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1.
J. Health NPEPS ; 8(1): e10898, jan - jun, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1513024

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar a percepção dos enfermeiros sobre o uso das 3S - Smart Safe Shoes na sua fase de protótipo e os resultados da avaliação do seu uso por idosos internados. Método: estudo de carater exploratório, descritivo e misto, entre novembro de 2021 e março de 2022. Incluiu idosos internados com capacidade de deambulação e identificados com risco de queda; e enfermeiros especialistas. Os dados quantitativos foram analisados por estatística descritiva e os qualitativos a partir de análise temática. Resultados: participaram 28 idosos e sete enfermeiros, ambos concordaram que as 3S ­ Smart Safe Shoes são confortáveis. Os enfermeiros consideram que as meias se adaptaram perfeitamente às diferentes regiões anatômicas do pé e que apresentam propriedades antiderrapantes nos pisos testados; e na maioria das situações, permitem uma boa mobilidade dos dedos, em todos os movimentos tibiotársicos (86%). Todos os enfermeiros destacam a facilidade de calçar as meias e consideram que estas devem ser incluídas como um elemento em estratégia de prevenção de quedas. Conclusão: as 3S - Smart Safe Shoes reunem as características necessárias para garantir uma marcha segura em idosos internados e o seu uso deve ser considerado em outros contextos.


Objective: to analyse nurse's perception about 3S - Smart Safe Shoes use in their prototype phase and describe their evaluation about this use by hospitalized elderly patients. Method: exploratory, descriptive and mixed study, between November 2021 and March 2022. It included hospitalized elderly people who were able to walk and identified as being at risk of falling; and specialist nurses. Quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and qualitative data using thematic analysis. Results: 28 seniors and seven nurses participated, both agreed that the 3S ­ Smart Safe Shoes are comfortable. The nurses consider that the socks adapt perfectly to the different anatomical regions of the foot and that they have non-slip properties on the tested floors; and in most situations, they allow good mobility of the fingers, in all tibiotarsal movements (86%). All nurses highlight the ease of putting on stockings and consider that these should be included as an element in a fall prevention strategy. Conclusion: 3S - Smart Safe Shoes have the necessary characteristics to guarantee a safe gait in hospitalized elderly patients and their use should be considered in other contexts.


Subject(s)
Quality Assurance, Health Care , Shoes , Accidental Falls , Nursing , Accident Prevention
2.
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud. Dirección General de Intervenciones Estratégicas en Salud Pública. Dirección de Intervenciones por Curso de Vida y Cuidado Integral; 1 ed; Jun. 2023. 119 p.
Monography in Spanish | MINSAPERU, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1437907

ABSTRACT

Los estándares de calidad han sido diseñados para ser evaluados mediante un proceso con las siguientes características: i) Evaluación orientada a resultados centrados en el/la usuario/a (adolescentes); ii) evidencias medibles de los procesos y resultados evaluados; iii) flexibilidad para evaluar diversas evidencias que los equipos de salud presenten para demostrar el cumplimiento; y, iv) seguimiento a usuarios/as trazadores/ras. (Anexo N°5 para adolescentes).


Subject(s)
Quality Assurance, Health Care , Comprehensive Health Care , Quality Indicators, Health Care , Adolescent Health , Health Facilities , Health Services Research
3.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e248295, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1431129

ABSTRACT

Este ensaio propõe que a Covid-19 pode operar como um analisador, dentro da perspectiva da análise institucional, iluminando um determinado modo de organização social que promove profundas desigualdades e ameaça a vida em diversos níveis e revelando as condições sociais, institucionais e políticas de produção de sofrimento no corpo profissional de Enfermagem. A pandemia desvelou um conjunto de marcas relacionadas à profissão, agravadas pela crise sanitária, reforçando a naturalização das relações de cuidado atribuídas ao feminino, bem como um conjunto de clivagens e hierarquias internas à profissão a partir da sinergia de marcadores da diferença, como gênero, cor/raça, classe e geração. Além disso, este trabalho mostra a presença de uma necropolítica nas respostas à pandemia que banaliza a vida e permite morrer determinados grupos sociais. A ideia de "profissionais de linha de frente" é criticada em suas metáforas bélicas, mas tomada como figura de linguagem em sua potência para afirmar que existem corpos que, pelas marcas sociais e históricas e pela interdependência do cuidado, são mais presentes e exigidos e, portanto, mais vulneráveis à doença e ao sofrimento dela decorrente.(AU)


The essay proposes that Covid-19 can operate as an analyzer, within the perspective of institutional analysis, illuminating a certain mode of social organization that promotes profound inequalities and threatens life at various levels, revealing the social, institutional and political conditions for the production of suffering in the professional nursing body. The pandemic would unveil a set of marks related to the profession, aggravated by the sanitary crisis, reinforcing the naturalization of the care relations attributed to the feminine, as well as a set of cleavages and internal hierarchies to the profession from the synergy of markers of difference as gender, color/race, class and generation. The work shows the presence of necropolitics in responses to the pandemic, which trivializes life and allows certain social groups to die. The idea of "front-line professionals" is criticized in its war metaphors, but taken as a figure of speech in its potency to affirm that there are bodies that by social and historical marks, and by the interdependence of care, are more present and demanded, and therefore more vulnerable to disease and the resulting suffering.(AU)


El ensayo propone que el Covid-19 puede funcionar como analizador, desde la perspectiva del análisis institucional, revelando las condiciones sociales, institucionales y políticas de producción de sufrimiento de enfermeras. La pandemia revela algunas marcas relacionadas con la profesión, agravadas por la crisis de salud, reforzando la naturalización de la atribución del cuidado a lo femenino y un conjunto de jerarquías internas de la profesión. El trabajo también muestra la presencia de una necropolítica en las respuestas a la pandemia. La idea de "profesionales de primera línea" es criticada, pero tomada como una figura del lenguaje en su potencia para afirmar que hay cuerpos que, por las marcas sociales e históricas y por la interdependencia del cuidado, están más presentes y demandados, y por lo tanto más vulnerables a la enfermedad.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Nursing , Psychological Distress , Gender Identity , Self-Testing , COVID-19 , Oxygen Inhalation Therapy , Pain , Patient Care Team , Patient Discharge , Patients , Politics , Primary Health Care , Psychology , Quality Assurance, Health Care , Quality of Life , Race Relations , Salaries and Fringe Benefits , Social Change , Social Isolation , Social Sciences , Socioeconomic Factors , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic , Women, Working , Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms , Population Characteristics , Nursing Theory , Occupational Risks , Burnout, Professional , Virus Diseases , Vaccines , Nursing Research , Accidents, Occupational , Carrier State , Mental Health , Mortality , Models, Nursing , Occupational Health , Workload , Professional Autonomy , Long-Term Care , Health Care Quality, Access, and Evaluation , Immunization Programs , Disease Transmission, Infectious , Continuity of Patient Care , Feminism , Critical Care , Disaster Vulnerability , Health Risk , Access to Information , Delivery of Health Care , Air Pollution , Health Care Economics and Organizations , Emergencies , Employment , Environment and Public Health , Essential Public Health Functions , Health Status Disparities , Ethics, Professional , Surveillance of the Workers Health , Program of Risk Prevention on Working Environment , Air Contamination Effects , Evidence-Based Nursing , Fear , Remuneration , Early Medical Intervention , Medicalization , Ambulatory Care , Personal Protective Equipment , Psychosocial Support Systems , Occupational Stress , Burnout, Psychological , Patient Care , Caregiver Burden , Models, Biopsychosocial , COVID-19 Serological Testing , Gender Equity , Vaccine Development , Community Resources , Intersectional Framework , Systemic Racism , Social Vulnerability , Humanitarian Crisis , Working Conditions , Post-Acute COVID-19 Syndrome , Accident Prevention , Health Occupations , Health Services , Health Services Accessibility , Helping Behavior , Hierarchy, Social , Hospitalization , Hospitals , Humanism , Life Support Care , Masks , Muscle Tonus , Night Care , Nursing Care , Nursing, Practical , Nursing, Team , Occupational Diseases
4.
Med. lab ; 27(2): 157-173, 2023. Tabs
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1435610

ABSTRACT

En 1993, el Estado estableció el Sistema General de Seguridad Social en Salud, en el que se introdujeron los diferentes mecanismos legales para promover la calidad en las instituciones prestadoras de servicios de salud en el país. A partir de allí, se implantaron diferentes decretos. En la actualidad, el Sistema Obligatorio de Garantía de Calidad en Salud (SOGCS) se encuentra reglamentado en el Decreto 780 de 2016, Decreto Único Reglamentario del Sector Salud. El SOGCS está integrado por cuatro componentes principales: el Sistema Único de Habilitación (SUH), la Auditoría para el Mejoramiento de la Calidad, el Sistema Único de Acreditación (SUA) y el Sistema de Información para la Calidad en Salud, para dirigir y evaluar el desempeño de estas instituciones en términos de calidad y satisfacción social; además, se adoptó el Manual de Inscripción de Prestadores y Habilitación de Servicios de Salud, el cual contiene las condiciones mínimas que deben cumplir los servicios de salud ofertados y prestados en el país, para brindar seguridad a los usuarios en el proceso de la atención en salud. Dicho manual tiene por objeto definir las condiciones de verificación para la habilitación, como la capacidad técnico-administrativa, suficiencia patrimonial y financiera, y la capacidad tecnológica y científica. En este artículo se revisarán algunos conceptos generales del Sistema Obligatorio de Garantía de Calidad en Salud, así como los estándares y criterios de habilitación para laboratorios clínicos


In 1993, the State established the General System of Social Security in Health, in which different legal mechanisms were introduced to promote quality in the institutions providing health services in the country. From then on, different decrees were implemented. Currently, the Mandatory Health Quality Assurance System (SOGCS) is regulated by Decree 780 of 2016, the Sole Regulatory Decree of the Health Sector. SOGCS is made up of four main components: the Single Qualification System (SUH), the Audit for Quality Improvement, the Single Accreditation System (SUA) and the Health Quality Information System, to direct and evaluate the performance of these institutions in terms of quality and social satisfaction; in addition, the Health Services Provider Registration and Qualification Manual was adopted, which contains the minimum conditions that health services in the country must meet to provide security to users in the health care process. The purpose of this manual is to define the verification conditions for accreditation, such as technical-administrative capacity, patrimonial and financial sufficiency, and technological and scientific capacity. This article will review some general concepts of the Mandatory System of Quality Assurance in Health, as well as the standards and qualification criteria for clinical laboratories


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality Assurance, Health Care , Health Administration , Functioning License , Clinical Laboratory Services , Accreditation
5.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e255126, 2023. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1440787

ABSTRACT

Este artigo pretende compreender as concepções de profissionais da gestão e dos serviços do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) sobre Educação Permanente em Saúde (EPS), bem como seus desafios e potencialidades. Utilizou-se de grupo focal para coleta, seguido de análise lexical do tipo classificação hierárquica descendente com auxílio do software Iramuteq. Os resultados delinearam quatro classes: a) EPS - entendimentos e expectativas; b) entraves à EPS; c) ETSUS e EPS por meio de cursos e capacitações; e d) dispositivos de EPS: potencialidades e desafios. Os participantes apontaram equívocos de entendimentos acerca da EPS ao equipará-la à Educação Continuada (EC) voltada à transferência de conteúdo, com repercussões negativas na prática de EPS. Discute-se o risco em centralizar o responsável pela concretização dessa proposta, que deveria ser coletiva e compartilhada entre diferentes atores. Reivindica-se, portanto, uma produção colaborativa, que possa circular entre os envolvidos, de modo que cada um experimente esse lugar e se aproprie da complexidade de interações propiciadas pela Educação Permanente em Saúde.(AU)


This article aims to understand the conceptions of professionals from the management and services of the Unified Health System (SUS) on Permanent Education in Health (EPS), as well as its challenges and potential. A focus group was used for data collection, followed by a lexical analysis of the descending hierarchical classification type using the Iramuteq software. The results delineated four classes: a) EPS - understandings and expectations; b) obstacles to EPS; c) ETSUS and EPS by courses and training; and d) EPS devices: potentialities and challenges. Participants pointed out misunderstandings about EPS, when equating it with Continuing Education (CE) focused on content transfer, with negative repercussions on EPS practice. The risk of centralizing the person responsible for implementing this proposal, which should be collective and shared among different actors, is discussed. Therefore, a collaborative production is claimed for, which can circulate among those involved, so that each one experiences this place and appropriates the complexity of interactions provided by Permanent Education in Health.(AU)


Este artículo tiene por objetivo comprender las concepciones de los profesionales de la gestión y servicios del Sistema Único de Salud (SUS) sobre Educación Continua en Salud (EPS), así como sus desafíos y potencialidades. Se utilizó un grupo focal para la recolección de datos, seguido por un análisis léxico del tipo clasificación jerárquica descendente con la ayuda del software Iramuteq. Los resultados delinearon cuatro clases: a) EPS: entendimientos y expectativas, b) Barreras para EPS, c) ETSUS y EPS a través de cursos y capacitación, y d) Dispositivos EPS: potencialidades y desafíos. Los participantes informaron que existen malentendidos sobre EPS al equipararla a Educación Continua, con repercusiones negativas en la práctica de EPS, orientada a la transferencia de contenidos. Se discute el riesgo de elegir a un solo organismo como responsable de implementar esta propuesta colectiva, que debería ser colectiva y compartida entre los diferentes actores. Se aboga por un liderazgo colaborativo, que pueda circular entre los involucrados, para que cada uno experimente este lugar y se apropie de la complejidad de interacciones que brinda la Educación Continua en Salud.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Unified Health System , Health Management , Education, Continuing , Organizational Innovation , Organizational Objectives , Patient Care Team , Personnel Management , Primary Health Care , Professional Practice , Psychology , Public Policy , Quality Assurance, Health Care , Quality of Health Care , Schools , Audiovisual Aids , Self-Help Devices , Social Control, Formal , Social Welfare , Sociology, Medical , Specialization , Task Performance and Analysis , Teaching , Decision Making, Organizational , National Health Strategies , Health Surveillance , Health Infrastructure , Complementary Therapies , Organizational Culture , Health Education , Nursing , Health Personnel , Total Quality Management , Health Care Reform , Community Mental Health Services , Knowledge , Health Equity , Curriculum , Voluntary Programs , Education, Medical, Continuing , Education, Nursing, Continuing , Education, Professional , Education, Professional, Retraining , Emergency Medical Services , Humanization of Assistance , Planning , Health Care Facilities, Manpower, and Services , Clinical Governance , Capacity Building , Health Communication , Integrality in Health , Psychiatric Rehabilitation , Work Performance , Interdisciplinary Placement , Burnout, Psychological , Shared Governance, Nursing , Interprofessional Education , Working Conditions , Governing Board , Health Facility Administrators , Health Policy , Health Promotion , Hospital Administration , Inservice Training , Learning , Mental Health Services
6.
The Nigerian Health Journal ; 23(3): 819-827, 2023. tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1512111

ABSTRACT

Nigeria has one of the highest rates of cervical cancer morbidity and mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa. Both the human papillomavirus vaccine (HPV) and cervical screening are effective prevention strategies against both HPV infection and cervical cancer. Lack of awareness, limited knowledge, limited decision-making agency, lack of spousal support and stigma are barriers to uptake of these preventive measures. Cervical cancer is a deadly disease claiming the lives of many women in developing countries due to late presentation which might be influenced by a lack of knowledge of the disease and its prevention. Method: This descriptive study examined the knowledge assessment of cervical cancer among women of reproductive age (15-49), about cervical cancer, its prevention, and their utilization of Pap smear screening; using a convenience sample of 426 women in Ibadan North Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria. Women voluntarily completed a structured questionnaire. Result: Results showed that women who participated in the study were aware of cervical cancer (77%; n=328) but many (62.9%; n= 268) were unaware of Pap smears as the screening tests for cervical cancer. Although 41.3% (n=176) were knowledgeable about cervical cancer, risk factors and prevention, only 9.4% (n=40) had Pap smear tests done. Conclusion: Health care professionals, need to intensify efforts to increase awareness about cervical cancer screening, and encourage women through the different clinics to use these services. The benefits of screening and early diagnosis of cervical cancer should be emphasized to enhance the utilization of cervical cancer screening services.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Women , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Physicians, Women , Quality Assurance, Health Care , Health Personnel
7.
Notas enferm. (Córdoba) ; 23(40): 47-56, dic.2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1401630

ABSTRACT

Es de importancia analizar desde el punto de vista de gestión de calidad y seguridad del paciente donde los cuidados enfermeros se consideran un elemento unificador y exigen a los profesionales a trabajar con un método evaluando sistemáticamente los cuidados y posicionan a los profesionales enfermeros como parte importante del equipo de salud. Esta calidad de servicio puede ser estimada a través de un indicador de calidad que sirve para medir también el grado de satisfacción del cliente. Teniendo como objetivo evaluar el proceso de calidad de las prácticas de enfermería que aportan a la seguridad de los pacientes. Es de relevancia entender que la calidad y la seguridad del paciente, deben ser enfrentadas como un proceso continuo, que permita mediciones que traduzcan en mejoras signifcativas y que puedan llevar a programas de intervenciones.Se revisaron conceptos como calidad del cuidado, gestión del cuidado, indicadores de calidad para medir el grado de satisfacción del profesional como del cliente[AU]


It is important to analyze from the point of view of quality management and patient safety where nursing care is considered a unifying element because it does not allow the development of discipline, it requires professionals to work with a method systematically evaluating care and position nursing professionals as an important part of the health team. Tis quality of service can be measured through a quality indicator that also serves to measure the degree of customer satisfaction. Aiming to evaluate the quality process of nursing practices that contribute to the safety of patients.It is important to understand that quality and patient safety must be addressed as a continuous process, allowing measurements that translate into significant improvements and that can lead to intervention programs.Concepts such as quality of care, care management, quality indicators to measure the degree of satisfaction of the professional and the client were reviewed[AU]


É importante analisar do ponto de vista da gestão da qualidade e segurança do paciente onde a assistência de enfermagem é considerada um elemento unifcador, pois não permite o desenvolvimento da disciplina, exige que o profssional trabalhe com um método que avalie sistematicamente o cuidado e posicione o profssional de enfermagem como parte importante da equipe de saúde. Essa qualidade de serviço pode ser medida por meio de um indicador de qualidade que também serve para medir o grau de satisfação do cliente. Com o objetivo de avaliar o processo de qualidade das práticas de enfermagem que contribuem para a segurança dos pacientes. É importante entender que a qualidade e a segurança do paciente devem ser tratadas como um processo contínuo, permitindo medições que se traduzam em melhorias significativas e que podem levar a programas de intervenção. Conceitos como qualidade do atendimento, gestão do atendimento, indicadores de qualidade foram revisados para medir o grau de satisfação do profssional e do cliente[AU]


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality Assurance, Health Care , Patient Satisfaction , Quality Indicators, Health Care , Patient Safety
8.
Gac. méd. espirit ; 24(2): 2408, mayo.-ago. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1404906

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Fundamento: La calidad de la atención estomatológica se ha convertido actualmente en una necesidad. En Cuba, el Programa Nacional de Atención Estomatológica Integral a la Población tiene como propósito incrementar y perfeccionar la atención estomatológica. Objetivo: Evaluar la calidad del Servicio de Estomatología General Integral del policlínico Camilo Cienfuegos de Sancti Spíritus. Metodología: Se realizó una investigación observacional descriptiva de corte transversal en el Policlínico Camilo Cienfuegos de Sancti Spíritus en el período comprendido de septiembre de 2019 a enero de 2020. Se seleccionaron 19 estomatólogos de la unidad y 368 pacientes pertenecientes a los consultorios 8 y 9 del área de salud que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. Se utilizó la calidad como variable, la cual se operacionalizó en las dimensiones: estructura, proceso y resultados y sus criterios de medida. Se utilizaron métodos teóricos, empíricos y estadísticos y técnicas de recolección y análisis de datos. Se realizaron encuestas de satisfacción a pacientes y profesionales. Resultados: Las dimensiones estructura y proceso, con 20 y 10 puntos respectivamente, fueron evaluadas de regular, la dimensión resultado de bien por un valor alcanzado de 8 puntos. Conclusión: La calidad del Servicio de Estomatología General Integral del policlínico Camilo Cienfuegos de Sancti Spíritus fue evaluada de regular.


ABSTRACT Background: Dental care quality has become a necessity. In Cuba, the National Program for the People´s Comprehensive Stomatology Care aims to increase and improve dental care. Objective: To assess the Comprehensive General Stomatology quality service at Camilo Cienfuegos polyclinic in Sancti Spíritus. Methodology: A cross-sectional descriptive observational research was conducted at Camilo Cienfuegos Polyclinic in Sancti Spíritus from September 2019 to January 2020. 19 stomatologists from the unit and 368 patients belonging to clinics 8 and 9 of the area were selected who met the inclusion criteria. Quality was used as a variable, and operationalized in the dimensions: structure, process and results and their measurement criteria. Theoretical, empirical and statistical methods and data collection also analysis techniques were used. Satisfaction surveys were conducted on patients and professionals. Results: Structure and process dimensions, with 20 and 10 points respectively, were evaluated as regular, the result dimension as good for an 8-point value. Conclusion: Comprehensive General Stomatology quality service at Camilo Cienfuegos polyclinic in Sancti Spíritus was evaluated as regular.


Subject(s)
Quality Assurance, Health Care , Patient Satisfaction , Comprehensive Dental Care , Patient Care
10.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20220024, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1404742

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo delinear o panorama da Acreditação nacional e internacional no Brasil. Método estudo descritivo, de abordagem quantitativa e fonte documental. Os campos de inquérito foram as páginas online de acesso irrestrito das seguintes metodologias acreditadoras: Organização Nacional de Acreditação (ONA), Joint Commission International (JCI), Accreditation Canada International (ACI) e QMentum Internacional, além da página do Cadastro Nacional de Estabelecimentos de Saúde (CNES) e/ou sites institucionais. Foram extraídas as variáveis: tipo de instituição/estabelecimento de saúde; regime de gestão setorial; localidade; nível de certificação (em caso de selo concedido pela ONA) e porte (para hospitais). Empregou-se análise estatística descritiva. Resultados apuraram-se os dados de 1.122 certificações, especialmente da ONA (77,2%) e QMentum International (13,2%). Os hospitais prevaleceram na adesão à Acreditação (35,3%), principalmente os de grande porte (60,3%) e do setor privado (75,8%). Houve concentração dos selos de qualidade na região Sudeste do Brasil (64,5%), e a região Norte apresentou menor proporção de estabelecimentos certificados (3%). Conclusões e implicações para a prática as certificações de Acreditação no Brasil remetem à metodologia nacional, com enfoque na área hospitalar privada e na região Sudeste do país. O mapeamento delineado pode sustentar assertividade em políticas de incentivo à gestão da qualidade e avaliação externa no Brasil.


RESUMEN Objetivo delinear el panorama de la Acreditación nacional e internacional en Brasil. Método estudio descriptivo, con enfoque cuantitativo y fuente documental. Los campos de consulta fueron las páginas en línea de libre acceso de las siguientes metodologías de acreditación: Organización Nacional de Acreditación (ONA), Joint Commission International (JCI), Accreditation Canada International (ACI) y QMentum Internacional, además del Registro Nacional de Establecimientos Salud (CNES) y/o sitios web institucionales. Se extrajeron las variables: tipo de institución/establecimiento de salud; régimen de gestión sectorial; localidad; nivel de certificación (en caso de sello otorgado por la ONA) y tamaño (para hospitales). Se utilizó análisis estadístico descriptivo. Resultados se recogieron datos de 1.122 certificaciones, especialmente de ONA (77,2%) y QMentum International (13,2%). Los hospitales prevalecieron en la adhesión a la Acreditación (35,3%), en especial los hospitales grandes (60,3%) y el sector privado (75,8%). Hubo concentración de sellos de calidad en la región Sudeste de Brasil (64,5%), y la región Norte tuvo la menor proporción de establecimientos certificados (3%). Conclusiones e implicaciones para la práctica las certificaciones de acreditación en Brasil se refieren a la metodología nacional, con foco en el área hospitalaria privada y la región Sudeste del país. El mapeo esbozado puede apoyar la asertividad en las políticas de fomento de la gestión de la calidad y la evaluación externa en Brasil.


ABSTRACT Objective to outline the panorama of national and international Accreditation in Brazil. Method a descriptive study, of quantitative approach and documental source. The survey fields were the unrestricted access online pages of the following accrediting methodologies: National Accreditation Organization (ONA), Joint Commission International (JCI), Accreditation Canada International (ACI), and QMentum International, besides the page of the National Registry of Health Establishments (CNES) and/or institutional sites. Variables were extracted: type of institution/health care facility; sector management regime; location; level of certification (in case of a seal granted by ONA), and size (for hospitals). Descriptive statistical analysis was used. Results data from 1,122 certifications was obtained, especially from ONA (77.2%) and QMentum International (13.2%). Hospitals prevailed in the Accreditation adherence (35.3%), mainly the large ones (60.3%) and from the private sector (75.8%). There was a concentration of quality seals in the Southeast region of Brazil (64.5%), and the North region presented the lowest proportion of certified establishments (3%). Conclusions and implications for practice the Accreditation certifications in Brazil refer to the national methodology, focusing on the private hospital area and the Southeast region of the country. The mapping outlined can support assertiveness in incentive policies for quality management and external evaluation in Brazil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality Assurance, Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Total Quality Management/organization & administration , Accreditation/statistics & numerical data , Brazil , Hospitals, Private/organization & administration
11.
South African Family Practice ; 64(1): 1-5, 21 September 2022. Figures, Tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1396525

ABSTRACT

Service organisations should be aware of those elements that are perceived as excellent quality and incorporate these as part of their service offering. However, a not-for-profit (NPO) healthcare organisation consists of a diverse group of stakeholders who have different perspectives and interests. Service quality therefore requires a multidimensional definition that comprehends all their needs and expectations.Methods: Perceived service quality experienced by patients was measured by completion of the Service Performance (SERVPERF) questionnaire. A total of 111 patients completed the questionnaire across three mobile clinics supported by an NPO.Results: The research results suggested that service quality at the mobile clinics was of a very high standard, with no meaningful differences between clinics, age groups or gender. However, the responses had very little variance and could have been subjected to response bias or extreme bias. The absence of a comparator organisation could also have had an influence on responses given by respondents. Conclusion: Healthcare service organisations should strive towards maintaining high standards and engage in continuous measurement and improvement of their service quality as part of their quality management process. By measuring the current level of service experienced by patients, insights have been identified where adjustments might have a positive effect on perceived value. Future research recommendations include suggestions to increase the sample population, taking the service setting into account and further studies to confirm the validity and reliability of solicited service quality questionnaires in a NPO setting.


Subject(s)
Quality Assurance, Health Care , Basic Health Services , Delivery of Health Care , Social Values , Hospitals, Voluntary
12.
J. Health NPEPS ; 6(2): 1-14, dez. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1349321

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo:analizar el significado holístico de la seguridad del paciente como fenómeno esencial para el cuidado en la neuronavegación por imágenes. Método:este estudio se realizó entre los meses de julio a diciembre del 2020, en el Centro de Investigaciones Medico Quirurgicas, ubicado en el municipio Playa, en la Habana, Cuba. Las autoras se apoyaron en un enfoque cualitativo propiamente inductivo. Se realizó una triangulación teórica en primer lugar y en segundo lugar; hubo que recurrir a la entrevista en profundidad desde la teoria fundamentada. Resultados:la triangulación -la relación enfermera paciente como proceso interpersonal y terapéutico, otro resultado lo es el vínculo entre los valores éticos y espirituales de la enfermera y del paciente. Las debilidades que se identificaron en la triangulación: La débil explicación por parte de los profesionales de enfermería del proceder que se le va a realizar a los pacientes. Las entrevista a profundidad se ha comportado como elemento enriquecedor del estudio, al propiciar que las autoras asumieran el nombre de tratamiento quirurgicode tumores cerebrales con el uso del planificador. Conclusión:el cambio de la cultura de seguridad del paciente es un proceso en el cual los profesionales de enfermería juegan un papel protagónico.


ABSTRACTObjective: to analyze the holistic meaning of the patient's security as essential phenomenon for the care in the neuronavegación for images. Method:this study was carried out among the months of July to December of the 2020. In the Center of Investigations I Prescribe Surgical, located in the municipality Beach, in the Havana, Cuba. The authors leaned on in a properly inductive qualitative focus. He/she was carried out a theoretical triangulation in the first place, in second place; it was necessary to appeal to the interview in depth from the based theory. Results: the triangulation -the relationship patient nurse as interpersonal and therapeutic process, another result is it the bond among the nurse's ethical and spiritual values and of the patient. The weaknesses that were identified in the triangulation: The weak explanation on the part of the infirmary professionals of proceeding that he will carry out the patients. The interview to depth has behaved as enriching element of the study, when propitiating that the authors assumed the name of surgical treatment of cerebral tumors with the use of the planner. Conclusion:the change of the culture of the patient's security is a process in which the infirmary professionals play a protagonistic paper.


RESUMO Objetivo: analisar o significado holístico da segurança do paciente como fenômeno essencial para o cuidado na neuronavegação por imagens. Método: este estudio foi realizado entre os meses de julho a dezembro de 2020, no Centro de Investigações Médico Cirúrgicas, localizado no município de Playa, em Havana, Cuba. As autoras se apoiaram em um enfoque qualitativo propriamente indutivo. Realizou-se uma triangulação teórica em primeiro e segundo lugar. Recorreu-se a entrevista em profundidade a partir da teoria fundamentada. Resultados: a triangulação -a relação enfermeira paciente como processo interpessoal e terapêutico, outro resultado é isto o laço entre os valores éticos e espirituais do enfermeira e do paciente. As fraquezas que foram identificadas na triangulação: A explicação fraca por parte dos profissionais de enfermaria de proceder que ele levará a cabo os pacientes. A entrevista para profundidade se comportou como enriquecendo elemento do estudo, ao propiciar que os autores assumiram o nome de tratamento cirúrgico de tumores cerebrais com o uso do planejador.Conclusão:a mudança da cultura da segurança do paciente é um processo no qual os profissionais de enfermaria jogam um papel de protagonistic.


Subject(s)
Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care , Quality Assurance, Health Care , Patient Safety
13.
Gac. méd. espirit ; 23(3): [10], dic. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1404876

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Fundamento: Para lograr la calidad en los servicios estomatológicos se realizan investigaciones sobre su evaluación. Las definiciones entre los autores son variadas en dependencia de la importancia otorgada a diferentes dimensiones. Hasta el momento no se ha encontrado una propuesta que favorezca el protagonismo de los líderes. Objetivo: Diseñar una metodología para la evaluación de la calidad del servicio de Prótesis Estomatológica centrada en el liderazgo en clínicas estomatológicas municipales. Metodología: Se emplearon métodos teóricos y empíricos. Con el análisis de los documentos que rigen el proceso de evaluación de la calidad se identificaron las dimensiones priorizadas y los aspectos que se deben considerar en la elaboración de la propuesta. Resultados: La metodología se estructuró a partir de las siguientes etapas: planificación y organización, recolección de la información y ejecución y control del proceso y para cada una de ellas se establecieron los procedimientos que se deben seguir para realizar una evaluación sistemática y alcanzar la calidad del servicio. Conclusiones: Se diseñó una metodología para la evaluación de la calidad de los servicios de Prótesis Estomatológica centrada en el liderazgo y estructurada en tres etapas.


ABSTRACT Background: In order to achieve dental quality service, some researches on its evaluation is conducted. Definitions among authors are diverse depending on the importance given to unlike scopes. So far, no proposal has been found that favors the leaders´ protagonism. Objective: To design a methodology for the assessment of dental Prosthesis quality service focused on leadership in municipal dental clinics. Methodology: Theoretical and empirical methods were used. Though the documents´ enquiry that rule the quality evaluation process, highlighted dimensions and aspects to be considered in the proposal production were identified. Results: The methodology was structured on the basis of the following stages: planning and organization, information gathering, execution and process control, also the procedures to be followed to conduct a systematic assessment and achieve quality service were established. Conclusions: A methodology for the evaluation of dental prosthesis quality services focused on leadership and structured in three stages was designed.


Subject(s)
Quality Assurance, Health Care/methods , Quality of Health Care , Dental Care/methods , Dental Prosthesis/methods
14.
Rev. Rede cuid. saúde ; 15(1): [13-27], 15/07/2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1282331

ABSTRACT

Este trabalho objetiva descrever e avaliar a atenção pré-natal em Sergipe, considerando número de consultas, prescrição de sulfato ferroso, exame físico completo, orientações sobre pré-natal e puerpério e exames complementares, além de associá-los com dados sócio demográficos e avaliar aspectos dos princípios da atenção básica. Os dados foram obtidos a partir de entrevistas a 140 mulheres que realizaram pré-natal em UBS de 50 cidades de Sergipe nos últimos 2 anos, através do questionário de avaliação externa do segundo ciclo do PMAQ realizado em 2014. Durante o pré-natal, a 97,8% das mulheres foram prescritos sulfato ferroso, 65% refere ter realizado todos os exames complementares, 55,7% recebeu as orientações necessárias, 24,2% recebeu exame físico completo e 85,7% realizou mais de 6 consultas. As mulheres com mais de 34 anos, as com ensino médio completo e as que moram na capital tiveram melhores índices de adequação na maioria dos desfechos selecionados. Apenas 12% recebeu atenção pré-natal adequada considerando todos os desfechos. Em relação ao vínculo, integralidade e continuidade do cuidado 90,7% das mulheres eram chamadas pelo nome nas consultas, 57,5% disse que os profissionais as questionaram sobre outras questões da vida além do motivo da consulta, 33,8% participou de alguma ação educativa, 52% realizou consulta de puerpério e 52,9% recebeu informações sobre a maternidade de referência. A qualidade da atenção pré-natal em Sergipe se mostrou inadequada, sendo necessário a elaboração de ações e políticas públicas visando melhorar os processos de trabalho da equipe, com financiamento suficiente e adequação do suporte técnico e estrutural.


This study aims to describe and evaluate prenatal care in Sergipe, considering number of visits, prescription of ferrous sulfate, complete physical examination, prenatal and puerperium guidelines and complementary exams, as well as associating them with socio-demographic data and also to evaluate aspects of guidelines of Primary Health Care. The data were obtained from interviews with 140 women who underwent antenatal care at UBSs in 50 cities of Sergipe in the last 2 years, through the external evaluation questionnaire of the second PMAQ cycle in 2014. During prenatal care, the 97.8% of the women were prescribed ferrous sulfate, 65% reported having performed all complementary tests, 55.7% received all guidelines, 24.2% received complete physical examination and 85.7% performed more than 6 visits. Women over 34, those with full secondary education and those living in the capital had better adequacy indices in most of the selected outcomes. Only 12% received adequate prenatal care considering all outcomes. Regarding the attachment, completeness and continuity of care, 90.7% of the women were called by name in the appointment, 57.5% said that the professionals questioned them about other life issues besides the reason for the appointment, 33.8% participated in some educational action, 52% performed a puerperium appointment and 52.9% received information about the maternity that they should look for when going into labor. The quality of prenatal care in Sergipe was inadequate, and it is necessary to elaborate actions and public policies aimed at improving the team's work processes, with sufficient funding and adequacy of technical and structural support.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Prenatal Care/standards , Primary Health Care/standards , Quality Assurance, Health Care , National Health Programs/standards , Brazil , Age Factors , Sociodemographic Factors , Health Services Accessibility
15.
Edumecentro ; 13(2): 19-32, abr.-jun. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286239

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Fundamento: la calidad en el campo de la salud es un tema obligado por su incidencia en los servicios a la población. Objetivo: caracterizar la capacitación ofrecida a los trabajadores del Centro de Inmunología y Productos Biológicos en temas de gestión de la calidad con la finalidad de elevar su desempeño profesional. Métodos: se realizó una investigación educativa en el período abril-diciembre de 2019 en la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Camagüey. Se emplearon métodos teóricos: analítico-sintético e inductivo-deductivo; empíricos: la revisión documental, entrevista y observación científica; y matemático-estadísticos para el cálculo de las frecuencias absolutas y el porcentaje. Resultados: predominó entre los trabajadores el desconocimiento acerca de qué es un sistema de gestión de la calidad y la importancia de su implementación, así como la necesidad sentida de capacitación sobre el tema; las actividades realizadas se dividieron en dos grupos: las encaminadas a lograr familiarización y las diseñadas para certificar conocimientos adquiridos; a pesar de que estas actividades no siempre contaron con la asistencia requerida, aumentaron el nivel de conocimientos en los trabajadores y propiciaron cambios en su mentalidad y proyección respecto al sentido de pertenencia. Conclusiones: se caracterizó la efectividad de la capacitación ofrecida a los trabajadores del Centro de Inmunología y Productos Biológicos la cual contenía aspectos medulares referentes al tema de gestión de la calidad. Los conocimientos adquiridos condicionaron una base sólida para elaborar estrategias de trabajo con nuevos objetivos según la perspectiva futura.


ABSTRACT Background: quality is an obligatory issue in the field of health due to its incidence in services to the population. Objective: to characterize the training offered on quality management issues to the workers of the Center for Immunology and Biological Products in order to improve their professional performance. Methods: an educational research was carried out from April to December 2019 at Camagüey University of Medical Sciences. Theoretical methods were used: analytical-synthetic and inductive-deductive; empirical ones: documentary review, interview and scientific observation; and mathematical-statistics for the calculation of the absolute frequencies and percentages. Results: the lack of knowledge on what a quality management system is and the importance of its implementation prevailed among workers, as well as the need indeed for training on the subject; The activities carried out were divided into two groups: those aimed at achieving familiarization and those designed to certify acquired knowledge; Although these activities did not always have the required assistance, they increased the level of knowledge in the workers and led to changes in their mentality and projection regarding the sense of belonging. Conclusions: the effectiveness of the training offered to the workers of the Center for Immunology and Biological Products was characterized, which contained core aspects related to the issue of quality management. The knowledge acquired conditioned a solid base to elaborate work strategies with new objectives according to the future perspective.


Subject(s)
Professional Competence , Quality Assurance, Health Care , Total Quality Management , Education, Professional
16.
J. health med. sci. (Print) ; 7(2): 91-95, abr.-jun. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1391581

ABSTRACT

Las metas internacionales de seguridad del paciente fueron implementadas por la Joint Commision International (JCI), a nivel mundial, con la finalidad de reducir los eventos adversos en los centros de salud. El objetivo de esta revisión bibliográfica fue identificar las metas internacionales de seguridad del paciente (MISP) incorporadas en centros de salud en el marco de la cultura de seguridad y calidad de la atención. Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica narrativa sistematizada utilizando las bases de datos de PubMed y EBSCO Host, utilizando criterios de inclusión y exclusión para la selección de los artículos para análisis. Los ámbitos evaluados relacionados a las metas internacionales de seguridad, identificados en los artículos seleccionados fueron: i) cultura de seguridad, ii) calidad de la atención, iii) comunicación efectiva, iv) cirugía de alto riesgo, v) medicamentos de alto riesgo. Las metas internacionales de calidad están incorporadas en los diferentes centros de salud, algunos de ellos definidos explícitamente en los sistemas de evaluación de calidad y otros de manera implícita en ámbitos generales en los sistemas de evaluación.


The Joint Commission International (JCI) implemented international patient safety goals worldwide to reduce adverse events in health centers. The objective of this literature review was to identify the international patient safety goals (MISP) incorporated in healthcare facilities within the framework of safety culture and quality of care. A systematized narrative literature review was carried out using PubMed and EBSCO Host databases, using inclusion and exclusion criteria to select articles for analysis. The areas evaluated related to the international safety goals identified in the selected articles were: i) safety culture, ii) quality of care, iii) effective communication, iv) high-risk surgery, v) high-risk drugs. International quality goals are incorporated in the different health centers, explicitly defined in the quality evaluation systems and others in general areas in the evaluation systems.


Subject(s)
Humans , Health Centers , Patient Safety , Health Facilities/standards , Quality Assurance, Health Care , Risk Management , Security Measures , Internationality , Goals
17.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 41(1): 52-64, ene.-mar. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249058

ABSTRACT

Resumen | Introducción. La calidad de la mamografía está directamente relacionada con la capacidad para detectar anormalidades y, por ello, es necesario el control de calidad en los centros de imágenes diagnósticas. Objetivo. Evaluar la calidad de la imagen, la lectura y el servicio de mamografía de algunos centros de imágenes diagnósticas en Manizales, Colombia. Materiales y métodos. Cuatro centros participaron de forma voluntaria y bajo acuerdos de confidencialidad en el estudio. De las 520 mujeres atendidas en ellos, a 318 se les hicieron mamografías. A partir de una inspección visual del servicio, se evaluaron la infraestructura, la tecnología y el personal de la unidad. Un radiólogo experto en lectura e interpretación clínica de imágenes mamarias evaluó la calidad de la imagen y la de su lectura. El análisis estadístico se hizo utilizando un anova y determinando el índice kappa y el porcentaje de desacuerdo. Resultados. Se encontró falta de calidad de las imágenes obtenidas, principalmente, por presencia de artificios en el 75 % de ellas, e identificación y rotulación deficientes; además, en la toma de la proyección oblicua medio-lateral, se encontró falta de visualización del ángulo inframamario. El grado de concordancia en el reporte BI-RADS fue bajo en los cuatro centros, con diferencias importantes en el informe y la descripción de los hallazgos. Conclusión. Los centros de imágenes diagnósticas evaluados están habilitados para el funcionamiento, pero se encontraron deficiencias importantes en la calidad de las imágenes y en su lectura, lo que pone de manifiesto la necesidad de establecer estándares de calidad y mejorar los aspectos que se puedan mejorar.


Abstract | Introduction: Mammography quality is directly related to the ability to detect an abnormality and, therefore, quality control is necessary for diagnostic imaging centers. Objective: To evaluate image quality, reading, and mammography service in some diagnostic imaging centers in Manizales, Colombia. Materials and methods: Four diagnostic imaging centers participated voluntarily in the study under confidentiality agreements. Out of 520 women attending the centers, 318 had a mammography. The infrastructure, technology, and human resources of each unit were evaluated based on visual inspections. A radiologist expert in reading and clinical interpretation of mammary images evaluated the quality of the image and the reading. We made the statistical analysis using anova, the kappa index, and the percentage of disagreement. Results: We found images of diminished quality mainly due to the presence of artifacts in 75 % of those evaluated, as well as non-compliance with identification criteria and image labeling. There were difficulties in taking the lateral median oblique projection given the absence of the inframammary. The level of agreement in the BI-RADS reporting was low in the four centers with important differences in the report and description of findings. Conclusion: The city's diagnostic centers under evaluation are authorized for their operation. However, there are important deficiencies in image quality and reading, which highlights the need to seek quality standards starting from those aspects that can be improved upon.


Subject(s)
Mammography , Quality Assurance, Health Care , Biomedical Engineering , Diagnostic Imaging , Maintenance and Engineering, Hospital
18.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(1): e501, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1149799

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Making decisions based on evidence has been a challenge for health professionals, given the need to have the tools and skills to carry out a critical appraisal of the evidence and assess the validity of the results. Systematic reviews of the literature (SRL) have been used widely to answer questions in the clinical field. Tools have been developed that support the appraisal of the quality of the studies. AMSTAR is one of these, validated and supported by reproducible evidence, which guides the methodological quality of the SRL. Objectives To show a historical, theoretical and practical guide for critical assessment of systematic reviews using AMSTAR to guide the argumental bases for their use according to the components of this methodological structure in health research, and to provide practical examples of how to apply this checklist. Methods We conducted a non-exhaustive review of literature in Pubmed and Cochrane Library using "AMSTAR" and "Systematic Reviews" as free terms without language or publication date limit; we also collected information from experts in the evaluation of the quality of the evidence. Conclusions AMSTAR is an instrument used, validated and supported by reproducible evidence for the evaluation of the internal validity of systematic reviews of the literature. It consists of 16 items that assess the overall methodological quality of a SRL. It is currently used indiscriminately and favorably, but it is not exempt from limitations and future updates based on new reproducibility and validation studies.


Resumen Introducción Tomar decisiones basadas en la evidencia ha sido un reto para profesionales de la salud; se requiere tener herramientas y habilidades para apreciar la evidencia críticamente y evaluar la validez de los resultados. Las revisiones sistemáticas de la literatura (RSL) han sido muy usadas para dar respuesta a preguntas del ámbito clínico. Se han desarrollado herramientas que apoyan la apreciación de la calidad de los estudios. El AMSTAR es una de estas, validada y soportada por evidencia reproducible que orienta la calidad metodológica de las RSL. Objetivos Mostrar un abordaje histórico, teórico y de guía práctica para la apreciación crítica de las revisiones sistemáticas con el AMSTAR, orientar las bases argumentales para su uso, según los componentes de esta estructura metodológica en investigación en salud, y proporcionar ejemplos prácticos sobre cómo aplicar esta lista de chequeo. Métodos Realizamos una revisión no exhaustiva de literatura en PubMed y The Cochrane Library con los términos libres "AMSTAR" y "revisiones sistemáticas'', sin límite de idioma o año de publicación; también, recolectamos información de expertos en evaluación de la calidad de la evidencia. Conclusiones El AMSTAR es un instrumento validado y soportado por evidencia reproducible para la evaluación de la validez interna de las revisiones sistemáticas de la literatura. Consiste en 16 ítems que evalúan de manera global la calidad metodológica de una RSL. Actualmente, se usa de manera indiscriminada y predilecta, pero no está exenta de limitaciones y futuras actualizaciones basadas en nuevos estudios de reproducibilidad y validación.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality Assurance, Health Care , Epidemiologic Methods , Evidence-Based Practice , Review Literature as Topic , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Instruments for Management of Scientific Activity
19.
Rev. bras. promoç. saúde (Impr.) ; 34: 1-11, 17/02/2021.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291613

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Comparar o risco de quedas por meio da Morse Fall Scale (MFS) de pacientes submetidos a laparotomia e videolaparoscopia. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo transversal, descritivo e observacional, realizado entre março e julho de 2019, na clínica cirúrgica de um hospital público universitário, situado em Curitiba, Paraná, Brasil. Aplicou-se um questionário desenvolvido pelos autores no primeiro dia de pós-operatório de cirurgia abdominal e avaliou-se o risco de quedas por meio do MFS. Resultados: Participaram 102 pacientes submetidos a cirurgias abdominais, 58 videolaparoscopias, 27 laparotomias e 17 bariátricas. A média de idade apresentou-se como de 50,34 (±15,11), sendo 70 (68,63%) do sexo feminino e 32 (31,37%) do sexo masculino. A análise estatística evidenciou o alto risco de quedas nas cirurgias bariátricas, de maneira que a associação do risco com o Índice de Massa Corporal (IMC) observou que quanto maior o IMC mais alto o risco de quedas. Dessa forma, também se observou um aumento do risco de quedas na associação do IMC e a idade. Os domínios que demonstraram diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre os grupos eram o histórico de quedas, o diagnóstico secundário e a marcha/ transferência. Conclusão: O risco de quedas nos pacientes avaliados mostrou relação com o tipo de cirurgia e com fatores de risco preexistentes, além disso, aumenta-se proporcionalmente à idade do paciente e ao IMC.


Objective: To compare the risk of falls using the Morse Fall Scale (MFS) of patients undergoing laparotomy and video laparoscopy.Methods: This is a cross-sectional, descriptive, and observational study, carried out between March and July 2019, in the surgical clinic of a public university hospital in Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil. A questionnaire developed by the authors was applied on the first postoperative day of abdominal surgery, and the risk of falls was assessed using the MFS. Results: 102 patients submitted to abdominal surgeries participated, 58 videolaparoscopies, 27 laparotomies, and 17 bariatric surgeries. The mean age was 50.34 (±15.11), 70 (68.63%) were female, and 32 (31.37%) were male. The statistical analysis showed the high risk of falls in bariatric surgeries, so that the association of it with the Body Mass Index (BMI) observed that the higher the BMI, the higher the risk of falls. Thus, an increased risk of falls was also observed in the association of BMI and age. The domains that showed statistically significant differences between the groups were history of falls, secondary diagnosis, and gait/transfer. Conclusion: The risk of falls in the patients evaluated was related to the type of surgery and pre-existing risk factors. In addition, it increases proportionally to the patient's age and BMI.


Objetivo: Comparar el riesgo de caídas a través del Morse Fall Scale (MFS) de pacientes sometidos a laparotomía y vídeo laparoscopia. Métodos: Se trata de un estudio transversal, descriptivo y observacional realizado entre marzo y julio de 2019 em la clínica quirúrgica de un hospital público universitario de Curitiba, Paraná, Brasil. Se aplicó una encuesta desarrollada por los autores en el primer día del postoperatorio de cirugía abdominal y se evaluó el riesgo de caídas a través del MFS. Resultados: Han participado 102 pacientes sometidos a cirugías abdominales, 58 video laparoscopias, 27 laparotomías e 17 cirugías bariátricas. La media de edad se presentó de 50,34 (±15,11) con 70 (68,63%) personas del sexo femenino y 32 (31,37%) del sexo masculino. El análisis estadístico evidenció el elevado riesgo de caídas en las cirugías bariátricas de manera que en la asociación entre el riesgo y el Índice de Masa Corporal (IMC) se observó que al mayor IMC más alto es el riesgo de caídas. Deesa manera, también se ha percibido un aumento del riesgo de caídas en la asociación entre el IMC y la edad. Los dominios que demostraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los grupos eran el histórico de caídas, el diagnóstico secundario y la marcha/transferencia. Conclusión: El riesgo de caídas de los pacientes evaluados mostró relación entre el tipo de cirugía y los factores de riesgo preexistentes, además de eso, se aumenta en proporción con la edad del paciente y el IMC.


Subject(s)
Quality Assurance, Health Care , Physical Therapy Modalities , Risk Assessment , Patient Safety , Hospitalization
20.
ABCS health sci ; 46: e021222, 09 fev. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349375

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: This article discusses the path of healthcare associated infections (HAI) indicators in the intensive care unit (ICU) of a public teaching hospital in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, after certain change in its nursing staff: pair of nursing caregivers. The model of a pair of caregivers consists in assigning one nurse and one nursing technician for every three patients. The indicators analyzed were infection related to central venous catheters (CVCs), the risk of HAI, turnover, and absenteeism. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to understand the impact of the restructuring of the nursing staff in Human Resources and on the rate of infection in the ICU. METHODS: As for methods, it is a qualitative and descriptive research carried out as a case study. RESULTS: The results have shown that the risk of HAIs significantly increased after the change in staffing, but the density of vascular access infection associated with CVCs was drastically reduced. The results of turnover of nursing technics decreased and the turnover of nurses increased while the absenteeism of the nursing team decreased after the change. The interviews revealed that there was a gain at the care due to the change. CONCLUSION: As a conclusion, the results of the study have shown that the proposed nursing model caused a care gain, once the interviews exposed that and indicator directly related to nursing team care (infection associated with CVCs) decreased.


INTRODUÇÃO: Esse artigo discute a evolução do indicador de infecção relacionada à assistência à saúde (IRAS) em uma Unidade de Tratamento Intensivo (UTI) em um hospital-escola público de Belo Horizonte, Brasil, após alteração na equipe de enfermagem: par de cuidadores. Esse modelo de par de cuidadores consistiu em determinar um enfermeiro e um técnico em enfermagem para cada três pacientes. Os indicadores analisados foram infecções de corrente sanguínea associadas ao Cateter Venoso Central (CVC), risco de IRAS, turnover e absenteísmo. OBJETIVO: Compreender o impacto da reestruturação do time de enfermagem na área de Recursos Humanos e a taxa de infecção na UTI. MÉTODOS: Como métodos, é uma pesquisa qualitativa e descritiva, obtida por meio do estudo de caso. RESULTADOS: Os resultados apontaram que o risco das IRAS aumentou significativamente após a mudança da equipe de enfermagem, mas a densidade do indicador de infecções de corrente sanguínea associadas ao CVC reduziu drasticamente. Os resultados de turnover entre os técnicos de enfermagem caiu e dos enfermeiros aumentou, enquanto o absenteísmo da equipe de enfermagem reduziu. As entrevistas revelaram que houve um ganho na qualidade do cuidado relacionado à mudança. CONCLUSÃO: Conclui-se que os resultados demonstraram um ganho assistencial obtido pela mudança na equipe de enfermagem, uma vez que isso foi relevado nas entrevistas e houve redução nos resultados do indicador diretamente relacionado ao trabalho do enfermeiro (infecções associadas ao CVC)


Subject(s)
Humans , Personnel Management , Infection Control , Quality Indicators, Health Care , Hospital Administrators , Intensive Care Units , Nursing, Team , Personnel Turnover , Quality Assurance, Health Care , Cross Infection , Absenteeism , Hospitals, Teaching
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