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1.
J. Health NPEPS ; 6(2): 1-14, dez. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1349321

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo:analizar el significado holístico de la seguridad del paciente como fenómeno esencial para el cuidado en la neuronavegación por imágenes. Método:este estudio se realizó entre los meses de julio a diciembre del 2020, en el Centro de Investigaciones Medico Quirurgicas, ubicado en el municipio Playa, en la Habana, Cuba. Las autoras se apoyaron en un enfoque cualitativo propiamente inductivo. Se realizó una triangulación teórica en primer lugar y en segundo lugar; hubo que recurrir a la entrevista en profundidad desde la teoria fundamentada. Resultados:la triangulación -la relación enfermera paciente como proceso interpersonal y terapéutico, otro resultado lo es el vínculo entre los valores éticos y espirituales de la enfermera y del paciente. Las debilidades que se identificaron en la triangulación: La débil explicación por parte de los profesionales de enfermería del proceder que se le va a realizar a los pacientes. Las entrevista a profundidad se ha comportado como elemento enriquecedor del estudio, al propiciar que las autoras asumieran el nombre de tratamiento quirurgicode tumores cerebrales con el uso del planificador. Conclusión:el cambio de la cultura de seguridad del paciente es un proceso en el cual los profesionales de enfermería juegan un papel protagónico.


ABSTRACTObjective: to analyze the holistic meaning of the patient's security as essential phenomenon for the care in the neuronavegación for images. Method:this study was carried out among the months of July to December of the 2020. In the Center of Investigations I Prescribe Surgical, located in the municipality Beach, in the Havana, Cuba. The authors leaned on in a properly inductive qualitative focus. He/she was carried out a theoretical triangulation in the first place, in second place; it was necessary to appeal to the interview in depth from the based theory. Results: the triangulation -the relationship patient nurse as interpersonal and therapeutic process, another result is it the bond among the nurse's ethical and spiritual values and of the patient. The weaknesses that were identified in the triangulation: The weak explanation on the part of the infirmary professionals of proceeding that he will carry out the patients. The interview to depth has behaved as enriching element of the study, when propitiating that the authors assumed the name of surgical treatment of cerebral tumors with the use of the planner. Conclusion:the change of the culture of the patient's security is a process in which the infirmary professionals play a protagonistic paper.


RESUMO Objetivo: analisar o significado holístico da segurança do paciente como fenômeno essencial para o cuidado na neuronavegação por imagens. Método: este estudio foi realizado entre os meses de julho a dezembro de 2020, no Centro de Investigações Médico Cirúrgicas, localizado no município de Playa, em Havana, Cuba. As autoras se apoiaram em um enfoque qualitativo propriamente indutivo. Realizou-se uma triangulação teórica em primeiro e segundo lugar. Recorreu-se a entrevista em profundidade a partir da teoria fundamentada. Resultados: a triangulação -a relação enfermeira paciente como processo interpessoal e terapêutico, outro resultado é isto o laço entre os valores éticos e espirituais do enfermeira e do paciente. As fraquezas que foram identificadas na triangulação: A explicação fraca por parte dos profissionais de enfermaria de proceder que ele levará a cabo os pacientes. A entrevista para profundidade se comportou como enriquecendo elemento do estudo, ao propiciar que os autores assumiram o nome de tratamento cirúrgico de tumores cerebrais com o uso do planejador.Conclusão:a mudança da cultura da segurança do paciente é um processo no qual os profissionais de enfermaria jogam um papel de protagonistic.


Subject(s)
Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care , Quality Assurance, Health Care , Patient Safety
2.
Rev. Rede cuid. saúde ; 15(1): [13-27], 15/07/2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1282331

ABSTRACT

Este trabalho objetiva descrever e avaliar a atenção pré-natal em Sergipe, considerando número de consultas, prescrição de sulfato ferroso, exame físico completo, orientações sobre pré-natal e puerpério e exames complementares, além de associá-los com dados sócio demográficos e avaliar aspectos dos princípios da atenção básica. Os dados foram obtidos a partir de entrevistas a 140 mulheres que realizaram pré-natal em UBS de 50 cidades de Sergipe nos últimos 2 anos, através do questionário de avaliação externa do segundo ciclo do PMAQ realizado em 2014. Durante o pré-natal, a 97,8% das mulheres foram prescritos sulfato ferroso, 65% refere ter realizado todos os exames complementares, 55,7% recebeu as orientações necessárias, 24,2% recebeu exame físico completo e 85,7% realizou mais de 6 consultas. As mulheres com mais de 34 anos, as com ensino médio completo e as que moram na capital tiveram melhores índices de adequação na maioria dos desfechos selecionados. Apenas 12% recebeu atenção pré-natal adequada considerando todos os desfechos. Em relação ao vínculo, integralidade e continuidade do cuidado 90,7% das mulheres eram chamadas pelo nome nas consultas, 57,5% disse que os profissionais as questionaram sobre outras questões da vida além do motivo da consulta, 33,8% participou de alguma ação educativa, 52% realizou consulta de puerpério e 52,9% recebeu informações sobre a maternidade de referência. A qualidade da atenção pré-natal em Sergipe se mostrou inadequada, sendo necessário a elaboração de ações e políticas públicas visando melhorar os processos de trabalho da equipe, com financiamento suficiente e adequação do suporte técnico e estrutural.


This study aims to describe and evaluate prenatal care in Sergipe, considering number of visits, prescription of ferrous sulfate, complete physical examination, prenatal and puerperium guidelines and complementary exams, as well as associating them with socio-demographic data and also to evaluate aspects of guidelines of Primary Health Care. The data were obtained from interviews with 140 women who underwent antenatal care at UBSs in 50 cities of Sergipe in the last 2 years, through the external evaluation questionnaire of the second PMAQ cycle in 2014. During prenatal care, the 97.8% of the women were prescribed ferrous sulfate, 65% reported having performed all complementary tests, 55.7% received all guidelines, 24.2% received complete physical examination and 85.7% performed more than 6 visits. Women over 34, those with full secondary education and those living in the capital had better adequacy indices in most of the selected outcomes. Only 12% received adequate prenatal care considering all outcomes. Regarding the attachment, completeness and continuity of care, 90.7% of the women were called by name in the appointment, 57.5% said that the professionals questioned them about other life issues besides the reason for the appointment, 33.8% participated in some educational action, 52% performed a puerperium appointment and 52.9% received information about the maternity that they should look for when going into labor. The quality of prenatal care in Sergipe was inadequate, and it is necessary to elaborate actions and public policies aimed at improving the team's work processes, with sufficient funding and adequacy of technical and structural support.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Prenatal Care , Primary Health Care , Quality Assurance, Health Care
3.
Edumecentro ; 13(2): 19-32, abr.-jun. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286239

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Fundamento: la calidad en el campo de la salud es un tema obligado por su incidencia en los servicios a la población. Objetivo: caracterizar la capacitación ofrecida a los trabajadores del Centro de Inmunología y Productos Biológicos en temas de gestión de la calidad con la finalidad de elevar su desempeño profesional. Métodos: se realizó una investigación educativa en el período abril-diciembre de 2019 en la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Camagüey. Se emplearon métodos teóricos: analítico-sintético e inductivo-deductivo; empíricos: la revisión documental, entrevista y observación científica; y matemático-estadísticos para el cálculo de las frecuencias absolutas y el porcentaje. Resultados: predominó entre los trabajadores el desconocimiento acerca de qué es un sistema de gestión de la calidad y la importancia de su implementación, así como la necesidad sentida de capacitación sobre el tema; las actividades realizadas se dividieron en dos grupos: las encaminadas a lograr familiarización y las diseñadas para certificar conocimientos adquiridos; a pesar de que estas actividades no siempre contaron con la asistencia requerida, aumentaron el nivel de conocimientos en los trabajadores y propiciaron cambios en su mentalidad y proyección respecto al sentido de pertenencia. Conclusiones: se caracterizó la efectividad de la capacitación ofrecida a los trabajadores del Centro de Inmunología y Productos Biológicos la cual contenía aspectos medulares referentes al tema de gestión de la calidad. Los conocimientos adquiridos condicionaron una base sólida para elaborar estrategias de trabajo con nuevos objetivos según la perspectiva futura.


ABSTRACT Background: quality is an obligatory issue in the field of health due to its incidence in services to the population. Objective: to characterize the training offered on quality management issues to the workers of the Center for Immunology and Biological Products in order to improve their professional performance. Methods: an educational research was carried out from April to December 2019 at Camagüey University of Medical Sciences. Theoretical methods were used: analytical-synthetic and inductive-deductive; empirical ones: documentary review, interview and scientific observation; and mathematical-statistics for the calculation of the absolute frequencies and percentages. Results: the lack of knowledge on what a quality management system is and the importance of its implementation prevailed among workers, as well as the need indeed for training on the subject; The activities carried out were divided into two groups: those aimed at achieving familiarization and those designed to certify acquired knowledge; Although these activities did not always have the required assistance, they increased the level of knowledge in the workers and led to changes in their mentality and projection regarding the sense of belonging. Conclusions: the effectiveness of the training offered to the workers of the Center for Immunology and Biological Products was characterized, which contained core aspects related to the issue of quality management. The knowledge acquired conditioned a solid base to elaborate work strategies with new objectives according to the future perspective.


Subject(s)
Professional Competence , Quality Assurance, Health Care , Total Quality Management , Education, Professional
4.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(1): e501, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1149799

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Making decisions based on evidence has been a challenge for health professionals, given the need to have the tools and skills to carry out a critical appraisal of the evidence and assess the validity of the results. Systematic reviews of the literature (SRL) have been used widely to answer questions in the clinical field. Tools have been developed that support the appraisal of the quality of the studies. AMSTAR is one of these, validated and supported by reproducible evidence, which guides the methodological quality of the SRL. Objectives To show a historical, theoretical and practical guide for critical assessment of systematic reviews using AMSTAR to guide the argumental bases for their use according to the components of this methodological structure in health research, and to provide practical examples of how to apply this checklist. Methods We conducted a non-exhaustive review of literature in Pubmed and Cochrane Library using "AMSTAR" and "Systematic Reviews" as free terms without language or publication date limit; we also collected information from experts in the evaluation of the quality of the evidence. Conclusions AMSTAR is an instrument used, validated and supported by reproducible evidence for the evaluation of the internal validity of systematic reviews of the literature. It consists of 16 items that assess the overall methodological quality of a SRL. It is currently used indiscriminately and favorably, but it is not exempt from limitations and future updates based on new reproducibility and validation studies.


Resumen Introducción Tomar decisiones basadas en la evidencia ha sido un reto para profesionales de la salud; se requiere tener herramientas y habilidades para apreciar la evidencia críticamente y evaluar la validez de los resultados. Las revisiones sistemáticas de la literatura (RSL) han sido muy usadas para dar respuesta a preguntas del ámbito clínico. Se han desarrollado herramientas que apoyan la apreciación de la calidad de los estudios. El AMSTAR es una de estas, validada y soportada por evidencia reproducible que orienta la calidad metodológica de las RSL. Objetivos Mostrar un abordaje histórico, teórico y de guía práctica para la apreciación crítica de las revisiones sistemáticas con el AMSTAR, orientar las bases argumentales para su uso, según los componentes de esta estructura metodológica en investigación en salud, y proporcionar ejemplos prácticos sobre cómo aplicar esta lista de chequeo. Métodos Realizamos una revisión no exhaustiva de literatura en PubMed y The Cochrane Library con los términos libres "AMSTAR" y "revisiones sistemáticas'', sin límite de idioma o año de publicación; también, recolectamos información de expertos en evaluación de la calidad de la evidencia. Conclusiones El AMSTAR es un instrumento validado y soportado por evidencia reproducible para la evaluación de la validez interna de las revisiones sistemáticas de la literatura. Consiste en 16 ítems que evalúan de manera global la calidad metodológica de una RSL. Actualmente, se usa de manera indiscriminada y predilecta, pero no está exenta de limitaciones y futuras actualizaciones basadas en nuevos estudios de reproducibilidad y validación.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality Assurance, Health Care , Epidemiologic Methods , Evidence-Based Practice , Review Literature as Topic , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Instruments for Management of Scientific Activity
5.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 41(1): 52-64, ene.-mar. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249058

ABSTRACT

Resumen | Introducción. La calidad de la mamografía está directamente relacionada con la capacidad para detectar anormalidades y, por ello, es necesario el control de calidad en los centros de imágenes diagnósticas. Objetivo. Evaluar la calidad de la imagen, la lectura y el servicio de mamografía de algunos centros de imágenes diagnósticas en Manizales, Colombia. Materiales y métodos. Cuatro centros participaron de forma voluntaria y bajo acuerdos de confidencialidad en el estudio. De las 520 mujeres atendidas en ellos, a 318 se les hicieron mamografías. A partir de una inspección visual del servicio, se evaluaron la infraestructura, la tecnología y el personal de la unidad. Un radiólogo experto en lectura e interpretación clínica de imágenes mamarias evaluó la calidad de la imagen y la de su lectura. El análisis estadístico se hizo utilizando un anova y determinando el índice kappa y el porcentaje de desacuerdo. Resultados. Se encontró falta de calidad de las imágenes obtenidas, principalmente, por presencia de artificios en el 75 % de ellas, e identificación y rotulación deficientes; además, en la toma de la proyección oblicua medio-lateral, se encontró falta de visualización del ángulo inframamario. El grado de concordancia en el reporte BI-RADS fue bajo en los cuatro centros, con diferencias importantes en el informe y la descripción de los hallazgos. Conclusión. Los centros de imágenes diagnósticas evaluados están habilitados para el funcionamiento, pero se encontraron deficiencias importantes en la calidad de las imágenes y en su lectura, lo que pone de manifiesto la necesidad de establecer estándares de calidad y mejorar los aspectos que se puedan mejorar.


Abstract | Introduction: Mammography quality is directly related to the ability to detect an abnormality and, therefore, quality control is necessary for diagnostic imaging centers. Objective: To evaluate image quality, reading, and mammography service in some diagnostic imaging centers in Manizales, Colombia. Materials and methods: Four diagnostic imaging centers participated voluntarily in the study under confidentiality agreements. Out of 520 women attending the centers, 318 had a mammography. The infrastructure, technology, and human resources of each unit were evaluated based on visual inspections. A radiologist expert in reading and clinical interpretation of mammary images evaluated the quality of the image and the reading. We made the statistical analysis using anova, the kappa index, and the percentage of disagreement. Results: We found images of diminished quality mainly due to the presence of artifacts in 75 % of those evaluated, as well as non-compliance with identification criteria and image labeling. There were difficulties in taking the lateral median oblique projection given the absence of the inframammary. The level of agreement in the BI-RADS reporting was low in the four centers with important differences in the report and description of findings. Conclusion: The city's diagnostic centers under evaluation are authorized for their operation. However, there are important deficiencies in image quality and reading, which highlights the need to seek quality standards starting from those aspects that can be improved upon.


Subject(s)
Mammography , Quality Assurance, Health Care , Biomedical Engineering , Diagnostic Imaging , Total Quality Management , Maintenance and Engineering, Hospital
6.
ABCS health sci ; 46: e021222, 09 fev. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349375

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: This article discusses the path of healthcare associated infections (HAI) indicators in the intensive care unit (ICU) of a public teaching hospital in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, after certain change in its nursing staff: pair of nursing caregivers. The model of a pair of caregivers consists in assigning one nurse and one nursing technician for every three patients. The indicators analyzed were infection related to central venous catheters (CVCs), the risk of HAI, turnover, and absenteeism. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to understand the impact of the restructuring of the nursing staff in Human Resources and on the rate of infection in the ICU. METHODS: As for methods, it is a qualitative and descriptive research carried out as a case study. RESULTS: The results have shown that the risk of HAIs significantly increased after the change in staffing, but the density of vascular access infection associated with CVCs was drastically reduced. The results of turnover of nursing technics decreased and the turnover of nurses increased while the absenteeism of the nursing team decreased after the change. The interviews revealed that there was a gain at the care due to the change. CONCLUSION: As a conclusion, the results of the study have shown that the proposed nursing model caused a care gain, once the interviews exposed that and indicator directly related to nursing team care (infection associated with CVCs) decreased.


INTRODUÇÃO: Esse artigo discute a evolução do indicador de infecção relacionada à assistência à saúde (IRAS) em uma Unidade de Tratamento Intensivo (UTI) em um hospital-escola público de Belo Horizonte, Brasil, após alteração na equipe de enfermagem: par de cuidadores. Esse modelo de par de cuidadores consistiu em determinar um enfermeiro e um técnico em enfermagem para cada três pacientes. Os indicadores analisados foram infecções de corrente sanguínea associadas ao Cateter Venoso Central (CVC), risco de IRAS, turnover e absenteísmo. OBJETIVO: Compreender o impacto da reestruturação do time de enfermagem na área de Recursos Humanos e a taxa de infecção na UTI. MÉTODOS: Como métodos, é uma pesquisa qualitativa e descritiva, obtida por meio do estudo de caso. RESULTADOS: Os resultados apontaram que o risco das IRAS aumentou significativamente após a mudança da equipe de enfermagem, mas a densidade do indicador de infecções de corrente sanguínea associadas ao CVC reduziu drasticamente. Os resultados de turnover entre os técnicos de enfermagem caiu e dos enfermeiros aumentou, enquanto o absenteísmo da equipe de enfermagem reduziu. As entrevistas revelaram que houve um ganho na qualidade do cuidado relacionado à mudança. CONCLUSÃO: Conclui-se que os resultados demonstraram um ganho assistencial obtido pela mudança na equipe de enfermagem, uma vez que isso foi relevado nas entrevistas e houve redução nos resultados do indicador diretamente relacionado ao trabalho do enfermeiro (infecções associadas ao CVC)


Subject(s)
Humans , Personnel Management , Infection Control , Quality Indicators, Health Care , Hospital Administrators , Intensive Care Units , Nursing, Team , Personnel Turnover , Quality Assurance, Health Care , Cross Infection , Absenteeism , Hospitals, Teaching
7.
Rev. bras. promoç. saúde (Impr.) ; 34(1): 1-11, 17/02/2021.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291613

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Comparar o risco de quedas por meio da Morse Fall Scale (MFS) de pacientes submetidos a laparotomia e videolaparoscopia. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo transversal, descritivo e observacional, realizado entre março e julho de 2019, na clínica cirúrgica de um hospital público universitário, situado em Curitiba, Paraná, Brasil. Aplicou-se um questionário desenvolvido pelos autores no primeiro dia de pós-operatório de cirurgia abdominal e avaliou-se o risco de quedas por meio do MFS. Resultados: Participaram 102 pacientes submetidos a cirurgias abdominais, 58 videolaparoscopias, 27 laparotomias e 17 bariátricas. A média de idade apresentou-se como de 50,34 (±15,11), sendo 70 (68,63%) do sexo feminino e 32 (31,37%) do sexo masculino. A análise estatística evidenciou o alto risco de quedas nas cirurgias bariátricas, de maneira que a associação do risco com o Índice de Massa Corporal (IMC) observou que quanto maior o IMC mais alto o risco de quedas. Dessa forma, também se observou um aumento do risco de quedas na associação do IMC e a idade. Os domínios que demonstraram diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre os grupos eram o histórico de quedas, o diagnóstico secundário e a marcha/ transferência. Conclusão: O risco de quedas nos pacientes avaliados mostrou relação com o tipo de cirurgia e com fatores de risco preexistentes, além disso, aumenta-se proporcionalmente à idade do paciente e ao IMC.


Objective: To compare the risk of falls using the Morse Fall Scale (MFS) of patients undergoing laparotomy and video laparoscopy.Methods: This is a cross-sectional, descriptive, and observational study, carried out between March and July 2019, in the surgical clinic of a public university hospital in Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil. A questionnaire developed by the authors was applied on the first postoperative day of abdominal surgery, and the risk of falls was assessed using the MFS. Results: 102 patients submitted to abdominal surgeries participated, 58 videolaparoscopies, 27 laparotomies, and 17 bariatric surgeries. The mean age was 50.34 (±15.11), 70 (68.63%) were female, and 32 (31.37%) were male. The statistical analysis showed the high risk of falls in bariatric surgeries, so that the association of it with the Body Mass Index (BMI) observed that the higher the BMI, the higher the risk of falls. Thus, an increased risk of falls was also observed in the association of BMI and age. The domains that showed statistically significant differences between the groups were history of falls, secondary diagnosis, and gait/transfer. Conclusion: The risk of falls in the patients evaluated was related to the type of surgery and pre-existing risk factors. In addition, it increases proportionally to the patient's age and BMI.


Objetivo: Comparar el riesgo de caídas a través del Morse Fall Scale (MFS) de pacientes sometidos a laparotomía y vídeo laparoscopia. Métodos: Se trata de un estudio transversal, descriptivo y observacional realizado entre marzo y julio de 2019 em la clínica quirúrgica de un hospital público universitario de Curitiba, Paraná, Brasil. Se aplicó una encuesta desarrollada por los autores en el primer día del postoperatorio de cirugía abdominal y se evaluó el riesgo de caídas a través del MFS. Resultados: Han participado 102 pacientes sometidos a cirugías abdominales, 58 video laparoscopias, 27 laparotomías e 17 cirugías bariátricas. La media de edad se presentó de 50,34 (±15,11) con 70 (68,63%) personas del sexo femenino y 32 (31,37%) del sexo masculino. El análisis estadístico evidenció el elevado riesgo de caídas en las cirugías bariátricas de manera que en la asociación entre el riesgo y el Índice de Masa Corporal (IMC) se observó que al mayor IMC más alto es el riesgo de caídas. Deesa manera, también se ha percibido un aumento del riesgo de caídas en la asociación entre el IMC y la edad. Los dominios que demostraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los grupos eran el histórico de caídas, el diagnóstico secundario y la marcha/transferencia. Conclusión: El riesgo de caídas de los pacientes evaluados mostró relación entre el tipo de cirugía y los factores de riesgo preexistentes, además de eso, se aumenta en proporción con la edad del paciente y el IMC.


Subject(s)
Quality Assurance, Health Care , Physical Therapy Modalities , Risk Assessment , Patient Safety , Hospitalization
8.
Arq. odontol ; 57: 57-68, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1343082

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar o nível de conhecimento em Estomatologia dos cirurgiões-dentistas (CD) que atuam na Atenção Básica de um município de Pernambuco, Brasil. Métodos: Este é um estudo observacional, indutivo, estatístico e de abordagem quantitativa. A população do estudo envolve os CD atuantes nas Unidades Básicas de Saúde do município. Os dados foram coletados através de um questionário elaborado pelos pesquisadores, contendo 27 perguntas sobre as lesões orais mais comuns, diagnóstico clínico e condutas frente a diagnósticos clínicos específicos. O nível de conhecimento foi mensurado a partir da média de acertos dos profissionais. Os dados coletados foram processados por meio do uso do programa estatístico IBM SPSS 20.0®. Resultados: A amostra obtida foi de treze CD. A média dos acertos nos conhecimentos específicos em Estomatologia foi de 17 (± 3,109). Quanto à classificação do desempenho geral, a maioria dos profissionais (69,2%) teve um desempenho regular. Quanto aos conhecimentos específicos sobre diagnóstico clínico, estes foram classificados como alto para a maioria (53,8%). Em relação aos conhecimentos específicos sobre as condutas adequadas frente às lesões, a classificação do desempenho foi baixa para a maioria dos participantes (84,6%). Conclusão: De modo geral, os CD obtiveram um desempenho regular de conhecimento em Estomatologia. Recomenda-se o desenvolvimento de mais pesquisas devido à escassez de discussões sobre o tema na literatura.


Aim: To evaluate the level of knowledge on oral medicine of dentists who work in Primary Health Care in the city in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. Methods: This is an observational, inductive, statistical study with a quantitative approach. The study population involves dentists working in the Basic Health Units of the city. The data were collected through a questionnaire prepared by the researchers, containing 27 questions about the most common oral lesions, clinical diagnoses, and conduct towards specific clinical diagnoses. The level of knowledge was measured from the mean of correct answers by the professionals. Collected data were processed using the IBM SPSS 20.0® statistical program. Results: This study's sample counted on the participation of thirteen dentists. The mean of correct answers regarding specific knowledge on Oral Medicine was 17 (± 3.109). As for the classification of general performance, most professionals (69.2%) performed regularly. As for specific knowledge about clinical diagnosis, the knowledge was classified as high for the majority (53.8%). About the appropriate behaviors in relation to injuries, the performance classification was low for most participants (84.6%). Conclusion: In general, dentists obtained a regular knowledge on Oral Medicine. Further research is recommended due to the scarcity of discussions on the topic in the literature.


Subject(s)
Primary Health Care , Oral Medicine , Knowledge , Practice Patterns, Dentists' , Dentists , Education, Dental , Quality Assurance, Health Care
9.
Saúde Soc ; 30(4): e190829, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352207

ABSTRACT

Resumo O estudo busca validar questões avaliativas para compreensão da inserção das temáticas de saúde LGBT na formação universitária na área da saúde. Para isso, foi realizado um estudo de validação de conteúdo em três etapas: construção de modelo lógico, construção de questões avaliativas e análise por especialistas. O modelo lógico foi elaborado a partir de consulta documental à legislação brasileira pertinente, dando origem a dimensões de análise traduzidas em questões avaliativas para, por fim, serem validadas por um painel de 19 especialistas por meio da técnica de consenso de Delfos, em 3 rodadas. Foi analisada a tendência central e dispersão para consolidação das questões, sendo validadas aquelas que obtiveram média >9, mediana 10 e desvio-padrão <1,5. O instrumento validado é composto por 39 itens, em duas dimensões, a saber: Formação de recursos humanos e Concepções, divididas em subdimensões. As subdimensões do primeiro caso são: identidade de gênero, orientação sexual, assistência à saúde e políticas públicas; as do segundo são: concepções individuais, comunitárias e sistêmicas. Este estudo propôs superar os desafios encontrados na literatura, transformando conceitos em categorias analíticas, para que assim possa ser utilizado para fins de pesquisa e/ou autoavaliação de currículos e disciplinas dos diferentes cursos.


Abstract This study aims to validate evaluative questions for the integration of LGBT health in undergraduate health training. To this end, a three-stage content validation study was conducted, including: logical model construction, evaluative questions construction, and expert analysis. The logical model was elaborated from a documentary consultation to the relevant Brazilian legislation, resulting in a set of dimensions of analysis that were translated into evaluative questions. These questions were then validated by a panel of 19 experts using the Delphi technique, which builds consensus through three rounds. Questions were consolidated by central tendency and dispersion analysis, and those with mean > 9, median = 10, and standard deviation <1.5 were validated. The final instrument comprises 39 questions divided into two dimensions: human resources formation, subdivided into sexual identity, sexual orientation, healthcare, and public policies; and Conceptions, including individual, community, and systemic conceptions. This study sought to bridge the gaps on the literature, turning ideas into analytical categories and thus enabling their use for research purposes and/or the evaluation of different courses curricula and disciplines.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Public Policy , Quality Assurance, Health Care , Teaching , Comprehensive Health Care , Workforce , Gender and Health , Sexual and Gender Minorities
10.
Saúde Soc ; 30(3): e200928, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1290084

ABSTRACT

Resumo Este artigo aborda o impacto da "privatização da velhice" sobre a qualidade do cuidado e a vida de idosos e familiares-cuidadores pelo cruzamento de três procedimentos: estudo dos dados de prontuários dos idosos atendidos entre 2009 e 2017 no Serviço de Proteção e Atendimento Especializado a Família e Indivíduos (PAEFI) de um município de São Paulo; estudo dos resultados de instrumentos de verificação de indícios de violência; e análise qualitativa de entrevistas com idosos e cuidadores. A discussão introduz uma reflexão original da "privatização da velhice", considerando não somente a tendência geral à desmontagem dos sistemas de proteção social e ao estabelecimento de um modelo familista de cuidado ao idoso, mas igualmente os efeitos do encapsulamento da esfera doméstica como vida privada, da progressão da nuclearização das políticas familiares, da crescente pregnância de modelos neoliberais de sociabilidade e subjetivação. Esses processos são abordados levando em conta as dinâmicas entrelaçadas das desigualdades sociais e das políticas familiares de cuidado. Os resultados permitem captar efeitos patogênicos e violentogênicos desses processos, como corroboram dados sobre indícios (84%) e risco (62,1%) de violência e frequência de problemas de saúde (80%) e transtorno mental comum (55,2%) entre cuidadores.


Abstract This article discusses the impact of "privatization of old age" on the quality of care and life of older adults and family-caregivers by crossing three procedures: study of data from medical records of older adults treated between 2009 and 2017 in the Specialized Protection and Care Service for Families and Individuals (PAEFI) of a municipality of São Paulo; study on the results of instruments to verify evidence of violence; and qualitative analysis of interviews with older adults and caregivers. The discussion introduces an original reflection of "privatization of old age", considering not only the general tendency to dismantle social protection systems and the establishment of a family model of care for older adults, but also the effects of encapsulating the domestic sphere as private life, the progression of the nuclearization of family policies, the growing importance of neoliberal models of sociability and subjectivation. We addressed these processes considering the interwoven dynamics of social inequalities and family care policies. The results allow to capture pathogenic and violent effects of these processes, as corroborated by data on evidence (84%) and risk (62.1%) of violence, frequency of health problems (80%) and common mental disorders (55.2%) among caregivers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Quality Assurance, Health Care , Quality of Life , Aged , Health of the Elderly , Caregivers , Domestic Violence
11.
Physis (Rio J.) ; 31(2): e310203, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287539

ABSTRACT

Resumo O objetivo desta pesquisa foi analisar a qualidade da assistência à saúde bucal na Atenção Primária em Saúde no Brasil e identificar fatores contextuais socioeconômicos associados. Trata-se de um estudo seccional que teve como unidade de análise todas as equipes de saúde bucal que participaram da avaliação externa do segundo ciclo do Programa de Melhoria do Acesso e Qualidade - Atenção Básica. A qualidade foi medida nas dimensões: acesso, resolutividade, processo de trabalho, coordenação do cuidado e infraestrutura. Os critérios de qualidade da avaliação externa foram agrupados nas dimensões citadas e ponderados pela técnica de Teoria de Resposta ao Item. O indicador de qualidade da Saúde Bucal foi resultado do agrupamento das variáveis latentes. Foram realizadas análises descritivas por regiões e de associação entre "Qualidade da Assistência em Saúde Bucal" e o Índice de Desenvolvimento Humano Municipal, com significância de 5%. Apenas 25% das equipes de saúde bucal são consideradas boas. A dimensão infraestrutura foi melhor avaliada e a coordenação do cuidado, pior. Não há diferença estatisticamente significativa na análise entre os municípios com alto e baixo IDH. Analisar a qualidade é primordial para que se realize a melhora contínua da qualidade dos cuidados em saúde.


Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the quality of oral care provided in Brazilian primary care and identify associated contextual socioeconomic factors. This is a cross-sectional study whose unit of analysis was all the oral care teams that participated in an external assessment for the second cycle of the Access and Quality Improvement Program - Primary Care. Quality was measured in the following dimensions: access, resolution, work process, care coordination and infrastructure. The quality criteria of the external assessment were grouped into these dimensions and weighted using Item Response Theory. The indicator of oral care quality was the result of grouping latent variables. Descriptive analyses were performed by region and association between "Oral Care Quality" and the Municipal Human Development Index (HDI), with 5% significance. Only 25% of the oral care teams were considered good. The infrastructure dimension obtained the best results and care coordination the worst. There was no statistically significant difference between municipalities with high and low HDIs. Quality assessment is vital to ensure the continuous improvement of quality healthcare.


Subject(s)
Humans , Primary Health Care , Quality Assurance, Health Care , Quality of Health Care , Oral Health , Dental Care , Brazil , Attitude of Health Personnel , Public Health
12.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 13: 1129-1134, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1255050

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar a acessibilidade ao diagnóstico da hipertensão arterial na Atenção Primária à Saúde. Método: estudo transversal, realizado com 417 pessoas, residentes em um município localizado no noroeste do estado do Paraná. A coleta de dados ocorreu entre fevereiro a junho de 2016,por meio de um instrumento adaptado e validado para avaliação dos serviços ofertados a pessoas com hipertensão arterial na Atenção Primária à Saúde. Na análise dos dados, aplicou-se estatística descritiva e inferencial. Resultados: constatou-se insatisfação quanto tempo gasto para deslocar-se até os serviços de saúde, necessidade de procurar atendimento por mais de três vezes para receber o diagnóstico, tempo de espera superior a 60 minutos para ser atendido e atraso ou perda de dia de trabalho. Conclusão:tais achados refletem a importância de reorganizar a gestão e o planejamento de ações de saúde, com vistas a tornar os serviços de saúde pública mais equânime, resolutivo e longitudinal


Objective:To analyze the accessibility to the diagnosis of hypertension in Primary Health Care. Method: cross-sectional study with 417 people living in a municipality located in the northwest of Paraná state. Data collection took place between February and June 2016, through an adapted and validated instrument to evaluate the services offered to people with hypertension in Primary Health Care. In the data analysis, descriptive and inferential statistics were applied. Results: we found dissatisfaction with the time spent traveling to health services, the need to seek care more than three times to receive the diagnosis, the waiting time over 60 minutes to be attended by and the delay or loss of work day. Conclusion: these findings reflect the importance of reorganizing the management and planning of health actions, with a view to making public health services more equitable, resolute and longitudinal


Objetivo: Analizar la accesibilidad al diagnóstico de hipertensión en Atención Primaria de Salud Método: estudio transversal con 417 personas que viven en un municipio ubicado en el noroeste del estado de Paraná. La recolección de datos se realizó entre febrero y junio de 2016, a través de un instrumento adaptado y validado para evaluar los servicios ofrecidos a las personas con hipertensión en Atención Primaria de Salud. En el análisis de datos, se aplicaron estadísticas descriptivas e inferenciales. Resultados: encontramos insatisfacción con el tiempo dedicado a viajar a los servicios de salud, necesitamos buscar atención más de tres veces para recibir el diagnóstico, tiempo de espera de más de 60 minutos para ser atendido y retraso o pérdida del día. Yo trabajo Conclusión: estos hallazgos reflejan la importancia de reorganizar la gestión y planificación de las acciones de salud, con miras a hacer que los servicios de salud pública sean más equitativas, resueltos y longitudinales


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Primary Health Care , Health Services Accessibility , Hypertension/diagnosis , Quality Assurance, Health Care , Cross-Sectional Studies
13.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 30: e20200225, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1280703

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to evaluate the impact of a quality improvement program in the reduction of errors related to vaccine administration. Method: an intervention study aimed at comparing outcome measures before (Phase I) and after (Phase II) the implementation of a quality improvement program. It was carried out in a Basic Health Unit in the inland of São Paulo from March 2019 to November 2019. In the first phase, there was direct observation by Nursing professionals during the preparation and administration of the doses. In the second phase, an error was selected and subjected to four Plan-Do-Study-Act cycles to test the changes. The following quality tools were also used: root cause analysis, Ishikawa diagram and Pareto diagram. Results: a total of 164 doses of vaccines prepared and administered to 51 users were observed; 527 errors were identified and categorized into 13 types. In 27.7% of the observations made in Phase I, the users/guardians were not informed about potential adverse reactions. The goal of 100% of guidelines was established over an eight-month period, which was achieved in the second Plan-Do-Study-Act cycle and maintained in the third and fourth cycles, with confirmed improvement in the process. Conclusion: the quality improvement approach, based on Plan-Do-Study-Act cycles, contributed to the reduction of errors in the administration of vaccines and the change was sustainable, as it maintained over time.


RESUMEN Objetivo: evaluar el impacto de un programa de mejora de la calidad en la reducción de errores relacionados con la administración de vacunas. Método: estudio de intervención, dirigido a comparar medidas de resultado antes (Fase I) y después (Fase II) de la implementación de un programa de mejora de calidad. Se llevó a cabo en una Unidad Básica de Salud del interior de São Paulo de marzo a novembro de 2019. En la primera fase, hubo observación directa por parte de profesionales de enfermería durante la preparación y administración de dosis. En la segunda fase, se seleccionó un error que fue sometido a cuatro ciclos Plan-Do-Study-Act para comprobar los cambios. Además, se utilizaron herramientas de calidad: análisis de causa raíz, diagrama de Ishikawa y diagrama de Pareto. Resultados: se observaron 164 dosis de vacunas preparadas y administradas a 51 usuarios; Se identificaron 527 errores y se categorizaron en 13 tipos. En el 27,7% de las observaciones realizadas en la Fase I, los usuarios / tutores no fueron informados sobre posibles reacciones adversas. La meta del 100% de los lineamientos se estableció en un período de ocho meses, la cual se logró en el segundo ciclo Plan-Do-Study-Act y se mantuvo en el tercer y cuarto ciclos, confirmándose la mejora en el proceso. Conclusión: el enfoque de mejora de la calidad, basado en ciclos Plan-Do-Study-Act, contribuyó a la reducción de errores en la administración de vacunas y el cambio se consideró sostenible, dado que se mantuvo en el tiempo.


RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar o impacto de um programa de melhoria da qualidade na redução de erros relacionados à administração de vacina. Método: estudo de intervenção, voltado para a comparação de medidas de resultados antes (Fase I) e após (Fase II) a implementação de um programa de melhoria da qualidade. Foi realizado em uma Unidade Básica de Saúde do interior paulista no período de março a novembro de 2019. Na primeira fase, ocorreu observação direta dos profissionais de enfermagem durante o preparo e a administração das doses. Na segunda fase, um erro foi selecionado e submetido a quatro ciclos Plan-Do-Study-Act para testar as mudanças. Também foram utilizadas as ferramentas da qualidade: análise de causa raiz, diagrama de Ishikawa e diagrama de Pareto. Resultados: foram observadas 164 doses de vacinas preparadas e administradas em 51 usuários; 527 erros foram identificados e categorizados em 13 tipos. Em 27,7% das observações realizadas na Fase I, os usuários/responsáveis não foram orientados sobre potenciais reações adversas. Foi estabelecida a meta de 100% de orientações em um período de oito meses, a qual foi atingida no segundo ciclo Plan-Do-Study-Act e mantida no terceiro e quarto ciclos, sendo confirmada a melhoria no processo. Conclusão: a abordagem de melhoria da qualidade, baseada em ciclos Plan-Do-Study-Act, contribuiu com a redução de erro na administração de vacinas e a mudança foi sustentável, pois se manteve ao longo do tempo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Primary Health Care , Quality Assurance, Health Care , Vaccines , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Patient Safety
14.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 640-647, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922371

ABSTRACT

To evaluate outcomes between extraperitoneal robotic single-port radical prostatectomy (epR-spRP) and extraperitoneal robotic multiport radical prostatectomy (epR-mpRP) performed with the da Vinci Si Surgical System, comparison was performed between 30 single-port (SP group) and 26 multiport (MP group) cases. Comparisons included operative time, estimated blood loss (EBL), hospital stay, peritoneal violation, pain scores, scar satisfaction, continence, and erectile function. The median operation time and EBL were not different between the two groups. In the SP group, the median operation time of the first 10 patients was obviously longer than that of the latter 20 patients (P < 0.001). The median postoperative hospital stay in the SP group was shorter than that in the MP group (P < 0.001). The rate of peritoneal damage in the SP group was less than that in the MP group (P = 0.017). The pain score and overall need for pain medications in the SP group were lower than those in the MP group (P < 0.001 and P = 0.015, respectively). Patients in the SP group were more satisfied with their scars than those in the MP group 3 months postoperatively (P = 0.007). At 3 months, the cancer control, recovery of erectile function, and urinary continence rates were similar between the two groups. It is safe and feasible to perform epR-spRP using the da Vinci Si surgical system. Therefore, epR-spRP can be a treatment option for localized prostate cancer. Although epR-spRP still has a learning curve, it has advantages for postoperative pain and self-assessed cosmesis. In the absence of the single-port robotic surgery platform, we can still provide minimally invasive surgery for patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Blood Loss, Surgical/statistics & numerical data , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Outcome Assessment, Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Perioperative Medicine/statistics & numerical data , Prostatectomy/methods , Prostatic Neoplasms/surgery , Quality Assurance, Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Robotic Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880684

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the feasibility of ArcCHECK-3DVH system in dosimetric verification for stereotactic body radiaotherapy (SBRT) with flattening filter free (FFF) model.@*METHODS@#SBRT treatment plans for 57 patients were introduced into ArcCHECK phantom and recalculated. The calculated dose distribution of treatment planning system and the measured dose distribution of ArcCHECK phantom were compared by γ analysis. Then the 3 dimensional dose distribution of target and organs at risk was reconstructed by 3DVH software. The reconstructed dose and calculated dose with treatment planning system (TPS) were compared, and the dose volume γ pass rate and deviation of dose volume parameters to the target and organs at risk were quantitatively valuated.@*RESULTS@#Based on the threshold criteria (3%, 3 mm, 10%), namely the deviation of measuring points between the planned value and the measured value was less than 3%, and the proportion of points with similar values in the plane or sphere with the center of the point and the radius of 3 mm was 10%, the relative and absolute dose pass rates of SBRT treatment plans in ArcCHECK system via γ analysis were greater than 95%. Based on the stricter threshold criteria (2%, 2 mm, 10%), the relative and absolute dose pass rates of SBRT treatment plan in ArcCHECK system via γ analysis were about 93%. In 3DVH dose verification, the γ pass rate of target and organs at risk was exceed 97%, and the deviations in 3DVH of the target and organs at risk were less than ±5%.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The ArcCHECK-3DVH system in dose verification can provide more comprehensive dose distribution information to reasonably evaluate the SBRT plan, with more significance for guiding clinical treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Phantoms, Imaging , Quality Assurance, Health Care , Radiometry , Radiosurgery , Radiotherapy Dosage , Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880434

ABSTRACT

Clinically, beam matching can greatly improve the flexibility and efficiency of treating patients between different medical electron linacs. However, in addition to the regular quality assurance (QA) test of the machine performance of linacs, there is still a lack of comprehensive evaluation of the clinical radiotherapy performance of beam-matched linacs. In this paper, the performance of volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) between three closely matched linacs was evaluated by statistical process control (SPC) technology. It was found that the average and median γ passing rates of the VMAT QA processes of the three linacs had little difference, but the process capability levels were at three different levels. The results show that SPC technology can effectively evaluate the performance of beam matching for medical electron linacs, improve the patient-specific VMAT QA processes, and guide clinical decision-making.


Subject(s)
Electrons , Particle Accelerators , Quality Assurance, Health Care , Radiotherapy Dosage , Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated
17.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 48(4): e200, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1144311

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Reporting systems (RSs) are the first step to improve patient safety in health institutions, consequently determining their performance is relevant. Objective: To determine the performance in terms of positive predictive value (PPV), the concordance, and the coincidence of passive and active RSs in the detection of true clinical incidents and reportable events with unwanted effects (REUWEs), in a teaching hospital in Bogotá, Colombia. Methods: Cross-sectional study, assembled in a retrospective cohort, consisting of hospitalized patients (>12hours) in the surgery service, between May and July 2017. The PPV was calculated for the detection of patients with clinical incidents or REUWE in both RS. Concordance and coincidence between RS were determined. Results: The incidence of REUWE from the passive RS was lower than the incidence from the active RS (2% vs 11.8%), the PPV for the identification of patients with clinical incidents and REUWE was similar (PPV patients with clinical incidents: passive 95% confidence interval [CI] 34.6-66.2 vs active 95% CI 45.1-71.7; and PPV patients with REUWE: passive 95% CI 36.8-65.4 vs active 95% CI 29.3-54.9). Concordance was acceptable (Kappa 0.38) and the coincidence of patients and their REUWEs was 15.38%. Conclusion: In the active and passive RSs, the detection of true clinical incidents and REUWE (PPV) was similar and the concordance in the detection of subjects with REUWE was acceptable. However, the coincidence between the REUWEs in the patients detected by each RS was substantially different and should be considered when analyzing the information coming from one or another RS.


Resumen Introducción: Los sistemas de reporte (SR) son el primer paso para mejorar la seguridad del paciente en las instituciones de salud y de allí la importancia de determinar su desempeño. Objetivo: Determinar, en términos de valor predictivo positivo (VPP), el desempeño, la concordancia y la coincidencia de SR pasivos y activos en la detección de incidentes clínicos verdaderos y de eventos reportables con efectos no deseados (EREND) en un hospital de enseñanza de Bogotá, Colombia. Métodos: Estudio de corte transversal ensamblado en una cohorte retrospectiva constituida por pacientes hospitalizados (> 12 horas) en el servicio de cirugía, entre mayo y julio de 2017. Se calculó el VPP para la detección de pacientes con incidentes clínicos o EREND en ambos SR. Se determinó la concordancia y la coincidencia entre los SR. Resultados: La incidencia de EREND a partir del sistema pasivo de reporte fue menor que la incidencia a partir del sistema activo (2% vs. 11,8%). El VPP para la identificación de pacientes con incidentes clínicos y EREND fue semejante (VPP para pacientes con incidentes clínicos: pasivo, IC 95%; 34,6-66,2 vs. activo, IC 95%; 45,171,7; y VPP para pacientes con EREND: pasivo, IC 95%; 36,8-65,4 vs. activo, IC 95%; 29,3-54,9). La concordancia fue aceptable (Kappa 0,38) y la coincidencia entre pacientes y sus EREND fue de 15,38%. Conclusiones: En los SR activo y pasivo la detección de incidentes clínicos verdaderos y EREND (VPP) fue semejante, y la concordancia en la detección de sujetos con EREND fue aceptable. Sin embargo, la coincidencia entre EREND en los pacientes detectados por cada sistema de reporte fue sustancialmente diferente, lo cual se debe tomar en consideración al analizar la información derivada de uno u otro SR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality Assurance, Health Care , Risk Management , Notification , Patient Safety , Colombia , Medical Errors , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Hospitals, University
18.
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 24(3): 505-530, jul.-set. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125013

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: la evaluación de la calidad de un producto constituye una herramienta importante para la toma de futuras decisiones y para aspirar a un servicio de excelencia. Objetivo: diseñar un instrumento evaluativo para indicadores de proceso en un Servicio de prótesis estomatológica en correspondencia con las carencias identificadas. Métodos: se realizó un estudio en la Facultad de Estomatología de Villa Clara, en el período comprendido entre septiembre 2017 y marzo 2018. Para evaluar los indicadores de proceso se utilizó un universo constituido por los pacientes ingresados en el período previsto; se seleccionó una muestra no probabilística de 200 pacientes. Se utilizaron instrumentos y métodos cualitativos y cuantitativos. Resultados: se diagnosticaron dificultades en el control y evaluación de los procesos asistenciales en el Servicio de prótesis. El grupo nominal aportó los elementos finales para diseñar el instrumento; se seleccionaron aquellos aspectos en los que más del 50 % de los especialistas coincidieron a favor de incluirlos. Los resultados de la aplicación y evaluación se expresaron en recuadros y tablas. La mayoría de estos resultados apuntaron hacia el cumplimiento de los indicadores de proceso en cuanto al proceso clínico de atención y la calidad técnica de los aparatos. Conclusiones: los especialistas aceptaron el producto, se obtuvieron resultados positivos en su implementación, y se demostró su utilidad.


ABSTRACT Introduction: the quality evaluation of a product is an important tool to make future decisions and to aspire to an excellent service. Objective: to design an evaluative instrument for process indicators in a Dental Prosthetic Service in correspondence with the identified deficiencies. Methods: a study was carried out in the Dentistry Faculty of Villa Clara between September 2017 and March 2018. A universe consisting of patients admitted in the planned period was used to evaluate the process indicators; a non-probability sample of 200 patients was selected. Qualitative and quantitative methods and instruments were used. Results: difficulties in the control and evaluation of the care processes were diagnosed in the Prosthetic Service. The nominal group contributed the final elements to design the instrument; those aspects in which more than 50% of the specialists agreed in favor of including them were selected. The results of the application and evaluation were expressed in boxes and tables. Most of these results pointed towards compliance with the process indicators in terms of the clinical care process and the technical quality of the devices. Conclusions: the specialists accepted the product; positive results were obtained with its implementation, as well as its usefulness was demonstrated.


Subject(s)
Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care , Quality Assurance, Health Care , Dental Prosthesis
20.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(4): 234-239, agosto 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1118171

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El abordaje de las emergencias pediátricas requiere recursos especializados y son frecuentes los errores relacionados con la medicación.Objetivos. Describir el contenido de los carros de emergencia (CE) en un hospital pediátrico y compararlo luego de una intervención educativa.Métodos. Se incluyeron CE de 9 salas de internación. Se elaboró una lista de cotejo con 30 drogas. Se relevaron los CE determinando presencia o ausencia de drogas y si las cantidades eran suficientes. Luego se realizó una intervención educativa y relevamientos 30 y 90 días posintervención.Resultados. La medición basal arrojó una proporción global de drogas adecuadas del 43,9 % (intervalo de confianza ­IC­ del 95 %: 38,4-49,4) con una variación entre CE del 29 % al 54,8 % y del 15 % al 85 % en los grupos de drogas. A los 30 días, la proporción correcta alcanzó el 70,3 % (IC 95 %: 65,2-75,4), con amplia variación entre los diferentes CE y grupos de drogas (del 51,6 % al 93,5 % y del 50 % al 95 %, respectivamente). A los 90 días, los porcentajes fueron similares. La comparación entre la primera y segunda medición mostró mejoría en todos los CE (rango: del 3,2 % al 45,1 %), odds ratio 3,73 (IC 95 %: 2,5-5,6), p < 0,001. Los resultados fueron similares entre la segunda y tercera medición.Conclusiones. En la medición inicial, se evidenció bajo nivel de adecuación de drogas de los CE. Luego de la intervención, mejoró significativamente y se mantuvo durante el período evaluado.


Introduction. The approach to pediatric emergencies requires specialized resources, and medication errors are common.Objectives. To describe the contents of emergency trolleys (ETs) in a children's hospital and compare them after an educational intervention.Methods. The ETs from 9 hospitalization wards were included. A checklist of 30 drugs was developed. ETs were assessed by determining whether drugs were present or absent and their amount. An educational intervention was conducted and assessments were repeated 30 and 90 days after the intervention.Results. The baseline measurement indicated an overall ratio of adequate drugs of 43.9 % (95 % confidence interval [CI]: 38.4-49.4) with a variation among ETs from 29 % to 54.8 %, and from 15 % to 85 % among drug groups. At 30 days, the adequate ratio reached 70.3 % (95 % CI: 65.2-75.4), with a wide variation among the different ETs and drug groups (from 51.6 % to 93.5 % and from 50 % to 95 %, respectively). At 90 days, the percentages were similar. The comparison between the first and second measurementshowed an improvement in all ETs (range: 3.2 %-45.1 %), odds ratio: 3.73 (95 % CI: 2.5-5.6), p < 0.001. Results were similar between the second and third measurement.Conclusions. The baseline measurement showed a low level of adequate ET drugs. After the intervention, this improved significantly and was maintained during the studied period


Subject(s)
Humans , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation/instrumentation , Emergency Medical Services/standards , Quality Assurance, Health Care , Emergencies , Emergency Medical Services/organization & administration , Equipment and Supplies , Checklist , Non-Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
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