(s)
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Noninvasive Ventilation , Secondary Care , Intensive Care Units
10.
Rev. Pesqui. Fisioter ; 13(1)fev., 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1427977

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: A Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica (DPOC) é um distúrbio crônico e progressivo, que evolui com o declínio da função pulmonar. Embora sua cronicidade, são comuns períodos de agudização acompanhados de Insuficiência Respiratória Aguda hipercápnica, requisitando permanência nas Unidades de Terapia Intensiva (UTI) e Ventilação Mecânica Invasiva (VMI) para reversão da falência respiratória. O desmame na DPOC ocupa até 58% da VM, logo, se faz necessário estratégias específicas para otimização desse processo, com a utilização de modos e ajustes ventilatórios que promovam um desmame precoce e efetivo. OBJETIVO: Verificar os efeitos da Ventilação com Pressão de Suporte quando comparado com modos e estratégias distintas no desmame de pacientes com DPOC. MÉTODOS: Revisão sistemática, construída seguindo critérios do PRISMA, registrada na PROSPERO (CRD42022362228). Considerados elegíveis ensaios clínicos controlados randomizados que avaliaram o modo PSV em comparação com modos e estratégias distintas, em pacientes com diagnóstico de DPOC, em VMI, sem delimitação de ano/idioma. Foram excluídos artigos incompletos, duplicados e indisponíveis aos recursos de recuperação. Desfechos de interesse foram: duração do desmame, tempo de permanência na UTI e mortalidade. A estratégia foi aplicada nas bases: PubMed, Cochrane, SciELO, e Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde. As ferramentas Escala PEDro e RevMan Web foram utilizadas para análise da qualidade dos estudos e risco de viés, respectivamente. RESULTADOS: Incluídos 8 artigos. 6 mostraram significância estatística, apresentando menor tempo de desmame no grupo ASV (24 (20­62) h versus 72 (24­144) h PSV) (p=0,041); mais dias na UTI quando comparado com o modo PAV (p<0,001). PSV foi mais eficaz nos mesmos desfechos quando comparado com a estratégia Tubo-T. Houve diferenças quanto a taxa de mortalidade com o modo NAVA. CONCLUSÃO: Fica evidente que o modo PSV quando em relação a modos ventilatórios assistidos, tem potencial de fornecer piores desfechos associados ao processo de desmame da ventilação invasiva de pacientes com DPOC.


INTRODUCTION: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a chronic and progressive disorder that evolves with the decline in lung function. Despite its chronicity, periods of exacerbation accompanied by hypercapnic Acute Respiratory Failure are common, requiring a stay in Intensive Care Units (ICU) and Invasive Mechanical Ventilation (IMV) to reverse respiratory failure. Weaning in COPD occupies up to 58% of the MV, therefore, specific strategies are needed to optimize this process, using ventilatory modes and adjustments that promote early and effective weaning. OBJECTIVE: To verify the effects of Pressure Support Ventilation when compared with different modes and strategies in weaning patients with COPD. METHODS: Systematic review, constructed following PRISMA criteria, registered at PROSPERO (CRD42022362228). Randomized controlled clinical trials that evaluated the PSV mode in comparison with different modes and strategies, in patients diagnosed with COPD, on IMV, without delimitation of year/language, were considered eligible. Incomplete, duplicate and unavailable articles were excluded. Outcomes of interest were: duration of weaning, length of stay in the ICU and mortality. The strategy was applied in the bases: PubMed, Cochrane, SciELO, and Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde. The PEDro Scale and RevMan Web tools were used to analyze study quality and risk of bias, respectively. RESULTS: Included 8 articles. 6 showed statistical significance, showing shorter weaning time in the ASV group (24 (20­62) h versus 72 (24­144) h PSV) (p=0.041), and more days in the ICU when compared to the PAV mode (p<0.001). PSV was more effective on the same outcomes when compared with the T-tube strategy. There were differences in the mortality rate with the NAVA mode. CONCLUSION: It is evident that the PSV mode, when compared to assisted ventilation modes, has the potential to provide worse outcomes associated with the process of weaning from invasive ventilation in patients with COPD.


Subject(s)
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Respiration, Artificial , Weaning
11.
San Salvador; MINSAL; ene. 06, 2023. 117 p. ilus, graf.
Non-conventional in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1412600

ABSTRACT

Las enfermedades respiratorias crónicas golpean los sistemas de salud por los altos costos que se derivan por la atención de pacientes en los diferentes estadios de estas enfermedades, en particular aquellas etapas en las que las personas se encuentran con múltiples afecciones provocadas o sumadas por el desarrollo de las enfermedades respiratorias crónicas. Con el fin de mejorar la atención de los pacientes con enfermedades respiratorias crónicas priorizadas; y brindar al personal de salud una herramienta técnico-científica para estandarizar la identificación, diagnóstico y tratamiento de las personas mayores de 12 años, la Unidad de Prevención y Control de la Tuberculosis y Enfermedades Respiratorias, ha elaborado el presente documento, el cual será de mucha utilidad en los diferentes niveles de atención, para brindar una atención de calidad a los pacientes con enfermedades respiratorias crónicas. En su contenido se integran instrucciones para la atención del asma y la Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica (EPOC), con un abordaje clínico terapéutico más actualizado, para que puedan darse las atenciones en los establecimientos del Sistema Nacional Integrado de Salud (SNIS), así como las actividades educativas que permitan incidir en la prevención de estas enfermedades


Chronic respiratory diseases hit health systems due to the high costs derived from the care of patients in the different stages of these diseases, particularly those stages in which people have multiple conditions caused or added by the development of chronic respiratory diseases. In order to improve the care of patients with prioritized chronic respiratory diseases; and provide health personnel with a technical-scientific tool to standardize the identification, diagnosis and treatment of people over 12 years of age, the Unit for the Prevention and Control of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases has prepared this document, which will be of very useful at different levels of care, to provide quality care to patients with chronic respiratory diseases. Its content includes instructions for the care of asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), with a more up-to-date clinical-therapeutic approach, so that care can be given in the establishments of the National Integrated Health System (SNIS), as well as educational activities that make it possible to influence the prevention of these diseases


Subject(s)
Respiratory Tract Diseases , Asthma , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Health Systems , El Salvador
12.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, CUMED | ID: biblio-1508164

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica es la enfermedad respiratoria de mayor prevalencia e impacto socioeconómico y es una de las primeras causas de muerte en el mundo. En la medida que el problema de salud avanza, ocurre un deterioro de la persona, tanto físico como emocional, con un desequilibrio de su entorno. Las características de este problema de salud y su implicación en los seres humanos muestran la necesidad de sistematizar desde la perspectiva de Enfermería la relación persona-entorno. Objetivo: Sistematizar la interacción persona-entorno en la enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica. Métodos: Revisión sistemática de documentos publicados desde 2005 al 2020 con una clara metodología y referencial teórico, durante los meses octubre a noviembre del 2020. Se elaboró la pregunta a través de la estrategia PICO. Se utilizaron las palabras clave identificadas en DeCS y operadores booleanos: "persona" AND "entorno" AND "enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica" y en inglés, las identificadas por MeHS: "person" AND "environment" AND "chronic obstructive pulmonary disease". La búsqueda fue realizada en las bases de datos Index, Pubmed, Redalyc, Elsevier, Google Scholar, Dialnet, GOLD Website. Se utilizó el diagrama de flujo (PRISMA) para contribuir a la formulación de la estrategia de búsqueda. Se utilizaron los métodos de análisis documental, síntesis y sistematización para organizar e interpretar las bibliografías revisadas. Conclusiones: La sistematización realizada y el análisis de las relaciones entre persona y entorno permite considerar la enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica como un problema de salud multidimensional, donde una buena interrelación puede mejorar el estado de salud(AU)


Introduction: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease is the respiratory disease with the highest prevalence and socioeconomic impact, it is one of the leading causes of death in the world. As the health problem progresses, a physical and emotional deterioration of the person occurs, with an imbalance in their environment. The characteristics of this health problem and its implication in human beings show the need to systematize the person-environment relationship from the Nursing perspective. Objective: to systematize the person-environment interaction in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Methods: systematic review of documents published from 2005 to 2020 with a clear methodology and theoretical framework, during the months of October to November 2020. The question was formulated through the PICO strategy. The keywords identified in DeCS and Boolean operators were used: "persona" ["person"] AND "entorno" ["environment"] AND "enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica" ["chronic obstructive pulmonary disease"] and in English, those identified by MeHS: "person" AND "environment" AND "chronic obstructive pulmonary disease". The search was carried out in the Index, Pubmed, Redalyc, Elsevier, Google Scholar, Dialnet, GOLD Website databases. The flow diagram (PRISMA) was used to contribute to the formulation of the search strategy. The methods of documentary analysis, synthesis and systematization were used to organize and interpret the bibliographies reviewed. Conclusions: The systematization carried out and the analysis of the relationships between the person and their environment allow us to consider Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease as a multidimensional health problem, where a good interrelation can improve the state of health(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/epidemiology , Review Literature as Topic , Databases, Bibliographic
13.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 39(3): 203-215, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521829

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad respiratoria aguda por coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) se ha convertido en un grave problema de salud pública a nivel mundial. Objetivos: Examinar el uso de recursos sanitarios, riesgo de complicaciones y muerte en pacientes adultos con enfermedades respiratorias crónicas atendidos por COVID-19. Métodos: Estudio clínico descriptivo prospectivo realizado en pacientes adultos atendidos por COVID-19 en la Red de Salud UC Christus entre el 1 de abril y 31 de diciembre de 2020. Resultados: Se evaluaron 2.160 pacientes adultos, edad: 47 ± 17 años (rango: 18-100), 51,3% sexo masculino, 43,8% tenía comorbilidades, especialmente hipertensión (23,2%), diabetes (11,7%) y enfermedades respiratorias crónicas: asma (5%), EPOC (1,4%) y enfermedad pulmonar difusa (EPD: 0,8%). Los pacientes adultos con enfermedades respiratorias crónicas tuvieron mayor riesgo de hospitalización y uso de oxígeno suplementario; sin embargo, la evolución de los pacientes asmáticos y la sobrevida a los doce meses fue similar a los pacientes sin comorbilidades atendidos por COVID-19, mientras que en los pacientes con EPOC y EPD la admisión a la unidad de paciente crítico y riesgo de muerte fueron más elevados. En el análisis multivariado, los principales predictores clínicos asociados al riesgo de muerte en el seguimiento a doce meses en pacientes adultos con COVID-19 fueron la edad y admisión al hospital, mientras que el asma fue un factor protector. Conclusión: Los pacientes asmáticos tuvieron bajo riesgo de complicaciones y muerte asociados a COVID-19; mientras que los pacientes con EPOC y EPD tuvieron mayor riesgo de complicaciones y muerte en el seguimiento a largo plazo.


The acute respiratory disease associated to coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) has become a serious public health problem worldwide. Objectives: To examine the use of healthcare resources, risk of complications and death in adult patients with chronic respiratory diseases treated for COVID-19. Methods: Prospective descriptive clinical study conducted in adult patients treated for COVID-19 in the UC Christus Healthcare Network between April 1 and December 31, 2020. Results: 2,160 adult patients were evaluated, age: 47 ± 17 years-old (range: 18-100), 51.3% male, 43.8% had comorbidities, especially hypertension (23.2%), diabetes (11.7%), and chronic respiratory diseases: asthma (5%), COPD (1,4%) and interstitial lung disease (ILD: 0.8%). Adult patients with chronic respiratory diseases were at higher risk for hospitalization and use of supplemental oxygen; however, the evolution of asthmatic patients and survival at twelve months was similar to that of adult patients without comorbidities treated for COVID-19, while in patients with COPD and ILD admission to the critical care unit and risk of death were higher. In the multivariate analysis, the main clinical predictors associated to 12-month mortality risk in adult patients with COVID-19 were age and hospital admission, while asthma was a protective factor. Conclusion: Asthmatic patients had minor risk of complications and mortality associated with COVID-19; while patients with COPD and ILD had a significant higher risk of complications and 12-month mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Asthma/complications , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/complications , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/complications , COVID-19/complications , Asthma/mortality , Asthma/therapy , Survival Analysis , Multivariate Analysis , Prospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/mortality , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/therapy , Risk Assessment , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/mortality , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/therapy , Protective Factors , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/mortality , COVID-19/therapy
14.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1515536

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To translate and cross-culturally adapt the COPD in Low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) Assessment (COLA) questionnaire into Brazilian Portuguese, a case-finding instrument for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS Translation and cross-cultural adaptation were completed in six steps: the original version was translated into Brazilian Portuguese by two native speakers of the target language; the translated versions were synthesized; back-translation was performed by two native speakers of the original language; the back-translation and the Brazilian Portuguese version of the COLA were reviewed and harmonized by an expert committee of specialists; and, then, the pre-final version was tested by 30 health professionals who were asked if the items were clear to understand. The acceptability, clarity, and understandability of the translated version were evaluated. A final review of the questionnaire was produced by the authors and approved by the author of the original questionnaire. RESULTS Some idiomatic, semantic, and experiential inconsistencies were identified and properly adjusted. Item 3 was considered the most unclear item (23,3%). Items 7, 8, and 9 presented clarity above 80% (93%, 90%, and 90%, respectively). Suggestions were discussed and incorporated into the tool and COLA was found to be clear and easy to understand. CONCLUSIONS The Brazilian version of the COLA was easily understood by healthcare professionals and adapted to Brazilian culture. Translation and cultural adaptation of the COLA instrument into Brazilian Portuguese can be an important case-finding instrument for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Brazil.


Subject(s)
Mass Screening , Surveys and Questionnaires , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Language , Lung Diseases
15.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 57: e20230273, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1529422

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: The study aimed to investigate the relationship between perceived stress level and death anxiety in individuals with COPD. Method: It was planned with a descriptive and relational screening design. It was carried out with the participation of 132 patients diagnosed with COPD. The study data were collected through Patient Information Form, Perceived Stress Scale, and Death Anxiety Scale. Descriptive statistics and multiple regression analysis were used in data analysis. Results: The COPD patients' total perceived stress scale and perceived insufficient self-efficacy and perceived stress/distress subscale mean scores were found as 32.75 ± 5.32, 15.81 ± 3.60, and 16.93 ± 2.97, respectively. The patients' Anxiety total scale mean score was determined to be 6.96 ± 3.40. A positive and statistically significant relationship was found between COPD patients' Perceived Stress total scale mean score and their Death Anxiety Scale mean score (F = 4.332, p < 0.05). Conclusion: Perceived stress level of COPD patients was found to be at a high level, while their death anxiety level was determined as moderate. It was also determined that as perceived stress levels of the patients increased, their death anxiety levels also increased.


RESUMEN Objetivos: Investigar la relación entre el nivel de estrés percibido y la ansiedad ante la muerte en personas con EPOC. Método: Se planificó con un diseño de screening descriptivo y relacional. En el estudio participaron 132 pacientes diagnosticados de EPOC. Los datos del estudio se recopilaron mediante el Formulario de información del paciente, la Escala de estrés percibido y la Escala de ansiedad ante la muerte. En el análisis de datos se utilizaron estadísticas descriptivas y análisis de regresión múltiple. Resultados: Las puntuaciones medias de la escala total de estrés percibido de los pacientes con EPOC y de la autoeficacia percibida insuficiente y de la subescala de estrés/angustia percibida fueron 32.75±5.32, 15.81±3.60 y 16.93±2.97 respectivamente. Se determinó que la puntuación media de la escala total de Ansiedad de los pacientes era 6.96 ± 3.40. Se encontró una relación positiva y estadísticamente significativa entre la puntuación media de la escala total de Estrés Percibido de los pacientes con EPOC y la puntuación media de la Escala de Ansiedad ante la Muerte (F = 4.332, p <0.05). Conclusión: Se descubrió que el nivel de estrés percibido por los pacientes con EPOC era alto, mientras que se determinó que su nivel de ansiedad ante la muerte era moderado. También se determinó que a medida que aumentaban los niveles de estrés percibido de los pacientes, también aumentaban sus niveles de ansiedad ante la muerte.


RESUMO Objetivos: Objetivou-se investigar a relação entre nível de estresse percebido e ansiedade de morte em indivíduos com DPOC. Método: Foi planejado com design de triagem descritiva e relacional. Foi realizado com a participação de 132 pacientes diagnosticados com DPOC. Os dados do estudo foram coletados por meio da Ficha de Informações do Paciente, da Escala de Estresse Percebido e da Escala de Ansiedade de Morte. Estatísticas descritivas e análises de regressão múltipla foram utilizadas na análise dos dados. Resultados: Os escores médios da escala total de estresse percebido e autoeficácia percebida insuficiente e estresse/angústia percebida dos pacientes com DPOC foram de 32.75 ± 5.32, 15.81 ± 3.60 e 16.93 ± 2.97, respectivamente. A pontuação média da escala total de ansiedade dos pacientes foi determinada em 6.96±3.40. Foi encontrada uma relação positiva e estatisticamente significativa entre a pontuação média da escala total de Estresse Percebido dos pacientes com DPOC e a pontuação média da Escala de Ansiedade da Morte (F = 4.332, p < 0.05). Conclusão: O nível de estresse percebido dos pacientes com DPOC foi considerado alto, enquanto o nível de ansiedade de morte foi considerado moderado. Também foi determinado que, à medida que os níveis de estresse percebidos pelos pacientes aumentavam, os níveis de ansiedade de morte também aumentavam.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anxiety , Stress, Physiological , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
16.
Fisioter. Mov. (Online) ; 36: e36103, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421464

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by limited airflow associated with inflammatory response and systemic manifestations, such as dyspnea, as well as physical inactivity and intolerance to exercise. The sum of these changes can lead to peripheral muscle fatigue and exert an impact on the performance of activities of daily living (ADL). Objective To investigate the possible association between peripheral muscle fatigue and performance on ADL in individuals with COPD, and to compare the results to those of healthy age-matched individuals. Methods Individuals with a diagnosis of COPD and healthy volunteers aged 60 years or older were submitted to evaluations of peripheral muscle fatigue (using surface electromyography) and performance on the Glittre-ADL test. Results Nine individuals with COPD and ten controls were evaluated. Median isometric quadriceps contraction time was 72 [38] and 56 [51] seconds, respectively. Execution time on the ADL test was 6.1 [4] and 3.6 [1.3] minutes for COPD and control group respectively, with a significant difference between groups (p < 0.05). However, no significant correlation was found between the evaluations. Conclusion No association was found between quadriceps muscle fatigue and performance on ADL in the sample studied. In the intergroup comparison, the individuals with COPD exhibited worse ADL time execution, but no significant difference was found regarding quadriceps muscle fatigue.


Resumo Introdução A doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica (DPOC) é caracterizada por fluxo aéreo limitado associado à resposta inflamatória e manifestações sistêmicas, como dispneia, além de inatividade física e intolerância ao exercício. A soma dessas alterações pode levar à fadiga muscular periférica e exercer impacto no desempenho das atividades de vida diária (AVD). Objetivo Investigar a possível associação entre fadiga muscular periférica e desempenho em AVD em indivíduos com DPOC e comparar os resultados com indivíduos saudáveis da mesma faixa etária. Métodos Indivíduos com diagnóstico de DPOC e voluntários saudáveis com idade igual ou superior a 60 anos foram submetidos a avaliações de fadiga muscular periférica (por meio de eletromiografia de superfície) e desempenho no teste Glittre-ADL. Resultados Foram avaliados nove indivíduos com DPOC e dez controles. O tempo médio de contração isométrica do quadríceps foi de 72 [38] e 56 [51] segundos, respectivamente. O tempo de execução do teste de AVD foi de 6,18 [4,09] e 3,67 [1,3] minutos para DPOC e grupo controle, respectivamente, com diferença significativa entre os grupos (p < 0,05). No entanto não encontrou-se correlação significativa entre as avaliações. Conclusão Não encontrou-se associação entre a fadiga muscular do quadríceps e o desempenho nas AVD na amostra estudada. Na comparação intergrupos, os indivíduos com DPOC apresentaram pior tempo de execução das AVD, mas não encontrou-se diferença significativa em relação à fadiga muscular do quadríceps.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Activities of Daily Living , Muscle Fatigue , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Quadriceps Muscle , Electromyography , Healthy Volunteers
17.
Ghana Med. J. (Online) ; 57(3): 175-182, 2023.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1517564

ABSTRACT

Objective: To describe the clinical characteristics and identifiable risk factors for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) in a real-world clinical setting. Design: Cross-sectional study among patients with COPD. Setting: The Respiratory clinic of the Lagos University Teaching Hospital. Participants: Consecutive patients with spirometry confirmed COPD on follow-up for ≥3 months. There were 79 participants. Intervention: None Main outcome measure: COPD risk factors, disease severity, comorbidities, and the severity of airflow limitation. Results: The mean age of the participants was 63.3± 12.4 years, and 47 (59.5) were male. There was a high symptom burden (73.4% had COPD assessment test (CAT) score >10), 33 (41.8%) and 4 (5.1%) had GOLD 3 and GOLD 4 airflow limitation, respectively. Risk factors were identified for 96.2% of the participants: history of asthma in 37 (46.8%), tobacco smoking 22 (27.8%), occupational exposure 15 (19%), biomass exposure 5 (6.6%), post-tuberculosis 3 (3.8%), old age (3.8%), and prematurity 1 (1.3%). Fifty-nine (74.7%) had Asthma COPD Overlap (ACO). There were no significant associations between the risk factors and disease severity. Participants with ACO had lower lung function and a high frequency of allergic rhinitis. Conclusion: Asthma was the most commonly identifiable risk factor for COPD, underscoring asthma risk reduction and management optimisation as priorities toward COPD burden mitigation. Future studies need to validate these findings and identify the predominant COPD phenotypes in our setting.


Subject(s)
Comorbidity , Risk Factors , Occupational Exposure , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Asthma
18.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 868-876, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985606

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the incidence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in the Suzhou cohort, and explore the risk factors for the development of COPD in Suzhou, and provide a scientific basis for COPD prevention. Methods: This study was based on the China Kadoorie Biobank project in Wuzhong District, Suzhou. After excluding individuals with airflow obstruction and self-reported chronic bronchitis, emphysema, or pulmonary heart disease at baseline, 45 484 individuals were finally included in the analysis. Cox proportional risk models were used to analyze risk factors of COPD and calculate hazard ratios and 95% confidence interval (CI) in the Suzhou cohort. The effect modifications of smoking on the association between other risk factors and COPD were evaluated. Results: Complete follow-up was available through December 31, 2017. Participants were followed up for a median of 11.12 years, and 524 individuals were diagnosed with COPD during the follow-up period; the incidence was 105.54 per 100 000 person-years. Multivariate Cox proportional risk regression models showed that age (HR=3.78, 95%CI:3.32-4.30), former smoking (HR=2.00, 95%CI:1.24-3.22), current smoking (<10 cigarettes/day, HR=2.14, 95%CI:1.36-3.35;≥10 cigarettes/day, HR=2.69, 95%CI:1.60-4.54), history of respiratory disease (HR=2.08, 95%CI:1.33-3.26), daily sleep duration ≥10 hours (HR=1.41, 95%CI:1.02-1.95) were associated with increased risk of COPD. However, education level of primary school and above (primary or junior high school, HR=0.65, 95%CI:0.52-0.81; high school and above, HR=0.54, 95%CI:0.33-0.87), consuming fresh fruit daily (HR=0.59, 95%CI:0.42-0.83) and consuming spicy food weekly (HR=0.71, 95%CI:0.53-0.94) were associated with reduced risk of COPD. Conclusions: The incidence of COPD is low in Suzhou. Older age, smoking, history of respiratory disease, and long sleep duration were risk factors for the development of COPD in the Suzhou cohort.


Subject(s)
Humans , Incidence , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Smoking/epidemiology , Tobacco Smoking
19.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 778-785, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985561

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the morbidity of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) in residents aged 30 years and above in Sichuan Province, and analyze the effect of smoking on the risk of morbidity on COPD. Methods: From 2004 to 2008, people were randomly selected from Pengzhou, Sichuan Province. All the local people aged 30-79 years were asked to receive questionnaire survey, physical examination and pulmonary function testing, and long-term follow-up to determine the morbidity of COPD. Cox proportional hazard regression model was used to analyze the relationship between smoking and COPD. Results: In 46 540 participants, the current smoking rates were 67.31% in males and 8.67% in females, there were 3 101 new cases of COPD, with a cumulative incidence of 6.66%. Adjusted for age, gender, occupation, marriage, income level, educational level, BMI, daily total physical activity, current cooking frequency, whether there was smoke exhaust device at present and frequency of passive smoking exposure, multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression analysis showed that compared with the non-smoking population, current smoking and quitting smoking increased the risk of COPD, with HR of 1.42 (95%CI:1.29-1.57) and 1.34 (95%CI:1.16-1.53). Compared with people who never or occasionally smoke, the risk of morbidity on COPD increased with the increase of average daily smoking volume, mixed smoking at present, mixed smoking at the beginning increased the risk of COPD, with HR of 1.79 (95%CI: 1.42-2.25) and 2.12 (95%CI: 1.53-2.92), started smoking at the age of <18 years old and ≥18 years old increased the risk of COPD, with HR of 1.61 (95%CI:1.43-1.82) and 1.34 (95%CI: 1.22-1.48), inhaling into the mouth, throat and lung during smoking increased the risk of COPD, with HR of 1.30 (95%CI: 1.16-1.45), 1.63 (95%CI: 1.45-1.83) and 1.37 (95%CI: 1.21-1.55). Adjusted for multiple confounding factors and adjusted for regression dilution bias, the average daily smoking volume, the age of starting smoking and the depth of smoking inhalation had an impact on the incidence of COPD, and the gender difference was particularly prominent. Conclusions: Smoking increased the risk of morbidity on COPD, which was related to the average daily smoking volume, the type of smoking, the age of starting smoking and the depth of smoking inhalation. Tobacco control should comprehensively consider the specific characteristics of smoking, so as to prevent COPD.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Adolescent , Prospective Studies , Smoking , Morbidity , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , China
20.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 735-742, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985555

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the prevalence of smoking and its change in adults aged ≥40 years in China and provide evidence for the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) prevention and control strategies. Methods: The data of this study were obtained from COPD surveillance in China during 2014-2015 and during 2019-2020. The surveillance covered 31 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities). A multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling were used to select residents aged ≥40 years, and face-to-face interviews were conducted to collect the information about their tobacco use. After complex sampling weighting of the samples, the current smoking rate, average age to start smoking and average daily cigarette consumption of people with different characteristics during 2019-2020 were estimated, and the changes in the current smoking rate and average daily cigarette consumption were analyzed from 2014-2015 to 2019-2020. Results: During 2019-2020, the current smoking rate in adults aged ≥40 years was 27.2%, and the rate was much higher in men (52.1%) than in women (2.5%).The average age of the smokers to start smoking was 20.0 years old, and men usually started smoking at younger age (19.6 years) compared with women (27.9 years). The average daily cigarette consumption of daily smokers was 18.0 sticks, and the consumption of men (18.3 cigarettes) was higher than that of women (11.1 cigarettes). Compared with the surveillance results during 2014-2015, the current smoking rate had decreased by 2.8 percentage points in the general population, 4.1 percentage points in males, 1.6 percentage points in females, and the urban and rural areas fell by 3.1 percentage points and 2.5 percentage points, respectively. The average daily cigarette consumption decreased by 0.6 sticks. Conclusions: In recent years, the current smoking rate and average daily cigarette consumption in adults aged ≥40 years decreased in China, but smoking is still common in more than quarter of this population and more than half of men aged ≥40 years. It is necessary to take targeted tobacco control measures based on population and regional characteristics to further reduce the smoking level of the population.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Adult , Female , Young Adult , Prevalence , Tobacco Smoking , Smoking , China , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
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